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1.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 371-384, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is one of the common postoperative complications, which is more common in aged patients. POCD mainly manifests as cognitive function changes after surgery, such as memory decline and inattention. In some severe cases, patients may suffer from personality changes and (or) social behavior decline. The aim of the current study is to confirm the effect and elucidate the mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in postoperative central inflammatory mice. METHODS: Mice were randomly assigned to four groups: sham, sham+BMSCs, model, and BMSCs group. In the model group, mice were intraperitoneally injected 8 mg/kg per day lipopolysaccharide for 5 days. In sham+BMSCs and BMSCs group, BMSCs (1 × 10 7 ) in 100 µL saline were injected into sham mice and model mice, respectively. RESULTS: In the model group, transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) protein expression was significantly increased, compared with that in the sham group. BMSCs were treated into postoperative central inflammatory mice, which resulted in a decreased of TGF-ß protein expression. TGF-ß and smad2 protein expression were suppressed, and apoptosis rate and inflammation were inhibited in coculture with BMSCs. The suppression of TGF-ß inhibited the effects of BMSCs on apoptosis rate and inflammation in postoperative central inflammatory through a smad2 signaling pathway. The promotion of TGF-ß reduced the effects of BMSCs on apoptosis rate and inflammation in postoperative central inflammatory through a smad2 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that BMSCs regulates TGF-ß to adjust neuroinflammation in postoperative central inflammatory mice.

2.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 92-101, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oyster polypeptides have various biofunctions, such as anti-cancer and anti-oxidative stress, but whether it has the protective effects to primary ovarian failure (POF) remains poorly understand. To address this issue, daily gavage of oyster polypeptides was performed to investigate their protective effect, basing on d-galactose-induced POF model in C57BL/6 female mice. RESULTS: Oyster polypeptides restored the irregular estrous cycles and the abnormal serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and progesterone (P) levels as well as the decreased mRNA expression level of Amh that were induced by d-galactose. The follicle development of POF mice was improved by increasing the primordial follicle ratio and decreasing the atretic follicle number after oral administration of oyster polypeptides. Moreover, in the oyster polypeptides treated mice, the total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity was significantly increased, while the malondialdehyde levels were significantly decreased. The mRNA expression levels of stress-related genes (SOD2, SIRT1 and FOXO3a) were remarkably up-regulated after d-galactose induction, but the up-regulation was weakened or disappeared by the gavage of oyster polypeptides. In addition, oyster polypeptides treatment also reduced the apoptosis of the ovarian granulosa cells and down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53 and Bad but not Bcl-2). CONCLUSION: This study reveals that oyster polypeptides may protect ovary against d-galactose-induced POF by their anti-oxidative stress activity to rescue d-galactose-induced ovarian oxidative damage and therefore to prevent ovarian cells apoptosis, thereby tipping the abnormality trigged by POF to get close to the normal levels. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685280

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Determining capillary pressures and permeation resistances of multiphase seepage in porous-type reservoirs is crucial. The dynamic contact angle (CA) is one of the critical parameters used to calculate capillary pressures and permeation resistances. Under reservoir conditions, dynamic CAs are rate-independent of the triple-phase contact line velocity. Calculating rate-independent dynamic CAs remains challenging and is the main focus of this paper. EXPERIMENTS: An experimental system was designed to capture the dynamic CAs of liquid-fluid displacements in microscale polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannels. These microchannels were 20 × 80 µm or 20 × 40 µm in height and width. The capillary numbers (Ca) were controlled to satisfy the conditions of Ca < 4 × 10-5 for liquid-air displacements and Ca < 3.5 × 10-7 for liquid-liquid displacements. FINDINGS: Since pinning forces were consistent at the receding interface and the advancing interface, energy barriers exhibited symmetry. However, CA hysteresis exhibited asymmetry. Based on our experiments, a linear regime of hysteresis was developed and verified to be consistent with others' experiments. The relation can be used to calculate hysteresis strengths and rate-independent CAs. This model was also compared with the fractal model. The hysteresis factor in this model can be derived using the Wenzel factor r and the Cassie fraction ϕs.

4.
J Nurs Res ; 27(6): e50, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688277

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing number of cancer survivors and the trend of shifting cancer treatments into outpatient clinics have increased rapidly the supportive care needs of patients with cancer. However, no brief assessment tool is available to screen for these needs. PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to (a) translate and develop a nine-item Chinese version of the Supportive Care Needs Survey Screening Tool (SCNS-ST9-C) and (b) examine the psychometric properties of this tool in a sample of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) in Taiwan. METHODS: In this two-phase instrument validation study, the SCNS-ST9-C was translated and evaluated for content, face validity, and feasibility in Phase I and was examined for internal consistency reliability and construct validity (including factor structure and theoretically supported correlations) on a sample of patients with HNC in Phase II. RESULTS: In Phase I, the SCNS-ST9-C was translated and developed by three bilingual doctoral-prepared nurse researchers (Chinese and English). A standardized score system ranging from 0 to 100 was built, with higher scores indicating higher unmet supportive care needs. Good content and face validity were confirmed by five cancer care experts and 20 patients with HNC, respectively. In Phase II, 116 subjects were recruited. A clear four-factor structure, which incorporated one of the original five dimensions (sexuality care needs, with one item) into the dimension of psychological and emotional care needs, was identified using exploratory factor analysis. Good internal consistency reliability for the overall SCNS-ST9-C was supported by a Cronbach's α of .75 and its four subscales (domains). Good construct validity was also confirmed by the theoretically supported correlations. Better performance status and longer time since treatment completion correlated negatively with the SCNS-ST9-C (i.e., lower unmet care needs), whereas higher distress (anxiety, depression, and symptoms) correlated positively with the SCNS-ST9-C (i.e., greater unmet care needs). Female patients reported higher overall unmet care needs and psychological and emotional care needs and higher scores on the care and support needs subscale than male patients. CONCLUSIONS: The SCNS-ST9-C is a brief, low-burden, and psychometrically valid instrument that may be applied in ethnically Chinese settings. This tool takes 1-2 minutes to complete. Further testing of the psychometrics of this instrument in different cancer populations is recommended.

5.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688993

RESUMO

To find the effect of Paris saponin VII (PS VII)-mediated PI3K/AKT/MAPK signaling pathway on the sensitivity of ADR-resistant HepG2 cell (HepG2/ADR) cells to ADR. The proliferation inhibitory rates were detected by using MTT assay. Flow cytometry was employed to examine the intracellular accumulation of ADR. The expressions of drug-resistant genes (P-gp, MRP and BCRP) were detected by qRT-PCR, cell apoptosis by Annexin-V-FITC/PI staining, and the expressions of drug-resistance-related proteins, apoptosis-related proteins, and PI3K/AKT/MAPK pathway-related proteins were determined by Western blotting. HepG2/ADR and HepG2 cells treated with PS VII (0.88, 1.32, 1.98, and 2.97 µM) for 48 hours showed increased proliferation inhibitory rate in a dose-dependent manner. HepG2/ADR cells treated PS VII (0.88, 1.32, 1.98 µM) for 48 hours showed decreased IC50 of ADR. Compared with HepG2/ADR cells treated with ADR (5 nM), those treated with PS VII (≤1.98 µM) and ADR (5 nM) showed enhanced ADR accumulation, decreased drug-resistant gene expressions, increased cell apoptosis with unregulated Bax and cleaved caspase-3 and downregulated Bcl-2, as well as the inhibition of PI3K/AKT/MAPK pathway. Moreover, the combination of ADR (5 nM), PS VII (1.98 µM), and LY294002 (PI3K/AKT inhibitor, 20 µM)/SB203580 (P38 inhibitor, 20 µM) for 48 hours could further decreased the HepG2/ADR cell viability, but induced cell apoptosis, accompanying with the decreased expressions of drug-resistant genes. PS VII could downregulate the expressions of drug-resistance genes, increase intracellular accumulation of ADR, promote cell apoptosis, and enhance the sensitivity of HepG2/ADR cells to ADR via PI3K/AKT/MAPK.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678534

RESUMO

It is documented that tlx1, an orphan homeobox gene, plays critical roles in the regulation of early spleen developmental in mammalian species. However, there is no direct evidence supporting the functions of tlx1 in non-mammalian species, especially in fish. In this study, we demonstrated that tlx1 is expressed in the splenic primordia as early as 52 hours post-fertilization (hpf) in zebrafish. A tlx1-/- homozygous mutant line was generated via CRISPR/Cas9 to elucidate the roles of tlx1 in spleen development in zebrafish. In the tlx1-/- background, tlx1-/- cells persisted in the splenic primordia until 52 hpf but were no longer detectable after 53 hpf, suggesting perturbation of early spleen development. The zebrafish also exhibited congenital asplenia caused by the tlx1 mutation. Asplenic zebrafish can survive and breed normally under standard laboratory conditions, but the survival rate of animals infected with Aeromonas hydrophila was significantly lower than that of wild-type (WT) zebrafish. In asplenic zebrafish, the mononuclear phagocyte system was partially impaired, as demonstrated by retarded b7r expression and reduced ccr2 expression after injection with an inactivated A. hydrophila vaccine. Furthermore, the expression of MHCII/IgM was significantly reduced in the congenitally asplenic fish compared with that of the WT zebrafish. Taken together, our data suggest that tlx1 is a crucial regulator of spleen development in fish, as it is in mammals. We have also provided a new perspective for studying the role of the spleen during pathogen challenge in fish.

7.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666681

RESUMO

Individual variations of white matter (WM) tracts are known to be associated with various cognitive and neuropsychiatric traits. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data from 17,706 UK Biobank participants offer the opportunity to identify novel genetic variants of WM tracts and explore the genetic overlap with other brain-related complex traits. We analyzed the genetic architecture of 110 tract-based DTI parameters, carried out genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and performed post-GWAS analyses, including association lookups, gene-based association analysis, functional gene mapping, and genetic correlation estimation. We found that DTI parameters are substantially heritable for all WM tracts (mean heritability 48.7%). We observed a highly polygenic architecture of genetic influence across the genome (p value = 1.67 × 10-05) as well as the enrichment of genetic effects for active SNPs annotated by central nervous system cells (p value = 8.95 × 10-12). GWAS identified 213 independent significant SNPs associated with 90 DTI parameters (696 SNP-level and 205 locus-level associations; p value < 4.5 × 10-10, adjusted for testing multiple phenotypes). Gene-based association study prioritized 112 significant genes, most of which are novel. More importantly, association lookups found that many of the novel SNPs and genes of DTI parameters have previously been implicated with cognitive and mental health traits. In conclusion, the present study identifies many new genetic variants at SNP, locus and gene levels for integrity of brain WM tracts and provides the overview of pleiotropy with cognitive and mental health traits.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15820, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676773

RESUMO

Mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co was prepared as a Fenton-like catalyst to degrade the tetracycline hydrochlorides (TC). The nanocasting strategy with KIT-6 as a hard template was carried out to synthesize the mesoporous bimetallic catalyst. The mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The results showed that the catalyst has significant nanofeatures; the surface area, pore size, and particle size were 113.8 m2g-1, 4 nm, and 10 nm, respectively. In addition, the effects of the operating parameters, such as the iron-to-cobalt ratio, pH, H2O2, and initial TC concentrations on its catalytic performance were investigated. The best operating parameters were as follows: iron-to-cobalt ratio = 2:1 to 1:1, pH = 5-9, H2O2: 30 mmol, initial TC less than 30 mg/L. Furthermore, the mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co showed a good performance for degrading TC, achieving a removal rate of 86% of TC after 3 h under the reaction conditions of H2O2 = 30 mmol, mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co = 0.6 g/L, TC = 30 mg/L, pH = 7.0, and temperature = 25.5 °C. The mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co catalyst shows good stability and reusability. This work demonstrated that mesoporous bimetallic Fe/Co has excellent catalytic efficiency, smaller amounts of leached ions, and wider pH range, which enhance its potential applications.

9.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15804, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676846

RESUMO

It has been known that algogens and cooling could inhibit itch sensation; however, the underlying molecular and neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we show that the spinal neurons expressing gastrin releasing peptide receptor (GRPR) primarily comprise excitatory interneurons that receive direct and indirect inputs from C and Aδ fibers and form contacts with projection neurons expressing the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R). Importantly, we show that noxious or cooling agents inhibit the activity of GRPR neurons via GABAergic signaling. By contrast, capsaicin, which evokes a mix of itch and pain sensations, enhances both excitatory and inhibitory spontaneous synaptic transmission onto GRPR neurons. These data strengthen the role of GRPR neurons as a key circuit for itch transmission and illustrate a spinal mechanism whereby pain inhibits itch by suppressing the function of GRPR neurons.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724511

RESUMO

Dietary proteins are linked to the pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) through the intestinal tract, which is the site where both dietary proteins metabolized and pathogenic E. coli strains play a pathogenic role. Dietary proteins are degraded by enzymes in the intestine lumen and their metabolites are transferred into enterocytes to be further metabolized. Seven diarrheagenic E. coli pathotypes have been identified, and they damage the intestinal epithelium through physical injury and effector proteins, which lead to inhibit the digestibility and absorption of dietary proteins in the intestine tract. But the increased tryptophan (Trp) content in the feed, low-protein diet or milk fractions supplementation are effective to prevent and control infections by pathogenic E. coli in the intestine.

12.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691467

RESUMO

The ability to perceive, understand, and react to the feelings of others' pain is referred to as empathy for pain which is composed of two components, affective-perceptual empathy and cognitive-evaluative empathy. Recent reviews on the neural mechanisms of empathetic pain showed the anterior insula (AI) cortex as a core circuit for empathy. However, little is known about the modulation of brain anatomy and empathic responses by trait measures of empathy (trait empathy). Thus, we investigated whether individual variation in the personality trait of empathy is associated with individual variation in the structure of specific brain regions using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We further investigated the relationship between the trait empathy and the activity of the same regions using state measures of empathy for pain in a trial-by-trial fashion in the given situation. VBM analysis indicated a small but significant negative relationship between trait empathy and gray matter volume in the bilateral AI. Functional MRI study further demonstrated that experimentally induced activity of the bilateral AI during state empathy for pain was also correlated with trait empathy. An asymmetry exists between the right and left AI between the affective and cognitive empathy. The right AI was found to be involved in the affective-perceptual form of empathy and the left AI was active in cognitive-evaluative forms of empathy. The interindividual differences in trait empathy may be reflected both in the state empathy and more stable brain structure difference.

13.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(40): 6077-6093, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central sensitization plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of chronic pain induced by chronic pancreatitis (CP). We hypothesized that the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), a primary central site that integrates pancreatic afferents apart from the thoracic spinal dorsal horn, plays a key role in the pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity in a rat model of CP. AIM: To investigate the role of the NTS in the visceral hypersensitivity induced by chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: CP was induced by the intraductal injection of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) in rats. Pancreatic hyperalgesia was assessed by referred somatic pain via von Frey filament assay. Neural activation of the NTS was indicated by immunohistochemical staining for Fos. Basic synaptic transmission within the NTS was assessed by electrophysiological recordings. Expression of vesicular glutamate transporters (VGluTs), N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NR2B), and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor subtype 1 (GluR1) was analyzed by immunoblotting. Membrane insertion of NR2B and GluR1 was evaluated by electron microscopy. The regulatory role of the NTS in visceral hypersensitivity was detected via pharmacological approach and chemogenetics in CP rats. RESULTS: TNBS treatment significantly increased the number of Fos-expressing neurons within the caudal NTS. The excitatory synaptic transmission was substantially potentiated within the caudal NTS in CP rats (frequency: 5.87 ± 1.12 Hz in CP rats vs 2.55 ± 0.44 Hz in sham rats, P < 0.01; amplitude: 19.60 ± 1.39 pA in CP rats vs 14.71 ± 1.07 pA in sham rats; P < 0.01). CP rats showed upregulated expression of VGluT2, and increased phosphorylation and postsynaptic trafficking of NR2B and GluR1 within the caudal NTS. Blocking excitatory synaptic transmission via the AMPAR antagonist CNQX and the NMDAR antagonist AP-5 microinjection reversed visceral hypersensitivity in CP rats (abdominal withdraw threshold: 7.00 ± 1.02 g in CNQX group, 8.00 ± 0.81 g in AP-5 group and 1.10 ± 0.27 g in saline group, P < 0.001). Inhibiting the excitability of NTS neurons via chemogenetics also significantly attenuated pancreatic hyperalgesia (abdominal withdraw threshold: 13.67 ± 2.55 g in Gi group, 2.00 ± 1.37 g in Gq group, and 2.36 ± 0.67 g in mCherry group, P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that enhanced excitatory transmission within the caudal NTS contributes to pancreatic pain and emphasize the NTS as a pivotal hub for the processing of pancreatic afferents, which provide novel insights into the central sensitization of painful CP.

14.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(10): 1356-1365, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692917

RESUMO

Retinal neovascularization is a complication which caused human vision loss severely. It has been shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play essential roles in gene regulation. However, circRNA expression profile and the underlying mechanisms in retinal neovascular diseases remain unclear. In the present study, we identified altered circRNAs in the retinas of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mouse model by microarray profiling. Microarray analysis revealed that 539 circRNAs were significantly altered in OIR retinas compared with controls. Among them, 185 up-regulated and 354 down-regulated circRNAs were identified. The expression levels of 4 altered circRNAs including mmu_circRNA_002573, mmu_circRNA_011180, mmu_circRNA_016108 and mmu_circRNA_22546 were validated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatic analysis with validated circRNAs such as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory networks with Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis demonstrated that qRT-PCR validated circRNAs were associated with cellular process, cell part and phosphoric ester hydrolase activity. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis demonstrated that MAPK signaling pathway and renin-angiotensin system were related to validated circRNAs, suggesting these pathways may participate in pathological angiogenesis. The results together suggested that circRNAs were aberrantly expressed in OIR retinas and may play potential roles in retinal neovascular diseases.

15.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 7921-7933, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698647

RESUMO

Background: An increasing number of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have a poor prognosis and develop progressive disease after receiving conventional treatments. In recent years, several novel therapies have been approved for later lines of therapy of previously treated NSCLC. Erlotinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was recommended as the second-line therapy for pre-treated patients. However, the use of erlotinib has been reported to represent different clinical effects and adverse effects. Objectives: The current study was aim to investigate the efficacy and safety of erlotinib versus chemotherapy in pre-treated patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for eligible literatures updated on June 2018. Randomized-controlled trials assessing the efficacy and safety of erlotinib in pre-treated NSCLC were included, of which the main outcomes were ORR (objective response rate), PFS (progression-free survival), OS (overall survival) and AEs (adverse events). All the data were pooled with the corresponding 95% confidence interval using RevMan software. Sensitivity analyses and heterogeneity were quantitatively evaluated. Results: A total of 11 randomized controlled trials were included in this analysis. The group of erlotinib did not achieved benefit in progression-free survival (OR = 0.61, 95%CI = 0.33-1.12, P = 0.11), overall survival (OR = 0.98, 95%CI = 0.84-1.15, P = 0.81) as well with the objective response rate (OR = 0.77, 95%CI = 0.36-1.63, P = 0.49), respectively. In the results of subgroup analysis among the patients with EGFR wild-type, there is also no significant differences in overall survival with erlotinib (OR = 0.90, 95%CI = 0.78-1.04, P = 0.15) and progression-free survival (OR = 0.33, 95%CI = 0.09-1.18, P = 0.09). The most common treatment-related adverse events in the erlotinib group is rash (OR = 5.79, 95%CI = 2.12-15.77, P = 0.0006), and neutropenia (OR = 0.02, 95%CI = 0.01-0.10, P ≤ 0.00001) is more found in the control group. In addition, fatigue (P = 0.09) and diarrhea (P = 0.52), the difference between the two groups had no statistical significance. Conclusions: There was no significant difference noted with regard to efficacy and safety between erlotinib vs. chemotherapy as the later-line therapy for previously treated patients with NSCLC, even with subgroup patients who have wild-type EGFR tumors. While, erlotinib might increase the risk of rash, and decrease the risk of neutropenia, compared with the chemotherapy. Further research is needed to develop a database of all EGFR mutations and their individual impact on the differing treatments.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701358

RESUMO

A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, oxidase-positive and catalase-weakly positive bacterial strain with polar or subpolar flagellum, designated RZ04T, was isolated from an intertidal sand sample collected from a coastal area of the Yellow Sea, China. The organism was observed to grow optimally at 25 °C and pH 6.5-7.0 with 2% (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain RZ04T was closely related to Colwellia asteriadis (similarity 96.9%) and Litorilituus sediminis (similarity 96.8%), and 94.4-96.4% sequence similarities to other type strains of species of the genera belonged to the family Colwelliaceae. The dominant fatty acids of strain RZ04T were determined to be C17:1ω8c, C15:1ω8c, C16:0 and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was determined to be quinone 8 (Q-8). Phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and four unidentified lipids were determined to be the major constituents of the polar lipids. The genome of strain RZ04T is 4.14 Mbp with a G + C content of 37.4 mol%. A total of 3631 genes are predicted, with 3531 protein-coding genes, 75 RNA genes and 25 pseudogenes. Based on phenotypic, genotypic and phylogenetic analysis, strain RZ04T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Litorilituus, for which the name Litorilituus lipolyticus is proposed. The type strain is RZ04T (= MCCC 1K03616T = KCTC 62835T). An emended description of Colwellia asteriadis is also provided.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753647

RESUMO

Developing simple and sensitive non-aggregation strategy for detecting Cd2+ is necessary for improving the selectivity and sensitivity of probe. Here, we establish a simple, rapid and ratiometric strategy for the recognition of Cd2+ based on the formation of core-shell ZnSe/CdS structure using ZnSe quantum dots (QDs). The transformation from binary ZnSe QDs to core-shell ZnSe/CdS QDs both change the elemental composition and structure of ZnSe QDs, leading to the changes in band gap of ZnSe QDs, which could be observed in the UV-vis spectra. In the detection process, ZnSe QDs only possess absorption peak at 343 nm, the formation of ZnSe/CdS after the addition of Cd2+ leads to the appearance of the new peak at 397 nm, while other heavy metal ions could not cause the appearance of new absorption peak. Therefore, this strategy shows good selectivity for Cd2+ detection. Based on this strategy, the limit of detection (LOD) for Cd2+ is 11 nM by UV-vis spectroscopy with a desirable relation of linearity (R2 = 0.999) between A397/A343 and Cd2+ contents, which is superior to the LOD of most reported nanomaterials. The response time for Cd2+ detection is as short as 60 s, which is suitable for rapid detection. This ratiometric probe has also been applied to the detection of Cd2+ in tap water samples, the recovery of Cd2+ was between 94.9% and 105.6% for tap water samples, indicating the high accuracy of our ratiometric assay. Our strategy not only provided a new method for detecting Cd2+, but also put forward an implication that the band energy changes of QDs caused by heavy metal ions can be applied in the selective and sensitive detection of heavy metal ions.

18.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17264, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754170

RESUMO

This study contrasted the impact of Tai Chi Chuan and general aerobic exercise on brain plasticity in terms of an increased grey matter volume and functional connectivity during structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), explored the advantages of Tai Chi Chuan in improving brain structure and function. Thirty-six college students were grouped into Tai Chi Chuan (Bafa Wubu of Tai Chi), general aerobic exercise (brisk walking) and control groups. Individuals were assessed with a sMRI and rs-fMRI scan before and after an 8-week training period. The VBM toolbox was used to conduct grey matter volume analyses. The CONN toolbox was used to conduct several seed-to-voxel functional connectivity analyses. We can conclude that compared with general aerobic exercise, eight weeks of Tai Chi Chuan exercise has a stronger effect on brain plasticity, which is embodied in the increase of grey matter volume in left middle occipital gyrus, left superior temporal gyrus and right middle temporal gyrus and the enhancement of functional connectivity between the left middle frontal gyrus and left superior parietal lobule. These findings demonstrate the potential and advantages of Tai Chi Chuan exercises in eliciting brain plasticity.

19.
J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg ; 48(1): 61, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop an effective management algorithm for lesions of third or fourth branchial sinuses. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. METHODS: Data from patients who were identified as having third or fourth branchial pouch sinus lesions in a single institution between January 2014 and December 2018 were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: All 67 patients underwent fistulectomy. First, we classified the patients into five types based on their anatomic features. Then, we considered four optimized surgical methods and adopted the appropriate method with full consideration of the patient's clinical characteristics. The great majority of cases occurred on the left side of the neck (68.7%) and most commonly presented as either a recurrent low-neck abscess or cutaneous discharging fistula with neck infection. Effective preoperative examination included administering contrast agent prior to a computed tomography (CT) scan and in-office laryngoscopy during the quiescent period of inflammation. Ultrasound was also very helpful in determining the presence of thyroiditis. The mean follow-up duration after excision of the lesion was 25.8 months. To date, only 1 (1.5%) recurrence and no obvious complications have been observed. CONCLUSION: Refining fistula subtypes and adopting corresponding treatment measures can reduce the recurrence rate and improve curative effects. We propose and advocate this treatment algorithm for all third and fourth branchial pouch lesions.

20.
Behav Brain Res ; : 112320, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669345

RESUMO

There is a serious need for fast-acting drugs to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Our previous studies revealed that YL-IPA08, a novel small-molecule TSPO agonist, exerted significant anti-PTSD effects in various animal models. However, the onset time of YL-IPA08 and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we first investigated the time course of YL-IPA08 compared to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) in the well-known time-dependent sensitization model of PTSD. YL-IPA08 required only 2-4 days of treatment to take effect in behavioural models of PTSD, whereas sertraline required 7-8 days. Furthermore, the mechanism study revealed that YL-IPA08 elicited anti-PTSD-like effects associated with increased GABA levels and allopregnanolone efflux in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex and increased corticosterone levels in the serum after only 5 days of treatment, whereas sertraline required 9 days. Our results demonstrate that YL-IPA08 can exert fast-onset anti-PTSD-like effects, and its mechanisms may be related to the increased GABA levels, allopregnanolone efflux and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function.

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