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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1340289, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576423

RESUMO

Purpose: Vector flow mapping and treadmill exercise stress echocardiography were used to evaluate and explore changes in the left ventricular (LV) flow field of patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease. Methods: Overall, 34 patients with nonobstructive (<50%) left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis (case group) and 36 patients with no coronary artery stenosis (control group) were included. Apical four-, three-, and two-chamber echocardiographic images were collected at rest and during early recovery from treadmill exercise. LV flow field, vortex area, and circulation (cir) changes were recorded in different phases: isovolumetric systole (S1), rapid ejection (S2), slow ejection (S3), isovolumetric diastole (D1), rapid filling (D2), slow filling (D3), and atrial systole (D4). Intra- and inter-group differences were compared before and after exercise loading. Results: The control and case groups demonstrated regular trends of eddy current formation and dissipation at rest and under stress. Compared with the control group, the case group had irregular streamline distributions. Abnormal vortices formed in the S1 and D3 apical segments and D1 left ventricular middle segment in the resting group. Compared with the control group, the resting group had decreased left ventricular S1 vortex areas and increased S3 vortex areas. The post-stress D1 and D3 vortex areas and D1 and D2 cir increased. Compared with at rest, after stress, the control group had decreased S1, S3, D2, and D3 vortex areas; increased S2, D1, D3, and D4 cir; and decreased D2 cir. After stress, the case group had decreased S3 and D2 vortex areas, increased D1 vortex areas, and increased S2, D1, D3, and D4 cir (P all < 0.001). Logistic regression and ROC curve analyses show that increased D1 vortex area after stress is an independent risk factor for stenosis in nonobstructive stenosis of coronary arteries (OR: 1.007, 95% CI: 1.005-1.010, P < 0.05). A D1 vortex area cutoff value of 82.26 had an AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.67, 0.655, and 0.726, respectively. Conclusion: The resting left ventricular flow field changed in patients with nonobstructive left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis. Both groups had more disordered left ventricular blood flow after stress. The increased D1 vortex area after stress is an independent risk factor for mild coronary stenosis and may contribute to the assessment of nonobstructive coronary stenosis. VFM combined with treadmill stress is useful in evaluating left ventricular flow field changes in patients with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, which is valuable in the early evaluation of coronary heart disease.

2.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 101, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Immunosuppressive therapy (IST) is the first choice for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) limitation, and the main factor limiting its efficacy is too few residual hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPC). Eltrombopag (EPAG), as a small molecule thrombopoietin receptor agonist, can stimulate the proliferation of residual HSPC and restore the bone marrow hematopoietic function of patients. In recent years, many studies have observed the efficacy and safety of IST combined with EPAG in the treatment of SAA, but the results are still controversial. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of IST combined with or without EPGA in the treatment of SAA. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of all relevant literature published up to January 19, 2024. Pooled odds ratio (OR) was calculated to compare the rates, along with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and p value to assess whether the results were statistically significant by Review Manager 5.4.1. The p values for the interactions between each subgroup were calculated by Stata 15.1. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the Cochrane bias risk assessment tools were respectively used to evaluate the quality of the literature with cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. The Review Manager 5.4.1 and Stata 15.1 were used to assess bias risk and perform the meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies involving 2148 patients were included. The IST combined with the EPAG group had higher overall response rate (ORR) than the IST group at 3 months (pooled OR = 2.10, 95% CI 1.58-2.79, p < 0.00001) and 6 months (pooled OR = 2.13, 95% CI 1.60-2.83, p < 0.00001), but the difference between the two groups became statistically insignificant at 12 months (pooled OR = 1.13, 95% CI 0.75-1.72, p = 0.55). The results of complete response rate (CRR) (pooled OR at 3 months = 2.73, 95% CI 1.83-4.09, p < 0.00001, 6 months = 2.76, 95% CI 2.08-3.67, p < 0.00001 and 12 months = 1.38, 95% CI 0.85-2.23, p = 0.19) were similar to ORR. Compared with the IST group, the IST combined with the EPAG group had better overall survival rate (OSR) (pooled OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.15-2.51, p = 0.008), but there were no statistically significant differences in event-free survival rate (EFSR) (pooled OR = 1.40, 95% CI 0.93-2.13, p = 0.11), clonal evolution rate (pooled OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.46-1.00, p = 0.05) and other adverse events between the two groups. The results of subgroup analysis showed that different ages were a source of heterogeneity, but different study types and different follow-up times were not. Moreover, all p-values for the interactions were greater than 0.05, suggesting that the treatment effect was not influenced by subgroup characteristics. CONCLUSION: EPAG added to IST enables patients to achieve earlier and faster hematologic responses with a higher rate of complete response. Although it had no effect on overall EFSR, it improved OSR and did not increase the incidence of clonal evolution and other adverse events.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Hidrazinas , Imunossupressores , Pirazóis , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Anemia Aplástica/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia Aplástica/epidemiologia , Terapia de Imunossupressão , Benzoatos/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1346364, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567139

RESUMO

Doubled haploid (DH) technology provides an effective way to generate homozygous genetic and breeding materials over a short period of time. We produced three types of homozygous TtMTL gene-edited mutants (mtl-a, mtl-b, and mtl-ab) by CRISPR/Cas9 in durum wheat. PCR restriction enzymes and sequencing confirmed that the editing efficiency was up to 53.5%. The seed-setting rates of the three types of mutants ranged from 20% to 60%. Abnormal grain phenotypes of kernel, embryo, and both embryo and endosperm abortions were observed in the progenies of the mutants. The average frequency of embryo-less grains was 25.3%. Chromosome counting, guard cell length, and flow cytometry confirmed that the haploid induction rate was in the range of 3%-21% in the cross- and self-pollinated progenies of the mtl mutants (mtl-a and mtl-ab). Furthermore, we co-transformed two vectors, pCRISPR/Cas9-MTL and pBD68-(ZmR + ZmC1), into durum wheat, to pyramide Ttmtl-edited mutations and embryo-specifically expressed anthocyanin markers, and developed a homozygous durum haploid inducer with purple embryo (DHIPE). Using DHIPE as the male parent to be crossed with the wild-type Kronos, the grains with white embryos were identified as haploid, while the grains with purple embryos were diploid. These findings will promote the breeding of new tetraploid wheat varieties.

4.
Food Funct ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568797

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the reported links between olive oil intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer morbidity and mortality, and all-cause mortality are inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis is to study the reported correlations of olive oil intake with CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and cancer incidence and mortality, and all-cause mortality. Methods: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched until March 7, 2024. Pooled relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated by the random-effects model. Nonlinear dose-response relationships were modeled with restricted cubic splines. This study has been registered at PROSPERO (CRD42023419001). Results: Overall, 30 articles covering 2 710 351 participants were identified. Higher olive oil intake was linked with a reduced risk of CVD incidence (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.77, 0.93), CHD incidence (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.72, 0.99), CVD mortality (RR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.67, 0.88), and all-cause mortality (RR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.81, 0.89). For a 10 g d-1 increment of olive oil intake, the risk of CVD incidence, stroke incidence, CVD mortality, and all-cause mortality decreased by 7%, 5%, 8%, and 8%, respectively. No association was found between olive oil intake and cancer incidence and mortality. Nonlinear relationships between olive oil intake and CVD and all-cause mortality were observed, with a reduced risk from intakes ranging from 0 to 18 g d-1 and 0 to 22 g d-1, respectively. Conclusion: Our study found that high olive oil intake was related to a lower risk of CVD and CHD incidence and CVD mortality and all-cause mortality.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134169, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565022

RESUMO

Microplastic (MP) pollution poses a significant threat to marine ecosystem and seafood safety. However, comprehensive and comparable assessments of MP profiles and their ecological and health in Chinese farming oysters are lacking. This study utilized laser infrared imaging spectrometer (LDIR) to quantify MPs in oysters and its farming seawater at 18 sites along Chinese coastlines. Results revealed a total of 3492 MPs in farmed oysters and seawater, representing 34 MP types, with 20-100 µm MP fragments being the dominant. Polyurethane (PU) emerged as the predominant MP type in oysters, while polysulfones were more commonly detected in seawater. Notably, oysters from the Bohai Sea exhibited a higher abundance of MPs (13.62 ± 2.02 items/g) and estimated daily microplastic intake (EDI, 2.14 ± 0.26 items/g/kg·bw/day), indicating a greater potential health risk in the area. Meanwhile, seawater from the Yellow Sea displayed a higher level (193.0 ± 110.7 items/L), indicating a greater ecological risk in this region. Given the pervasiveness and abundance of PU and its high correlation with other MP types, we proposed PU as a promising indicator for monitoring and assessing the risk MP pollution in mariculture in China. These findings provide valuable insights into the extent and characteristics of MP pollution in farmed oysters and seawater in China.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obesity has become a major risk of global public health. SMEK1 is also known as a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 4 (PP4). Both PP4 and SMEK1 have been clarified many metabolic functions, including regulating the hepatic gluconeogenesis and glucose transporter gene expression in yeast. Whether SMEK1 participates in obesity and the broader metabolic role in mammals is unknown. Thus we investigated the function of SMEK1 in white adipose tissue and glucose uptake. METHODS: GWAS/GEPIA/GEO database was used to analyze the correlation between SMEK1 and metabolic phenotypes/lipid metabolism related genes/obesity. Smek1 KO mice were generated to identify the role of SMEK1 in obesity and glucose homeostasis. Cell culture and differentiation of SVFs and 3T3-L1 were used to determine the mechanism. 2-NBDG was used to measure the glucose uptake. Compound C was used to confirm the role of AMPK. RESULTS: We elucidated that SMEK1 was correlated to obesity and adipogenesis. Smek1 deletion enhanced adipogenesis in both SVFs and 3T3-L1. Smek1 KO protected mice from obesity, had protective effects on metabolic disorders including insulin resistance and inflammation. Smek1 KO mice have lower level of fasting serum glucose, we found that SMEK1 ablation promoted glucose uptake by increased p-AMPKα(T172) and the transcription of Glut4, when the effect on AMPK-regulated glucose uptake was due to the PP4 catalytic subunits (PPP4C). CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal a novel role of SMEK1 in obesity and glucose homeostasis, providing a potential new therapeutic target for obesity and metabolic dysfunction.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(5): 216, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590565

RESUMO

A 58-year-old male patient was admitted to Peking University First Hospital (Beijing, China) due to recurrent hematuria, proteinuria and kidney dysfunction. The patient was positive for proteinase-3 (PR3)-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA). Pathology of the kidney showed focal proliferative necrotizing glomerulonephritis with crescent formation and immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis. The patient was diagnosed with PR3-ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV), received intensive immunosuppressive therapy and experienced two relapses within 1 year. After admission, aortic valve vegetation was observed via echocardiography. The patient subsequently received antibiotic treatment and valve replacement, and achieved complete remission of kidney and cardiac function. The present case emphasized the importance of identifying secondary reasons for ANCA formation, especially infective endocarditis in patients with PR3-AAV.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587950

RESUMO

As a challenging computer vision task, Scene Graph Generation (SGG) finds the latent semantic relationships among objects from a given image, which may be limited by the datasets and real-world scenarios. In this paper, we consider a novel incremental learning task called Relationship-Incremental Scene Graph Generation (RISGG) that learns the semantic relationships among objects in an incremental way. Compared with classic Class-Incremental Learning (CIL) problem, RISGG suffers from its special issues: (1) Old class shift - the relationship-labeled object pair may have different labels during different learning sessions. (2) Background shift - the relationship-unlabeled object pair may not be a real unlabeled one. In this work, we address the above issues from the following aspects. First, we present a Divide-and-Conquer (DaC) pipeline to deal with the old class shift via decoupling the recognition of relationship classes and recognizing relationships individually. In this way, label confusion and interaction among different relationships are eliminated during training. Second, we propose a Feature Adapter (FA) to bridge the feature space gap between the current session and the previous one and use our extra supervision to mine old relationship information in the current session. Our proposed network combined DaC and FA, abbreviated DaCFA-Net, for RISGG. Experimental results on the benchmark dataset demonstrate the significant performance gain of DaCFA-Net in RISGG. It gains about 20% improvement against the SGG baselines on the popular VG dataset.

9.
Neuroreport ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597275

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to disclose the role of emodin, a natural anthraquinone derivative that has been proposed to suppress microglial activation and inflammation, in morphine tolerance. Here, cell counting kit-8 method assayed the viability of BV2 microglial cells treated by ascending concentrations of emodin. In emodin-pretreated BV2 microglial cells challenged with morphine with or without transfection of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) overexpression plasmids, transwell assay measured cell migration. Immunofluorescence staining and western blot detected the expression of microglial markers. Inflammatory levels were subjected to ELISA and western blot. BODIPY 581/591 C11 assay estimated lipid reactive oxygen species activity. Iron assay kit examined total iron content. Western blot tested the expression of ferroptosis- and TLR4/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB)/NOD-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) pathway-associated proteins. Molecular docking predicted the binding affinity of emodin to TLR4. Emodin was noted to obstruct the migration, activation, inflammatory response, and ferroptosis of BV2 microglial cells induced by morphine. In addition, emodin had a high binding affinity with TLR4 and inactivated TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway in morphine-challenged BV2 microglial cells. Upregulation of TLR4 partially countervailed the protective role of emodin against morphine-elicited BV2 microglial cell migration, activation, inflammation, and ferroptosis. Accordingly, emodin might target TLR4 and act as an inactivator of TLR4/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway, thus inhibiting BV2 microglial activation and inflammation to mitigate morphine tolerance.

10.
Water Res ; 256: 121584, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598950

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are prevalent in various environments on livestock farms, including livestock waste, soil, and groundwater. Contamination of groundwater by ARB and ARGs in livestock farms is a growing concern as it may have potentially huge risks to human health. However, the source of groundwater-borne ARB and ARGs in animal farms remains largely unknown. In this study, different types of samples including groundwater and its potential contamination sources from aboveground (pig feces, wastewater, and soil) from both working and abandoned swine feedlots in southern China were collected and subjected to metagenomic sequencing and ARB isolation. The source tracking based on metagenomic analysis revealed that 56-95 % of ARGs in groundwater was attributable to aboveground sources. Using metagenomic assembly, we found that 45 ARGs predominantly conferring resistance to aminoglycosides, sulfonamides, and tetracyclines could be transferred from the aboveground sources to groundwater, mostly through plasmid-mediated horizontal gene transfer. Furthermore, the full-length nucleotide sequences of sul1, tetA, and TEM-1 detected in ARB isolates exhibited the close evolutionary relationships between aboveground sources and groundwater. Some isolated strains of antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas spp. from aboveground sources and groundwater had the high similarity (average nucleotide identity > 99 %). Notably, the groundwater-borne ARGs were identified as mainly carried by bacterial pathogens, potentially posing risks to human and animal health. Overall, this study underscores the dissemination of ARGs from aboveground sources to groundwater in animal farms and associated risks.

11.
J Environ Manage ; 358: 120818, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599086

RESUMO

Hydrometallurgy is a primary method for recovering cathode electrode materials from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Most of the current research materials are pure cathode electrode materials obtained through manual disassembly. However, the spent LIBs are typically broken as a whole during the actual industrial recycling which makes the electrode materials combined with the collector fluid. Therefore, the competitive leaching between metal collector fluid and electrode material was examined. The pyrolysis characteristics of the electrode materials were analyzed to determine the pyrolysis temperature. The electrode sheet was pyrolyzed and then crushed for competitive leaching. The effect of pyrolysis was analyzed by XPS. The competitive leaching behavior was studied based on leaching agent concentration, leaching time and leaching temperature. The composition and morphology of the residue were determined to prove the competitive leaching results by XRD-SEM. TG results showed that 500 °C was the suitable pyrolysis temperature. XPS analysis demonstrated that pyrolysis can completely remove PVDF. Li and Co were preferentially leached during the competitive leaching while the leaching rates were 90.10% and 93.40% with 50 min leaching at 70 °C. The Al and Cu had weak competitive leachability and the leaching rate was 29.10% and 0.00%. XRD-SEM analysis showed that Li and Co can be fully leached with residual Al and Cu remaining. The results showed that the mixed leaching of electrode materials is feasible based on its excellent selective leaching properties.

12.
J Diabetes ; 16(4): e13540, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) serve pivotal functions in hepatic insulin resistance (IR). Our aim was to explore the potential role of MAMs in mitigating hepatic IR through exercise and to compare the effects of different intensities of exercise on hepatic MAMs formation in high-fat diet (HFD) mice. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice were fed an HFD and randomly assigned to undergo supervised high-intensity interval training (HIIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). IR was evaluated using the serum triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C), glucose tolerance test (GTT), and insulin tolerance test (ITT). Hepatic steatosis was observed using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and oil red O staining. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (PI3K-AKT-GSK3ß) signaling pathway was assessed to determine hepatic IR. MAMs were evaluated through immunofluorescence (colocalization of voltage-dependent anion-selective channel 1 [VDAC1] and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor [IP3R]). RESULTS: After 8 weeks on an HFD, there was notable inhibition of the hepatic PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway, accompanied by a marked reduction in hepatic IP3R-VDAC1 colocalization levels. Both 8-week HIIT and MICT significantly enhanced the hepatic PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling and colocalization levels of IP3R-VDAC1 in HFD mice, with MICT exhibiting a stronger effect on hepatic MAMs formation. Furthermore, the colocalization of hepatic IP3R-VDAC1 positively correlated with the expression levels of phosphorylation of protein kinase B (p-AKT) and phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (p-GSK3ß), while displaying a negative correlation with serum triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. CONCLUSION: The reduction in hepatic MAMs formation induced by HFD correlates with the development of hepatic IR. Both HIIT and MICT effectively bolster hepatic MAMs formation in HFD mice, with MICT demonstrating superior efficacy. Thus, MAMs might wield a pivotal role in exercise-induced alleviation of hepatic IR.

13.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1357686, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600946

RESUMO

Fragility fractures, which are more prevalent in women, may be significantly influenced by autophagy due to altered bone turnover. As an essential mediator of autophagy, Beclin-1 modulates bone homeostasis by regulating osteoclast and chondrocyte differentiation, however, the alteration in the local bone mechanical environment in female Beclin-1+/- mice remains unclear. In this study, our aim is to investigate the biomechanical behavior of femurs from seven-month-old female wild-type (WT) and Beclin-1+/- mice under peak physiological load, using finite element analysis on micro-CT images. Micro-CT imaging analyses revealed femoral cortical thickening in Beclin-1+/- female mice compared to WT. Three-point bending test demonstrated a 63.94% increase in whole-bone strength and a 61.18% increase in stiffness for female Beclin-1+/- murine femurs, indicating improved biomechanical integrity. After conducting finite element analysis, Beclin-1+/- mice exhibited a 26.99% reduction in von Mises stress and a 31.62% reduction in maximum principal strain in the femoral midshaft, as well as a 36.64% decrease of von Mises stress in the distal femurs, compared to WT mice. Subsequently, the strength-safety factor was determined using an empirical formula, revealing that Beclin-1+/- mice exhibited significantly higher minimum safety factors in both the midshaft and distal regions compared to WT mice. In summary, considering the increased response of bone adaptation to mechanical loading in female Beclin-1+/- mice, our findings indicate that increasing cortical bone thickness significantly improves bone biomechanical behavior by effectively reducing stress and strain within the femoral shaft.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 275: 116275, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564858

RESUMO

Compound pollution with cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) is common in nature. The effects of compounded Cd and Zn on the growth and development of Iris pseudacorus in the environment and the plant's potential to remediate heavy metals in the environment remain unclear. In this study, the effects of single and combined Cd and Zn stress on I. pseudacorus growth and the enrichment of heavy metals in I. pseudacorus seedlings were investigated. The results showed that under Cd (160 µM) and Zn (800 µM) stress, plant growth was significantly inhibited and photosynthetic performance was affected. Cd+Zn200 (160 µM + 200 µM) reduced the levels of malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide, and non-protein thiols by 31.29%, 53.20%, and 13.29%, respectively, in the aboveground tissues compared with levels in the single Cd treatment. However, Cd+Zn800 (160 µM + 800 µM) had no effect. Cd and Zn800 inhibited the absorption of mineral elements, while Zn200 had little effect on plants. Compared with that for Cd treatment alone, Cd + Zn200 and Cd+Zn800 reduced the Cd content in aboveground tissues by 54.15% and 49.92%, respectively, but had no significant effect on Cd in the root system. Zn significantly reduced the Cd content in subcellular components and limited the content and proportion of Cd extracted using water and ethanol. These results suggest that a low supply of Zn reduces Cd accumulation in aboveground tissues by promoting antioxidant substances and heavy metal chelating agents, thus protecting the photosynthetic systems. The addition of Zn also reduced the mobility and bioavailability of Cd to alleviate its toxicity in I. pseudacorus.

15.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1346226, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515838

RESUMO

Guipi wan (GPW) is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used in clinical practice, typically to treat neurological diseases such as neurasthenia and traumatic brain injury. It may have positive effects on cerebral ischemia‒reperfusion injury (cI/R). This study aimed to assess the effects of GPW in a mouse model of cI/R and find its possible targets. C57BL/6J mice were used to establish the cI/R model, and the laser speckle doppler was used to determine the success of the model. GPW was administered intragastrically for 7 days, brain tissue sections were stained with TTC, HE, and TUNEL, Western blot assay was performed to detect the effect of apoptosis-related proteins. Furthermore, we screened active ingredients from the TCM Database and constructed a compound‒target network using the Cytoscape 3.8.0 software. Moreover, we employed protein‒protein interaction and component‒target‒pathway network analyses to determine the potential components of GPW and its target genes, the key target was verified through molecular docking. Finally, we detected the influence of the downstream signaling pathway of the target through Western blot. The results showed that GPW decreased the cerebral infarction area, neurological function scores, and neuronal apoptosis in mice by regulating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Network analysis indicated that gamma-aminobutyric acid B receptor 1 (GABBR1) might be a potential target for the treatment of cI/R. Molecular docking indicated that 9 active components in GPW could bind to GABBR1 with desirable binding energy. This study represented the demonstratable effect of GPW in the treatment of cI/R injury and suggested GABBR1 as a potential target using network analysis.

16.
Protoplasma ; 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519772

RESUMO

Soil salinization leads to a reduction in arable land area, which seriously endangers food security. Developing saline-alkali land has become a key measure to address the contradiction between population growth and limited arable land. Rice is the most important global food crop, feeding half of the world's population and making it a suitable choice for planting on saline-alkali lands. The traditional salt-alkali improvement method has several drawbacks. Currently, non-thermal plasma (NTP) technology is being increasingly applied in agriculture. However, there are few reports on the cultivation of salt/alkali-tolerant rice. Under alkaline stress, argon NTP treatment significantly increased the germination rate of Longdao 5 (LD5) rice seeds. In addition, at 15 kV and 120 s, NTP treatment significantly increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase and SOD. NTP treatment induced changes in genes related to salt-alkali stress in rice seedlings, such as chitinase and xylanase inhibitor proteins, which increased the tolerance of the seeds to salt-alkali stress. This experiment has expanded the application scope of NTP in agriculture, providing a more cost-effective, less harmful, and faster method for developing salt-alkali-tolerant rice and laying a theoretical foundation for cultivating NTP-enhanced salt-alkali-tolerant rice.

17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 723, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deep learning (DL), a specialized form of machine learning (ML), is valuable for forecasting survival in various diseases. Its clinical applicability in real-world patients with gastric cancer (GC) has yet to be extensively validated. METHODS: A combined cohort of 11,414 GC patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database and 2,846 patients from a Chinese dataset were utilized. The internal validation of different algorithms, including DL model, traditional ML models, and American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage model, was conducted by training and testing sets on the SEER database, followed by external validation on the Chinese dataset. The performance of the algorithms was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, decision curve, and calibration curve. RESULTS: DL model demonstrated superior performance in terms of the area under the curve (AUC) at 1, 3, and, 5 years post-surgery across both datasets, surpassing other ML models and AJCC stage model, with AUCs of 0.77, 0.80, and 0.82 in the SEER dataset and 0.77, 0.76, and 0.75 in the Chinese dataset, respectively. Furthermore, decision curve analysis revealed that the DL model yielded greater net gains at 3 years than other ML models and AJCC stage model, and calibration plots at 3 years indicated a favorable level of consistency between the ML and actual observations during external validation. CONCLUSIONS: DL-based model was established to accurately predict the survival rate of postoperative patients with GC.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Povo Asiático , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , População norte-americana
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 41(3): 377-384, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448032

RESUMO

Since genetic research entered the post-genomic era, the high heritability of language disorders has been confirmed. A variety of genetic-related diseases may cause various types of language disorders in children and/or adults. This article has summarized language disorders and their underlying mechanisms by searching the Web of Science database over the last decade, and combed the genetic researches for dyslexia, frontotemporal degeneration, specific language disorder, childhood speech apraxia and other single diseases that are strongly associated with the language disorders. It also provided a discussion over the co-occurrence of multiple diseases, with an aim to revealing the genetic association and/or pathogenetic mechanism in order to provide inspiration for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of language disorders.


Assuntos
Genômica , Transtornos da Linguagem , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos da Linguagem/genética , Atrofia , Pesquisa em Genética
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424732

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease caused by excessive discharge of brain neurons. Long-term recurrent seizures bring a lot of trouble to patients and their families. Prediction of different stages of epilepsy is of great significance. We extract pearson correlation coefficients (PCC) between channels in different frequency bands as features of EEG signals for epilepsy stages prediction. However, the features are of large feature dimension and serious multi-collinearity. To eliminate these adverse influence, the combination of traditional dimension reduction method principal component analysis (PCA) and logistic regression method with regularization term is proposed to avoid over-fitting and achieve the feature sparsity. The experiments are conducted on the widely used CHB-MIT dataset using different regularization terms L1 and L2, respectively. The proposed method identifies various stages of epilepsy quickly and efficiently, and it presents the best average accuracy of 94.86%, average precision of 96.71%, average recall of 93.48%, average kappa value of 0.90 and average Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) value of 0.90 for all patients.

20.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299325, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457423

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Vertebral compression fractures are often treated with vertebroplasty, and filling the injured vertebrae with bone cement is a key part of vertebroplasty. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of mineralized collagen-polymethylmethacrylate (MC-PMMA) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures by vertebroplasty. METHODS: A computerized search of the published literature on mineralized collagen-polymethylmethacrylate and polymethylmethacrylate bone cement in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures was conducted in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library. The search was carried out from the time the database was created to March 2023 and 2 researchers independently conducted literature searches to retrieve a total of 884 studies, of which 12 were included in this meta-analysis. Cochrane systematic review methods were used to assess the quality of the literature and a meta-analysis was performed using ReviewManager 5.4 software. RESULTS: The results of the present meta-analysis showed that in postoperative adjacent vertebral fractures [OR = 0.25; 95% CI (0.15, 0.41)], postoperative cement leakage [OR = 0.45; 95% CI (0.30, 0.68)], Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores in the first 3 days after surgery [OR = -0.22; 95% CI (-0.42, -0.03)], ODI score at 6-12 months postoperatively [OR = -0.65; 95% CI (-0.97, -0.32)], visual analog scale (VAS) score at 6-12 months postoperatively [OR = -0.21; 95% CI (-0.46, 0.04)], and 1-year postoperative CT values [OR = 5.56; 95% CI (3.06, 8.06)], the MC-PMMA bone cement group was superior to the PMMA bone cement group. However, the differences between the two groups were not statistically different in terms of cement filling time, cement filling volume, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospitalization time, postoperative (<1 week, 3-6 months) vertebral body posterior convexity Cobb's angle, postoperative (<1 week, 6-12 months) vertebral body anterior margin relative height, postoperative (≤3 days, 1-3 months) pain VAS score and postoperative (1-3 months) ODI score. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with PMMA bone cement, the application of MC-PMMA bone cement is advantageous in reducing postoperative complications (adjacent vertebral fracture rate, cement leakage rate), pain relief, and functional recovery in the long-term postoperative period (>6 months), but there is still a need for more high-quality randomized controlled studies to provide more adequate evidence.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Cifoplastia , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Vertebroplastia , Humanos , Cimentos Ósseos/uso terapêutico , Cimentos Ósseos/química , Colágeno , Fraturas por Compressão/cirurgia , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/cirurgia , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Polimetil Metacrilato/uso terapêutico , Polimetil Metacrilato/química , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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