Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.730
Filtrar
1.
Neuroscience ; 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750111

RESUMO

Although the exact etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still unknown, there are a variety of treatments available to alleviate its symptoms according to the development stage of PD. Deep brain stimulation (DBS), the most common surgical treatment for advanced PD, accurately locates and implants stimulating electrodes at specific targets in the brain to deliver high-frequency electrical stimulation that alters the excitability of the corresponding nuclei. However, for different patients and stages of PD development, there exists a choice of the optimal DBS protocol. In this paper, we propose a quantitative method (multi-dimensional feature indexes) to determine the stimulation pattern, stimulation parameters, and target of DBS from the perspective of the network model. On the other hand, based on this method, the development of PD can be predicted so that timely treatment can be given to patients. Simulation results show that, first, different network states can be distinguished by extracting features of the firing activity of neuronal populations within the basal ganglia network system. Secondly, the optimal DBS treatment can be selected by comparing the feature indexes vectors of the pre- and post-state of the network after the action of different modes of DBS. Lastly, the evolution of the network state from normal to pathological is simulated. The critical point of network state transitions is determined. These results provide a quantitative and qualitative method for determining the optimal regimen for DBS for PD, which is helpful for clinical practice.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 156803, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750175

RESUMO

The ubiquitous microplastic (MP) pollution across the waterways, sediments, biota, and atmosphere has amplified concerns at a global scale. Unfortunately, harmonized MP monitoring protocols are absent for accurate evaluation on MP pollution. Few large-scale MP sampling programs involving different designs have been implemented in the open sea. In this study, a manta trawling and two newly custom-built pump filtration systems, namely, a trawl-underway pump combination system coupled in conjunction with an in-situ filtration device (Y-shaped filter, New Type I) and a stationary onboard pumping coupled to Y-shaped filter (New Type II), were evaluated for MP pollution in the mid-North Pacific Ocean. The trawling-based systems (manta trawl and New Type I) collected samples covering a large area, whereas New Type II operated at a fixed site. The new systems achieved fractionated filtration of MPs on site and prevented airborne contamination. The electronic fuel meter installed in the New Type II yielded a more accurate volume. Results showed that the average MP abundance of the aforementioned sampling techniques were 0.65, 2.56, and 7.48 items m-3, respectively. The abundances in the same particle size range (0.3-5.0 mm) from the new systems were higher. The recovered MPs from all systems were mainly white and polypropylene. Note that the MPs from the manta trawl were primarily fragments; however, they were mainly fibers from the new systems. This corroborated the capability of new systems in harvesting small items (0.1-0.3 mm) and fibers. The cost analysis showed that the new systems beat the manta trawl concerning price performance. The study results provide alternatives for future MP sampling, which will ultimately aid in the method harmonization and standardization of MP sampling.

3.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202206472, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651284

RESUMO

The addition of water to alkenes is an important method for the synthesis of alcohols, but the regioselectivity of acid-catalyzed hydration of terminal alkenes yields secondary alcohols according to Markovnikov's rule, making it difficult to obtain primary alcohols. Here we report a styrene monooxygenase that catalyzes the anti-Markovnikov hydration of the terminal aryl alkenes under anaerobic conditions. This hydration provides primary alcohols in good yields (up to 100 %), excellent anti-Markovnikov regioselectivity (>99 : 1), and good enantiomeric purity (60-83 % ee). Residues Asn46, Asp100, and Asn309 are essential for catalysis suggesting an acid-base mechanism with a carbanion-like intermediate that could account for the anti-Markovnikov regioselectivity. Our work reveals a new enzymatic tool with unusual regioselectivity based on the promiscuous catalytic activity of a monooxygenase.

4.
Front Physiol ; 13: 902937, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721559

RESUMO

Brachyurans inhabit a variety of habitats and have evolved diverse osmoregulatory patterns. Gills, antennal glands and a lung-like structure are important organs of crabs that maintain their homeostasis in different habitats. Species use different processes to regulate ions in the antennal gland, especially those with high terrestriality such as Grapsoidea and Ocypodoidea. Our phylogenetic generalized least square (PGLS) result also suggested that there is a correlation between antennal gland NKA activity and urine-hemolymph ratio for Na+ concentration in hypo-osmotic environments among crabs. Species with higher antennal gland NKA activity showed a lower urine-hemolymph ratio for Na+ concentration under hypo-osmotic stress. These phenomenon may correlate to the structural and functional differences in gills and lung-like structure among crabs. However, a limited number of studies have focused on the structural and functional differences in the antennal gland among brachyurans. Integrative and systemic methods like next generation sequencing and proteomics method can be useful for investigating the differences in multi-gene expression and sequences among species. These perspectives can be combined to further elucidate the phylogenetic history of crab antennal glands.

5.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(10): 3131-3142, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral potential malignant disorders (OPMDs) are a precancerous condition of oral disease. Several studies have found that betel quid chewing, smoking and alcohol drinking might be the risk factors of OPMDs. But the relationships of them, especially their interaction are still inconclusive. AIM: To evaluate the relationship between betel quid chewing and OPMDs and to explore the interaction of smoking and alcohol drinking on the relationship. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and the Cochrane Library databases with items complete until January 2021 for relevant studies. The research data were extracted according to the inclusion criteria. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to evaluate the effect size. Subgroup analysis was performed to assess interactions between exposures and OPMDs. Relative excess risk of interaction (RERI) was used to estimate the size of interaction. RESULTS: Nine articles were selected in the final meta-analysis. The results showed that betel quid chewing (pooled OR: 8.70, 95%CI: 5.18-14.61), alcohol consumption (pooled OR: 1.95, 95%CI: 1.5-2.55), and smoking (pooled OR:4.35, 95%CI: 3.06-6.2) could significantly increase the risk of OPMDs compared to individuals without these behaviors. Smoking and alcohol drinking synergistically increased the association between betel quid chewing and OPMDs (pooled OR(BQ+SM):14.38, 95%CI: 7.14-28.95; pooled OR(BQ+DK): 11.12, 95%CI: 8.00-15.45, respectively). The RERI(BQ+SM) and RERI(BQ+DK) were 2.33 and 1.47, respectively. CONCLUSION: The synergistic effects between smoking/drinking and betel quid highlights the importance of focusing on individuals with multiple exposures. Further study should be conducted to confirm these interactions.

6.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 147, 2022 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35643519

RESUMO

AIMS: Gao-Zi-Yao has long been a unique way for treating various diseases. The present study is to explore the effect of Gao-Zi-Yao on learning and memory function in old spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR) and its possible mechanism. METHOD: Male old SHR were received different doses of Gao-Zi-Yao for 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate were monitored. Serum levels of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-2, and tumor necrotic factor (TNF)-α were measured. Morris water maze was performed to test the learning and memory function of the rats. Number of neurons in hippocampus was counted by Nissl staining. Western blot was applied to detect the expressions of learning and memory function related proteins, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor 2B (NMDAR 2B), glutamate receptor 1 (GluR1), phosphorylated-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (p-CaMK II), and phosphorylated-cAMP responsive element-binding protein (p-CREB) in rat hippocampus. RESULTS: Data showed that Gao-Zi-Yao reduced SBP in old SHR, elevated NO level, and suppressed levels of IL-1ß, IL-2, TNF-α. The results of Morris water maze experiment showed that Gao-Zi-Yao dose-dependently improved learning and memory function. Number of neurons in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) region of the old SHR was increased by Gao-Zi-Yao treatment. In addition, Gao-Zi-Yao elevated the protein expressions of NMDAR 2B, GluR1, p-CaMK II, and p-CREB in hippocampus. CONCLUSION: Gao-Zi-Yao decreases SBP and improves the learning and memory function of the old SHR by regulation of oxidative stress, inflammatory factors and neuron number in hippocampal DG area and the expression of learning and memory function related proteins.


Assuntos
Interleucina-2 , Memória , Animais , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/farmacologia , Hipocampo , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/farmacologia , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Ratos
7.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8001252, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35669641

RESUMO

Every country is developing under the concept of artificial intelligence. Many countries are already working on student monitoring systems that allow them to control the student's mentality and analyze each student's behavior with the help of a wireless headband. There is certain high-tech education within the country in a maximum number of schools, which can be considered robotic monetization. With the help of tiny robots inside the classrooms, each student's activeness and engagement level in the classes are captured and submitted to the teacher. All these practical applications help us imagine that there will be a massive response to artificial intelligence in the future of this world. On the other hand, sports management is a critical issue to consider for the country's growth. This research evaluates the quality of football teaching by implementing an Artificial Neural Network model for online mode of education. The proposed model functions with the implementation of Association Rule Mining (ARM) in the intelligent system to monitor the activities of the player by training with the Artificial Neural Network (ANN). The proposed model is compared with the existing K-Mean algorithm, and it is observed that the proposed model has achieved an accurate evaluation of 99.6%.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Futebol Americano , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Estudantes , Universidades
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 9395, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35672394

RESUMO

Spatial and temporal distributions of total organic carbon (TOC) in the Jiulong River Estuary (JRE) were determined using data collected during three cruises in summer 2010, autumn 2010, and spring 2011. The TOC concentration influencing factors were identified, and the export fluxes were calculated. TOC concentration ranges were 0.73-4.17 mg/L in summer, 0.90-5.32 mg/L in autumn, and 1.78-8.03 mg/L in spring, respectively. TOC concentrations of the surface water and nearshore area were higher than those of the bottom water and offshore area, respectively, and the maximum TOC content occurred in the JRE upper reaches. The TOC concentration decreased with increasing salinity and exhibited a significant positive correlation with petroleum and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN), indicating the influence of terrestrial input. A weak relationship between TOC and chlorophyll-a indicated that phytoplankton was not the dominant source of TOC. TOC fluxes discharged into the JRE were 50.39 × 103 t/a in 2010 and 46.08 × 103 t/a in 2011, and those transported into the sea were 38.46 × 103 t/a in 2010 and 33.66 × 103 t/a in 2011, respectively, accounting for approximately 75% of the total estuary fluxes. This study elucidates the biogeochemical processes of estuarine organic carbon and provides a quantitative basis for the land-sea integration of carbon dioxide emission reduction and sink increase projects.


Assuntos
Estuários , Rios , China , Clorofila A , Monitoramento Ambiental , Rios/química , Água
9.
Pharmacol Rev ; 74(3): 462-505, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710133

RESUMO

The concept of local formation of angiotensin II in the kidney has changed over the last 10-15 years. Local synthesis of angiotensinogen in the proximal tubule has been proposed, combined with prorenin synthesis in the collecting duct. Binding of prorenin via the so-called (pro)renin receptor has been introduced, as well as megalin-mediated uptake of filtered plasma-derived renin-angiotensin system (RAS) components. Moreover, angiotensin metabolites other than angiotensin II [notably angiotensin-(1-7)] exist, and angiotensins exert their effects via three different receptors, of which angiotensin II type 2 and Mas receptors are considered renoprotective, possibly in a sex-specific manner, whereas angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptors are believed to be deleterious. Additionally, internalized angiotensin II may stimulate intracellular receptors. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) not only generates angiotensin-(1-7) but also acts as coronavirus receptor. Multiple, if not all, cardiovascular diseases involve the kidney RAS, with renal AT1 receptors often being claimed to exert a crucial role. Urinary RAS component levels, depending on filtration, reabsorption, and local release, are believed to reflect renal RAS activity. Finally, both existing drugs (RAS inhibitors, cyclooxygenase inhibitors) and novel drugs (angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitors, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, soluble ACE2) affect renal angiotensin formation, thereby displaying cardiovascular efficacy. Particular in the case of the latter three, an important question is to what degree they induce renoprotection (e.g., in a renal RAS-dependent manner). This review provides a unifying view, explaining not only how kidney angiotensin formation occurs and how it is affected by drugs but also why drugs are renoprotective when altering the renal RAS. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Angiotensin formation in the kidney is widely accepted but little understood, and multiple, often contrasting concepts have been put forward over the last two decades. This paper offers a unifying view, simultaneously explaining how existing and novel drugs exert renoprotection by interfering with kidney angiotensin formation.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Angiotensinogênio/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Renina/metabolismo , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/metabolismo
10.
PLoS Genet ; 18(6): e1010236, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737725

RESUMO

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a common group of birth defects with a strong genetic contribution to their etiology, but historically the diagnostic yield from exome studies of isolated CHD has been low. Pleiotropy, variable expressivity, and the difficulty of accurately phenotyping newborns contribute to this problem. We hypothesized that performing exome sequencing on selected individuals in families with multiple members affected by left-sided CHD, then filtering variants by population frequency, in silico predictive algorithms, and phenotypic annotations from publicly available databases would increase this yield and generate a list of candidate disease-causing variants that would show a high validation rate. In eight of the nineteen families in our study (42%), we established a well-known gene/phenotype link for a candidate variant or performed confirmation of a candidate variant's effect on protein function, including variants in genes not previously described or firmly established as disease genes in the body of CHD literature: BMP10, CASZ1, ROCK1 and SMYD1. Two plausible variants in different genes were found to segregate in the same family in two instances suggesting oligogenic inheritance. These results highlight the need for functional validation and demonstrate that in the era of next-generation sequencing, multiplex families with isolated CHD can still bring high yield to the discovery of novel disease genes.

11.
J Neuroinflammation ; 19(1): 152, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35705957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is a potential risk factor of mental disturbance. FKBP5 that encodes FK506-binding protein 51 (FKBP51), a negative cochaperone of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), is a stress-inducible gene and has been linked to psychiatric disorders. Yet, the role of FKBP51 in the inflammatory stress-associated mental disturbance remained unclear. METHODS: Fkbp5-deficient (Fkbp5-KO) mice were used to study inflammatory stress by a single intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The anxiety-like behaviors, neuroimaging, immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemistry, protein and mRNA expression analysis of inflammation- and neurotransmission-related mediators were evaluated. A dexamethasone drinking model was also applied to examine the effect of Fkbp5-KO in glucocorticoid-induced stress. RESULTS: LPS administration induced FKBP51 elevation in the liver and hippocampus accompanied with transient sickness. Notably, Fkbp5-KO but not wild-type (WT) mice showed anxiety-like behaviors 7 days after LPS injection (LPS-D7). LPS challenge rapidly increased peripheral and central immune responses and hippocampal microglial activation followed by a delayed GR upregulation on LPS-D7, and these effects were attenuated in Fkbp5-KO mice. Whole-brain [18F]-FEPPA neuroimaging, which target translocator protein (TSPO) to indicate neuroinflammation, showed that Fkbp5-KO reduced LPS-induced neuroinflammation in various brain regions including hippocampus. Interestingly, LPS elevated glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65), the membrane-associated GABA-synthesizing enzyme, in the hippocampus of WT but not Fkbp5-KO mice on LPS-D7. This FKBP51-dependent GAD65 upregulation was observed in the ventral hippocampal CA1 accompanied by the reduction of c-Fos-indicated neuronal activity, whereas both GAD65 and neuronal activity were reduced in dorsal CA1 in a FKBP51-independent manner. GC-induced anxiety was also examined, which was attenuated in Fkbp5-KO and hippocampal GAD65 expression was unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that FKBP51/FKBP5 is involved in the systemic inflammation-induced neuroinflammation and hippocampal GR activation, which may contribute to the enhancement of GAD65 expression for GABA synthesis in the ventral hippocampus, thereby facilitating resilience to inflammation-induced anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/metabolismo , Glutamato Descarboxilase/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/metabolismo , Animais , Ansiedade/patologia , Glucocorticoides/farmacologia , Glutamato Descarboxilase/genética , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Camundongos , Receptores de GABA/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo/genética , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
12.
Front Nutr ; 9: 880488, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35662952

RESUMO

Insects are a potential alternative protein source to solve the food shortage crisis. Previous studies have illustrated that probiotics can improve the substrate conversion efficiency of insects and increase insect protein content. However, the effects of probiotics on insect physiology and nutrient metabolism are still not well understood. Here, the black soldier fly larvae (BSFL), Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae), was used as a study subject to deeply investigate the specific interaction among a novel probiotic, Bacillus velezensis EEAM 10B (10B), intestinal microbiota, and the host. In this study, the effects of 10B on the survival and physiology of BSFL were first analyzed. It shows that 10B significantly elevated the substrate conversion rate, average dry weight, and protein content of BSFL by 5%, 0.13 g/pc, and 8%, respectively. Then, we assessed the effect of 10B on the microbial community composition in the gut and frass of BSFL using Illumina Miseq sequencing. It shows that 10B significantly altered the microbial composition of the gut, but not that of the frass. Pearson's correlation analysis further showed that the Bacillus, unclassified_of_Caloramatoraceae, and Gracilibacillus were positively correlated with the survival rate, crude protein content, and substrate conversion rate of BSFL. To further investigate the effect of 10B on host metabolism, metabolic analyses on germ-free BSFL, monobacterial intestinal BSFL, and natural BSFL were also performed. The results proved that 10B (i) played a vital role in the survival of BSFL; and (ii) regulated the amino acid synthetic and metabolic process of BSFL, thus leading to the rise of the protein content of BSFL. In addition, vitamin backfill assays verified that the BSFL survival rate was significantly improved by supplying the germ-free BSFL with riboflavin, which further suggests that 10B determines the survival of BSFL via delivering riboflavin. Overall, this study provides a reference for understanding the comprehensive contribution of a specific probiotic to its host.

13.
Lupus ; : 9612033221106304, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667652

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Myocardial injury (MInj) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been observed in several studies. However, clinical predictors of MInj remain unclear. We aim to explore the effects of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on MInj in SLE patients according to cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T1 mapping. METHODS: SLE patients with or without CAP and healthy controls underwent CMR screening. The CMR protocol included: cines, T1- and T2 mapping, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Clinical characteristics, CMR findings, and T1 mapping measuremments were compared between subgroups. Clinical assessment was performed on the subjects. RESULTS: Thirty-eight SLE patients were screened, including 18 patients with CAP (CAP group) and 20 age- and gender-matched patients without CAP (non-CAP group) as well as 26 healthy controls. The platelet count of CAP group was higher than the non-CAP group (p = 0.015). Compared with the health control group, native T1 was higher in the CAP group (p < 0.001) and the non-CAP group (p = 0.002). ECV was higher in the CAP group (p < 0.001) and the non-CAP group (p = 0.002). The LV ejection fraction (p = 0.049) and RV ejection fraction (p = 0.026) of the CAP group was lower than that of the healthy control group, whereas no significant difference was observed between non-CAP and healthy control groups. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study that assesses the effects of CAP on MInj of SLE patients by CMRI T1 mapping. We highlight SLE patients with CAP who are at increased risk of MInj, manifesting as myocardial inflammation, diffuse myocardial fibrosis, and decreased ventricular function.

14.
Int J Bioprint ; 8(2): 546, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35669328

RESUMO

Rapid development of three-dimensional (3D) printing technique has enabled the production of many new materials for medical applications but the dry laboratory surgical training model made of soft and flexible materials is still insufficient. We established a new 3D-printed Nissen fundoplication training model of which materials simulate the real mechanical properties. In this study, 16 participants were divided into two groups: Experimental group and control group. The validity of model was tested using Likert scale by the experts and the experimental group. To evaluate the efficacy, performances of the experimental group were scored at the first, fourth, and eighth training by OSATS system and the duration of procedure was compared through the use of recorded video. Meanwhile, an ex vivo model was used to compare the performance of the experiment group and control group after the training in the same way. Our results showed that the 3D-printed model can support the future surgical applications, help improve surgical skills, and shorten procedure time after training.

15.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(6)2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35744016

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Sepsis increases cardiovascular disease and causes death. Ischemic heart disease (IHD) without acute myocardial infarction has been discussed less, and the relationship between risk factors and IHD in septicemia survivors within six months is worthy of in-depth study. Our study demonstrated the incidence of IHD and the possible risk factors for IHD in septicemia patients within six months. Materials and Methods: An inpatient dataset of the Taiwanese Longitudinal Health Insurance Database between 2001 and 2003 was used. The events were defined as rehospitalization of stroke and IHD after discharge or death within six months after the first septicemia hospitalization. The relative factors of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) and IHD were identified by multivariate Cox proportional regression. Results: There were 4323 septicemia survivors and 404 (9.3%) IHD. New-onset atrial fibrillation had a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.705 (95% confidence interval (C.I.): 1.156-2.516) for MACEs and carried a 184% risk with HR 2.836 (95% C.I.: 1.725-4.665) for IHD by adjusted area and other risk factors. Conclusions: This study explored advanced-aged patients who experienced more severe septicemia with new-onset atrial fibrillation, which increases the incidence of IHD in MACEs within six months of septicemia. Therefore, healthcare providers must identify patients with a higher IHD risk and modify risk factors beforehand.

16.
Nutrients ; 14(12)2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35745240

RESUMO

Maternal improper nutrition has been reported to trigger respiratory disorders in offspring. Here, we characterized the effects of high-fat environment in the fetal period on mice and human cord blood CD4+ T-lymphocytes, and investigated their roles in susceptibility to asthma. Mice born to mothers that consumed a high-fat diet (HFD) throughout the gestation period were sensitized by ovalbumin to establish an experimental asthma model. To further extrapolate to humans, we collected cord blood from neonates of hypercholesterolemic (HC) mothers (n = 18) and control mothers (n = 20). In mice, aggravated airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation revealed that maternal high-fat diet could lead to exacerbated allergic asthma in adult offspring. It was partially due to augmented activation and proliferation of CD4+ T-cells, where upregulated klf2 mRNA levels may be potentially involved. Notably, naïve HFD CD4+ T-cells had enhanced TH2-based immune response both in vivo and in vitro, resulting from DNA hypomethylation of the Il-4 promoter region. Moreover, in human, TH2 cytokines transcripts were enhanced in CD4+ T-cells of the HC group, which was associated with an increased risk of developing allergic diseases at 3 years old. Together, our study indicated that early life improper nutrition-triggered epigenetic changes in T-cells may contribute to long-lasting alterations in allergic diseases.

17.
J Mol Histol ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732862

RESUMO

We investigate the protective effect of ginsenoside Rb3 on skin flap microvasculature following ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and its regulatory mechanism. We used a rat model of I/R injury with the right iliolumbar artery and oxidative stress model of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells. The effects of Rb3 on skin flap tissue and endothelial cell survival, STING-IRF3 pathway activation, and endothelial cell adhesion were measured. Following reperfusion, the survival rate of rat perforator flaps in the Rb3-treated group gradually increased with increasing Rb3 concentration. The treatment also reduced the amount of STING protein, phosphorylated IRF3, and P-selectin in skin flap tissue, with this change being most obvious in microvascular endothelial cells. In vitro, activated IRF3 binds to the P-selectin promoter and induces P-selectin expression. Our results suggest that Rb3 plays a role in reducing I/R flap damage through negatively regulating STING-IRF3 activation to limit leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion.

18.
Sci Total Environ ; 841: 156759, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718182

RESUMO

Antibiotic and heavy metal commonly coexist in manure. This study investigated the effect of Cu exposure on antibiotic dissipation in swine manure under two typical temperature (mesophilic and thermophilic) conditions in composting, focusing on biodegradation behaviors. The results showed that Cu promoted the dissipation of norfloxacin and sulfamethazine (SMZ) in solid swine manure under mesophilic conditions at initial concentrations ranging from 407.8 to 1353.0 mg·kg-1 but insignificantly influenced or even inhibited their dissipation under thermophilic conditions. A liquid manure suspension culture experiment was designed to elucidate the response of SMZ biodegradation to Cu. In this manure suspension, biodegradation was the major mechanism for SMZ removal, but SMZ biodegradation was decreased from 23.2 % to 5.5 % when the Cu concentration increased from 0 to 10 mg L-1. Mesophilic and heat-resistant SMZ-degrading bacterial inoculants were subsequently prepared using 21 SMZ-degrading bacteria that were isolated and identified from manure suspension cultures. Inoculating both mesophilic and heat-resistant SMZ-degrading bacterial inoculants enhanced SMZ degradation in sterilized manure suspensions without Cu addition, however only mesophilic SMZ-degrading inoculum improved SMZ degradation after Cu addition. In the presence of Cu, the heat-resistant SMZ-degrading inoculum failed to enhance SMZ removal in manure suspensions. Our findings can help to answer why Cu has varied effects on antibiotic degradation during manure composting.

19.
Noncoding RNA ; 8(3)2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736635

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a novel class of regulatory RNA involved in many biological, physiological and pathological processes by functioning as a molecular sponge, transcriptional/epigenetic/splicing regulator, modulator of protein-protein interactions, and a template for encoding proteins. Cells are constantly dealing with stimuli from the microenvironment, and proper responses rely on both the precise control of gene expression networks and protein-protein interactions at the molecular level. The critical roles of circRNAs in the regulation of these processes have been heavily studied in the past decades. However, how the microenvironmental stimulation controls the circRNA biogenesis, cellular shuttling, translation efficiency and degradation globally and/or individually remains largely uncharacterized. In this review, how the impact of major microenvironmental stresses on the known transcription factors, splicing modulators and epitranscriptomic regulators, and thereby how they may contribute to the regulation of circRNAs, is discussed. These lines of evidence will provide new insight into how the biogenesis and functions of circRNA can be precisely controlled and targeted for treating human diseases.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; : 156821, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35738379

RESUMO

Parabens, a group of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), are well known preservatives in pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs). However, studies on parabens exposure and their cumulative effects in Asian population are limited. This study aimed to identify the exposure characteristics and estimate the cumulative risk of four parabens in the general Taiwanese. We have collected urine samples including 271 adults (18-97 yrs old) and 95 minors (7-17 yrs old), from Taiwan Environmental Survey for Toxicants 2013, and analyzed for four urinary parabens including methyl (MeP)-, ethyl (EtP)-, propyl (PrP)-, and butylparaben (BuP) by using ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The health-based guidance value (HBGV) and the antiandrogenic properties of parabens were used to calculate the hazard index (HI) for cumulative risk. MeP and PrP were most abundant compounds and startlingly higher than those in other countries. Adults had a higher geometric mean level of four parabens than minors (adults: MeP, 381.7; PrP, 108.6; EtP, 39.6 and BuP 6.3 ng/mL; minors: MeP, 65.7; PrP, 7.9, EtP, 2.6 and BuP 2.2 ng/mL). Participants who used a higher number of personal care products had a significantly higher risk with higher concentrations of PrP (above 75th %tile) [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.79, 95 % CI: 1.01-3.15] and BuP [aOR: 1.78, 95 % CI: 1.03-3.07]. The median and 95th %tile HI (the sum of the HQs of each paraben) was as 1.10 and 4.39-fold higher than acceptable cumulative threshold (HI <1) and PrP accounted for 90 % of the HI. Our results indicate omnipresent exposure to parabens among the Taiwanese population, which might cause certain level of concerns. These significant increasing trends of HI with age dependence were observed, which mainly driven by PPCPS used. Routine survey of parabens in PPCPs and continued biomonitoring needs to be urgently addressed.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...