Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.459
Filtrar
2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4040, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33597574

RESUMO

Our aim was to analyze the clinical and survival differences among patients who underwent the two main treatment modalities, endoscopic ablation and radical nephroureterectomy. This study examined all patients who had undergone endoscopic management and RNU between Jul. 1988 and Mar. 2019 from the Taiwan UTUC registry. The inclusion criteria were low stage UTUC in RNU and all cases in endoscopic managed UTUC with a curative intent. The demographic and clinical characteristics were included for analysis. In total, 84 cases in the endoscopic group and 272 cases in the RNU group were enrolled for final analysis. The median follow-up period were 33.5 and 42.0 months in endoscopic and RNU group, respectively (p = 0.082). Comparison of Kaplan-Meier estimated survival curves between groups, the endoscopic group was associated with similar overall survival (OS), cancer specific survival (CSS), and intravesical recurrence free survival (IVRS) but demonstrated inferior disease free survival (DFS) (p = 0.188 for OS, p = 0.493 for CSS and p < 0.001 for DFS). Endoscopic management of UTUC was as safe as RNU in UTUC endemic region.

3.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2021 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615437

RESUMO

PCR, a central technology for molecular diagnostics, is highly sensitive, but susceptible to the risk of false positives caused by aerosol contamination, especially when an end-point detection mode is applied. Here we proposed a solution by designing a CRISPR/Cas9 eraser strategy for eliminating potential contamination amplification. The CRISPR/Cas9 engineered eraser is firstly adopted into a RT-PCR system to achieve contamination-free RNA detection. Subsequently, we extended this CRISPR/Cas9 eraser to PCR system. We engineered conventional PCR primers to enable the amplified products to contain an implanted NGG (protospacer adjacent motif, PAM) site, which is used as a code for specific CRISPR/Cas9 recognition. Pre-incubation of Cas9/sgRNA with PCR mix lead to a selective cleavage of contamination amplicons thus only the template DNA is amplified. The developed CRISPR/Cas9 eraser, adopted by both RT-PCR and PCR system, showed high-fidelity detection of SARS-CoV-2 and African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) with a convenient strip test. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1475, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446692

RESUMO

Adverse reactions may still occur in some patients after receiving haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), even when choosing a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. The adverse reactions of transplantation include disease relapse, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), mortality and CMV infection. However, only the relapse was discussed in our previous study. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the correlation between the gene polymorphisms within the HLA region and the adverse reactions of post-HSCT in patients with acute leukaemia (n = 176), where 72 patients were diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) and 104 were acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms were divided into three models: donor, recipient, and donor-recipient pairs and the data of ALL and AML were analysed individually. Based on the results, we found 16 SNPs associated with the survival rates, the risk of CMV infection, or the grade of GVHD in either donor, recipient, or donor-recipient matching models. In the ALL group, the rs209132 of TRIM27 in the donor group was related to CMV infection (p = 0.021), the rs213210 of RING1 in the recipient group was associated with serious GVHD (p = 0.003), and the rs2227956 of HSPA1L in the recipient group correlated with CMV infection (p = 0.001). In the AML group, the rs3130048 of BAG6 in the donor-recipient pairs group was associated with serious GVHD (p = 0.048). Moreover, these SNPs were further associated with the duration time of survival after transplantation. These results could be applied to select the best donor in HSCT.

5.
Eur J Med Genet ; 64(3): 104145, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497767

RESUMO

Neonatal Intrahepatic Cholestasis caused by Citrin Deficiency (NICCD) is an autosomal recessive disease resulting from biallelic SLC25A13 mutations, and its diagnosis relies on genetic analysis. This study aimed to characterize the pathogenicity of 2 novel splice-site variants of SLC25A13 gene. Two patients (C0476 and C0556) suspected to have NICCD, their family members and 9 healthy volunteers were recruited as the research subjects. The SLC25A13 genotypes NG_012247.2(NM_014251.3): c.[852_855del]; [69+5G > A] in patient C0476 and c.[1453-1G > A]; [1751-5_1751-4ins (2684)] in patient C0556 were identified by means of polymerase chain reaction, long and accurate polymerase chain reaction, as well as Sanger sequencing. The 2 splice-site variants were absent in control databases and predicted to be pathogenic by computational analysis. The alternative splice variants in monocyte-derived macrophages from patient C0476 demonstrated exon 2 skipping [r.16_69del; p.(Val6_Lys23del)] in vivo, while minigene analysis revealed both exon 2-skipping and retained products from c.69+5G > A in vitro. In the patient C0556, an aberrant transcript [r.1453del; p.(Gly485Valfs*22)] resulting from c.1453-1G > A was detected on minigene splicing study. Thus, c.69+5G > A and c.1453-1G > A were both proved to be pathogenic. The 2 novel splice-site variants expanded the SLC25A13 mutation spectrum and provided reliable molecular markers for the definite diagnosis and genetic counseling of NICCD in the affected families.

6.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 16, 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD), frequently accompanied by cognitive impairments, is associated with systemic oxidative stress and abnormal structural changes on brain images. We aimed to identify the correlation between systemic oxidative stress and cognitive function in PD patients with different periventricular white matter hyperintensities (PWMH) and deep white matter hyperintensities (DWMH). METHODS: A total of 146 participants with idiopathic PD underwent brain MRI, which revealed PWMH and DWMH. The number of lesions were evaluated using the Fazekas criteria. Systemic oxidative stress was determined as early or late phase changes in leukocyte apoptosis and its subsets by flow cytometry. Cognitive functions, including attention, executive function, memory, language, and visual space, were assessed. RESULTS: For different DWMH, the leukocyte apoptosis and its subsets were significantly different.. However, there were no significant differences in oxidative stress biomarkers in PD patients with different PWMH. Attention and memory were significantly decreased in patients with more advanced DWMH injuries. Attention, memory, and language were significantly impaired in patients with worse PWMH lesions. CONCLUSION: Significant oxidative stress biomarker alternations in PD patients with DWMH, but not PWMH, might be associated with white matter injury. Systemic inflammatory responses may contribute to deep white matter damage in PD. Further, more cognitive deficits were seen in PD patients with worse deep white matter lesions, especially in moderate to severe periventricular white matter injury. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospective study.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current anti-dementia drugs cannot benefit mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Sodium benzoate (a D-amino acid oxidase [DAO] inhibitor) has been found to improve the cognitive function of patients with early-phase Alzheimer's disease (AD) (mild AD or MCI). However, its effect on brain function remains unknow. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of benzoate on fMRI in patients with amnestic MCI. METHODS: This was a 24-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, which enrolled 21 patients with aMCI and allocated them randomly to either of 2 treatment groups: (1) benzoate group (250-1500 mg/day); (2) placebo group. We assessed the patients' working memory, verbal learning and memory, and resting-state fMRI and regional homogeneity (ReHo) maps at baseline and endpoint. RESULTS: Resting-state ReHo decreased in right orbitofrontal cortex after benzoate treatment, but didn't change after placebo. Moreover, after benzoate treatment, the change in working memory was positively correlated and the change in ReHo in right precentral gyrus and right middle occipital gyrus; and the change in verbal learning and memory was positively correlated with the change in ReHo in left precuneus. In contrast, after placebo treatment, the change in working memory or in verbal learning and memory was not correlated with the change in ReHo in any brain region. CONCLUSION: The current study is the first to demonstrate that a DAO inhibitor, sodium benzoate herein, can alter brain activity as well as cognitive functions in the MCI individuals. The preliminary finding lends supports for DAO inhibition as a novel approach for early dementing processes.

8.
Br J Neurosurg ; : 1-4, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410365

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Spinal meningeal melanocytoma is an extremely rare tumour with an estimated annual incidence of 1 per 10 million people. It usually arises from the intradural extramedullary compartment at the cervical levels. Although these tumours are histologically benign, they may behave aggressively. Local recurrence could occur even after total tumour excision. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 33-year-old Asian male who developed progressive weakness and numbness of the bilateral lower extremities as well as urinary retention five years after complete tumour resection of lumbar spinal meningeal melanocytoma. Magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine revealed a mass with thecal sac compression which was hypointense on T2-weighted images and hyperintense on T1-weighted images. The patient underwent total tumour removal. Histologic examination was compatible with recurrent meningeal melanocytoma. After a 4-week inpatient rehabilitation programme, he was able to ambulate without assistance and to do clean intermittent catheterisation for micturition on a regular basis. DISCUSSION: This is the first reported case of intradural extramedullary meningeal melanocytoma located at the lumbar region. Clinicians should consider the possibility of these rare tumours at any level of the spine, and be aware of sphincter dysfunction in addition to motor and sensory deficits of extremities.

9.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 862, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441662

RESUMO

Structural covariance assesses similarities in gray matter between brain regions and can be applied to study networks of the brain. In this study, we explored correlations between structural covariance networks (SCNs) and cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease patients. 101 PD patients and 58 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. For each participant, comprehensive neuropsychological testing using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III and Cognitive Ability Screening Instrument were conducted. Structural brain MR images were acquired using a 3.0T whole body GE Signa MRI system. T1 structural images were preprocessed and analyzed using Statistical Parametric Mapping software (SPM12) running on Matlab R2016a for voxel-based morphometric analysis and SCN analysis. PD patients with normal cognition received follow-up neuropsychological testing at 1-year interval. Cognitive impairment in PD is associated with degeneration of the amygdala/hippocampus SCN. PD patients with dementia exhibited increased covariance over the prefrontal cortex compared to PD patients with normal cognition (PDN). PDN patients who had developed cognitive impairment at follow-up exhibited decreased gray matter volume of the amygdala/hippocampus SCN in the initial MRI. Our results support a neural network-based mechanism for cognitive impairment in PD patients. SCN analysis may reveal vulnerable networks that can be used to early predict cognitive decline in PD patients.

10.
Aging Cell ; 20(2): e13305, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448137

RESUMO

The plasticity mechanisms in the nervous system that are important for learning and memory are greatly impacted during aging. Notably, hippocampal-dependent long-term plasticity and its associative plasticity, such as synaptic tagging and capture (STC), show considerable age-related decline. The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR ) is a negative regulator of structural and functional plasticity in the brain and thus represents a potential candidate to mediate age-related alterations. However, the mechanisms by which p75NTR affects synaptic plasticity of aged neuronal networks and ultimately contribute to deficits in cognitive function have not been well characterized. Here, we report that mutant mice lacking the p75NTR were resistant to age-associated changes in long-term plasticity, associative plasticity, and associative memory. Our study shows that p75NTR is responsible for age-dependent disruption of hippocampal homeostatic plasticity by modulating several signaling pathways, including BDNF, MAPK, Arc, and RhoA-ROCK2-LIMK1-cofilin. p75NTR may thus represent an important therapeutic target for limiting the age-related memory and cognitive function deficits.

11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440950

RESUMO

Many cases of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) have confirmed in many countries around the world. Due to the disorders of the immune system, diabetic patients are more likely to suffer from severe COVID-19. Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor analogues (GLP-1R analogues) commonly can be used to reduce blood sugar. There is no clear evidence that it can be safely and effectively used in patients with diabetes merged severe COVID-19. In this case, we described A 65-year-old male with hypertension and diabetes was diagnosed with severe COVID-19, he took liraglutide at doses ranging from 0.8 to 1.8 mg. Before admission, liraglutide was not used to reduce blood glucose. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate and abidol were used to antivirus and supportive treatment were used simultaneously during hospitalization. During treatment, the patient's own state was paid attention to, and blood glucose, liver function, kidney function, white blood cells, lymphocytes and other indicators were checked and chest CT was reviewed regularly, which could reflect changes in disease. After treatment, the patient's blood glucose was under control, and his liver function, renal function, white blood cells, lymphocytes and other indicators were normal and chest CT also improved. The case showed that liraglutide may be effective and safe used in patients with severe COVID-19 combined with type 2 diabetes, but more clinical trials are needed.

12.
Chemosphere ; 263: 127959, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814133

RESUMO

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is one of the most widespread environmental contaminants worldwide because of its massive production, extensive use in common products, and liability to leach from products. This study investigated the mechanisms of DEHP mediated alteration of lipid metabolism. Rats were treated with 0.5 mg kg-1 d-1 of DEHP for 23 weeks. Results showed that the treatment induced cholesterol imbalance. Further fecal transplantation experiments corroborated the involvement of gut microbiota in DEHP-induced cholesterol imbalance. In addition, 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis of cecal contents showed that DEHP disrupted the gut microbiota diversity in rats and increased the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes. Further cecal metabolomic analyses, bile salt hydrolase enzyme activity, and gene expression examination revealed that chronic DEHP exposure generated a bile acid profile in the gut that is a more potent activator of farnesoid X receptor (FXR). The activation of FXR in the gut induced the expression of fibroblast growth factor 15, which subsequently suppressed cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily A member 1 in the liver and bile acid synthesis. These results suggest that DEHP might induce cholesterol imbalance by regulating bile acid metabolism via the remodeling of the gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Dietilexilftalato/toxicidade , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bacteroidetes/genética , Ácidos e Sais Biliares/metabolismo , Ceco , Dietilexilftalato/metabolismo , Firmicutes/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Ribossômico 16S/metabolismo , Ratos
13.
Cancer Med ; 10(3): 806-823, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314730

RESUMO

PURPOSE: TP53 mutation, one of the most frequent mutations in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), triggers a series of alterations in the immune landscape, progression, and clinical outcome of early-stage LUAD. Our study was designed to unravel the effects of TP53 mutation on the immunophenotype of early-stage LUAD and formulate a TP53-associated immune prognostic model (IPM) that can estimate prognosis in early-stage LUAD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Immune-associated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between TP53 mutated (TP53MUT ) and TP53 wild-type (TP53WT ) early-stage LUAD were comprehensively analyzed. Univariate Cox analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis identified the prognostic immune-associated DEGs. We constructed and validated an IPM based on the TCGA and a meta-GEO composed of GSE72094, GSE42127, and GSE31210, respectively. The CIBERSORT algorithm was analyzed for assessing the percentage of immune cell types. A nomogram model was established for clinical application. RESULTS: TP53 mutation occurred in approximately 50.00% of LUAD patients, stimulating a weakened immune response in early-stage LUAD. Sixty-seven immune-associated DEGs were determined between TP53WT and TP53MUT cohort. An IPM consisting of two prognostic immune-associated DEGs (risk score = 0.098 * ENTPD2 expression + 0.168 * MIF expression) was developed through 397 cases in the TCGA and further validated based on 623 patients in a meta-GEO. The IPM stratified patients into low or high risk of undesirable survival and was identified as an independent prognostic indicator in multivariate analysis (HR = 2.09, 95% CI: 1.43-3.06, p < 0.001). Increased expressions of PD-L1, CTLA-4, and TIGIT were revealed in the high-risk group. Prognostic nomogram incorporating the IPM and other clinicopathological parameters (TNM stage and age) achieved optimal predictive accuracy and clinical utility. CONCLUSION: The IPM based on TP53 status is a reliable and robust immune signature to identify early-stage LUAD patients with high risk of unfavorable survival.

14.
Virus Res ; 293: 198263, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33359173

RESUMO

Deformed wing virus (DWV) is a single-stranded positive sense RNA virus that mainly infects honey bees (Apis mellifera) and can have devastating impacts on the colony. Recent studies have shown the presence of this virus in several species of Apis spp. and some other Hymenoptera, but our knowledge of their host range is very limited. We screened previously sequenced RNAseq libraries from different tissues of Vietnamese Walking Stick, Medauroidea extradentata (Phasmatodea) for DWV. We only found this virus in six libraries from anterior and posterior midgut tissue. From the midgut libraries we were able to construct a complete DWV genome sequence, which consisted of 10,140 nucleotides and included one open reading frame. Pairwise genome comparison confirmed strong similarity (98.89 %) of these assembled sequences with only 113 SNPs to the original DWV genome. We hypothesize the M. extradentata acquired this virus via a foodborne transmission by consuming DWV-infected material such as pollen or leaves contaminated with virus infected bee faeces.

15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(23)2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297364

RESUMO

Real-time detection of fatigue in the elderly during physical exercises can help identify the stability and thus falling risks which are commonly achieved by the investigation of kinematic parameters. In this study, we aimed to identify the change in gait variability parameters from inertial measurement units (IMU) during a course of 60 min brisk walking which could lay the foundation for the development of fatigue-detecting wearable sensors. Eighteen elderly people were invited to participate in the brisk walking trials for 60 min with a single IMU attached to the posterior heel region of the dominant side. Nine sets of signals, including the accelerations, angular velocities, and rotation angles of the heel in three anatomical axes, were measured and extracted at the three walking times (baseline, 30th min, and 60th min) of the trial for analysis. Sixteen of eighteen participants reported fatigue after walking, and there were significant differences in the median acceleration (p = 0.001), variability of angular velocity (p = 0.025), and range of angle rotation (p = 0.0011), in the medial-lateral direction. In addition, there were also significant differences in the heel pronation angle (p = 0.005) and variability and energy consumption of the angles in the anterior-posterior axis (p = 0.028, p = 0.028), medial-lateral axis (p = 0.014, p = 0.014), and vertical axis (p = 0.002, p < 0.001). Our study demonstrated that a single IMU on the posterior heel of the dominant side can address the variability of kinematics parameters for elderly performing prolonged brisk walking and could serve as an indicator for walking instability, and thus fatigue.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33273949

RESUMO

Dosage is essential for studying the compatibility and effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine. Danggui and Chuanxiong are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for ailments and treatment of various disorders. 628 traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions containing Danggui and Chuanxiong were extracted from the self-built prescription database and screened for the three groups of prescriptions, i.e., irregular menstruation, sores, and stroke. We processed and tested the dosage of Danggui and Chuanxiong and selected the optimal copula function, Gumbel copula function, from the Archimedes function family and elliptical copula function family to establish the data model. To establish the presence of a correlation between the dose of Danggui and Chuanxiong, a graph of the joint distribution function of rank correlation coefficients, Kendall's rank correlation coefficient and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, was used. Our results suggest that the model using the Gumbel copula function better reflects the correlation between the dose of Danggui and Chuanxiong. For irregular menstruation, sores, and strokes, Kendall's rank correlation coefficients were 0.6724, 0.5930, and 0.7757, respectively, and Spearman's correlation coefficients were 0.8536, 0.7812, and 0.9285, respectively. In all three prescription groups, the dose of Danggui and Chuanxiong was positively correlated, implying that, as the dosage of one drug increases, the dosage of the other increases as well. From the perspective of data mining and mathematical statistics, the use of the copula function model to evaluate the correlation between the prescribed dosage of the two drugs was innovative and provided a new model for the scientific interpretation of the compatibility of traditional drugs. This might also serve to guide the clinical use of traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 42: 101278, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of retention enema with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for ulcerative colitis (UC) through a meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Literatures were retrieved from five electronic databases. Quality evaluation and meta-analysis were respectively conducted using the Cochrane collaboration and RevMan5.3. Overall quality of evidence was evaluated using GRADE system. Effect sizes were pooled using random effect models. RESULTS: Seventeen RCTs were included. Compared with routine pharmacotherapies (RPs), TCM enema exhibited a statistically significant difference in clinical efficacy and reduction of the recurrence rate. The results of qualitative description for other endpoints, such as improvements in anabrosis, ulcer, diarrhea, and hematochezia, suggested that TCM enema had better efficacy than RPs. Furthermore, the incidence of side effects in TCM was lower than that in RPs. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis confirmed the efficacy and safety of TCM enema for improving UC symptoms. However, further well-designed researches are needed.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295064

RESUMO

Accurate and large-scale screening of infected individuals has proven to be an effective means to control the spread of COVID-19. Currently, many assays have been developed to meet the huge testing requirements and the availability of diverse detection settings. However, few methods emphasize the capability to simultaneously detect two genes in a single test, which is a key measure to improve detection accuracy, as adopted by the gold standard RT-qPCR method. Herein, we developed a CRISPR/Cas9-mediated triple-line lateral flow assay (TL-LFA) combined with multiplex reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) for rapid and simultaneous dual-gene detection of SARS-CoV-2 in a single strip test. This assay is characterized by the detection of envelope (E) and open reading frame 1ab (ORF1ab) genes from cell-cultured SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA standards, showing a sensitivity of 100 RNA copies per reaction (25 µL). Furthermore, dual-gene analysis of 64 nasopharyngeal swab clinical samples showed 100% negative predictive agreement (NPA) and 97.14% positive predictive agreement (PPA). Expectantly, this developed platform will provide a more accurate and convenient pathway for diagnosis of COVID-19 or other infectious diseases in low-resource regions.

19.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259316

RESUMO

Recently, crowd counting draws much attention on account of its significant meaning in congestion control, public safety, and ecological surveys. Although the performance is improved dramatically due to the development of deep learning, the scales of these networks also become larger and more complex. Moreover, a large model also entails more time to train for better performance. To tackle these problems, this article first constructs a lightweight model, which is composed of an image feature encoder and a simple but effective decoder, called the pixel shuffle decoder (PSD). PSD ends with a pixel shuffle operator, which can display more density information without increasing the number of convolutional layers. Second, a density-aware curriculum learning (DCL) training strategy is designed to fully tap the potential of crowd counting models. DCL gives each predicted pixel a weight to determine its predicting difficulty and provides guidance on obtaining better generalization. Experimental results exhibit that PSD can achieve outstanding performance on most mainstream datasets while training under the DCL training framework. Besides, we also conduct some experiments about adopting DCL on existing typical crowd counters, and the results show that they all obtain new better performance than before, which further validates the effectiveness of our method.

20.
J Clin Med ; 9(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261187

RESUMO

We sought to examine the effect of tumor location on the prognosis of patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with radical nephroureterectomy (RNU). This retrospective study came from the Taiwan UTUC Collaboration Group, which consisted of 2658 patients at 15 institutions in Taiwan from 1988 to 2019. Patients with kidney-sparing management, both renal pelvic and ureteral tumors, as well as patients lacking complete data were excluded; the remaining 1436 patients were divided into two groups: renal pelvic tumor (RPT) and ureteral tumor (UT), with 842 and 594 patients, respectively. RPT was associated with more aggressive pathological features, including higher pathological T stage (p < 0.001) and the presence of lymphovascular invasion (p = 0.002), whereas patients with UT often had synchronous bladder tumor (p < 0.001), and were more likely to bear multiple lesions (p = 0.001). Our multivariate analysis revealed that UT was a worse prognostic factor compared with RPT (overall survival: HR 1.408, 95% CI 1.121-1.767, p = 0.003; cancer-specific survival: HR 1.562, 95% CI 1.169-2.085, p = 0.003; disease-free survival: HR 1.363, 95% CI 1.095-1.697, p = 0.006; bladder-recurrence-free survival: HR 1.411, 95% CI 1.141-1.747, p = 0.002, respectively). Based on our findings, UT appeared to be more malignant and had a worse prognosis than RPT.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA