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1.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755244

RESUMO

Pre-existing psychiatric disorders were linked to an increased susceptibility to COVID-19 during the initial outbreak of the pandemic, while evidence during Omicron prevalence is lacking. Leveraging data from two prospective cohorts in China, we identified incident Omicron infections between January 2023 and April 2023. Participants with a self-reported history or self-rated symptoms of depression or anxiety before the Omicron pandemic were considered the exposed group, whereas the others were considered unexposed. We employed multivariate logistic regression models to examine the association of pre-existing depression or anxiety with the risk of any or severe Omicron infection indexed by medical interventions or severe symptoms. Further, we stratified the analyses by polygenic risk scores (PRSs) for COVID-19 and repeated the analyses using the UK Biobank data. We included 10,802 individuals from the Chinese cohorts (mean age = 51.1 years, 45.6% male), among whom 7841 (72.6%) were identified as cases of Omicron infection. No association was found between any pre-existing depression or anxiety and the overall risk of Omicron infection (odds ratio [OR] =1.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-1.14). However, positive associations were noted for severe Omicron infection, either as infections requiring medical interventions (1.26, 1.02-1.54) or with severe symptoms (≥3: 1.73, 1.51-1.97). We obtained comparable estimates when stratified by COVID-19 PRS level. Additionally, using clustering method, we identified eight distinct symptom patterns and found associations between pre-existing depression or anxiety and the patterns characterized by multiple or complex severe symptoms including cough and taste and smell decline (ORs = 1.42-2.35). The results of the UK Biobank analyses corroborated findings of the Chinese cohorts. In conclusion, pre-existing depression and anxiety was not associated with the risk of Omicron infection overall but an elevated risk of severe Omicron infection, supporting the continued efforts on monitoring and possible early intervention in this high-risk population during Omicron prevalence.

2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recent studies indicate that N-acetyltransferase 10 (NAT10)-mediated ac4C modification plays unique roles in tumour metastasis and immune infiltration. This study aimed to uncover the role of NAT10-mediated ac4C in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) functions and synovial immune cell infiltration in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: FLSs were obtained from active established patients with RA. Protein expression was determined by western blotting or immunohistochemistry or multiplexed immunohistochemistry. Cell migration was measured using a Boyden chamber. ac4C-RIP-seq combined with RNA-seq was performed to identify potential targets of NAT10. RNA immunoprecipitation was used to validate the interaction between protein and mRNA. NAT10 haploinsufficiency, inhibitor remodelin or intra-articular Adv-NAT10 was used to suppress arthritis in mice with delayed-type hypersensitivity arthritis (DYHA) and collagen II-induced arthritis (CIA) and rats with CIA. RESULTS: We found elevated levels of NAT10 and ac4C in FLSs and synovium from patients with RA. NAT10 knockdown or specific inhibitor treatment reduced the migration and invasion of RA FLSs. Increased NAT10 level in the synovium was positively correlated with synovial infiltration of multiple types of immune cells. NAT10 inhibition in vivo attenuated the severity of arthritis in mice with CIA and DTHA, and rats with CIA. Mechanistically, we explored that NAT10 regulated RA FLS functions by promoting stability and translation efficiency of N4-acetylated PTX3 mRNA. PTX3 also regulated RA FLS aggression and is associated with synovial immune cell infiltration. CONCLUSION: Our findings uncover the important roles of NAT10-mediated ac4C modification in promoting rheumatoid synovial aggression and inflammation, indicating that NAT10 may be a potential target for the treatment of RA, even other dysregulated FLSs-associated disorders.

3.
Open Biol ; 14(5): 230358, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689555

RESUMO

The nucleolus is the most prominent liquid droplet-like membrane-less organelle in mammalian cells. Unlike the nucleolus in terminally differentiated somatic cells, those in totipotent cells, such as murine zygotes or two-cell embryos, have a unique nucleolar structure known as nucleolus precursor bodies (NPBs). Previously, it was widely accepted that NPBs in zygotes are simply passive repositories of materials that will be gradually used to construct a fully functional nucleolus after zygotic genome activation (ZGA). However, recent research studies have challenged this simplistic view and demonstrated that functions of the NPBs go beyond ribosome biogenesis. In this review, we provide a snapshot of the functions of NPBs in zygotes and early two-cell embryos in mice. We propose that these membrane-less organelles function as a regulatory hub for chromatin organization. On the one hand, NPBs provide the structural platform for centric and pericentric chromatin remodelling. On the other hand, the dynamic changes in nucleolar structure control the release of the pioneer factors (i.e. double homeobox (Dux)). It appears that during transition from totipotency to pluripotency, decline of totipotency and initiation of fully functional nucleolus formation are not independent events but are interconnected. Consequently, it is reasonable to hypothesize that dissecting more unknown functions of NPBs may shed more light on the enigmas of early embryonic development and may ultimately provide novel approaches to improve reprogramming efficiency.


Assuntos
Nucléolo Celular , Cromatina , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Animais , Nucléolo Celular/metabolismo , Cromatina/metabolismo , Camundongos , Zigoto/metabolismo , Zigoto/citologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina , Humanos
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10471, 2024 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714840

RESUMO

Lung diseases globally impose a significant pathological burden and mortality rate, particularly the differential diagnosis between adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and small cell lung carcinoma, which is paramount in determining optimal treatment strategies and improving clinical prognoses. Faced with the challenge of improving diagnostic precision and stability, this study has developed an innovative deep learning-based model. This model employs a Feature Pyramid Network (FPN) and Squeeze-and-Excitation (SE) modules combined with a Residual Network (ResNet18), to enhance the processing capabilities for complex images and conduct multi-scale analysis of each channel's importance in classifying lung cancer. Moreover, the performance of the model is further enhanced by employing knowledge distillation from larger teacher models to more compact student models. Subjected to rigorous five-fold cross-validation, our model outperforms existing models on all performance metrics, exhibiting exceptional diagnostic accuracy. Ablation studies on various model components have verified that each addition effectively improves model performance, achieving an average accuracy of 98.84% and a Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) of 98.83%. Collectively, the results indicate that our model significantly improves the accuracy of disease diagnosis, providing physicians with more precise clinical decision-making support.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Redes Neurais de Computação , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/classificação , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/classificação , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/classificação , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769796

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the postoperative outcomes of the all-inside technique in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: Patients who underwent ACLR using the all-inside technique between 2018 and 2021 were retrospectively assessed. All patients were followed up for at least 2 years. Functional recovery and pain relief were assessed using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and visual analogue scale (VAS). Instrumented laxity was assessed via side-to-side difference using the Kneelax3 arthrometer. Graft maturity was estimated using the signal-to-noise quotient value based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Adverse events during and after the surgery were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 78 patients were included in this study, with a mean age of 28.1 ± 7.6 years. The IKDC (p < 0.001), Lysholm (p < 0.001) and KOOS (p < 0.001 for all subgroups) scores at the final follow-up were significantly higher than those before the surgery. The VAS scores (p < 0.05) were significantly lower than those before surgery. The side-to-side difference results indicated that 50 patients had a difference of less than 3 mm, indicating a tight graft, whereas only 1 patient had a difference of >5 mm, indicating a loose graft. The median signal-to-noise quotient of the graft on MRI was 1.4 (P25, P75: 1.0, 2.0). No intraoperative adverse events were observed. Postoperative adverse events included three cases of infection, three cases of graft rerupture, two cases of cyclops lesion and one case of surgical intervention for a meniscal tear. CONCLUSION: ACLR using the all-inside technique offers promising results in patients with ACL rupture. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.

6.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 4167, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755131

RESUMO

Mechanical energy harvesting using triboelectric nanogenerators is a highly desirable and sustainable method for the reliable power supply of widely distributed electronics in the new era; however, its practical viability is seriously challenged by the limited performance because of the inevitable side-discharge and low Coulombic-efficiency issues arising from electrostatic breakdown. Here, we report an important progress on these fundamental problems that the spontaneously established reverse electric field between the electrode and triboelectric layer can restrict the side-discharge problem in triboelectric nanogenerators. The demonstration employed by direct-current triboelectric nanogenerators leads to a high Coulombic efficiency (increased from 28.2% to 94.8%) and substantial enhancement of output power. More importantly, we demonstrate this strategy is universal for other mode triboelectric nanogenerators, and a record-high average power density of 6.15 W m-2 Hz-1 is realized. Furthermore, Coulombic efficiency is verified as a new figure-of-merit to quantitatively evaluate the practical performance of triboelectric nanogenerators.

7.
Chemistry ; : e202401250, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705864

RESUMO

9,9-Dimethyl-9,10-dihydroacridine (DMAC) is one of the most widely used electron donor for constructing high-performance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters. However, DMAC-based emitters often suffer from the imperfect color purity, particularly in blue emitters, due to its strong electron-donating capability. To modulate donor strength, 2,7-F-Ph-DMAC and 2,7-CF3-Ph-DMAC were designed by introducing the electron-withdrawing 2-fluorophenyl and 2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl at the 2,7-positions of DMAC. These donors were used, in combination with 2,4,6-triphenyl-1,3,5-triazine (TRZ) acceptor, to develop novel TADF emitters 2,7-F-Ph-DMAC-TRZ and 2,7-CF3-Ph-DMAC-TRZ. Compared to the F- or CF3-free reference emitter, both two emitters showed hypsochromic effect in fluorescence and comparable photoluminescence quantum yields without sacrificing the reverse intersystem crossing rate constants. In particular, 2,7-CF3-Ph-DMAC-TRZ based OLED exhibited a blue shift by up to 39 nm and significantly improved Commission International de l'Éclairage (CIE) coordinates from (0.36, 0.55) to (0.22, 0.41), while the external quantum efficiency kept stable at about 22.5 %. This donor engineering strategy should be valid for improving the color purity of large amount of acridine based TADF emitters. It can be predicted that pure blue TADF emitters should be feasible if these F- or CF3-modifed acridine donors are combined with other weaker electron acceptors.

8.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 492, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744849

RESUMO

Surface ozone is an important air pollutant detrimental to human health and vegetation productivity, particularly in China. However, high resolution surface ozone concentration data is still lacking, largely hindering accurate assessment of associated environmental impacts. Here, we collected hourly ground ozone observations (over 6 million records), remote sensing products, meteorological data, and social-economic information, and applied recurrent neural networks to map hourly surface ozone data (HrSOD) at a 0.1° × 0.1° resolution across China during 2015-2020. The coefficient of determination (R2) values in sample-based, site-based, and by-year cross-validations were 0.72, 0.65 and 0.71, respectively, with the root mean square error (RMSE) values being 11.71 ppb (mean = 30.89 ppb), 12.81 ppb (mean = 30.96 ppb) and 11.14 ppb (mean = 31.26 ppb). Moreover, it exhibits high spatiotemporal consistency with ground-level observations at different time scales (diurnal, seasonal, annual), and at various spatial levels (individual sites and regional scales). Meanwhile, the HrSOD provides critical information for fine-resolution assessment of surface ozone impacts on environmental and human benefits.

9.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 46(5): 3866-3876, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38785508

RESUMO

Cold stress significantly affects gene expression in adipocytes; studying this phenomenon can help reveal the pathogeneses of conditions such as obesity and insulin resistance. Adipocyte triglyceride lipase (ATGL); cell death-inducing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fragmentation factor subunit alpha (DFFA)-like effector (CIDEA); and uncoupling protein genes UCP1, UCP2, and UCP3 are the most studied genes in pig adipose tissues under cold stress. However, contradictory results have been observed in gene expression changes to UCP3 and UCP2 when adipose tissues under cold stress were examined. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of 32 publications in total on the effect of cold stress on the expression of ATGL, CIDEA, UCP2, and UCP3. Our results showed that cold stress affected the expression of swine adipocyte genes; specifically, it was positively correlated with the expression of UCP3 in swine adipocytes. Conversely, expression of ATGL was negatively affected under cold stress conditions. In addition, the loss of functional UCP1 in pigs likely triggered a compensatory increase in UCP3 activity. We also simulated the docking results of UCP2 and UCP3. Our results showed that UCP2 could strongly bind to adenosine triphosphate (ATP), meaning that UCP3 played a more significant role in pig adipocytes.

10.
Metabolites ; 14(5)2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38786732

RESUMO

The role of metabolic traits in ischemic stroke (IS) has been explored through observational studies and a few Mendelian randomization (MR) studies employing limited methods in European populations. This study aimed to investigate the causal effects of metabolic traits on IS in both East Asian and European populations utilizing multiple MR methods based on genetic insights. Two-sample and multivariable MR were performed, and MR estimates were calculated as inverse-variance weighted (IVW), weighted median, and penalized weighted median. Pleiotropy was assessed by MR-Egger and Mendelian randomization pleiotropy residual sum and outlier tests. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was associated with an increased risk of IS by IVW in both European (ORIVW: 1.032, 95% CI: 1.026-1.038, p < 0.001) and Japanese populations (ORIVW: 1.870, 95% CI: 1.122-3.116, p = 0.016), which was further confirmed by other methods. Unlike the European population, the evidence for the association of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with IS in the Japanese population was not stable. No evidence supported an association between the other traits and IS (all Ps > 0.05) in both races. A positive association was found between SBP and IS in two races, while the results of DBP were only robust in Europeans.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202404734, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635373

RESUMO

The development of porous materials with flexible-robust characteristics shows some unique advantages to target high performance for gas separation, but remains a daunting challenge to achieve so far. Herein, we report a carboxyl-based hydrogen-bonded organic framework (ZJU-HOF-8a) with flexible-robust porosity for efficient purification of natural gas. ZJU-HOF-8a features a four-fold interpenetrated structure with dia topology, wherein abundant supramolecular entanglements are formed between the adjacent subnetworks through weak intermolecular hydrogen bonds. This structural configuration could not only stabilize the whole framework to establish the permanent porosity, but also enable the framework to show some flexibility due to its weak intermolecular interactions (so-called flexible-robust framework). The flexible-robust porosity of ZJU-HOF-8a was exclusively confirmed by gas sorption isotherms and single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies, showing that the flexible pore pockets can be opened by C3H8 and n-C4H10 molecules rather by C2H6 and CH4. This leads to notably higher C3H8 and n-C4H10 uptakes with enhanced selectivities than C2H6 over CH4 under ambient conditions, affording one of the highest n-C4H10/CH4 selectivities. The gas-loaded single-crystal structures coupled with theoretical simulations reveal that the loading of n-C4H10 can induce an obvious framework expansion along with pore pocket opening to improve n-C4H10 uptake and selectivity, while not for C2H6 adsorption. This work suggests an effective strategy of designing flexible-robust HOFs for improving gas separation properties.

12.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28579, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560102

RESUMO

To evaluate the performance of online teaching during the COVID-19 period, we collected 1886 survey data from college students in Hubei Province, China. The scoring rules of the Framework for Teaching were used to measure college students' satisfaction with online teaching, and an econometric model was constructed to empirically validate its dynamic influences. We found that college students' satisfaction with online teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic was lower than that with offline teaching. Online teaching satisfaction was significantly affected by variables of class size, proportion of online teaching, epidemic severity, college grade, network, course classification, major classification, and the teacher's age and skills. It was further found that as COVID-19 gradually dissipated, offline teaching should be resumed as soon as possible. These findings objectively evaluate the teaching performance of college students during the COVID-19 pandemic and can provide suggestions for optimizing online teaching during future emergencies.

13.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1341996, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567137

RESUMO

Introduction: The rhizomes of Coptis plants have been used in traditional Chinese medicine over 2000 years. Due to increasing market demand, the overexploitation of wild populations, habitat degradation and indiscriminate artificial cultivation of Coptis species have severely damaged the native germplasms of species in China. Methods: Genome-wide simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed using the genomic data of C. chinensis. Population genetic diversity and structure of 345 Coptis accessions collected from 32 different populations were performed based on these SSRs. The distribution of suitable areas for three taxa in China was predicted and the effects of environmental variables on genetic diversity in relation to different population distributions were further analyzed. Results: 22 primer pairs were selected as clear, stable, and polymorphic SSR markers. These had an average of 16.41 alleles and an average polymorphism information content (PIC) value of 0.664. In the neighbor-joining (N-J) clustering analysis, the 345 individuals clustered into three groups, with C. chinensis, C. chinensis var. brevisepala and C. teeta being clearly separated. All C. chinensis accessions were further divided into four subgroups in the population structure analysis. The predicted distributions of suitable areas and the environmental variables shaping these distributions varied considerably among the three species. Discussion: Overall, the amount of solar radiation, precipitation and altitude were the most important environmental variables influencing the distribution and genetic variation of three species. The findings will provide key information to guide the conservation of genetic resources and construction of a core reserve for species.

14.
Andrology ; 2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38639009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A decrease in semen volume among men is comparable to the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide. The anabolic hormone insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) can promote proliferation and differentiation in cultured mouse spermatogonial stem cells and alleviate abnormal in vitro spermatogenesis. Additionally, serum IGF-1 level is negatively correlated with body mass index. Whereas the role of IGF-1 in the sperm production in obese men remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect and potential mechanism of IGF-1 on spermatogenesis of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity mice. METHODS: An HFD-induced obesity mouse model was established. Alterations in testicular morphology, sperm count, proliferation, and apoptosis were observed by H&E staining,immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting. Exogenous recombinant IGF-1 was administered to obese mice to investigate the correlations between altered testicular IGF-1 levels and sperm production. RESULTS: The sperm count was reduced, the testicular structure was disordered, and sex hormone levels were abnormal in HFD-fed mice compared with normal diet-fed mice. The expression of proliferation-related antigens such as proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 was decreased, while that of proapoptotic proteins such as c-caspase3 was increased in testes from HFD-fed mice. Most importantly, the phosphorylation of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in testes was decreased due to reductions in IGF-1 from hepatocytes and Sertoli cells. Recombinant IGF-1 alleviated these functional impairments by promoting IGF-1R, Akt, and Erk1/2 phosphorylation in the testes. CONCLUSIONS: Insufficient IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling is intimately linked to damaged sperm production in obese male mice. Exogenous IGF-1 can improve survival and proliferation as well as sperm production. This study provides a novel theoretical basis and a target for the treatment of obese men with oligozoospermia.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 666: 118-130, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588624

RESUMO

The phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin is an economical precursor for spherical hard carbon (HC) anodes for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs). However, achieving precise molecular-level control of PF-based HC microspheres, particularly for optimizing ion transport microstructure, is challenging. Here, a sodium linoleate (SL)-assisted strategy is proposed to enable molecular-level engineering of PF-based HC microspheres. PF microspheres are synthesized through the polymerization of 3-aminophenol and formaldehyde, initially forming oxazine rings and then undergoing ring-opening polymerization to create a macromolecular network. SL functions as both a surfactant to control microsphere size and a catalyst to enhance ring-opening polymerization and increase polymerization of PF resin. These modifications lead to reduced microsphere diameter, increased interlayer spacing, enhanced graphitization, and significantly improved electron and ion transfer. The synthesized HC microspheres exhibit a remarkable reversible capacity of 337 mAh/g, maintaining 96.9 mAh/g even at a high current density of 5.0 A/g. Furthermore, the full cell demonstrates a high capacity of 150 mAh/g, an energy density of 125.3 Wh kg-1, an impressive initial coulombic efficiency (ICE) of 930.3% at 1 A/g, and remarkable long-term stability over 3000 cycles. This study highlights the potential of surfactant-assisted molecular-level engineering in customizing HC microspheres for advanced SIBs.

16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611248

RESUMO

The development of nontoxic and efficient antifreeze agents for organ cryopreservation is crucial. However, the research remains highly challenging. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of peptoid oligomers using the solid-phase submonomer synthesis method by mimicking the amphiphilic structures of antifreeze proteins (AFPs). The obtained peptoid oligomers showed excellent antifreeze properties, reducing the ice crystal growth rate and inhibiting ice recrystallization. The effects of the hydrophobicity and sequence of the peptoid side chains were also studied to reveal the structure-property relationship. The prepared peptoid oligomers were detected as non-cytotoxic and considered to be useful in the biological field. We hope that the peptoid oligomers presented in this study can provide effective strategies for the design of biological cryoprotectants for organ preservation in the future.

17.
Food Chem X ; 22: 101336, 2024 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623514

RESUMO

Ochratoxin A (OTA) contamination in grape juice has attracted widespread concern as OTA can lead to kidney disease and cause adverse neurological effects. An effective method to remove OTA is to make use of highly adsorbent materials that are able to remove the toxic contaminant. Recently, inactivated Lactobacillus plantarum-based biosorbents have shown to be an efficient, cost-effective and environmentally friendly bioremediation method in removing toxic pollutants such as OTA. We used five chemical thiol-modification methods to improve the adsorption efficiency of OTA in grape juice. The esterification of Lactobacillus plantarum (L-Es) significantly increased the sulfhydryl contents (-SH) by 251.33 µmol/g and >90% of OTA was removed. However, the inactivated microbial adsorbent was difficult to separate after adsorption and therefore, the prepared L-Es were embedded into the cellulose nanocrystals (L-Es@CNCs). Moreover, L-Es@CNCs significantly increased the adsorption rate of OTA in grape juice samples by 88.28% with negligible effects on juice quality due to the properties of easy re-use and excellent biodegradability. This showcases its potential application for OTA removal in the grape juice industry.

18.
J Phys Chem A ; 128(16): 3170-3179, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38624170

RESUMO

We perform a high-level ab initio study on 20 electronic states of monochlorosilylene (HSiCl) using an internally contracted multireference configuration interaction method including Davidson correction (icMRCI+Q). The spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effect is investigated, leading to splitting of the 20 spin-orbit-free states into 50 spin-orbit-coupled states. Vertical transition energies, oscillator strengths, and potential energy curves are presented with and without considering the SOC effect. Analysis indicates that the SOC effect plays an important role, especially for the high-lying excited states of HSiCl. The state interaction and the dynamics of the electronic states of HSiCl in the ultraviolet region are discussed based on our calculation results. Our study paves the way to understanding the behavior of electronic excited states of monochlorosilylene.

19.
Adv Mater ; : e2401821, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567884

RESUMO

In the era of the Internet and the Internet of Things, display technology has evolved significantly toward full-scene display and realistic display. Incorporating "intelligence" into displays is a crucial technical approach to meet the demands of this development. Traditional display technology relies on distributed hardware systems to achieve intelligent displays but encounters challenges stemming from the physical separation of sensing, processing, and light-emitting modules. The high energy consumption and data transformation delays limited the development of intelligence display, breaking the physical separation is crucial to overcoming the bottlenecks of intelligence display technology. Inspired by the biological neural system, neuromorphic technology with all-in-one features is widely employed across various fields. It proves effective in reducing system power consumption, facilitating frequent data transformation, and enabling cross-scene integration. Neuromorphic technology shows great potential to overcome display technology bottlenecks, realizing the full-scene display and realistic display with high efficiency and low power consumption. This review offers a comprehensive summary of recent advancements in the application of neuromorphic technology in displays, with a focus on interoperability. This work delves into its state-of-the-art designs and potential future developments aimed at revolutionizing display technology.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(15): 10357-10366, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574191

RESUMO

Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to organic chemicals provides a value-added route for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. We report a family of carbon-supported Sn electrocatalysts with the tin size varying from single atom, ultrasmall clusters to nanocrystallites. High single-product Faradaic efficiency (FE) and low onset potential of CO2 conversion to acetate (FE = 90% @ -0.6 V), ethanol (FE = 92% @ -0.4 V), and formate (FE = 91% @ -0.6 V) were achieved over the catalysts of different active site dimensions. The CO2 conversion mechanism behind these highly selective, size-modulated p-block element catalysts was elucidated by structural characterization and computational modeling, together with kinetic isotope effect investigation.

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