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1.
Food Chem ; 338: 127819, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810812

RESUMO

Impacts of citric acid (CA) treatment under non-acidic conditions (pH 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0) on whey protein isolate (WPI) were examined in this study. Size exclusion chromatography and SDS-PAGE indicated that molecular size and weight of WPI-CA became larger at pH 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0 with CA ranged from 0 to 15 mg/mL, but the protein aggregates disappeared after ß-mercaptoethanol was added. The free SH groups of WPI-CA gradually decreased. This could be deduced that CA could promote disulfide bond formation of WPI at the non-acidic pH values. Furthermore, fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy data confirmed the conformational changes of secondary and tertiary structures of CA-modified WPI, respectively. Therefore, these results suggested that disulfide bond formation of WPI occurred at citric acid treatment under non-acidic conditions, being contributed to production of its larger molecular size substances and alteration of its structural characteristics.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(22): 115795, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032188

RESUMO

Aiming to develop novel ATX inhibitors, an indole-3-carboxylic acid lead Indole-1 was identified through high-throughput screening (HTS) efforts. The Indole-1 analogs 1-7 was firstly prepared which exerted mild activity comparable to Indole-1 (740 nM) in ATX enzyme assay. Further structural modification to identify type IV ATX inhibitors was proceeded through derivatization of the indole-3-carboxylic acid group. Resultantly, compounds 8-17 containing acyl hydrazone linker displayed poor activity (over 3.49 µM). Alternatively, replacing the acylhydrazone linker with urea counterpart by the amide bond reversal principle, the acquired compounds 18-22 achieved obvious improvements with submicromolar activities. Furthermore, with the aim to reducing cLogP, the thiazole ring of 18-22 was altered to the benzamide (23-32) with the urea linker unchanged. Remarkably, the benzamide derivative 24 with 4-hydroxy piperidine fragment was identified which exhibited prominent activity with IC50 value of 2.3 nM. Especially, dedicated molecular docking study was throughout the modification process which qualified 24 as optimal entity in accordance with the ATX inhibitory results.

3.
Environ Int ; 145: 106165, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053452

RESUMO

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) have been extensively examined to identify their components. Short-chain CPs with a carbon number of 10-13 have been strictly restricted or banned due to their addition to the list of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the world. However, more constituents with potential toxicities in these complicated mixtures are still unclear. In the present study, a purification method based on the protein affinity of thyroid hormone-related proteins (transthyretin and thyroid receptor) was established. The protein-based affinity extraction coupled with high-throughput scanning successfully discover a new group of chlorinated compounds (CP(O2)) in commercial CP mixtures. The CP(O2)s were purified from the commercial mixtures and identified to be chlorinated fatty acid methyl esters (CFAMEs) with a carbon chain length of 17-19 and 3-11 chlorines by a combination of liquid-liquid extraction, hydrolysis, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and Orbitrap mass spectrometry. The newly identified CFAMEs were found to be ubiquitous in the environmental matrices, and concentration ratios of ∑CFAMEs/∑CPs ranged from 0.01 to 35 in air, soil and food samples. CFAMEs were also detected in blood samples of general populations, and accumulated in humans through dietary uptake. CFAMEs can compete with T4 for binding TTR with higher potencies than CPs, possibly leading to disruptions of thyroid hormone homeostasis.

4.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820957030, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore PLEK2 expression profile, its prognostic value, and the potential genomic alterations associated with its dysregulation in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and Kaplan-Meier plotter were used in combination for bioinformatic analysis. RESULTS: PLEK2 mRNA was significantly upregulated in both LUAD and LUSC compared with their respective normal controls. PLEK2 upregulation showed independent prognostic value in progression-free survival (PFS) (HR: 1.169, 95%CI: 1.033 -1.322, p = 0.014). PLEK2 mRNA expression was positively correlated with invasion, cell cycle, DNA damage, and DNA repair of LUAD cells at the single-cell level. Genomic analysis showed that gene-level amplification might not directly lead to increased PLEK2 expression. Methylation profile analysis found 4 CpG sites (cg12199376, cg14437634, cg17641252, and cg06724236) had at least a weakly negative correlation with PLEK2 expression, among which cg12199376, cg14437634 and cg17641252 locate around the first exon of the gene. CONCLUSIONS: Increased PLEK2 expression might be a specific prognostic biomarker of poor PFS in LUAD patients. Its expression had significant positive correlations with invasion, cell cycle, DNA damage, and DNA repair of LUAD cells at the single-cell level. Promoter hypomethylation might be a potential mechanism leading to its upregulation.

5.
Head Neck ; 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare unstimulated saliva flow using 3-minute modified Schirmer test (MST) following bilateral vs unilateral radiotherapy (RT) in oropharyngeal carcinoma (OPC). METHODS: We reviewed OPC patients treated with definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) between 2011 and 2017. MST was measured at baseline, 1-/6-/12-/24-month post-RT. MST values were compared between bilateral-RT vs unilateral-RT groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis (MVA) identified predictors of hyposalivation (MST < 25 mm). RESULTS: Total 498 bilateral-RT and 36 unilateral-RT patients were eligible. The MST values at 1-/6-/12-/24-month post-RT were all significantly reduced from baseline for the entire cohort. Baseline unilateral-RT and bilateral-RT MST values (in mm) were similar (P = .2), but much higher for unilateral-RT 1-month (mean: 19.1 vs 13.0, P = .03), 6-month (20.5 vs 9.3, P < .001), 12-month (20.1 vs 11.9, P < .01), and 24-month post-RT (22.2 vs 13.9, P = .04). MVA confirmed that unilateral RT reduced the likelihood of hyposalivation vs bilateral RT (OR 2.36, P = .006). CONCLUSION: Unilateral RT reduces unstimulated salivary flow in OPC patients.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22598, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis and treatment of the osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), a refractory disease, is imperative to prevent femoral head collapse; however, the existing solutions remain controversial. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) combined with multiple drilling and intramedullary drug injection, a novel cocktail therapy, as a randomized controlled trial (RCT) model to postulate an alternative therapy for patients with early-stage ONFH. METHODS: Femoral head necrosis patients aged 20 to 60 years with stage ARCO I-II were recruited. One hundred twenty eligible participants were randomized into four groups in a 1:1:1:1 ratio: extracorporeal shock wave therapy combined with multiple drilling and intramedullary drug injection (group EMI), extracorporeal shock wave therapy (group E), multiple drilling combined with intramedullary drug injection (group MI), and multiple drilling ("positive" control group; group M). The primary outcomes included effective rate, subchondral collapse rate of the femoral head, lesion size, and grade of bone marrow edema. Secondary outcomes included the Harris Hip Score and the visual analog scale. All outcomes were measured at the screening visit (baseline) and at the planned time intervals during treatment and follow-up, and the efficacy was statistically analyzed according to the intention-to-treat sub-populations and per-protocol sub-populations. OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical efficacy of ESWT combined with multiple drilling and intramedullary drug injection to provide a safe and more effective method for treating early-stage ONFH. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR1900020888; Pre-results.


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas/métodos , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/terapia , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Infusões Intraósseas/instrumentação , Adulto , Artroplastia Subcondral/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia Subcondral/métodos , Doenças da Medula Óssea/patologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Cabeça do Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/classificação , Seguimentos , Humanos , Infusões Intraósseas/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
7.
Carbohydr Polym ; 250: 116848, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049813

RESUMO

Myricetin (MY) is a natural antioxidant flavonoid with a variety of biological activities. However, extremely low water solubility, bioavailability, and easy degradation, restrict their application. Recently, increasing interest in starch nanoparticles as a new kind of biocompatible renewable polymer in applications like nanocarriers. This work was to fabricate MY adsorption onto tapioca starch nanoparticles (TSNPs) and evaluate their biological activities. The adsorption mechanism, loading amount, antioxidative capacity, and in vitro release of the loaded MY were also analyzed. The adsorption kinetics and adsorption equilibrium were best explained by a pseudo-second-order model and Freundlich isotherms, respectively. Based on the thermodynamic parameters, adsorption was found to be a spontaneous and exothermic process with a decrease in entropy. MY possessed a maximum equilibrium adsorption capacity of 453 ± 8.07 mg/g. Low cytotoxicity were obtained as described by methylene blue assay, and a sustained release of loaded MY was observed in stimulated gastric (pH 2.0) and intestinal (pH 7.0) fluids. Additionally, the rate of clearance of DPPH free radicals was increased by the adsorption of MY onto TSNPs, which was confirmed by the lower value of 50 % inhibitory concentration (IC50).

9.
Theranostics ; 10(25): 11637-11655, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052238

RESUMO

Rationale: Amyloid ß (Aß) deposition, an essential pathological process in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), causes retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) degeneration driven mostly by oxidative stress. However, despite intense investigations, the extent to which overoxidation contributes to Aß-mediated RPE damage and its potential mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Methods: We performed tandem mass-tagged (TMT) mass spectrometry (MS) and bioinformatic analysis of the RPE-choroid complex in an Aß1-40-induced mouse model of retinal degeneration to obtain a comprehensive proteomic profile. Key regulators in this model were confirmed by reactive oxygen species (ROS) detection, mitochondrial ROS assay, oxygen consumption rate (OCR) measurement, gene knockout experiment, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), and luciferase assay. Results: A total of 4243 proteins were identified, 1069 of which were significantly affected by Aß1-40 and found to be enriched in oxidation-related pathways by bioinformatic analysis. Moreover, NADPH oxidases were identified as hub proteins in Aß1-40-mediated oxidative stress, as evidenced by mitochondrial dysfunction and reactive oxygen species overproduction. By motif and binding site analyses, we found that the transcription factor PU.1/Spi1 acted as a master regulator of the activation of NADPH oxidases, especially the NOX4-p22phox complex. Also, PU.1 silencing impeded RPE oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction and rescued the retinal structure and function. Conclusion: Our study suggests that PU.1 is a novel therapeutic target for AMD, and the regulation of PU.1 expression represents a potentially novel approach against excessive oxidative stress in Aß-driven RPE injury.

10.
Curr Biol ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035486

RESUMO

Progress has been made in developing the maternally inherited endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia as a tool for protecting humans from mosquito-borne diseases. In contrast, Wolbachia-based approaches have not yet been developed for the protection of plants from insect pests and their associated diseases, with a major challenge being the establishment of artificial Wolbachia infections expressing desired characteristics in the hemipterans that transmit the majority of plant viruses. Here, we report stable introduction of Wolbachia into the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, the most destructive rice pest that annually destroys millions of hectares of staple crops. The Wolbachia strain wStri from the small brown planthopper, Laodelphax striatellus, was transferred to this new host, where it showed high levels of cytoplasmic incompatibility, enabling rapid invasion of laboratory populations. Furthermore, wStri inhibited infection and transmission of Rice ragged stunt virus and mitigated virus-induced symptoms in rice plants, opening up the development of Wolbachia-based strategies against major agricultural pests and their transmitted pathogens. VIDEO ABSTRACT.

11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1047-51, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068344

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate effect of acupuncture and moxibustion at Guanyuan (CV 4) and Zusanli (ST 36) on heart rate variability index in patients with qi deficiency syndrome. METHODS: Ninety patients with qi deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into an acupuncture group, a moxibustion group and a blank group, 30 patients in each group. The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at Guanyuan (CV 4) and Zusanli (ST 36) for 15 min; acupuncture was given once. The patients in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion with identical acupoints and treatment duration. The patients in the blank group received no intervention. The symptom scores of qi deficiency syndrome in each group before and after treatment were recorded. The average heart rate and index of heart rate variability including total power, low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF) and logarithm of LF/HF (log LF/HF) were tested 5 min before treatment, 5 min, 10 min, 15 min into treatment, and 5 min after treatment. RESULTS: The symptom scores of qi deficiency syndrome were reduced in the acupuncture group and moxibustion group after treatment (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, in the acupuncture group, the HF was increased 5 min into treatment (P<0.05), but was reduced 15 min into treatment and 5 min after treatment (P<0.05, P<0.01). The log LF/HF was increased 5 min and 10 min into treatment and 5 min after treatment (P<0.01). The difference of average heart rate between 5 min before treatment and 5 min after treatment in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the moxibustion group and blank group (P<0.05), and the difference of log LF/HF was higher than that in the moxibustion group and blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion has immediate effects on heart rate variability in patients with qi deficiency syndrome, and the effect of acupuncture is superior to moxibustion, which may be related to the benign regulation of acupuncture on autonomic nervous system.

12.
Inflamm Bowel Dis ; 26(11): 1636-1647, 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026078

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota dysbiosis is associated with the occurrence and development of Crohn disease (CD). Currently, infliximab (IFX) is used more and more to treat CD; however, gut microbiota alterations during IFX therapy are variable and sometimes even contradictory. We longitudinally identified microbial changes during IFX therapy associated with the clinical and endoscopic response to IFX treatment in CD. METHODS: Fecal-associated microbiota was analyzed using 16S sequencing in 49 patients with active CD who were prospectively recruited at baseline, week 6, and week 30, respectively. Moreover, a model trained on the gut microbiota alterations at week 6 was developed to investigate their potential to predict clinical and endoscopic responses to IFX therapy at weeks 14 and 30. RESULTS: Characteristics of fecal microbiota composition in patients with CD after IFX treatment displayed an increased diversity and richness, a significant gain in short-chain fatty acid -producing bacteria, and a loss of pathogenic bacteria. Furthermore, certain functional profiles of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways were predictably altered during the treatment period. Increased proportions of Lachnospiraceae and Blautia were associated with IFX efficacy; the combined increase of these taxa at week 6 showed 83.4% and 84.2% accuracy in predicting clinical response at weeks 14 and 30, respectively, with a predictive value of 89.1% in predicting endoscopic response at week 30. CONCLUSIONS: We found that IFX diminished CD-related gut microbial dysbiosis by modifying microbiota composition and function. Specifically, increased Lachnospiraceae and Blautia at week 6 are associated with the clinical and endoscopic response to IFX, providing potentially predictive biomarkers for IFX treatment decision-making.

13.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(20): 115719, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069075

RESUMO

In order to explore novel ALK and ROS1 dual inhibitors capable of overcoming crizotinib-resistant mutants, two series of 2,4-diarylaminopyrimidine derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity. In this work, we retained the 2,4-diarylaminopyrimidine scaffold and derivatize the DAAP scaffold with sulfonyl and acrylamide moieties to extend the structure-activity relationship (SAR) study. To our delight, some compounds exhibited excellent inhibitory activity with a double-digit nanomolar level in MTT assay. Four compounds were selected for enzymic assays further, the results led to the identification of a potent ALK and ROS1 dual inhibitor X-17, with IC50 values of 3.7 nM, 2.3 nM, 8.9 nM and 1.9 nM against ALK, ALKL1196M, ALKG1202R and ROS1, respectively. Ultimately, the molecular docking studies on X-17 clearly disclosed reasonable and optimal binding interactions with ALK.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025744

RESUMO

CDHR5 has been reported to play key roles in carcinogenesis of various cancers, but its roles in pancreatic cancer have not been reported. The present study was designed to investigate its clinical value in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry was performed to analyse the correlation between CDHR5 expression and clinical and pathological features of PDAC, as well as the CDHR5 expression during tumour progression. Cell function assays were performed to investigate CDHR5's effects on PDAC cells. Moreover, qRT-PCR was applied to investigate the expression of CDHR5 isoforms in PDAC cells. Expression of CDHR5 was higher on the membrane of PDAC cells. This high expression level was associated with shorter overall survival of PDAC patients and was identified as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival by multivariate Cox regression analysis. In addition, expression level of CDHR5 presented an increased trend in the occurrence and progression of PDAC. Cell experiment suggested that CDHR5 could notably promote invasion and migration of PDAC cells. Moreover, analysis of CDHR5 isoforms indicated CDHR5-L was the major isoform expressed in PDAC cell lines. CDHR5 appears to be a promising and novel prognostic factor for PDAC, and its promotion in PDAC metastasis might be ascribed to the isoform CDHR5-L.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894814

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore radiologist characteristics and case features associated with diagnostic performances in cancer detection on mammograms in a South East Asian population. METHODS: Fifty-three radiologists reported 60 mammographic examinations which consisted of 40 normal and 20 cancer-containing cases at the BREAST workshops. Radiologists were asked to examine each mammogram using the BIRADS on diagnostic monitors. Differences in reader characteristics and case features between correct and incorrect decisions were assessed separately for cancer and normal cases. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were applied to generate odds ratios (OR) for significant factors related to correct decisions. RESULTS: Radiologists who spent ≥10 hours/week reporting mammograms had a higher possibility of detecting cancer lesions (OR = 1.6; P = 0.01). A higher rate of accuracy in reporting negative cases was associated with female radiologists (OR = 1.4; P = 0.002), radiologists who read ≤20 mammograms per week (OR = 1.5; P < 0.0001), had completed training course (OR = 1.7; P < 0.0001) or wore eyeglasses (OR = 1.4; P = 0.01). Cancer cases with breast density >50% (OR = 2.1; P < 0.0001), having abnormal lesions ≥9 mm (OR = 1.8; P < 0.0001), or displaying calcifications, a discrete mass or nonspecific density (OR = 1.6; P < 0.0001) were recorded with a higher detection rate by radiologists than other cases. Lesions located on the right breasts (OR = 1.8; P < 0.0001) or found in the lower inner, upper outer or mixed locations (OR = 2.7; P < 0.0001) were also recorded with a better diagnostic possibility compared with other lesions. CONCLUSION: This work identified key features related to diagnostic accuracy of breast cancer on mammograms in a nonscreening population, which is helpful for developing appropriate strategies to improve breast cancer detectability of radiologists.

16.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(9): 2623-2629, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32986361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Variations in the performance of radiologists reading mammographic images are well reported, but key parameters explaining such variations in different countries are not fully explored. The main aim of this study is to investigate performances of Chinese (Hong Kong SAR and Guangdong Province) and Australian radiologists in interpreting dense breast mammographic images. METHODS: A test set, contained 60 mammographic examinations with high breast density, was used to assess radiologists' performance. Twelve Chinese and thirteen Australian radiologists read all the cases independently and were asked to identify all lesions and provide a grade from 1 to 5 to each lesion. Case sensitivity, specificity, lesion sensitivity, AUC and JAFROC were used to assess radiologists' performances. Demographic information and reading experience were also collected from the readers. Performance scores were compared between the two populations and the relationships between performance scores and their reading experience were discovered. RESULTS: For radiologists who were less than 40-year-old, lesion sensitivity, AUC and JAFROC were significantly lower in Chinese radiologists than those in Australian (52.10% vs 71.45%, p=0.043; 0.76 vs 0.84, p=0.031; 0.59 vs 0.72, p=0.045; respectively). Australian radiologists with less than 10 years of reading experience had higher AUC and JAFROC scores compared with their Chinese counterparts (0.83 vs 0.76, p=0.039; 0.70 vs 0.56, p=0.020, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We found that younger Australian radiologists performed better at reading dense breast cases which is likely to be linked to intensive fellowship training, immersion in a screening program and exposure to the benefits of a performance-measuring education tool.

17.
Opt Express ; 28(19): 27324-27336, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988029

RESUMO

We use a single-layer thick metallic metasurface to design the 0-,45- and 90-degree polarizers with transmission efficiencies exceeding 95% based on the bright electric dipole resonance and dark magnetic dipole resonance. In addition, we utilize a bilayer metallic metasurface (forming an efficient Fabry-Perot resonator) to propose a circularly polarizing dichroism waveplate (CPDW). The circular polarization dichroism (CPD = IRCP - ILCP.) in the transmission mode at 1.6 µm wavelength reaches 89% and the extinction ratio (ER = IRCP/ILCP) is 830:1. These four polarizing elements are integrated to form a full Stokes pixel that almost accurately measures arbitrary polarized light at λ0 = 1.6 µm (including elliptically polarized light).

18.
Am Surg ; : 3134820947365, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988238

RESUMO

AIM: Pedestrian fatalities commonly involve alcohol. We sought to characterize alcohol intoxication among pedestrians struck by vehicles and examine correlations between admission time and injury severity. METHODS: The Los Angeles County Trauma and Emergency Medicine Information System database was reviewed for pedestrians struck by vehicles over a 16-year period starting January 2000. Subjects aged ≥18 years with available time and day of admission were selected. Patients with available blood alcohol content (BAC) were analyzed and those with positive (+) BAC (≥ 0.01%) were compared with those with negative (-) BAC. The primary outcome was mortality. RESULT: 35 840 patients met criteria, with 12 122 (33.8%) tested for BAC. 71.2% were (+) BAC. The proportion of (+) BAC pedestrians peaked at 02:00 (48.9% of admitted pedestrians, 88.5% of BAC tested pedestrians). Patients with a (+) BAC were more likely hypotensive (3.5% vs 2.7%, P = .019) and admitted with a Glasgow Coma Scale ≤ 8 (9.4% vs 7.1%, P < .001). Overall mortality was 4.6%. Those admitted from 06:00 to 11:00 had the highest odds of mortality in (+) BAC patients (4.7%, adjusted odds ratio 3.16, adjusted P < .001). CONCLUSION: Pedestrians struck by vehicles during late hours are commonly intoxicated. These findings could help legislators to implement changes and strategies to decrease the risk and burden of injury in intoxicated pedestrians.

19.
Am J Med Sci ; 2020 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988597

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Specific factors correlated with hypothyroidism in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients remain unclear. Therefore, we aim to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in Chinese patients with SLE and the relationship between clinical hypothyroidism and SLE. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study of the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in 672 patients with SLE and 605 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Demographic, clinical, and biochemical data were compared between 58 patients with SLE with hypothyroidism and 197 patients with SLE with euthyroidism. Multivariate analysis was performed using binomial logistic regression analysis. Spearman's rank correlation was used to identify an association between thyroid function and disease activity. RESULTS: The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was significantly higher in patients with SLE than in controls (70.7% vs 19.7%). SLE was associated with higher rates of hypothyroidism (9.6%, P ≤ 0.001) and euthyroid sick syndrome (49.6%, P ≤ 0.001) compared with control subjects. Further analyses showed that hypothyroidism in patients with SLE was associated with high blood pressure, renal disorder, high serum creatinine, high uric acid, hyperlipidaemia, low C3 and C4, positive anti-dsDNA antibodies, and high SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score. In multiple logistic regression models, albumin, platelet count, serum creatinine, and anti-dsDNA antibodies were associated with hypothyroidism. Finally, free tri-iodothyronine was significantly negatively correlated with SLEDAI score. CONCLUSIONS: Hypothyroidism was more prevalent in patients with SLE. There was a relationship between hypothyroidism with renal disorder and lupus activity. Albumin, platelet count, serum creatinine, and anti-dsDNA antibodies were correlated with hypothyroidism.

20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32959187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis, which involves the axial joint and the distal interphalangeal joints. Its clinical features are varied, often resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment. Improved knowledge about disease mechanisms will catalyze the rapid development of effective targeted therapies for this disease. The perturbations in the gene co-expression network may not be detected by the differential expression analysis of the microarray. This study aims to identify key modules and hub genes in psoriatic arthritis-applied WGCNA (weighted gene co-expression network analysis) on a microarray. METHODS: This study downloaded the array data of GSE61281 from the gene expression overview (GEO) database, which includes 20 psoriatic arthritis samples and 12 healthy controls. The analysis was performed with the WGCNA package. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed on these key modules. Candidate hub genes were identified using GS and MM measures, Cytoscape, and the online database STRING. RESULTS: A total of 10 co-expression modules were constructed. The lightcyan module was identified as the key module. GO and KEGG pathway analyses were mainly enriched in dephosphorylation, regulation of small GTPase-mediated signal transduction, Ras signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, and vascular smooth muscle contraction. Two hub genes, RHOH/TRAF1, were selected. CONCLUSIONS: This finding may indicate that RHOH/TRAF1 play a critical role in the pathogenesis of PsA. This is one of the first studies in PsA using WGCNA, which may provide a new research direction for further understanding of the molecular mechanism and clinical application of PsA. Key points • The WGCNA method was applied to the expression profile microarray of psoriatic arthritis and the co-expression module was constructed. • Identify the key modules by combining the onset time of psoriasis in patients with psoriatic arthritis. • Three screening methods are used to identify and verify hub genes of key modules.

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