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1.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124884, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542586

RESUMO

Antibiotics and heavy metals are frequently detected simultaneously in water environment. In this study, the competitive adsorption behavior of tylosin (TYL) and sulfamethoxazole (SMX) on nano-hydroxyapatite modified biochar (nHAP@biochar) in accordance with Cu(II) in single, binary and ternary systems was investigated. The specific surface area of nHAP@biochar was 566.056 m2/g. The adsorption of TYL on nHAP@biochar reduced by 13.36%-41.04% or 9.92%-38.69% with Cu(II) and SMX in the solution, respectively. The suppression of SMX was stronger than Cu(II) on the adsorption of TYL when the SMX or Cu(II) was constant. The adsorption of SMX increased by 2.01-3.56 times in the present of Cu(II), while suppressed by TYL up to 42.30%. Due to the bridging of TYL or SMX between the nHAP@biochar and Cu(II) and destroying of bound water surrounded, the adsorption of Cu(II) increased to a greater extent. Electrostatic interaction and H-bond were the two main interactions between TYL, SMX and Cu(II) and nHAP@biochar. π-π interactions was also interaction between the SMX and nHAP@biochar.

2.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105219, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614120

RESUMO

As the only specialized institution for research and control of parasitic diseases at the national level in China for almost 70 years, the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD) at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) has been instrumental in supporting the remarkable progress from high prevalence to transmission interruption or low endemicity of several diseases, lymphatic filariasis, malaria and schistosomiasis in particular. This has taken place through technical guidance, emergency response and scientific research as well as providing technical service, education, training, health promotion and international cooperation. With China's increasing involvement in international cooperation and the increased risk for (re)emerging tropical diseases in mind, the Chinese Government designated in 2017 a new Chinese Center for Tropical Disease Research to NIPD. Responding to the expanded responsibilities, the institute is scaling up its activities in several ways: from parasitic diseases to the wider area of tropical diseases; from disease control to disease elimination; from biological research to policy evidences accumulation; and from public health to global health. Based on this new vision and China's previous accomplishments in the areas mentioned, the institute is in a position to move forward with respect to global health and equitable development according to the central principles of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 909-917, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383086

RESUMO

Tailored broussonetia-like NiCo2O4 is grown on carbon cloth using tri-sodium citrate assisted hydrothermal method. The chelating effect of citric ions has been utilized to investigate the morphological and structural evolution of NiCo2O4 on carbon cloth, which have been illustrated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectra. The results demonstrate that the morphological alteration of NiCo2O4 from single nanowire to broussonetia-like structure has been detected after the addition of tri-sodium citrate. Citric ion plays a crucial role as an electrostatic stabilizer in determining this unique structure. When used as binder-free electrode in aqueous supercapacitors, the broussonetia-like NiCo2O4 electrode exhibits a specific capacitance of 527.9 F g-1 at a current density of 0.5 A g-1. Additionally, an asymmetric supercapacitor is further assembled using NiCo2O4 as the positive electrode and activated carbon as negative electrode. The device exhibits a maximum energy of 26.4 Wh kg-1 at power density of 800 W kg-1. A long-term cycling stability with 82% capacitance retention is maintained after 20,000 cycles at a current density of 5 A g-1, indicating the practical applicability of the tested device.

4.
Plant Sci ; 290: 110318, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779898

RESUMO

Plant receptor-like kinase (RLKs) are serine/threonine protein kinases that play fundamental roles in development, innate immunity, and abiotic stress response. Here, we identified an S-domain receptor-like kinase OsESG1 from rice (Oryza sativa), and identified its involvement in early crown root (CR) development and drought response. The OsESG1 kinase domain possessed auto-phosphorylation activity and was able to phosphorylate MBP and His proteins. OsESG1 was expressed ubiquitously in all tissues that were examined, with relatively higher expression in the embryo. And it could be induced to express by treating with PEG, NaCl and ABA. Transgenic plants carrying anti-sense (AS) OsESG1 were generated by knockdown of OsESG1 expression. At the early seedling stage, AS lines had fewer CRs and shorter shoot compared with wild type (WT) plants. IAA flux and the genes' expressions of the auxin responsive and efflux carrier were infected in the AS lines. These results indicated that auxin signaling and polar auxin transport (PAT) were disrupted. The AS lines were more sensitive to osmotic stress compared to WT, and showed excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA), lower activities of antioxidant enzymes, and impaired expressions of stress-related genes under PEG treatment. Results above suggested that OsESG1 may regulate CR initiation and development by controlling auxin response and distribution, and participate in stress response by regulating the activities of antioxidants and expressions of stress-regulated genes.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1759-1768, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301076

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is a key regulator of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Paraquat (PQ)-induced pulmonary fibrosis seriously endangers people's health. Rapamycin has been reported to alleviate PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis, but its underlying mechanism is unclear. The nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays an important regulatory role in the antioxidant therapy of PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, we tried to confirm that rapamycin attenuates PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis by regulating Nrf2 pathway. In vivo, we proved that rapamycin could inhibit the degree of PQ-induced oxidant stress as well as enhanced the expression of Nrf2. In vitro, rapamycin decreased the upregulated effects of cell death and apoptosis, fibrosis-related factors expression and fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transformation by PQ treatment. In vivo, rapamycin treatment reduced fibrosis degree and the expression of fibrosis-related factors in lung tissues of rat treated PQ. Furthermore, we also found that Nrf2 knockdown reduced the inhibitory effect of rapamycin on PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis, as well as decreased Nrf2 transfer from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. Our findings demonstrated that the protective effect of rapamycin is associated with the activation of the Nrf2 pathway in pulmonary fibrosis induced by PQ poisoning.

6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 188: 109904, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704326

RESUMO

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is the largest brominated flame retardant which can be released to environment and cause long-term hazard. In this work, we developed a rapid and highly sensitive fluorescence enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (FELISA) for monitoring of TBBPA in soil samples. TBBPA specific nanobody derived from camelid was fused with alkaline phosphatase to obtain the bi-functional fusion protein, which enable the specific binding of TBBPA and the generation of detection signal simultaneously. The assay showed an IC50 of 0.23 ng g-1, limit detection of 0.05 ng g-1 and linear range from 0.1 to 0.55 ng g-1 for TBBPA in soil samples. Due to the high resistance to organic solvents of the fusion protein, a simple pre-treatment by using 40% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as extract solvent can eliminate matrix effect and obtain good recoveries (ranging from 93.4% to 112.4%) for spiked soil samples. Good relationship between the results of the proposed FELISA and that of liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was obtained, which indicated it could be a powerful analytical tool for determination of TBBPA to monitor human and environmental exposure.

7.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109562, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer has been the most common cancer worldwide. Microsomal glutathione S-transferase 1 (MGST1) has been reported to play vital roles in oxidative stress, tumor occurrence and drug resistance. However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of MGST1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) has not yet been elucidated. METHODS: The expression of MGST1 in LUAD tissues and cell lines was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting, respectively. MGST1 was knocked down by shRNA lentivirus. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTS, colony formation and EdU assays. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The potential molecules involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis were examined by western blotting. Finally, the effect of MGST1 on tumor growth in vivo was evaluated in a nude mouse xenograft model. RESULTS: TCGA database analysis and immunohistochemistry demonstrated that MGST1 was highly expressed in LUAD tissues. MGST1 expression in LUAD was correlated with AJCC stage and poor overall survival of patients. MGST1 knockdown significantly inhibited LUAD cell proliferation and induced apoptosis. Mechanistic analyses revealed that MGST1 knockdown might inhibit cell proliferation by inactivating the AKT/GSK-3ß pathway signaling and promote cell apoptosis by regulating the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway related proteins. Moreover, knockdown of MGST1 suppressed tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: MGST1 plays an important role in LUAD tumorigenesis and might serve as a potential prognostic factor and therapeutic target in LUAD.

8.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117428, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376727

RESUMO

Room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) materials have become a hot topic in fields of organic light-emitting dioes, biological sensing and imaging. The present work reports firstly that 1,3,5-trifluoro-2,4,6-triiodobenzene (TITFB) can act as a simple pure organic NIR phosphor due to its novel function in promoting n-π∗ transition. Also, TITFB crystal has longer phosphorescence lifetime than other ordinary multiiodoluminophors and TITFB powder. Based on the TITFB crystal structure, σ-hole and π-hole capture mechanism of n-electron is proposed, i.e., the excited state energy is decreased and n-electrons are stabilized to cause slower radiative decay rate due to the restriction of σ-hole and π-hole bond. Both computational and experimental studies support the mechanism. The new electron-capture mode is more conducive to understanding pure organic ultralong lifetime RTP.

9.
J Hosp Infect ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immobile inpatients have a high risk of urinary tract infection (UTI). Additional epidemiological data regarding UTI among immobile inpatients are needed. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and incidence of, and risk factors for, UTI among immobile patients in 25 hospitals throughout China. METHODS: This was a national multi-centre cross-sectional investigation. We recruited 6 tertiary hospitals, 12 non-tertiary hospitals, and 7 community hospitals. We obtained data regarding demographics, clinically related variables, and UTI-specific variables from immobile patients during their hospitalization. We performed univariate and multivariable analyses, and binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors. FINDINGS: Among 23 985 immobile patients, 393 had UTI. The prevalence and incidence of UTI in hospitalized immobile patients was 1.64% (393/23 985) and 0.69 per 1000 patient-days, respectively. The infection rate of catheter-associated urinary tract infection was 2.25 per 1000 urinary catheter-days. We found that a greater number of bedridden days, longer length of hospital stay, being in a medical ward, the presence of an indwelling urethral catheter, prolonged duration of an indwelling catheter, use of glucocorticoids, female sex, diabetes mellitus, and older age were independent risk factors of UTI. CONCLUSION: Immobile patients had similar risk factors for UTI as the general population, as well as some additional risk factors. Greater attention is needed in the management of UTI among the population of immobile hospitalized patients.

10.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-9, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791197

RESUMO

We investigated whether low-dose phloretin served as daily dietary supplements could ameliorate diabetic atherosclerosis and the role of kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2). HUVECs cultured in high glucose medium were treated with different concentrations of phloretin and KLF2 mRNA, and protein level was detected. Diabetes was induced using streptozotocin in Apoe-/- mice after which they were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 8 weeks. Diabetic mice injected with KLF2 shRNA-lentivirus or control virus were treated with 20 mg/kg phloretin. Glucose, lipid profile, aortic atheroma, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression were detected. Phloretin retained endothelial function by KLF2-eNOS activation under hyperglycemia. Low-dose phloretin helped with lipid metabolism, and blocked the acceleration of atherosclerosis in STZ-induced diabetic mice since the early stage, which was diminished by KLF2 knockdown. Low-dose phloretin exhibited athero-protective effect in diabetic Apoe-/- mice dependent on KLF2 activation. This finding makes phloretin for diabetic atherosclerosis.

11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(40): 6116-6128, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For periampullary adenocarcinoma, the histological subtype is a better prognostic predictor than the site of tumor origin. Intestinal-type periampullary adenocarcinoma (IPAC) is reported to have a better prognosis than the pan-creatobiliary-type periampullary adenocarcinoma (PPAC). However, the classification of histological subtypes is difficult to determine before surgery. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis is a noninvasive, non-enhanced method with high reproducibility that could help differentiate the two subtypes. AIM: To investigate whether volumetric ADC histogram analysis is helpful for distinguishing IPAC from PPAC. METHODS: Between January 2015 and October 2018, 476 consecutive patients who were suspected of having a periampullary tumor and underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were reviewed in this retrospective study. Only patients who underwent MRI at 3.0 T with different diffusion-weighted images (b-values = 800 and 1000 s/mm2) and who were confirmed with a periampullary adenocarcinoma were further analyzed. Then, the mean, 5th, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles of ADC values and ADCmin, ADCmax, kurtosis, skewness, and entropy were obtained from the volumetric histogram analysis. Comparisons were made by an independent Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test. Multiple-class receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine and compare the diagnostic value of each significant parameter. RESULTS: In total, 40 patients with histopathologically confirmed IPAC (n = 17) or PPAC (n = 23) were enrolled. The mean, 5th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th, and 95th percentiles and ADCmax derived from ADC1000 were significantly lower in the PPAC group than in the IPAC group (P < 0.05). However, values derived from ADC800 showed no significant difference between the two groups. The 75th percentile of ADC1000 values achieved the highest area under the curve (AUC) for differentiating IPAC from PPAC (AUC = 0.781; sensitivity, 91%; specificity, 59%; cut-off value, 1.50 × 10-3 mm2/s). CONCLUSION: Volumetric ADC histogram analysis at a b-value of 1000 s/mm2 might be helpful for differentiating the histological subtypes of periampullary adenocarcinoma before surgery.

12.
Theranostics ; 9(24): 7108-7121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695756

RESUMO

Rationale The small molecule Kartogenin (KGN) promotes cartilage regeneration in osteoarthritis (OA) by activating stem cells differentiation, but its pharmacological mode-of-action remains unclear. KGN can be cleaved into 4-aminobiphenyl (4-ABP) and phthalic acid (PA) following enzymolysis of an amide bond. Therefore, this study investigated whether 4-ABP or PA exerted the same action as KGN. Methods KGN, 4-ABP and PA were analyzed in cartilage of mice after oral, intravenous or intra-articular administration of KGN by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method. Their effect on proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) was evaluated in vitro. Furthermore, their effect on cartilage preservation was tested in mice OA model induced by destabilization of medial meniscus. OA severity was quantified using OARSI histological scoring. Transcriptional analysis was used to find the possible targets of the chemicals, which were further validated. Results We demonstrated that while oral or intra-articular KGN delivery effectively ameliorated OA phenotypes in mice, only 4-ABP was detectable in cartilage. 4-ABP could induce chondrogenic differentiation and proliferation of MSC in vitro and promote cartilage repair in OA mouse models mainly by increasing the number of CD44+/CD105+ stem-cell and prevention of matrix loss. These effect of 4-ABP was stronger than that of KGN. Transcriptional profiling of 4-ABP-stimulated MSC suggested that RPS6KA2 and the PI3K-Akt pathway were 4-ABP targets; 4-ABP could activate the PI3K-Akt pathway to promote MSC proliferation and repair OA injury, which was blocked in RPS6KA2-knockdown MSC or RPS6KA2-deficient mice. Conclusion 4-ABP bio-distribution in cartilage promotes proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation of MSC, and repairs osteoarthritic lesions via PI3K-Akt pathway activation.

13.
Small ; : e1902377, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721414

RESUMO

Lithium sulfide (Li2 S) is a promising cathode material with high capacity, which can be paired with nonlithium metal anodes such as silicon or tin so that the safety issues caused by the Li anode can be effectively avoided. However, the Li2 S full cell suffers from rapid capacity degradation due to the dissolution of intermediate polysulfides. Herein, a Li2 S/Si full cell is designed with a Li2 S cathode incorporated by titanium nitride (TiN) polysulfide immobilizer within parallel hollow carbon (PHC). This full cell delivers a high initial reversible capacity of 702 mAh gLi2S -1 (1007 mAh gsulfur -1 ) at 0.5 C rate and excellent cyclability with only 0.4% capacity fade per cycle over 200 cycles. The long cycle stability is ascribed to the strong polysulfide anchor effect of TiN and highly efficient electron/ion transport within the interconnected web-like architecture of PHC. Theoretical calculations, self-discharge measurements, and anode stability experiments further confirm the strong adsorption of polysulfides on the TiN surface. The present work demonstrates that the flexible Li2 S cathode and paired Si anode can be used to achieve highly efficient Li-S full cells.

14.
ChemMedChem ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691487

RESUMO

This study was designed to explore the potential therapeutic effects of Mg-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) in osteoarthritis (OA) and to broaden the application field of MOFs. Mg/HCOOH-MOF was introduced and characterized by using SEM, XRD, TGA, and FTIR. ICP-MS results proved that Mg/HCOOH-MOF is stable in various physiological media and can maintain the release of Mg2+ ions for a long time. In vitro experiments were carried out to evaluate its potential application in attenuating OA. Mg/HCOOH-MOF was successfully synthesized, and results of MTT assays showed that it is biocompatible and can promote cell proliferation. qPCR results suggested that it can significantly regulate the expression of OCN, Axin2, iNOS and IL-1ß, which indicated its activity in anti-inflammation and bone protection. We believe that Mg/HCOOH-MOF could benefit OA therapy.

15.
Zootaxa ; 4695(5): zootaxa.4695.5.6, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719337

RESUMO

Parabolitobius sinensis a new species of the tachyporine genus Parabolitobius Li, Zhao Sakai, 2000 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) from the mountainous area of central China, is described and illustrated. It is compared to P. prolongatus (Sharp, 1888) and P. yezoensis Li, Zhao Sakai, 2000, the only two other species occurring in the eastern Palaearctic region. The new species differs mainly in the smaller body size, the strongly reduced hindwings in both sexes, the forms of the elytra, tergite VII, and male tergite and sternite VIII, and the unique configuration of the aedeagus.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , China , Feminino , Masculino
16.
Zootaxa ; 4686(1): zootaxa.4686.1.1, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719497

RESUMO

Eleven new species of the Tachinus nepalensis Ullrich group of the subgenus Tachinoderus Motschulsky are described from China, Vietnam and Laos: T. asperius Chang, Li Yin, sp. nov. (Yunnan), T. biangulatus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Shaanxi, Sichuan), T. bimorphus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Yunnan, Xizang), T. breviculus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Sichuan, Yunnan), T. chengzhifeii Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Shaanxi, Zhejiang, Hubei, Fujian, Guangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Vietnam: Sa Pa), T. granosus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan), T. maculosus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Yunnan), T. meniscus Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan), T. qian Chang, Li Yin, sp. nov. (Guizhou), T. songxiaobini Chang, Li Yin, sp. nov. (Yunnan), and T. yunnanensis Chang, Li, Yin Schülke, sp. nov. (Yunnan; Laos: Phongsaly). Main characters distinguishing species are the shapes of the terminal tergites and sternites of both sexes, and morphological differences in the aedeagi. New collecting data for eight known species: T. beckeri Ullrich, T. grandicollis (Bernhauer), T. laosensis Katayama Li, T. naomii Li, T. nigriceps Sharp, T. pseudobirmanus Schülke, T. sugayai Schülke and T. yushanensis Campbell are given. Tachinus laosensis Katayama Li is recorded from China for the first time. An identification key to and distributional maps of the Chinese species of the T. nepalensis group are provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , China , Feminino , Laos , Masculino , Vietnã
17.
Brain Behav ; : e01471, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage (HCH) is a potentially life-threatening neurological condition with an extremely high morbidity and mortality. In recent years, neuroendoscopy has been used to treat intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the choice of neuroendoscopic surgery versus craniotomy for patients with intracerebral hemorrhages is controversial. AIM: We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of neuroendoscopic surgery compared with craniotomy in patients with supratentorial hypertensive ICH. METHODS: A systematic electronic search was conducted of online electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library updated on December 2017. The meta-analysis only included randomized controlled studies. RESULTS: Three randomized controlled trials met our inclusion criteria. The pooled analysis of death showed that neuroendoscopic surgery decreased the rate of death when compared with craniotomy (RR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.26-1.29; p = .18). The pooled result of complications indicated that neuroendoscopic surgery has a tendency toward lower complications (RR = 0.37, 95% CI 0.28-0.49; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that neuroendoscopic surgery has lower complications, but no superior advantages in morbidity rates. Since the advantage of neuroendoscopic surgery has been performed in some area, the continuation of multi-center comparative investigation with craniotomy may be necessary. Moreover, some efforts need to be taken in selecting appropriate patients with different treatments.

19.
New Phytol ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737907

RESUMO

Betanin has been widely used as an additive for many centuries, and its use has increased because of its market application as an additive, high free radical scavenging activity, and safety, health-promoting properties. The main source of betanin is red beet, but many factors notably affect the yield of betanin from red beets. Betanin is not produced in cereal grains. Thus, developing biofortified crops with betanin is another alternative to health-promoting food additives. Here, rice endosperm was bioengineered for betanin biosynthesis by introducing three synthetic genes (meloS, BvDODA1S, and BvCYP76AD1S). The overexpression of these genes driven by rice endosperm-specific promoters established the betanin biosynthetic pathways in the endosperm, resulting in new types of germplasm-'Betanin Rice' (BR). The BR grains were enriched with betanin and had relatively high antioxidant activity. Our results proved that betanin can be biosynthesized de novo in rice endosperm by introducing three genes in the committed betanin biosynthetic pathway. The betanin-fortified rice in this study can be used as a functional grain to promote health and as a raw material to process dietary supplements.

20.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e1901005, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738019

RESUMO

A great challenge still remains to explore the facile approaches to construct multifunctional nanoparticles for acquiring precise cancer theranostics. Herein, a biocompatible theranostic nanoplatform capable of simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy is attempted by loading of paclitaxel (PTX) and indocyanine green (ICG) molecules into the matrix of Gd2 O3 @human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles (PIGH NPs) via hydrophobic interaction. The subsequent in vitro investigations reveal that the PIGH NPs afford uniform particle size, sustained drug release profile, strong longitudinal relaxivity, potent photothermal effect, effective singlet oxygen generation, and ideal resistance to photobleaching. Moreover, the PIGH NPs achieve high cellular uptake, efficient cytoplasmic drug translocation based on singlet oxygen-triggered endolysosomal disruption and prominent cytotoxicity effect against 4T1 cells under 808 nm near-infrared (NIR) irradiation in contrast to PTX/ICG-loaded HSA nanoparticles (PIH NPs) and free PTX/ICG. After intravenous injection, the PIGH NPs exhibit preferable tumor accumulation and achieve effective tumor ablation in 4T1 tumor bearing mouse model with excellent dual near-infrared fluorescence/magnetic resonance (NIRF/MR) imaging guided synergistic chemo-phototherapy. Hence, the PIGH NPs can be utilized as potential theranostic nanosystem for simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy.

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