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1.
Chemosphere ; 319: 138023, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731673

RESUMO

Cyantraniliprole, the second generation of diamide insecticides, is widely used to control various pests, which will certainly result in adverse effects on earthworms in soil. In this study, after exposure with six doses of cyantraniliprole (0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, and 10 mg kg-1) by artificial soil method, six biomarkers, four functional genes, and histopathological changes of Eisenia fetida were measured on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days. The comprehensive toxicity was assessed by the IBR version 2 (IBRv2) method. The results showed that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was induced significantly. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was activated in 7-28 days. The catalase (CAT) and glutathione S-transferases (GST) activities were also activated in the initial 14 days. The 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in the high treatment increased until the late stage of exposure. On the 28th day, the metallothionein (MT) and calreticulin (CRT) genes were up-regulated, the transcriptionally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) gene was down-regulated. The SOD gene showed a good correlation with SOD activity. Extensive histopathological damage was found in the endoderm and ectoderm of E. fetida. The 5 and 10 mg kg-1 treatments showed higher comprehensive toxicity than the 0.5, 1, and 2.5 mg kg-1 treatments on the 28th day. These results suggest that cyantraniliprole exerted certain subchronic toxic effects of oxidative stress, DNA damage, and histopathological changes to E. fetida, which provided theoretical basis for rational use of cyantraniliprole and evaluation of its safety to soil environment.

2.
Life Sci ; : 121462, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36736767

RESUMO

AIMS: Cardiomyopathy is a diabetic comorbidity with few molecular targets. To address this, we evaluated transfer RNA (tRNA) modifications in the diabetic heart because tRNA modifications have been implicated in diabetic etiologies. MAIN METHODS: tRNA was isolated from aorta, apex, and atrial tissue of healthy and diabetic murine hearts and related hyperglycemic cell models. tRNA modifications and canonical ribonucleosides were quantified by liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) using stable isotope dilution. Correlations between ribonucleosides and diabetic comorbidity pathology were assessed using statistical analyses. KEY FINDINGS: Total tRNA ribonucleoside levels were analyzed from cell types and healthy and diabetic murine heart tissue. Each heart structure had characteristic ribonucleoside profiles and quantities. Several ribonucleosides were observed as significantly different in hyperglycemic cells and diabetic tissues. In hyperglycemic models, ribonucleosides N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C), 5-methoxycarbonylmethyl-2-thiouridine (mcm5s2U), 5-methylcytidine (m5C), and N1-methylguanosine (m1G) were anomalous. Specific tRNA modifications known to be on murine tRNAIni(CAU) were higher in diabetic heart tissue which suggests that tRNA modifications could be regulating translation in diabetes. SIGNIFICANCE: We identified tRNA ribonucleosides and tRNA species associated with hyperglycemia and diabetic etiology.

3.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 223: 113158, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731268

RESUMO

Gd3+-doped quantum dots (QDs) have been widely used as small-sized bifunctional contrast agents for fluorescence/magnetic resonance (FL/MR) dual-modality imaging. However, Gd3+ doping will always compromise the FL of host QDs. Therefore, balancing the Gd3+ doping and the optical properties of QDs is crucial for constructing high-performance bifunctional nanoprobes. Additionally, most paramagnetic QDs are synthesized in the organic phase and need to be transferred to the aqueous phase for bioimaging. Herein, ingeniously designed shell-doped Cu-In-S/ZnS:Gd3+ QDs have been prepared in the aqueous phase. It has been demonstrated that isolating paramagnetic Gd3+ from fluorescent Cu-In-S core via doping Gd3+ into ZnS shell not only avoided the decrease of FL quantum yield (QY), but also ensured the water accessibility of paramagnetic Gd3+ ions, by which the FL QY and r1 relaxivity of Cu-In-S/ZnS:Gd3+ QDs achieved as much as 15.6% and 15.33 mM-1·s-1, respectively. These high-performance QDs with excellent stability, low biotoxicity, and good tumor permeability were successfully applied for in vivo tumor FL/MR dual-modality imaging, and have shown significant potential in the precision detection and diagnosis of diseases.

4.
Chemosphere ; : 138026, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731671

RESUMO

Metal leaching is a key issue in cobalt-based catalysts/PMS systems, which results in the decline of catalytic ability and serious secondary pollution. Hence, a nitrogen-rich carbon framework with cobalt node (Co-NC-920) with low cobalt leaching was synthesized based on zeolite imidazole framework (ZIF) and g-C3N4 to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for the degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ). With the restriction of nitrogen-rich carbon framework, cobalt can disperse better and form stable cobalt-nitrogen bonds, thus only 0.09 mg/L cobalt ions were leached in the solution. More than 99.9% of CBZ can be removed within 30 min of PMS addition. Further investigation revealed that 1O2, SO4•- and high-valent cobalt species were primarily responsible for CBZ degradation in the Co-NC-920/PMS system and different reactive oxygen species (ROS) were distinguished and quantified, finding 1O2 was predominant. The degradation process was realized by the coexistence of free radicals and non-free radicals. Moreover, CBZ degradation capacity of the catalyst was evaluated under the influence of common anions and in actual waterbody. Finally, the possible degradation pathways of CBZ were proposed and the toxicity of the intermediates was analyzed. This work provides a new approach for the synthesis of cobalt-based nitrogen-rich carbon catalysts with low leaching and high efficient.

5.
Eur J Pharm Biopharm ; 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36731755

RESUMO

Skin pharmacokinetics (SPK) of permeation enhancers can answer the question of why enhancement effects different at the kinetic level. Herein, SPK of permeation enhancers were classified into two categories, namely, lateral elimination (elimination to surrounding stratum corneum (SC)) and longitudinal elimination (elimination to deep epidermal (EP)). They were evaluated with a specific parameter for permeation enhancers, diffusion ratio (DRSC-EP), according to results of tissue-distribution test, molecular dynamic (MD) simulation, and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). The linear relationship between ke-enahcer and Δ Cmax-drug (R2 = 0.92), MRTenhancer and Δ Tmax-drug (R2 = 0.97), AUCt-enhancer and Δ AUCt-drug (R2 = 0.90) suggesting that SPK of permeation enhancers precisely controlled dynamic process of drug permeation in vivo. The molecular mechanisms of the dynamic effect of SPK process on drug transdermal behaviors were characterized by modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry (MTDSC), dielectric spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), solid-state NMR. Permeation enhancers with high molecular weight (M.W.) and high polar surface area (P.S.A.) had good compatibility and strong interaction strength with SC, leading their lateral-elimination behavior, causing their low DRSC-EP and resulting in low ke-enhancer, long MRTenhancer, and large AUCt-enhancer. Consequently, skin barrier can be rapidly opened fast and to a great extent. In summary, compared with SPK of permeation enhancers with longitudinal elimination, SPK of permeation enhancers with lateral elimination can enable more sustainable and greater drug permeation. The information about SPK of permeation enhancers offered a criterion to estimate its permeation-enhancement effect on the drug and its subsequent application in transdermal formulations.

6.
Int J Med Mushrooms ; 25(1): 13-28, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734916

RESUMO

Polysaccharide is one of the bioactive ingredients extracted from the fruiting body of Lentinula edodes (=L. edodes), which has many medicinal functions. While the content of polysaccharide can be measured by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, the NIR analytical models established previously only covered L. edodes from very limited sources, and thus could not achieve high accuracy for large samples from more varied sources. Strictly, there is a nonlinear relationship between NIR spectral data and chemical label values, and traditional modeling methods for NIR data analysis have problems such as insufficient feature learning ability and difficulty in training. The deep learning model has excellent nonlinear modeling ability and generalization capacity, which is very suitable for analyzing larger samples. In this study, we constructed a novel framework with deep learning techniques on the NIR analysis of the content of polysaccharide in L. edodes. The siPLS model was established based on the combination of the bands 4797-3995 cm-1 and 6401-5600 cm-1, while the one-dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) model was established with improved feature in the treatment of the spectral data. The comparative experimental results showed that the 1D-CNN model (R2pre = 95.50%; RMSEP =0.1875) outperformed the siPLS model (R2pre = 87.89%, RMSEP = 0.6221). As such, this work has demonstrated that NIR spectroscopy with the integration of deep learning can provide more accurate quantification of polysaccharide in L. edodes. Such method can be very useful for nutritional grading and quality control of diverse L. edodes in the market.

7.
Anal Chem ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36725367

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have emerged as promising circulating biomarkers for non-invasive cancer diagnosis and management. Isolation and detection of CTCs in clinical samples are challenging due to the extreme rarity and high heterogeneity of CTCs. Here, we describe a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) concentration gradient-based microfluidic method for rapid, label-free, highly efficient isolation of CTCs directly from whole blood samples. Stable concentration gradients of PEO were formed within the microchannel by co-injecting the side fluid (blood sample spiked with 0.025% PEO) and center fluid (0.075% PEO solution). The competition between the elastic lift force and the inertial lift force enabled size-based separation of large CTCs and small blood cells based on their distinct migration patterns. The microfluidic device could process 1 mL of blood sample in 30 min, with a separation efficiency of >90% and an enrichment ratio of >700 for tumor cells. The isolated CTCs from blood samples were enumerated by immunofluorescence staining, allowing for discrimination of breast cancer patients from healthy donors with an accuracy of 84.2%. The concentration gradient-based microfluidic separation provides a powerful tool for label-free isolation of CTCs for a wide range of clinical applications.

8.
Plant Dis ; 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36726005

RESUMO

Dragon fruit (Selenicereus undatus (Haw.) D.R.Hunt is a famous tropical fruit (Korotkova et al. 2017). In May 2021, a flower rot disease was found on Dragon fruit in a field (21˚19'42''N, 110˚28'32''E), Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, China. The incidence rate was approximately 30% (n=500 investigated plants from about 30 hectares). Flower rot was evident, and was light brown, watery, soft, and covered with white mycelia. The pathogen could continue to infect the fruit during the fruit ripening stage with about 20% rot rate. Ten samples of symptomatic flowers were collected in the field. Margins of the diseased tissue were cut into 2 mm × 2 mm pieces. The surfaces were disinfected with 75% ethanol for 30 s and 2% sodium hypochlorite for 60 s. Pure cultures were obtained by transferring hyphal tips to new PDA plates. Three representative isolates (HUM-1,HUM-2, and HUM-3) by single-spore isolation were randomly selected for further study. Colonies on PDA were circular with massive aerial hyphae, white to ochraceous in color. Nonseptate hyphae were hyaline. Sporangiophores arose from hyphae. Sporangiospores were hyaline, smooth-walled, mostly subspherical to ellipsoidal, and measured 3.15 to 6.55 µm × 1.35 to 2.85 µm (n =50). Morphological characteristics of isolates were consistent with the description of Mucor irregularis (Lima et al. 2018). Molecular identification was done using the colony PCR method with MightyAmp DNA Polymerase (Takara-Bio, Dalian, China) (Lu et al. 2012) used to amplify the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and large subunit (LSU) with ITS1/ITS4 and LR0R1/LR5 (Vilgalys et al. 1990). The amplicons were sequenced and the sequences were deposited in GenBank with accession numbers ITS, OL376751-OL376753, and LSU, OM672239-OM672241. BLAST analysis of these sequences revealed a 100% identity with M. irregularis in GenBank. The sequences were also concatenated for phylogenetic analysis by the maximum likelihood method. The isolates clustered with M. irregularis (the type strain CBS 103.93).The pathogenicity was tested through in vivo experiments. Nine healthy flowers of Dragon fruit were inoculated with 3-day-old mycelial plugs (5 × 5 mm) of isolates, while another five healthy flowers were treated with PDA plugs (controls). Those plugs were embedded inside the calyxes, and each flower was inoculated with one plug in one calyx. Besides, the inoculated and control flowers (n = 5) were sprayed with a spore suspension (1 × 105 per mL) of the three isolates individually and sterile distilled water, respectively, until run-off (Feng and Li. 2019). The plants were grown in pots in a greenhouse at 28°C, with relative humility approximately 80%. The test was repeated three times. After 3 days of incubation, rot symptoms developed on the inoculated flowers, which were similar to those observed on the naturally samples in the field. The control flowers remained healthy. The fungus was reisolated from the inoculated flowers and confirmed as M. irregularis by morphology and ITS analysis. M. irregularis was reported as a pathogen causing human skin diseases and post-harvest diseases of crop (Álvarez et al. 2011; Lima et al. 2018; Wang et al. 2022). This is the first report of M. irregularis causing flower rot of Dragon fruit and reduce yield in China. This research can provide a theoretical basis for the fruit industry to maintain yield.

9.
Mol Carcinog ; 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727616

RESUMO

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Currently, therapeutic modalities such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy are being used to treat HNSCC. However, the treatment outcomes of most patients are dismal because they are already in middle or advanced stage by the time of diagnosis and poorly responsive to treatments. It is therefore of great interest to clarify mechanisms that contribute to the metastasis of cells to identify possible targets for therapy. In this study, we identified the Na+ -coupled bicarbonate transporter, SLC4A7, play essential roles in the metastasis of HNSCC. Our results showed that the relative expression of SLC4A7 messenger RNA was highly expressed in HNSCCs samples from TCGA, and compared with precancerous cells of human oral mucosa (DOK), SLC4A7 was highly expressed in HNSCC cell lines. In vitro and in vivo experiments showed that dysregulation of SLC4A7 had minor influence on the proliferation of HNSCC but impacted HNSCC's migration and invasion. Meanwhile, SLC4A7 could promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HNSCC. RNA-seq, KEGG pathway enrichment analysis and Western blot further revealed that downregulation of SLC4A7 in HNSCC cells inhibited the PI3K/AKT pathway. These findings were further validated via rescue experiments using a small molecule inhibitor of PI3K/mTOR (GDC-0980). Our findings suggest that SLC4A7 promotes EMT and metastasis of HNSCC through the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway, which may be a valuable predictive biomarker and potential therapeutic target in HNSCC.

10.
Hum Genomics ; 17(1): 3, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fine-scale genetic structure of ethnolinguistically diverse Chinese populations can fill the gap in the missing diversity and evolutionary landscape of East Asians, particularly for anthropologically informed Chinese minorities. Hmong-Mien (HM) people were one of the most significant indigenous populations in South China and Southeast Asia, which were suggested to be the descendants of the ancient Yangtze rice farmers based on linguistic and archeological evidence. However, their deep population history and biological adaptative features remained to be fully characterized. OBJECTIVES: To explore the evolutionary and adaptive characteristics of the Miao people, we genotyped genome-wide SNP data in Guizhou HM-speaking populations and merged it with modern and ancient reference populations via a comprehensive population genetic analysis and evolutionary admixture modeling. RESULTS: The overall genetic admixture landscape of Guizhou Miao showed genetic differentiation between them and other linguistically diverse Guizhou populations. Admixture models further confirmed that Miao people derived their primary ancestry from geographically close Guangxi Gaohuahua people. The estimated identity by descent and effective population size confirmed a plausible population bottleneck, contributing to their unique genetic diversity and population structure patterns. We finally identified several natural selection candidate genes associated with several biological pathways. CONCLUSIONS: Guizhou Miao possessed a specific genetic structure and harbored a close genetic relationship with geographically close southern Chinese indigenous populations and Guangxi historical people. Miao people derived their major ancestry from geographically close Guangxi Gaohuahua people and experienced a plausible population bottleneck which contributed to the unique pattern of their genetic diversity and structure. Future ancient DNA from Shijiahe and Qujialing will provide new insights into the origin of the Miao people.


Assuntos
Adaptação Biológica , Humanos , Haplótipos/genética , Alelos , China , /genética
11.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36723795

RESUMO

Programmed DNA double-strand break (DSB) formation is a crucial step in meiotic recombination, yet techniques for high-efficiency and precise mapping of the 3' ends of DSBs are still in their infancy. Here, we report a novel technique, named DNA End tailing and sequencing (DEtail-seq), which can directly and ultra-efficiently characterize the 3' ends of meiotic DSBs with near single-nucleotide resolution in a variety of species, including yeast, mouse, and human. We find that the 3' ends of meiotic DSBs are stable without significant resection in budding yeast. Meiotic DSBs are strongly enriched in de novo H3K4me3 peaks in the mouse genome at leptotene stage. We also profile meiotic DSBs in human and find DSB hotspots are enriched near the common fragile sites during human meiosis, especially at CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF)-associated enhancers. Therefore, DEtail-seq provides a powerful method to detect DSB ends in various species, and our results provide new insights into the distribution and regulation of meiotic DSB hotspots.

12.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688503

RESUMO

Atomically precise nanoclusters have a critical role in understanding the structure-property relationships at the atomic level. Copper nanoclusters have attracted considerable attention, but the synthesis is limited because of susceptibility to oxidation. Herein, we developed a reduction speed controlling method to synthesize [Cu75(S-Adm)32]2+ (HS-Adm: 1-Adamantanethiol) nanocluster and reveal the key steps in the nucleation process. Cu75 was first observed and characterized with the following features: (i) composed of a face-centered cubic Cu15 kernel and a Cu60 caged shell including 12 distorted octahedra. (ii) The observation of the shortest Cu-Cu bond (2.166(7) Å) in the Cu nanoclusters, which could result from the distortion of the octahedron. (iii) The sole µ3-S mode of S, which plays two roles as a vertex and bridge atom to connect Cu atoms. This work presents a unique nanoball Cu nanocluster with strong cuprophilic interaction and provides a novel method to expand the family of Cu nanoclusters as well.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36688958

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive lung disease that is characterized by abnormal proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix remodeling, ultimately leading to respiratory insufficiency or even death. Naringin (Nar), a natural compound derived from grapefruit and citrus fruits, has several pharmacological activities that are associated with therapeutic benefits for IPF. However, the specific molecular mechanisms underlying its pulmonary tissue-protective effects remain largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Nar on endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and mitophagy. A bleomycin (BLM)-induced mouse model of IPF was established for treatment with different doses of Nar. Histopathological changes in the lung were examined by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining. The extent of fibrosis was determined by measuring hydroxyproline and collagen expression levels. The levels of inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress indicators were determined by Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and biochemical kits. Western blot and immunofluorescence were used to evaluate the expression levels of the mitophagy-related markers. Cell apoptosis was estimated by western blot and TUNEL staining. Nar reduced the levels of inflammatory response, oxidative stress and decreased the proportion of apoptosis. Nar also inhibited the expression of the ERS and mitophagy-related genes and ERS-downstream proteins, thereby activating transcription factor (ATF) 3 and inhibiting the transcription of PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1). Taken together, Nar is a promising therapeutic agent for treating IPF via inhibiting ERS, reducing apoptosis, and maintaining mitochondrial homeostasis, all of which may be associated with the regulation of the ATF3/PINK1 signaling axis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655387

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Intraoperative hemodynamic instability (HI) deteriorates surgical outcomes of patients with normotensive pheochromocytoma (NP). OBJECTIVE: To characterize the hemodynamics of NP and develop and externally validate a prediction model for intraoperative HI. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: Data on 117 patients with NP (derivation cohort) and 40 patients with normotensive adrenal myelolipoma (NAM), who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy from January 2011 to November 2021, were retrospectively collected. Data on 22 patients with NP (independent validation cohort) were collected from another hospital during the same period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The hemodynamic characteristics of patients with NP and NAM were compared. Machine learning models were used to identify risk factors associated with HI. The final model was visualized via nomogram. RESULTS: Forty-eight (41%) out of 117 patients experienced HI, which was significantly more than that for NAM. A multivariate logistic regression including age, tumor size, fasting plasma glucose, and preoperative systolic blood pressure showed good discrimination measured by area under curve (0.8286; 95% CI, 0.6875-0.9696 and 0.7667; 95% CI, 0.5386-0.9947) for predicting HI in internal and independent validation cohorts, respectively. The sensitivities and positive predictive values were 0.6667 and 0.7692 for the internal and 0.9167 and 0.6111 for the independent validations, respectively. The final model was visualized via nomogram and yielded net benefits across a wide range of risk thresholds in decision curve analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with normotensive pheochromocytoma experienced HI during laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The nomogram can be used for individualized prediction of intraoperative HI in patients with NP.

15.
Mol Med Rep ; 27(2)2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36601769

RESUMO

The presence of allergic rhinitis (AR) is an increased risk factor for the occurrence of bronchial asthma (BA). Nerve growth factor (NGF), in addition to its key role in the development and differentiation of neurons, may also be an important inflammatory factor in AR and BA. However, the pathogenesis of the progression of AR to BA remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the ability of NGF to mediate nasobronchial interactions and explore possible underlying molecular mechanisms. In the present study, an AR mouse model was established and histology of nasal mucosa tissue injury was determined. The level of phenylethanolamine N­methyl transferase in adrenal medulla was determined by immunofluorescence. Primary adrenal medullary chromaffin cells (AMCCs) were isolated and cultured from the adrenal medulla of mice. The expression levels of synaptophysin (SYP), STAT1, JAK1, p38 and ERK in NGF­treated and untreated AMCCs were detected by reverse­transcription­quantitative PCR and western blotting. The epinephrine (EPI) and norepinephrine (NE) concentrations were measured by ELISA. It was found that the expression of SYP in AMCCs was enhanced in the presence of NGF, whereas, the concentration of EPI decreased significantly under the same conditions. Furthermore, NGF mediated the phenotypic and functional changes of AMCCs, resulting in decreased EPI secretion via JAK1/STAT1, p38 and ERK signaling. In conclusion, these findings could provide novel evidence for the role of NGF in regulating neuroendocrine mechanisms.


Assuntos
Asma , Células Cromafins , Rinite Alérgica , Ratos , Animais , Camundongos , Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Epinefrina/farmacologia , Asma/metabolismo , Rinite Alérgica/metabolismo , Células Cromafins/metabolismo , Fenótipo
16.
Insights Imaging ; 14(1): 12, 2023 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of reduced full-of-view synthetic high-b value diffusion-weighted images (rFOV-syDWIs) in the clinical application of cervical cancer based on image quality and diagnostic efficacy. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the data of 35 patients with cervical cancer and 35 healthy volunteers from May to November 2021. All patients and volunteers underwent rFOV-DWI scans, including a 13b-protocol: b = 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1000, 1200, and 1500 s/mm2 and a 5b-protocol: b = 0, 100, 400, 800,1500 s/mm2. rFOV-syDWIs with b values of 1200 (rFOV-syDWIb=1200) and 1500 (rFOV-syDWIb=1500) were generated from two different multiple-b-value image datasets using a mono-exponential fitting algorithm. According to homoscedasticity and normality assessed by the Levene's test and Shapiro-Wilk test, the inter-modality differences of quantitative measurements were, respectively, examined by Wilcoxon signed-rank test or paired t test and the inter-group differences of ADC values were examined by independent t test or Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: A higher inter-reader agreement between SNRs and CNRs was found in 13b-protocol and 5b-protocol rFOV-syDWIb=1200/1500 compared to 13b-protocol rFOV-sDWIb=1200/1500 (p < 0.05). AUC of 5b-protocol syADCmean,b=1200/1500 and syADCminimum,b=1200/1500 was equal or higher than that of 13b-protocol sADCmean,b=1200/1500 and sADCminimum,b=1200/1500. CONCLUSIONS: rFOV-syDWIs provide better lesion clarity and higher image quality than rFOV-sDWIs. 5b-protocol rFOV-syDWIs shorten scan time, and synthetic ADCs offer reliable diagnosis value as scanned 13b-protocol DWIs.

18.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36611104

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a global disease with high morbidity and mortality. At present, the treatment of AKI still lacks targeted measures. Ferroptosis, a form of regulated cell death, plays an essential role in the initiation and progression of AKI. Current evidence proves that targeting ferroptosis is supposed to be a novel potential strategy to cure AKI. In this study, we aim to use bibliometric analysis to identify research trends and hotspots in the field of "ferroptosis in AKI". METHODS: We chose the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED) index of the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) as the source database for data retrieval. Data were retrieved from the WoSCC on May 24, 2022. Full records and cited references of all the documents in WoSCC were collected. The R software and the Online Analysis Platform of Literature Metrology were used for data analysis and visual analysis. RESULTS: There were 120 documents on "ferroptosis in AKI" in the WOSCC from 2014 to 2022 (May 24, 2022). There was a clear upward trend each year in the number of documents published. According to WoS report, China, the United States, and Germany were the top three countries involved in this research area, the majority of publications were included in the subject area "Cell Biology". Technical University of Dresden contributed the most publications, followed by Central South University and University of Pittsburgh. The Journal of Cell Death and Disease had the highest H-index and contributed the most publications. Linkermann A authored 16 articles and had the highest H-index. Multifactorial analysis of the keywords show that the research field is divided into two clusters. The most contributing publications and the most cited publications were also determined by factorial analysis. CONCLUSION: This bibliometric analysis provides a comprehensive analysis of research trends and hot spots on the topic of "ferroptosis in AKI". The study of ferroptosis-related AKI research remains in its early stages. There will be a dramatically increasing number of publications on this field. Further research should focus on exploring the mechanisms of crosstalk between ferroptosis and other programmed cell deaths, and improves clinical applications and therapeutic effects against AKI.

19.
Sci Adv ; 9(4): eadd8977, 2023 01 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706185

RESUMO

Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CESC) is a prototypical human cancer with well-characterized pathological stages of initiation and progression. However, high-resolution knowledge of the transcriptional programs underlying each stage of CESC is lacking, and important questions remain. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing of 76,911 individual cells from 13 samples of human cervical tissues at various stages of malignancy, illuminating the transcriptional tumorigenic trajectory of cervical epithelial cells and revealing key factors involved in CESC initiation and progression. In addition, we found significant correlations between the abundance of specific myeloid, lymphoid, and endothelial cell populations and the progression of CESC, which were also associated with patients' prognosis. Last, we demonstrated the tumor-promoting function of matrix cancer-associated fibroblasts via the NRG1-ERBB3 pathway in CESC. This study provides a valuable resource and deeper insights into CESC initiation and progression, which is helpful in refining CESC diagnosis and for the design of optimal treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Humanos , Feminino , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Cognição , Células Epiteliais , Células Endoteliais
20.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 14(1)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36677259

RESUMO

A novel nanocomposite film composed of gold nanoparticles and acetylene black-dihexadecyl phosphate was fabricated and modified on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode through a simple and controllable dropping and electropolymerization method. The nanocomposite film electrode showed a good electrocatalytic response to the oxidation of homocysteine and can work as an amperometric biomedical sensor for homocysteine. With the aid of scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray technology and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, the sensing interface was characterized, and the sensing mechanism was discussed. Under optimal conditions, the oxidation peak current of homocysteine was linearly increased with its concentration in the range of 3.0 µmol/L~1.0 mmol/L, and a sensitivity of 18 nA/(µmol/L) was obtained. Furthermore, the detection limit was determined as 0.6 µmol/L, and the response time was detected as 3 s. Applying the nanocomposite film electrode for monitoring the homocysteine in human blood serum, the results were satisfactory.

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