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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 657-663, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018191

RESUMO

A hyaluronic acid granular hydrogel can promote neuronal and astrocyte colony formation and axonal extension in vitro, suggesting that the hydrogel can simulate an extracellular matrix structure to promote neural regeneration. However, in vivo experiments have not been conducted. In this study, we transplanted a hyaluronic acid granular hydrogel nerve guidance conduit to repair a 10-mm long sciatic nerve gap. The Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan locomotor rating scale, sciatic nerve compound muscle action potential recording, Fluoro-Gold retrograde tracing, growth related protein 43/S100 immunofluorescence staining, transmission electron microscopy, gastrocnemius muscle dry/wet weight ratio, and Masson's trichrome staining results showed that the nerve guidance conduit exhibited similar regeneration of sciatic nerve axons and myelin sheath, and recovery of the electrophysiological function and motor function as autologous nerve transplantation. The conduit results were superior to those of a bulk hydrogel or silicone tube transplant. These findings suggest that tissue-engineered nerve conduits containing hyaluronic acid granular hydrogels effectively promote the morphological and functional recovery of the injured sciatic nerve. The nerve conduits have the potential as a material for repairing peripheral nerve defects.

2.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 30: 100618, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276987

RESUMO

Background: With the outbreak of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), nurses have won well-deserved recognition for their indispensable roles in providing humane and professional healthcare for patients. However, by the nature of their role working at the forefront of patient care, nurses are prone to experiencing mental health consequences. Therefore, we pay attention to measuring the magnitude of psychological symptoms and identifying associated factors among nurses in China. Methods: We launched a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of nurses who worked in secondary or tertiary hospitals and public or private hospitals from 30 provinces in China. The prevalence and severity of symptoms of burnout, depression, and anxiety were investigated, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with each psychological symptom. Findings: A total of 138 279 respondents who worked in 243 hospitals completed this survey. A substantial proportion of nurses reported symptoms of burnout (34%), depression (55·5%), and anxiety (41·8%). In line with the disproportionality of economic development, we noted that the middle or western region was an independent risk factor for depression and anxiety. Compared with those working in the secondary hospital, nurses who worked in tertiary hospitals were associated with a higher likelihood of burnout and depression. Interpretation: Nurses are experiencing emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion during the COVID-19 epidemic. Governments and health policymakers need to draw attention to reinforcing prevention and ameliorating countermeasures to safeguard nurses' health. Funding: The strategic consulting project of the Chinese Academy of Engineering [2021-32-5]. Advanced Institute of Infomation Technology, Peking University, Zhejiang Province [2020-Z-17].

3.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 223: 115139, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379100

RESUMO

Endogenous steroids, including sex hormones and bile acids, are a group of essential compounds with various biological functions. In this study, we developed an LC-MS method that simultaneously measures 14 sex hormones and metabolites (SH) and 32 bile acids (BA) in rat plasma. Multiple innovative approaches were applied to increase the sensitivity and specificity, including optimization of the mobile phases, gradients, and dynamic multiple reaction monitoring (DMRM) transitions. The method was validated and applied on plasma samples from pregnant rats before and 0.5 h after oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at gestational days 0.5 and 18.5. Results showed that the method was applicable, and 9 SH and 30 BA were measurable in the samples. In summary, this method is applicable in studies on SH and BA in rat plasma, and may also be used on other matrix and species.


Assuntos
Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Ratos , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Plasma , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais
4.
Chemosphere ; 310: 136740, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209852

RESUMO

The shortage of freshwater supplies has restricted societal development. Capacitive deionization (CDI) is an emerging technology for desalination of seawater or brackish water, the performance of which is highly dependent on electrode materials. In this work, a molybdenum disulfide/carbon nanotube composite (CNTs-b-MoS2) with high capacitance was successfully synthesized using a hydrothermal method. The composite exhibited a specific capacitance of 112.79 F g-1. To reduce costs and determine the practicality of using CNTs-b-MoS2 for CDI, we combined activated carbon (AC) with CNTs-b-MoS2 as a CDI electrode. The research demonstrated that after doping with 5% (mass ratio) CNTs-b-MoS2, the specific capacitance and electrosorption capacity of AC were significantly improved and the maximum desalination capacity of CNTs-b-MoS2/AC reached 8.19 mg g-1. The low dosage of CNTs-b-MoS2 combined with the high specific surface area of AC avoided the shortcomings of CNTs-b-MoS2, namely low specific surface area and high cost. Moreover, the outstanding conductivity of CNTs-b-MoS2 improved the conductivity and enhanced the adsorption capacity of AC, giving CNTs-b-MoS2/AC potential as an advanced, low-cost CDI electrode material.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Purificação da Água , Carvão Vegetal , Molibdênio , Purificação da Água/métodos , Eletrodos
5.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 178: 107633, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182051

RESUMO

Bolbitis is a pantropical fern genus of Dryopteridaceae with ca. 80 species mainly in tropical Asia. Earlier studies confirmed the monophyly of Bolbitis when Mickelia is excluded and identified three major clades in Bolbitis. However, earlier studies are based on relatively small sampling and the majority of Asian species are not sampled. In this study, DNA sequences of three plastid markers of 169 accessions representing ca. 68 (85 % of total) species of Bolbitis in nine out of the 10 series recognized by Hennipman (1977), and 54 accessions representing the five remaining bolbitidoid genera are used to infer a global phylogeny with a focus on Asian species. The major results include: (1) Bolbitis is strongly supported as monophyletic; (2) species of Bolbitis are resolved into four major clades and their relationships are: the Malagasy/Mascarene clade is sister to the rest, followed by the African clade which is sister to the American clade + the Asian clade; (3) six well-supported subclades are identified in the most speciose Asian clade; (4) the free-veined Egenolfia is embedded in Bolbitis and is paraphyletic in relation to species with anastomosing venation; (5) three series sensu Hennipman (1977), B. ser. Alienae, B. ser. Egenolfianae, and B. ser. Heteroclitae, are paraphyletic or polyphyletic; (6) evolution of six morphological characters is analyzed and free venation is found to have evolved from anastomosing venation and reversed to free venation in Bolbitis; and (7) biogeographical implications are drawn and it is shown that a single recent dispersal from Asia resulted in continental disjunction of closely related ferns of Bolbitis between Africa and America.


Assuntos
Dryopteridaceae , Gleiquênias , Filogenia , Plastídeos/genética , Sequência de Bases
6.
Small ; 18(12): e2106196, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35322558

RESUMO

Cell mechanical forces play fundamental roles in regulating cellular responses to environmental stimulations. The shortcomings of conventional methods, including force resolution and cellular throughput, make them less accessible to mechanical heterogeneity at the single-cell level. Here, a DNA tensioner platform is introduced with high throughput (>10 000 cells per chip) and pN-level resolution. A microfluidic-based cell array is trapped on "hairpin-structured" DNA tensioners that enable transformation of the mechanical information of living cells into fluorescence signals. By using the platform, one can identify enhanced mechanical forces of drug-resistant cells as compared to their drug-sensitive counterparts, and mechanical differences between metastatic tumor cells in pleural effusion and nonmetastatic histiocytes. Further genetic analysis traces two genes, VEGFA and MINK1, that may play deterministic roles in regulating mechanical heterogeneities. In view of the ubiquity of cells' mechanical forces in the extracellular microenvironment (ECM), this platform shows wide potential to establish links of cellular mechanical heterogeneity to genetic heterogeneity.


Assuntos
DNA , Microfluídica
7.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 947963, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452351

RESUMO

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant cardiomyopathy, which is one of the most common reasons for cardiac arrest in children or adolescents. It is characterized by ventricular hypertrophy (usually left ventricle), small ventricular cavity, and reduced ventricular diastolic compliance found by echocardiography in the absence of abnormal load (such as hypertension or aortic stenosis). HCM is usually caused by mutations in genes encoding sarcomere or sarcomere-related genes. Whole exome sequencing (WES) is performed to identify probable causative genes. Through WES, we identified LIM domain-binding protein 3 (LDB3) mutations (R547Q and P323S) respectively in an 11-year-old HCM girl and a 6-year-old HCM boy. Neural network analyses showed that the LDB3 (R547Q and P323S) mutation decreased its protein stability, with confidence scores of -0.9211 and -0.8967. The STRUM server also confirmed that the mutation decreased its protein stability. Thus, LDB3 mutation may be associated with heritable HCM. To our knowledge, this is the first time to report LDB3 heterozygous variants (R547Q and P323S) responsible for heritable HCM.

8.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453987

RESUMO

Meliaceae is a useful plant family owing to its high-quality timber and its many limonoids that have pharmacological and biological activities. Although some genomes of Meliaceae species have been reported, many questions regarding their unique family features, namely wood quality and natural products, have not been answered. In this study, we provide the whole genome sequence of Melia azedarach comprising 237.16 Mb with a contig N50 of 8.07 Mb, and an improved genome sequence of Azadirachta indica comprising 223.66 Mb with a contig N50 of 8.91 Mb. Moreover, genome skimming data, transcriptomes, and other published genomes were comprehensively analyzed to determine the genes and proteins that produce superior wood and valuable limonoids. Phylogenetic analysis of chloroplast genomes, single-copy gene families, and single nucleotide polymorphisms revealed that Meliaceae should be classified into two subfamilies: Cedreloideae and Melioideae. Although the Meliaceae species did not undergo additional whole-genome duplication events, the secondary wall biosynthetic genes of the woody Cedreloideae species, Toona sinensis, expanded significantly compared to those of A. indica and M. azedarach, especially in downstream transcription factors and cellulose/hemicellulose biosynthesis-related genes. Moreover, expanded special oxidosqualene cyclase catalogs can help diversify Sapindales skeletons, and the clustered genes that regulate terpene chain elongation, cyclization, and modification would support their roles in limonoid biosynthesis. The expanded clans of terpene synthase, O-methyltransferase, and cytochrome P450, which are mainly derived from tandem duplication, are responsible for the different limonoid classes among the species. These results are beneficial for further investigations of wood development and limonoid biosynthesis.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160637, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464042

RESUMO

Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that resist degradation in the environment. OCPs remain detectable in cropland systems in China. However, spatial distribution of OCPs across China and associated ecological and health risks, as well as the relationship between levels of OCPs in cropland soils and crops, remain to be elucidated. To fill these gaps, we conducted a national-scale characterization of 19 individual OCPs in cropland soils and food crops including cereals and legumes in China, which were on-spot sampled simultaneously. Sparse canonical correlation analysis was employed to investigate the co-occurrence of OCPs in cropland soils and corresponding food crops. The ecological soil screening levels and risk quotient method were adopted for ecological and health risk assessment, respectively. Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) were dominant in cropland systems, with its levels ranging up to 337 and 22.8 µg/kg in cropland soils and food crops, respectively. The mean ∑OCP levels in cropland soils varied from below the limit of detection to 337 µg/kg. Peanuts were the most contaminated crop, in which endosulfans and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were co-occurrent with those in cropland soils (correlation coefficient R = 0.999 and 0.947, respectively). Besides, lindane and ß-endosulfan in rice were co-occurrent with those in cropland soils (R = 0.810 and 0.868, respectively). The componential ratio analysis indicated fresh inputs of technical DDT, lindane, chlordane, endosulfan, HCB and aldrin. Among these pesticides, ecological impacts of DDTs, lindane, aldrin and ß-endosulfan could be expected. Human health risk assessment suggested that daily consumption of the OCP-contaminated food crops raises a health concern especially for male teens. It is concluded that OCPs remain present in cropland systems in China at levels that raise a concern for both environment and human health.

11.
Int J Nurs Pract ; : e13118, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461159

RESUMO

AIM: Smoking is harmful to human health. However, the relationship between smoking and blood pressure (BP) has not been consistent. This study aimed to analyse nurses' smoking behaviours and their relationship with BP. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 128 009 nurses in 11 cities in China. They were surveyed with questionnaires including BP measurements. The main contents of the questionnaire included smoking status and other factors that might be associated with hypertension. Multiple linear regression analyses and binary logistic regression analyses were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: The results showed there was a significant difference in the smoking rate among nurses with different characteristics (P < 0.05). For both male and female nurses, smoking was associated with increased diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure, but only with increased systolic BP of male nurses. The prevalence of hypertension among male and female nurses was not related to smoking. CONCLUSION: Despite a relatively low overall smoking rate, rates among some groups are high. Different cities, hospitals, and departments can combine local data and conditions to formulate targeted tobacco control measures to improve nurses' physical and mental health.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Penicillin allergy is the most common antibiotic allergy, yet most children labeled as allergic tolerate penicillin. The impact of inaccurate penicillin allergy labels (PALs) on pediatric outpatients is unknown. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes between children with and without a PAL after treatment for outpatient respiratory tract infections (RTI). METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal birth cohort study was performed in children who received care in 90 pediatric primary care practices in Philadelphia and Houston metropolitan areas. Prescribing and clinical outcomes of children with a PAL at the time of an RTI were compared to non-allergic children, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Antibiotics were prescribed for 663,473 non-recurrent RTIs among 200,977 children. Children with a PAL (5% of cohort) were more likely than non-allergic children to receive broad-spectrum antibiotics (adjusted relative risk (aRR) 3.24, 95% CI 3.22-3.26) and second-line antibiotics (aRR 4.87, 95% CI 4.83, 4.89). Compared to non-allergic children receiving first-line antibiotics, children with a PAL were more likely to return with adverse drug events (aRR 1.28, 95% CI 1.18-1.39). There was no difference in treatment failure between groups (aRR 0.95, 95% CI 0.90-1.00). CONCLUSIONS: PALs lead to higher rates of broad-spectrum and second-line antibiotic prescribing in children treated for RTIs in primary care and contribute to unnecessary healthcare utilization through increased adverse events. Given the frequency of PALs, efforts to prevent inappropriate penicillin allergy labeling and promote de-labeling of existing inaccurate allergy labels may improve care of children treated for common bacterial infections.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e2208165, 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462166

RESUMO

Although all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs) show great commercialization prospects, their power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) still fall behind their small molecule acceptor-based counterparts. In all-polymer blends, the optimized morphology and high molecular ordering are difficult to achieve since there is trouble-some competition between the crystallinity of the polymer donor and acceptor during the film-formation process. Therefore, it is challenging to improve the photovoltaic performance of all-PSCs. We herein adopt a ternary strategy to modulate the morphology and the molecular crystallinity of an all-polymer blend, in which PM6:PY-82 was selected as the host blend and PY-DT was employed as a guest component. Benefiting from the favorable miscibility of the two acceptors and the higher regularity of PY-DT, the ternary matrix features a well-defined fibrillar morphology and improved molecular ordering. As a result, the champion PM6:PY-82:PY-DT device produces a record-high PCE of 18.03%, with simultaneously improved open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current and fill factor in comparison with the binary devices. High-performance large-area (1 cm2 ) and thick-film (300 nm) all-PSCs were also successfully fabricated with PCEs of 16.35% and 15.70%, respectively. More importantly, 16.5 cm2 organic solar module affords an encouraging PCE of 13.84% when using the non-halogenated solvent (o-xylene), showing the great potential of "Lab-to-Fab" transition of all-PSCs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 1025332, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467423

RESUMO

STAG2 is a component of the large, evolutionarily highly conserved cohesin complex, which has been linked to various cellular processes like genome organization, DNA replication, gene expression, heterochromatin formation, sister chromatid cohesion, and DNA repair. A wide spectrum of germline variants in genes encoding subunits or regulators of the cohesin complex have previously been identified to cause distinct but phenotypically overlapping multisystem developmental disorders belonging to the group of cohesinopathies. Pathogenic variants in STAG2 have rarely been implicated in an X-linked cohesinopathy associated with undergrowth, developmental delay, and dysmorphic features. Here, we describe for the first time a mosaic STAG2 variant in an individual with developmental delay, microcephaly, and hemihypotrophy of the right side. We characterized the grade of mosaicism by deep sequencing analysis on DNA extracted from EDTA blood, urine and buccal swabs. Furthermore, we report an additional female with a novel de novo splice variant in STAG2. Interestingly, both individuals show supernumerary nipples, a feature that has not been reported associated to STAG2 before. Remarkably, additional analysis of STAG2 transcripts in both individuals showed only wildtype transcripts, even after blockage of nonsense-mediated decay using puromycin in blood lymphocytes. As the phenotype of STAG2-associated cohesinopathies is dominated by global developmental delay, severe microcephaly, and brain abnormalities, we investigated the expression of STAG2 and other related components of the cohesin complex during Bioengineered Neuronal Organoids (BENOs) generation by RNA sequencing. Interestingly, we observed a prominent expression of STAG2, especially between culture days 0 and 15, indicating an essential function of STAG2 in early brain development. In summary, we expand the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of STAG2-associated cohesinopathies and show that BENOs represent a promising model to gain further insights into the critical role of STAG2 in the complex process of nervous system development.

15.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21014, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470922

RESUMO

Partial bile duct ligation (pBDL) is considered a well-tolerated cholestatic model. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the most widely used tools in noninvasive imaging. However, no systematic studies have reported the possible effects of repeated MRI assessments in the pBDL model. Sixty BALB/C mice were investigated. MRI images of each mouse were recorded once every 2 weeks for 6 weeks after pBDL or sham surgery. The reproducibility of the pBDL model and the reliability of MRI were examined by behavioral, physiological, biochemical, and pathological parameters. The mice showed no alterations on behavioral and physiological tests (P > 0.05) at 2, 4, and 6 weeks after pBDL. Repeated general anesthesia did not result in any impairment after pBDL (P > 0.05). The behavioral and biochemical parameters were not affected by repeated MRIs or repeated contrast-enhanced MRIs (P > 0.05). Pathological staining showed the homogeneous formation of collagenous fiber in the pBDL mice and did not indicate any influence of repeated contrast-enhanced MRI on the number of inflammatory cells or fibrotic formation (P > 0.05). Thus, pBDL is a reproducible model with many advantages for animal welfare and scientific research. Additionally, MRI, as a safe tool for longitudinal evaluation and is well tolerated in mice with cholestasis.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160611, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36460104

RESUMO

To minimize environmental risks and the phytotoxic influence of organic materials on crop growth, it is necessary to test their phytotoxicity and maturity when they were used in farmland. However, the stress response of seed germination to chicken manure and cornstalks is not clear. This study used multi-omics analysis to investigate the inhibition mechanism of seed germination by chicken manure and cornstalk. Chicken manure caused destructive inhibition of seed germination with higher phytotoxicity (GI = 0). Cornstalk also had a low GI (8.81 %), while it mainly inhibited radicle growth (RL = 9.39 %) rather than seed germination (GR = 93.33 %). The response of radish seed germination to chicken manure and cornstalk phytotoxic stresses was accompanied by metabolic adjustments of storage substance accumulation, antioxidant enzyme activity change, phytohormone induction, and expression of specific proteins and gene regulation. Combined transcriptomic and proteomic analysis revealed that differential expression of 13,090 (5944 upregulated/7146 downregulated) and 3850 (2389 upregulated/1461 downregulated) genes (DEGs), and 1041 (82 upregulated/932 downregulated) and 575 (111 upregulated/464 downregulated) proteins (DEPs) at chicken manure and cornstalk treatment, respectively. Most down-regulated genes and proteins were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis under chicken manure stress, which caused irreversible inhibition of seed germination. Down-regulation of phytohormone signal transduction-related genes under cornstalk stress resulted in inhibition of radicle growth, but the inhibitory stress was restorable. These findings provide new insight into the phytotoxicity of livestock manure and cornstalk on seed germination.

17.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111921, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461273

RESUMO

The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly around the world, and there is growing evidence that obesity is closely related to diet and gut microbiota. Early life adverse exposures have profound effects on gut microbiota. However, the effects of maternal emulsifier polysorbate 80 (P80) exposure in early life on obesity of offspring remains unclear. Female C57BL/6 mice were free access to water containing 1 % P80 during pregnancy and lactation to investigate the effects of maternal P80 exposure on gut microbiota and obesity susceptibility of offspring, while bile acid composition and the FGF15-FXR axis were also analyzed. Maternal P80 exposure significantly impaired intestinal development and barrier function and increased intestinal low-grade inflammation in offspring mice. Maternal P80 exposure led to gut dysbiosis in offspring at 3 weeks of age, which was characterized by increased potentially harmful bacteria, Prevotella, Helicobacter and Ruminococcus and Mucin degrading bacteria, Akkermansia. Interestingly, mice transplanted with the fecal microbiota of offspring exposed to maternal P80 showed more serious intestinal barrier impairment and increased low-grade inflammation than that received microbiota of offspring fed with normal diet. After a high-fat diet, Maternal P80 exposed offspring showed more severe in gut dysbiosis and obesity, accompanied by alternation in bile acid profile and up regulation of the FXR-FGF15 axis. Conclusively, early life emulsifier exposure predisposes the offspring to obesity through gut microbiota-FXR axis. The findings will provide new insights into effects of P80 on health.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Gravidez , Camundongos , Animais , Disbiose , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade , Emulsificantes/efeitos adversos , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Polissorbatos , Inflamação
18.
PLoS Biol ; 20(11): e3001856, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318514

RESUMO

Feingold syndrome type 1, caused by loss-of-function of MYCN, is characterized by varied phenotypes including esophageal and duodenal atresia. However, no adequate model exists for studying the syndrome's pathological or molecular mechanisms, nor is there a treatment strategy. Here, we developed a zebrafish Feingold syndrome type 1 model with nonfunctional mycn, which had severe intestinal atresia. Single-cell RNA-seq identified a subcluster of intestinal cells that were highly sensitive to Mycn, and impaired cell proliferation decreased the overall number of intestinal cells in the mycn mutant fish. Bulk RNA-seq and metabolomic analysis showed that expression of ribosomal genes was down-regulated and that amino acid metabolism was abnormal. Northern blot and ribosomal profiling analysis showed abnormal rRNA processing and decreases in free 40S, 60S, and 80S ribosome particles, which led to impaired translation in the mutant. Besides, both Ribo-seq and western blot analysis showed that mTOR pathway was impaired in mycn mutant, and blocking mTOR pathway by rapamycin treatment can mimic the intestinal defect, and both L-leucine and Rheb, which can elevate translation via activating TOR pathway, could rescue the intestinal phenotype of mycn mutant. In summary, by this zebrafish Feingold syndrome type 1 model, we found that disturbance of ribosomal biogenesis and blockage of protein synthesis during development are primary causes of the intestinal defect in Feingold syndrome type 1. Importantly, our work suggests that leucine supplementation may be a feasible and easy treatment option for this disease.


Assuntos
Microcefalia , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Proteína Proto-Oncogênica N-Myc , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Microcefalia/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Leucina
19.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 1016782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338052

RESUMO

Rhododendron is an essential ornamental plant that is abundant in Yunnan province. In Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan, China, 61 species of Rhododendron have been reported. Endophytic fungi are internal plant tissue inhabitants that do not harm the host. It has emerged as an exciting research topic as they have the potential to provide numerous secondary metabolites. This study is focused on taxonomic novelties and new host records of endophytic fungi associated with Rhododendron plants collected from Cangshan Mountain in Yunnan Province, China. Pestalotiopsis fungi are associated with a vast array of plant species worldwide. In this study, fresh leaves of Rhododendron cyanocarpum, Rhododendron decorum, and Rhododendron delavayi were collected from Cangshan Mountain, Yunnan Province, China. Endophytic Pestalotiopsis fungi associated with Rhododendron were characterized based on phylogenetic analyses of combined ITS, TEF1-α, and TUB genes along with morphological characteristics. Six new species (Pestalotiopsis appendiculata, Pestalotiopsis cangshanensis, Pestalotiopsis daliensis, Pestalotiopsis fusoidea, Pestalotiopsis rosarioides, and Pestalotiopsis suae) and a new host record (Pestalotiopsis trachicarpicola) are described. Detailed descriptions and color photo plates of these species are provided. It is the first time that the endophytic fungi of Rhododendron plants in Cangshan Mountain have been studied.

20.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(30): 11010-11015, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the first documentation of a spontaneous and nonspecific chemical reaction of an iodinated contrast media with ammonium persulfate used in As3+-Ce4+ catalytic spectrophotometry for urine iodine concentration (UIC) detection. CASE SUMMARY: We herein report an incidental case who had a dual source computed tomography examination for papillary thyroid carcinoma diagnosis. Serial spot urine specimens were collected during her hospitalization and were measured by As3+-Ce4+ catalytic spectrophotometry on a Beckman Coulter AU5800. The reacted solutions were "brownish", and the results showed extremely high iodine concentrations despite serial dilutions. The patient claimed no dietary habit of iodized salt or iodine-containing medical history, which strongly pointed to iodinated contrast media (ICM) via intravenous injection. Even with 0.01% ICM, its interruption is still profound on the desired urine iodine reaction with ammonium persulfate, leading to inaccurate UIC and possibly inappropriate treatment. CONCLUSION: The following laboratory suggestions should be considered: (1) As3+-Ce4+ catalytic spectrophotometry is only suitable for UIC measurement after confirmed ICM renal clearance; (2) A mass spectrometry-based method can be applied as an alternative during the ICM clearance period; and (3) The UIC baseline can be confirmed after ICM injection by consecutive detection for at least 2 mo.

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