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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 927: 172368, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Disinfection byproducts (DBPs) have been shown to impair thyroid function in experimental models. However, epidemiological evidence is scarce. METHODS: This study included 1190 women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment from the Tongji Reproductive and Environmental (TREE) cohort from December 2018 to August 2021. Serum thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) were measured as indicators of thyroid function. FT4/FT3 and TSH/FT4 ratios were calculated as markers of thyroid hormone homeostasis. Dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA), the two most abundant HAAs, in urine were detected to assess individual DBP exposures. RESULTS: After adjusting for relevant covariates, positive associations were observed between urinary TCAA concentrations and serum TSH and TSH/FT4 levels (e.g., percent change = 5.82 %, 95 % CI: 0.70 %, 11.21 % for TSH), whereas inverse associations were found for serum FT3 and FT4 (e.g., percent change = -1.29 %, 95 % CI: -2.49 %, -0.07 % for FT3). There also was a negative association between urinary DCAA concentration and serum FT4/FT3 (percent change = -2.49 %, 95 % CI: -4.71 %, -0.23 %). These associations were further confirmed in the restricted cubic spline and generalized additive models with linear or U-shaped dose-response relationships. CONCLUSION: Urinary HAAs were associated with altered thyroid hormone homeostasis among women undergoing ART treatment.

2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7691, 2024 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565845

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a prevalent and serious complication among patients with spinal tuberculosis (STB) that can lead to motor and sensory impairment and potentially paraplegia. This research aims to identify factors associated with SCI in STB patients and to develop a clinically significant predictive model. Clinical data from STB patients at a single hospital were collected and divided into training and validation sets. Univariate analysis was employed to screen clinical indicators in the training set. Multiple machine learning (ML) algorithms were utilized to establish predictive models. Model performance was evaluated and compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, area under the curve (AUC), calibration curve analysis, decision curve analysis (DCA), and precision-recall (PR) curves. The optimal model was determined, and a prospective cohort from two other hospitals served as a testing set to assess its accuracy. Model interpretation and variable importance ranking were conducted using the DALEX R package. The model was deployed on the web by using the Shiny app. Ten clinical characteristics were utilized for the model. The random forest (RF) model emerged as the optimal choice based on the AUC, PRs, calibration curve analysis, and DCA, achieving a test set AUC of 0.816. Additionally, MONO was identified as the primary predictor of SCI in STB patients through variable importance ranking. The RF predictive model provides an efficient and swift approach for predicting SCI in STB patients.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/complicações , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 394, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561421

RESUMO

Brainbow is a genetic cell-labeling technique that allows random colorization of multiple cells and real-time visualization of cell fate within a tissue, providing valuable insights into understanding complex biological processes. However, fluorescent proteins (FPs) in Brainbow have distinct excitation spectra with peak difference greater than 35 nm, which requires sequential imaging under multiple excitations and thus leads to long acquisition times. In addition, they are not easily used together with other fluorophores due to severe spectral bleed-through. Here, we report the development of a single-wavelength excitable Brainbow, UFObow, incorporating three newly developed blue-excitable FPs. We have demonstrated that UFObow enables not only tracking the growth dynamics of tumor cells in vivo but also mapping spatial distribution of immune cells within a sub-cubic centimeter tissue, revealing cell heterogeneity. This provides a powerful means to explore complex biology in a simultaneous imaging manner at a single-cell resolution in organs or in vivo.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Técnicas Genéticas , Animais , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Corantes , Mamíferos/genética
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134148, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565012

RESUMO

There is increasing global concern regarding the pervasive issue of plastic pollution. We investigated the response of Populus × euramericana cv. '74/76' to nanoplastic toxicity via phenotypic, microanatomical, physiological, transcriptomic, and metabolomic approaches. Polystyrene nanoplastics (PS-NPs) were distributed throughout the test plants after the application of PS-NPs. Nanoplastics principally accumulated in the roots; minimal fractions were translocated to the leaves. In leaves, however, PS-NPs easily penetrated membranes and became concentrated in chloroplasts, causing thylakoid disintegration and chlorophyll degradation. Finally, oxidant damage from the influx of PS-NPs led to diminished photosynthesis, stunted growth, and etiolation and/or wilting. By integrating dual-omics data, we found that plants could counteract mild PS-NP-induced oxidative stress through the antioxidant enzyme system without initiating secondary metabolic defense mechanisms. In contrast, severe PS-NP treatments promoted a shift in metabolic pattern from primary metabolism to secondary metabolic defense mechanisms, an effect that was particularly pronounced during the upregulation of flavonoid biosynthesis. Our findings provide a useful framework from which to further clarify the roles of key biochemical pathways in plant responses to nanoplastic toxicity. Our work also supports the development of effective strategies to mitigate the environmental risks of nanoplastics by biologically immobilizing them in contaminated lands.

5.
Nat Mater ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627527

RESUMO

Ion exchange is a powerful method to access metastable materials with advanced functionalities for energy storage applications. However, high concentrations and unfavourably large excesses of lithium are always used for synthesizing lithium cathodes from parent sodium material, and the reaction pathways remain elusive. Here, using layered oxides as model materials, we demonstrate that vacancy level and its corresponding lithium preference are critical in determining the accessible and inaccessible ion exchange pathways. Taking advantage of the strong lithium preference at the right vacancy level, we establish predictive compositional and structural evolution at extremely dilute and low excess lithium based on the phase equilibrium between Li0.94CoO2 and Na0.48CoO2. Such phase separation behaviour is general in both surface reaction-limited and diffusion-limited exchange conditions and is accomplished with the charge redistribution on transition metals. Guided by this understanding, we demonstrate the synthesis of NayCoO2 from the parent LixCoO2 and the synthesis of Li0.94CoO2 from NayCoO2 at 1-1,000 Li/Na (molar ratio) with an electrochemical assisted ion exchange method by mitigating the kinetic barriers. Our study opens new opportunities for ion exchange in predictive synthesis and separation applications.

6.
Appl Opt ; 63(6): 1529-1537, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437365

RESUMO

Photon counting is an effective way to enhance the dynamic range of the data acquisition system (DAQ) in Raman lidars. However, there exists a deficiency of relatively high dead times among current options, which necessitates an additional calibration procedure for the nonlinearity of the photon counting signal, thus leading to unanticipated errors. A field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based photon counting module has been proposed and implemented in a Raman lidar, offering two operational channels. Through observational experiments, it was determined that this module has an overall dead time of 1.13 ns taking advantage of the high-speed amplifier/discriminator pair and the logic design, a significant improvement compared to the 4.35 ns of a commercially used Licel transient recorder within the same counting rate range. This notably low dead time implies that its output maintains sufficient linearity even at substantially high counting rates. As a result, the need for a dead time calibration procedure prior to signal integration with the analog signal is eliminated, reducing uncertainty in the final integrated signal, and even in the retrieval result. The backscattering result of the comparison between this module and a transient recorder indicates that a more precise performance can be acquired benefiting from this hardware upgrading.

8.
Environ Int ; 185: 108563, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women in the Shanghai Birth Cohort (SBC) of China faced dual threats of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) exposure and vitamin D (VD) insufficiency, potentially impacting offspring neurodevelopment. However, little is known about whether maternal VD status modifies PFAS-related neurodevelopment effect. OBJECTIVES: To explore the modifying role of maternal VD status in the effect of prenatal PFAS exposure on childhood neurodevelopment. METHODS: We included 746 mother-child pairs from the SBC. Ten PFAS congeners and VD levels were measured in maternal blood samples collected during the first and second trimester respectively. At 2 years of age, toddlers underwent neurodevelopment assessments using Bayley-III Scales. Multivariate linear, logistic regression, and weighted quantile sum approach were used to estimate associations of Bayley-III scores with individual and mixture PFAS. We stratified participants into VD sufficient and insufficient groups and further balanced PFAS differences between these groups by matching all PFAS levels. We fitted the same statistical models in each VD group before and after matching. RESULTS: Nearly half (46.5 %) of pregnant women were VD insufficient (<30 ng/mL). In the overall population, PFAS exposure was associated with lower language scores and an increased risk for neurodevelopmental delay, but higher cognitive scores. However, adverse associations with PFAS were mainly observed in the VD sufficient group, while the VD insufficient group showed positive cognitive score associations. Higher PFAS concentrations were found in the VD sufficient group compared to the VD insufficient group. Post-matching, adverse associations in the VD sufficient group were nullified, whereas in the VD insufficient group, positive associations disappeared and adverse associations becoming more pronounced. CONCLUSION: In this Chinese birth cohort, high prenatal PFAS exposure and low maternal VD levels collectively heighten the risk of adverse childhood neurodevelopment. However, disentangling PFAS and VD interrelationships is crucial to avoid paradoxical findings.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Poluentes Ambientais , Fluorocarbonos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Vitamina D , Fluorocarbonos/toxicidade , China/epidemiologia , Vitaminas , Poluentes Ambientais/efeitos adversos
9.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2781, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555303

RESUMO

Electrochemical research often requires stringent combinations of experimental parameters that are demanding to manually locate. Recent advances in automated instrumentation and machine-learning algorithms unlock the possibility for accelerated studies of electrochemical fundamentals via high-throughput, online decision-making. Here we report an autonomous electrochemical platform that implements an adaptive, closed-loop workflow for mechanistic investigation of molecular electrochemistry. As a proof-of-concept, this platform autonomously identifies and investigates an EC mechanism, an interfacial electron transfer (E step) followed by a solution reaction (C step), for cobalt tetraphenylporphyrin exposed to a library of organohalide electrophiles. The generally applicable workflow accurately discerns the EC mechanism's presence amid negative controls and outliers, adaptively designs desired experimental conditions, and quantitatively extracts kinetic information of the C step spanning over 7 orders of magnitude, from which mechanistic insights into oxidative addition pathways are gained. This work opens opportunities for autonomous mechanistic discoveries in self-driving electrochemistry laboratories without manual intervention.

10.
Molecules ; 29(6)2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542894

RESUMO

The lactic acid bacteria Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus helveticus are commonly used as starter cultures in dairy product production. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of fermented milk using different ratios of these strains and analyze the changes in volatile compounds during fermentation and storage. A 10:1 ratio of Streptococcus thermophilus CICC 6063 to Lactobacillus helveticus CICC 6064 showed optimal fermentation time (4.2 h), viable cell count (9.64 log10 colony-forming units/mL), and sensory evaluation score (79.1 points). In total, 56 volatile compounds were identified and quantified by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (SPME-GC-MS), including aldehydes, ketones, acids, alcohols, esters, and others. Among these, according to VIP analysis, 2,3-butanedione, acetoin, 2,3-pentanedione, hexanoic acid, acetic acid, acetaldehyde, and butanoic acid were identified as discriminatory volatile metabolites for distinguishing between different time points. Throughout the fermentation and storage process, the levels of 2,3-pentanedione and acetoin exhibited synergistic dynamics. These findings enhance our understanding of the chemical and molecular characteristics of milk fermented with Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus helveticus, providing a basis for improving the flavor and odor of dairy products during fermentation and storage.


Assuntos
Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Lactobacillus helveticus , Pentanonas , Animais , Leite/química , Streptococcus thermophilus/metabolismo , Fermentação , Acetoína/análise , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/metabolismo , Cetonas/análise
11.
Environ Pollut ; 348: 123815, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508365

RESUMO

Cyclodextrin (CD), a cyclic oligosaccharide from enzymatic starch breakdown, plays a crucial role in pharmaceuticals, food, agriculture, textiles, biotechnology, chemicals, and environmental applications, including water and wastewater treatment. In this study, a statistical analysis was performed using VOSviewer and Citespace to scrutinize 2038 articles published from 1993 to 2022. The investigation unveiled a notable upsurge in pertinent articles and citation counts, with China and USA contributing the highest publication volumes. The prevailing research focus predominantly revolves around the application of CD-based materials used as adsorbents to remove conventional contaminants such as dyes and metals. The CD chemistry allows the construction of materials with various architectures, including cross-linked, grafted, hybrid or supported systems. The main adsorbents are cross-linked CD polymers, including nanosponges, fibres and hybrid composites. Additionally, research efforts are actually concentrated on the synthesis of CD-based membranes, CD@graphene oxide, and CD@TiO2. These materials are proposed as adsorbents to remove emerging pollutants. By employing bibliometric analysis, this study delivers a comprehensive retrospective review and synthesis of research concerning CD-based adsorbents for the removal of contaminants from wastewater, thereby offering valuable insights for future large-scale application of CD-based adsorption materials.

12.
Sci Adv ; 10(11): eadh1330, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489373

RESUMO

Rare earth elements (REEs), critical to modern industry, are difficult to separate and purify, given their similar physicochemical properties originating from the lanthanide contraction. Here, we systematically study the transport of lanthanide ions (Ln3+) in artificially confined angstrom-scale two-dimensional channels using MoS2-based building blocks in an aqueous environment. The results show that the uptake and permeability of Ln3+ assume a well-defined volcano shape peaked at Sm3+. This transport behavior is rooted from the tradeoff between the barrier for dehydration and the strength of interactions of lanthanide ions in the confinement channels, reminiscent of the Sabatier principle. Molecular dynamics simulations reveal that Sm3+, with moderate hydration free energy and intermediate affinity for channel interaction, exhibit the smallest dehydration degree, consequently resulting in the highest permeability. Our work not only highlights the distinct mass transport properties under extreme confinement but also demonstrates the potential of dialing confinement dimension and chemistry for greener REEs separation.

13.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38469737

RESUMO

Two previously undescribed iridoid glycosides, 6'-O-trans-feruloyl-(4S,6R)-3,4-dihydro-3ß-ethoxypaederoside (1) and 6'-O-trans-caffeoyl-(4S,6R)-3,4-dihydro-2'-O-3α-paederoside (2), were isolated from the 90% EtOH extract of the air dried aerial parts of Paederia Foetida. Structural elucidation of all the compounds was performed by spectral methods such as 1D and 2D (1H-1H COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) NMR spectroscopy. The two isolated iridoid glycosides were tested in vivo for their antinociceptive properties. As a result, 2 showed potent antinociceptive effect and its ID50 value (53.4 µmol/kg) was 2-fold less than those of the positive control drugs aspirin and acetaminophen.

14.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0291543, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38354108

RESUMO

Our previous work demonstrated that the anisodamine (ANI) and neostigmine (NEO) combination produced an antiseptic shock effect and rescued acute lethal crush syndrome by activating the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR). This study documents the therapeutic effect and underlying mechanisms of the ANI/NEO combination in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Treating mice with ANI and NEO at a ratio of 500:1 alleviated the DSS-induced colitis symptoms, reduced body weight loss, improved the disease activity index, enhanced colon length, and alleviated colon inflammation. The combination treatment also enhanced autophagy in the colon of mice with DSS-induced colitis and lipopolysaccharide/DSS-stimulated Caco-2 cells. Besides, the ANI/NEO treatment significantly reduced INF-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-22 expression in colon tissues and decreased TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 mRNA levels in Caco-2 cells. Meanwhile, the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine and ATG5 siRNA attenuated these effects. Furthermore, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) and the α7nAChR antagonist methyllycaconitine (MLA) weakened the ANI/NEO-induced protection on DSS-induced colitis in mice. Overall, these results indicate that the ANI/NEO combination exerts therapeutic effects through autophagy and α7nAChR in a DSS-induced colitis mouse model.


Assuntos
Colite , Neostigmina , Alcaloides de Solanáceas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Neostigmina/efeitos adversos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Receptor Nicotínico de Acetilcolina alfa7/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Colite/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Autofagia , Sulfato de Dextrana/toxicidade , Colo/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais de Doenças
15.
J Med Case Rep ; 18(1): 55, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Electrical injuries rarely result in fractures, such as long bone fractures and spinal fractures. A few articles have reported osteoporosis vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) caused by electrical injuries. Here, we present a rare case of 37-year-old male suffering from the 9th thoracic (T9) and 5th lumbar (L5) OVCFs after receiving a electric shock. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old Han male experienced an electric shock (480 V direct current) at the working time and felt immediately serious back pain. He did not fall and lose consciousness. X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging showed acute OVCFs, as well as dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry indicated osteoporosis. Normal laboratory tests can avoid secondary osteoporosis resulting from metabolic diseases and tumors. Finally, he was diagnosed with acute discontinuous OVCFs (T9 and L5). The patient denied having a history of back pain, whereas, he had a history of smoking, alcohol abuse, and congenital heart disease (tetralogy of Fallot) were associated with osteoporosis. Considering no local kyphosis and < 50% anterior body compression, we selected conservative treatment for this patient. At a 1-year and 3-year follow-up, the lateral thoracic and lumbar radiography demonstrated no instability of the spine, and the back pain has been relieved. CONCLUSIONS: This rare case reminds us the importance of consulting a detailed medical history when we encounter young patients receiving electrical injuries. Discontinuously OVCFs must not be overlooked, even though we encounter a young man.


Assuntos
Fraturas por Compressão , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Compressão/complicações , Fraturas por Compressão/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas por Osteoporose/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Osteoporose/complicações , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem
16.
Front Microbiol ; 15: 1356386, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38357352

RESUMO

Complex heavy metal (HM)-containing wastewater discharges pose substantial risks to global water ecosystems and human health. Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) has attracted increased attention as an efficient and low-cost adsorbent in HM-containing wastewater treatment. Therefore, this study systematically evaluates the effect of Cu(II), Ni(II), and Cr(III) addition on the characteristics, performance and mechanism of AGS in complex HM-containing wastewater treatment process by means of fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma spectrocopcy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) fractions detection and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive X-ray. The results showed that AGS efficiently eliminated Cu(II), Ni(II), and Cr(III) by the orchestrated mechanisms of ion exchange, three-layer EPS adsorption [soluble microbial products EPS (SMP-EPS), loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS), tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS)], and inner-sphere adsorption; notably, almost 100% of Ni(II) was removed. Three-layer EPS adsorption was the dominant mechanism through which the HM were removed, followed by ion exchange and inner-sphere adsorption. SMP-EPS and TB-EPS were identified as the key EPS fractions for adsorbing Cr(III) and Cu(II), respectively, while Ni(II) was adsorbed evenly on SMP-EPS, TB-EPS, and LB-EPS. Moreover, the rates at which the complex HM penetrated into the granule interior and their affinity for EPS followed the order Cu(II) > Ni(II) > Cr(III). Ultimately, addition of complex HM stimulated microorganisms to excrete massive phosphodiesterases (PDEs), leading to a pronounced decrease in cyclic diguanylate (c-di-GMP) levels, which subsequently suppressed EPS secretion due to the direct linkage between c-di-GMP and EPS. This study unveils the adaptability and removal mechanism of AGS in the treatment of complex HM-containing wastewater, which is expected to provide novel insights for addressing the challenges posed by intricate real wastewater scenarios.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(7): 8199-8212, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345297

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) affects millions of people's lives worldwide. The main pathogenesis of PD is dopaminergic neuron necrosis and neuroinflammation mediated by activated microglia cells. In recent years, the anti-inflammatory ability and neuroprotective effects of miR-124 in PD models were well proved, but the in vivo delivery of miR-124 remains challenging. Herein, we report a protein nanosystem modified with a brain-targeting peptide ApoE that could efficiently deliver miR-124 across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). This nanosystem showed good cell viability on brain endothelial cells and microglia cells, and administration of this nanosystem significantly decreased the neuroinflammation and dopaminergic neuron loss, as well as recovered parts of neurobehavioral deficits. This ApoE peptide-based protein nanosystem holds great promise for the delivery of RNA therapeutics to the brain and for realizing neuron protection in PD treatment.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Doença de Parkinson , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Neuroproteção , Doenças Neuroinflamatórias , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Apolipoproteínas E , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330564

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of scalp nerve block (SNB) on postoperative analgesia and stress response in patients undergoing craniotomy by meta-analysis. Methods: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang databases were searched for randomized controlled trials involving SNB for elective craniotomy under general anesthesia from inception to August 1, 2022. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.4 and Stata MP17.0. Based on scalp block operation time (preoperative block, postoperative block), different control groups (no block, normal saline), local anesthetic types (bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, ropivacaine), the postoperative pain score at different time points was analyzed by subgroup analysis. Results: 23 studies involving 1515 patients were included. The combined results showed that SNB could significantly reduce the pain scores at all time points compared with the control group (P < .05). Subgroup analysis showed that the analgesic effect of preoperative scalp nerve block was better than that of postoperative block, and the effect of ropivacaine and levobupivacaine was better than bupivacaine. SNB could reduce morphine consumption within 48 hours after surgery (SMD = -1.51, 95% CI -2.80 -0.21, P = .02, I2 = 89%). The first rescue analgesia time was significantly longer in the SNB group than the control group (SMD = 0.57, 95% CI 0.16-0.99, P = .01, I2 = 68.76%). Compared with the control group, the levels of postoperative angiotensin, intraoperative blood glucose, and both intraoperative and postoperative cortisol levels were significantly decreased (P < .05). SNB can inhibit hemodynamic changes caused by surgical stimulation and effectively reduce the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (RR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.51~0.97, P = .03). Conclusion: Scalp nerve block is an effective analgesic that reduces pain within 48 hours after craniotomy. It effectively inhibit the stress response caused by surgical stimulation, stabilize hemodynamics, and reduce the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

19.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 187, 2024 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341465

RESUMO

Accurate building extraction is crucial for urban understanding, but it often requires a substantial number of building samples. While some building datasets are available for model training, there remains a lack of high-quality building datasets covering urban and rural areas in China. To fill this gap, this study creates a high-resolution GaoFen-7 (GF-7) Building dataset utilizing the Chinese GF-7 imagery from six Chinese cities. The dataset comprises 5,175 pairs of 512 × 512 image tiles, covering 573.17 km2. It contains 170,015 buildings, with 84.8% of the buildings in urban areas and 15.2% in rural areas. The usability of the GF-7 Building dataset has been proved with seven convolutional neural networks, all achieving an overall accuracy (OA) exceeding 93%. Experiments have shown that the GF-7 building dataset can be used for building extraction in urban and rural scenarios. The proposed dataset boasts high quality and high diversity. It supplements existing building datasets and will contribute to promoting new algorithms for building extraction, as well as facilitating intelligent building interpretation in China.

20.
Food Funct ; 15(6): 3108-3121, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38421019

RESUMO

Pre-meal immersion is a common process for both the consumption of dried noodles and development of takeaway noodles, but its impact on the structure and digestibility of dried noodles is still unclear. In this study, dried noodles cooked for the optimal time were immersed at 80 °C for different time durations. Multi-scale structural changes, including texture, molecular structure, microstructure, and in vitro starch digestibility were studied using a combination of kinetic (first-order exponential decay function, the Peleg model, and LOS plots), physicochemical, and microscopic analysis. The relationship between multi-scale structural changes and starch digestibility was derived. As the immersion progressed, the hardness first rapidly decayed and then reached equilibrium. The decay rate in the initial stage depended on the gluten content. In most cases, the immersion process caused depolymerization of gluten proteins and further gelatinization of starch granules, which was observed from an increase in the free -SH content and decrease in the short-range ordered structure, although there were fluctuations over immersion time. Structural changes resulted in the corresponding changes in substance migration. However, a high gluten content (∼15% w/w) imparted a denser microstructure to the noodles, weakening the deterioration effects compared with a low gluten content (∼10% w/w). In vitro digestion experiments proved that samples with higher gluten content had higher starch digestion rates and lower starch digestion extent during immersion. Correlation analysis revealed that there was a negative correlation between k1 and the tightness of the gel. This study helps to reveal the structural mechanisms of starch digestibility in cooked noodles during immersion.


Assuntos
Imersão , Amido , Amido/química , Culinária , Glutens , Farinha/análise
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