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1.
Planta ; 259(5): 106, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554181

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: The up-regulation of OsmiR5519 results in the decrease of grain size, weight and seed setting rate. OsmiR5519 plays important roles in the process of grain filling and down-regulates sucrose synthase gene RSUS2. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are one class of small non-coding RNAs that act as crucial regulators of plant growth and development. In rice, the conserved miRNAs were revealed to regulate the yield components, but the function of rice-specific miRNAs has been rarely studied. The rice-specific OsmiR5519 was found to be abundantly expressed during reproductive development, but its biological roles remain unknown. In this study, the function of rice-specific OsmiR5519 was characterized with the miR5519-overexpressing line (miR5519-OE) and miR5519-silenced line (STTM5519). At seedling stage, the content of sucrose, glucose and fructose was obviously lower in the leaves of miR5519-OE lines than those of wild-type (WT) line. The grain size and weight were decreased significantly in miR5519-OE lines, compared to those of WT rice. The cell width of hull in miR5519-OE was smaller than that in WT. The seed setting rate was notably reduced in miR5519-OE lines, but not in STTM5519 lines. Cytological observation demonstrated that the inadequate grain filling was the main reason for the decline of seed setting rate in miR5519-OE lines. The percentage of the defects of grain amounted to 40% in miR5519-OE lines, which almost equaled to the decreased value of seed setting rate. Furthermore, the sucrose synthase gene RSUS2 was identified as a target of OsmiR5519 via RNA ligase-mediated 3'-amplification of cDNA ends (3'-RLM-RACE), dual luciferase assays and transient expression assays. In summary, our results suggest that OsmiR5519 regulates grain size and weight and down-regulates RSUS2 in rice.


Assuntos
Glucosiltransferases , MicroRNAs , Oryza , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Grão Comestível , Sementes , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474039

RESUMO

Ascidian larvae undergo tail elongation and notochord lumenogenesis, making them an ideal model for investigating tissue morphogenesis in embryogenesis. The cellular and mechanical mechanisms of these processes have been studied; however, the underlying molecular regulatory mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, assays for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) were applied to investigate potential regulators of the development of ascidian Ciona savignyi larvae. Our results revealed 351 and 138 differentially accessible region genes through comparisons of ATAC-seq data between stages 21 and 24 and between stages 24 and 25, respectively. A joint analysis of RNA-seq and ATAC-seq data revealed a correlation between chromatin accessibility and gene transcription. We further verified the tissue expression patterns of 12 different genes. Among them, Cs-matrix metalloproteinase 24 (MMP24) and Cs-krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) were highly expressed in notochord cells. Functional assay results demonstrated that both genes are necessary for notochord lumen formation and expansion. Finally, we performed motif enrichment analysis of the differentially accessible regions in different tailbud stages and summarized the potential roles of these motif-bearing transcription factors in larval development. Overall, our study found a correlation between gene expression and chromatin accessibility and provided a vital resource for understanding the mechanisms of the development of ascidian embryos.


Assuntos
Ciona , Urocordados , Animais , Cromatina , Urocordados/genética , Sequenciamento de Cromatina por Imunoprecipitação , Morfogênese , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111891, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38498953

RESUMO

Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus (SEZ) predominantly acts as a zoonotic pathogen, capable of infecting a diverse range of animal species including human. Gasdermin D (GSDMD) exhibited comprehensive functions in host against different pathogenic microorganism. This study aimed to investigate the role of GSDMD in host against SEZ. Mice were administrated with SEZ via intranasal intubation for 24 h (3 × 106CFU), GSDMD protein expression significantly increased in the lung tissue of mice infected with SEZ. For further research on the role of GSDMD during SEZ infection, GSDMD-/- mice and WT mice were treated with SEZ via intranasal intubation for 24 h (3 × 106CFU). GSDMD-/- mice showed less severe lung tissue due to fewer bacteria colonization. Numerous neutrophils were recruited into lung tissues in GSDMD-/- mice, related to the release of CXCL1 and CXCL2 regulated by p65 phosphorylation. In further study, neutrophils of WT and GSDMD-/- mice were isolated and treated with SEZ (multiplicity of infection, MOI = 10, 4 h). The absence of GSDMD alleviated the death of neutrophils, in addition, GSDMD deficiency could promote translocation of p65 from the cytoplasm into the nucleus in neutrophil, which may contribute to the release of IL-1ß and TNF-α. This study demonstrated a novel function of GSDMD in host immune response to SEZ invading, indicating that GSDMD deficiency ameliorated SEZ infection through enhancing neutrophil accumulation into infected site, and activating NF-κB pathway in neutrophil to release cytokines against SEZ. Our study suggested that inhibition of host GSDMD may be an effective method against SEZ.


Assuntos
Neutrófilos , Streptococcus equi , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Gasderminas , Citocinas
4.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111922, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522137

RESUMO

Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (SEZ) is a zoonotic bacterial pathogen that causes life-threatening infections and various diseases such as meningitis, endocarditis and pneumonia. With the use of antibiotics being severely restricted in the international community, an alternative to antibiotics is urgently needed against bacterial. In the present study, the herbal extract magnolol protected mice against SEZ infection, reflected by increased survival rate and reduced bacterial burden. A pro-inflammatory form of cell death occurred in SEZ-infected macrophage. Magnolol downregulated the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins and reduced the formation of cell membrane pores in infected macrophages to suppress the development of subsequent inflammation. We further demonstrated that magnolol directly suppressed SEZ-induced macrophage pyroptosis, which partially protected macrophages from SEZ infection. Our study revealed that magnolol suppressed inflammation and protected mice against SEZ infection, providing a possible treatment for SEZ infection.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo , Lignanas , Infecções Estreptocócicas , Streptococcus equi , Animais , Camundongos , Streptococcus equi/fisiologia , Piroptose , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Inflamação , Antibacterianos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estreptocócicas/microbiologia
5.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 38(2): 218-225, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385236

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the early postoperative pain management strategies for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to select a reasonable and effective pain management plan to promote functional rehabilitation after ACLR. Methods: The literature about the early postoperative pain management strategies of ACLR both domestically and internationally in recent years was extensiverly reviewed, and the effects of improving postoperative pain were reviewed. Results: Currently, physical therapy and oral medication have advantages such as economy and simplicity, but the effect of improving postoperative pain is not satisfactory, often requires a combination of intravenous injection or intravenous pump, which is also a common way to relieve pain. However, in order to meet the analgesic needs of patients, the amount of analgesic drugs used is often large, which increases the incidence of various adverse reactions. Local infiltration analgesia (LIA), including periarticular or intra-articular injection of drugs, can significantly improve the early postoperative pain of ACLR, and achieve similar postoperative effectiveness as nerve block. LIA can be used as an analgesic technique instead of nerve block, and avoid the corresponding weakness of innervated muscles caused by nerve block, which increases the risk of postoperative falls. Many studies have confirmed that LIA can alleviate postoperative early pain in ACLR, especially the analgesic effects of periarticular injection are more satisfactory. It can also avoid the risk of cartilage damage caused by intra-articular injection. However, the postoperative analgesic effect and timeliness still need to be improved. It is possible to consider combining multimodal mixed drug LIA (combined with intra-articular and periarticular) with other pain intervention methods to exert a synergistic effect, in order to avoid the side effects and risks brought by single drugs or single administration route. LIA is expected to become one of the most common methods for relieving postoperative early pain in ACLR. Conclusion: Early pain after arthroscopic ACLR still affects the further functional activities of patients, and all kinds of analgesic methods can achieve certain effectiveness, but there is no unified standard at present, and the advantages and disadvantages of various analgesic methods need further research.


Assuntos
Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior , Bloqueio Nervoso , Humanos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor
6.
Molecules ; 29(3)2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338486

RESUMO

Egg white proteins pose notable limitations in emulsion applications due to their inadequate wettability and interfacial instability. Polyphenol-driven alterations in proteins serve as an effective strategy for optimizing their properties. Herein, covalent and non-covalent complexes of egg white proteins-proanthocyanins were synthesized. The analysis of structural alterations, amino acid side chains and wettability was performed. The superior wettability (80.00° ± 2.23°) and rigid structure (2.95 GPa) of covalent complexes established favorable conditions for their utilization in emulsions. Furthermore, stability evaluation, digestion kinetics, free fatty acid (FFA) release kinetics, and correlation analysis were explored to unravel the impact of covalent and non-covalent modification on emulsion stability, dynamic digestion process, and interlinkages. Emulsion stabilized by covalent complex exhibited exceptional stabilization properties, and FFA release kinetics followed both first-order and Korsmeyer-Peppas models. This study offers valuable insights into the application of complexes of proteins-polyphenols in emulsion systems and introduces an innovative approach for analyzing the dynamics of the emulsion digestion process.


Assuntos
Digestão , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados , Emulsões/química , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Proteínas do Ovo , Tamanho da Partícula
7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1599, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383552

RESUMO

Lipids play crucial roles in many biological processes. Mapping spatial distributions and examining the metabolic dynamics of different lipid subtypes in cells and tissues are critical to better understanding their roles in aging and diseases. Commonly used imaging methods (such as mass spectrometry-based, fluorescence labeling, conventional optical imaging) can disrupt the native environment of cells/tissues, have limited spatial or spectral resolution, or cannot distinguish different lipid subtypes. Here we present a hyperspectral imaging platform that integrates a Penalized Reference Matching algorithm with Stimulated Raman Scattering (PRM-SRS) microscopy. Using this platform, we visualize and identify high density lipoprotein particles in human kidney, a high cholesterol to phosphatidylethanolamine ratio inside granule cells of mouse hippocampus, and subcellular distributions of sphingosine and cardiolipin in human brain. Our PRM-SRS displays unique advantages of enhanced chemical specificity, subcellular resolution, and fast data processing in distinguishing lipid subtypes in different organs and species.


Assuntos
Microscopia , Microscopia Óptica não Linear , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Microscopia Óptica não Linear/métodos , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Lipídeos
8.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370804

RESUMO

Fluorescent biosensors revolutionized biomedical science by enabling the direct measurement of signaling activities in living cells, yet the current technology is limited in resolution and dimensionality. Here, we introduce highly sensitive chemigenetic kinase activity biosensors that combine the genetically encodable self-labeling protein tag HaloTag7 with bright far-red-emitting synthetic fluorophores. This technology enables five-color biosensor multiplexing, 4D activity imaging, and functional super-resolution imaging via stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy.

9.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(13): e2309182, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38240462

RESUMO

The design and development of ultra-accurate probe is of great significance to chemical sensing in complex practical scenarios. Here, a self-accelerating naphthalimide-based probe with fast response and high sensitivity toward hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is designed. By coupling with the specially selected upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), an ultra-accurate colorimetric-fluorescent-upconversion luminescence (UCL) tri-mode platform is constructed. Owing to the promoted reaction process, this platform demonstrates rapid response (< 1 s), an ultra-low detection limit (4.34 nM), and superb anti-interferent ability even in presence of > 21 types of oxidants, explosives, metallic salts, daily compounds, colorful or fluorescent substances. In addition, the effectiveness of this design is further verified by a sponge-based sensing chip loaded with the UCNPs/probe in recognizing trace H2O2 vapor from interferents with the three characteristic colors existing simultaneously. The proposed design of probe and tri-mode visualization detection platform is expected to open up a brand-new methodology for ultra-accurate sensing.

10.
Curr Protoc ; 4(1): e970, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270527

RESUMO

Raman microscopy is a vibrational imaging technology that can detect molecular chemical bond vibrational signals. Since this signal is originated from almost every vibrational mode of molecules with different vibrational energy levels, it provides spatiotemporal distribution of various molecules in living organisms without the need for any labeling. The limitations of low signal strength in Raman microscopy have been effectively addressed by incorporating a stimulated emission process, leading to the development of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy. Furthermore, the issue of low spatial resolution has been resolved through the application of computational techniques, specifically image deconvolution. In this article, we present a comprehensive guide to super-resolution SRS microscopy using an Adam-based pointillism deconvolution (A-PoD) algorithm, complemented by a user-friendly graphical user interface (GUI). We delve into the crucial parameters and conditions necessary for achieving super-resolved images through SRS imaging. Additionally, we provide a step-by-step walkthrough of the preprocessing steps and the use of GUI-supported A-PoD. This complete package offers a user-friendly platform for super-resolution SRS microscopy, enhancing the versatility and applicability of this advanced microscopy technique to reveal nanoscopic multimolecular nature. © 2024 The Authors. Current Protocols published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol: Super-resolution stimulated Raman scattering microscopy with graphical user interface-supported A-PoD Support Protocol: Deuterium labeling on cells with heavy water for metabolic imaging.


Assuntos
Microscopia , Microscopia Óptica não Linear , Algoritmos , Óxido de Deutério , Rotulagem de Produtos
11.
Food Chem ; 442: 138448, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245983

RESUMO

This study was oriented towards the impacts of unique interfacial networks, formed by glycosylated and non-glycosylated egg white proteins, on the characteristics of high internal phase Pickering emulsions (HIPPEs). Glycosylated egg white protein particles (EWPG) manifested a more compact protein tertiary structure and amplified surface hydrophobicity, forming durable coral-like networks at the oil-water interface. The non-glycosylated egg white protein particles (EWP) could form spherical cluster interfacial networks. Raman spectroscopy analysis illuminated that EWPG could exhibit better interactions with aliphatic amino acids via hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. The release of free fatty acid (FFA) from both HIPPEs followed the first-order kinetic model with a combination of diffusion. EWPG-stabilized HIPPEs demonstrated superior physical stability and cellular antioxidant activity. This research shed light on the promising prospects of HIPPEs as promising amphiphilic delivery systems with capabilities to co-deliver hydrophilic and hydrophobic nutraceuticals and amplify their intracellular biological potency.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados , Emulsões/química , Antioxidantes/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Proteínas do Ovo/química , Tamanho da Partícula
12.
Invest Radiol ; 59(2): 165-169, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38015107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety profile of MT218, a peptide-targeted gadolinium-based contrast agent, in healthy males. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, single-ascending-dose study including 30 healthy male subjects. In each dose group (0.01, 0.02, 0.04, and 0.08 mmol/kg), 4 subjects received MT218 and 2 subjects received placebo (saline) in bolus injections. The highest dose group (0.08 mmol/kg) was assessed in 2 cohorts, 1 fasted and 1 nonfasted. Clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, and electrocardiograms were investigated. Gadolinium concentrations were measured in plasma samples collected before administration and over a 24-hour period postinjection, and in urine specimens collected until 22 days. A noncompartmental model was used for pharmacokinetic analysis. A clinical and biological safety follow-up was carried out for up to 6 months. RESULTS: No clinically significant modifications in biochemistry, hematology, urinalysis, electrocardiogram parameters, or vital signs were reported at any time point for any treatment group. No serious adverse events were observed in any dose group. Transient dizziness, hyperhidrosis, and injection site coldness were the main adverse events reported in both the MT218 and placebo groups. The mean total apparent clearance decreased slightly with increasing dose, and the median plasma t 1/2 ranged from 1.7 hours in the 0.01 mmol/kg group to 2.7 hours in the 0.08 mmol/kg nonfasted group. MT218 was rapidly excreted via renal filtration with 42.9% to 52.8% of the injected dose measured in urine within the first hour after administration, and 92.5% to 117.3% in urine within 24 hours. No Gd was detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in urine after 21 days. CONCLUSION: Single intravenous administration of MT218 was safely tolerated in the healthy males. Its pharmacokinetic parameters and safety profile are well aligned with those of other gadolinium-based contrast agents.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Neoplasias , Humanos , Masculino , Gadolínio , Área Sob a Curva , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Método Duplo-Cego , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
13.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37425829

RESUMO

Primary tumors with similar mutational profiles can progress to vastly different outcomes where transcriptional state, rather than mutational profile, predicts prognosis. A key challenge is to understand how distinct tumor cell states are induced and maintained. In triple negative breast cancer cells, invasive behaviors and aggressive transcriptional signatures linked to poor patient prognosis can emerge in response to contact with collagen type I. Herein, collagen-induced migration heterogeneity within a TNBC cell line was leveraged to identify transcriptional programs associated with invasive versus non-invasive phenotypes and implicate molecular switches. Phenotype-guided sequencing revealed that invasive cells upregulate iron uptake and utilization machinery, anapleurotic TCA cycle genes, actin polymerization promoters, and a distinct signature of Rho GTPase activity and contractility regulating genes. The non-invasive cell state is characterized by actin and iron sequestration modules along with glycolysis gene expression. These unique tumor cell states are evident in patient tumors and predict divergent outcomes for TNBC patients. Glucose tracing confirmed that non-invasive cells are more glycolytic than invasive cells, and functional studies in cell lines and PDO models demonstrated a causal relationship between phenotype and metabolic state. Mechanistically, the OXPHOS dependent invasive state resulted from transient HO-1 upregulation triggered by contact with dense collagen that reduced heme levels and mitochondrial chelatable iron levels. This induced expression of low cytoplasmic iron response genes regulated by ACO1/IRP1. Knockdown or inhibition of HO-1, ACO1/IRP1, MRCK, or OXPHOS abrogated invasion. These findings support an emerging theory that heme and iron flux serve as important regulators of TNBC aggressiveness.

14.
Inflamm Res ; 73(1): 35-46, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38147125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Here, we explored the phenotype and function of MAIT cells in the peripheral blood of patients with HSP. METHODS: Blood samples from HSP patients and HDs were assessed by flow cytometry and single-cell RNA sequencing to analyze the proportion, phenotype, and function of MAIT cells. Th-cytokines in the serum of HSP patients were analyzed by CBA. IgA in cocultured supernatant was detected by CBA to analyze antibody production by B cells. RESULTS: The percentage of MAIT cells in HSP patients was significantly reduced compared with that in HDs. Genes related to T cell activation and effector were up-regulated in HSP MAIT cells, indicating a more activated phenotype. In addition, HSP MAIT cells displayed a Th2-like profile with the capacity to produce more IL-4 and IL-5, and IL-4 was correlated with IgA levels in the serum of HSP patients. Furthermore, CD40L was up-regulated in HSP MAIT cells, and CD40L+ MAIT cells showed an increased ability to produce IL-4 and to enhance IgA production by B cells. CONCLUSION: Our data demonstrate that MAIT cells in HSP patients exhibit an activated phenotype. The enhanced IL-4 production and CD40L expression of MAIT cells in HSP patients could take part in the pathogenesis of HSP.


Assuntos
Vasculite por IgA , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa , Humanos , Formação de Anticorpos , Ligante de CD40 , Imunoglobulina A , Interleucina-4
15.
Small ; : e2305875, 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38054799

RESUMO

Synthetic hydrogel strain sensors rarely exhibit a comprehensive combination of mechanical properties such as ultra-stretchability, ultrafast self-healing, and high sensitivity. Herein, seven small molecule enhanced mechanical behaviors of polymer-cluster based hydrogels are demonstrated. The oxidized polyethyleneimine/polymeric acrylic acid (ohPEI/PAA) hydrogels with aromatic formic acids as supramolecular cross-linkers are prepared by simultaneous formation of ohPEI polymer clusters and PAA upon the addition of ammonium persulfate. The optimized hydrogel adhesive exhibits comprehensive excellent properties, such as high extensibility (up to 12 298%), real-time mechanical self-healing capability (<1 s, 93% efficiency), high uniformity, underwater adhesivity, and water-sealing ability. The proper binding strength of hydrogel and skin (47 kPa) allows the hydrogel to be utilized as highly sensitive (gauge factor:16.08), highly conductive (2.58 mS cm-1 ), and underwater strain sensors. Specially, the adhesive strength of the adhesive to wood after dehydration is extremely high, reaching up to 29.59 MPa. Additionally, when glycerol is introduced, the obtained gel maintains the physical properties even at harsh-temperature conditions (-40 to 80 °C). It presents that multiple and hierarchical non-covalent interactions including multiple hydrogen bonding interactions, π-π stacking, electrostatic interactions, and dipole-dipole interactions of polymer clusters, allow for the energy dissipation and contribute to the excellent performance of the hydrogel.

16.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 17: 1163764, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37937262

RESUMO

Introduction: Macrophages or T-lymphocytes triggered inflammation and, consequently, activated glial cells may contribute to neuroinflammation and neurotransmitter dysfunction in schizophrenia (SZ), while omega(n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can attenuate some SZ symptoms through anti-inflammatory effects. However, the correlations between macrophage/T-lymphocyte-produced cytokines and glia phenotypes, between inflammatory status and PUFAs composition, between cytokines and neurotransmitter function, and between n-3 PUFAs and neurotransmitter abnormality in SZ are unclear. Methods: Changes in T-helper (h) patterns, peripheral macrophage/glial markers, PUFAs profile, membrane fluidity, and neurotransmitter functions were evaluated in SZ patients (n = 50) and healthy controls (n = 30) using ELISA, gas chromatography, fluorescence anisotropy techniques, and HPLC, respectively. Results: Compared to the control, blood lymphocyte proliferation, the concentration of macrophage/microglia phenotype M1 markers, including cytokines IL-1ß, TNF-α (Th1) and IL-6 (Th2), and astrocyte phenotype A1 marker S100ß was significantly increased, while IL-17 and n-3 PUFAs contents, n-3/n-6 ratio, and membrane fluidity (FLU) were significantly decreased in SZ. Moreover, increased DA and HVA, decreased 5-HT and NE, and their metabolites appeared in SZ. Moreover, negative correlations between IL-6 and A2 marker Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) or n-3 PUFAs EPA and between IL-1ß and FLU or 5HIAA, while positive correlations between EPA and 5-HIAA and between FLU and DHA were found in SZ. Discussion: These findings showed (1) no clear Th pattern, but pro-inflammatory-dominant immunity occurred; (2) the pro-inflammatory pattern may result in the activated microglia M1 and astrocyte A1 phenotype; and (3) increased pro-inflammatory cytokines were related to decreased n-3 PUFA and decreased membrane fluidity and dysfunctional neurotransmitter systems in SZ.

17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(40): 5557-5565, 2023 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37970477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous drainage (PCD) and endoscopic approaches have largely replaced surgical drainage as the initial approach for (peri) pancreatic fluid collections (PFC)s, while complications associated with endoscopic stent implantation are common. AIM: To introduce a novel endoscopic therapy named endoscopic transgastric fenestration (ETGF), which involves resection of tissue by endoscopic accessory between gastric and PFCs without stent implantation, and to evaluate its efficacy and safety compared with PCD for the management of PFCs adjacent to the gastric wall. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with PFCs adjacent to the gastric wall and who subsequently received ETGF or PCD were restrospectively enrolled. Indications for intervention were consistent with related guidelines. We analyzed patients baseline characteristics, technical and clinical success rate, recurrence and reintervention rate, procedure-related complications and adverse events. RESULTS: Seventy-two eligible patients were retrospectively identified (ETGF = 34, PCD = 38) from October 2017 to May 2021. Patients in the ETGF group had a significantly higher clinical success rate than those in the PCD group (97.1 vs 76.3%, P = 0.01). There were no statistically significant differences regarding recurrence, reintervention and incidence of complication between the two groups. While long-term catheter drainage was very common in the PCD group. CONCLUSION: Compared with PCD, ETGF has a higher clinical success rate in the management of PFCs adjacent to the gastric wall. ETGF is an alternative effective strategy for the treatment of PFCs adjacent to the gastric wall.


Assuntos
Pancreatopatias , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pancreatopatias/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Suco Pancreático , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Endossonografia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37990929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The opinions on the efficacy and safety of no anticoagulation versus regional citrate anticoagulation for continuous KRT (CKRT) were controversial in patients with severe liver failure with a higher bleeding risk. We performed a randomized controlled trial to assess no anticoagulation versus regional citrate anticoagulation for CKRT in these patients. METHODS: Adult patients with liver failure with a higher bleeding risk who required CKRT were considered candidates. The included participants were randomized to receive regional citrate anticoagulation or no-anticoagulation CKRT. The primary end point was filter failure. RESULTS: Of the included participants, 44 and 45 were randomized to receive regional citrate anticoagulation and no-anticoagulation CKRT, respectively. The no-anticoagulation group had a significantly higher filter failure rate (25 [56%] versus 12 [27%], P = 0.003), which was confirmed by cumulative incidence function analysis and sensitive analysis including only the first CKRT sessions. In the cumulative incidence function analysis, the cumulative filter failure rates at 24, 48, and 72 hours of the no-anticoagulation and regional citrate anticoagulation groups were 31%, 58%, and 76% and 11%, 23%, and 35%, respectively. Participants in the regional citrate anticoagulation group had significantly higher incidences of Ca 2+tot /Ca 2+ion >2.5 (7% versus 57%, P < 0.001), hypocalcemia (51% versus 82%, P = 0.002), and severe hypocalcemia (13% versus 77%, P < 0.001). However, most (73%) of the increased Ca 2+tot /Ca 2+ion ratios were normalized after the upregulation of the calcium substitution rate. In the regional citrate anticoagulation group, there was no significant additional increase in the systemic citrate concentration after 6 hours. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with liver failure with a higher bleeding risk who required CKRT, regional citrate anticoagulation resulted in significantly longer filter lifespan than no anticoagulation. However, regional citrate anticoagulation in patients with liver failure was associated with a significantly higher risk of hypocalcemia, severe hypocalcemia, and Ca 2+tot /Ca 2+ion >2.5. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY NAME AND REGISTRATION NUMBER: RCA for CRRT in Liver Failure and High Risk Bleeding Patients, NCT03791190 .

19.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(47): 25664-25672, 2023 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37921495

RESUMO

Polymeric spherulites are typically formed by melt crystallization: spherulitic growth in solution is rare and requires complex polymers and dilute solutions. Here, we report the mild and unique formation of luminescent spherulites at room temperature via the simple molecule benzene-1,4-dithiol (BDT). Specifically, BDT polymerized into oligomers (PBDT) via disulfide bonds and assembled into uniform supramolecular nanoparticles in aqueous buffer; these nanoparticles were then dissolved back into PBDT in a good solvent (i.e., dimethylformamide) and underwent chain elongation to form spherulites (rPBDT) in 10 min. The spherulite geometry was modulated by changing the PBDT concentration and reaction time. Due to the step-growth polymerization and reorganization of PBDT, these spherulites not only exhibited robust structure but also showed broad clusterization-triggered emission. The biocompatibility and efficient cellular uptake of the spherulites further underscore their value as traceable drug carriers. This system provides a new pathway for designing versatile superstructures with value for hierarchical assembly of small molecules into a complicated biological system.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Polímeros , Cristalização , Polímeros/química , Congelamento
20.
Food Res Int ; 172: 113120, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37689888

RESUMO

Natural multicomponent peptides with abundant bioactivity, varied sizes, and tunable interaction potential are available for rational designing novel self-assembled delivery carriers. Herein, we exploited zein-hyaluronic acid nanoparticles (Z-HA NPs) with a predetermined ordered structure as precursor templates to induce the self-assembly of egg white-derived peptides (EWDP) to generate stable spherical architectures for the enhancement of curcumin (Cur). The resulting Z-EWDP-HA NPs encapsulated hydrophobic Cur through robust hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions with high encapsulation efficiency (97.38% at pH 7.0). The NPs presented superior Cur aqueous solubility, redispersibility, and photothermal stability. More importantly, the self-assembled EWDP could exert synergistic antioxidant activity with Cur and enhance the bioaccessibility of Cur. Meanwhile, the favorable biocompatibility and membrane affinity of EWDP further prolonged residence and time-controlled release feature of Cur in the small intestine. Precursor template-induced multicomponent peptides' self-assembly provides an efficient and controllable strategy for co-enhanced bioactivity and self-assembly capacity of peptides, which could dramatically broaden the functionalization of multicomponent peptides hydrolyzed from natural food proteins.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Disponibilidade Biológica , Clara de Ovo , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Peptídeos
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