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1.
Nanotechnology ; 31(2): 025302, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530758

RESUMO

Copper nanoparticles (NPs) are considered as a promising alternative for silver and gold NPs in conductive inks for the application of printing electronics, since copper shows a high electrical conductivity but is significantly cheaper than silver and gold. In this study, copper NPs were synthesized in the gas phase by transferred arc discharge, which has demonstrated scale-up potential. Depending on the production parameters, copper NPs can be continuously synthesized at a production rate of 1.2-5.5 g h-1, while their Brunauer-Emmett-Teller sizes were maintained below 100 nm. To investigate the suitability in electronic printing, we use ball milling technique to produce copper conductive inks. The effect of ball milling parameters on ink stability was discussed. In addition, the electrical resistivity of copper films sintered at 300 °C in reducing atmosphere was measured to be 5.4 ± 0.6 µΩ cm which is about three times higher than that of bulk copper (1.7 µΩ cm). This indicates that conductive inks prepared from gas-phase synthesized copper NPs are competitive to the conductive inks prepared from chemically synthesized copper NPs.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(3): 035501, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585446

RESUMO

Planar bismuthene grown on SiC substrate provides a promising candidate to engineer van der Waals double-layer (DL) made of two dimensional (2D) topological insulators. We perform systematical calculations in DL hydrogenated bismuthene (H-Bi) that can be used to simulate the experimentally grown planar bismuthene to explore realizable 2D topological insulator van der Waals DL. Two possible geometry configurations of AA- and AB-stacked DL H-Bi are investigated. Due to pseudo Jahn-Teller effect, AB-stacked DL H-Bi has a strong interlayer coupling interaction and shows buckled lattice. Particularly, both AA- and AB-stacked DL H-Bi are topologically trivial rather than topologically nontrivial. The physical origin of the trivial topology is clarified by analyzing orbital composition. We discuss how the electronic properties are modified by interlayer coupling, external strain, and metal atom intercalation. It is also found that, for AB-stacked DL H-Bi, metal atom intercalation gives rise to novel multiple Rashba splitting near the valence band top, which is expected to manipulate the same spin in different planar bismuthene layers. Our results present various and tunable electronic properties of van der Waals DL H-Bi and allow for probing into multiple Rashba effect in 2D inversion-asymmetric topological insulators.

3.
Int J Cancer ; 146(1): 248-261, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144303

RESUMO

Brain glioma is the most common malignant tumor of the central nervous system, and one of the leading causes of death in patients with intracranial tumors. The clinical outcome of glioma is usually poor due to abundant vascularity, fast growth and susceptibility of invasion to normal brain tissues. Our microarray study showed that lncRNA-LINC01116 was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues and played an important role in cell proliferation, cycle, migration, invasion and angiogenesis. In addition, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) may be the major target genes in the downstream of lncRNA-LINC01116. Dual luciferase assay showed that LINC01116 and VEGFA both contained a miR-31-5p binding site, and LINC01116 could regulate the expression of VEGFA through competitive absorption of miR-31-5p. RNA immunoprecipitation indicated that LINC01116 and VEGFA were present in the miR-31-5p-RISC complex, and biotinylated miR-31-5p pull-down assay suggested that there was a competitive relationship between LINC01116 and VEGFA to bind with miR-31-5p. Collectively, our study has identified a novel lncRNA-LINC01116 and clarified the role and mechanism of LINC01116 in the tumorigenesis of glioma. LINC01116 may prove to be a potential target for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of glioma.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1409-1416, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492301

RESUMO

Ribonuclease H (RNase H) plays key roles in HIV virus replication process and can be used as an important target for anti-AIDS drugs screening. Therefore, we constructed a fluorescent nanosensor based on signal amplification of hybridization chain reaction (HCR) and fluorescence quenching of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets. The nanosensor provided highly sensitive and selective platform for RNase H activity detection. This method also exhibited a good linear relationship in the range of 0.001-5 U/mL, and the detection limit was 0.0007 U/mL. Our results suggested that the developed system is a promising platform for monitoring the RNase H activity, showing great potential in the biomedical studies and drugs screening.

6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1613-1621, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492323

RESUMO

Nano-composite films were developed between silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and a low-density polyethylene (LDPE) using master batches by melt extruding and melt compounding. The Ag/PE composite film showed decreased gas permeability, moisture permeability coefficient, the tear strength, the longitudinal and transverse elongation to that of commercial LDPE. Although stiffness increased at high Ag (40 ppm) concentration, but the longitudinal and transverse tensile strength enhance comparing with commercial PE. Light transmittance and haze were comparable. Both Nano-silver and composite films are effective against Escherichia coli (E. coli). Antibacterial activity of nano-silver for E. coli was determined by diameter of the inhibition zone and the minimum inhibitory concentration of nano-silver is detected by tube double dilution method reaching 15.63 ppm. The composite films are effective inhibition of E. coli at concentrations of 40 ppm Ag nanoparticles. Moreover, Nano-silver migration occurs in composite film. One-side migration was conducted to detect under three food simulants (3% acetic acid, 50% ethanol and distilled water) at three degree of temperature (25 °C, 40 °C and 70 °C) on different period of time (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hours). These results indicated that the highest migration amount was obtained with 3% acetic acid following distilled water and finally 50% ethanol under same conditions. The migration level is dependent upon time and temperature and high migration time and temperature can enhance migration level. These findings demonstrate that nano-silver-containing polyethylene composite film may have a great potential for developing antibacterial and acid food packaging system.

7.
Virus Res ; 275: 197792, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669458

RESUMO

Porcine sialoadhesin (pSn) is a crucial porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) receptor mediating the attachment and internalization of virus into its major target cells, porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs). However, the role of pSn in innate antiviral immune response has not yet been investigated. In this study, our results showed that PRRSV down-regulated significantly the mRNA levels of IFN-α, IFN-ß, IFN-γ, IFN-λ1, IFN-λ3 and IFN-λ4 and up-regulated significantly the mRNA levels of IL-10 and pSn in infected PAMs in vitro, suggesting that PRRSV infection inhibited the transcription of innate antiviral cytokines in host cells. Our results also showed that selective activation of pSn down-regulated significantly the mRNA levels of IFN-α, IFN-ß, IFN-γ, IFN-λ1, IFN-λ3, IFN-λ4 and TNF-α and up-regulated significantly the mRNA level of IL-10 in PAMs in vitro, suggesting that pSn signaling inhibited the transcription of innate antiviral cytokines. Further results showed that pSn1, pSn2, pSn3, pSn4 and pSn5 domains of pSn were responsible for the inhibition of levels of innate antiviral cytokines. In conclusion, our results suggested that pSn suppressed innate antiviral immune response by down-regulating the levels of innate antiviral cytokines in PAMs. It was possible that PRRSV-pSn interaction may suppress innate antiviral immune response to PRRSV infection by repressing the production of innate antiviral cytokines.

8.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(11)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671638

RESUMO

Whereas a majority of monogenean flatworms are ectoparasitic, i.e., parasitize on external surfaces (mainly gills) of their fish hosts, Enterogyrus species (subfamily Ancyrocephalinae) are mesoparasitic, i.e., parasitize in the stomach of the host. As there are numerous drastic differences between these two environments (including lower oxygen availability), we hypothesized that this life-history innovation might have produced adaptive pressures on the energy metabolism, which is partially encoded by the mitochondrial genome (OXPHOS). To test this hypothesis, we sequenced mitochondrial genomes of two Ancyrocephalinae species: mesoparasitic E. malmbergi and ectoparasitic Ancyrocephalus mogurndae. The mitogenomic architecture of E. malmbergi is mostly standard for monogeneans, but that of A. mogurndae exhibits some unique features: missing trnL2 gene, very low AT content (60%), a non-canonical start codon of the nad2 gene, and exceptionally long tandem-repeats in the non-coding region (253 bp). Phylogenetic analyses produced paraphyletic Ancyrocephalinae (with embedded Dactylogyrinae), but with low support values. Selective pressure (PAML and HYPHY) and protein structure analyses all found evidence for adaptive evolution in cox2 and cox3 genes of the mesoparasitic E. malmbergi. These findings tentatively support our hypothesis of adaptive evolution driven by life-history innovations in the mitogenome of this species. However, as only one stomach-inhabiting mesoparasitic monogenean was available for this analysis, our findings should be corroborated on a larger number of mesoparasitic monogeneans and by physiological studies.

9.
Environ Pollut ; : 113434, 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little information exists on interaction effects between air pollution and influenza vaccination on allergic respiratory diseases. We conducted a large population-based study to evaluate the interaction effects between influenza vaccination and long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on allergic respiratory diseases in children and adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was investigated during 2012-2013 in 94 schools from Seven Northeastern Cities (SNEC) in China. Questionnaires surveys were obtained from 56 137 children and adolescents aged 2-17 years. Influenza vaccination was defined as receipt of the influenza vaccine. We estimated air pollutants exposure [nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters ≤1 µm (PM1), ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) and ≤10 µm (PM10)] using machine learning methods. We employed two-level generalized linear mix effects model to examine interactive effects between influenza vaccination and air pollution exposure on allergic respiratory diseases (asthma, asthma-related symptoms and allergic rhinitis), after controlling for important covariates. RESULTS: We found statistically significant interactions between influenza vaccination and air pollutants on allergic respiratory diseases and related symptoms (doctor-diagnosed asthma, current wheeze, wheeze, persistent phlegm and allergic rhinitis). The adjusted ORs for doctor-diagnosed asthma, current wheeze and allergic rhinitis among the unvaccinated group per interquartile range (IQR) increase in PM1 and PM2.5 were significantly higher than the corresponding ORs among the vaccinated group [For PM1, doctor-diagnosed asthma: OR: 1.89 (95%CI: 1.57-2.27) vs 1.65 (95%CI: 1.36-2.00); current wheeze: OR: 1.50 (95%CI: 1.22-1.85) vs 1.10 (95%CI: 0.89-1.37); allergic rhinitis: OR: 1.38 (95%CI: 1.15-1.66) vs 1.21 (95%CI: 1.00-1.46). For PM2.5, doctor-diagnosed asthma: OR: 1.81 (95%CI: 1.52-2.14) vs 1.57 (95%CI: 1.32-1.88); current wheeze: OR: 1.46 (95%CI: 1.21-1.76) vs 1.11 (95%CI: 0.91-1.35); allergic rhinitis: OR: 1.35 (95%CI: 1.14-1.60) vs 1.19 (95%CI: 1.00-1.42)]. The similar patterns were observed for wheeze and persistent phlegm. The corresponding p values for interactions were less than 0.05, respectively. We assessed the risks of PM1-related and PM2.5-related current wheeze were decreased by 26.67% (95%CI: 1.04%-45.66%) and 23.97% (95%CI: 0.21%-42.08%) respectively, which was attributable to influenza vaccination (both p for efficiency <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Influenza vaccination may play an important role in mitigating the detrimental effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on childhood allergic respiratory diseases. Policy targeted at increasing influenza vaccination may yield co-benefits in terms of reduced allergic respiratory diseases.

10.
Environ Pollut ; : 113422, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672364

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that residential greenness may be protective of high blood pressure, but there is scarcity of evidence on the associations between greenness around schools and blood pressure among children. We aimed to investigate this association in China. Our study included 9354 children from 62 schools in the Seven Northeastern Cities Study. Greenness around each child's school was measured by NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and SAVI (Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index). Particulate matter ≤ 1 µm (PM1) concentrations were estimated by spatiotemporal models and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations were collected from air monitoring stations. Associations between greenness and blood pressure were determined by generalized linear and logistic mixed-effect models. Mediation by air pollution was assessed using mediation analysis. Higher greenness was consistently associated with lower blood pressure. An increase of 0.1 in NDVI corresponded to a reduction in SBP of 1.39 mmHg (95% CI: 1.86, -0.93) and lower odds of hypertension (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.69, 0.82). Stronger associations were observed in children with higher BMI. Ambient PM1 and NO2 mediated 33.0% and 10.9% of the association between greenness and SBP, respectively. In summary, greater greenness near schools had a beneficial effect on blood pressure, particularly in overweight or obese children in China. The associations might be partially mediated by air pollution. These results might have implications for policy makers to incorporate more green space for both aesthetic and health benefits.

12.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 13304-13316, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689082

RESUMO

Despite the excellent photodynamic and photothermal properties of organic molecular photosensitizers (PSs) and photothermal agents (PTAs), such as porphyrin and naphthalocyanine, their poor water solubility severely impedes their biological applications. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), as an emerging class of organic crystalline porous materials, possess free active end groups (bonding defects) and large inner pores, which make them an ideal type of nanocarriers for loading hydrophobic organic molecular PSs and PTAs by both bonding defect functionalization (BDF) and guest encapsulation approaches to obtain multifunctional nanomedicines for PDT/PTT combination therapy. In this work, we report a nanoscale COF (NCOF) prepared via a facile synthetic approach under ambient conditions. Furthermore, a dual-modal PDT/PTT therapeutic nanoagent, VONc@COF-Por (3), is successfully fabricated by stepwise BDF and guest encapsulation processes. The covalently grafted porphyrinic PS (Por) and the noncovalently loaded naphthalocyanine PTA (VONc) are independently responsible for the PDT and PTT functionalities of the nanoagent. Upon visible (red LED) and NIR (808 nm laser) irradiation, VONc@COF-Por (3) displayed high 1O2 generation and photothermal conversion ability (55.9%), consequently providing an excellent combined PDT/PTT therapeutic effect on inhibiting MCF-7 tumor cell proliferation and metastasis, which was well evidenced by in vitro and in vivo experiments. We believe that the results obtained herein can significantly promote the development of NCOF-based multifunctional nanomedicines for biomedical applications.

13.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 47: 101846, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aggression is common in patients with schizophrenia and is clinically significant, but its prevalence is inconsistent across studies. This is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of aggression and its associated factors in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Medline and Web of Science databases were systematically searched. Studies that reported the prevalence of aggression in patients with schizophrenia using the Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) were included and analyzed using the random-effects model. RESULTS: Fifteen studies with 4855 patients were initially included; of these, 13 studies with 3929 patients were pooled in the final meta-analysis. The pooled prevalence of aggression was 33.3% (95%CI: 21.5%-47.7%); specifically, the estimated prevalence of verbal, property-oriented, auto and physical aggression were 42.6% (95%CI: 17.0%-72.9%), 23.8% (95%CI: 10.1%-46.4%), 23.5% (95%CI: 6.5%-57.7%), and 23.7% (95%CI: 10.4%-45.3%), respectively. Subgroup analyses revealed that different MOAS cut-off values (P < 0.001) and source of patients (inpatients vs. community-dwelling patients) significantly moderated the results (P < 0.001). Meta-regression analyses found that studies published recently reported higher aggression rate, while higher quality assessment score was associated with lower aggression rate (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis confirmed that aggression is common in schizophrenia patients. Considering the significant clinical risk issues, appropriate treatments and effective management of aggression in this population need to be developed.

14.
Chemosphere ; 243: 125321, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733541

RESUMO

In this study, size exclusion chromatography with an array of absorbance, fluorescence, organic nitrogen and organic carbon detectors was used for characterizing property and treatability of effluent organic matter (EfOM) from 12 wastewater treatment plants. According to their apparent molecular weight (AMW), EfOM fractions were assigned to biopolymers (>20 kDa), humic substances that comprise sub-fractions of humic-like acids (HA-I & HA-II, 2.3-7.0 kDa) and fulvic-like acids (FA, 1.5-2.3 kDa), building blocks (0.55-1.5 kDa) and low molecular weight neutral substances (<550 Da). The fractions of biopolymers and low molecular weight neutral substances didn't show humic-like fluorescence, while the fractions of HA-II, FA and building blocks usually had signatures of both humic-like and protein-like fluorescence. Humic substances generally contributed the largest proportion of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen (DOC & DON) in effluents. Coagulation removed EfOM fractions following the order of biopolymers > HA subfraction > FA subfraction > building blocks, while little removal of protein-like fluorescence in HA-II and FA subfractions was detected. Anion exchange treatment could effectively reduce DOC and DON concentrations; the sequence of the treatment efficiency was humic substances > biopolymers > building blocks. Increasing O3 doses caused DOC and DON of EfOM to be gradually transformed from large AMW fractions into small AMW fractions, while chromophores and fluorophores in HA subfractions were relatively more refractory than those in the other fractions. Size exclusion chromatography with multiple detectors are suggested to be an informative technique for estimating treatability of EfOM by advanced wastewater treatment processes.

15.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 47: 101865, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Untreated schizophrenia commonly leads to poor prognosis. The medication treatment rate of schizophrenia patients in economically underdeveloped areas of China has not been well-studied. This study aimed to examine the pattern of unmedicated schizophrenia patients in economically underdeveloped rural and urban areas of China. METHOD: A total of 4240 schizophrenia patients in Lanzhou (1720 rural and 2520 urban patients) registered in the community mental-health service system in Lanzhou, Gansu province were included. Their socio-demographic and clinical characteristics including medication treatment status were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of unmedicated schizophrenia patients was 22.5% (n = 953) in the whole sample, with 32.3% (556/1720) in rural and 15.8% (397/2520) in urban patients (X2=161.1, P < 0.001). Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed that unmedicated schizophrenia patients in rural area were more likely to be older (OR=1.02, 95%CI: 1.01-1.03), male (OR=1.35, 95%CI: 1.07-1.71), unmarried (OR=0.71, 95%CI: 0.55-0.91), and have lower educational level (OR=0.39, 95%CI: 0.24-0.65), longer illness duration (OR=1.01, 95%CI: 1.00-1.02) and less frequent admissions (OR=0.46, 95%CI: 0.38-0.54). In contrast, unmedicated patients in urban area were more likely to be older (OR=1.01, 95%CI: 1.00-1.02), unmarried (OR=0.77, 95%CI: 0.61-0.98), employed (OR=2.38, 95%CI: 1.87-3.04), and have lower educational level (OR=0.49, 95%CI: 0.37-0.65), better financial status (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.48-0.76) and less frequent admissions (OR=0.81, 95%CI: 0.75-0.87). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of unmedicated schizophrenia patients is high in economically underdeveloped areas of China, particularly in rural areas. Effective policies and measures should be implemented urgently to improve the treatment rate in this population.

16.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122448, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771810

RESUMO

In this work, a single microbial electrochemical system was developed for multiple goals simultaneously - CO2 reduction, biogas purification, upgrading and sulfur recovery. This system consists of a methanogen-inoculated biocathode for CO2 reduction and a ferrous ion (Fe2+)-mediated abiotic anode for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) oxidation. In the cathodic chamber, methane production rate of 20.6 ± 1.0 µmol·h-1 and high upgrading level (up to 98.3% methane content) were achieved. In the anodic chamber, H2S was completely removed and selectively converted into elemental sulfur particles. The system showed stable performance during continuous operation for treating both pure CO2 and mixed gases, with a cathodic coulombic efficiency of up to 85.2%. This simple system holds a great potential for practical application for biogas upgrading and sulfur recovery from waste water/gases.

17.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 1769374, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772499

RESUMO

Intraperitoneal adhesion is a common complication after abdominal surgery, which seriously affects the quality of life of patients. HuoXueTongFu Formula (HXTF) plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of intraperitoneal adhesions. However, the molecular-related mechanisms are still not fully known. In this study, the model of Intrapetitoneal adhesion was established by cecum abrasion and treated with HXTF for one week. RAW264.7 cells were given LPS, IFN-γ, IL-4, HXTF-medicated serum, and PPAR-γ agonist/antagonist, respectively. Histopathology, flow cytometry, ELISA, real-time PCR, and Western blotting were used to further detect the related protein, M1/M2 polarization tendency, and PPAR-γ nuclear translocation. The deposition of collagen fibres reduced in the local area of rats after the operation with HXTF treatment. Similar to IL-4, HXTF induced a tendency for macrophages to polarize toward M2 and promoted peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-γ) nuclear translocation. Furthermore, the use of HXTF and PPAR-γ agonists downregulated macrophage M1 polarization-related factors IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha and upregulated M2 polarization-related factors IL-4, IL-10, and TGF-beta 1. Meanwhile, the use of HXTF and PPAR-γ agonists downregulated the SOCS3/JAK2/STAT1 pathway and activated the SOCS1/STAT6/PPAR-γ pathway. These results show that HXTF may reduce intraperitoneal adhesion by inducing macrophage M2 polarization and regulating the SOCS/JAK2/STAT/PPAR-γ pathway.

18.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1206: 41-65, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776979

RESUMO

ATG is involved in multiple processes of autophagosome formation, including the initial phase of autophagy. The mammalian autophagy complex-ULK1 complex is composed of ULK1, FIP200, ATG13 and ATG101, and the yeast autophagy initiation complex-ATG1 complex is composed of ATG1, ATG13, ATG17, ATG29 and ATG31. After this complex is activated, it binds and phosphorylates ATG9 on the vesicles. Then PI3KC3-C1 (yeast: ATG34: ATG15: ATG6: ATG14 or mammal animal: ATG34: ATG15: BECN1: ATG14L) is recruited to the PAS. Further, ATG12-ATG5-ATG16 complex is localized on PAS (Yeast) or localized on the outer surface of the membrane (mammal) and makes binding of ATG8 (LC3) with PE to form ATG8-PE complex, promoting autophagic membrane elongation, closure and formation autophagosome and autophagosome lysosome.

19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(11): 822-5, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupunctur (EA) and moxibustion of left or right "Tian-shu" (ST25) on intragastric pressure (IGP) in normal rats. METHODS: Twenty male SD rats were equally and randomly divided into EA group and moxibustion group. EA (2 Hz/15 Hz, 2 mA) or moxibustion (46-48 ℃) was applied to unilate-ral ST25 for 2 min. The IGP was detected by using a pressure-transducer and an amplifier before and after EA or moxibustion. RESULTS: Compared with pre-intervention, the IGP was significantly decreased after EA or moxibustion stimulation of both left and right ST25 (P<0.05). The IGP levels during 0-30 s and 30-60 s of EA stimulation of both left and right ST25 were significantly lower than those of moxibustion (P<0.05). The IGP-lowering effect of EA on the left ST25 was evidently stronger than that of the right ST25 (P<0.05), but without significant difference between the bilateral sides in moxibustion-induced IGP reduction (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Both EA and moxibustion of ST25 can lower IGP, and the effect of EA is significantly stronger than that of moxibustion in normal rats. In addition, the IGP-lowering effect of EA of the left ST25 is markedly stronger than that of the right ST25, suggesting a lateral advantage effect.

20.
Mol Immunol ; 117: 20-28, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LncRNA NEAT1 was associated with the tumorigenesis of multiple myeloma (MM). However, the mechanisms of M2 macrophage polarization involved with NEAT1 in MM are still unknown. METHODS: Bone marrow samples, multiple myeloma cells RPMI 8226 and monocyte cell line THP-1 were used in this study. The expression of NEAT1 and miR-214 was modified by transfection with the shNEAT1 or miR-214 inhibitor. The expression of NEAT1, miR-214 and B7-H3 in MM patient tissues and cells was analyzed by RT-qPCR. ELISA assay was used to determine the release of B7-H3 in the supernatant of cell culture. The patient survival curve was analyzed using Kaplan-Meier method. The macrophage polarization markers were examined by RT-qPCR and western blotting. The interaction between NEAT1, miR-214 and B7-H3 was analyzed by Dual-Luciferase reporter and RIP assays. AG490 was used to block the JAK2/STAT3 signaling. Co-culture of THP-1 and RPMI 8226 cells was used for macrophage polarization. RESULTS: NEAT1 and B7-H3 were up-regulated, but miR-214 was obviously down-regulated in MM patients. B7-H3, NEAT1 and miR-214 were associated with overall survival time of MM patients. NEAT1 silencing induced miR-214 and inhibited the expression and release of B7-H3 and then suppressed M2 macrophage polarization via inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 signaling. NEAT1 directly targeted miR-214, and miR-214 directly bound to B7-H3. MiR-214 inhibitor reversed the down-regulation and release of B7-H3 and M2 macrophage polarization caused by shNEAT1. The specific JAK2/STAT3 signaling inhibitor AG490 abrogated M2 macrophage polarization. CONCLUSION: NEAT1 promoted M2 macrophage polarization by sponging miR-214 and then regulating B7-H3, thus accelerating MM progression via the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Our study revealed novel mechanisms of M2 macrophage polarization and provided new potential clinical therapeutic targets for MM.

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