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1.
J Appl Gerontol ; : 7334648241257795, 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38832577

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the risk factors for the development of mild cognitive dysfunction in hypertensive patients in the community and to develop a risk prediction model. Method: The data used in this study were obtained from two sources: the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) and the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). A total of 1121 participants from CHARLS were randomly allocated into a training set and a validation set, following a 70:30 ratio. Meanwhile, an additional 4016 participants from CLHLS were employed for external validation of the model. The patients in this study were divided into two groups: those with mild cognitive impairment and those without. General information, employment status, pension, health insurance, and presence of depressive symptoms were compared between the two groups. LASSO regression analysis was employed to identify the most predictive variables for the model, utilizing 14-fold cross-validation. The risk prediction model for cognitive impairment in hypertensive populations was developed using generalized linear models. The model's discriminatory power was evaluated through the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curves. Results: In the modeling group, eight variables such as gender, age, residence, education, alcohol use, depression, employment status, and health insurance were ultimately selected from an initial pool of 21 potential predictors to construct the risk prediction model. The area under the curve (AUC) values for the training, internal, and external validation sets were 0.777, 0.785, and 0.782, respectively. All exceeded the threshold of 0.7, suggesting that the model effectively predicts the incidence of mild cognitive dysfunction in community-based hypertensive patients. A risk prediction model was developed using a generalized linear model in conjunction with Lasso regression. The model's performance was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Hosmer-Lemeshow test values yielded p = .346 and p = .626, both of which exceeded the 0.05 threshold. Calibration curves demonstrated a significant agreement between the nomogram model and observed outcomes, serving as an effective tool for evaluating the model's predictive performance. Discussion: The predictive model developed in this study serves as a promising and efficient tool for evaluating cognitive impairment in hypertensive patients, aiding community healthcare workers in identifying at-risk populations.

2.
Neurosurg Focus ; 56(6): E10, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hoffmann's sign testing is a commonly used physical examination in clinical practice for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). However, the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying its occurrence and development have not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore whether a positive Hoffmann's sign (PHS) in CSM patients is associated with spinal cord and brain remodeling and to identify potential neuroimaging biomarkers with diagnostic value. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with CSM and 40 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent multimodal MRI. Based on the results of the Hoffmann's sign examination, patients were divided into two groups: those with a PHS (n = 38) and those with a negative Hoffmann's sign (NHS; n = 38). Quantification of spinal cord and brain structural and functional parameters of the participants was performed using various methods, including functional connectivity analysis, voxel-based morphometry, and atlas-based analysis based on functional MRI and structural MRI data. Furthermore, this study conducted a correlation analysis between neuroimaging metrics and neurological function and utilized a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm for the classification of PHS and NHS. RESULTS: In comparison with the NHS and HC groups, PHS patients exhibited significant reductions in the cross-sectional area and fractional anisotropy (FA) of the lateral corticospinal tract (CST), reticulospinal tract (RST), and fasciculus cuneatus, concomitant with bilateral reductions in the volume of the lateral pallidum. The functional connectivity analysis indicated a reduction in functional connectivity between the left lateral pallidum and the right angular gyrus in the PHS group. The correlation analysis indicated a significant positive association between the CST and RST FA and the volume of the left lateral pallidum in PHS patients. Furthermore, all three variables exhibited a positive correlation with the patients' motor function. Finally, using multimodal neuroimaging metrics in conjunction with the SVM algorithm, PHS and NHS were classified with an accuracy rate of 85.53%. CONCLUSIONS: This research revealed a correlation between structural damage to the pallidum and RST and the presence of Hoffmann's sign as well as the motor function in patients with CSM. Features based on neuroimaging indicators have the potential to serve as biomarkers for assessing the extent of neuronal damage in CSM patients.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Espondilose , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espondilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroimagem/métodos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Idoso , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem
3.
Food Chem ; 455: 139857, 2024 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823141

RESUMO

Melatonin acts as a potential regulator of cadmium (Cd) tolerance in rice. However, its practical value in rice production remains unclear. To validate the hypothesis that melatonin affects Cd accumulation and rice quality, a series of experiments were conducted. The results showed that exogenous melatonin application was associated with reduced Cd accumulation (23-43%) in brown rice. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis showed that exogenous melatonin affected the rice protein secondary structure and starch short-range structure. Metabolomics based on LC-MS/MS revealed that exogenous melatonin altered the brown rice metabolic profile, decreased fatty acid metabolite content, but increased amino acid metabolite, citric acid, melatonin biosynthetic metabolite, and plant hormone contents. These findings indicate that exogenous melatonin can effectively reduced Cd accumulation and improve rice quality through metabolic network regulation, serving as an effective treatment for rice cultivated in Cd-contaminated soil.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 130: 155537, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant activation of autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has led researchers to investigate potential therapeutic strategies targeting this process. The regulation of autophagy is significantly influenced by METTL3. Our previous research has shown that the Panax ginseng-derived compound, 20(R)-panaxatriol (PT), has potential as an anti-tumor agent. However, it remains unclear whether PT can modulate autophagy through METTL3 to exert its anti-tumor effects. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to investigate whether PT can regulate autophagy in TNBC cells and elucidate the molecular mechanisms. STUDY DESIGN: For in vitro experiments, we employed SUM-159-PT and MDA-MB-231 cells. While in vivo experiments involved BALB/c nude mice and NOD/SCID mice. METHODS: In vitro, TNBC cells were treated with PT, and cell lines with varying expression levels of METTL3 were established. We assessed the impact on tumor cell activity and autophagy by analyzing autophagic flux, Western Blot (WB), and methylation levels. In vivo, subcutaneous transplantation models were established in BALB/c nude and NOD/SCID mice to observe the effect of PT on TNBC growth. HE staining and immunofluorescence were employed to analyze histopathological changes in tumor tissues. MeRIP-seq and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to identify key downstream targets. Additionally, the silencing of STIP1 Homology And U-Box Containing Protein 1 (STUB1) explored PT's effects. The mechanism of PT's action on STUB1 via METTL3 was elucidated through mRNA stability assays, mRNA alternative splicing analysis, and nuclear-cytoplasmic mRNA separation. RESULTS: In both in vivo and in vitro experiments, it was discovered that PT significantly upregulates the expression of METTL3, leading to autophagy inhibition and therapeutic effects in TNBC. Simultaneously, through MeRIP-seq analysis and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays, we have demonstrated that PT modulates STUB1 via METTL3, influencing autophagy in TNBC cells. Furthermore, intriguingly, PT extends the half-life of STUB1 mRNA by enhancing its methylation modification, thereby enhancing its stability. CONCLUSION: In summary, our research reveals that PT increases STUB1 m6A modification through a METTL3-mediated mechanism in TNBC cells, inhibiting autophagy and further accentuating its anti-tumor properties. Our study provides novel mechanistic insights into TNBC pathogenesis and potential drug targets for TNBC.

5.
Food Res Int ; 188: 114453, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38823833

RESUMO

In this study, whipped cream with blends of micellar casein (MCN) and whey protein (WPI) in different ratios were prepared to investigate the role of protein interfacial behavior in determining foam properties at multiple scales, using theoretical modeling, and microscopic and macroscopic analysis. Fluid force microscopy has been used for the first time as a more realistic and direct means of analyzing interfaces properties in multiphase systems. The adsorption kinetics showed that the interfacial permeability constant of WPI (4.24 × 10-4 s-1) was significantly higher than that of the MCN (2.97 × 10-4 s-1), and the WPI interfacial layer had a higher modulus of elasticity (71.38 mN/m) than that of the MCN (47.89 mN/m). This model was validated via the mechanical analysis of the fat globules in real emulsions. The WPI-stabilized fat globule was found to have a higher Young's modulus (219.67 Pa), which contributes to the integrity of its fat globule morphology. As the ratio of MCN was increased in the sample, however, both the interfacial modulus and Young's modulus decreased. Moreover, the rate of partial coalescence was found to increase, a phenomenon that decreased the stability of the emulsion and increased the rate of aeration. The mechanical analysis also revealed a higher level of adhesion between MCN-stabilized fat globule (25.16 nN), which increased fat globule aggregation and emulsion viscosity, while improving thixotropic recovery. The synergistic effect of the blended MCN and WPI provided the highest overrun, at 194.53 %. These studies elucidate the role of the interfacial behavior of proteins in determining the quality of whipped cream and provide ideas for the application of proteins in multiphase systems.


Assuntos
Caseínas , Micelas , Proteínas do Soro do Leite , Proteínas do Soro do Leite/química , Caseínas/química , Emulsões/química , Laticínios , Gotículas Lipídicas/química , Adsorção , Cinética , Permeabilidade , Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos , Glicolipídeos/química , Módulo de Elasticidade , Viscosidade , Glicoproteínas
6.
Opt Lett ; 49(11): 2954-2957, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824301

RESUMO

Low-cost nanocomposite metasurfaces have demonstrated attractive potential to replace the equivalent dielectric metasurfaces for light engineering. However, the resonance characteristics of embedded structures in nanocomposite metasurfaces have not been further analyzed beyond the effective refractive index. Herein, we have proposed customizable polarization-selective narrowband meta-filters using ultraviolet-curable (UV) nanocomposites. As an additional degree of freedom, near-field effects between highly concentrated doped nanoparticles can enhance the Mie resonance of the low aspect ratio (AR = 0.2) meta-units. The surface lattice resonances (SLRs) of meta-filters can be coupled with enhanced Mie resonances of individual meta-units to realize tunable narrowband (FWHM ∼0.007λ) reflections with intensities near unity. Meanwhile, the polarization-selective properties of the reflection peaks can be tuned by optimizing the asymmetric lattice. Such proposed new-generation customizable meta-filters will offer, to our knowledge, novel strategies for filtering specific near-infrared polarized fluorescence in the integrated imaging systems.

7.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38829410

RESUMO

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a hematologic heterogeneous disease. This study explored the mechanism of specificity protein 1/3 (Sp1/3) in T-ALL cells through ß-catenin by acting as targets of miR-495-3p. Expression levels of miR-495-3p, Sp1, Sp3, and ß-catenin in the serum from T-ALL children patients, healthy controls, and the T-ALL cell lines were measured. The cell proliferation ability and apoptosis rate were detected. Levels of proliferation-related proteins proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)/cyclinD1 and apoptosis-related proteins B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein (Bax)/B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) were determined. The binding of Sp1/3 and ß-catenin promoter and the targeted relationship between miR-495-3p with Sp1/3 were analyzed. Sp1/3 were upregulated in CD4+ T-cells in T-ALL and were linked with leukocyte count and risk classification. Sp1/3 interference prevented proliferation and promoted apoptosis in T-ALL cells. Sp1/3 transcription factors activated ß-catenin expression. Sp1/3 enhanced T-ALL cell proliferation by facilitating ß-catenin expression. miR-495-3p targeted and repressed Sp1/3 expressions. miR-495-3p overexpression inhibited T-ALL cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. Conjointly, Sp1/3, as targets of miR-495-3p limit apoptosis and promote proliferation in T-ALL cells by promoting ß-catenin expression.

9.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 528, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38824544

RESUMO

Given the insidious and high-fatality nature of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the emergence of fluoride as a newly identified risk factor demands serious consideration alongside traditional risk factors. While vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a pivotal role in the progression of CVDs, the toxicological impact of fluoride on VSMCs remains largely uncharted. In this study, we constructed fluorosis model in SD rats and A7R5 aortic smooth muscle cell lines to confirm fluoride impaired VSMCs. Fluoride aggravated the pathological damage of rat aorta in vivo. Then A7R5 were exposed to fluoride with concentration ranging from 0 to 1200 µmol/L over a 24-h period, revealing a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation and migration. The further metabolomic analysis showed alterations in metabolite profiles induced by fluoride exposure, notably decreasing organic acids and lipid molecules level. Additionally, gene network analysis underscored the frequency of fluoride's interference with amino acids metabolism, potentially impacting the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle. Our results also highlighted the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters pathway as a central element in VSMC impairment. Moreover, we observed a dose-dependent increase in osteopontin (OPN) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) mRNA level and a dose-dependent decrease in ABC subfamily C member 1 (ABCC1) and bestrophin 1 (BEST1) mRNA level. These findings advance our understanding of fluoride as a CVD risk factor and its influence on VSMCs and metabolic pathways, warranting further investigation into this emerging risk factor.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Proliferação de Células , Fluoretos , Músculo Liso Vascular , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Animais , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Aorta/patologia , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Aorta/metabolismo , Metabolômica , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Insights Imaging ; 15(1): 138, 2024 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853200

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the performance of histogram features of non-Gaussian diffusion metrics for diagnosing muscle invasion and histological grade in bladder cancer (BCa). METHODS: Patients were prospectively allocated to MR scanner1 (training cohort) or MR2 (testing cohort) for conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWIconv) and multi-b-value DWI. Metrics of continuous time random walk (CTRW), diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), fractional-order calculus (FROC), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), and stretched exponential model (SEM) were simultaneously calculated using multi-b-value DWI. Whole-tumor histogram features were extracted from DWIconv and non-Gaussian diffusion metrics for logistic regression analysis to develop diffusion models diagnosing muscle invasion and histological grade. The models' performances were quantified by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: MR1 included 267 pathologically-confirmed BCa patients (median age, 67 years [IQR, 46-82], 222 men) and MR2 included 83 (median age, 65 years [IQR, 31-82], 73 men). For discriminating muscle invasion, CTRW achieved the highest testing AUC of 0.915, higher than DWIconv's 0.805 (p = 0.014), and similar to the combined diffusion model's AUC of 0.885 (p = 0.076). For differentiating histological grade of non-muscle-invasion bladder cancer, IVIM outperformed a testing AUC of 0.897, higher than DWIconv's 0.694 (p = 0.020), and similar to the combined diffusion model's AUC of 0.917 (p = 0.650). In both tasks, DKI, FROC, and SEM failed to show diagnostic superiority over DWIconv (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: CTRW and IVIM are two potential non-Gaussian diffusion models to improve the MRI application in assessing muscle invasion and histological grade of BCa, respectively. CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: Our study validates non-Gaussian diffusion imaging as a reliable, non-invasive technique for early assessment of muscle invasion and histological grade in BCa, enhancing accuracy in diagnosis and improving MRI application in BCa diagnostic procedures. KEY POINTS: Muscular invasion largely determines bladder salvageability in bladder cancer patients. Evaluated non-Gaussian diffusion metrics surpassed DWIconv in BCa muscle invasion and histological grade diagnosis. Non-Gaussian diffusion imaging improved MRI application in preoperative diagnosis of BCa.

11.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1396834, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855740

RESUMO

Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to determine the efficacy of curcumin in preventing liver fibrosis in animal models. Methods: A systematic search was conducted on studies published from establishment to November 2023 in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and other databases. The methodological quality was assessed using Sycle's RoB tool. An analysis of sensitivity and subgroups were performed when high heterogeneity was observed. A funnel plot was used to assess publication bias. Results: This meta-analysis included 24 studies involving 440 animals with methodological quality scores ranging from 4 to 6. The results demonstrated that curcumin treatment significantly improved Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) [standard mean difference (SMD) = -3.90, 95% confidence interval (CI) (-4.96, -2.83), p < 0.01, I2 = 85.9%], Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)[SMD = - 4.40, 95% CI (-5.40, -3.40), p < 0.01, I2 = 81.2%]. Sensitivity analysis of AST and ALT confirmed the stability and reliability of the results obtained. However, the funnel plot exhibited asymmetry. Subgroup analysis based on species and animal models revealed statistically significant differences among subgroups. Furthermore, curcumin therapy improved fibrosis degree, oxidative stress level, inflammation level, and liver synthesis function in animal models of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: Curcumin intervention not only mitigates liver fibrosis but also enhances liver function, while concurrently modulating inflammatory responses and antioxidant capacity in animal models. This result provided a strong basis for further large-scale animal studies as well as clinical trials in humans in the future. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/, identifier CRD42024502671.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1415698, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38855772

RESUMO

The Picornaviridae is a family of icosahedral viruses with single-stranded, highly diverse positive-sense RNA genomes. Virions consist of a capsid, without envelope, surrounding a core of RNA genome. A typical genome of picornavirus harbors a well-conserved and highly structured RNA element known as the internal ribosome entry site (IRES), functionally essential for viral replication and protein translation. Based on differences in their structures and mechanisms of action, picornaviral IRESs have been categorized into five types: type I, II, III, IV, and V. Compared with the type IV IRES, the others not only are structurally complicated, but also involve multiple initiation factors for triggering protein translation. The type IV IRES, often referred to as hepatitis C virus (HCV)-like IRES due to its structural resemblance to the HCV IRES, exhibits a simpler and more compact structure than those of the other four. The increasing identification of picornaviruses with the type IV IRES suggests that this IRES type seems to reveal strong retention and adaptation in terms of viral evolution. Here, we systematically reviewed structural features and biological functions of the type IV IRES in picornaviruses. A comprehensive understanding of the roles of type IV IRESs will contribute to elucidating the replication mechanism and pathogenesis of picornaviruses.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38857321

RESUMO

We present time-resolved Kerr rotation (TRKR) spectra in thin films of CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPI) hybrid perovskite using a unique picosecond microscopy technique at 4 K having a spatial resolution of 2 µm and temporal resolution of 1 ps, subjected to both an in-plane applied magnetic field up to 700 mT and an electric field up to 104 V/cm. We demonstrate that the obtained TRKR dynamics and spectra are substantially inhomogeneous across the MAPI films with prominent resonances at the exciton energy and interband transition of this compound. From the obtained quantum beating response as a function of magnetic field in the Voigt configuration, we also extract the inhomogeneity of the electron and hole Lande g-values and spin coherence time, T2*. We also report the TRKR dependence on both the applied magnetic field and electric field. From the change in the quantum beating dynamics, we found that T2* substantially decreases upon the application of an electric field. At the same time, from the induced spatial TRKR changes, we show that the electric field induced effects are caused by ion migration in the MAPI films.

14.
Chemosphere ; : 142565, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871187

RESUMO

Compared to the particle-gas partition coefficients (KPG), the rain-gas (KRG) and snow-gas (KSG) partition coefficients are also essential in studying the environmental behavior and fate of chemicals in the atmosphere. While the temperature dependence for the KPG have been extensively studied, the study for KRG and KSG are still lacking. Adsorption coefficients between water surface-air (KIA) and snow surface-air (KJA), as well as partition coefficients between water-air (KWA) and octanol-air (KOA) are vital in calculating KRG and KSG. These four basic adsorption and partition coefficients are also temperature-dependent, given by the well-known two-parameters Antoine equation logKXY = AXY+BXY/T, where KXY is the adsorption or partition coefficients, AXY and BXY are Antoine parameters (XY stand for IA, JA, WA, and OA), and T is the temperature in Kelvin. In this study, the parameters AXY and BXY are calculated for 943 chemicals, and logKXY can be estimated at any ambient temperature for these chemicals using these Antoine parameters. The results are evaluated by comparing these data with published experimental and modeled data, and the results show reasonable accuracy. Based on these coefficients, temperature-dependence of logKRG and logKSG is studied. It is found that both logKRG and logKSG are linearly related to 1/T, and Antoine parameters for logKRG and logKSG are also estimated. Distributions of the 943 chemicals in the atmospheric phases (gas, particle, and rain/snow), are illustrated in a Chemical Space Map. The findings reveal that, at environmental temperatures and precipitation days, the dominant state for the majority of chemicals is the gaseous phase. All the AXY and BXY values for logKSG, logKRG, and basic adsorption and partition coefficients, both modeled by this study and collected from published work, are systematically organized into an accessible dataset for public utilization.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38871676

RESUMO

Nanoplastics (NPs) are emerging pollutants and have been reported to cause the disintegration of anaerobic granular sludge (AnGS). However, the mechanism involved in AnGS disintegration was not clear. In this study, polyvinyl chloride nanoplastics (PVC-NPs) were chosen as target NPs and their long-term impact on AnGS structure was investigated. Results showed that increasing PVC-NPs concentration resulted in the inhibition of acetoclastic methanogens, syntrophic propionate, and butyrate degradation, as well as AnGS disintegration. At the presence of 50 µg·L-1 PVC-NPs, the hydrophobic interaction was weakened with a higher energy barrier due to the relatively higher hydrophilic functional groups in extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). PVC-NPs-induced ROS inhibited quorum sensing, significantly downregulated hydrophobic amino acid synthesis, whereas it highly upregulated the genes related to the synthesis of four hydrophilic amino acids (Cys, Glu, Gly, and Lys), resulting in a higher hydrophily degree of protein secondary structure in EPS. The differential expression of genes involved in EPS biosynthesis and the resulting protein secondary structure contributed to the greater hydrophilic interaction, reducing microbial aggregation ability. The findings provided new insight into the long-term impact of PVC-NPs on AnGS when treating wastewater containing NPs and filled the knowledge gap on the mechanism involved in AnGS disintegration by PVC-NPs.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1402758, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38846090

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore the regulatory effect of anserine on HUVEC cell injury and thrombosis in deep venous thrombosis (DVT) rats, and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods: Non-targeted metabolomics data analyses were conducted using an ultra-performance liquid chromatography system Vanquish UHPLC and mass spectrometer to detect plasma metabolism profiles. The transcriptome sequencing and gene intervention experiments were performed to verify the regulatory effect. Further in vivo and in vitro experiments were performed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the levels of P-selectin, E-selectin, and vWF, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe thrombotic and inflammatory cell infiltration, flow cytometry and TUNEL assays were performed to detect apoptosis, and qPCR and WB assays were conducted to determine the gene and protein expression. Results: Anserine alleviated HUVECs injury, reduced adhesion molecule expression, and inflammation. It decreased P-selectin, E-selectin, vWF, THBD, TFPI levels, and apoptosis while promoting NOS3, ET-1, and NO release in HUVECs. In DVT rats, anserine reduced P-selectin, E-selectin, vWF, thrombosis, cell infiltration, apoptosis, and promoted NO release. Transcriptome sequencing and gene intervention confirmed anserine's regulation of the PI3K-Akt pathway and coagulation via MYB. CARNMT1, a regulatory enzyme for anserine metabolism, increased anserine content, inhibiting coagulation, thrombosis, cell infiltration, and promoting NO release in rats. Conclusion: This study confirmed anserine could alleviate DVT by improving the inflammatory response, inhibiting blood agglutination, and promoting vasodilation, providing new potential therapeutic targets, important scientific evidence for the development of DVT management, and new clues for an in-depth understanding of its molecular mechanisms.

17.
Environ Geochem Health ; 46(7): 234, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38849608

RESUMO

The disturbance of ecological stability may take place in tropical regions due to the elevated biomass density resulting from heavy metal and other contaminant pollution. In this study, 62 valid soil samples were collected from Sanya. Source analysis of heavy metals in the area was carried out using absolute principal component-multiple linear regression receptor modelling (APCS-MLR); the comprehensive ecological risk of the study area was assessed based on pollution sources; the Monte-Carlo model was used to accurately predict the health risk of pollution sources in the study area. The results showed that: The average contents of soil heavy metals Cu, Ni and Cd in Sanya were 5.53, 6.56 and 11.66 times higher than the background values of heavy metals. The results of soil geo-accumulation index (Igeo) showed that Cr, Mo, Mn and Zn were unpolluted to moderately polluted, Cu and Ni were moderately polluted, and Cd was moderately polluted to strongly polluted. The main sources of heavy metal pollution were natural sources (57.99%), agricultural sources (38.44%) and traffic sources (3.57%). Natural and agricultural sources were jointly identified as priority control pollution sources and Cd was the priority control pollution element for soil ecological risk. Heavy metal content in Sanya did not pose a non-carcinogenic risk to the population, but there was a carcinogenic risk to children. The element Zn had a high carcinogenic risk to children, and was a priority controlling pollutant element for the risk of human health, with agricultural sources as the priority controlling pollutant source.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Método de Monte Carlo , Poluentes do Solo , Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , China , Medição de Risco , Humanos , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Clima Tropical , Criança , Solo/química
18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834683

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) has emerged as a therapeutic target for B-cell malignancies, which is substantiated by the efficacy of various irreversible or reversible BTK inhibitors. However, on-target BTK mutations facilitating evasion from BTK inhibition lead to resistance that limits the therapeutic efficacy of BTK inhibitors. In this study we employed structure-based drug design strategies based on established BTK inhibitors and yielded a series of BTK targeting compounds. Among them, compound S-016 bearing a unique tricyclic structure exhibited potent BTK kinase inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 0.5 nM, comparable to a commercially available BTK inhibitor ibrutinib (IC50 = 0.4 nM). S-016, as a novel irreversible BTK inhibitor, displayed superior kinase selectivity compared to ibrutinib and significant therapeutic effects against B-cell lymphoma both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we generated BTK inhibitor-resistant lymphoma cells harboring BTK C481F or A428D to explore strategies for overcoming resistance. Co-culture of these DLBCL cells with M0 macrophages led to the polarization of M0 macrophages toward the M2 phenotype, a process known to support tumor progression. Intriguingly, we demonstrated that SYHA1813, a compound targeting both VEGFR and CSF1R, effectively reshaped the tumor microenvironment (TME) and significantly overcame the acquired resistance to BTK inhibitors in both BTK-mutated and wild-type BTK DLBCL models by inhibiting angiogenesis and modulating macrophage polarization. Overall, this study not only promotes the development of new BTK inhibitors but also offers innovative treatment strategies for B-cell lymphomas, including those with BTK mutations.

19.
Int J Biometeorol ; 2024 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38834879

RESUMO

This study investigates the potential of vitamin C (VC) and/or betaine (Bet) to enhance growth performance, regulate serum metabolism, and bolster antioxidant function aiming to mitigate the impact of heat stress (HS) on broilers. Two hundred Ross 308 broilers at 28 days of age were randomly assigned to five groups. The control group, housed at 24 ± 1℃, was fed a basal diet. High-temperature treatment groups, housed at 32 ± 1℃, received a basal diet with 0 (HS group), 250 mg/kg VC (HSVC group), 1000 mg/kg Bet (HSBe group), and 250 mg/kg VC + 1000 mg/kg Bet (HSVCBe group). On day 42, assessments were made on growth performance, muscle quality, serum biochemistry, and antioxidant function. Results revealed that HS significantly lowered (P < 0.05) average daily feed intake (ADFI), the degree of redness (a*) in muscles, and serum total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) level. It also reduced (P < 0.01) average daily gain (ADG), and serum total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) level, while increasing (P < 0.05) shear force, serum direct bilirubin (D-BIL), uric acid (UA), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels compared with the control group. Dietary supplementation of VC and Bet, either alone or in combination, significantly decreased shear force and serum UA level, while increasing ADG and serum T-AOC, T-SOD level compared with the HS group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the addition of VC and/or Bet to the diet proves effective in enhancing the growth performance of HS-exposed broilers through the positive regulation of serum chemical metabolism and the alleviation of oxidative damage.

20.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 70(6): 42-47, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38836682

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mechanism of action of LINC01133 in non-small cell lung cancer. LINC01133 expression in NSCLC patient tissues and cells was detected by qRT-PCR. After transfecting siRNA-LINC01133 in NSCLC cells, the proliferation and invasive migration ability of the cells were assessed via CCK-8 and Transwell assay, respectively. The sublocalization of LINC01133 in NSCLC cells was analyzed by bioinformatics prediction and nucleoplasm separation assay and RNA-FISH assay. Analysis of the binding relationship between LINC01133, FOXA1 and miR-30b-5p was all through bioinformatics website analysis, dual-luciferase reporter and RNA Pulldown assay. Functional rescue experiments confirmed the character of miR-30b-5p and FOXA1 in LINC01133 regulating the NSCLC cells biological behavior. LINC01133 high expressions were found in NSCLC tissues and cells. siRNA-LINC01133 treatment inhibited NSCLC cells malignant behavior. Mechanistically: LINC01133 promoted FOXA1 expression through adsorption binding of miR-30b-5p. Knocking down miR-30b-5p expression or up-regulating FOXA1 expression was able to reverse siRNA-LINC01133 inhibitory effect of tumor cell malignant behavior. LINC01133 promoted FOX1 expression by competitively binding miR-30b-5p, which attenuated the targeting inhibitory effect of miR-30b-5p on FOXA1 and ultimately promoted proliferation and invasive migration of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fenótipo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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