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1.
Curr Oncol ; 27(5): e495-e500, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173389

RESUMO

Background: Phase ii data are increasingly being used as primary evidence for public reimbursement for oncologic drugs. We compared the frequency of reimbursement recommendations for phase ii and phase iii submissions and assessed for variables associated with a positive or conditional recommendation. Methods: We identified submissions made to the pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review's Expert Review Committee (perc), of the Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, July 2011 to July 2019, that were supported only by phase ii data. We identified variables within the perc's deliberative framework, including clinical and economic factors, associated with the final reimbursement recommendation. We conducted a multivariable analysis with logistic regression for these variables: feasibility of phase iii study, hematologic indication, and unmet need. Results: We identified 139 submissions with a perc final recommendation. In 27 instances (19%), the submission had only phase ii evidence, and a positive recommendation was issued for 63% of them (the positive recommendation rate was 82% for submissions with phase iii evidence). Clinical benefit (p < 0.001), unmet need (p = 0.047), and patient alignment (p = 0.015) were associated with a positive recommendation. If a future phase iii study was deemed feasible for submissions with only phase ii evidence, then in univariable (p = 0.040) and multivariable analysis (p = 0.024), the perc was less likely to recommend reimbursement (odds ratio: 0.132). Conclusions: Although more than half the oncologic submissions with phase ii data were recommended for public reimbursement, compared with submissions having phase iii data, they were less likely to be recommended. A positive or conditional recommendation was more likely if clinical benefit and alignment with patient values was demonstrated. The perc was less likely to recommend reimbursement for submissions with phase ii evidence if a phase iii trial was deemed possible.

2.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(5): 489-497, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185060

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis infections among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among students sampled from a primary school in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City on April, 2018, and their stool samples were collected for microscopic examinations, in vitro culture and PCR assays to analyze the prevalence of Blastocystis infections and subtype of the parasite. In addition, the risk factors of Blastocystis infections among primary school students were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 466 primary students were surveyed, and the subjects had a mean age of (9.81±1.66) years and included 236 males (50.64%) and 230 females (49.36%). The prevalence of Blastocystis infections was 15.24% (71/466) among the study students, and there was no significance difference in the prevalence between male and fe- male students (16.52% vs. 13.91%; χ2 = 0.616, P = 0.433). In addition, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of Blastocystis infections among grade 1 (6.35%, 4/63), grade 2 (5.17%, 3/58), grade 3 (21.74%, 15/69), grade 4 (25.30%, 21/83), grade 5 (10.19%, 11/108) and grade 6 students (20.00%, 17/85) (χ2 = 15.410, P = 0.009). There were four Blastocystis subtypes characterized (ST1, ST3, ST6 and ST7), in which ST6 was the most common subtype (45.07%, 32/71), followed by ST3 (25.35%, 18/71). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that minority ethnicity [odds ratio (OR) = 4.259, 95% confidential inter- val (CI) : (1.161, 15.621)] and low maternal education level (primary school and below) [OR = 9.038, 95% CI: (1.125, 72.642)] were identified as risk factors of Blastocystis infection among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City. CONCLUSIONS: There is a high prevalence of Blastocystis infections detected among primary school students in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City, and ST6 and ST3 are predominant subtypes. Minority ethnicity and low maternal education level (primary school and below) are risk factors for Blastocystis infections in primary school students.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The differences in the expression profiles of colonic miRNAs between ß-lactoglobulin (ß-Lg) allergic mice and normal mice were analyzed to investigate the important role of the miRNA regulation mechanism in the pathogenesis of cow's milk allergy. METHODS: The present study performed Illumina sequencing to characterize the miRNA profile changes in mouse colon responding to ß-Lg challenge. Target genes were predicted by TargetScan 50 and miRanda 3.3a algorithms and assessed by GO and KEGG analysis. The expression levels of selected miRNAs and cytokine production were verified by cell transfection and quantitative RT-PCR. RESULTS: A total of 15 miRNAs were diversely expressed between the colon of the normal and ß-Lg-sensitized mice (P < 0.05, fold change of >1.50 or <0.67), including six up-regulated miRNAs and nine down-regulated miRNAs, among which seven miRNAs were validated using qRT-PCR. GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analyses further revealed that biological process, protein binding, cytoplasm and the pathways of cancer were significantly enriched, which were closely connected to the allergic inflammation development. Additionally, six key functional interaction pairs in ß-Lg allergy were identified in miRNA prediction algorithms and verified using qRT-PCR. CONCLUSIONS: We can conclude that our results suggested that the miRNAs regulation network participated in the pathogenesis of cow's milk allergy.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131986

RESUMO

The selection and implementation of a plan for maxillary surgery is of the utmost importance in achieving the desired outcome for the patient undergoing two-jaw orthognathic surgery. Some splint-based and splintless methods, accompanied by computer-assisted techniques, are helpful in improving surgical plan implementation. However, randomized controlled trials focused on this procedure are lacking. This study included 61 patients who underwent bimaxillary surgeries. The patients were randomly assigned to a conventional resin occlusal splint (CROS) group, a digital occlusal splint (DOS) group, or a digital templates (DT) group, in a 1:1:1 ratio. The mean linear distance between the planned and actual postoperative positions of eight selected points on the surfaces of the maxillary teeth was selected as the outcome measure. The distance was significantly smaller in the DT group (1.17±0.66mm) when compared to both the CROS group (2.55±0.95mm, P<0.05) and DOS group (2.15±1.12mm, P<0.05). However, the difference between the CROS group and DOS group was not statistically significant. These findings indicate that using digital templates results in the best performance in transferring the surgical plan to the operation environment as compared to the other two types of splints. This suggests that the application of digital templates could provide a reliable treatment option.

5.
Nature ; 587(7832): 63-65, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149293

RESUMO

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are millisecond-duration radio transients of unknown physical origin observed at extragalactic distances1-3. It has long been speculated that magnetars are the engine powering repeating bursts from FRB sources4-13, but no convincing evidence has been collected so far14. Recently, the Galactic magnetar SRG 1935+2154 entered an active phase by emitting intense soft γ-ray bursts15. One FRB-like event with two peaks (FRB 200428) and a luminosity slightly lower than the faintest extragalactic FRBs was detected from the source, in association with a soft γ-ray/hard-X-ray flare18-21. Here we report an eight-hour targeted radio observational campaign comprising four sessions and assisted by multi-wavelength (optical and hard-X-ray) data. During the third session, 29 soft-γ-ray repeater (SGR) bursts were detected in γ-ray energies. Throughout the observing period, we detected no single dispersed pulsed emission coincident with the arrivals of SGR bursts, but unfortunately we were not observing when the FRB was detected. The non-detection places a fluence upper limit that is eight orders of magnitude lower than the fluence of FRB 200428. Our results suggest that FRB-SGR burst associations are rare. FRBs may be highly relativistic and geometrically beamed, or FRB-like events associated with SGR bursts may have narrow spectra and characteristic frequencies outside the observed band. It is also possible that the physical conditions required to achieve coherent radiation in SGR bursts are difficult to satisfy, and that only under extreme conditions could an FRB be associated with an SGR burst.

6.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5792-5801, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142497

RESUMO

Exogenous phytase supplementation increases P and Ca availability to allow for the dietary reductions without negative consequences on productivity or skeletal health. Effects of a Buttiauxella sp. phytase (BSP) supplemented in available P (avP)-reduced and Ca-reduced diets on performance, BW, eggshell quality, serum biochemical bone markers, and bone densitometry were evaluated in egg-laying hens from 68 to 78 wk of age. One hundred hens were fed 1 of 5 diets (n = 20/treatment), including a positive control (PC) with 0.35% avP and 3.5% Ca, and the PC moderately reduced in avP and Ca levels by 0.187 and 0.159% of the diet (by 53 and 4.5%), respectively, (NC1) or severely reduced by 0.231 and 0.275% of the diet (by 66 and 7.9%), respectively, (NC2). Other diets were the NC1 or NC2 supplemented with BSP at 600 FTU/kg (NC1 + BSP or NC2 + BSP, respectively). Egg production and feed conversion ratio were maintained by NC1 but were 11.9% lower and 12.3% higher, respectively, with the NC2 than the PC, which was alleviated by supplemental BSP. Diet effects on FI and eggshell quality followed a similar pattern. Body weight was 2.9% lower for NC1, and 6.1% for NC2 than the PC; BSP alleviated the decreased BW. Serum pyridinoline (bone resorption marker) was 20 to 27% higher in NC2 hens than in the other groups, with no effects on other bone markers. Total and trabecular space bone mineral density in the proximal metaphysis were 8.4 and 15.2% lower for NC1, respectively, and 12.1 and 26.7% lower for NC2, respectively, than PC. Supplemental BSP completely alleviated the decreased bone densitometry measures in NC1, but only partially in NC2. The NC1 hens maintained performance but had decreased BW and bone quality; phytase supplementation restored productivity, BW, and bone quality. The Ca and avP deficiencies in the NC2 hens relative to other groups were partially alleviated by the 600 FTU/kg BSP.

7.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 6007-6012, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142519

RESUMO

This study investigated the combined efficacy of slightly acidic electrolyzed water (SAEW) and UV light (UV) in improving egg internal quality (weight loss, Haugh unit, yolk index, albumen pH) over a 6-wk storage time at 25°C. Eggs were preserved after immersion for 4 min in SAEW (30 mg/L), irradiation for 4 min under a UV lamp, or a combination of SAEW and UV treatment for 4 min. The combination of SAEW and UV inhibited the deterioration of yolk index over the storage period, as well as reducing the extent of decrease in Haugh unit and of weight loss during storage at 25°C, and it was more effective than SAEW or UV alone in maintaining egg internal quality (P < 0.05). The results highlight the promising use of a SAEW and UV combination treatment to improve egg internal quality during storage.

8.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 6267-6277, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142545

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the dynamic changes of egg selenium (Se) deposition and deposition efficiency and to evaluate the efficacy of selenium-enriched yeast (SY) in laying hens over the 84 d feeding period after SY supplementation. A total of one thousand one hundred fifty-two 30-wk-old, Hy-Line Brown hens were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 groups (192 laying hens per group) with 6 replicates of 32 birds each, fed a basal diet (without Se supplementation), basal diet with 0.3 mg/kg of Se from sodium selenite (SS) or basal diets with 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, or 0.4 mg/kg of Se from SY, respectively. The results showed that the Se concentrations in the eggs and breasts from hens fed a SY-supplemented diet were significantly higher than those from hens fed a SS-supplemented diet or a basal diet (P < 0.001). There was a positive linear and quadratic correlation between Se concentrations in the eggs from hens fed a SY-supplemented diet and dietary Se supplementation on days 28, 56, and 84 (r2 = 0.931, 0.932, 0.976, P < 0.001; r2 = 0.946, 0.935, 0.976, P < 0.001), respectively. The Se deposition efficiency in whole eggs from hens fed a basal or SY-supplemented diet weresignificantly higher than those in eggs from hens fed a SS-supplemented diet on days 28, 56, and 84 (P < 0.001), respectively. In addition, there was a positive linear and quadratic correlation between Se concentrations in the eggs from hens fed SY-supplemented diet (r2 = 0.655, 0.779, 0.874, 0.781, P < 0.001; r2 = 0.666, 0.863, 0.944, 0.781, P < 0.001) or SS-supplemented diet (r2 = 0.363, P = 0.002; r2 = 0.440, P = 0.002) and number of feeding days. In conclusion, the organic Se from SY has higher bioavailability and deposition efficiency of Se in whole eggs as compared with inorganic Se from SS. The Se concentrations and Se deposition efficiency in the eggs increased from hens fed a SS- or SY-supplemented diet but decreased from hens fed a basal diet with the extension of the experimental duration. The results indicate that the dietary Se supplementation from SY should be limited to a maximum of 0.1 mg Se/kg complete feed when the eggs and meat produced from hens fed a SY-supplemented diet are used as food for humans directly, whereas up to 0.4 mg/kg organic Se from SY can be used to supplement the diets for laying hens when the products are used as raw materials for producing Se-enriched food.

9.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(5): 498-501, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections in Elaphurus davidianus released to Poyang Lake areas and evaluate the impact of the project of "E. davidianus released to wild environments for natural reproduction and growth" "(E. davidianus return home project") on the transmission of schistosomiasis in Poyang Lake areas. METHODS: During the period from April 2018 to December 2019, the population distribution, inhabiting activity and natural reproduction of E. davidianus released to Poyang Lake areas were investigated by means of GPS and artificial observations. The S. japonicum infection was identified in animal feces in E. davidianus inhabitats using a hatching test, and snail distribution was surveyed in E. davidianus inhabiting grass islands using a systematic sampling method. RESULTS: A total of 51 E. davidianus were released to the Poyang Lake areas in 2018, which subsequently produced 5 E. davidianus habitats in Yinlong Lake, Longkou, Nanchi Lake, Lianzi Lake and Zhu Lake. E. davidianus was found to predominantly inhibit in grass islands, farmlands and forest lands in hilly regions around the Poyang Lake areas. The natural reproduction rate of E. davidianus was 25% in the habitats in 2019, and the mean density of snails was 0.009 to 0.039 snails/0.1 m2 in E. davidianus inhabitats; however, no S. japonicum infection was identified in snails. In addition, the mean densities of wild E. davidianus and bovine feces were 4.6 samples/hm2 and 2.1 samples/hm2, Conclusions The E. davidianus released to Poyang Lake areas may get infections with S. japonicum, and cause schistosomiasis transmission through fecal contamination in grass islands. The impact on and the prevalence of S. japonicum infection was 4.35% and 13.16% (P = 0.236), respectively; however, the intensities of S. japonicum infections were "+++" and "+", respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The E. davidianus released to Poyang Lake areas may get infections with S. japonicum, and cause schistosomiasis transmission through fecal contamination in grass islands. The impact on local schistosomiasis transmission and the response strategy requires to be investigated following the release of E. davidianus to lake regions, to ensure the achievement of the goal of schistosomiasis elimination and the successful implementation of the "E. davidianus return home project" in Poyang Lake areas.


Assuntos
Lagos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde , Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Ecossistema , Fezes/parasitologia , Pradaria , Prevalência , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/normas , Esquistossomose Japônica/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose Japônica/prevenção & controle , Esquistossomose Japônica/transmissão
10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 942-947, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210866

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the related factors of the coronary microvascular disease (CMD) diagnosed with positron emission tomography(PET)/CT in patients with chest pain and without obstructive coronary artery disease (NOCA). Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective cross-sectional study. Consecutive patients with chest pain and NOCA on coronary angiography, who underwent PET/CT quantitative myocardial blood flow measurements at TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from August 2018 to January 2019, were enrolled for this study. The diagnostic criteria for NOCA was the absence of coronary artery diameter stenosis ≥50% on coronary angiography. Clinical data, global left ventricular myocardial blood flow on stress and rest, and the coronary flow reserve (CFR) were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to CFR. Patients with CFR<2 were defined as CMD group, and the rest were classified as control group. Pearson correlation analysis and Logistics regression analysis were used for exploring the risk factors of the CMD. Results: A total of 66 patients, with an mean age of (56.7±9.6) years, were included in the study, including 41 females (62%). There were 20 patients with CMD (30%). Body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in CND group than in control group ((28.1±3.6) kg/m2 vs. (25.6±3.5) kg/m2, P=0.01). Total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were also significantly higher in CMD group than in control group ((4.89±1.03) mmol/L vs. (4.30±1.02) mmol/L and (3.23±0.81) mmol/L vs. (2.71±0.95) mmol/L respectively, P=0.038). Pearson correlation analysis showed that CFR was moderately correlated with BMI (r=-0.45, P<0.001), and was weakly correlated with TC and LDL-C (r=-0.271 and r=-0.280, respectively, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (the risk of CMD increased by 1.528 times for every 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI, 95%CI 1.083-5.897, P<0.05) was an independent risk factor of CMD after adjusted by gender, hypertension, diabetic mellites and LDL-C. Conclusion: For patients with NOCA and chest pain, high BMI is independent risk factor of CMD diagnosed by PET/CT.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Idoso , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Circulação Coronária , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(11): 968-974, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210870

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischemic and hemorrhagic cardiovascular events among Chinese diabetic patients aged 40 years and above with different CVD risk levels. Methods: This study enrolled participants aged 40 years and above in 15 provinces from a prospective cohort study, the China-PAR project (Prediction for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk in China). Participants were categorized into two groups according to the presence or absence of diabetes at baseline. Individuals were further classified into low (0-4.9%), moderate (5%-9.9%) and high risk groups (≥10%), based on predicted ten-year CVD risk using the China-PAR equations. Two followed-up surveys were conducted between 2007 and 2015 to identify CVD events, which were defined as nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, or death due to coronary heart disease, or stroke. Ischemic cardiovascular events included nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, or death due to coronary heart disease, or ischemic stroke. Hemorrhagic cardiovascular events included subarachnoid hemorrhage and intracerebral hemorrhage. The incidences of CVD, ischemic and hemorrhagic cardiovascular events were compared in diabetes and non-diabetes population with different CVD risk levels. Results: This study included 89 209 participants aged 40 years and above, the average follow-up period was 8.5 years. The age was (54.8±9.4) years, and 36 794 (41.2%) were men, and 5 730 (6.4%) were diabetic patients. In diabetes patients aged 40 years and above, 53.7% (3 075/5 730) were at high risk of CVD. Age-and sex-adjusted incidence of CVD, ischemic and hemorrhagic cardiovascular events (1 066.93/100 000 person-years, 824.23/100 000 person-years, and 211.56/100 000 person-years) were significantly lower in diabetes patients than those in non-diabetes population with high CVD risk (1 773.73/100 000 person-years, 1 228.18/100 000 person-years, and 446.49/100 000 person-years) (all P<0.001). Among high CVD risk populations, incidence of ischemic events was significantly higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetes population (1 638.47/100 000 person-years vs. 1 228.18/100 000 person-years, P<0.001), but incidence of hemorrhagic events tended to be lower in diabetic patients than in non-diabetes population (415.70/100 000 person-years vs. 446.49/100 000 person-years, P=0.635). Incidence of ischemic and hemorrhagic events were similar between diabetes patients and non-diabetes population at low or moderate CVD risk groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: More than half of diabetes patients aged 40 years and above in China have high CVD risk. The incidence of CVD, ischemic and hemorrhagic cardiovascular events are different in diabetic patients with different CVD risk levels.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 38(10): 736-738, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142374

RESUMO

Objective: By comparing the diagnotic results and complications of pneumoconiosis patients with work-related injury insurance and non-work-related injury insurance, to provide reference for improving the medical insurance of pneumoconiosis patients. Methods: In May 2019, the diagnotic results and complications of 3204 patients with pneumoconiosis who were hospitalized in the second department of Hunan Prevention and Treatment Institute for Occupational Diseases from January 2017 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 3204 patients, 896 cases (28.0%) were in stage I, 790 cases (24.6%) were in stage II, and 1518 cases (47.4%) were in stage III. 1490 cases (46.5%) of pneumoconiosis patients have complications, mainly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (42.3%, 1354/3204) and lung infection (23.6%, 755/3204) . 584 cases (18.2%) were covered by work-related injury insurance, and the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis patients was mainly in the stage I (61.0%, 356/584) . 2620 cases (81.8%) were covered by non-work-related injury insurance, and the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis patients was mainly in the stage III (56.0%, 1466/2620) . The complication rate of non-work-related injury insurance patients (50.1%, 1312/2620) was higher than that of work-related injury insurance patients (30.5%, 178/584) (χ(2)=73.72, P<0.01) . Conclusion: The inpatients with pneumoconiosis in Hunan Province are still mainly covered by non-work-related injury insurance, and the diagnotic period and complication rate are significantly higher than those of work-related injury insurance patients. Therefore, pneumoconiosis patients should be provided with medical security, early diagnosis and early intervention, to prevent and delay the occurrence of complications.


Assuntos
Seguro , Doenças Profissionais , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , China , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1152-1157, 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152821

RESUMO

Objective To understand the effects and clinical significance of the 2019 guidelines for the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) detection. Methods: According to the 2014 guidelines, 548 cases of invasive breast cancer with equivocal HER2 (2+) detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in Taizhou Enze Medical Center, Zhejiang Province, China from 2013 to 2019 were selected. The results of IHC and HER2/CEPl7 double-probe were reevaluated and divided into groups according to the 2019 guidelines for the comparative analysis. Results: Among the 548 IHC HER2 (2+) invasive breast cancers, the number of positive, equivocal and negative cases for HER2 were 96 (17.52%), 81 (14.78%) and 371 (67.70%), respectively, according to the 2014 guidelines. However, according to the 2019 guidelines, 10 cases (1.82%) were reclassified as IHC 1+, 2 cases in the group 2 were reclassified as negative, and all the originally equivocal cases in group 4 were reclassified as negative. Finally, the total number of positive and negative cases for HER2 were 94 (17.15%) and 454 (82.85%), respectively. Conclusions: After applying the 2019 guidelines, the number of IHC 2+ cases decreases, and the positive rate for HER2 also decreases slightly due to the reevaluation change in groups 2 and 4, leading to reclassification of the cases that were deemed equivocal according to the 2014 guidelines. In general, the new 2019 guidelines are more reasonable and easier to use.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor ErbB-2 , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , China , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Receptor ErbB-2/genética
14.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(11): 846-852, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152843

RESUMO

Objective: To report the clinical and pathological features and surgical treatment of the linear nevus sebaceous syndrome. Methods: It was a retrospective case series study. The clinical records of 11 patients (14 eyes) who were diagnosed as linear nevus sebaceous syndrome between April 2009 and February 2018 at Beijing Tongren Hospital were analyzed. Data collected included sex, age, clinical manifestations, disease site, pathological features, surgical treatment and therapeutic effects. Results: There were six males and five females, aged 6 months to 7 years (mean, 2.8 years). The nevus sebaceous was located at the head (9 patients), face (5 patients) and neck (3 patients). The most common ocular manifestations were blepharocoloboma (13 eyes) and external ocular mass (9 eyes). Surgical treatment was performed in 9 patients (11 eyes), including lid reconstruction in all these eyes, corneal and conjunctival mass resection in four patients (4 eyes), eyelid tumor resection in 5 patients (5 eyes), and symblepharon separation and conjunctival sac reconstruction in 3 patients (5 eyes). Pathological examinations of the external ocular, corneal and conjunctival masses (6 eyes) confirmed the diagnosis of complex choristoma. All operated patients had improved appearance. Conclusions: Linear nevus sebaceous syndrome has characteristic cutaneous lesions and ocular manifestations. Histopathologically, all epibulbar lesions prove to be complex choristomas. The appearance of patients with linear nevus sebaceous syndrome can be significantly improved by oculoplastic surgery. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2020, 56: 846-852).


Assuntos
Coristoma , Nevo Pigmentado , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Túnica Conjuntiva , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Br J Dermatol ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152101

RESUMO

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder resulting in recurrent, painful nodules, abscesses, and sinuses with predilection for intertriginous sites.1 In previous cohorts relying primarily on chart review, 30-40% of patients reported family history of disease,2 but familial risk has not been formally assessed with more meticulous and focused data collection. 676 HS patients at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill were enrolled in our clinical registry from August 2018-December 2019, which collected detailed family history data using questionnaires and skilled interviewers. 57.5% of patients reported HS in either first- or second-degree relatives, including 49.5% with an affected first-degree relative. This suggests a possible genetic contribution to HS. This study's aim was to quantify familial risk in patients with HS.

16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 811-817, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190437

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of the generic azacitidine in Chinese patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes(MDS). Methods: Between October 2013 and 2016, 72 patients were eligible for enrollment at 9 sites from China received generic subcutaneous azacitidine 75 mg·m(-2)·d(-1) for 7 days per 28-day cycle, for ≥6 cycles. Pharmacokinetic blood samples were collected on day 1 of a single-dose. Results: For each patient at cycle 6 or at the time of study discontinuation, whichever came first, the overall response rate, which included complete remission (CR)and partial remission(PR), was 6.9%(5/72), the rate of patients who had the best effect with CR or PR during the treatment was 12.5%(9/72). Patients who were dependent on red-blood-cell transfusions and platelet transfusions at baseline became transfusion independent were 46.3%(19/41)and 41.2% (7/17), respectively. The median time of treatment was 6 cycles, and the median OS was 16.1 months (95%CI 10.9-20.6 months). For 36 patients(50%)received treatment at ≥6 cycles, and the median OS was 22.3 months(95%CI 16.1- not evaluative). Most common grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ hematologic treatment-emergent adverse events were neutropenia(55%), leukopenia(47%), and thrombocytopenia(61%). Pharmacokinetic profiles were similar for generic and original azacitidine in Chinese patients. Conclusion: Generic azacitidine treatment was favorable and safe and can be used as a standard treatment for patients with higher-risk MDS.

17.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 818-821, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190438

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical features and survival analysis of primary intestinal extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type(ENKTL). Methods: Patients with intestinal lymphoma at the First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were collected from January 2009 to December 2019, and those with primary intestinal ENKTL screened. The general situation, main symptoms, ECOG scale, lactic dehydrogenase(LDH), and ß(2)-microglobulin(ß(2)-MG)in the serum, lesion site and form, numbers of extranodal invasion, Lugano stage, pathological features, and lifetime and survival outcomes were evaluated. Results: In total, 34 patients with confirmed diagnosis of primary intestinal ENKTL were identified. The incidence rate of primary intestinal ENKTL is 16.2% (34/210). A total of 26 patients were men and 8 were women with the median age at diagnosis of 45 (range, 20-69)years and patients younger than 60 years account for 85.3%. It included abdominal pain (76.5%), diarrhea(20.6%), hematochezia(29.4%), and abdominal mass(2.9%), 85.3% with B-symptoms, and abnormally elevated LDH in the serum(73.5%). The lesion sites included large intestine(52.9%), small intestine(29.4%), and both of them(17.7%). The lesion forms were featured by mass(8.8%), ulcer(32.4%), diffuse infiltration(2.9%), and hybrid(55.9%). Lugano stage included stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ (70.6%)24 patients and stage Ⅳ(29.4%)10 patients. About 94.1% patients were EBER positive. The median survival time was 60 days. The overall survival rate had significant differences on ECOG scale, LDH in the serum, IPI score and complications(P=0.037, 0.009, 0.002, and 0.000, respectively). Conclusion: Primary intestinal ENKTL was commonly observed in men at young or middle age, and the most common symptom was abdominal pain, often with B-symptoms, abnormally elevated LDH in the serum. The most common site was the large intestine. The lesion forms were mainly featured by the hybrid and ulcer. It seemed that patients with IPI low-risk group and without any complication would have longer survival time.

18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(10): 836-842, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190441

RESUMO

Objective: Endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS)was used as the research emphasis to further investigate the mechanisms of apoptosis of FLT3-ITD-mutated leukemia cells and decreased expression of FLT3-ITD mutated protein induced by all-trans retinoic acid(ATRA). Methods: FLT3-ITD-mutated leukemia cell lines(MV4-11 and MOLM13)were treated with ATRA. Flow cytometry was conducted to assess cell apoptosis. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR)and Western blot were used to detect the expression of ERS-related and autophagy-related genes and protein, respectively. Results: A low-dose ATRA further increased FLT3-ITD cells and ERS levels. ATRA acted on the ERS-related PERK/eif2ɑ signaling pathway and continued to increase the ERS of FLT3-ITD cells, resulting in an upregulation of apoptotic gene CHOP expression. After the treatment with ATRA, FLT3-ITD protein in FLT3-ITD cells was decreased. Of the two main ERS-related protein degradation pathways, ER-associated degradation(ERAD)and ER-activated autophagy(ERAA), the expression of ERAD-related protein ATF6 in FLT3-ITD cells was not significantly changed on ATRA, whereas the expression of ERAA-related proteins Atg7 and Atg5 were significantly increased. Conclusions: ATRA further raises the ERS level of FLT3-ITD cells continuously by activating the ERS-related PERK/eif2ɑ signal pathway and induces FLT3-ITD protein autophagy degradation through ERAA pathway, which induces apoptosis of FLT3-ITD-mutated leukemia cells. These results provide preliminary evidence on the use of ATRA in the treatment of refractory leukemia with FLT3-ITD.

19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10874-10878, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to survey medical staff's acceptance of online Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) during the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (NCP), and to know some information of physical and emotional response of those medical staff who worked at the forefront of COVID-19, through the playback amount of the online MBSR training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Considering the working environment of medical staff in forefront of NCP, we designed and recorded MBSR audio album including 13 sessions, covering 24 hours of a day, then sent the album to medical staff who had been working in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. We collected the playback amount in each session on February 10th and February 24th, which were one week and three weeks after the album was finished. RESULTS: On February 10th and February 24th, there were separately 5778 and 10640 times of broadcasting. The highest broadcasting frequency session was at 5:00 am, followed by 7:00 am. The least broadcasting frequency sessions were 17:00 pm and 19:00 pm. The broadcasting amount in the 6 periods of the night (from 21:00 pm to 7:00 am) was significantly higher than those in the daytime (from 9:00 am to 19:00 pm), with a statistical difference. The tendency of the amount of playback was consistent, which was not affected by the specific content of the mindfulness exercises. CONCLUSIONS: Online MBSR exercises were well accepted by medical staff in the COVID-19. It may help them relax and reduce the risk of stress reactions. During the NCP, medical staff may have different degrees of sleep and emotional problems, which need to be paid more attention to.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10879-10884, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Among the illnesses that may develop from COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), is pneumonia, a severe acute respiratory infectious disease. SARS-CoV-2 continues to spread worldwide and has caused hundreds of thousands of deaths thus far and has disrupted the world economy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This review summarized the reported distributions of SARS-CoV-2 in 13 biological samples of the human body, including nose, feces, sperm, tears, breast milk, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, organs, sputum, cell lines, bronchial brush, blood, throat, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Moreover, this review briefly describes the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in human body samples of five other coronaviruses. CONCLUSIONS: This review offers several recommendations for controlling the spread of SARS-CoV-2 control, specifically, sample collection from suspected cases from foreign countries and risk assessment of imported special goods (biological materials).

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