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1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1305713, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323109

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the associations between hemoglobin (HGB) levels and bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) population of different ages. Method: This cross-sectional study included 641 patients with T2DM (57.9% males). BMD of the femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH), and lumbar spine (LS) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The 10-year probability of fracture was assessed using a fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX). HGB and other biochemical indices were measured in a certified laboratory at our hospital. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 26.0 and R language (R version 4.1.0). Generalized additive models (GAMs) were used to identify the associations between HGB and BMD and fracture risk. Results: Patients with osteoporosis have lower HGB levels than the non-osteoporotic population and lower FN BMD in patients with anemia than in the non-anemic population. In patients with T2DM, there was sex- and age-related variability in the correlation between HGB levels and BMDs and fracture risk. In older men, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and was positively correlated with FN and TH BMD. In non-older women, HGB level was an independent determinant of BMD and fracture risk, positively associated with BMDs and negatively associated with 10-year probability of fracture risk. GAMs revealed a positive linear association between HGB level and BMDs in non-older female patients but not in older male patients. Conclusion: Our study provides a new perspective on the association of HGB level and BMDs with fracture risk. Relatively high HGB levels are a protective factor for bone quality in patients with T2DM. However, the bone-protective effect of HGB is influenced by age and sex and persists only in older men and non-older women with T2DM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Densidade Óssea , Hemoglobinas , Colo do Fêmur , Probabilidade
2.
Cancer Pathog Ther ; 2(1): 31-37, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328709

RESUMO

Background: Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted agents have significantly improved the outcomes of patients with HER2-positive breast cancer; however, a large proportion of patients still develop resistance to trastuzumab. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of inetetamab, another anti-HER2 antibody, combined with pyrotinib and oral vinorelbine in patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer so as to provide new ideas for the treatment. Methods: In this prospective, single-arm, phase 2 trial, patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer with disease progression after trastuzumab were recruited. Patients received a combination of inetetamab (loading dose of 8 mg/kg and subsequent doses of 6 mg/kg intravenously once every 3 weeks), pyrotinib (400 mg orally once daily), and vinorelbine (60 mg/m2 orally once weekly) until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), disease control rate (DCR), and safety. Results: Between February 13, 2022 and December 25, 2022, 30 patients were screened and enrolled in this study. The median age of the patients at enrollment was 54 years, 12 patients (40.0 %) had hormone-receptor-positive disease and 23 patients (76.7 %) had visceral metastasis. The median PFS was 8.63 months (95 % confidence interval [CI] 4.15-13.12 months). The median OS was not reached. The ORR was 53.3 % (16/30) and the DCR was 96.7 % (29/30). The most common Grade III/IV adverse events were leukopenia (n = 5, 16.7 %), neutropenia (n = 4, 13.3 %), and diarrhea (n = 3, 10 %). No treatment-related serious adverse events or deaths occurred. Conclusions: The combination regimen of inetetamab, pyrotinib, and oral vinorelbine showed encouraging efficacy and favorable safety in patients with HER2-positive advanced breast cancer and could be considered as an alternative treatment option for the patients. Trial registration: No.NCT05823623; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/.

3.
Cell Host Microbe ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309260

RESUMO

In plant immunity, phosphatidic acid (PA) regulates reactive oxygen species (ROS) by binding to respiratory burst oxidase homolog D (RBOHD), an NADPH oxidase responsible for ROS production. Here, we analyze the influence of PA binding on RBOHD activity and the mechanism of RBOHD-bound PA generation. PA binding enhances RBOHD protein stability by inhibiting vacuolar degradation, thereby increasing chitin-induced ROS production. Mutations in diacylglycerol kinase 5 (DGK5), which phosphorylates diacylglycerol to produce PA, impair chitin-induced PA and ROS production. The DGK5 transcript DGK5ß (but not DGK5α) complements reduced PA and ROS production in dgk5-1 mutants, as well as resistance to Botrytis cinerea. Phosphorylation of S506 residue in the C-terminal calmodulin-binding domain of DGK5ß contributes to the activation of DGK5ß to produce PA. These findings suggest that DGK5ß-derived PA regulates ROS production by inhibiting RBOHD protein degradation, elucidating the role of PA-ROS interplay in immune response regulation.

4.
Front Genet ; 15: 1349673, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317660

RESUMO

Background: C2H2-zinc finger transcription factors comprise one of the largest and most diverse gene superfamilies and are involved in the transcriptional regulation of flowering. Although a large number of C2H2 zinc-finger proteins (C2H2-ZFPs) have been well characterized in a number of model plant species, little is known about their expression and function in Coptis teeta. C. teeta displays two floral phenotypes (herkogamy phenotypes). It has been proposed that the C2H2-zinc finger transcription factor family may play a crucial role in the formation of floral development and herkogamy observed in C. teeta. As such, we performed a genome-wide analysis of the C2H2-ZFP gene family in C. teeta. Results: The complexity and diversity of C. teeta C2H2 zinc finger proteins were established by evaluation of their physicochemical properties, phylogenetic relationships, exon-intron structure, and conserved motifs. Chromosome localization showed that 95 members of the C2H2 zinc-finger genes were unevenly distributed across the nine chromosomes of C. teeta, and that these genes were replicated in tandem and segmentally and had undergone purifying selection. Analysis of cis-acting regulatory elements revealed a possible involvement of C2H2 zinc-finger proteins in the regulation of phytohormones. Transcriptome data was then used to compare the expression levels of these genes during the growth and development of the two floral phenotypes (F-type and M-type). These data demonstrate that in groups A and B, the expression levels of 23 genes were higher in F-type flowers, while 15 genes showed higher expressions in M-type flowers. qRT-PCR analysis further revealed that the relative expression was highly consistent with the transcriptome data. Conclusion: These data provide a solid basis for further in-depth studies of the C2H2 zinc finger transcription factor gene family in this species and provide preliminary information on which to base further research into the role of the C2H2 ZFPs gene family in floral development in C. teeta.

5.
Viral Immunol ; 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324005

RESUMO

Hantaan virus (HTNV) is prevalent in Eurasia. It causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play key roles in regulating innate immunity. Among these, lncRNA negative regulator of interferon response (NRIR) was reported as an inhibitor of several interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes. Our results showed that: NRIR expression was upregulated by HTNV infection in a type I IFN-dependent manner. The expression of NRIR in CD14+ monocytes from HFRS patients in acute phase was significantly higher than that in convalescent phase and healthy controls. HTNV infection in some HTNV-compatible cells was promoted by NRIR. NRIR negatively regulated innate immunity, especially IFITM3 expression. Localized in the nucleus, NRIR bound with HNRNPC, and knockdown of HNRNPC significantly weakened the effect of NRIR in promoting HTNV infection and restored IFITM3 expression. These results indicated that NRIR regulates the innate immune response against HTNV infection possibly through its interaction with HNRNPC and its influence on IFITM3.

7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4422, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388534

RESUMO

The global diagnosis rate and mortality of gastric cancer (GC) are among the highest. Ferroptosis and iron-metabolism have a profound impact on tumor development and are closely linked to cancer treatment and patient's prognosis. In this study, we identified six PRDEGs (prognostic ferroptosis- and iron metabolism-related differentially expressed genes) using LASSO-penalized Cox regression analysis. The TCGA cohort was used to establish a prognostic risk model, which allowed us to categorize GC patients into the high- and the low-risk groups based on the median value of the risk scores. Our study demonstrated that patients in the low-risk group had a higher probability of survival compared to those in the high-risk group. Furthermore, the low-risk group exhibited a higher tumor mutation burden (TMB) and a longer 5-year survival period when compared to the high-risk group. In summary, the prognostic risk model, based on the six genes associated with ferroptosis and iron-metabolism, performs well in predicting the prognosis of GC patients.

8.
BMC Pediatr ; 24(1): 136, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)-assisted training on lower limb motor function in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP). METHOD: Thirty-one children with HCP who met the inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into a control group (n = 16) and an experimental group (n = 15). The control group received routine rehabilitation treatment for 30 min each time, twice a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. Based on the control group, the experimental group received rTMS for 20 min each time, once a day, 5 days a week for 4 weeks. The outcome measures included a 10-metre walk test (10MWT), a 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) test, D- and E-zone gross motor function measurements (GMFM), the symmetry ratio of the step length and stance time and the muscle tone of the triceps surae and the hamstrings (evaluated according to the modified Ashworth scale), which were obtained in both groups of children before and after treatment. RESULTS: After training, the 10MWT (P < 0.05), 6MWD (P < 0.01), GMFM (P < 0.001) and the symmetry ratio of the step length and stance time of the two groups were significantly improved (P < 0.05), there was more of an improvement in the experimental group compared with the control group. There was no significant change in the muscle tone of the hamstrings between the two groups before and after treatment (P > 0.05). After treatment, the muscle tone of the triceps surae in the experimental group was significantly reduced (P < 0.05), but there was no significant change in the control group (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Repetitive TMS-assisted training can improve lower limb motor function in children with HCP.


Assuntos
Paralisia Cerebral , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Criança , Humanos , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Caminhada , Extremidade Inferior
9.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 215, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383737

RESUMO

Blocking immune checkpoint CD47/SIRPα is a useful strategy to engineer macrophages for cancer immunotherapy. However, the roles of CD47-related noncoding RNA in regulating macrophage phagocytosis for lung cancer therapy remain unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) on the phagocytosis of macrophage via CD47 and the proliferation of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via TIPRL. Our results demonstrate that lncRNA KCTD21-AS1 increases in NSCLC tissues and is associated with poor survival of patients. KCTD21-AS1 and its m6A modification by Mettl14 promote NSCLC cell proliferation. miR-519d-5p gain suppresses the proliferation and metastasis of NSCLC cells by regulating CD47 and TIPRL. Through ceRNA with miR-519d-5p, KCTD21-AS1 regulates the expression of CD47 and TIPRL, which further regulates macrophage phagocytosis and cancer cell autophagy. Low miR-519d-5p in patients with NSCLC corresponds with poor survival. High TIPRL or CD47 levels in patients with NSCLC corresponds with poor survival. In conclusion, we demonstrate that KCTD21-AS1 and its m6A modification promote NSCLC cell proliferation, whereas miR-519d-5p inhibits this process by regulating CD47 and TIPRL expression, which further affects macrophage phagocytosis and cell autophagy. This study provides a strategy through miR-519-5p gain or KCTD21-AS1 depletion for NSCLC therapy by regulating CD47 and TIPRL.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Antígeno CD47/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Autofagia/genética , Fagocitose , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular
10.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1336116, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390297

RESUMO

Kiwifruit, a nutrient-dense fruit, has become increasingly popular with consumers in recent decades. However, kiwifruit trees are prone to stunted growth after a few years of planting, called early tree decline. In this study, melatonin (MT), pollen polysaccharide (SF), 14-hydroxyed brassinosteroid (14-HBR) were applied alone or in combination to investigate their influence on plant growth, nutrition absorption and rhizosphere bacterial abundance in kiwifruit seedlings. The results revealed that MT, SF and 14-HBR alone treatments significantly increased leaf chlorophyll content, photosynthetic capacity and activities of dismutase and catalase compared with the control. Among them, MT treatment significantly increased the dry root biomass by 35.7%, while MT+14-HBR treatment significant enhanced the dry shoot biomass by 36.9%. Furthermore, both MT and MT+14-HBR treatments markedly improved the activities of invertase, urease, protease and phosphatase in soil, as well as the abundance of Proteobacteria and Acidobacteria in rhizosphere microorganisms based on 16S rDNA sequencing. In addition, MT treatment improved the content of available K and organic matter in soil, and increased the uptake of P, K and Fe by seedlings. In summary, 14-HBR and MT combined had the best effect on promoting rhizosphere bacterial distribution, nutrient absorption and plant growth. These findings may provide valuable guidance for solving growth weakness problem in kiwifruit cultivation.

11.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396622

RESUMO

Tibetan pigs are indigenous to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and have been the subject of extensive genomic research primarily focused on their adaptation to high altitudes. However, genetic modifications associated with their response to low-altitude acclimation have not been thoroughly explored. To investigate the genetic basis underlying the low-altitude acclimation of Tibetan pigs, we generated and analyzed genotyping data of Tibetan pigs that inhabit high-altitude regions (average altitude 4000 m) and Tibetan pigs that have inhabited nearby low-altitude regions (average altitude 500 m) for approximately 20 generations. We found that the highland and lowland Tibetan pigs have distinguishable genotype and phenotype variations. We identified 46 and 126 potentially selected SNPs associated with 29 and 56 candidate genes in highland and lowland Tibetan pigs, respectively. Candidate genes in the highland Tibetan pigs were involved in immune response (NFYC and STAT1) and radiation (NABP1), whereas candidate genes in the lowland Tibetan pigs were related to reproduction (ESR2, DMRTA1, and ZNF366), growth and development (NTRK3, FGF18, and MAP1B), and blood pressure regulation (CARTPT). These findings will help to understand the mechanisms of environmental adaptation in Tibetan pigs and offer valuable information into the genetic improvement of Tibetan pigs pertaining to low-altitude acclimation and economic traits.

12.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; : 119689, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38367916

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a common and immune-mediated skin disease related to keratinocytes hyperproliferation and inflammation. Fos-like antigen-1 (FOSL1) is an important transcription factor involved in various diseases. FOSL1 has been reported to be differentially expressed in psoriasis. However, the roles and mechanism of FOSL1 in psoriasis progression remain largely unknown. FOSL1 is an upregulated transcription factor in psoriasis and increased in M5-treated HaCaT cells. FOSL1 had a diagnostic value in psoriasis, and positively associated with PASI score, TNF-α and IL-6 levels in psoriasis patients. FOSL1 silencing attenuated M5-induced HaCaT cell hyperproliferation through decreasing cell viability and proliferative ability and increasing cell apoptosis. FOSL1 knockdown mitigated M5-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and it-mediated inflammatory cytokine (IL-6, IL-8 and CCL17) expression. TRAF3 expression was increased in psoriasis patients and M5-treated HaCaT cells. FOSL1 transcriptionally activating TRAF3 in HaCaT cells. TRAF3 overexpression reversed the suppressive effects of FOSL1 silencing on M5-induced hyperproliferation and NLRP3-mediated inflammation. FOSL1 knockdown attenuated M5-induced NF-κB signaling activation by reducing TRAF3. Activation of NF-κB signaling reversed the effects of FOSL1 knockdown on hyperproliferation and inflammation in M5-treated cells. FOSL1 silencing prevented M5-induced hyperproliferation and NLRP3-mediated inflammation of keratinocytes by inhibiting TRAF3-mediated NF-κB activity, indicating FOSL1 might act as a therapeutic target of psoriasis.

14.
ACS Omega ; 9(6): 7061-7068, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371821

RESUMO

Dissolved gas analysis in transformer oil is useful for detecting early transformer failures. The research on gas sensors for monitoring dissolved gas in transformer oil has attracted wide attention from academia and industry. In this study, Rh-doped GeSe monolayers were used as gas sensing materials based on the density functional theory (DFT). The potential of the Rh-GeSe monolayer as a gas sensor was evaluated by calculating the geometric structure, adsorption distance (dsub/gas), binding energy (Eb), adsorption energy (Eads), transfer charge (ΔQ), the density of states (DOS), band structure, electron localization function (ELF), charge difference density (CDD), and sensitivity (S) of Rh-GeSe monolayer with eight gas molecules (SO2, C2H2, NO2, H2, CH4, CO2, H2S, and CO). The results show that the Rh-GeSe monolayer has a prominent response to SO2, C2H2, and NO2 gas molecules and has great potential to become an excellent gas sensor. This study provides a theoretical basis for the application of Rh-GeSe monolayer in the field of gas sensing and provides a new way for the development of other gas sensors.

15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38375921

RESUMO

The bendability of genomic DNA, which measures the DNA looping rate, is crucial for numerous biological processes of DNA. Recently, an advanced high-throughput technique known as 'loop-seq' has made it possible to measure the inherent cyclizability of DNA fragments. However, quantifying the bendability of large-scale DNA is costly, laborious, and time-consuming. To close the gap between rapidly evolving large language models and expanding genomic sequence information, and to elucidate the DNA bendability's impact on critical regulatory sequence motifs such as super-enhancers in the human genome, we introduce an innovative computational model, named MIXBend, to forecast the DNA bendability utilizing both nucleotide sequences and physicochemical properties. In MIXBend, a pre-trained language model DNABERT and convolutional neural network with attention mechanism are utilized to construct both sequence- and physicochemical-based extractors for the sophisticated refinement of DNA sequence representations. These bimodal DNA representations are then fed to a k-mer sequence-physicochemistry matching module to minimize the semantic gap between each modality. Lastly, a self-attention fusion layer is employed for the prediction of DNA bendability. In conclusion, the experimental results validate MIXBend's superior performance relative to other state-of-the-art methods. Additionally, MIXBend reveals both novel and known motifs from the yeast. Moreover, MIXBend discovers significant bendability fluctuations within super-enhancer regions and transcription factors binding sites in the human genome.

16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377546

RESUMO

The present study investigated the antibacterial mechanism, control efficiency, and nontarget toxicity of actinomycin X2 (Act-X2) against Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc) for the first time. Act-X2 almost completely inhibited the proliferation of Xcc in the growth curve assay at a concentration of 0.25 MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration, MIC = 31.25 µg/mL). This inhibitory effect was achieved by increasing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), blocking the formation of biofilms, obstructing the synthesis of intracellular proteins, and decreasing the enzymatic activities of malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) of Xcc. Molecular docking and quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis results indicated that Act-X2 steadily bonded to the RNA polymerase, ribosome, malate dehydrogenase, and succinate dehydrogenase to inhibit their activities, thus drastically reducing the expression levels of related genes. Act-X2 showed far more effectiveness than the commercially available pesticide Cu2(OH)3Cl in the prevention and therapy of citrus canker disease. Furthermore, the nontarget toxicity evaluation demonstrated that Act-X2 was not phytotoxic to citrus trees and exhibited minimal toxicity to earthworms in both contact and soil toxic assays. This study suggests that Act-X2 has the potential as an effective and environmentally friendly antibacterial agent.

17.
EMBO J ; 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378891

RESUMO

Mosquitoes transmit many disease-relevant flaviviruses. Efficient viral transmission to mammalian hosts requires mosquito salivary factors. However, the specific salivary components facilitating viral transmission and their mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. Here, we show that a female mosquito salivary gland-specific protein, here named A. aegypti Neutrophil Recruitment Protein (AaNRP), facilitates the transmission of Zika and dengue viruses. AaNRP promotes a rapid influx of neutrophils, followed by virus-susceptible myeloid cells toward mosquito bite sites, which facilitates establishment of local infection and systemic dissemination. Mechanistically, AaNRP engages TLR1 and TLR4 of skin-resident macrophages and activates MyD88-dependent NF-κB signaling to induce the expression of neutrophil chemoattractants. Inhibition of MyD88-NF-κB signaling with the dietary phytochemical resveratrol reduces AaNRP-mediated enhancement of flavivirus transmission by mosquitoes. These findings exemplify how salivary components can aid viral transmission, and suggest a potential prophylactic target.

18.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362713

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) for predicting atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) in the first trimester. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study, screening for complicated congenital heart diseases and AVVR in fetuses at 11 to 13+6 weeks of gestation by advanced dynamic flow in four-chamber view and three-vessel-trachea view. RESULTS: 43 549 fetuses at 11 to 13+6 weeks of gestation were screened by echocardiography, of which 37 cases were diagnosed with AVSD, including complete AVSD (31 cases), intermediate AVSD (3 cases) and partial AVSD (1 cases), undiagnosed intermediate AVSD (2 cases), and misdiagnosed case (2 cases). AVVR was observed in 34 cases (34/37) in the first trimester, 59. 46% (22/37) nuchal translucency greater than 95th percentile, 29. 73% (11/37) absence of nasal bone, 32. 43% (12/37) ductus venosus A wave inversion, and 40. 54% (15/37) had tricuspid regurgitation. The sensitivity of common AVVR in predicting AVSD is better than other ultrasonic indexes. CONCLUSIONS: AVVR can be used as an ultrasonic indicator to predict AVSD in the first trimester, which is beneficial to detect AVSD.

19.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 88, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38360672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incentive spirometry (IS) as a routine respiratory therapy during the perioperative period has been widely used in clinical practice. However, the impact of IS on patients with perioperative lung cancer remains controversial. This review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of IS in perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with lung cancer. METHODS: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid, CINAHL, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu, and Wanfang Databases were searched from inception to 30 November 2023. Only randomized controlled trials were included in this systematic review. The PRISMA checklist served as the guidance for conducting this review. The quality assessment of the included studies was assessed by the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. The meta-analysis was carried out utilizing Review Manager 5.4. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis were also performed. RESULTS: Nine studies recruited 1209 patients met our inclusion criteria. IS combined with other respiratory therapy techniques was observed to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications, enhance pulmonary function, curtail the length of hospital stay, and lower the Borg score. Nevertheless, no improvements were found in the six-minute walk distance or quality of life score. CONCLUSIONS: Although IS demonstrates benefits as a component of comprehensive intervention measures for perioperative patients with lung cancer, it proves challenging to determine the precise impact of IS as a standalone component within the comprehensive intervention measures. Therefore, further researches are required to better understand the effectiveness of IS isolation and its interactions when integrated with additional respiratory therapies for these patients. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO, https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/ , registry number: CRD42022321044.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Motivação , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Espirometria/métodos
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e37311, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363887

RESUMO

Since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, insomnia has become one of the longer COVID-19 symptoms. This study aimed to investigate insomnia among COVID-19 survivors and explore the occurrence and influencing factors of insomnia. A cross-sectional study was performed from December 2022 to February 2023 through an online questionnaire star survey with 8 questions. The insomnia severity index scale (ISI) was used to assess the severity of insomnia. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the factors related to COVID-19 infection. A total of 564 participants (183 males and 381 females) were surveyed in the present study. The prevalence of insomnia was 63.12%. Among these insomnia patients, there were 202 (35.82%) with sub-threshold symptoms, 116 (20.57%) with moderate symptoms, and 38 (6.74%) with severe symptoms. Univariate analysis indicated that there were statistically significant differences in the prevalence of insomnia among COVID-19 survivors of different ages, occupations, and educational levels (P < .05). Of the 356 insomnia patients, 185 (51.97%) did not take any measures against insomnia, while those who took drugs only, physical exercise only, drugs and physical exercise, and other measures were 90 (25.28%), 42 (11.80%), 17 (4.78%), and 22 (6.18%), respectively. Additionally, of the 107 insomnia patients with drug therapy, 17 (15.89%) took estazolam, 16 (14.95%) took alprazolam, 39 (36.45%) took zopiclone, and 35 (32.71%) took other drugs to improve insomnia symptoms. The prevalence of insomnia symptoms remains high among COVID-19 survivors in China. Education level and occupation may be the influencing factors. Unfortunately, most patients with insomnia do not take corresponding treatment measures.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia
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