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1.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eadn6206, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728408

RESUMO

Light carrying orbital angular momentum (OAM) holds unique properties and boosts myriad applications in diverse fields. However, the generation of an ultrafast wave packet carrying numerous vortices with various transverse OAM modes, i.e., vortex string, remains challenging, and the corresponding detection method is lacking. Here, we demonstrate that a vortex string with 28 spatiotemporal optical vortices (STOVs) with customizable topological charge (TC) arrangements can be generated in one wave packet. The diffraction rules of STOV strings are revealed theoretically and experimentally. Following these rules, the TC values and positions of all STOVs in a vortex string can be simultaneously recognized from the diffraction pattern. Such STOV strings facilitate STOV-based optical communication. As a proof-of-principle demonstration, the transmission of an image is realized with 16-STOV strings. This work provides guidance for revealing the underlying properties of the transverse OAM light and opens up opportunities for applications of the structured light in optical communication, quantum information processing, etc.

2.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 211: 108718, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733939

RESUMO

Plant secondary metabolites (PSMs) are a large class of structurally diverse molecules, mainly consisting of terpenoids, phenolic compounds, and nitrogen-containing compounds, which play active roles in plant development and stress responses. The biosynthetic processes of PSMs are governed by a sophisticated regulatory network at multiple levels. Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) such as microRNAs (miRNAs), long ncRNAs (lncRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs) may serve as post-transcriptional regulators for plant secondary metabolism through acting on genes encoding either transcription factors or participating enzymes in relevant metabolic pathways. High-throughput sequencing technologies have facilitated the large-scale identifications of ncRNAs potentially involved in plant secondary metabolism in model plant species as well as certain species with enriched production of specific types of PSMs. Moreover, a series of miRNA-target modules have been functionally characterized to be responsible for regulating PSM biosynthesis and accumulation in plants under abiotic or biotic stresses. In this review, we will provide an overview of current findings on the ncRNA-mediated regulation of plant secondary metabolism with special attention to its participation in plant stress responses, and discuss possible issues to be addressed in future fundamental research and breeding practice.

3.
Opt Lett ; 49(10): 2805-2808, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748166

RESUMO

The advancement demands of high-speed wireless data link ask for higher requirements on visible light communication (VLC), where wide coverage stands as a critical criterion. Here, we present the design and implementation of a transmitter structure capable of emitting a high-power wide-coverage white light laser. This laser source exhibits excellent stability, with an irradiation range extending to a half-angle of 20°. Its high brightness satisfies the needs of indoor illumination while maintaining excellent communication performance. Utilizing bit-loading discrete multi-tone modulation, a peak data transmission rate of 3.24 Gbps has been achieved, spanning 1 to 5 m. Remarkably, the data rates exceed 2.5 Gbps within a 40° range at a distance of 5 m, enabling a long-distance, wide coverage, high-speed VLC link for future mobile network applications.

4.
Transl Pediatr ; 13(4): 542-554, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38715667

RESUMO

Background: Spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) is one of the most serious surgical bowel conditions affecting preterm infants. There are limited data on the mortality and morbidities of very preterm infants [VPIs, <32 weeks' gestational age (GA)] with SIP in China. The study aimed to describe the prevalence, treatment, and outcomes of SIP among VPIs in China. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all infants born at 24+0-31+6 weeks GA from January 1, 2019, to December 31, 2020, and admitted within seven days after birth to the neonatal intensive care units in the Chinese Neonatal Network. The primary outcome was survival without major morbidities. The association between SIP and neonatal outcomes was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression controlling for possible confounders. Results: Out of the 15,814 enrolled infants, 150 (1.0%) developed SIP with a median onset age of four (IQR 2-6) days. Infants with GA 24+0-25+6 weeks had the highest incidence of SIP (13/532, 2.4%), followed by those with GA 26+0-27+6 weeks (22/2,005, 1.1%), 28+0-29+6 weeks (44/5,269, 0.8%) and 30+0-31+6 weeks (71/8,008, 0.9%). Ten SIP cases were lost to follow-up with unknown survival status and 41 (29.3%) of the remaining 140 infants with SIP died during hospitalization. Only 29.3% of infants with SIP survived without major morbidities, significantly lower than those without SIP (59.2%; P<0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed SIP was associated with a higher risk of overall death (adjusted OR 3.36; 95% CI: 1.85 to 6.08), late-onset sepsis (adjusted OR 2.10; 95% CI: 1.02 to 4.31), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (adjusted OR 2.49; 95% CI: 1.44 to 4.30). Among all infants with SIP, 28 (18.7%) did not receive any surgical intervention. Laparotomy was provided to 113 (92.6%) of the remaining 122 infants, solely (84/122, 68.9%) or following peritoneal drainage (29/122, 23.8%), while nine (7.4%) infants underwent peritoneal drainage only. Conclusions: Around 1% of VPIs in China developed SIP, associated with increased risk of mortality and morbidities. Over 90% of VPIs with SIP underwent laparotomy as initial or subsequent surgical treatment. Effective and evidence-based strategies are needed for the prevention and management of SIP.

5.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 361, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solanum muricatum is an emerging horticultural fruit crop with rich nutritional and antioxidant properties. Although the chromosome-scale genome of this species has been sequenced, its mitochondrial genome sequence has not been reported to date. RESULTS: PacBio HiFi sequencing was used to assemble the circular mitogenome of S. muricatum, which was 433,466 bp in length. In total, 38 protein-coding, 19 tRNA, and 3 rRNA genes were annotated. The reticulate mitochondrial conformations with multiple junctions were verified by polymerase chain reaction, and codon usage, sequence repeats, and gene migration from chloroplast to mitochondrial genome were determined. A collinearity analysis of eight Solanum mitogenomes revealed high structural variability. Overall, 585 RNA editing sites in protein coding genes were identified based on RNA-seq data. Among them, mttB was the most frequently edited (52 times), followed by ccmB (46 times). A phylogenetic analysis based on the S. muricatum mitogenome and those of 39 other taxa (including 25 Solanaceae species) revealed the evolutionary and taxonomic status of S. muricatum. CONCLUSIONS: We provide the first report of the assembled and annotated S. muricatum mitogenome. This information will help to lay the groundwork for future research on the evolutionary biology of Solanaceae species. Furthermore, the results will assist the development of molecular breeding strategies for S. muricatum based on the most beneficial agronomic traits of this species.


Assuntos
Genoma Mitocondrial , Filogenia , Edição de RNA , Solanum , Solanum/genética , Genoma de Planta
6.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(4): 1334-1343, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38660659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the safety of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in elderly patients with gastric cancer (GC). AIM: To evaluate the safety of ERAS in elderly patients with GC. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were used to search for eligible studies from inception to April 1, 2023. The mean difference (MD), odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were pooled for analysis. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale scores. We used Stata (V.16.0) software for data analysis. RESULTS: This study consists of six studies involving 878 elderly patients. By analyzing the clinical outcomes, we found that the ERAS group had shorter postoperative hospital stays (MD = -0.51, I2 = 0.00%, 95%CI = -0.72 to -0.30, P = 0.00); earlier times to first flatus (defecation; MD = -0.30, I² = 0.00%, 95%CI = -0.55 to -0.06, P = 0.02); less intestinal obstruction (OR = 3.24, I2 = 0.00%, 95%CI = 1.07 to 9.78, P = 0.04); less nausea and vomiting (OR = 4.07, I2 = 0.00%, 95%CI = 1.29 to 12.84, P = 0.02); and less gastric retention (OR = 5.69, I2 = 2.46%, 95%CI = 2.00 to 16.20, P = 0.00). Our results showed that the conventional group had a greater mortality rate than the ERAS group (OR = 0.24, I2 = 0.00%, 95%CI = 0.07 to 0.84, P = 0.03). However, there was no statistically significant difference in major complications between the ERAS group and the conventional group (OR = 0.67, I2 = 0.00%, 95%CI = 0.38 to 1.18, P = 0.16). CONCLUSION: Compared to those with conventional recovery, elderly GC patients who received the ERAS protocol after surgery had a lower risk of mortality.

7.
medRxiv ; 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633771

RESUMO

Objective: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is characterized by intense central inflammation, leading to substantial post-hemorrhagic complications such as vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia.2,6,7 Given the anti-inflammatory effect of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) and its ability to promote brain plasticity, taVNS has emerged as a promising therapeutic option for SAH patients.3,8,9 However, the effects of taVNS on cardiovascular dynamics in critically ill patients like those with SAH have not yet been investigated. Given the association between cardiac complications and elevated risk of poor clinical outcomes after SAH, it is essential to characterize the cardiovascular effects of taVNS to ensure this approach is safe in this fragile population4. Therefore, we assessed the impact of both acute taVNS and repetitive taVNS on cardiovascular function in this study. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 24 SAH patients were assigned to either a taVNS treatment or a Sham treatment group. During their stay in the intensive care unit, we monitored patient electrocardiogram (ECG) readings and vital signs. We compared long-term changes in heart rate, heart rate variability, QT interval, and blood pressure between the two groups. Additionally, we assessed the effects of acute taVNS by comparing cardiovascular metrics before, during, and after the intervention. We also explored rapidly responsive cardiovascular biomarkers in patients exhibiting clinical improvement. Results: We found that repetitive taVNS did not significantly alter heart rate, corrected QT interval, blood pressure, or intracranial pressure. However, taVNS increased overall heart rate variability and parasympathetic activity from 5-10 days after initial treatment, as compared to the sham treatment. Acutely, taVNS increased heart rate, blood pressure, and peripheral perfusion index without affecting the corrected QT interval, intracranial pressure, or heart rate variability. The acute post-treatment elevation in heart rate was more pronounced in patients who experienced a decrease of more than 1 point in their Modified Rankin Score at the time of discharge. Conclusions: Our study found that taVNS treatment did not induce adverse cardiovascular effects, such as bradycardia or QT prolongation, supporting its development as a safe immunomodulatory treatment approach for SAH patients. The observed acute increase in heart rate after taVNS treatment may serve as a biomarker for SAH patients who could derive greater benefit from this treatment.

8.
J Chromatogr A ; 1722: 464896, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631224

RESUMO

In this study, a novel magnetic bead-based ligand fishing method was developed for rapid discovery of monoterpene indoles as monoamine oxidase A inhibitors from natural products. In order to improve the screening efficiency, two different magnetic beads, i.e. amine and carboxyl terminated magnetic beads, were comprehensively compared in terms of their ability to immobilize monoamine oxidase A (MAOA), biocatalytic activity and specific adsorption rates for affinity ligands. Carboxyl terminated magnetic beads performed better for MAOA immobilization and demonstrated superior performance in ligand fishing. The MAOA immobilized magnetic beads were applied to screen novel monoamine oxidase inhibitors in an alkaloid-rich plant, Hunteria zeylanica. Twelve MAOA affinity ligands were screened out, and ten of them were identified as monoterpene indole alkaloids by HPLC-Obitrap-MS/MS. Among them, six ligands, namely geissoschizol, vobasinol, yohimbol, dihydrocorynanthenol, eburnamine and (+)-isoeburnamine which exhibited inhibitory activity against MAOA with low IC50 values. To further explore their inhibitory mechanism, enzyme kinetic analysis and molecular docking studies were conducted.


Assuntos
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase , Monoaminoxidase , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/química , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/farmacologia , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/isolamento & purificação , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Monoaminoxidase/química , Ligantes , Indóis/química , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Cinética , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Enzimas Imobilizadas/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/química
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(12): 1714-1726, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that low hematocrit levels indicate poor survival in patients with ovarian cancer and cervical cancer, the prognostic value of hematocrit for colorectal cancer (CRC) patients has not been determined. The prognostic value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) for CRC patients was controversial. AIM: To investigate the impact of RDW and hematocrit on the short-term outcomes and long-term prognosis of CRC patients who underwent radical surgery. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with CRC and underwent radical CRC resection between January 2011 and January 2020 at a single clinical center were included. The short-term outcomes, overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were compared among the different groups. Cox analysis was also conducted to identify independent risk factors for OS and DFS. RESULTS: There were 4258 CRC patients who underwent radical surgery included in our study. A total of 1573 patients were in the lower RDW group and 2685 patients were in the higher RDW group. There were 2166 and 2092 patients in the higher hematocrit group and lower hematocrit group, respectively. Patients in the higher RDW group had more intraoperative blood loss (P < 0.01) and more overall complications (P < 0.01) than did those in the lower RDW group. Similarly, patients in the lower hematocrit group had more intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.012), longer hospital stay (P = 0.016) and overall complications (P < 0.01) than did those in the higher hematocrit group. The higher RDW group had a worse OS and DFS than did the lower RDW group for tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage I (OS, P < 0.05; DFS, P = 0.001) and stage II (OS, P = 0.004; DFS, P = 0.01) than the lower RDW group; the lower hematocrit group had worse OS and DFS for TNM stage II (OS, P < 0.05; DFS, P = 0.001) and stage III (OS, P = 0.001; DFS, P = 0.001) than did the higher hematocrit group. Preoperative hematocrit was an independent risk factor for OS [P = 0.017, hazard ratio (HR) = 1.256, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.041-1.515] and DFS (P = 0.035, HR = 1.194, 95%CI: 1.013-1.408). CONCLUSION: A higher preoperative RDW and lower hematocrit were associated with more postoperative complications. However, only hematocrit was an independent risk factor for OS and DFS in CRC patients who underwent radical surgery, while RDW was not.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Feminino , Hematócrito , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Eritrócitos
10.
Adv Mater ; : e2403230, 2024 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615263

RESUMO

Li-O2 batteries (LOBs) possess the highest theoretical gravimetric energy density among all types of secondary batteries, but they are still far from practical applications. The poor rate performance resulting from the slow mass transfer is one of the primary obstacles in LOBs. To solve this issue, a rotating cathode with periodic changes in the electrolyte layer thickness is designed, decoupling the maximum transfer rate of Li+ and O2. During rotation, the thinner electrolyte layer on the cathode facilitates the O2 transfer, and the thicker electrolyte layer enhances the Li+ transfer. As a result, the rotating cathode enables the LOBs to undergo 58 cycles at 2.5 mA cm-2 and discharge stably even at a high current density of 7.5 mA cm-2. Besides, it also makes the batteries exhibit a large discharge capacity of 6.8 mAh cm-2, and the capacity decay is much slower with increasing current density. Notably, this rotating electrode holds great promise for utilization in other electrochemical cells involving gas-liquid-solid triple-phase interfaces, suggesting a viable approach to enhance the mass transfer in such systems.

11.
Theor Appl Genet ; 137(4): 94, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578443

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: This study revealed the identification of a novel gene, Zm00001d042906, that regulates maize ear length by modulating lignin synthesis and reported a molecular marker for selecting maize lines with elongated ears. Maize ear length has garnered considerable attention due to its high correlation with yield. In this study, six maize inbred lines of significant importance in maize breeding were used as parents. The temperate maize inbred line Ye107, characterized by a short ear, was crossed with five tropical or subtropical inbred lines featuring longer ears, creating a multi-parent population displaying significant variations in ear length. Through genome-wide association studies and mutation analysis, the A/G variation at SNP_183573532 on chromosome 3 was identified as an effective site for discriminating long-ear maize. Furthermore, the associated gene Zm00001d042906 was found to correlate with maize ear length. Zm00001d042906 was functionally annotated as a laccase (Lac4), which showed activity and influenced lignin synthesis in the midsection cells of the cob, thereby regulating maize ear length. This study further reports a novel molecular marker and a new gene that can assist maize breeding programs in selecting varieties with elongated ears.


Assuntos
Lacase , Zea mays , Zea mays/genética , Lacase/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Lignina , Melhoramento Vegetal
12.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(3): 807-815, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577084

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ostomy is a common surgery usually performed to protect patients from clinical symptoms caused by distal anastomotic leakage after colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery and perforation or to relieve intestinal obstruction. AIM: To analyze the complications after transverse colostomy closure. METHODS: Patients who underwent transverse colostomy closure from Jan 2015 to Jan 2022 were retrospectively enrolled in a single clinical center. The differences between the complication group and the no complication group were compared. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to find independent factors for overall complications or incision infection. RESULTS: A total of 102 patients who underwent transverse colostomy closure were enrolled in the current study. Seventy (68.6%) patients underwent transverse colostomy because of CRC related causes. Postoperative complications occurred in 30 (29.4%) patients and the most frequent complication occurring after transverse colostomy closure was incision infection (46.7%). The complication group had longer hospital stays (P < 0.01). However, no potential risk factors were identified for overall complications and incision infection. CONCLUSION: The most frequent complication occurring after transverse colostomy closure surgery in our center was incision infection. The operation time, interval from transverse colostomy to reversal, and method of anastomosis might have no impact on the postoperative complications. Surgeons should pay more attention to aseptic techniques.

13.
Opt Lett ; 49(7): 1656-1659, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560829

RESUMO

The escalating surge in datacenter traffic creates a pressing demand for augmenting the capacity of cost-effective intensity modulation and direct detection (IM/DD) systems. In this Letter, we report the demonstration of the single-lane 128-GBaud probabilistically shaped (PS)-PAM-20 IM/DD transmission using only a single digital-to-analog converter (DAC) for a net 400 G/λ system. Based on the advanced digital signal processing (DSP), we achieve net bitrates of up to 437 Gb/s for optical back-to-back and 432 Gb/s after the 0.5-km SSMF transmission in the C-band with 128-Gbaud PS-PAM-20 signals. This work is the latest demonstration on ultra-high-order PS-PAM signals achieving net bitrates exceeding 400 Gb/s despite symbol rate limitations. Notably, to the best of our knowledge, the realized net information rate ([net bitrate]/[symbol rate]) of 3.37 marks a new achievement within the domain of 400 G/λ IM/DD systems, with promising implications for enhancing bandwidth efficiency in the upcoming 1.6-Tb Ethernet scenario.

14.
Opt Express ; 32(6): 8623-8637, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571117

RESUMO

In fiber-terahertz integrated communication systems, nonlinear distortion and inter-symbol interference (ISI) will degrade transmission performance. Pre-compensation is an efficient method to handle the channel distortion as it can avoid noise boosting during channel compensation and reduce receiver side signal processing algorithmic complexity at user-end (UE) considering the asymmetric access scenario. In this paper, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a neural-network (NN)-based carrier-less amplitude phase (CAP) modulated signal generation and end-to-end optimization method for a fiber-terahertz integrated communication system. The CAP signal is generated directly from quadrature amplitude modulation symbols and pre-compensated through a transmitter NN, which allows the receiver to demodulate the signal with simple linear digital signal process (DSP). In generating the CAP signal, the NN based transmitter learns a group of filters, which can generate, up-convert, and pre-compensate the signals. Based on the proposed method, a fiber-terahertz integration access system at 220 GHz is demonstrated and a sensitivity gain of 1.2 dB is achieved at a transmission speed of 50 Gbps and the forward error correction (FEC) bit error rate (BER) threshold of 1 × 10-2 compared with the baseline after 10-km fiber transmission and 1-m wireless delivering.

15.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597194

RESUMO

Sixteen triterpenoid saponins were isolated from the roots of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd., including a new triterpenoid saponin and new natural saponin that was characterised by NMR for the first time, along with 14 known triterpenoid saponins. The structures of the compounds were established by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, HR-ESI-MS, and comparison with the literature. The cytotoxic activity of the compounds against 4T1 cells was determined using the CCK8 method. Compounds 9 and 6 showed the strongest cytotoxic activity with IC50 values of 2.75 ± 0.86 and 3.78 ± 0.50 µM, respectively. Compounds 2-5 and 8 showed potent cytotoxic activity. Compounds 14 and 16 showed moderate cytotoxicity.

16.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 208: 108481, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447424

RESUMO

Gravitropism is a vital mechanism through which plants adapt to their environment. Previous studies indicated that Ca2+ may play an important role in plant gravitropism. However, our understanding of the calcium signals in root gravitropism is still largely limited. Using a vertical stage confocal and transgenic Arabidopsis R-GECO1, our data showed that gravity stimulation enhances the occurrence of calcium spikes and increases the Ca2+ concentration in the lower side of the root cap. Furthermore, a close correlation was observed in the asymmetry of calcium signals with the inclination angles at which the roots were oriented. The frequency of calcium spikes on the lower side of 90°-rotated root decreases rapidly over time, whereas the asymmetric distribution of auxin readily strengthens for up to 3 h, indicating that the calcium spikes, promoted by gravity stimulation, may precede auxin as one of the early signals. In addition, the root gravitropism of starchless mutants is severely impaired. Correspondingly, no significant increase in calcium spike occurrence was observed in the root caps of these mutants within 15 min following a 90° rotation, indicating the involvement of starch grains in the formation of calcium spikes. However, between 30 and 45 min after a 90° rotation, asymmetric calcium spikes were indeed observed in the root of starchless mutants, suggesting that starch grains are not indispensable for the formation of calcium spikes. Besides, co-localization analysis suggests that the ER may function as calcium stores during the occurrence of calcium spikes. These findings provide further insights into plant gravitropism.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Gravitropismo , Cálcio , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Ácidos Indolacéticos , Plantas , Amido
17.
Updates Surg ; 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38441852

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the clinic outcomes between new single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (NSLA) and conventional three-port laparoscopic appendectomy (CTLA) for patients with acute appendicitis. Patients who were diagnosed with acute appendicitis and underwent appendectomy were retrospectively collected from a single clinical center from September 2021 to June 2023. Baseline characteristics, surgical information, and postoperative information were compared between the NSLA group and the CTLA group. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to find out the predictors of overall complications. A total of 296 patients were enrolled from a single clinical medical center. There were 146 (49.3%) males and 150 (50.7%) females. There were 54 (18.2%) patients in the NSLA group and 242 (81.8%) patients in the CTLA group. After data analysis, we found the patients in the NSLA group had a shorter postoperative hospital stay (P < 0.01) than the CTLA group. The other outcomes including intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.167), operation time (P = 0.282), nature of the appendix (P = 0.971), and overall complications (P = 0.543) were not statistically different. After univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that age (P = 0.018, OR = 1.039, 95% CI = 1.007-1.072), neutrophil percentage (P = 0.018, OR = 1.070, 95% CI = 1.011-1.132), and fever (P = 0.019, OR = 6.112, 95% CI = 1.340-27.886) were the predictors of overall complications. However, the surgical procedure (NSLA versus CTLA) was not a predictor of overall complications (P = 0.376, OR = 1.964, 95% CI = 0.440-8.768). Compared with CTLA, there was no significant increase in postoperative overall complications with NSLA, making it a safe and feasible new surgical procedure. More studies are needed to evaluate the long-term results.

18.
World J Gastrointest Surg ; 16(2): 585-595, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, the association between oral health and the risk of gastric cancer (GC) has gradually attracted increased interest. However, in terms of GC incidence, the association between oral health and GC incidence remains controversial. Periodontitis is reported to increase the risk of GC. However, some studies have shown that periodontitis has no effect on the risk of GC. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess whether there is a relationship between oral health and the risk of GC. AIM: To assess whether there was a relationship between oral health and the risk of GC. METHODS: Five databases were searched to find eligible studies from inception to April 10, 2023. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale score was used to assess the quality of included studies. The quality of cohort studies and case-control studies were evaluated separately in this study. Incidence of GC were described by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Funnel plot was used to represent the publication bias of included studies. We performed the data analysis by StataSE 16. RESULTS: A total of 1431677 patients from twelve included studies were enrolled for data analysis in this study. According to our analysis, we found that the poor oral health was associated with higher risk of GC (OR = 1.15, 95%CI: 1.02-1.29; I2 = 59.47%, P = 0.00 < 0.01). Moreover, after subgroup analysis, the outcomes showed that whether tooth loss (OR = 1.12, 95%CI: 0.94-1.29; I2 = 6.01%, P > 0.01), gingivitis (OR = 1.19, 95%CI: 0.71-1.67; I2 = 0.00%, P > 0.01), dentures (OR = 1.27, 95%CI: 0.63-1.19; I2 = 68.79%, P > 0.01), or tooth brushing (OR = 1.25, 95%CI: 0.78-1.71; I2 = 88.87%, P > 0.01) had no influence on the risk of GC. However, patients with periodontitis (OR = 1.13, 95%CI: 1.04-1.23; I2 = 0.00%, P < 0.01) had a higher risk of GC. CONCLUSION: Patients with poor oral health, especially periodontitis, had a higher risk of GC. Patients should be concerned about their oral health. Improving oral health might reduce the risk of GC.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38473771

RESUMO

Drip irrigation with brackish water increases the risk of soil salinization while alleviating water shortage in arid areas. In order to alleviate soil salinity stress on crops, polymer soil amendments are increasingly used. But the regulation mechanism of a polymer soil amendment composed of polyacrylamide polyvinyl alcohol, and manganese sulfate (PPM) on rapeseed photosynthesis under drip irrigation with different types of brackish water is still unclear. In this field study, PPM was applied to study the responses of the rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) phenotype, photosynthetic physiology, transcriptomics, and metabolomics at the peak flowering stage under drip irrigation with water containing 6 g·L-1 NaCl (S) and Na2CO3 (A). The results showed that the inhibitory effect of the A treatment on rapeseed photosynthesis was greater than that of the S treatment, which was reflected in the higher Na+ content (73.30%) and lower photosynthetic-fluorescence parameters (6.30-61.54%) and antioxidant enzyme activity (53.13-77.10%) of the A-treated plants. The application of PPM increased the biomass (63.03-75.91%), photosynthetic parameters (10.55-34.06%), chlorophyll fluorescence parameters (33.83-62.52%), leaf pigment content (10.30-187.73%), and antioxidant enzyme activity (28.37-198.57%) under S and A treatments. However, the difference is that under the S treatment, PPM regulated the sulfur metabolism, carbon fixation and carbon metabolism pathways in rapeseed leaves. And it also regulated the photosynthesis-, oxidative phosphorylation-, and TCA cycle-related metabolic pathways in rapeseed leaves under A treatment. This study will provide new insights for the application of polymer materials to tackle the salinity stress on crops caused by drip irrigation with brackish water, and solve the difficulty in brackish water utilization.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Antioxidantes , Multiômica , Fotossíntese , Produtos Agrícolas , Água
20.
Front Psychol ; 15: 1332351, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328375

RESUMO

Background: As a major public health problem globally, negative risk-taking behavior of college students may be related to their ostracism experience, but the reason for this association is unclear. Based on the limited resource theory, combined with the integrative model of athletic performance, we tested a moderated mediation model in which ego depletion mediated the association between ostracism and risk-taking, and physical exercise moderated the mediation process to examine the mechanisms underlying the association between ostracism and negative risk-taking behavior. Methods: One thousand three hundred seven students (43% female) from four universities in China were recruited using cluster random sampling. The experience of being ostracized, ego depletion, physical exercise level, and negative risk-taking behavior were measured through an anonymous online questionnaire in "www.sojump.com." Results: After controlling for gender and grade in college, ostracism was positively related to negative risk-taking behavior; ego depletion mediated this relationship; and physical exercise level attenuated these direct and indirect relationships. Conclusion: The results highlight individual risk and protective factors associated with negative risk-taking behavior, and provide new perspectives on ways to prevent and reduce college students' negative risk-taking behavior.

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