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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533762

RESUMO

Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. Early diagnosis of PE is currently contingent on regular prenatal physical examinations and may be facilitated by identification of novel diagnostic markers. Transthyretin (TTR), also known as prealbumin, is primarily responsible for maintaining the normal levels of thyroxine and retinol binding protein. The expression of TTR is lower in patients with severe PE as compared with healthy controls. Here, we examined the suitability of TTR as a diagnostic marker in pregnant hypertensive rats. N'-nitro-l-arginine-methylesterhydrochloride (l-NAME) was used to generate a rat model of hypertension during pregnancy. Rat placental trophoblast cells were divided into control and TTR groups for in vitro experiments. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean blood pressure and urinary protein of hypertensive pregnant rats were higher than those of healthy pregnant rats, but these effects could be reversed by TTR treatment. There were no significant changes in blood pressure and urinary protein in healthy pregnant rats before or after TTR treatment. TTR levels in the serum and placental tissues of pregnant hypertensive rats were significantly reduced compared with those of healthy pregnant rats. Changes in placental and fetal weights in the hypertensive model could also be rescued by TTR treatment. TTR treatment significantly increased the level of matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 in hypertensive rats. Finally, in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrated that TTR effectively increased the migration and invasion of rat placental trophoblast cells, as well as matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 levels in these cells. In conclusion, our data from a rat model suggest that TTR may have potential as a novel marker for PE diagnosis.

2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(3): 919-928, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32537988

RESUMO

Under Xinjiang winter wheat seeding pattern, in order to sort out proper phosphorus application (PA) and find out the effects and mechanism of PA on population structure, photosynthesis characteristics and yield and provide reliable evidence for PA management of winter wheat, we arranged a two-factor complete split-plot design of wheat variety "Xindong 22". The main area consisted of two seeding ways: drill seeding pattern (D) and uniform seeding pattern (U), while in the sub-area there were four levels of PA(P2O5): 0, 60, 120, and 180 kg·hm-2(represented by P0, P60, P120 and P180 for those treatments, respectively). The results showed that the earbearing percentage in U was 15.9% higher than that in D, and the other features (PAR interception rate, extinction coefficient, leaf area index, SPAD and photosynthetic parameters) were more optimal in 120 kg·hm-2 treatment. Our results showed that the 120 kg·hm-2 treatment in U would be the optimal option with respect to population structure, photosynthetic characteristics, and yield.


Assuntos
Tiques , Triticum , Fertilizantes , Humanos , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Fotossíntese
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20268, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) refers to an ectopic ossification disease originating from the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine. Pressing on the spinal cord or nerve roots can cause limb sensory and motor disorders, significantly reducing the patient's quality of life. At present, the pathogenesis of OPLL is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to integrate microRNA (miRNA)-mRNA biological information data to further analyze the important molecules in the pathogenesis of OPLL, so as to provide targets for future OPLL molecular therapy. METHODS: miRNA and mRNA expression profiles of GSE69787 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database and analyzed by edge R package. Funrich software was used to predict the target genes and transcription factors of de-miRNA. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were carried out based on CLUEGO plug-in in Cytoscape. Using data collected from a search tool for the retrieval of interacting genes online database, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using Cytoscape. The hub gene selection and module analysis of PPI network were carried out by cytoHubba and molecular complex detection, plug-ins of Cytoscape software respectively. RESULTS: A total of 346 genes, including 247 up-regulated genes and 99 down-regulated genes were selected as DEGs. SP1 was identified as an upstream transcription factor of de-miRNAs. Notably, gene ontology enrichment analysis shows that up- and down-regulated DEGs are mainly involved in BP, such as skeletal structure morphogenesis, skeletal system development, and animal organ morphogenesis. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis indicated that only WNT signaling pathway was associated with osteogenic differentiation. Lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 and wingless-type MMTV integration site family member 2 Wingless-Type MMTV Integration site family member 2 were identified as hub genes, miR-520d-3p, miR-4782-3p, miR-6766-3p, and miR-199b-5p were identified as key miRNAs. In addition, 2 important network modules were obtained from PPI network. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we established a potential miRNA-mRNA regulatory network associated with OPLL, revealing the key molecular mechanism of OPLL and providing targets for future treatment or prevent its occurrence.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/instrumentação , Fator 1 de Ligação ao Facilitador Linfoide/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteína Wnt2/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/instrumentação , Ontologia Genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Humanos , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/patologia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/fisiopatologia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/psicologia , Osteogênese/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Qualidade de Vida , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 313: 123652, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554152

RESUMO

Hydrolysis acidification (HA) is a classical method for synthetic textile wastewater treatment. However, the salinity effect on the functional mechanism of the microorganisms carrying out HA has rarely been researched. In the present study, the salinity effect on the dye removal efficiency was investigated, and the soluble microbial products (SMP), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), and microbial community were analyzed at different salinities. The dye and COD removal rates in the HA reactor decreased with increasing salinity. Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) accumulated. The remarkable increases in SMP and EPS were found at high salinity, mainly because more polysaccharides were synthesized than protein. In addition, sequencing analysis showed that high salinity altered the microbial community structure, and Lactococcus, Raoultella and Enterococcus were the decolorizing bacteria at high salinity. This work will improve the understanding of the influence of salinity on the removal efficiency and microbial community during HA.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 738: 139834, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531598

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have suggested that phthalate exposures were associated with adverse reproductive outcomes, such as low oocyte yield and reduced embryo quality, but the underlying mechanisms remained largely unknown. Oxidative stress may be a potential contributor to phthalate-induced adverse reproductive outcomes. To explore the associations between phthalate exposure and levels of oxidative stress among women seeking in vitro fertilization (IVF), we measured the concentrations of eight phthalate metabolites and biomarkers of oxidative stress, including 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC), in follicular fluid (FF) samples collected from 332 women. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess the associations between phthalate metabolites and biomarkers of oxidative stress in FF samples. The concentrations of most tested phthalate metabolites were positively associated with the 8-OHdG levels. The metabolites of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) were inversely associated with the TAC levels. The concentrations of mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) and mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) were positively associated with the MDA levels. Our results revealed a positive association between phthalate metabolites and oxidative stress levels in FF, while more toxicological and epidemiological studies are required to confirm our findings.

6.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584045

RESUMO

Recent emergence of two-dimensional (2D) crystalline superconductors has provided a promising platform to investigate novel quantum physics and potential applications. To reveal essential quantum phenomena therein, ultralow temperature transport investigation on high-quality ultrathin superconducting films is critically required, although it has been quite challenging experimentally. Here, we report a systematic transport study on the ultrathin crystalline PdTe2 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). Interestingly, a new type of Ising superconductivity in 2D centrosymmetric materials is revealed by the detection of large in-plane critical field more than 7 times the Pauli limit. Remarkably, in a perpendicular magnetic field, we provide solid evidence of an anomalous metallic state characterized by the resistance saturation at low temperatures with high-quality filters. The robust superconductivity with intriguing quantum phenomena in the macro-size ambient-stable ultrathin PdTe2 films remains almost the same for 20 months, showing great potentials in electronic and spintronic applications.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 736: 139695, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497885

RESUMO

Nitrosamines, as a class of emerging frequently detected nitrogenous disinfection byproducts (N-DBPs) in drinking water, have gained increasing attention due to their potentially high health risk. Few studies focus on the occurrence variation and carcinogenic health risk of nitrosamines in drinking water systems. Our study aimed to investigate the spatial and temporal variability of nitrosamines in a drinking water system and to conduct a carcinogenic health risk assessment. Three types of water samples, including influent water, treated water and tap water, were collected monthly during an entire year in a drinking water system utilizing a combination of chlorine dioxide and chlorine in central China, and 9 nitrosamines were measured. The nitrosamine formation potentials (FPs) in influent water were also determined. N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was the most prevalent compound and was dominant in the water samples with average concentrations ranging from 2.5 to 67.4 ng/L, followed by N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) and N-nitrosopiperidine (NPIP). Nitrosamine occurrence varied monthly, and significant seasonal differences were observed in tap water (p < .05). There were decreasing mean NDMA, NDEA and NPIP concentrations from influent water to treated water to tap water, but no significant spatial variability was observed within the water distribution system (p > .05). The average and 95th percentile total lifetime cancer risks for the three main nitrosamines were 4.83 × 10-5 and 4.48 × 10-4, respectively, exceeding the negligible risk level (10-6) proposed by the USEPA. Exposure to nitrosamines in drinking water posed a higher cancer risk for children than for adults, and children aged 0.75 to 1 years suffered the highest cancer risk. These results suggest that nitrosamine occurrence in tap water varied temporally but not spatially. Exposure to drinking water nitrosamines may pose a carcinogenic risk to human health, especially to children.

8.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440711

RESUMO

CD44 is a marker of cancer stem cell (CSC) in many types of tumors. Alternative splicing of its 20 exons generates various CD44 isoforms that have different tissue specific expression and functions, including the CD44 standard isoform (CD44s) encoded by the constant exons and the CD44 variant isoforms (CD44v) with variant exon insertions. Switching between the CD44v and CD44s isoforms plays pivotal roles in tumor progression. Here we reported a novel mechanism of CD44 alternative splicing induced by TGF-ß1 and its connection to enhanced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stemness in human prostate cancer cells. TGF-ß1 treatment increased the expression of CD44s and N-cadherin while decreased the expression of CD44v and E-cadherin in DU-145 prostate cancer cells. Other EMT markers and cancer stem cell markers were also upregulated after TGF-ß1 treatment. RNAi knockdown of CD44 reversed the phenotype, which could be rescued by overexpressing CD44s but not CD44v, indicating the alternatively spliced isoform CD44s mediated the activity of TGF-ß1 treatment. Mechanistically, TGF-ß1 treatment induced the phosphorylation, poly-ubiquitination, and degradation of PCBP1, a well-characterized RNA binding protein known to regulate CD44 splicing. RNAi knockdown of PCBP1 was able to mimic TGF-ß1 treatment to increase the expression of CD44s, as well as the EMT and cancer stem cell markers. In vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to show that CD44s promoted prostate cancer cell migration, invasion, and tumor initiation. Taken together, we defined a mechanism by which TGF-ß1 induces CD44 alternative splicing and promotes prostate cancer progression.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(18): e19986, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is at a relatively high level, and our study aimed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in TNBC and explore the key pathways and genes of TNBC. METHODS: The gene expression profiling (GSE86945, GSE86946 and GSE102088) data were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus Datasets, DEGs were identified by using R software, Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses of DEGs were performed by the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) tools, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of the DEGs was constructed by the STRING database and visualized by Cytoscape software. Finally, the survival value of hub DEGs in breast cancer patients were performed by the Kaplan-Meier plotter online tool. RESULTS: A total of 2998 DEGs were identified between TNBC and health breast tissue, including 411 up-regulated DEGs and 2587 down-regulated DEGs. GO analysis results showed that down-regulated DEGs were enriched in gene expression (BP), extracellular exosome (CC), and nucleic acid binding, and up-regulated were enriched in chromatin assembly (BP), nucleosome (CC), and DNA binding (MF). KEGG pathway results showed that DEGs were mainly enriched in Pathways in cancer and Systemic lupus erythematosus and so on. Top 10 hub genes were picked out from PPI network by connective degree, and 7 of top 10 hub genes were significantly related with adverse overall survival in breast cancer patients (P < .05). Further analysis found that only EGFR had a significant association with the prognosis of triple-negative breast cancer (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that DEGs were enriched in pathways in cancer, top 10 DEGs belong to up-regulated DEGs, and 7 gene connected with poor prognosis in breast cancer, including HSP90AA1, SRC, HSPA8, ESR1, ACTB, PPP2CA, and RPL4. These can provide some guidance for our research on the diagnosis and prognosis of TNBC, and further research is needed to evaluate their value in the targeted therapy of TNBC.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Regulação para Baixo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade , Regulação para Cima
10.
J Med Virol ; 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32441816

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that has caused severe health threats and fatalities in almost all communities. Studies have detected severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in saliva with a viral load that lasts for a long period. However, researchers are yet to establish whether SARS-CoV-2 can directly enter the salivary glands. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the presence of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)/transmembrane serine proteases 2 (TMPRSS2) expression in salivary glands using publicly available databases. The distribution of ACE2 and TMPRSSs family in salivary gland tissue and other tissues was analyzed. The Genotype-Tissue Expression dataset was employed to explore the ACE2 and TMPRSS2 expression in various body organs and salivary glands in a healthy population. The single-cell sequencing data for salivary gland samples (including submandibular salivary gland and parotid gland) from mice were collected and analyzed. The components and proportions of salivary gland cells expressing the key protease TMPRSSs family were analyzed. Transcriptome data analysis showed that ACE2 and TMPRSS2 were expressed in salivary glands. The expression levels of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 were marginal without significant differences in different age groups or between men and women. Single-cell RNA sequence analysis indicated that TMPRSS2 was mainly expressed in salivary gland epithelial cells. We speculate that SARS-CoV-2 may be entered in salivary glands.

11.
Diabetes Care ; 43(7): 1399-1407, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Diabetes is one of the most distinct comorbidities of COVID-19. Here, we describe the clinical characteristics of and outcomes in patients with diabetes in whom COVID-19 was confirmed or clinically diagnosed (with typical features on lung imaging and symptoms) and their association with glucose-lowering or blood pressure-lowering medications. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this retrospective study involving 904 patients with COVID-19 (136 with diabetes, mostly type 2 diabetes), clinical and laboratory characteristics were collected and compared between the group with diabetes and the group without diabetes, and between groups taking different medications. Logistic regression was used to explore risk factors associated with mortality or poor prognosis. RESULTS: The proportion of comorbid diabetes is similar between cases of confirmed and of clinically diagnosed COVID-19. Risk factors for higher mortality of patients with diabetes and COVID-19 were older age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.09 [95% CI 1.04, 1.15] per year increase; P = 0.001) and elevated C-reactive protein (aOR 1.12 [95% CI 1.00, 1.24]; P = 0.043). Insulin usage (aOR 3.58 [95% CI 1.37, 9.35]; P = 0.009) was associated with poor prognosis. Clinical outcomes of those who use an ACE inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II type-I receptor blocker (ARB) were comparable with those of patients who do not use ACEI/ARB among COVID-19 patients with diabetes and hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: C-reactive protein may help to identify patients with diabetes who are at greater risk of dying during hospitalization. Older patients with diabetes were prone to death related to COVID-19. Attention needs to be paid to patients with diabetes and COVID-19 who use insulin. ACEI/ARB use showed no significant impact on patients with diabetes and hypertension who have COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Feminino , Glucose/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(12): 4625-4630, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459497

RESUMO

Neural networks, trained on data generated by a microkinetic model and finite-element simulations, expand explorable parameter space by significantly accelerating the predictions of electrocatalytic performance. In addition to modeling electrode reactivity, we use micro/nanowire arrays as a well-defined, easily tuned, and experimentally relevant exemplary morphology for electrochemical nitrogen fixation. This model system provides the data necessary for training neural networks which are subsequently exploited for electrocatalytic material morphology optimizations and explorations into the influence of geometry on nitrogen fixation electrodes, feats untenable without large-scale simulations, on both a global and a local basis.

13.
J Pathol ; 2020 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418203

RESUMO

The classification of the distinct group of mesenchymal neoplasms, first described as 'Xp11 translocation perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa)' and for which the term 'melanotic Xp11 neoplasm' or 'Xp11 neoplasm with melanocytic differentiation' has recently been proposed, remains challenging and controversial. We collected 27 melanotic Xp11 neoplasms, the largest series to date, for a comprehensive evaluation. Fourteen of the cases, together with eight alveolar soft part sarcomas (ASPS), nine conventional PEComas and a control group of seven normal tissues were submitted to RNA sequencing. Follow-up available in 22 patients showed 5-year overall survival and 5-year disease-free survival of 47.6 and 35.7%, respectively, which were similar to ASPS and significantly worse than conventional PEComa. Univariate analysis of location (occurring in the kidney versus not kidney), infiltrative growth pattern, nuclear pleomorphism, mitotic activity ≥2/50 high-power fields (HPF), necrosis and lymphovascular invasion were found to be associated with overall survival and/or disease-free survival. Multivariate analysis identified that location was the only factor found to independently correlate with disease-free survival. More importantly, RNA sequencing-based clustering analysis segregated melanotic Xp11 neoplasm and ASPS from other tumors, including conventional PEComa and Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma, and formed a compact cluster representative of the largely similar expression signature. Here we clearly define the true biologic nature of melanotic Xp11 neoplasms which are distinctive malignant mesenchymal tumors, rather than simply PEComa variants with occasionally unpredictable behavior. Meanwhile, melanotic Xp11 neoplasm and ASPS more likely represent phenotypic variants of the same entity, which is distinct from conventional PEComa and Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma. Based on these important findings, melanotic Xp11 neoplasm might be reclassified into a distinctive entity together with ASPS, independent from PEComa, in future revisions of the current WHO categories of tumors of soft tissue and bone for the improved reclassification. © 2020 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

14.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396118

RESUMO

This article presents an improved online adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) algorithm to solve the optimal control problem of continuous-time nonlinear systems with infinite horizon cost. The Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman (HJB) equation is iteratively approximated by a novel critic-only structure which is constructed using the single echo state network (ESN). Inspired by the dual heuristic programming (DHP) technique, ESN is designed to approximate the costate function, then to derive the optimal controller. As the ESN is characterized by the echo state property (ESP), it is proved that the ESN can successfully approximate the solution to the HJB equation. Besides, to eliminate the requirement for the initial admissible control, a new weight tuning law is designed by adding an alternative condition. The stability of the closed-loop optimal control system and the convergence of the out weights of the ESN are guaranteed by using the Lyapunov theorem in the sense of uniformly ultimately bounded (UUB). Two simulation examples, including linear system and nonlinear system, are given to illustrate the availability and effectiveness of the proposed approach by comparing it with the polynomial neural-network scheme.

15.
Cell Biol Int ; 2020 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374464

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that is caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Current studies have shown that Fc-receptor like-3 (FCRL3) is closely related to MS, but the specific role of FCRL3 in MS has not yet been clarified. This study further found that FCRL3 and interleukin 10 (IL-10) expression was downregulated in MS patients, but the expression of these proteins was higher in the remission phase than that in the acute phase. The C allele of rs7528684 was associated with MS, and the CC genotype could lead to the upregulation of FCRL3 expression and the increase in IL-10 secretion. Further in vitro experiments with B cells found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promoted FCRL3 expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner, thereby promoting IL-10 secretion. LPS regulated Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase-1 (SHP-1) expression and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway activation through FCRL3, and FCRL3 upregulated the SHP-1 expression and p38 phosphorylation levels. When SHP-1 small interfering RNA or a p38 pathway inhibitor was added, the effect of FCRL3 on IL-10 secretion was significantly inhibited. In addition, FCRL3 inhibited the secretion of inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8); after inhibiting the expression of IL-10, the abovementioned effects of FCRL3 were blocked. These results suggest that FCRL3 can activate the SHP-1 and p38 MAPK pathways and then promote the secretion of IL-10 in B cells, thus inhibiting the secretion of inflammatory factors. Therefore, FCRL3 may play an immunoprotective role in MS, and it will be an effective target for the diagnosis and treatment of MS.

16.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236213

RESUMO

A novel manufacturing means for arrays of carbon fibers with diameters less than 10 nm has been developed. The method improves dramatically upon the state of the art of making carbon fibers by pyrolysis of near field electrospun (NFES) polyacrylonitrile (PAN) fibers. The conductive nature of the PAN ink, touch and retract mode of the droplet at the ejector needle tip and a rotating drum for jet initiation as well as a tight control of the ink flow and droplet shape with a porous paper enable continuous near field electrospinning at an ultra-low voltage of 35 V - far below current low-voltage NFES practice. By pyrolyzing the thus obtained thinner PAN nanofibers on carbon scaffolds, a dramatic further shrinkage of the diameter leads to ultrathin carbon nanofibers e.g. from an ∼245 nm polymer fiber to an ∼5 nm carbon fiber i.e. a 4900% reduction in fiber diameter. To increase and survive the thinning during the pyrolysis process, PAN stabilization at a relatively low temperature (115 °C) and carbon support scaffolds are implemented to provide just the right amount of tension of the suspended polymer nanofibers. A small inter-fiber spacing (<8 µm) of the ultrathin carbon fibers in an array is achieved by simultaneously controlling the linear speed of the spinneret and the rotational speed of the collector. In one application, we demonstrate aligned ultra-thin carbon fibers freely suspended and in good ohmic contact with carbon scaffolds on a silicon substrate.

17.
Epigenomics ; 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285684

RESUMO

Aim: To identify a key competitive endogenous RNA network for intervertebral disc degeneration. Materials & methods: Based on circular RNA, microRNA and mRNA expression profiles of nucleus pulposus cells, a variety of bioinformatics methods were used to screen key molecular structures and construct competitive endogenous RNA networks. Results: 190 upregulated genes and 77 downregulated genes were identified. Gene ontology/Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes functional analysis showed that autophagy was out of balance with apoptosis. Nine hub genes, five hub microRNAs and eight hub circular RNAs were obtained through progressive reverse prediction and verification. Conclusion: We believe that disc degeneration is caused by an imbalance between autophagy and apoptosis in nucleus pulposus cells, which may provide nonsurgical treatment for the future delay or prevention of spinal degenerative diseases associated with intervertebral disc degeneration.

18.
Acta Paediatr ; 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281685

RESUMO

AIM: A device for newborn heart rate (HR) monitoring at birth that is compatible with delayed cord clamping and minimises hypothermia risk could have advantages over current approaches. We evaluated a wireless, cap mounted device (fhPPG) for monitoring neonatal HR. METHODS: A total of 52 infants on the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and immediately following birth by elective caesarean section (ECS) were recruited. HR was monitored by electrocardiogram (ECG), pulse oximetry (PO) and the fhPPG device. Success rate, accuracy and time to output HR were compared with ECG as the gold standard. Standardised simulated data assessed the fhPPG algorithm accuracy. RESULTS: Compared to ECG HR, the median bias (and 95% limits of agreement) for the NICU was fhPPG -0.6 (-5.6, 4.9) vs PO -0.3 (-6.3, 6.2) bpm, and ECS phase fhPPG -0.5 (-8.7, 7.7) vs PO -0.1 (-7.6, 7.1) bpm. In both settings, fhPPG and PO correlated with paired ECG HRs (both R2  = 0.89). The fhPPG HR algorithm during simulations demonstrated a near-linear correlation (n = 1266, R2  = 0.99). CONCLUSION: Monitoring infants in the NICU and following ECS using a wireless, cap mounted device provides accurate HR measurements. This alternative approach could confer advantages compared with current methods of HR assessment and warrants further evaluation at birth.

19.
Vascular ; : 1708538120913748, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Wall shear stress plays a critical role in neointimal hyperplasia after stent implantation. It has been found that there is an inverse relation between wall shear stress and neointimal hyperplasia. This study hypothesized that the increase of arterial wall shear stress caused by arteriovenous fistula could reduce neointimal hyperplasia after stents implantation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: STENT, rabbits received stent implantation into right common carotid artery; STENT/arteriovenous fistula, rabbits received stent implantation into right common carotid artery and carotid-jugular arteriovenous fistula; Control, rabbits received no treatment. After 21 days, stented common carotid artery specimens were harvested for histological staining and protein expression analysis. In STENT group, wall shear stress maintained at a low level from 43.2 to 48.9% of baseline. In STENT/arteriovenous fistula group, wall shear stress gradually increased to 86% over baseline. There was a more significant neointimal hyperplasia in group STENT compared with the STENT/arteriovenous fistula group (neointima area: 0.87 mm2 versus 0.19 mm2; neointima-to-media area ratio: 1.13 versus 0.18). Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein level of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in STENT group was significantly lower than that in STENT/arteriovenous fistula group, but the protein levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (Pp38), and phospho-c-Jun N-terminal kinase in STENT group were significantly higher than that in the STENT group. CONCLUSION: High wall shear stress caused by arteriovenous fistula as associated with the induction in neointimal hyperplasia after stent implantation. The underlying mechanisms may be related to modulating the expression and activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1, p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase.

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