Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.846
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2968, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580629

RESUMO

Solution-state self-assemblies of block copolymers to form nanostructures are tremendously attractive for their tailorable morphologies and functionalities. While incorporating moieties with strong ordering effects may introduce highly orientational control over the molecular packing and dictate assembly behaviors, subtle and delicate driving forces can yield slower kinetics to reveal manifold metastable morphologies. Herein, we report the unusually convoluted self-assembly behaviors of a liquid crystalline block copolymer bearing triphenylene discotic mesogens. They undergo unusual multiple morphological transitions spontaneously, driven by their intrinsic subtle liquid crystalline ordering effect. Meanwhile, liquid crystalline orderedness can also be built very quickly by doping the mesogens with small-molecule dopants, and the morphological transitions are dramatically accelerated and various exotic micelles are produced. Surprisingly, with high doping levels, the self-assembly mechanism of this block copolymer is completely changed from intramolecular chain shuffling and rearrangement to nucleation-growth mode, based on which self-seeding experiments can be conducted to produce highly uniform fibrils.

3.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 45: 101053, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585173

RESUMO

Background: Prompt professional care for postpartum depression (PPD) is difficult to obtain in China. Though online consultations improve accessibility and reduce stigma, the quality of services compared to in-person consultations is unclear. Methods: Five trained, undisclosed "standardized patients" (SPs) made "asynchronous webchats" visits and in-person visits with psychiatrists. Visits were made to 85 psychiatrists who were based in 69 hospitals in ten provincial capital cities. The care between online and in-person consultations with the same psychiatrist was compared, including diagnosis, guideline adherence, and patient-centeredness. False discovery rate (FDR) was used to adjust p values. Third visits using asynchronous webchats were made to psychiatrists who offered discrepant diagnoses. Thematic content analysis was used for the discrepancies. Findings: The proportion of diagnostic accuracy was lower for online than in-person visits (76.5% [65/85] vs 91.8% [78/85]; pFDR = 0.0066), as were the proportions of completing questions involving clinical history (16.6% vs 42.7%; pFDR < 0.0001), and management decisions (16.2% vs 27.5%; pFDR < 0.0001) consistent with recommended guidelines. Patient-centeredness was lower online than in-person (pFDR < 0.0001). Fifteen of 16 psychiatrists completed third visits, most of them considered lack of nonverbal information online as a key barrier. Interpretation: Online consultations using asynchronous webchats were inferior to in-person consultations, with respect to diagnostic accuracy, adherence to recommended clinical guidelines, and patient-centeredness. To fully realise the potential benefits of online consultations and to prevent safety issues, there is an urgent need for major improvement in the quality and oversight of these consultations. Funding: China Medical Board, National Natural Science Foundation of China, and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation Global Cooperation Department.

4.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0297695, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to study the possible action mechanism of T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 (TIM3) on the migratory and invasive abilities of thyroid carcinoma (TC) cells. METHODS: GSE104005 and GSE138198 datasets were downloaded from the GEO database for identifying differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Functional enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis were performed on the common DEGs in GSE104005 and GSE138198 datasets. Subsequently, in order to understand the effect of a common DEG (TIM3) on TC cells, we performed in vitro experiments using FRO cells. The migratory and invasive abilities of FRO cells were detected by wound scratch assay and Transwell assay. Proteins expression levels of the phosphorylated (p)-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 were determined via Western blotting after ERK1/2 inhibition in TIM3-NC group and TIM3-mimic group. RESULTS: 316 common DEGs were identified in GSE104005 and GSE138198 datasets. These DEGs were involved in the biological process of ERK1 and ERK2 cascade. TIM3 was significantly up-regulated in TC. In vitro cell experiments showed that TIM3 could promote migration and invasion of TC cells. Moreover, TIM3 may affect the migration, invasive abilities of TC cells by activating the ERK1/2 pathway. CONCLUSION: The above results indicate that TIM3 may affect the migratory and invasive of TC cells by activating the ERK1/2 pathway.


Assuntos
Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Processos Neoplásicos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Movimento Celular/genética
5.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04076, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574358

RESUMO

Background: Research on the health and economic costs due to insufficient sleep remains scant in developing countries. In this study we aimed to estimate the years of life lost (YLLs) due to short sleep and quantify its economic burden in China. Methods: We estimated both individual and aggregate YLLs due to short sleep (ie, ≤6 hours) among Chinese adults aged 20 years or older by sex and five-year age groups in 2010, 2014, and 2018. YLL estimates were derived from 1) the prevalence of short sleep using three survey waves of the China Family Panel Studies, 2) relative mortality risks from meta-analyses, and 3) life tables in China. YLL was the difference between the estimated life expectancy of an individual in the short sleep category vs in the recommended sleep category. We estimated the economic cost using the human capital approach. Results: The sample sizes of the three survey waves were 31 393, 31 207, and 28 618. Younger age groups and men had more YLLs due to short sleep compared to their counterparts. For individuals aged 20-24, men had an average YLL of nearly 0.95, in contrast to the approximate 0.75 in women across the observed years of 2010, 2014, and 2018. The trend in individual YLLs remained consistent over these years. In aggregate, China experienced a rise from 66.75 million YLLs in 2010 to 95.29 million YLLs in 2014, and to 115.05 million YLLs in 2018. Compared to 2010 (USD 191.83 billion), the associated economic cost in 2014 increased to USD 422.24 billion, and the cost in 2018 more than tripled (USD 628.15 billion). The percentage of cost to Chinese gross domestic product in corresponding years was 3.23, 4.09, and 4.62%. Conclusions: Insufficient sleep is associated with substantial YLLs in China, potentially impacting the population's overall life expectancy. The escalating economic toll attributed to short sleep underscores the urgent need for public health interventions to improve sleep health at the population level.


Assuntos
Estresse Financeiro , Privação do Sono , Adulto , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Expectativa de Vida , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia
6.
J Econ Entomol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592125

RESUMO

Given the rapid spread and potential harm caused by the small hive beetle, Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in China, it has become imperative to comprehend the developmental biology of this invasive species. Currently, there is limited knowledge regarding the impact of A. tumida female oviposition site preference on larval growth and development. To examine this, we investigated the ovipositional preference of adult female A. tumida on bee pupae, beebread, banana, and honey through a free choice test. Furthermore, we assessed the impact of these food resources on offspring performance, which included larval development time, survival, wandering larvae weight, emerged adult body mass, reproduction, and juvenile hormone titer. Our results showed that A. tumida females exhibited a strong preference for ovipositing on bee pupae compared to other diets, while showing reluctance toward honey. Moreover, A. tumida larvae that were fed on bee pupae displayed accelerated growth compared to those fed on other diets. Furthermore, A. tumida fed on bee pupae exhibited higher weights for wandering larvae, and emerged adult, increased pupation rates, enhanced fecundity and fertility, as well as a larger number of unilateral ovarioles during the larval stage when compared to those fed on other diets. Overall, the results indicate that the oviposition preferences of A. tumida females are adaptive, as their choices can enhance the fitness of their offspring. This finding aligns broadly with the hypothesis of oviposition preference and larval performance. This study can provide a foundation for the development of attractants aimed at promoting the oviposition of the A. tumida adults.

7.
J Orthop Translat ; 45: 188-196, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562945

RESUMO

Background: Nitrate, a key component of saliva, has been shown widely physiological functions in the human body. But its function on bone metabolism remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the function and mechanism of saliva nitrate on osteoporosis and the function of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods: Saliva nitrate removal or supplemental interventions were performed for 1 month in ovariectomized (OVX) osteopenia mice. The nitrate levels in saliva and serum were detected. The bone formation and bone microarchitecture in the OVX mouse model were investigated by quantitative Micro--computed tomography imaging, histological staining and serum bone biomarker analysis. The effects of nitrate on the functional homeostasis of BMSCs in OVX mice were explored by Ki67 immunofluorescence staining, Ki67 flow staining, alizarin red staining, qPCR and western blotting. Finally, downstream signaling pathways were screened by proteomics and verified by western blotting. Results: The results showed that nitrate deficiency exacerbated osteoporosis, while nitrate administration prevent osteoporosis in OVX mice. Nitrate increased the expression of PINP, a biomarker of bone formation, in OVX mice. Besides, nitrate enhanced the proliferative capacity and osteogenic function of BMSCs in OVX mice in vitro and in vivo. In addition, nitrate upregulated the expression levels of osteogenesis-related genes ALP, Run2 and OPN of BMSCs. EGFR and mTOR signaling were screened as the key downstream of nitrate, and phosphorylated protein levels of its subfamily members AKT, ERK and S6K were significantly upregulated by nitrate. Conclusion: The present results showed saliva nitrate preventively protects against osteoporosis through enhances the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation potential of BMSCs. The effects of nitrate on bone homeostasis are closely related to the EGFR/AKT/ERK and mTOR/S6K signaling axes. The translational potential of this article: Our study provides experimental evidence for the use of saliva nitrate as an effective candidate for the prevention of osteoporosis and maintenance of bone homeostasis.

8.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(4): e1232, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) swept the world, a variety of novel therapeutic and prevention strategies have been developed, among which nirmatrelvir-ritonavir is highly recommended. We intended to assess the effectiveness and safety of nirmatrelvir-ritonavir in the elderly mild-to-moderate COVID-19 population caused by the omicron BA.2.2 variant in real-world settings. METHODS: An observational study was conducted retrospectively to review the outcomes of mild-to-moderate COVID-19 patients admitted between April 26 and June 30, 2022. Patients' baseline characteristics were collected and assessed. Participants in the intervention group were administered nirmatrelvir-ritonavir in addition to standard care, whereas those in the control group only received standard care. The primary outcome was the duration between the initial positive reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test and the subsequent conversion to a negative result. RESULTS: The analysis included 324 patients who were administered nirmatrelvir-ritonavir and an equal number of control patients. The patient characteristics in both groups were evenly matched. The average duration from the initial positive RT-PCR to negative conversion was similar in both groups (16.2 ± 5.0 vs. 16.1 ± 6.3 days, p = .83). Control patients exhibited slower conversion in comparison to patients who received nirmatrelvir-ritonavir treatment within 10 days of symptom onset. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that administering nirmatrelvir-ritonavir within 10 days of symptom onset could potentially reduce the time it takes for SARS-CoV-2-infected patients to negative RT-PCR results, thereby expanding the current usage guidelines for nirmatrelvir-ritonavir.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Ritonavir , Idoso , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Tratamento Farmacológico da COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600823

RESUMO

Alumina materials, as one of the cornerstones of the modern chemical industry, possess physical and chemical properties that include excellent mechanical strength and structure stability, which also make them highly suitable as catalyst supports. Alumina-supported Pd-based catalysts with the advantages of exceptional catalytic performance, flexible regulated surface metal/acid sites, and good regeneration ability have been widely used in many traditional chemical industry fields and have also shown great application prospects in emerging fields. This review aims to provide an overview of the recent advances in alumina and its supported Pd-based catalysts. Specifically, the synthesis strategies, morphology transformation mechanisms, and structural properties of alumina with various morphologies are comprehensively summarized and discussed in-depth. Then, the preparation approaches of Pd/Al2O3 catalysts (impregnation, precipitation, and other emerging methods), as well as the metal-support interactions (MSIs), are revisited. Moreover, Some promising applications have been chosen as representative reactions in fine chemicals, environmental purification, and sustainable development fields to highlight the universal functionality of the alumina-supported Pd-based catalysts. The role of the Pd species, alumina support, promoters, and metal-support interactions in the enhancement of catalytic performance are also discussed. Finally, some challenges and upcoming opportunities in the academic and industrial application of the alumina and its supported Pd-based are presented and put forward.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1349199, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38601464

RESUMO

Background: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease characterized by bone loss and microstructural degeneration. Recent preclinical and clinical trials have further demonstrated that the transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from human adipose tissue (AD), dental pulp (DP), placental amniotic membrane (AM), and umbilical cord (UC) tissues can serve as an effective form of cell therapy for osteoporosis. However, MSC-mediated osteoimmunology and the ability of these cells to regulate osteoclast-osteoblast differentiation varies markedly among different types of MSCs. Methods: In this study, we investigated whether transplanted allogeneic MSCs derived from AD, DP, AM, and UC tissues were able to prevent osteoporosis in an ovariectomy (OVX)-induced mouse model of osteoporosis. The homing and immunomodulatory ability of these cells as well as their effects on osteoblastogenesis and the maintenance of bone formation were compared for four types of MSCs to determine the ideal source of MSCs for the cell therapy-based treatment of OVX-induced osteoporosis. The bone formation and bone resorption ability of these four types of MSCs were analyzed using micro-computed tomography analyses and histological staining. In addition, cytokine array-based analyses of serological markers and bioluminescence imaging assays were employed to evaluate cell survival and homing efficiency. Immune regulation was determined by flow cytometer assay to reflect the mechanisms of osteoporosis treatment. Conclusion: These analyses demonstrated that MSCs isolated from different tissues have the capacity to treat osteoporosis when transplanted in vivo. Importantly, DP-MSCs infusion was able to maintain trabecular bone mass more efficiently with corresponding improvements in trabecular bone volume, mineral density, number, and separation. Among the tested MSC types, DP-MSCs were also found to exhibit greater immunoregulatory capabilities, regulating the Th17/Treg and M1/M2 ratios. These data thus suggest that DP-MSCs may represent an effective tool for the treatment of osteoporosis.

11.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602543

RESUMO

Synovial chondromatosis (SC) is a disorder of the synovium characterized by the formation of osteochondral nodules within the synovium. This study aimed to identify the abnormally differentiated progenitor cells and possible pathogenic signaling pathways. Loose bodies and synovium were obtained from patients with SC during knee arthroplasty. Single-cell RNA sequencing was used to identify cell subsets and their gene signatures in SC synovium. Cells derived from osteoarthritis (OA) synovium were used as controls. Multi-differentiation and colony-forming assays were used to identify progenitor cells. The roles of transcription factors and signaling pathways were investigated through computational analysis and experimental verification. We identified an increased proportion of CD34+ sublining fibroblasts in SC synovium. CD34+CD31- cells and CD34-CD31- cells were sorted from SC synovium. Compared with CD34- cells, CD34+ cells had larger alkaline phosphatase (ALP)-stained area and calcified area after osteogenic induction. In addition, CD34+ cells exhibited a stronger tube formation ability than CD34- cells. Our bioinformatic analysis suggested the expression of TWIST1, a negative regulator of osteogenesis, in CD34- sublining fibroblasts and was regulated by the TGF-ß signaling pathway. The experiment showed that CD34+ cells acquired the TWIST1 expression during culture and the combination of TGF-ß1 and harmine, an inhibitor of Twist1, could further stimulate the osteogenesis of CD34+ cells. Overall, CD34+ synovial fibroblasts in SC synovium have multiple differentiation potentials, especially osteogenic differentiation potential, and might be responsible for the pathogenesis of SC.

12.
Brain Res ; : 148882, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38521160

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a newly identified form of non-apoptotic regulated cell death (RCD) andplaysanimportantrole in epileptogenesis. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway has been confirmed to be involved in ferroptosis. The mitochondria-targeting antioxidant Elamipretide (SS-31) can reduce the generation of lipid peroxidation and the buildup of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Collectively, our present study was to decipher whether SS-31 inhibits ferroptosis via the p38 MAPK signaling pathway in the rat epilepsy model induced by pilocarpine (PILO).Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (CON group), epilepsy group (EP group), SS-31 treatment group (SS group), and p38 MAPK inhibitor (SB203580) treatment group (SB group). Our results demonstrated that the rat hippocampal neurons after epilepsy were followed by accumulated iron and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, upregulated phosphorylated p38 MAPK protein (P-p38) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) levels, reduced glutathione peroxidase 4 (Gpx4) content, and depleted glutathione (GSH) activity. Morphologically, mitochondrial ultrastructural damage under electron microscopy was manifested by a partial increase in outer membrane density, disappearance of mitochondrial cristae, and mitochondrial shrinkage. SS-31 and SB203580 treatment blocked the initiation and progression of ferroptosis in the hippocampus of epileptic rats via reducing the severity of epileptic seizures, reversing the expression of Gpx4, P-p38 and Nrf2, decreasing the levels of iron and MDA, as well as increasing the activity of GSH. To summarize, our findings proved that ferroptosis was coupled with the pathology of epilepsy, and SS-31 can inhibit PILO-induced seizures by preventing ferroptosis, which may be connected to the inhibition of p38 MAPK phosphorylation, highlighting the potential therapeutic value for targeting ferroptosis process in individuals with seizure-related diseases.

13.
Cancer Cell Int ; 24(1): 96, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is dysregulated in various cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC). Herein, we assess the diagnostic potential of peripheral blood (PB) m6A levels in CRC. METHODS: We collected PB from healthy controls (HCs) and patients with CRC, analyzed PB RNA m6A levels and the expression of m6A-related demethylase genes FTO and ALKBH5, cocultured CRC cells with PB mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and constructed an MC38 cancer model. RESULTS: PB RNA m6A levels were higher in the CRC than that in HCs. The area under the curve (AUC) of m6A levels (0.886) in the CRC was significantly larger compared with carbohydrate antigen 199 (CA199; 0.666) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA; 0.834). The combination of CEA and CA199 with PB RNA m6A led to an increase in the AUC (0.935). Compared with HCs, the expression of FTO and ALKBH5 was decreased in the CRC. After coculturing with CRC cells, the PBMCs RNA m6A were significantly increased, whereas the expression of FTO and ALKBH5 decreased. Furthermore, m6A RNA levels in the PB of MC38 cancer models were upregulated, whereas the expression of FTO and ALKBH5 decreased. CONCLUSIONS: PB RNA m6A levels are a potential diagnostic biomarker for patients with CRC.

14.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 176, 2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to investigate the correlation between trajectories of maternal perinatal depression (PND) spanning from early pregnancy to one year postpartum and developmental delays observed in one-year-old children. METHODS: The dataset under examination encompassed 880 women who took part in a mother-child birth study conducted in China. Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was employed to identify patterns in Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores of women, spanning from early pregnancy to one year postpartum. To assess the neurodevelopment of one-year-old children, a Chinese version of the Bayley Scale of Infant Development (BSID-CR) was employed. Logistic regression was employed to explore the association between PND trajectories and developmental delays in children, with appropriate covariate adjustments. RESULTS: The trajectories of maternal PND identified in this study included a minimal-stable symptom group (n = 155), low-stable symptom group (n = 411), mild-stable symptom group (n = 251), and moderate-stable symptom group (n = 63). Logistic regression analysis revealed that mothers falling into the moderate-stable symptom group exhibited a notably heightened risk of having a child with psychomotor developmental delays at the age of one year. CONCLUSIONS: The findings drawn from a representative sample in China provide compelling empirical evidence that bolsters the association between maternal PND and the probability of psychomotor developmental delays in children. It is imperative to develop tailored intervention strategies and meticulously design mother-infant interactive intervention programs for women with PND.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Infantil , Depressão , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Povo Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Relações Mãe-Filho
15.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445500

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ticagrelor is reportedly more effective than clopidogrel in preventing atherothrombotic events in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the optimal antiplatelet therapy strategy after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) is yet to be established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed using the prospectively-maintained database at our institution. Patients who underwent OPCABG were divided into the clopidogrel and the ticagrelor groups. Propensity score matching analysis was performed between the two groups. The clinical outcome was the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as a composite of vascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke 1 year after surgery. RESULTS: In total, 545 patients completed the entire follow-up assessment. After propensity score matching, 232 patients each were included in the clopidogrel and ticagrelor groups. The primary outcome occurred in 7.8% and 4.3% of patients in the clopidogrel and ticagrelor groups, respectively (P=0.113). CYP2C19 variants (*2, *3, and *17) did not impact the clinical outcomes, regardless of the use of clopidogrel or ticagrelor. The rates of MACE were significantly lower in patients carrying the ABCB1 C3435T CT/TT genotypes in the ticagrelor group than in those carrying the ABCB1 C3435T CC genotype in the clopidogrel group (1.4% vs. 9.1%, adjusted P=0.030), as well as those carrying the ABCB1 C3435T CC genotype in the ticagrelor group (1.4% vs. 8.9%, adjusted P=0.036). The ABCB1 C3435T CC genotype was significantly associated with the incidence of 1-year MACE (HR=1.558, 95% CI 1.109-2.188, P=0.011). Patients who experienced severe perioperative bleeding exhibited a significantly higher incidence of MACE than those who did not experience severe perioperative bleeding (14.0% vs. 4.9%, adjusted P=0.007). CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in the 1-year MACE between patients receiving clopidogrel and those receiving ticagrelor after OPCABG. Notably, The ABCB1 C3435T CC genotype was related to a higher risk of MACE.

16.
Math Biosci Eng ; 21(2): 2432-2457, 2024 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454690

RESUMO

Evolutionary multitasking optimization (EMTO) handles multiple tasks simultaneously by transferring and sharing valuable knowledge from other relevant tasks. How to effectively identify transferred knowledge and reduce negative knowledge transfer are two key issues in EMTO. Many existing EMTO algorithms treat the elite solutions in tasks as transferred knowledge between tasks. However, these algorithms may not be effective enough when the global optimums of the tasks are far apart. In this paper, we study an adaptive evolutionary multitasking optimization algorithm based on population distribution information to find valuable transferred knowledge and weaken the negative transfer between tasks. In this paper, we first divide each task population into K sub-populations based on the fitness values of the individuals, and then the maximum mean discrepancy (MMD) is utilized to calculate the distribution difference between each sub-population in the source task and the sub-population where the best solution of the target task is located. Among the sub-populations of the source task, the sub-population with the smallest MMD value is selected, and the individuals in it are used as transferred individuals. In this way, the solution chosen for the transfer may be an elite solution or some other solution. In addition, an improved randomized interaction probability is also included in the proposed algorithm to adjust the intensity of inter-task interactions. The experimental results on two multitasking test suites demonstrate that the proposed algorithm achieves high solution accuracy and fast convergence for most problems, especially for problems with low relevance.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5353, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438493

RESUMO

The development of algorithms and the spread of digital infrastructure have contributed significantly to the productivity of the digital economy. Data has come to be known as the "oil of the digital economy". At the same time, data has begun to participate more deeply in the production activities of the global sports industry chain, and the international discussion on how to protect the rights of sports event data has been increasing. Based on the configurational theory and fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis, this study discusses the factors affecting the protection of sports event data rights. The study found three configuration paths for achieving high enterprise data protection effectiveness and two for achieving low enterprise data protection effectiveness. The results of this study provide theoretical support for governments to address the issue of sports event data rights. They will also facilitate the safe use of data in sports, promote the global sports industry and humanitarian action development, and contribute to international sustainable development.

18.
JACS Au ; 4(2): 666-679, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425920

RESUMO

Reactant-induced structural evolutions of heterogeneous metal catalysts are frequently observed in numerous catalytic systems, which can be associated with the formation or deactivation of active sites. In this work, we will show the structural transformation of subnanometer Pt clusters in pure-silica MFI zeolite structure in the presence of CO, O2, and/or H2O and the catalytic consequences of the Pt-zeolite materials derived from various treatment conditions. By applying the appropriate pretreatment under a reactant atmosphere, we can precisely modulate the size distribution of Pt species spanning from single Pt atoms to small Pt nanoparticles (1-5 nm) in the zeolite matrix, resulting in the desirably active and stable Pt species for CO oxidation. We also show the incorporation of Fe into the zeolite framework greatly promotes the stability of Pt species against undesired sintering under harsh conditions (up to 650 °C in the presence of CO, O2, and moisture).

19.
Anatol J Cardiol ; 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430112

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on the effectiveness and tolerance of sacubitril/valsartan (sac/val) among hypertensive patients complicated with heart failure in a real-world setting. METHODS: This multicenter, retrospective study included patients (≥18 years old) admitted with a diagnosis of hypertension and heart failure, starting sac/val therapy between January 2020 and December 2021 from 3 medical centers. Patients were grouped by the cutoff age of 65 years. Outcomes were collected 31-365 days after the initiation of sac/val and were compared in a matched cohort after 1: 1 propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: A total of 794 patients were finally analyzed. Blood pressure and cardiac functions improved significantly compared with values at baseline. There were 269 patients in each cohort (<65 years and ≥65 years) after PSM. After PSM, the incidence of hyperuricemia and hypotension in the elderly patients (≥65 years) was significantly higher than in those <65 years of age. Kaplan-Meier estimate suggested that the cumulative incidence of new or recurrent cardiovascular events increased significantly at the age of ≥65 years after the point of 3 months (log-rank P =.00087). CONCLUSION: Sac/val benefited patients in both cohorts by improving blood pressure and cardiac function. Elderly patients (≥65 years) were susceptible to hypotension, low diastolic blood pressure, hyperuricemia, and underwent cardiac-related readmissions more frequently.

20.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1325946, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500876

RESUMO

Immunotherapies have revolutionized the landscape of cancer treatment. Regulatory T cells (Tregs), as crucial components of the tumor immune environment, has great therapeutic potential. However, nonspecific inhibition of Tregs in therapies may not lead to enhanced antitumor responses, but could also trigger autoimmune reactions in patients, resulting in intolerable treatment side effects. Hence, the precision targeting and inhibition of tumor-infiltrating Tregs is of paramount importance. In this overview, we summarize the characteristics and subpopulations of Tregs within tumor microenvironment and their inhibitory mechanisms in antitumor responses. Furthermore, we discuss the current major strategies targeting regulatory T cells, weighing their advantages and limitations, and summarize representative clinical trials targeting Tregs in cancer treatment. We believe that developing therapies that specifically target and suppress tumor-infiltrating Tregs holds great promise for advancing immune-based therapies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Microambiente Tumoral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...