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1.
J Environ Qual ; 49(3): 745-753, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016408

RESUMO

Manure is commonly used as a fertilizer or soil conditioner; however, land application of untreated manure may introduce pathogens and antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) into the soil, with harmful implications for public health. Composting is a manure management practice wherein a carbon-rich bulking agent, such as corn (Zea mays L.) stalk residue, is added to manure to achieve desirable carbon/nitrogen ratios to facilitate microbial activities and generate enough heat to inactivate pathogens, including antibiotic-resistant pathogens. However, when comparing compost piles and stockpiles for ARB reduction, we noticed that bulking agents added ARB to composting piles and compromised the performance of composting in reducing ARB. We hypothesized that ARB could be prevalent in corn stalk residues, a commonly used bulking agent for composting. To test this hypothesis, corn stalk residue samples throughout Nebraska were surveyed for the presence of ARB. Of the samples tested, 54% were positive for antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli or enterococci using direct plating or after enrichment. Although not statistically significant, there was a trend wherein the use of pesticides tended to result in a greater prevalence of some ARB. Results from this study suggest that bulking agents can be a source of ARB in manure composting piles and highlight the importance of screening bulking agents for effective ARB reduction in livestock manure during composting.


Assuntos
Compostagem , Antibacterianos , Bactérias , Esterco , Nebraska , Zea mays
2.
Environ Res ; : 110331, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068576

RESUMO

The excess organic carbon is often added to meet denitrification requirements during municipal wastewater treatment, resulting in the carbon waste and increased risk of secondary pollution. In this study, microbial fuel cell (MFC) was coupled with an up-flow denitrification biofilter (BF), and the long-term performances of denitrification and power output were investigated under the different carbon source concentration. With sodium acetate (NaAc) of 600 mg/L and 300 mg/L, the favorable denitrification efficiencies were obtained (98.60%) and the stable current output was maintained (0.44 mA∼0.48 mA). By supplying NaAc of 150 mg/L, the high denitrification efficiency remained in a high range (89.31%) and the current output maintained at 0.12 mA, while, the denitrification efficiency dropped to 71.34% without coupling MFC. Electron balance analysis indicated that both nitrate removal and electron recovery efficiencies were higher in MFC-BF than that in BF, verifying the improved denitrification and carbon utilization performance. Coupling MFC significantly altered the bacterial community structure and composition, and while, the diversified abundance and distribution of bacterial genera were observed at the different locations. Compared with BF, the more exoelectrogenic genera (Desulfobacterium, Trichococcus) and genera holding both denitrifying and electrogenic functions (Dechloromonas, Geobacter) were found dominated in MFC-BF. Instead, the dominating genera in BF were Dechloromonas, Desulfomicrobium, Acidovorax and etc. By coupling MFC, the more complex and diversified network and the closer interaction relationships between the dominant potential functional genera were found. The study provides a feasible approach to effectively improve the denitrification efficiency and organic carbon recovery for deep denitrification process.

3.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 20764020966009, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059491

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-stigma exerts a range of adversities for persons with severe mental illness (SMI), however, little is known about the association between peer contact, social support and self-stigma. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the mediating role of social support on the relationship between peer contact and self-stigma among persons with SMI in Hong Kong. METHODS: A total of 159 persons with SMI (schizophrenia and mood disorder) in community service centres participated in the study through completing a survey on self-stigma, social functioning, social support, perception of peer contact and mass media. Logistic regression was utilised to explore the influencing factors of self-stigma among the participants. RESULTS: The results showed that 81.1% of participants reported moderate to severe levels of self-stigma. Self-stigma was significantly associated with diverse factors (e.g. social functioning). Importantly, positive peer contact was significantly associated with lower self-stigma of persons with SMI. Social support acted as a mediator between peer contact and self-stigma. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that contact-based interventions, such as enhancing positive peer-to-peer contact, should be conducted for reducing self-stigma among persons with SMI.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 15636, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973230

RESUMO

Acute kidney disease (AKD) is a state between acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the prognosis of AKD is unclear and there are no risk-prediction tools to identify high-risk patients. 2,556 AKI patients were selected from 277,898 inpatients of three affiliated hospitals of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2015. The primary point was whether AKI patients developed AKD. The endpoint was death or end stage renal disease (ESRD) 90 days after AKI diagnosis. Multivariable Cox regression was used for 90-day mortality and two prediction models were established by using multivariable logistic regression. Our study found that the incidence of AKD was 53.17% (1,359/2,556), while the mortality rate and incidence of ESRD in AKD cohort was 19.13% (260/1,359) and 3.02% (41/1,359), respectively. Furthermore, adjusted hazard ratio of mortality for AKD versus no AKD was 1.980 (95% CI 1.427-2.747). In scoring model 1, age, gender, hepatorenal syndromes, organic kidney diseases, oliguria or anuria, respiratory failure, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and acute kidney injury stage were independently associated with AKI progression into AKD. In addition, oliguria or anuria, respiratory failure, shock, central nervous system failure, malignancy, RDW-CV ≥ 13.7% were independent risk factors for death or ESRD in AKD patients in scoring model 2 (goodness-of fit, P1 = 0.930, P2 = 0.105; AUROC1 = 0.879 (95% CI 0.862-0.896), AUROC2 = 0.845 (95% CI 0.813-0.877), respectively). Thus, our study demonstrated AKD was independently associated with increased 90-day mortality in hospitalized AKI patients. A new prediction model system was able to predict AKD following AKI and 90-day prognosis of AKD patients to identify high-risk patients.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951166

RESUMO

Soil contamination caused by long-term application of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl has become an issue of increasing concern. In our previous study, strain Chenggangzhangella methanolivorans CHL1, capable of efficiently degrading sulfonylurea herbicides, was isolated. Here, the bioremediation potential of strain CHL1 was assessed for soil polluted with metsulfuron-methyl or tribenuron-methyl in a pot experiment. The growth parameters of waxy maize were measured on day 21 of the pot experiment. Additionally, the residues of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl in soils were analyzed, and the soil microbial community was investigated using a phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) method on days 1, 7, 14, and 21. The results indicated that strain CHL1 greatly accelerated the degradation of metsulfuron-methyl and tribenuron-methyl in soils. The degradation rates in the treatments inoculated with strain CHL1were all more than 91% after 7 days, significantly higher than the 25-36% degradation measured in non-inoculated treatments. Furthermore, strain CHL1 reduced the negative effects of tribenuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl on waxy maize growth, especially the primary root length. Moreover, inoculation with strain CHL1 also reduced the effects of tribenuron-methyl and metsulfuron-methyl on soil microbial biomass, diversity, and community structure. The present study demonstrates that strain CHL1 has great potential application to remediate soil contaminated with metsulfuron-methyl or tribenuron-methyl.

6.
Appl Radiat Isot ; 166: 109387, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877860

RESUMO

The newly-built Compton suppression system at the HL-2A tokamak works in a harsh fusion neutron field especially when the second neutral beam injection system is put into application. The present paper performed Geant4 simulations to study the influences of fusion neutrons on Compton suppressed γ-spectrum analyses. The simulation data show that the influence of fusion neutrons on suppressed γ-spectrum shape is limited, while the influence on detection efficiencies is considerable. Consequently, the changes of detection efficiencies caused by the coexisting neutrons must be taken into account in the subsequent γ-spectrum analyses. Hence, the empirical formulas of γ-ray detection efficiencies of the Compton suppression system, which had considered the influences of fusion neutrons, were put forward and then applied to unfold the experimental γ-spectra. This work lays a superior foundation for the further analyses of the Compton suppressed γ-spectra at the HL-2A tokamak.

8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4515, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908127

RESUMO

The discovery of ancestral RAG transposons in early deuterostomia reveals the origin of vertebrate V(D)J recombination. Here, we analyze the functional regulation of a RAG transposon, ProtoRAG, in lancelet. We find that a specific interaction between the cis-acting element within the TIR sequences of ProtoRAG and a trans-acting factor, lancelet YY1-like (bbYY1), is important for the transcriptional regulation of lancelet RAG-like genes (bbRAG1L and bbRAG2L). Mechanistically, bbYY1 suppresses the transposition of ProtoRAG; meanwhile, bbYY1 promotes host DNA rejoins (HDJ) and TIR-TIR joints (TTJ) after TIR-dependent excision by facilitating the binding of bbRAG1L/2 L to TIR-containing DNA, and by interacting with the bbRAG1L/2 L complex. Our data thus suggest that bbYY1 has dual functions in fine-tuning the activity of ProtoRAG and maintaining the genome stability of the host.


Assuntos
Elementos de DNA Transponíveis/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Anfioxos/genética , Recombinação V(D)J , Fator de Transcrição YY1/metabolismo , Animais , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Genes RAG-1 , Instabilidade Genômica , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição YY1/genética , Fator de Transcrição YY1/isolamento & purificação
9.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939936

RESUMO

Rising temperature associated with climate change may have substantial impacts on forest tree functions. We conducted a 7-year warming experiment in sub-tropical China by translocating important native forest tree species (Machilas breviflora, Syzygium rehderianum, Schima superba and Itea chinensis) from cooler high-elevation-sites (600 m) to 1-2 ℃ warmer low-elevation-sites (300 and 30 m) to investigate warming effects on leaf hydraulic and economic traits. Here, we report data from the last three years (Years 5-7) of the experiment. Warming increased leaf hydraulic conductance (Kleaf ) of S. superba to meet the higher evaporative demand. M. breviflora (300 m), S. rehderianum, S. superba and I. chinensis (300 m and 30 m) exhibited higher area-based and mass-based maximum photosynthetic rates (Aa and Am , respectively) related to increasing stomatal conductance (gs ) and stomatal density in the wet season, which led to rapid growth; however, we observed decreased growth of M. breviflora at 30 m due to lower stomatal density and decreased Aa in the wet season. Warming increased photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency (PNUE) and photosynthetic phosphorus use efficiency (PPUE), but reduced leaf dry mass per unit area (LMA) due to lower leaf thickness, suggesting that these tree species allocated more resources into upregulating photosynthesis rather than into structural investment. Our findings highlight that there was trait variation in the capacity of trees to acclimate to warmer temperatures such that I. chinensis may benefit from warming, but S. superba may be negatively influenced by warming in future climates.

10.
Chem Biodivers ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940397

RESUMO

A systematically chemical investigation of Citrus changshan-huyou Y.B.Chang resulted in the isolation and structure determination of twelve known natural products, including limonoid, nootkatone, scoparone, ß-sitosterol, 3,3',4',5,6,7,8,-heptamethoxyflavone, nobiletin, tangeretin, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperidin, 3,5-dihydroxyphenyl ß-D-glucoside, ß-sitosterol-D-glucoside. The structure modification of the most abundant compound limonin further led to eight limonoid derivatives, including epi-limonol, epi-limonyl acetate, and six new compounds epi-limonol A, limonol A, limonol B, epi-limonol B, epi-limonol C, epi-limonol D, which enlarged the chemical diversity of limonin related limonoids. The structures of the new limonoid derivatives were identified by extensive spectroscopic analysis. In bioassay, all the isolates, the semi-synthetic derivatives and the previously isolated limonoids in our natural product library were subjected for anti-inflammatory activities evaluation, and several limonoids exhibited the inhibition of TNF-α release.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 429, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguum M. Bieb.) is a strongly rhizomatous, low-crowned perennial leguminous and ground-covering grass. The species may be used as an ornamental plant and is resistant to cold, arid temperatures and grazing due to a well-developed underground rhizome system and a strong clonal reproduction capacity. However, the posttranscriptional mechanism of the development of the rhizome system in caucasian clover has not been comprehensively studied. Additionally, a reference genome for this species has not yet been published, which limits further exploration of many important biological processes in this plant. RESULT: We adopted PacBio sequencing and Illumina sequencing to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in five tissues, including taproot (T1), horizontal rhizome (T2), swelling of taproot (T3), rhizome bud (T4) and rhizome bud tip (T5) tissues, in the caucasian clover rhizome. In total, we obtained 19.82 GB clean data and 80,654 nonredundant transcripts were analysed. Additionally, we identified 78,209 open reading frames (ORFs), 65,227 coding sequences (CDSs), 58,276 simple sequence repeats (SSRs), 6821 alternative splicing (AS) events, 2429 long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) and 4501 putative transcription factors (TFs) from 64 different families. Compared with other tissues, T5 exhibited more DEGs, and co-upregulated genes in T5 are mainly annotated as involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. We also identified betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) as a highly expressed gene-specific to T5. A weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) of transcription factors and physiological indicators were combined to reveal 11 hub genes (MEgreen-GA3), three of which belong to the HB-KNOX family, that are up-regulated in T3. We analysed 276 DEGs involved in hormone signalling and transduction, and the largest number of genes are associated with the auxin (IAA) signalling pathway, with significant up-regulation in T2 and T5. CONCLUSIONS: This study contributes to our understanding of gene expression across five different tissues and provides preliminary insight into rhizome growth and development in caucasian clover.

12.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 599-604, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975071

RESUMO

Objective: To study the effect of bone marrow mesenchyml stem cell (BMSC) exosomes (Exo) on the proliferation and migration of brain microvascular endothelial cells in rats. Methods: BMSCs were extracted from rats and identified. The BMSCs were co-cultured with bEnd.3 cells in Transwell chamber for 24 h (BMSCs group). Extracted and identified the BMSCs exosomes (BMSC-Exo). Observed and qualitatively evaluated the cells' abilities on swallowing the BMSC-Exo under a fluorescence microscope. The optimal work concentration of BMSC-Exo was selected by detecting the cell vitality under different BMSC-Exo concentrations by CCK8 method. bEnd.3 cells were co-cultured with BMSC-Exo for 24 h (BMSC-Exo group). bEnd.3 cells cultured alone was set as control group. The proliferation and migration of bEnd.3 cells in the three groups were respectively detected by EDU and cell scratching experiment after 24 h of culture. Results: Flow cytometry showed that P3 BMSCs were CD90 and CD29 positive and CD45 negative, with osteogenic differentiation and adipogenesis differentiation, indicating the extracted BMSCs high purity. The BMSC-Exo under transmission electron microscopy was round-shaped with a diameter of about 100 nm; NTA analysis found the diameter distribution of BMSC-Exo ranged from 50 to 600 nm, with a peak size of 150 nm. Immunofluorescence showed that the endothelial cells could swallow BMSC-Exo. CCK8 showed that supplement of 20 µg/mL BMSC-Exo had the best effect on cell proliferation. EDU results showed that BMSCs group and BMSC-Exo group could promote the proliferation of bEnd.3 cells compared with the control group (P<0.05), and there was no difference between BMSCs group and BMSC-Exo group (P>0.05). Cell scratch test showed that the cell mobility of the BMSC-Exo group was higher than that of the control group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the BMSC-Exo group and the BMSCs group (P>0.05). Conclusion: BMSC-Exo can replace BMSCs in effectively promoting the proliferation and migration of cerebral microvascular endothelial cells, which provide a new potential treatment for angiogenesis after stroke.

13.
Chem Asian J ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979034

RESUMO

Corrosion of metals induces enormous loss of material performance and increase of cost, which has been a common and intractable issue that needs to be addressed urgently. Coating technology has been acknowledged to be the most economic and efficient approach to retard the metal corrosion. For several decades, polymers have been recognized as an effective anticorrosion coating material in both industries and scientific communities, as they demonstrate good barrier properties, ease of altering properties and massive production. Nanomaterials show distinctively different physical and chemical properties compared with their bulk counterparts, which have been considered as highly promising functional materials in various applications, impacting virtually all the fields of science and technologies. Recently, the introduction of nanomaterials with various properties into polymer matrix to form a polymer nanocomposite has been devoted to improve anticorrosive ability of polymer coatings. In this review article, we highlight the recent advances and synopsis of these high-performance polymer nanocomposites as anticorrosive coating materials. We expect that this work could be helpful for the researchers who are interested in the development of functional nanomaterials and advanced corrosion protection technology.

14.
Nanoscale ; 12(36): 18864-18874, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897280

RESUMO

Current control of pathogenic bacteria at all biomaterial interfaces is poorly attuned to a broad range of disease-causing pathogens. Leading antimicrobial surface functionalization strategies with antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), defensins, have not shown their promised efficacy. One of the main problems is the lack of stability and swift clearance from the surface. Surface nanotopography bearing sharp protrusions is a non-chemical solution that is intrinsically stable and long-lasting. Previously, the geometrically ordered arrays of nanotipped spines repelled or rapidly ruptured bacteria that come into contact. The killing properties so far work on cocci and rod-like bacteria, but there is no validation of the efficacy of protrusional surfaces on pathogenic bacteria with different sizes and morphologies, thus broadening the utility of such surfaces to cover increasingly more disease entities. Here, we report a synthetic analogue of nanotipped spines with a pyramidal shape that show great effectiveness on species of bacteria with strongly contrasting shapes and sizes. To highlight this phenomenon in the field of dental applications where selective bacterial control is vital to the clinical success of biomaterial functions, we modified the poly(methyl)-methacrylate (PMMA) texture and tested it against Streptococcus mutans, Enterococcus faecalis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. These nanopyramids performed effectively at levels well above those of normal and roughened PMMA biomaterials for dentistry and a model material for general use in medicine and disease transmission in hospital environments.

15.
Neurotherapeutics ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935298

RESUMO

Chronic pain is a major health problem and the effective treatment for chronic pain is still lacking. The recent crisis created by the overuse of opioids for pain treatment has clearly shown the need for non-addictive novel pain medicine. Conventional pain medicines usually inhibit peripheral nociceptive transmission and reduce central transmission, especially pain-related excitatory transmission. For example, both opioids and gabapentin produce analgesic effects by inhibiting the release of excitatory transmitters and reducing neuronal excitability. Here, we will review recent studies of central synaptic plasticity contributing to central sensitization in chronic pain. Neuronal selective adenylyl cyclase subtype 1 (AC1) is proposed to be a key intracellular protein that causes both presynaptic and postsynaptic forms of long-term potentiation (LTP). Inhibiting the activity of AC1 by selective inhibitor NB001 blocks behavioral sensitization and injury-related anxiety in animal models of chronic pain. We propose that inhibiting injury-related LTPs will provide new mechanisms for designing novel medicines for the treatment of chronic pain and its related emotional disorders.

16.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(49): 495805, 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955020

RESUMO

The intrinsic magnetic low-frequency noise (LFN) is of fundamental scientific interest to the study of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). To gain insight into its mechanism, the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, which describes the linear relation between magnetic LFN and magnetic sensitivity product, has been utilized. However, deviation from the linear correlation has been reported in some studies. To understand and effectively control the magnetic LFN, a more elaborate analytical description and further experimental validation are required. In this work, the magnetic LFN contributed from the magnetization fluctuation in the pinned layer of MTJs with various shape anisotropies was investigated. The MTJs with different shape anisotropies, achieved by altering their aspect ratios, possessed distinct demagnetizing factors. Large magnetic noise was correlated with the increase of magnetic phase loss of ferromagnetic layers during magnetization reversal at which magnetization fluctuation was enhanced. Upon increasing the shape anisotropy, a notable reduction of the magnetic phase loss in the antiparallel (AP) state was observed while it exhibited a slight decrease in the parallel (P) state, revealing that the increase of the shape anisotropy caused a more pronounced suppression of the equilibrium magnetization fluctuation in the AP state. These phenomena were computationally validated by constructing a macrospin model to describe the thermally-induced magnetization fluctuation in the pinned layer. This work reveals the physical relation between MTJ shape anisotropy and magnetic LFN. The effect of the shape anisotropy on the magnetic LFN can be extended to other types of in-plane uniaxial anisotropies.

17.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 693: 108569, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877662

RESUMO

We previously found that ginsenoside 20(S)-Rg3 diminishes the proliferative and invasive capacities of ovarian cancer cells by decreasing miR-4425 level. Yet the mechanism of action of miR-4425 in ovarian cancer remains unclear. Here we report that miR-4425 is upregulated in ovarian cancer tissues relative to normal ovarian tissues, and transfection of miR-4425 inhibitor impairs the proliferation, migration and invasion of SKOV3 and 3AO ovarian cancer cells. Further, miR-4425 antagomiR reduces cell proliferation in a subcutaneous SKOV3 xenograft model using BALB/c nude mice. We identifies farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase 1 (FDFT1) as a direct target of miR-4425 by Western blotting and a luciferase reporter assay. Forced expression of FDFT1 via transfection of an FDFT1-expressing plasmid into ovarian cancer cells not only retards cell proliferation, motility and invasiveness, but also negates the tumorigenic properties of a miR-4425 mimic. By contrast, silencing of FDFT1 by siRNAs abrogates suppression of the proliferation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer cells treated with a miR-4425 inhibitor. Finally, transfection of either a miR-4425 mimic or FDFT1 siRNAs into 20(S)-Rg3-treated ovarian cancer cells counteracts the tumor-inhibitory activity of the ginsenoside. In conclusion, 20(S)-Rg3 exerts anti-ovarian cancer activity by downregulating oncogenic miR-4425 that inhibits the expression of the tumor suppressor gene FDFT1. These results expand our current understanding of the molecular pathways leading to ovarian cancer progression, and unveil the mechanism of action of 20(S)-Rg3 in ovarian cancer inhibition.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 265(Pt A): 115024, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806406

RESUMO

Climate change will impact soil properties such as soil moisture, organic carbon and temperature and changes in these properties will influence the sorption, biodegradation and leaching of trace organic contaminants to groundwater. In this study, we conducted a modeling case study to evaluate atrazine and estrone transport in the subsurface under current and future climate conditions at a field site in central Nebraska. According to the modeling results, in the future, enhanced evapotranspiration and increased average air temperature may cause drier soil conditions, which consequently reduces the biodegradation of atrazine and estrone in the water phase. On the other hand, greater transpiration rates lead to greater root solute uptake which may decrease the concentration of atrazine and estrone in the soil profile. Another consequence of future climate is that the infiltration and leaching rates for both atrazine and estrone may be lower under future climate scenarios. Reduced infiltration of trace organic compounds may indicate that lower trace organic concentrations in groundwater may occur under future climate scenarios.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Agricultura , Mudança Climática , Estrona , Nebraska
19.
Food Res Int ; 136: 109314, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846522

RESUMO

Theoretical and empirical models about the coexistence of formation and decomposition of hydroperoxide during lipid oxidation under Rancimat conditions were established, verified and compared in this research. Theoretical models were proposed based on the simplified three steps of free radical chain reactions by solving kinetic differential equations, giving both formation and decomposition equations. Empirical models were modified from former phenomenological equations by eliminating the parameter of inflection time. Two groups of equations were both well verified by 93 sets of experimental data with adj-R2 of 0.9585-0.9967 and 0.9431-0.9977. Theoretical models were only suitable for the accumulation period of hydroperoxide, while empirical models were able to describe the whole process but give the inappropriate formation and decomposition equations. The further applications of models in quantitatively defining oxidation stages (lag, exponential and stationary phases) and re-evaluating the total oxidation value (TOTOX' = 2.27*PV + AnV) were also introduced.

20.
Cytotherapy ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AIMS: The efficacy of CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR T) cells for treatment of relapsed B-cell malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and the long-term outcomes of these patients remain inconclusive. METHODS: The authors focused on the survival of 35 patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who relapsed after allo-HSCT and received CAR T cells. RESULTS: Of the 34 eligible patients, 30 achieved minimal residual disease-negative complete remission (CR), with a total CR rate of 85.7% (79.8-91.6%). There were 14 patients who received various forms of additional therapy after achieving CR. After a median follow-up of 20.7 months, it was noted that 17 patients had relapsed at a median of 4.5 months (2-34 months). The cumulative recurrence rate (RR) at 18 months was 68.3% (57.6-79.0%). Additional treatment did not reduce the RR but seemed to delay the time to relapse (mean: 5.9 months vs 13.1 months; P = 0.046). Patients with a lower tumor burden (≤10%) had a lower RR (25.0% vs 78.6% at 12 months; P = 0.006). The overall survival (OS) rate for the CR patients was 30.0% (20.3-29.7%) at 18 months, with a median OS of 12.7 months. CONCLUSIONS: The authors' study indicated that for patients who relapsed after HSCT, although a high CR rate was achieved after CAR T therapy, the long-term efficacy was unsatisfactory. It is necessary to optimize additional treatment, including a second HSCT, to further improve long-term efficacy after CAR T infusion.

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