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1.
Ann Hematol ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607553

RESUMO

NLRP6 plays a crucial role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis by regulating the interaction between the intestinal mucosa and the microbiota. However, the impact of NLRP6 deficiency on intestinal damage following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains poorly understood. In this study, we established a syngeneic HSCT mouse model using C57BL/6 mice as donors and NLRP6-/- or C57BL/6 mice as recipients. Our findings revealed that NLRP6 deficiency had minimal influence on peripheral blood cell counts and splenic immune cell proportions in transplanted mice. However, it exacerbated pathological changes in the small intestine on day 14 post-transplantation, accompanied by increased proportions of macrophages, dendritic cells, and neutrophils. Furthermore, the NLRP6 deficiency resulted in elevated expression of MPO and CD11b, while reducing the levels mature caspase-1 and mature IL-1ß in the intestine. Moreover, the NLRP6 deficiency disturbed the expression of apoptosis-related molecules and decreased the tight junction protein occludin. Notably, recipient mice with NLRP6 deficiency exhibited lower mRNA expression levels of antimicrobial genes, such as Reg3γ and Pla2g2a. The short-term increase in inflammatory cell infiltration caused by NLRP6 deficiency was associated with intestinal damage, increased apoptosis, reduced expression of antimicrobial peptides, and impaired intestinal repair. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that the loss of NLRP6 exacerbates post-transplantation intestinal damage in recipient mice.

2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 314: 124203, 2024 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565047

RESUMO

This study investigates the challenges encountered in utilizing portable near-infrared (NIR) spectrometers in agriculture, specifically in developing predictive models with high accuracy and robust generalization abilities despite limited spectral resolution and small sample sizes. The research concentrates on the near-infrared spectra of corn feed, utilizing spectral processing techniques and CNNs to precisely estimate crude protein content. Five preprocessing methods were implemented alongside two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy, resulting in the development of both one-dimensional (1D) and 2D regression models. A comparative analysis of these models in predicting crude protein content demonstrated that 1D-CNNs exhibited superior predictive performance within the 1D category. For the 2D models, CropNet and CropResNet were utilized, with CropResNet demonstrating more accurate and superior predictive capabilities. Overall, the integration of 2D correlation spectroscopy with suitable preprocessing techniques in deep learning models, particularly the 2D CropResNet, proved to be more precise in predicting the crude protein content in corn feed. This finding emphasis the potential of this approach in the portable spectrometer market.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Zea mays , Proteínas , Agricultura
3.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1362718, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633229

RESUMO

Background: The 24-Hour Movement Guidelines (24-HMG) recommend a balanced combination of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior (SB) and sleep (SLP) for optimal health. However, there is limited understanding of how well U.S. adolescents adhere to these guidelines. This study aims to analyze the prevalence trends of meeting the 24-HMG among a nationally representative sample of U.S. general adolescents. Methods: The study included 2,273 adolescents (55.3% boys) aged 16-19 who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) from 2007 to 2016. The researchers categorized the adolescents based on whether they met various PA, SB, and SLP recommendations, as well as different combinations of these recommendations, separately for boys and girls. The prevalence rate, weighted by survey data, was calculated along with a 95% confidence interval (CI) to assess the changes in meeting the 24-HMG among U.S. adolescents across different survey years and sociodemographic subgroups. Results: In the 2015-2016 cycle, approximately 6.3% of adolescents did not meet any of the three recommendations, while only 19.2% of adolescents achieved all three guidelines. Compliance with PA and SB recommendations among adolescents has decreased over time, from 72.5% (65.9% to 79.2%) to 64.2% (57.4% to 70.9%) for PA, and from 59.0% (49.6% to 68.4%) to 46.6% (37.8% to 55.5%) for SB, respectively, from 2007-2008 cycle to 2015-2016 cycle. Boys exhibited more favorable patterns in meeting different sets of recommendations compared to girls (p-value <0.001). This includes meeting both PA and SB guidelines (15.5% for boys and 11.1% for girls) and meeting both PA and SLP guidelines (19.5% for boys and 15.7% for girls). The level of parental education was found to have effect on meeting all three guidelines (Ptrend < 0.05). Conclusion: We analyzed ten consecutive years of representative NHANES data to evaluate the prevalence meeting 24-HMG and found that the proportion of adolescents aged 16-19 in the U.S. who adhered to all three movement guidelines simultaneously has consistently remained low throughout each survey cycle. Notably, there has been a significant decline in the proportion of adolescents meeting the SB guideline.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Comportamento Sedentário , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Psychiatry Res ; 336: 115894, 2024 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38598946

RESUMO

Social determinants of health (SDoH) have been linked to a higher likelihood of experiencing mental health problems. This study aimed to investigate whether the accumulation of unfavorable SDoH is associated with depression symptom. Data was gathered from a representative population participating in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning from 2005 to 2018. Self-reported SDoH were operationalized according to the criteria outlined in Healthy People 2030, with a cumulative measure of unfavorable SDoH calculated for analysis. The presence of depression symptom was identified using the Patient Health Questionnaire in a representative sample of 30,762 participants (49.2 % males) representing 1,392 million non-institutionalized U.S. adults, with 2,675 (8.7 %) participants showing depression symptom. Unfavorable SDoH were found to be significantly and independently associated with depression symptom. Individuals facing multiple unfavorable SDoHs were more likely to experience depression symptom (P for trend < 0.001). For instance, a positive association was observed in participants exposed to six or more unfavorable SDoHs with depression symptom (AOR = 3.537, 95 % CI: 1.781, 7.075, P-value < 0.001). The findings emphasize that the likelihood of developing depression symptom significantly increases when multiple SDoHs are present, compared to just a single SDoH.

5.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1321195, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38646435

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presents a malignant pathology known for its high early recurrence rate following curative treatment, significantly impacting patient prognosis. Currently, effective strategies to mitigate early HCC recurrence remain undetermined. In this report, we document a case of HCC managed with curative radiofrequency ablation (RFA), particularly in a patient facing a high risk of early recurrence due to a substantial tumor size. In an effort to forestall recurrence, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) were preemptively administered for 6 months post-RFA. Despite this, early recurrence ensued upon ICIs cessation. Traditionally, the approach to advanced HCC has been conservative, yet recent years have seen promising outcomes with ICIs in advanced HCC. However, research on ICIs retreatment is limited. In the short term, this patient experienced widespread metastases post-ICIs discontinuation, yet exhibited prompt regression upon ICIs reinitiation. Notably, this represents the initial documented instance of employing ICIs to forestall recurrence subsequent to curative RFA in HCC. Following ICIs discontinuation, diffuse recurrence with multiple metastases emerged, with successful resolution upon ICIs retreatment.

6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(9): 1108-1120, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although chronic erosive gastritis (CEG) is common, its clinical characteristics have not been fully elucidated. The lack of consensus regarding its treatment has resulted in varied treatment regimens. AIM: To explore the clinical characteristics, treatment patterns, and short-term outcomes in CEG patients in China. METHODS: We recruited patients with chronic non-atrophic or mild-to-moderate atrophic gastritis with erosion based on endoscopy and pathology. Patients and treating physicians completed a questionnaire regarding history, endoscopic findings, and treatment plans as well as a follow-up questionnaire to investigate changes in symptoms after 4 wk of treatment. RESULTS: Three thousand five hundred sixty-three patients from 42 centers across 24 cities in China were included. Epigastric pain (68.0%), abdominal distension (62.6%), and postprandial fullness (47.5%) were the most common presenting symptoms. Gastritis was classified as chronic non-atrophic in 69.9% of patients. Among those with erosive lesions, 72.1% of patients had lesions in the antrum, 51.0% had multiple lesions, and 67.3% had superficial flat lesions. In patients with epigastric pain, the combination of a mucosal protective agent (MPA) and proton pump inhibitor was more effective. For those with postprandial fullness, acid regurgitation, early satiety, or nausea, a MPA appeared more promising. CONCLUSION: CEG is a multifactorial disease which is common in Asian patients and has non-specific symptoms. Gastroscopy may play a major role in its detection and diagnosis. Treatment should be individualized based on symptom profile.


Assuntos
Gastrite Atrófica , Gastrite , Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Úlcera Gástrica , Humanos , Gastrite/diagnóstico , Gastrite/tratamento farmacológico , Gastrite/epidemiologia , Gastrite Atrófica/diagnóstico , Gastrite Atrófica/epidemiologia , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Úlcera Gástrica/patologia , Gastroscopia , Dor , Estilo de Vida , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia
7.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(2): 189-194, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) on platelet count (PLT) and liver function in acute liver failure (ALF) rats by observing the dynamic changes of PLT, thrombopoietin (TPO) and liver function during ALF. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into model group, TPO group and interleukin-11 (IL-11) group using a random number table method, with eight rats in each group. All rats were intraperitoneally injected with D-galactosamine (D-GalN, 1 500 mg/kg, dosed within 72 hours) to induce the ALF model. After modeling, rats in TPO group was received subcutaneous injection of 15 µg/kg of rhTPO for 5 days, and rats in IL-11 group was received subcutaneous injection of 0.45 mg/kg of IL-11 for 5 days. Venous blood samples were collected before and at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 12 days after molding for whole blood cell detection. The level of TPO in serum was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Liver function indexes including serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil) and albumin (ALB) were measured before and at 1, 3 and 5 days after modeling. The rats were sacrificed 12 days after the modeling, and the pathological changes of liver tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. RESULTS: Two rats in each group died within 24-48 hours after modeling. HE staining showed that all three groups of ALF rats showed large flake necrosis of hepatocytes, disorder of hepatic lobular structure, mesh scaffold collapse, hepatic sinus congestion and hemorrhage, and flake infiltration of inflammatory cells on day 12 after modeling. The levels of serum ALT, AST and TBil of rats in each group were significantly increased 1 day after modeling and then decreased. The level of ALB decreased significantly on the first day after modeling and then increased, but there was no significant difference in the trend of liver function indexes among the three groups. PLT in the three groups decreased rapidly on day 1 after modeling, and then recovered gradually with the improvement of liver function. The PLT of the TPO group rose to the peak value 7 days after molding and was significantly higher than that of the model group [PLT (×109/L): 1 673.3±347.5 vs. 855.3±447.0, P < 0.05], while there was no significant difference between the IL-11 group and the model group [PLT (×109/L): 1 350.3±386.6 vs. 855.3±447.0, P > 0.05]. The level of serum TPO of the three groups increased significantly on day 1 after modeling, then decreased, and dropped to the lowest value on day 5, but there was no significant difference in the trend of serum TPO level among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: PLT in ALF rats decreased rapidly in the early stage and recovered gradually with the improvement of liver function, and the serum TPO level increased first and then decreased. Injection of rhTPO can significantly increase PLT in ALF rats, but has no significant effect on liver function and survival rate.


Assuntos
Falência Hepática Aguda , Trombopoetina , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Trombopoetina/farmacologia , Interleucina-11/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Plaquetas , Falência Hepática Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS) , Albuminas
8.
Nano Lett ; 24(13): 3986-3993, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501960

RESUMO

Atomically thin cuprates exhibiting a superconducting phase transition temperature similar to that of the bulk have recently been realized, although the device fabrication remains a challenge and limits the potential for many novel studies and applications. Here, we use an optical pump-probe approach to noninvasively study the unconventional superconductivity in atomically thin Bi2Sr2Ca0.92Y0.08Cu2O8+δ (Y-Bi2212). Apart from finding an optical response due to the superconducting phase transition that is similar to that of bulk Y-Bi2212, we observe that the sign and amplitude of the pump-probe signal in atomically thin flakes vary significantly in different dielectric environments depending on the nature of the optical excitation. By exploiting the spatial resolution of the optical probe, we uncover the exceptional sensitivity of monolayer Y-Bi2212 to the environment. Our results provide the first optical evidence for the intralayer nature of the superconducting condensate in Bi2212 and highlight the role of double-sided encapsulation in preserving superconductivity in atomically thin cuprates.

9.
iScience ; 27(4): 109315, 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38487547

RESUMO

As the only cell type responsible for oxygen delivery, erythrocytes play a crucial role in supplying oxygen to hypoxic tissues, ensuring their normal functions. Hypoxia commonly occurs under physiological or pathological conditions, and understanding how erythrocytes adapt to hypoxia is fundamental for exploring the mechanisms of hypoxic diseases. Additionally, investigating acute and chronic mountain sickness caused by plateaus, which are naturally hypoxic environments, will aid in the study of hypoxic diseases. In recent years, increasingly developed proteomics and metabolomics technologies have become powerful tools for studying mature enucleated erythrocytes, which has significantly contributed to clarifying how hypoxia affects erythrocytes. The aim of this article is to summarize the composition of the cytoskeleton and cytoplasmic proteins of hypoxia-altered erythrocytes and explore the impact of hypoxia on their essential functions. Furthermore, we discuss the role of microRNAs in the adaptation of erythrocytes to hypoxia, providing new perspectives on hypoxia-related diseases.

10.
Biotechnol J ; 19(3): e2300687, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479994

RESUMO

Developing an accurate and reliable model for chromatographic separation that meets regulatory requirements and ensures consistency in model development remains challenging. In order to address this challenge, a standardized approach was proposed in this study with ion-exchange chromatography (IEC). The approach includes the following steps: liquid flow identification, system and column-specific parameters determination and validation, multi-component system identification, protein amount validation, steric mass action parameters determination and evaluation, and validation of the calibrated model's generalization ability. The parameter-by-parameter (PbP) calibration method and the consideration of extra-column effects were integrated to enhance the accuracy of the developed models. The experiments designed for implementing the PbP method (five gradient experiments for model calibration and one stepwise experiment for model validation) not only streamline the experimental workload but also ensure the extrapolation abilities of the model. The effectiveness of the standardized approach is successfully validated through an application about the IEC separation of industrial antibody variants, and satisfactory results were observed with R2 ≈ 0.9 for the majority of calibration and validation experiments. The standardized approach proposed in this work contributes significantly to improve the accuracy and reliability of the developed IEC models. Models developed using this standardized approach are ready to be applied to a broader range of industrial separation systems, and are likely find further applications in model-assisted decision-making of process development.


Assuntos
Proteínas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cromatografia por Troca Iônica/métodos , Adsorção , Calibragem
11.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 253: 116196, 2024 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467101

RESUMO

Developing rapid, accurate and convenient nucleic acid diagnostic techniques is essential for the prevention and control of contagious diseases that are prone to gene mutations and may have homologous sequences, especially emerging infectious diseases such as the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Herein, a one-pot SERS assay integrating isothermal cascade signal amplification strategy (i.e., CRISPR/Cas13a system (Cas13a) and catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA), Cas13a-CHA) and SERS-active silver nanorods (AgNRs) sensing chips was proposed for rapid and accurate detection of disease-related nucleic acids. Taking SARS-CoV-2 RNA assay as a model, the Cas13a-CHA based SERS sensing strategy can achieve ultra-high sensitivity low to 5.18 × 102 copies·mL-1 within 60 min, and excellent specificity, i.e., not only the ability to identify SARS-CoV-2 RNA from gene mutations, but also incompatibility with coronaviruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV), and other respiratory viruses. The proposed Cas13a-CHA based SERS assay for SARS-CoV-2 RNA has satisfactory sensitivity, specificity, uniformity, and repeatability, and can be easily expanded and universalized for screening different viruses, which is expected to promise as a crucial role for diagnosis of disease-related nucleic acids in various medical application scenarios.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ácidos Nucleicos , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , RNA Viral/genética , Bioensaio , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico
12.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 35(2): 102155, 2024 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495844

RESUMO

Endometrial cancer (EC), the second most common malignancy in the female reproductive system, has garnered increasing attention for its genomic heterogeneity, but understanding of its metabolic characteristics is still poor. We explored metabolic dysfunctions in EC through a comprehensive multi-omics analysis (RNA-seq datasets from The Cancer Genome Atlas [TCGA], Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia [CCLE], and GEO datasets; the Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium [CPTAC] proteomics; CCLE metabolomics) to develop useful molecular targets for precision therapy. Unsupervised consensus clustering was performed to categorize EC patients into three metabolism-pathway-based subgroups (MPSs). These MPS subgroups had distinct clinical prognoses, transcriptomic and genomic alterations, immune microenvironment landscape, and unique patterns of chemotherapy sensitivity. Moreover, the MPS2 subgroup had a better response to immunotherapy. Finally, three machine learning algorithms (LASSO, random forest, and stepwise multivariate Cox regression) were used for developing a prognostic metagene signature based on metabolic molecules. Thus, a 13-hub gene-based classifier was constructed to predict patients' MPS subtypes, offering a more accessible and practical approach. This metabolism-based classification system can enhance prognostic predictions and guide clinical strategies for immunotherapy and metabolism-targeted therapy in EC.

13.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478297

RESUMO

Various SARS-CoV-2-related coronaviruses have been increasingly identified in pangolins, showing a potential threat to humans. Here we report the infectivity and pathogenicity of the SARS-CoV-2-related virus, PCoV-GX/P2V, which was isolated from a Malayan pangolin (Manis javanica). PCoV-GX/P2V could grow in human hepatoma, colorectal adenocarcinoma cells, and human primary nasal epithelial cells. It replicated more efficiently in cells expressing human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2) as SARS-CoV-2 did. After intranasal inoculation to the hACE2-transgenic mice, PCoV-GX/P2V not only replicated in nasal turbinate and lungs, but also caused interstitial pneumonia, characterized by infiltration of mixed inflammatory cells and multifocal alveolar hemorrhage. Existing population immunity established by SARS-CoV-2 infection and vaccination may not protect people from PCoV-GX/P2V infection. These findings further verify the hACE2 utility of PCoV-GX/P2V by in vivo experiments using authentic viruses and highlight the importance for intensive surveillance to prevent possible cross-species transmission.

14.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2137, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459019

RESUMO

Translational control is crucial for protein production in various biological contexts. Here, we use Ribo-seq and RNA-seq to show that genes related to oxidative phosphorylation are translationally downregulated during heart regeneration. We find that Nat10 regulates the expression of Uqcr11 and Uqcrb mRNAs in mouse and human cardiomyocytes. In mice, overexpression of Nat10 in cardiomyocytes promotes cardiac regeneration and improves cardiac function after injury. Conversely, treating neonatal mice with Remodelin-a Nat10 pharmacological inhibitor-or genetically removing Nat10 from their cardiomyocytes both inhibit heart regeneration. Mechanistically, Nat10 suppresses the expression of Uqcr11 and Uqcrb independently of its ac4C enzyme activity. This suppression weakens mitochondrial respiration and enhances the glycolytic capacity of the cardiomyocytes, leading to metabolic reprogramming. We also observe that the expression of Nat10 is downregulated in the cardiomyocytes of P7 male pig hearts compared to P1 controls. The levels of Nat10 are also lower in female human failing hearts than non-failing hearts. We further identify the specific binding regions of Nat10, and validate the pro-proliferative effects of Nat10 in cardiomyocytes derived from human embryonic stem cells. Our findings indicate that Nat10 is an epigenetic regulator during heart regeneration and could potentially become a clinical target.


Assuntos
Miócitos Cardíacos , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Acetiltransferases N-Terminal/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Suínos
15.
Phytomedicine ; 128: 155499, 2024 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persicaria capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross (P. capitata, PCB), a traditional drug of the Miao people in China, is potential traditional drug used for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN). PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the function of P. capitata and clarify its protective mechanism against DN. METHODS: We induced DN in the Guizhou miniature pig with injections of streptozotocin, and P. capitata was added to the pigs' diet to treat DN. In week 16, all the animals were slaughtered, samples were collected, and the relative DN indices were measured. 16S rRNA sequencing, metagenomics, metabolomics, RNA sequencing, and proteomics were used to explore the protective mechanism of P. capitata against DN. RESULTS: Dietary supplementation with P. capitata significantly reduced the extent of the disease, not only in term of the relative disease indices but also in hematoxylin-eosin-stained tissues. A multiomic analysis showed that two microbes (Clostridium baratii and Escherichia coli), five metabolites (oleic acid, linoleic acid, 4-phenylbutyric acid, 18-ß-glycyrrhetinic acid, and ergosterol peroxide), four proteins (ENTPD5, EPHX1, ARVCF and TREH), four important mRNAs (encoding ENTPD5, EPHX1, ARVCF, and TREH), six lncRNAs (TCONS_00024194, TCONS_00085825, TCONS_00006937, TCONS_00070981, TCONS_00074099, and TCONS_00097913), and two circRNAs (novel_circ_0001514 and novel_circ_0017507) are all involved in the protective mechanism of P. capitata against DN. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide multidimensional theoretical support for the study and application of P. capitata.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1339146, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38449811

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis is essential for maintaining human health, and once imbalanced, it will trigger endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), which participates in the development of digestive system tumors and other diseases. ERS has dual effect on tumor cells, activating adaptive responses to promote survival or inducing apoptotic pathways to accelerate cell death of the tumor. Recent studies have demonstrated that Chinese botanical drug extracts can affect the tumor process of the digestive system by regulating ERS and exert anticancer effects. This article summarizes the dual effect of ERS in the process of digestive system tumors and the intervention of Chinese botanical drug extracts in recent years, as reference for the combined treatment of digestive system tumors with Chinese and modern medicine.

17.
Poult Sci ; 103(5): 103582, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457989

RESUMO

Small peptides are nutrients and bioactive molecules that have dual regulatory effects on nutrition and physiology. They are of great significance for maintaining the intestinal health and production performance of broilers. We here cultured the primary small intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) of chicken in a medium containing L-Leu (Leu) and L-Leu-L-Leu (Leu-Leu) for 24 h. The untreated cells were considered as the control group. The growth, proliferation, and apoptosis of IEC were examined. By combining RNA-seq and label-free sequencing technology, candidate genes, proteins, and pathways related to the growth, proliferation, and apoptosis of IEC were screened. Immunofluorescence detection revealed that the purity of the isolated primary IEC was >90%. The Leu-Leu group significantly promoted IEC growth and proliferation and significantly inhibited IEC apoptosis, and the effect was better than those of the Leu and control groups. Using transcriptome sequencing, four candidate genes, CCL20, IL8L1, IL8, and IL6, were screened in the Leu group, and one candidate gene, IL8, was screened in the Leu-Leu group. Two candidate genes, IL6 and RGN, were screened in the Leu-Leu group compared with the Leu group. Nonquantitative proteomic marker sequencing results revealed that through the screening of candidate proteins and pathways, found one growth-related candidate protein PGM3 and three proliferation-related candidate proteins RPS17, RPS11, and RPL23, and two apoptosis-related candidate proteins GPX4 and PDPK1 were found in the Leu-Leu group compared with Leu group. In short, Leu-Leu could promote IEC growth and proliferation and inhibit IEC apoptosis. On combining transcriptome and proteome sequencing technologies, multiple immune- and energy-related regulatory signal pathways were found to be related to IEC growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. Three candidate genes of IL8, IL6, and RGN were identified, and six candidate proteins of PGM3, RPS17, RPS11, RPL23, GPX4, and PDPK1 were involved in IEC growth, proliferation, and apoptosis. The results provide valuable data for preliminarily elucidating small peptide-mediated IEC regulation pathways, improving the small peptide nutrition theoretical system, and establishing small peptide nutrition regulation technology.

18.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(2): 584-591, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Shixiao Huoxue Decoction on pain and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-8 levels in patients with adenomyosis. METHODS: A total of 65 patients with adenomyosis admitted to South District of Guang'anmen Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were divided into two groups according to the treatment methods. The control group was treated with pregnatrienone, and the study group was treated with additional Shixiaohuoxue decoction. The incidence of complications, treatment efficacy, levels of inflammatory factors, Traditional Chinese Medicine symptom score, dysmenorrhea score, menstrual volume score, dysmenorrhea symptom score, changes in uterine volume, level of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and changes in the level of carbohydrate antigen (CA125) were observed before and after treatment in both two groups. Univariate Logistic analysis showed that uterine volume, IGF-1, CA125, serum IL-8 and TNF-α were correlated with the short-term efficacy of Meixiaohuoxue Decoction in the treatment of uterine adenomyosis (P<0.05). RESULTS: The levels of IL-8 and TNF-α in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment (P<0.05). The scores of dyspareunia and non-menstrual pelvic pain in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The overall response rate in the study group (93.75%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (66.66%) (P<0.05). The scores of Traditional Chinese Medicine symptoms, dysmenorrhea, menstrual volume, and dysmenorrhea symptoms in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment (P<0.05). The IGF-1 and CA125 levels in the study group were significantly lower than those in the control group after treatment (P<0.05). However, no significant difference in uterine volume was found between the two groups after treatment (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Xiaoxiao Huoxue Decoction demonstrated a better treatment efficacy in patients with adenomyosis through improving dysmenorrhea and Traditional Chinese Medicine symptoms, as well as reducing the levels of body inflammatory factors, non-menstrual pelvic pain, and dyspareunia, thus contributing to early recovery of patients. Therefore, Xiaoxiao Huoxue Decoction is worthy of promotion in clinical treatment of adenomyosis.

19.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(2): 550-556, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the pathologic production and extracellular tissue deposition of fibrillar proteins derived from immunoglobulin AL fragments secreted by a clone of plasma cells, which leads to progressive dysfunction of the affected organs. The two most commonly affected organs are the heart and kidneys, and liver is rarely the dominant affected organ with only 3.9% of cases, making them prone to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 65-year-old woman was admitted with a 3-mo history of progressive jaundice and marked hepatomegaly. Initially, based on enhanced computed tomography scan and angiography, Budd-Chiari syndrome was considered and balloon dilatation of significant hepatic vein stenoses was performed. However, additional diagnostic procedures, including liver biopsy and bone marrow-examination, revealed immunoglobulin kapa AL amyloidosis with extensive liver involvement and hepatic vascular compression. The disease course was progressive and fatal, and the patient eventually died 5 mo after initial presentation of symptoms. CONCLUSION: AL amyloidosis with isolated liver involvement is very rare, and can be easily misdiagnosed as a vascular disease.

20.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 296: 275-279, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To report the results of a mesh-less laparoscopic extraperitoneal linear suspension technique for the treatment of post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse (PHVP). STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was conducted collecting medical records of 41 patients with symptomatic PHVP treated between November 2017 to November 2019 in Gynecologic department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital. All patients had Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) scores indicating stage 3-4 PHVP and underwent mesh-less laparoscopic extraperitoneal linear suspension.The primary outcome was the subjective satisfaction rate based on responses to validated questionnaires. The secondary outcomes were the objective anatomical cure rate based on POP-Q scores and complication rates. All listed parameters were determined before the surgery and at control examinations in 1 year and 3 years after the treatment. RESULTS: The operation was completed successfully without serious complications in all patients. Mean operation time was 53.8 mins. Comparison of the scores by the questionnaires revealed a significant improvement in the quality of life in the postoperative period.The subjective satisfaction rates were 100 % (41/41) and 95 % (38/40) at 1 year and 3 years after surgery. The objective cure rates were 100 % (41/41) and 97.5 % (39/40) at 1 year and 3 years after surgery, respectively. During the follow-up, none of the patients experienced suture exposure, infection, chronic pelvic pain, or other related complications. CONCLUSION: The mesh-less laparoscopic extraperitoneal linear suspension technique avoids the use of implantable synthetic mesh. It has been shown to lead to favorable postoperative outcomes, considerable patient contentment, and low complication rates. It offers a new, cost-effective treatment option for PHVP patients.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Humanos , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Laparoscopia/métodos
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