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1.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 95(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38629931

RESUMO

The long-term monitoring stability of electronic current transformers is crucial for accurately obtaining the current signal of the power grid. However, it is difficult to accurately distinguish between the fluctuation of non-stationary random signals on the primary side of the power grid and the gradual error of the transformers themselves. A current transformer error prediction model, CNN-MHA-BiLSTM, based on the golden jackal optimization (GJO) algorithm, which is used to obtain the optimal parameter values, bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) network, convolutional neural networks (CNNs), and multi-head attention (MHA), is proposed to address the difficulty of measuring error evaluation. This model can be used to determine the operation of transformers and can be widely applied to assist in determining the stability of transformer operation and early faults. First, CNN is used to mine the vertical detail features of error data at a certain moment, improving the speed of error prediction. Furthermore, a cascaded network with BiLSTM as the core is constructed to extract the horizontal historical features of the error data. The GJO algorithm is used to adjust the parameters of the BiLSTM model; optimize the hidden layer nodes, training frequency, and learning rate; and integrate MHA mechanism to promote the model to pay attention to the characteristic changes of the data in order to improve the accuracy of error prediction. Finally, this method is applied to the operation data of transformer in substations, and four time periods of data are selected to verify the model effectiveness of the current transformer dataset. The analysis results of single step and multi-step examples indicate that the proposed model has significant advantages in terms of accuracy and stability in error prediction.

2.
Chin Med Sci J ; 39(1): 19-28, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623048

RESUMO

Objective As primary Sj?gren's syndrome (pSS) primarily affects the salivary glands, saliva can serve as an indicator of the glands' pathophysiology and the disease's status. This study aims to illustrate the salivary proteomic profiles of pSS patients and identify potential candidate biomarkers for diagnosis.Methods The discovery set contained 49 samples (24 from pSS and 25 from age- and gender-matched healthy controls [HCs]) and the validation set included 25 samples (12 from pSS and 13 from HCs). Totally 36 pSS patients and 38 HCs were centrally randomized into the discovery set or to the validation set at a 2:1 ratio. Unstimulated whole saliva samples from pSS patients and HCs were analyzed using a data-independent acquisition (DIA) strategy on a 2D LC?HRMS/MS platform to reveal differential proteins. The crucial proteins were verified using DIA analysis and annotated using gene ontology (GO) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) analysis. A prediction model for SS was established using random forests.Results A total of 1,963 proteins were discovered, and 136 proteins exhibited differential representation in pSS patients. The bioinformatic research indicated that these proteins were primarily linked to immunological functions, metabolism, and inflammation. A panel of 19 protein biomarkers was identified by ranking order based on P-value and random forest algorichm, and was validated as the predictive biomarkers exhibiting good performance with area under the curve (AUC) of 0.817 for discovery set and 0.882 for validation set.Conclusions The candidate protein panel discovered may aid in pSS diagnosis. Salivary proteomic analysis is a promising non-invasive method for prognostic evaluation and early and precise treatments for pSS patients. DIA offers the best time efficiency and data dependability and may be a suitable option for future research on the salivary proteome.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Sjogren , Humanos , Síndrome de Sjogren/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sjogren/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Saliva/metabolismo , Prognóstico
3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202403826, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623698

RESUMO

The one-pot synthesis of λ4-dibenzothiophen-5-imino-N-dibenzothiophenium triflate (1) in multigram scale is reported. This compound reacts with Rh2(esp)2 (esp = α,α,α',α'-tetramethyl-1,3-benzenedipropionic acid) generating a Rh-coordinated sulfonitrene species, which is able to transfer the electrophilic nitrene moiety to olefins. When indenes are used as substrates, isoquinolines are obtained in good yields. We assumed that after formation of the corresponding N-sulfonio aziridine, a ring expansion occurs via selective C-C bond cleavage and concomitant elimination of dibenzothiophene. Unexpectedly, a similar protocol transforms 1-arylcyclobutenes into 1-cyano-1-arylcyclopropanes. Our calculations indicate that aziridination is not favored in this case; instead, sulfilimine-substituted cyclobutyl carbocations are initially formed, and these evolve to the isolated cyclopropanes via ring contraction. Both procedures are operationally simple, tolerate a range of functional groups, including oxidation-sensitive alcohols and aldehydes, and enable the convenient preparation of valuable 15N-labelled products. These results demonstrate the potential of 1 to provide alternative pathways for the selective transfer of N-atoms in organic molecules.

4.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 43(1): 108, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600610

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a newly identified iron-dependent form of death that is becoming increasingly recognized as a promising avenue for cancer therapy. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant reversible methylation modification in mRNA contributing to tumorigenesis. However, the crucial role of m6A modification in regulating ferroptosis during colorectal cancer (CRC) tumorigenesis remains elusive. Herein, we find that m6A modification is increased during ferroptotic cell death and correlates with the decreased m6A demethylase fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) expression. Functionally, we demonstrate that suppressing FTO significantly induces CRC ferroptotic cell death, as well as enhancing CRC cell sensitivity to ferroptosis inducer (Erastin and RSL3) treatment. Mechanistically, high FTO expression increased solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) or glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) expressions in an m6A-YTHDF2 dependent manner, thereby counteracting ferroptotic cell death stress. In addition, we identify Mupirocin as a novel inhibitor of FTO, and Mupirocin induces CRC ferroptosis and inhibits tumor growth. Clinically, the levels of FTO, SLC7A11, and GPX4, are highly correlated expression in CRC tissues. Our findings reveal that FTO protects CRC from ferroptotic cell death in promoting CRC tumorigenesis through triggering SLC7A11/GPX4 expression.


Assuntos
Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato , Neoplasias Colorretais , Mupirocina , Humanos , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/antagonistas & inibidores , Sistema y+ de Transporte de Aminoácidos , Carcinogênese , Morte Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico
5.
RSC Adv ; 14(17): 11914-11920, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623300

RESUMO

Interfacial Lewis acid-base pairs are commonly found in ZrO2-supported metal catalysts due to the facile generation of oxygen vacancies of ZrO2. These pairs have been reported to play a crucial role in olefin hydroesterification, especially in the absence of acid promoters and ligands. In this study, a series of ZrO2-supported Ru catalysts with ruthenium(iii) chloride and ruthenium(iii) acetylacetonate as precursors were prepared for the styrene hydroesterification. The catalysts were thoroughly characterized by TPR, TEM, EPR, XPS, and FTIR. The Ru precursors significantly influenced the size and electronic properties of Ru clusters, albeit having minimal impact on oxygen vacancies. Mechanistic studies of styrene hydroesterification over ZrO2-supported Ru catalysts revealed that the carbon monoxide insertion followed the hydrogen transfer step to activated styrene. Higher activity is exhibited over ZrO2-supported Ru catalysts prepared with ruthenium(iii) chloride as a precursor, attributed to the lower adsorption strength of CO over Ru clusters, as evidenced by FTIR and DFT calculations.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38634322

RESUMO

Manipulation of selectivity in the catalytic electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reaction (eCO2RR) poses significant challenges due to inevitable structure reconstruction. One approach is to develop effective strategies for controlling reaction pathways to gain a deeper understanding of mechanisms in robust CO2RR systems. In this work, by precise introduction of 1,10-phenanthroline as a bidentate ligand modulator, the electronic property of the copper site was effectively regulated, thereby directing selectivity switch. By modification of [Cu3(btec)(OH)2]n, the use of [Cu2(btec)(phen)2]n·(H2O)n achieved the selectivity switch from ethylene (faradaic efficiency (FE) = 41%, FEC2+ = 67%) to methane (FECH4 = 69%). Various in situ spectroscopic characterizations revealed that [Cu2(btec)(phen)2]n·(H2O)n promoted the hydrogenation of *CO intermediates, leading to methane generation instead of dimerization to form C2+ products. Acting as a delocalized π-conjugation scaffold, 1,10-phenanthroline in [Cu2(btec)(phen)2]n·(H2O)n helps stabilize Cuδ+. This work presents a novel approach to regulate the coordination environment of active sites with the aim of selectively modulating the CO2RR.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e27972, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596057

RESUMO

Artemisinin, a traditional Chinese medicine with remarkable antimalarial activity. In recent years, studies demonstrated that artemisinin and its derivatives (ARTs) showed anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory effects. ARTs have been developed and gradually applied to treat autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. However, their role in the treament of patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases in particular is less well recognized. This review will briefly describe the history of ARTs use in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, the theorized mechanisms of action of the agents ARTs, their efficacy in patients with autoinmmune and inflammatory diseases. Overall, ARTs have numerous beneficial effects in patients with autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, and have a good safety profile.

8.
Comput Biol Med ; 174: 108457, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599071

RESUMO

Glioma is a common malignant brain tumor with great heterogeneity and huge difference in clinical outcomes. Although lymphotoxin (LT) beta receptor (LTBR) has been linked to immune system and response development for decades, the expression and function in glioma have not been investigated. To confirm the expression profile of LTBR, integrated RNA-seq data from glioma and normal brain tissues were analyzed. Functional enrichment analysis, TMEscore analysis, immune infiltration, the correlation of LTBR with immune checkpoints and ferroptosis, and scRNAseq data analysis in gliomas were in turn performed, which pointed out that LTBR was pertinent to immune functions of macrophages in gliomas. In addition, after being trained and validated in the tissue samples of the integrated dataset, an LTBR DNA methylation-based prediction model succeeded to distinguish gliomas from non-gliomas, as well as the grades of glioma. Moreover, by virtue of the candidate LTBR CpG sites, a prognostic risk-score model was finally constructed to guide the chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy for glioma patients. Taken together, LTBR is closely correlated with immune functions in gliomas, and LTBR DNA methylation could serve as a biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis of gliomas.

9.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Negative remodeling of the distal aorta following proximal repair for acute aortic dissection has garnered growing attention. This clinical scenario has spurred the development of techniques and devices. A multicenter, prospective, and randomized controlled study was conducted with the aim of confirming the safety and effectiveness of a newly-designed flowdynamics dense mesh stent for the treatment of residual dissection after proximal repair. METHODS: Patients with nonchronic residual dissection affecting visceral branches were prospectively enrolled at three centers and randomly allocated to either the FDMS group or the control group. Primary endpoints encompassed all-cause and aortic-related mortality, while the patency of branch arteries is indeed a key focal metric. Morphological changes (diameter, area, and volume) were analyzed to demonstrate the therapeutic effect. RESULTS: 112 patients were recruited in the clinical trial, and 103 patients completed the 12-month follow-up. The rate of freedom from all-cause and aortic-related death in the FDMS group was 94.64% and 100%, respectively. All visceral branches remained patent. The FDMS group exhibited a substantial expansion in TL and a notable shrinkage in FL at the planes below renal arteries (ΔArea TL: FDMS vs. Control, 0.74±0.46 vs. 0.34±0.66 cm2, P<0.001; ΔArea FL: FDMS vs. Control, -0.72±1.26 vs. -0.12±0.86 cm, P = 0.01) and 5 cm below renal arteries (ΔArea TL: FDMS vs. Control, 1.06±0.75 vs. 0.16±0.63 cm2, P<0.001; ΔArea FL: FDMS vs. Control, -0.53±1.43 vs. -0.25±1.00 cm, P = 0.27). Meanwhile, the FDMS group demonstrated an increase of 22.55±11.14 cm3 in TL (P<0.001) and a corresponding reduction of 21.94±11.77 cm3 in FL (P=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: This newly-designed FDMS for endovascular repair of residual dissection following the proximal repair is demonstrated to be safe and effective at 12 months.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202401635, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597773

RESUMO

The introduction of an abiological catalytic group into the binding pocket of a protein host allows for the expansion of enzyme chemistries. Here, we report the generation of an artificial enzyme by genetic encoding of a non-canonical amino acid that contains a secondary amine side chain. The non-canonical amino acid and the binding pocket function synergistically to catalyze the asymmetric nitrocyclopropanation of α,ß-unsaturated aldehydes by the iminium activation mechanism. The designer enzyme was evolved to an optimal variant that catalyzes the reaction in high yield with high diastereo- and enantioselectivity. This work demonstrates the application of genetic code expansion in enzyme design and expands the scope of enzyme-catalyzed abiological reactions.

11.
Org Lett ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591933

RESUMO

An organocatalytic enantioselective alkylation of α,α-disubstituted aldehydes with 3-bromooxindoles is reported. Enantioenriched oxindoles with vicinal quaternary stereocenters are accessed by an asymmetric conjugate addition process of branched aldehydes with o-azaxylylene intermediates (indol-2-ones). Key to the success of highly diastereo- and enantioselective transformations is the combined use of a triphenylsilyl-protected ß-amino alcohol catalyst derived from the spiropyrrolidine scaffold and 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid. This study also presents a rare example of aldehyde alkylation with the formation of consecutive quaternary stereocenters.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612602

RESUMO

Molecular property prediction is an important task in drug discovery, and with help of self-supervised learning methods, the performance of molecular property prediction could be improved by utilizing large-scale unlabeled dataset. In this paper, we propose a triple generative self-supervised learning method for molecular property prediction, called TGSS. Three encoders including a bi-directional long short-term memory recurrent neural network (BiLSTM), a Transformer, and a graph attention network (GAT) are used in pre-training the model using molecular sequence and graph structure data to extract molecular features. The variational auto encoder (VAE) is used for reconstructing features from the three models. In the downstream task, in order to balance the information between different molecular features, a feature fusion module is added to assign different weights to each feature. In addition, to improve the interpretability of the model, atomic similarity heat maps were introduced to demonstrate the effectiveness and rationality of molecular feature extraction. We demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed method on chemical and biological benchmark datasets by comparative experiments.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Descoberta de Drogas , Animais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Estro , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado
13.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602742

RESUMO

Prior investigations have established that the manipulation of neural activity has the potential to influence both rapid eye movement and non-rapid eye movement sleep. Low-intensity retinal ultrasound stimulation has shown effectiveness in the modulation of neural activity. Nevertheless, the specific effects of retinal ultrasound stimulation on rapid eye movement and non-rapid eye movement sleep, as well as its potential to enhance overall sleep quality, remain to be elucidated. Here, we found that: In healthy mice, retinal ultrasound stimulation: (i) reduced total sleep time and non-rapid eye movement sleep ratio; (ii) changed relative power and sample entropy of the delta (0.5-4 Hz) in non-rapid eye movement sleep; and (iii) enhanced relative power of the theta (4-8 Hz) and reduced theta-gamma coupling strength in rapid eye movement sleep. In Alzheimer's disease mice with sleep disturbances, retinal ultrasound stimulation: (i) reduced the total sleep time; (ii) altered the relative power of the gamma band during rapid eye movement sleep; and (iii) enhanced the coupling strength of delta-gamma in non-rapid eye movement sleep and weakened the coupling strength of theta-fast gamma. The results indicate that retinal ultrasound stimulation can modulate rapid eye movement and non-rapid eye movement-related neural activity; however, it is not beneficial to the sleep quality of healthy and Alzheimer's disease mice.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Animais , Camundongos , Entropia , Nível de Saúde , Luz , Qualidade do Sono
14.
Pediatr Res ; 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colder temperature exposure is a known trigger for pediatric asthma exacerbation. The induction of oxidative stress is a known pathophysiologic pathway for asthma exacerbation. However, the role of oxidative stress in linking colder temperature exposure and worsened pediatric asthma symptoms is poorly understood. METHODS: In a panel study involving 43 children with asthma, aged 5-13 years old, each child was visited 4 times with a 2-week interval. At each visit, nasal fluid, urine, and saliva samples were obtained and measured for biomarkers of oxidative stress in the nasal cavity (nasal malondialdehyde [MDA]), the circulatory system (urinary MDA), and the oral cavity (salivary MDA). Childhood Asthma-Control Test (CACT) was used to assess asthma symptoms. RESULTS: When ambient daily-average temperature ranged from 7 to 18 °C, a 2 °C decrement in personal temperature exposures were significantly associated with higher nasal MDA and urinary MDA concentrations by 47-77% and 6-14%, respectively. We estimated that, of the decrease in child-reported CACT scores (indicating worsened asthma symptoms and asthma control) associated with colder temperature exposure, 14-57% were mediated by nasal MDA. CONCLUSION: These results suggest a plausible pathway that colder temperature exposure worsens pediatric asthma symptoms partly via inducing nasal oxidative stress. IMPACT: The role of oxidative stress in linking colder temperature exposure and worsened asthma symptoms is still poorly understood. Lower temperature exposure in a colder season was associated with higher nasal and systemic oxidative stress in children with asthma. Nasal MDA, a biomarker of nasal oxidative stress, mediated the associations between colder temperature exposures and pediatric asthma symptoms. The results firstly suggest a plausible pathway that colder temperature exposure worsens pediatric asthma symptoms partly via inducing oxidative stress in the nasal cavity.

15.
Planta ; 259(5): 120, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607398

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: This study reveals miRNA indirect regulation of C4 genes in sugarcane through transcription factors, highlighting potential key regulators like SsHAM3a. C4 photosynthesis is crucial for the high productivity and biomass of sugarcane, however, the miRNA regulation of C4 genes in sugarcane remains elusive. We have identified 384 miRNAs along the leaf gradients, including 293 known miRNAs and 91 novel miRNAs. Among these, 86 unique miRNAs exhibited differential expression patterns, and we identified 3511 potential expressed targets of these differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs). Analyses using Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment revealed that targets of miRNAs with positive correlations are integral to chlorophyll-related photosynthetic processes. In contrast, negatively correlated pairs are primarily associated with metabolic functions. It is worth noting that no C4 genes were predicted as targets of DEmiRNAs. Our application of weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) led to a gene regulatory network (GRN) suggesting miRNAs might indirectly regulate C4 genes via transcription factors (TFs). The GRAS TF SsHAM3a emerged as a potential regulator of C4 genes, targeted by miR171y and miR171am, and exhibiting a negative correlation with miRNA expression along the leaf gradient. This study sheds light on the complex involvement of miRNAs in regulating C4 genes, offering a foundation for future research into enhancing sugarcane's photosynthetic efficiency.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Saccharum , Transcriptoma/genética , Saccharum/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética
16.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 230, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607442

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of urolithiasis is multi-factorial and genetic factors have been shown to play a significant role in the development of urolithiasis. We tried to apply genome-wide Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis and figure out reliable gene susceptibility of urolithiasis from the largest samples to date in two independent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) database of European ancestry. METHODS: We extracted summary statistics of expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) from eQTLGen consortium. Urolithiasis phenotype information was obtained from both FinnGen Biobank and UK Biobank. Multiple two-sample MR analysis with a Bonferroni-corrected P threshold (P < 2.5e-06) was conducted. The primary endpoint was the causal effect calculated by random-effect inverse variance weighted (IVW) method. Sensitivity analysis, volcano plots, scatter plots, and regional plots were also performed and visualized. RESULTS: After multiple MR tests between 19942 eQTLs and urolithiasis phenotype from both cohorts, 30 common eQTLs with consistent effect size direction were found to be causally associated with urolithiasis risk. Finally only one gene (LMAN2) was simultaneously identified among all top significant eQTLs from both FinnGen Biobank (beta = 0.6758, se = 0.0327, P = 6.775e-95) and UK Biobank (beta = 0.0044, se = 0.0009, P = 2.417e-06). We also found that LMAN2 was with the largest beta effect size on urolithiasis phenotype from the two cohorts. CONCLUSION: We for the first time implemented genome-wide MR analysis to investigate the genetic susceptibility of urolithiasis in general population of European ancestry. Our results provided novel insights into common genetic variants of urinary stone disease, which was of great help to subsequent researches.


Assuntos
Cálculos Urinários , Urolitíase , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Urolitíase/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética
17.
Environ Health ; 23(1): 38, 2024 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are known environmental contaminants with immunosuppressive properties. Their connection to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a condition influenced by the immune system, is not well studied. This research explores the association between PFAS exposure and RA prevalence. METHODS: This research utilized data from the NHANES, encompassing a sample of 10,496 adults from the 2003-2018 cycles, focusing on serum levels of several PFAS. The presence of RA was determined based on self-reports. This study used multivariable logistic regression to assess the relationship between individual PFAS and RA risk, adjusting for covariates to calculate odds ratios (ORs). The combined effects of PFAS mixtures were evaluated using BKMR, WQS regression, and quantile g-computation. Additionally, sex-specific associations were explored through stratified analysis. RESULTS: Higher serum PFOA (OR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.79, 0.98), PFHxS (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.83, 1.00), PFNA (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.77, 0.98), and PFDA (OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.81, 0.99) concentration was related to lower odds of RA. Sex-specific analysis in single chemical models indicated the significant inverse associations were only evident in females. BKMR did not show an obvious pattern of RA estimates across PFAS mixture. The outcomes of sex-stratified quantile g-computation demonstrated that an increase in PFAS mixture was associated with a decreased odds of RA in females (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.62, 0.92). We identified a significant interaction term of the WQS*sex in the 100 repeated hold out WQS analysis. Notably, a higher concentration of the PFAS mixture was significantly associated with reduced odds of RA in females (mean OR = 0.93, 95% CI: 0.88, 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates potential sex-specific associations of exposure to various individual PFAS and their mixtures with RA. Notably, the observed inverse relationships were statistically significant in females but not in males. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence indicating that PFAS may have immunosuppressive effects.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Fluorocarbonos , Adulto , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Artrite Reumatoide/induzido quimicamente , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Autorrelato
18.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38585720

RESUMO

The subcommissural organ (SCO) is a gland located at the entrance of the aqueduct of Sylvius in the brain. It exists in species as distantly related as amphioxus and humans, but its function is largely unknown. To explore its function, we compared transcriptomes of SCO and non-SCO brain regions and found three genes, Sspo, Car3, and Spdef, that are highly expressed in the SCO. Mouse strains expressing Cre recombinase from endogenous promoter/enhancer elements of these genes were used to genetically ablate SCO cells during embryonic development, resulting in severe hydrocephalus and defects in neuronal migration and development of neuronal axons and dendrites. Unbiased peptidomic analysis revealed enrichment of three SCO-derived peptides, namely thymosin beta 4, thymosin beta 10, and NP24, and their reintroduction into SCO-ablated brain ventricles substantially rescued developmental defects. Together, these data identify a critical role for the SCO in brain development.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 267(Pt 1): 131273, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569994

RESUMO

The nanopore-based translocation of a single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) in mixed salt solution has garnered increasing interest for its biological and technological significance. However, it is challenging to comprehensively understand the effects of the mixed ion species on the translocation dynamics due to their cooperation and competition, which can be directly reflected by the ion screening and neutralizing effects, respectively. In this study, Langevin dynamics simulation is employed to investigate the properties of ssRNA conformation and translocation in mixed Na+-Mg2+ ion environments. Simulation results reveal that the ion screening effect dominates the change in the ssRNA conformational size, the ion neutralizing effect controls the capture rate of the ssRNA by the nanopore, and both of them take charge of the different changes in translocation time of the ssRNA under various mixed ion environments. Under high Na+ ion concentration, as Mg2+ concentration increases, the ion neutralizing effect strengthens, weakening the driving force inside the nanopore, leading to longer translocation time. Conversely, at low Na+ concentration, an increase in Mg2+ concentration enhances the ion screening effect, aiding in faster translocation. Furthermore, these simulation results will be explained by quantitative analysis, advancing a deeper understanding of the complicated effects of the mixed Na+-Mg2+ ions.

20.
Mol Genet Metab Rep ; 39: 101072, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559322

RESUMO

We are documenting the case of An 11-year-old girl who has been followed up at our out-patient clinic since birth with clinical presentations including intrauterine growth restriction, recurrent periodic fever in infancy, hypotonia, global developmental delay, liver function impairment with cirrhotic changes, and clinodactyly. Congenital abnormalities were suspected but a series of examinations including brain MRI, liver biopsy and muscle biopsy yielded insignificant findings. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) was conducted and revealed three novel mutations (c2T > G, c1826T > C, c.556-560delAGTAAinsCT) of the COG5 gene. A diagnosis of COG5-congenital disorders of glycosylation (COG5-CDG, or CDG IIi), with neurologic presentation was established. Sanger sequencing in the patient and her parents confirmed the compound heterozygous mutation. Upon literature review, we identified the patient as the first case of COG5-CDG in Taiwan. Our study enhances the clarity of the correlation between the mutative genes and the presentation of COG5-CDG.

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