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1.
Poult Sci ; 99(2): 906-913, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029167

RESUMO

Quercetin, the main component of flavonoids, has a wide range of biological actions. Quercetin can be made into a variety of additives for practice, because of the stable chemical structure and water-soluble derivatives. This study was intended to explore the effects of quercetin on immune function and its regulatory mechanism in Arbor Acre broiler to provide a practical basis for improving poultry immune function and figure out the optimum supplementation as functional feed additives. A total of 240 one-day-old healthy Arbor Acre broilers, similar in body weight, were randomly allotted to 4 treatments with 6 replicates, 10 broilers in each replicate and fed with diets containing quercetin at 0, 0.02, 0.04, and 0.06% for 6 wk. Blood and immune organs (spleen, thymus, and bursa) were collected from chickens at the end of the experiment. Growth performance, immune organs indexes, contents of serum immune molecules, splenic T lymphocyte proliferative responses, and expression of immune related genes were evaluated. The results showed that dietary quercetin had no significant effect (P > 0.05) on growth performance of broilers. Compared with control, 0.06% quercetin supplementation in diet significantly increased spleen index and thymus index (P < 0.05). It also increased the secretion of immune molecules including immunoglobulin A (IgA), interleukin-4 (IL-4) (P < 0.001), immunoglobulin M (IgM) (P = 0.007), complement component 4 (C4) (P = 0.001), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (P < 0.05). On the other hand, 0.02% quercetin supplementation significantly increased complement component 3 (C3) (P < 0.05). Additionally, both 0.04 and 0.06% quercetin supplementation significantly increased expression of TNF-α, TNF receptor associated factor-2 (TRAF-2), TNF receptor superfamily member 1B (TNFRSF1B), nuclear factor kappa-B p65 subunit (NF-κBp65), and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) mRNA (P < 0.05), and expression of NF-κB inhibitor-alpha (IκB-α) mRNA were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Thus, quercetin improved immune function via NF-κB signaling pathway triggered by TNF-α.

2.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039630

RESUMO

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has two subtypes, i.e., mTORC1 and mTORC2, which contain the Raptor and Rictor core molecules, respectively. The effect of Raptor and Rictor on hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, HIF-2α, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is unclear. In this work, we investigated the correlations among Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF expression in CRC. We subsequently analyzed the clinicopathological features of patients. Immunohistochemistry, western blot, and RT-PCR analyses were performed to detect the expression of Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF in 120 cases of CRC and 60 cases of normal colorectal mucosa. CD34 was used to label microvascular density (MVD), which was found to be higher in patients with positive Raptor or Rictor than in those with negative Raptor or Rictor. The positive rates of Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, and VEGF in CRC were significantly higher than in normal colorectal mucosa. Raptor expression was positively correlated with HIF-1α and VEGF but not with HIF-2α expression. By contrast, Rictor expression was positively correlated with HIF-2α and VEGF but not with HIF-1α expression. Survival analysis further indicated that Raptor, Rictor, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF and lymph node metastasis were independent prognostic factors in CRC. To conclude, Raptor and Rictor expression was related to the initiation and development of CRC and angiogenesis in different ways. The combined detection of Raptor and Rictor is important for patients with colorectal carcinoma in prognosis and optimal therapy.

3.
Animal ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054553

RESUMO

Both vitamin K and probiotics can promote the bone health of poultry and mammals. The present study was conducted to investigate the interactive effects between vitamin K3 (VK3) and Bacillus subtilis PB6 on the growth performance and tibia quality of broiler chickens with sex separate rearing. In a 3 × 2 × 2 factorial arrangement, 720 one-day-old broiler chicks (Arbor Acres) were assigned to 12 groups with three levels of dietary VK3 (0, 0.5 and 4.0 mg/kg), with or without probiotic supplementation (500 g/t) and with sex separation (male and female). Each group included 3 replicates with 20 birds per replicate. During day 1 to 21, 0.5 and 4.0 mg/kg of VK3 increased average daily gain (ADG) of all birds and average daily feed intake of male birds (P < 0.05). During day 22 to 42, probiotic supplementation increased the ADG of birds (P < 0.05). Probiotic addition increased the weight, length, diameter and strength of tibia in all birds, and 0.5 and 4.0 mg/kg of VK3 increased the tibial breaking strength of male birds at day 21 (P < 0.05). Vitamin K3 and probiotic synergistically increased tibial breaking strength at day 42 and ash content at day 21 (P < 0.05). Three factors exhibited interactive effects on the chemical composition of tibia at day 42, and female birds fed 4 mg/kg of VK3 and probiotic had the highest contents of ash, calcium and phosphorus (P < 0.05). Bacillus subtilis PB6 increased the serum phosphorus level of male birds at day 21 and serum calcium level of female ones at day 42 (P < 0.05). At day 21, in the probiotic-supplemented birds, serum osteocalcin (OCN) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) were increased by 0 and 4.0 mg/kg of VK3, respectively (P < 0.05). Probiotic increased serum OCN and cooperated with VK3 to increase the serum BALP at day 42 (P < 0.05). Vitamin K3 and probiotic synergistically down-regulated the mRNA expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 and OCN at day 21 (P < 0.05). Vitamin K3 down-regulated the alkaline phosphatase (liver/bone/kidney) expression in male birds at day 21 and 42, but probiotic up-regulated the expression of these genes at day 42 (P < 0.05). In conclusion, VK3 and B. subtilis PB6 promoted the growth performance of broilers during starter and grower phases, respectively. They synergistically improved the physical and chemical traits of tibias, especially in grower phase, by modulating calcium and phosphorus metabolism as well as osteogenic gene expression.

4.
Acta Biomater ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036018

RESUMO

Additively manufactured (AM) biodegradable porous zinc exhibits great potential as a promising bone-substituting biomaterial. However, there is no information whatsoever available regarding its corrosion fatigue behavior. In this study, we used direct metal printing to fabricate topologically ordered biodegradable porous zinc based on a diamond unit cell. We compared the compression-compression fatigue behavior of AM porous zinc in air and in revised simulated body fluid (r-SBF). The fatigue strength of AM porous zinc was high in air (i.e., 70% of its yield strength) and even higher in r-SBF (i.e., 80% of its yield strength). The high value of the relative fatigue strength in air could be attributed to the good ductility of pure zinc itself. The formation of corrosion products around the strut junctions might explain the higher fatigue strength of AM zinc in r-SBF. Furthermore, we compared the fatigue behavior of a uniform design of the AM porous zinc with a functionally graded design. The functionally graded structure exhibited higher relative fatigue strengths than the uniform structure. The inspection of the fatigue crack distribution revealed that the functionally graded design controlled the sequence of crack initiation, which occurred early in the thicker struts and moved towards the thinner struts over time. The theoretical fatigue life models suggest that optimizing the functionally graded structure could be used as an effective means to improve the fatigue life of AM porous zinc. In conclusion, the favorable fatigue behavior of AM porous zinc further highlights its potential as a promising bone-substituting biomaterial. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Additively manufactured (AM) biodegradable porous zinc exhibits great potential for the treatment of large bony defects. However, there is no information available regarding its corrosion fatigue behavior. Here, we compared the fatigue behavior of AM porous zinc in air and in revised simulated body fluid (r-SBF). The fatigue strength of AM porous Zn was even higher in r-SBF than in air, which were attributed to the formation of corrosion products. Furthermore, we found that the functionally graded structure controlled the sequence of crack initiation in differently sized struts and exhibited higher relative fatigue strengths than the uniform structure, suggesting that optimizing the functionally graded structure could be an effective means to improve the fatigue life of AM porous Zn.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062897

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical features of pneumoconiosis complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax to improve the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. Methods: Analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment of 350 cases of pneumoconiosis complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax in Hunan Prevention and Treatment Institute for Occupational Diseases from May 2016 to May 2018. Results: In 350 patients, 22 cases are pneumoconiosis stage I, accounting for 6.3%, 26 cases are pneumoconiosis stage Ⅱ, accounting for 7.4%, 302 cases were pneumoconiosis stage Ⅲ, accounting for 86.3%.168 cases were recurrent pneumothorax, the recurrence rate was as high as 48%.There were 232 cases occurred in winter and spring, accounting for 66.3%. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary infection were 54.9% and 47.4%, respectively. 233 patients were treated with basic therapy such as high flow oxygen therapy, with an effective rate of 93.1%. 114 cases were treated with thoracic closed drainage, with an effective rate of 86%. Conclusion: Spontaneous pneumothorax is a common complication of pneumoconiosis with high recurrence rate. According to the different conditions to give different treatments in a timely manner can achieve better results.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062902

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is the terminal manifestation of a variety of interstitial lung diseases. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is one of the chronic, progressive, fibrotic lung disease with high incidence and poor prognosis. Nintedanib and pirfenidone are currently marketed anti-pulmonary fibrosis drugs, and their efficacy and safety are recognized in patients with IPF. This article reviews the targets and clinical trials of the two drugs, and provides a basis for the expansion of indications for anti-pulmonary fibrosis drugs.

7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(3): 1-6, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064856

RESUMO

In December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spread rapidly across the country. In the early stages of the epidemic, China adopted the containment strategy and implemented a series of core measures around this strategic point, including social mobilization, strengthening case isolation and close contacts tracking management, blocking epidemic areas and traffic control to reduce personnel movements and increase social distance, environmental measures and personal protection, with a view to controlling the epidemic as soon as possible in limited areas such as Wuhan. This article summarizes the background, key points and core measures in the country and provinces. It sent prospects for future prevention and control strategies.

8.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064880

RESUMO

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type (ENKTL) is a subtype of T cell lymphoma with poor prognosis. In this study, we designed a new prognostic model specifically for ENKTL to improve the risk stratification. In 29 ENKTL patients, we screened mutations in 9 ENKTL-associated genes using next-generation sequencing (NGS). We have found that mutated KMT2D was associated with the inferior overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) and KMT2D or TP53 mutations were associated with higher mortality rate. Moreover, the difference in PFS among different stratifications was not significant using the International Prognostic Index (IPI) alone, but was significant after the mutation status of KMT2D and TP53 were incorporated into the IPI model, forming a harmonious risk stratification reflecting the clinical features and genetic information of ENKTL. In summary, we demonstrate that the prognostic value of the IPI system can be enhanced by integrating the status of genetic mutations.

9.
Diabetes Metab ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035968

RESUMO

AIM: We aimed to evaluate the association between serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels, within the reference range, and the histological severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and whether this association was modulated by the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 327 euthyroid individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD, who were subdivided into two groups, i.e., a 'strict-normal' TSH group (TSH level 0.4 to 2.5mIU/L; n=283) and a 'high-normal' TSH group (TSH level 2.5 to 5.3mIU/L with normal thyroid hormones; n=44). Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between TSH status and presence of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) after stratifying subjects by PNPLA3 genotypes. RESULTS: Compared to strict-normal TSH group, patients with high-normal TSH levels were younger and had a greater prevalence of NASH and higher histologic NAFLD activity score. After stratifying by PNPLA3 genotypes, the significant association between high-normal TSH levels and presence of NASH was restricted only to carriers of the PNPLA3 G risk allele and remained significant even after adjustment for potential confounding factors (adjusted-odds ratio: 3.279; 95% CI: 1.298-8.284; P=0.012). CONCLUSION: In euthyroid individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD, we found a significant association between high-normal TSH levels and NASH. After stratifying by PNPLA3 rs738409 genotypes, this association was observed only among carriers of the PNPLA3 G risk allele.

10.
Environ Res ; 183: 109215, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062482

RESUMO

In this study, a factorial Bayesian copula (FBC) method is proposed to quantify parameter uncertainties in copula-based models and then reveal their impacts on hydrologic risk inferences within a multivariate context. In detail, Bayesian inference and factorial analysis are integrated into copula-based multivariate risk models to (1) quantify parameter uncertainties, (ii) reveal their individual and interactive effects, and (iii) identify their detailed contributions to uncertain risk inferences. Streamflow observations at Xiangxi and Wei River basins is China are used to illustrate the applicability of FBC. The results indicate that imprecise parameters in marginal distributions and the dependence structure would lead to extensive uncertainties in predictive joint return periods and failure probabilities. Also, individual and interactive effects of parameters are well revealed through multilevel factorial analysis, and the detailed contributions of one parameter to different failure probabilities under different service time scenarios are identified.

11.
Environ Res ; 183: 109229, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32062484

RESUMO

Issues of water scarcity, food crisis, and ecological degradation pose great challenges to the sustainable development of Central Asia. In this study, a bi-level chance-constrained programming (BCCP) method is developed for planning water-food-ecology (WFE) nexus system of the Amu Darya River basin, where the efficiency of water-trading mechanism and the impact of uncertain water-availability are examined. This is the first attempt for planning WFE nexus system by incorporating chance-constrained programming (CCP) within a bi-level optimization framework. BCCP can reflect the risk of violating probabilistic constraint under uncertainty as well as balance the tradeoff between two-level decision makers in the WFE nexus system. Under trading scheme, multiple scenarios in association with different food demand, ecological-water requirement, and water availability are examined. Major findings are: (i) compared with that under non-trading, system benefits would increase [3.9, 20.4]% under trading scenarios, disclosing that water trading is an effective mechanism for the study basin; (ii) when food demand increases 10.5%, water allocated to ecological use would decrease [0.9, 2.7]% under all scenarios, revealing that agriculture can squeeze ecological water; (iii) both system benefit and water allocation would increase with p level, implying there is a tradeoff between system benefit and system-failure risk. These findings can gain insight into the interaction between two-level stakeholders and objectives as well as provide decision support for WFE nexus synergetic management.

12.
Benef Microbes ; 11(1): 79-89, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066253

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive disease and one of the most common forms of neurodegenerative disorders. Emerging evidence is supporting the use of various strategies that modulate gut microbiota to exert neurological and psychological changes. This includes the utilisation of probiotics as a natural and dietary intervention for brain health. Here, we showed the potential AD-reversal effects of Lactobacillus probiotics through feeding to our Drosophila melanogaster AD model. The administration of Lactobacillus strains was able to rescue the rough eye phenotype (REP) seen in AD-induced Drosophila, with a more prominent effect observed upon the administration of Lactobacillus plantarum DR7 (DR7). Furthermore, we analysed the gut microbiota of the AD-induced Drosophila and found elevated levels of Wolbachia. The administration of DR7 restored the gut microbiota diversity of AD-induced Drosophila with a significant reduction in Wolbachia's relative abundance, accompanied by an increase of Stenotrophomonas and Acetobacter. Through functional predictive analyses, Wolbachia was predicted to be positively correlated with neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases, while Stenotrophomonas was negatively correlated with these neurodegenerative disorders. Altogether, our data exhibited DR7's ability to ameliorate the AD effects in our AD-induced Drosophila. Thus, we propose that Wolbachia be used as a potential biomarker for AD.

13.
Benef Microbes ; 11(1): 67-78, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066255

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a metabolism regulator, has an important effect on metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. It is also expressed in mice, and the murine source has high homology with human FGF21. Recently, it has been extensively studied and has become a potential drug target for the treatment of metabolic diseases. As it is a protein-based hormone, FGF21 cannot be easily and quickly absorbed into the blood through oral administration. Moreover, it has a 0-2 h half-life in vivo, as shown in a previous study, thus its efficacy lasts for a short period of time when used to treat metabolic diseases, limiting its clinical applications. To avoid these limitations, we used Lactococcus lactis, a food-grade bacterium, as the host to express FGF21. It could be used successfully for the expression and long-term effect of FGF21 in vivo. Instead of antibiotic resistance genes, the LacF gene was used as a selection marker in the NZ3900/PNZ8149 expression system, which is safe and could reduce the antibiotic resistance crisis. In this study, we a constructed human FGF21 expressing L. lactis strain and administered it to Db/Db mice by gavage. Compared with the control group, the body weight of mice in the experimental group was significantly reduced, and the overall homeostasis was improved in mice treated with human FGF21. Moreover, the activity of brown adipose tissue was enhanced. These results revealed that oral administration of FGF21 through heterologous expression in L. lactis appears to be an effective approach for its clinical application.

14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 604-610, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016961

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical value of combined detection of serum soluble epidermal growth factor receptor (sEGFR), cancer antigen 125 (CA125), and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in the diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From December 2017 to October 2018, the serum samples were obtained from the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, with 30 patients as EOC group, 30 patients with benign ovarian neoplasms as benign group, and 17 healthy subjects as healthy group. Besides, among 30 EOC patients, 9 serum samples were obtained from pre-operative and post-operative EOC patients. The levels of serum sEGFR were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), while CA125 and HE4 were detected by enhanced chemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA). The diagnostic value was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The levels of serum sEGFR, CA125, and HE4 in EOC group were significantly higher than those in benign group (p<0.05) and healthy group (p<0.05). When using a single tumor marker, the CA125 shows the highest sensitivity (93.30%) and HE4 shows the highest specificity (97.87%). The specificity of combined detection of serum sEGFR, CA125, and HE4 was 100%, which was significantly higher than that using a single tumor marker. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of combined detection of serum sEGFR, CA125, and HE4 (0.965) was much higher than that of the single detection and higher than that of combined detection of CA125 and HE4 (0.940). Moreover, the level of serum sEGFR in post-operative EOC group was significantly lower than that in the corresponding pre-operative EOC group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that combined detection of serum sEGFR, CA125, and HE4 increases the specificity and efficiency in EOC diagnosis, indicating that sEGFR could be a potential biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of EOC.

15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 633-638, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prostate cancer is one of the most ordinary malignant tumors. Recently, the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in tumor progression has caught the attention of numerous researchers. In this work, lncRNA SNHG14 was studied to identify how it functioned in the progression of prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: First, Real Time-quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) was utilized to measure SNHG14 expression in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, to identify the function of SNHG14 in prostate cancer, functional experiments were conducted in vitro and in vivo. In addition, by performing Luciferase assays and RNA immunoprecipitation assay (RIP), the underlying mechanism was explored. RESULTS: In this work, SNHG14 expression was remarkably higher in prostate cancer samples when compared with that in the corresponding ones. Moreover, cell proliferation was inhibited after SNHG14 was silenced in prostate cancer cells and the expression of miR-613 was upregulated after SNHG14 was silenced. Further mechanism assays showed that miR-613 was a direct target of SNHG14 in prostate cancer. In addition, tumor formation was inhibited after SNHG14 was knocked-down in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our study discovers a potential oncogene in prostate cancer and identifies that SNHG14 enhances cell proliferation via sponging miR-613.

16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 837-842, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) on epilepsy in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 169 children suffering from epilepsy admitted in No. 1 People's Hospital of Jining from July 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled as the research subjects. Immunohistochemistry and real time-PCR were used for analysis of the expression of STAT3 and p-STAT3 in epilepsy patients. The genotypes and alleles of rs1053005 and re744166 were analyzed through polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Statistical analysis was conducted to explore the correlation between the polymorphism of STAT3 and the incidence of epilepsy in children, and the polymorphism of STAT3 in the drug-resistant and non-resistant patients was compared. RESULTS: Both the STAT3 and p-STAT3 were over-expressed in epilepsy patients. The GG genotype of rs1053005 was significantly lower in epilepsy patients than that of health control, p<0.05. By contrast, no significant difference was found in genotypes of rs744166 between epilepsy and healthy children. When comparing the genotypes of drug-resistant patients and that of non-resistant patients, the distribution of rs1053005 genotypes in the two groups showed a significant difference, p<0.05. No statistical difference was observed in rs744166 genotypes. CONCLUSIONS: STAT3 polymorphism was associated with the risk of epilepsy and drug resistance to epilepsy. This study may provide a better understanding of STAT3 in epilepsy patients and provide new targets for the treatment of epilepsy patients.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to detect the expression and distribution characteristics of five proteins [the hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), HIF-2α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-2 receptor (VEGFR-2) and hypoxia-induced mitogenic factor (HIMF)] in kidney of Tibetan sheep, plain sheep and goat. The results will provide the basic information for the comparative study of sheep breeds living at different altitudes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The kidney tissues were collected from healthy adult Tibetan sheep, plain sheep and goats and made into paraffin sections. Histological characteristics were assessed by H&E staining. Expressions of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF, VEGFR-2 and HIMF proteins were measured by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry results showed that the positive expression signals of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF and VEGFR-2 were detected in epithelial cells of renal tubules and collecting tubules, renal corpuscles in the kidneys of the three sheep breeds. Positive expression signals of HIMF were detected in epithelial cells of proximal tubules and distal tubules in Tibetan sheep and epithelial cells of distal tubules in goat. Immunostaining intensity of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF and VEGFR-2 proteins in Tibetan sheep was significantly higher than that in both plain sheep and goat (p < 0.05). Immunostaining intensity of HIMF in Tibetan sheep was higher than goat (p < 0.05). Positive expression signals of HIMF were not detected in plain sheep. CONCLUSIONS: The expression and distribution characteristics of HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VEGF, VEGFR-2 and HIMF in the studied kidney tissues suggested that these proteins may be related to the physiological regulation of Tibetan sheep kidney in hypoxia environment, and therefore might be important regulating proteins for Tibetan sheep to adapt to high altitude hypoxia environment.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035906

RESUMO

Microvascular coupler devices have gained wide acceptance as an alternative to the traditional hand-sewn technique in reconstructive surgery. However, no study has directly compared the efficacy of the coupler and hand-sewn techniques in arterial anastomosis during head and neck reconstruction surgery. A total of 123 patients who underwent surgery performed by a single surgeon between 2016 and 2018 were included in this retrospective study. The patients were divided into the coupler group and the hand-sewn group according to the technique of arterial anastomosis used. Patients in the coupler group underwent a special procedure including arterial bifurcation to enlarge the recipient artery diameter. Of the 123 free flap surgeries performed, 56 were done using a coupler and 67 with the standard suture technique. One flap in the coupler group failed due to simultaneous arterial and venous thromboses. One flap in the hand-sewn group was lost due to venous compromise. The overall flap survival rate was 98.4% (n=121). There was a significant decrease in anastomotic time when a coupler was used (P<0.001). The complication and flap loss rates were similar in the coupler and hand-sewn groups. The application of the coupler helped to decrease the anastomotic time and achieved satisfactory vessel patency.

19.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current post-resuscitation guidelines recommend oxygen titration in adults with the return of spontaneous circulation after cardiac arrest. However, the optimal peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) is still unclear for post-cardiac arrest care. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study of prospectively collected data of all cardiac arrest patients admitted to the intensive care units between 2014 and 2015. The main exposure was SpO2, which were interfaced from bedside vital signs monitors as 1-min averages, and archived as 5-min median values. The proportion of time spent in different SpO2 categories was included in separate multivariable regression models along with covariates. The primary outcome measure was hospital mortality and the proportion of discharged home as the secondary outcome was reported. RESULTS: 2836 post-cardiac arrest patients in ICUs of 156 hospitals were included. 1235 (44%) patients died during hospitalization and 818 (29%) patients discharged home. With multivariate regression analysis, the proportion of time spent in SpO2 of ≤89%, 90%, 91%, and 92% were associated with higher hospital mortality. The proportion of time spent in SpO2 of 95%, 96%, and 97% were associated with a higher proportion of discharged home outcome, but not associated with hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective observational study, the optimal SpO2 for patients admitted to the intensive care unit after cardiac arrest may be 95-97%. Further investigation is warranted to determine if targeting SpO2 of 95-97% would improve patient-centered outcomes after cardiac arrest.

20.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052380

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Liver metastasis is one of the major causes of cancer-related death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to identify specific molecules which are involved in colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we employed TMT (tandem mass tags)-labeling combined with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry technology to do comparative analyses of proteomics between the primary tumor specimens derived from colorectal cancer patients with or without liver metastasis. Pathway enrichment analyses were performed using DAVID database. The crucial molecules were identified through protein-protein interaction network. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was employed to analyze the expression of THBS1 (thrombospondin-1) in CRC tissues. Finally, transwell cell migration and invasion assays were performed to explore the roles of THBS1 in CRC cell migration and invasion. RESULTS: We found that the expression of 311 proteins was dysregulated in CRLM using quantitative proteomics. Among these proteins, we identified FN1, TIMP1, THBS1, POSTN and VCAN as five crucial proteins in CRLM by analysis in silico. IHC assay revealed that increased THBS1 expression was significantly correlated with liver metastasis as well as poor prognosis of CRC patients. GEO data analysis also suggests that upregulated mRNA level of THBS1 is also associated with shorter overall survival of CRC patients. Moreover, THBS1 depletion inhibited migration and invasion of CRC cells through attenuating epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Co-expression analyses with TCGA data indicated that THBS1 is co-expressed with mesenchymal markers, including Vimentin, N-cadherin, Snail1 and Twist1 in CRC tissues. CONCLUSIONS: By collecting the omics data with functional studies, the present results reveal that THBS1 facilitates colorectal liver metastasis through promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition. This understanding of molecular roles of THBS1 in CRLM may be promising to develop targeted therapies to prolong survival in CRC patients.

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