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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619943

RESUMO

Extracting data insights and generating visual data stories from tabular data are critical parts of data analysis. However, most existing studies primarily focus on tabular data stored as flat tables, typically without leveraging the relations between cells in the headers of hierarchical tables. When properly used, rich table headers can enable the extraction of many additional data stories. To assist analysts in visual data storytelling, an approach is needed to organize these data insights efficiently. In this work, we propose CoInsight, a system to facilitate visual storytelling for hierarchical tables by connecting insights. CoInsight extracts data insights from hierarchical tables and builds insight relations according to the structure of table headers. It further visualizes related data insights using a nested graph with edge bundling. We evaluate the CoInsight system through a usage scenario and a user experiment. The results demonstrate the utility and usability of CoInsight for converting data insights in hierarchical tables into visual data stories.

3.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e27948, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571643

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is a significant burden on human health worldwide. Carotid Atherosclerosis stenosis plays an important role in the comprehensive assessment and prevention of ischemic stroke patients. High-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging has emerged as a successful technique for assessing carotid atherosclerosis stenosis. This advanced imaging modality has shown promise in effectively displaying a wide range of characteristics associated with the condition, leading to a comprehensive evaluation. High-resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging not only enables a comprehensive evaluation of the instability of carotid atherosclerosis stenosis plaques but also provides valuable information for understanding the pathogenesis and predicting the prognosis of ischemic stroke patients. The purpose of this article is to review the application of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging in ischemic stroke and carotid atherosclerotic stenosis.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602002

RESUMO

Adhesion molecules play critical roles in maintaining the structural integrity of the airway epithelium in airways under stress. Previously, we reported that catenin alpha-like 1 (CTNNAL1) is downregulated in an asthma animal model and upregulated at the edge of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) after ozone stress. In this work, we explore the potential role of CTNNAL1 in the structural adhesion of HBECs and its possible mechanism. We construct a CTNNAL1 ‒/‒ mouse model with CTNNAL1-RNAi recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) in the lung and a CTNNAL1-silencing cell line stably transfected with CTNNAL1-siRNA recombinant plasmids. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining reveals that CTNNAL1 ‒/‒ mice have denuded epithelial cells and structural damage to the airway. Silencing of CTNNAL1 in HBECs inhibits cell proliferation and weakens extracellular matrix adhesion and intercellular adhesion, possibly through the action of the cytoskeleton. We also find that the expressions of the structural adhesion-related molecules E-cadherin, integrin ß1, and integrin ß4 are significantly decreased in ozone-treated cells than in vector control cells. In addition, our results show that the expression levels of RhoA/ROCK1 are decreased after CTNNAL1 silencing. Treatment with Y27632, a ROCK inhibitor, abolished the expressions of adhesion molecules induced by ozone in CTNNAL1-overexpressing HBECs. Overall, the findings of the present study suggest that CTNNAL1 plays a critical role in maintaining the structural integrity of the airway epithelium under ozone challenge, and is associated with epithelial cytoskeleton dynamics and the expressions of adhesion-related molecules via the RhoA/ROCK1 pathway.

5.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578853

RESUMO

Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) is widely applied for the diagnosis of coronary artery diseases. Low-dose (LD) SPECT aims to minimize radiation exposure but leads to increased image noise. Limited-view (LV) SPECT, such as the latest GE MyoSPECT ES system, enables accelerated scanning and reduces hardware expenses but degrades reconstruction accuracy. Additionally, Computed Tomography (CT) is commonly used to derive attenuation maps (µ-maps) for attenuation correction (AC) of cardiac SPECT, but it will introduce additional radiation exposure and SPECT-CT misalignments. Although various methods have been developed to solely focus on LD denoising, LV reconstruction, or CT-free AC in SPECT, the solution for simultaneously addressing these tasks remains challenging and under-explored. Furthermore, it is essential to explore the potential of fusing cross-domain and cross-modality information across these interrelated tasks to further enhance the accuracy of each task. Thus, we propose a Dual-Domain Coarse-to-Fine Progressive Network (DuDoCFNet), a multi-task learning method for simultaneous LD denoising, LV reconstruction, and CT-free µ-map generation of cardiac SPECT. Paired dual-domain networks in DuDoCFNet are cascaded using a multi-layer fusion mechanism for cross-domain and cross-modality feature fusion. Two-stage progressive learning strategies are applied in both projection and image domains to achieve coarse-to-fine estimations of SPECT projections and CT-derived µ-maps. Our experiments demonstrate DuDoCFNet's superior accuracy in estimating projections, generating µ-maps, and AC reconstructions compared to existing single- or multi-task learning methods, under various iterations and LD levels. The source code of this work is available at https://github.com/XiongchaoChen/DuDoCFNet-MultiTask.

6.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop and assess the usability of a smartphone-based visual acuity (VA) test with an automatic distance calibration (ADC) function, the iOS version of WHOeyes. METHODS: The WHOeyes was an upgraded version with a distinct feature of ADC of an existing validated VA testing app called V@home. Three groups of Chinese participants with different ages (≤20, 20-40, >40 years) were recruited for distance and near VA testing using both an Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) chart and the WHOeyes. The ADC function would determine the testing distance. Infrared rangefinder was used to determine the testing distance for the ETDRS, and actual testing distance for the WHOeyes. A questionnaire-based interview was administered to assess the satisfaction. RESULTS: The actual testing distance determined by the WHOeyes ADC showed an overall good agreement with the desired testing distance in all three age groups (p>0.50). Regarding the distance and near VA testing, the accuracy of WHOeyes was equivalent to ETDRS. The mean difference between the WHOeyes and ETDRS ranged from -0.084 to 0.012 logMAR, and the quadratic weighted kappa (QWK) values were >0.75 across all groups. The test-retest reliability of WHOeyes was high for both near and distance VA, with a mean difference ranging from -0.040 to 0.004 logMAR and QWK all >0.85. The questionnaire revealed an excellent user experience and acceptance of WHOeyes. CONCLUSIONS: WHOeyes could provide accurate measurement of the testing distance as well as the distance and near VA when compared to the gold standard ETDRS chart.

7.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27582, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38496848

RESUMO

The proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) of the kidney is a crucial functional segment responsible for reabsorption, secretion, and the maintenance of electrolyte and water balance within the renal tubule. However, there is a lack of a well-defined endogenous transgenic line for studying PCT morphogenesis. By analyzing single-cell transcriptome data from the adult zebrafish kidney, we have identified the expression of odd-skipped-related 2 (osr2, which encodes an odd-skipped zinc-finger transcription factor) in the PCT. To gain insight into the role of osr2 in PCT morphogenesis, we have generated a transgenic zebrafish line Tg(osr2:EGFP), expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). The EGFP expression pattern closely mirrors that of endogenous Osr2, faithfully recapitulating its native expression profile. During kidney development, we can use EGFP to track PCT development, which is also preserved in adult zebrafish. Additionally, osr2:EGFP-labeled zebrafish PCT fragments displayed short lengths with infrequent overlap, rendering them conducive for nephrons counting. The generation of Tg(osr2:EGFP) transgenic line is accompanied by simultaneous disruption of osr2 activity. Importantly, our findings demonstrate that osr2 inactivation had no discernible impact on the development and regeneration of Tg(osr2:EGFP) zebrafish nephrons. Overall, the establishment of this transgenic zebrafish line offers a valuable tool for both genetic and chemical analysis of PCT.

8.
Int J Surg ; 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549224

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Septic cardiomyopathy is a sepsis-mediated cardiovascular complication with severe microcirculatory malperfusion. Emerging evidence has highlighted the protective effects of pulsatile flow in case of microcirculatory disturbance, yet the underlying mechanisms are still elusive. The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanisms of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification in the alleviation of septic cardiomyopathy associated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)-generated pulsatile flow. METHODS: Rat model with septic cardiomyopathy was established and was supported under ECMO either with pulsatile or non-pulsatile flow. Peripheral perfusion index (PPI) and cardiac function parameters were measured using ultrasonography. Dot blot assay was applied to examine the m6A level, while qRT-PCR, Western blot, immunofluorescence, and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expressions of related genes. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was performed to validate the interaction between molecules. RESULTS: The ECMO-generated pulsatile flow significantly elevates microcirculatory PPI, improves myocardial function, protects the endothelium, and prolongs survival in rat models with septic cardiomyopathy. The pulsatile flow mediates the METTL14-mediated m6A modification to zonula occludens- (ZO-) 1 mRNA which stabilizes the ZO-1 mRNA depending on the presence of YTHDF2. The pulsatile flow suppresses the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, of which the downstream molecule Foxo1, a negative transcription factor of METTL14, binds to the METTL14 promoter and inhibits the METTL14-induced m6A modification. CONCLUSION: The ECMO-generated pulsatile flow increases METTL14-induced m6A modification in ZO-1 and attenuates the progression of septic cardiomyopathy, suggesting that pulsatility might be a new therapeutic strategy in septic cardiomyopathy by alleviating microcirculatory disturbance.

9.
Psych J ; 13(2): 176-189, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298170

RESUMO

The high incidence of adolescent depression has become the focus of social and academic attention. Exercise is an important method to improve adolescent depression, but its intervention effect is still controversial. This study first compares and analyzes the relevant studies at home and abroad and finds that exercise prescription in adolescent depression intervention is not accurate enough. A meta-analysis was conducted to develop a precise exercise intervention strategy for adolescent depression. Firstly, this thesis identified how to optimize five elements (exercise intensity, exercise frequency, exercise time, exercise cycle, and exercise type) of exercise prescription to improve depression in adolescents. This is the problem. Furthermore, the concept of "precision exercise" was proposed, and a precision exercise intervention strategy (moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for 8-10 weeks, 3 times/week, 45-50 min/time) was constructed to improve adolescent depression. This paper also presents research that strengthens the cross-sectional research and empirical research on adolescent depression and establishes a precision exercise prescription database for adolescent depression in China. In conclusion, this study not only puts forward the concept of "precision exercise" but also constructs a precision exercise intervention strategy for adolescent depression, which has important theoretical and practical significance for improving the high incidence of adolescent depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício Físico , China
10.
Analyst ; 149(8): 2236-2243, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38414418

RESUMO

Cadmium poisoning is a chronic accumulation process, and long-term drinking of even low cadmium content water will cause kidney damage, so an ultra-low detection limit is particularly important. However, at the present stage, the traditional detection method cannot reach a sufficiently low detection limit, the response time is too long, and the cost of detection is very high, so that real-time measurement cannot be realized. Therefore, the traditional cadmium ion detection method has a slow response and an insufficient detection limit. This paper presents a fiber optic cadmium ion sensor functionalized based on an Fe3O4@SiO2@CS magnetic ion imprinting polymer (M-IIP). The sensor is based on the coupling characteristics of the optical microfiber coupler (OMC) cone region to achieve a highly sensitive response to the change in the cadmium ion concentration. M-IIP materials were prepared by surface imprinting polymerization to achieve low cross-sensitivity and thus improve the detection limit of the sensor. The results show that the developed fiber sensor has high specificity and a rapid response to cadmium ions. The experimental limit of detection (LOD) reached 0.051 nM within 0-1 µM with a response time of less than 50 s. Moreover, the proposed fiber cadmium ion sensor exhibits excellent performance in terms of sensitivity, stability, repeatability and biocompatibility.

11.
ArXiv ; 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38313194

RESUMO

Low-dose emission tomography (ET) plays a crucial role in medical imaging, enabling the acquisition of functional information for various biological processes while minimizing the patient dose. However, the inherent randomness in the photon counting process is a source of noise which is amplified in low-dose ET. This review article provides an overview of existing post-processing techniques, with an emphasis on deep neural network (NN) approaches. Furthermore, we explore future directions in the field of NN-based low-dose ET. This comprehensive examination sheds light on the potential of deep learning in enhancing the quality and resolution of low-dose ET images, ultimately advancing the field of medical imaging.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349396

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction is a worldwide disease with high morbidity and mortality and a major cause of chronic heart failure, seriously affecting patients' quality of life. Natural medicine has been used to cure or prevent cardiovascular disease for decades. As a natural flavonoid, anthocyanidin has been used to treat many diseases due to its antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and other properties. A mouse model (C57BL/6) weighing 30-40 g was utilized to induce myocardial infarction by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. Cyanidin (30 mg/kg) was administered orally to mice for four weeks. A variety of assessments were used to evaluate cardiac function. The gene expression was measured using RNAseq and Western blot. Histological changes in myocardial tissue were assessed using staining techniques, including Masson, Hematoxylin Eosin (HE), and transmission electron microscopy. Tunnel staining was implemented as a method to detect cellular apoptosis. For the quantification of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the serum, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was employed. Furthermore, autodock simulation was executed in order to assess the interaction between cyanidin and a subset of genes. Cyanidin treatment inhibited myocardial cell apoptosis, improved cardiac function, and reduced serum concentrations of BNP and atrial natriuretic peptide ANP, as well as mitigated histological cardiac tissue damage. Cyanidin also inhibited the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP2/9) and Fibronectin 1 (Fn1). Cyanidin improves heart function and reduces myocardial damage in mice after MI. Furthermore, cyanidin can prevent cardiomyocyte apoptosis. These effects are most likely caused by suppression of MMP9/2 and control of the Akt signaling pathway, suggesting an appropriate therapeutic target.

13.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2311845, 2024 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between nutritional status and prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to explore the effect of body mass index (BMI) and weight loss on the prognosis of IPF patients. METHODS: We accumulated studies on IPF, BMI, and weight loss from databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of science, Scopus, Ovid and Cochrane Library up to 4 August 2023. Using Cox proportional hazard regression model for subgroup analysis, hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for BMI in relation to mortality, acute exacerbation (AE), and hospitalization in IPF patients were calculated, and HR, odds ratio (OR), and 95% CI for weight loss corresponding to IPF patient mortality were assessed. Sensitivity analysis was peformed by eliminating every study one by one, and publication bias was judged by Egger's test and trim-and-fill method. RESULTS: A total of 34 eligible studies involving 18,343 IPF patients were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled results by univariate Cox regression analysis showed that baseline BMI was a predictive factor for IPF mortality (HR = 0.93, 95%CI = [0.91, 0.94]). Furthermore, the results by the multivariable regression model indicated that baseline BMI was an independent risk factor for predicting IPF mortality (HR = 0.94, 95%CI = [0.91, 0.98]). Weight loss was identified as a risk factor for IPF mortality (HR = 2.74, 95% CI = [2.12, 3.54]; OR = 4.51, 95% CI = [1.72, 11.82]) and there was no predictive value of BMI for acute exacerbation (HR = 1.00, 95% CI= [0.93, 1.07]) or hospitalization (HR = 0.95, 95% CI = [0.89, 1.02]). CONCLUSION: Low baseline BMI and weight loss in the course of IPF may indicate a high risk of mortality in patients with IPF, so it is meaningful to monitor and manage the nutritional status of IPF patients, and early intervention should be conducted for low BMI and weight loss.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Humanos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Progressão da Doença , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Redução de Peso
14.
Hematology ; 29(1): 2310960, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy and prognostic factors in the treatment of adult newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with or without allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 668 patients with newly-diagnosed AML (non-M3 type) in the Department of Hematology at Shanghai Changhai Hospital from January 2012 to December 2021. Based on different induction chemotherapy regimens, patients were categorized into an IA (idarubicin, IDA + cytarabine, Ara-C) (3 + 7, regimen) group (n = 303) and a DA (daunorubicin, DNR + cytarabine, Ara-C) (3 + 7, regimen) group (n = 365) with or without allo-HSCT. Minimal residual disease (MRD), complete response (CR), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and adverse effects (AE) were analyzed and compared. Characteristics significantly associated with overall or progression-free survival (OS or PFS) upon univariate analysis were subsequently included in a Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: This study used data from 668 AML patients. After induction therapy, the CR rate in the IA group was 70.63% and ORR was 79.87%, which were significantly higher than those in the DA group (with a CR rate of 56.99% and an ORR of 70.14%) (P = 0.0002 and P = 0.0035, respectively). There were no significant differences in drug safety between the two chemotherapy regimens used in IA and DA (P > 0.05). The recurrence rate was lower in patients with an MRD < 0.001 than in patients with an MRD ≥ 0.001. A continuous negative MRD during the period is significant because it is associated with prolonged OS and PFS of AML patients. Data from 100 patients in the two groups who underwent allo-HSCT were analyzed using univariate analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model. From the multivariate analysis, MRD was found to be the only independent predictor of OS (P = 0.042; HR 1; 95%CI 0.00-0.76). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of adult AML patients, IA regimen is associated with a high CR rate and ORR rate and does not increase treatment-related toxicity. IA regimen prolongs OS and PFS in AML patients and reduces the likelihood of leukemia cells' subsequent infiltration into the central nervous system. There is a high correlation between the level of MRD after treatment and the patient's bone marrow recurrence. To obtain superior treatment effects for patients undergoing allo-HSCT, the MRD should be reduced to less than 0.001 before pretreatment. A negative MRD before allo-HSCT can prolong OS in patients with AML. We examined the clinical characteristics and outcomes of AML patients in China, finding novel information on prognostic factors and primary treatment of AML that may be applicable in routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , China , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Idarubicina/uso terapêutico , Citarabina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasia Residual
15.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0299196, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38422012

RESUMO

This paper empirically examines the signaling role of feedback in the repeated public goods game. To eliminate the potential impact of feedback's informative function, we test whether the provision of detailed yet redundant feedback leads to increased contributions. Our findings demonstrate that redundant information significantly promotes contributions. Given the equal informative power in both treatments, the observed increase in contributions can be attributed to the signaling effect. Furthermore, an examination of cooperative disposition heterogeneity reveals that conditional cooperators primarily utilize feedback for its informative function, while free riders primarily exploit it for its signaling function. These results offer empirical evidence of the signaling function of feedback and offer valuable insights into the design of feedback provision in repeated public goods settings.


Assuntos
Laboratórios , Transdução de Sinais , Retroalimentação
16.
NPJ Digit Med ; 7(1): 43, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383738

RESUMO

Artificial intelligence (AI) models have shown great accuracy in health screening. However, for real-world implementation, high accuracy may not guarantee cost-effectiveness. Improving AI's sensitivity finds more high-risk patients but may raise medical costs while increasing specificity reduces unnecessary referrals but may weaken detection capability. To evaluate the trade-off between AI model performance and the long-running cost-effectiveness, we conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis in a nationwide diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening program in China, comprising 251,535 participants with diabetes over 30 years. We tested a validated AI model in 1100 different diagnostic performances (presented as sensitivity/specificity pairs) and modeled annual screening scenarios. The status quo was defined as the scenario with the most accurate AI performance. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated for other scenarios against the status quo as cost-effectiveness metrics. Compared to the status quo (sensitivity/specificity: 93.3%/87.7%), six scenarios were cost-saving and seven were cost-effective. To achieve cost-saving or cost-effective, the AI model should reach a minimum sensitivity of 88.2% and specificity of 80.4%. The most cost-effective AI model exhibited higher sensitivity (96.3%) and lower specificity (80.4%) than the status quo. In settings with higher DR prevalence and willingness-to-pay levels, the AI needed higher sensitivity for optimal cost-effectiveness. Urban regions and younger patient groups also required higher sensitivity in AI-based screening. In real-world DR screening, the most accurate AI model may not be the most cost-effective. Cost-effectiveness should be independently evaluated, which is most likely to be affected by the AI's sensitivity.

17.
Environ Pollut ; 345: 123561, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355081

RESUMO

Tire wear particles (TWPs), abundant in the aquatic environment, pose potential ecological risks, yet their implications have not been extensively studied. Rolling friction TWPs, sliding friction TWPs (S-TWPs) and cryogenically milled tire treads were used as research objects to study the ecotoxicity and difference of the above materials before and after aging in natural water (AS-TWPs) to the periphytic biofilm. The results showed that there were significant differences in the microstructure, surface elements, size, functional groups and environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) of the three TWPs. After aging in natural water, the properties of the three TWPs mentioned above showed homogenization, but the EPFRs and reactive oxygen species (ROS) yield were different. After exposure to TWPs (10 mg L-1), total organic carbon and adenosine triphosphate decreased significantly (p < 0.05), and the production of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in the periphytic biofilm increased, in which the content of humic-like substance and proteins (tryptophan protein and humic acid-like substances) increased obviously. The increment of TB-EPS was higher than that of LB-EPS, and S-TWPs and AS-TWPs had the strongest promoting effect on EPS secretion. In addition, 10 mg L-1 TWPs caused massive cell death in the periphytic biofilm, which was more obvious in the S-TWPs and AS-TWPs exposure group. The toxic mechanism of TWPs promotes intracellular ROS accumulation and leads to the release of lactate dehydrogenase, which was attributed to the formation of EPFRs on the surface of TWPs and an increase in EPFRs intensity after aging in natural water. TWPs at environmentally relevant concentrations (0.1 mg L-1) had no biological toxicity to periphytic biofilms. This study fills the gap in the study of the surface structure characteristics of TWPs on the toxicity of periphytic biofilms, and is of great significance to the study of the aquatic toxicity mechanism of TWPs.


Assuntos
Biofilmes , Água , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Matriz Extracelular de Substâncias Poliméricas
18.
Respir Physiol Neurobiol ; 323: 104237, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354845

RESUMO

The airway epithelium serves as a critical interface with the external environment, making it vulnerable to various external stimuli. Airway epithelial stress acts as a catalyst for the onset of numerous pulmonary and systemic diseases. Our previous studies have highlighted the impact of acute stress stimuli, especially bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), on the continuous elevation of intracellular chloride concentration ([Cl-]i). However, the precise mechanism behind this [Cl-]i elevation and the consequential effects of such stress on the injury repair function of airway epithelial cells remain unclear. Our findings indicate that H2O2 induces an elevation in [Cl-]i by modulating the expression of CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and Ca-activated transmembrane protein 16 A (TMEM16A) in airway epithelial cells (BEAS-2B), whereas LPS achieves this solely through CFTR. Subsequently, the elevated [Cl-]i level facilitated the injury repair process of airway epithelial cells by activating focal adhesion kinase (FAK). In summary, the [Cl-]i-FAK axis appears to play a promoting effect on the injury repair process triggered by stress stimulation. Furthermore, our findings suggest that abnormalities in the [Cl-]i-FAK signaling axis may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of chronic airway diseases. Therefore, controlling the structure and function of airway epithelial barriers through the modulation of [Cl-]i holds promising prospects for future applications in managing and treating such conditions.


Assuntos
Cloretos , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Cloretos/metabolismo , Cloretos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo
19.
Neuroimage ; 289: 120535, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342188

RESUMO

Neurovascular coupling serves as an essential neurophysiological mechanism in functional neuroimaging, which is generally presumed to be robust and invariant across different physiological states, encompassing both task engagement and resting state. Nevertheless, emerging evidence suggests that neurovascular coupling may exhibit state dependency, even in normal human participants. To investigate this premise, we analyzed the cross-frequency spectral correspondence between concurrently recorded electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data, utilizing them as proxies for neurovascular coupling during the two conditions: an eye-open-eye-close (EOEC) task and a resting state. We hypothesized that given the state dependency of neurovascular coupling, EEG-fMRI spectral correspondences would change between the two conditions in the visual system. During the EOEC task, we observed a negative phase-amplitude-coupling (PAC) between EEG alpha-band and fMRI visual activity. Conversely, in the resting state, a pronounced amplitude-amplitude-coupling (AAC) emerged between EEG and fMRI signals, as evidenced by the spectral correspondence between the EEG gamma-band of the midline occipital channel (Oz) and the high-frequency fMRI signals (0.15-0.25 Hz) in the visual network. This study reveals distinct scenarios of EEG-fMRI spectral correspondence in healthy participants, corroborating the state-dependent nature of neurovascular coupling.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Acoplamento Neurovascular , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Acoplamento Neurovascular/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Olho , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiologia
20.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(2): 357-368, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38169666

RESUMO

This study investigated the potential role of the mouse homolog of bombesin receptor-activated protein (BRAP) in imiquimod (IMQ) induced psoriasis - like skin inflammation. The expression of both human BRAP, encoded by C6orf89, and its mouse homolog, encoded by BC004004, has been found to be expressed abundantly in the keratinocytes. BC004004 knockout mice (BC004004-/-) were topically treated with IMQ daily for 7 days to test whether they were more vulnerable to psoriasis - like inflammation. We found that those mice exhibited an altered pattern of inflammation process compared to isogenic wild type control mice (BC004004+/+). BC004004-/- mice developed skin lesions with earlier and more acute onset, as well as a quicker remission. The cytokines related to pathogenesis of psoriasis also exhibited different expression patterns in IMQ treated BC004004-/- mice. On day 4 of IMQ treatment, BC004004-/- mice exhibited a higher expression level of IL-17A compared to BC004004+/+ mice, suggesting a more robust activation of Th17 cells in the knockout mice. The serum level of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), one of the keratinocyte derived cytokines, was also increased in BC004004-/- mice and reached its peak on day 4. Knockdown of BRAP in cultured human keratinocyte-derived HaCaT cells by siRNA silencing led to increased release of TSLP. Our data suggest that the elevated of level of TSLP released from keratinocytes due to BRAP deficiency might mediate the crosstalk between the epidermal cells and immune cells and thereby contributing to the altered pathological changes observed in psoriasis - like skin lesion in knockout mice.


Assuntos
Psoríase , Receptores da Bombesina , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Receptores da Bombesina/genética , Receptores da Bombesina/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Imiquimode/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pele/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
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