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1.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(3): 199-215, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is a subtypes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It has been reported that members of the protocadherin γ family can regulate tumor cell growth by inhibiting the Wnt signaling pathway. Protocadherin-gamma subfamily B4 (PCDHGB4) as a family member in LUSC was rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the role and potential prognostic value of PCDHGB4 in the development of LUSC using bioinformatics methods. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), cBioPortal and UALCAN databases were used to analyze the expression, prognosis, clinicopathological features, immune cell infiltration, immune regulatory genes, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), and methyltransferases of PCDHGB4 in LUSC. At the single cell level, we analyzed the clustering results of cell subtypes and the expression of PCDHGB4 in different immune cell subpopulations. In addition, we compared the promoter methylation levels of PCDHGB4 in LUSC tissues and normal tissues and performed protein-protein interaction and mutation analysis. Finally, enrichment analysis was performed based on the differentially expressed genes. RESULTS: Bioinformatics analysis results showed that the expression level of PCDHGB4 in LUSC tissues was lower than that in normal tissues. Survival analysis showed that increased PCDHGB4 expression was associated with poor prognosis. Single-cell sequencing analysis showed that PCDHGB4 was expressed in T cells, monocytes or macrophages, and dendritic cells. It was further found that PCDHGB4 played an important role in tumor immunity and confirmed that PCDHGB4 was associated with immune checkpoints, immune regulatory genes, and methyltransferases. Besides, enrichment analysis revealed that PCDHGB4 was involved in multiple cancer-related pathways. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of PCDHGB4 was low in LUSC. PCDHGB4 was related to the poor prognosis of patients, and PCDHGB4 was closely related to the infiltration and pathway of tumor immune cells. PCDHGB4 may be a potential prognostic marker and a new target for immunotherapy in LUSC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Prognóstico , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0281698, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593173

RESUMO

Several genes involved in the pathogenesis have been identified, with the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system playing an essential role. However, the relationship between HLA and a cluster of hematological diseases has received little attention in China. Blood samples (n = 123913) from 43568 patients and 80345 individuals without known pathology were genotyped for HLA class I and II using sequencing-based typing. We discovered that HLA-A*11:01, B*40:01, C*01:02, DQB1*03:01, and DRB1*09:01 were prevalent in China. Furthermore, three high-frequency alleles (DQB1*03:01, DQB1*06:02, and DRB1*15:01) were found to be hazardous in malignant hematologic diseases when compared to controls. In addition, for benign hematologic disorders, 7 high-frequency risk alleles (A*01:01, B*46:01, C*01:02, DQB1*03:03, DQB1*05:02, DRB1*09:01, and DRB1*14:54) and 8 high-frequency susceptible genotypes (A*11:01-A*11:01, B*46:01-B*58:01, B*46:01-B*46:01, C*01:02-C*03:04, DQB1*03:01-DQB1*05:02, DQB1*03:03-DQB1*06:01, DRB1*09:01-DRB1*15:01, and DRB1*14:54-DRB1*15:01) were observed. To summarize, our findings indicate the association between HLA alleles/genotypes and a variety of hematological disorders, which is critical for disease surveillance.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I , Humanos , Frequência do Gene , Alelos , Cadeias beta de HLA-DQ/genética , Cadeias HLA-DRB1/genética , Genótipo , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Haplótipos , Predisposição Genética para Doença
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 926: 172102, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556018

RESUMO

Crop diversification contributes to agricultural productivity and resources efficient utilization. However, whether cultivar mixtures in maize affects soil bacterial community, nutrient uptake, plant growth and yield remains unknown. A two-year lysimetric experiment was conducted using two maize cultivars (LY16 and JS501) with different root system architectures planted in monoculture or in mixture under normal fertilization (NF), reduced fertilization (RF) or no addition of fertilizer (CK) and was assessed at the silking stages. Cultivar mixtures and monoculture of LY16 had higher shoot biomass, nutrient uptake and total root length at silking stage, and grain yield than monoculture of JS501 under NF and RF conditions. Under NF and RF conditions, cultivar mixtures and monoculture of LY16 led to an increase in bacterial diversity, significant changes in community structure, and a high abundance of Bacteroidia and biomarkers of Chitinophagaceae and Saprospiraceae (Bacteroidia). Cultivar mixtures showed specific responses from modules of the rhizosphere bacterial community co-occurrence network, and the relative abundance of keystone taxa of cultivar mixtures was higher than that of monoculture of JS501. The keystone taxa had a broad and significant positive correlation with plant nutrient accumulation and grain yield. Cultivar mixtures showed similar assembly processes of Bacteroidia with monoculture of LY16, and the increased abundance of Chitinophagaceae may lead to a healthy rhizosphere bacterial community. Overall, our findings indicate that cultivar mixtures significantly affects the assembly and composition of the rhizosphere bacterial community, and thus benefits plant nutrient acquisition and plant growth. These findings could deepen our understanding of the facilitating effect of rhizosphere functional microbial community (e.g. plant nutrition uptake or immunity)of cultivar mixtures.

4.
J Exp Bot ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469756

RESUMO

The potential mechanisms by which drought restricts cotton fiber cell wall synthesis and fiber strength formation are still not fully understood. Herein, drought experiments were conducted using two upland cotton cultivars of Dexiamian 1 (drought-tolerant) and Yuzaomian 9110 (drought-sensitive). Results showed that drought notably reduced sucrose efflux from cottonseed coats to fibers by down-regulating the expression of GhSWEET10 and GhSWEET15 in outer cottonseed coats, leading to promoted sucrose accumulation in cottonseed coats but decreased sucrose accumulation in fibers. Within cotton fibers, drought restricted the hydrolysis from sucrose to UDPG by suppressing sucrose synthase activity, and drought favored the conversion of UDPG to ß-1, 3-glucan rather than cellulose by up-regulating GhCALS5. Hence, cellulose content was reduced, which was the main reason for the decreased fiber strength under drought. Moreover, drought promoted lignin synthesis by up-regulating the expression of Gh4CL4, GhPAL9, GhCCR5, GhCAD11, and GhOMT6, which partly offset the negative influence of reduced cellulose content on fiber strength. Compared with Yuzaomian 9110, the drought-tolerance of Dexiamian 1 was evidenced in the following ways: (1) slighter blocked sucrose flow from seedcoat to fiber, (2) less ß-1, 3-glucan accumulation, and (3) more lignin biosynthesis under drought. Overall, this study provides new insights into the mechanism of drought impacting cotton fiber strength formation.

5.
HLA ; 103(2): e15383, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358015

RESUMO

HLA-B*13:01:23 differs from HLA-B*13:01:01:01 by one nucleotide in exon 5.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-B , Nucleotídeos , Humanos , Alelos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , China
6.
Bioorg Chem ; 145: 107190, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377816

RESUMO

The fruits of Amomum villosum are often considered a medicinal and food homologous material and have been found to have therapeutic effects in chronic enteritis, gastroenteritis, and duodenal ulcer. The aim of this study is to discover the anti-inflammatory active ingredients from dried ripe fruits of A. villosum and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms. We verified that the inhibitory activity of the ethyl acetate extract was superior to Dexamethasone (Dex), so we ultimately chose to study the ethyl acetate extract from the fruits of A. villosum. A total of 33 compounds were isolated from its ethyl acetate extract, including nine known diterpenoids (compounds 1-9), twelve known sesquiterpenoids (compounds 10-21), ten known phenolics (compounds 22, 23, 25-29, 31-33) and two new phenolics (24 and 30). On the basis of chemical evidences and spectral data analysis (UV, ECD, Optical rotation data, 1D and 2D-NMR, HR-ESI-MS, NMR chemical shift calculations), the structures of new compounds were elucidated. Among these compounds, isocoronarin D (5) was found to have good anti-inflammatory activity. Further research has found that isocoronarin D can down-regulate the protein levels of COX2 and NOS2, activate Nrf2/Keap1 and suppress NF-κB signaling pathway in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. In addition, isocoronarin D inhibited inflammasome assembly during inflammasome activation by hampering the binding of NLRP3 and ASC. Further evidence revealed that isocoronarin D suppressed the assembly of the NLRP3 inflammasome via blocking the formation of ASC specks. From these results, isocoronarin D may be the important bioactive compound of A. villosum and exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by regulating the NF-κB/Nrf2/NLRP3 axis in macrophages.


Assuntos
Acetatos , Amomum , Diterpenos , Imidazóis , Sulfonamidas , Tiofenos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Amomum/química , Terpenos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch , Frutas/química , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia
7.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-11, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38373219

RESUMO

In this study, two new (1, 13) and fourteen known (2-12, 14-16) compounds were isolated from the branches and leaves of Daphne retusa. On the basis of chemical evidence and spectral data analysis (UV, ECD NMR, and HR-ESI-MS), the structures of new compounds were elucidated. Furthermore, all compounds have been tested for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and compound 3 showed obvious inhibitory effect. Through target screening and molecular docking technology, potential binding targets for compound 3 to exert anti-inflammatory effects have been predicted.

8.
RSC Adv ; 14(8): 5594-5599, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352688

RESUMO

A turn-on fluorescence nanoprobe was constructed for the determination of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) based on DNA-templated silver nanoclusters (DNA-AgNCs). The significant enhancement fluorescence intensity of DNA-AgNCs in the presence of ATP is due to the high special binding affinity between ATP and the aptamer, resulting in the environment of DNA-AgNCs with darkish fluorescence lying at one terminus of DNA slightly altering owing to the change of ATP aptamer conformation. A good linear range runs from 9 to 24 mM with a satisfactory detection limit of 3 µM. Furthermore, the proposed nanoprobe exhibited good performance for ATP detection in diluted fetal bovine serum.

9.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 8, 2024 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38268051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: RNA modifications have been proven to play fundamental roles in regulating cellular biology process. Recently, maladjusted N7-methylguanosine (m7G) modification and its modifiers METTL1/WDR4 have been confirmed an oncogene role in multiple cancers. However, the functions and molecular mechanisms of METTL1/WDR4 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain to be determined. METHODS: METTL1/WDR4 expression levels were quantified using qRT-PCR, western blot analysis on AML clinical samples, and bioinformatics analysis on publicly available AML datasets. CCK-8 assays and cell count assays were performed to determine cell proliferation. Flow cytometry assays were conducted to assess cell cycle and apoptosis rates. Multiple techniques were used for mechanism studies in vitro assays, such as northern blotting, liquid chromatography-coupled mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), tRNA stability analysis, transcriptome sequencing, small non-coding RNA sequencing, quantitative proteomics, and protein synthesis measurements. RESULTS: METTL1/WDR4 are significantly elevated in AML patients and associated with poor prognosis. METTL1 knockdown resulted in reduced cell proliferation and increased apoptosis in AML cells. Mechanically, METTL1 knockdown leads to significant decrease of m7G modification abundance on tRNA, which further destabilizes tRNAs and facilitates the biogenesis of tsRNAs in AML cells. In addition, profiling of nascent proteins revealed that METTL1 knockdown and transfection of total tRNAs that were isolated from METTL1 knockdown AML cells decreased global translation efficiency in AML cells. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our study demonstrates the important role of METTL1/WDR4 in AML leukaemogenesis, which provides a promising target candidate for AML therapy.

10.
HLA ; 103(1): e15299, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37964703

RESUMO

HLA-B*54:01:12 differs from HLA-B*54:01:01:01 by one nucleotide in exon 2.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-B , Nucleotídeos , Humanos , Alelos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , China
11.
HLA ; 103(1): e15248, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37816502

RESUMO

HLA-DRB1*09:01:14 differs from HLA-DRB1*09:01:02:01 by one nucleotide in exon 2.


Assuntos
Nucleotídeos , Humanos , Cadeias HLA-DRB1/genética , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , China , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Placenta ; 145: 107-116, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128221

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Uterine spiral artery remodeling is the prerequisite for ensuring adequate blood supply to the maternal-fetal interface during human pregnancy. One crucial cellular event in this process involves the extensive replacement of the spiral artery endothelial cells by endovascular extravillous trophoblasts (enEVTs), a subtype of extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs). However, our understanding of the properties of enEVTs remains limited. METHODS: Human enEVTs in decidual tissues during early pregnancy was purified using flow sorting by specific makers, NCAM1 and HLA-G. The high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis as well as the cytokine antibody array experiments were carried out to analyze for cell properties. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment, kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment, and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) were performed on differentially expressed genes of enEVTs. Immunofluorescent assays were used to verify the analysis results. RESULTS: Both enEVTs and interstitial EVTs (iEVTs) exhibited gene expression patterns typifying EVT characteristics. Intriguingly, enEVTs displayed gene expression associated with immune responses, particularly reminiscent of M2 macrophage characteristics. The active secretion of multiple cytokines and chemokines by enEVTs provided partial validation for their expression pattern of immune-regulatory genes. DISCUSSION: Our study reveals the immune-regulatory properties of human enEVTs and provides new insights into their functions and mechanisms involved in spiral artery remodeling.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Trofoblastos/metabolismo , Placenta/irrigação sanguínea , Artérias/metabolismo
14.
STAR Protoc ; 4(4): 102703, 2023 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37948186

RESUMO

Here, we present a protocol to isolate progenitor cells from mouse epididymal visceral adipose tissue and construct bulk RNA and assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with sequencing (ATAC-seq) libraries. We describe steps for adipose tissue collection, cell isolation, and cell staining and sorting. We then detail procedures for both ATAC-seq and RNA sequencing library construction. This protocol can also be applied to other tissues and cell types directly or with minor modifications. For complete details on the use and execution of this protocol, please refer to Liu et al. (2023).1.

15.
World J Surg Oncol ; 21(1): 367, 2023 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38007446

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer is one of the most frequently reported endocrine system malignancies. It is difficult to distinguish follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) from follicular thyroid adenoma (FTA) during pathological diagnosis in patients without lymph nodes or distant metastases. Therefore, we conducted a retrospective study to investigate the significance of SLC5A8 methylation and expression in the diagnosis and prognosis of FTC. METHODS: We used 165 tissue samples, including FTC (n = 58), thyroid tumors of uncertain malignant potential (TT-UMP, n = 40), and FTA (n = 67), to explore the differences in SLC5A8 methylation and mRNA transcription in different pathological types. Survival analysis was conducted to evaluate the recurrence rate at a 5-year follow-up. RESULTS: The SLC5A8 methylation positive rate was higher in patients with thyroglobulin ≥ 40 µg/l and Chol ≥ 5.17 mmol/l, and it was higher in patients with FTC (n = 42, 72.4%) than those with FTA (n = 27, 40.3%) and TT-UMP (n = 23, 57.5%). The relative concentration of SLC5A8 mRNA was lower in patients with FTC than in those with FTA (p < 0.05). At 5-year follow-ups, patients who were SLC5A8 methylation-positive had a higher recurrence rate than those who were methylation-negative. CONCLUSIONS: Our current study indicates that SLC5A8 gene methylation occurs more commonly in patients with FTC than in those with FTA. The differences in SLC5A8 methylation and expression among FTA, FTC, and TT-UMP provide an important basis for further exploration of epigenetic changes in the occurrence, development, and prognosis of thyroid cancer. Our findings need to be further validated in larger populations with long-term follow-up in the future.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Folicular , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/genética , Adenocarcinoma Folicular/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro , Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos
16.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1264786, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37789855

RESUMO

Intestinal diseases caused by opportunistic pathogens seriously threaten the health and survival of giant pandas. However, our understanding of gut pathogens in different populations of giant pandas, especially in the wild populations, is still limited. Here, we conducted a study based on 52 giant panda metagenomes to investigate the composition and distribution of gut pathogens and virulence factors (VFs) in five geographic populations (captive: GPCD and GPYA; wild: GPQIN, GPQIO, and GPXXL). The results of the beta-diversity analyzes revealed a close relationship and high similarity in pathogen and VF compositions within the two captive groups. Among all groups, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroidetes emerged as the top three abundant phyla. By using the linear discriminant analysis effect size method, we identified pathogenic bacteria unique to different populations, such as Klebsiella in GPCD, Salmonella in GPYA, Hafnia in GPQIO, Pedobacter in GPXXL, and Lactococcus in GPQIN. In addition, we identified 12 VFs that play a role in the intestinal diseases of giant pandas, including flagella, CsrA, enterobactin, type IV pili, alginate, AcrAB, capsule, T6SS, urease, type 1 fimbriae, polar flagella, allantoin utilization, and ClpP. These VFs influence pathogen motility, adhesion, iron uptake, acid resistance, and protein regulation, thereby contributing to pathogen infection and pathogenicity. Notably, we also found a difference in virulence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa between GPQIN and non-GPQIN wild populations, in which the relative abundance of VFs (0.42%) of P. aeruginosa was the lowest in GPQIN and the highest in non-GPQIN wild populations (GPXXL: 23.55% and GPQIO: 10.47%). In addition to enhancing our understanding of gut pathogens and VFs in different geographic populations of giant pandas, the results of this study provide a specific theoretical basis and data support for the development of effective conservation measures for giant pandas.

17.
J Pineal Res ; 75(4): e12913, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37746893

RESUMO

Maintaining placental endocrine homeostasis is crucial for a successful pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia (PE), a gestational complication, is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Aberrant elevation of testosterone (T0 ) synthesis, reduced estradiol (E2 ), and melatonin productions have been identified in preeclamptic placentas. However, the precise contribution of disrupted homeostasis among these hormones to the occurrence of PE remains unknown. In this study, we established a strong correlation between suppressed melatonin production and decreased E2 as well as elevated T0 synthesis in PE placentas. Administration of the T0 analog testosterone propionate (TP; 2 mg/kg/day) to pregnant mice from E7.5 onwards resulted in PE-like symptoms, along with elevated T0 production and reduced E2 and melatonin production. Notably, supplementation with melatonin (10 mg/kg/day) in TP-treated mice had detrimental effects on fetal and placental development and compromised hormone synthesis. Importantly, E2 , but not T0 , actively enhanced melatonin synthetase AANAT expression and melatonin production in primary human trophoblast (PHT) cells through GPER1-PKA-CREB signaling pathway. On the other hand, melatonin suppressed the level of estrogen synthetase aromatase while promoting the expressions of androgen synthetic enzymes including 17ß-HSD3 and 3ß-HSD1 in PHT cells. These findings reveal an orchestrated feedback mechanism that maintains homeostasis of placental sex hormones and melatonin. It is implied that abnormal elevation of T0 synthesis likely serves as the primary cause of placental endocrine disturbances associated with PE. The suppression of melatonin may represent an adaptive strategy to correct the imbalance in sex hormone levels within preeclamptic placentas. The findings of this study offer novel evidence that identifies potential targets for the development of innovative therapeutic strategies for PE.

18.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 13(9): 5579-5592, 2023 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37711783

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the value of quantitative parameters related to static imaging and fast kinetics imaging of total-body (TB) 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in differentiating benign from malignant pulmonary lesions and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from adenocarcinoma (AC) and to analyze the correlation of each parameter with the Ki-67 index. Methods: A total of 108 patients with pulmonary lesions from July 2021 to May 2022 in the Henan Provincial People's Hospital, China, were consecutively recruited for TB 18F-FDG PET/CT in this prospective study. Static imaging parameters maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and fast kinetics imaging parameters transport constant (K1), rate constants (k2), time delay (td), and fractional blood volume (vb) were calculated and compared. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC), Delong test, Logistic regression analyses, and Pearson correlation were used to assess diagnostic efficacy, find independent predictors and analyse correlations respectively. Results: Malignant lesions had higher SUVmax and K1 and lower vb than benign lesions, and SCC had higher SUVmax and K1 and lower td and vb than AC (all P<0.05). For the differentiation of benign and malignant lesions, SUVmax, K1, and vb were independent predictors, and AUC (SUVmax + K1+ vb) =0.909 (95% CI: 0.839-0.956), AUC (SUVmax) =0.883 (95% CI: 0.807-0.937), AUC (K1) =0.810 (95% CI: 0.723-0.879), and AUC (vb) =0.746 (95% CI: 0.653-0.825), where AUC (SUVmax + K1+ vb) was significantly different from AUC (K1), AUC (vb) (Z=3.006, 3.965, all P<0.05). For the differentiation of SCC and AC, SUVmax, K1, td, and vb were independent predictors, and AUC (SUVmax + K1+ td + vb) =0.946 (95% CI: 0.840-0.991), AUC (SUVmax) =0.818 (95% CI: 0.680-0.914), AUC (K1) =0.770 (95% CI: 0.626-0.879), AUC (vb) =0.737 (95% CI: 0.590-0.853), and AUC (td) =0.669 (95% CI: 0.510-0.791), where AUC (SUVmax + K1+ td + vb) was significantly different from AUC (SUVmax), AUC (K1), AUC (vb), and AUC (td) (Z=2.269, 2.821, 2.848, and 3.276, all P<0.05). SUVmax and K1 were moderately and mildly positively correlated with the Ki-67 index (r=0.541, 0.452, all P<0.05), respectively. Conclusions: Quantitative parameters of static imaging and fast kinetics imaging in 18F-FDG total-body PET/CT can be used to differentiate benign from malignant pulmonary lesions and SCC from AC and to assess Ki-67 expression.

20.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 10: 1240340, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37706028

RESUMO

Background: Measurements of IgG antibodies to wild-type SARS-CoV-2 antigens can assess vaccine efficacy, but the absolute risk of Omicron symptomatic infection at different IgG levels for children and adolescents remains uncertain, as well as the minimum effective antibody level. We sought to determine the relationship between the tertiles of IgG antibodies to wild-type SARS-CoV-2 antigens and children with symptomatic infection of the pandemic and duration to negative conversion in China for the first time. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted, including 168 participants under 18 years old from the No.2 People's Hospital of Lanzhou, China, diagnosed with Omicron variant BA.2.38 between July 8, 2022, and August 2, 2022. We calculated odds ratios (OR) in univariate and multivariate regression to assess the association of symptomatic infection with the tertiles of IgG, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to evaluate the relationship between IgG level and negative conversion time. Results: The average age of the 168 children included in this study was 7.2 (4.7) years old, 133 (79.2%) were symptomatic patients, and the average negative conversion time was 12.2 (3.5) days. The participants with high IgG levels were less likely to become symptomatic, had a shorter turnaround time, and had higher values of IgM and nucleic acid CT. Compared to those with the lowest tertile of IgG, patients with the highest tertile had a 91% lower risk of developing a symptomatic infection after fully adjusting for confounders (OR = 0.09, 95% CI, 0.02-0.36, p = 0.001). There's no robust relationship between IgG level and negative conversion time in multivariate Cox regression. Conclusion: The risk of developing a symptomatic infection can be predicted independently by tertiles of IgG antibodies to wild-type SARS-CoV-2 antigens. High IgG levels can inhibit viral replication, vastly reduce the risk of symptomatic infections and promote a virus-negative conversion, especially when IgG quantitative detection was ≥3.44 S/CO, a potential threshold for protection and booster strategy in the future. More data and research are needed in the future to validate the predictive models.

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