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1.
Clin Radiol ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848025

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics that could differentiate mucinous borderline ovarian tumours (MBOTs) from mucinous ovarian cancers (MOCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI data from 75 patients with MBOTs and 38 patients with MOCs were reviewed retrospectively. The clinicopathological and MRI features, including age, bilaterality, maximum diameter (MD), shape, margin, configuration, cystic-solid interface, papillae, MD of the cyst walls and septa, MD of the solid components, number of cysts, honeycomb loculi, signal of the cystic and solid components, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and enhancement ratio of the solid components, peritoneal implants and ascites, were compared using univariable analysis and multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were 76 MBOTs and 39 MOCs, and median patient age was 41 years (range 16-77 years) and 51 years (range 15-90 years), respectively (p=0.004). There were significant differences between MBOTs and MOCs regarding the presence of papillae (p=0.013), MD of the solid components (p=0.001), enhancement ratio of the solid components (p=0.003), ADC value (p<0.001), and ascites (p<0.001). The optimal cut-off ADC value was 1.16 × 10-3 mm2/s, with a sensitivity of 87.1%, a specificity of 83.3%, and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.917. CONCLUSION: Compared with MOCs, MBOTs had fewer papillae or solid components, lower enhancement ratio, higher ADC values, and were less likely to have moderate or massive ascites.

2.
Br Poult Sci ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739328

RESUMO

1. The effect of increasing the dose level of a novel consensus bacterial 6-phytase variant on apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of phosphorus (P), phytic acid (inositol hexa-phosphate, IP6) and ileal IP6 degradation profile was studied in diets containing varying phytate-P (PP) levels.2. Ross 308, one-day-old males (n=1,800) were allocated to cages (20 birds/cage, six cages/treatment) in a completely randomised design employing a 3 × 5 factorial arrangement (three PP levels: 2.45 (low) 2.95 (medium) and 3.45 g/kg (high); five dose levels of phytase (PhyG): 0, 500, 1,000, 2,000 and 4,000 FTU/kg). Phased diets were based on wheat, corn, soybean meal, rapeseed meal and rice bran (d 0 to 10; 2.60 g/kg digestible P, 7.6 g/kg calcium (Ca); d 11 to 21; 2.10 g/kg digestible P, 6.4 g/kg Ca). Ileal digesta was collected on d 21 for determination of P, IP6 and IP-esters content. Data were analysed by factorial ANOVA; means separation was achieved using Tukey's HSD test.3. Increasing PP reduced AID of IP6 and sum of IP3-6 (%) (P<0.05) but absolute P-release (g/kg diet) above NC was increased (P<0.05) at high vs. low PP. Increasing phytase dose exponentially increased (P<0.001) AID IP6, sum of IP3-6 (%) and digestible IP3-6-P g/kg diet (P<0.001). AID P was increased but there was an interaction with PP level (P<0.001). Ileal accumulation of IP5-3-P was universally low with PhyG at ≥1,000 FTU/kg (<0.06 g/100g DM). At 2,000 and 4,000 FTU/kg, AID IP6 was 97.2, 92.7, 92.6% and 100, 97.2, 97.1%, respectively, at low, medium and high PP. At 2,000 FTU/kg, phytate-P release estimated as the increase (above NC) in ileal digestible sum of IP3-6-P in the diet was 2.26, 2.59 and 3.10 g/kg in low, medium and high PP, respectively.4. The data demonstrated that the novel phytase was effective in breaking down phytate to low IP-esters in diets with varied PP content but the optimal dose level for maximising P-release may differ in diets with varying PP content.

3.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 881-885, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743447

RESUMO

Urothelial carcinoma is the common malignancy involving the urinary system. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is the initial regimen of choice for cisplatin-eligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. However, due to toxicity, the regimen is not well tolerated in part of the patients, such as in elderly patients or those with multiple complications, and there is still a risk of recurrence. During the past years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have become available as a new option for urothelial carcinoma patients, with the benefits of clinical efficacy and quality of life. Development and researches of the ICI axis blockade have changed the contemporary treatment paradigm for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. In addition, multiple clinical studies of combined treatment strategies of ICI have been explored recently. It is necessary to further understand the clinical value of ICI through summarizing the evidence supporting the use of checkpoint inhibitors for patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma, which also may helpful to perspective the future research direction of combined strategies and precision medicine in urothelial carcinoma immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Qualidade de Vida
4.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(11): 952-955, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743460

RESUMO

Because of the limited effect of traditional treatment methods such as surgical treatment, radiotherapy and chemotherapy,the emergence of immunotherapy has brought new hope for the treatment of patients with bladder cancer. As an immune checkpoint inhibitor, programmed death receptor 1/programmed death receptor-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitor has shown good anti-tumor activity and safety in the treatment of advanced bladder cancer, and has been recommended for advanced bladder cancer as second-line treatment by NCCN guidelines. PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor for the treatment of bladder cancer has covered the first-line and second-line treatment, as well as maintenance therapy after first-line chemotherapy of locally advanced or metastatic bladder cancer, adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, treatment of high-risk non-muscle invasive bladder cancer failed by Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine perfusion, and bladder preservation therapy of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Some of related studies have achieved certain results, and some are in progress, both of which need to be further examined. Maybe it can provide new guidance and ideas for clinical treatment of bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 801-804, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743462

RESUMO

With the vigorous development of the market economy and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the pursuit of beauty has grown correspondingly. Among the plastic surgeries, ocular plastic surgery is the most popular one, accounting for the largest number of plastic surgeries in the world, especially in China. However, due to issues concerning policies, regulations, market supervision and professional talents, medical cosmetology incidents occur frequently, including disfigurement after cosmetology, which causes great harm to beauty seekers and seriously affects their work and life. This article sorts out the main existing problems in the ocular plastic surgery market, and calls for more attention and standardization at the levels of society, policies, and regulations. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 801-804).


Assuntos
Oftalmologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Cirurgia Plástica , China , Olho , Humanos , Visão Ocular
6.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 825-829, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743467

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the ultrasonic manifestations of blind microphthalmia, and to explore the correlation between axis length and complicity of intraocular structure of blind microphthalmia. Methods: Retrospective case series study. The data of ultrasonic imaging and axis length of 162 patients (162 eyes) with blind microphthalmia diagnosed in Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital from July 2013 to July 2018 were collected. According to the degree of internal structure disorder, all affected eyes were divided into groups of the normal, the abnormal and the indistinguishable. The binocular axial length in these patients were compared. The relationship between the axial length and the age of the patients, and the structural changes of the blind microphthalmia with a basic structure were analyzed. Statistical methods were mainly performed by paired t-test, one-way linear regression analysis and one-way analysis of variance. Results: The disease was unilateral in all the 162 patients. The age ranged from 1 month to 58 years old. And 139 cases (85.80%) were under 12 years old. There were 90 males and 72 females. The mean axial length of the affected eyes (162 eyes) was (13.17±3.77) mm, while the mean axial length of the control eyes (162 eyes) was (21.85±2.01) mm. There was significantly statistical difference in the ocular size between them (t=-27.369; P<0.01). There was no significant correlation between the axial length of the affected eye and age in patients with unilateral blind microphthalmia (r=0.027; P>0.05), while there was a significant correlation between the axial length of the control eye and age (r=0.590; P<0.01). The axial length of the groups of the normal (14 eyes), the abnormal (91 eyes) and the indistinguishable (57 eyes) was (17.80±2.19) mm, (14.81±2.92) mm and (10.05±2.46) mm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (F=72.800; P<0.01), and there was also significant difference between the two groups (all P<0.01). Ocular ultrasonic imaging showed that 105 eyes (64.81%) had a basic ocular structure, 83 eyes (51.23%) had retinal detachment, 15 eyes (9.26%) had bulbar ossification, and 10 eyes (6.17%) had optic disc abnormality. Conclusions: Blind microphthalmia mostly has a basic ocular structure and is often associated with retinal detachment. The axial length of the affected eye is correlated with the degree of intraocular structural disorder. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 825-829).


Assuntos
Microftalmia , Criança , Olho , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Microftalmia/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassom , Ultrassonografia
7.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 830-836, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743468

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application value of 99Tcm-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) orbital single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) in staging evaluation of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods: A case-control study. A total of 40 patients with binocular TAO were recruited from May 2019 to December 2019 in the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University. According to the clinical activity score (CAS) standard, 40 TAO patients were divided into the active group (15 cases) and the inactive group (25 cases), and 10 healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group. All subjects underwent 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT examination, and each subject's CAS, reading results and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) were recorded. The Kruskal-Walis H test was used for the CAS comparison among the three groups. The analysis of variance was used for the SUVmax comparison among the three groups. The comparison between CAS and SUVmax before and after treatment was performed by paired samples Wilcoxon signed rank test and paired-sample t test, and Spearman correlation analysis was performed between SUVmax and CAS. The Kappa test was used to check the consistency between the reading result and CAS's judgment of TAO activity. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the diagnostic value of the reading results and SUVmax for TAO. Results: The age difference among the three groups was not statistically significant, and the gender difference was not statistically significant (all P>0.05). The difference in CAS among the three groups was statistically significant (H=39.894; P<0.01). Patients with active TAO showed abnormal concentration and enhancement of nuclides in the orbital tissue, and the uptake of radionuclides was significantly increased, while patients with inactive TAO had a slight increase, and healthy volunteers had no significant or only mild uptake. The SUVmax of the active group (2.24±0.47) was highest, and that of the inactive group (1.57±0.43) was higher than the healthy control group (0.67±0.22). After pairwise comparison, there were statistical differences between groups (all P<0.05). According to Spearman correlation analysis, the SUVmax of all TAO patients was linearly, positively correlated with their CAS (r=0.753; P<0.05). In assessing the clinical activity of TAO, the reading results were consistent with CAS (Kappa value=0.737; P<0.05). Taking the reading results as the standard, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of SUVmax was 0.992, and the threshold of SUVmax to distinguish between active and inactive periods was 1.850, with a sensitivity of 86.70% and a specificity of 76.00%. Taking CAS results as the standard, the AUC of SUVmax was 0.853, and the threshold of SUVmax to distinguish between active and inactive periods was 1.850, with a sensitivity of 100.00% and a specificity of 87.50%. Five patients had inconsistent SUVmax and CAS. The CAS was ≥3, but the orbits did not show any inflammatory lesions in two of them; the CAS was<3, but the orbits showed inflammatory lesions in three of them. Thirteen active TAO patients with 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT showing significant accumulation of nuclides were given hormone shock therapy 12 times. After treatment, the CAS 2.00 (2.00) was lower than the pre-treatment 3.00 (1.50) score, and the difference was statistically significant (Z=-3.100, P<0.01). The SUVmax after treatment (1.60±0.20) was lower than the pre-treatment value (2.17±0.34), and the difference was statistically significant (t=10.197, P<0.01). Conclusion: 99Tcm-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT can relatively accurately determine the state of orbital inflammation in patients with TAO, and can be used as a useful supplement to evaluate the clinical activity of TAO, helping to guide clinical treatment. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 830-836).


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Oftalmopatia de Graves/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Ácido Pentético , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1299-1304, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749472

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the level of sodium and potassium intake and their association with blood pressure among people aged 18 to 75 years old in six provinces. Methods: From October to December 2018, participants aged 18 to 75 years were selected from Hebei, Hunan, Sichuan, Jiangxi, Qinghai and Heilongjiang provinces by using cluster random sampling method. Demographic characteristics and lifestyle information were collected by using questionnaire survey. Physical measurement and 24-hour urine collection were also conducted. Results: A total of 2 636 subjects were finally included in the analysis. The average urine sodium, potassium and sodium-to-potassium molar ratio were(4 438.4±1 822.8)mg/d, (1 566.2±646.3)mg/d, and 5.2±2.2, respectively. According to World Health Organization standards, 94.5% and 98.7% of the respondents had excessive sodium intake and insufficient potassium intake. After adjusting for related factors, each 1 000 mg increase in sodium excretion was associated with increased systolic blood pressure (1.65 mmHg, 95%CI: 1.07, 2.22) and diastolic blood pressure (0.53 mmHg, 95%CI: 0.21, 0.84), and each 1 000 mg increase in potassium excretion was associated with decreased systolic blood pressure (3.02 mmHg, 95%CI:-4.25, -1.80) and diastolic blood pressure (1.27 mmHg, 95%CI:-2.05, -0.48). Conclusion: The sodium intake in Chinese population remains excessive and potassium intake is insufficient. Sodium and potassium could be associated with blood pressure and the intervention of reducing sodium and supplementing potassium should be conducted in the corresponding population.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Sódio na Dieta , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Potássio , Sódio , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1357-1363, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749482

RESUMO

Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, short for hvKP, is a hypervirulent variant of classical Klebsiella pneumoniae, which accounts for serious infection in healthy people, exhibits strong pathogenicity, high mortality and poor prognosis. At present, hvkp is of high prevalence all over the world, and the infection rate shows a continuous upward trend, which brings great challenges to public health security and clinical treatment. This paper summarized the research progress on virulence factors of hvkp, such as capsular polysaccharides, siderophore, lipopolysaccharide, adhesins and recently discovered Type Ⅵ secreting system, and aimed to deepen the understanding and recognition of hvKP.


Assuntos
Infecções por Klebsiella , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Humanos , Virulência , Fatores de Virulência
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 739-746, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753228

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the incidence, clinical and microbiological characteristics and risk factors of infection in patients with acute lymphoblastic (ALL) , non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) , and multiple myeloma (MM) within 28 days after CAR-T cell infusion. It provides data support for early identification of infection and the rational use of antibacterial drugs in these patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the baseline data of 170 patients with ALL, NHL and MM who received chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CAR-T) -cell treatment in the Department of Hematology of Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020, and the clinical characteristics of infection within 28 days after infusion, including 72 patients with ALL, 56 patients with NHL, and 42 patients with MM; we used Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazard regression models to assess high-risk factors for infection before and after infusion, respectively. Results: Among 170 patients, 119 infections occurred in 99 patients within 28 days, with a cumulative infection rate of 58.2%. Seventy-eight patients had 98 bacterial infections and the cumulative incidence of bacterial infection was 45.9%. The infection density was 2.01, and the median time for the first infection was about 12 days after infusion. The adjusted baseline characteristic model showed that ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and ≥4 prior antitumor treatment regimens had a higher infection density within 28 days; grade 3 or 4 CRS was the only high-risk factor related to infection after infusion in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Infection is a common complication of CAR-T cell therapy in patients with hematologic malignancy. Bacterial infections occur in most patients regardless of the type of disease. ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, ANC<0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and grade 3 or 4 CRS are risk factors for infection. Chinese Clinical Trial Register:: ChiCTR-OIC-17011180, ChiCTR1800018143.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Infecções/etiologia , Antígenos CD19 , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 510-512, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution and density of Culex mosquito populations and the resistance of Culex pipiens pallens to insecticides in Jiangsu Province in 2018 and 2019. METHODS: During the period from June to October in 2018 and 2019, six counties (districts, cities) were sampled in southern, northern and central Jiangsu Province as surveillance sites. The density of Culex mosquitoes was measured overnight using the light trapping technique. In addition, Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes were collected from Hai'an of Nantong City and Yandu District of Yancheng City, central Jiangsu Province, and the sensitivity of female first filial generations to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), malation, proposur, beta cypermethrin and deltamethrin was tested using the standard WHO insecticide susceptibility test assay. RESULTS: A total of 104 423 Culex mosquitoes were captured in six surveillance sites of Jiangsu Province in 2018 and 2019, and Culex quinquefasciatus (49.11%), Culex pipiens pallens (28.38%), and Culex tritaeniorhynchus (21.04%) were predominant species. The density of Culex mosquitoes started to increase since early June, peaked in July and tended to be low in late October. Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes captured from Hai'an was susceptible to malation, while those from Yandu District were moderately resistant to malation. Culex pipiens pallens mosquitoes from both Yandu and Hai'an were moderately resistant to proposur, and were resistant to DDT, beta cypermethrin and deltamethrin. CONCLUSIONS: Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex pipiens pallens and Culex tritaeniorhynchus are predominant Culex species in Jiangsu Province. Culex pipiens pallens is resistant to DT, beta cypermethrin and deltamethrin in central Jiangsu Province.


Assuntos
Culex , Culicidae , Inseticidas , Piretrinas , Animais , Bioensaio , Feminino , Resistência a Inseticidas , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Piretrinas/farmacologia
13.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 851-857, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788926

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features and possible pathogenesis of spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with spontaneous remission of AML, MLL-AF9 rearrangement, and abnormal liver function in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, and the relevant pieces of literature were summarized. Results: The patient experienced lung infection, fever, and liver dysfunction and was treated with anti-infection and blood transfusion. After complete response (CR) , the patient remained in CR with mild, indirect bilirubin elevation at 35 months of follow-up. Additionally, 56 cases of adult AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) were reported in the literature from 1990 to June 2021. The cases were checked by bone marrow aspiration, and our patients were summarized and analyzed. Furthermore, 57 patients, including 37 males and 20 females, with a median age of 51 (20-83) years and a median remission time of five months; 52 patients achieved complete remission. In addition, there were five cases with long-term remission and a chromosomal record, with no recurrence so far, three with normal karyotype and two with t (9;11) (q21;q23) . Conclusion: The spontaneous remission of leukemia is rare and may be related to immunosuppression and genes.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Hepatopatias , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Remissão Espontânea , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1197-1202, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794224

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of pT2 gastric cancer staging pT2a and pT2b according to the depth of muscularis propria invasion in evaluating the prognosis of gastric cancer. Methods: According to the 8th edition of TNM staging system for gastric cancer proposed by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2008 to January 1, 2015 were selected and divided into pT2a and pT2b stage group according to the depth of tumor invasion. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared between the two groups. Results: The median follow-up time of 1 411 patients with postoperative pathological pT2 stage was 68.8 months, and 1 347 patients (95.46%) received complete follow-up data. The 5-year OS rate was 65.85%, and the 5-year DFS rate was 67.83 %. The 5-year OS rate and 5-year DFS rate of 709 pT2a patients were 72.50% and 73.91%, respectively. The 5-year OS rate and 5-year DFS rate of 638 pT2b patients were 58.46% and 61.13%, respectively, significantly different from those of the pT2a group (P<0.001). Hierarchical analysis was performed according to N staging. The 5-year OS rates of pT2aN0M0 (274 cases), pT2aN1M0 (192 cases), pT2aN2M0 (147 cases), pT2aN3aM0 (59 cases) and pT2aN3bM0 (37 cases) were 83.58 %, 72.40 %, 68.71 %, 54.24 % and 35.12 %, respectively. The 5-year DFS rates were 84.67 %, 77.08 %, 67.35 %, 54.24 % and 35.14 %, respectively. In the pT2b group, the 5-year OS rates of pT2bN0M0 (209 cases), pT2bN1M0 (166 cases), pT2bN2M0 (127 cases), pT2bN3aM0 (78 cases) and pT2bN3bM0 (58 cases) were 76.08%, 62.05%, 56.69%, 37.18% and 17.24%, respectively, and the 5-year DFS rates were 80.86%, 69.28%, 54.33%, 35.90% and 15.52%, respectively. Under the same N stage, the OS rates of patients in the pT2a group were better than those in the pT2b group (P values were 0.023, 0.034, 0.034, 0.043 and 0.018, respectively). When the N stage was N0 and N1, there was no significant difference in the 5-year DFS rate between the pT2a group and the pT2b group (P values were 0.199 and 0.090, respectively). When the N stages were N2, N3a and N3b, the difference between the pT2a stage group and the pT2b stage group was statistically significant (P values were 0.027, 0.022 and 0.025, respectively). Conclusions: In the 8th edition of AJCC/UICC gastric cancer staging system, pT2 stage can be divided into pT2a stage (invasion of superficial muscularis) and pT2b stage (invasion of deep muscularis) according to the infiltration depth of muscularis propria. There are significant differences in prognosis between the two groups. Combined with the number of lymph node metastasis, the prognosis of patients with pT2 gastric cancer can be more accurately evaluated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(11): 1203-1208, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794225

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the prognostic factors of breast cancer patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after mastectomy, and investigate the optimal treatment. Methods: A total of 201 breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy who were treated in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and the Fifth Medical Center Chinese PLA General Hospital from October 1998 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The median follow-up was 92.8 months and survival data were obtained. Results: Among 201 patients with ICWR, 103 patients developed subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR) and 5-year cumulative sLRR rate was 49.1%; 134 patients developed distant metastasis (DM) and 5-year DM rate was 64.4%; 103 patients died, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 17.4 months and the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%; the median overall survival (OS) was 62.5 months and the 5-year OS rate was 52.1%. Multivariate analysis showed that the recurrence interval (HR=2.17, 95% CI: 1.26-3.73) and the locoregional treatment (HR=1.59, 95% CI: 1.05-2.40) were the independent prognostic factors for sLRR. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.60, 95% CI: 1.03-2.48) was the independent prognostic factor for DM. The recurrence interval (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.30-3.04), the locoregional treatment (HR=1.99, 95% CI: 1.43-2.76) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=1.70, 95% CI: 1.18-2.46) were the independent prognostic factors for PFS. The initial HER2 status (HR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.02-2.81), the recurrence interval (HR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.15-2.98) and the treatment modalities after recurrence (HR=2.48, 95% CI: 1.56-3.96) were the independent prognostic factors for OS. Conclusions: Breast cancer patients after ICWR have an optimistic OS until now, but the risk of sLRR and DM is high. Comprehensive treatment modalities including surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy improve the outcome of breast cancer patients with ICWR after mastectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Parede Torácica , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(42): 3495-3500, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775708

RESUMO

Objective: To explore risk factors for hyperkalemia in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and establish and verify a risk assessment model of hyperkalemia in HD patients. Methods: The clinical data of HD patients who were admitted to the Department of Nephrology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between April 2020 and January 2021 were retrospectively collected and divided into training dataset and validation dataset by using the conversion-random number generator. In the training dataset, multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen the risk factors for hyperkalemia in HD patients and the factors were scored to establish the risk assessment model. The validation dataset was substituted into the model and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to verify the effectiveness of the risk prediction model in predicting hyperkalemia. Results: A total of 502 HD patients were enrolled and further divided into training dataset (n=372) and validation dataset (n=130). There were 268 males and 234 females, with a mean age of (54±13) years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that metabolic acidosis, high potassium diet, history of hyperkalemia, the change of electrocardiogram (ECG), disfunction of vascular access and time interval from last dialysis were risk factors for causing hyperkalemia in patients undergoing HD. Risk assessment model was established based on these risk factors. The AUC of the ROC curve was 0.799. Using 5 as the cut-off value, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting hyperkalemia events was 61.4% and 86.3%, respectively. Conclusion: The current study preliminarily established a risk assessment model for hyperkalemia in HD patients, which can help clinicians manage the potassium level of HD patients.


Assuntos
Hiperpotassemia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1082-1088, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775717

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a set of data elements and standardized definitions of Coronary Artery Disease and Creative Antithrombotic Clinical Research Collaboration (CardiaCare), aiming to facilitate the exchange of disparate data sources, enhance the abilities to support multicenter researches, and subsequently ensure the databases use under standardized process and criteria. Methods: The Cardiacare writing committee members reviewed data elements and definitions from published guidelines, clinical trials, databases, and standardized documents, then determined the data elements and standardized definitions, which should be included in CardiaCare. The writing committee also considered the specific domestic clinical management strategies during the establishment of Cardiacare. The resulting documents provide a series of key data elements and standardized definitions used in the management of coronary artery disease patients. Key data elements from CardiaCare could be sorted by clinical management flowsheet and outcome from hospitalization to long-term follow-up. Results: The Cardiacare standardized set comprised 864 data elements from admission to post-hospital follow-up visit. There were 8 tables in the documents, including demographic and admission information (23 elements), medical history and risk factors (102 elements), clinical presentations and diagnosis (22 elements), diagnostic and laboratory tests (111 elements), interventional diagnosis and treatment (118 elements), pharmacological therapy (213 elements), clinical outcomes (161 elements), and special subpopulations (114 elements: 87 elements for transcatheter valve replacement and 27 elements with cardiac rehabilitation). Conclusions: The Cardiacare standardized data elements set could provide support for real-world clinical research in consecutive data collection and databases mining. A wider applicability in various settings of CardiaCare needs to be explored further.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Cardíaca , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinolíticos , Humanos
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(11): 1117-1123, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775722

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor and clopidogrel in elderly Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the real world. Methods: This study is a post-hoc analysis of a single center, retrospective cohort study. Between March 2016 and March 2018, elderly (age≥65) ACS patients who underwent PCI in the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were included in the study. The patients were grouped according to P2Y12 receptor inhibitor. The primary endpoints of this study were ischemic events during the 2-year follow-up, which were defined as the composite of cardiac death, myocardial or stroke. The secondary efficiency endpoints included all-cause death and BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events. Results: A total of 4 022 elderly (mean age: (71.5±5.3) years) ACS patients were included in this study. Based on the choice of P2Y12 receptor inhibitor, patients were divided into clopidogrel (n=3 201) and ticagrelor (n=821) groups. Incidences of ischemic events (3.2% (26/821) vs. 5.6% (179/3 201), P=0.005) at 2 years were significantly lower in ticagrelor group compared to clopidogrel group. BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events (1.7% (14/821) vs. 1.6% (52/3 201), P=0.818) were comparable between the two groups. The incidence of all-cause death (1.5% (12/821) vs. 4.1% (132/3 201), P=0.005) were also lower in the ticagrelor group compared to the clopidogrel group. Clinical outcomes were consistent after adjusting for confounding factors, the incidence of ischemic events (HR= 0.637, 95%CI 0.409-0.991, P=0.046) and all-cause mortality (HR=0.402, 95%CI 0.213-0.758, P=0.005) was significantly lower in the ticagrelor group compared with the clopidogrel group. Risk of BARC 2, 3, 5 bleeding events were similar between the two groups (HR=0.957, 95%CI 0.496-1.848, P=0.897). Conclusion: In real-world clinical practice, for elderly patients with ACS undergoing PCI, ticagrelor use might reduce the incidence of long-term ischemic events and all-cause death without increasing the risk of bleeding.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Animal ; 15(11): 100381, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757288

RESUMO

The increasing demand for natural products is currently transforming the meat industry, making grass-fed and finished beef a valuable option for improving profits. However, the transformation of conventional operations to grass-fed systems comprises many modifications, such as logistical, technological, and financial that could be very complex and expensive, involving economic risk. Therefore, in this study, we analyzed the growth curve, critical economic traits, and carcass quality and finished characteristics over several consecutive years in closely related grass-fed and finished Angus steers, to reduce the genetic effect on the results. We found that grass-fed steers require around 188 additional days to reach the market weight (approx. 470 kg) and had approximately 70% less average daily gain compared to the grain-fed and finished steers. Regression analysis demonstrated an interaction between feed and age (P < 0.01); thus, individual regressions were fitted for each regimen style, obtaining almost perfect linear curves for both treatments, which could be straightforwardly used in practical situations due to its simplicity. Six of eight carcass traits were different between grain-fed and grass-fed and finished steers. Hot-carcass weight, dressing, back fat, and quality grade were superior in grain-fed individuals, contrarily to yield grade and ribeye area/carcass ratio, which were better in grass-fed and finished steers (P < 0.05). Interestingly, the meat tenderness was certainly low and similar in both treatments (P = 0.25), indicating the feasibility of producing tender meat with animals under a grass-fed diet. Nevertheless, according to the quality grade analysis, grain-fed carcasses were greater ranked compared to grass-fed bodies (P < 0.01), regardless of their same tenderness. The results will provide valuable information for better understanding beef cattle in grass-feeding finishing systems, especially from weaning to harvest. Additionally, the study will expand the knowledge about the quality of meat obtained from animals that received grass exclusively, becoming relevant information for economic evaluation and management decisions for grass-based cattle operations.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Carne , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Composição Corporal , Bovinos , Dieta/veterinária , Grão Comestível , Carne/análise
20.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101402, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784515

RESUMO

Solid-state fermentation has been used to improve the nutritive value of feed ingredients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of solid-state fermented wheat bran (FWB) on growth performance and apparent digestibility in broiler chickens. We measured the growth performance (ADFI, ADG, feed conversion, livability, and European performance efficiency factor) over 38 d in chicks fed a corn-soybean meal control diet (CON) or CON plus wet FWB (25 g/kg [T1]; 50 g/kg [T2]); or T1 plus 3 g/kg (T3); or T2 plus 6 g/kg (T4) soybean oil). The same diets were used to determine nutrient availability in chicks aged 20 d. Regression equations for AME and AMEn were obtained using 20-day-old chicks fed either the corn-soybean meal basal diet only or basal diet partially substituted with 50, 150, or 300 g/kg DM FWB. Diets containing 25 or 50 g/kg wet FBW did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens, nor the apparent DM, energy, and nitrogen digestibility of the feeds, compared with the control diets (all P > 0.05). Further supplementation with oil did not improve the growth performance of broiler chickens compared with controls or chickens fed FBW. However, chickens fed diets containing soybean oil (T3 or T4) had lower (P = 0.005 and P = 0.040, respectively) apparent DM and energy digestibility than the control and FWB groups. The regression equations for AME and AMEn with the substitution of FWB produced values of 1,854.3 and 1,743.9 kcal/kg DM, respectively, and the equations were Y = 1854.3X + 52.7 (R2 = 0.971, n = 24, P < 0.001), and Y = 1743.9X + 44.6 (R2 = 0.978, n = 24, P < 0.001), respectively. Supplementation with wet FWB did not affect the growth performance of broiler chickens. Therefore, FWB is a suitable feed component for broilers.

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