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1.
Heliyon ; 10(5): e27351, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463805

RESUMO

Older adults with chronic illness, as well as their primary caregivers in multigenerational families, may experience a complex interplay of factors that affect their quality of life (QOL). However, this interplay is not yet well-characterized for Chinese multigenerational families in particular. In this study, we analyzed how family resilience and social support affect the QOL of both older adults and caregivers in multigenerational Chinese families specifically. We enrolled 258 pairs of older adults with chronic illness and their primary caregivers in a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in southern China in December 2021. Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM), we then examined the correlation between family resilience, social support, and QOL in dyadic analysis and found that QOL, family resilience, and social support for primary caregivers were better than those of older adults with chronic illness (t = 3.66-16.3, p<0.01). These factors were found to be positively correlated (r = 0.22-0.60, p<0.05), except for the family resilience of primary caregivers and the QOL of older adults with chronic illness (r = -0.14, p = 0.04). Additionally, actor effect results showed that when a dyadic member has high family resilience and objective social support, they tend to have a better QOL (ß = 0.5-1.48, P < 0.01). However, partner effect results showed that when the primary caregiver has high family resilience, this is associated with a worse QOL for the older adult (ß = -1.06, P < 0.01). Furthermore, we found that objective social support of dyads does not significantly influence their partner's QOL (ß = 0.88/0.31, P>0.05) for any pair. This suggests that medical staff should pay attention to the impact of family resilience on the QOL of older adult and caregiver dyads and explore health management plans that focus on binary coping in multigenerational families.

2.
Magn Reson Med ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469985

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop a novel deep learning-based method inheriting the advantages of data distribution prior and end-to-end training for accelerating MRI. METHODS: Langevin dynamics is used to formulate image reconstruction with data distribution before facilitate image reconstruction. The data distribution prior is learned implicitly through the end-to-end adversarial training to mitigate the hyper-parameter selection and shorten the testing time compared to traditional probabilistic reconstruction. By seamlessly integrating the deep equilibrium model, the iteration of Langevin dynamics culminates in convergence to a fix-point, ensuring the stability of the learned distribution. RESULTS: The feasibility of the proposed method is evaluated on the brain and knee datasets. Retrospective results with uniform and random masks show that the proposed method demonstrates superior performance both quantitatively and qualitatively than the state-of-the-art. CONCLUSION: The proposed method incorporating Langevin dynamics with end-to-end adversarial training facilitates efficient and robust reconstruction for MRI. Empirical evaluations conducted on brain and knee datasets compellingly demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed method in terms of artifact removing and detail preserving.

3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474075

RESUMO

To identify suitable potassium fertilizers for grape (Vitis vinifera L.) production and study their mechanism of action, the effects of four potassium-containing fertilizers (complex fertilizer, potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate, and potassium dihydrogen phosphate) on sugar and organic acid metabolism in grape fruits were investigated. Potassium-containing fertilizers increased the activity of sugar and organic acid metabolism-related enzymes at all stages of grape fruit development. During the later stages of fruit development, potassium-containing fertilizers increased the total soluble solid content and the sugar content of the different sugar fractions and decreased the titratable acid content and organic acid content of the different organic acid fractions. At the ripening stage of grape fruit, compared with the control, complex fertilizer, potassium nitrate, potassium sulfate, and potassium dihydrogen phosphate increased the total soluble solid content by 1.5, 1.2, 3.5, and 3.4 percentage points, decreased the titratable acid content by 0.09, 0.06, 0.18, and 0.17 percentage points, respectively, and also increased the total potassium content in grape fruits to a certain degree. Transcriptome analysis of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the berries showed that applying potassium-containing fertilizers enriched the genes in pathways involved in fruit quality, namely, carbon metabolism, carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms, glycolysis and gluconeogenesis, and fructose and mannose metabolism. Potassium-containing fertilizers affected the expression levels of genes regulating sugar metabolism and potassium ion uptake and transport. Overall, potassium-containing fertilizers can promote sugar accumulation and reduce acid accumulation in grape fruits, and potassium sulfate and potassium dihydrogen phosphate had the best effects among the fertilizers tested.


Assuntos
Nitratos , Fosfatos , Compostos de Potássio , Sulfatos , Vitis , Vitis/genética , Açúcares/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Potássio/metabolismo , Carboidratos
4.
Opt Lett ; 49(6): 1437-1440, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489419

RESUMO

A high-performance 5-junction cascade quantum dot (QD) vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) with 1.3 µm wavelength was designed. The characteristics of the QD as active regions and tunnel junctions are combined to effectively increase output power. The photoelectric characteristics of single-junction, 3-junction cascade, and 5-junction cascade QD VCSELs are compared at continuous-wave conditions. Results indicate that the threshold current gradually decreases, and the output power and slope efficiency exponential increase with the increase of the number of active regions. The peak power conversion efficiency of 58.4% is achieved for the 5-junction cascade individual QD VCSEL emitter with 10 µm oxide aperture. The maximum slope efficiency of the device is 6.27 W/A, which is approximately six times than that of the single-junction QD VCSEL. The output power of the 5-junction cascade QD VCSEL reaches 188.13 mW at injection current 30 mA. High-performance multi-junction cascade 1.3-µm QD VCSEL provides data and theoretical support for the preparation of epitaxial materials.

5.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155455, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38513376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a serious cerebrovascular disease characterized by significantly elevated mortality and disability rates, and the treatments available for this disease are limited. Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are deemed the major causes of cerebral ischemic injury. N-Cinnamoylpyrrole alkaloids form a small group of natural products from the genus Piper and have not been extensively analyzed pharmacologically. Thus, identifying the effect and mechanism of N-cinnamoylpyrrole-derived alkaloids on IS is worthwhile. PURPOSE: The present research aimed to explore the antineuroinflammatory and antioxidative stress effects of N-cinnamoylpyrrole-derived alkaloids isolated from the genus Piper and to explain the effects and mechanism on IS. METHODS: N-cinnamoylpyrrole-derived alkaloids were isolated from Piper boehmeriaefolium var. tonkinense and Piper sarmentosum and identified by various chromatographic methods. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced BV-2 microglia and a mouse model intracerebroventricularly injected with LPS were used to evaluate the antineuroinflammatory and antioxidative stress effects. Oxygen‒glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/R) and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) models were used to evaluate the effect of PB-1 on IS. To elucidate the fundamental mechanism, the functional target of PB-1 was identified by affinity-based protein profiling (ABPP) strategy and verified by cellular thermal shift assay (CETSA), drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS), and circular dichroism (CD) analyses. The effect of PB-1 on the NF-κB and NRF2 signaling pathways was subsequently evaluated via western blotting and immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: The results showed that N-cinnamoylpyrrole-derived alkaloids significantly affected neuroinflammation and oxidative stress. The representative compound, PB-1 not only inhibited neuroinflammation and oxidative stress induced by LPS or OGD/R insult, but also alleviated cerebral ischemic injury induced by tMCAO. Further molecular mechanism research found that PB-1 promoted antineuroinflammatory and antioxidative stress activities via the NF-κB and NRF2 signaling pathways by targeting eEF1A1. CONCLUSION: Our research initially unveiled that the therapeutic impact of PB-1 on cerebral ischemic injury might rely on its ability to target eEF1A1, leading to antineuroinflammatory and antioxidative stress effects. The novel discovery highlights eEF1A1 as a potential target for IS treatment and shows that PB-1, as a lead compound that targets eEF1A1, may be a promising therapeutic agent for IS.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 923: 171419, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442752

RESUMO

The incorporation of straw with decomposing inoculants into soils has been widely recommended to sustain agricultural productivity. However, comprehensive analyses assessing the effects of straw combined with decomposing inoculants on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, net primary production (NPP), the net ecosystem carbon budget (NECB), and the carbon footprint (CF) in farmland ecosystems are scant. Here, we carried out a 2-year field study in a wheat cropping system with six treatments: rice straw (S), a straw-decomposing Bacillus subtilis inoculant (K), a straw-decomposing Aspergillus oryzae inoculant (Q), a combination of straw and Bacillus subtilis inoculant (SK), a combination of straw and Aspergillus oryzae inoculant (SQ), and a control with no rice straw or decomposing inoculant (Control). We found that all the treatments resulted in a positive NECB ranging between 838 and 5065 kg C ha-1. Relative to the Control, the S treatment increased CO2 emissions by 16%, while considerably enhancing the NECB by 349%. This difference might be attributed to the straw C input and an increase in plant productivity (NPP, 30%). More importantly, in comparison to that in S, the NECB in SK and SQ significantly increased by 27-35% due to the positive response of NPP to the decomposing inoculants. Although the combination of straw and decomposing inoculants yielded a 3% increase in indirect GHG emissions, it also exhibited the lowest CF (0.18 kg CO2-eq kg-1 of grain). This result was attributed to the synergistic effects of straw and decomposing inoculants, which reduced direct N2O emissions and increased wheat productivity. Overall, the findings of the present study suggested that the combined amendment of straw and decomposing inoculants is an environmentally sustainable management practice in wheat cropping systems that can generate win-win scenarios through improvements in soil C stock, crop productivity, and GHG mitigation.


Assuntos
Carbono , Gases de Efeito Estufa , Pegada de Carbono , Ecossistema , Triticum , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Agricultura/métodos , Solo , China
7.
Nano Lett ; 24(12): 3631-3637, 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466240

RESUMO

A striking phenomenon of collective cell motion is that they can exhibit a spontaneously emerging wave during epithelia expansions. However, the fundamental mechanism, governing the emergence and its crucial characteristics (e.g., the eigenfrequency and the pattern), remains an enigma. By introducing a mechanochemical feedback loop, we develop a highly efficient discrete vertex model to investigate the spatiotemporal evolution of spreading epithelia. We find both numerically and analytically that expanding cell monolayers display a power-law dependence of wave frequency on the local heterogeneities (i.e., cell density) with a scaling exponent of -1/2. Moreover, our study demonstrates the quantitative capability of the proposed model in capturing distinct X-, W-, and V-mode wave patterns. We unveil that the phase transition between these modes is governed by the distribution of active self-propulsion forces. Our work provides an avenue for rigorous quantitative investigations into the collective motion and pattern formation of cell groups.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 222: 114068, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554895

RESUMO

Seven undescribed polyoxygenated ursane-type triterpenoids (vitnegundins A-G), three undescribed triterpenoid saponins (vitnegundins H-J), and 17 known ones were isolated from an EtOH extract of the aerial parts of Vitex negundo L. The structures of the undescribed compounds were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configurations of vitnegundins A, B, and E were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. Vitnegundins B-D are pentacyclic triterpenoids possessing rare cis-fused C/D rings and vitnegundins C-H represent undescribed ursane-type triterpenoids with 12,19-epoxy moiety. In the biological activity assay, vitnegundin A, vitnegundin E, and swinhoeic acid displayed inhibitory effects against LPS-induced NO release in BV-2 microglial cells, with IC50 values of 11.8, 44.2, and 19.6 µM, respectively.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442049

RESUMO

Accurate detection and segmentation of brain tumors is critical for medical diagnosis. However, current supervised learning methods require extensively annotated images and the state-of-the-art generative models used in unsupervised methods often have limitations in covering the whole data distribution. In this paper, we propose a novel framework Two-Stage Generative Model (TSGM) that combines Cycle Generative Adversarial Network (CycleGAN) and Variance Exploding stochastic differential equation using joint probability (VE-JP) to improve brain tumor detection and segmentation. The CycleGAN is trained on unpaired data to generate abnormal images from healthy images as data prior. Then VE-JP is implemented to reconstruct healthy images using synthetic paired abnormal images as a guide, which alters only pathological regions but not regions of healthy. Notably, our method directly learned the joint probability distribution for conditional generation. The residual between input and reconstructed images suggests the abnormalities and a thresholding method is subsequently applied to obtain segmentation results. Furthermore, the multimodal results are weighted with different weights to improve the segmentation accuracy further. We validated our method on three datasets, and compared with other unsupervised methods for anomaly detection and segmentation. The DSC score of 0.8590 in BraTs2020 dataset, 0.6226 in ITCS dataset and 0.7403 in In-house dataset show that our method achieves better segmentation performance and has better generalization.

10.
Biomedicines ; 12(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540165

RESUMO

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a debilitating diabetic disorder of the retinal microvasculature and the main cause of avoidable blindness in old people. Hesperetin is a plant flavanone largely abundant in citrus species with neuroprotective properties in animal models. This study aimed to explore the neuroprotective and autophagy-enhancing effect of hesperetin in rats with DR. Twenty-four male rats were utilized and allocated to groups: (i) the vehicle group, (ii) DR group and (iii-iv) the DR + hesperetin (50 and 100 mg/kg) groups. Treatment with hesperetin continued for 6 weeks. After the rats were euthanized, their eyes were dissected to detect the biochemical and histological changes in the retinas. Quantification of autophagy markers, beclin 1/LC3/p62, and inflammation markers was performed. Histopathologic changes were investigated after staining with hematoxylin and eosin and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS). Results demonstrated that hesperetin decreased the PAS staining in diabetic rats and attenuated histopathological changes and restored retinal organization and thickness of layers in hematoxylin and eosin staining. Moreover, hesperetin reduced the level of mRNA expression for TNF-α (4.9-fold), IL-1ß (4.15-fold), IL-6 (4.6-fold) and NFκB (5.2-fold), as well as the protein level. This was accompanied by induction of autophagy proteins, beclin 1 and LC3-II. Our results afford evidence that hesperetin is effective in alleviating the pathology of DR via suppressing the inflammatory burden and induction of autophagy. After extensive clinical examinations, hesperetin may prove to be a useful option for treatment of DR.

11.
Genes (Basel) ; 15(3)2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38540410

RESUMO

With a rich breeding history, Nanyang cattle (NY cattle) have undergone extensive natural and artificial selection, resulting in distinctive traits such as high fertility, excellent meat quality, and disease resistance. This makes them an ideal model for studying the mechanisms of environmental adaptability. To assess the population structure and genetic diversity of NY cattle, we performed whole-genome resequencing on 30 individuals. These data were then compared with published whole-genome resequencing data from 432 cattle globally. The results indicate that the genetic structure of NY cattle is significantly different from European commercial breeds and is more similar to North-Central Chinese breeds. Furthermore, among all breeds, NY cattle exhibit the highest genetic diversity and the lowest population inbreeding levels. A genome-wide selection signal analysis of NY cattle and European commercial breeds using Fst, θπ-ratio, and θπ methods revealed significant selection signals in genes associated with reproductive performance and immunity. Our functional annotation analysis suggests that these genes may be responsible for reproduction (MAP2K2, PGR, and GSE1), immune response (NCOA2, HSF1, and PAX5), and olfaction (TAS1R3). We provide a comprehensive overview of sequence variations in the NY cattle genome, revealing insights into the population structure and genetic diversity of NY cattle. Additionally, we identify candidate genes associated with important economic traits, offering valuable references for future conservation and breeding efforts of NY cattle.


Assuntos
Genoma , Humanos , Bovinos/genética , Animais , Genoma/genética , Fenótipo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma/métodos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553343
13.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(2): 1591-1601, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415124

RESUMO

Background: Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) has shown potential in reflecting the hepatic function alterations in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Gd-EOB-DTPA combined with water-specific T1 (wT1) mapping can be used to detect liver inflammation in the early-stage of NASH in rats. Methods: In this study, 54 rats with methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet-induced NASH and 10 normal control rats were examined. A multiecho variable flip angle gradient echo (VFA-GRE) sequence was performed and repeated 40 times after the injection of Gd-EOB-DTPA. The wT1 of the liver and the reduction rate of wT1 (rrT1) were calculated. All rats were histologically evaluated and grouped according to the NASH Clinical Research Network scoring system. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the expression of Gd-EOB-DTPA transport genes. Analysis of variance and least significant difference tests were used for multiple comparisons of quantitative results between all groups. Multiple regression analysis was applied to identify variables associated with precontrast wT1 (wT1pre), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to assess the diagnostic performance. Results: The rats were grouped according to inflammatory stage (G0 =4, G1 =15, G2 =12, G3 =23) and fibrosis stage (F0 =26, F1 =19, F2 =9). After the infusion of Gd-EOB-DTPA, the rrT1 showed significant differences between the control and NASH groups (P<0.05) but no difference between the different inflammation and fibrosis groups at any time points. The areas under curve (AUCs) of rrT1 at 10, 20, and 30 minutes were only 0.53, 0.58, and 0.61, respectively, for differentiating between low inflammation grade (G0 + G1) and high inflammation grade (G2 + G3). The MRI findings were verified by qRT-PCR examination, in which the Gd-EOB-DTPA transporter expressions showed no significant differences between any inflammation groups. Conclusions: The wT1 mapping quantitative method combined with Gd-EOB-DTPA was not capable of discerning the inflammation grade in a rat model of early-stage NASH.

14.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 14(2): 2008-2020, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415166

RESUMO

Background: The use of segmentation architectures in medical imaging, particularly for glioma diagnosis, marks a significant advancement in the field. Traditional methods often rely on post-processed images; however, key details can be lost during the fast Fourier transformation (FFT) process. Given the limitations of these techniques, there is a growing interest in exploring more direct approaches. The adaption of segmentation architectures originally designed for road extraction for medical imaging represents an innovative step in this direction. By employing K-space data as the modal input, this method completely eliminates the information loss inherent in FFT, thereby potentially enhancing the precision and effectiveness of glioma diagnosis. Methods: In the study, a novel architecture based on a deep-residual U-net was developed to accomplish the challenging task of automatically segmenting brain tumors from K-space data. Brain tumors from K-space data with different under-sampling rates were also segmented to verify the clinical application of our method. Results: Compared to the benchmarks set in the 2018 Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) Challenge, our proposed architecture had superior performance, achieving Dice scores of 0.8573, 0.8789, and 0.7765 for the whole tumor (WT), tumor core (TC), and enhanced tumor (ET) regions, respectively. The corresponding Hausdorff distances were 2.5649, 1.6146, and 2.7187 for the WT, TC, and ET regions, respectively. Notably, compared to traditional image-based approaches, the architecture also exhibited an improvement of approximately 10% in segmentation accuracy on the K-space data at different under-sampling rates. Conclusions: These results show the superiority of our method compared to previous methods. The direct performance of lesion segmentation based on K-space data eliminates the time-consuming and tedious image reconstruction process, thus enabling the segmentation task to be accomplished more efficiently.

15.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 215, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383737

RESUMO

Blocking immune checkpoint CD47/SIRPα is a useful strategy to engineer macrophages for cancer immunotherapy. However, the roles of CD47-related noncoding RNA in regulating macrophage phagocytosis for lung cancer therapy remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) on the phagocytosis of macrophage via CD47 and the proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via TIPRL. Our results demonstrate that lncRNA KCTD21-AS1 increases in NSCLC tissues and is associated with poor survival of patients. KCTD21-AS1 and its m6A modification by Mettl14 promote NSCLC cell proliferation. miR-519d-5p gain suppresses the proliferation and metastasis of NSCLC cells by regulating CD47 and TIPRL. Through ceRNA with miR-519d-5p, KCTD21-AS1 regulates the expression of CD47 and TIPRL, which further regulates macrophage phagocytosis and cancer cell autophagy. Low miR-519d-5p in patients with NSCLC corresponds with poor survival. High TIPRL or CD47 levels in patients with NSCLC corresponds with poor survival. In conclusion, we demonstrate that KCTD21-AS1 and its m6A modification promote NSCLC cell proliferation, whereas miR-519d-5p inhibits this process by regulating CD47 and TIPRL expression, which further affects macrophage phagocytosis and cell autophagy. This study provides a strategy through miR-519-5p gain or KCTD21-AS1 depletion for NSCLC therapy by regulating CD47 and TIPRL.


Assuntos
Adenina , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Adenina/análogos & derivados , Autofagia/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Antígeno CD47/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fagocitose , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo
16.
Org Biomol Chem ; 22(11): 2156-2174, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385507

RESUMO

Cascade reactions represent an efficient and economical synthetic approach, enabling the rapid synthesis of a wide array of structurally complex organic compounds. These compounds, previously inaccessible, can now be synthesized in a remarkably limited number of steps. Concurrently, the photochemical reactions of organic molecules have gained prominence as a potent strategy for accessing a diverse range of radical species and intermediates. This is achieved in a controlled manner under mild conditions. Owing to the relentless endeavors of chemists, significant strides have been made in the realm of photochemical cascade reactions. These advancements have facilitated the synthesis of novel molecular structures with high complexity, structures that are typically challenging to generate under thermal conditions. In this review, we comprehensively summarize and underscore the recent pivotal advancements in visible-light-induced cascade reactions. Our focus is on the elucidation of multiple photochemical catalytic cycles, emphasizing the catalytic activation modes and the types of reactions involved.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Previous studies confirm vonoprazan-amoxicillin effectiveness for Helicobacter pylori. This study aims to investigate vonoprazan with varying amoxicillin dose and duration. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective, randomized controlled, noninferiority trial enrolled patients with treatment naive H pylori infection from 5 clinical centers. Eligible participants were randomly assigned to H-VA-10 (vonoprazan 20 mg twice a day (b.i.d.) + amoxicillin 750 mg 4 times a day, 10 days), L-VA-10 (vonoprazan 20 mg b.i.d. + amoxicillin 1000 mg b.i.d, 10 days), and H-VA-14 (vonoprazan 20 mg b.i.d + amoxicillin 750 mg 4 times a day, 14 days) in a 1:1:1 ratio. The eradication rate was assessed using the 13C-urea breath test at least 28 days after treatment. RESULTS: Of the 623 eligible patients, 516 patients were randomized. In both the intention-to-treat and per-protocol analyses, eradication rates were comparable between H-VA-10 and H-VA-14 groups (86.6% vs 89.5% and 90.9% vs 94.5%, P = .021 and .013 for noninferiority, respectively). However, eradication rates were significantly lower in the L-VA-10 group than the H-VA-14 group (79.7% vs 89.5% and 82.0% vs 94.5%, P = .488 and .759, respectively). Rates of study withdrawal, loss to follow-up, and adverse events were similar across study groups. CONCLUSIONS: H-VA-10 and H-VA-14 regimens provide satisfactory efficacy for H pylori infection, and the L-VA-10 regimen was inferior. CLINICALTRIALS: gov number: NCT05719831.

18.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 26(2): 214-227, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353486

RESUMO

Five new sesquiterpenoids, including a campherenane-type (1), a bergamotane-type (2), a drimane-type (3), and two bisabolane-type (5-6) sesquiterpenoids have been isolated from Biscogniauxia sp. 71-10-1-1. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses, quantum chemical ECD calculations,13C chemical shifts calculations, and X-ray crystallography. This is the first report of campherenane-type and drimane-type sesquiterpenoids from Biscogniauxia. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory assays of all compounds are evaluated, and the results showed that compounds 3 and 7 exhibited the effects against the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos , Xylariales , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos Policíclicos , Estrutura Molecular
19.
Dalton Trans ; 53(12): 5427-5434, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38411626

RESUMO

Nitrogen-doped molybdenum trioxide (MoO3/NC) has drawbacks such as volume expansion during long-term charging and discharging cycles, which severely limit its further application. This work proposes the addition of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) for performance improvement of MoO3/NC. TiO2 NPs embedded on the surface of a MoO3/NC nanosheet can alleviate its volume expansion and the accumulation of lithiated products and improve the conductivity of the electrode material. The results show that the MoO3/NC nanosheet decorated with TiO2 NPs (TiO2@MoO3/NC), when used as an electrode material, exhibited a discharge specific capacity of 419 mA h g-1 at a current density of 0.05 A g-1 and retained a discharge specific capacity of 517 mA h g-1 after 600 cycles at a current density of 1 A g-1.

20.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 108: 116-128, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325727

RESUMO

To improve the efficiency of multi-coil data compression and recover the compressed image reversibly, increasing the possibility of applying the proposed method to medical scenarios. A deep learning algorithm is employed for MR coil compression in the presented work. The approach introduces a variable augmentation network for invertible coil compression (VAN-ICC). This network utilizes the inherent reversibility of normalizing flow-based models. The aim is to enhance the readability of the sentence and clearly convey the key components of the algorithm. By applying the variable augmentation technology to image/k-space variables from multi-coils, VAN-ICC trains the invertible network by finding an invertible and bijective function, which can map the original data to the compressed counterpart and vice versa. Experiments conducted on both fully-sampled and under-sampled data verified the effectiveness and flexibility of VAN-ICC. Quantitative and qualitative comparisons with traditional non-deep learning-based approaches demonstrated that VAN-ICC carries much higher compression effects. The proposed method trains the invertible network by finding an invertible and bijective function, which improves the defects of traditional coil compression method by utilizing inherent reversibility of normalizing flow-based models. In addition, the application of variable augmentation technology ensures the implementation of reversible networks. In short, VAN-ICC offered a competitive advantage over other traditional coil compression algorithms.


Assuntos
Compressão de Dados , Compressão de Dados/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
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