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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121129, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546217

RESUMO

Antibiotics ingested in the human gut may create selective pressure to change the composition of the gut microbiota, which could adversely effect the immune system of the host. However, the occurrence and distribution of antibiotics in the human gut remains unclear. A total population of 180 individuals, across three Chinses regions with different economic development levels, including children, adults, and elders, were sampled in 2017. A total of 19 representative antibiotics, including both clinical and veterinary antibiotics, were investigated in human faeces. While clinical use and prescriptions were the main exposure pathways for children, environmental media were the exposure pathway to adults. In addition, significant differences (P < 0.05) in antibiotic residues in human faeces were observed amongst various economic development levels, where human faeces from underdeveloped areas were mostly associated with higher levels of antibiotics. This study first to investigate the occurrence and distribution of typical antibiotics in the faeces of a Chinese population and thereby provide a reference for the intensive study of the effects and mechanisms of antibiotics on human gut microbiota.

2.
Talanta ; 206: 120204, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514833

RESUMO

As a rapid and facile means for foodborne bacteria detection in situ, lateral flow immunoassay (LFA) still has intrinsic limitations in the construction of the existing sandwich LFA format, e.g. screening difficulties of paired antibodies (Abs), poor stability of Ab probe, etc. Here, combined the strong affinity of antibiotic with the superior specificity of antibody molecules, a novel and robust LFA based on a dual recognition strategy and magnetic separation was designed to achieve specific and sensitive determination of Salmonella enteritidis (S. enteritidis). In this work, ampicillin (Amp), a broad-spectrum antibiotic against bacteria, was employed as an ideal Ab replacer to anchor cells of target bacteria. By coating Amp on magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs), the Amp-MNPs showed remarkable binding, separation and enrichment capacities toward bacteria even under complex sample matrices. To ensure the selectivity of this protocol, anti-S. enteritidis monoclonal antibody was then adopted as the second anchoring agent to form a sandwich complex with Amp-MNPs. Based on these facts, S. enteritidis, as low as 102-103 CFU/mL, could be detected by naked eyes in food samples. Therefore, this creative antibiotic-bacteria-antibody LFA sandwich pattern shows great application potential in the monitoring of food contamination and infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria. Compared to the common paired Abs based sandwich method, the proposed approach was cost-effective, non-labor intensive, stable, sensitive and efficient.

3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2057: 103-112, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595474

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N2) is the most necessary element in the atmosphere, it is an energetic micronutrient for plant growth and development after water, besides its key role in chlorophyll production, which is crucial for photosynthesis process. Biological nitrogen fixation is measured to be the most potent method to deliver a fixed way of nitrogen to the plants. Plant depends on free-living and symbiotic microbes present in the soil for nitrogen because it cannot be absorbed by the plant itself directly from the atmosphere. Many techniques were reported in the laboratory for nitrogen estimation till now, but Kjeldahl digestion and acetylene reduction assay (ARA) techniques became the most popular. In this chapter, we focus on the most common and popular methods used to determine plant N2; awareness obtained through the wide application of these methods should offer the source for the N2 fixation rate in agriculture system.

4.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(1): 373-380, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The assessment of nutritional status and the quality of life in patients with gastric cancer has become one of the important goals of current clinical treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the nutritional status in hospitalized gastric cancer patients by using patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and to analyze the influence of nutritional status on the patients' quality of life (QOL). METHODS: We reviewed the pathological diagnosis of gastric cancer for 2322 hospitalized patients using PG-SGA to assess their nutritional status and collected data on clinical symptoms, the anthropometric parameters (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference (MAC), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF), and hand-grip strength (HGS). We also collected laboratory data (prealbumin, albumin, hemoglobin) within 48 h after the patient was admitted to the hospital. The 30-item European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) was used for QOL assessment in all patients. RESULTS: By using PG-SGA, we found 80.4% of the patients were malnourished (score ≥ 4) and 45.1% of the patients required urgent nutritional support (score ≥ 9). In univariate analysis, old age (> 65 years, p < 0.001), female (p = 0.007), residence in a village (p = 0.004), a lower level of education (p < 0.001), and self-paying (p < 0.001) were indicated as risk factors of patients with gastric cancer to be suffering from severe malnutrition. There was a negative correlation between PG-SGA and various nutritional parameters (p < 0.05). The quality of life was significantly different in gastric cancer patients with different nutritional status (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Malnutrition of hospitalized patients with gastric cancer in China is common and seriously affects the patients' quality of life. The nutritional status should be evaluated in a timely manner and reasonable nutritional intervention should be provided as soon as possible. The PG-SGA was fit for using as a clinical nutrition assessment method, being worthy of clinical application.

5.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 155: 108948, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655352

RESUMO

A measurement method of 85Kr using an internal gas proportional counter (IGPC) is presented in this study. The operation conditions of the IGPC were determined and optimized, including the operating voltage, pressure, sample volume, interference from other gas components such as nitrogen or air, and mitigation of the memory effect. The IGPC was calibrated using certified standards, and the detection efficiency was approximately 58% for typical samples. A lower limit of detection of approximately 0.11 MBq/m3(Kr) was achieved after counting for 5 h with 1 mL pure Kr, corresponding to the atmospheric activity concentration of 0.18 Bq/m3 (air). It was shown that the IGPC could be used effectively for measuring 85Kr.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134799, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726416

RESUMO

Road accessibility clearly reflects the spatial heterogeneity of urbanization. This study therefore adopted accessibility gradient to analyze the effects of urbanization on Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in agricultural soils. In total, 212 soil samples were collected along the accessibility gradient from agricultural soils in the Guangzhou-Foshan metropolitan region. Cd concentration showed a clearly decreasing pattern in agricultural soils with a decrease in accessibility level. The decreasing patterns varied in different accessibility ranges. The urban-rural ecotone (accessibility range 10-15) was the region with the most drastic changes in Cd accumulation. The influencing factors of Cd accumulation in agricultural soils mainly include industrial pollutants, agriculture chemicals, mining activities, domestic wastes, and soil properties. The importance of these factors varies across different accessibility ranges. Our findings imply that the characteristic variation of Cd accumulation with the road accessibility gradient must be considered in the formulation of targeted policies for controlling Cd contamination in agricultural soils.

7.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 334-341, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate mental and physical health comorbidity with chronic back or neck pain in the Chinese population, and assess the level of disability associated with chronic back or neck pain. METHODS: Data were derived from a large-scale and nationally representative community survey of adult respondents on mental health disorders in China (n = 28,140). Chronic back or neck pain, other chronic pain conditions and chronic physical conditions were assessed by self-report. Mental disorders were assessed by the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Role disability during the past 30 days was assessed with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHO-DAS-II). RESULTS: The 12-month prevalence of chronic back or neck pain was 10.8%. Most of respondents with chronic back or neck pain (71.2%) reported at least one other comorbid condition, including other chronic pain conditions (53.4%), chronic physical conditions (37.9%), and mental disorders (23.9%). It was found by logistic regression that mood disorders (OR = 3.7, 95%CI:2.8-4.8) showed stronger association with chronic back or neck pain than anxiety disorders and substance disorders. Most common chronic pains and physical conditions were significantly associated with chronic back or neck pain. Chronic back or neck pain was associated with role disability after controlling for demographics and for comorbidities. Physical and mental comorbidities explained 0.7% of the association between chronic back or neck pain and role disability. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic back or neck pain and physical-mental comorbidity is very common in China and chronic back or neck pain may increase the likelihood of other physical and mental diseases. This presents a great challenge for both clinical treatment and public health education. We believe that further study needs to be conducted to improve the diagnostic and management skills for comorbidity conditions.

8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5476, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792209

RESUMO

There are disease-causing biohazards in the blood that cannot be treated with modern medicines. Here we show that an intelligently designed safe biomaterial can precisely identify, tow and dump a targeted biohazard from the blood into the small intestine. Positively charged mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) functionalized with EGFR-targeting aptamers (MSN-AP) specifically recognize and bind blood-borne negatively charged oncogenic exosomes (A-Exo), and tow A-Exo across hepatobiliary layers and Oddi's sphincter into the small intestine. MSN-AP specifically distinguish and bind A-Exo from interfering exosomes in cell culture and rat and patient blood to form MSN-AP and A-Exo conjugates (MSN-Exo) that transverse hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and endothelial monolayers via endocytosis and exocytosis mechanisms, although Kupffer cells have been shown to engulf some MSN-Exo. Blood MSN-AP significantly decreased circulating A-Exo levels, sequentially increased intestinal A-Exo and attenuated A-Exo-induced lung metastasis in mice. This study opens an innovative avenue to relocate blood-borne life-threatening biohazards to the intestine.

9.
Nat Mater ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792424

RESUMO

Membranes with fast and selective ion transport are widely used for water purification and devices for energy conversion and storage including fuel cells, redox flow batteries and electrochemical reactors. However, it remains challenging to design cost-effective, easily processed ion-conductive membranes with well-defined pore architectures. Here, we report a new approach to designing membranes with narrow molecular-sized channels and hydrophilic functionality that enable fast transport of salt ions and high size-exclusion selectivity towards small organic molecules. These membranes, based on polymers of intrinsic microporosity containing Tröger's base or amidoxime groups, demonstrate that exquisite control over subnanometre pore structure, the introduction of hydrophilic functional groups and thickness control all play important roles in achieving fast ion transport combined with high molecular selectivity. These membranes enable aqueous organic flow batteries with high energy efficiency and high capacity retention, suggesting their utility for a variety of energy-related devices and water purification processes.

10.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 9192-9199, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) has been widely used as a treatment for severe spinal deformity. By using the canine model of vertebral column resection, this study explored the effect of spinal shortening on blood flow and function of the spinal cord during spinal cord angulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS The canine model of L1 vertebral column resection was constructed with the PVCR technique. The canines were divided into 5 groups according to the degree of shortening: the 0/4 group, the 1/4 group, the 2/4 group, the 3/4 group, and the control group. Spinal cord blood flow, neuroelectrophysiology, HE staining, nitric oxide, and endothelin-1 were measured during the procedure of vertebral column resection and spinal cord angulation. RESULTS The results showed that, in the 1/4 group and the 2/4 group, the blood flow of the spinal cord decreased by 16.5% and 10.6%, respectively, with no obvious damage in the spinal cord; in the 0/4 group and the 3/4 group, the blood flow decreased by 23.5% and 23.1%, respectively, with significant damage in the spinal cord. CONCLUSIONS When the spinal cord is shortened by 1/4 to 2/4, the tolerance of the spinal cord can increase and spinal cord injury resulting from angulation can be avoided. However, when the shortening reaches 3/4, it is harmful to the spinal cord. Proper shortening of the spinal cord by 1/4 to 2/4 may increase the tolerance of the spinal cord to the damage caused by angulation during PVCR.

11.
J Neuroinflammation ; 16(1): 247, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress play important roles in early brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study is the first to show that activation of apelin receptor (APJ) by apelin-13 could reduce endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-stress-associated inflammation and oxidative stress after SAH. METHODS: Apelin-13, apelin siRNA, APJ siRNA, and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor-dorsomorphin were used to investigate if the activation of APJ could provide neuroprotective effects after SAH. Brain water content, neurological functions, blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity, and inflammatory molecules were evaluated at 24 h after SAH. Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining were applied to assess the expression of target proteins. RESULTS: The results showed that endogenous apelin, APJ, and p-AMPK levels were significantly increased and peaked in the brain 24 h after SAH. In addition, administration of exogenous apelin-13 significantly alleviated neurological functions, attenuated brain edema, preserved BBB integrity, and also improved long-term spatial learning and memory abilities after SAH. The underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective effects of apelin-13 is that it suppresses microglia activation, prevents ER stress from overactivation, and reduces the levels of thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP), NOD-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 protein (NLRP3), Bip, cleaved caspase-1, IL-1ß, TNFα, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Furthermore, the use of APJ siRNA and dorsomorphin abolished the neuroprotective effects of apelin-13 on neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: Exogenous apelin-13 binding to APJ attenuates early brain injury by reducing ER stress-mediated oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, which is at least partly mediated by the AMPK/TXNIP/NLRP3 signaling pathway.

12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2564, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787970

RESUMO

Enterovirus and Coxsackievirus are the major viruses that cause hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreaks worldwide. Several studies have shown the potential of viral envelope protein 1 (VP1) on providing protective effects from viral strains of different genotypes. However, whether VP1 has the cross-protection in Enteroviruses or Coxsackievirus has not been studied in-depth. In this study, the vp1 gene of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) and Coxsackievirus B3 (CB3) was inserted into the vector pET22b (+) to form the respective expression plasmids pEVP1 or pCVP1, and then transformed into Escherichia coli strain BL21 (DE3). The recombinant EVP1 or CVP1 protein was overexpressed successfully and effectively purified to homogeneity. Then, we identified that EVP1 and CVP1 protein could generate effectively specific humoral immunity and cellular immunity in mice, what's more, we determined the cross-protection of VP1 between EV71 and CB3 in a murine model. The results showed that immunization with EVP1 could effectively induce specific IgG and secretory IgA against CVP1 and the sera from EVP1-immunized mice could neutralize CB3 with mean titers 1:440. In contrast, no measurable neutralizing antibodies to EV71 were detected in CVP1-immunized mice. Then, newborn BALB/C mice, whose mother was immunized with EVP1 or CVP1, were administered with different lethal doses of EV71 or CB3. The EVP1 immunized group showed a 90% protective efficacy for a CB3 dosage of 120 LD50, but the CVP1 immunized group showed no significantly different protective efficacy against 15 LD50 of EV71 compared with the BSA immunized group. Hence, EVP1 is a promising subunit vaccine candidate against Enterovirus 71 and Coxsackievirus B3 caused HFMD.

13.
Int J Oncol ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789408

RESUMO

Although the majority of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) harbor the t(14;18)(q32;q21) IGH/BCL2 gene rearrangement that leads to the overexpression of BCL2 protein, approximately 20% of FL cases lack t(14;18)(q32;q21). It is considered that BCL2 overexpression underscores the development of the majority of cases of FL and their transformation to more aggressive lymphoma [known as transformed FL (tFL)]. However, FL cases lacking the t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation exhibit symptoms analogous to their t(14;18)­positive counterparts. An important goal of recent research on FL has been to clarify the distinctions between the two different forms of FL. Numerous studies have shed light onto the genetic and molecular features of t(14;18)­negative FL and the related clinical manifestations. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge of t(14;18)­negative FL occurring in the lymph nodes with an emphasis on the underlying molecular and clinical features. In addition, novel treatment directions are discussed.

14.
Redox Biol ; 29: 101390, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785531

RESUMO

The human HEAT repeat-containing protein 1 (HEATR1), consisting of 2144 amino acids, is a member of the UTP10 family and contains one HEAT repeat at its C-terminal. HEATR1 has been reported to regulate cytotoxic T lymphocytes and rRNA synthesis, while its functions in tumors are poorly understood. Here, we found that HEATR1 competed with Keap1 for binding to p62/sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1), resulted in up-regulation of Keap1, which then inhibited Nrf2 signaling in pancreatic cancer cells. HEATR1 knockdown enhanced proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer cells. Moreover, HEATR1 deficiency significantly improved xenografts growth and led to gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer cell-derived xenografts through up-regulating Nrf2 signaling. By analyzing tumor tissue samples from pancreatic cancer patients, we found that low expression of HEATR1 was closely correlated with poor prognosis and clinicopathological features. Collectively, we suggest that HEATR1 deficiency promotes proliferation and gemcitabine resistance of pancreatic cancer through up-regulating Nrf2 signaling, indicating that HEATR1 may be a promising therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer.

15.
Radiology ; : 191086, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793849

RESUMO

Background American College of Radiology contrast agent-enhanced US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (CEUS LI-RADS) was developed to improve the accuracy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) diagnosis at contrast agent-enhanced US. However, to the knowledge of the authors, the diagnostic accuracy of the system in characterization of liver nodules 20 mm or smaller has not been fully evaluated. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of CEUS LI-RADS in diagnosing HCC in liver nodules 20 mm or smaller in patients at risk for HCC. Materials and Methods Between January 2015 and February 2018, consecutive patients at risk for HCC presenting with untreated liver nodules 20 mm or less were enrolled in this retrospective double-reader study. Each nodule was categorized according to the CEUS LI-RADS and World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB)-European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB) criteria. Diagnostic performance of CEUS LI-RADS and WFUMB-EFSUMB characterization was evaluated by using tissue histologic analysis, multiphase contrast-enhanced CT and MRI, and imaging follow-up as reference standard and compared by using McNemar test. Results The study included 175 nodules (mean diameter, 16.1 mm ± 3.4) in 172 patients (mean age, 51.8 years ± 10.6; 136 men). The sensitivity of CEUS LR-5 versus WFUMB-EFSUMB criteria in diagnosing HCC was 73.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 63.8%, 81.5%) versus 88.6% (95% CI: 80.9%, 94%), respectively (P < .001). The specificity of CEUS LR-5 versus WFUMB-EFSUMB criteria was 97.1% (95% CI: 90.1%, 99.7%) versus 87.1% (95% CI: 77%, 94%), respectively (P = .02). No malignant lesions were found in CEUS LR-1 and LR-2 categories. Only two nodules (of 41; 5%, both HCC) were malignant in CEUS LR-3 category. The incidences of HCC in CEUS LR-4, LR-5, and LR-M were 48% (11 of 23), 98% (77 of 79), and 75% (15 of 20), respectively. Two of 175 (1.1%) histologic analysis-confirmed intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas were categorized as CEUS LR-M by CEUS LI-RADS and misdiagnosed as HCC by WFUMB-EFSUMB criteria. Conclusion The contrast-enhanced US Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (CEUS LI-RADS) algorithm was an effective tool for characterization of small (≤20 mm) liver nodules in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Compared with World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology-European Federation of Societies for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology criteria, CEUS LR-5 demonstrated higher specificity for diagnosing small HCCs with lower sensitivity. Published under a CC BY 4.0 license. See also the editorial by Crocetti in this issue.

16.
Lung Cancer ; 139: 146-150, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement identifies a subgroup of patients who are sensitive to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). ALK fusion is extremely rare in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of SCLC harboring ALK fusion mutation has been reported previously, both of whom carrying EML4-ALK fusion. There are no standard treatment options for SCLC patients with ALK fusion mutations. Herein, we described a rare case of ALK-rearranged SCLC responding to ALK inhibitors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were performed on the biopsied tumor tissue. RESULTS: NGS detected a novel pleckstrin homology and RUN domain containing M2 (PLEKHM2)-ALK fusion, while the IHC analysis revealed an ALK-positive tumor. For extensive SCLC patients, median OS was about 8-13 months. The patient in this case had durable clinical benefit upon the treatment with ALK inhibitors, achieving an overall survival (OS) of more than 27 months. CONCLUSION: This case provides a meaningful reference for the treatment of SCLC patients with ALK fusion mutations. This case also provides valuable information on the response to ALK inhibitors of patients with PLEKHM2-ALK fusion and better understanding of ALK-TKI applications in the future. NGS may be used as a routine test to explore more treatment opportunities for tumor SCLC patients.

17.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802035

RESUMO

Aberrant Src kinase activity is known to be involved in a variety of human malignancies, whereas the regulatory mechanism of Src has not been completely clarified. Here, we demonstrated that tripartite motif containing 7 (TRIM7) directly interacted with Src, induced Lys48-linked polyubiquitination of Src and reduced the abundance of Src protein in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. We further identified TRIM7 as a tumor suppressor in HCC cells through its negative modulation of the Src-mTORC1-S6K1 axis in vivo and in vitro in several HCC models. Moreover, we verified the dysregulated expression of TRIM7 in clinical liver cancer tissues and its negative correlation with Src protein in clinical HCC specimens. Overall, we demonstrated that TRIM7 suppressed HCC progression through its direct negative regulation of Src and modulation of the Src-mTORC1-S6K1 axis; thus, we provided a novel insight into the development of HCC and defined a promising therapeutic strategy for cancers with overactive Src by modulating TRIM7.

18.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 3872182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687407

RESUMO

Objective: The present study was designed to determine whether konjac and inulin extracts or their combination, konjac-inulin (KI) composition, as diet supplementary, can exert beneficial effects against type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes using animal models. Methods: A total of 60 diabetic (type 1) rats induced by streptozotocin (STZ) were randomly assigned to five groups: vehicle control (STZ group), KI combination at low dose group (KI-L group), KI combination at medium dose group (KI-M group), KI combination at high dose group (KI-H group), konjac extract group (konjac group), and inulin extract group (inulin group). A sham group (without STZ) was also included. Levels of blood glucose were monitored at each week. After continuous treatment of each diet for 24 days, a glucose tolerance test was performed. After 28 days of treatment, plasma biochemical indicators including glycated serum proteins, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were measured and immunohistochemistry staining of the rat pancreas was performed, to study the insulin expressions. Type 2 diabetes was developed in db/db mice. A total of 28 db/db mice were divided into 4 groups: vehicle control (db/db group), KI composition group (KI group), konjac extract group (konjac group), and inulin extract group (inulin group). A wild-type control group (wild-type group) for db/db mice was also included. Levels of blood glucose, body weight, and blood triglycerides were monitored at each week. Results: Daily use of the KI composition significantly decreased levels of blood glucose and blood triglycerides, as well as improved the insulin production in islets or reduced development of obesity in STZ-induced diabetic rats or in db/db mice. Such effects from KI composition were better than single ingredient of konjac or inulin extract. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that daily use of KI composition has a protective role on type 1 and 2 diabetes and provided experimental basis for further development of KI composition as a food supplement for diabetic or diabetic high-risk population.

19.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7950-7962, 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698649

RESUMO

This article describes a novel approach, the Direct Posterior Approach (DPA) for the treatment of posterior acetabular fractures (posterior column, posterior wall, or both posterior column and wall). This technique allows direct visualization of the entire posterior wall, part of the hip capsule and the posterior column between the space of the gluteus medius and the piriformis superiorly. The approach spares the division of short external rotators, abductors, and hip capsule, thus preventing iatrogenic damage to the medial femoral circumflex artery, sciatic nerve, and superior and inferior gluteal neurovascular bundles, as well as protecting the vascularity of the fracture fragments. In addition to the low blood loss, short operative time and low risk of iatrogenic injury, patients who are treated by the DPA approach exhibit positive functional recovery in follow-up. DPA is an effective, safe and minimally-invasive technique for the treatment of posterior acetabular fractures.

20.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Association between plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) rs1799889 polymorphism and venous thromboembolism (VTE) were explored by many previous studies, yet the findings of these studies were conflicting. HYPOTHESIS: PAI-1 rs1799889 polymorphism may serve as a genetic marker of VTE. We aimed to better clarify the relationship between PAI-1 rs1799889 polymorphism and VTE in a larger combined population by performing a meta-analysis. METHODS: Literatures were searched in Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). We used Review Manager to combine the results of individual studies. RESULTS: Forty-eight studies involving 14 806 participants were eligible for inclusion. Combined results revealed that PAI-1 rs1799889 polymorphism was significantly associated with VTE in Caucasians (dominant comparison: odds ratio [OR] 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.32; recessive comparison: OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.76-0.94; allele comparison: OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.15) and East Asians (dominant comparison: OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.17-2.19; allele comparison: OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.21-1.93). Further analyses obtained similar significant associations in these with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and these with Factor V Leiden mutation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings supported that PAI-1 rs1799889 polymorphism may serve as one of the predisposing factors of VTE in both Caucasians and East Asians, especially in these with DVT and these with Factor V Leiden mutation.

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