Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.254
Filtrar
1.
Phytother Res ; 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725104

RESUMO

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common and serious complication of diabetes, posing a significant threat to human health. Currently, safe and effective preventive strategies for DN are lacking. The study aimed to explore the preventive effect and the underlying mechanism of quercetin against DN. In the in vivo experiments, we established a mouse model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) induced by a combination of high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) to explore the preventive effect of quercetin on DN and its protective role against renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. Subsequently, in vitro experiments using human tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) were conducted to further validate the protective effects of quercetin on renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. Additionally, we employed RNA sequencing analysis (RNA-seq) and network pharmacology analysis to comprehensively elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved. In vivo, we observed a significant increase in the ratio of urinary microalbumin to creatinine in diabetic mice compared to control mice, accompanied by the activation of renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. Remarkably, all of these changes were reversed after quercetin treatment. In vitro, high-glucose-induced apoptosis in HK-2 cells was significantly attenuated by quercetin. Subsequent RNA sequencing analysis and network pharmacology analysis revealed that quercetin was most likely to inhibit high-glucose-induced HK-2 cell apoptosis through the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Western Blotting results further demonstrated that quercetin could inhibit the activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in HK-2 cells induced by high glucose. Our results supported that quercetin could prevent DN by inhibiting tubular epithelial cell apoptosis via the PI3K/AKT pathway. Quercetin might be a promising candidate for the prevention of DN.

2.
EBioMedicine ; 104: 105155, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies having evaluated the associations between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and risk of specific cancers other than anogenital tract and oropharyngeal, the findings are inconsistent and the quality of evidence has not been systematically quantified. We aimed to summarise the existing evidence as well as to evaluate the strength and credibility of these associations. METHODS: We conducted an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational studies. PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched from inception to March 2024. Studies with systematic reviews and meta-analyses that examined associations between HPV or HPV-associated genotypes infection and specific cancers were eligible for this review. The quality of the methodology was evaluated using A Measurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR). The credibility of the evidence was assessed using GRADE. The protocol was preregistered with PROSPERO (CRD42023439070). FINDINGS: The umbrella review identified 31 eligible studies reporting 87 associations with meta-analytic estimates, including 1191 individual studies with 336,195 participants. Of those, 29 (93.5%) studies were rated as over moderate quality by AMSTAR. Only one association indicating HPV-18 infection associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 3.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.24-5.41) was graded as convincing evidence. There were five unique outcomes identified as highly suggestive evidence, including HPV infection increased the risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OR = 7.03, 95% CI = 3.87-12.76), oesophageal cancer (OR = 3.32, 95% CI = 2.54-4.34), oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OR = 2.69, 95% CI = 2.05-3.54), lung cancer (OR = 3.60, 95% CI = 2.59-5.01), and breast cancer (OR = 6.26, 95% CI = 4.35-9.00). According to GRADE, one association was classified as high, indicating that compared with the controls in normal tissues, HPV infection was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. INTERPRETATION: The umbrella review synthesised up-to-date observational evidence on HPV infection with the risk of breast cancer, oral squamous cell carcinoma, oesophageal cancer, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and lung cancer. Further larger prospective cohort studies are needed to verify the associations, providing public health recommendations for prevention of disease. FUNDING: National Key Research and Development Program of China, Natural Science Foundation of China, Outstanding Scientific Fund of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, and 345 Talent Project of Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730872

RESUMO

Steel slag is a by-product of the steel industry and usually contains a high amount of f-CaO and f-MgO, which will result in serious soundness problems once used as a binding material and/or aggregates. To relieve this negative effect, carbonation treatment was believed to be one of the available and reliable methods. By carbonation treatment of steel slag, the phases of f-CaO and f-MgO can be effectively transformed into CaCO3 and MgCO3, respectively. This will not only reduce the expansive risk of steel slag to improve the utilization of steel slag further but also capture and store CO2 due to the mineralization process to reduce carbon emissions. In this study, based on the physical and chemical properties of steel slag, the carbonation mechanism, factors affecting the carbonation process, and the application of carbonated steel slag were reviewed. Eventually, the research challenge was also discussed.

4.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731612

RESUMO

Organic dyes are widely used in many important areas, but they also bring many issues for water pollution. To address the above issues, a reconstructed kaolinite hybrid compound (γ-AlOOH@A-Kaol) was obtained from raw kaolinite (Kaol) in this work. The product was then characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the absorption properties of γ-AlOOH@A-Kaol for congo red were further studied. The results demonstrated that flower-like γ-AlOOH with nanolamellae were uniformly loaded on the surface of acid-treated Kaol with a porous structure (A-Kaol). In addition, the surface area (36.5 m2/g), pore volume (0.146 cm3/g), and pore size (13.0 nm) of γ-AlOOH@A-Kaol were different from those of A-Kaol (127.4 m2/g, 0.127 cm3/g, and 4.28 nm, respectively) and γ-AlOOH (34.1 m2/g, 0.315 cm3/g, and 21.5 nm, respectively). The unique structure could significantly enhance the sorption capacity for congo red, which could exceed 1000 mg/g. The reasons may be ascribed to the abundant groups of -OH, large specific surface area, and porous structure of γ-AlOOH@A-Kaol. This work provides an efficient route for comprehensive utilization and production of Kaol-based compound materials that could be used in the field of environmental conservation.

5.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728186

RESUMO

Background: Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Ageing and Dementia (CAIDE) risk score serves as a credible predictor of an individual's risk of dementia. However, studies on the link of the CAIDE score to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology are scarce. Objective: To explore the links of CAIDE score to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of AD as well as to cognitive performance. Methods: In the Chinese Alzheimer's Biomarker and LifestylE (CABLE) study, we recruited 600 cognitively normal participants. Correlations between the CAIDE score and CSF biomarkers of AD as well as cognitive performance were probed through multiple linear regression models. Whether the correlation between CAIDE score and cognitive performance was mediated by AD pathology was researched by means of mediation analyses. Results: Linear regression analyses illustrated that CAIDE score was positively associated with tau-related biomarkers, including pTau (p <  0.001), tTau (p <  0.001), as well as tTau/Aß42 (p = 0.008), while it was in negative association with cognitive scores, consisting of MMSE score (p <  0.001) as well as MoCA score (p <  0.001). The correlation from CAIDE score to cognitive scores was in part mediated by tau pathology, with a mediation rate varying from 3.2% to 13.2% . Conclusions: A higher CAIDE score, as demonstrated in our study, was linked to more severe tau pathology and poorer cognitive performance, and tau pathology mediated the link of CAIDE score to cognitive performance. Increased dementia risk will lead to cognitive decline through aggravating neurodegeneration.

6.
Vaccine ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Universal varicella vaccination has been introduced in many countries, but there are a number of important differences in their vaccination strategies. It is essential to establish a vaccination program that can maximize the benefits of varicella vaccine, but there is a lack of comprehensive research on the effectiveness of varicella vaccine in different vaccination status. METHODS: Using data from population-based surveillance platforms we conducted a 1:2 matched case-control study. The cases were clinically diagnosed varicella with onset from 2017 to 2021, 1-14 years old in Chaoyang District, Beijing. The controls were matched according to date of birth (±1 month), sex and residence. The vaccination data of the subjects were obtained from the Childhood Immunization Information Management System in Beijing. Using conditional logistic regression models with or without interaction terms, we evaluated the effectiveness of varicella vaccine in different vaccination status. RESULTS: A total of 2528 cases and 5056 controls were enrolled. This study found that whether the time since last vaccination was adjusted had a substantial effect on the comparing vaccine effectiveness (VE) between subgroups. After adjustment for the time since last vaccination, 1) the incremental VE of 2-dose was 49.6 % (95 % Confidence Interval [CI], 38.8-58.6) compared with 1-dose (93.9 % vs. 88.0 %); 2) Among children who received one dose, the risk of chickenpox in children vaccinated at 18-23 months was 1.382 (95 %CI, 1.084-1.762) times that in children vaccinated at 12-17 months. 3) the VE with less than one, two, and three year intervals is higher than that with six-year-intervals (P < 0.05), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: When comparing VE between subgroups of different vaccination status, the time since last vaccination should be adjusted. The first dose of varicella vaccine should be given as early as the second year of life, and the second dose can improve vaccine effectiveness.

7.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712231

RESUMO

Single-cell multiomic techniques have sparked immense interest in developing a comprehensive multi-modal map of diverse neuronal cell types and their brain wide projections. However, investigating the spatial organization, transcriptional and epigenetic landscapes of brain wide projection neurons is hampered by the lack of efficient and easily adoptable tools. Here we introduce Projection-TAGs, a retrograde AAV platform that allows multiplex tagging of projection neurons using RNA barcodes. By using Projection-TAGs, we performed multiplex projection tracing of the mouse cortex and high-throughput single-cell profiling of the transcriptional and epigenetic landscapes of the cortical projection neurons. Projection-TAGs can be leveraged to obtain a snapshot of activity-dependent recruitment of distinct projection neurons and their molecular features in the context of a specific stimulus. Given its flexibility, usability, and compatibility, we envision that Projection-TAGs can be readily applied to build a comprehensive multi-modal map of brain neuronal cell types and their projections.

8.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 580, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735973

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: SRSF1, a member of Serine/Arginine-Rich Splicing Factors (SRSFs), has been observed to significantly influence cancer progression. However, the precise role of SRSF1 in osteosarcoma (OS) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the functions of SRSF1 and its underlying mechanism in OS. METHODS: SRSF1 expression level in OS was evaluated on the TCGA dataset, TAGET-OS database. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were employed to assess SRSF1 expression in human OS cell lines as well as the interfered ectopic expression states. The effect of SRSF1 on cell migration, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis of OS cells were measured by transwell assay and flow cytometry. RNA sequence and bioinformatic analyses were conducted to elucidate the targeted genes, relevant biological pathways, and alternative splicing (AS) events regulated by SRSF1. RESULTS: SRSF1 expression was consistently upregulated in both OS samples and OS cell lines. Diminishing SRSF1 resulted in reduced proliferation, migration, and invasion and increased apoptosis in OS cells while overexpressing SRSF1 led to enhanced growth, migration, invasion, and decreased apoptosis. Mechanistically, Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) revealed that the biological functions of SRSF1 were closely associated with the dysregulation of the protein targeting processes, location of the cytosolic ribosome, extracellular matrix (ECM), and proteinaceous extracellular matrix, along with the PI3K-AKT pathway, Wnt pathway, and HIPPO pathway. Transcriptome analysis identified AS events modulated by SRSF1, especially (Skipped Exon) SE events and (Mutually exclusive Exons) MXE events, revealing potential roles of targeted molecules in mRNA surveillance, RNA degradation, and RNA transport during OS development. qRT-PCR confirmed that SRSF1 knockdown resulted in the occurrence of alternative splicing of SRRM2, DMKN, and SCAT1 in OS. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the oncogenic role of high SRSF1 expression in promoting OS progression, and further explore the potential mechanisms of action. The significant involvement of SRSF1 in OS development suggests its potential utility as a therapeutic target in OS.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Neoplasias Ósseas , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Osteossarcoma , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina , Humanos , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/genética , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Apoptose/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação para Cima , Processamento Alternativo
9.
Anal Methods ; 16(19): 3118-3124, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699853

RESUMO

Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) are a type of extracellular vesicle that carries many types of molecular information. The identification of sEVs is essential for the non-invasive detection and treatment of illnesses. Hence, there is a significant need for the development of simple, sensitive, and precise methods for sEV detection. Herein, a DNA tweezers-based assay utilizing a "turn-on" mechanism and proximity ligation was suggested for the efficient and rapid detection of sEVs through amplified fluorescence. The target facilitates the proximity combination of the C1 probe and C2 probe, resulting in the formation of a complete extended sequence. The elongated sequence can cyclically initiate the hairpin probe (HP), leading to the activation of DNA tweezers. An excellent linear correlation was achieved, with a limit of detection of 57 particles per µL. Furthermore, it has been effectively employed to analyze sEVs under intricate experimental conditions, demonstrating a promising and pragmatic prospect for future applications. Given that the identification of sEVs was successfully accomplished using a single-step method that exhibited exceptional sensitivity and strong resistance to interference, the proposed technique has the potential to provide a beneficial platform for accurate recognition of sEVs and early detection of diseases.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Vesículas Extracelulares/química , Humanos , DNA/química , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
10.
Lipids Health Dis ; 23(1): 143, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is an accessible and relatively comprehensive assessment of obesity that represents both anatomical and physiological lipid accumulation. Obesity and psoriasis are potentially related, according to previous research. Investigating the relationship between adult psoriasis and the LAP index was the goal of this study. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2006 and 2009-2014. The association between LAP and psoriasis was examined using multivariate logistic regression and smoothed curve fitting. To verify whether this relationship was stable across populations, subgroup analyses and interaction tests were performed. RESULTS: The LAP index showed a positive correlation with psoriasis in 9,781 adult participants who were 20 years of age or older. A 27% elevated probability of psoriasis was linked to every unit increase in ln LAP in the fully adjusted model (Model 3: OR 1.27, 95% CI 1.06-1.52). In comparison with participants in the lowest ln LAP quartile, those in the highest quartile had an 83% greater likelihood of psoriasis (Model 3: OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.08-3.11). This positive correlation was more pronounced for young males, participants who had never smoked, non-drinkers, participants who exercised little, as well as non-hypertensive and non-diabetic participants. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the LAP index and adult psoriasis were positively correlated, especially in young males without comorbidities. Therefore, it is proposed that LAP may serve as a biomarker for early diagnosis of psoriasis and tracking the effectiveness of treatment.


Assuntos
Produto da Acumulação Lipídica , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Psoríase , Humanos , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/metabolismo , Masculino , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Fatores de Risco , Modelos Logísticos , Índice de Massa Corporal
11.
Dermatol Online J ; 30(1)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762856

RESUMO

Generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare variant of psoriasis. Evidence recommending generalized pustular psoriasis treatment with secukinumab is limited. This report aims to evaluate the use of secukinumab in two patients with generalized pustular psoriasis. The standard treatment regimen for secukinumab was as follows: 300mg subcutaneously once weekly in weeks 0-4, followed by 300mg every four weeks. The efficacy was evaluated by analyzing the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and dermatology life quality index (DLQI). One patient had generalized pustular psoriasis, which had developed from palmoplantar pustulosis over 12 years. The second patient was an adolescent with recurrent generalized pustular psoriasis. The first patient achieved PASI-75 response by week 3 and both PASI-90 and a DLQI score of 0 were observed by week 8. The second patient achieved PASI-75 response by week 4 and complete clinical resolution, except for nail changes, and a DLQI of 0 by week 8, without any adverse events.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Psoríase , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto
12.
Carbohydr Polym ; 338: 122183, 2024 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763721

RESUMO

Phosphorus is a critical factor in the control of eutrophication. We developed a three-dimensional porous, bimetallic-modified adsorbent La-Ca-CS/ATP to remove excess phosphate from water. Langmuir model showed that the theoretical adsorption capacity of La-Ca-CS/ATP was up to 123 mg P/g. The amount of La and Ca leached by La-Ca-CS/ATP was small, and the adsorption of 36.08 mg P/g was maintained during the five cycles of La-Ca-CS/ATP. The La-Ca-CS/ATP adsorption mechanism mainly involved surface precipitation, ligand exchange, electrostatic attraction, and inner-sphere complexation. Molecular dynamics demonstrated that La and Ca had complementary effects on binding sites and energy barriers within the range of 0.5-0.7 nm and 1.2-2 nm, enhancing the adsorption effect of La-Ca-CS/ATP. The life cycle assessment results showed that adding calcium could help reduce the environmental impact of lanthanum and chitosan. The production of La-Ca-CS/ATP adsorbed 73.88 P mg/g and emitted 24.73 kg CO2 eq, which was less than other adsorbents.

14.
BMC Med ; 22(1): 206, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38769523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate the relationship between ABO and Rhesus (Rh) blood groups and various health outcomes. However, a comprehensive evaluation of the robustness of these associations is still lacking. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane, and several regional databases from their inception until Feb 16, 2024, with the aim of identifying systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies exploring associations between ABO and Rh blood groups and diverse health outcomes. For each association, we calculated the summary effect sizes, corresponding 95% confidence intervals, 95% prediction interval, heterogeneity, small-study effect, and evaluation of excess significance bias. The evidence was evaluated on a grading scale that ranged from convincing (Class I) to weak (Class IV). We assessed the certainty of evidence according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation criteria (GRADE). We also evaluated the methodological quality of included studies using the A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR). AMSTAR contains 11 items, which were scored as high (8-11), moderate (4-7), and low (0-3) quality. We have gotten the registration for protocol on the PROSPERO database (CRD42023409547). RESULTS: The current umbrella review included 51 systematic reviews with meta-analysis articles with 270 associations. We re-calculated each association and found only one convincing evidence (Class I) for an association between blood group B and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk compared with the non-B blood group. It had a summary odds ratio of 1.28 (95% confidence interval: 1.17, 1.40), was supported by 6870 cases with small heterogeneity (I2 = 13%) and 95% prediction intervals excluding the null value, and without hints of small-study effects (P for Egger's test > 0.10, but the largest study effect was not more conservative than the summary effect size) or excess of significance (P < 0.10, but the value of observed less than expected). And the article was demonstrated with high methodological quality using AMSTAR (score = 9). According to AMSTAR, 18, 32, and 11 studies were categorized as high, moderate, and low quality, respectively. Nine statistically significant associations reached moderate quality based on GRADE. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a potential relationship between ABO and Rh blood groups and adverse health outcomes. Particularly the association between blood group B and type 2 diabetes mellitus risk.


Assuntos
Sistema ABO de Grupos Sanguíneos , Metanálise como Assunto , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo Rh-Hr , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto/métodos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/métodos
15.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 317: 124434, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735113

RESUMO

Probing intracellular organelles with fluorescent dyes offers opportunities to understand the structures and functions of these cellular compartments, which is attracting increasing interests. Normally, the design principle varies for different organelle targets as they possess distinct structural and functional profiles against each other. Therefore, developing a probe with dual intracellular targets is of great challenge. In this work, a new sort of donor-π-bridge-acceptor (D-π-A) type coumaranone dyes (CMO-1/2/3/4) have been prepared. Four fluorescent probes (TPP@CMO-1/2/3/4) were then synthesized by linking these coumaranone dyes with an amphiphilic cation triphenylphosphonium (TPP). Interestingly, both TPP@CMO-1 and TPP@CMO-2 exhibited dual color emission upon targeting to two different organelles, respectively. The green emission is well localized in mitochondria, while, the red emission realizes nucleoli imaging. RNA is the target of TPP@CMOs, which was confirmed by spectroscopic analysis and computational calculation. More importantly, the number and morphology changes of nucleoli under drug stress have been successfully evaluated using TPP@CMO-1.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134556, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although evidence on the association between per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and human health outcomes has grown exponentially, specific health outcomes and their potential associations with PFASs have not been conclusively evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search through the databases of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to February 29, 2024, to identify systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies examining the associations between the PFASs and multiple health outcomes. The quality of included studies was evaluated using the A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) tool, and credibility of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations (GRADE) criteria. The protocol of this umbrella review (UR) had been registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42023480817). RESULTS: The UR identified 157 meta-analyses from 29 articles. Using the AMSTAR measurement tool, all articles were categorized as of moderate-to-high quality. Based on the GRADE assessment, significant associations between specific types of PFASs and low birth weight, tetanus vaccine response, and triglyceride levels showed high certainty of evidence. Moreover, moderate certainty of evidence with statistical significance was observed between PFASs and health outcomes including lower BMI z-score in infancy, poor sperm progressive motility, and decreased risk of preterm birth as well as preeclampsia. Fifty-two (33%) associations (e.g., PFASs and gestational hypertension, cardiovascular disease, etc) presented low certainty evidence. Additionally, eighty-five (55%) associations (e.g., PFASs with infertility, lipid metabolism, etc) presented very low certainty evidence. CONCLUSION: High certainty of evidence supported that certain PFASs were associated with the incidence of low birth weight, low efficiency of the tetanus vaccine, and low triglyceride levels.

17.
Food Funct ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727142

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of soy protein isolate (SPI) gels added with Tremella polysaccharides (TPs) and psyllium husk powder (PHP) as 3D printing inks for developing dysphagia-friendly food and elucidate the potential mechanism of TPs and PHP in enhancing the printing and swallowing performance of SPI gels. The results indicated that the SPI gels with a TP : PHP ratio of 3 : 7 could be effectively used as printing inks to manufacture dysphagia-friendly food. The addition of TPs increased the free water content, resulting in a decrease in the viscosity of the SPI gels, which, in turn, reduced the line width of the 3D-printed product and structural strength of the gel system. The addition of PHP increased disulfide bond interactions and excluded volume interactions, which determined the mechanical strength of SPI gels and increased the line width of the printed product. The synergistic effects between TPs and PHP improved the printing precision and structural stability. This study presents meaningful insights for the utilization of 3D printing in the creation of dysphagia-friendly food using protein-polysaccharide complexes.

18.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 575, 2024 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724921

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors of cervical high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(HSIL) complicated with occult cervical cancer and standardize the management of initial treatment for HSIL. METHOD: The clinical data of patients who underwent total hysterectomy directly due to HSIL in the obstetrics and gynecology department of two tertiary hospitals and three secondary hospitals from 2018 to 2023 were collected. Their general characteristics, pathological parameters and survival status were analyzed. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between clinical parameters and postoperative pathological upgrading. RESULT: 1. Among the 314 patients with HSIL who underwent total hysterectomy directly, 73.2% were from primary hospitals. 2. 25 patients (7.9%) were pathologically upgraded to cervical cancer, all of which were early invasive cancer. 3. Up to now, there was no recurrence or death in the 25 patients with early-stage invasive cancer, and the median follow-up period was 21 months(range 2-59 months). 4. Glandular involvement(OR 3.968; 95%CI 1.244-12.662) and lesion range ≥ 3 quadrants (OR 6.527; 95% CI 1.78-23.931), HPV 16/18 infection (OR 5.382; 95%CI 1.947-14.872), TCT ≥ ASC-H (OR 4.719; 95%CI 1.892-11.766) were independent risk factors that affected the upgrading of postoperative pathology. 5. The area under the curve (AUC) calculated by the Logistic regression model was 0.840, indicating that the predictive value was good. CONCLUSION: There is a risk of occult cervical cancer in patients with HSIL. Glandular involvement, Lesion range ≥ 3 quadrants, HPV 16/18 infection and TCT ≥ ASC-H are independent risk factors for HSIL combined with occult cervical cancer. The prognosis of biopsy-proved HSIL patients who underwent extrafascial hysterectomy and unexpected early invasive cancer was later identified on specimen may be good.


Assuntos
Histerectomia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Humanos , Feminino , Histerectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/cirurgia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/patologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas/cirurgia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/patologia , Gradação de Tumores
19.
Front Pediatr ; 12: 1288853, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766393

RESUMO

Hypothermia has been widely used to treat moderate to severe neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), yet evaluating the effects of hypothermia relies on clinical neurology, neuroimaging, amplitude-integrated electroencephalography, and follow-up data on patient outcomes. Biomarkers of brain injury have been considered for estimating the effects of hypothermia. Proteins specific to the central nervous system (CNS) are components of nervous tissue, and once the CNS is damaged, these proteins are released into biofluids (cerebrospinal fluid, blood, urine, tears, saliva), and they can be used as markers of brain damage. Clinical reports have shown that CNS-specific marker proteins (CNSPs) were early expressed in biofluids after brain damage and formed unique biochemical profiles. As a result, these markers may serve as an indicator for screening brain injury in infants, monitoring disease progression, identifying damage region of brain, and assessing the efficacy of neuroprotective measures. In clinical work, we have found that there are few reports on using CNSPs as biological signals in hypothermia for neonatal HIE. The aim of this article is to review the classification, origin, biochemical composition, and physiological function of CNSPs with changes in their expression levels after hypothermia for neonatal HIE. Hopefully, this review will improve the awareness of CNSPs among pediatricians, and encourage future studies exploring the mechanisms behind the effects of hypothermia on these CNSPs, in order to reduce the adverse outcome of neonatal HIE.

20.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768044

RESUMO

Herein, a fluorescence light-up 3D DNA walker (FLDW) was powered and accelerated by endogenous adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) molecules to construct a biosensor for sensitive and rapid label-free detection and imaging of microRNA-221 (miRNA-221) in malignant tumor cells. Impressively, ATP as the driving force and accelerator for FLDW could significantly accelerate the operation rate of FLDW, reduce the likelihood of errors in signaling, and improve the sensitivity of detection and imaging. When FLDW was initiated by output DNA H1-op transformed by target miRNA-221, G-rich sequences in the S strand, anchored to AuNP, were exposed to form G-quadruplexes (G4s), and thioflavin T (ThT) embedded in the G4s emitted intense fluorescence to realize sensitive and rapid detection of target miRNA-221. Meanwhile, the specific binding of ThT to G4 with a weak background fluorescence response was utilized to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio of the label-free assay straightforwardly and cost-effectively. The proposed FLDW system could realize sensitive detection of the target miRNA-221 in the range of 1 pM to 10 nM with a detection limit of 0.19 pM by employing catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) to improve the conversion of the target. Furthermore, by harnessing the abundant ATP present in the tumor microenvironment, FLDW achieved rapid and accurate imaging of miRNA-221 in cancer cells. This strategy provides an innovative and high-speed label-free approach for the detection and imaging of biomarkers in cancer cells and is expected to be a powerful tool for bioanalysis, diagnosis, and prognosis of human diseases.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...