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2.
Front Neurol ; 13: 923310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090859

RESUMO

Objective: Neuroimaging meta-analysis identified abnormal neural activity alterations in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but there was no consistency or heterogeneity analysis between different brain imaging processing strategies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine consistent changes of regional brain functions in T2DM via the indicators obtained by using different post-processing methods. Methods: Since the indicators obtained using varied post-processing methods reflect different neurophysiological and pathological characteristics, we further conducted a coordinate-based meta-analysis (CBMA) of the two categories of neuroimaging literature, which were grouped according to similar data processing methods: one group included regional homogeneity (ReHo), independent component analysis (ICA), and degree centrality (DC) studies, while the other group summarized the literature on amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Results: The final meta-analysis included 23 eligible trials with 27 data sets. Compared with the healthy control group, when neuroimaging studies were combined with ReHo, ICA, and DC measurements, the brain activity of the right Rolandic operculum, right supramarginal gyrus, and right superior temporal gyrus in T2DM patients decreased significantly. When neuroimaging studies were combined with ALFF and CBF measurements, there was no clear evidence of differences in the brain function between T2DM and HCs. Conclusion: T2DM patients have a series of spontaneous abnormal brain activities, mainly involving brain regions related to learning, memory, and emotion, which provide early biomarkers for clarifying the mechanism of cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric disorders in diabetes. Systematic review registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=247071, PROSPERO [CRD42021247071].

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 945433, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091709

RESUMO

Background: The changes in inflammation and tumor biomarkers are associated with the anti-tumor immunological processes. Early detection and intervention are of great significance to the clinical management of cancer-related diseases. Peripheral blood biomarkers [e.g., neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and carbohydrate antigen 153 (CA153)] are obtained in real-timely, conveniently, and less invasively, and proved to availably predicted the disease states and prognosis of various cancers, including breast cancer (BC). Inflammation and poor disease management promote cognitive impairment. Chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) hazard long-term survival and quality of life (QOL) of BC patients, but its correlation with NLR, CEA, and CA153 is not clear. Purpose: This study aimed to investigate changes in NLR, CEA, and CA153 levels before and after chemotherapy and their correlation with CRCI in patients with early-stage BC. Materials and methods: The 187 patients with BC who were measured for NLR, CEA, and CA153 values within the first 24 hours of admission, were assigned into two groups: the before/after chemotherapy group (BCG/ACG). The ACG was assigned into two subgroups based on the cognitive assessment results: the cognitive normal/impaired group (CNG/CIG). Patients' self-perceived cognitive impairments were evaluated using a mini-mental state examination (MMSE), prospective and retrospective memory (PM and RM) questionnaire (PRMQ), and functional assessment of cancer therapy-cognitive function version 3 (FACT-Cog, version 3, including CogPCI, CogOth, CogPCA, and CogQOL). Their QOL was also evaluated. Results: The NLR and CA153 levels were elevated after chemotherapy (BCG vs ACG: Z = -1.996 and -1.615, P = 0.046 and 0.106, respectively), and significantly elevated in patients with CRCI (BCG vs CIG: Z = -2.444 and -2.293, P = 0.015 and 0.022; respectively). However, there was not reach significant difference in CEA levels between the four groups. In addition, there was a weak to moderate correlation between peripheral blood biomarkers (NLR, CEA, and CA153) levels and CRCI (r = -0.404, -0.205, -0.322; respectively; P < 0.001). Cognitive impairment scores (MMSE, PM, RM, and FACT-Cog) had a strong correlation with QOL in patients with early-stage BC (r = -0.786, 0.851, 0.849, and 0.938; respectively; P < 0.001). Conclusion: NLR and CA153 m be valuable diagnostic adjuncts of CRCI, and CRCI has a strong correlation with QOL in patients with early-stage BC.

4.
Curr Res Food Sci ; 5: 1365-1378, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092021

RESUMO

In recent years, organic chromium (III) supplements have received increasing attentions for their low toxicity, high bioavailability and wide range of health-promoting benefits. This study aimed to investigate the preventive effects of chromium (III)-enriched yeast (YCr) on high-fat and high-fructose diet (HFHFD)-induced hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia in mice, and further clarify its mechanism of action from the perspective of intestinal microbiomics and liver metabolomics. The results indicated that oral administration of YCr remarkably inhibited the aberrant elevations of body weight, blood glucose and lipid levels, hepatic cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels caused by HFHFD. Liver histological examination showed that oral YCr intervention inhibited HFHFD induced liver lipid accumulation. Besides, 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing showed that YCr intervention was beneficial to ameliorating intestinal microbiota dysbiosis by altering the proportion of some intestinal microbial phylotypes. Correlation-based network analysis indicated that the key intestinal microbial phylotypes intervened by YCr were closely related to some biochemical parameters associated with glucose and lipid metabolism. Liver metabolomics analysis revealed that dietary YCr intervention significantly regulated the levels of some biomarkers involved in purine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, citrate cycle, pyrimidine metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, and so on. Moreover, dietary YCr intervention regulated the mRNA levels of key genes associated with glucose, cholesterol, fatty acids and bile acids metabolism in liver. These findings suggest that dietary YCr intervention has beneficial effects on glucose and lipid metabolism by regulating intestinal microbiota and liver metabolic pathway, and thus can be served as a functional component to prevent hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia.

5.
Indian J Dermatol ; 67(2): 208, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092214
6.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 956880, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092737

RESUMO

Exosomes are nanoscale endocytic vesicles, 30-150 nm in diameter, secreted by most cells. They mainly originate from multivesicular bodies formed by intracellular invagination of lysosomal microparticles, and released into the extracellular matrix after fusion of multivesicular bodies with cell membrane. Studies have shown that exosomes contain a variety of active molecules, such as proteins, lipids and RNAs (such as mRNA, miRNA, lncRNA, circRNA, etc.), which regulate the behavior of recipient cells and serve as circulating biomarkers of diseases, including thrombosis. Therefore, exosome research is important for the diagnosis, treatment, therapeutic monitoring, and prognosis of thrombosis in that it can reveal the counts, surface marker expression, protein, and miRNA cargo involved. Recent studies have shown that exosomes can be used as therapeutic vectors for tissue regeneration and as alternative vectors for drug delivery. In this review, we summarize the physiological and biochemical characteristics, isolation, and identification of exosomes. Moreover, we focus on the role of exosomes in thrombosis, specifically venous thromboembolism, and their potential clinical applications, including as biomarkers and therapeutic vectors for thrombosis.

7.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 910988, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092814

RESUMO

Microglia cells are the macrophage population within the central nervous system, which acts as the first line of the immune defense. These cells present a high level of heterogeneity among different brain regions regarding morphology, cell density, transcriptomes, and expression of different inflammatory mediators. This region-specific heterogeneity may lead to different neuroinflammatory responses, influencing the regional involvement in several neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate microglial response in 16 brain regions. We compared different aspects of the microglial response, such as the extension of their morphological changes, sensitivity, and ability to convert an acute inflammatory response to a chronic one. Then, we investigated the synaptic alterations followed by acute and chronic inflammation in substantia nigra. Moreover, we estimated the effect of partial ablation of fractalkine CX3C receptor 1 (CX3CR1) on microglial response. In the end, we briefly investigated astrocytic heterogeneity and activation. To evaluate microglial response in different brain regions and under the same stimulus, we induced a systemic inflammatory reaction through a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). We performed our study using C57BL6 and CX3CR1+/GFP mice to investigate microglial response in different regions and the impact of CX3CR1 partial ablation. We conducted a topographic study quantifying microglia alterations in 16 brain regions through immunohistochemical examination and computational image analysis. Assessing Iba1-immunopositive profiles and the density of the microglia cells, we have observed significant differences in region-specific responses of microglia populations in all parameters considered. Our results underline the peculiar microglial inflammation in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr). Here and in concomitance with the acute inflammatory response, we observed a transient decrease of dopaminergic dendrites and an alteration of the striato-nigral projections. Additionally, we found a significant decrease in microglia response and the absence of chronic inflammation in CX3CR1+/GFP mice compared to the wild-type ones, suggesting the CX3C axis as a possible pharmacological target against neuroinflammation induced by an increase of systemic tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) or/and LPS. Finally, we investigated astrocytic heterogeneity in this model. We observed different distribution and morphology of GFAP-positive astrocytes, a heterogeneous response under inflammatory conditions, and a decrease in their activation in CX3CR1 partially ablated mice compared with C57BL6 mice. Altogether, our data confirm that microglia and astrocytes heterogeneity lead to a region-specific inflammatory response in presence of a systemic TNFα or/and LPS treatment.

8.
Thorac Cancer ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096509

RESUMO

Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) gene fusion is a rare oncogenic driver gene in multiple tumor types, leading to the activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB)-mediated pathway. Therefore, afatinib, a pan-ErbB family inhibitor, may be a therapeutic candidate for NRG1 fusion-driven tumors. In this case, we report a multiple primary lung adenocarcinoma patient harboring the CD74-NRG1 fusion, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (ERBB2) mutation simultaneously. The patient received afatinib and pyrotinib combination therapy and showed a significant treatment response with a progression-free survival of 5 months. Our case further supports the use of targeted therapy for NRG1 fusion-positive non-small-cell lung cancer.

9.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097367

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Triazole antifungal-associated severe skin allergy has received little attention. Here we report a case of an acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patient with diffused skin allergy pervading from the chest, abdomen, back, knees to perineum, with red colour and partially desquamation as well as a neurological adverse (insomnia) event after voriconazole treatment. CASE SUMMARY: A 40-year-old man with liver failure in our hospital had received voriconazole for invasive fungal infection therapy, and while waiting for liver transplantation exhibited a severe diffuse rash and a neurological adverse event. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a liver failure patient who suffered a severe allergy accompanied with a neurological adverse event after voriconazole administration.

10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098667

RESUMO

The biotransformation of heavy metals in the environment is usually affected by co-existing pollutants like selenium (Se), which may lower the ecotoxicity of heavy metals, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we shed light on the pathways of copper (Cu2+) and selenite (SeO32-) synergistic biodetoxification by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and illustrate how such processes are affected by anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), an analogue of humic substances. We observed the formation of copper selenide nanoparticles (Cu2-xSe) from synergistic detoxification of Cu2+ and SeO32- in the periplasm. Interestingly, adding AQDS triggered a fundamental transition from periplasmic to extracellular reaction, enabling 14.7-fold faster Cu2+ biodetoxification (via mediated electron transfer) and 11.4-fold faster SeO32- detoxification (via direct electron transfer). This is mainly attributed to the slightly raised redox potential of the heme center of AQDS-coordinated outer-membrane proteins that accelerates electron efflux from the cells. Our work offers a fundamental understanding of the synergistic detoxification of heavy metals and Se in a complicated environmental matrix and unveils an unexpected role of AQDS beyond electron mediation, which may guide the development of more efficient environmental remediation and resource recovery biotechnologies.

11.
J Adv Res ; 40: 135-152, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100322

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR) is derived from the bacterial innate immune system and engineered as a robust gene-editing tool. Due to the higher specificity and efficiency of CRISPR/Cas9, it has been widely applied to many genetic and non-genetic disease, including cancers, genetic hemolytic diseases, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, ocular diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases, and some X-linked diseases. Furthermore, in terms of the therapeutic strategy of cancers, many researchers used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to cure or alleviate cancers through different approaches, such as gene therapy and immune therapy. AIM OF REVIEW: Here, we conclude the recent application and clinical trials of CRISPR/Cas9 in non-cancerous diseases and cancers and pointed out some of the problems to be solved. KEY SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS OF REVIEW: CRISPR/Cas9, derived from the microbial innate immune system, is developed as a robust gene-editing tool and has been applied widely. Due to its high accuracy and efficiency, CRISPR/Cas9 techniques may provide a great chance to treat some gene-related diseases by disrupting, inserting, correcting, replacing, or blocking genes for clinical application with gene therapy.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Neoplasias , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Edição de Genes/métodos , Terapia Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/terapia
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107764

RESUMO

In the present study, the taxonomic position of Bacillus lacisalsi YSP-3T was evaluated using phylogenetic and genome-based comparison. B. lacisalsi YSP-3T showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Alteribacter natronophilus M30T (98.4 %), followed by Alteribacter aurantiacus K1-5T (97.5 %) and Alteribacter populi FJAT-45347T (97.2 %). In phylogenetic (based on 16S rRNA gene sequences) and phylogenomic (based on 71 bacterial single-copy genes) trees, B. lacisalsi YSP-3T clustered with the members of the genus Alteribacter. The amino acid identity (AAI) values between B. lacisalsi YSP-3T and the members of the genus Alteribacter were >65 %, which is above the cut-off level (65-95 %) for genus delineation. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between B. lacisalsi YSP-3T and the members of the genus Alteribacter were <95 %, which is lower than the threshold value (95-96 %) for bacterial species delineation. The AAI value suggested that B. lacisalsi YSP-3T was a member of the genus Alteribacter while the ANIb value suggested it as a novel species of the genus Alteribacter. Based on the results, we propose to transfer Bacillus lacisalsi to the genus Alteribacter as Alteribacter lacisalsi comb. nov.


Assuntos
Bacillaceae , Bacillus , Aminoácidos , Bacillus/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nucleotídeos , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113681, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108392

RESUMO

The modern rise in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its correlation to commensal microbiota have elicited global concern about the patterns of microbial action in the host. With the exception of that linked to gut, microbiota were also colonized in pancreas, oral, and lung, contributing to the physiopathology of T2DM. In this study, we aimed to explore the protective effects of Ganoderma atrum polysaccharide (PSG) and White Hyacinth Bean polysaccharide (WHBP) on the intestine, pancreas, oral, and lung microbiota in T2DM rats. Here we showed that, despite capacities of polysaccharides that exerted similar protective effects on hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance and dysbacteriosis in T2DM rats, PSG and WHBP were able to be characterized by their own "target" bacteria, which could be proposed for activity-fingerprinting of polysaccharide species. Furthermore, we found a mutual bacteria spectrum in the pancreas and lung, and most bacteria could be tracked to oral or gut samples. Notably, the overlapping areas of the microbiota profile between organs (pancreas, lung) and saliva were more than in the gut, suggesting that a saliva sample was also of interest to serve as a "telltale sign" for judging pancreatic injury. Together, these microbiota interactions provided a new potential to harvest alternative samples for disease surveillance. Meanwhile, polysaccharides had anti-T2DM abilities, which could be distinguished by their own characteristic bacteria.

15.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 36(9): 1144-1149, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111478

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value and limitation of transverse cervical artery flap in laryngeal function preservation surgery of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: Between January 2013 and December 2019, 18 male patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma were admitted. The patients' age ranged from 48 to 77 years, with a median age of 65 years. The disease duration ranged from 3 to 8 months (mean, 5 months). All patients were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma by biopsy before operation. According to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) guidelines (2017, 8th ed), TNM staging was T2N0M0 in 9 cases, T2N1M0 in 2 cases, and T3N0M0 in 7 cases, and cTNM staging was stage Ⅱ in 9 cases and stage Ⅲ in 9 cases. The lesions of 15 cases were located in the piriform fossa of hypopharynx on one side, among which the esophageal entrance was involved in 4 cases. The lesions of 3 cases were located in the posterior wall of the hypopharynx with esophageal entrance involvement. After partial pharyngo- laryngectomy and bilateral neck lymph node dissection, the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal defects were repaired with transverse cervical artery flaps, the size of the flap ranged from 4 cm×3 cm to 6 cm×4 cm. The accompanying vein of transverse cervical artery (7 cases), external jugular vein (6 cases), and combination of both (5 cases) served as venous reflux. Retrograde external jugular venous reflux exercise was performed in 2 flaps with venous reflux obstruction during operation. The incisions at donor sites were directly sutured or via relaxed incision sutured. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy were supplemented within 3 months after operation. Tracheal cannula with air bag was used to prevent patients from aspiration in the early postoperative stage. Results: The operation time was 4-6 hours, with an average of 4.5 hours. All patients were followed up 1-5 years (mean, 2 years and 6 months). Postoperative pathological examination showed that 7 cases had cervical lymph node metastases on the affected side, and there was no lymph node metastasis in cervical region Ⅴ; the remaining 11 cases had no lymph node metastasis. After operation, 16 flaps survived successfully, and 2 flaps with external jugular vein reflux were covered with white pseudomembrane, no flap necrosis was found after the pseudomembrane fell off. Four cases had no obvious accidental aspiration after operation; 14 cases had obvious accidental aspiration, of which 13 cases were significantly reduced at 3 months after operation, and 1 case still had obvious accidental aspiration at 6 months after operation, and the accidental aspiration decreased significantly after pulling out the gastric tube. All patients had no aspiration pneumonia. One case developed upper mediastinal lymph node metastasis at 1 year and 2 months after operation, and died of recurrence and pulmonary infection at 1 year and 3 months after operation. No recurrence or metastasis was found in the remaining 17 cases during follow-up. Tracheal cannula was successfully removed in 7 cases at 2-5 months after operation. Different degrees of accidental aspiration in 11 patients were confirmed by esophagography, so the tracheal cannula was retained. All patients had pronunciation function after operation. All incisions at the donor sites healed by first intention, and the shoulder joint function was normal. Conclusion: Using transverse cervical artery flap to repair the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal defects during hypopharyngeal carcinoma surgery in patients without lymph node metastasis in cervical region Ⅴ, can achieve good results of laryngeal function preservation. In cases with suspected lymph node metastasis in cervical region Ⅴ or venous dysplasia of accompanying vein of transverse cervical artery, there is a risk of tumor recurrence or flap necrosis, and the repair method needs to be cautiously employed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas , Idoso , Artérias , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pescoço , Necrose , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
16.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 967-972, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the level of neuropsychological development in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants/young children and the influence of maternal HIV infection on the neuropsychological development of HEU infants/young children. METHODS: A total of 141 HEU infants/young children, aged 0-18 months and born to HIV-infected mothers, who were managed in four maternal and child health care hospitals in Yunnan Province of China from June 2019 to December 2020 and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled as the HEU group. A total of 141 HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) infants/young children who were born to healthy mothers and managed in the same hospitals, matched at a ratio of 1:1 based on sex, age, method of birth, birth weight, and gestational age, were enrolled as controls. Griffiths Development Scales-Chinese Edition was used to assess the development in the five domains of locomotion, personal-social, hearing and language, eye-hand co-ordination, and performance (visual perception and space integration ability). A questionnaire survey was performed to collect relevant information. The multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the influence of maternal HIV infection on the neuropsychological development of HEU infants/young children. RESULTS: Compared with the HUU group, the HEU group had significantly higher detection rates of retardation in the domains of hearing and language and performance (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that maternal HIV infection increased the risk of retardation in the domains of hearing and language (OR=2.661, 95%CI: 1.171-6.047, P<0.05) and performance (OR=2.321, 95%CI: 1.156-4.658, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal HIV infection can negatively affect the development of hearing and language and performance in HEU infants/young children, and further studies are needed to clarify related mechanisms.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , HIV , Humanos , Lactente , Mães
17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 112: 109239, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113316

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a dangerous pathogen causing nosocomial pneumonia. P. aeruginosa infection-induced liver damage is another fatal threat, and antibiotic treatment is not effective in relieving P. aeruginosa virulence-triggered damage. We here evaluated the protective effect of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a substance that inhibits virulence of P. aeruginosa through quorum quenching, on liver damage secondary to P. aeruginosa infection. Mice were pretreated with EGCG (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg) for 3 days, and then infected with P. aeruginosa through intratracheal instillation to model acute pneumonia. The mice were sacrificed after 24 h of infection, and samples were harvested for subsequent analysis. EGCG significantly decreased the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Histopathological changes of liver were significantly ameliorated by EGCG. It also significantly reduced oxidative stress that induced liver damage in P. aeruginosa infection, which relied not on the activation of the Nrf2-HO-1 pathway but on the upregulation of the activity of antioxidative enzymes. Then, the inflammatory response in the liver was tested. EGCG inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6) by blocking the inflammation regulating signaling of the TLR4-myD88-NF-κB pathway. EGCG upregulated the activation of nuclear receptors to stronger the liver protective activity against P. aeruginosa infection. Conclusively, EGCG exhibited a significant hepatoprotective effective against P. aeruginosa infection.

18.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high cost, limited availability, and perceived invasiveness of amyloid PET and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers limit their use for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the associations of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with circulating amyloid-ß (Aß), methionine circulating metabolites (MCMs), and their downstream products, and to develop a nomogram based on these easily accessible blood indexes for the individualized prediction of MCI risk in older adults. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, we recruited 74 MCI patients and, for each, 3 matched controls (n = 222) within the context of the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition (TENC) cohort, a population-based prospective study in China. Concentrations of Aß, MCMs, and their circulating downstream factors (i.e., leukocyte telomere length and inflammatory cytokines) were evaluated in fasting blood sample using standard procedures. We constructed a nomogram for MCI harnessed multivariable logistic models incorporating variables selected in the Lasso regression. RESULTS: Among the many biomarkers examined, the final prediction nomogram retained only 3 factors: Aß 42/Aß 40 ratio, Hcy, and SAM/SAH ratio. The model achieved favorable discrimination, with a C-statistic of 0.75 (95% confidence interval 0.69-0.81) in internal validation after adjustment of optimism. The calibration accuracy was satisfactory; the Brier score of the model was 0.161 in internal validation after adjustment of optimism. CONCLUSION: his study presents an individualized prediction nomogram incorporating only three blood biomarkers (i.e., Aß 42/Aß 40 ratio, Hcy, and SAM/SAH ratio), which can be conveniently utilized to facilitate early identification and the development of high-risk prevention strategies for MCI in older adults.

19.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 926482, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111240

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically assess the current related methodological quality of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), revealing the heterogeneity and reasons for guideline recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI. Methods: We searched electronic databases systematically between 2017 and 2021 to find the latest guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) tool was used for quality assessment of the included guidelines. The main recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI in the guidelines were extracted and evaluated for consistency, and the level of evidence supporting these recommendations was further extracted and analysed. Results: Fourteen guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI were finally included in this study. There were four guidelines, BSG and HIS, ASCRS, IDSA AND SHEA, and NICE, with an overall score of more than 60%, which is worthy of clinical recommendation. Further analysis of the consistency of the main recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI in the guidelines showed that the recommendations differed among guidelines. There are no unified classification criteria for the severity of CDI in current studies; some recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI do not provide evidence to support the recommendations, most recommendations cite low levels of evidence, and there is a lack of high-quality research evidence. Conclusion: The quality of guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI is uneven. Recommendations on the diagnosis and treatment of CDI have also varied in the guidelines for the past 5 years. Improvements of the aforementioned factors associated with causing heterogeneity would be a rational approach by guideline developers to further update guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CDI.


Assuntos
Infecções por Clostridium , Infecções por Clostridium/diagnóstico , Infecções por Clostridium/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
20.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129738

RESUMO

An iridium-catalyzed, directing group-enabled site selective intra- and intermolecular silylation of indoles and pyrroles with hydrosilanes has been developed under ligand-free conditions. Fine-tuning of the removable 3-alkyl-2-pyridyl directing group was found to be crucial for achieving high yields for C2-silylated indole and pyrrole products. Moreover, the scalability was demonstrated, and further transformations of the silylation products were achieved.

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