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1.
Food Chem ; 403: 134310, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36156398

RESUMO

The growing detection of emerging perfluoropolyether carboxylic acids (PFECAs) in food has raised considerable concerns about their high persistence, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. In this study, a pyridine-functionalized covalent organic framework (Py-COF) was synthesized by introducing basic pyridyl groups into Br-COF via Heck cross-coupling. According to density functional theory, PFECAs were adsorbed in the pore sites of Py-COF via O-···HN+ interaction, which was the stable and predominant adsorption configuration. After systematic characterization, Py-COF was used as the coating for solid-phase microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (SPME-HPLC-MS/MS) for the efficient determination of PFECAs in food. Under the optimum conditions, the method showed satisfactory linearity (R2 ≥ 0.998), low limits of detection (0.001-0.004 ng g-1), and good relative recoveries (82.5 %-112 %). The established method was satisfactorily used for the analysis of trace PFECAs in food samples.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Limite de Detecção
2.
Plant Sci ; 326: 111523, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334622

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas9 genome-editing technology has revolutionized plant science and holds enormous promise for crop improvement. The exploration of this system received much attention regarding plant genome editing. Here, by editing the NtPDS gene in tobacco, we first verified that incorporating an OsU3-tRNA promoter combination into the CRISPR/Cas9 system contributed to the highest editing efficiency, as the sgRNA expression level was greater than that resulting from the AtU6-tRNA and AtU6 promoters. Then, we optimized the existing tobacco CRISPR/Cas9 system, pORE-Cas9, by using the OsU3-tRNA promoter combination instead of AtU6 and by fusing an AtUb10-Ros1 expression cassette to the T-DNA to monitor the transgene events. The new system was named pOREU3TR. As expected, 49 transgene-free and homozygous gene-edited green plants were effectively screened in the T1 generation as a result of editing the NtLHT1 gene in tobacco, and the plant height and the contents of most free amino acids in the leaves of the T2 mutant plants were significantly different from those in the leaves of WT plants, demonstrating the high efficiency of the new editing system. This OsU3-tRNA-sgRNA/AtUb10-Ros1 system provides essential improvements for increasing the efficiency of plant genome editing.

3.
RSC Adv ; 12(47): 30577-30587, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337955

RESUMO

In this paper, we describe a method for photoelectrocatalysis (PEC)/H2O2 synergistic degradation of organic pollutants with a magnetic Fe3O4@SiO2@mesoporous TiO2 (FST) photocatalyst-loaded electrode. At optimal conditions of pH 3.0, 2.25% H2O2, working electrode (fixed FST 30 mg) potential +0.6 V (vs. SCE), and 10 mg L-1 of all experimental pollutants, the FST PEC/H2O2 synergistic system exhibited high activity and stability for the removal of various organic pollutants under visible light with comparable degradation efficiencies, including MB (98.8%), rhodamine B (Rh B, 96.7%), methyl orange (MO, 97.7%), amoxicillin (AMX, 83.9%). Moreover, this system obtained TOC removal ratios of 83.5% (MB), 77.9% (Rh B), 80.2% (MO), 65.5% (AMX) within 8 min. The kinetic rate constants of the PEC/H2O2 synergistic system were nearly 53 and 1436 times higher than that of the PEC process and H2O2 photolysis under visible light, respectively. Furthermore, the main reactive oxidant species (˙OH, ˙O2 -) were studied and enhanced mechanisms of the photocatalytic-electro-H2O2 coupling system were proposed. This work brings new insights to efficiently purify organic pollutants by PEC coupled with peroxide under solar light illumination.

4.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1007144, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386991

RESUMO

Background: The neurobiological basis of suicidal behaviors among female adolescents with major depressive disorder (MDD) remains largely unclear. Materials and methods: Fifty-eight drug-naïve, first-episode female adolescent MDD [including 31 patients with suicidal attempt (SA group) and 27 patients without SA (non-SA group)], and 36 matched healthy controls (HCs) participated in the present study. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on each subject. The metrics of the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF), fractional ALFF (fALFF), and regional homogeneity (ReHo) were compared among the three groups. Then seed-based functional connectivity (FC) was conducted based on the ALFF/fALFF and ReHo results, which were then correlated to clinical variables. Results: Compared with the non-SA group, the SA group exhibited increased fALFF in the bilateral insula and right precentral gyrus, and enhanced ReHo in the left superior temporal gyrus, left middle cingulate cortex, right insula, and right precentral gyrus. Relative to the HCs, the SA group demonstrated additionally reduced fALFF and ReHo in the left middle frontal gyrus. Moreover, the SA group showed increased FC between the right precentral gyrus and the left middle frontal gyrus and left insula, and between the right insula and anterior/middle cingulate cortex compared to the non-SA and HC groups. In addition, the fALFF in the left middle frontal gyrus was positively correlated with the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale scores, and the values in the fALFF/ReHo in the right insula were positively correlated with the duration of MDD within the patient group. Conclusion: These findings highlight the multiple abnormalities of the frontolimbic circuit, which may enhance our understanding of the neurobiological basis underlying female MDD with SA during adolescence.

5.
Immunology ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36420662

RESUMO

The costimulation molecule CD226 is widely involved in T cell differentiation, activation, and immune functional regulation in peripheral immune tissues. CD226-deficient mice have impaired immune response capacity. The function of CD226 in regulating T cell development in the thymus, a central immune organ, is not yet fully understood. We investigated the development of thymocytes using CD226 knockout mice and single-cell sequencing techniques. CD226 begins to be expressed in the second half of thymocyte development, with a gradual increase from the double-positive (DP) to single-positive (SP) phase and higher levels of CD226 on CD8+ T cells than on CD4+ T cells from the SP phase to mature T cells. In the thymus of CD226KO mice, the proportion of DPT at the quiescent phase (DPT-Q), particularly the Gzma+ cluster that tends to be CD8+ T cells and CD5+ cluster that are undergoing positive selection, decreases dramatically. Afterward, the proportion of mature CD8+ T cells reduces dramatically. Depletion of CD226 impaired TCR activation signaling and diminished AKT/ERK/NF-κB/p38 phosphorylation levels. The diminished TCR responsiveness of DPT cells impedes their positive selection process and influences the maturation of CD8+ T cells. In mechanism, CD226 knockout enhanced DPT cell apoptosis via impairing AKT phosphorylation. These results suggest that CD226 plays a significant role in T cell thymic development via modulation of TCR signaling, affecting CD8+ T cell maturation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Microbiol Res ; 266: 127252, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347104

RESUMO

Mitophagy is one of the most important cellular processes to ensure mitochondrial quality control, which aims to transport damaged, dysfunctional, or excess mitochondria for degradation and reuse. Here, we determined the function of AoAtg11 and AoAtg33, two orthologous autophagy-related proteins involved in yeast mitophagy, in the typical nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora. Deletion of Aoatg11 and Aoatg33 impairs mitophagy, mitochondrial morphology and activity, autophagy, cell apoptosis, reactive oxygen species levels, lipid droplet accumulation, and endocytosis. These combined effects resulted in slow vegetative growth; reduced conidiation, trap formation, cell nucleus, and extracellular protease activity; increased susceptibility to the stress response; and arthrobotrisin production in the ΔAoatg11 and ΔAoatg33 mutants, compared with the wild-type strain. In addition, the absence of Aoatg11 caused an endoplasmic reticulum stress response. Transcriptome analysis revealed that many differentially expressed genes in the ΔAoatg11 mutants were involved in various important cellular processes, such as lipid metabolism, the TCA cycle, mitophagy, nitrogen metabolism, endocytosis, and the MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, our study revealed that Aoatg11 and Aoatg33 mediate autophagy and mitophagy in A. oligospora, and provides a basis for elucidating the links between mitophagy and fungal vegetative growth, conidiation, and pathogenicity.

7.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(11): 3159-3168, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384850

RESUMO

'Marine ecosystem engineers' are marine species that can shape habitats and benefit other marine organisms, which are widely found in marine plants, animals and microorganisms. Their ecological roles are the basis of marine ecological functions. By analyzing the relevant literature, we systematically reviewed the research progress of the ecological roles of 'marine ecosystem engineers', and proposed the main research direction and content in the future. In general, 'marine ecosystem engineers' play an active role in a particular marine environment. However, once they become invasive species, they may have negative impacts on the invasive sea area. In addition, some 'marine ecosystem engineers' can have both positive and negative impacts simultaneously. In the future, it is necessary to strengthen researches on the role of 'marine ecosystem engineers' in marine biological beds, marine biogenic reefs, marine biofilms and composite ecosystem engineering, effectively utilize their positive roles and prevent and control their negative impacts, so as to realize the comprehensive development, utilization and protection of the ocean.


Assuntos
Organismos Aquáticos , Ecossistema , Animais , Espécies Introduzidas
8.
Phytochemistry ; 205: 113485, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334789

RESUMO

Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) has attracted interest as one of the most economically important industrial crops widely cultivated in China, whose dried leaves are popularly consumed medicinally and recreationally by human societies. In this study, five undescribed alkaloids derivatives, isoaspergillines A-E, together with eight known alkaloids, notoamide D, (1R,4S)-4-benzyl-1-isopropyl-2,4-dihydro-1H-pyrazino-[2,1-b]quinazoline-3,6-dione, protuboxepin K, notoamide C, notoamide M, deoxybrevianamide E, cyclo (D-Pro-L-Trp), and versicolamide B, were obtained from the culture of the Nicotiana tabacum-derived fungus Aspergillus versicolor. Their structures were mainly elucidated through comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data. Bioactivity evaluation of all isolated compounds revealed that isoaspergilline A and notoamide M exhibited anti-TMV activities with IC50 values of 20.0 and 22.8 µM, respectively. Molecular docking suggested that isoaspergilline A and notoamide M were well located into the active site of anti-TMV by interacting with SER138, SER143, and ASN73 residues. This study enlightens the therapeutic potential of the endophytic fungus A. versicolor and it is helpful to find undescribed anti-TMV activity inhibitors, as well as searching for new anti-TMV candidates from natural sources.

9.
Brain Sci ; 12(11)2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36421912

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of deep-brain stimulation (DBS) in the treatment of patients with Parkinson's disease aged 75 years and older. METHODS: From March 2013 to June 2021, 27 patients with Parkinson's disease (≥75 years old) who underwent DBS surgery at the First Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital were selected. The Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Part 3 (UPDRS-III), 39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39), and Barthel Index for Activities of Daily Living (BI) scores were used to evaluate motor function and quality of life before surgery and during on and off periods of DBS at 1 year post operation and at the final follow-up. A series of non-motor scales were used to evaluate sleep, cognition, and mood, and the levodopa equivalent daily dose (LEDD) was also assessed. Adverse events related to surgery were noted. RESULTS: The average follow-up time was 55.08 (21-108) months. Symptoms were significantly improved at 1 year post operation. The median UPDRS-III score decreased from 35 points (baseline) to 19 points (improvement of 45.7%) in the stimulation-on period at 1 year post operation (t = 19.230, p < 0.001) and to 32 points (improvement of 8.6%) at the final follow-up (t = 3.456, p = 0.002). In the stimulation-off period, the median score of UPDRS-III increased from 35 points to 39 points (deterioration of -11.4%) at 1 year post operation (Z = -4.030, p < 0.001) and 45 points (deterioration of -28.6%) at the final follow-up (Z = -4.207, p < 0.001). The PDQ-39 overall scores decreased from 88 points (baseline) to 55 points (improvement of 37.5%) in the stimulation-on period at 1 year post operation (t = 11.390, p < 0.001) and 81 points (improvement of 8.0%) at the final follow-up (t = 2.142, p = 0.044). In the stimulation-off period, the median PDQ-39 score increased from 88 points to 99 points (deterioration of -12.5%) at the final follow-up (Z = -2.801, p = 0.005). The ADL-Barthel Index score increased from 25 points (baseline) to 75 points (improvement of 66.7%) at 1 year post operation (Z = -4.205, p < 0.001) and to 35 points (improvement of 28.6%) at the final follow-up (Z = -4.034, p < 0.001). In the stimulation-off period, BI scores decreased from 25 points to 15 points (deterioration of -40%) at 1 year post operation (Z = -3.225, p = 0.01) and to 15 points (deterioration of -40%) at the final follow-up (Z = -3.959, p = 0.001). Sleep, cognition, and mood were slightly improved at 1 year post operation (p < 0.05), and LEDD was reduced from 650 mg (baseline) to 280 mg and 325 mg at 1 year post operation and the final follow-up, respectively (p < 0.05). One patient had a cortical hemorrhage in the puncture tract on day 2 after surgery, five patients had hallucinations in the acute stage after surgery, and one patient had an exposed left-brain electrode lead at 4 months post operation; there were no infections or death. CONCLUSION: DBS showed efficacy and safety in treating older patients (≥75 years old) with Parkinson's disease. Motor function, quality of life, activities of daily living, LEDD, and sleep all showed long-term improvements with DBS; short-term improvements in emotional and cognitive function were also noted.

10.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune-related cutaneous diseases are a series of disorders, such as alopecia areata, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus and autoimmune bullous dermatoses. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, which is known for its classical pleiotropic effect. Recent studies have found that vitamin D, after catalyzed into its biologically active form [1,25[OH] 2D], correlated with its receptor, vitamin D receptor, plays a vital role in multiple pathophysiological processes, including immune-related dermatoses. This review mainly summarizes evidence on the role of vitamin D/vitamin D receptor in immune-related cutaneous diseases and the potential therapeutic targets for skin disorders. METHODS: We have carried out a comprehensive literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar databases using keywords like "vitamin D", "vitamin D receptor", "immune", "psoriasis", "atopic dermatitis", "skin", "systemic lupus erythematosus", "alopecia areata" and "autoimmune bullous dermatoses". Only articles related to the topic were included in this review. Conference, patent, graduation thesis and articles without available full text were excluded. RESULTS: Vitamin D/vitamin D receptor is critical for skin in regulating the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes, keeping the integrity of the skin barrier as well as maintaining the homeostasis of the skin's immune system. Vitamin D deficiency/vitamin D receptor mutations are potential risk factors for some immune-related cutaneous diseases. CONCLUSION: Vitamin D is a pleiotropic hormone, which is important in the homeostasis of human body. Many studies have revealed vitamin D deficiency in several skin diseases. Thus, vitamin D supplementation may be a useful therapeutic option for immune-related skin diseases.

12.
Curr Eye Res ; 47(12): 1590-1599, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214596

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Uveal melanoma is a high-vascularized tumor that lacks effective systemic therapies. Most anti-angiogenesis drug therapies only target endothelial cell-dependent angiogenesis but not vasculogenic mimicry (VM), which supplies blood to tumors independent of endothelial cells. Thus, we aimed to explore the inhibitory effects of luteolin on proliferation, migration, invasiveness, angiogenesis, and VM activity of uveal melanoma. We further explored the signaling pathway underlying the mechanism of action of luteolin. METHODS: Monocultures of uveal melanoma C918 cells, human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and co-cultures of these two cell lines were established. Angiogenesis of HUVECs, VM formation of C918 cells, and the mosaic vessels formed by both cell types were observed under an inverted microscope. Cell counting kit-8, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), wound scratch, Transwell cell migration, and invasion assays were performed. VEGF levels were detected by ELISA. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of PI3K, p-PI3K P85, Akt, and p-Akt Ser473 proteins. RESULTS: Luteolin inhibited all three modes of angiogenesis observed in uveal melanoma in vitro. Luteolin effectively inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of C918 cells and proliferation and migration of HUVECs. Furthermore, luteolin could inhibit the interaction between the endothelial cells and C918 cells. VEGF secretion in C918 cells and HUVECs treated with luteolin was inhibited. Luteolin decreased the levels of phosphorylated Akt kinase. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the anti-angiogenic effects of luteolin, including against the VM type, in addition to suppressing tumor cell proliferation and migration in vitro. Furthermore, luteolin likely exerts its inhibitory effects via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling pathway. Luteolin might be an effective therapeutic candidate for treating highly vascularized uveal melanoma tumors.


Assuntos
Luteolina , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
13.
Brain Res ; 1797: 148126, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244457

RESUMO

AIMS: Fibrous scarring may play a much more important role in preventing secondary expansion of tissue damage and hindering repair and regeneration than glial scarring after central nervous system (CNS) injury. However, relatively little is known about how fibrous scars form and how fibrous scar formation is regulated after CNS injury. Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is involved in fibrosis in many tissues, and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)/Smad2/3 signaling is one of the critical pathways of fibrosis. However, it is unclear whether and how BRD4 affects fibrous scar formation after ischemicbraininjury. In the present study, whether BRD4 can regulate the formation of fibrous scars after ischemic stroke via TGF-ß1/Smad2/3 signaling was assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary meningeal fibroblasts isolated from neonatal SD rats were treated with TGF-ß1, SB431542 (a TGF-ß1 receptor inhibitor) and JQ1 (a small-molecule BET inhibitor that can also inhibit BRD4). BRD4 was knocked down in adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats by using adenovirus before middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R) injury. The proliferation and migration of meningeal fibroblasts in vitro were evaluated with the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and scratch test, respectively. Neurological function was assessed with Longa scores, modified Bederson Scores and modified neurological severity scores (mNSSs). The infarct volume was assessed with TTC staining. The protein expression of synaptophysin (SY), BRD4, Smad2/3, p-Smad2/3, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), collagen-1 (COL1) and fibronectin (FN) in vivo and in vitro was examined with immunocytochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. KEY FINDINGS: BRD4 expression was upregulated in a TGF-ß1-induced meningeal fibroblast fibrosis model and was downregulated by the TGF-ß1 receptor inhibitor SB431542 in vitro. JQ1, a small-molecule BET inhibitor, inhibited BRD4 and decreased TGF-ß1-induced meningeal fibroblast proliferation, migration and activation. Furthermore, MCAO/R injury induced fibrosis and upregulated BRD4 expression in the cerebral infarct center. BRD4 knockdown by adenovirus inhibited fibrous scarring, promoted synaptic survival, decreased the infarct volume, and improved neurological function after MCAO/R injury. Moreover, inhibition of BRD4, either by JQ1 in vitro or adenovirus in vivo, decreased the phosphorylation of Smad2/3. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to indicate that inhibition of BRD4 delays fibrous scarring after ischemic stroke through mechanisms involving the phosphorylation of Smad2/3.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285877

RESUMO

Medical research is important to scientific progress and medical education. Institutions worldwide have sought to increase student involvement in research such as clinician-scientists training programs, while little is known about how medical undergraduates perceive research. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China, with first-fourth year undergraduates. An online, anonymous, and self-rating 5-point Likert questionnaire was conducted to investigate medical undergraduates' demographic characteristics and assess motivation, self-efficacy, perception, curiosity, and barriers regarding medical research. Content validity was checked with experts and face validity was checked for clarity and understanding of the questionnaire. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the questions ranged from 0.813 to 0.879. A total of 3273 medical undergraduates were surveyed, and 86.62% (2835) participants (male 962, female 1873) were identified as effective. Males scored higher than females on self-efficacy (p < 0.001), perception (p = 0.017), and curiosity (p < 0.001), and lower on barriers (p < 0.001). The second year students are at the peak of their perception (p = 0.006) and lowest barrier scores (p = 0.003). Students with scientific research experience scored higher in motivation (p = 0.002), self-efficacy (p < 0.001), perception (p < 0.001), and curiosity (p < 0.001). Lack of proper mentoring opportunity (86.2%) and knowledge (84.5%) were the main barriers in conducting research. Even though they have a positive perspective, only a few undergraduates enrolled in research. Medical universities should encourage faculties to supervise and guide undergraduates' projects, and provide feasible solutions for students to learn scientific knowledge and skills. It is vital to build a research-oriented environment and academic atmosphere.

15.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36290951

RESUMO

Identifying genuine cortical stimulation-elicited electroencephalography (EEG) is crucial for improving the validity and reliability of neurophysiology using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) combined with EEG. In this study, we evaluated the spatiotemporal profiles of single-pulse TMS-elicited EEG response administered to the left dorsal prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in 28 healthy participants, employing active and sham stimulation conditions. We hypothesized that the early component of TEP would be activated in active stimulation compared with sham stimulation. We specifically analyzed the (1) stimulus response, (2) frequency modulation, and (3) phase synchronization of TMS-EEG data at the sensor level and the source level. Compared with the sham condition, the active condition induced a significant increase in TMS-elicited EEG power in the 30-60 ms time interval in the stimulation area at the sensor level. Furthermore, in the source-based analysis, the active condition induced significant increases in TMS-elicited response in the 30-60 ms compared with the sham condition. Collectively, we found that the active condition could specifically activate the early component of TEP compared with the sham condition. Thus, the TMS-EEG method that was applied to the DLPFC could detect the genuine neurophysiological cortical responses by properly handling potential confounding factors such as indirect response noises.


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Humanos , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Córtex Pré-Frontal
16.
Environ Microbiol ; 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36260054

RESUMO

The cyclic adenosine monophosphate-protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA) signalling pathway is evolutionarily conserved in eukaryotes and plays a crucial role in defending against external environmental challenges, which can modulate the cellular response to external stimuli. Arthrobotrys oligospora is a typical nematode-trapping fungus that specializes in adhesive networks to kill nematodes. To elucidate the biological roles of the cAMP-PKA signalling pathway, we characterized the orthologous adenylate cyclase AoAcy, a regulatory subunit (AoPkaR), and two catalytic subunits (AoPkaC1 and AoPkaC2) of PKA in A. oligospora by gene disruption, transcriptome, and metabolome analyses. Deletion of Aoacy significantly reduced the levels of cAMP and arthrobotrisins. Results revealed that Aoacy, AopkaR, and AopkaC1 were involved in hyphal growth, trap morphogenesis, sporulation, stress resistance, and autophagy. In addition, Aoacy and AopkaC1 were involved in the regulation of mitochondrial morphology, thereby affecting energy metabolism, whereas AopkaC2 affected sporulation, nuclei, and autophagy. Multi-omics results showed that the cAMP-PKA signalling pathway regulated multiple metabolic and cellular processes. Collectively, these data highlight the indispensable role of cAMP-PKA signalling pathway in the growth, development, and pathogenicity of A. oligospora, and provide insights into the regulatory mechanisms of signalling pathways in sporulation, trap formation, and lifestyle transition.

17.
Am J Transl Res ; 14(9): 6647-6658, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36247252

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection causes a variety of intragastric and extragastric diseases. Despite its decreasing global prevalence, it remains a major public health problem in many developing countries. This study aimed to understand the prevalence of H. pylori infection and its risk factors in five cities of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, an area with high incidence of gastric cancer. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies were conducted in Ningxia from 2017 and 2022, to detect the prevalence of H. pylori using the 14C urea breath test. All participants completed a questionnaire that included demographics, personal habits, household economic characteristics, and previous health status. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent factors for H. pylori infection. RESULTS: Our findings demonstrated that the prevalence of H. pylori infection in Ningxia decreased significantly from 60.3% in 2017 to 43.6% in 2022, with an increase in public awareness rate from 35.9% in 2017 to 68.5% in 2022. The lowest infection rate was found in Zhongwei and highest in Guyuan. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was higher among Hui ethnicity, farmers, individuals living in rural areas, individuals with lower income, low education, and those who consumed less fruit. Gallbladder, respiratory, cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases were not associated with H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of H. pylori in Ningxia decreased in the past five years. Ethnicity, location, occupation, income, education, and consumption of fruits were independent risk factors for H. pylori infection in Ningxia. It was not associated with extra-gastric disease.

18.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 964978, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36277792

RESUMO

Background: Numerous genetic studies have shown that genes are related to the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD). The main aim of this study was to confirm whether fibronectin type III domain containing 1 (FNDC1) polymorphisms correlate with the risk of CHD. Methods: In this study, in order to assess the association between three FNDC1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of CHD, we conducted a case-control study involving 630 patients with CHD and 568 healthy controls using Agena MassARRAY (Agena Bioscience, San Diego, CA, USA). Genotype distribution in case and control groups was analyzed by Chi square test. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and alcohol consumption to assess the correlation between SNPs and CHD risk. Results: Our results indicated that FNDC1-rs420137, -rs386360, and -rs7763726 played important roles in enhancing the risk of CHD. Subgroup analysis revealed that rs420137 increased the susceptibility to CHD in males, smokers, and patients aged ≤62 years. Rs360 had an increased risk of CHD in males, patients at aged ≤62 years, smokers, and non-drinkers. Furthermore, the association of rs7763726 with increased CHD risk was also observed in males, patients aged ≤62 years, smokers, and drinkers. Last but not least, these three SNPs we selected were protective factors against hypertension in CHD individuals. Conclusion: Our research suggest that FNDC1-rs420137, -rs386360, and -rs7763726 variants may be regarded as novel biomarkers for predicting CHD risk and other specific mechanisms of action of CHD need to be further studied.

19.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-11, 2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279853

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on allergic diseases is not certain, as people's living habits and the environment have been affected by the pandemic. The present study described the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the allergen sensitization rate in patients with allergic diseases in central China. The results provide reliable epidemiological data for the prevention and control of allergic diseases during the COVID-19 epidemic. METHODS: Data were collected from a total of 6,915 patients with symptoms of allergic diseases who visited the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in China for allergen testing from January 1, 2018, to December 31, 2021. Patients were divided into a children group (<14 years old), youth group (15∼44 years old), middle-aged group (45∼59 years old), and elderly group (>60 years old). Immunoblotting was used to detect 20 serum allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies in patient serum samples. We compared the positive rates of various allergens in different age and sex groups before and during the COVID-19 epidemic, and the prevalence data of sIgE sensitization were analysed. RESULTS: Among the 6,915 patients with symptoms of allergic diseases, 2,838 (41.04%) patients were positive for at least one of the allergens. The top three positive rates of inhaled allergens were Dermatophagoides farinae (1,764 cases, 25.51%), Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (1,616 cases, 23.37%), and house dust (645 cases, 9.33%). The top three positive rates of food allergens were eggs (686 cases, 9.92%), milk (509 cases, 7.36%), and crabs (192 cases, 2.78%). The total positive rate of allergens was higher in men (46.99%) than in women (37.30%). Compared to 2 years before the COVID-19 epidemic, the rate of sensitization to indoor inhalant allergens increased, but outdoor inhalant allergens showed no significant change. The positive rates of milk and eggs peaked during the outbreak of COVID-19 (2020) then declined in 2021. The total positive rate of allergens was higher in males than females before and during the COVID-19 epidemic, but more allergens were different between males and females during the pandemic. Compared to middle-aged and older adults, the children and youth groups were more susceptible to allergic diseases, and they exhibited an increasing positive rate for most common allergens, especially indoor inhalant allergens, during the COVID-19 epidemic than before the pandemic. CONCLUSION: D. pteronyssinus and D. farinae are the most common allergens in South China. Under the background of normalization of epidemic prevention, indoor inhaled allergens should be first in the prevention and control of allergic diseases, and a combination of various indoor cleaning measures should be used to improve the efficiency of interventions.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 58(88): 12297-12300, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36239142

RESUMO

Mechanochemical synthesis is a greener synthesis route to form functional metal organic frameworks (MOFs) compared to the typical solvothermal method. Here we demonstrate the crystal phase control of a widely functional zeolitic imidazolate framework, ZIF-7, and its variations via the mechanochemical synthesis route.

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