Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.344
Filtrar
1.
Nano Lett ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837959

RESUMO

Propane dehydrogenation (PDH) serves as a pivotal intentional technique to produce propylene. The stability of PDH catalysts is generally restricted by the readsorption of propylene which can subsequently undergo side reactions for coke formation. Herein, we demonstrate an ultrastable PDH catalyst by encapsulating PtIn clusters within silicalite-1 which serves as an efficient promoter for olefin desorption. The mean lifetime of PtIn@S-1 (S-1, silicalite-1) was calculated as 37317 h with high propylene selectivity of >97% at 580 °C with a weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) of 4.7 h-1. With an ultrahigh WHSV of 1128 h-1, which pushed the catalyst away from the equilibrium conversion to 13.3%, PtIn@S-1 substantially outperformed other reported PDH catalysts in terms of mean lifetime (32058 h), reaction rates (3.42 molpropylene gcat-1 h-1 and 341.90 molpropylene gPt-1 h-1), and total turnover number (14387.30 kgpropylene gcat-1). The developed catalyst is likely to lead the way to scalable PDH applications.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 150: 107493, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38870703

RESUMO

2. This research investigates the impact of the EGCG-CSH/n-HA/CMC composite material on bone defect repair, emphasizing its influence on macrophage polarization and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Comprehensive evaluations of the composite's physical and chemical characteristics were performed. BMSC response to the material was tested in vitro for proliferation, migration, and osteogenic potential. An SD rat model was employed for in vivo assessments of bone repair efficacy. Both transcriptional and proteomic analyses were utilized to delineate the mechanisms influencing macrophage behavior and stem cell differentiation. The material maintained excellent structural integrity and significantly promoted BMSC functions critical to bone healing. In vivo results confirmed accelerated bone repair, and molecular analysis highlighted the role of macrophage M2 polarization, particularly through changes in the SIRPA gene and protein expression. EGCG-CSH/n-HA/CMC plays a significant role in enhancing bone repair, with implications for macrophage and BMSC function. Our findings suggest that targeting SIRPA may offer new therapeutic opportunities for bone regeneration.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13516, 2024 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38866797

RESUMO

Diarrhea and constipation are common health concerns in children. Numerous studies have identified strong association between gut microbiota and digestive-related diseases. But little is known about the gut microbiota that simultaneously affects both diarrhea and constipation or their potential regulatory mechanisms. Stool samples from 618 children (66 diarrhea, 138 constipation, 414 healthy controls) aged 0-3 years were collected to investigate gut microbiota changes using 16S rRNA sequencing. Compared with healthy, children with diarrhea exhibited a significant decrease in microbial diversity, while those with constipation showed a marked increase (p < 0.05). Significantly, our results firstly Ruminococcus increased in constipation (p = 0.03) and decreased in diarrhea (p < 0.01) compared to healthy controls. Pathway analysis revealed that Ruminococcus highly involved in the regulation of five common pathways (membrane transport, nervous system, energy metabolism, signal transduction and endocrine system pathways) between diarrhea and constipation, suggesting a potential shared regulatory mechanism. Our finding firstly reveals one core microorganisms that may affect the steady balance of the gut in children with diarrhea or constipation, providing an important reference for potential diagnosis and treatment of constipation and diarrhea.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal , Diarreia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Humanos , Constipação Intestinal/microbiologia , Diarreia/microbiologia , Pré-Escolar , Lactente , Masculino , Feminino , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Fezes/microbiologia , Recém-Nascido , China , Estudos de Casos e Controles , População do Leste Asiático
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 333: 118441, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38851471

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) Roem. Is a deciduous woody plant native to Eastern and Southeastern Asia. Different parts of this plant have a long history of being applied as traditional medicines to treat various diseases. The fruits have been used for antidiabetic, antidiabetic nephropathy (anti-DN), antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and other activities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of EtOAc (PEAE) and n-BuOH extracts (PNBE) from T. sinensis pericarps (TSP) on kidney injury in high-fat and high-glucose diet (HFD)/streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DN mice by network pharmacology and pharmacological investigations, as well as to further discover active compounds that could ameliorate oxidative stress and inflammation, thereby delaying DN progression by regulating the Nrf2/NF-κB pathway in high glucose (HG)-induced glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The targets of TSP 1-16 with DN were analyzed by network pharmacology. HFD/STZ-induced DN mouse models were established to evaluate the effects of PEAE and PNBE. Six groups were divided into normal, model, PEAE100, PEAE400, PNBE100, and PNBE400 groups. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels, organ indices, plasma MDA, SOD, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels, as well as renal tissue Nrf2, HO-1, NF-κB, TNF-α, and TGF-ß1 levels were determined, along with hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis of kidney sections. Furthermore, GMC activity screening combined with molecular docking was utilized to discover active compounds targeting HO-1, TNF-α, and IL-6. Moreover, western blotting assays were performed to validate the mechanism of Nrf2 and NF-κB in HG-induced GMCs. RESULTS: Network pharmacology predicted that the main targets of PEAE and PNBE in the treatment of DN include IL-6, INS, TNF, ALB, GAPDH, IL-1ß, TP53, EGFR, and CASP3. Additionally, major pathways include AGE-RAGE and IL-17. In vivo experiments, treatment with PEAE and PNBE effectively reduced FBG levels and organ indices, while plasma MDA, SOD, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels, renal tissue Nrf2, HO-1, NF-κB, TNF-α, and TGF-ß1 levels, and renal function were significantly improved. PEAE and PNBE significantly improved glomerular and tubule injury, and inhibited the development of DN by regulating the levels of oxidative stress and inflammation-related factors. In vitro experiments, compound 11 strongly activated HO-1 and inhibited TNF-α and IL-6. The molecular docking results revealed that compound 11 exhibited a high binding affinity towards the targets HO-1, TNF-α, and IL-6 (<-6 kcal/mol). Western blotting results showed compound 11 effectively regulated Nrf2 and NF-κB p65 protein levels, and significantly improved oxidative stress damage and inflammatory responses in HG-induced GMCs. CONCLUSION: PEAE, PNBE, and their compounds, especially compound 11, may have the potential to prevent and treat DN, and are promising natural nephroprotective agents.

6.
Front Psychiatry ; 15: 1301338, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846918

RESUMO

Background: Insomnia is one of the most common symptoms among breast cancer patients, which can be present throughout all stages of breast cancer. As a non-pharmacological alternative treatment, acupuncture has been suggested to improve sleep situations in patients with cancer suffering from insomnia. However, there is a lack of well-designed, high-quality clinical evidence regarding the efficacy of acupuncture in the treatment of breast cancer-related insomnia. This study is conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture treatment for breast cancer-related insomnia. Methods: This study was designed as a multicenter, randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial. A total of 264 eligible patients with breast cancer-related insomnia will be randomized into an acupuncture group and a sham acupuncture group in a 1:1 ratio. In the trial, patients in the acupuncture and sham acupuncture groups will receive 12 sessions over a consecutive 4-week period. The primary outcome will be the treatment response rate of Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) at week 4; secondary outcomes include treatment remission rate of ISI, Sleep Efficiency (SE) obtained by the use of Sleep diary, treatment response rate of ISI at 8th and 16th weeks of follow-up, the mean changes of ISI, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Quality of Life Questionnaire - Core 30 (QLQ-C30), sleep parameters recorded in Actigraphy and weekly usage of remedial drugs. Adverse events will be recorded throughout the study. All analyses will be based on the ITT principle and performed with SAS 9.4 statistical software. Discussion: This trial will evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture for breast cancer-related insomnia. If proven effective, acupuncture will provide an effective option for patients with breast cancer-related insomnia, which will play a positive role in helping patients reduce their use of sleeping medications. Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT05510700.

7.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 572, 2024 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844832

RESUMO

KNOXs, a type of homeobox genes that encode atypical homeobox proteins, play an essential role in the regulation of growth and development, hormonal response, and abiotic stress in plants. However, the KNOX gene family has not been explored in sweet potato. In this study, through sequence alignment, genomic structure analysis, and phylogenetic characterization, 17, 12 and 11 KNOXs in sweet potato (I. batatas, 2n = 6x = 90) and its two diploid relatives I. trifida (2n = 2x = 30) and I. triloba (2n = 2x = 30) were identified. The protein physicochemical properties, chromosome localization, phylogenetic relationships, gene structure, protein interaction network, cis-elements of promoters, tissue-specific expression and expression patterns under hormone treatment and abiotic stresses of these 40 KNOX genes were systematically studied. IbKNOX4, -5, and - 6 were highly expressed in the leaves of the high-yield varieties Longshu9 and Xushu18. IbKNOX3 and IbKNOX8 in Class I were upregulated in initial storage roots compared to fibrous roots. IbKNOXs in Class M were specifically expressed in the stem tip and hardly expressed in other tissues. Moreover, IbKNOX2 and - 6, and their homologous genes were induced by PEG/mannitol and NaCl treatments. The results showed that KNOXs were involved in regulating growth and development, hormone crosstalk and abiotic stress responses between sweet potato and its two diploid relatives. This study provides a comparison of these KNOX genes in sweet potato and its two diploid relatives and a theoretical basis for functional studies.


Assuntos
Diploide , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ipomoea batatas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas , Estresse Fisiológico , Ipomoea batatas/genética , Ipomoea batatas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ipomoea batatas/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Genoma de Planta , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
8.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathological complete response (pCR) is an essential criterion for adjusting follow-up treatment plans for patients with breast cancer (BC). The value of the visual geometry group and long short-term memory (VGG-LSTM) network using time-series dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for pCR identification in BC is unclear. PURPOSE: To identify pCR to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) using deep learning (DL) models based on the VGG-LSTM network. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective. POPULATION: Center A: 235 patients (47.7 ± 10.0 years) were divided 7:3 into training (n = 164) and validation set (n = 71). Center B: 150 patients (48.5 ± 10.4 years) were used as test set. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3-T, T2-weighted spin-echo sequence imaging, and gradient echo DCE sequence imaging. ASSESSMENT: Patients underwent MRI examinations at three sequential time points: pretreatment, after three cycles of treatment, and prior to surgery, with tumor regions of interest manually delineated. Histopathology was the gold standard. We used VGG-LSTM network to establish seven DL models using time-series DCE-MR images: pre-NAC images (t0 model), early NAC images (t1 model), post-NAC images (t2 model), pre-NAC and early NAC images (t0 + t1 model), pre-NAC and post-NAC images (t0 + t2 model), pre-NAC, early NAC and post-NAC images (t0 + t1 + t2 model), and the optimal model combined with the clinical features and imaging features (combined model). The models were trained and optimized on the training and validation set, and tested on the test set. STATISTICAL TESTS: The DeLong, Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Chi-squared, Fisher's exact, Hosmer-Lemeshow tests, decision curve analysis, and receiver operating characteristics analysis were performed. P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Compared with the other six models, the combined model achieved the best performance in the test set yielding an AUC of 0.927. DATA CONCLUSION: The combined model that used time-series DCE-MR images, clinical features and imaging features shows promise for identifying pCR in BC. TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 4.

9.
EPMA J ; 15(2): 207-220, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38841625

RESUMO

The prevalence of chronic diseases is currently a major public health issue worldwide and is exploding with the population growth and aging. Dietary patterns are well known to play a important role in our overall health and well-being, and therefore, poor diet and malnutrition are among the most critical risk factors for chronic disease. Thus, dietary recommendation and nutritional supplementation have significant clinical implications for the targeted treatment of some of these diseases. Multiple dietary patterns have been proposed to prevent chronic disease incidence, like Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and Diabetes Risk Reduction Diet (DRRD). Among them, the MedDiet, which is one of the most well-known and studied dietary patterns in the world, has been related to a wide extent of health benefits. Substantial evidence has supported an important reverse association between higher compliance to MedDiet and the risk of chronic disease. Innovative strategies within the healthcare framework of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine (PPPM/3PM) view personalized dietary customization as a predictive medical approach, cost-effective preventive measures, and the optimal dietary treatment tailored to the characteristics of patients with chronic diseases in primary and secondary care. Through a comprehensive collection and review of available evidence, this review summarizes health benefits of MedDiet in the context of PPPM/3PM for chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, osteoporosis, and cancer, thereby a working hypothesis that MedDiet can personalize the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases was derived.

10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 136: 112383, 2024 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38843642

RESUMO

The treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases often requires targeting multiple pathogenic pathways. KYS202004A is a novel bispecific fusion protein designed to antagonize TNF-α and IL-17A, pivotal in the pathophysiology of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Our initial efforts focused on screening for optimal structure by analyzing expression levels, purity, and binding capabilities. The binding affinity of KYS202004A to TNF-α and IL-17A was evaluated using SPR. In vitro, we assessed the inhibitory capacity of KYS202004A on cytokine-induced CXCL1 expression in HT29 cells. In vivo, its efficacy was tested using a Collagen-Induced Arthritis (CIA) model in transgenic human-IL-17A mice and an imiquimod-induced psoriasis model in cynomolgus monkeys. KYS202004A demonstrated significant inhibition of IL-17A and TNF-α signaling pathways, outperforming the efficacy of monotherapeutic agents ixekizumab and etanercept in reducing CXCL1 expression in vitro and ameliorating disease markers in vivo. In the CIA model, KYS202004A significantly reduced clinical symptoms, joint destruction, and serum IL-6 concentrations. The psoriasis model revealed that KYS202004A, particularly at a 2  mg/kg dose, was as effective as the combination of ixekizumab and etanercept. This discovery represents a significant advancement in treating autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, offering a dual-targeted therapeutic approach with enhanced efficacy over current monotherapies.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Interleucina-17 , Macaca fascicularis , Psoríase , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Animais , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Humanos , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/imunologia , Psoríase/induzido quimicamente , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/farmacologia , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Experimental/imunologia , Camundongos , Quimiocina CXCL1/metabolismo , Quimiocina CXCL1/genética , Células HT29 , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Camundongos Transgênicos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Biespecíficos/farmacologia , Masculino , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Imiquimode , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA
11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 35(4): 951-960, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38884230

RESUMO

Precipitation in the plum rain period accounts for 40%-50% of annual precipitation in the monsoon region. To clarify the temporal variability of the isotopic composition of precipitation during the plum rain period from event to interannual time scale and identify the influencing factors, we analyzed the isotopic composition of precipitation and its influencing factors in Nanjing from 2015 to 2022. By using the Hybrid Single-particle Lagran-gian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model with specific humidity analysis, we investigated the water vapor source and influencing factors. The results showed that 1) the isotopic abundance of atmospheric precipitation was depleted in the summer and enriched in winter. dx was lower in summer and higher in winter. The isotopic abundance of precipitation from the plum rain was depleted compared to mean value of the whole-year. 2) There was no significant correlation between δ2H and δ18O of the plum rain (precipitation) with local meteorological factors. However, dx was lower in light rain, reflecting the effect of sub-cloud evaporation. The average dx was higher during plum rain period in years with more total plum rain precipitation. 3) The low-latitude South China Sea and the western Pacific Ocean source area provided water vapor for the plum rain. The shift of moisture source region led to abrupt changes in precipitation isotopes. Our results could provide data support for studies on precipitation isotopes in the monsoon region, as well as a reference point for further understanding the precipitation mechanism of the plum rain and stu-dying the seasonal variability of atmospheric circulation in the East Asian monsoon region.


Assuntos
Chuva , Estações do Ano , Chuva/química , China , Isótopos de Oxigênio/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Deutério/análise , Isótopos/análise , Prunus domestica/química , Prunus domestica/crescimento & desenvolvimento
12.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5139, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886388

RESUMO

Although it is well documented that mountains tend to exhibit high biodiversity, how geological processes affect the assemblage of montane floras is a matter of ongoing research. Here, we explore landform-specific differences among montane floras based on a dataset comprising 17,576 angiosperm species representing 140 Chinese mountain floras, which we define as the collection of all angiosperm species growing on a specific mountain. Our results show that igneous bedrock (granitic and karst-granitic landforms) is correlated with higher species richness and phylogenetic overdispersion, while the opposite is true for sedimentary bedrock (karst, Danxia, and desert landforms), which is correlated with phylogenetic clustering. Furthermore, we show that landform type was the primary determinant of the assembly of evolutionarily older species within floras, while climate was a greater determinant for younger species. Our study indicates that landform type not only affects montane species richness, but also contributes to the composition of montane floras. To explain the assembly and differentiation of mountain floras, we propose the 'floristic geo-lithology hypothesis', which highlights the role of bedrock and landform processes in montane floristic assembly and provides insights for future research on speciation, migration, and biodiversity in montane regions.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Magnoliopsida , Filogenia , China , Magnoliopsida/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Altitude , Fenômenos Geológicos , Ecossistema
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13917, 2024 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886497

RESUMO

Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis) is an important ornamental plant, with economic, cultural, and symbolic significance. During the application of outdoor greening, adverse environments such as high temperature and drought are often encountered, which affect its application scope and ornamental quality. The starch phosphorylase (Pho) gene family participate in the synthesis and decomposition of starch, not only related to plant energy metabolism, but also plays an important role in plant stress resistance. The role of Pho in combating salinity and high temperature stress in R. chinensis remains unknown. In this work, 4 Phos from R. chinensis were detected with Pfam number of Pho (PF00343.23) and predicted by homolog-based prediction (HBP). The Phos are characterized by sequence lengths of 821 to 997 bp, and the proteins are predicted to subcellularly located in the plastid and cytoplasm. The regulatory regions of the Phos contain abundant stress and phytohormone-responsive cis-acting elements. Based on transcriptome analysis, the Phos were found to respond to abiotic stress factors such as drought, salinity, high temperature, and plant phytohormone of jasmonic acid and salicylic acid. The response of Phos to abiotic stress factors such as salinity and high temperature was confirmed by qRT-PCR analysis. To evaluate the genetic characteristics of Phos, a total of 69 Phos from 17 species were analyzed and then classified into 3 groups in phylogenetic tree. The collinearity analysis of Phos in R. chinensis and other species was conducted for the first time. This work provides a view of evolution for the Pho gene family and indicates that Phos play an important role in abiotic stress response of R. chinensis.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Família Multigênica , Filogenia , Rosa , Amido Fosforilase , Estresse Fisiológico , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Rosa/genética , Rosa/enzimologia , Rosa/metabolismo , Amido Fosforilase/genética , Amido Fosforilase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Secas , Genoma de Planta , Salinidade
14.
Mol Med ; 30(1): 90, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection (AD) is a macrovascular disease which is pathologically characterized by aortic media degeneration.This experiment aims to explore how iron deficiency (ID) affects the function of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) and participates in the occurrence and development of AD by regulating gene expression. METHODS: The relationship between iron and AD was proved by Western-blot (WB) and immunostaining experiments in human and animals. Transcriptomic sequencing explored the transcription factors that were altered downstream. WB, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were used to demonstrate whether ID affected HIF1 expression through oxygen transport. HIF1 signaling pathway and phenotypic transformation indexes were detected in cell experiments. The use of the specific HIF1 inhibitor PX478 further demonstrated that ID worked by regulating HIF1. RESULTS: The survival period of ID mice was significantly shortened and the pathological staining results were the worst. Transcriptomic sequencing indicated that HIF1 was closely related to ID and the experimental results indicated that ID might regulate HIF1 expression by affecting oxygen balance. HIF1 activation regulates the phenotypic transformation of VSMC and participates in the occurrence and development of AD in vivo and in vitro.PX478, the inhibition of HIF1, can improve ID-induced AD exacerbation.


Assuntos
Dissecção Aórtica , Músculo Liso Vascular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais , Dissecção Aórtica/metabolismo , Dissecção Aórtica/etiologia , Dissecção Aórtica/genética , Dissecção Aórtica/patologia , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Masculino , Deficiências de Ferro , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fenótipo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética
15.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 358, 2024 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38890761

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fear overgeneralization constitutes a susceptibility factor contributing to the development and maintenance of anxiety spectrum disorders. Extant research has demonstrated that exposure to positive and supportive social relationships attenuates fear acquisition and promotes the extinction of conditioned fear responses. However, the literature lacks investigation into the effect of secure attachment priming on inhibiting the generalization of conditioned fear. METHODS: In this study, college students were recruited via online platforms to voluntarily engage in the experimental procedures, resulting in 57 subjects whose data were deemed suitable for analysis. The experimental protocol consisted of four consecutive phases: pre-acquisition, acquisition, priming, and generalization. The priming phase consisted of two experimental conditions: secure attachment priming (experimental group) and positive emotion priming (control group). This study adopted the perceptual discrimination fear conditioning paradigm, employing subjective expectancy of shock ratings and skin conductance responses as primary assessment indices. Individual difference variables were measured using corresponding psychological measurement scales. RESULTS: In terms of generalization degree, a notable divergence surfaced in the skin conductance responses across various generalization materials between the secure attachment priming group and the control group. Similarly, during generalization extinction, a significant disparity emerged in the skin conductance responses across different generalization phases between the secure attachment priming group and the control group. In addition, individual differences analyses revealed that the inhibitory effect of secure attachment priming on fear generalization was not affected by intolerance of uncertainty and attachment orientations. Conversely, slope analyses confirmed that as intolerance of uncertainty increased, the inhibitory effect of positive emotion priming on fear generalization was attenuated. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that activating participants' representations of secure attachment via imagination effectively attenuates the generalization of perceptual fear at the physiological level. The inhibitory effect of secure attachment priming appears to be distinct from positive emotional modulation and remains unaffected by individual trait attachment styles. These results offer novel insights and avenues for the prevention and clinical intervention of anxiety spectrum disorders.


Assuntos
Condicionamento Clássico , Medo , Generalização Psicológica , Apego ao Objeto , Humanos , Medo/psicologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Condicionamento Clássico/fisiologia , Resposta Galvânica da Pele/fisiologia , Extinção Psicológica/fisiologia , Adolescente
16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(11)2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38891531

RESUMO

HPAM/PEI gel is a promising material for conformance control in hydrocarbon reservoirs. However, its use in low-permeability reservoirs is limited by the high polymer concentrations present. In this study, the gelation performance of an HPAM/PEI system with HPAM < 2.0 wt.% was systematically investigated. The gelation time for HPAM concentrations ranging from 0.4 to 2.0 wt.% varied from less than 1 h to 23 days, with the highest gel strength identified as grade H. The hydrodynamic radius manifested the primary effect of HPAM on the gelation performance. Branched PEI provided superior gelation performance over linear PEI, and the gelation performance was only affected when the molecular weight of the PEI varied significantly. The optimal number ratio of the PEI-provided imine groups and the HPAM-provided carboxylic acid functional groups was approximately 1.6:1~5:1. Regarding the reservoir conditions, the temperature had a crucial effect on the hydrodynamic radius of HPAM. Salts delayed the gelation process, and the order of ionic influence was Ca2+ > Na+ > K+. The pH controlled the crosslinking reaction, primarily due to the protonation degree of PEI and the hydrolysis degree of HPAM, and the most suitable pH was approximately 10.5. Plugging experiments based on a through-type fracture showed that multi-slug plugging could significantly improve the plugging performance of the system, being favorable for its application in fractured low-permeability reservoirs.

17.
Vascular ; : 17085381241262575, 2024 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38885967

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study used unsupervised machine learning (UML) cluster analysis to explore clinical phenotypes of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients based on radiomics. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 1785 patients with infra-renal AAA who underwent elective EVAR procedures between January 2010 and December 2020. Pyradiomics was used to extract the radiomics features. Statistical analysis was applied to determine the radiomics features that related to severe adverse events (SAEs) after EVAR. The selected features were used for UML cluster analysis in training set and validation in test set. Comparison of basic characteristics and radiomics features of different clusters. The Kaplan-Meier analysis was conducted to generate the cumulative incidence of freedom from SAEs rate. RESULT: A total of 1180 patients were enrolled. During the follow-up, 353 patients experienced EVAR-related SAEs. In total, 1223 radiomics features were extracted from each patient, of which 23 radiomics features were finally preserved to identify different clinical phenotypes. 944 patients were allocated to the training set. Three clusters were identified in training set, in which patients had identical clinical characteristics and morphological features, while varied considerably of selected radiomics features. This encouraging performance was further approved in the test set. In addition, each cluster was well differentiated from other clusters and Kaplan-Meier analysis showed significant differences of freedom from SAEs rate between different clusters both in the training (p = .0216) and test sets (p = .0253). CONCLUSION: Based on radiomics, UML cluster analysis can identify clinical phenotypes in EVAR patients with distinct long-term outcomes.

18.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 630, 2024 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876992

RESUMO

Rock abrasivity is one of the main factors affecting the wear of rock-cutting tools, which is usually quantified by the CERCHAR Abrasivity Index (CAI). Researchers and engineers study tool wear and predict tool life based on the CAI of rocks. However, there is still a lack of a dataset on rock properties, especially the abrasivity of various rocks. This paper reports the abrasive dataset of 10 kinds of rocks, including sedimentary rocks, metamorphic rocks, and igneous rocks, with the aid of the CERCHAR Abrasivity Test and digital measurement techniques. The dataset comprises rock abrasivity data, point cloud data for visualization, scratch photos, CERCHAR Abrasivity Test force data, and mechanical properties (uniaxial compressive strength) of rock samples. This dataset facilitates future research on rock abrasivity and rock-cutting tool wear.

19.
Langmuir ; 40(24): 12539-12552, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38842621

RESUMO

Branched surfactants exhibit a lower surface tension, excellent low defoaming performance, and better wetting ability compared with linear surfactants, making them promising for applications in industrial cleaning. In this study, 2-hexyl-1-decene (C8 olefin dimer), obtained from the dimerization of 1-octene, was used as the hydrophobe to synthesize branched nonionic surfactants via hydroxylation and ethoxylation. The hydroxylation of the C8 olefin dimer to synthesize 2-hexyldecane-1,2-diol (C8 BD) using H2O2 and HCOOH was investigated systematically. Under the optimal reaction conditions (H2O2/C8 olefin dimer molar ratio: 1.5, HCOOH/C8 olefin dimer molar ratio: 4.0, reaction time: 10 h, reaction temperature: 50 °C), the conversion of the C8 olefin dimer and selectivity toward C8 BD were found to reach 99.96 and 79.89%, respectively. Further, branched nonionic surfactants (C8 BDEn) were synthesized via ethoxylation of C8 BD with ethylene oxide and characterized using FTIR, LCMS, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR techniques. The presence of a tertiary hydroxyl group in C8 BD increases the reactivity of the primary hydroxyl group, leading to a narrower range of products and lower residual substrate content. The physicochemical properties and surface properties of C8 BDEn with different degrees of ethoxylation at various concentrations were investigated and compared with those of commercially available Guerbet alcohol polyoxyethylene ethers (C8 GAEO9 and C6 GAEO9). The results show that, compared with C8 GAEO9 and C6 GAEO9, C8 BDE6 displayed a higher surface activity with a lower equilibrium surface tension (27.14 mN·m-1), superior wettability with a smaller contact angle (39.2°), better emulsification performance with a longer emulsification time of 548 s, and excellent foaming properties (initial foam volume of 11.6 mL). This strategy of utilizing coal-based α-olefins for the synthesis of branched nonionic surfactants presents a route to prepare value-added fine chemicals from coal-based resources.

20.
Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci ; 379(1906): 20230240, 2024 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853555

RESUMO

Synaptic plasticity is a key cellular model for learning, memory and chronic pain. Most previous studies were carried out in rats and mice, and less is known about synaptic plasticity in non-human primates. In the present study, we used integrative experimental approaches to study long-term potentiation (LTP) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) of adult tree shrews. We found that glutamate is the major excitatory transmitter and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionicacid (AMPA) receptors mediate postsynaptic responses. LTP in tree shrews was greater than that in adult mice and lasted for at least 5 h. N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors, Ca2+ influx and adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) contributed to tree shrew LTP. Our results suggest that LTP is a major form of synaptic plasticity in the ACC of primate-like animals. This article is part of a discussion meeting issue 'Long-term potentiation: 50 years on'.


Assuntos
Giro do Cíngulo , Potenciação de Longa Duração , Receptores de AMPA , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Tupaiidae , Animais , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Giro do Cíngulo/fisiologia , Tupaiidae/fisiologia , Camundongos , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Receptores de AMPA/metabolismo , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...