Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 655
Filtrar
1.
PLoS One ; 16(6): e0252875, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129634

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed to develop a new nomogram for the clinical diagnosis of osteoarticular tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: xCell score estimation to obtained the immune cell type abundance scores. We downloaded the expression profile of GSE83456 from GEO and proceed xCell score estimation. The routine blood examinations of 326 patients were collected for further validation. We analyzed univariate and multivariate logistic regression to identified independent predicted factor for developing the nomogram. The performance of the nomogram was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The correlation of ESR with lymphocytes, monocytes, and ML ratio was performed and visualized in osteoarticular TB patients. RESULTS: Compared with the healthy control group in the dataset GSE83456, the xCell score of basophils, monocytes, neutrophils, and platelets was higher, while lymphoid was lower in the EPTB group. The clinical data showed that the cell count of monocytes were much higher, while the cell counts of lymphocytes were lower in the osteoarticular TB group. AUCs of the nomogram was 0.798 for the dataset GSE83456, and 0.737 for the clinical data. We identified the ML ratio, BMI, and ESR as the independent predictive factors for osteoarticular TB diagnosis and constructed a nomogram for the clinical diagnosis of osteoarticular TB. AUCs of this nomogram was 0.843. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated a significant change between the ML ratio of the EPTB and non-TB patients. Moreover, we constructed a nomogram for the clinical diagnosis of the osteoarticular TB diagnosis, which works satisfactorily.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e26219, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy is closely related to skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), but the mechanism involved is unclear. Therefore, exploration of the role of autophagy-related genes (ARGs) in SKCM is necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Differential expression autophagy-related genes (DEARGs) were first analysed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the expression of DEARGs and prognosis of SKCM. Further, the expression levels of prognosis-related DEARGs were verified by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Finally, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms of SKCM. RESULTS: Five ARGs (APOL1, BIRC5, EGFR, TP63, and SPNS1) were positively correlated with the prognosis of SKCM. IHC verified the results of the differential expression of these 5 ARGs in the bioinformatics analysis. According to the receiver operating characteristic curve, the signature had a good performance at predicting overall survival in SKCM. The signature could classify SKCM patients into high-risk or low-risk groups according to distinct overall survival. The nomogram confirmed that the risk score has a particularly large impact on the prognosis of SKCM. Calibration plot displayed excellent agreement between nomogram predictions and actual observations. Principal component analysis indicated that patients in the high-risk group could be distinguished from those in low-risk group. Results of GSEA indicated that the low-risk group is enriched with aggressiveness-related pathways such as phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/protein kinase B and mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling pathways. CONCLUSION: Our study identified a 5-gene signature. It revealed the mechanisms of autophagy that lead to the progression of SKCM and established a prognostic nomogram that can predict overall survival of patients with SKCM. The findings of this study provide novel insights into the relationship between ARGs and prognosis of SKCM.


Assuntos
Autofagia/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Melanoma/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Apolipoproteína L1/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/mortalidade , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Nomogramas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Survivina/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 278: 114279, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087402

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nicotiflorin is a flavonoid glycoside derived from the traditional Chinese medicine FlosCarthami, dried petals of Carthamus tinctorius L., and has been confirmed to be a promising novel drug candidate for ischemic stroke. Yet, the exact role of nicotiflorin in cerebral I/R injury is uncharacterized and the possible mechanisms have not been clearly expounded. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was designed to determine the effect of nicotiflorin on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and its relationship with autophagy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats and oxygen-glucose deprivation and reintroduction (OGD/R) in SH-SY5Y cells were established in in vivo and in vitro models, respectively. The severity of MCAO was assessed by brain infarct size, neurological scores and survival rate. The severity of OGD/R was evaluated by cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and cell apoptosis. The level of autophagy was evaluated both in vivo and in vitro. Autophagosomes were observed using transmission electron microscopy and autophagic flux was measured using mRFP-GFP-tandem fluorescent LC3 adenovirus. Autophagy-related proteins (LC3-II/I, SQSTM1, beclin-1, Phospho-mTOR/mTOR) were measured by immunoblot. Autophagy-related mRNA levels (Becn1, Atg7) were detected by Real-Time PCR. Inhibition of autophagy was implemented by 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) or chloroquine in vitro. RESULTS: In vivo, nicotiflorin treatment alleviated brain damage and neurological deficit while it dramatically increased 72 h survival rate in rats. In vitro, nicotiflorin treatment also ameliorated the severity of OGD/R. Moreover, nicotiflorin treatment increased ischemic penumbra autophagy (autophagosomes, BECN1, LC3-II/I ratio, SQSTM1, Phospho-mTOR/mTOR, Atg7). In vitro, nicotiflorin likewise enhanced autophagy and promoted autophagy flux. Furthermore, the blockade of autophagy by 3-MA or chloroquine disabled the efficacic of nicotiflorin in preventing cell damage upon OGD/R insult. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that autophagy plays a significant role in the protective effect of nicotiflorin against ischemic stroke.

4.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(6): 2774-2782, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030441

RESUMO

Biliary-stent implantation has become an effective treatment for patients with malignant obstructive jaundice caused by hepatobiliary carcinoma. Stent restenosis due to tumor ingrowth is a common problem. In this study, we assessed a biodegradable form of magnesium (Mg) for its anticancer effect on hepatobiliary carcinoma, compared to the conventional stent material of titanium (Ti). The results showed that a Mg extract inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in human cholangiocarcinoma cells, while a Mg plate inhibited cell adhesion and destroyed the cytoskeleton in the process of biodegradation. In animal experiments with H22 tumor-bearing mice, Mg wires implanted in tumors exhibited an inhibitory effect on their growth compared with Ti wires. Fifteen days after implantation of metal wires, the mean tumor volume and weight in the Mg group were significantly smaller than in the Ti group. We observed the dynamic-degradation process of Mg wires in tumors and generation of H2 gas via soft X-ray photography and scanning electron microscopy. Histopathological analyses showed that apoptosis of tumor cells around Mg wires significantly increased, expression of carbonic anhydrase 9 significantly decreased, and the upstream protein hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha also decreased to some extent. Taken together, these results indicated that biodegradable Mg had antitumor properties both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting its potential application as a novel material for biodegradable biliary stents.

5.
Environ Pollut ; 286: 117386, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34051689

RESUMO

Studies have documented that exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) is linked with breast cancer, but the underlying biological mechanisms are still unknown. This study included 313 women diagnosed with breast cancer and 313 controls in Wuhan, China, and measured 18 OCPs in serum and 3 oxidative stress biomarkers in urine. Multivariable adjusted regression models were used to evaluate the associations among OCPs, oxidative stress biomarkers, and breast cancer. The mediating effect of oxidative stress was assessed by mediation analysis. We observed that most OCPs were positively associated with risk of breast cancer (all FDR-P values < 0.05 or 0.10). Moreover, we found that p,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDD, dieldrin, heptachlor, and heptachlor epoxide were positively associated with 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-mercapturic acid (HNE-MA) and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-isoPGF2α), which in turn were positively associated with risk of breast cancer. Mediation analysis indicated that HNE-MA and 8-isoPGF2ɑ mediated the positive associations between these OCPs and risk of breast cancer, with mediating proportion ranging from 6.23% to 19.9%. Our results suggest that lipid peroxidation may mediate the positive associations between OCP exposures and risk of breast cancer.

6.
Environ Technol ; : 1-8, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945429

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to verify the effect of bioaugmentation by the bacterial consortium YS with hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HPCD) in a soil slurry. The bacterial consortium YS was enriched from a petroleum-polluted soil using pyrene as sole carbon resource. After 3 weeks, the degradation rate of phenanthrene in CK increased from 22.58% to 55.23 and 78.21% in bioaugmentation (B) and HPCD + bioaugmentation (MB) respectively. The degradation rate of pyrene in CK increased from 17.33% to 51.10% and 60.32% in B and MB respectively in the slurry. The augmented YS persisted in the slurry as monitored by 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing and outcompeted some indigenous bacteria. Enhanced polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) degradation was observed in the addition of HPCD due to the enhanced bioavailability of phenanthrene and pyrene. Additionally, the amount of PAH-degrading bacteria and enzymatic activity in bioaugmentation with HPCD were higher than that in the CK group. The results indicated that bioaugmentation with a bacterial consortium and HPCD is an environmentally friendly method for the bioremediation of PAH-polluted soil.

7.
Mol Cell ; 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015248

RESUMO

DNA-induced liquid-liquid phase separation of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) triggers a potent response to detect pathogen infection and promote innate immune signaling. Whether and how pathogens manipulate cGAS-DNA condensation to mediate immune evasion is unknown. We report the identification of a structurally related viral tegument protein family, represented by ORF52 and VP22 from gamma- and alpha-herpesvirinae, respectively, that employs a conserved mechanism to restrict cGAS-DNA phase separation. ORF52/VP22 proteins accumulate into, and effectively disrupt, the pre-formed cGAS-DNA condensation both in vitro and in cells. The inhibition process is dependent on DNA-induced liquid-liquid phase separation of the viral protein rather than a direct interaction with cGAS. Moreover, highly abundant ORF52 proteins carried within viral particles are able to target cGAS-DNA phase separation in early infection stage. Our results define ORF52/VP22-type tegument proteins as a family of inhibitors targeting cGAS-DNA phase separation and demonstrate a mechanism for how viruses overcome innate immunity.

8.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(5): 1593-1602, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042353

RESUMO

Atmospheric environment in urban built-up area is severely influenced by the surrounding landscape pattern. Understanding the relationship between air pollution and surrounding landscape pattern at small scale has great significance for mitigating air pollution from the perspective of urban construction. The annual average concentrations of NO2, SO2, PM2.5 and PM10 from 266 air pollution monitoring stations in 30 provincial capitals of China in 2017 were chosen as dependent variables. Ten two-dimensional and three-dimensional landscape pattern indices (number of buildings, building aggregation, building density, impervious water ratio, quantitative density of catering, building footprint area, high building ratio, floor area ratio, total building area and building type Shannon diversity index) within the 3 km area around the monitoring stations were used as independent variables. The effects of landscape pattern on the concentration of four air pollutants were analyzed using the boosted regression trees model. The results showed that the concentration of four air pollutants in the central and northern cities were significantly higher than that in the southeast coastal cities and southwest cities. The most important factor affecting the concentrations of NO2, SO2, PM2.5 and PM10 was the impervious ratio, with relative contribution rates of 40.7%, 36.3%, 51.0% and 51.8% respectively. The results of sub-region analysis showed that the most important influencing factor differed in different regions, including the impervious ratio in the East and Central China; the number and density of buildings in South China; the impervious ratio and diversity of building types in North China; the impervious ratio and the number of buildings in Northeast China, the density of buildings in Northwest China. Such differences were mainly caused by climate, topography, urban planning, and other factors.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado/análise
9.
Food Chem ; 358: 129870, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940292

RESUMO

To explore the interaction between A/B starch and gluten, the rheological and structural properties of starch-gluten dough with varied A/B starch ratios during mixing were investigated. The G' and G″ values of under- and overdeveloped dough with an A/B starch ratio of 5:5 were higher than those of dough with other ratios and decreased as the A/B starch ratio increased in optimized dough. B starch enhanced extension resistance and dough firmness. Small B starch granules promoted continuous gluten network formation, while large A starch granules readily separate from the gluten network. B starch promoted GMP polymerization. Covalent bonds were the main force involved in A starch-gluten interactions. Hydrophobic interactions were the main force in the under- to optimum-mixing stages, whereas hydrogen and covalent bonds were involved in B starch-gluten interactions from the optimum- to over-mixing stages. A model describing the interactions between gluten and starch components was proposed.


Assuntos
Pão , Glutens/química , Amido/química , Farinha , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Polimerização , Reologia
10.
Antiviral Res ; 191: 105088, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019950

RESUMO

3-deazaneplanocin A (DzNep) and its 3-brominated analogs inhibit replication of several RNA viruses. This antiviral activity is attributed to inhibition of S-adenosyl homocysteine hydrolase (SAHase) and consequently inhibition of viral methyltransferases, impairing translation of viral transcripts. The L-enantiomers of some derivatives retain antiviral activity despite dramatically reduced inhibition of SAHase in vitro. To better understand the mechanisms by which these compounds exert their antiviral effects, we compared DzNep, its 3-bromo-derivative, CL123, and the related enantiomers, CL4033 and CL4053, for their activities towards the model negative-sense RNA virus vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). In cell culture, DzNep, CL123 and CL4033 each exhibited 50 percent inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) in the nanomolar range whereas the IC50 for the L-form, CL4053, was 34-85 times higher. When a CL123-resistant mutant (VSVR) was selected, it exhibited cross-resistance to each of the neplanocin analogs, but retained sensitivity to the adenosine analog BCX4430, an RNA chain terminator. Sequencing of VSVR identified a mutation in the C-terminal domain (CTD) of the viral large (L) protein, a domain implicated in regulation of L protein methyltransferase activity. CL123 inhibited VSV viral mRNA 5' cap methylation, impaired viral protein synthesis and decreased association of viral mRNAs with polysomes. Modest impacts on viral transcription were also demonstrated. VSVR exhibited partial resistance in each of these assays but its replication was impaired, relative to the parent VSV, in the absence of the inhibitors. These data suggest that DzNep, CL123 and CL4033 inhibit VSV through impairment of viral mRNA cap methylation and that the L-form, CL4053, based on the cross-resistance of VSVR, may act by a similar mechanism.

11.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8723, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888737

RESUMO

Urolithiasis is a common urinary disease with high recurrence. The risk factor for the recurrence of calculi is not very clear. The object of the present study was to evaluate the association between calculi composition and urine component and analyse the risk factor for the recurrence of urolithiasis. In this study, a total of 223 patients with calculi and healthy control were enrolled, and the components of the calculi and urina sanguinis collected before surgery were analysed. Of the 223 patients, 157 were males and 66 were females. According to the stone composition, the case group was subdivided into three groups. 129 patients had single calcium oxalate stones, 72 had calcium oxalate stones mixed with other stones and 22 had other type of stones excluding calcium oxalate stones. Urine biochemicals were analysed and the associations were found between the chemicals in each group. Multivariate logistic analysis demonstrated that reduced urinary magnesium and uric oxalic acid were independent risk factors when comparing all cases with normal controls. Only decreased urinary magnesium was found to be a risk factor comparing the single calcium oxalate group with normal control group. Low level of urinary magnesium and uric oxalic acid were found to be risk factors comparing the mixed calcium oxalate group with normal control group. No risk factor was found comparing the other stone group with normal control group. In conclusion, there were clear relationships between stone components and urine chemicals. Urine chemicals might be risk factors to predicate the occurrence of urolithiasis.

12.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 174: 104831, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838702

RESUMO

The beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, is a major lepidopteran pest of global importance in cultivation of numerous crops including cotton, maize, soybean, onion, cabbage, and ornamentals. It has evolved resistance to different insecticides. However, the current status of insecticide resistance in S. exigua has not been well examined in China. In this study, concentration-mortality responses of S. exigua to seven insecticides, including chlorantraniliprole, tetraniliprole, methoxyfenozide, indoxacarb, chlorfenapyr, emamectin benzoate and beta-cypermethrin were evaluated. The results showed that most of the tested populations had developed moderate to high resistance to chlorantraniliprole, with resistance ratios ranging from 6.3 to 2477.3-fold. Our results also showed that chlorantraniliprole have cross-resistance with tetraniliprole in S. exigua. The AY19 population collected from Anyang in Henan Province in 2019 exhibited a high resistance level to beta-cypermethrin (RR = 277.5). Methoxyfenozide and chlorfenapyr were highly effective against all of the tested populations with resistance ratios (RR) ranging from 0.1 to 2.2-fold. One of the tested populations showed moderate resistance to indoxacarb and emamectin benzoate. We detected the known ryanodine receptor target site resistance mutation, I4743M, in the field populations of S. exigua with different levels of diamide resistance.


Assuntos
Resistência a Inseticidas , Inseticidas , Animais , China , Diamida , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Larva , Pirazóis , Piridinas , Spodoptera , Tetrazóis
13.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2288, 2021 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863883

RESUMO

Hypothalamic tanycytes in median eminence (ME) are emerging as a crucial cell population that regulates endocrine output, energy balance and the diffusion of blood-born molecules. Tanycytes have recently been considered as potential somatic stem cells in the adult mammalian brain, but their regenerative and tumorigenic capacities are largely unknown. Here we found that Rax+ tanycytes in ME of mice are largely quiescent but quickly enter the cell cycle upon neural injury for self-renewal and regeneration. Mechanistically, Igf1r signaling in tanycytes is required for tissue repair under injury conditions. Furthermore, Braf oncogenic activation is sufficient to transform Rax+ tanycytes into actively dividing tumor cells that eventually develop into a papillary craniopharyngioma-like tumor. Together, these findings uncover the regenerative and tumorigenic potential of tanycytes. Our study offers insights into the properties of tanycytes, which may help to manipulate tanycyte biology for regulating hypothalamic function and investigate the pathogenesis of clinically relevant tumors.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma/patologia , Células Ependimogliais/fisiologia , Eminência Mediana/fisiologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Regeneração , Animais , Carcinogênese/patologia , Autorrenovação Celular/fisiologia , Craniofaringioma/induzido quimicamente , Craniofaringioma/genética , Proteínas do Olho/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Eminência Mediana/citologia , Camundongos , Neoplasias Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , RNA-Seq , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Célula Única , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(9): 4434-4443, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830648

RESUMO

Our previous studies have shown that the Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) can regulate metastasis and development of ovarian cancer. However, its specific mechanism has yet to be fully revealed. In this study, an RNA-seq approach was adopted to compare the differences in mRNA levels in ovarian cancer cells being given or not given ADSCs. The mRNA level of paired box 8 (PAX8) changed significantly and was confirmed as an important factor in tumour-inducing effect of ADSCs. In comparison with the ovarian cancer cells cultured in the common growth medium, those cultured in the medium supplemented with ADSCs showed a significant increase of the PAX8 level. Moreover, the cancer cell growth could be restricted, even in the ADSC-treated group (P < .05), by inhibiting PAX8. In addition, an overexpression of PAX8 could elevate the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, Co-IP assays in ovarian cancer cells revealed that an interaction existed between endogenous PAX8 and TAZ. And the PAX8 levels regulated the degradation of TAZ. The bioluminescence images captured in vivo manifested that the proliferation and the PAX8 expression level in ovarian cancers increased in the ADMSC-treated group, and the effect of ADSCs in promoting tumours was weakened through inhibiting PAX8. Our findings indicate that the PAX8 expression increment could contribute a role in promoting the ADSC-induced ovarian cancer cell proliferation through TAZ stability regulation.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 784: 147184, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33901963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been associated with various adverse health outcomes. Recently, an increasing concern on its alternatives such as bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol F (BPF) has been aroused due to the restriction use of BPA. Few studies have identified predictors of exposure to BPA alternatives and assessed their health risks. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of BPA and its alternatives and to assess their health risks among pregnant women. METHODS: We detected first morning urinary concentrations of BPA and its alternatives (BPS and BPF) among 1097 pregnant women from an established Chinese cohort. A questionnaire was conducted to obtain demographic characteristics, dietary habits, and lifestyles. We examined the predictors of creatinine-adjusted urinary BPA and its alternatives concentrations using multivariable linear regression. Risk assessment of exposure to BPA and its alternatives was calculated based on the estimated of daily intake (EDI). RESULTS: Geometric means of creatinine-adjusted urinary BPA, BPF, and BPS were 0.92, 0.12, and 0.08 µg/g creatinine, respectively. Pregnant women from Wuhan had lower concentrations of BPA, BPF, and ∑BPs (sum of BPA, BPF, and BPS) than those from Xiaogan. Intake of fried food was related to higher concentrations of BPA, and intake of pickled food was associated with higher concentrations of BPF and ∑BPs. The maximum EDI values for exposure to BPA, BPF, BPS, and ∑BPs ranged from 5.6428 to 13.3356 nmol/kg body weight/day, which were below the tolerable daily intake (TDI) for BPA defined by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (18 nmol/kg body weight/day). The maximum hazard index (HI) value was 0.7409. CONCLUSION: Several predictors identified in this study may inform public recommendations to reduce exposure to BPA and its alternatives.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos , Gestantes , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Fenóis , Gravidez , Medição de Risco
16.
Braz J Microbiol ; 52(2): 801-809, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813730

RESUMO

Ectomycorrhizas play a fundamental role in the function of forest ecosystems, being essential for plant nutrition absorption and soil quality. Many afforestation and reforestation programmes have begun to recover and maintain coastal forests in China, using pine species including Pinus thunbergii. We investigated the ectomycorrhizal colonization status of P. thunbergii in coastal pine forests of the Yellow Sea of China. We identified a total of 53 ectomycorrhizal fungal species in 74 soil samples collected from three sites and found that Thelephoraceae (10 spp.) and Russulaceae (8 spp.) were the most species-rich ectomycorrhizal fungal lineages. Russula sp. 1 was the most abundant species, accounting for 15.3% of the total ectomycorrhizal tips identified. Most of the remaining species were rare. At this small scale, host identity had no significant effect on the ectomycorrhizal fungal community composition (A = 0.036, P = 0.258), but sampling sites did (A = 0.135, P = 0.041). In addition, Na+ and K+ content and soil pH had significant effects on the ectomycorrhizal fungal community. The ectomycorrhizal fungal community associated with different host plants will become an important new direction for research, as ectomycorrhiza may have the potential to improve host capacity to establish in salt-stressed environments. This will provide a theoretical basis and technical support for saline soil reforestation and rehabilitation using pine species with compatible, native ectomycorrhizal fungi in Yellow Sea coastal areas.

17.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 151: 112128, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33727177

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA), a potent mycotoxin, is a common contaminant of agro-products, which seriously threatens food safety. The OTA regulatory limits vary from different countries/regions. However, little is known about the toxicological effects of successive exposure to regulatory levels of OTA. In this study, feedstuffs contaminated with 0.5-20 µg kg-1 OTA were evaluated in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. During the study, poisoning-associated behaviors, and significant differences of body weight and food intake, were not observed between OTA-treated rats and control group. However, the renal function indexes of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (CR) increased, and architecture destruction of glomeruli and tubuli was observed from the OTA-treated groups. The apoptosis study indicated that at a concentration of 20 µg kg-1, OTA modulated apoptosis in renal tissues via the Bcl-2/Bax pathway. The results of this study suggest that exposure to low doses of OTA successively at levels lower than the regulatory limits of certain countries could induce nephrotoxicity, and modulate apoptosis. Therefore, agencies pertaining to food safety should establish strict OTA regulatory limits for food and feedstuff.

18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 215: 112174, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalates, which are used as excipients of drugs, have been related to adverse reproductive outcomes. However, the relationships between medication use and phthalate exposure among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between the medication intake and phthalate metabolites in urine and follicular fluid (FF). METHOD: Eight phthalate metabolites were measured in urine and FF samples from 274 women undergoing IVF using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Information on recent medication intake was obtained via interview by trained staff. We constructed generalized linear regression models to examine the associations of medication intake with phthalate metabolite concentrations and dose-response relationships between the number of medicines used and metabolite concentrations in two matrices. RESULTS: Four of 10 drugs were used by more than 10% of the participants, including vitamins (23.0%), traditional Chinese medicine (TCM, 22.3%), antioxidants (12.4%) and amoxicillin (10.2%). Participants who had used TCM had 26.0% (95% CI: 0.0, 58.8%), 32.6% (95% CI: 4.2, 68.8%) and 32.3% (95% CI: 2.6, 70.6%) higher urinary mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) concentrations, respectively, than those who had not. Antioxidant intake was associated with a 30.6% (95% CI: -48.5, -6.6%) decrease in the urinary MBP concentration. Compared with non-users, women who reported the use of medicines had 53.2% (95% CI: 2.7, 128.5%) higher concentrations of MMP and a 37.7% (95% CI: -60.7, -1.5%) lower level of MBP in FF, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the intake of some medications may increase phthalate exposure among women undergoing IVF.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/metabolismo , Líquido Folicular/metabolismo , Ácidos Ftálicos/metabolismo , Adulto , Antioxidantes/análise , Cromatografia Líquida , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/urina , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Líquido Folicular/química , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácidos Ftálicos/urina , Reprodução , Vitamina A , Vitaminas , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725301

RESUMO

Foresight of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion is essential for policy-makers to identify ready targets for effective reduction plans and to further improve energy policies and plans. A new method for forecasting the future development of China's CO2 emissions from fuel combustion is proposed in this paper by using grey forecasting theory. Although the existing fractional nonlinear grey Bernoulli model (denoted as FNGBM(1,1)) has been theoretically proven to enhance the adaptability to diverse sequences, its fixed integer-order differential derivative still impairs the performance to some extent. To this end, a varying-order differential derivative is introduced into the existing differential equation to enable a more flexible structure, thus improving the prediction ability of FNGBM(1,1). Specifically, because of the advantages of conformable fractional accumulation, the traditional differential derivative is first replaced by the conformable fractional differential derivative. As a consequence, the continuous conformable fractional nonlinear grey Bernoulli model (hereinafter referred to as CCFNGBM(1,1)) is proposed. To further increase the validity of the model, a metaheuristic algorithm, namely Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO), is then applied to search for the optimal emerging coefficients for the proposed model. Two real examples and China's CO2 emissions from fuel combustion are considered to verify the effectiveness of the newly proposed model, the experimental results show that the newly proposed model outperforms other benchmark models in terms of forecasting accuracy. The proposed model is finally employed to forecast the future China's CO2 emissions from fuel combustion by 2023, accounting for 10,039.80 million tons. Based on the forecasts, several policy suggestions are provided to curb CO2 emissions.

20.
J Endourol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779288

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the efficacy and safety of plasma kinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) with holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Methods: A total of 160 patients with indications for the surgical treatment of BPH were randomly assigned to receive either PKEP or HoLEP prospectively. Baseline characteristics, perioperative data, and postoperative outcomes of the patients were recorded. One hundred twenty-six (78.75%) patients (PKEP 64 vs HoLEP 62) completed the 3-year follow-up assessment. Results: Patients in both groups had similar baseline characteristics. Compared with PKEP, HoLEP was associated with shorter operative time as well as take-out time, lower perioperative hemoglobin decrease, and shorter bladder irrigation time, catheterization time, and hospital stay time. PKEP was superior to HoLEP in terms of the noise of the machine and hospitalization expenses. There were no significant differences in enucleating time, resected weight, and serum sodium levels. Both groups achieved satisfactory results and maintained improvement from baseline in terms of maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), International Prostatic Symptomatic Score, quality of life, and postvoid residual at 3-year follow-up, with no significant differences between the two procedures. Except for re-catheterization rate, postoperative data such as transrectal ultrasound volume, International Index of Erectile Function-5, and follow-up scores of the flexible cystourethroscopy results, as well as the acute and mid-to long-term complications after surgery, were statistically similar. Conclusion: The 3-year follow-up data of this randomized trial confirmed that both PKEP and HoLEP were effective and safe surgical procedures for the transurethral management of BPH. HoLEP presented certain advantages compared to PKEP, such as reduced operative duration, decreased risk of blood loss, and less bladder irrigation, hospital stay time, and re-catheterization rate, whereas PKEP had lower noise and no additional laser cost. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-TRC-13004468).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...