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1.
Funct Plant Biol ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581976

RESUMO

Red-skin disorder (RSD), a non-infectious disorder in Panax ginseng, impairs the quality and yield of ginseng and impedes continuous cropping. Since the mechanism of this disorder is unknown, there are no effective prevention measures for RSD. The proteomic changes in RSD ginseng were analysed in this study by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ). The differential expression of 137 proteins (60 from 2-DE and 77 from iTRAQ) was identified in RSD ginseng as compared with healthy ginseng. Most changes are related to carbon- and nitrogen- metabolism, redox homeostasis, and stress resistance. We also found that the concentration of metal elements, such as iron (Fe), aluminium (Al), and manganese (Mn), was significantly increased in RSD ginseng. These increased metals would be chelated with phenols to form red spots on the ginseng epidermis. Moreover, RSD disturbed the carbon and nitrogen metabolism and affected the biosynthesis of nutrients (sugar, proteins, amino acids) and active components (ginsenosides), which reduced the survival rate and medicinal value of ginseng. These differences between RSD and healthy ginseng will contribute to the understanding of RSD mechanism.

2.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482686

RESUMO

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a unique clinical and histological category that accounts for about 30% of total lung cancer. To identify risk factors for lymph node metastasis and analyze the molecular features of these metastases in lung SCC, a retrospective study was performed for 170 lung SCC patients who underwent surgical treatment. The overall survival of these patients with or without lymph node metastasis (LM/NLM) was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. We also used the TCGA database to compare the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in patients with stage T1-2 and T3-4 lung SCC. Data from both our retrospective study and the TCGA database demonstrated a correlation between age and stage T1-T2 LM (P = .002). There were significant differences between the LM and NLM groups in both mean survival time and median survival time for different T-stages (P = .031). There were 176 upregulated and 177 downregulated DEGs between the LM and NLM groups in the stage T1-2 group and 93 upregulated and 34 downregulated DEGs in the stage T3-T4 group. These differentially expressed genes were predicted to participate in five cellular components, five molecular functions, and five biological processes. There were 20 genes, including GCG, CASR, NPY, CGA, TAC1, ALB, APOA1, CRH, CHRH, TRH, and GHSR, located at the core of the protein-protein interaction network in the stage T1-2 group and 11 genes, including F2, CASR, GRM1, GNRHR, GRPR, NTSR1, PROKR2, UTS2D, PTH, ALB, and FGA, in the stage T3-4 group. Overall, LM plays a key role in the treatment response and prognosis of SCC patients. Several risk factors, including age and stage, were identified for LM. There was a previously undiscovered enrichment of significant novel genes in lung SCC between the LM and NLM groups, which may have the potential for predicting prognosis and targeting.

3.
J Biomech Eng ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513701

RESUMO

Carrying heavy loads costs additional energy during walking and leads to fatigue of the user. Conventionally, the load is fixed on the body. Some recent studies showed energy cost reduction when the relative motion of the load with respect to the body was allowed. However, the influences of the load's relative motion on the user are still not fully understood. We employed an optimization-based biped model which can generate human-like walking motion to study the load-carrier interaction. The relative motion can be achieved by a passive mechanism (such as springs) or a powered mechanism (such as actuators), and the relative motion can occur in the vertical or fore-aft directions. The connection between the load and body is added to the biped model in four scenarios (two types × two directions). The optimization results indicate that the stiffness values affect energy cost differently and the same stiffness value in different directions may have opposite effects. Powered relative motion in either direction can potentially reduce energy cost but the vertical relative motion can achieve a higher reduction than fore-aft relative motion. Surprisingly, powered relative motion only performs marginally better than the passive conditions at similar peak interaction force levels. This work provides insights into developing more economical load-carrying methods and the model presented may be applied to the design and control of wearable load-carrying devices.

4.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alterations in gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) have been reported in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the results are conflicting. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to explore the characterization of SCFAs in IBD patients and their potential role in the occurrence and development of IBD. METHODS: Case-control studies investigating SCFAs in IBD patients were identified from several English databases. The standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the random-effects model. RESULTS: The SMDs of acetate, valerate, and total SCFAs in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients were -0.51 (95% CI, -0.90 to -0.13), -0.65 (95% CI, -1.02 to -0.28), and -0.51 (95% CI, -0.95 to -0.07), respectively. The SMDs of acetate, propionate, and butyrate in patients with active UC were -1.74 (95% CI, -3.15 to -0.33), -2.42 (95% CI, -4.24 to -0.60), and -1.99 (95% CI, -3.39 to -0.60), respectively. However, the SMD of butyrate in UC patients in remission was 0.72 (95% CI, 0.34 to 1.11). In addition, the SMDs of acetate, butyrate, and valerate in Crohn's disease (CD) patients were -1.43 (95% CI, -2.81 to -0.04), -0.77 (95% CI, -1.39 to -0.14), and -0.75 (95% CI, -1.47 to -0.02), respectively. Finally, the SMDs of acetate, propionate, butyrate, valerate, and lactate in IBD patients were -2.19 (95% CI, -3.98 to -0.39), -1.64 (95% CI, -3.02 to -0.25), -1.98 (95% CI, -3.93 to -0.03), -0.55 (95% CI, -0.93 to -0.18), and 4.02 (95% CI, 1.44 to 6.61), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There were alterations of SCFAs in IBD patients, and inconsistent SCFA alterations were found in CD and UC. More importantly, inverse SCFA alterations existed in patients with active UC and those in remission.

5.
J Infect Dis ; 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The PD1/PD-L1 pathway contributes to the pathogenesis of HIV/SIV infection and blockade of this pathway may have potential to restore immune function and promote viral control/elimination. In this study, we combined a checkpoint inhibitor anti-PD-L1 (Avelumab) and recombinant human IL-15 (rhIL-15) in SIV infected rhesus macaques (RM). METHODS: rhIL-15 was administered as continuous infusion in two cycles of ten days in the context of weekly administration of anti-PD-L1 (Avelumab) in SIV-infected RM receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Safety, immunological parameters and viral loads (VL) were monitored during the study. RESULTS: Administration of rhIL-15/anti-PD-L1 was safe and well tolerated. Treatment resulted in transient increases in proliferating (Ki67+) NK and CD8 T cells. In addition, treatment expanded a CXCR3+PD1-/low CD8 T cell subset with the ability to secrete cytokines. Despite these effects no changes in plasma viremia were observed after cART interruption. CONCLUSION: Expansion of the CXCR3+PD1-/low CD8 T cell subset with functional capacity and potential to traffic to sites of viral reservoirs in SIV-infected rhesus macaques, had no demonstrable effect on plasma viremia following cART interruption.

6.
J Med Chem ; 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487175

RESUMO

Inhibition of O-GlcNAcase (OGA) has emerged as a promising therapeutic approach to treat tau pathology in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and progressive supranuclear palsy. Beginning with carbohydrate-based lead molecules, we pursued an optimization strategy of reducing polar surface area to align the desired drug-like properties of potency, selectivity, high central nervous system (CNS) exposure, metabolic stability, favorable pharmacokinetics, and robust in vivo pharmacodynamic response. Herein, we describe the medicinal chemistry and pharmacological studies that led to the identification of (3aR,5S,6S,7R,7aR)-5-(difluoromethyl)-2-(ethylamino)-3a,6,7,7a-tetrahydro-5H-pyrano[3,2-d]thiazole-6,7-diol 42 (MK-8719), a highly potent and selective OGA inhibitor with excellent CNS penetration that has been advanced to first-in-human phase I clinical trials.

7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549821

RESUMO

The therapeutic benefits of whole grains on diabetes mellitus have been continuously confirmed by in-depth research. To date, limited studies have investigated the effect of extruded products of whole grains on the insulin signaling pathway in vivo. This study investigated the effects of oral consumption of whole grain extrudate, including 97% brown rice and 3% defatted rice bran (w/w, BRD), on glucose metabolism and the hepatic insulin signaling pathway in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. BRD treatment induced a remarkable reduction in blood glucose. Moreover, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were ameliorated in the BRD-treated group compared with those in the db/db control group. BRD also increased the hepatic glycogen content by reducing the expression and increasing the phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß). The activities of glucose-6-phosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and their respective mRNA expression levels in the liver were simultaneously decreased in the BRD-treated group. BRD also significantly upregulated the expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and increased the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) and protein kinase B (AKT). These results indicate that BRD exhibits antidiabetic potential by activating the IRS1/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, further regulating the expression of the FOXO1 gene and p-GSK3ß protein, thus inhibiting hepatic gluconeogenesis, increasing hepatic glycogen storage, and improving insulin resistance. Therefore, BRD could be used as a functional ingredient to alleviate the symptoms of hyperglycemia.

8.
Zygote ; : 1-8, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544724

RESUMO

Androgenetic embryonic stem (AgES) cells offer a possible tool for patient-specific pluripotent stem cells that will benefit genomic imprinting studies and clinic applications. However, the difficulty in producing androgenetic embryos and the unbalanced expression of imprinted genes make the therapeutic applicability of AgES cells uncertain. In this study, we produced androgenetic embryos by injecting two sperm into an enucleated metaphase II (MII) oocyte. By this method, 88.48% of oocytes survived after injection, and 20.24% of these developed to the blastocyst stage. We successfully generated AgES cell lines from the androgenetic embryos and assayed the expression of imprinted genes in the cell lines. We found that the morphological characteristics of AgES cells were similar to that of fertilized embryonic stem cells (fES), such as expression of key pluripotent markers, and generation of cell derivatives representing all three germ layers following in vivo and in vitro differentiation. Furthermore, activation of paternal imprinted genes was detected, H19, ASC12 and Tss3 in AgES cell activation levels were lower while other examined genes showed no significant difference to that of fES cells. Interestingly, among examined maternal imprinted genes, only Mest and Igf2 were significantly increased, while levels of other detected genes were no different to that of fES cells. These results demonstrated that activation of some paternal imprinted genes, as well as recovery of maternal imprinted genes, was present in AgES cells. We differentiated AgES cells into a beating embryoid body in vitro, and discovered that the AgES cells did not show significant higher efficiency in myocardial differentiation potential.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544918

RESUMO

The detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs), an approach considered to be "liquid biopsy", is crucial in cancer diagnosis, monitoring and prognosis. However, the extremely large number of blood cells challenges the rare CTC isolation and enrichment. In this report, a red blood cell membrane mimetic surface (CMMS) is fabricated on material-independent substrates to repel blood cell adhesion. Meanwhile, tumor cell targeting ligands, folic acid (FA) and an arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide, are tethered on the CMMS to give the decorated surface (CMMS-FA-RGD) tumor cell capture ability. The CMMS is composed of a mussel-inspired self-adhesive polydopamine layer and a covalently anchored non-fouling or anti-cell-adhesion layer of a phosphorylcholine zwitterion polymer and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). The protruding ends of the PEG chains of the anchored CMMS are further coupled with FA and RGD ligands to endow the tumor cells with specific binding. Furthermore, all the components of the step-by-step constructed surfaces are quantitatively controllable for optimizing the non-specific cell repellence and tumor cell binding performances. Thus, the delicately engineered CTC capture surface enhances the HeLa cell enrichment factor to 19 000-fold by repelling the adhesion of >99.999% blood cells, resulting in high capture efficiency (91%) and capture purity (89%) from the spiked whole blood samples. This substrate independent tumor cell capture and blood cell repellent surface modification strategy may provide a facile, versatile and cost-effective technology solution for more efficient cancer diagnosis and targeted therapy.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3719643, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467885

RESUMO

Background: The clinical anti-inflammatory drug dexamethasone (DEX) can cause many side effects such as muscle atrophy for long-term use. Muscle atrophy induced by DEX may be caused by decrease of glucose consumption. Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer was previously considered to be an antiatrophic agent for glucocorticoid- (GC-) treated therapies. As one of the main components, it remains unclear whether ginseng total protein (GP) facilitates recovery from muscle atrophy induced by DEX. Methods: In this study, GP was extracted and purified with Sephadex-G50. C2C12 myoblasts was induced with 2% horse serum to differentiate into C2C12 myotubes. Cell viability was analyzed by the MTT assay, and Ca2+ concentration was analyzed by a flow cytometer. The release of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and the glucose consumption were analyzed by spectrophotometry. The phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and protein kinase B (Akt) and the expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) were analyzed by Western blotting. The phosphorylation of AS160 was quantified by Immunofluorescence staining. Results: We found that GP increased cell viability and increased myotube diameter in high-dose DEX-treated C2C12 myotubes for 24 h, but this activity was not found in the enzymatic hydrolyzed GP group. GP reduced muscle atrophy by decreasing the expression of key proteins such as muscle RING-finger protein-1 and muscle atrophy F-box, reducing the Ca2+ concentration, and decreasing the release of LDH in DEX-injured C2C12 myotubes. Moreover, GP improved glucose consumption and increased the phosphorylation of AMPK, PI3K, Akt, and AS160 and the expression of GLUT4 in DEX-treated C2C12 myotubes. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that GP has effects on recovering DEX-induced muscle atrophy and cell injury, which may improve glucose consumption via the AMPK and PI3K/Akt pathways in high-dose DEX-treated C2C12 myotubes. This study provides in vitro mechanistic insights into the recovery of muscle atrophy with GP treatment.

11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 139: 352-360, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376452

RESUMO

Novel chitosan-based adsorbent (CS-DEO-SP) was successfully prepared by cross-linking and amination using diepoxyoctane (DEO) and spermine (SP) sequentially for the enhanced adsorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions. The optimal CS-DEO-SP beads were prepared with 1.5 mg/L of SP for 5 h at 50 °C. The prepared beads exhibited heterogeneous and porous surfaces. The increased surface area (79.6%), pore volume (86.0%), and pore size (31.2%) of the modified adsorbent evidenced the successful modification of chitosan beads. The adsorption kinetics of Cr(VI) ions onto the prepared CS-DEO-SP beads was well fitted by the pseudo-second-order model (R2 > 0.97), and the adsorption isotherms adapted well with the Freundlich model (R2 > 0.96). The experimental data revealed that the adsorption of Cr(VI) ions on the CS-DEO-SP beads was extremely dependent on solution pH, and the maximum adsorption capacity of 358.1 mg/g was achieved at acidic condition (pH 2.0). After the regeneration of spent CS-DEO-SP beads using 1.0 mol/L NaOH, the adsorption capacity of reused adsorbent gradually declined within five consecutive adsorption cycles. Overall, the prepared CS-DEO-SP beads showed excellent stability in acidic solution and Cr(V) adsorption performance and thus can be used as an efficient adsorbent for eliminating Cr(VI) ions from acidic metal-plating wastewater.

12.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408165

RESUMO

The metabolic enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to α-ketoglutarate (α-KG). Its mutation often leads to aberrant gene expression in cancer. IDH1 was reported to bind thousands of RNA transcripts in a sequence-dependent manner; yet the functional significance of this RNA-binding activity remains elusive. Here, we report that IDH1 promotes mRNA translation via direct associations with polysome mRNA and translation machinery. Comprehensive proteomic analysis in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) revealed striking enrichment of ribosomal proteins and translation regulators in IDH1-bound protein interactomes. We performed ribosomal profiling and analyzed mRNA transcripts that are associated with actively translating polysomes. Interestingly, knockout of IDH1 in ESCs led to significant downregulation of polysome-bound mRNA in IDH1 targets and subtle upregulation of ribosome densities at the start codon, indicating inefficient translation initiation upon loss of IDH1. Tethering IDH1 to a luciferase mRNA via the MS2-MBP system promotes luciferase translation, independently of the catalytic activity of IDH1. Intriguingly, IDH1 fails to enhance luciferase translation driven by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Together, these results reveal an unforeseen role of IDH1 in fine-tuning cap-dependent translation via the initiation step.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434286

RESUMO

There is a need for an efficient and low-cost leading compound discovery mode. However, drug development remains slow, expensive, and risky. Here, this manuscript proposes a leading compound discovery strategy based on a combination of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulae and pharmacochemistry, using a ligustrazine-betulinic acid derivative (BA-12) in the treatment of angiogenesis as an example. Blocking angiogenesis to inhibit the growth and metastasis of solid tumors is currently one recognized therapy for cancer in the clinic. Firstly, based on a traditional Prunella vulgaris plaster, BA-12 was synthesized according to our previous study, as it exhibited better antitumor activities than other derivatives on human bladder carcinoma cells (T24); it was then uploaded for target prediction. Secondly, the efficacy and biotoxicity of BA-12 on angiogenesis were evaluated using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), a quail chick chorioallantoic membrane, and Caenorhabditis elegans. According to the prediction results, the main mechanisms of BA-12 were metabolic pathways. Thus, multiple metabolomics approaches were applied to reveal the mechanisms of BA-12. Finally, the predictive mechanisms of BA-12 on glutathione metabolism and glycerophospholipid metabolism activation were validated using targeted metabolomics and pharmacological assays. This strategy may provide a reference for highly efficient drug discovery, with the aim of sharing TCM wisdom for unmet clinical needs.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 12361, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451745

RESUMO

Understanding the impacts of climate on insect pest population dynamics is crucial in forecasting pest outbreaks and developing a sustainable pest management strategy. The orange wheat blossom midge, Sitodiplosis mosellana (Géhin), is a chronic winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) pest in China, and its population density can strongly fluctuate. We analyzed climate factors (temperature and precipitation) associated with population dynamics of S. mosellana in a large-scale field trial in central China from 1984 to 2013 using Generalized linear mixed effects models. We found total precipitation during January-March was significantly positively correlated with population density of S. mosellana, whereas temperature parameters were not correlated with the population levels. Moreover, S. mosellana population size was significantly negative effected by interaction between temperature and precipitation, which showed that high precipitation with low temperature in spring also reduced the population density. This suggests that annual population size of S. mosellana in Central China is determined by soil moisture in early spring. These results provide basic information that will help in forecasting population levels and in developing a sound pest management strategy for S. mosellana.

15.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 24(5): 883-889, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452017

RESUMO

The only effective clinical treatment for many end-stage lung diseases is lung transplantation. However, chronic rejection of transplanted lung affects the long-term efficacy of lung transplantation to a large extent, thereby limiting the clinical application of lung transplantation. Occlusive bronchiolitis (OB) is a major cause of chronic functional loss of the transplanted lung. However, the OB pathogenesis remains unclear. Therefore, studying the OB pathogenesis and finding effective intervention methods are highly important. This study analyzed changes in the expression profile of microRNAs and transcription factors in mice with OB after orthotopic tracheal transplantation. miR-27a-3p was upregulated in lung tissue 20 days after transplantation. Transcription factor microarray analysis revealed that Smad3 was significantly downregulated. A miRNA-mRNA interaction network was constructed, and specific regulatory effects of miR-27a-3p on Smad3 were found. Smad3 was strongly associated with tumorigenesis and organ fibrosis. Compared with the control group, miR-27a-3p inhibited the epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) of lung epithelial cells. In addition, miR-27a-3p inhibition promoted the invasion and migration of lung epithelial cells. Dual luciferase reporter gene assay showed that miR-27a-3p can regulate the promoter activity of Smad3. MiR-27a-3p also inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Western blot results showed that miR-27a-3p can upregulate the E-cadherin expression and downregulate the expression of vimentin, fibronectin, and α-SMA. By studying the OB pathogenesis, we found that inhibition or alteration of the occurrence of EMT may reduce the proportion of chronic rejection of lung transplantation. MiR-27a-3p may also be developed as a new drug for the OB therapy. This finding will provide many possibilities for OB treatment and improve the prognosis of patients with OB.

16.
Infect Genet Evol ; 75: 104006, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442597

RESUMO

The hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is a vital serum marker for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Amino acid (AA) substitutions in small hepatitis B surface protein (SHBs) are known to affect HBsAg level. However, how the genetic backbones of SHBs sequences would affect the roles of a specific AA substitution on HBsAg level remains unclear. In this study, we found that sI126 had a very high substitution detection rate of 17.54% (40/228) in untreated chronic hepatitis B cohort with subgenotype C2 HBV infection. Among different substitution types at sI126, the sI126T (N = 28) was found to be associated with significantly lower serum HBsAg level. Clone sequencing revealed that sI126T-harboring SHBs sequences had varied genetic backbones with zero to nine additional AA substitutions. Thus, we constructed 24 HBsAg expression plasmids harboring sI126T without (plasmid 1, P1) or with (P2-P24) additional AA substitution(s) and studied them in the HepG2 cells. The HBsAg levels were determined by both ELISA and Western blot. In vitro experiments showed that P1 significantly reduced HBsAg level and its secretion (p < .05), however, P2-P24 showed various extracellular and intracellular HBsAg levels. No significant differences were detected among the HBsAg mRNA levels of nine representative mutant plasmids. Our findings suggest that the modulation of HBsAg level by sI126T is affected by additional AA substitution(s) in the S region of HBV. The effects of AA combination substitutions in SHBs sequences on HBsAg levels are worthwhile for more attentions in terms of HBV biology and its clinical application.

17.
Photochem Photobiol ; 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441061

RESUMO

UVA can penetrate dermis and cause functional damage of dermal fibroblasts leading photoaging. Ginseng is a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for skin aging. However, its effects on skin photoaging induced by UVA are not clear. In this study, we isolated ginseng proteins (GP), with molecular weights of 27 kDa and 13 kDa, and found that they alleviated the inhibitory effects of UVA on cell viability and increased percentage of NIH-3T3 fibroblasts in the S phase of cells cycle. GP also improved cell contraction ability, increased the expression and secretion of CoL-I, similar to MAPK phosphorylation inhibitors, and reduced expression and secretion of MMP-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 as well as the enzyme activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9. They reduced ROS content, DNA damage, and 8-OHdG content, as well as the protein expression of p53, p21, and p16. The levels of p-ERK, p-p38 and p-JNK, p-c-Fos, and p-c-Jun proteins were decreased by GP. Inactivated GP did not inhibit the cellular activity and expression and secretion of CoL-I irradiated by UVA. The results showed that GP can improve cell viability and contractile function by inhibiting DNA damage and collagen degradation to inhibit the photoaging effects of skin dermal cells caused by UVA. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469542

RESUMO

Implantable pressure biosensors show great potential for assessment and diagnostics of pressure-related diseases. Here, we present a structural design strategy to fabricate core/shell polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF)/hydroxylamine hydrochloride (HHE) organic piezoelectric nanofibers (OPNs) with well-controlled and self-orientated nanocrystals in the spatial uniaxial orientation (SUO) of ß-phase-rich fibers, which significantly enhance piezoelectric performance, fatigue resistance, stability, and biocompatibility. Then PVDF/HHE OPNs soft sensors are developed and used to monitor subtle pressure changes in vivo. Upon implanting into pig, PVDF/HHE OPNs sensors demonstrate their ultrahigh detecting sensitivity and accuracy to capture micropressure changes at the outside of cardiovascular walls, and output piezoelectric signals can real-time and synchronously reflect and distinguish changes of cardiovascular elasticity and occurrence of atrioventricular heart-block and formation of thrombus. Such biological information can provide a diagnostic basis for early assessment and diagnosis of thrombosis and atherosclerosis, especially for postoperative recrudescence of thrombus deep within the human body.

19.
J Environ Manage ; 249: 109315, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442906

RESUMO

The perspective of ecosystem services bundle is virtually a spatial clustering on landscape to mapping the relationship between ecosystem services and support the spatial strategy of landscape management. However, the efficiency of various clustering algorithms for geographically different regions are still in obscurity. In this study, we provided landscape functional zoning as a planning tool based on the ecosystem services bundles formed by carbon sequestration, soil retention and water yield. Then we used four landscape pattern indices to evaluate the performance of six clustering algorithms on landscape functional zoning. The case counties include Lankao, Jinggangshan and Luquan in China. The results showed the Natural Breaks (Jenks) scheme should be the most reasonable zone because of its high aggregated distribution and low diversity. This scheme was adjusted using some other schemes and has been employed as the final 7 kinds of zoning types. There were 5 types appeared in Lankao and Jinggangshan, and 6 types appeared in Luquan. We discussed that landscape functional zone can be a nexus connecting landscape planning and social policy. Rural reconstructing process on landscape was depicted, and landscape functional zone was proposed a practical planning tool bridged human wellbeing. The task of landscape functional zoning with the management indications may provide interdisciplinary support to decision-makers and natural resource users on landscape management.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 290: 121793, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323508

RESUMO

In this study, lignin extracted from rice husk was used to synthesis double network hydrogel adsorbent, named RH-CTS/PAM gel. RH-CTS/PAM gel exhibited macroporous structure and high buried water content, which gave rise to the exceptional adsorption performance. As results, in individual systems, the equilibrium time of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) with initial concentration of 200 mg/L could be reached within 10 min, with the theoretical maximum adsorption capacity of 374.32, 196.68 and 268.98 mg/g, respectively. The adsorption rate and capacity of Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) in multicomponent systems were lower than that of individual systems. However, in a few cases of ternary system, higher adsorption rate and capacity was observed compare to binary systems. Adsorption mechanism indicated that both oxygen-containing and nitrogen-containing functional groups played a dominant role during the adsorption process, and mainly through chemical interaction along with a small amount of physical interaction.


Assuntos
Oryza , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Cádmio , Hidrogéis , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Chumbo
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