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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118884, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898726

RESUMO

The 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine is the most abundant specie of the DNA oxidative damage. Despite the deleterious effects such as gene mutation it may cause, the 8-oxodG was also reported to have beneficial effect such as repairing the nearby cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) after photoexcitation. Due to its strong biological relevance, the photoinduced excited state dynamics behavior of 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine is of particular interest. In this work, a theoretical investigation by combination of complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) ab initio calculations and on-the-fly nonadiabatic dynamics simulations are implemented to provide intrinsic deactivation mechanism of its free base 8-oxoguanine after being excited to the S1 and S2 states. Two minimum energy conical intersections (MECIs) characterized by the C3-puckered motion with attractive chiral character are located, which contribute appreciably to the S1 state deactivation process. When the system is being excited to the S2 state directly, a S2 â†’ S1 â†’ S0 two-step decay pattern is proposed. A nearly planar S2/S1 intersection plays a significant role in the S2 â†’ S1 decay process. The subsequent S1 state relaxation process is also dominated by the C3-puckered deformation motion. One decay time is estimated to be 704 fs, which compares well with the experimental observation of 0.9 ± 0.1 ps in solvents. Particular illustration is the fact that the MECIs configurations we located bear an exceptional resemblance with previous reported thymine, cytosine and guanine, suggesting that the current work could lend support for better understanding of the non-natural nucleobases and derivatives.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; : 142703, 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069466

RESUMO

Partial nitritation-anammox (PNA) is a promising and energy-efficient process for the sustainable nitrogen removal. However, its wide applications are still limited by the long start-up period and instability of long-term operation. Quorum sensing (QS), as a way of cell-to-cell communication generally regulating various microbial behaviors, has been increasingly investigated in PNA process, because QS may substantially manipulate the metabolism of microorganisms and overcome the limitations of PNA process. This critical review provides a comprehensive analysis of QS in PNA systems, and identifies the challenges and opportunities for the optimization of PNA process based on QS. The analysis is grouped based on the configurations of PNA process, including partial nitritation, anammox and single-stage PNA systems. QS is confirmed to regulate various properties of PNA systems, including microbial activity, microbial growth rate, microbial aggregation, microbial interactions and the robustness under adverse conditions. Major challenges in the mechanisms of QS, such as QS circuits, target genes and the response to environmental inputs, are identified. Potential applications of QS, such as short-term addition of certain acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) or substances containing AHLs, transient unfavorable conditions to stimulate the secretion of AHLs, are also proposed. This review focuses on the theoretical and practical cognation for QS in PNA systems, and serves as a stepping stone for further QS-based strategies to enhance nitrogen removal through PNA process.

3.
Maturitas ; 141: 1-8, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to investigate the differences in insomnia between Chinese and Western women during menopause to fill the gaps in the research on menopause in Chinese women, and to examine the premenopausal factors predictive of moderate to severe insomnia during menopause. STUDY DESIGN: This is a longitudinal cohort study conducted in an urban Chinese community with a total of 458 participants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of insomnia symptoms (trouble falling asleep, waking up early); vasomotor symptoms; anxiety and depression assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; and menopausal stages. RESULTS: Multivariable analysis showed that compared with that in premenopause, the prevalence of trouble falling asleep was significantly higher in menopausal transition (P = 0.029) and postmenopause (P < 0.001), and the prevalence of early-morning awakenings also significantly increased in menopausal transition (P = 0.003) and postmenopause (P = 0.011). In multivariable analysis anxiety (P = 0.022) and depression (P = 0.005) were independently and significantly positively associated with trouble falling asleep. Anxiety (P < 0.001), depression (P = 0.018), and levels of follicle stimulating hormone (P-0.031) were independently and significantly positively associated with trouble falling asleep. Women who experienced insomnia in premenopause had a significantly higher risk of moderate to severe insomnia in menopausal transition (P = 0.003) and postmenopause (P = 0.047) than those who did not. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the prevalence of sleep disturbance significantly increased during and after menopause. Women with anxiety and depression had a higher risk of insomnia. Difficulty in sleep initiation in the premenopausal period was a strong predictor of moderate to severe insomnia at menopausal transition and postmenopause.

4.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044710

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to evaluate the maximum tolerance limit of amino acid copper complex (Cu-Lys-Glu) for laying hens by measuring their laying performance, hematological and serum biochemical parameters, organ index, and histopathology. A total of 450 18-week-old Beijing White layers were randomly allocated to 5 groups (90 birds per group) with 6 replicates of 15 birds each. After a 2-week acclimation on a basal diet (analyzed copper content 8.63 mg/kg), the birds were fed diets supplemented with 0 (control), 15, 75, 150, and 300 mg Cu/kg as Cu-Lys-Glu for 10 weeks. Results showed that, compared with the control group, dietary supplementation with 15, 75, and 150 mg Cu/kg as Cu-Lys-Glu did not affect (P > 0.05) laying performance, whereas hens receiving with 300 mg Cu/kg significantly decreased (P < 0.001) the laying rate as compared with the control. No significant differences (P > 0.05) were observed among the hens receiving 0, 15, 75, and 150 mg Cu/kg as Cu-Lys-Glu in hematological and serum biochemical parameters, organ indexes, and histopathological changes. However, hens receiving 300 mg Cu/kg significantly increased (P < 0.05) the concentrations of mean corpuscular volume (MCV), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBILI), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), urea nitrogen (UN), and creatinine (CRE), as well as caused severe microscopic histopathological changes in the liver and kidney. In conclusion, 150 mg Cu/kg as Cu-Lys-Glu is identified as no-side-effect supplementation level in laying hens after daily administration for 70 days.

5.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045299

RESUMO

Electrospinning technology was applied for the preparation of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofiber membrane in this work. After hot pressing, alkaline hydrolysis and neutralization treatment, a weak acid cation exchange membrane (P-COOH) was prepared. By the covalent coupling reaction between the acidic membrane and aminomethane sulfonic acid (AMSA), a strong acidic nanofiber membrane (P-SO3H) was obtained. The surface morphology, chemical structure, and thermal stability of the prepared ion exchange membranes were analyzed via SEM, FTIR and TGA. Analytical results showed that the membranes were prepared successfully and thermally stable. The ion exchange membrane (IEX) was conducted with the newly designed membrane reactor, and different operating conditions affecting the adsorption efficiency of Toluidine Blue dye (TBO) were investigated by dynamic flow process. The results showed that dynamic binding capacity (DBC) of weak and strong IEX membranes for TBO dye was ~170 mg/g in a dynamic flow process. Simultaneously, the ion exchange membranes were also used for purifying lysozyme from chicken egg white (CEW). Results illustrated that the recovery yield and purification factor of lysozyme were 93.43% and 29.23 times (P-COOH); 90.72% and 36.22 times (P-SO3H), respectively. It was revealed that two type ion exchange membranes were very suitable as an adsorber for use in dye waste treatment and lysozyme purification process. P-SO3H strong ion-exchange membrane was more effective either removal of TBO dye or purification of lysozyme. The ion exchange membranes not only effectively purified lysozyme from CEW solution, but also effectively removed dye from wastewater.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046653

RESUMO

Current models emphasize that membrane voltage (Vm) depolarization-induced Ca2+ influx triggers the fusion of vesicles to the plasma membrane. In sympathetic adrenal chromaffin cells, activation of a variety of G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) can inhibit quantal size (QS) through the direct interaction of G protein Gißγ subunits with exocytosis fusion proteins. Here we report that, independently from Ca2+, Vm (action potential) per se regulates the amount of catecholamine released from each vesicle, the QS. The Vm regulation of QS was through ATP-activated GPCR-P2Y12 receptors. D76 and D127 in P2Y12 were the voltage-sensing sites. Finally, we revealed the relevance of the Vm dependence of QS for tuning autoinhibition and target cell functions. Together, membrane voltage per se increases the quantal size of dense-core vesicle release of catecholamine via Vm → P2Y12(D76/D127) → Gißγ → QS → myocyte contractility, offering a universal Vm-GPCR signaling pathway for its functions in the nervous system and other systems containing GPCRs.

7.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998585

RESUMO

Strain SZW01 was isolated from sea sediment collected from Shenzhen in Guangdong province, China, and was later identified as Aspergillus fumigatus by16S rDNA sequence analysis. Various chromatographic processes led to the isolation and purification of three compounds from the fermentation culture of SZW01, including a new compound, 2,6'-dihydroxy-2,4'dimethoxy-8'-methyl-6-methoxy-acyl-ethyl-diphenylmethanone (1), and two known compounds: fumigaclavine C (2) and alternarosin A (3), as characterised by UV, IR, 1 D, 2 D-NMR and MS data. The antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of these compounds were evaluated. The result illustrated that compound 1 exhibited a moderate antioxidant activity and stronger α-glucosidase inhibitory activity than acarbose.

8.
Environ Res ; 192: 110282, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038361

RESUMO

Sulfate dependent ammonium oxidation (Sulfammox) is a potential microbial process coupling ammonium oxidation with sulfate reduction under anaerobic conditions, which provides a novel link between nitrogen and sulfur cycle. Recently, Sulfammox was detected in wastewater treatments and was confirmed to occur in natural environments, especially in marine sediments. However, knowledge gaps in the mechanism of Sulfammox, functional bacteria, and their metabolic pathway, make it challenging to estimate its environmental significance and potential applications. This review provides an overview of recent advances in Sulfammox, including possible mechanisms, functional bacteria, and main influential factors, and discusses future challenges and opportunities. Future perspectives are outlined and discussed, such as exploration of microbial community structure and metabolic pathways, possible interactions with other microbes, environmental significance, and potential applications for nitrogen and sulfate removal, to inspire more researches on the Sulfammox process.

9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt B): 107078, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049497

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in women worldwide. The identification of effective markers for early diagnosis and prognosis is important for reducing mortality and ensuring that therapy for BC is effective. Dynamin-related protein-1 (DRP1) is a regulator of mitochondrial fission. However, the prognostic value of DRP1 and its association with immune infiltration in BC remain unknown. METHODS: The TCGA, Oncomine, UALCAN and HPA databases were used to examine DRP1 expression in BC. Kaplan-Meier plotter and PrognoScan were used to evaluate the association of DRP1 with the prognosis of patients with BC. The mechanism was investigated with Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses, and the relationship between DRP1 expression and immune infiltration in BC was investigated using the TIMER database and CIBERSORT algorithm. RESULTS: DRP1 expression was significantly upregulated in BC compared to healthy breast tissues. In addition, elevated DRP1 expression was associated with various clinicopathological parameters. High DRP1 expression was significantly correlated with poor survival of BC patients. GO and KEGG analyses indicated that DRP1 was closely correlated with various signaling pathways and immune response. Functional analyses revealed that DRP1 was positively correlated with infiltration levels of B cells, CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells. Moreover, DRP1 affected the prognosis of BC patients partially via immune infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that DRP1 is a marker of poor prognosis in patients with BC and plays an important role in tumor-related immune infiltration.

10.
Food Chem ; : 128329, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060003

RESUMO

Because of the adsorption of proteins, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) create potential biological risks in biomedicine, leading to the formation of the protein corona. This adsorption is mainly due to the formation of gold-sulfur (AuS) covalent bonds between the AuNPs and the -SH groups, causing bioactivity denaturation and biological problems; however, it could also lead to some biological benefits. We explored AuNPs as a potential material for desensitization to allergens, such as ß-lactoglobulin (ßLG). To address the desensitization of AuNPs, we investigated the binding mechanism and the specific relationship of the time evolution of AuS bond, secondary structure, and allergy changes. The formation of AuS bond takes approximately 9 h, consistent with the complete changes time in secondary structure and immunoglobulin E (IgE) combining capacity of the ßLG, decreasing allergic reactions. These results indicate that AuNPs have the potential to minimize allergic reactions in the future.

11.
Acta Otolaryngol ; : 1-7, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063574

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Developmental evaluation of deaf children before cochlear implantation (CI) has not been given enough attention. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the comprehensive developmental performance of deaf children who are CI candidates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of pediatric candidates for CI were reviewed. Five hundred children (287 boys; median age: 21.00 months; range: 6-72 months) with a diagnosis of severe-to-profound hearing loss were included. Preoperative developmental evaluation, including gross motor, fine motor, adaptability, language and social skill were retrieved. Comprehensive developmental performances including verbal and nonverbal skill were assessed. Multivariate linear regression analysis was used to analyze the related developmental factors. RESULTS: Compared with normal developmental metrics, deaf children had developmental delay (p < .001), which occurred in not only the verbal but also nonverbal skill (all p < .05). Of the 500 deaf children, 50 (10%) had normal performance; the majority (51.6%) had mild neurological dysfunction. Of all the sub-developments, language developed worst (normal rate: 4.2%) and gross motor developed best (normal rate: 42%). Age of intervention was a risk factor for the developmental level of deaf children (ß = -0.340, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric candidates for CI had both verbal and nonverbal developmental delay. Age of intervention was a risk factor for the developmental level. SIGNIFICANCE: Comprehensive developmental evaluation of deaf children before cochlear implantation (CI) should be paid enough attention. Early intervention for improving hearing was of significance.

12.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063940

RESUMO

Crop production will likely face enormous challenges against the occurrences of extreme climatic events projected under future climate change. Heat waves that occur at critical stages of the reproductive phase have detrimental impacts on the grain yield formation of rice (Oryza sativa). Accurate estimates of these impacts are essential to evaluate the effects of climate change on rice. However, the accuracy of these predictions by crop models has not been extensively tested. In this study, we evaluated fourteen rice growth models against four-year phytotron experiments with four levels of heat treatments imposed at different times after flowering. We found that all models greatly underestimated the negative effects of heat on grain yield, suggesting that yield projections with these models do not reflect food shocks that may occur under short-term extreme heat stress (SEHS). As a result, crop model ensembles do not help to provide accurate estimates of grain yield under heat stress. We examined the functions for grain-setting response to temperature (TRF_GS) used in eight models and showed that adjusting the effective periods of TRF_GS improved the model performance, especially for models simulating accumulative daily temperature effects. For TRF_GS which uses daily maximum temperature averaged for the effective period, the models provided better grain yield estimates by using maximum temperatures averaged only when daily maximum temperatures exceeded the base temperature (Tbase ). An alternative method based on heating-degree days (HDD) and stage-dependent heat sensitivity parameters further decreased the prediction uncertainty of grain yield under heat stress, where stage-dependent heat sensitivity was more important than heat dose for model improvement under SEHS. These results suggest the limitation of the applicability of existing rice models to variable climatic conditions and the urgent need for an alternative grain-setting function accounting for the stage-dependent heat sensitivity.

13.
Insects ; 11(10)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066204

RESUMO

In agroecosystems, predatory ladybeetles play an important role in restraining aphid population growth and suppressing aphid populations. They can adapt to various habitats and make use of various aphid species associated with multiple host plants during their life cycle. Agricultural landscapes in China are composed of a mosaic of small fields with a diverse range of crops, and how ladybeetles make use of host plant diversity in such landscapes has rarely been documented. In this study, we examined the relationship between aphid densities and ladybeetle densities in two different settings: (i) on the majority of plant species (including crops, trees, and weeds) at a local field scale in 2013 and 2014, and (ii) in paired cotton and maize crop fields at a regional landscape scale in 2013. Overall, we found that aphid abundance determined predatory ladybeetle abundance at both the local field and landscape scales, and there was a positive correlation between aphid densities and ladybeetle densities. However, plant taxa had no significant influence on the predatory ladybeetle abundance at the local field scale. In addition, the effect of aphids on ladybeetles abundance was influenced by the crop type and growing season at the regional landscape scale. There was a significant positive correlation between aphids and ladybeetles populations on cotton only in July and August, whereas the correlation was significant for maize throughout the whole growing season. We also conducted an analysis of the stable carbon isotope ratios of the adult ladybeetles caught in cotton and maize fields (C3 and C4 crops, respectively) in a regional landscape-scale survey in 2013. The δ13Cvalue indicated that most prey aphids for ladybeetles originated from crops where aphids are abundant (cotton in June and July; both maize and cotton in August).These findings improved our understanding of the migration and dispersal of ladybeetles among different habitats and plant species and provided insight into the promotion of the regional conservation and pest control of natural enemies in northern China.

14.
Psychol Med ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the leading causes of preventable illness and death and is heritable with complex underpinnings. Converging evidence suggests a contribution of the polygenic risk for smoking to the use of tobacco and other substances. Yet, the underlying brain mechanisms between the genetic risk and tobacco smoking remain poorly understood. METHODS: Genomic, neuroimaging, and self-report data were acquired from a large cohort of adolescents from the IMAGEN study (a European multicenter study). Polygenic risk scores (PGRS) for smoking were calculated based on a genome-wide association study meta-analysis conducted by the Tobacco and Genetics Consortium. We examined the interrelationships among the genetic risk for smoking initiation, brain structure, and the number of occasions of tobacco use. RESULTS: A higher smoking PGRS was significantly associated with both an increased number of occasions of tobacco use and smaller cortical volume of the right orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Furthermore, reduced cortical volume within this cluster correlated with greater tobacco use. A subsequent path analysis suggested that the cortical volume within this cluster partially mediated the association between the genetic risk for smoking and the number of occasions of tobacco use. CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide the first evidence for the involvement of the OFC in the relationship between smoking PGRS and tobacco use. Future studies of the molecular mechanisms underlying tobacco smoking should consider the mediation effect of the related neural structure.

15.
Poult Sci ; 99(9): 4616-4625, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868006

RESUMO

Marine microalgae (MA) has received wide attention as a promising source of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA) enrichment in animal products to improve the health status and wellbeing of the consumers. This study evaluated dynamic changes in n-3 LC-PUFA, color, and functional properties as well as atherogenic and thrombogenic health lipid indices of egg yolk from hens fed graded levels (0, 0.5, and 1.0%) of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich MA (Aurantiochytrium sp.) during a 56-D feeding period. Egg freshness parameters and yolk lipid oxidative stability were also measured after 0, 14, and 28 D of refrigerated storage. The hen performance and egg quality (except for yolk color) were not affected (P > 0.05) by MA supplementation. Docosahexaenoic acid contents in yolk from hens fed 1.0% MA increased quadratically with feeding time with a plateau at about 30 D (P < 0.05). Afterward, the DHA content leveled off to a constant value (946.3 mg/100 g yolk) with the n-6/n-3 ratio at 3.5: 1. Dietary inclusion of 1.0% of MA also significantly decreased the atherogenic and thrombogenic indices of yolk lipid (P < 0.05). Because the microalgal carotenoids incorporated into egg yolk, the L∗ value of yolk from hens fed MA decreased whereas a∗ value increased (P < 0.05), corresponding to yolk Roche color scores. As expected, there were no significant changes in yolk functional properties (e.g., viscosity and emulsifying activity) related to DHA enrichment (P > 0.05). Microalgal carotenoids enrichment also helped attenuate fatty acid oxidation of the DHA-enriched yolk and increase their lipid oxidative stability. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with up to 1.0% of MA significantly increased DHA contents with more health-promoting n-6/n-3 ratio and atherogenic and thrombogenic indices, as well as more intense yolk color within consumers' acceptability, and the feeding strategy had a minimal impact on yolk physical and functional properties or oxidative stability during subsequent refrigerated storage.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894721

RESUMO

Different biomarker patterns, such as those of molecular biomarkers and ratio biomarkers, have their own merits in clinical applications. In this study, a novel machine learning method used in biomedical data analysis for constructing classification models by combining different biomarker patterns (CDBP) is proposed. CDBP uses relative expression reversals to measure the discriminative ability of different biomarker patterns, and selects the pattern with the higher score for classifier construction. The decision boundary of CDBP can be characterized in simple and biologically meaningful manners. The CDBP method was compared with eight state-of-the-art methods on eight gene expression datasets to test its performance. CDBP, with fewer features or ratio features, had the highest classification performance. Subsequently, CDBP was employed to extract crucial diagnostic information from a rat hepatocarcinogenesis metabolomics dataset. The potential biomarkers selected by CDBP provided better classification of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-HCC stages than previous works in the animal model. The statistical analyses of these potential biomarkers in an independent human dataset confirmed their discriminative abilities of different liver diseases. These experimental results highlight the potential of CDBP for biomarker identification from high-dimensional biomedical datasets and demonstrate that it can be a useful tool for disease classification.

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918374

RESUMO

It is growingly concerned about methamphetamine (MA)-induced lung toxicity. IMP1 is identified as a key molecule for cell life processes, but the role of IMP1 in MA-induced senescence remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether chronic exposure to MA can cause autophagy and senescence of the lungs, whether there are interactions between Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and IMP1 and whether IMP1 is involved in pulmonary senescence promoted by mTOR-autophagy. The rats were randomly divided into control group and MA group, following by H&E staining, immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot. The alveolar epithelial cells were proceeded by ß-galactosidase staining, cell cycle detection, transfection and co-immunoprecipitation. Long-term exposure to MA led to the thickening of alveolar septum and more compact lungs. MA promoted the conversion of LC3-I to LC3-II and inhibited the activation of mTOR to induce autophagy. Bioinformatics and co-immunoprecipitation results presented the interactions between IMP1 and mTOR. MA induced cell senescence by decreasing IMP1, up-regulating p21 and p53, arresting cell cycle and increasing SA-ß-gal. Overexpression of IMP1 reduced p21 and SA-ß-gal to inhibit the senescence of alveolar epithelial cells. These results demonstrated that mTOR-autophagy promotes pulmonary senescence through IMP1 in chronic toxicity of methamphetamine.

18.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914551

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether circular RNAs (circRNAs) in whole blood could be served as novel non-invasive biomarkers for proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study comprised 34 healthy participants, 34 PDR patients and 34 non-proliferative DR (NPDR) patients. High-throughput whole transcriptome sequencing was performed to explore the expression profile of circRNAs in the whole blood, and the candidate circRNAs were validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis evaluated the ability of these candidate circRNAs in discriminating PDR patients from NPDR patients and healthy subjects. Finally, the networks of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA based on the candidate circRNAs were constructed. RESULTS: Using sequencing and qRT-PCR, hsa_circ_0001953 was found to be elevated in PDR patients in contrast with the other two groups. Statistical analysis showed that the expression levels of hsa_circ_0001953 in PDR patients were positively related to the duration of diabetes and HbAc1. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis revealed that hsa_circ_0001953 was associated with a high diagnostic accuracy in discriminating PDR patients from NPDR patients and healthy controls, resulting in an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.87 and 0.92, respectively. The circRNA-miRNA-target gene networks for hsa_circ_0001953 showed that hsa_circ_0001953 could interact with dozens of miRNAs and some targeted mRNAs have been potentially involved in the pathogenesis of diabetes. CONCLUSION: The present findings indicate that hsa_circ_0001953 in the whole blood may serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for PDR.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937154

RESUMO

A stirred fluidized bed (SFB) ion exchange chromatography was successfully applied in the direct recovery of recombinant enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) from the unclarified Escherichia coli homogenate. Optimal conditions for both adsorption and elution processes were determined from the packed-bed adsorption systems conducted at a small scale using the clarified cell homogenate. The maximal adsorption capacity and dissociation constant for EGFP-adsorbent complex were found to be 6.3 mg/mL and 1.3 × 10-3 mg/mL, respectively. In an optimal elution of EGFP with 0.2 M of NaCl solution (pH 9) and at 200 cm/h, the recovery percent of the EGFP was approximately 93%. The performances of SFB chromatography for direct recovery of EGFP was also evaluated under different loading volumes (50-200 mL) of crude cell homogenate. The single-step purification of EGFP by SFB recorded in a high yield (95-98%) and a satisfactory purification factor (~3 folds) of EGFP from the cell homogenate at 200 rpm of rotating speed.

20.
J Exp Bot ; 71(19): 6015-6031, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964926

RESUMO

Grain yield of wheat and its components are very sensitive to heat stress at the critical growth stages of anthesis and grain filling. We observed negative impacts of heat stress on biomass partitioning and grain growth in environment-controlled phytotron experiments over 4 years, and we quantified relationships between the stress and grain number and potential grain weight at anthesis and during grain filling using process-based heat stress routines. These relationships included reduced grain set under stress at anthesis and decreased potential grain weight under stress during early grain filling. Biomass partitioning to stems and spikes was modified under heat stress based on a source-sink relationship. The integration of our process-based stress routines into the original WheatGrow model significantly enhanced the predictions of the biomass dynamics of the stems and spikes, the grain yield, and the yield components under heat stress. Compared to the original model, the improved version decreased the simulation errors for grain yield, grain number, and grain weight by 73%, 48%, and 49%, respectively, in an evaluation using independent data under heat stress in the phytotron conditions. When tested with data obtained under field conditions, the improved model showed a good ability to reproduce the decreasing dynamics of grain yield and its components with increasing post-anthesis temperatures. Sensitivity analysis showed that the improved model was able to reproduce the responses to various observed heat-stress treatments. These improvements to the crop model will be of significant importance for assessing the effects on crop production of projected increases in heat-stress events under future climate scenarios.

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