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1.
Cancer Radiother ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38876937

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The lack of reliable biomarkers for the prognosis and radiotherapy efficacy in esophageal cancer (EC) necessitates further research. The aim of our study was to investigate the predictive utility of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) kinetics in patients with EC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and cfDNA levels (pre-radiotherapy [pre-RT] and post-radiotherapy [post-RT]) and the cfDNA kinetics (cfDNA ratio: post-RT cfDNA/pre-RT cfDNA) of 88 patients. We employed Kaplan-Meier curves to examine the relationship between cfDNA and overall survival (OS) as well as progression-free survival (PFS). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were executed to ascertain the independent risk factors in EC. RESULTS: The pre-RT cfDNA levels were positively correlated with clinical stage (P=0.001). The pre-RT cfDNA levels (cutoff value=16.915ng/mL), but not the post-RT cfDNA levels, were linked to a diminished OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P=0.0137). CfDNA kinetics (cutoff value=0.883) were positively associated with OS (P=0.0326) and PFS (P=0.0020). Notably, we identified independent risk factors for OS in EC treated with RT, including cfDNA ratio (high/low) (HR=0.447 [0.221-0.914] P=0.025), ECOG (0/1/2) (HR=0.501 [0.285-0.880] p=0.016), and histological type (esophagal squamous cell carcinoma [ESCC]/non-ESCC) (HR=3.973 [1.074-14.692] P=0.039). CONCLUSION: Plasma cfDNA kinetics is associated with prognosis and radiotherapy effect in EC undergoing RT, suggesting potential clinical application of a cheap and simple blood-based test.

2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(23): 2154-2159, 2024 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871473

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects of bronchial intubation and blocker on the outcomes of thoracoscopic surgery in infants and small children. Methods: A total of 387 children, including 210 males and 177 females, aged (17.5±8.3) months, who underwent elective thoracoscopic surgery under general anesthesia in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2019 to August 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. The children were divided into bronchial intubation group and bronchial blocker group according to the intraoperative single-lung ventilation mode. After matching the age factor using the propensity score matching with nearest neighbor matching method, 258 cases were finally included in the bronchial intubation group, and 129 cases were included in the bronchial blocker group. The primary outcome was the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in two groups. The secondary outcomes included the incidence of intraoperative hypoxemia, postoperative oxygenation index, postoperative extubation time, the length of postoperative hospitalization and the total medical expenses during hospitalization between the two groups. Results: The incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in the bronchial intubation group and bronchial blocker group was 15.5% (40/258) and 12.4% (16/129), the incidence of intraoperative hypoxemia was 20.2% (52/258) and 16.3% (21/129), the postoperative oxygen indexes were 306 (269, 323) and 311 (274, 336) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), the extubation time was (9.2±4.5) and (8.9±4.2) min, the length of postoperative hospitalization was (5.5±0.6) and (5.5±0.5) days and the total medical expenses were (34±6) and (35±6) thousand yuan, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Both bronchial intubation and blocker can be used for one lung ventilation in thoracoscopic surgery for infants and small children, without affecting the postoperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal , Ventilação Monopulmonar , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Toracoscopia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Pré-Escolar , Pontuação de Propensão , Brônquios/cirurgia , Anestesia Geral
3.
Clin Case Rep ; 12(6): e8927, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863865

RESUMO

Key Clinical Message: Among the total 10 reported cases with 20p13 microdeletion, including our patient, it is notable that 50% of patients presented a height below the 3rd percentile. We suggest that short stature is among the most common manifestations in patients with 20p13 subtelomeric microdeletion. Abstract: Chromosome 20p13 microdeletion occurs rarely, with only 10 reported cases. We report a 16-year-old male with a 1.59 Mb terminal deletion in chromosome 20p13, who presented with proportionate short stature, mild language delay, mild learning disability, and delayed puberty. The clinical phenotype associated with this deletion can exhibit clinical variability. Our patient deviates from the typical developmental and intellectual phenotype seen in the 20p13 deletion, instead displaying mild speech delay, short stature, and delayed puberty. The CSNK2A1 deletion, leading to haploinsufficiency, might be the potential mechanism. And the prominence of his proportionate short stature provides a unique perspective to review the existing literature.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 104(21): 2003-2006, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825945

RESUMO

To investigate the clinical characteristics of metastatic tumors in small intestine. The clinical manifestations, imaging and endoscopic findings, treatment methods and follow-up of patients with small bowel metastatic tumors admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 10 patients were included, including 7 males and 3 females, aged 33-77 (56.4±12.6) years. The main clinical manifestations were intestinal obstruction (8 cases), such as abdominal pain, abdominal distension, nausea, vomiting, and reduced defecation. Some patients had intussusception (abdominal pain, vomiting, black stool and other symptoms, 1 case) or gastrointestinal bleeding (1 case) with early symptoms imperceptible. The primary tumors include gastric cancer (3 cases), malignant melanoma (2 cases), ovarian cancer (2 cases), colon cancer (1 case), rectal cancer (1 case), and lung cancer (1 case). Most of the primary tumors were poorly differentiated (6 cases) or moderately to poorly differentiated (2 cases). The median time from primary tumor surgery to detection of small bowel metastasis [M (Q1, Q3)] was 22 (18, 28) months.The metastatic lesions were single (6 cases) or multiple (4 cases), in both jejunum and ileum. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT, 3 cases) and endoscopy (2 cases) were helpful for detection of small intestinal metastases. The main treatment methods were surgical resection (9 cases), supplemented by radiotherapy, targeted drugs, immunotherapy, etc. Postoperative recurrence and metastasis occurred in some patients (5 cases). Most patients died within 4 to 29 months after diagnosis. Metastatic tumors in small intestine are rare in clinical practice with atypical early symptoms. The patients often present with complications such as intestinal obstruction, which is prone to delayed diagnosis and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Intestino Delgado , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Idoso , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Melanoma/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
5.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 60(6): 528-536, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38825952

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the changes in gray matter volume of the cerebral cortex in patients with intermittent exotropia (IXT) using the voxel-based analysis and to analyze the correlation between these changes and clinical manifestations. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. A collection of 15 consecutive patients diagnosed with IXT at Tianjin Eye Hospital from March 2021 to May 2022 formed the exotropia group, which comprised 8 males and 7 females, with an average age of (23.5±5.2) years. Ten healthy individuals, 3 males and 7 females, with an average age of (27.0±7.5) years, were selected as the control group. All participants underwent assessments of exotropia severity and Titmus stereoacuity. Three-dimensional high-resolution brain images were obtained through MRI scans. Voxel-based morphometry was employed to preprocess the MRI data, and the SPM toolbox in MATLAB was utilized to analyze differences of images between the two groups. Regions of interest (ROI) with structural abnormalities in the gray matter volume analysis were selected, and the ratio of gray matter voxel values in the ROI to the mean gray matter voxel values of the whole brain for each participant was calculated using the MarsBaR software. The correlation between this ratio and exotropia severity as well as the common logarithm of Titmus stereoacuity was analyzed. Results: The differences in age, gender distribution, and refractive error between the two groups were not statistically significant (all P>0.05). However, there were statistically significant differences in the degree of strabismus and Titmus stereoacuity (both P<0.001). Compared to the control group, patients in the strabismus group exhibited decreased gray matter volume in several brain regions, including the wedges of the medial surface of the cerebral hemisphere (decreased by 89 voxels), the left lingual gyrus (decreased by 176 voxels), the left calcarine sulcus V3 area (decreased by 30 voxels), the central anterior gyrus of the right frontal lobe (decreased by 192 voxels), the gray matter of the left hippocampal gyrus (decreased by 20 voxels), and the bilateral lateral geniculate nuclei (decreased by 100 and 40 voxels on the left and right sides, respectively). These differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.001). Additionally, there was an increase in gray matter volume in several brain regions, including the bilateral caudate nuclei (increased by 60 and 76 voxels on the left and right sides, respectively) and the left precentral gyrus (increased by 36 voxels). These differences were also statistically significant (all P<0.001). A group-level analysis identified 10 brain regions with structural differences between the two groups, which were used as ROI. The gray matter volume ratio was negatively correlated with the degree of exotropia (all P<0.05) in the ROI of the left wedges (r=-0.670), left calcarine sulcus V3 area (r=-0.610), and left lingual gyrus (r=-0.684). The gray matter volume ratio was negatively correlated with lgTS (all P<0.05) in the ROI of the left wedges (r=-0.568) and the central anterior gyrus of the right frontal lobe (r=-0.563). Conclusions: Patients with IXT exhibit decreased gray matter volume in the horizontal connection areas between the primary visual cortices V1 and V2. The reduction in gray matter volume of the lingual gyrus and the dorsal visual pathway V3 area becomes more pronounced with increasing exotropia severity, while the gray matter volume of the precentral gyrus (BA6 area) decreases with worsening stereoacuity.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral , Exotropia , Substância Cinzenta , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Exotropia/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles
8.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38837102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the efficacy of temozolomide (TMZ) in the treatment of Metastatic pheochromocytoma / paraganglioma (MPP) patients. And it remains unclear which MPP patients may benefit from TMZ treatment. METHODS: This was a prospective study. MPP patients were enrolled. Patients were treated with TMZ until disease progression or intolerable toxicities. The primary endpoints were disease control rate (DCR) and objective response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included biochemical response rate progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. We compared the difference between effective and ineffective groups, to explore which patients are more suitable for TMZ treatment. RESULTS: 62 patients with MPP were enrolled and tumor response were evaluated in 54 patients. The DCR was 83% (35/42), and the ORR was 24% (10/41) among the progressive patients. PFS was 25.2 ± 3.1 months. The most common adverse event was nausea (41/55). We found that 92.9% (13/14) of patients with MGMT methylation greater than 7% respond to treatment. For the patients with MGMT methylation less than 7%, Ki-67 index could be used to guide the use of TMZ in these patients. Among the patients with Ki-67 index less than 5%, 66% (8/12) patients showed respond to treatment, and only 33% (4/12) patients with Ki-67 index more than 5% showed respond to TMZ. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that TMZ is a potential choice for the treatment of MPP with the high ability on disease control and well tolerability. We recommended to MGMT methylation analysis test and Ki-67 index to guide TMZ application.

9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(22): 226701, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877911

RESUMO

The two-dimensional spin-1/2 kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet is believed to host quantum spin liquid (QSL) states with no magnetic order, but its ground state remains largely elusive. An important outstanding question concerns the presence or absence of the 1/9 magnetization plateau, where exotic quantum states, including topological ones, are expected to emerge. Here we report the magnetization of a recently discovered kagome QSL candidate YCu_{3}(OH)_{6.5}Br_{2.5} up to 57 T. Above 50 T, a clear magnetization plateau at 1/3 of the saturation moment of Cu^{2+} ions is observed, supporting that this material provides an ideal platform for the kagome Heisenberg antiferromagnet. Remarkably, we found another magnetization plateau around 20 T, which is attributed to the 1/9 plateau. The temperature dependence of this plateau reveals the presence of the spin gap. The observation of 1/9 and 1/3 plateaus highlights the emergence of novel states in quantum spin systems.

10.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(22): 225001, 2024 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38877942

RESUMO

We report on an experimental observation of the streaking of betatron x rays in a curved laser wakefield accelerator. The streaking of the betatron x rays was realized by launching a laser pulse into a plasma with a transverse density gradient. By controlling the plasma density and the density gradient, we realized the steering of the laser driver, electron beam, and betatron x rays simultaneously. Moreover, we observed an energy-angle correlation of the streaked betatron x rays and utilized it in diagnosing the electron acceleration process in a single-shot mode. Our work could also find applications in advanced control of laser beam and particle propagation. More importantly, the angular streaked betatron x ray has an intrinsic spatiotemporal correlation, which makes it a promising tool for single-shot pump-probe applications.

11.
Scand J Rheumatol ; : 1-11, 2024 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38899454

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of the joints characterized by inflammation and cartilage degeneration. Zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 2 (ZEB2) contains various function domains that interact with multiple transcription factors involved in various cellular functions. However, the function of ZEB2 in OA has not been clearly illustrated. METHOD: Interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) was used to establish an OA model in vitro. We quantified the ZEB2 expression in cartilage tissues from OA patients and IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes through reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. We then used functional assays to explore the function of ZEB2 during OA progression. RESULTS: ZEB2 expression was increased in OA cartilage tissues and chondrocytes. The silencing of ZEB2 increased aggrecan and collagen II levels, and reduced the content of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), MMP-9, and MMP-13. ZEB2 knockdown inhibited the effects of IL-1ß on the production of nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2, and the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2. ZEB2 inhibition also suppressed the levels of IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor-α, and increased the IL-10 level in IL-1ß-treated cells. Mechanically, ZEB2 knockdown blocked the activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in chondrocytes. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of ZEB2 alleviated IL-1ß-induced cartilage degradation and the inflammatory response through the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in chondrocytes.

12.
J Dent Res ; 103(7): 723-733, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38822570

RESUMO

A ligature-induced periodontitis model was established in wild-type and CD146CreERT2; RosatdTomato mice to explore the function of pericytes in alveolar bone formation. We found that during periodontitis progression and periodontal wound healing, CD146+/NG2+ pericytes were enriched in the periodontal tissue areas, which could migrate to the alveolar bone surface and colocalize with ALP+/OCN+ osteoblasts. Chemokine C-X-C motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) inhibition using AMD3100 blocked CD146-Cre+ pericyte migration and osteogenesis, as well as further exacerbated periodontitis-associated bone loss. Next, primary pericytes were sorted out by magnetic-activated cell sorting and demonstrated that C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) promotes pericyte migration and osteogenesis via CXCL12-CXCR4-Rac1 signaling. Finally, the local administration of an adeno-associated virus for Rac1 overexpression in NG2+ pericytes promotes osteoblast differentiation of pericytes and increases alveolar bone volume in periodontitis. Thus, our results provided the evidence that pericytes may migrate and osteogenesis via the CXCL12-CXCR4-Rac1 axis during the pathological process of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Osteogênese , Pericitos , Periodontite , Receptores CXCR4 , Animais , Osteogênese/fisiologia , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Camundongos , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Antígeno CD146 , Osteoblastos , Diferenciação Celular , Ciclamos , Benzilaminas
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 36(2): 137-147, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To screen differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the liver of mice infected with Schistosoma japonicum during the chronic pathogenic stage and identify their functions, so as to provide insights into unravelling the role of lncRNAs in S. japonicum infection-induced liver disorders. METHODS: Twenty 6-week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into two groups, of 10 animals each group. Each mouse in the experimental group was infected with (15 ± 2) S. japonicum cercariae via the abdomen for modeling chronic S. japonicum infection in mice, and distilled water served as controls. All mice were sacrificed 70 days post-infection, and mouse liver specimens were sampled for RNA extraction and library construction. All libraries were sequenced on the Illumina NovaSeq 6000 sequencing platform. Data cleaning was performed using the fastp software, and reference genome alignment and gene expression (FPKM) calculation were performed using the HISAT2 software. Potential lncRNA sequences were predicted using the software CNIC, CPC, Pfam, and PLEK, and potential lncRNAs were screened. Differentially expressed lncRNAs were screened with the DESeq2 software and subjected to Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses to identify biological processes and metabolic pathways involved in target genes of differentially expressed lncRNAs. RESULTS: A total of 333 potential lncRNAs were screened, and 67 were identified as differentially expressed lncRNAs, including 49 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated lncRNAs. A total of 53 target genes were predicted for differentially expressed lncRNAs. GO enrichment analysis showed that these target genes were mainly enriched in biological process and molecular function, among which Sema7a, Arrb1, and Ccl21b genes may be hub target genes for positive regulation of extracellular regulated protein kinase 1 (ERK1) and ERK2 cascades and may participate in the regulation of collagen expression. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of differentially expressed lncRNAs were mainly enriched in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, viral protein interactions with cytokines and cytokine receptors, chemokine signaling pathway, and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies differentially expressed lncRNAs and functional enrichment of their target genes in the liver of mice during the chronic pathogenic stage of S. japonicum infection. Up-regulated lncRNAs may affect biological processes of ERK1/2 cascades and chemokine signaling pathways via target genes Sema7a, Arrb1, and Ccl21b, thereby affecting collagen expression and inflammatory signal pathways, ultimately affecting the development of liver disorders.


Assuntos
Fígado , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Longo não Codificante , Schistosoma japonicum , Esquistossomose Japônica , Animais , Esquistossomose Japônica/parasitologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Camundongos , Schistosoma japonicum/fisiologia , Schistosoma japonicum/genética , Fígado/parasitologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Doença Crônica , Feminino
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 36(2): 159-164, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trends in Oncomelania hupensis distribution in Wuhan City, Hubei Province from 2003 to 2022, so as to provide insights into precision schistosomiasis control. METHODS: Data pertaining to O. hupensis snail survey in Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 were collected. The trends in the proportion of areas with snail habitats, actual area with snail habitats, mean density of living snails and prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection in snails were evaluated in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 with the slope of trend curve (ß), annual percent change (APC) and average annual percent change (AAPC) using a Joinpoint regression model. RESULTS: During the period from 2003 through 2022, there were two turning points for the proportion of areas with snail habitats in Wuhan City in 2005 and 2015, with a rise during the period from 2003 to 2005 (ß1 = 5.93, t = 1.280, P > 0.05), a decline from 2005 to 2015 (ß2 = -0.88, t = -2.074, P > 0.05) and a rise from 2015 to 2022 (ß3 = 1.46, t = -2.356, P < 0.05). During the period from 2003 through 2022, there were two turning points for the proportion of areas with snail habitats in islet endemic areas of Wuhan City in 2006 and 2015, with no significant differences in the trends from 2003 to 2006 (ß1 = 4.64, t = 1.888, P > 0.05) or from 2006 to 2015 (ß2 = -1.45, t = -2.143, P > 0.05), and with a tendency towards a rise from 2015 to 2022 (ß3 = 2.04, t = -3.100, P < 0.05). During the period from 2003 through 2022, there were two turning points for the proportion of areas with snail habitats in inner embankment endemic areas of Wuhan City in 2012 and 2020, with a tendency towards a decline from 2003 to 2012 (ß1 = -0.39, t = -4.608, P < 0.05) and with no significant differences in the trends from 2012 to 2020 (ß2 = 0.03, t = 0.245, P > 0.05) and from 2020 to 2022 (ß3 = 1.38, t = 1.479, P > 0.05). During the period from 2003 to 2022, the actual area with snail habitats all appeared a tendency towards a decline in Wuhan City, and in islet and inner embankment endemic areas of Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 (AAPC = -2.39%, -5.75% and -2.35%, all P values < 0.05). The mean density of living snails reduced from 0.087 snails/0.1 m2 in 2003 to 0.027 snails/0.1 m2 in 2022 in Wuhan City, with a significant difference in the tendency towards the decline (APC = AAPC = -11.47%, P < 0.05). The annual mean decline rate of the mean density of living snails was 17.36% in outside embankment endemic areas of Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 (APC = AAPC = -17.36%, P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the trends in the mean density of living snails in islet endemic areas of Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 (APC = AAPC = -0.97%, P > 0.05). In addition, the prevalence of S. japonicum infection in snails appeared a tendency towards a decline in Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022 (APC = AAPC = -12.45%, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of areas with snail habitats, actual area with snail habitats, mean density of living snails and prevalence of S. japonicum infection in snails all appeared a tendency towards a decline in Wuhan City from 2003 to 2022. Intensified snail control, modification of snail habitats, shrinking of areas with snails and implementation of grazing prohibition in snail-infested settings are required, in order to facilitate the progress towards schistosomiasis elimination in Wuhan City.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , Caramujos , China/epidemiologia , Animais , Caramujos/parasitologia , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Análise de Regressão , Humanos , Reservatórios de Doenças/parasitologia
15.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 36(2): 130-136, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of leptospirosis in China from 2010 to 2022, so as to provide insights into formulation of the leptospirosis control strategy. METHODS: All data pertaining to clinically diagnosed cases and confirmed cases of leptospirosis reported in China from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2022 was collected from Chinese Disease Prevention and Control Information Management System. The spatial, temporal and population distributions, and report and diagnosis institutions of leptospirosis cases were analyzed using a descriptive epidemiological method. RESULTS: A total of 4 559 leptospirosis cases were reported in China from 2010 to 2022, with an annual average number of 351 cases, and the number of reported leptospirosis cases reduced from 679 cases in 2010 to 158 cases in 2018. A total of 4 276 leptospirosis cases were reported in Sichuan Province, Yunnan Province, Guangdong Province, Hunan Province, Fujian Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Anhui Province, Jiangxi Province and Guizhou Province, accounting for 93.79% of the total number of leptospirosis cases in China. The number of leptospirosis cases had recently appeared a remarkable decline in Yunnan Province, while a significant rise was seen in the number of leptospirosis cases in two provinces of Zhejiang and Guangdong. No leptospirosis cases were reported in Henan Province from 2010 to 2020; however, there were 5 cases and 2 cases reported in 2021 and 2022, respectively. There was only one leptospirosis case reported in Shaanxi Province from 2010 to 2017; however, leptospirosis cases were reported in the province for 5 consecutive years since 2018. Leptospirosis cases were reported throughout the year in China from 2010 to 2022, with the peak of incidence found during the period between August and October, and the peak of leptospirosis incidence varied in provinces. A higher number of leptospirosis cases was seen among men than among women, with a male to female ratio of 2.3:1, and the median age of leptospirosis cases was 50 years (interquartile range, 23 years), with the highest proportion of leptospirosis cases reported at ages of 51 to 60 years (23.21%). Among all reported leptospirosis cases, 53.28% were confirmed cases, and the proportion of confirmed cases increased from 35.05% in 2010 to 61.66% in 2022. In addition, there were 67.22% of leptospirosis cases (2 937 cases) reported by comprehensive hospitals, 20.44% (893 cases) by disease control and prevention institutions, 7.23% (316 cases) by grassroots healthcare institutions and 5.10% (223 cases) by other healthcare and medical institutions, and the mortality of reported leptospirosis cases was 1.07% in China from 2010 to 2022, with a higher mortality seen among men than among women (1.39% vs. 0.36%; χ2 = 9.52, P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of leptospirosis remained at a low level in China from 2010 to 2022, and southern China was still the main endemic area for leptospirosis. The epidemiological characteristics of leptospirosis cases varied in endemic provinces, and leptospirosis cases had been continued to be reported in Shaanxi and Henan provinces, which should be paid much attention to. Intensified surveillance of leptospirosis, improved diagnosis and treatment capability of leptospirosis cases and leptospirosis control with adaptations to local circumstance are recommended.


Assuntos
Leptospirose , Leptospirose/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Lactente
16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 36(2): 154-158, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of tick-borne rickettsial infections in selected areas of Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province, 2023, so as to provide insights into the management of tick-borne rickettsioses in the city. METHODS: Ticks were captured from the body surface of bovines and sheep in Gaoxing Village, Dashan Township, Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province during the period between April and June, 2023, and tick species were identified using morphological and molecular biological techniques. In addition, tick-borne Rickettsia was identified using a nested PCR assay, including spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR), Coxiella spp., Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia spp., and Orientia spp., and positive amplified fragments were sequenced and aligned with known sequences accessed in the GenBank database. RESULTS: A total of 200 ticks were collected and all tick species were identified as Rhipicephalus microplus. Nestle PCR assay combined with sequencing identified ticks carrying Candidatus Rickettsia jingxinensis (40.50%), Coxiella burnetii (1.50%), and Coxiella-like endosymbionts (27.00%), and Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia spp. or Orientsia spp. was not detected. CONCLUSIONS: R. microplus carried Candidatus R. jingxinensis, C. burnetii, and Coxiella-like endosymbionts in selected areas of Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province. Intensified monitoring of tickborne rickettsial infections is needed in livestock and humans to reduce the damages caused by rickettsioses.


Assuntos
Rickettsia , Animais , Rickettsia/isolamento & purificação , Rickettsia/genética , China/epidemiologia , Ovinos , Bovinos , Infecções por Rickettsia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Rickettsia/microbiologia , Infecções por Rickettsia/veterinária , Carrapatos/microbiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/microbiologia , Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia
17.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 47(6): 542-546, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858204

RESUMO

We reported a case of a 36-year-old woman who presented with cough, dyspnea, hypereosinophilia, multiple pulmonary nodules and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. The percentage of eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was as high as 65%. Pathogenic tests and cytologic examination of BALF were negative. Transbronchial lung biopsy and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration revealed only eosinophil infiltration. As the patient responded poorly to high-dose corticosteroids, a surgical lung biopsy was performed. The pathological diagnosis was angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. The patient received chemotherapy and achieved a partial response. Her eosinophil count returned to the normal range, and the pulmonary nodules on chest CT partially resolved.


Assuntos
Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Eosinófilos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/diagnóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 47(6): 566-570, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38858209

RESUMO

Lung cancer, which accounts for about 18% of all cancer-related deaths worldwide, has a dismal 5-year survival rate of less than 20%. Survival rates for early-stage lung cancers (stages IA1, IA2, IA3, and IB, according to the TNM staging system) are significantly higher, underscoring the critical importance of early detection, diagnosis, and treatment. Ground-glass nodules (GGNs), which are commonly seen on lung imaging, can be indicative of both benign and malignant lesions. For clinicians, accurately characterizing GGNs and choosing the right management strategies present significant challenges. Artificial intelligence (AI), specifically deep learning algorithms, has shown promise in the evaluation of GGNs by analyzing complex imaging data and predicting the nature of GGNs, including their benign or malignant status, pathological subtypes, and genetic mutations such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. By integrating imaging features and clinical data, AI models have demonstrated high accuracy in distinguishing between benign and malignant GGNs and in predicting specific pathological subtypes. In addition, AI has shown promise in predicting genetic mutations such as EGFR mutations, which are critical for personalized treatment decisions in lung cancer. While AI offers significant potential to improve the accuracy and efficiency of GGN assessment, challenges remain, such as the need for extensive validation studies, standardization of imaging protocols, and improving the interpretability of AI algorithms. In summary, AI has the potential to revolutionise the management of GGNs by providing clinicians with more accurate and timely information for diagnosis and treatment decisions. However, further research and validation are needed to fully realize the benefits of AI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Algoritmos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado Profundo , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859551

RESUMO

The NAC transcription factor family is one of the largest families of TFs in plants, and members of NAC gene family play important roles in plant growth and stress response. Recent release of the haplotype-resolved genome assembly of P. tomentosa provide a platform for NAC protein genome-wide analysis. A total of 270 NAC genes were identified and a comprehensive overview of the PtoNAC gene family is presented, including gene promoter, structure and conserved motif analyses, chromosome localization and collinearity analysis, protein phylogeny, expression pattern, and interaction analysis. The results indicate that protein length, molecular weight, and theoretical isoelectric points of the NAC TF family vary, while gene structure and motif are relatively conserved. Chromosome mapping analysis showed that the P. tomentosa NAC genes are unevenly distributed on 19 chromosomes. The interchromosomal evolutionary results indicate 12 pairs of tandem and 280 segmental duplications. Segmental duplication is possibly related to amplification of P. tomentosa NAC gene family. Expression patterns of 35 PtoNAC genes from P. tomentosa subgroup were analysed under high salinity, and seven NAC genes were induced by this treatment. Promoter and protein interaction network analyses showed that PtoNAC genes are closely associated with growth, development, and abiotic and biotic stress, especially salt stress. These results provide a meaningful reference for follow-up studies of the functional characteristics of NAC genes in the mechanism of stress response and their potential roles in development of P. tomentosa.

20.
Biophys J ; 2024 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38859585

RESUMO

Annexin A2 (A2) induced microdomain formation is a key step in biological processes such as Ca2+-mediated exocytosis in neuroendocrine cells. In this work, a total of fifteen coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations were performed on vesicle models having a diameter of approximately 250 Å for 15µs each using the Martini2 force field. Five simulations were performed in the presence of ten A2, five in the presence of A2 but absence of PIP2, and five simulations in the absence of A2 but presence of PIP2. Consistent results were generated among the simulations. A2-induced PIP2 microdomain formation was observed and shown to occur in three phases: A2-vesicle association, localized A2-induced PIP2 clustering, and A2 aggregation driving PIP2 microdomain formation. The relationship between A2 aggregation and PIP2 microdomain formation was quantitatively described using a novel method which calculated the variance among protein and lipid positions via the Fréchet mean. A large reduction in PIP2 variance was observed in the presence of A2 but not in its absence. This reduction in PIP2 variance was proportional to the reduction observed in A2 variance and demonstrates that the observed PIP2 microdomain formation is dependent upon A2 aggregation. The three-phase model of A2-induced microdomain formation generated in this work will serve as a valuable guide for further experimental studies and the development of novel A2-inhibitors. No microdomain formation was observed in the absence of A2 and minimal A2-membrane interaction was observed in the absence of PIP2.

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