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1.
Psychotherapy (Chic) ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622699

RESUMO

The therapeutic alliance has been consistently found to be a robust predictor of therapeutic outcome across various modalities of psychotherapy. Alliance ruptures are thought to occur commonly within each therapeutic dyad and, if left unresolved, are associated with premature termination and worsened psychotherapy outcome. Research efforts have identified V-shaped shifts in the alliance, characterized by a high-low-high pattern of postsession alliance scores, as a meaningful method of operationalizing rupture-repair episodes, but these efforts rarely evaluate the within-session process of the identified sessions. As a result, it is often unclear whether these sessions identified by methods based on postsession alliance measures are reflective of clinically meaningful within-session rupture process. This article aims to further explore the V-episode operationalization of rupture-repair episodes by assessing for convergence between rupture process identified by between-session measures and the within-session observer-based Rupture Resolution Rating Scale (3RS) in a single patient-therapist dyad in a 30-session brief relational therapy. V-episodes were operationalized using various previously utilized methods to identify ruptures based on postsession measures of alliance. Results of this case study demonstrate that postsession patient-rated V-episodes in the therapeutic alliance can be indicative of within-session rupture process, demonstrating convergence between within- and between-session measures of alliance process. Implications of these results for methodological approaches for identifying alliance ruptures are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).

2.
Mater Today Bio ; 18: 100534, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686036

RESUMO

The widespread utilization of mupirocin to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-caused infectious diseases has led to the emergence of mupirocin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MuRSA), posing a serious global medical threat. In order to counteract MuRSA, we develop a d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) modified mupirocin and silver complex (TPGS/Mup-Ag) to combat MuRSA. The surfactivity of TPGS endows Mup-Ag with a homogeneous and small particle size (∼16 â€‹nm), which significantly enhances bacterial internalization. Silver ions are released from the mupirocin-Ag complex (Mup-Ag) to exert a synergistic antibacterial activity with mupirocin. Results manifest that our strategy reduces the concentration of mupirocin that induces 50% bacterial death from about 1000 â€‹µmol/mL to about 16 â€‹µmol/mL. In vitro bacterial infection model suggests that TPGS/Mup-Ag can not only eliminate both intracellular and inhibit bacterial adhesion, but also living cells are not affected. Results of in vivo experiments demonstrate that TPGS/Mup-Ag can effectively inhibit the progression of skin infection and accelerate wound healing, as well as alleviate systemic inflammation in both the subcutaneous infection model and the wound infection model. Furthermore, this study may contribute to the development of therapeutic agents for antibiotic-resistant bacteria and offer ideas for silver-based bactericides.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2203813, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638254

RESUMO

In the aorta of mid-gestational mouse embryos, a specialized endothelial subpopulation termed hemogenic endothelial cells (HECs) develops into hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs), through a conserved process of endothelial-to-hematopoietic transition (EHT). EHT is tightly controlled by multiple intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms. Nevertheless, the molecular regulators restraining this process remain poorly understood. Here, it is uncovered that, one of the previously identified HEC signature genes, Nupr1, negatively regulates the EHT process. Nupr1 deletion in endothelial cells results in increased HSPC generation in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros region. Furthermore, single-cell transcriptomics combined with serial functional assays reveals that loss of Nupr1 promotes the EHT process by promoting the specification of hematopoiesis-primed functional HECs and strengthening their subsequent hematopoietic differentiation potential toward HSPCs. This study further finds that the proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), is significantly upregulated in Nupr1-deficient HECs, and the use of a specific TNF-α neutralizing antibody partially reduces excessive HSPC generation in the explant cultures from Nupr1-deficient embryos. This study identifies a novel negative regulator of EHT and the findings indicate that Nupr1 is a new potential target for future hematopoietic stem cell regeneration research.

4.
J Environ Manage ; 331: 117341, 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36689861

RESUMO

Identifying the leakage channel and the influencing range is essential for controlling the environmental risks of leachate from the tailings pond. The investigation of leachate pollution in tailings pond has the defect of focusing only on the scope of tailings pond in recent studies. This study innovatively built a comprehensive investigation and accurate verification system for leachate leakage of tailings pond integrated with the aeromagnetic survey, ground penetrating radar, hydrochemistry and isotope coupling methods. Geophysical exploration found that among the four fault zones, and the F1 was the channel for leachate to recharge the groundwater 2.53 km away from the tailings pond. The fissures inside the tailings pond were connected with the natural fissures outside, forming a leachate migration channel. The hydrochemistry and isotope characteristics showed that the groundwater far away from the tailings pond were polluted by arsenic containing leachate, which verified the geophysical exploration results. The significant correlation between arsenic and SO2-4 concentration indicated that arsenic in leachate originated from the oxidation release of sulfide minerals (i.e., arsenopyrite). This study sheds light on the comprehensive investigation of leachate leakage in the tailings pond. This development method also provides guidance for environmental risk identification of other contaminated sites.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691771

RESUMO

Developing porous materials for C3H6/C3H8 separation faces the challenge of merging excellent separation performance with high stability and easy scalability of synthesis. Herein, we report a robust Hofmann clathrate material (ZJU-75a), featuring high-density strong binding sites to achieve all the above requirements. ZJU-75a adsorbs large amount of C3H6with a record high storage density of 0.818 g mL-1, and concurrently shows high C3H6/C3H8 selectivity (54.2) at 296 K and 1 bar. Single-crystal structure analysis unveil that the high-density binding sites in ZJU-75a not only provide much stronger interactions with C3H6 but also enable the dense packing of C3H6. Breakthrough experiments on gas mixtures afford both high separation factor of 14.7 and large C3H6 uptake (2.79 mmol g-1). This material is highly stable and can be easily produced at kilogram-scale using a green synthesis method, making it as a benchmark material to address major challenges for industrial C3H6/C3H8 separation.

7.
Psychophysiology ; : e14240, 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36651323

RESUMO

Cognitive control is a key factor in insight generation. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the generation of insight for different cognitive control remain poorly understood. This study developed a parametric fMRI design, wherein hints for solving Chinese idiom riddles were gradually provided in a stepwise manner (from the first hint, H1, to the final hint, H4). By classifying the step-specific items solved in different hint-uncovering steps/conditions, we could identify insightful responses for different levels of spontaneous or controlled processing. At the behavioral level, the number of insightful problem solving trials reached the maximum at a intermediate level of the cognitively controlled processing and the spontaneously idea generating in H3, while the bilateral insular cortex and thalamus showed the robust engagement, implying the function of these regions in making the optimal balance between external hint processing and internal generated ideas. In addition, we identified brain areas, including the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), angular gyrus (AG), dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), and precuneus (PreC), whose activities were parametrically increased with the levels of controlled (from H1 to H4) insightful processing which were increasingly produced by the sequentially revealed hints. Further representational similarity analysis (RSA) found that spontaneous processing in insight featured greater within-condition representational variabilities in widely distributed regions in the executive, salience, and default networks. Altogether, the present study provided new evidence for the relationship between the process of cognitive control and that of spontaneous idea generation in insight problem solving and demystified the function of the insula and thalamus as an interactive interface for the optimal balance of these two processes.

8.
Nutr Res ; 109: 12-25, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36543015

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to explore urine caffeine metabolites in relation to cognitive performance among 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants aged ≥60 years. We hypothesized that urine caffeine metabolites were positively associated with cognition in older adults. Caffeine and 14 of its metabolites were quantified in urine by use of high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem quadruple mass spectrometry with stable isotope labeled internal standards. Cognitive assessment was based on scores from the word learning and recall modules. Participants were categorized based on the quartiles of caffeine and its metabolites level. The association between caffeine metabolites and each cognitive dimension was analyzed using multiple logistic regression analysis in adjusted models. Stratification analyses by gender were also performed. For CERAD test, there was a significant association between 1-methyluric acid (OR=0.62, 95% CI: 0.42 to 0.92), 7-methylxanthine(OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.27 to 0.89), theophylline (OR=0.52, 95% CI: 0.29 to 0.92), as well as paraxanthine (OR=0.49, 95% CI: 0.27 to 0.88) and cognitive function. For animal fluency test, there was a positive association between theophylline (TP) (OR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.22 to 0.89) and cognitive function. The trend that the risk of low cognitive function decreased with increasing concentration of 1-methylxanthine (P trend=0.0229) was also observed. Furthermore, the same trend existed for 3-methylxanthine (p trend = 0.0375) in men. In conclusion, there was a significant positive association between urine caffeine metabolites and cognitive performance in older adults, particularly for theophylline, paraxanthine and caffeine; and the association might be dependent on gender.


Assuntos
Cafeína , Teofilina , Animais , Cafeína/metabolismo , Teofilina/metabolismo , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Cognição
9.
Vet Med Sci ; 9(1): 181-190, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36480456

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The response of mammals to cold environment is a complex physiological activity, and its underlying mechanism must be analyzed from multiple perspectives. Skeletal muscle is an important thermogenic tissue that maintains body temperature in mammals. We dissected the molecular mechanism of pig skeletal muscle response to a cold environment by performing comparative transcriptome analysis in the Enshi black pig. METHODS: Three pigs were subjected to acute cold stress (3 days), three pigs were subjected to cold acclimation (58 days), and three pigs were used as controls. RNA-seq was used to screen the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of skeletal muscle. RESULTS: Using RNA-seq methods, we identified 1241 DEGs within the acute cold stress group and 1886 DEGs within the cold acclimation group. Prolonged cold exposure induced more gene expression changes. A total of 540 key cold-responsive DEGs were found, and their trends were consistent within the acute cold stress group and cold acclimation group. Gene expression pattern analysis showed that there were significant differences between the low-temperature treatment groups and the control group, and there were also differences between individuals after long-term low-temperature treatment. Analysis of DEGs revealed that 134 pathways were significantly enriched in the cold adaptation group, 98 pathways were significantly enriched in the acute cold stress group, and 71 pathways were shared between the two groups. The 71 shared pathways were mainly related to lipid, amino acid, and carbohydrate metabolism; signal transduction; endocrine, immune, and nervous system; cardiovascular disease; infectious diseases caused by bacteria or viruses; and neurodegenerative disease. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, this study provides insights into the molecular mechanism of porcine skeletal muscle response under low-temperature environment. The data may assist further research on the mechanism of pig response to cold exposure.


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Doenças dos Suínos , Suínos , Animais , Transcriptoma , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/veterinária , Temperatura , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Músculo Esquelético , Mamíferos/genética
10.
EBioMedicine ; 87: 104421, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36563486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning effects of air pollution on influenza-like illness (ILI) from multi-center is limited and little is known about how regional factors might modify this relationship. METHODS: In this ecological study, ILI cases defined as outpatients with temperature ≥38 °C, accompanied by cough or sore throat, were collected from National Influenza Surveillance Network in China. We adopted generalized additive model with quasi-Poisson to estimate province-specific association between air pollution and ILI in 30 Chinese provinces during 2015-2019, after adjusting for time trend and meteorological factors. We then pooled province-specific association by using random-effect meta-analysis. Potential effect modifications of season and regional characteristics were explored. FINDINGS: A total of 26, 004, 853 ILI cases and 777, 223, 877 hospital outpatients were collected. In general, effects of air pollutants were acute. An inter-quartile range increase of PM2.5, SO2, PM10, NO2 and CO at lag0, and O3 at lag0-2 was associated with 3.08% (95% CI: 1.91%, 4.27%), 3.00% (1.86%, 4.16%), 6.46% (4.71%, 8.25%), 7.21% (5.73%, 8.71%), 4.37% (3.05%, 5.70%), and -9.26% (-11.32%, -7.14%) change of ILI at national level, respectively. Associations between air pollutants and ILI varied by season and regions, with higher effect estimates in cold season, eastern and central regions and provinces with more humid condition and larger population. INTERPRETATION: This study indicated that most air pollutants increased the risk of ILI in China. Our findings might provide implications for the development of policies to protect public health from air pollution and influenza. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China and Chongqing Health Commission Program.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Influenza Humana , Humanos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/etiologia , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estações do Ano , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
11.
Theranostics ; 12(18): 7745-7759, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451860

RESUMO

Rationale: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized the management of locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Strikingly, compared to urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB), upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) has a higher response rate to ICIs. The stratification of patients most likely to benefit from ICI therapy remains a major clinical challenge. Methods: In this study, we performed the first single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) study of 13 surgical tissue specimens from 12 patients with UTUC. The key results were validated by the analysis of two independent cohorts with bulk RNA-seq data for UCB (n = 404) and UTUC (n = 158) and one cohort of patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who were treated with atezolizumab (n = 348). Results: Using scRNA-seq, we observed a higher proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cells in locally advanced UTUC. Similar prognostically relevant intrinsic basal and luminal-like epithelial subtypes were found in both UTUC and UCB, although UTUC is predominantly of the luminal subtype. We also discovered that immunosuppressive macrophages and exhausted T-cell subpopulations were enriched in the basal subtype and showed enhanced interactions. Furthermore, we developed a gene expression signature (Macro-C3 score) capturing the immunosuppressive macrophages that better predicts outcomes than the currently established subtypes. We also developed a computational method to model immune evasion, and the Macro-C3 score predicted therapeutic response of mUC treated with first-line anti-PD-L1 inhibitors in patients with lower basal scores. Conclusions: Overall, the distinct microenvironment and Macro-C3 score provide an explanation for ICI efficacy in urothelial carcinoma and reveal new candidate regulators of immune evasion, suggesting potential therapeutic targets for improving antitumor immunity in the basal subtype.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoterapia , Fatores Imunológicos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Progressão da Doença , Macrófagos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores , Microambiente Tumoral
12.
J Immunol ; 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36458981

RESUMO

The aggressive phenotype exhibited by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) is critical for the progression of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have crucial roles in the pathogenesis of diverse disorders; however, few have been identified that might be able to control the joint damage in RA. In this study, we identified an lncRNA, ENST00000509194, which was expressed at abnormally high levels in FLSs and synovial tissues from patients with RA. ENST00000509194 positively modulates the migration and invasion of FLSs by interacting with human Ag R (HuR, also called ELAVL1), an RNA-binding protein that mainly stabilizes mRNAs. ENST00000509194 binds directly to HuR in the cytoplasm to form a complex that promotes the expression of the endocytic adaptor protein APPL2 by stabilizing APPL2 mRNA. Knockdown of HuR or APPL2 impaired the migration and invasion of RA FLSs. Given its close association with HuR and FLS migration, we named ENST00000509194 as HAFML (HuR-associated fibroblast migratory lncRNA). Our findings suggest that an increase in synovial HAFML might contribute to FLS-mediated rheumatoid synovial aggression and joint destruction, and that the lncRNA HAFML might be a potential therapeutic target for dysregulated fibroblasts in a wide range of diseases.

13.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(10): 1062-1076, 2022 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546250

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid1 (TRPV1) channel plays an important role in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes, and a comprehensive understanding of TRPV1 gating will create opportunities for therapeutic intervention. Recent incredible advances in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) have yielded high-resolution structures of all TRPV subtypes (TRPV1-6) and all of them share highly conserved six transmembrane (TM) domains (S1-S6). As revealed by the open structures of TRPV1 in the presence of a bound vanilloid agonist (capsaicin or resiniferatoxin), TM helicesS1 to S4 form a bundle that remains quiescent during channel activation, highlighting differences in the gating mechanism of TRPV1 and voltage-gated ion channels. Here, however, we argue that the structural dynamics rather than quiescence of S1-S4 domains is necessary for capsaicin-mediated activation of TRPV1. Using fluorescent unnatural amino acid (flUAA) incorporation and voltage-clamp fluorometry (VCF) analysis, we directly observed allostery of the S1-S4 bundle upon capsaicin binding. Covalent occupation of VCF-identified sites, single-channel recording, cell apoptosis analysis, and exploration of the role of PSFL828, a novel non-vanilloid agonist we identified, have collectively confirmed the essential role of this coordinated S1-S4 motility in capsaicin-mediated activation of TRPV1. This study concludes that, in contrast to cryo-EM structural studies, vanilloid agonists are also required for S1-S4 movement during TRPV1 activation. Redefining the gating process of vanilloid agonists and the discovery of new non-vanilloid agonists will allow the evaluation of new strategies aimed at the development of TRPV1 modulators.


Assuntos
Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório , Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório/metabolismo , Capsaicina/farmacologia , Canais de Cátion TRPV/agonistas , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Domínios Proteicos
14.
Biotechnol Biofuels Bioprod ; 15(1): 145, 2022 Dec 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36567331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lignocellulosic resources are promising feedstocks for the manufacture of bio-based products and bioenergy. However, the inherent recalcitrance of biomass to conversion into simple sugars currently hinders the deployment of advanced bioproducts at large scale. Lignin is a primary contributor to biomass recalcitrance as it protects cell wall polysaccharides from degradation and can inhibit hydrolytic enzymes via non-productive adsorption. Several engineering strategies have been designed to reduce lignin or modify its monomeric composition. For example, expression of bacterial 3-dehydroshikimate dehydratase (QsuB) in poplar trees resulted in a reduction in lignin due to redirection of metabolic flux toward 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate at the expense of lignin. This reduction was accompanied with remarkable changes in the pools of aromatic compounds that accumulate in the biomass. RESULTS: The impact of these modifications on downstream biomass deconstruction and conversion into advanced bioproducts was evaluated in the current study. Using ionic liquid pretreatment followed by enzymatic saccharification, biomass from engineered trees released more glucose and xylose compared to wild-type control trees under optimum conditions. Fermentation of the resulting hydrolysates using Rhodosporidium toruloides strains engineered to produce α-bisabolene, epi-isozizaene, and fatty alcohols showed no negative impact on cell growth and yielded higher titers of bioproducts (as much as + 58%) in the case of QsuB transgenics trees. CONCLUSION: Our data show that low-recalcitrant poplar biomass obtained with the QsuB technology has the potential to improve the production of advanced bioproducts.

15.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 380, 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disorder that causes airway obstruction and lung inflammation. The first-line treatment of COPD is the bronchodilators of ß2-agonists and antimuscarinic drugs, which can help control the airway obstruction, but the long-term use might render the drug tolerance. Bisphosphonates are widely used in osteoclast-mediated bone diseases treatment for decades. For drug repurposing, can delivery of a third generation of nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, risedronate (RIS) ameliorate the progression of COPD? METHODS: COPD rats or mice models have been established through cigarette-smoking and elastase injection, and then the animals are received RIS treatment via nebulization. Lung deposition of RIS was primarily assessed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The respiratory parameters of airway obstruction in COPD rats and mice were documented using plethysmography method and resistance-compliance system. RESULTS: High lung deposition and bioavailability of RIS was monitored with 88.8% of RIS input dose. We found that RIS could rescue the lung function decline of airspace enlargement and mean linear intercept in the COPD lung. RIS could curb the airway obstruction by suppressing 60% of the respiratory resistance and elevating the airway's dynamic compliance, tidal volume and mid-expiratory flow. As an inhibitor of farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FDPS), RIS suppresses FDPS-mediated RAS and RhoA prenylation to obstruct its membrane localization in airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs), leading to the inhibition of downstream ERK-MLCK and ROCK1-MLCP pathway to cause ASMCs relaxation. Additionally, RIS nebulization impeded pro-inflammatory cell accumulation, particularly macrophages infiltration in alveolar parenchyma. The NF-κB, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1ß, IL-8, and IL-6 declined in microphages following RIS nebulization. Surprisingly, nebulization of RIS could overcome the tolerance of ß2-agonists in COPD-rats by increasing the expression of ß2 receptors. CONCLUSIONS: Nebulization of RIS could alleviate airway obstruction and lung inflammation in COPD, providing a novel strategy for treating COPD patients, even those with ß2-agonists tolerance.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ácido Risedrônico/uso terapêutico , Pulmão/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Prenilação , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo
16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 976239, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36523844

RESUMO

Tuina can effectively alleviate ulcerative colitis-related symptoms, but the mechanism of action is unknown. The purpose of this research is to explore potential pathways for the treatment of tuina through gut microbiota and proteomics techniques. Thirty-two male BALB/c mice were divided into four groups, the control, model, mesalazine, and tuina groups. The ulcerative colitis model was established by freely drinking a 3% dextran sulphate sodium solution for 7 days. The mesalazine group and the tuina group, respectively, received 7 days of mesalazine and tuina treatment. Subsequently, their body weights, feces properties, colon length, histomorphological changes, gut microbiota, and colon proteomics were determined. Body weights, disease activity index score, colon histological scores, and microbiota diversity were restored in the tuina group. At the phylum level, Firmicutes was increased and Bacteroidota decreased. At the family level, Lachnospiraceae increased and Prevotellaceae decreased. At the genus level, the Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group was increased. Proteomics detected 370 differentially expressed proteins regulated by tuina, enriched to a total of 304 pathways, including biotin metabolism, Notch signaling pathway, linoleic acid metabolism, and autophagy. Tuina can effectively improve the symptoms of weight loss, fecal properties, and colon inflammation in ulcerative colitis mice and restore the gut microbiota diversity, adjusting the relative abundance of microbiota. The therapeutic effects of tuina may be achieved by modulating the signaling pathways of biotin metabolism, Notch signaling pathway, linoleic acid metabolism, and autophagy.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527548

RESUMO

Accurate identification of priority areas for ecological restoration is an important prerequisite for ecological protection and restoration, but it is a current challenge in landscape planning. Northern Shaanxi, which is located in the middle of the Loess Plateau in China, was selected as a study area in this paper. A three-dimensional framework including natural potential, human disturbance, and landscape pattern factors was used to construct an ecological security evaluation index system, and spatial principal component analysis (SPCA) was used to quantitatively evaluate the ecological security levels of the study area. The ecological security assessment result was used as a resistance surface, and landscape elements were identified by morphological spatial pattern analysis (MSPA), minimum cumulative resistance (MCR) model and the gravity model. On this basis, priority areas for ecological restoration were identified by considering ecosystem security and the matching degree of landscape elements. The resulting area with low and moderately low security levels was 27,574.87 km2 in size, accounting for 34.48% of the total study area, and the ecological security situation was not ideal. We identified seventeen ecological sources with an area of 5789.36 km2, and the important ecological sources were mainly distributed in the south of the study area. We identified one hundred and thirty-six potential ecological corridors with a total length of 7431.12 km, including 16 important ecological corridors with a length of 1279.43 km. We also identified 83 ecological nodes, including 17 important ecological nodes. We found that the high matching degree of landscape elements included four watersheds with an area of 7571.17 km2, mainly distributed in the southern part of the study area. Fifty-one basins with a low matching degree of landscape elements were identified, covering an area of 50,399.44 km2 and mainly distributed in the west and north of the study area. We identified three levels of areas to be restored, of which the level I ecological restoration priority area was the smallest, at 7047.61 km2. The areas of the level II ecological restoration priority area and the level III ecological restoration priority area were 20,379.35 km2 and 27,866.35 km2, respectively. The two areas were large and mainly distributed in the west and north of the study area. We discussed ecological restoration strategies for different levels of ecological restoration priority areas and provided new methods for identifying priority ecological restoration areas in the future.

18.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 1036151, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36531731

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have investigated the combined use of sacubitril- valsartan after reperfusion in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the sample sizes of these studies were small and their results were somewhat heterogeneous. To determine the effect of sacubitril-valsartan on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Methods: Search PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library, CNKI database, VIP database and Wanfang digital journal full-text database for eligible articles from their date of inception up to April, 2022. All data were meta-analyzed using Review Manager 5.3 and STATA 16.0 software. Results: A total of 23 studies including 2,326 patients with acute STEMI were included. These results of this meta-analysis indicated that left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) value within 6 months after surgery (OR, 4.29; 95% confidence interval, 3.78-4.80; P < 0.00001), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) value within 6 months after surgery (OR, -3.11; 95% CI, -3.87 to -2.35; P < 0.00001) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) value 6 months after operation (OR, -6.22; 95% CI, -7.10 to -5.35; P < 0.00001) are better than without sacubitril and valsartan. Conclusion: To sum up the above, the results of this study suggest that sacubitril- valsartan can reduce the reperfusion injury of ischemic myocardium by improving cardiac function within a follow-up period of 6 months.

19.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(24)2022 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558326

RESUMO

Carbon dots (CDs) can be widely used in the field of sensing because of its good water solubility, low toxicity, high fluorescence stability and excellent biocompatibility. It has become a popular trend to prepare high-value, inexpensive, renewable and environmentally friendly CDs sensors from biomass resources. This article reviewed the research progress of biomass-derived CDs as chemical, physical and biological sensors in recent years and studied their preparation processes and sensing abilities. Furthermore, the prospects and challenges of biomass-CDs sensors were discussed. This article is expected to provide inspirations for the design, preparation and application of biomass-CDs sensors in the future.

20.
Adv Mater ; : e2209713, 2022 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36580631

RESUMO

Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) is regarded as an effective strategy for raindrop energy harvesting, and is a complementary solution with solar cells to achieve all-weather energy harvesting and sustainable energy supply. However, due to the irregularity of natural rainfalls in the volume, frequency, density, and location, etc., designing high-efficiency raindrop TENG (R-TENG) arrays faces great challenges. Here, a highly transparent, large-area and high-efficiency R-TENG array with rational material choice, electrode structure, and array distribution is developed for efficiently harvesting irregular raindrop energy. The problem of electrical signal cancellation among adjacent raindrops can be fully avoided, as viewed from the high-resolution space-time analyses of high-speed camera and electrical signal characteristic. With the rationally-designed electrode instead of multiple complex electrodes, all charges can be exported by the R-TENG array in a simulated irregular raindrop scenario. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the R-TENG possesses higher average power density (40.80 mW m-2 ) than that of solar cell (37.03 mW m-2 ) in raining condition. Additionally, a self-powered wireless light intensity monitoring system has been demonstrated for real-time and all-day weather monitoring. This work provides useful guidance for designing high-efficiency TENG array integrated with solar panel for harvesting irregular raindrop energy and solar energy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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