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1.
Gene ; 849: 146910, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36167181

RESUMO

Takifugu genus has been brought to the fore in scientific and practical research due to its compact genome, explosive speciation progress and economic value. Here we updated the chromosome-level genome of Takifugu bimaculatus by an ultra-high-density linkage map, a classic and accurate way of chromosome assembly. The map constituted a robust assembly frame, with 92.2% (372.77 Mb) of the draft genome cumulatively placed. With intraspecies and interspecies comparative genomic analysis, we developed a criterion to quantify the differences between assemblies and established a novel way to integrate information from multiple assemblies. The integrated assembly rectified potential mis-assemblies, greatly improving the genome contiguity and correctness. Our results rendered profound information on the genetic recombination of T. bimaculatus and provided new insights into effective genome assembly. The consolidated assembly will be a contributory tool of T. bimaculatus and broadly across the Takifugu by providing a convincing reference for genomic research.


Assuntos
Genoma , Takifugu , Animais , Takifugu/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Genoma/genética , Genômica , Recombinação Genética , Ligação Genética
2.
Med Gas Res ; 13(2): 78-88, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204787

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the major complication of rhabdomyolysis (RM) clinically, which is usually mimicked by glycerol injection in basic research. Oxidative stress, inflammatory response and apoptosis are recognized to play important roles in development of this disease. Recently, numerous studies have reported the therapeutic effects of molecular hydrogen (H2) on oxidative stress and inflammation-related diseases. Here, the effects of H2 against glycerol-induced AKI and the underlying mechanisms were explored in rats. Low (4%) and high (67%) concentrations of H2 were prepared using a self-made device to investigate the dose-response. After 72 hours of glycerol injection (8 mL/kg), we found that glycerol triggered oxidative stress, inflammatory reactions, and apoptotic events. These caused subsequent renal damage, evidenced by a significant reduction of antioxidases and up-regulation of the relevant damaged biomarkers. H2 inhalation reversed the above alterations and exerted renoprotective effects. Interestingly, for RM/AKI-related factors, no consistent dose-response benefits of H2 were observed. However, higher concentration of H2 inhalation improved histological and morphological changes better. This study suggests that H2 is a potential alternative therapy to prevent or minimize RM induced AKI possibly via its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and anti-necroptotic properties.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Rabdomiólise , Injúria Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Injúria Renal Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Biomarcadores , Glicerol/toxicidade , Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Necroptose , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Rabdomiólise/induzido quimicamente , Rabdomiólise/complicações , Rabdomiólise/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Acta Trop ; 237: 106741, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, symptomatic toxoplasmosis is treated with a combination of sulfadiazine and pyrimethamine. However, significant adverse effects and drug resistance have been reported. Terpenoids are widely found in nature, with numerous studies demonstrating that they have effective inhibitory effects on a variety of parasites. METHODS: In this study, we employed intermediates or derivatives of lindenane sesquiterpenoids to evaluate their intracellular and extracellular inhibitory effects on Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites and their cytotoxicity on macrophages. RESULTS: We demonstrated that two of these target terpenoids could effectively reduce the number of extracellular tachyzoites, probably by inducing tachyzoite apoptosis through altering tachyzoites mitochondrial membrane potential and calcium homeostasis. In addition, the two target terpenoids were able to promote intracellular tachyzoites elimination, possibly by enhancing macrophage activities. CONCLUSIONS: Two derivatives of lindenane sesquiterpenoids with low cytotoxicity to macrophages demonstrated direct and indirect antitoxoplasma effects.


Assuntos
Parasitos , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Animais , Humanos , Terpenos/farmacologia , Toxoplasmose/tratamento farmacológico , Toxoplasmose/parasitologia , Pirimetamina/farmacologia
4.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; : 1-3, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening systemic allergic reaction. Omalizumab (OMA) is an established treatment in chronic urticaria (CU), but experience in anaphylaxis is limited. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of OMA on anaphylaxis in patients with CU who are resistant to antihistamine therapy and have a history of anaphylaxis. METHOD: Patients with antihistamine-resistant CU and a history of anaphylaxis were eligible. OMA was given 300 mg/150 mg every 4 weeks. Urticaria control test (UCT) scores, the episodes of anaphylaxis, and adverse events were recorded during the OMA treatment. RESULTS: A total of 7 adults were included. After starting OMA, all of them achieved a complete control (UCT = 16) after 3 months of OMA treatment; 6 of them did not suffer any attack of anaphylaxis in the follow-up periods (5 patients for more than 12 months and 1 patient for 4 months). No adverse events were observed. CONCLUSION: The study indicated the efficacy and safety of OMA for antihistamine-resistant CU patients with a history of anaphylaxis and its potential as a prevention option for anaphylaxis.

5.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(11): 5222-5238, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330185

RESUMO

Background: The accuracy of preoperative staging is crucial for cT4 stage gastric cancer patients. The aim of this study was to develop the radiomics model and evaluate its predictive potential for differentiating preoperative cT4 stage gastric cancer patients into pT4b and no-pT4b patients. Methods: A multicenter retrospective analysis of 704 gastric cancer patients with preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) staging cT4 between January 2008 and December 2021. These patients were divided into the training cohort (478 patients, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University) and validation cohort (226 patients, the Weihai Wendeng District People's Hospital). According to the pathological stage of the tumors, the patients were divided into pT4b or no-pT4b stage. In the training cohort, the clinical and radiomics features were analyzed to construct the clinical model, tri-phase radiomics signatures and nomogram. Two kinds of methods were employed to achieve dimensionality reduction: (I) the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO); and (II) the minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) algorithms. We utilized Logistic regression, support vector machine (SVM), Decision tree and Adaptive boosted tree (AdaBoost) algorithms as the machine learning classifiers. The nomogram was constructed on the clinical characteristics and the Rad-score. The performance of the models was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC), Decision Curve Analysis (DCA) curve and calibration curve. Results: The 345 pT4b and 359 no-pT4b stage patients were included in this study. In the validation cohort, the AUC of the clinical model was 0.793 (95% CI: 0.732-0.855). The tri-phase radiomics features combined with the SVM algorithm was the best radiomics signature with an AUC of 0.862 (95% CI: 0.812-0.912). The nomogram was the best predictive model of all with an AUC of 0.893 (95% CI: 0.834-0.927). In the training and validation cohorts, the calibration curves and DCA curves of the nomogram showed satisfactory result. Conclusions: CE-CT-based radiomics nomogram offers good accuracy and stability in differentiating preoperative cT4 stage gastric cancer patients into pT4b and non-pT4b stages, which has a great clinical relevance for selecting the course of treatment for cT4 stage gastric cancer patients.

6.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327177

RESUMO

In the context of customization and personalization, the multistage fine-manufacturing system has become emerging in modern manufacturing industries. In this study, the scheduling problem of such a system called distributed hybrid differentiation flowshop scheduling problem is addressed for the first time to minimize makespan. The manufacturing process has three dedicated stages, including distributed fabrication for jobs, assembly from jobs to products, and further differentiation for products to meet customized requirements. Due to the scheduling complexity of the problem, the evolutionary algorithm is designed. First, the population is initialized heuristically and divided into three subpopulations with different identities based on the quality. The identity will be transited dynamically along with evolution. Second, a distributed heterogeneous global exploration strategy is designed to coevolve three subpopulations. According to identity differences, different subpopulations will choose their suitable learning operators and learning strengths to make full use of superior search knowledge. Third, to enhance search intensification, a problem-specific local exploitation strategy consisting of a variable neighborhood local search and a random block local search is devised and carried out adaptively. Fourth, by organizing the global exploration and local exploitation, a novel distributed heterogeneous co-evolutionary algorithm (DHCA) is proposed. The effect of parameter setting on DHCA is investigated by design-of-experiment and computational experiments are carried out to evaluate the algorithm. The results validate the effectiveness of special designs and show that DHCA are more effective and efficient than the compared state-of-the-art algorithms in solving the considered problem.

7.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376107

RESUMO

In this study, a double-loop tracking control strategy is investigated to realize trajectory tracking control for a wheeled mobile robot (WMR) with unmodeled dynamics. More specifically, two nonlinear ESOs are designed to estimate disturbances from external disturbances and unmodeled dynamics. Combining with integral sliding mode control and backstepping control, a double-loop tracking controller is designed to enhance tracking accuracy for the WMR along the right angle roads. Based on Lyapunov methods, convergence analysis is given for both the nonlinear ESOs and the double-loop tracking controller. Validity of the double-loop tracking control strategy is demonstrated by experimental results on the WMR along a right angle road.

8.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377849

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) is closely correlated with tumorigenesis and progression. Establishing a low-cost, simple, rapid, and sensitive method for its detection is highly desired for the broad-spectrum screening of oral cancer. Herein, we combine the MMP-specific cleavage ability with magnetic separation technology and a commercial test strip to construct a sensitive biosensor to detect MMP-1 conveniently for the first time. The method involves two DNA probes, peptide-DNA1 and hCG-DNA2, where DNA1 and DNA2 are complementary sequences, and the peptide labeled with biotin can bind streptavidin-modified magnetic nanoparticles stably. The human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is the target of the pregnancy test strip. The cleavage reaction mediated by MMP-1 releases peptide-DNA1 and the hybridized hCG-DNA2 into the solution, and the hCG probe in the solution can develop color on the test strip for the determination of MMP-1 after magnetic separation. This method utilizes the high specificity of MMP-1's proteolytic cleavage and the high sensitivity of the test strip to the target probe, achieving a sensitive detection of MMP-1 with a visual detection limit of 65.5 pg/mL. The method shows better anti-interference and sensitivity than the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the application of a biological sample matrix, suggesting its great potential for clinical diagnosis, especially for broad-spectrum oral cancer screening.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36378122

RESUMO

Reversible covalent reactions within crystalline complexes are powerful tools for the design and developing of new generation of reusable smart materials. In this work, a unique photoreactive olefin-containing metal-organic coordination polymer [Ag2(2,3-ppe)2(1,3-bdc)]n (1) was prepared by the hydrothermal reaction between AgNO3, 1-(2-pyridyl)-2-(3-pyridyl)ethylene (2,3-ppe), and 1,3-benzenedicarboxylic acid (1,3-H2bdc). When exposed to sunlight, 1 can undergo single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SCSC) transformation to form [Ag2(dpdpcb)(1,3-bdc)]n (1a, dpdpcb = 1,3-di(2-pyridyl)-2,4-di(3-pyridyl)cyclobutane) through a [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction. 1a can regenerate into 1 via the cycloreversion reaction based on the thermal effect of sunlight. Such a metal-organic complex exhibits interesting fluorescence switching behavior during the unprecedented fully solar-controlled reversible SCSC reaction, which makes it possible to be applied to the fields of optical memory storage and anti-counterfeiting.

10.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(11)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363856

RESUMO

Conventional detectors are mostly made up of complicated structures that are hard to use. A paper-based microfluidic chip, however, combines the advantages of being small, efficient, easy to process, and environmentally friendly. The paper-based microfluidic chips for biomedical applications focus on efficiency, accuracy, integration, and innovation. Therefore, continuous progress is observed in the transition from single-channel detection to multi-channel detection and in the shift from qualitative detection to quantitative detection. These developments improved the efficiency and accuracy of single-cell substance detection. Paper-based microfluidic chips can provide insight into a variety of fields, including biomedicine and other related fields. This review looks at how paper-based microfluidic chips are prepared, analyzed, and used to help with both biomedical development and functional integration, ideally at the same time.

11.
Gels ; 8(11)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354620

RESUMO

The mechanism of dracorhodin perchlorate for the repair of rat skin wounds was investigated. In order to screen a more favorable drug delivery system for wound repair, the therapeutic effect of dracorhodin perchlorate inflammation-targeted emulsion gel was compared with that of non-targeted emulsion gel on rat wounds. Compared with non-targeted emulsion gels, inflammation-targeted emulsion gels had a better transdermal penetration and lower potentials (-51.6 mV and -17.1 mV, respectively). The recovery of the wound from the dracorhodin perchlorate inflammation targeted emulsion gel group was better than that of the dracorhodin perchlorate inflammation non-targeted emulsion gel group and the positive drug group. Compared with the no-target emulsion gel group, the bFGF expression on day 7 and the EGF expression on day 14 in the targeted emulsion group showed 45.5% and 49.9% improvement, respectively. Pathological tissue slices showed that the epidermis, dermis, and basal layer inflammatory cells in the inflammation-targeted emulsion gel group and non-targeted emulsion gel group were significantly reduced, the granulation tissue proliferation was obvious, and the inflammation-targeted emulsion gel group was more effective. The results proved that dracorhodin perchlorate had a repairing effect on rat skin wounds, and its mechanism might be related to the promotion of the expression of EGF and bFGF in tissues.

12.
Cancer Cell Int ; 22(1): 346, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is currently the major malignancy in men. It is becoming increasingly clear that competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulation networks are important in a wide variety of cancers. Nevertheless, there is still much to learn about the biological functions of the ceRNA network in prostate cancer. METHODS: The ceRNA network was constructed using the "GDCRNATools" package. Based on survival analysis, we obtained AC005154.6/hsa-miR-29c-3p/CCNL2 for further analysis. The prognostic model based on this ceRNA network was constructed by univariate and multivariate Cox regression methods. Furthermore, functional enrichment analysis, mutation landscape analysis, immune infiltration analysis, drug sensitivity analysis, methylation analysis, pan-cancer analysis, and molecular experiments of CCNL2 were carried out to investigate the role of CCNL2 in tumorigenesis. RESULTS: We identified the AC005154.6/CCNL2 axis as a risk factor that can promote the progression of prostate cancer by bioinformatics analysis and molecular experiments. Immune infiltration analysis suggested that CCNL2 may act as a novel biomarker for treatment decisions. The methylation level of CCNL2 was significantly decreased in tumor samples, possibly contributing to the upregulation of CCNL2 in prostate cancer. Moreover, CCNL2 is differentially expressed in multiple cancers and is tightly correlated with immune infiltration. CONCLUSION: The current study constructed a ceRNA network, AC005154.6/hsa-miR-29c-3p/CCNL2. Potentially, this biomarker can be used for early diagnosis and decision-making about prostate cancer treatment.

13.
Transl Pediatr ; 11(10): 1645-1655, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345443

RESUMO

Background: As Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is on the rise in children and adolescents, this work explored the clinical analysis of epidemiological and inflammatory changes in children with MPP during the acute and convalescent phases, and analyzed their relationship with clinical manifestations. Methods: One hundred and twenty MP patients (experimental group) and 100 healthy children (control group) were selected as the research objects. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the changes in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and procalcitonin (PCT). Results: The proportion of children aged 3-7 years was significantly higher than that of other age groups (0-1, 1-3, and 7-14 years old) (P<0.05). The serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and PCT in children with MP were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Changes in pulmonary fibrosis and serum and pleural fluid TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and PCT concentrations on chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) in children with MP with pleural effusion significantly higher than that in children without pulmonary fibrosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: MPP was more common in children aged 3-7 years. In addition, the changes of inflammatory markers TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and PCT in serum and pleural effusion of children with MP were of great value for the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of the disease.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36371051

RESUMO

The use of Clostridium butyricum in crustacean aquaculture for anti-abiotic stress is yet unknown. Feeds were formulated containing 0, 125, 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg Clostridium butyricum (2 × 107 CFU/g), respectively. The giant freshwater prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) were fed for 8 weeks in triplicate. The results showed that C. butyricum-supplemented groups improved growth performance significantly with the optimum level at 610 mg/kg. Ammonia stress reduced hemolymph glucose, total protein, total cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations while dietary C. butyricum significantly increased hemolymph glucose and total protein levels after the ammonia challenge. Ammonia stress increased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) levels, and the treatments supplemented with C. butyricum had considerably enhanced levels of iNOS and NO after stress. Treatment with C. butyricum increased the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and decreased the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide anion, with the 125 mg/kg treated groups having the extreme value. Furthermore, C. butyricum-treated groups reduced the expression of HSPs after ammonia stress while the ammonia stress induced the expression of HSP60, HSP70, and HSP90. Dietary C. butyricum elevated the expression of peroxiredoxin-5 and toll in response to ammonia stress. The results indicate that dietary supplementation with 125-500 mg/kg of C. butyricum (2 × 107 CFU/g) improved biochemical and antioxidant features as well as intestinal immunity of M. rosenbergii under ammonia challenge by activating the toll signal pathway.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 61(45): 17937-17942, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318518

RESUMO

The cycloaddition reaction of carbon dioxide (CO2) is a highly economic solution to becoming carbon-neutral. Herein, we have designed and synthesized a robust zinc(II)-organic framework (Zn-Ade-TCPE) by a function-directed strategy. Zn-Ade-TCPE possesses uncommon hexagonal cages with Lewis acid-base bifunctional sites and displays a high adsorption capacity for CO2. At room temperature and atmospheric pressure, Zn-Ade-TCPE exhibits outstanding activity, selectivity, and recyclability in the cycloaddition reaction of epoxides with CO2 because of the synergistic effect of multiple active sites and confined cavities.

16.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36346364

RESUMO

Pseudostellaria heterophylla is one of the Chinese herbal medicines with high medicinal and economic values. From 2019 to 2021, postharvest green mold disease was observed with an incidence of 2~5% on the tuberous roots of the harvested P. heterophylla at eight locations in Zherong county, Fujian Province, China. The symptoms were as follows: white mycelial growth on the tuberous roots surface initially, then green mold layers forming, and the tuberous roots decaying finally. To identify the causal agent, a total of 20 symptomatic tuberous roots were collected. Small pieces (5 mm×5 mm) were treated by surface disinfestion with 75% ethanol and 1% NaOCl, then rinsed 3 times with sterile distilled water. These treated pieces were transferred onto potato dextrose agar (PDA) and incubated at 25°C in the dark for 7 days. Twenty pure cultures were obtained by single-spore isolation method. Colonies on PDA medium initially appeared as white mycelium that developed grayish-green conidia with white margins. Mycelium was septate and colorless. Conidiophores were predominantly monoverticillate, occasionally biverticillate. Stipes was long and slender. Phialides were ampulliform to almost cylindrical with collula, 11.25 (7.80-23.50) µm long (n=50). Conidia were smooth walled and pale green, with globose to ellipsoidal shape, 2.75 (2.37-3.27)× 2.47 (2.18-3.13) µm (n=50). Based on these morphological characteristics, the isolates matched the description of the genus Penicillium. Genomic DNAs from two representative isolates (FJAT-32578 and FJAT-32579) were extracted with a fungal genomic DNA extraction kit. The rDNA ITS region and partial ß-tubulin gene (BenA) were amplified using the primers ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990) and Bt2a/Bt2b (Glass and Donaldson 1995), respectively. The sequences of isolate FJAT-32578 and FJAT-32579 were deposited in GenBank (ITS, OM920986 and OM920987; BenA, OM953825 and OM953826). All sequences showed above 99% similarity to P. ochrochloron type strain CBS357.48 (ITS, NR111509; BenA, GU981672). In multilocus phylogenetic analysis (ITS + BenA), the two isolates from this study clustered together with other strains of P. ochrochloron with 100% bootstrap support. The two isolates were thus identified as P. ochrochloron based on both morphological and molecular characteristics. Pathogenicity tests were conducted in triplicate by inoculating the aseptic wounds with 10 µl of conidial suspension (1×106 conidia/ml) of the two isolates in the each healthy tuberous root (cv. Zheshen No.1). The experiment was conducted twice. All the inoculated tuberous roots were placed in sterilized Petri dishes with moistened filter paper, and incubated at 25 ± 2 °C. Fifteen days after inoculation, all inoculated tuberous roots demonstrated the same symptoms as those observed in the field conditions. The re-isolated fungi from the artificially infected tuberous roots were confirmed as P. ochrochloron using the method described above, while the control tuberous roots treated with sterile water did not develop symptoms, fulfilling Koch's postulates. To our knowledge, this is the first report of P. ochrochloron causing green mold disease on P. heterophylla in China, which would be a potentially new threat to the medicinal plant.

17.
Neurosci Bull ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342657

RESUMO

Malfunction of the ventral subiculum (vSub), the main subregion controlling the output connections from the hippocampus, is associated with major depressive disorder (MDD). Although the vSub receives cholinergic innervation from the medial septum and diagonal band of Broca (MSDB), whether and how the MSDB-to-vSub cholinergic circuit is involved in MDD is elusive. Here, we found that chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) induced depression-like behaviors with hyperactivation of vSub neurons, measured by c-fos staining and whole-cell patch-clamp recording. By retrograde and anterograde tracing, we confirmed the dense MSDB cholinergic innervation of the vSub. In addition, transient restraint stress in CUMS increased the level of ACh in the vSub. Furthermore, chemogenetic stimulation of this MSDB-vSub innervation in ChAT-Cre mice induced hyperactivation of vSub pyramidal neurons along with depression-like behaviors; and local infusion of atropine, a muscarinic receptor antagonist, into the vSub attenuated the depression-like behaviors induced by chemogenetic stimulation of this pathway and CUMS. Together, these findings suggest that activating the MSDB-vSub cholinergic pathway induces hyperactivation of vSub pyramidal neurons and depression-like behaviors, revealing a novel circuit underlying vSub pyramidal neuronal hyperactivation and its associated depression.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 950418, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387243

RESUMO

Background: Peritoneal sarcomatosis (PS) could occur in patients with retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS). This study aimed to expand the understanding of PS on its characteristics and prognostic role, and develop a nomogram to predict its occurrence preoperatively. Methods: Data of 211 consecutive patients with RPS who underwent surgical treatment between 2011 and 2019 was retrospectively reviewed. First, the clinicopathological characteristics of PS were summarized and analyzed. Second, the disease-specific survival (DSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients were analyzed to evaluate the prognostic role of PS. Third, preoperative imaging, nearly the only way to detect PS preoperatively, was combined with other screened risk factors to develop a nomogram. The performance of the nomogram was assessed. Results: Among the 211 patients, 49 (23.2%) patients had PS with an incidence of 13.0% in the primary patients and 35.4% in the recurrent patients. The highest incidence of PS occurred in dedifferentiated liposarcoma (25.3%) and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (25.0%). The diagnostic sensitivity of the preoperative imaging was 71.4% and its specificity was 92.6%. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) was elevated in patients with PS (P<0.001). IHC staining for liposarcoma revealed that the expression of VEGFR-2 was significantly higher in the PS group than that in the non-PS group (P = 0.008). Survival analysis (n =196) showed significantly worse DSS in the PS group than in non-PS group (median: 16.0 months vs. not reached, P < 0.001). In addition, PS was proven as one of the most significant prognostic predictors of both DSS and RFS by random survival forest algorithm. A nomogram to predict PS status was developed based on preoperative imaging combined with four risk factors including the presentation status (primary vs. recurrent), ascites, SUVmax, and tumor size. The nomogram significantly improved the diagnostic sensitivity compared to preoperative imaging alone (44/49, 89.8% vs. 35/49, 71.4%). The C-statistics of the nomogram was 0.932, and similar C-statistics (0.886) was achieved at internal cross-validation. Conclusion: PS is a significant prognostic indicator for RPS, and it occurs more often in recurrent RPS and in RPS with higher malignant tendency. The proposed nomogram is effective to predict PS preoperatively.

19.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36398455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The osteoclastic bone resorption inhibitors might have positive effect in preventing femoral head collapse in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). However, as a novel osteoclastic inhibitor, whether denosumab can prevent collapse in steroid-induced ONFH remains unknown. This study aims to evaluate the treatment effect of denosumab and the potential protective mechanism. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. A total of 161 patients with steroid-induced ONFH who underwent denosumab treatment were reviewed, and 209 untreated patients were selected as controls. Their clinical characteristics and radiological exam results were obtained. Patients were treated with 60 mg denosumab every 6 months for 2 years. The primary outcome was the incidence of femoral head collapse at 2 years after the initial diagnosis of ONFH. Secondary outcomes included the Harris hip score, progression of osteosclerosis, increase in necrotic area, bone marrow oedema relief, and bone mineral density increase in the femoral head. The Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square tests were performed to identify the differences between the continuous and categorical variables, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was built to identify the factors associated with the treatment effect of denosumab. RESULTS: The incidence of femoral head collapse was 42.24% (68/161) in the denosumab group and 54.07% (113/209) in the control group (χ2  = 5.094, p = 0.024; relative risk = 0.787, 95% CI = 0.627-0.973). The excellent-good rates of the Harris hip score were 63.98% (103/161) in the denosumab group and 44.98% (94/209) in the control group (χ2  = 13.186, p < 0.001). The incidence of osteosclerosis progression in the denosumab group was 55.28% (89/161), which was significantly higher than that in the control group (43.54%, 91/209, χ2  = 5.016, p = 0.025). Meanwhile, a significant increase in bone mineral density was identified in 29.19% (47/161) and 7.18% (15/209) of patients in the denosumab and control groups, respectively (χ2  = 31.600, p < 0.001). The osteoclastic cytoplasm expression of LC3-II was more positive in the control group than in the denosumab group (immunohistochemistry scoring: 3.58 ± 2.27 vs 6.33 ± 2.64, Z = -2.684, p = 0.007). A total of three independent factors were considered to be associated with the positive treatment effect of denosumab, the time of first denosumab administration (OR = 2.010, 95% CI = 1.272-3.177), osteosclerosis (OR = 1.583, 95% CI = 1.024-2.445), and the necrotic area before denosumab administration (medium necrotic area: OR = 2.084, 95% CI = 1.245-3.487; large necrotic area: OR = 2.211, 95% CI = 1.255-3.893). CONCLUSIONS: The current study demonstrated that denosumab had a positive effect on preventing femoral head collapse in patients with steroid ONFH. This effect might be closely associated with the inhibition of osteoclasts and their autophagy.

20.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1030247, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388546

RESUMO

In plants, MAP65 preferentially cross-links the anti-parallel microtubules (MTs) and plays an important role for cytokinesis. However, the functions of MAP65 isoforms in rice (Oryza sativa. L) are largely unknown. Here, we identified two MAP65-3 homologs in rice, OsMAP65-3.1 and OsMAP65-3.2. We found that both OsMAP65-3.1 and OsMAP65-3.2 were similar in dimerization and location to AtMAP65-3, and the expression of either rice genes driven by the AtMAP65-3 promoter suppressed the cytokinesis failure and growth defect of atmap65-3. However, OsMAP65-3.1 with native promoter also recovered the atmap65-3, but OsMAP65-3.2 with its own promoter had no effects. OsMAP65-3.1 but not OsMAP65-3.2 was actively expressed in tissues enriched with dividing cells. R1R2R3-Myb (MYB3R) transcription factors directly bound to the OsMAP65-3.1 promoter but not that of OsMAP65-3.2. Furthermore, osmap65-3.2 had no obvious phenotype, while either osmap65-3.1 or osmap65-3.1(+/-) was lethal. The eminent MTs around the daughter nuclei and cytokinesis defects were frequently observed in OsMAP65-3.1-defective plants. Taken together, our findings suggest that OsMAP65-3.1, rather than OsMAP65-3.2, plays essential roles in rice cytokinesis resulting from their differential expression which were passably directly regulated by OsMYB3Rs.

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