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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(1): 93-106, 2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767479

RESUMO

Nowadays, presynaptic dopaminergic positron emission tomography, which assesses deficiencies in dopamine synthesis, storage, and transport, is widely utilized for early diagnosis and differential diagnosis of parkinsonism. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the latest developments in the application of presynaptic dopaminergic positron emission tomography imaging in disorders that manifest parkinsonism. We conducted a thorough literature search using reputable databases such as PubMed and Web of Science. Selection criteria involved identifying peer-reviewed articles published within the last 5 years, with emphasis on their relevance to clinical applications. The findings from these studies highlight that presynaptic dopaminergic positron emission tomography has demonstrated potential not only in diagnosing and differentiating various Parkinsonian conditions but also in assessing disease severity and predicting prognosis. Moreover, when employed in conjunction with other imaging modalities and advanced analytical methods, presynaptic dopaminergic positron emission tomography has been validated as a reliable in vivo biomarker. This validation extends to screening and exploring potential neuropathological mechanisms associated with dopaminergic depletion. In summary, the insights gained from interpreting these studies are crucial for enhancing the effectiveness of preclinical investigations and clinical trials, ultimately advancing toward the goals of neuroregeneration in parkinsonian disorders.

2.
J Neurol ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38758281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: CLCN4 variations have recently been identified as a genetic cause of X-linked neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aims to broaden the phenotypic spectrum of CLCN4-related condition and correlate it with functional consequences of CLCN4 variants. METHODS: We described 13 individuals with CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental disorder. We analyzed the functional consequence of the unreported variants using heterologous expression, biochemistry, confocal fluorescent microscopy, patch-clamp electrophysiology, and minigene splicing assay. RESULTS: We identified five novel (p.R41W, p.L348V, p.G480R, p.R603W, c.1576 + 5G > A) and three known (p.T203I, p.V275M, p.A555V) pathogenic CLCN4 variants in 13 Chinese patients. The p.V275M variant is found at high frequency and seen in four unrelated individuals. All had global developmental delay (GDD)/intellectual disability (ID). Seizures were present in eight individuals, and 62.5% of them developed refractory epilepsy. Five individuals without seizures showed moderate to severe GDD/ID. Developmental delay precedes seizure onset in most patients. The variants p.R41W, p.L348V, and p.R603W compromise the anion/exchange function of ClC-4. p.R41W partially impairs ClC-3/ClC-4 association. p.G480R reduces ClC-4 expression levels and impairs the heterodimerization with ClC-3. The c.1576 + 5G > A variant causes 22 bp deletion of exon 10. CONCLUSIONS: We further define and broaden the clinical and mutational spectrum of CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental conditions. The p.V275M variant may be a potential hotspot CLCN4 variant in Chinese patients. The five novel variants cause loss of function of ClC-4. Transport dysfunction, protein instability, intracellular trafficking defect, or failure of ClC-4 to oligomerize may contribute to the pathophysiological events leading to CLCN4-related neurodevelopmental disorder.

3.
Microb Pathog ; 192: 106701, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754566

RESUMO

Plaque-induced gingivitis is an inflammatory response in gingival tissues resulting from bacterial plaque accumulation at the gingival margin. Postbiotics can promote the proliferation of beneficial bacteria and optimise the state of microbiota in the oral cavity. In this study, we investigated the effect of inactivated Lacticaseibacillus paracasei Probio-01 on plaque-induced gingivitis and the dental plaque microbiota. A total of 32 healthy gingival participants (Group N, using blank toothpaste for 3 months) and 60 patients with plaque-induced gingivitis (30 in Group F, using inactivated Probio-01 toothpaste for 3 months, and 30 in Group B, using blank toothpaste for 3 months, respectively) were recruited. Clinical indices, which included bleeding on probing (BOP), gingival index (GI), and plaque index (PI), were used to assess the severity of gingivitis. Furthermore, 16SrDNA amplicon sequencing was used to explore changes in the gingival state and dental plaque microbiota in patients with plaque-induced gingivitis. The results showed that inactivated Probio-01 significantly reduced clinical indices of gingivitis, including BOP, GI, and PI, in participants with plaque-induced gingivitis and effectively relieved gingival inflammation, compared with that observed in the control group (group B). Inactivated Probio-01 did not significantly influence the diversity of dental plaque microbiota, but increased the relative abundance of dental plaque core bacteria, such as Leptotrichia and Fusobacterium (P < 0.05). Strong correlations were observed between the indices and abundance of dental plaque microbiota. Overall, the inactivated Probio-01 significantly reduced the clinical indices of gingivitis and effectively improved gingival inflammation in patients with plaque-induced gingivitis. The activity of inactivated Probio-01 against plaque-induced gingivitis was possibly mediated by its ability to regulate the dental plaque microbiota, as indicated by the close correlation between the plaque microbiota and clinical indices of gingivitis.

4.
Nat Aging ; 4(5): 638-646, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724731

RESUMO

The uptake of COVID-19 booster vaccination among older adults in China is suboptimal. Here, we report the results of a parallel-group cluster-randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of promoting COVID-19 booster vaccination among grandparents (≥60 years) through a health education intervention delivered to their grandchildren (aged ≥16 years) in a Chinese cohort (Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR2200063240 ). The primary outcome was the uptake rate of COVID-19 booster dose among grandparents. Secondary outcomes include grandparents' attitude and intention to get a COVID-19 booster dose. A total of 202 college students were randomized 1:1 to either the intervention arm of web-based health education and 14 daily reminders (n = 188 grandparents) or control arm (n = 187 grandparents) and reported their grandparents' COVID-19 booster vaccination status at baseline and 21 days. Grandparents in the intervention arm were more likely to receive COVID-19 booster vaccination compared to control cohort (intervention, 30.6%; control, 16.9%; risk ratio = 2.00 (95% CI, 1.09 to 3.66)). Grandparents in the intervention arm also had greater attitude change (ß = 0.28 (95% CI, 0.04 to 0.52)) and intention change (ß = 0.32 (95% CI, 0.12 to 0.52)) to receive a COVID-19 booster dose. Our results show that an educational intervention targeting college students increased COVID-19 booster vaccination uptake among grandparents in China.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Avós , Imunização Secundária , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Feminino , China , Vacinas contra COVID-19/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Avós/psicologia , Imunização Secundária/estatística & dados numéricos , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinação/psicologia , Educação em Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10662, 2024 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724606

RESUMO

DBF4 zinc finger (DBF4) is a critical component involved in DNA replication and cell proliferation. It acts as a positive regulator of the cell division cycle 7 kinase. In this study, our investigation encompassed the impact of DBF4 on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and delved into the potential mechanisms. We utilized open-access databases like TCGA and GEO to analyze the association between DBF4 and 33 different tumor types. We also conducted immunohistochemistry experiments to validate the expression of DBF4 in HCC, STAD, COAD, READ, PAAD, and LGG. Furthermore, we employed lentiviral transduction to knockdown DBF4 in HLF and SMMC cells, as well as to overexpress DBF4 in Huh7 cells. Subsequently, we evaluated the impact of DBF4 on proliferation, migration, and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells. RNA sequencing and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were also conducted to identify potential pathways, which were further validated through WB experiments. Finally, pathway inhibitor was utilized in rescue experiments to confirm whether DBF4 exerts its effects on tumor cells via the implicated pathway. Our findings revealed that DBF4 exhibited significant expression levels in nearly all examined tumors, which were further substantiated by the results of immunohistochemistry analysis. High DBF4 expression was correlated with poor overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), progression-free interval (PFI), disease-free interval (DFI), relapse-free interval (RFI) in majority of tumor types, particularly in patients with HCC. In vitro experiments demonstrated that inhibition of DBF4 impaired the proliferative, migratory, and invasive abilities of HCC cells, whereas overexpression of DBF4 promoted these phenotypes. Sequencing results indicated that DBF4 may induce these changes through the ERBB signaling pathway. Further experimental validation revealed that DBF4 activates the ERBB signaling pathway, leading to alterations in the JNK/STAT, MAPK, and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways, thereby impacting the proliferative, migratory, and invasive abilities of tumor cells. Lastly, treatment of Huh7 cells overexpressing DBF4 with the ERBB2 inhibitor dacomitinib demonstrated the ability of ERBB2 inhibition to reverse the promoting effect of DBF4 overexpression on the proliferative, migratory, and invasive abilities of HCC cells. DBF4 plays a pivotal oncogenic role in HCC by promoting the ERBB signaling pathway and activating its downstream PI3K/AKT, JNK/STAT3, and MAPK signaling pathways. DBF4 may serve as a prognostic biomarker for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Dedos de Zinco , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética
6.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730825

RESUMO

Medical titanium-based (Ti-based) implants in the human body are prone to infection by pathogenic bacteria, leading to implantation failure. Constructing antibacterial nanocoatings on Ti-based implants is one of the most effective strategies to solve bacterial contamination. However, single antibacterial function was not sufficient to efficiently kill bacteria, and it is necessary to develop multifunctional antibacterial methods. This study modifies medical Ti foils with Cu-doped Co3O4 rich in oxygen vacancies, and improves their biocompatibility by polydopamine (PDA/Cu-Ov-Co3O4). Under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation, nanocoatings can generate •OH and 1O2 due to Cu+ Fenton-like activity and a photodynamic effect of Cu-Ov-Co3O4, and the total reactive oxygen species (ROS) content inside bacteria significantly increases, causing oxidative stress of bacteria. Further experiments prove that the photothermal process enhances the bacterial membrane permeability, allowing the invasion of ROS and metal ions, as well as the protein leakage. Moreover, PDA/Cu-Ov-Co3O4 can downregulate ATP levels and further reduce bacterial metabolic activity after irradiation. This coating exhibits sterilization ability against both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with an antibacterial rate of ca. 100%, significantly higher than that of bare medical Ti foils (ca. 0%). Therefore, multifunctional synergistic antibacterial nanocoating will be a promising strategy for preventing bacterial contamination on medical Ti-based implants.

7.
Anal Methods ; 16(19): 3020-3029, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690766

RESUMO

A concise and rapid detection method for Mycoplasma pneumoniae is urgently required due to its severe impact on human health. To meet such a need, this study proposed and constructed an innovative point-of-care testing (POCT) platform that consists of a hydrogen ion-selective loop-mediated isothermal amplification (H+-LAMP) sensor and an electrochemical detection device. The H+-LAMP sensor successfully integrated the working and reference electrodes and converted the H+ generated during the LAMP process into an electrochemical signal. High sensitivity and stability for pathogen detection were also achieved by treating the working electrode with an electrodeposited polyaniline solid contact layer and by using an ion-selective membrane. As a result, the sensor shows a sensitivity of 68.26 mV per pH, a response time of less than 2 s, and a potential drift of less than 5 mV within one hour, which well meets the urgent need. The results also demonstrated that the detection limit for Mycoplasma pneumoniae was lowered to 1 copy per µL, the nucleic acid extraction and detection process could be completed in 30 minutes, and the impact of interfering ions on the sensor was negligible. Validation with 20 clinical samples yielded satisfactory results. More importantly, the storage lifespan of such an electrochemical sensor is over seven days, which is a great advantage for on-site pathogen detection. Therefore, the hydrogen ion-selective sensor constructed in this investigation is particularly suitable as a core component for instant pathogen detection platforms.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Limite de Detecção , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Mycoplasma pneumoniae/genética , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Humanos , Hidrogênio/química , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Pneumonia por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/instrumentação , Eletrodos
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(19): 25498-25510, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701230

RESUMO

Clean, energy-free methods of cooling are an effective way to respond to the global energy crisis. To date, cooling materials using passive daytime radiative cooling (RC) technology have been applied in the fields of energy-efficient buildings, solar photovoltaic cooling, and insulating textiles. However, RC materials frequently suffer from comprehensive damage to their microstructure, resulting in the loss of their initial cooling effect in complex outdoor environments. Here, a superhydrophobic daytime passive RC porous film with environmental tolerance (SRCP film) was fabricated, which integrated strong solar reflectivity (approximately 90%), mid-infrared emissivity (approximately 0.97), and superhydrophobicity (water contact angle (WCA) of 160° and sliding angle of 3°). This study revealed that SRCP film had an average reflectivity of 14.3% higher than SiO2 particles in the 0.3-2.5 µm wavelength region, achieving a cooling effect of 13.2 °C in ambient conditions with a solar irradiance of 946 W·m-2 and a relative humidity of 74% due to the synergistic effect of effective solar reflection and thermal infrared emission. In addition, empirical results showed that the attained films possessed outstanding environmental tolerance, maintaining high WCA (156°), stable cooling effect (8.3 °C), and low SiO2 loss (less than 5.1%) after 30 consecutive days of UV irradiation and 14 days of corrosion with acidic and alkaline solutions. More importantly, this work could be flexibly prepared by various methods without the use of any fluorine-containing reagents, which greatly widens the practical application scope.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 271(Pt 1): 132474, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38777019

RESUMO

Prime editing is a programmable genetic method that can precisely generate any desired small-scale variations in cells without requiring double-strand breaks and DNA donors. However, higher editing efficiency is greatly desirable for wide practical applications. In this study, we developed a target-specific prime editing reporter (tsPER) and a universal prime editing reporter (UPER) to facilitate rapid selection of desired edited cells through puromycin screening. The modification efficiency of HEK3_i1CTT_d5G in HEK293T cells improved from 36.37 % to 64.84 % with the incorporation of tsPER. The target sequence of interested genes could be custom inserted into a selection cassette in tsPER to establish personalized reporters. The UPER demonstrated PE3 editing efficiency up to 74.49 % on HEK3_i1CTT_d5G and 73.52 % on HEK3_i1His6, achieved through co-selection with an additional pegRNA (puro) to repair the mutant PuroR cassette. Overall, tsPER and UPER robustly improved the efficiency of prime editing. Both of these approaches expand enrichment strategies for genomically modified cells and accelerate the generation of genetically modified models.

10.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 453, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impatiens is an important genus with rich species of garden plants, and its distribution is extremely extensive, which is reflected in its diverse ecological environment. However, the specific mechanisms of Impatiens' adaptation to various environments and the mechanism related to lignin remain unclear. RESULTS: Three representative Impatiens species,Impatiens chlorosepala (wet, low degree of lignification), Impatiens uliginosa (aquatic, moderate degree of lignification) and Impatiens rubrostriata (terrestrial, high degree of lignification), were selected and analyzed for their anatomical structures, lignin content and composition, and lignin-related gene expression. There are significant differences in anatomical parameters among the stems of three Impatiens species, and the anatomical structure is consistent with the determination results of lignin content. Furthermore, the thickness of the xylem and cell walls, as well as the ratio of cell wall thickness to stem diameter have a strong correlation with lignin content. The anatomical structure and degree of lignification in Impatiens can be attributed to the plant's growth environment, morphology, and growth rate. Our analysis of lignin-related genes revealed a negative correlation between the MYB4 gene and lignin content. The MYB4 gene may control the lignin synthesis in Impatiens by controlling the structural genes involved in the lignin synthesis pathway, such as HCT, C3H, and COMT. Nonetheless, the regulation pathway differs between species of Impatiens. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated consistency between the stem anatomy of Impatiens and the results obtained from lignin content and composition analyses. It is speculated that MYB4 negatively regulates the lignin synthesis in the stems of three Impatiens species by regulating the expression of structural genes, and its regulation mechanism appears to vary across different Impatiens species. This study analyses the variations among different Impatiens plants in diverse habitats, and can guide further molecular investigations of lignin biosynthesis in Impatiens.


Assuntos
Impatiens , Lignina , Caules de Planta , Lignina/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/genética , Caules de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Caules de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Caules de Planta/metabolismo , Impatiens/genética , Impatiens/metabolismo , Impatiens/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ecossistema , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Especificidade da Espécie , Genes de Plantas , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Parede Celular/genética
11.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 20(5): e1011200, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709852

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, forecasting COVID-19 trends to support planning and response was a priority for scientists and decision makers alike. In the United States, COVID-19 forecasting was coordinated by a large group of universities, companies, and government entities led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US COVID-19 Forecast Hub (https://covid19forecasthub.org). We evaluated approximately 9.7 million forecasts of weekly state-level COVID-19 cases for predictions 1-4 weeks into the future submitted by 24 teams from August 2020 to December 2021. We assessed coverage of central prediction intervals and weighted interval scores (WIS), adjusting for missing forecasts relative to a baseline forecast, and used a Gaussian generalized estimating equation (GEE) model to evaluate differences in skill across epidemic phases that were defined by the effective reproduction number. Overall, we found high variation in skill across individual models, with ensemble-based forecasts outperforming other approaches. Forecast skill relative to the baseline was generally higher for larger jurisdictions (e.g., states compared to counties). Over time, forecasts generally performed worst in periods of rapid changes in reported cases (either in increasing or decreasing epidemic phases) with 95% prediction interval coverage dropping below 50% during the growth phases of the winter 2020, Delta, and Omicron waves. Ideally, case forecasts could serve as a leading indicator of changes in transmission dynamics. However, while most COVID-19 case forecasts outperformed a naïve baseline model, even the most accurate case forecasts were unreliable in key phases. Further research could improve forecasts of leading indicators, like COVID-19 cases, by leveraging additional real-time data, addressing performance across phases, improving the characterization of forecast confidence, and ensuring that forecasts were coherent across spatial scales. In the meantime, it is critical for forecast users to appreciate current limitations and use a broad set of indicators to inform pandemic-related decision making.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Previsões , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Humanos , Previsões/métodos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Biologia Computacional , Modelos Estatísticos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38798028

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of Nkx1-2, a transcription factor with the NK homeobox domain, in the regulation of fat production. METHODS: Gene expression was analyzed using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or transcriptome sequencing. CRISPR/Cas9 technology was employed to generate nkx1.2 knockout zebrafish and nkx1.2-deleted 3T3-L1 cells. Lipid droplet production in zebrafish larvae was visually quantified using Nile red staining, whereas lipid droplets in 3T3-L1 cells were stained with Oil red O. The binding of Nkx1-2 to the promoter was verified through an electrophoretic mobility shift assay experiment. RESULTS: Nkx1-2 plays crucial roles in the regulation of fat production in zebrafish. Knockout of nkx1.2 in zebrafish leads to weight loss, accompanied by significantly reduced lipid droplet production and decreased visceral and liver fat content. Furthermore, genes related to lipid biosynthesis are significantly downregulated. In 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, Nkx1-2 induces differentiation into mature adipocytes by binding to the cebpa promoter, thereby activating its transcription. Additionally, the expression of nkx1.2 is regulated by the p38 MAPK, JNK, or Smad2/3 signaling pathways in 3T3-L1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that Nkx1-2 functions as a positive regulator of fat production, playing a critical role in adipocyte differentiation and lipid biosynthesis.

13.
Exp Ther Med ; 28(1): 274, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38800045

RESUMO

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.3892/etm.2018.5918.].

14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 118392, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38797378

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Da-yuan-yin decoction (DYY) is a classical traditional Chinese medicine prescription for ulcerative colitis (UC). AIM OF STUDY: This study explored the protective effects and mechanisms of DYY on UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mice were fed 2.5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) for 7 days to establish UC. On the second day, DYY (0.4 g/kg, 0.8 g/kg, 1.6 g/kg) was orally administered daily for 7 consecutive days. The colon tissues and serum were measured by histopathological examination and biochemical analysis. RESULTS: DYY significantly reduced the disease activity index (DAI) and severity of colon shortening and alleviated pathological changes in the colon tissue. DYY restored the protein expression of intestinal tight junction (TJ) protein (ZO-1, occludin and claudin-3). DYY remarkably decreased the level of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Lactic acid (LA), circulating free DNA (cfDNA), complement (C3, C3a, C3c, C3aR1, C5a and C5aR1) and regulated the levels of inflammatory cytokines in serum. DYY significantly inhibited the expressions of nuclear factor kappa-B p65 (NF-κB p65) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), citrullinated histone H3 (CitH3) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), reactive oxygen species (ROS) peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) and CD 11b, the mRNA levels of PADI4, MPO and ELANE in colon tissues. CONCLUSIONS: DYY significantly attenuated DSS-induced UC, which was related with regulating the inflammatory response by the inhibition of complement activation, the LPS-TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation. DYY is a potential therapeutic agent for UC.

15.
Respir Res ; 25(1): 214, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762509

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. However, whether there is an independent association between Sleep Apnea-Specific Hypoxic Burden (SASHB) and glycolipid metabolism disorders in patients with OSA is unknown. METHODS: We enrolled 2,173 participants with suspected OSA from January 2019 to July 2023 in this study. Polysomnographic variables, biochemical indicators, and physical measurements were collected from each participant. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to evaluate independent associations between SASHB, AHI, CT90 and glucose as well as lipid profile. Furthermore, logistic regressions were used to determine the odds ratios (ORs) for abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism across various SASHB, AHI, CT90 quartiles. RESULTS: The SASHB was independently associated with fasting blood glucose (FBG) (ß = 0.058, P = 0.016), fasting insulin (FIN) (ß = 0.073, P < 0.001), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (ß = 0.058, P = 0.011), total cholesterol (TC) (ß = 0.100, P < 0.001), total triglycerides (TG) (ß = 0.063, P = 0.011), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (ß = 0.075, P = 0.003), apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) (ß = 0.051, P = 0.049), apolipoprotein B (apoB) (ß = 0.136, P < 0.001), apolipoprotein E (apoE) (ß = 0.088, P < 0.001) after adjustments for confounding factors. Furthermore, the ORs for hyperinsulinemia across the higher SASHB quartiles were 1.527, 1.545, and 2.024 respectively, compared with the lowest quartile (P < 0.001 for a linear trend); the ORs for hyper-total cholesterolemia across the higher SASHB quartiles were 1.762, 1.998, and 2.708, compared with the lowest quartile (P < 0.001 for a linear trend) and the ORs for hyper-LDL cholesterolemia across the higher SASHB quartiles were 1.663, 1.695, and 2.316, compared with the lowest quartile (P < 0.001 for a linear trend). Notably, the ORs for hyper-triglyceridemia{1.471, 1.773, 2.099} and abnormal HOMA-IR{1.510, 1.492, 1.937} maintained a consistent trend across the SASHB quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: We found SASHB was independently associated with hyperinsulinemia, abnormal HOMA-IR, hyper-total cholesterolemia, hyper-triglyceridemia and hyper-LDL cholesterolemia in Chinese Han population. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm that SASHB can be used as a predictor of abnormal glycolipid metabolism disorders in patients with OSA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1900025714 { http://www.chictr.org.cn/ }; Prospectively registered on 6 September 2019; China.


Assuntos
Hipóxia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Hipóxia/sangue , Hipóxia/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/sangue , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Glicemia/metabolismo , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/sangue , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/diagnóstico , Idoso , Polissonografia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia
16.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38771965

RESUMO

In subsurface environments, Fe(II)-bearing clay minerals can serve as crucial electron sources for O2 activation, leading to the sequential production of O2•-, H2O2, and •OH. However, the observed •OH yields are notably low, and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the production of oxidants from oxygenation of reduced Fe-rich nontronite NAu-2 and Fe-poor montmorillonite SWy-3. Our results indicated that the •OH yields are dependent on mineral Fe(II) species, with edge-surface Fe(II) exhibiting significantly lower •OH yields compared to those of interior Fe(II). Evidence from in situ Raman and Mössbauer spectra and chemical probe experiments substantiated the formation of structural Fe(IV). Modeling results elucidate that the pathways of Fe(IV) and •OH formation respectively consume 85.9-97.0 and 14.1-3.0% of electrons for H2O2 decomposition during oxygenation, with the Fe(II)edge/Fe(II)total ratio varying from 10 to 90%. Consequently, these findings provide novel insights into the low •OH yields of different Fe(II)-bearing clay minerals. Since Fe(IV) can selectively degrade contaminants (e.g., phenol), the generation of mineral Fe(IV) and •OH should be taken into consideration carefully when assessing the natural attenuation of contaminants in redox-fluctuating environments.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781222

RESUMO

Preparation of ultrathin metal-organic framework (MOF) nanosheets is an effective way to improve the catalytic efficiency of MOF photocatalysts owing to their superiority in reducing the recombination rate of photogenerated electrons and holes and enhancing charge transfer. Herein, a light-sensitive two-dimensional uranyl-organic framework named HNU-68 was synthesized. Due to its interlayer stacking structure, the corresponding ultrathin nanosheets with a thickness of 4.4 nm (HNU-68-N) can be obtained through ultrasonic exfoliation. HNU-68-N exhibited an enhanced ability to selectively oxidize toluene to benzaldehyde, with the value of turnover frequency being approximately three times higher than that of the bulk HNU-68. This enhancement is attributed to the smaller size and interface resistance of the layered HNU-68-N nanosheets, which facilitate more thorough substrate contact and faster charge transfer, leading to an improvement in the photocatalytic efficiency. This work provides a potential candidate for the application of ultrathin uranyl-based nanosheets.

19.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 488, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773576

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an idiopathic, chronic inflammatory condition of the colon, characterized by repeated attacks, a lack of effective treatment options, and significant physical and mental health complications for patients. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a vital intracellular organelle in maintaining cellular homeostasis. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is induced when the body is exposed to adverse external stimuli. Numerous studies have shown that ERS-induced apoptosis plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of UC. Mogroside V (MV), an active ingredient of Monk fruit, has demonstrated excellent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of MV on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced UC and its potential mechanisms based on ERS. The results showed that MV exerted a protective effect against DSS-induced UC in mice as reflected by reduced DAI scores, increased colon length, reduced histological scores of the colon, and levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, as well as decreased intestinal permeability. In addition, the expression of ERS pathway including BIP, PERK, eIF2α, ATF4, CHOP, as well as the apoptosis-related protein including Caspase-12, Bcl-2 and Bax, was found to be elevated in UC. However, MV treatment significantly inhibited the UC and reversed the expression of inflammation signaling pathway including ERS and ERS-induced apoptosis. Additionally, the addition of tunicamycin (Tm), an ERS activator, significantly weakened the therapeutic effect of MV on UC in mice. These findings suggest that MV may be a therapeutic agent for the treatment of DSS-induced UC by inhibiting the activation of the ERS-apoptosis pathway, and may provide a novel avenue for the treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Colite Ulcerativa , Sulfato de Dextrana , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Animais , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Colo/patologia , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13264, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747089

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of self-management behaviour and illness perceptions and to examine illness perceptions in relation to self-management behaviour in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and 152 elderly COPD patients were recruited via the convenience sampling method. The COPD Self-Management Scale and the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire for COPD patients were used to examine self-management behaviour and illness perceptions. Pearson correlation analysis, univariate analysis and hierarchical linear regression analysis were used to explore illness perceptions in relation to self-management behaviour. RESULTS: The mean overall score for self-management behaviour was 2.90 ± 0.39. Among the subscales of self-management behaviour, information management had the lowest score of 2.20 ± 0.76. Patients' demographic and clinical characteristics, including educational level, smoking status, type of primary caregiver, home oxygen therapy and COPD duration, were found to be significant determinants of self-management behaviour. After controlling for these variables, several illness perception subscales, including treatment control, personal control, coherence, timeline cyclical and identity, were significantly correlated with self-management behaviour. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that elderly COPD patients' self-management behaviour was unsatisfactory and that illness perceptions were significant determinants of self-management behaviour. The findings may contribute to the development of self-management interventions for elderly COPD patients.

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