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1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1356286, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572308

RESUMO

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is associated with aberrant gene expression that is a common peripheral vascular disease. Here, we aimed to elucidate that the epigenetic modification of forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) at the post-transcriptional level, which might be the key trigger leading to the down-regulation of FOXP3 expression in DVT. Methods: In order to explore the relationship between microRNAs (miRNAs) and FOXP3, mRNA and microRNA microarray analysis were performed. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the upstream miRNAs of FOXP3. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, flow cytometry and Western blot were used to detect the relative expression of miR-6132 and FOXP3. Additionally, DVT models were established to investigate the role of miR-6132 by Murine Doppler Ultrasound and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Results: Microarray and flow cytometry results showed that the FOXP3 expression was decreased while miR-6132 level was increased substantially in DVT, and there was significant negative correlation between miR-6132 and FOXP3. Moreover, we discovered that overexpressed miR-6132 reduced FOXP3 expression and aggravated DVT formation, while miR-6132 knockdown increased FOXP3 expression and alleviated DVT formation. Dual luciferase reporter assay validated the direct binding of miR-6132 to FOXP3. Conclusion: Collectively, our data elucidate a new avenue through which up-regulated miR-6132 contributes to the formation and progression of DVT by inhibiting FOXP3 expression.

2.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 47(6): 841-850, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676737

RESUMO

D-Allulose 3-epimerase (DAE) is a vital biocatalyst for the industrial synthesis of D-allulose, an ultra-low calorie rare sugar. However, limited thermostability of DAEs hinders their use at high-temperature production. In this research, hyperthermophilic TI-DAE (Tm = 98.4 ± 0.7 ℃) from Thermotoga sp. was identified via in silico screening. A comparative study of the structure and function of site-directed saturation mutagenesis mutants pinpointed the residue I100 as pivotal in maintaining the high-temperature activity and thermostability of TI-DAE. Employing TI-DAE as a biocatalyst, D-allulose was produced from D-fructose with a conversion rate of 32.5%. Moreover, TI-DAE demonstrated excellent catalytic synergy with glucose isomerase CAGI, enabling the one-step conversion of D-glucose to D-allulose with a conversion rate of 21.6%. This study offers a promising resource for the enzyme engineering of DAEs and a high-performance biocatalyst for industrial D-allulose production.


Assuntos
Thermotoga , Thermotoga/enzimologia , Thermotoga/genética , Carboidratos Epimerases/genética , Carboidratos Epimerases/química , Carboidratos Epimerases/metabolismo , Carboidratos Epimerases/biossíntese , Racemases e Epimerases/genética , Racemases e Epimerases/metabolismo , Racemases e Epimerases/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/biossíntese , Frutose/metabolismo , Frutose/biossíntese , Frutose/química , Estabilidade Enzimática , Biocatálise , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Temperatura Alta
3.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 264: 154-161, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To comprehensively identify the corneal biomechanical differences measured by Corvis ST between different degrees of myopia and emmetropia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science, were systematically searched for studies comparing the corneal biomechanics among various degrees of myopes and emmetropes using Corvis ST. The weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Meta-analysis was performed in high and nonhigh myopes and in myopes and emmetropes, respectively. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included in this study. The meta-analysis among myopes and emmetropes included 1947 myopes and 621 emmetropes, and 443 high myopes and 449 nonhigh myopes were included in the meta-analysis among high and nonhigh myopia. Myopes showed the cornea with significantly longer time at the first applanation (A1t) and lower length at the second applanation (A2L) than emmetropes. High myopes showed significantly greater A1t, velocity at the second applanation (A2v), deformation amplitude at the highest concavity (HC-DA), and peak distance at the highest concavity (HC-PD) and decreased time at the second applanation (A2t) and radius of the highest concavity (HC-R). CONCLUSIONS: Corneal biomechanics is different in myopia, especially in high myopia. Compared with nonhigh myopes, the corneas of high myopes deformed slower during the first applanation, faster during the second applanation, and showed greater deformation amplitude, indicating greater elasticity and viscidity.

4.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 17: 675-689, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352234

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the intestinal inflammatory response and the abundance of intestinal bacteria in rats with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and assess the intervention effects of taurine (TAU). Methods: Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups: group I, normal diet and normal saline gavage; group II, normal diet and TAU gavage; group III, HFD and normal saline gavage; group IV, HFD and TAU gavage (from the 1st week); group V, HFD and TAU gavage (from the 10th week). At the end of the 16th week, all the animals were sacrificed. Body weight, liver weight, liver function, and serum lipid levels were measured. The histopathologies of the liver and ileum were observed. The mRNA and protein expression levels of interleukin 17 (IL-17) and IL-10 in the ileum were detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and immunohistochemistry. Three types of bacteria were detected in intestinal feces using the 16S rDNA qPCR method. Results: The ileal IL-17 level in group III was significantly higher than those in the other four groups (P < 0.01). The ileal IL-10 mRNA levels in group IV was significantly higher than those in groups III and V (P < 0.05), and IL-10 protein MOD levels in group III was significantly lower than those in the other four groups (P < 0.01). The numbers of Lactobacillus in group III were significantly lower than those in the other four groups (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). The numbers of Bifidobacteria in groups IV and V were significantly increased compared with that in group III (P < 0.05). Conclusion: TAU may down-regulate the expression of IL-17, up-regulate the expression of IL-10 and regulate the intestinal flora, and alleviate the liver and intestinal damage in rats with HFD-induced NAFLD.

5.
Chemistry ; 30(26): e202304334, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388776

RESUMO

Sensing of benzene vapor is a hot spot due to the volatile drastic carcinogen even at trace concentration. However, achieving convenient and rapid detection is still a challenge. As a sort of functional porous material, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been developed as detection sensors by adsorbing benzene vapor and converting it into other signals (fluorescence intensity/wavelength, chemiresistive, weight or color, etc.). Supramolecular interaction between benzene molecules and the host framework, aperture size/shape and structural flexibility are influential factors in the performance of MOF-based sensors. Therefore, enhancing the host-guest interactions between the host framework and benzene molecules, or regulating the diffusion rate of benzene molecules by changing the aperture size/shape and flexibility of the host framework to enhance the detection signal are effective strategies for constructing MOF-based sensors. This concept highlights several types of MOF-based sensors for the detection of benzene vapor.

6.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have previously reported the normal values of corneal volume (CV) in various populations, whereas little is known about the CV distribution in healthy young Chinese adults. Our study aimed to investigate the distribution of CV and its relationships with other ocular biometric parameters among healthy young Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 eyes from 1645 students at Dali University in Yunnan Province, China, were analyzed. Pentacam was used to measure CV. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP) were evaluated by Corvis-ST. Other biometrical parameters, including axial length (AL), keratometry, and white-to-white (WTW) distance, were measured using IOL Master. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 19.01 ± 0.92 years, and 68.81% of them were women. The CV was normally distributed in the whole sample, with a mean value of 61.23 ± 3.22 mm3. CV and CCT were significantly smaller in the Yi ethnic group than in the Han ethnic group (p < 0.01). CCT (coefficient: 0.085; p < 0.001) and keratometry (coefficient: 0.422; p < 0.001) were positively correlated with CV, while AL (coefficient: -0.204; p < 0.001), WTW distance (coefficient: -0.236; p < 0.001) and bIOP (coefficient: -0.06; p < 0.001) were inversely associated with CV. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an age-specific distribution of CV among healthy young Chinese adults. CCT, keratometry, AL, WTW distance and bIOP were important factors associated with CV.


Assuntos
Córnea , Pressão Intraocular , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Tonometria Ocular , Biometria
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Saponin of Schizocapsa plantaginea Hance I (SSPH I),a bioactive saponin found in Schizocapsa plantaginea, exhibits significant anti-proliferation and antimetastasis in lung cancer. OBJECTIVE: To explore the anti-metastatic effects of SSPH I on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with emphasis on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) both in vitro and vivo. METHODS: The effects of SSPH I at the concentrations of 0, 0.875,1.75, and 3.5 µM on A549 and PC9 lung cancer cells were evaluated using colony formation assay, CCK-8 assay, transwell assay and wound-healing assay. The actin cytoskeleton reorganization of PC9 and A549 cells was detected using the FITC-phalloidin fluorescence staining assay. The proteins related to EMT (N-cadherin, E-cadherin and vimentin), p- PI3K, p- AKT, p- mTOR and p- ERK1/2 were detected by Western blotting. A mouse model of lung cancer metastasis was established by utilizing 95-D cells, and the mice were treated with SSPH I by gavage. RESULTS: The results suggested that SSPH I significantly inhibited the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells under a non-cytotoxic concentration. Furthermore, SSPH I at a non-toxic concentration of 0.875 µM inhibited F-actin cytoskeleton organization. Importantly, attenuation of EMT was observed in A549 cells with upregulation in the expression of epithelial cell marker E-cadherin and downregulation of the mesenchymal cell markers vimentin as well as Ncadherin. Mechanistic studies revealed that SSPH I inhibited MAPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: SSPH I inhibited EMT, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells by suppressing MAPK/ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways, suggesting that the natural compound SSPH I could be used for inhibiting metastasis of NSCLC.

8.
Eye (Lond) ; 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between corneal stress-strain index (SSI) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1645 healthy university students from a university-based study contributed to the analysis. The RNFL thickness was measured by high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT), axial length (AL) was measured by IOL Master, and corneal biomechanics including SSI, biomechanical corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP), and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured by Corvis ST. Multivariate linear regression was performed to evaluate the relationship between the SSI and RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 19.0[Formula: see text]0.9 years, and 1132 (68.8%) were women. Lower SSI was significantly associated with thinner RNFL thickness ([Formula: see text]=8.601, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.999-14.203, [Formula: see text] = 0.003) after adjusting for age, CCT, bIOP, and AL. No significant association between SSI and RNFL was found in men, while the association was significant in women in the fully adjusted model. The association was significant in the nonhigh myopic group ([Formula: see text] for trend = 0.021) but not in the highly myopic group. Eyes with greater bIOP and lower SSI had significantly thinner RNFL thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Eyes with lower SSI had thinner RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates, especially those with higher bIOP. Our findings add novel evidence of the relationship between corneal biomechanics and retinal ganglion cell damage.

9.
Knee ; 47: 53-62, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, in the field of total joint arthroplasty (TJA), there are no studies that have demonstrated the value of the sequential application of hydrogen peroxide, povidone-iodine, and physiological saline during the surgical procedure in decreasing postoperative infections in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and in decreasing the incidence of periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) in particular. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the sequential application of hydrogen peroxide, povidone-iodine, and physiological saline in reducing postoperative infections in TKA. METHODS: The study prospectively included 4743 patients, with Group A (2371, 49.9%) receiving sequential intraoperative application of hydrogen peroxide, povidone-iodine, and physiological saline irrigation of the incision, and Group B (2372, 50.1%) receiving intraoperative application of physiological saline irrigation of the incision only, to collect the patients' baseline data and clinical characteristics, and to statistically assess the incidence of superficial infections and the PJI during the follow up period to evaluate the clinical value of the study. RESULTS: The baseline levels of patients in Groups A and B were comparable. There were 132 (2.8%) lost visits during the study period. The incidence of superficial infections within 30 days after surgery was 0.22% in Group A and 1.17% in Group B, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.007). The incidence of PJI was 0.17% in Group A and 1.26% in Group B, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P = 0.0121). CONCLUSION: Sequential application of hydrogen peroxide, povidone-iodine, and physiological saline to irrigate incision in TKA can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative superficial infections and PJI. The scientific and rational application of this therapy intraoperatively greatly reduces the incidence of PJI and postoperative superficial infections, which is of great benefit to the patient's prognosis.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Artroplastia do Joelho , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Povidona-Iodo , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Solução Salina , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Povidona-Iodo/administração & dosagem , Povidona-Iodo/uso terapêutico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/etiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Incidência
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 698: 149536, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38271834

RESUMO

The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is a transcription factor usually hyperactivated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In addition, about 14 % of HCC patients carry mutation in NRF2 or Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), a NRF2 inhibitor, both of which lead to constitutive activation of NRF2. It has been widely reported that NRF2 plays important roles in the proliferation, differentiation and metastasis of tumor cells. But as an important gene involved in antioxidation and anti-inflammation, little studies have focused on its role in tumor immune escape. Here we found that NRF2 gain-of-function mutation leads to reduced expression of STING and decreased infiltration of peripheral immune cells through which way it helps the tumor cells to evade from immune surveillance. This phenomenon can be reversed by STING overexpression. Our study also revealed that NRF2 mutation greatly reduced the effect of STING activating based immunotherapy. It is important to simultaneously inhibit the activity of NRF2 when using STING agonist for the treatment of HCC patients carrying NRF2 mutation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Membrana , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Evasão Tumoral , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Mutação , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo
11.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(2)2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38255521

RESUMO

Asphalt concrete is widely used in hydraulic structure facilities as an impermeable structure in alpine cold regions, and its dynamic mechanical properties are influenced by the strain rate and specimen size. However, the specimen size has an important effect on mechanical properties; few systematic studies have investigated on the size effect of hydraulic asphalt concrete (HAC) under dynamic or static loading rates. In the present study, four sizes of cylindrical roller-compacted hydraulic asphalt concrete (RCHAC) specimens with heights of 50 mm, 100 mm, 150 mm, and 200 mm were prepared and tested under different loading rates ranging from 10-5 s-1 to 10-2 s-1 to investigate the size effects of mechanical properties and failure modes at the temperature of 5 °C. The effect of strain rate on the size effects of the compressive strength and the elastic modulus of RCHAC have also been explored. These tests indicate that when the specimen size increases, the compressive strength and failure degree decrease, while the elastic modulus increases. When the height increases from 50 mm to 200 mm, the compressive strength at different strain rates decreased by more than 50%. Furthermore, the elastic modulus increased by about 211.8% from 0.51 GPa to 1.59 GPa at a strain rate of 10-5 s-1, and increased by 150% from 5.08 GPa to 12.71 GPa at a strain rate of 10-2 s-1. As the strain rate increases, the variation trends with the size of the compressive strength, elastic modulus, and failure degree are distinctly intensified. A modified dynamic size effect law, which incorporates both the specimen size and strain rate, is proposed and verified to illustrate the dynamic size effect for the RCHAC under different loading rates.

12.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(1): 121-132, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37401934

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the associations of corneal biomechanical properties as measured by the Corvis ST with refractive errors and ocular biometry in an unselected sample of young adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 healthy university students underwent corneal biomechanical parameters measurement by the Corvis ST. The refractive status of the participants was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. Ocular biometric parameters were measured using the IOL Master. RESULTS: After adjusting for the effect of age, sex, biomechanical-corrected intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness, axial length was significantly associated with A1 velocity (A1v, ß = -10.47), A2 velocity (A2v, ß = 4.66), A2 deflection amplitude (A2DeflA, ß = -6.02), HC deflection amplitude (HC-DeflA, ß = 5.95), HC peak distance (HC-PD, ß = 2.57), deformation amplitude ratio max (DA Rmax, ß = -0.36), Ambrósio's relational thickness to the horizontal profile (ARTh, ß = 0.002). For axial length / corneal radius ratio, only A1v (ß = -2.01), A1 deflection amplitude (A1DeflA, ß = 2.30), HC-DeflA (ß = 1.49), HC-PD (ß = -0.21), DA Rmax (ß = 0.07), stress-strain index (SSI, ß = -0.29), ARTh (ß < 0.001) were significant associates. A1v (ß = 23.18), HC-DeflA (ß = -15.36), HC-PD (ß = 1.27), DA Rmax (ß = -0.66), SSI (ß = 3.53), ARTh (ß = -0.02) were significantly associated with spherical equivalent. CONCLUSION: Myopic eyes were more likely to have more deformable corneas and corneas in high myopia were easier to deform and were even softer compared with those in the mild/moderate myopia.


Assuntos
Córnea , Miopia , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Refração Ocular , Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Miopia/diagnóstico , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
13.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 30(3): e14437, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37650345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of two or more drugs carries the potential risk of drug-drug interactions (DDIs), which may result in adverse reactions. Some human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who receive antiretroviral therapy (ART) may require general anesthesia with propofol (PRL) before undergoing surgical treatment. Both PRL and ART drugs may lead to neuronal dysfunction, which can be accompanied by energy metabolism disorders. Neurons take in glucose mainly through glucose transporter 3 (Glut3) which is specifically expressed on the cell membranes of neurons. However, to date, no study has examined whether the DDIs of PRL and ART drugs interfere with glucose metabolism and Glut3 expression in neurons. METHODS: An in vitro model was constructed using the primary cultures of neurons. PRL and ART drugs (EFV, AZT, and 3TC), were added at different concentrations (low, medium, and high). The neurons were exposed to the drugs for 1, 4, 8, and 12 h. The optimal drug concentration and exposure time were selected. The cellular survival rate, glucose concentration, electrophysiology, and the expression of Glut3 were detected. RESULTS: There were no significant changes in the cellular survival rates of the neurons that were exposed to both PRL and ART drugs at low concentrations for 1 h. However, the survival rates of the neurons decreased significantly as the drug concentrations and durations increased. The glucose concentration of the neurons that were exposed to both PRL and the ART drugs was significantly decreased. The glucose concentration of the neurons was not affected by any individual drug. The amplitude of the action potential and the expression of Glut3 were decreased in the neurons that were exposed to both PRL and ART drugs. CONCLUSIONS: The main adverse reactions induced by the DDIs between PRL and the ART drugs were decreased glucose metabolism and neuronal damage, which were caused by inhibiting the expression of Glut3. More importantly, we found that decreases in glucose metabolism predated neuronal damage.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Propofol , Humanos , Propofol/farmacologia , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 3/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Glucose/metabolismo , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/metabolismo , Interações Medicamentosas
14.
New Phytol ; 242(3): 1206-1217, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38031525

RESUMO

Copper (Cu) is essential for plant growth and development. IRON MAN (IMA) is a family of small peptides that can bind both iron (Fe) and Cu ions. It was reported that IMAs mediate Fe homeostasis in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, it remains unclear whether IMAs are involved in Cu homeostasis. The transcript abundance of IMA genes decreased in response to Cu deficiency. The combined disruption of all IMA genes caused enhanced tolerance to Cu deficiency and resulted in an increase in the transcript abundance of Cu uptake genes, whereas the overexpression of IMA1 or IMA3 led to the opposite results. Protein interaction assays indicated that IMAs interact with Cu-DEFICIENCY INDUCED TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR1 (CITF1), which is a positive regulator of the Cu uptake genes. Further studies showed that IMAs not only interfere with the DNA binding of CITF1 but also repress the transcriptional activation activity of CITF1, hence resulting in downregulation of the Cu uptake genes. Genetic analyses indicated that IMAs modulate Cu homeostasis in a CITF1-dependent manner. Our findings indicate that IMAs inhibit the functions of CITF1 in regulating Cu deficiency responses, thereby providing a conceptual framework for comprehending the regulation of Cu homeostasis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos , Humanos , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cobre/farmacologia , Cobre/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Homeostase , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
15.
Int J Surg ; 110(2): 832-838, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38000073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ondansetron has been reported to attenuate the incidence of spinal anaesthesia-induced hypotension (SAIH) and norepinephrine requirement during caesarean section. However, no quantitative study has evaluated the extent of this effect. This study aimed to determine the dose-response of prophylactic infusion of norepinephrine to prevent SAIH in parturients who received intravenous ondansetron or placebo before spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section. The median effective dose (ED 50 ) and 90% effective dose (ED 90 ) were compared to evaluate the effect of ondansetron versus placebo on the norepinephrine requirement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred fifty parturients undergoing caesarean section were randomized to receive either 0.1 mg/kg ondansetron (group O) or saline control (group C) 10 min before spinal anaesthesia. The parturients were randomly assigned to one of five different norepinephrine infusion groups: 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 or 0.10 µg/kg/min. An effective infusion dose of norepinephrine was defined as non-occurrence of hypotension during the study period. The values for ED 50 and ED 90 of norepinephrine infusion were determined using probit regression. Differences between the two groups were evaluated by comparing the relative median potency with 95% CIs. RESULTS: The ED 50 values were 0.033 (95% CIs, 0.024-0.043) µg/kg/min in group C and 0.021 (95% CIs, 0.013-0.029) µg/kg/min in group O. The ED 90 values were 0.091 (95% CIs 0.068-0.147) µg/kg/min in group C and 0.059 (95% CIs 0.044-0.089) µg/kg/min in group O, respectively. The estimate of the relative median potency for norepinephrine in group C versus group O was 0.643 (95% CIs, 0.363-0.956). The incidence of side effects was comparable between groups. No significant difference in neonatal outcomes. CONCLUSION: Intravenous ondansetron 0.1 mg/kg before spinal anaesthesia significantly reduced the dose requirement of prophylactic norepinephrine infusion in parturients undergoing elective caesarean section. This finding is potentially useful for clinical practice and further research.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Hipotensão , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Ondansetron/uso terapêutico , Norepinefrina , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Hipotensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipotensão/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego
16.
Eye (Lond) ; 38(5): 877-884, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37853107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the comparative efficacy of current interventions for the prevention of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants. METHODS: A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies from their inception to May 5, 2022. Publications were eligible for our study if they were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving preterm infants at <37 weeks of gestational age and reported the incidence of any-stage ROP treated with the interventions of interest. The overall effect was pooled using the random effects model. RESULTS: We identified 106 RCTs (involving 23894 participants). This NMA showed that vitamin A supplementation markedly reduced the incidence of ROP, in comparison with placebo (odds ratio [OR] = 0.59, 95% credible interval [95% CrI] 0.33, 0.85), fish oil-based lipid emulsion (OR = 0.57, 95% CrI 0.24, 0.90), early erythropoietin (OR = 0.51, 95% CrI 0.34, 0.98), probiotics (OR = 0.48, 95% CrI 0.32, 0.97), and human milk (OR = 0.50, 95% CrI 0.21, 0.78). Vitamin A supplementation has the highest probability of being the best option for reducing the ROP risk compared with the other 20 interventions based on its surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) value (SUCRA = 92.50%, 95% CrI 0.71, 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that among 21 interventions, vitamin A supplementation might be the best method of preventing ROP. This NMA offers an important resource for further efforts to develop preventive strategies for ROP.


Assuntos
Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Recém-Nascido , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Vitamina A , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recém-Nascido Prematuro
17.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 296-299, 2024.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1012524

RESUMO

Abstract@#The choroid is a multifunctional dynamic structure located between the sclera and the Bruch membrane, which may be involved in the regulation of eye growth and the development of myopia. Choroidal thickness may serve as an important biomarker for predicting the development of myopia and the effectiveness of myopia control treatments in children and adolescents. The study reviews and summarizes the physiological structure and measuring methods of the choroid, and discusses its influencing factors including age, physiological changes, refractive status, axial length, drug effects, optical environment and so on. The review points out the potential applications of choroidal thickness in myopia research among children and adolescents.

18.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 12(12): 13, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085247

RESUMO

Purpose: Eye movement has been frequently studied in clinical conditions, but the association with myopia has been less explored, especially in population-based samples. The purpose of this study was to assess the associations of eye movement measured by the Corvis ST with refractive status in healthy university students. Methods: A total of 1640 healthy students were included in the study (19.0 ± 0.9 years). Eye movement parameters (whole eye movement [WEM]; whole eye movement time [WEMT]) were measured by the Corvis ST. Spherical equivalent (SE) was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. IOL Master was used to assess axial length (AL). Results: AL was negatively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = -0.28, rWEMT = -0.08), and SE was positively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = 0.21, rWEMT = 0.14). For the risk of high myopia, breakpoint analysis and restricted cubic spline model showed that the knots of the significant steep downward trend of WEM and WEMT were 0.27 mm and 20.4 ms, respectively. The piecewise linear regression model revealed a significant correlation between AL, SE, and WEM when the value of WEM was below 0.27 mm. Additionally, when WEMT exceeded 20.4 ms, a significant decrease in AL and an increase in SE were observed with increasing WEMT. Conclusions: A larger distance and longer duration of eye movement were correlated with a lower degree of myopia and shorter AL, and there was a threshold effect. Translational Relevance: The findings might aid in understanding the pathogenesis of myopia and provide a theoretical foundation for clinical diagnosis and prediction.


Assuntos
Movimentos Oculares , Miopia , Humanos , Universidades , Córnea , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , Estudantes
19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 253(Pt 6): 127348, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37820904

RESUMO

The application of (R)-ω-transaminases as biocatalysts for chiral amine synthesis has been hampered by inadequate stereoselectivity and narrow substrate spectrum. Herein, an effective evolution strategy for (R)-ω-transaminase designing for the asymmetric synthesis of sitagliptin intermediate is presented. Since natural transaminases lack activity toward bulky prositagliptin ketone, transaminase scaffolds with catalytic machinery and activity toward the truncated prositagliptin ketone were firstly screened based on substrate walking principle. A transaminase chimera was established synchronously conferring catalytic activity and (R)-selectivity toward prositagliptin ketone through motif swapping, followed by stepwise evolution. The process resulted in a "best" engineered variant MwTAM8, which exhibited 79.2-fold higher activity than the chimeric scaffold MwTAMc. Structural analysis revealed that the heightened activity is mainly due to the enlarged and adaptive substrate pocket and tunnel. The novel (R)-transaminase exhibited unsatisfied industrial operation stability, which is expected to further modify the protein to enhance its tolerance to temperature, pH, and organic solvents to meet sustainable industrial demands. This study underscores a useful evolution strategy of engineering biocatalysts to confer new properties and functions on enzymes for synthesizing high-value drug intermediates.


Assuntos
Fosfato de Sitagliptina , Transaminases , Transaminases/química , Domínio Catalítico , Catálise , Cetonas/química , Especificidade por Substrato , Aminas/química
20.
Front Pharmacol ; 14: 1197056, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37608888

RESUMO

Erianin, a phytoestrogen with therapeutic potential, is one of the major active components of Dendrobll caulis. Erianin has a variety of pharmacological effects, such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic retinopathy, anti-psoriasis, and antibacterial effects. Especially, in regard to the anti-tumor effect of erianin, the underlying molecular mechanism has been partly clarified. In fact, the numerous pharmacological actions of erianin are complex and interrelated, mainly including ERK1/2, PI3K/Akt, JAK2/STAT3, HIF-1α/PD-L1, PPT1/mTOR, JNK/c-Jun, and p38 MAPK signal pathway. However, on account of the poor water solubility and the low bioavailability of erianin, greatly affected and limited its further development and application. And it is worthwhile and meaningful to explore more extensive pharmacological effects and mechanisms, clarify pharmacokinetics, and synthesize the derivatives of erianin. Conclusively, in this paper, the pharmacological effects of erianin and its mechanism, pharmacokinetics, and derivatives studies were reviewed, in order to provide a reference for the development and application of erianin.

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