Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 692
Filtrar
1.
Mol Pharmacol ; 105(3): 202-212, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302135

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle KATP channels critically regulate blood flow and blood pressure by modulating vascular tone and therefore represent attractive drug targets for treating several cardiovascular disorders. However, the lack of potent inhibitors that can selectively inhibit Kir6.1/SUR2B (vascular KATP) over Kir6.2/SUR1 (pancreatic KATP) has eluded discovery despite decades of intensive research. We therefore screened 47,872 chemically diverse compounds for novel inhibitors of heterologously expressed Kir6.1/SUR2B channels. The most potent inhibitor identified in the screen was an N-aryl-N'-benzyl urea compound termed VU0542270. VU0542270 inhibits Kir6.1/SUR2B with an IC50 of approximately 100 nM but has no apparent activity toward Kir6.2/SUR1 or several other members of the Kir channel family at doses up to 30 µM (>300-fold selectivity). By expressing different combinations of Kir6.1 or Kir6.2 with SUR1, SUR2A, or SUR2B, the VU0542270 binding site was localized to SUR2. Initial structure-activity relationship exploration around VU0542270 revealed basic texture related to structural elements that are required for Kir6.1/SUR2B inhibition. Analysis of the pharmacokinetic properties of VU0542270 showed that it has a short in vivo half-life due to extensive metabolism. In pressure myography experiments on isolated mouse ductus arteriosus vessels, VU0542270 induced ductus arteriosus constriction in a dose-dependent manner similar to that of the nonspecific KATP channel inhibitor glibenclamide. The discovery of VU0542270 provides conceptual proof that SUR2-specific KATP channel inhibitors can be developed using a molecular target-based approach and offers hope for developing cardiovascular therapeutics targeting Kir6.1/SUR2B. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Small-molecule inhibitors of vascular smooth muscle KATP channels might represent novel therapeutics for patent ductus arteriosus, migraine headache, and sepsis; however, the lack of selective channel inhibitors has slowed progress in these therapeutic areas. Here, this study describes the discovery and characterization of the first vascular-specific KATP channel inhibitor, VU0542270.


Assuntos
Canais KATP , Animais , Camundongos , Glibureto , Canais KATP/antagonistas & inibidores , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Receptores de Sulfonilureias/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 15(2): 302-309, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352850

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and characterization of a novel set of substituted indazole-ethanamines and indazole-tetrahydropyridines as potent serotonin receptor subtype 2 (5-HT2) agonists. Specifically, we examine the 5-HT2 pharmacology of the direct indazole analogs of 5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) and related serotonergic tryptamines, and highlight the need for rigorous characterization of 5-HT2 subtype selectivity for these analogs, particularly for the 5-HT2B receptor subtype. Within this series, the potent analog VU6067416 (19d) was optimized to have suitable preclinical pharmacokinetic properties for in vivo dosing, although potent 5-HT2B agonist activity precluded further characterization for this series. Additionally, in silico docking studies suggest that the high potency of 19d may be a consequence of a halogen-bonding interaction with Phe2345.38 in the 5-HT2A orthosteric pocket.

3.
J Org Chem ; 89(5): 3500-3508, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340064

RESUMO

Sp3-enriched small molecules play a critical role in developing drug candidates. While designing analogues with greater sp3 character, a methodology utilizing a less explored cyclic-aziridine amide ring-opening reaction to generate sp3-enriched scaffolds has been developed and reported. This methodology enables rapid access to substructures with higher fsp3 values, attracting greater attention within the past few decades. The reaction exhibits a wide reaction scope, featuring a highly sterically hindered phenolic ether, thiophenolic ethers, protected aniline formations, and aliphatic/heteroaromatic ring-containing aziridine amides as substrates. Additionally, this reaction provides access to congested tertiary ether formations through regioselective transformation, applicable to an extensive range of drug discovery targets, construction of complex small molecules, and natural product syntheses. The scaffolds developed show improved physicochemical properties.

7.
Biol Psychiatry ; 2023 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38061467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in the gene encoding for metabotropic glutamate receptor 3 (mGlu3) are associated with an increased likelihood of schizophrenia diagnosis and can predict improvements in negative symptoms following treatment with antipsychotics. However, the mechanisms by which mGlu3 can regulate brain circuits involved in schizophrenia pathophysiology are not clear. METHODS: We employed selective pharmacological tools and a variety of approaches including whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiology, slice optogenetics, and fiber photometry to investigate the effects of mGlu3 activation on phencyclidine (PCP)-induced impairments in thalamo-accumbal transmission and sociability deficits. A chemogenetic approach was used to evaluate the role of thalamo-accumbal transmission in PCP-induced sociability deficits. RESULTS: We first established that PCP treatment augmented excitatory transmission onto dopamine D1 receptor-expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) and induced sociability deficits. Our studies revealed a selective increase in glutamatergic synaptic transmission from thalamic afferents to D1-MSNs in the NAc shell. Chemogenetic silencing of thalamo-accumbal inputs rescued PCP-induced sociability deficits. Pharmacological activation of mGlu3 normalized PCP-induced impairments in thalamo-accumbal transmission and sociability deficits. Mechanistic studies revealed that mGlu3 activation induced robust long-term depression at synapses from the thalamic projections onto D1-MSNs in the NAc shell. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate that activation of mGlu3 decreases thalamo-accumbal transmission and thereby rescues sociability deficits in mouse modeling schizophrenia-like symptoms. These findings provide novel insights into the NAc-specific mechanisms and suggest that agents modulating glutamatergic signaling in the NAc may provide a promising approach for treating negative symptoms in schizophrenia.

8.
9.
JACC Basic Transl Sci ; 8(10): 1379-1388, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38094686

RESUMO

Ligands for the serotonin 2B receptor (5-HT2B) have shown potential to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension in preclinical models but cannot be used in humans because of predicted off-target neurological effects. The aim of this study was to develop novel systemically restricted compounds targeting 5-HT2B. Here, we show that mice treated with VU6047534 had decreased RVSP compared with control treatment in both the prevention and intervention studies using Sugen-hypoxia. VU6047534 is a novel 5-HT2B partial agonist that is peripherally restricted and able to both prevent and treat Sugen-hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension. We have synthesized and characterized a structurally novel series of 5-HT2B ligands with high potency and selectivity for the 5-HT2B receptor subtype. Next-generation 5-HT2B ligands with similar characteristics, and predicted to be systemically restricted in humans, are currently advancing to investigational new drug-enabling studies.

11.
J Med Chem ; 66(17): 11589-11590, 2023 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37646574
12.
J Med Chem ; 66(16): 11027-11039, 2023 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37584406

RESUMO

The cardiotoxicity associated with des-ethyl-dexfenfluramine (norDF) and related agonists of the serotonin receptor 2B (5-HT2B) has solidified the receptor's place as an "antitarget" in drug discovery. Conversely, a growing body of evidence has highlighted the utility of 5-HT2B antagonists for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), valvular heart disease (VHD), and related cardiopathies. In this Perspective, we summarize the link between the clinical failure of fenfluramine-phentermine (fen-phen) and the subsequent research on the role of 5-HT2B in disease progression, as well as the development of drug-like and receptor subtype-selective 5-HT2B antagonists. Such agents represent a promising class for the treatment of PAH and VHD, but their utility has been historically understudied due to the clinical disasters associated with 5-HT2B. Herein, it is our aim to examine the current state of 5-HT2B drug discovery, with an emphasis on the receptor's role in the central nervous system (CNS) versus the periphery.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Receptor 5-HT2B de Serotonina , Humanos , Serotonina , Fenfluramina , Descoberta de Drogas
13.
Mol Pharmacol ; 104(5): 195-202, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37595966

RESUMO

M4 muscarinic receptors are highly expressed in the striatum and cortex, brain regions that are involved in diseases such as Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, and dystonia. Despite potential therapeutic advantages of specifically targeting the M4 receptor, it has been historically challenging to develop highly selective ligands, resulting in undesired off-target activity at other members of the muscarinic receptor family. Recently, we have reported first-in-class, potent, and selective M4 receptor antagonists. As an extension of that work, we now report the development and characterization of a radiolabeled M4 receptor antagonist, [3H]VU6013720, with high affinity (pKd of 9.5 ± 0.2 at rat M4, 9.7 at mouse M4, and 10 ± 0.1 at human M4 with atropine to define nonspecific binding) and no significant binding at the other muscarinic subtypes. Binding assays using this radioligand in rodent brain tissues demonstrate loss of specific binding in Chrm4 knockout animals. Dissociation kinetics experiments with various muscarinic ligands show differential effects on the dissociation of [3H]VU6013720 from M4 receptors, suggesting a binding site that is overlapping but may be distinct from the orthosteric site. Overall, these results demonstrate that [3H]VU6013720 is the first highly selective antagonist radioligand for the M4 receptor, representing a useful tool for studying the basic biology of M4 as well for the support of M4 receptor-based drug discovery. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: This manuscript describes the development and characterization of a novel muscarinic (M) acetylcholine subtype 4 receptor antagonist radioligand, [3H]VU6013720. This ligand binds to or overlaps with the acetylcholine binding site, providing a highly selective radioligand for the M4 receptor that can be used to quantify M4 protein expression in vivo and probe the selective interactions of acetylcholine with M4 versus the other members of the muscarinic receptor family.


Assuntos
Acetilcolina , Receptores Muscarínicos , Ratos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Receptores Muscarínicos/metabolismo , Receptor Muscarínico M4/metabolismo , Atropina , Ligantes , Colinérgicos , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/farmacologia , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/metabolismo , Receptor Muscarínico M2/metabolismo , Ensaio Radioligante , Receptor Muscarínico M1/metabolismo
15.
J Med Chem ; 66(15): 10119-10121, 2023 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37490392
17.
Org Biomol Chem ; 21(25): 5181-5184, 2023 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37293894

RESUMO

Previously described approaches for the alkylation of NH-sulfoximines typically rely either on transition metal catalysis, or the use of traditional alkylation reagents and strong bases. Herein, we report a straightforward alkylation of diverse NH-sulfoximines under simple Mitsunobu-type conditions, despite the unusually high pKa of the NH center.

19.
Elife ; 122023 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37248726

RESUMO

Allosteric modulation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is a major paradigm in drug discovery. Despite decades of research, a molecular-level understanding of the general principles that govern the myriad pharmacological effects exerted by GPCR allosteric modulators remains limited. The M4 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M4 mAChR) is a validated and clinically relevant allosteric drug target for several major psychiatric and cognitive disorders. In this study, we rigorously quantified the affinity, efficacy, and magnitude of modulation of two different positive allosteric modulators, LY2033298 (LY298) and VU0467154 (VU154), combined with the endogenous agonist acetylcholine (ACh) or the high-affinity agonist iperoxo (Ipx), at the human M4 mAChR. By determining the cryo-electron microscopy structures of the M4 mAChR, bound to a cognate Gi1 protein and in complex with ACh, Ipx, LY298-Ipx, and VU154-Ipx, and applying molecular dynamics simulations, we determine key molecular mechanisms underlying allosteric pharmacology. In addition to delineating the contribution of spatially distinct binding sites on observed pharmacology, our findings also revealed a vital role for orthosteric and allosteric ligand-receptor-transducer complex stability, mediated by conformational dynamics between these sites, in the ultimate determination of affinity, efficacy, cooperativity, probe dependence, and species variability. There results provide a holistic framework for further GPCR mechanistic studies and can aid in the discovery and design of future allosteric drugs.


Assuntos
Receptor Muscarínico M4 , Receptores Muscarínicos , Humanos , Acetilcolina/metabolismo , Regulação Alostérica , Sítio Alostérico , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Ligantes , Receptor Muscarínico M4/agonistas , Receptor Muscarínico M4/metabolismo
20.
Assay Drug Dev Technol ; 21(3): 89-96, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36930852

RESUMO

Antagonists of the serotonin receptor 2B (5-HT2B) have shown great promise as therapeutics for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension, valvular heart disease, and related cardiopathies. Herein, we describe a high-throughput screen campaign that led to the identification of highly potent and selective 5-HT2B antagonists. Furthermore, selected compounds were profiled for their predicted ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. Two exemplary compounds, VU0530244 and VU0631019, were predicted to have very limited potential for brain penetration in human subjects, a critical profile for the development of 5-HT2B antagonists devoid of centrally-mediated adverse effects.


Assuntos
Receptor 5-HT2B de Serotonina , Serotonina , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...