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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-691487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the differences of neutrophils chemotaxis ability in peritoneal cavity between normal rats and schizopherenic rats with cell dynamic visualization system.@*METHODS@#In the study,18 healthy Kunming rats were randomly divided into 3 groups which were control group (n=6), 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group (n=6), 0.6 mg/kg dizocilpine maleate (MK-801) treatment group(n=6), extracted neutrophils separately, and observed the morphology and counted under a microscope. Each group of cells was divided into two parts for chemotactic experiment, called chemokine agent treatment group and no chemokine agent treatment group respectively, indicating control 1, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 1,0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 1 and control 2, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 2,0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 2. The dynamic migration of cells was recorded using the NIS-Elements software, and TAXIScan Analyzer 2 software was used to select 30 cells (n=30) in each group of cells and analyze cells migration trajectory, speed and distance, and use pair test and One-Way analysis of variance for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The number of neutrophils in control group, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group and 0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group were(1.00±0.03)×104/mL,(0.05±0.02)×104/mL,(0.32±0.01)×104/mL respectively, the differences of results were statistically significant(P<0.05).Under the effect of chemotactic agent,the directional migration capability of neutrophils in control group 1, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group 1 and 0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group 1 were(0.85±0.11) radian,(1.00±0.11) radian,(0.96±0.10) radian respectively (P<0.05); the migration velocities of neutrophils were (0.09±0.02) μm/s,(0.12±0.01) μm/s,(0.14±0.01) μm/s respectively (P<0.05);the migration distances of neutrophils were (94.26±0.02) μm,(134.61±0.01) μm,(156.19±0.01) μm respectively(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with neutrophils in peritoneal cavity of control group, the neutrophils in peritoneal cavity of schizophrenic rats have stronger chemotactic movement ability.


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Ratos , Movimento Celular , Quimiocinas , Quimiotaxia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Maleato de Dizocilpina , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Cavidade Peritoneal , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 570-573, 2003.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-276958

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate effects of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on the expression of lung neutrophil adhesion molecule CD(11b) in experimental meconium aspiration pneumonia treated with conventional mechanical ventilation under room air or 100% O(2).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits were randomly allocated to 10 groups (n = 60), 6 of each group. Control or meconium aspiration pneumonia model groups were inhaled with room air or 100% O(2). Six treatment groups were treated with continuous NO inhalation at the doses of 6 x 10(-6), 10 x 10(-6) and 20 x 10(-6), respectively for 12 hours under room air or 100% O(2). The ratio of wet/dry (W/D) lung weight, alveolar septal width (ASW), myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and lung injury score were measured. The expression of CD(11b) in neutrophils of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was detected with flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 12 hours ventilation, the oxygenation was maintained better in treatment groups under different O(2) concentrations than that in model groups. Inflammatory evidence was found in lungs from all the model groups and treatment groups, which was characterized by serious inflammatory cell infiltration in alveolar space and hyaline membrane formation. The lung inflammation was decreased in all groups with nitric oxide inhalation. The ratio of W/D lung weight and ASW among different groups had no significant difference. MPO activities were significantly decreased in groups treated with 10 x 10(-6) and 20 x 10(-6) iNO compared with the model groups [with the concentration of 21% O(2), (1.8 +/- 0.2) U/g vs (4.4 +/- 0.5) U/g and (2.0 +/- 0.1) U/g vs (4.4 +/- 0.5) U/g;with the concentration of 100% O(2), (1.7 +/- 0.4) U/g vs (2.8 +/- 0.5) U/g and (1.4 +/- 0.3) U/g vs (2.8 +/- 0.5) U/g, P < 0.05, respectively]. MPO activities in the 20 x 10(-6) iNO group under 100% O(2) were significantly reduced compared with those under 21%O(2) [(1.4 +/- 0.3) U/g vs (2.0 +/- 0.1) U/g, P < 0.05]. Nitric oxide inhalation with the doses of 10 x 10(-6) and 20 x 10(-6) significantly decreased the expression of CD(11b) (MFI) in neutrophils of the BALF compared with the expressions in model groups without NO treatment (with 21% O(2), 121 +/- 20 vs 392 +/- 204 and 112 +/- 30 vs 392 +/- 204; with 100% O(2), 113 +/- 24 vs 293 +/- 65 and 102 +/- 14 vs 293 +/- 65, P < 0.05, respectively). Under the same iNO dose (10 x 10(-6) or 20 x 10(-6)) no statistic difference was found between groups of different inspired oxygen concentrations (21% and 100%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inhaled nitric oxide with the doses of 10 x 10(-6) to 20 x 10(-6) could significantly down-regulate the CD(11b) expression in neutrophil of the BALF and reduce the neutrophil sequestration and MPO activity in rabbit lungs, which may decrease the lung inflammation process in meconium aspiration pneumonia.</p>


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Coelhos , Administração por Inalação , Antígeno CD11b , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Citometria de Fluxo , Pulmão , Metabolismo , Patologia , Mecônio , Química , Neutrófilos , Química , Patologia , Óxido Nítrico , Usos Terapêuticos , Peroxidase , Pneumonia Aspirativa , Terapêutica , Distribuição Aleatória
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