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1.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611265

RESUMO

Natural polymer-based adhesive hydrogels have garnered significant interest for their outstanding strength and versatile applications, in addition to being eco-friendly. However, the adhesive capabilities of purely natural products are suboptimal, which hampers their practical use. To address this, we engineered carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) surfaces with complementary bases, adenine (A) and thymine (T), to facilitate the self-assembly of adhesive hydrogels (CMC-AT) with a nanofiber configuration. Impressively, the shear adhesive strength reached up to 6.49 MPa with a mere 2% adhesive concentration. Building upon this innovation, we conducted a comparative analysis of the shear adhesion properties between CMC and CMC-AT hydrogel adhesives when applied to delignified and non-delignified wood chips. We examined the interplay between the adhesives and the substrate, as well as the role of mechanical interlocking in overall adhesion performance. Our findings offer a fresh perspective on the development of new biodegradable polymer hydrogel adhesives.

2.
Poult Sci ; 103(6): 103675, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593546

RESUMO

Polygonatum sibiricum polysaccharide (PSP) has demonstrated diverse medicinal properties, extensively researched for human applications. Nonetheless, there is a lack of studies investigating the potential advantages of PSP in poultry farming. The present study investigated the impact of incorporating PSP into broiler diets on their growth performance, meat quality, blood metabolites, antioxidative status, and ileal histomorphology. Two hundred and forty-one-day-old male Ross-308 broiler chicks (44.98 ± 0.79 g) were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups, with 8 replicates of 10 birds each. The birds were fed diets supplemented with PSP at 0, 400, and 800 mg/kg (control, PSP400, and PSP800, respectively). The results revealed a linear (P > 0.05) improvement in body weight gain, European production efficiency index, and feed conversion ratio during the grower (22-35 d) and overall periods (1-35 d). The pH levels in the ingluvies, ileum, and cecum exhibited a linear reduction (P > 0.05) in the PSP800 group at d 21 and d 35, respectively. Villus height and crypt depth were increased in the PSP400 and PSP800 groups compared to the control group. PSP400 and PSP800 groups exhibited decreased hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels and increased total antioxidant capacity (TAC) at 21 d, while at 35 d, TAC and sulfhydryl concentrations were elevated, and H2O2 was reduced only in the PSP800 group compared to the untreated one. No significant variations between the groups at the phylum and genus levels were observed, with Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes being the dominant phyla. However, PSP supplementation notably augmented Firmicutes and Verrucomicrobiota while reducing Euryarchaeota and Proteobacteria. At the genus level, there was an increase in Akkermansia, Alistipes, CHKCI001, Erysipelatoclostridium, and a decrease in Methanobrevibacter. Conclusively, incorporating PSP into broiler diets, particularly at a dosage of 800 mg/kg, improved growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and intestinal architecture and resulted in alterations in cecal microbiota without discernible impacts on digestive function and meat quality criteria.

3.
Brain Behav ; 14(2): e3413, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Early detection of cognitive impairment is essential for timely intervention. Currently, most widely used cognitive screening tests are influenced by language and cultural differences; therefore, there is a need for the development of a language-neutral, visual-based cognitive assessment tool. The Visual Cognitive Assessment Test (VCAT), a 30-point test that assesses memory, executive function, visuospatial function, attention, and language, has demonstrated its utility in a multilingual population. In this study, we evaluated the reliability, validity, and diagnostic performance of the VCAT for screening early cognitive impairment in Chongqing, China METHODS: A total of 134 individuals (49 healthy controls (HCs), 52 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 33 with mild dementia) completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), VCAT, and domain-specific neuropsychological assessments. The diagnostic performances of MMSE, MoCA, and VCAT were evaluated using the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Construct validity of the VCAT was assessed with well-established domain-specific cognitive assessments. Reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The VCAT and its subdomains demonstrated both good construct validity and internal consistency (α = 0.577). The performance of VCAT was comparable to that of MoCA and MMSE in differentiating mild dementia from nondemented groups (AUC: 0.940 vs. 0.902 and 0.977, respectively; p = .098 and .053) and in distinguishing cognitive impairment (CI) from HC (AUC: 0.929 vs. 0.899 and 0.891, respectively; p = .239 and .161), adjusted for education level. The optimal score range for VCAT in determining dementia, MCI, and HC was 0-14, 15-19, and 20-30, respectively. CONCLUSION: The VCAT proves to be a reliable screening test for early cognitive impairment within our cohort. Being both language and cultural neutral, the VCAT has the potential to be utilized among a wider population within China.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Cognição
4.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564125

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant bone sarcoma arising from mesenchymal stem cells. The biological role of Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4), recently identified as an oncogene in numerous tumor types, remains largely unclear in OS. In this study, we investigated the expression of ACSL4 in OS tissues using immunohistochemistry staining (IHC) staining of a human tissue microarray and in OS cells by qPCR assay. Our findings revealed a significant up-regulation of ACSL4 in both OS tissues and cells. To further understand its biological effects, we conducted a series of loss-of-function experiments using ACSL4-depleted MNNG/HOS and U-2OS cell lines, focusing on OS cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis in vitro. Our results demonstrated that ACSL4 knockdown remarkably suppressed OS cell proliferation, arrested cells in the G2 phase, induced cell apoptosis, and inhibited cell migration. Additionally, a subcutaneous xenograft mice model was established to validate the in vivo impact of ACSL4, revealing ACSL4 silencing impaired tumor growth in the OS xenograft mice. Additionally, we discovered that ACSL4 could regulate the phosphorylation level of Smad2 through cooperative interactions, and treatment with a TGF-ß inhibitor weakened the promoting effects of ACSL4 overexpression. In short, ACSL4 regulated OS progression by modulating TGF-ß/Smad2 signaling pathway. These findings underscore ACSL4 as a promising therapeutic target for OS patients and contribute novel insights into the pathogenesis of OS.

5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7683, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561502

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), known for causing gastric inflammation, gastritis and gastric cancer, prompted our study to investigate the differential expression of cytokines in gastric tissues, which is crucial for understanding H. pylori infection and its potential progression to gastric cancer. Focusing on Il-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-18, and TNF-α, we analysed gene and protein levels to differentiate between H. pylori-infected and non-infected gastritis. We utilised real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for gene quantification, immunohistochemical staining, and ELISA for protein measurement. Gastric samples from patients with gastritis were divided into three groups: (1) non-gastritis (N-group) group, (2) gastritis without H. pylori infection (G-group), and (3) gastritis with H. pylori infection (GH-group), each consisting of 8 samples. Our findings revealed a statistically significant variation in cytokine expression. Generally, cytokine levels were higher in gastritis, but in H. pylori-infected gastritis, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8 levels were lower compared to H. pylori-independent gastritis, while IL-12, IL-18, and TNF-α levels were higher. This distinct cytokine expression pattern in H. pylori-infected gastritis underscores a unique inflammatory response, providing deeper insights into its pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Gastrite , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Helicobacter pylori/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/genética , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Helicobacter/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Gastrite/patologia , Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo
6.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1367361, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572492

RESUMO

Objective: We present the case of a patient with clinical and imaging features of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) and positive IgLON5 antibodies (Abs) in the serum and CSF. Case report: A 66-year-old Chinese man presented to the hospital with a stroke-like episode, followed by rapidly progressive cognitive decline, mutism, and parkinsonism. The MRI results showed a cortical ribboning sign in diffusion-weighted MRI, periodic triphasic waves with a slow background in EEG, and positive protein 14-3-3 in CSF. There were matching IgLON5 Abs in the serum and CSF. A literature review showed positive autoimmune encephalitis Abs or autoimmune inflammatory disease between 0.5 and 8.6% among patients with clinical suspicion of CJD, most commonly anti-voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) Abs; however, IgLON5 autoimmunity in CJD has been rarely reported. This is an intriguing association as both conditions have been associated with brain deposits of phosphorylated tau protein. Conclusion: IgLON5 Abs may be observed in patients with a diagnosis of CJD; it is unknown whether a synergistic effect of IgLON5 Abs with CJD exists, increasing neurodegenerative changes.

7.
J Neuroendocrinol ; : e13384, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516965

RESUMO

Psychosocial stress negatively impacts reproductive function by inhibiting pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion. The posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) is responsible in part for processing stress and modulating the reproductive axis. Activation of the neurokinin 3 receptor (NK3R) suppresses the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) pulse generator, under hypoestrogenic conditions, and NK3R activity in the amygdala has been documented to play a role in stress and anxiety. We investigate whether NK3R activation in the MePD is involved in mediating the inhibitory effect of psychosocial stress on LH pulsatility in ovariectomised female mice. First, we administered senktide, an NK3R agonist, into the MePD and monitored the effect on pulsatile LH secretion. We then delivered SB222200, a selective NK3R antagonist, intra-MePD in the presence of predator odour, 2,4,5-trimethylthiazole (TMT) and examined the effect on LH pulses. Senktide administration into the MePD dose-dependently suppresses pulsatile LH secretion. Moreover, NK3R signalling in the MePD mediates TMT-induced suppression of the GnRH pulse generator, which we verified using a mathematical model. The model verifies our experimental findings: (i) predator odour exposure inhibits LH pulses, (ii) activation of NK3R in the MePD inhibits LH pulses and (iii) NK3R antagonism in the MePD blocks stressor-induced inhibition of LH pulse frequency in the absence of ovarian steroids. These results demonstrate for the first time that NK3R neurons in the MePD mediate psychosocial stress-induced suppression of the GnRH pulse generator.

8.
RSC Adv ; 14(14): 9587-9593, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38516162

RESUMO

Transition metal sulfides have been considered as promising electrode materials for future super-capacitors due to their spinel structures and environmentally friendly properties. Among these materials, NiCo2S4 compounds exhibit high theoretical specific capacity but poor cycling performance. To address this issue, we synthesize several NiCo2S4 urchin balls. The NCS-1.5 nanospheres demonstrate a specific capacitance of 1352.2 F g-1 at a current density of 1 A g-1, and maintain high specific capacity after 10 000 charge-discharge cycles. An asymmetric capacitor assembled with the NCS-1.5 sample as the cathode and activated carbon as the anode achieve an energy density of 45.5 W h kg-1 at 2025 W kg-1. The urchin-like nanospheres also facilitate the combination with other materials, providing potential insights for the synthesis of supercapacitor electrode materials.

9.
Nanotechnology ; 35(27)2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522108

RESUMO

Although outstanding detectivities, InGaAs photodetectors for optic fiber communication are often costly due to the need for cooling. Therefore, cryogen-free and cost-effective alternatives working in telecommunication bands are highly desired. Here, we present a design of hot-electron photodetectors (HE PDs) with attributes of room-temperature operation and strong optical absorption over S and C bands (from 1460 to 1565 nm). The designed HE PD consists of a metal-semiconductor-metal hot-electron stack integrated with a front grating. Optical simulations reveal that mode hybridizations between Fabry-Pérot resonance and grating-induced surface plasmon excitation lead to high absorption efficiencies (≥0.9) covering S and C bands. Probability-based electrical calculations clarify that device responsivity is mainly determined by working wavelength on the premise of broadband strong absorption. Moreover, through comparison studies between the grating-assisted HE PD and purely planar microcavity system that serves as a reference, we highlight the design superiorities in average absorption and average responsivity with optimized values of 0.97 and 0.73 mA W-1, respectively. The upgraded peformances of the designed device are promising for efficient photoelectric conversion in optic fiber communication systems.

10.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1326502, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495878

RESUMO

Background: Psoriasis is a highly heterogeneous autoinflammatory disease. At present, heterogeneity in disease has not been adequately translated into concrete treatment options. Our aim was to develop and verify a new stratification scheme that identifies the heterogeneity of psoriasis by the integration of large-scale transcriptomic profiles, thereby identifying patient subtypes and providing personalized treatment options whenever possible. Methods: We performed functional enrichment and network analysis of upregulated differentially expressed genes using microarray datasets of lesional and non-lesional skin samples from 250 psoriatic patients. Unsupervised clustering methods were used to identify the skin subtypes. Finally, an Xgboost classifier was utilized to predict the effects of methotrexate and commonly prescribed biologics on skin subtypes. Results: Based on the 163 upregulated differentially expressed genes, psoriasis patients were categorized into three subtypes (subtypes A-C). Immune cells and proinflammatory-related pathways were markedly activated in subtype A, named immune activation. Contrastingly, subtype C, named stroma proliferation, was enriched in integrated stroma cells and tissue proliferation-related signaling pathways. Subtype B was modestly activated in all the signaling pathways. Notably, subtypes A and B presented good responses to methotrexate and interleukin-12/23 inhibitors (ustekinumab) but inadequate responses to tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors and interleukin-17A receptor inhibitors. Contrastly, subtype C exhibited excellent responses to tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors (etanercept) and interleukin-17A receptor inhibitors (brodalumab) but not methotrexate and interleukin-12/23 inhibitors. Conclusions: Psoriasis patients can be assorted into three subtypes with different molecular and cellular characteristics based on the heterogeneity of the skin's immune cells and the stroma, determining the clinical responses of conventional therapies.


Assuntos
Interleucina-17 , Psoríase , Humanos , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Psoríase/patologia , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Transcriptoma , Interleucina-12/genética
11.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5830, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445357

RESUMO

Hong-Hua-Xiao-Yao tablet (HHXYT) is attracting attention increasingly because of its use in treatment of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) and menopausal syndrome. However, its pharmacokinetics remains unclear. This study developed a sensitive and rapid method for simultaneous determination of 10 compounds of HHXYT in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and to compare the pharmacokinetics of these compounds in MGH rats and sham operated rats. The linearity, accuracy, precision, stability and matrix effect were within acceptable ranges. This established method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetics study of 10 compounds in sham operated and MGH rats. According to the results, the bioavailability of glycyrrhetinic acid was highest in MGH rats and sham operated rats. The mean residence times of glycyrrhetinic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid 3-O-glucuronide were higher than those of the other compounds while the mean residence time and half-life of liquiritin, isoliquiritin and paeoniflorin were lower. Some pharmacokinetic parameters of ormononetin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, liquiritin, isoliquiritin, paeoniflorin, protocatechuic acid and senkyunolide I were significantly different between MGH rats and sham operated rats. This study elucidated the dynamic changes of multiple components in rats after oral administration of HHXYT systematically and comprehensively, which provided guidance for clinical application.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(10): 13060-13070, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438118

RESUMO

Hierarchical structure and surface topography play pivotal roles in developing high-performance solar-driven evaporators for clean water production; however, there exists a notable gap in research addressing simultaneous modulation of internal microstructure and surface topography in hydrogels to enhance both solar steam generation performance and desalination efficiency. Herein, anisotropic poly(vinyl alcohol)/MXene composite hydrogels for efficient solar-driven water evaporation and wastewater purification are fabricated using a template-assisted directional freezing approach followed by precise surface wettability modulation. The resultant composite hydrogels exhibit vertically oriented channels that ensure fast water supply during evaporation, and their poly(vinyl alcohol) skeletons can reduce the vaporization enthalpy of the water in the hydrogels. The incorporation of MXene sheets enables efficient solar light absorption and solar-thermal conversion while providing structural reinforcement to the hydrogels. More importantly, the as-created undulating solar-thermal surface, featuring modulated hydrophilic troughs and hydrophobic crests, significantly enhances solar-thermal conversion efficiency, thereby boosting solar evaporation performances. As a result, the fabricated hydrogel-based evaporator exhibits an impressive evaporation rate of 2.55 kg m-2 h-1 under 1 sun irradiation, coupled with long-term durability and desalination stability. Notably, the outstanding mechanical robustness of the hydrogel further enables high portability through a readily achievable process of reversible dehydration/hydration.

13.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(2): 436-457, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425388

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of clinical examples suggest that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) appears to have an impact on the treatment of patients with liver cancer compared to the normal population, and the prevalence of COVID-19 is significantly higher in patients with liver cancer. However, this mechanism of action has not been clarified. AIM: To investigate the disease relevance of COVID-19 in liver cancer. METHODS: Gene sets for COVID-19 (GSE180226) and liver cancer (GSE87630) were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. After identifying the common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of COVID-19 and liver cancer, functional enrichment analysis, protein-protein interaction network construction and screening and analysis of hub genes were performed. Subsequently, the validation of the differential expression of hub genes in the disease was performed and the regulatory network of transcription factors and hub genes was constructed. RESULTS: Of 518 common DEGs were obtained by screening for functional analysis. Fifteen hub genes including aurora kinase B, cyclin B2, cell division cycle 20, cell division cycle associated 8, nucleolar and spindle associated protein 1, etc., were further identified from DEGs using the "cytoHubba" plugin. Functional enrichment analysis of hub genes showed that these hub genes are associated with P53 signalling pathway regulation, cell cycle and other functions, and they may serve as potential molecular markers for COVID-19 and liver cancer. Finally, we selected 10 of the hub genes for in vitro expression validation in liver cancer cells. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals a common pathogenesis of liver cancer and COVID-19. These common pathways and key genes may provide new ideas for further mechanistic studies.

15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 922, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weight management is an effective prevention and treatment strategy for diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of diabetic patients towards weight management. METHODS: Diabetic patients treated at Qidong City, Jiangsu Province, between January 2023 and June 2023 were included in this cross-sectional study. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect their demographic characteristics and KAP toward weight management. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to examine the inter-relationships among KAP scores. RESULTS: Among a total of 503 valid questionnaires that were collected, 55.07% were filled out by men and 54.67% by those aged < 60 years. The mean scores for knowledge, attitude, and practice were 8.03 ± 3.525 (possible range: 0-13), 31.88 ± 3.524 (possible range: 10-50), and 22.24 ± 3.318 (possible range: 9-45), respectively. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed the knowledge was positively associated with attitude (r = 0.295, P < 0.001) and practice (r = 0.131, P < 0.001), and attitude was positively associated with practice (r = 0.140, P = 0.002). SEM demonstrated positive associations between knowledge and attitude (ß = 0.28, P < 0.001), and attitude and practice (ß = 0.09, P = 0.019). Moreover, older age was negatively associated with knowledge (ß=-0.04, P = 0.001), while higher education (ß = 1.220, P < 0.001), increased monthly income (ß = 0.779, P < 0.001), diagnosis of fatty liver (ß = 1.03, P = 0.002), and screening for excess visceral fat (ß = 1.11, P = 0.002) were positively associated with knowledge. CONCLUSION: Diabetic patients showed moderate knowledge, neutral attitudes, and inappropriate practices toward weight management. Knowledge was positively associated with attitude and practice. These findings provided valuable directions for healthcare interventions targeting improved KAP status of weight management among diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Masculino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Pacientes , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Virol Sin ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461965

RESUMO

Guaico Culex virus (GCXV) is a newly identified segmented Jingmenvirus from Culex spp. mosquitoes in Central and South America. The genome of GCXV is composed of four or five single-stranded positive RNA segments. However, the infection kinetics and transmission capability of GCXV in mosquitoes remain unknown. In this study, we used reverse genetics to rescue two GCXVs (4S and 5S) that contained four and five RNA segments, respectively, in C6/36 â€‹cells. Further in vitro characterization revealed that the two GCXVs exhibited comparable replication kinetics, protein expression and viral titers. Importantly, GCXV RNAs were detected in the bodies, salivary glands, midguts and ovaries of Culex quinquefasciatus at 4-10 days after oral infection. In addition, two GCXVs can colonize Cx. quinquefasciatus eggs, resulting in positive rates of 15%-35% for the second gonotrophic cycle. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that GCXVs with four or five RNA segments can be detected in Cx. quinquefasciatus eggs during the first and second gonotrophic cycles after oral infection.

17.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 742, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Condom use at last intercourse is an effective indicator for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention. To identify at-risk individuals and improve prevention strategies, this study explored factors associated with condomless sex at last intercourse in the last year and developed a risk estimation model to calculate the individual possibility of condomless sex among college students in Zhuhai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1430 college students who had sex in the last year from six universities in Zhuhai. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and logistic regression were performed to explore the predictors of condomless sex. The nomogram was constructed to calculate the individual possibility of condomless sex. Discrimination and calibration of the nomogram were evaluated using the area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUROC) and the calibration curve. RESULTS: The proportion of students who had condomless sex at last intercourse was 18.2% (260/1430). Students who had experienced more types of intimate partner violence (aOR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.31 ~ 1.92) and had anal sex (aOR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.06 ~ 2.84) were more likely to have condomless sex. Students who had heterosexual intercourse (aOR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.21 ~ 0.70), used condoms at first sex (aOR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.14 ~ 0.27), had high attitudes towards condom use (aOR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.80 ~ 0.95) and self-efficacy for condom use (aOR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78 ~ 0.90) were less likely to have condomless sex. The nomogram had high accuracy with an AUROC of 0.83 and good discrimination. CONCLUSIONS: Intimate partner violence, anal sex, condom use at first sex, attitude towards condom use, and self-efficacy for condom use were associated with condomless sex among college students. The nomogram was an effective and convenient tool for calculating the individualized possibility of condomless sex among college students. It could help to identify individuals at risk and help universities and colleges to formulate appropriate individualized interventions and sexual health education programs.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Sexo sem Proteção , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Sexual , Sexo Seguro , Preservativos , Estudantes , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Parceiros Sexuais
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 8024-8031, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307833

RESUMO

Hydrovoltaic devices (HDs) based on silicon nanowires (SiNWs) have attracted significant attention due to their potential of high output power and good compatibility with Si-based photovoltaic devices for integrated power systems. However, it remains a major challenge to further improve the output performance of SiNW HDs for practical applications. Here, a new strategy to modify the surface of SiNWs with siloxane molecules is proposed to improve the output performance of the SiNW HDs. After modification, both the open-circuit voltage (Voc) and short-circuit current density (Jsc) of n-type SiNW HDs can be improved by approximately 30%, while the output power density can be greatly increased by over 200%. With siloxane modification, Si-OH groups on the surface of typical SiNWs are replaced by Si-O-Si chemical bonds that have a weaker electron-withdrawing capability. More free electrons in n-type SiNWs are liberated from surface bound states and participate in directed flow induced by water evaporation, thereby improving the output performance of HDs. The improved performance is significant for system integration applications as it reduces the number of required devices. Three siloxane-modified SiNW HDs in series are able to drive a 2 V light-emitting diode (LED), whereas four unmodified devices in series are initially needed for the same task. This work provides a simple yet effective strategy for surface modification to improve the output performance of SiNW HDs. Further research into the effect of different surface modifications on the performance of SiNW HDs will greatly promote their performance enhancement and practical applications.

19.
Inflammation ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358583

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to characterize the microbiota of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and to compare the relationship between the microbiota and peripheral lymphocyte subsets and cytokines. We collected stool samples from 13 PsA patients and 26 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs) and researched the gut microbiota by sequencing the V3-V4 variable region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene with the Illumina Miseq PE300 system. Flow cytometry was used to assess the peripheral lymphocyte subsets in these participants. Record measures of disease activity such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Alpha and beta diversity were assessed using results from QIIME2. Panel demonstrated the average relative abundance of the different genera in PsA and HCs. Correlation between clinical parameters and the relative abundance of the genus in samples was assessed by the Pearson correlation analysis using R (version 4.0.1). Compared with HC, the abundance of gut microbiota (Chao 1 and ACE) decreased in patients with PsA, and the diversity of bacteria (Shannon and Simpson indices) also decreased in PsA (Fig. 1a). ß Diversity analysis indicated differences in microbial communities between PsA and HC (Fig. 1b, r = 0.039, p = 0.264, ANOSIM). Furthermore, 18 bacterial groups were significantly different at the genus level in PsA compared to HCs (p < 0.05) (Fig. 2).In the phylum and genus, lymphocyte subsets and cytokines are associated with the microbiota. The gut microbiota of patients with PsA differs from HC, which was closely related to lymphocyte subsets.

20.
Pak J Med Sci ; 40(3Part-II): 534-543, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356845

RESUMO

Background & Objective: Previous studies have suggested that the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) could be a potential biomarker for lung cancer (LC). However, the association between mGPS and overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) in lung cancer patients remains unclear. The purpose of our study was to investigate possible correlation between mGPS and OS or PFS in LC patients. Methods: An extensive search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Trip Database, Worldwide Science, and Google Scholar databases was done for relevant articles, published prior to May 30, 2021, that report correlation between mGPS and OS or PFS in LC patients. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as the main parameters for evaluation. Results: A total of 28 studies involving 9,748 lung cancer patients were analysed. The pooled analysis revealed that elevated mGPS (≥ 0) was associated with poor OS (HR=1.54; 95% CI, 1.32-1.77) and PFS (HR=1.49; 95% CI, 1.17-1.82). Furthermore, a significant correlation between mGPS (1 or 2) and OS was observed. However, no significant correlation was found between mGPS (1 or 2) and PFS. Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity demonstrated that mGPS ≥ 0 was associated with worse OS compared to mGPS=0 in both Asian (HR=1.46; 95% CI, 1.04-1.89; p<0.05) and Caucasian (HR=1.64; 95% CI, 1.35-1.94; p<0.05) cohorts of LC patients. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that positive mGPS is associated with poor survival results. Therefore, mGPS may be used as a biomarker for predicting prognosis in LC patients.

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