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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575828

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A survival paradox between T4N0 (Stage IIB/IIC) and Stage IIIA colon cancer exists, even after adjusting for adequate lymph node (LN) retrieval and receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy (C). We conducted a large hospital-based study to re-evaluate this survival paradox based on the newest 8th edition staging system. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was queried to evaluate 35,606 patients diagnosed with Stage IIB, IIC, and IIIA colon cancer between 2010 and 2017. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to compare unadjusted overall survival (OS). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the association of stage with hazard ratios adjusted for relevant demographic and clinical variables including ≥ 12 LNs retrieved and receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The 5-year OS for optimally treated stage IIIA colon cancer (receipt of C) was 84.3%, which was significantly higher than stage IIB/C (≥ 12 LNs retrieved + C) (72.8%; P < 0.0001). Stage was an independent predictor of OS. Among optimally treated Stage IIIA patients, T1N1 had the best survival (90.6%) while stage T4bN0 (stage IIC) had the worst (70.9%) (P < 0.0001). Compared to stage IIB, stage IIC had a 17% increased risk of overall death while stage IIIA had a 21% reduction in death (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Stage IIB/C and Stage IIIA survival paradox persists even after accounting for receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy and adequate lymph node retrieval. Future iteration of the TNM system should take this paradox into consideration.

2.
Water Res ; 255: 121465, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569356

RESUMO

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) can alter the availability of background nutrients by affecting the proliferation of heterotrophic bacteria, which exerts a notable influence on algal growth and metabolism. However, the mechanism of how allochthonous DOC (aDOC) precipitates shifts in bacterial-algal interactions and modulates the occurrence of cyanobacteria blooms remains inadequately elucidated. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between bacteria and algae under aDOC stimulation. We found that excess aDOC triggered the breakdown and reestablishment of the equilibrium between Microcystis and heterotrophic bacteria. The rapid proliferation of heterotrophic bacteria led to a dramatic decrease in soluble phosphorus and thereby resulted in the inhibition of the Microcystis growth. When the available DOC was depleted, the rapid death of heterotrophic bacteria released large amounts of dissolved phosphorus, which provided sufficient nutrients for the recovery of Microcystis. Notably, Microcystis rejuvenated and showed higher cell density compared to the carbon-absent group. This phenomenon can be ascribed that Microcystis regulated the compositions of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the expression of relevant proteins to adapt to a nutrient-limited environment. Using time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIM) and proteomic analysis, we observed an enhancement of the signal of organic matter and metal ions associated with P complexation in EPS. Moreover, Microcystis upregulated proteins related to organic phosphorus transformation to increase the availability of phosphorus in various forms. In summary, this study emphasized the role of DOC in algal blooms, revealing the underestimated enhancement of Microcystis nutrient utilization through DOC-induced heterotrophic competition and providing valuable insights into eutrophication management and control.

3.
J Food Sci Technol ; 61(6): 1138-1147, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562590

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to optimize fermentation conditions for preparation of Chaenomeles sinensis Glutinous Rice Wine (CRW). The dynamic changes of main substances in the liquor during fermentation process, aroma components, biologically active substances and antioxidant capacity in the CRW after 6 months of aging were tested. The results showed that under optimized conditions, the yield and alcohol content of wine was 44.97 and 20.00%, respectively. After aging, 64 aroma components were detected in the wine, mainly alcohols and esters. The alcohol content of the CRW was 14.8%. Polyphenols and flavonoids reached 0.23 g/L and 0.037 g/L respectively. Furthermore, the CRW had an excellent free radical scavenging ability. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13197-024-05934-0.

4.
Chronobiol Int ; : 1-11, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568246

RESUMO

Most studies have shown a link between chronotypes and mental health and have identified evening chronotypes (E-types) as a potential risk for depressive symptoms. However, the mechanisms behind this association remain unknown. Abnormal expression of the PER1 gene was not only associated with circadian rhythm disturbance, but also closely related to mental illness. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the association of chronotype with depressive symptoms, and further explore the moderating effects of the PER1 gene DNA methylation on chronotypes and depressive symptoms in Chinese university students. In a stratified cluster sampling design, chronotype and depressive symptoms were assessed in 1 042 university students from 2 universities in a two-year prospective survey from April 2019 to October 2020. The survey was conducted once every 6 months, corresponding to the time points in April 2019 (T0), October 2019 (T1), April 2020 (T2), and October 2020 (T3). At T0, the Morning and Evening Questionnaire 5 (MEQ-5) was adopted to assess chronotype. At T0-T3, the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) was adopted to investigate depressive symptoms. Meanwhile, at T0, participants were subjected to a health check-up trip in the hospital, and blood samples were taken from the students to measure the PER1 gene DNA methylation levels. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the association of chronotypes with depressive symptoms. The depression/total depression group was coded as 1, while the remaining participants was defined as one group, and was coded as 0. The PROCESS plug-in of SPSS software was used to analyze the moderating effects of PER1 gene DNA methylation on the association of chronotype with depressive symptoms. After adjusting for covariates, the results indicated that T0 E-types were positively correlated with T0-T3 depression/total depression in female university students. Furthermore, the PER1 gene DNA methylation has negative moderating effects between T0 chronotype and T3 depressive symptoms and has a sex difference. This study can provide more favorable scientific value for the prevention and control of depression in university students.

5.
Infect Med (Beijing) ; 3(1): 100096, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586545

RESUMO

Background: Mpox re-emerged worldwide with the multi-country outbreaks that occurred in May 2022, threatening the public health of human beings. Methods: This rapid systematic review summarized mpox reinfection cases documented. Electronic databases (PubMed, MedRxiv, and Social Science Research Network) were searched without time limitation, using the keywords "mpox," "monkeypox," & "reinfection," "reoccur," "reoccurrence," "episode," and "relapse". All laboratory-confirmed cases of mpox reinfection published in the literature were included in this study. Results: A total of seven publications (nine cases) from Africa, Europe, and South America were included. All mpox reinfection cases were male, with a median age of 36; 88.89% of cases had unprotected sexual behaviors with other males before each illness episode. The average onset interval between the two episodes was about 4 months. Perianal lesions and lymphadenopathy were major symptoms in both episodes, and no differences in clinical severity were reported between the two episodes. The mean duration of the two episodes was approximately 22 days and 13 days, respectively; which the mean duration of the second episode was shorter than the first infection (t = 2.17, p = 0.0487). Sexually transmitted infections were commonly concurrent among most cases, accounting for 55.6% and 77.8% in the two episodes, respectively. Full vaccination against mpox was rare among reinfection cases. Conclusion: A second infection is possible even in a short period. Reinforcing monitoring, reducing high-risk behaviors, and heightening health education regarding mpox for high-risk populations are crucial to limit mpox spread, including persons with a history of mpox infection.

6.
JCI Insight ; 9(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587080

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDAs Omicron is prompted to replicate in the upper airway, neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) delivered through inhalation might inhibit early-stage infection in the respiratory tract. Thus, elucidating the prophylactic efficacy of NAbs via nasal spray addresses an important clinical need.METHODSThe applicable potential of a nasal spray cocktail containing 2 NAbs was characterized by testing its neutralizing potency, synergetic neutralizing mechanism, emergency protective and therapeutic efficacy in a hamster model, and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) in human nasal cavity.RESULTSThe 2 NAbs displayed broad neutralizing efficacy against Omicron, and they could structurally compensate each other in blocking the Spike-ACE2 interaction. When administrated through the intranasal mucosal route, this cocktail demonstrated profound efficacy in the emergency prevention in hamsters challenged with authentic Omicron BA.1. The investigator-initiated trial in healthy volunteers confirmed the safety and the PK/PD of the NAb cocktail delivered via nasal spray. Nasal samples from the participants receiving 4 administrations over a course of 16 hours demonstrated potent neutralization against Omicron BA.5 in an ex vivo pseudovirus neutralization assay.CONCLUSIONThese results demonstrate that the NAb cocktail nasal spray provides a good basis for clinical prophylactic efficacy against Omicron infections.TRIAL REGISTRATIONwww.chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR2200066525.FUNDINGThe National Science and Technology Major Project (2017ZX10202203), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFA0507100), Guangzhou National Laboratory (SRPG22-015), Lingang Laboratory (LG202101-01-07), Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (YDZX20213100001556), and the Emergency Project from the Science & Technology Commission of Chongqing (cstc2021jscx-fyzxX0001).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Sprays Nasais , Animais , Cricetinae , Humanos , China , Traqueia , Voluntários Saudáveis
7.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 178, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To successfully replicate within the host cell, Toxoplasma gondii employs several mechanisms to overcome the host cell defenses and mitigate the harmful effects of the free radicals resulting from its own metabolic processes using effectors such as thioredoxin proteins. In this study, we characterize the location and functions of a newly identified thioredoxin in T. gondii, which was named Trx4. METHODS: We characterized the functional role of Trx4 in T. gondii Type I RH and Type II Pru strains by gene knockout and studied its subcellular localization by endogenous protein HA tagging using CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing. The enzyme-catalyzed proximity labeling technique, the TurboID system, was employed to identify the proteins in proximity to Trx4. RESULTS: Trx4 was identified as a dense granule protein of T. gondii predominantly expressed in the parasitophorous vacuole (PV) and was partially co-localized with GRA1 and GRA5. Functional analysis showed that deletion of trx4 markedly influenced the parasite lytic cycle, resulting in impaired host cell invasion capacity in both RH and Pru strains. Mutation of Trx domains in Trx4 in RH strain revealed that two Trx domains were important for the parasite invasion. By utilizing the TurboID system to biotinylate proteins in proximity to Trx4, we identified a substantial number of proteins, some of which are novel, and others are previously characterized, predominantly distributed in the dense granules. In addition, we uncovered three novel proteins co-localized with Trx4. Intriguingly, deletion of trx4 did not affect the localization of these three proteins. Finally, a virulence assay demonstrated that knockout of trx4 resulted in a significant attenuation of virulence and a significant reduction in brain cyst loads in mice. CONCLUSIONS: Trx4 plays an important role in T. gondii invasion and virulence in Type I RH strain and Type II Pru strain. Combining the TurboID system with CRISPR-Cas9 technique revealed many PV-localized proximity proteins associated with Trx4. These findings suggest a versatile role of Trx4 in mediating the processes that occur in this distinctive intracellular membrane-bound vacuolar compartment.


Assuntos
Toxoplasma , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/metabolismo , Antígenos de Protozoários/genética , Virulência/genética , Fatores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/genética
8.
Comput Biol Med ; 174: 108391, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based quantitative phosphoproteomics has been widely used to detect thousands of protein phosphorylation modifications simultaneously from the biological specimens. However, the complicated procedures for analyzing phosphoproteomics data has become a bottleneck to widening its application. METHODS: Here, we develop PhosMap, a versatile and scalable tool to accomplish phosphoproteomics data analysis. A standardized phosphorylation data format was created for data analyses, from data preprocessing to downstream bioinformatic analyses such as dimension reduction, differential phosphorylation analysis, kinase activity, survival analysis, and so on. For better usability, we distribute PhosMap as a Docker image for easy local deployment upon any of Windows, Linux, and Mac system. RESULTS: The source code is deposited at https://github.com/BADD-XMU/PhosMap. A free PhosMap webserver (https://huggingface.co/spaces/Bio-Add/PhosMap), with easy-to-follow fashion of dashboards, is curated for interactive data analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PhosMap fills the technical gap of large-scale phosphorylation research by empowering researchers to process their own phosphoproteomics data expediently and efficiently, and facilitates better data interpretation.

9.
Mucosal Immunol ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614323

RESUMO

Excessive inflammatory responses are the main characteristic of ulcerative colitis (UC). Activation of formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) has been found to promote the proliferation and migration of epithelial cells, but its role and therapeutic potential in UC remain unclear. This study observed an increased expression of FPR1 in a mouse model of colitis. Interestingly, FPR1 deficiency exacerbated UC and increased the secretion of the pro-inflammatory mediator from immune cells (e.g., macrophages), S100a8, a member of the damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Notably, the administration of the FPR agonist Cmpd43 ameliorated colon injury in a preclinical mice model of UC, likely via inhibiting phosphorylation of CREB and expression of C/EBPß, which in turn suppressed the secretion of S100a8. In conclusion, these findings discovered a novel role of FPR1 in the development of colitis and will facilitate the development of FPR1-based pharmacotherapy to treat UC.

10.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8266, 2024 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594347

RESUMO

With the rapid development of artificial intelligence and data science, Dynamic Bayesian Network (DBN), as an effective probabilistic graphical model, has been widely used in many engineering fields. And swarm intelligence algorithm is an optimization algorithm based on natural selection with the characteristics of distributed, self-organization and robustness. By applying the high-performance swarm intelligence algorithm to DBN structure learning, we can fully utilize the algorithm's global search capability to effectively process time-based data, improve the efficiency of network generation and the accuracy of network structure. This study proposes an improved bacterial foraging optimization algorithm (IBFO-A) to solve the problems of random step size, limited group communication, and the inability to maintain a balance between global and local searching. The IBFO-A algorithm framework comprises four layers. First, population initialization is achieved using a logistics-sine chaotic mapping strategy as the basis for global optimization. Second, the activity strategy of a colony foraging trend is constructed by combining the exploration phase of the Osprey optimization algorithm. Subsequently, the strategy of bacterial colony propagation is improved using a "genetic" approach and the Multi-point crossover operator. Finally, the elimination-dispersal activity strategy is employed to escape the local optimal solution. To solve the problem of complex DBN learning structures due to the introduction of time information, a DBN structure learning method called IBFO-D, which is based on the IBFO-A algorithm framework, is proposed. IBFO-D determines the edge direction of the structure by combining the dynamic K2 scoring function, the designed V-structure orientation rule, and the trend activity strategy. Then, according to the improved reproductive activity strategy, the concept of "survival of the fittest" is applied to the network candidate solution while maintaining species diversity. Finally, the global optimal network structure with the highest score is obtained based on the elimination-dispersal activity strategy. Multiple tests and comparison experiments were conducted on 10 sets of benchmark test functions, two non-temporal and temporal data types, and six data samples of two benchmark 2T-BN networks to evaluate and analyze the optimization performance and structure learning ability of the proposed algorithm under various data types. The experimental results demonstrated that IBFO-A exhibits good convergence, stability, and accuracy, whereas IBFO-D is an effective approach for learning DBN structures from data and has practical value for engineering applications.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Aprendizagem , Teorema de Bayes , Algoritmos , Genes Bacterianos
11.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101352, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601950

RESUMO

α-Amylase, essential for carbohydrate digestion, relies on calcium (Ca) for its structural integrity and enzymatic activity. This study explored the inhibitory effect of salmon bone peptides on α-amylase activity through their interaction with the enzyme's Ca-binding sites. Among the various salmon bone hydrolysates, salmon bone trypsin hydrolysate (SBTH) exhibited the highest α-amylase inhibition. The peptide IEELEEELEAER (PIE), with a sequence of Ile-Glu-Glu-Leu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Glu-Leu-Glu-Ala-Glu-Arg from SBTH, was found to specifically target the Ca-binding sites in α-amylase, interacting with key residues such as Asp206, Trp203, His201, etc. Additionally, cellular experiments using 3 T3-L1 preadipocytes indicated PIE's capability to suppress adipocyte differentiation, and decreases in intracellular triglycerides, total cholesterol, and lipid accumulation. In vivo studies also showed a significant reduction in weight gain in the group treated with PIE(6.61%)compared with the control group (33.65%). These findings suggest PIE is an effective α-amylase inhibitor, showing promise for obesity treatment.

12.
Plant Dis ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598853

RESUMO

The cultivated aromatic medicinal herb Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. is widely used in the pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and cosmetics industries (Na-Bangchang et al. 2014; Zhan et al. 2023). Huanggang in Hubei Province is a major production area for A. lancea (Huang et al. 2022; Wang et al. 2023). In April 2023, more than two-thirds of the surveyed plant leaves in this region exhibited virus-like symptoms, such as curling and mosaic patterns. To identify the underlying cause, 80 symptomatic plant leaf samples were collected from four fields (20 leaves per field) in this region and pooled for virome analysis. Total RNA, including ribosomal RNA, was extracted from the pooled samples using the Plant RNA Extraction Mini Kit (Onrew Biotech, Guangdong, China), for sequencing library construction. The Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform was used to sequence the library and generate 150 bp paired-end reads. After processing the raw data with Trimmomatic software, a total of 44,354,650 high-quality clean reads were obtained. The clean reads were aligned against ribosomal RNA using BWA software (v0.7.17) to avoid interference and eliminate corresponding sequences. After removing potential contamination, contig assembly of the clean reads was performed using Megahit software (v1.2.9). The resulting contigs were compared with the virus NT database using the BLASTn program. Sequence pairwise comparison revealed 8 contigs (574 nt to 2243 nt) with identities ranging from 81.88% to 90.77% with Atractylodes mild mottle virus (AMMV, NC_027924.1, Lim et al., 2015). Additionally, contigs mapped to Carlavirus, Pelarspovirus, and other plant viruses in our virome dataset had low coverage and pairwise identity (less than 70%), which need to be further investigated. The presence of AMMV was confirmed by aligning the clean reads to the reference sequence (NC_027924.1) using BWA and SAMtools software, resulting in a consensus sequence (8024 nt) with gaps. DNA extraction from the pooled samples was performed using the Rapid Universal Genomic DNA Extraction Kit (Simgen, Zhejiang, China). Two pairs of specific primers, 3399F (5'-AAAGAAGAACCTCCTGATACGG-3')/5924R (5'-TGAACCTGATTCTCTTGGC-3') and 1830F (5'- CTCAGGAAATCCCAATGC -3')/3640R(5'-TTTCCCAATGTTCTTCGGG-3'), were designed to amplify the complete gene sequences of polymerase and coat protein (CP), based on the consensus sequence. The PCR products with the lengths of 2521 bp and 1814 bp were cloned into the pMD18-T vector (Takara Biotech, Dalian, China) for sequencing. The BLASTn analysis showed that the polymerase and CP gene sequences shared an identity of 94.51% (1929/2041 nt) and 88.41% (1419/1605 nt) with the AMMV isolate (NC_027924.1), respectively. The sequences have been deposited in GenBank under the accession numbers OR544810 and OR544811. We collected leaves from 32 A. lancea plants (16 symptomatic and 16 asymptomatic) in the fields. RT-PCR was conducted using CPF (5'-CTGCGAATATGAAAGTGC-3') and CPR (5'-GGTGAGCTTGTCTGTTAGG-3') primers, which were designed targeting a 527bp fragment of the CP gene (OR544811). Amplicons of the expected size (527bp) were detected in 24 plants (11 symptomatic and 13 asymptomatic), three of which were sequenced by Sanger sequencing, showing a 100% match to OR544811. These findings indicate that AMMV is prevalent in the major production area of A. lancea. Further research is needed to better characterize the potential risks of AMMV to A. lancea cultivation in China as well as other countries.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172211, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583617

RESUMO

During the freeze-thaw cycles of ice-covered lakes, DOM undergoes a series of transformations including enrichment, dispersion, and filtration. However, the mechanisms and influence factors on lake pollution processes remain unclear. Therefore, this study investigates the distribution of DOM components and elucidate the role of ice-layer sieving its mechanisms within ice-water-sediments. Study identifies significant variations in the characteristics of DOM, protein-like substances tend to migrate towards the ice layer, while humic-like substances predominantly remain in water. This selective distribution is primarily influenced by the physical and chemical properties of DOM during the freezing process. The ice layer acts as a sieve, allowing smaller molecules such as protein-like substances to pass through more easily, while larger molecules like humic-like substances are retained in the water. Additionally, Temperature plays a pivotal role in affecting the contents of DOM. As the temperature decreases, the solubility of DOM decreases, leading to its precipitation and enrichment in sediments. Conversely, an increase in temperature can facilitate the release of DOM from sediments into the water. Furthermore, high content of total dissolved solids can affect the solubility and stability of DOM, potentially leading to changes in its composition and distribution. These insights provide a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between thermal processes and chemical dynamics within ice-covered aquatic environments. They offered valuable insights into the behavior of organic pollutants in frozen lake systems. The findings have potential implications for environmental management strategies aimed at mitigating the effects of climate.

14.
Hum Mol Genet ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557732

RESUMO

Lowe syndrome, a rare X-linked multisystem disorder presenting with major abnormalities in the eyes, kidneys, and central nervous system, is caused by mutations in OCRL gene (NG_008638.1). Encoding an inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase, OCRL catalyzes the hydrolysis of PI(4,5)P2 into PI4P. There are no effective targeted treatments for Lowe syndrome. Here, we demonstrate a novel gene therapy for Lowe syndrome in patient fibroblasts using an adenine base editor (ABE) that can efficiently correct pathogenic point mutations. We show that ABE8e-NG-based correction of a disease-causing mutation in a Lowe patient-derived fibroblast line containing R844X mutation in OCRL gene, restores OCRL expression at mRNA and protein levels. It also restores cellular abnormalities that are hallmarks of OCRL dysfunction, including defects in ciliogenesis, microtubule anchoring, α-actinin distribution, and F-actin network. The study indicates that ABE-mediated gene therapy is a feasible treatment for Lowe syndrome, laying the foundation for therapeutic application of ABE in the currently incurable disease.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612756

RESUMO

Carotenoids are essential nutrients for humans and animals, and carotenoid coloration represents an important meat quality parameter for many farmed animals. Increasingly, studies have demonstrated that vertebrate carotenoid cleavage oxygenases (CCOs) are essential enzymes in carotenoid metabolism and are therefore potential candidate genes for improving carotenoid deposition. However, our understanding of carotenoid bioavailability and CCOs functions in invertebrates, particularly marine species, is currently quite limited. We previously identified that a CCO homolog, PyBCO-like 1, was the causal gene for carotenoid coloration in the 'Haida golden scallop', a variety of Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis) characterized by carotenoid enrichment. Here, we found that another CCO-encoding gene named PyBCO2 (ß-carotene oxygenase 2) was widely expressed in P. yessoensis organs/tissues, with the highest expression in striated muscle. Inhibiting BCO2 expression in P. yessoensis through RNA interference led to increased carotenoid (pectenolone and pectenoxanthin) deposition in the striated muscle, and the color of the striated muscle changed from white to light orange. Our results indicate that PyBCO2 might be a candidate gene used for improving carotenoid content in normal Yesso scallops, and also in 'Haida golden scallops'.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases , Pectinidae , Animais , Humanos , beta Caroteno , Músculo Esquelético , Carotenoides , Pectinidae/genética , Dioxigenases/genética
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 1): 131485, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604429

RESUMO

Global seafood consumption is estimated at 156 million tons annually, with an economic loss of >25 billion euros annually due to marine fish spoilage. In contrast to traditional smart packaging which can only roughly estimate food freshness, an intelligent platform integrating machine learning and smart aerogel can accurately predict remaining shelf life in food products, reducing economic losses and food waste. In this study, we prepared aerogels based on anthocyanin complexes that exhibited excellent environmental responsiveness, high porosity, high color-rendering properties, high biocompatibility, high stability, and irreversibility. The aerogel showed excellent indication properties for rainbow trout and proved suitable for fish storage environments. Among the four machine learning models, the radial basis function neural network and backpropagation network optimized by genetic algorithm demonstrated excellent monitoring performance. Also, the two-channel dataset provided more comprehensive information and superior descriptive capability. The three-layer structure of the monitoring platform provided a new paradigm for intelligent and sophisticated food packaging. The results of the study might be of great significance to the food industry and sustainable development.

17.
Sleep Breath ; 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between dietary diversity and sleep quality among Chinese middle-aged and older adults. METHODS: The Lifestyle and Healthy Aging of Chinese Square Dancer Study is a prospective, community-based cohort study that enrolled participants aged 45 years and above from 2020 to 2021. Using the semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire to investigate the diets of study participants, and using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to assess sleep quality. Dietary diversity was assessed using two scoring methods covering ten food groups and 66 food items, respectively: the dietary diversity score (DDS) and the food variety score (FVS). The higher scores of DDS and FVS indicated greater dietary diversity and higher dietary quality. Logistic regression analysis explored the associations between these scores and sleep quality. RESULTS: A total of 2409 individuals with completed information on PSQI and FFQ were included in this study, of whom 767 (31.8%) had poor sleep quality. Participants with higher DDS were associated with an 18% lower odds of poor sleep quality compared to those with low DDS (OR = 0.82, 95% CI, 0.68-0.98). Participants in the highest quartile of the FVS had a 32% lower odds of poor sleep quality than those in the lowest quartile (OR = 0.68, 95% CI, 0.52-0.89). CONCLUSIONS: There was a positive correlation between higher FVS and DDS with better sleep quality. Therefore, ensuring a diverse diet may be beneficial for maintaining good sleep quality among middle-aged and older adults.

18.
Small ; : e2311812, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453675

RESUMO

Local high concentration electrolytes (LHCEs) have been proved to be one of the most promising systems to stabilize both high voltage cathodes and Li metal anode for next-generation batteries. However, the solvation structures and interactions among different species in LHCEs are still convoluted, which bottlenecks the further breakthrough on electrolyte development. Here, it is demonstrated that the hydrogen bonding interaction between diluent and solvent is crucial for the construction of LHCEs and corresponding interphase chemistries. The 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl trifluoromethane sulfonate (TFSF) is selected as diluent with the solvent dimethoxy-ethane (DME) to prepare a non-flammable LHCE for high voltage LMBs. This is first find that the hydrogen bonding interaction between TFSF and DME solvent tailors the electrolyte solvation structures by weakening the coordination of DME molecules to Li+ cations and allows more participation of anions in the first solvation shell, leading to the formation of aggregates (AGGs) clusters which are conducive to generating inorganic solid/cathodic electrolyte interphases (SEI/CEIs). The proposed TFSF based LHCE enables the Li||NCM811 (LiNi0.8 Mn0.1 O2 ) batteries to realize >80% capacity retention with a high average Coulombic efficiency of 99.8% for 230 cycles under aggressive conditions (NCM811 cathode: 3.4 mAh cm-2 , cut-off voltage: 4.4 V, and 20 µm Li foil).

20.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 220, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse and discuss the association of gender differences with the risk and incidence of poststroke aphasia (PSA) and its types, and to provide evidence-based guidance for the prevention and treatment of poststroke aphasia in clinical practice. DATA SOURCES: Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched from January 1, 2002, to December 1, 2023. STUDY SELECTION: Including the total number of strokes, aphasia, the number of different sexes or the number of PSA corresponding to different sex. DATA EXTRACTION: Studies with missing data, aphasia caused by nonstroke and noncompliance with the requirements of literature types were excluded. DATA SYNTHESIS: 36 papers were included, from 19 countries. The analysis of 168,259 patients with stroke and 31,058 patients with PSA showed that the risk of PSA was 1.23 times higher in female than in male (OR = 1.23, 95% CI = 1.19-1.29, P < 0.001), with a prevalence of PSA of 31% in men and 36% in women, and an overall prevalence of 34% (P < 0.001). Analysis of the risk of the different types of aphasia in 1,048 patients with PSA showed a high risk in females for global, broca and Wenicke aphasia, and a high risk in males for anomic, conductive and transcortical aphasia, which was not statistically significant by meta-analysis. The incidence of global aphasia (males vs. females, 29% vs. 32%) and broca aphasia (17% vs 19%) were higher in females, and anomic aphasia (19% vs 14%) was higher in males, which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There are gender differences in the incidence and types of PSA. The risk of PSA in female is higher than that in male.


Assuntos
Afasia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Incidência , Afasia/diagnóstico , Afasia/epidemiologia , Afasia/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Cooperação do Paciente
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