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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1356286, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572308

RESUMO

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is associated with aberrant gene expression that is a common peripheral vascular disease. Here, we aimed to elucidate that the epigenetic modification of forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) at the post-transcriptional level, which might be the key trigger leading to the down-regulation of FOXP3 expression in DVT. Methods: In order to explore the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and FOXP3, mRNA and microRNA microarray analysis were performed. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the upstream miRNAs of FOXP3. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry and Western blot were used to detect the relative expression of miR-6132 and FOXP3. Additionally, DVT models were established to investigate the role of miR-6132 by Murine Doppler Ultrasound and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Results: Microarray and flow cytometry results showed that the FOXP3 expression was decreased while miR-6132 level was increased substantially in DVT, and there was significant negative correlation between miR-6132 and FOXP3. Moreover, we discovered that overexpressed miR-6132 reduced FOXP3 expression and aggravated DVT formation, while miR-6132 knockdown increased FOXP3 expression and alleviated DVT formation. Dual luciferase reporter assay validated the direct binding of miR-6132 to FOXP3. Conclusion: Collectively, our data elucidate a new avenue through which up-regulated miR-6132 contributes to the formation and progression of DVT by inhibiting FOXP3 expression.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 418, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to develop and validate a machine learning (ML)-based fusion model to preoperatively predict Ki-67 expression levels in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A total of 351 patients with pathologically proven HNSCC from two medical centers were retrospectively enrolled in the study and divided into training (n = 196), internal validation (n = 84), and external validation (n = 71) cohorts. Radiomics features were extracted from T2-weighted images and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images and screened. Seven ML classifiers, including k-nearest neighbors (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), linear discriminant analysis (LDA), naive Bayes (NB), and eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) were trained. The best classifier was used to calculate radiomics (Rad)-scores and combine clinical factors to construct a fusion model. Performance was evaluated based on calibration, discrimination, reclassification, and clinical utility. RESULTS: Thirteen features combining multiparametric MRI were finally selected. The SVM classifier showed the best performance, with the highest average area under the curve (AUC) of 0.851 in the validation cohorts. The fusion model incorporating SVM-based Rad-scores with clinical T stage and MR-reported lymph node status achieved encouraging predictive performance in the training (AUC = 0.916), internal validation (AUC = 0.903), and external validation (AUC = 0.885) cohorts. Furthermore, the fusion model showed better clinical benefit and higher classification accuracy than the clinical model. CONCLUSIONS: The ML-based fusion model based on multiparametric MRI exhibited promise for predicting Ki-67 expression levels in HNSCC patients, which might be helpful for prognosis evaluation and clinical decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Humanos , Teorema de Bayes , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586954

RESUMO

Huai Yam (Dioscoreae Rhizoma) contains many active ingredients such as flavonoids, saponins, and amino acids. In this study, an efficient method for the classification and rapid identification of yam components was established based on UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS and data post-processing techniques. First, the mass spectrometry information including the characteristic fragmentations (CFs) and neutral losses (NLs) of yam reported in the literature were summarised and a database of compounds was established. Then, the mass spectrometry data detected by the yam sample are compared with those described in database for rapid identification of target compounds. Finally, 60 compounds were identified, including 18 flavones, 2 saponins, 10 amino acids, 7 organic acids, 3 carbohydrates, 8 fatty acids and 12 others. A new strategy for identifying target constituents based on CFs and NLs was successfully established, laying the foundation for further research on yam and promoting the development of composition analysis of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM).

4.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1367950, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585354

RESUMO

Background and objective: Futile recanalization (FR) is defined as patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to large vessel occlusion who still exhibits functional dependence although undergoing successful mechanical thrombectomy (MT). We aimed to develop and validate a simple nomogram for predicting the probability of FR after MT treatment in AIS patients. Methods: Clinical data of AIS patients in the Jrecan clinical trial in China from March 2018 to June 2019 were collected as the derivation set (n = 162). Meanwhile, clinical data of AIS patients who underwent MT in Baotou Central Hospital and Ningbo No.2 Hospital from 2019 to 2021 were collected as the validation set (n = 170). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed for all variables that had p < 0.2 in the univariate analysis in the derivation set. The independent risk factors of FR were further screened out and a nomogram was constructed. The performance of the nomogram was analyzed in the derivation and validation set using C-index, calibration plots, and decision curves. Results: No significant difference in FR rate was detected between the derivation set and the validation set [88/162 (54.32%) and 82/170 (48.23%), p = 0.267]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥ 65 years old (OR = 2.096, 95%CI 1.024-4.289, p = 0.043), systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 180 mmHg (OR = 5.624, 95%CI 1.141-27.717, p = 0.034), onset to recanalization time (OTR) ≥ 453 min (OR = 2.759, 95%CI 1.323-5.754, p = 0.007), 24 h intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH; OR = 4.029, 95%CI 1.844 ~ 8.803, p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for FR. The C-index of the nomogram of the derivation set and the verification set were 0.739 (95%CI 0.662~0.816) and 0.703 (95%CI 0.621~0.785), respectively. Conclusion: The nomogram composed of age, SBP, OTR, and 24 h ICH can effectively predict the probability of FR after MT in AIS patients.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(9): 1685-1690, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38576732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) do not respond well to, or tolerate conventional and biological therapies. There is currently no consensus on the treatment of refractory UC. Studies have demonstrated that the selective Janus kinase 1 inhibitor upadacitinib, a small-molecule drug, is effective and safe for treating UC. However, no studies have revealed that upadacitinib is effective in treating refractory UC with primary nonresponse to infliximab and vedolizumab. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 44-year-old male patient with a chief complaint of bloody diarrhoea with mucus and pus, in addition to dizziness. The patient had recurrent disease after receiving mesalazine, prednisone, azathioprine, infliximab and vedolizumab over four years. Based on the endoscopic findings and pathological biopsy, the patient was diagnosed with refractory UC. In particular, the patient showed primary nonresponse to infliximab and vedolizumab. Based on the patient's history and recurrent disease, we decided to administer upadacitinib. During hospitalisation, the patient was received upadacitinib under our guidance. Eight weeks after the initiation of upadacitinib treatment, the patient's symptoms and endoscopic findings improved significantly. No notable adverse reactions have been reported to date. CONCLUSION: Our case report suggests that upadacitinib may represent a valuable strategy for treating refractory UC with primary nonresponse.

7.
J Vis Exp ; (206)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557944

RESUMO

This corrects the article 10.3791/65975.

8.
J Endocr Soc ; 8(5): bvae047, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562131

RESUMO

Context: Selecting appropriate individuals for genetic testing is essential due to the optimal treatment for maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). However, how to effectively screen for MODY in China remains unclear. Objective: To validate the performance of current screening strategies in selecting patients with MODY based on a nationwide type 2 diabetes cohort. Methods: A panel of 14 MODY genes was analyzed from 1911 type 2 diabetes patients who were ages 15 to 35 years. Variants were evaluated according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines. Based on this cohort, we simulated the 2 most frequently used screening strategies, including the traditional MODY criteria and the MODY probability calculator (MPC), to assess their ability to select patients with MODY. Results: From a total of 1911 participants, 42 participants harbored pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants. The performance of the traditional criteria was sensitivity: 19.0%, specificity: 72.9%, positive predictive value (PPV): 1.6%, and missing rate: 81.0%. The optimal cut-off for MPC was 40.7%. Based on this cut-off value, the performance was sensitivity: 54.8%, specificity: 81.0%, PPV: 6.1%, and missing rate: 45.2%. Moreover, hemoglobin A1c, insulin treatment, and family history of diabetes have poor discrimination between MODY and young-onset type 2 diabetes. Conclusion: The MPC is better than traditional criteria in terms of both sensitivity and PPV. To ensure more MODY patients benefit from optimal treatment, we therefore suggest that routine genetic testing be performed on all type 2 diabetes patients who are between the ages of 15 and35 years and have MPC probability value over 40.7%.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567862

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Involuntary detention is a legislative power that allows people to be taken against their will for a mandatory mental health assessment and is known to be a restrictive and traumatizing process for patients. While there is some literature examining police/ambulance and mental health worker co-response models, the conclusions are mixed as to whether they reduce rates of involuntary detentions in mentally ill people. The Police, Ambulance, Clinician Early Response (PACER) model is an example of a tri-response mental health crisis response team whose role is to respond and assess people thought to be experiencing a mental health crisis. There is little literature to determine whether PACER tri-response model reduces incidents of involuntary detention when compared with standard police and/or ambulance responses. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper describes the outcomes of patients assessed by a PACER team, compared with patients who were assessed by police or ambulance. It demonstrates that PACER may reduce unnecessary involuntary detentions through expert mental health assessment for patients coming to emergency services for assistance. It is one of only two published studies examining a tri-response model. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: The results of this study may support health and policing policymakers to implement PACER models as a means of reducing involuntary detentions, reducing demand for emergency departments, reducing time spent by emergency services responding to people experiencing mental health crisis and improving outcomes for people with mental illness. ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Involuntary detention is a common method of enforcing mental health assessment and treatment; however, it is associated with poor patient outcomes and high emergency service and hospital demand. AIM: To examine the association between (1) Police, Ambulance, Clinician, Early Response (PACER) model, (2) police or (3) ambulance response and rates of involuntary detention of mentally ill people. METHODS: A retrospective observational study using routine administrative data in an Australian City, over a 12-month period (2019-2020). RESULTS: Over a 12-month period, 8577 people received crisis mental health intervention in the study setting. We observed an 18% increase in the relative risk of being involuntarily detained by police, and a 640% increase in the relative risk of being detained by ambulance. The PACER team detained 10% of their total presentations, as compared with 12% by police and 74% by ambulance. Involuntary detentions enacted by PACER were more likely to convert to a post-detention hospitalization (72%), when compared with police (27%) and ambulance (17%). DISCUSSION: PACER was associated with lower rates of involuntary detention and higher rates of post-detention hospitalization when compared to police and ambulance response. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: PACER cohort experience more positive outcomes than with police or ambulance cohorts.

10.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28680, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590901

RESUMO

Background: Bruck syndrome (BS) is an extremely rare autosomal-recessive connective tissue disorder mainly characterized by bone fragility, congenital joint contracture, and spinal deformity. It is also considered as a rare form of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) due to features of osteopenia and fragility fractures. Its two forms, BS1 and BS2, are caused by pathogenic variations in FKBP10 and PLOD2, respectively. Objective: We aimed to improve the clinical understanding of BS by presenting a case from China and to identify the genetic variants that led to this case. Methods: OI was suspected in a Chinese boy with a history of recurrent long bone fractures, lumbar kyphosis, and dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI). Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed to identify pathogenic variations. Sanger sequencing was used to confirm the results of the WES. In silico analysis was used to predict the pathogenicity of genetic variants. Results: WES and Sanger sequencing revealed a compound heterozygous variation in the FKBP10 gene (NM_021939, c.23dupG in exon 1, and c.825dupC in exon 5). Both variants resulted in a frameshift and premature stop codon. Of these two variants, c.23dupG has not been previously reported. The patient's parents were heterozygous carriers of one variant. In addition, zoledronic acid treatment improved the vertebral deformity and bone mineral density (BMD) significantly in this patient. Conclusions: A novel compound heterozygous variation of FKBP10, c.23dupG/c.825dupC, was identified in a patient with moderately severe OI. Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with BS1 without congenital joint contractures or OI type XI. This study expands the spectrum of FKBP10 genetic variants that cause BS and OI.

11.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590166

RESUMO

Photosynthesis is a major trait of interest for development of high-yield crop plants. However, little is known about the effects of high-density planting on photosynthetic responses at the whole-canopy level. Using the high-yielding maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars 'LY66', 'MC670', and 'JK968', we here conducted a two-year field experiment to assess ear development in addition to leaf characteristics and photosynthetic parameters in each canopy layer at four planting densities. Increased planting density promoted high grain yield and population-scale biomass accumulation despite reduced per-plant productivity. MC670 had the strongest adaptability to high-density planting conditions. Physiological analysis showed that increased planting density primarily led to decreases in the single-leaf area above the ear for LY66 and MC670 and below the ear for JK968. Furthermore, high planting density decreased chlorophyll content and the photosynthetic rate due to decreased canopy transmission, leading to severe decreases in single-plant biomass accumulation in the lower canopy. Moreover, increased planting density improved pre-silking biomass transfer, especially in the lower canopy. Yield showed significant positive relationships with photosynthesis and biomass in the lower canopy, demonstrating the important contributions of these leaves to grain yield under dense planting conditions. Increased planting density led to retarded ear development as a consequence of reduced glucose and fructose contents in the ears, indicating reductions in sugar transport that were associated with limited sink organ development, reduced kernel number, and yield loss. Overall, these findings highlighted the photosynthetic capacities of the lower canopy as promising targets for improving maize yield under dense planting conditions.

12.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-20, 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556904

RESUMO

Phospholipids (PL) have garnered significant attention due to their physiological activities. Milk and other dairy products are important dietary sources for humans and have been extensively used to analyze the presence of PL by various analytical techniques. In this paper, the analysis techniques of PL were reviewed with the eight trigrams of phospholipidomics and a comprehensive fingerprint of 1295 PLs covering 8 subclasses in milk and other dairy products, especially. Technology is the primary productive force. Based on phospholipidomics technology, we further review the relationship between the composition of PL and factors that may be involved in processing and experimental operation, and emphasized the significance of the biological role played by PL in dietary supplements and biomarkers (production, processing and clinical research), and providing the future research directions.

13.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600785

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and defence hormones like salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) play pivotal roles in triggering cell death. However, the precise mechanism governing the interaction between ROS and SA/JA remains elusive. Recently, our research revealed that RNAi mutants with suppressed expression of PROGRAMMED CELL DEATH8 (PCD8) exhibit an overabundance of tetrapyrrole intermediates, particularly uroporphyrinogen III (Uro III), leading to the accumulation of singlet oxygen (1O2) during the transition from darkness to light, thereby instigating leaf necrosis. In this investigation, we uncovered that 1O2 stimulates biosynthesis of SA and JA, activating SA/JA signalling and the expression of responsive genes in PCD8 RNAi (pcd8) mutants. Introducing NahG or knocking out PAD4 or NPR1 significantly alleviates the cell death phenotype of pcd8 mutants, while coi1 partially mitigates the pcd8 phenotype. Further exploration revealed that EX1 and GUN1 can partially rescue the pcd8 phenotype by reducing the levels of Uro III and 1O2. Notably, mutations in EX1 mutations but not GUN1, substantially diminish SA content in pcd8 mutants compared to the wild type, implying that EX1 acts as the primary mediator of 1O2 signalling-mediated SA biosynthesis. Moreover, the triple ex1 gun1 pcd8 displays a phenotype similar to ex1. Overall, our findings underscore that the 1O2-induced cell death phenotype requires EX1/GUN1-mediated retrograde signalling in pcd8 mutants, providing novel insights into the interplay between ROS and SA/JA.

14.
Technol Health Care ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychrophilic bacteria can survive in a unique living environment. OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of low temperature adaptation and the physiological function of thermophilic metabolic genes. METHOD: Serratia marcescens strain F13 stored in microbial laboratory was cultured at 5∘C, 10∘C and 25∘C respectively, and the obtained strains were sequenced by high-throughput transcriptome. Serratia marcescens strain CAV1761 was used as the reference strain. The data produced by transcriptome sequencing were statistically analyzed by biostatistics software such as soapnuke, soap and edger. The differentially expressed genes were found based on the gene expression, and analyzed by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. RESULTS: The results showed that there were 718 differential genes in F13-10 vs F13-5 comparison group, 1614 differential genes in F13-25 vs F13-5 comparison group and 1636 differential genes in F13-25 vs F13-10 comparison group. GO function enrichment analysis showed that the GO term mainly enriched by different genes in the three comparison groups was mostly related to the migration and transport of cellular or subcellular components, cell localization and transmembrane transporter activity, as well as cilia or flagella dependent cell movement. In the enrichment analysis of KEGG pathway, the three comparison groups all enriched the largest number of differential genes in the branch pathway of KEGG metabolism, followed by the branch pathway of environmental information processing. CONCLUSION: In F13-10 vs F13-5, the differential genes were mainly concentrated in 20 pathways such as ATP-binding cassette transport (ABC) transporters, thiamine metabolism and flagella assembly; In F13-25 vs F13-5, the differential genes are mainly concentrated in 20 pathways, such as (ABC) transporters, arginine and proline metabolism, two-component system and so on; In F13-25 vs F13-10, the differential genes are mainly concentrated in 20 pathways such as various types of glycan synthesis, two-component system and arginine metabolism.

15.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 265(Pt 2): 131031, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518930

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of citric acid-autoclaving (CA-A) treatment on physicochemical and digestive properties of the native ginseng starches were investigated. The results showed that ginseng starch exhibited a B-type crystal structure with a low onset pasting temperature of 44.23 ± 0.80 °C, but high peak viscosity and setback viscosity of 5897.34 ± 53.72 cP and 692.00 ± 32.36 cP, respectively. The granular morphology, crystal and short-range ordered structure of ginseng starches were destroyed after CA-A treatment. The more short-chain starches were produced, resulting in the ginseng starches solubility increased. In addition, autoclaving, citric acid (CA) and CA-A treatment promoted polymerization and recrystallization of starch molecules, increased the proportion of amylopectin B1, and B3 chains, and improved molecular weight and resistant starch (RS) content of ginseng starches. The most significant multi-scale structural change was induced by CA-A treatment, which reduced the relative crystallinity of ginseng starch from 28.26 ± 0.24 % to 2.75 ± 0.08 %, and increased the content of RS to 54.30 ± 0.14 %. These findings provided a better understanding of the structure and properties of Chinese ginseng starches and offered new ideas for the deep processing of ginseng foods.

16.
Pediatr Res ; 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519796

RESUMO

IMPACT: This study reveals the effects of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the transcriptome of CD71+ erythroid cells (CECs) in cord blood. It highlights the role of CECs in immunosuppressive function and identifies potential mechanisms linking GDM to adverse outcomes in offspring. This understanding might lead to improved strategies for managing and preventing adverse outcomes in infants born to mothers with GDM.

17.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 95: 104007, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38520944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine different trajectories of cognitive changes in elderly adults and explore the mediating role of depressive symptoms. DESIGN: A 7-year, community-based, prospective cohort study. SETTING: The downtown neighborhood of Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 394 older adults, with an average age of 71.8 years, was recruited in 2015 and has been reassessed every two years until 2021. METHODS: Latent Class Growth Analysis was used to model aging trajectories and Linear Mixed-Effect Models for Repeated Measures were used to estimate the least squares mean changes of cognition between subjects with depression (DEP+) and without (DEP-) across all visits. RESULTS: Three cognitive trajectories were identified: the "successful aging" (SA) trajectory had the best and most consistent performance (n=229, 55.9%); the "normal aging" (NA) trajectory showed lower but stable cognition (n=141, 37.3%); while the "cognitive decline" (CD) trajectory displayed poor and declining cognition (n=24, 6.8%). Depressive symptoms were found to be influential across all trajectories. In the CD trajectory, the MoCA scores of the DEP+ group increased in within-group comparisons and were significantly higher than those of the DEP- group at visits 1 and 3 in between-group comparisons. A similar trend was observed in the NA trajectory, though it did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Our research suggests that mild and decreasing depressive symptoms can be a reversible factor that might slow down the irreversible cognitive decline in the elderly. Therefore, we suggest that even mild depressive symptoms in the elderly should be monitored and detected.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 469: 133932, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484659

RESUMO

The extensive use of aluminum (Al) poses an escalating ecological risk to aquatic ecosystems. The epiphytic biofilm on submerged plant leaves plays a crucial role in the regulation nutrient cycling and energy flow within aquatic environments. Here, we conducted a mesocosm experiment aimed at elucidating the impact of different Al concentrations (0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.0 mg/L) on microbial communities in epiphytic biofilms on Vallisneria natans. At 1.2 mg/L, the highest biofilms thickness (101.94 µm) was observed. Al treatment at 2.0 mg/L significantly reduced bacterial diversity, while micro-eukaryotic diversity increased. Pseudomonadota and Bacteroidota decreased, whereas Cyanobacteriota increased at 1.2 mg/L and 2.0 mg/L. At 1.2 and 2.0 mg/L. Furthermore, Al at concentrations of 1.2 and 2.0 mg/L enhanced the bacterial network complexity, while micro-eukaryotic networks showed reduced complexity. An increase in positive correlations among microbial co-occurrence patterns from 49.51% (CK) to 57.05% (2.0 mg/L) was indicative of augmented microbial cooperation under Al stress. The shift in keystone taxa with increasing Al concentration pointed to alterations in the functional dynamics of microbial communities. Additionally, Al treatments induced antioxidant responses in V. natans, elevating leaf reactive oxygen species (ROS) content. This study highlights the critical need to control appropriate concentration Al concentrations to preserve microbial diversity, sustain ecological functions, and enhance lake remediation in aquatic ecosystems.


Assuntos
Hydrocharitaceae , Microbiota , Alumínio/toxicidade , Biofilmes , Folhas de Planta , Interações Microbianas
19.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 46(1): 49-54, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433631

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of Lemiancao on insomnia in the patients with depressive disorder. Methods Totally 79 patients diagnosed with both insomnia and depressive disorder from February to August in 2022 in Peking University Sixth Hospital were selected and classified into a control group(n=40) and a Lemiancao group(n=39).The Lemiancao group received routine nursing and medical treatment combined with Lemiancao training in the morning and evening every day,while the control group received routine nursing and medical treatment.The sleep status was evaluated based on the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI),insomnia severity index(ISI),and 36-item short-form health survey(SF-36) before and after treatment. Results The general information of patients showed no significant difference between the two groups(all P>0.05).After a 2-week intervention with Lemiancao training,the Lemiancao group showed lower PSQI and ISI scores and higher SF-36 score than the control group(all P<0.001). Conclusion Lemiancao training has therapeutic effects on insomnia in the patients with depressive disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Sono , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Transtorno Depressivo/complicações
20.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 46(1): 104-110, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433639

RESUMO

As the incidence of cognitive impairment increases year by year,early screening and prevention of emerging cognitive impairment can be considered as a major challenge in the current healthcare system around the world.With the rapid development of Internet technology and its deep empowerment in all aspects of medical treatment,cognitive and psychological intervention for the elderly has entered the era of digital therapeutics.The low consultation rate and high missed diagnosis rate of cognitive impairment increase the care costs,causing a heavy burden on the families and the society.Therefore,it is imperative to improve the screening and popularize the electronic assessment of cognitive impairment in the elderly.This article reviews the electronic assessment tools for cognitive impairment in the elderly that have emerged at home and abroad in recent years,aiming to promote the popularization of intelligent assessment in communities and achieve early screening and timely intervention of cognitive impairment in the elderly.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Idoso , Humanos , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Internet
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