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1.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 75-83, 2024 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615169

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: With the in-depth study of complement dysregulation, glomerulonephritis with dominant C3 has received increasing attention, with a variety of pathologic types and large differences in symptoms and prognosis between pathologic types. This study analyzes the clinical, pathological, and prognostic characteristics of different pathological types of glomerulonephritis with dominant C3, aiming to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnoses. METHODS: The clinical, pathological, and follow-up data of 52 patients diagnosed as glomerulonephritis with dominant C3 by renal biopsy from June 2013 to October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the clinical feature and results of pathology, 15 patients with post-infectious glomerulonephritis (PIGN) and 37 patients with of non-infectious glomerulonephritis (N-PIGN) were classified. N-PIGN subgroup analysis was performed, and 16 patients were assigned into a C3-alone-deposition group and 21 in a C3-dominant-deposition group, or 27 in a C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) group and 10 in a non-C3 nephropathy (N-C3G) group. RESULTS: The PIGN group had lower creatinine values (84.60 µmol/L vs179.62 µmol/L, P=0.001), lower complement C3 values (0.36 g/L vs0.74 g/L, P<0.001) at biopsy, and less severe pathological chronic lesions compared with the N-PIGN group. In the N-PIGN subgroup analysis, the C3-dominant-deposition group had higher creatinine values (235.30 µmol/L vs106.70 µmol/L, P=0.004) and higher 24-hour urine protein values (4 025.62 mg vs1 981.11 mg, P=0.037) than the C3-alone-deposition group. The prognosis of kidney in the PIGN group (P=0.049), the C3-alone-deposition group (P=0.017), and the C3G group (P=0.018) was better than that in the N-PIGN group, the C3-dominant-deposition group, and the N-C3G group, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Glomerulonephritis with dominant C3 covers a variety of pathological types, and PIGN needs to be excluded before diagnosing C3G because of considerable overlap with atypical PIGN and C3G; in addition, the deposition of C1q complement under fluorescence microscope may indicate poor renal prognosis, and relevant diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up should be strengthened.


Assuntos
Complemento C3 , Glomerulonefrite , Humanos , Creatinina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Glomerulonefrite/diagnóstico , Rim
2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 17: 1491-1506, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628245

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is an essential cause of tuberculosis treatment failure and death of tuberculosis patients. The rapid and reliable profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) drug resistance in the early stage is a critical research area for public health. Then, most traditional approaches for detecting MTB are time-consuming and costly, leading to the inappropriate therapeutic schedule resting on the ambiguous information of MTB drug resistance, increasing patient economic burden, morbidity, and mortality. Therefore, novel diagnosis methods are frequently required to meet the emerging challenges of MTB drug resistance distinguish. Considering the difficulty in treating MDR-TB, it is urgently required for the development of rapid and accurate methods in the identification of drug resistance profiles of MTB in clinical diagnosis. This review discussed recent advances in MTB drug resistance detection, focusing on developing emerging approaches and their applications in tangled clinical situations. In particular, a brief overview of antibiotic resistance to MTB was present, referred to as intrinsic bacterial resistance, consisting of cell wall barriers and efflux pumping action and acquired resistance caused by genetic mutations. Then, different drug susceptibility test (DST) methods were described, including phenotype DST, genotype DST and novel DST methods. The phenotype DST includes nitrate reductase assay, RocheTM solid ratio method, and liquid culture method and genotype DST includes fluorescent PCR, GeneXpert, PCR reverse dot hybridization, ddPCR, next-generation sequencing and gene chips. Then, novel DST methods were described, including metabolism testing, cell-free DNA probe, CRISPR assay, and spectral analysis technique. The limitations, challenges, and perspectives of different techniques for drug resistance are also discussed. These methods significantly improve the detection sensitivity and accuracy of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MRT) and can effectively curb the incidence of drug-resistant tuberculosis and accelerate the process of tuberculosis eradication.

3.
Plant Cell ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630900

RESUMO

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus, Cs) tendrils are slender vegetative organs that typically require manual removal to ensure orderly growth during greenhouse cultivation. Here, we identified cucumber tendril-less (tl), a Tnt1 retrotransposon-induced insertion mutant lacking tendrils. Map-based cloning identified the mutated gene, CsaV3_3G003590, which we designated as CsTL, which is homologous to Arabidopsis thaliana LATERAL SUPPRESSOR (AtLAS). Knocking out CsTL repressed tendril formation but did not affect branch initiation, whereas overexpression of CsTL resulted in the formation of two or more tendrils in one leaf axil. Although expression of two cucumber genes regulating tendril formation, Tendril (CsTEN) and Unusual Floral Organs (CsUFO), was significantly decreased in CsTL knockout lines, these two genes were not direct downstream targets of CsTL. Instead, CsTL physically interacted with CsTEN, an interaction that further enhanced CsTEN-mediated expression of CsUFO. In Arabidopsis, the CsTL homolog AtLAS acts upstream of REVOLUTA (REV) to regulate branch initiation. Knocking out cucumber CsREV inhibited branch formation without affecting tendril initiation. Furthermore, genomic regions containing CsTL and AtLAS were not syntenic between the cucumber and Arabidopsis genomes, whereas REV orthologs were found on a shared syntenic block. Our results revealed not only that cucumber CsTL possesses a divergent function in promoting tendril formation but also that CsREV retains its conserved function in shoot branching.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 118150, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631487

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: JiaWei DaChaiHu is composed of Bupleurum chinense, Scutellaria baicalensis, Pinellia ternata, Paeonia lactiflora, Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Poncirus tuifoliata, Rheum palmatum L., Curcumae Radix, Herba Lysimachiae, Ziziphus. JiaWei DaChaiHu one of the most common traditional Chinese medicines for the treatment of depression. AIM OF THE STUDY: The chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) has been shown to promote atherosclerosis (AS). Dachaihu has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and has been known to exert distinct pharmacological effects. This investigation aims to examine the therapeutic effect of Jiawei Dachaihu extract on AS animal models with CUMS. METHODS: AS-CUMS mice model was established by Apoe-/- mice. Mice were treated with Jiawei Dachaihu. Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) levels were measured using ELISA kits. Aortic tissue pathologic changes detected by oil red O staining. Mice behavioral changes detected by sucrose preference test and sucrose preference test. The relative mRNA expression levels of CRH, ND1, and TFAM were determined by qRT-PCR. 5-HT1A, BDNF, LON, TFAM, PGC-1α, and SIRT1 protein expression determined by western blotting. ATP content detected by ATP kits. RESULTS: The treatment with Jiawei Dachaihu extract alleviated the veins plaque and reduced stress signs in vitro and in vivo. It increased the ATP and HDL-C levels while decreased the TC, TG, LDL-C levels. Jiawei Dachaihu extract treatment upregulated Lon, SIRT1, TFAM, PGC-1α, BDNF, and 5-HT1A protein expression and regained mitochondrial function. CONCLUSION: Jiawei Dachaihu extract could alleviate AS and reduce CUMS by upregulating the SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling and promoted its crosstalk with Lon protein to maintain mitochondrial stability.

5.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631945

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The toughest challenge in pedestrian traffic accident identification lies in ascertaining injury manners. This study aimed to systematically simulate and parameterize 3 types of craniocerebral injury including impact injury, fall injury, and run-over injury, to compare the injury response outcomes of different injury manners. METHODS: Based on the Total Human Model for Safety (THUMS) and its enhanced human model THUMS-hollow structures, a total of 84 simulations with 3 injury manners, different loading directions, and loading velocities was conducted. Von Mises stress, intracranial pressure, maximum principal strain, cumulative strain damage measure, shear stress, and cranial strain were employed to analyze the injury response of all areas of the brain. To examine the association between injury conditions and injury consequences, correlation analysis, principal component analysis, linear regression, and stepwise linear regression were utilized. RESULTS: There is a significant correlation observed between each criterion of skull and brain injury (p < 0.01 in all Pearson correlation analysis results). A 2-phase increase of cranio-cerebral stress and strain as impact speed increases. In high-speed impact (> 40 km/h), the Von Mises stress on the skull was with a high possibility exceed the threshold for skull fracture (100 MPa). When falling and making temporal and occipital contact with the ground, the opposite side of the impacted area experiences higher frequency stress concentration than contact at other conditions. Run-over injuries tend to have a more comprehensive craniocerebral injury, with greater overall deformation due to more adequate kinetic energy conduction. The mean value of maximum principal strain of brain and Von Mises stress of cranium at run-over condition are 1.39 and 403.8 MPa, while they were 1.31, 94.11 MPa and 0.64, 120.5 MPa for the impact and fall conditions, respectively. The impact velocity also plays a significant role in craniocerebral injury in impact and fall loading conditions (the p of all F test < 0.05). A regression equation of the craniocerebral injury manners in pedestrian accidents was established. CONCLUSION: The study distinguished the craniocerebral injuries caused in different manners, elucidated the biomechanical mechanisms of craniocerebral injury, and provided a biomechanical foundation for the identification of craniocerebral injury in legal contexts.

6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8886, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632476

RESUMO

As one of the three major outdoor components of the railroad signal system, the track circuit plays an important role in ensuring the safety and efficiency of train operation. Therefore, when a fault occurs, the cause of the fault needs to be found quickly and accurately and dealt with in a timely manner to avoid affecting the efficiency of train operation and the occurrence of safety accidents. This article proposes a fault diagnosis method based on multi-scale attention network, which uses Gramian Angular Field (GAF) to transform one-dimensional time series into two-dimensional images, making full use of the advantages of convolutional networks in processing image data. A new feature fusion training structure is designed to effectively train the model, fully extract features at different scales, and fusing spatial feature information through spatial attention mechanisms. Finally, experiments are conducted using real track circuit fault datasets, and the accuracy of fault diagnosis reaches 99.36%, and our model demonstrates better performance compared to classical and state-of-the-art models. And the ablation experiments verified that each module in the designed model plays a key role.

7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8209, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589498

RESUMO

This study explores the efficacy of various EEG complexity measures in detecting mind wandering during video-based learning. Employing a modified probe-caught method, we recorded EEG data from participants engaged in viewing educational videos and subsequently focused on the discrimination between mind wandering (MW) and non-MW states. We systematically investigated various EEG complexity metrics, including metrics that reflect a system's regularity like multiscale permutation entropy (MPE), and metrics that reflect a system's dimensionality like detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). We also compare these features to traditional band power (BP) features. Data augmentation methods and feature selection were applied to optimize detection accuracy. Results show BP features excelled (mean area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) 0.646) in datasets without eye-movement artifacts, while MPE showed similar performance (mean AUC 0.639) without requiring removal of eye-movement artifacts. Combining all kinds of features improved decoding performance to 0.66 mean AUC. Our findings demonstrate the potential of these complexity metrics in EEG analysis for mind wandering detection, highlighting their practical implications in educational contexts.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância , Humanos , Atenção , Movimentos Oculares , Artefatos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos
8.
BMC Med Res Methodol ; 24(1): 86, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589783

RESUMO

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer after non-melanoma skin cancer and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in US men. Its incidence and mortality rates vary substantially across geographical regions and over time, with large disparities by race, geographic regions (i.e., Appalachia), among others. The widely used Cox proportional hazards model is usually not applicable in such scenarios owing to the violation of the proportional hazards assumption. In this paper, we fit Bayesian accelerated failure time models for the analysis of prostate cancer survival and take dependent spatial structures and temporal information into account by incorporating random effects with multivariate conditional autoregressive priors. In particular, we relax the proportional hazards assumption, consider flexible frailty structures in space and time, and also explore strategies for handling the temporal variable. The parameter estimation and inference are based on a Monte Carlo Markov chain technique under a Bayesian framework. The deviance information criterion is used to check goodness of fit and to select the best candidate model. Extensive simulations are performed to examine and compare the performances of models in different contexts. Finally, we illustrate our approach by using the 2004-2014 Pennsylvania Prostate Cancer Registry data to explore spatial-temporal heterogeneity in overall survival and identify significant risk factors.


Assuntos
Modelos Estatísticos , Neoplasias da Próstata , Masculino , Humanos , Teorema de Bayes , Dados de Saúde Coletados Rotineiramente , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Cadeias de Markov
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(10): 1431-1449, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serotonin receptor 2B (5-HT2B receptor) plays a critical role in many chronic pain conditions. The possible involvement of the 5-HT2B receptor in the altered gut sensation of irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) was investigated in the present study. AIM: To investigate the possible involvement of 5-HT2B receptor in the altered gut sensation in rat model and patients with IBS-D. METHODS: Rectosigmoid biopsies were collected from 18 patients with IBS-D and 10 patients with irritable bowel syndrome with constipation who fulfilled the Rome IV criteria and 15 healthy controls. The expression level of the 5-HT2B receptor in colon tissue was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and correlated with abdominal pain scores. The IBS-D rat model was induced by intracolonic instillation of acetic acid and wrap restraint. Alterations in visceral sensitivity and 5-HT2B receptor and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) expression were examined following 5-HT2B receptor antagonist administration. Changes in visceral sensitivity after administration of the TRPV1 antagonist were recorded. RESULTS: Here, we observed greater expression of the 5-HT2B receptor in the colonic mucosa of patients with IBS-D than in that of controls, which was correlated with abdominal pain scores. Intracolonic instillation of acetic acid and wrap restraint induced obvious chronic visceral hypersensitivity and increased fecal weight and fecal water content. Exogenous 5-HT2B receptor agonist administration increased visceral hypersensitivity, which was alleviated by successive administration of a TRPV1 antagonist. IBS-D rats receiving the 5-HT2B receptor antagonist exhibited inhibited visceral hyperalgesia.Moreover, the percentage of 5-HT2B receptor-immunoreactive (IR) cells surrounded by TRPV1-positive cells (5-HT2B receptor I+) and total 5-HT2B receptor IR cells (5-HT2B receptor IT) in IBS-D rats was significantly reduced by the administration of a 5-HT2B receptor antagonist. CONCLUSION: Our finding that increased expression of the 5-HT2B receptor contributes to visceral hyperalgesia by inducing TRPV1 expression in IBS-D patients provides important insights into the potential mechanisms underlying IBS-D-associated visceral hyperalgesia.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/patologia , Receptor 5-HT2B de Serotonina , Hiperalgesia/etiologia , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Diarreia/etiologia , Receptores de Serotonina , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Dor Abdominal/metabolismo , Acetatos
11.
Mol Neurobiol ; 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592585

RESUMO

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) triggers severe neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment, where microglial M1 polarization exacerbates the injury and M2 polarization mitigates damage. Mesenchymal stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (MSC-EVs), carrying microRNA (miR)-140-5p, offer therapeutic promise by targeting the cAMP/PKA/CREB pathway and modulating microglial responses, demonstrating a novel approach for addressing SAH-induced brain injury. This research explored the role of miR-140-5p delivered by MSC-EVs in mitigating brain damage following SAH. Serum from SAH patients and healthy individuals was analyzed for miR-140-5p and cAMP levels. The association between miR-140-5p levels, brain injury severity, and patient survival was examined, along with the target relationship between miR-140-5p and histone deacetylases 7 (HDAC7). MSC-EVs were characterized for their ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and modulate the HDAC7/AKAP12/cAMP/PKA/CREB axis, reducing M1 polarization and inflammation. The therapeutic effect of MSC-EV-miR-140-5p was demonstrated in an SAH mouse model, showing reduced neuronal apoptosis and improved neurological function. This study highlights the potential of MSC-EV-miR-140-5p in mitigating SAH-induced neuroinflammation and brain injury, providing a foundation for developing MSC-EV-based treatments for SAH.

12.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 72, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581001

RESUMO

For decades, great strides have been made in the field of immunometabolism. A plethora of evidence ranging from basic mechanisms to clinical transformation has gradually embarked on immunometabolism to the center stage of innate and adaptive immunomodulation. Given this, we focus on changes in immunometabolism, a converging series of biochemical events that alters immune cell function, propose the immune roles played by diversified metabolic derivatives and enzymes, emphasize the key metabolism-related checkpoints in distinct immune cell types, and discuss the ongoing and upcoming realities of clinical treatment. It is expected that future research will reduce the current limitations of immunotherapy and provide a positive hand in immune responses to exert a broader therapeutic role.


Assuntos
Imunidade , Neoplasias , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Imunomodulação , Neoplasias/terapia
13.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134286, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615649

RESUMO

Microplastic hetero-aggregates are stable forms of microplastics in the aqueous environment. However, when disinfecting water containing microplastic hetero-aggregates, the response of them in water to different oxidizing agents and the effect on water quality have not been reported. Our results showed that Ca(ClO)2, K2S2O8, and sodium percarbonate (SPC) treatment could lead to the disaggregation of microplastic hetero-aggregates as well as a rise in cell membrane permeability, which caused a large amount of organic matter to be released. When the amount of oxidant dosing is insufficient, the oxidant cannot completely degrade the released organic matter, resulting in DOC, DTN, DTP and other indicators being higher than before oxidation, thus causing secondary pollution of the water body. In comparison, K2FeO4 can purify the water body stably without destroying the microplastic hetero-aggregates, but it only weakly inhibits the toxic cyanobacteria Microcystis and Pseudanabaena, which may cause cyanobacterial bloom as well as algal toxin and odorant contamination in practical application. Compared with the other oxidizers, K2S2O8 provides better inhibition of toxic cyanobacteria and has better ecological safety. Therefore, when treating microplastic-containing water bodies, we should consider both water purification and ecological safety, and select appropriate oxidant types and dosages to optimize the water treatment.

14.
Exp Gerontol ; : 112425, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A new minimally invasive technique, ultrasound-guided thermal ablation has become one of the treatment methods for benign thyroid nodules. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of laser ablation (LA), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of elderly patients with benign thyroid nodules. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched for qualified randomized controlled studies (RCTs) issued from establishing databases to March 2022. After screening and evaluating the article quality, the data on nodular volume reduction rate (VRR) and the incidence of complications after thermal ablation were extracted and analyzed by RevMan 5.3 and Stata l4.0. RESULTS: The meta-analysis included seven articles with 3055 participants. We found that LA, RFA, and MWA could markedly reduce the volume of benign thyroid nodules. LA was superior to RFA and MWA in reducing the volume of benign thyroid nodules in 6 months of follow-up (all P < 0.05). LA, RFA, and MWA can be safely implemented in patients with benign thyroid nodules. The incidence of significant complications after the RFA group was enhanced compared with that in the MWA (P < 0.05), and the incidence of secondary complications after RFA was slightly higher than that of LA (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: LA, RFA, and MWA can markedly reduce the volume of benign thyroid nodules in elderly patients and can safely treat benign thyroid nodules.

15.
J Phys Chem A ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605669

RESUMO

We study the pathway of metaphosphate hydration when a metaphosphate anion is dissolved in liquid water with an explicit water model. For this purpose, we propose a sequential Monte Carlo algorithm incorporated with the ab initio quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) method, which can reduce the amount of ab initio QM/MM sampling while retaining the accuracy of the simulation. We demonstrate the numerical calculation of the standard enthalpy change for the successive addition reaction PO3-·2H2O + H2O ⇌ PO3-·3H2O in the liquid phase, which helps to clarify the hydration pathway of the metaphosphate. With the obtained hydrated structure of the metaphosphate anion, we perform ab initio calculations for its relaxation dynamics upon vibrational excitation and characterize the energy transfer process in solution with simulated ultrafast X-ray diffraction signals, which can be experimentally implemented with X-ray free-electron lasers.

16.
Cancer Inform ; 23: 11769351231180789, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617569

RESUMO

Background: Alternative polyadenylation (APA) plays a vital regulatory role in various diseases. It is widely accepted that APA is regulated by APA regulatory factors. Objective: Whether APA regulatory factors affect the prognosis of renal cell carcinoma remains unclear, and this is the main topic of this study. Methods: We downloaded the transcriptome and clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. We used the Lasso regression system to construct an APA model for analyzing the relationship between common APA regulatory factors and renal cell carcinoma. We also validated our APA model using independent GEO datasets (GSE29609, GSE76207). Results: It was found that the expression levels of 5 APA regulatory factors (CPSF1, CPSF2, CSTF2, PABPC1, and PABPC4) were significantly associated with tumor gene mutation burden (TMB) score in renal clear cell carcinoma, and the risk score constructed using the expression level of 5 key APA regulatory factors could be used to predict the outcome of renal clear cell carcinoma. The TMB score is associated with the remodeling of the immune microenvironment. Conclusions: By identifying key APA regulatory factors in renal cell carcinoma and constructing risk scores for key APA regulatory factors, we showed that key APA regulators affect prognosis of renal clear cell carcinoma patients. In addition, the risk score level is associated with TMB, indicating that APA may affect the efficacy of immunotherapy through immune microenvironment-related genes. This helps us better understand the mRNA processing mechanism of renal clear cell carcinoma.

17.
Echocardiography ; 41(4): e15805, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) has been recommended by current guidelines for diagnosing anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. However, little is known about the early changes in left atrial (LA) morphology and function in this population. Our study aimed to evaluate the potential usefulness of LA indices and their incremental value to LVGLS with three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) in the early detection of subclinical cardiotoxicity in patients with lymphoma receiving anthracycline. METHODS: A total of 80 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received six cycles of anthracycline-based treatment were enrolled. Echocardiography was performed at baseline (T0), after four cycles (T1), and after the completion of six cycles of chemotherapy (T2). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), LVGLS, LA volumes, LA emptying fraction (LAEF), LA active emptying fraction (LAAEF), and LA reservoir longitudinal strain (LASr) were quantified with 3DE. Left atrioventricular global longitudinal strain (LAVGLS) was calculated as the sum of peak LASr and the absolute value of peak LVGLS (LAVGLS = LASr+|LVGLS|). LV cardiotoxicity was defined as a new LVEF reduction by ≥10 percentage points to an LVEF of ≤50%. RESULTS: Fourteen (17.5%) patients developed LV cardiotoxicity at T2. LA volumes, LAEF, and LAAEF remained stable over time. Impairment of LASr (28.35 ± 5.03 vs. 25.04 ± 4.10, p < .001), LVGLS (-22.77 ± 2.45 vs. -20.44 ± 2.62, p < .001), and LAVGLS (51.12 ± 5.63 vs. 45.61 ± 5.22, p < .001) was observed by the end of the fourth cycle of chemotherapy (T1). Statistically significant declines in LVEF (61.30 ± 4.73 vs. 57.08 ± 5.83, p < .001) were only observed at T2. The relative decrease in LASr (ΔLASr), LVGLS (ΔLVGLS), and LAVGLS (ΔLAVGLS) from T0 to T1 were predictors of LV cardiotoxicity. A ΔLASr of >19.75% (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 87.9%; area under the curve (AUC), .842; p < .001), a ΔLVGLS of >13.19% (sensitivity, 78.6%; specificity, 74.2%; AUC, .763; p < .001), and a ΔLAVGLS of >16.80% (sensitivity, 78.6%; specificity, 93.9%; AUC, .905; p < .001) predicted subsequent LV cardiotoxicity at T2, with the AUC of ΔLAVGLS significantly larger than that of ΔLVGLS (.905 vs. .763, p = .027). Compared to ΔLVGLS, ΔLAVGLS showed improved specificity (93.9% vs. 74.2%, p = .002) and maintained sensitivity in predicting LV cardiotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: LASr could predict anthracycline-induced LV cardiotoxicity with excellent diagnostic performance. Incorporating LASr into LVGLS (LAVGLS) led to a significantly improved specificity and maintained sensitivity in predicting LV cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Humanos , Cardiotoxicidade/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Deformação Longitudinal Global , Volume Sistólico , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1372231, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560733

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) risk in patients with ischemic stroke (IS) and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) undergoing anticoagulation therapy for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: We conducted a comprehensive search across multiple databases, including Embase, PubMed, Cochrane, UpToDate, Scopus, WOS, and SinoMed. The search covered observational literature published from each database inception until February 1, 2023. We analyzed the prevalence of CMBs during the follow-up period, compared future ICH risk between patients with and without baseline CMBs (CMBs presence/absence, ≧5 CMBs), and examined factors influencing ICH occurrence in patients with CMBs. Also studied recurrent stroke during anticoagulation therapy, the risk of future ICH when white matter hyperintensity (WMH) and CMBs coexist, and the effects of anticoagulants vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) and direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) on future ICH. Results: We included 7 articles involving 5,134 participants. The incidence of CMBs was 24%; baseline CMBs were associated with an increased ICH risk compared to patients without CMBs. ICH-risk was more significant in patients with baseline ≥5 CMBs. After anticoagulant therapy, ICH risk was higher than that of recurrent IS. The risk of future ICH was significantly increased with anticoagulant VKAs compared with NOAC. Conclusion: Anticoagulant therapy for ischemic stroke patients with non-valvular AF and CMBs increases future ICH risk. Discontinuing anticoagulation due to ICH risk should be avoided. NOACs are safe and effective for patients with CMBs and IS.

19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2401292, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561948

RESUMO

Graphite is considered to be the most auspicious anode candidate for potassium ion batteries. However, the inferior rate performances and cycling stability restrict its practical applications. Few studies have investigated the modulating the graphitization degree of graphitic materials. Herein, a nitrogen-doped carbon-coated carbon fiber composite with tunable graphitization (CNF@NC) through etching growth, in-situ oxidative polymerization, and subsequent carbonization process is reported. The prepared CNF@NC with abundant electrochemical active sites and a rapid K+/electron transfer pathway, can effectively shorten the K+ transfer distance and promote the rapid insertion/removal of K+. Amorphous domains and short-range curved graphite layers can provide ample mitigation spaces for K+ storage, alleviating the volume expansion of the highly graphitized CNF during repeated K+ insertion/de-intercalation. As expected, the CNF@NC-5 electrode presents a high initial coulombic efficiency (ICE) of 69.3%, an unprecedented reversible volumetric capacity of 510.2 mA h cm-3 at 0.1 A g-1 after 100 cycles with the mass-capacity of 294.9 mA h g-1. The K+ storage mechanism and reaction kinetic analysis are studied by combining in-situ analysis and first-principles calculation. It manifests that the K+ storage mechanism in CNF@NC-5 is an adsorption-insertion-insertion mechanism (i.e., the "1+2" model). The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film forming is also detected.

20.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 174: 116502, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569273

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical syndrome characterized by a rapid deterioration in renal function, manifested by a significant increase in creatinine and a sharp decrease in urine output. The incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with AKI is on the rise, with most patients progressing to chronic kidney disease or end-stage renal disease. Treatment options for patients with AKI remain limited. Circular RNA (circRNA) is a wide and diverse class of non-coding RNAs that are present in a variety of organisms and are involved in gene expression regulation. Studies have shown that circRNA acts as a competing RNA, is involved in disease occurrence and development, and has potential as a disease diagnostic and prognostic marker. CircRNA is involved in the regulation of important biological processes, including apoptosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation. This study reviews the current status and progress of circRNA research in the context of AKI.

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