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1.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 1): 114535, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36223835

RESUMO

The coexistence of chlorophenols (CPs) and total nitrogen (TN) is common in advanced purification of industrial secondary effluent, which brings challenges to conventional denitrification biofilters (DNBFs). Electrical stimulation is an effective method for the degradation of CPs, However, the application of electrical stimulation in DNBFs to enhance the treatment of secondary effluent containing CPs remains largely unknown. Herein, this study conducted a systematic investigation towards the effects of electrical stimulation on DNBF through eight lab-scale reactors at room and low temperatures and different hydraulic retention times (HRTs). Results showed that the electrical stimulation effect was not greatly affected by temperature and the optimal applied voltage was 3 V. Overall, the removal rates of TN and CPs were increased by 114%-334% and 2.68%-34.79% respectively after electrical stimulation. When the influent concentration of NO3--N, COD and each CP of 25 mg/L, 50 mg/L and 5 mg/L, about 15 mg/L of effluent TN could be achieved and the removals of p-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol were increased by 10.58%, 5.78% and 34.79% respectively, under the voltage of 3 V and HRT of 4 h. However, the reduction rate of biotoxicity was decreased and could not achieve low toxicity grade in general. Electrical stimulation promoted the elevation of Hydrogenophaga and thus enhanced the removal of TN, and the increase of Microbacterium and Ahniella was significantly associated with the improvement of CPs removal rate. In addition, the obvious accumulation of nitrite was found to be significantly negatively correlated with the abundance of Nitrospira. This study highlighted a further need for the optimization of electrical stimulation in DNBFs treating industrial secondary effluent containing CPs to achieve the goal of pollutant removal and toxicity reduction simultaneously.


Assuntos
Clorofenóis , Desnitrificação , Reatores Biológicos , Águas Residuárias , Nitrogênio , Estimulação Elétrica
2.
Waste Manag ; 155: 153-161, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379165

RESUMO

With the rapid expansion of the market scale for indium phosphide (InP) semiconductors in high-tech industries such as optoelectronics and solar energy, the generation of hazardous waste InP has also increased dramatically, and the task of recycling waste InP is urgent. However, InP as a representative phosphide semiconductor is prone to produce highly toxic substances such as yellow phosphorus and PH3 in the recycling process, which discourages most companies from using it. In this study, a safe and efficient method of "vacuum decomposition-directional condensation (VD-DC)" is proposed to recover valuable materials from waste InP. In this method, briquetting pretreatment is used to improve thermal conductivity. At a decomposition temperature of 1123 K, system pressure of 30 Pa, and holding time of 3.5 h, indium with a purity of 99.43 wt% is obtained, and the direct yield reaches 98.54%. Non-toxic and stable red phosphorus with a purity of 98.14 wt% is recovered by converting the condensed yellow phosphorus at 573 K. Vacuum technology significantly reduces the decomposition temperature of InP and avoids the emission of waste water and waste gas, thus operating in an environmentally friendly manner.

3.
Bioact Mater ; 22: 211-224, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246666

RESUMO

Tumor vaccines trigger tumor-specific immune responses to prevent or treat tumors by activating the hosts' immune systems, and therefore, these vaccines have potential clinical applications. However, the low immunogenicity of the tumor antigen itself and the low efficiency of the vaccine delivery system hinder the efficacy of tumor vaccines that cannot produce high-efficiency and long-lasting antitumor immune effects. Here, we constructed a nanovaccine by integrating CD47KO/CRT dual-bioengineered B16F10 cancer cell membranes and the unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) adjuvant. Hyperbranched PEI25k was used to load unmethylated cytosine-phosphate-guanine (CpG) through electrostatic adsorption to prepare PEI25k/CpG nanoparticles (PEI25k/CpG-NPs). CD47KO/CRT dual-bioengineered cells were obtained by CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology, followed by the cell surface translocation of calreticulin (CRT) to induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) in vitro. Finally, the extracted cell membranes were coextruded with PEI25k/CpG-NPs to construct the CD47KO/CRT dual-bioengineered cancer cell membrane-coated nanoparticles (DBE@CCNPs). DBE@CCNPs could promote endocytosis of antigens and adjuvants in murine bone marrow derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and induce their maturation and antigen cross-presentation. To avoid immune checkpoint molecule-induced T cell dysfunction, the immune checkpoint inhibitor, the anti-PD-L1 antibody, was introduced to boost tumor immunotherapy through a combination with the DBE@CCNPs nanovaccine. This combination therapy strategy can significantly alleviate tumor growth and may open up a potential strategy for clinical tumor immunotherapy.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 442: 130026, 2023 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36166904

RESUMO

Highly efficient oxidation, as non-thermal regeneration technology, is a promising method to solve the regeneration problem of spent activated carbon (AC) in wastewater treatment. In this study, FeOCl was confined into activated carbon (FeOCl/AC) for catalytic oxidation of contaminants on AC during the regeneration process. The characterization results of FeOCl/AC showed that amorphous FeOCl was distributed in micropores, mesopores and macropores of AC. The methylene blue (MB)-adsorbed FeOCl/AC had a regeneration efficiency of 93.7 % at neutral pH in the presence of H2O2, much higher than 46.9 % by Fenton oxidation and 33.7 % by H2O2 oxidation. Meanwhile, the spent FeOCl/AC after the adsorption of atrazine, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and ofloxacin had the regeneration efficiencies of 71.5 %, 86.4 %, and 100 %, respectively. Moreover, the regeneration efficiency still reached 87 % in the fifth adsorption-regeneration cycle, and was linearly decreased with the increase of adsorbed amounts of MB. During 6 h regeneration of spent FeOCl/AC, 97 % of adsorbed MB was degraded. Electron paramagnetic resonance and radical trapping experiments indicated that both superoxide and hydroxyl radicals were involved in MB oxidation during the regeneration process.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Carvão Vegetal/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Azul de Metileno/química , Superóxidos , Oxirredução , Adsorção , Ofloxacino
5.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 989351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338065

RESUMO

Fires lead to dramatic shifts in ecosystems and have a large impact on the biota. Soil organisms, especially soil fauna, are often used as indicators of environmental change. At present, minimal attention has been paid to using soil fauna as an indicator of environmental change after a fire. Here, a field survey of burnt herbaceous vegetation in semi-arid areas was conducted to determine the response of soil arthropods to fire and their short-term recovery after fire. Overall, the abundance and biomass of soil arthropods was more sensitive to fire than the number of groups. The number of soil arthropod groups, especially the dominant groups (mites and springtails), was not significantly affected by wildfires. At the unburned site, soil arthropod abundance showed significant seasonal shifts that may be related to the vegetation properties, temperature, and precipitation caused by seasonal changes. In contrast, soil arthropods at the burnt sites showed a delayed recovery and had only reached 56%-82%, 17%-54%, and 91%-190% of the biomass in the unburnt forest at the 3, 6, and 9 months after the burning event. Our findings of soil arthropod abundance changes in the present study suggest that fire-induced changes in soil and vegetation properties (e.g., AN, LT, and VC) were crucial factors for the changes in soil arthropod abundance in this semi-arid grassland. We conclude that fire disturbance reduces the seasonal sensitivity of soil arthropods by altering their habitat. This study furthers our understanding of wildfire impact recovery by documenting the short-term temporal dynamics of soil arthropods.

6.
Hortic Res ; 9: uhac193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338853

RESUMO

Carotene hydroxylase plays an important role in catalyzing the hydroxylation of carotene to xanthopylls, including two types: non-heme carotene hydroxylase (BCH type) and heme-containing cytochrome P450 hydroxylase (P450 type). Two BCH-encoding genes were annotated in the carrot genome. However, the role of BCHs and whether there are functional interactions between the duplicated BCHs in carrot remains unclear. In this study, two BCH encoding genes, DcBCH1 and DcBCH2, were cloned from carrot. The relative expression level of DcBCH1 was much higher than that of DcBCH2 in carrot taproots with different carotene accumulation levels. Overexpression of DcBCH1 in 'KRD' (high carotene accumulated) carrot changed the taproot color from orange to yellow, accompanied by substantial reductions in α-carotene and ß-carotene. There was no obvious change in taproot color between transgenic 'KRD' carrot overexpressing DcBCH2 and control carrot. Simultaneously, the content of α-carotene in the taproot of DcBCH2-overexpressing carrot decreased, but the content of ß-carotene did not change significantly in comparison with control carrot. Using the CRISPR/Cas9 system to knock out DcBCH1 in 'KRD' carrot lightened the taproot color from orange to pink-orange; the content of α-carotene in the taproot increased slightly, while the ß-carotene content was still significantly decreased, compared with control carrot. In DcBCH1-knockout carrot, the transcript level of DcBCH2 was significantly increased. These results indicated that in carrot taproot, DcBCH1 played the main function of BCH enzyme, which could hydroxylate α-carotene and ß-carotene; DcBCH1 and DcBCH2 had functional redundancy, and these two DcBCHs could partially compensate for each other.

7.
Lancet ; 400(10363): 1585-1596, 2022 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimum systolic blood pressure after endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischaemic stroke is uncertain. We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of blood pressure lowering treatment according to more intensive versus less intensive treatment targets in patients with elevated blood pressure after reperfusion with endovascular treatment. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, blinded-endpoint, randomised controlled trial at 44 tertiary-level hospitals in China. Eligible patients (aged ≥18 years) had persistently elevated systolic blood pressure (≥140 mm Hg for >10 min) following successful reperfusion with endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischaemic stroke from any intracranial large-vessel occlusion. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1, by a central, web-based program with a minimisation algorithm) to more intensive treatment (systolic blood pressure target <120 mm Hg) or less intensive treatment (target 140-180 mm Hg) to be achieved within 1 h and sustained for 72 h. The primary efficacy outcome was functional recovery, assessed according to the distribution in scores on the modified Rankin scale (range 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]) at 90 days. Analyses were done according to the modified intention-to-treat principle. Efficacy analyses were performed with proportional odds logistic regression with adjustment for treatment allocation as a fixed effect, site as a random effect, and baseline prognostic factors, and included all randomly assigned patients who provided consent and had available data for the primary outcome. The safety analysis included all randomly assigned patients. The treatment effects were expressed as odds ratios (ORs). This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04140110, and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, 1900027785; recruitment has stopped at all participating centres. FINDINGS: Between July 20, 2020, and March 7, 2022, 821 patients were randomly assigned. The trial was stopped after review of the outcome data on June 22, 2022, due to persistent efficacy and safety concerns. 407 participants were assigned to the more intensive treatment group and 409 to the less intensive treatment group, of whom 404 patients in the more intensive treatment group and 406 patients in the less intensive treatment group had primary outcome data available. The likelihood of poor functional outcome was greater in the more intensive treatment group than the less intensive treatment group (common OR 1·37 [95% CI 1·07-1·76]). Compared with the less intensive treatment group, the more intensive treatment group had more early neurological deterioration (common OR 1·53 [95% 1·18-1·97]) and major disability at 90 days (OR 2·07 [95% CI 1·47-2·93]) but there were no significant differences in symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage. There were no significant differences in serious adverse events or mortality between groups. INTERPRETATION: Intensive control of systolic blood pressure to lower than 120 mm Hg should be avoided to prevent compromising the functional recovery of patients who have received endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischaemic stroke due to intracranial large-vessel occlusion. FUNDING: The Shanghai Hospital Development Center; National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia; Medical Research Futures Fund of Australia; China Stroke Prevention; Shanghai Changhai Hospital, Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality; Takeda China; Hasten Biopharmaceutic; Genesis Medtech; Penumbra.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , China/epidemiologia , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/cirurgia
8.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1048728, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36425583

RESUMO

Valproic acid (VPA) is widely used as a major drug in the treatment of epilepsy. Despite the undisputed pharmacological importance and effectiveness of VPA, its potential hepatotoxicity is still a major concern. Being a simple fatty acid, the hepatotoxicity induced by VPA has long been considered to be due primarily to its interference with fatty acid ß-oxidation (ß-FAO). The aim of this study was to investigate the biomarkers for VPA-induced abnormal liver function in epileptic children and to determine potential mechanisms of its liver injury. Targeted metabolomics analysis of acylcarnitines (ACs) was performed in children's serum. Metabolomic analysis revealed that VPA -induced abnormal liver function resulted in the accumulation of serum long-chain acylcarnitines (LCACs), and the reduced expression of ß-FAO relevant genes (Carnitine palmitoyltrans-ferase (CPT)1, CPT2 and Long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (LCAD)), indicating the disruption of ß-FAO. As direct peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor a (PPARα)- regulated genes, CPT1A, CPT2 and LCAD were up-regulated after treatment with PPARα agonist, fenofibrate (Feno), indicating the improvement of ß-FAO. Feno significantly ameliorated the accumulation of various lipids in the plasma of VPA-induced hepatotoxic mice by activating PPARα, significantly reduced the plasma ACs concentration, and attenuated VPA-induced hepatic steatosis. Enhanced oxidative stress and induced by VPA exposure were significantly recovered using Feno treatment. In conclusion, this study indicates VPA-induced ß-FAO disruption might lead to liver injury, and a significant Feno protective effect against VPA -induced hepatotoxicity through reversing fatty acid metabolism.

9.
Drug Dev Res ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36433708

RESUMO

In this work, a series of indole-containing pyrazole-carbohydrazide derivatives A1-A25 were synthesized, and their biological activity on tubulin polymerization inhibition and mitotic catastrophe was evaluated. For introducing indole group to CA-4 pattern, the carbohydrazide linker was used for the first time. As the top hit, A18 suggested notable antiproliferation efficacy and tubulin polymerization inhibitory activity. Inferring comparable antitubulin effect with the positive control Colchicine, A18 indicated obviously lower cyto-toxicity. The cell scratch test showed that A18 could block the cell migration, while the confocal imaging depicted that A18 could induce the mitotic catastrophe via a Colchicine-like approach. The docking simulation visualized the probable binding pattern of A18. With the information in this work, some new hints on modification might be involved in further tubulin-related investigations.

10.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1010410, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388203

RESUMO

Background: Migraine is a worldwide disabling chronic brain disorder, some studies suggest acupuncture-related therapy plays an important role in raising efficiency rates and reducing migraine attacks. However, clinical trials comparing the efficacy of different interventions for migraine are limited and controversial. This network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed to review all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of acupuncture-related therapy for migraine. Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture-related therapy for migraine were searched in the following databases from the date of database inception to March 31, 2022, including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Database, Wanfang Database, and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM). The primary endpoint was visual analog scale (VAS) scores. The secondary endpoints were the number of migraine days, duration of migraine, and frequency of migraine attacks. We used Cochrane risk of bias to assess the quality of evidence for outcomes. Results: Thirty-nine studies involving 4379 patients with 13 different acupuncture-related methods were evaluated. According to surface under the cumulative ranking curve value, acupoint injection was ranked the highest (98.0%) in VAS scores, followed by acupoint implantation (79.0%); electroacupuncture was the optimal intervention method (82.4%) in the number of migraine days, followed by embedding needle therapy (73.1%); embedding needle therapy ranked first (99.9%) in the duration of migraine, followed by acupoint injection (77.4%); acupoint injection was the best intervention (99.3%) in the frequency of migraine attacks, followed by conventional acupuncture plus massage (73.8%). Conclusion: These results provide preliminary evidence that acupuncture-related therapy could be recommended as one of the effective treatments for migraine. Conventional acupuncture has significant effects on improving VAS scores, the number of migraine days, duration of migraine, and frequency of migraine attacks. However, more high-quality studies should be carried out to verify this finding. Systematic review registration: https://inplasy.com/, identifier: INPLASY202110035.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424214

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains the preferred strategy for high-risk or elderly individuals with aortic valve (AV) stenosis who are not considered to be optimal surgical candidates. Recent evidence suggests that low-risk patients may benefit from TAVI as well. The current study evaluates midterm survival in low-risk patients undergoing elective surgical AV replacement (SAVR) versus TAVI. METHODS: The Aortic Valve Replacement in Elective Patients From the Aortic Valve Multicenter Registry (AVALON) compared isolated elective transfemoral TAVI or SAVR with sternotomy or minimally invasive approach in low-risk individuals performed between 2015 and 2019. Propensity score matching was conducted to determine SAVR controls for TAVI group in a 1-to-3 ratio with 0.2 caliper. RESULTS: A total of 2393 patients undergoing elective surgery (1765 SAVR and 629 TAVI) with median European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation II (EuroSCORE II) score 1.81 (interquartile range [IQR], 1.36 to 2.53]) were initially included. Median follow-up was 2.72 years (IQR, 1.32-4.08; max 6.0). Propensity score matching returned 329 TAVI cases and 593 SAVR controls. Thirty-day mortality was 11 out of 329 (3.32%) in TAVI and 18 out of 593 (3.03%) in SAVR (risk ratio, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.52-2.37; P = .801) groups, respectively. At 2 years, survival curves began to diverge in favor of SAVR, which was associated with 30% lower mortality (hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.496-0.997; P = .048). CONCLUSIONS: Our data did not demonstrate a survival difference between TAVI and SAVR during the first 2 postprocedure years. After that time, SAVR is associated with improved survival. Extended observations from randomized trials in low-risk patients undergoing elective surgery are warranted to confirm these findings and draw definitive conclusions.

13.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(46): 14706-14717, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367981

RESUMO

Ferulic acid (FA) is one of the most abundant bound phenolics in whole grains, partly contributing to its preventive effects on metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study aims to investigate if FA mediates MetS through the regulation of hepatic metabolisms and the insulin receptor related pathways in the palmitate-treated HepG2 cells (MetS model). We found that FA (50, 100, and 200 µM) dramatically ameliorated the lipid accumulation in the MetS model. FA significantly decreased the activities of the gluconeogenic enzymes, G6Pase and PEPCK, downregulated the lipogenic enzyme FAS-1, and upregulated the lipolytic enzyme CPT-1 by regulating a series of transcriptional factors including HNF4α, FOXO-1, SREBP-1c, and PPAR-γ. Notably, we found that FA's ability to alleviate MetS is achieved by activating the insulin receptor/PI3K/AKT pathway. Our results validated the effects of FA on mediating the metabolic disorders of lipid and glucose pathways and unveiled its potential intracellular mechanisms for the prevention of MetS.


Assuntos
Insulinas , Síndrome Metabólica , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Glucose/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Palmitatos , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Insulinas/metabolismo
14.
Mol Omics ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36416788

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and progressive autoimmune disease. Lamiophlomis rotata (L. rotata) (Benth.) Kudo, an essential medicinal plant in traditional Tibetan medicine, is useful in treating RA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate L. rotata's anti-RA effect and to analyze its serum metabolites and lipids to predict the possible action pathways. Female and male rats were immunized with CFA to induce arthritis. Paw volumes were measured, and arthritis index analysis and histological analysis were performed to check the effects of L. rotata. ELISA was used to measure the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-10) and oxidative stress (MDA, SOD, GSH, and CAT). UPLC/Q-Orbitrap-MS was used to identify untargeted metabolites and lipids in serum. Metabolite validation was performed using UPLC/QQQ-MS. L. rotata application significantly reduced arthritis indices and paw swelling in AIA rats, and diminished inflammation and bone fractures in joint tissues. Sphingolipid (SP) and steroid hormone biosynthesis was found to be closely related to L. rotata's intervention in RA. In addition, our experiments also confirmed that females were more likely than males to develop RA. These findings provide clues and a scientific basis for the mechanism of L. rotata in treating RA.

15.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(11)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354445

RESUMO

As an evolutionary success in life science, wearable biosensor systems, which can monitor human health information and quantify vital signs in real time, have been actively studied. Research in wearable biosensor systems is mainly focused on the design of sensors with various flexible materials. Among them, 2D materials with excellent mechanical, optical, and electrical properties provide the expected characteristics to address the challenges of developing microminiaturized wearable biosensor systems. This review summarizes the recent research progresses in 2D-materials-based wearable biosensors including e-skin, contact lens sensors, and others. Then, we highlight the challenges of flexible power supply technologies for smart systems. The latest advances in biosensor systems involving wearable wristbands, diabetic patches, and smart contact lenses are also discussed. This review will enable a better understanding of the design principle of 2D biosensors, offering insights into innovative technologies for future biosensor systems toward their practical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Sinais Vitais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica
16.
Front Chem ; 10: 1061129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405313

RESUMO

Zinc oxide is a popular semiconductor used in catalysts due to its wide bandgap and high exciton binding energy. However, the photocatalytic performance of ZnO was compromised by its insufficient electron-hole separation efficiency and electron transfer rate. Herein, ZnO-reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composite solid catalyst was synthesized by one-step electrodeposition method on FTO substrate using lithium perchlorate (LiClO4) as the supporting electrolyte. Scanning electron microscopy, Raman, Fourier Transform Infrared, and XRD characterizations confirmed the deposition of ZnO and the reduction of graphene oxide Owing to the cooperative effect between rGO and ZnO, the as-prepared ZnO-rGO composites show much enhanced photocatalytic degradation ability compared with pure ZnO nanorods. By optimizing the conditions of electrodeposition of ZnO-rGO composites, the degradation rate of methylene blue can reach 99.1% within 120 min. Thus, the simple preparation and the excellent performance could endow the ZnO-rGO composites with promising application in practical dye-polluted water treatment.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 976644, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408271

RESUMO

Aims: The study aimed to evaluate the correlation of different microparticle (MP) phenotypes with plaque burden and their diagnostic value and preliminarily explore the role of MPs in atherosclerosis (AS). Methods: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and maximal plaque area in 23 patients with carotid atherosclerosis (CAS) and 22 healthy subjects were measured by ultrasound. Transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and western blot were used to identify MPs. Flow cytometry assay measured absolute number of MPs, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the relationship between plaque burden and MPs. To study the preliminary mechanism of MPs in AS, MPs were administered to 32 male Kunming mice, which were randomly divided into control, CAS, healthy, and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) groups. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry staining, and Western blot were adopted to detect relevant indexes 24 h after the injection. Results: The plasma levels of CD45+ leukocyte-derived microparticle (LMP), CD11a+ LMP, CD11a+/CD45+ LMP, and CD31+/CD42b+ platelet-derived microparticle (PMP) in CAS patients were significantly higher than those in healthy subjects, and were positively correlated with the maximal plaque area. Moreover, the levels of CD11a+ LMP, CD11a+/CD45+ LMP were also positively correlated with CIMT. The area under the ROC curve of the four MPs was 0.689, 0.747, 0.741, and 0.701, respectively. Compared with healthy subjects, MPs from CAS patients resulted in a significantly lower expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) dimer/monomer, and BH4 could improve eNOS uncoupling. Moreover, the level of VCAM-1 in intima in the CAS group was significantly higher than in the other three groups. Conclusion: CD11a+ LMP and CD11a+/CD45+ LMP might be potential biomarkers for CAS prediction. BH4-related eNOS uncoupling occurs in CAS patients, and circulating MPs from them lead to endothelial dysfunction through eNOS uncoupling.

18.
Small Methods ; : e2201117, 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372547

RESUMO

All-inorganic cesium-lead-iodide (CsPbI3 Br3- x (2 < x < 3)) perovskite presents preeminent photovoltaic performance and chemical stability. Unfortunately, this kind of material suffers from phase transition to a nonperovskite phase under oxidative chemical stresses. Herein, the introduction of a low concentration of Lewis acid-base adducts (LABAs) is reported to synergistically reduce defect density, optimize interfacial energy alignment, and improve device stability of CsPbI2.75 Br0.24 Cl0.01 (CsPbTh3 ) solar cells. Both theoretical simulations and experimental measurements reveal that the noncoordinating anions, PF6 - , as a Lewis base can more effectively bind with undercoordinated Pb2+ to passivate iodide vacancy defects than the BF4 - and absorbed I- , and thus the point defects are well suppressed. In addition, N-propyl-methyl piperidinium (NPMP+ ) is selected to assemble with PF6 - in CsPbTh3 film. The NPMP+ can regulate the crystal growth and finally homogenize the grain size and decrease the trap density. Consequently, the LABAs strategy can improve the power conversion efficiency of CsPbTh3 solar cells to 19.02% under 1-sun illumination (100 mW cm-2 ). Fortunately, the NPMP+ and PF6 - -treated CsPbTh3 film shows great phase stability after storage in ambient air for 250 days, and the power conversion efficiency of corresponding solar cells is almost 76% of the initial value after 60 days aging under ambient conditions.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362388

RESUMO

Post-weaning diarrhea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli F18 (E. coli F18) causes significant economic losses for pig producers. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a highly abundant epitranscriptomic marker that has been found to be involved in regulating the resistance of host cells to pathogenic infection, but its potential role in E. coli F18-exposed intestinal porcine epithelial cells (IPEC-J2) remains undetermined. Here, we demonstrated that m6A and its regulators modulate E. coli F18 susceptibility. Briefly, we revealed that the Wilms' tumor 1-associating protein (WTAP) expressions were markedly elevated in IPEC-J2 cells upon E. coli F18 exposure. WTAP are required for the regulation of E. coli F18 adhesion in IPEC-J2 cells. Additionally, WTAP knockdown significantly suppressed m6A level at N-acetyllactosaminide beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase (GCNT2) 3'UTR, resulting in the enhancement of TH N6-methyladenosine RNA binding protein 2 (YTHDF2)-mediated GCNT2 mRNA stability. Subsequently, the altered GCNT2 expressions could inhibit the glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, thus improving resistance to E. coli F18 infection in IPEC-J2. Collectively, our analyses highlighted the mechanism behind the m6A-mediated management of E. coli F18 susceptibility, which will aid in the development of novel approaches that protect against bacterial diarrhea in piglets.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli Enterotoxigênica , Infecções por Escherichia coli , Animais , Suínos , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia , Diarreia , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia
20.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 16: 1028653, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385950

RESUMO

Neurologic autoimmune disorders affect people's physical and mental health seriously. Glial cells, as an important part of the nervous system, play a vital role in the occurrence of neurologic autoimmune disorders. Glial cells can be hyperactivated in the presence of autoantibodies or pathological changes, to influence neurologic autoimmune disorders. This review is mainly focused on the roles of glial cells in neurologic autoimmune disorders and the influence of autoantibodies produced by autoimmune disorders on glial cells. We speculate that the possibility of glial cells might be a novel way for the investigation and therapy of neurologic autoimmune disorders.

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