Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.068
Filtrar
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 325-328, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) for fetal sex chromosome anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out for 20 802 women undergoing NIPS screening. For 165 cases suspected for fetal sex chromosomal anomalies, the results of invasive prenatal diagnosis were obtained. RESULTS: Among the 165 cases suspected for fetal sex chromosome anomalies, 129 have accepted invasive prenatal diagnosis, and 45 were confirmed, which yielded a positive predictive value of 34.88%. These included 16 cases of 47,XYY, 10 cases of 47,XXY, 6 cases of 45,X/46,XX, 5 cases of 47,XXX, 3 cases of 45,X, 1 case of 45,X/46,X,i(X)(q10), 1 case of 45,X/46,X,del(X)(q22), 1 case of 46,X,del(X)(q22), 1 case of 46,X,del(X)(p11) and 1 case of Xp22.31 1.2 Mb deletion. CONCLUSION: NIPS has limited value for detecting fetal sex chromosome anomalies. Karyotyping analysis combined with other diagnostic techniques can offer effective prenatal diagnosis for suspected cases.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900925

RESUMO

Underwater image processing has been shown to exhibit significant potential for exploring underwater environments. It has been applied to a wide variety of fields, such as underwater terrain scanning and autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs)-driven applications, such as image-based underwater object detection. However, underwater images often suffer from degeneration due to attenuation, color distortion, and noise from artificial lighting sources as well as the effects of possibly low-end optical imaging devices. Thus, object detection performance would be degraded accordingly. To tackle this problem, in this article, a lightweight deep underwater object detection network is proposed. The key is to present a deep model for jointly learning color conversion and object detection for underwater images. The image color conversion module aims at transforming color images to the corresponding grayscale images to solve the problem of underwater color absorption to enhance the object detection performance with lower computational complexity. The presented experimental results with our implementation on the Raspberry pi platform have justified the effectiveness of the proposed lightweight jointly learning model for underwater object detection compared with the state-of-the-art approaches.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(16): 10108-10117, 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876156

RESUMO

The heterogeneous oxidation reaction of single aqueous ascorbic acid (AH2) aerosol particles with gas-phase ozone was investigated in this study utilizing aerosol optical tweezers with Raman spectroscopy. The measured liquid-phase bimolecular rate coefficients of the AH2 + O3 reaction exhibit a significant pH dependence, and the corresponding values at ionic strength 0.2 M are (3.1 ± 2.0) × 105 M-1 s-1 and (1.2 ± 0.6) × 107 M-1 s-1 for pH ≈ 2 and 6, respectively. These results measured in micron-sized droplets are in agreement with those from previous bulk measurements, indicating that the observed aerosol reaction kinetics can be solely explained by liquid phase diffusion and AH2 + O3 reaction. Furthermore, the results indicate that high ionic strengths could enhance the liquid-phase rate coefficients of the AH2 + O3 reaction. The results also exhibit a negative ozone pressure dependence that can be rationalized in terms of a Langmuir-Hinshelwood type mechanism for the heterogeneous oxidation of AH2 aerosol particles by gas-phase ozone. The results of the present work imply that in acidified airway-lining fluids the antioxidant ability of AH2 against atmospheric ozone will be significantly suppressed.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the promising outcomes of the pre-ESRD (end-stage renal disease) pay-for-performance (P4P) program, the National Health Insurance Administration (NHIA) of Taiwan launched a P4P program for patients with early chronic kidney disease (CKD) in 2011, targeting CKD patients at stages 1, 2, and 3a. This study aimed to examine the long-term effect of the early-CKD P4P program on CKD progression. METHODS: We conducted a matched cohort study using electronic medical records from a large healthcare delivery system in Taiwan. The outcome of interest was CKD progression to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <45 mL/min/1.73 m2 between P4P program enrolees and non-enrolees. The difference in the cumulative incidence of CKD progression between the P4P and non-P4P groups was tested using Gray's test. We adopted a cause-specific (CS) hazard model to estimate the hazard in the P4P group as compared to non-P4P group, adjusting for age, sex, baseline renal function, and comorbidities. A subgroup analysis was further performed in CKD patients with diabetes to evaluate the interactive effects between the early-CKD P4P and diabetes P4P programs. RESULTS: The incidence per 100 person-months of disease progression was significantly lower in the P4P group than in the non-P4P group (0.44 vs. 0.69, P<.0001), and the CS hazard ratio (CS-HR) for P4P program enrolees compared with non-enrolees was 0.61 (95% CI: 0.58-0.64, P<.0001). The results of the subgroup analysis further revealed an additive effect of the diabetes P4P program on CKD progression; compared to none of both P4P enrolees, the CS-HR for CKD disease progression was 0.60 (95% CI: 0.54-0.67, P<.0001) for patients who were enrolled in both early-CKD P4P and diabetes P4P programs. CONCLUSION: The present study results suggest that the early-CKD P4P program is superior to usual care to decelerate CKD progression in patients with early-stage CKD.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(9)2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923104

RESUMO

Most late embryogenesis abundant group 3 (G3LEA) proteins are highly hydrophilic and disordered, which can be transformed into ordered α-helices to play an important role in responding to diverse stresses in numerous organisms. Unlike most G3LEA proteins, DosH derived from Dinococcus radiodurans is a naturally ordered G3LEA protein, and previous studies have found that the N-terminal domain (position 1-103) of DosH protein is the key region for its folding into an ordered secondary structure. Synthetic biology provides the possibility for artificial assembling ordered G3LEA proteins or their analogues. In this report, we used the N-terminal domain of DosH protein as module A (named DS) and the hydrophilic domains (DrHD, BnHD, CeHD, and YlHD) of G3LEA protein from different sources as module B, and artificially assembled four non-natural hydrophilic proteins, named DS + DrHD, DS + BnHD, DS + CeHD, and DS + YlHD, respectively. Circular dichroism showed that the four hydrophile proteins were highly ordered proteins, in which the α-helix contents were DS + DrHD (56.1%), DS + BnHD (53.7%), DS + CeHD (49.1%), and DS + YLHD (64.6%), respectively. Phenotypic analysis showed that the survival rate of recombinant Escherichia coli containing ordered hydrophilic protein was more than 10% after 4 h treatment with 1.5 M NaCl, which was much higher than that of the control group. Meanwhile, in vivo enzyme activity results showed that they had higher activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, lactate dehydrogenase and less malondialdehyde production. Based on these results, the N-terminal domain of DosH protein can be applied in synthetic biology due to the fact that it can change the order of hydrophilic domains, thus increasing stress resistance.

7.
Molecules ; 26(9)2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923222

RESUMO

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a glycosaminoglycan that was first isolated and identified from the vitreous body of a bull's eye. HA is ubiquitous in the soft connective tissues of animals and therefore has high tissue compatibility for use in medication. Because of HA's biological safety and water retention properties, it has many ophthalmology-related applications, such as in intravitreal injection, dry eye treatment, and contact lenses. Due to its broad range of applications, the identification and quantification of HA is a critical topic. This review article discusses current methods for analyzing HA. Contact lenses have become a widely used medical device, with HA commonly used as an additive to their production material, surface coating, and multipurpose solution. HA molecules on contact lenses retain moisture and increase the wearer's comfort. HA absorbed by contact lenses can also gradually release to the anterior segment of the eyes to treat dry eye. This review discusses applications of HA in ophthalmology.

8.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(3): 227-233, 2021 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927068

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) are important source of periodontal tissue reconstruction. Under chronic inflammation, the multi-directional differentiation potential and chemotaxis in hPDLCs are decreased. Therefore, inhibiting inflammatory microenvironment and improving the functional characteristics of stem cells can better promote periodontal tissue reconstruction. This study was to investigate the effect of astaxanthin (AST) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in hPDLCs and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: hPDLCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, and vimentin and keratin immunocytochemical staining were used to identify hPDLCs. CCK-8 assay was used to measure the effects of AST (1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 µmol/L) on proliferation of hPDLCs. Quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) and ELISA were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α) in the control (Con) group, the LPS group, and the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 µmol/L) group. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of IKBα, phosphorylated IKBα (p-IKBα), and p65 in the Con group, the LPS group, the AST (20 µmol/L) group, and the LPS+AST (20 µmol/L) group. After 10 µmol/L PDTC treatment, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α were detected by RT-qPCR and ELISA. RESULTS: Cell morphology and immunocytochemical staining showed that the cells were in line with the characteristics of hPDLCs. Treatment with AST could promote the proliferation of hPDLCs, which reached the peak at 20 µmol/L. The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α in the LPS group were higher than those in the Con group (all P<0.05). Compared with the LPS group, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α in the LPS+AST (5, 10, 20, and 50 µmol/L) group were down-regulated (all P<0.05). Compared with the Con group, the levels of IKBα and p65 in cytoplasm of the LPS group were significantly downregulated (both P<0.05), and the levels of p-IKBα in cytoplasm and p65 in nucleus of the LPS group were significantly up-regulated (both P<0.05). Compared with the LPS group, the levels of IKBα and p65 in cytoplasm of the LPS+AST (20 µmol/L) group were significantly upregulated (both P<0.05), and the levels of p-IKBα in cytoplasm and p65 in nucleus of the LPS+AST (20 µmol/L) group were significantly downregulated (both P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-α in the LPS+PDTC (10 µmol/L) group were lower than those in the LPS group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: AST promotes the proliferation of hPDLCs, which is related to suppression of LPS-induced the secretion of inflammatory factors via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Ligamento Periodontal , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , NF-kappa B , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Xantofilas
9.
Physiol Res ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676388

RESUMO

Asprosin, coiled-coil domain-containing 80(CCDC80) and angiopoietin-like 4(ANGPTL4) are newly discovered adipocytokine that affects glucose tolerance, insulin resistance and cardiovascular diseases. The goal of this study was to investigate if a relationship exists among asprosin, CCDC80 and ANGPTL4 and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Fifty subjects with newly diagnosed IBD and fifty healthy individuals were enrolled. Patients were treated with standard therapies for 3 months. Plasma asprosin, CCDC80 and ANGPTL4 levels were measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. High resolution ultrasound was used to measure brachial artery diameter at rest, after reactive hyperemia (flow-mediated dilation, FMD) and after sublingual glyceryltrinitrate. Compare with healthy individuals, plasma CCDC80,erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were significantly higher (p < 0.05, respectively), whereas plasma asprosin, ,ANGPTL4 levels and FMD were significantly lower in both UC and CD patients(p <0.05). Plasma CCDC80 levels were significantly higher in patients with CD (p < 0.05), while plasma asprosin and ANGPTL4 levels were lower (pP < 0.05) as compared with those in patietns with UC. Standard therapies increased plasma asprosin, ANGPTL4 levels and FMD in both UC and CD (p<0.05),UC and CD patientswhile decreased plasma CCDC80, ESR, CRP levels and HOMA-IR (p<0.05). The changes in HOMA-IR and FMD were correlated with the changes in plasma asprosin, CCDC80 and ANGPTL4 levels over the study period (p<0.05). Plasma asprosin, CCDC80 and ANGPTL4 levels may be applied as a significant marker for early stage of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis in IBD, especially of CD.

10.
Carbohydr Polym ; 259: 117710, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673989

RESUMO

Harmful algal blooms induce severe environmental problems. It is challenging to remove algae by the current available treatments involving complicate process and costly instruments. Here, we developed a CaO2@PEG-loaded water-soluble self-branched chitosan (CP-SBC) system, which can remove algae from water in one-step without additional instrumentation. This approach utilizes a novel flocculant (self-branched chitosan) integrated with flotation function (induced by CaO2@PEG). CP-SBC exhibited better flocculation performance than commercial flocculants, which is attributed to the enhanced bridging and sweeping effect of branched chitosan. CP-SBC demonstrated outstanding biocompatibility, which was verified by zebrafish test and algae activity test. CaO2@PEG-loaded self-branched chitosan can serve as an "Air flotation system" to spontaneous float the flocs after flocculation by sustainably released O2. Furthermore, CP-SBC can improve water quality through minimizing dissolved oxygen depletion and reducing total phosphorus concentrations.


Assuntos
Quitosana/química , Proliferação Nociva de Algas/fisiologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Floculação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação Nociva de Algas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cinética , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/química , Oxigênio/química , Fósforo/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Porosidade , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 228-231, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of copy number variations (CNVs) and chromosomal karyotyping analysis for patients with intellectual disability/developmental delay (ID/DD). METHODS: Chromosomal karyotype analysis was applied to 530 children diagnosed with ID/DD. Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) was further applied for 120 children with unknown etiology. RESULTS: Among the 530 children with ID/DD, 104 (19.62%) were detected with chromosomal abnormalities. For the 120 children analyzed by SNP-array, 44 (36.67%) were detected with CNVs, among which 20 were predicted as pathogenic, 6 as likely pathogenic, 10 as variants of unknown significance, 7 as likely benign,and 1 as loss of heterozygosity. CONCLUSION: SNP-array can facilitate delineation of the etiology of patients with ID/DD, which may provide a basis for their prognosis, consultation and clinical intervention.


Assuntos
Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Deficiência Intelectual , Criança , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Cariotipagem
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 8840835, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33708997

RESUMO

This study established an interpretable machine learning model to predict the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and output the most crucial deterioration factors. Clinical information, laboratory tests, and chest computed tomography (CT) scans at admission were collected. Two experienced radiologists reviewed the scans for the patterns, distribution, and CT scores of lung abnormalities. Six machine learning models were established to predict the severity of COVID-19. After parameter tuning and performance comparison, the optimal model was explained using Shapley Additive explanations to output the crucial factors. This study enrolled and classified 198 patients into mild (n = 162; 46.93 ± 14.49 years old) and severe (n = 36; 60.97 ± 15.91 years old) groups. The severe group had a higher temperature (37.42 ± 0.99°C vs. 36.75 ± 0.66°C), CT score at admission, neutrophil count, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio than the mild group. The XGBoost model ranked first among all models, with an AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.924, 90.91%, and 97.96%, respectively. The early stage of chest CT, total CT score of the percentage of lung involvement, and age were the top three contributors to the prediction of the deterioration of XGBoost. A higher total score on chest CT had a more significant impact on the prediction. In conclusion, the XGBoost model to predict the severity of COVID-19 achieved excellent performance and output the essential factors in the deterioration process, which may help with early clinical intervention, improve prognosis, and reduce mortality.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Dispneia/virologia , Feminino , Febre/virologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Modelos Biológicos , Neutrófilos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Adv Mater ; : e2005878, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33788341

RESUMO

Enhancing the electrochemical performance of batteries, including the lifespan, energy, and power densities, is an everlasting quest for the rechargeable battery community. However, the dynamic and coupled (electro)chemical processes that occur in the electrode materials as well as at the electrode/electrolyte interfaces complicate the investigation of their working and decay mechanisms. Herein, the recent developments and applications of solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques in Li/Na batteries are reviewed. Several typical cases including the applications of NMR spectroscopy for the investigation of the pristine structure and the dynamic structural evolution of materials are first emphasized. The NMR applications in analyzing the solid electrolyte interfaces (SEI) on the electrode are further concluded, involving the identification of SEI components and investigation of ionic motion through the interfaces. Beyond, the new development of in situ NMR and MRI techniques are highlighted, including their advantages, challenges, applications and the design principle of in situ cell. In the end, a prospect about how to use ssNMR in battery research from the perspectives of materials, interface, and in situ NMR, aiming at obtaining deeper insight of batteries with the assistance of ssNMR is represented.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5291, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674646

RESUMO

Etiopathogenesis of fetal ventriculomegaly is poorly understood. Associations between fetal isolated ventriculomegaly and copy number variations (CNVs) have been previously described. We investigated the correlations between fetal ventriculomegaly-with or without other ultrasound anomalies-and chromosome abnormalities. 222 fetuses were divided into four groups: (I) 103 (46.4%) cases with isolated ventriculomegaly, (II) 41 (18.5%) cases accompanied by soft markers, (III) 33 (14.9%) cases complicated with central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, and (IV) 45 (20.3%) cases with accompanying anomalies. Karyotyping and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array were used in parallel. Karyotype abnormalities were identified in 15/222 (6.8%) cases. Karyotype abnormalities in group I, II, III, and IV were 4/103 (3.9%), 2/41 (4.9%), 4/33 (12.1%), and 5/45 (11.1%), respectively. Concerning the SNP array analysis results, 31/222 (14.0%) were CNVs, CNVs in groups I, II, III, and IV were 11/103 (10.7%), 6/41 (14.6%), 9/33 (27.3%), and 5/45 fetuses (11.1%), respectively. Detections of clinical significant CNVs were higher in non-isolated ventriculomegaly than in isolated ventriculomegaly (16.81% vs 10.7%, P = 0.19). SNP arrays can effectively identify CNVs in fetuses with ventriculomegaly and increase the abnormal chromosomal detection rate by approximately 7.2%, especially ventriculomegaly accompanied by CNS anomalies.

16.
Malar J ; 20(1): 124, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombospondin-related adhesive protein (TRAP) is a transmembrane protein that plays a crucial role during the invasion of Plasmodium falciparum into liver cells. As a potential malaria vaccine candidate, the genetic diversity and natural selection of PfTRAP was assessed and the global PfTRAP polymorphism pattern was described. METHODS: 153 blood spot samples from Bioko malaria patients were collected during 2016-2018 and the target TRAP gene was amplified. Together with the sequences from database, nucleotide diversity and natural selection analysis, and the structural prediction were preformed using bioinformatical tools. RESULTS: A total of 119 Bioko PfTRAP sequences were amplified successfully. On Bioko Island, PfTRAP shows its high degree of genetic diversity and heterogeneity, with π value for 0.01046 and Hd for 0.99. The value of dN-dS (6.2231, p < 0.05) hinted at natural selection of PfTRAP on Bioko Island. Globally, the African PfTRAPs showed more diverse than the Asian ones, and significant genetic differentiation was discovered by the fixation index between African and Asian countries (Fst > 0.15, p < 0.05). 667 Asian isolates clustered in 136 haplotypes and 739 African isolates clustered in 528 haplotypes by network analysis. The mutations I116T, L221I, Y128F, G228V and P299S were predicted as probably damaging by PolyPhen online service, while mutations L49V, R285G, R285S, P299S and K421N would lead to a significant increase of free energy difference (ΔΔG > 1) indicated a destabilization of protein structure. CONCLUSIONS: Evidences in the present investigation supported that PfTRAP gene from Bioko Island and other malaria endemic countries is highly polymorphic (especially at T cell epitopes), which provided the genetic information background for developing an PfTRAP-based universal effective vaccine. Moreover, some mutations have been shown to be detrimental to the protein structure or function and deserve further study and continuous monitoring.


Assuntos
Malária Falciparum/parasitologia , Plasmodium falciparum/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Epitopos , Guiné Equatorial/epidemiologia , Frequência do Gene , Variação Genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Vacinas Antimaláricas , Malária Falciparum/epidemiologia , Malária Falciparum/imunologia , Plasmodium falciparum/imunologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas de Protozoários/química , Proteínas de Protozoários/imunologia , Seleção Genética
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725391

RESUMO

Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) has received extensive attention in characterizing alkali-ion battery materials because it is highly sensitive for probing the local environment and dynamic information of atoms/ions. However, precise spectral assignment cannot be carried out by conventional DFT for high-rate battery materials at room temperature. Herein, combining DFT calculation of paramagnetic shift and deep potential molecular dynamics (DPMD) simulation to achieve the converged Na+ distribution at hundreds of nanoseconds, we obtain the statistically averaged paramagnetic shift, which is in excellent agreement with ssNMR measurements. Two 23 Na shifts induced by different stacking sequences of transition metal layers are revealed in the fast chemically exchanged NMR spectra of P2-type Na2/3 (Mg1/3 Mn2/3 )O2 for the first time. This DPMD simulation auxiliary protocol can be beneficial to a wide range of ssNMR analysis in fast chemically exchanged material systems.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33654271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed associations between allergic diseases and antibacterial agents in Taiwanese children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association of triclosan (TCS) exposure with allergic diseases among preschoolers, disease-specific IgE titers, and a child's sex. METHODS: Pediatric data were obtained from the Childhood Environment and Allergic Diseases Study (CEAS; 2010) cohort, and their urine and blood samples were used to analyze TCS and IgE concentrations (age 3 group). Three years later, clinical data were obtained again from the age 3 group (age 6 group). Correlations of TCS levels at ages 3 and 6 years with IgE levels and allergic diseases were evaluated. RESULTS: The TCS levels were higher at age 3 than at age 6 (geometric mean, 1.05 ng/ml vs 0.37 ng/ml). TCS levels were positively correlated with serum IgE levels at ages 3 and 6 years. Asthma and atopic dermatitis were significantly associated with TCS (adjusted OR 1.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.29; OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05-1.41). Sex-stratified analysis revealed that TCS levels were positively correlated with IgE levels among boys in the age 6 group and significantly associated with asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis among boys. SIGNIFICANCE: TCS exposure is associated with IgE levels and a potentially high risk of pediatric atopic disorders.

19.
Food Chem ; 354: 129526, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735694

RESUMO

Determining the animal source in meat and meat products is crucial to prevent meat adulteration and fraud. Conventional methods require considerable operator skills, expensive instruments and are unable to provide fast mobile on-site detection systems to detect contamination of meat products. We developed a visual method based on recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) and a lateral flow dipstick (LFD) to identify beef (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries), pork (Sus scrofa), duck (Anas platyrhynchos) and chicken (Gallus gallus). The reaction was completed within 20 min. The results were determined by the naked eye. The detection limits of the RPA-LFD assays for duck, beef, sheep, chicken and pork were 101/µL, 102/µL, 102/µL, 101/µL and 101/µL, respectively. Furthermore, the RPA-LFD assays could differentiate species in boiled, microwaved, pressure-cooked or fried samples. These RPA-LFD assays represent a rapid, mobile detection system for determining meat product contamination.

20.
Theor Appl Genet ; 134(5): 1435-1454, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712876

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping of 15 yield component traits in a German multi-founder population identified eight QTL each controlling ≥2 phenotypes, including the genetic loci Rht24, WAPO-A1 and WAPO-B1. Grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a polygenic trait representing the culmination of many developmental processes and their interactions with the environment. Toward maintaining genetic gains in yield potential, 'reductionist approaches' are commonly undertaken by which the genetic control of yield components, that collectively determine yield, are established. Here we use an eight-founder German multi-parental wheat population to investigate the genetic control and phenotypic trade-offs between 15 yield components. Increased grains per ear was significantly positively correlated with the number of fertile spikelets per ear and negatively correlated with the number of infertile spikelets. However, as increased grain number and fertile spikelet number per ear were significantly negatively correlated with thousand grain weight, sink strength limitations were evident. Genetic mapping identified 34 replicated quantitative trait loci (QTL) at two or more test environments, of which 24 resolved into eight loci each controlling two or more traits-termed here 'multi-trait QTL' (MT-QTL). These included MT-QTL associated with previously cloned genes controlling semi-dwarf plant stature, and with the genetic locus Reduced height 24 (Rht24) that further modulates plant height. Additionally, MT-QTL controlling spikelet number traits were located to chromosome 7A encompassing the gene WHEAT ORTHOLOG OF APO1 (WAPO-A1), and to its homoeologous location on chromosome 7B containing WAPO-B1. The genetic loci identified in this study, particularly those that potentially control multiple yield components, provide future opportunities for the targeted investigation of their underlying genes, gene networks and phenotypic trade-offs, in order to underpin further genetic gains in yield.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...