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1.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 222, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and blood biochemical indicators in early adolescence, and to provide ideas for early prevention of diseases and explore possible disease-related predictors. METHODS: 3125 participants aged 10 ∼ 14 years were selected from China from the survey of "China Nutrition and Health Surveillance ( 2016 ∼ 2017 ) ". Employing advanced statistical methods, including generalized linear models, heatmaps, hierarchical clustering, and generalized additive models, the study delved into the associations between BMI and various biochemical indicators. RESULTS: In early adolescence, indicators including systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, weight, height, BMI, hemoglobin, blood uric acid, serum creatinine, albumin, vitamin A presented increasing trends with the increase of age ( P < 0.05 ), whereas LDL-C, vitamin D, and ferritin showed decreasing trends with the increase of age ( P < 0.05 ). The increase in hemoglobin and blood uric acid levels with age was more pronounced in males compared to females ( P < 0.05 ). BMI was positively correlated with blood glucose, hemoglobin, triglyceride, LDL-C, blood uric acid, serum creatinine, ferritin, transferrin receptor, hs-CRP, total protein, vitamin A ( P < 0.05 ). There was a significant BMI × age interaction in the correlation analysis with LDL-C, transferrin receptor, serum creatinine, and hs-CRP ( P < 0.05 ). BMI was a risk factor for hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, and metabolic syndrome in all age groups ( OR > 1, P < 0.05 ). CONCLUSIONS: High BMI was a risk factor for hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, low high density lipoprotein cholesterolemia, and MetS in early adolescents. With the focus on energy intake beginning in early adolescence, the maintenance of a healthy weight warrants greater attention.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hipertrigliceridemia , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , LDL-Colesterol , Ácido Úrico , Creatinina , Vitamina A , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Lipoproteínas HDL , Hemoglobinas/análise , Ferritinas , Receptores da Transferrina
2.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441797

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to explore the correlation of metal levels with assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. The individuals were recruited who met the research criteria, only tubal factor or male infertility served as the control group (n = 40) and patient group was PCOS patients (n = 35). Individuals (n = 75) were divided into PCOS group (n = 35) and control group (n = 40). The normal body mass index (BMI) group (control) includes women with BMI < 25 kg/m2 in PCOS group (n = 24) and control group (n = 33), and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 in PCOS group (n = 11) and control group (n = 7). We performed an analysis of insulin resistance (IR) (n = 15) group and without insulin resistance (NIR) group (n = 20) in PCOS patient and control patients. Comparing difference demographic data, ART outcomes and the metal levels in every group respectively, the correlation of metal levels and ART outcomes in control participants and PCOS patients were analyzed by the Spearman correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression model was used to examine the association between the concentration of 19 metals and ART outcomes in PCOS group and control group. Plasma manganese (Mn), titanium (Ti), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca)/Mg ratio, and Cu/zinc (Zn) ratio levels in PCOS patients were higher than that in control, while Zn and Ca levels were lower in PCOS patients than that in control. The Mg levels had a positive connection with the number of eggs recovered, and the iron (Fe) levels were positively associated with the number of transplanted embryos in PCOS-IR. In PCOS-NIR, Mn levels positively correlated with the number of follicles and the number of good embryos. Silver (Ag) levels were negatively correlated with the number of follicles, and aluminum (Al) levels were negatively related with the normal fertilization and the number of good embryos. The Spearman analysis in PCOS-BMI ≥ 25 group exhibited that nickel (Ni) levels were negatively associated with the number of follicles. The plasma metal levels seem to affect the clinical manifestations and in vitro fertilization outcomes in assisted reproduction.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 44(2): 224-230, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373772

RESUMO

The study aims to identifying and exploring the methods and rules of the syndrome/pattern differentiation and treatment of headache through collating acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions recorded earliest in ancient literature. Using Excel2016 software, the structural data table was prepared with "name of disease", "location of disease", "etiology and pathogenesis", "complicated symptoms", "sites for acupuncture and moxibustion" and "techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion" included. The normative approach was conduced on "name of disease", "etiology and pathogenesis", "complicated symptoms" and "nomenclature of acupoint". Using conventional literature statistical method, combined with Apriori algorithm of association rule, the implicit multi-dimensional correlation rules were explored among various elements of syndrome/pattern differentiation of headache and corresponding therapeutic methods. Based on the findings of the study, the regularity was distinct regarding the treatment at "distal acupoints along the affected meridian and the local acupoints at the affected area" after identifying the location of headache; the strong association was presented between "etiology and pathogenesis" and "acupoint selection", and between "etiology and pathogenesis" and "therapeutic methods", including 9 and 12 rules, respectively. Guanyuan (CV 4) selected in treatment of headache was associated with kidney deficiency, the combination of Zhongwan (CV 12) and Zusanli (ST 36) was with phlegm, Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Xinghui (GV 22) and Baihui (GV 20) was with wind, and Hegu (LI 4) was with cold. Moxibustion was dominant in treatment if headache was caused by pathogenic cold or related to deficiency syndrome; acupuncture was used specially for the case caused by phlegm, or interaction of wind and phlegm or wind and heat. For heat syndrome, either acupuncture or moxibustion was applicable, in general, acupuncture was more commonly used in comparison with moxibustion for headache. There were 6 association rules regarding the acupoint selection and the techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion. Moxibustion was generally applied to Xinghui (GV 22), Shangxing (GV 23) and Baihui (GV 20) ; and acupuncture was to Fengfu (GV 16), Hegu (LI 4) and Zusanli (ST 36). There were few association rules between the complicated symptoms and acupoint selection. Among nearly 100 complications, there were only 3 feature associations. Zhongwan (CV 12) was selected for the case with poor appetite, Chengjiang (CV 24) was with neck stiffness, and Fengchic (GB 20) combined with Fenglong (ST 40) or Jiexi (ST 41) was used if vertigo was present. In the ancient time, regarding the treatment of headache, acupuncture and moxibustion are delivered based on the three aspects, i.e. the location of illness, the etiology and pathogenesis, and the complicated symptoms. For acupoint selection, in line with the courses of affected meridians, the adjacent and distal acupoints are combined according to the location of headache. The acupoint prescription is composed in terms of the etiology and pathogenesis. The techniques of acupuncture and moxibustion are optimized in consideration of the sites where acupuncture and moxibustion are operated.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Humanos , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mineração de Dados , Síndrome , Tecnologia , Cefaleia/terapia
5.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 10: e47453, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom during and after COVID-19 infection; however, few studies have described the cough profiles of COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, severity, and associated risk factors of severe and persistent cough in individuals with COVID-19 during the latest wave of the Omicron variant in China. METHODS: In this nationwide cross-sectional study, we collected information of the characteristics of cough from individuals with infection of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant using an online questionnaire sent between December 31, 2022, and January 11, 2023. RESULTS: There were 11,718 (n=7978, 68.1% female) nonhospitalized responders, with a median age of 37 (IQR 30-47) years who responded at a median of 16 (IQR 12-20) days from infection onset to the time of the survey. Cough was the most common symptom, occurring in 91.7% of participants, followed by fever, fatigue, and nasal congestion (68.8%-87.4%). The median cough visual analog scale (VAS) score was 70 (IQR 50-80) mm. Being female (odds ratio [OR] 1.31, 95% CI 1.20-1.43), having a COVID-19 vaccination history (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.37-2.12), current smoking (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.41-0.58), chronic cough (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.69-2.45), coronary heart disease (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.17-2.52), asthma (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.46), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.01-1.45) were independent factors for severe cough (VAS>70, 37.4%). Among all respondents, 35.0% indicated having a productive cough, which was associated with risk factors of being female (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.31-1.57), having asthma (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.52-2.22), chronic cough (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.19-1.74), and GERD (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.01-1.47). Persistent cough (>3 weeks) occurred in 13.0% of individuals, which was associated with the risk factors of having diabetes (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.30-3.85), asthma (OR 1.70, 95% CI 1.11-2.62), and chronic cough (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.32-2.94). CONCLUSIONS: Cough is the most common symptom in nonhospitalized individuals with Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant infection. Being female, having asthma, chronic cough, GERD, coronary heart disease, diabetes, and a COVID-19 vaccination history emerged as independent factors associated with severe cough, productive cough, and persistent cough.


Assuntos
Asma , COVID-19 , Doença das Coronárias , Diabetes Mellitus , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Transversais , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Tosse/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , 60521 , China/epidemiologia , Asma/complicações , Asma/epidemiologia
6.
J Integr Med ; 22(2): 126-136, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38413255

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Red yeast rice (RYR), a natural lipid-lowering agent, is widely used in clinical practice. However, the existing meta-analyses concerning the safety of RYR preparations have yielded inconsistent results, and the credibility of the evidence has not been quantified. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the existing evidence and offer a comprehensive understanding of the associations between the use of RYR preparations and various adverse health outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: Seven literature databases were searched from inception to May 5, 2023, using medical subject headings and free-text terms (e.g., "red yeast rice," "Xuezhikang," and "Zhibitai"). INCLUSION CRITERIA: Meta-analyses that investigated and quantitatively estimated associations between the use of RYR preparations and adverse health outcomes were included in this study. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two researchers independently extracted data using a standardized data collection table; any disagreements were resolved by consulting a third researcher. Based on the participant, intervention, comparator and outcome (PICO) framework in each eligible meta-analysis, a series of unique associations between the use of RYR preparations and adverse health outcomes were determined. The associations' effect estimates were re-evaluated using random-effect models. RESULTS: Fifteen meta-analyses, comprising 186 (164 unique) randomized controlled trials, were identified. Based on A MeaSurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews version 2, 3 (20%) and 12 (80%) of these meta-analyses had low and critically low confidence, respectively. A total of 61 unique associations between the use of RYR preparations and adverse health outcomes were extracted from eligible meta-analyses. Based on the random-effect models, 10 (16.4%) associations indicated a significant protective effect of RYR preparations against adverse health outcomes, while 5 (8.2%) indicated an increased risk of adverse health outcomes related to uric acid, alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase levels. The other 46 (75.4%) associations showed no significant difference between the use of RYR preparations and control treatments. Regarding the credibility of the evidence, 21 (34.4%), 34 (55.7%) and 6 (9.8%) associations showed moderate, low and very low credibility, respectively. CONCLUSION: The evidence examined in this study suggests that RYR preparations are safe; however, the credibility of the evidence was not high. Further high-quality evidence is required. Please cite this article as: Ma ZY, Yang SP, Li Y, Xu TT, Yang YL, Yang HY, Li HB, Zhou LJ, Diao Y, Li SY. Associations between the use of red yeast rice preparations and adverse health outcomes: An umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials. J Integr Med. 2024; 22(2): 126-136.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos
7.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 2423, 2023 12 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38053120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The health implications of BMI and MetS in lactating women are significant. This study aims to investigate the relationship between risk of Mets in lactation and BMI in four stages: pre-pregnancy, prenatal period, 42 days postpartum, and current lactation. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 1870 Lactating Women within 2 years after delivery were included from "China Child and Lactating Mother Nutrition Health Surveillance (2016-2017)". Logistic regression model and Restricted cubic spline (RCS) were used to estimate the relationship between BMI and risk of MetS. ROC analysis was used to determine the threshold for the risk of MetS. Chain mediating effect analysis was used to verify the mediating effect. BMI of MetS group in all stages were higher than non-MetS group (P < 0.0001). There were significant positive correlations between BMI in each stage and ORs of MetS during lactation (P < 0.05). The best cut-off values for BMI in the four stages were 23.47, 30.49, 26.04 and 25.47 kg/m2. The non-linear spline test at BMI in 42 days postpartum, current and MetS in lactation was statistically significant (P non-linear = 0.0223, 0.0003). The mediation effect of all chains have to work through lactation BMI. The total indirect effect accounted for 80.95% of the total effect. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of MetS in lactating women is due to a high BMI base before pregnancy and postpartum. High BMI in all stages of pregnancy and postpartum were risk factors for MetS in lactation. BMI during lactation plays a key role in the risk of MetS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Índice de Massa Corporal , Aleitamento Materno , População do Leste Asiático , Lactação , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia
8.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 35(12): 1340-1344, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38149401

RESUMO

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a high global morbidity and mortality and a severe disease burden, yet progress in treatment and prevention has been slow in recent decades. Early COPD has few symptoms and is severely underdiagnosed and undertreated; it is crucial to search for effective clues of early COPD and provide management interventions. By reviewing the definition, risk factors, diagnosis and management interventions, this study explores the disease evolution of early-stage COPD, which can help clinical practice to develop more effective preventive and therapeutic strategies for stopping or slowing down the natural progression of the disease, improving the long-term prognosis, and reducing the disease burden.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
9.
Brain Behav ; 13(12): e3305, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37919236

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological diseases, while over one third of adults with epilepsy still have inadequate seizure control. Although mutations in salt-inducible kinases (SIKs) have been identified in epileptic encephalopathy, it is not known whether blocking SIKs can prevent pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced seizures. METHODS: We first determined the time course of SIKs (including SIK 1, 2, and 3) in the hippocampus of PTZ treated mice. And then, we evaluated the effects of anti-epilepsy drug valproate acid (VPA) on the expression of SIK 1, 2, and 3 in the hippocampus of PTZ treated mice. Next, we investigated the effect of different dose of SIKs inhibitor YKL-06-061 on the epileptic seizures and neuronal activation by determining the expression of immediate early genes (IEGs) in the PTZ treated mice. RESULTS: We found that PTZ selectively induced enhanced expression of SIK1 in the hippocampus, which was blocked by VPA treatment. Notably, YKL-06-061 decreased seizure activity and prevented neuronal overactivity, as indicated by the reduced expression of IEGs in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide the first evidence that SIK1 affects gene regulation in neuronal hyperactivity, which is involved in seizure behavior. Targeting SIK1 through the development of selective inhibitors may lead to disease-modifying therapies that reduce epilepsy progression.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Pentilenotetrazol , Camundongos , Animais , Pentilenotetrazol/farmacologia , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/prevenção & controle , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Valproico/farmacologia , Ácido Valproico/uso terapêutico , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças
10.
Patterns (N Y) ; 4(9): 100826, 2023 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37720328

RESUMO

Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) allows screening, follow up, and diagnosis for breast tumor with high sensitivity. Accurate tumor segmentation from DCE-MRI can provide crucial information of tumor location and shape, which significantly influences the downstream clinical decisions. In this paper, we aim to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) assistant to automatically segment breast tumors by capturing dynamic changes in multi-phase DCE-MRI with a spatial-temporal framework. The main advantages of our AI assistant include (1) robustness, i.e., our model can handle MR data with different phase numbers and imaging intervals, as demonstrated on a large-scale dataset from seven medical centers, and (2) efficiency, i.e., our AI assistant significantly reduces the time required for manual annotation by a factor of 20, while maintaining accuracy comparable to that of physicians. More importantly, as the fundamental step to build an AI-assisted breast cancer diagnosis system, our AI assistant will promote the application of AI in more clinical diagnostic practices regarding breast cancer.

11.
Pharmacol Res ; 196: 106919, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37722517

RESUMO

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is one of the most common infectious diseases, and its morbidity and mortality increase with age. Resistance and mutations development make the use of anti-infective therapy challenging. Chinese patent medicines (CPMs) are often used to treat CAP in China and well tolerable. However, currently there are no evidence-based guideline for the treatment of CAP with CPMs, and the misuse of CPMs is common. Therefore, we established a guideline panel to develop this guideline. We identified six clinical questions through two rounds of survey, and we then systematically searched relevant evidence and performed meta-analyses, evidence summaries and GRADE decision tables to draft recommendations, which were then voted on by a consensus panel using the Delphi method. Finally, we developed ten recommendations based on evidence synthesis and expert consensus. For the treatment of severe CAP in adults, we recommend Tanreqing injection, Reduning injection, Xuebijing injection, Shenfu injection, and Shenmai injection respectively. For the treatment of non-severe CAP in adults, we recommend Tanreqing injection, Reduning injection, Lianhua Qingwen capsule/granule, Qingfei Xiaoyan Pill and Shufeng Jiedu capsule respectively. CPMs have great potential to help in the fight against CAP worldwide, but more high-quality studies are still needed to strengthen the evidence.

12.
Phytomedicine ; 121: 155103, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37769553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postinfectious cough (PIC) is a common symptom following a respiratory tract infection. Xingbei Zhike (XBZK) granules, a Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used for PIC in clinics. However, there is a lack of evidence on the effectiveness. PURPOSE: To investigate whether treatment with XBZK granules is effective for PIC. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Eligible participants from fourteen hospitals were randomly assigned in 3:1 ratio to receive either XBZK granules or placebo for 14 days. The primary outcome was the area under the curve (AUC) of a visual analogue scale (VAS) for cough symptoms. Secondary outcomes included cough symptom score (CSS), time and probability of recovery from cough, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, relief rates of individual symptoms, Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) score, and the use of reliever drug. RESULTS: A total of 235 patients (176 in XBZK and 59 in placebo groups) were included in the analysis. The AUC for cough VAS scores was lower in the XBZK than placebo group (-8.10, 95 % CI -14.12 to -2.07, p = 0.009), indicating superiority. XBZK decreased CSS (-0.68 points, 95 % CI -1.13 to -0.22, p = 0.01), shortened time to cough recovery (-2 days, hazard ratio [HR] 1.48, 95 % CI 1.03 to 2.13, p = 0.02), enhanced the probability of cough recovery (risk ratio [RR] 1.66, 95 % CI 1.07 to 2.58, p = 0.03), lowered TCM syndrome score (-0.99 points, 95 % CI -1.58 to -0.40, p = 0.004), increased the rate of daytime (RR 1.84, 95 % CI 1.07 to 3.15, p = 0.02) and nighttime (RR 2.07, 95 % CI 1.29 to 3.35, p = 0.004) cough recovery, and reduced the viscosity of sputum (RR 2.92, 95 % CI 1.66 to 5.13, p < 0.001) compared to placebo. There were no significant differences in LCQ scores and taking reliever drugs between groups. No severe adverse events were reported in either group. CONCLUSIONS: XBZK granules are a promising therapy against PIC, effective in lowering the overall severity of cough, shortening the time to cough recovery, and reducing the viscosity of sputum.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Infecções Respiratórias , Humanos , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Infecções Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 624, 2023 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37648962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aneuploidy pregnancy is a severe major birth defect and causes about 50% spontaneous miscarriages with unknown etiology. To date, only a few epidemiological studies with small sample sizes have investigated the risk factors for aneuploidy pregnancy. TP53, MDM2, and miR-34b/c genes are implicated in tumorigenesis with aneuploidy, yet the function of their polymorphisms in aneuploidy pregnancy susceptibility needs to be clarified. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association of TP53 rs1042522 G > C, MDM2 rs2279744 309 T > G, and miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C specific polymorphisms with aneuploidy pregnancy. METHODS: In the retrospective case-control study, 330 aneuploidies pregnancy women and 813 normal pregnancy controls were recruited between January 2018 and April 2022 at the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province, Kunming, China. Three functional polymorphisms, the TP53 rs1042522 G > C (Arg72Pro), MDM2 rs2279744 309 T > G, and miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C, were genotyped using the snapshot method. RESULTS: The frequency distribution of three genotypic variants was not different between case and control pregnant women and was similar to with Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE). However, in the younger subgroup (less than 35 years old), a significant difference was detected in allele and recessive model (p = 0.01). In the advanced age subgroup (more than or equal to 35 years old), G of MDM2 rs2279744 T > G revealed a significantly higher frequency in cases than controls (p = 0.045), and miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C revealed a significant difference under the dominant model (p = 0.03), but no significant differences were observed in other models and in both younger and older subgroup (p > 0.05, respectively). These results suggest that individual polymorphisms were not associated with aneuploidy pregnancy, combined with age, they may serve as a risk factor for aneuploidy pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Combination of TP53 rs1042522 G > C, MDM2 rs2279744 T > G, and miR-34b/c rs4938723 T > C polymorphisms with maternal age may be related to aneuploidy pregnancy susceptibility. These findings might elaborate on the genetic etiology of aneuploidy pregnancy.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , MicroRNAs , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Estudos Retrospectivos , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética
14.
Molecules ; 28(13)2023 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37446662

RESUMO

Gentian is a traditional Chinese herb with heat-clearing, damp-drying, inflammation-alleviating and digestion-promoting effects, which is widely used in clinical practice. However, there are many species of gentian. According to the pharmacopoeia, Gentiana manshurica Kitag, Gentiana scabra Bge, Gentiana triflora Pall and Gentianarigescens Franch are included. Therefore, accurately identifying the species of gentian is important in clinical use. In recent years, with the advantages of low cost, convenience, fast analysis and high sensitivity, infrared spectroscopy (IR) has been extensively used in herbal identification. Unlike one-dimensional spectroscopy, a two-dimensional correlation spectrum (2D-COS) can improve the resolution of the spectrum and better highlight the details that are difficult to detect. In addition, the residual neural network (ResNet) is an important breakthrough in convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for significant advantages related to image recognition. Herein, we propose a new method for identifying gentian-related species using 2D-COS combined with ResNet. A total of 173 gentian samples from seven different species are collected in this study. In order to eliminate a large amount of redundant information and improve the efficiency of machine learning, the extracted feature band method was used to optimize the model. Four feature bands were selected from the infrared spectrum, namely 3500-3000 cm-1, 3000-2750 cm-1, 1750-1100 cm-1 and 1100-400 cm-1, respectively. The one-dimensional spectral data were converted into synchronous 2D-COS images, asynchronous 2D-COS images, and integrative 2D-COS images using Matlab (R2022a). The identification strategy for these three 2D-COS images was based on ResNet, which analyzes 2D-COS images based on single feature bands and full bands as well as fused feature bands. According to the results, (1) compared with the other two 2D-COS images, synchronous 2D-COS images are more suitable for the ResNet model, and (2) after extracting a single feature band 1750-1100 cm-1 to optimize ResNet, the model has the best convergence performance, the accuracy of training, test and external validation is 1 and the loss value is only 0.155. In summary, 2D-COS combined with ResNet is an effective and accurate method to identify gentian-related species.


Assuntos
Gentiana , Gentiana/química , Redes Neurais de Computação , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho , Aprendizado de Máquina , Temperatura Alta
15.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 15: 1168892, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37409011

RESUMO

Background: Physical activity plays an important role in cognitive function in older adults, and the threshold effect and saturation effect between physical activity and cognitive function are unclear. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the threshold effect and saturation effect between physical activity and cognitive function in the elderly. Methods: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to measure moderate-intensity physical activity and vigorous-intensity physical activity and total physical activity in older adults. Cognitive function assessment uses the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA). The scale consists of seven parts: visual space, naming, attention, language, abstract ability, delayed recall and orientation, for a total of 30 points. The total score of the study participants < 26 was defined as the optimum cutoff point for a definition of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The multivariable linear regression model was used to initially explore the relationship between physical activity and total cognitive function scores. The logistic regression model was used to assess the relationship between physical activity and cognitive function dimensions and MCI. The threshold effect and saturation effect between the total physical activity and the total cognitive function scores were investigated by smoothed curve fitting. Results: This cross-sectional survey had a total of 647 participants aged 60 years and older (mean age: 73 years, female: 53.7%). Participants' higher level of physical activity were associated with higher visual space, attention, language, abstract ability, and delayed recall scores (P < 0.05). Physical activity was not statistically associated with naming and orientation. Physical activity was a protective factor for MCI (P < 0.05). Physical activity was positively correlated with total cognitive function scores. There was a saturation effect between total physical activity and total cognitive function scores, and the saturation point was 6546 MET × min/wk. Conclusion: This study showed a saturation effect between physical activity and cognitive function, and determined an optimal level of physical activity to protect cognitive function. This finding will help update physical activity guidelines based on cognitive function in the elderly.

16.
Phytother Res ; 37(9): 4282-4297, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37282760

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) plays a role in regulating pulmonary fibrosis (PF). While several TRPV4 antagonists including magnolol (MAG), have been discovered, the mechanism of action is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effect of MAG on alleviating fibrosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) based on TRPV4, and to further analyze its mechanism of action on TRPV4. COPD was induced using cigarette smoke and LPS. The therapeutic effect of MAG on COPD-induced fibrosis was evaluated. TRPV4 was identified as the main target protein of MAG using target protein capture with MAG probe and drug affinity response target stability assay. The binding sites of MAG at TRPV4 were analyzed using molecular docking and small molecule interaction with TRPV4-ankyrin repeat domain (ARD). The effects of MAG on TRPV4 membrane distribution and channel activity were analyzed by co-immunoprecipitation, fluorescence co-localization, and living cell assay of calcium levels. By targeting TRPV4-ARD, MAG disrupted the binding between phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase γ and TRPV4, leading to hampered membrane distribution on fibroblasts. Additionally, MAG competitively impaired ATP binding to TRPV4-ARD, inhibiting TRPV4 channel opening activity. MAG effectively blocked the fibrotic process caused by mechanical or inflammatory signals, thus alleviating PF in COPD. Targeting TRPV4-ARD presents a novel treatment strategy for PF in COPD.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Fibrose Pulmonar , Humanos , Repetição de Anquirina , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fibrose
17.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 226: 113325, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37148664

RESUMO

Wound infection and healing in patients with diabetes is one of the complex problems in trauma treatment. Therefore, designing and preparing an advanced dressing membrane for treating the wounds of such patients is essential. In this study, a zein film with biological tea carbon dots (TCDs) and calcium peroxide (CaO2) as the main components for promoting diabetic wound healing was prepared by an electrospinning technique, which combines the advantages of natural degradability and biosafety. CaO2 is a biocompatible material with a microsphere structure that reacts with water to release hydrogen peroxide and calcium ions. TCDs with a small diameter were doped in the membrane to mitigate its properties while improving the antibacterial and healing effects of the membrane. TCDs/CaO2 was mixed with ethyl cellulose-modified zein (ZE) to prepare the dressing membrane. The antibacterial properties, biocompatibility and wound-healing properties of the composite membrane were investigated by antibacterial experiment, cell experiment and a full-thickness skin defect. TCDs/CaO2 @ZE exhibited significant anti-inflammatory and wound healing-promoting properties in diabetic rats, without any cytotoxicity. This study is meaningful in developing a natural and biocompatible dressing membrane for diabetic wound healing, which shows a promising application in wound disinfection and recovery in patients with chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Zeína , Ratos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Desinfecção , Zeína/farmacologia , Cicatrização , Bandagens/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/química
18.
Eur Radiol ; 33(10): 6861-6871, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37171490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of clinicopathological characteristics and computed tomography (CT) morphological features in predicting lymph node metastasis (LNM) for patients with T1 colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: A total of 144 patients with T1 CRC who underwent CT scans and surgical resection were retrospectively included in our study. The clinicopathological characteristics and CT morphological features were assessed by two observers. Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify significant LNM predictive variables. Then a model was developed using the independent predictive factors. The predictive model was subjected to bootstrapping validation (1000 bootstrap resamples) to calculate the calibration curve and relative C-index. RESULTS: LNM were found in 30/144 patients (20.83%). Four independent risk factors were determined in the multiple logistic regression analysis, including presence of necrosis (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 10.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.96-54.3, p = 0.004), irregular outer border (adjusted OR = 5.94, 95% CI 1.39-25.45, p = 0.035), and heterogeneity enhancement (adjusted OR = 7.35, 95% CI 3.11-17.38, p = 0.007), as well as tumor location (adjusted ORright-sided colon = 0.05 [0.01-0.60], p = 0.018; adjusted ORrectum = 0.22 [0.06-0.83], p = 0.026). In the internal validation cohort, the model showed good calibration and good discrimination with a C-index of 0.89. CONCLUSIONS: There are significant associations between lymphatic metastasis status and tumor location as well as CT morphologic features in T1 CRC, which could help the doctor make decisions for additional surgery after endoscopic resection. KEY POINTS: • LNM more frequently occurs in left-sided T1 colon cancer than in right-sided T1 colon and rectal cancer. • CT morphologic features are risk factors for LNM of T1 CRC, which may be related to fundamental biological behaviors. • The combination of tumor location and CT morphologic features can more effectively assist in predicting LNM in patients with T1 CRC, and decrease the rate of unnecessary extra surgeries after endoscopic resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Linfonodos/patologia
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 152(3): 622-632, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37178731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cough-variant asthma (CVA) may respond differently to antiasthmatic treatment. There are limited data on the heterogeneity of CVA. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to classify patients with CVA using cluster analysis based on clinicophysiologic parameters and to unveil the underlying molecular pathways of these phenotypes with transcriptomic data of sputum cells. METHODS: We applied k-mean clustering to 342 newly physician-diagnosed patients with CVA from a prospective multicenter observational cohort using 10 prespecified baseline clinical and pathophysiologic variables. The clusters were compared according to clinical features, treatment response, and sputum transcriptomic data. RESULTS: Three stable CVA clusters were identified. Cluster 1 (n = 176) was characterized by female predominance, late onset, normal lung function, and a low proportion of complete resolution of cough (60.8%) after antiasthmatic treatment. Patients in cluster 2 (n = 105) presented with young, nocturnal cough, atopy, high type 2 inflammation, and a high proportion of complete resolution of cough (73.3%) with a highly upregulated coexpression gene network that related to type 2 immunity. Patients in cluster 3 (n = 61) had high body mass index, long disease duration, family history of asthma, low lung function, and low proportion of complete resolution of cough (54.1%). TH17 immunity and type 2 immunity coexpression gene networks were both upregulated in clusters 1 and 3. CONCLUSION: Three clusters of CVA were identified with different clinical, pathophysiologic, and transcriptomic features and responses to antiasthmatics treatment, which may improve our understanding of pathogenesis and help clinicians develop individualized cough treatment in asthma.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Tosse , Estudos Prospectivos , Fenótipo , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico
20.
Genes (Basel) ; 14(4)2023 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37107586

RESUMO

The association of calcium signaling pathway gene variants, bone mineral density (BMD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is poorly understood so far. A total of 878 participants from Qingdao city were recruited in this study. According to the candidate gene selection method, 58 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eight calcium signaling genes were selected. The association between gene polymorphisms and MCI was revealed by using multiple genetic models. Polygenic risk scores (PRS) were used to summarize the effects of the whole gene. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between each PRS and MCI. The multiplicative interaction term in the regression models was used to estimate the interaction effects between the PRS and BMD. We observed significant associations of rs6877893 (NR3C1), rs6448456 (CCKAR), and rs723672 (CACNA1C) polymorphisms with MCI. The PRSs of NR3C1 (OR = 4.012, 95% CI = 1.722-9.347, p < 0.001), PRKCA (OR = 1.414, 95% CI = 1.083-1.845, p = 0.011) and TRPM1 (OR = 3.253, 95% CI = 1.116-9.484, p = 0.031) were associated with an increased risk of developing MCI, and the PRS of total genes (OR = 0.330, 95% CI = 0.224-0.485, p < 0.001) was associated with a decreased risk of developing MCI. In interaction effect analysis, the interaction effect of PRKCA and BMD was significant. Genetic variations of the calcium signaling pathway were associated with MCI in older people. There was an interaction effect between PRKCA gene variants and BMD on MCI.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Canais de Cátion TRPM , Humanos , Idoso , Densidade Óssea/genética , Sinalização do Cálcio , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fatores de Risco , Canais de Cátion TRPM/genética
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