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1.
J Neurochem ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348636

RESUMO

Orofacial neuropathic pain is a common symptom induced by orofacial nerve injury caused by a range of trauma or dental and maxillofacial procedures but lacks effective treatment. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) participate in the regulatory processes of neuropathic pain. Nevertheless, the biological roles of circRNAs in orofacial neuropathic pain remain unexplored. In this study, circRNA sequencing and Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were carried out. Notably, a novel circRNA named circ_lrrc49 was identified to be downregulated following chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-ION) in mice on day 14. Subsequent RNA Antisense Purification (RAP)-mass spectrometry and RNA immunoprecipitation found a direct interaction between circ_lrrc49 and increased sodium tolerance 1 homolog (Ist1). Western blot (WB) identified decreased expression of Ist1 on day 14 post-CCI-ION. Considering the known relationship between Ist1 and autophagy, LC3-II and p62 were detected to be upregulated, and an accumulation of autophagosomes were observed at the same time point. Besides, the knockdown of circ_lrrc49 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduced Ist1 expression, increased LC3-II, p62 levels and autophagosomes amount, and evoked orofacial mechanical hypersensitivity, which could be counteracted by the Ist1 overexpression. Similarly, the knockdown of Ist1 by siRNA also increased LC3-II and p62 levels and evoked orofacial mechanical hypersensitivity without influence on circ_lrrc49. Moreover, autophagy activation by rapamycin alleviated orofacial mechanical hypersensitivity evoked by CCI-ION or circ_lrrc49 knockdown. In conclusion, our data revealed the existence of a circ_lrrc49/Ist1/autophagy signaling axis contributing to the progression of orofacial neuropathic pain. These discoveries reveal the intricate molecular processes that drive orofacial neuropathic pain and identify circ_lrrc49 as a promising target for potential therapeutic interventions.

2.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38349738

RESUMO

Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is the main pathological subtype of oral cancer, and the current therapeutic effect is far from satisfactory. The signal peptide-CUB-EGF domain-containing protein 3 (SCUBE3) has been shown to be a tumor-promoting factor in several malignancies. However, little is known about the role of SCUBE3 in TSCC. In this study, we identified that SCUBE3 was highly expressed in TSCC. Clinically, high expression of SCUBE3 was positively associated with tumor stage and T stage of TSCC. Functionally, SCUBE3 silence remarkably restrained cell proliferation, migration and invasion, induced apoptosis as well as cell cycle arrest in G2 phase, and weakened the tumorigenicity of TSCC cells in vivo. Mechanistically, SCUBE3 promoted the direct binding of CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (CEBPA) to C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) promoter in TSCC cells. Interestingly, CCL2 overexpression partially reversed the inhibitory effect of SCUBE3 deficiency on TSCC cell viability and migration. Moreover, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling contributed to CCL2-mediated phenotypes in TSCC cells. Implications: our data revealed a tumor-promoting role for SCUBE3 in TSCC via the CEBPA/ CCL2/STAT3 axis, which provided new insight into novel potential therapeutic target for TSCC.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(3)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339676

RESUMO

Distributed laser measurement systems, widely used in high-end equipment such as airplanes, ships, and other manufacturing fields, face challenges in large spatial measurements due to laser plane obstructions and weak intersections. This paper introduces a novel omnidirectional sensor with enhanced adaptability to complex environments and improved measurement accuracy. Initially, an integrated omnidirectional measurement model is established, followed by the analysis of the optical path of the front-end detector, and the design of a signal-conditioning circuit for the photoelectric conversion of the front-end laser signal, Subsequently, a circuit testing platform is established to validate the detection functionality, and the corresponding results indicate that the symmetry of the output waveform is under 10 ns, the response time is under 100 ns, and the maximum detection distance is 22 m. Further, experimental results demonstrate the superiority of omnidirectional sensors over planar ones in complex environments, successfully receiving 360° laser signals. The positional accuracy of the common point to be measured on the top of the omnidirectional sensor is confirmed to exceed 0.05 mm, and the accuracy of the angle of attitude exceeds 0.04°. Using the laser tracker, the measurement accuracy of the system is verified to be better than 0.3 mm. When rotating in the horizontal and pitch directions, the measurement accuracy is better than 0.35 mm and 0.47 mm, respectively, fulfilling the sub-millimeter precision requirement and expanding the application scope of distributed laser measurement systems.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 467: 133643, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330645

RESUMO

Mangrove sediments are unique ecosystems providing habitats for diverse organisms, especially microbial communities. However, little is known about the diversity and environmental risk of a critical group of microorganisms, the protists. To address this gap, we employed metagenome sequencing technologies to provide the first comprehensive view of the protistan community in the mangrove sediment. Our results surprisingly showed that parasitic protists dominated the protistan community in mangrove sediments, with an average abundance of 59.67%, one of the highest in all ecosystems on Earth. We also found that the relative abundance of protists decreased significantly (R = -0.21, p = 0.045) with latitude but increased with depths (R = 0.7099, p < 0.001). The parasitic communities were positively influenced by microbial (bacteria, fungi, and archaea) communities, including horizontal-scale and vertical-scale. In addition, sulfate and salinity had the most significant influence on the protistan community. Our findings provide new insights into our understanding of protistan variation in mangrove sediments, including abundance, composition, and possible functions, and indicate that mangrove sediments are hotspots for environmental pathogens, posing a potential risk to human health.

5.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 145, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schizothorax o'connori is an endemic fish distributed in the upper and lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River in China. It has experienced a fourth round of whole gene replication events and is a good model for exploring the genetic differentiation and environmental adaptability of fish in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has led to changes in the river system, thereby affecting gene exchange and population differentiation between fish populations. With the release of fish whole genome data, whole genome resequencing has been widely used in genetic evolutionary analysis and screening of selected genes in fish, which can better elucidate the genetic basis and molecular environmental adaptation mechanisms of fish. Therefore, our purpose of this study was to understand the population structure and adaptive characteristics of S. o'connori using the whole-genome resequencing method. RESULTS: The results showed that 23,602,746 SNPs were identified from seven populations, mostly distributed on chromosomes 2 and 23. There was no significant genetic differentiation between the populations, and the genetic diversity was relatively low. However, the Zangga population could be separated from the Bomi, Linzhi, and Milin populations in the cluster analysis. Based on historical dynamics analysis of the population, the size of the ancestral population of S. o'connori was affected by the late accelerated uplift of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the Fourth Glacial Age. The selected sites were mostly enriched in pathways related to DNA repair and energy metabolism. CONCLUSION: Overall, the whole-genome resequencing analysis provides valuable insights into the population structure and adaptive characteristics of S. o'connori. There was no obvious genetic differentiation at the genome level between the S. o'connori populations upstream and downstream of the Yarlung Zangbo River. The current distribution pattern and genetic diversity are influenced by the late accelerated uplift of the Qinghai Tibet Plateau and the Fourth Ice Age. The selected sites of S. o'connori are enriched in the energy metabolism and DNA repair pathways to adapt to the low temperature and strong ultraviolet radiation environment at high altitude.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Raios Ultravioleta , Animais , Tibet , China , Cyprinidae/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
World J Clin Cases ; 12(3): 601-606, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that encompass multiple systems. The most common clinical symptoms of POEMS syndrome are progressive sensorimotor polyneuropathy, organ enlargement, endocrine disorders, darkening skin, a monoclonal plasma cell proliferative disorder, and lymph node hyperplasia. The organomegaly consists of hepatosplenomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy; cases of cardiomyopathy are rare. Diagnoses are often delayed because of the atypical nature of the syndrome, exposing patients to possibly severe disability. Therefore, identifying atypical symptoms can improve the prognosis and quality of life among POEMS syndrome patients. CASE SUMMARY: Herein, we report the case of a 59-year-old woman with POEMS syndrome that involved dilated cardiomyopathy. The patient presented to the hospital with complaints of shortness of breath and discomfort in the chest. The patient reported previous experiences of limb numbness. During hospitalization, the brain natriuretic peptide levels were 3504.0 pg/mL. Color doppler echocardiography showed an enlarged left side of the heart, along with ventricular wall hypokinesis and compromised functioning of the same side of the heart. Abdominal color ultrasonography revealed that the patient's spleen was enlarged. Observations from cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed that the left side of the heart was enlarged. Slight myocardical fibrosis was also observed. Electromyography was described as a symmetric sensorimotor demyelinating polyneuropathy. Further immunoelectrophoresis of the serum showed the presence of a monoclonal IGA λ M protein. The vascular endothelial growth factor levels were 622.56 pg/mL. Flow cytometric and immunohistochemical staining of the bone marrow detected no monoclonal plasma cells. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with POEMS syndrome associated with dilated cardiomyopathy. The chest-related discomfort and the shortness of breath resolved after the administration of lenalidomide and dexamethasone. CONCLUSION: When patients with cardiomyopathy have systemic manifestations such as numb limbs and darkening skin, the POEMS syndrome is the most possible diagnosis.

7.
Kidney Dis (Basel) ; 10(1): 32-38, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38322628

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors (HIF-PHIs) are novel oral agents used for renal anemia treatment. Roxadustat, a first-in-class HIF-PHI used for treating anemia in chronic kidney disease patients, has been approved in China, Japan, South Korea, Chile, and Europe. Roxadustat is involved in HIF degradation, which can stimulate endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) production and improve iron utilization. Besides, roxadustat can promote dietary iron uptake and transport. In comparison with traditional erythropoiesis-stimulating agent treatment, it might reduce cardiovascular risk and mortality as it causes only a slight increase in the plasma EPO level. Phase II and III clinical trial reports have shown that roxadustat is effective for treating chronic kidney disease patients. The role of roxadustat in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) needs to be examined as patients with chronic kidney disease are different from those receiving renal transplants. Summary: Clinical trials have demonstrated that roxadustat effectively increases and maintains hemoglobin levels in patients with dialysis-dependent and non-dialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease by stimulating endogenous EPO production and optimizing iron utilization. Roxadustat has recently been used effectively to treat patients with EPO-resistant anemia. It has also been used for treating patients with posttransplant anemia (PTA), which is a prognostic factor for mortality in KTRs with an iron deficiency and impaired glomerular filtration rate. Here, we examined the findings of four studies in a narrative review and discussed our perspectives regarding this field of study. Key Messages: Roxadustat significantly improves hemoglobin levels without affecting renal function in KTRs with PTA. It also enhances iron utilization by decreasing ferritin and hepcidin levels and increasing total iron binding capacity, transferrin, and serum iron levels. Roxadustat ameliorates anemia and inflammation, and might have reno-protective effects in KTRs.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 261(Pt 2): 129834, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302029

RESUMO

The unique stere-complex crystal formed by poly(ʟ-lactide)/poly(ᴅ-lactide) (PLLA/PDLA) has a significant impact on properties of poly-lactide materials and is considered an effective means to improve the barrier properties of poly-lactide (PLA). In this work, poly-lactide films with different aggregate structures were prepared and the relationship of aggregate structure and barrier properties were explored. The results show that the crystal structure including crystallinity and crystal forms can be controlled by adjusting the isothermal crystallization time and crystallization temperature during the molding process. PLLA/PDLA composite films contain both homochiral crystallites and stereo-complex crystallites, and there is a synergistic crystallization effect between the two of them, which provides the composite films with high crystallinity and excellent barrier properties. Compared to the PLLA with homochiral crystallites, the PLLA/PDLA composite film with only stereo-complex crystallites exhibits higher barrier properties. The linear correlation between the crystallinity and the barrier properties is weak due to the changes in crystallization behavior and then the structure of poly-lactide caused by stereo-complexation. The linear correlation between the crystallinity and the barrier properties of the blend film is strong in the low crystallinity but weak at high crystallinity. Compared to homochiral crystallites, stereo-complex crystallites exhibits lower crystallinity dependence. It has been proven that different crystal forms have different design ideas for preparing high-barrier films, but the stereo-complexation resulting from the intermolecular forces between PLLA and PDLA having complementary chemical structure, is an effective method for enhancing the barrier performances of poly-lactide sustainably.

9.
Heliyon ; 10(2): e24745, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298663

RESUMO

Background: Currently, ischemic stroke is the leading cause of death in China. To compare regional differences of ischemic stroke, we analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients with ischemic stroke in four regionally representative hospitals in China. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study at four tertiary hospitals in east China, with regionally representative patients. The associated factors include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia and a combination of these factors. The standardized ratio (SR), estimated as the observed number divided by the expected number, computed as the sum of predicted probabilities from a multivariable logistic regression model derived using data from all other cities, was used to compare to average levels. Results: A total of 34,707 patients were included. The number of patients increased with age in all four hospitals and patients were predominantly male. The number of ischemic stroke cases with related factors increased with age, except for hyperlipidemia. There was no significant gender difference when multiple related factors existed simultaneously. Coronary heart disease had a more significant impact on ischemic stroke in Qingdao Municipal Hospital and the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao, while hyperlipidemia had a significant influence on ischemic stroke in the First Hospital of Qinhuangdao. Conclusions: At four hospitals in east China, with the increase of age, the risk factors associated with ischemic stroke increased, and the distribution of ischemic stroke-related factors showed regional differences.

10.
Dis Colon Rectum ; 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Delphi consensus identified eight symptoms and eight consequences as the highest priorities for defining low anterior resection syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To describe an exploratory scoring instrument that correlates the Delphi consensus on low anterior resection syndrome with functional and quality-of-life scores following intersphincteric resection for ultralow rectal cancer. DESIGN: This was a prospective pilot study. In accordance with the Wexner incontinence score, five frequency responses ranging from never (score 0) to always (score 4) were used to measure the severity of symptom- and consequence-specific variables. SETTINGS: Colorectal surgery referral center. PATIENTS: Among 161 eligible patients, 137 (85%) participants completed an electronic self-assessment survey regarding function and quality-of-life at scheduled follow-up, including 3 to 6, 12, and ≥ 24 months after ileostomy reversal. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcome measures included patient-reported severity of these priorities, as well as its correlation with condition-specific quality-of-life. RESULTS: The most frequent symptom and consequence were "emptying difficulties" and "dissatisfaction with the bowels," respectively. Aside from "emptying difficulties," the proportions of negative symptom domains increased after reversal. In particular, both the frequency responses and the severity scores of "emptying difficulties" did not differ between groups. The percentages of "always option" for consequence domains improved at 12-months follow-up, whereas a higher rate was observed at 24-months later, except for "toilet dependence" and "dissatisfaction with the bowels." We found significant improvements in the summary score of Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (p = 0.04) and our exploratory instrument (p = 0.009), but not in functional scores measured by traditional questionnaires. Furthermore, the condition-specific quality of life strongly correlated with the Delphi consensus severity score (rs = -0.73). LIMITATIONS: Single-institution data and limited sample size. CONCLUSIONS: The important priorities identified by the Delphi consensus might enable a comprehensive overview and a better assessment of low anterior resection syndrome after intersphincteric resection. See Video Abstract.

11.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315230

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With an increasing number of East Asians undergoing blepharoplasty, the number of patients with secondary upper eyelid deformities is increasing. The sunken eyelid deformity is a common deformity after upper blepharoplasty in Asians due to over-resection, retraction, or atrophy of the nasal and central orbital fat pads. Herein, we present a novel procedure, the pendulum movement of orbital fat and retro-orbicularis oculi fat ("POR" technique), for correction of sunken eyelid deformity in secondary Asian blepharoplasty. METHODS: Patients who underwent secondary upper blepharoplasty with the POR technique by the senior author between January 2020 and October 2021 were identified retrospectively. Those with fewer than 6 months of follow-up were excluded. Patient charts and images were reviewed for demographic data, comorbidities, concomitant eyelid deformities, and postoperative complications. Pre- and postoperative aesthetics, including degree of sunken eyelid deformity, were assessed by two independent raters and by self-reported patient satisfaction. RESULTS: Forty-nine consecutive patients were identified, all of whom were female and had grade I or II sunken eyelid deformity. Median follow-up was 8 months. Concomitant deformities included high tarsal crease (N = 31 patients, 63.3%), ptosis (N = 13, 26.5%), and upper eyelid retraction (N = 5, 10.2%). Almost patients had improvement in their eyelid volume, and 95.9% had improvement in their aesthetic rating. Approximately 93.9% of patients were satisfied with the outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The POR technique is an effective technique for correction of sunken eyelid deformity and can be utilized in conjunction with other techniques during secondary blepharoplasty. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE III: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .

12.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2746-2765, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297796

RESUMO

In this paper, we investigate the optical nondegenerate solitons in a birefringent fiber with a 35 degree elliptical angle. We derive the nondegenerate bright one- and two-soliton solutions by solving the coupled Schrödinger equation. The formation of nondegenerate solitons is related to the wave numbers of the solitons, and we further demonstrate that it is caused by the incoherent addition of different components. We note that the interaction between two degenerate solitons or a nondegenerate soliton and a degenerate soliton is usually inelastic. This is led to the incoherent interaction between solitons of different components and the coherent interaction between solitons of the same component. Through the asymptotic analysis, we find that the two degenerate solitons are elastic interactions under certain conditions, and analyzed the influence of the Kerr nonlinear intensity coefficient γ and the second-order group velocity dispersion ß2 in this system on solitons: the velocity and amplitude of the solitons are proportional to |ß2|, while the amplitude of the solitons is inversely proportional to γ. Two nondegenerate solitons are elastic interactions, but the phase of the soliton can be adjusted to make it inelastic. Furthermore, regardless of the situation mentioned above, total intensities of the solitons before the interaction are equal to that after the soliton interaction.

13.
Opt Express ; 32(2): 2786-2803, 2024 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297799

RESUMO

Here, a scheme for a controllable nonreciprocal phonon laser is proposed in a hybrid photonic molecule system consisting of a whispering-gallery mode (WGM) optomechanical resonator and a χ(2)-nonlinear WGM resonator, by directionally quantum squeezing one of two coupled resonator modes. The directional quantum squeezing results in a chiral photon interaction between the resonators and a frequency shift of the squeezed resonator mode with respect to the unsqueezed bare mode. We show that the directional quantum squeezing can modify the effective optomechanical coupling in the optomechanical resonator, and analyze the impacts of driving direction and squeezing extent on the phonon laser action in detail. Our analytical and numerical results indicate that the controllable nonreciprocal phonon laser action can be effectively realized in this system. The proposed scheme uses an all-optical and chip-compatible approach without spinning resonators, which may be more beneficial for integrating and packaging of the system on a chip. Our proposal may provide a new route to realize integratable phonon devices for on-chip nonreciprocal phonon manipulations, which may be used in chiral quantum acoustics, topological phononics, and acoustical information processing.

14.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 51, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet distribution width (PDW) are associated with poor prognosis in various cancers. We aimed to analyze the prognostic value of the combination of preoperative NLR and PDW in patients with gallbladder carcinoma (GBC). METHODS: A total of 287 GBC patients who underwent curative-intent surgery in our institution was included. The relationship between NLR and PDW and clinicopathological features were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine the optimal cutoff value for NLR and PDW. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Meanwhile, the univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess the risk factors for OS. RESULTS: The optimal cutoff value of NLR and PDW was 3.00 and 14.76, respectively. In addition, survival analysis demonstrated that patients with NLR > 3.00 and PDW > 14.76 had a worse prognosis than patients with NLR ≤ 3.00 and PDW ≤ 14.76, respectively. The multivariate analysis showed that NLR and PDW were independent prognostic factors in the patients with GBC. When we combined NLR and PDW, the area under the ROC curve increased from 0.665 (NLR) and 0.632 (PDW) to 0.676. Moreover, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS of group A (patients with NLR ≤ 3.00 and PDW ≤ 14.76), group B (patients with either of NLR > 3.00 or PDW > 14.76) and group C (patients with NLR > 3.00 and PDW > 14.76) were 88.7%, 62.6%, 28.1%, 65.1%, 26.9%, 13.1%, and 34.8%, 8.3%, 0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The combination of NLR and PDW may serve as a significant prognostic biomarker for GBC patients superior to either NLR or PDW alone.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Neutrófilos , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfócitos , Curva ROC
15.
J Hazard Mater ; 467: 133720, 2024 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335606

RESUMO

As long-lived apex predators, marine mammal adults often accumulate alarmingly levels of environmental contaminants. Nevertheless, the accumulation and risks of these contaminants in the critical calf stage of marine mammals remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated the exposure status and health risks of 74 organohalogen contaminants (OHCs) in Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin calves (Sousa chinensis) collected from the Pearl River Estuary (PRE), China, during 2005-2019. Our findings revealed moderate levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), medium-high levels of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) and hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), and the highest levels of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and alternative halogenated flame retardants (AHFRs) compared to those reported for cetaceans elsewhere. Traditional OHCs like DDTs, PCBs, and PBDEs did not exhibit significant decreasing trends in the dolphin calves despite global restrictions on these compounds, and AHFRs as emerging OHCs showed an increasing trend over the study period. Risk quotients of DDTs, HCHs, PBDEs, and PCBs in most of the dolphin samples were > 1, indicating that humpback dolphin calves may have suffered long-term threats from OHC exposure. The significant correlation observed between the traditional OHC levels and the stranding death number of the dolphin calves suggests these OHCs may impact the survival of this endangered species.

16.
Foods ; 13(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397496

RESUMO

A long-term use of chemical drugs cannot cure type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and their numerous toxic side effects can be harmful to human health. In recent years, probiotics have emerged as a natural resource to replace chemical drugs in alleviating many human ailments. Healthy children's intestines have a lot of colonized Lactobacilli and Bifidobacterium, and these beneficial bacteria can help promote overall health. The objective of this study was to isolate potential antidiabetic probiotic strains from healthy children and evaluate their application prospects. Firstly, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains were isolated from healthy children's feces and identified by the pheS or clpC genes with their respective 16S rRNA genes. Then, hydrophobicity, artificial gastrointestinal fluid tolerance, α-Glucosidase and Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory activities of isolated strains were determined, and antioxidant activities and promoting secretion of GLP-1 in STC-1 cells of candidate strains were tested. Results showed that 6 strains of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium were obtained from the feces of healthy children aged 3 years, respectively, including Lacticaseibacillus paracasei L-21 and L-25, Levilactobacillus brevis L-16, Lentilactobacillus buchneri L-9, Lactiplantibacillus plantarum L-8 and L-3, Bifidobacterium bifidum 11-1 and B-84, Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum 6-1, 6-2, B42 and B53. The hydrophobicity and auto-aggregation levels of all these strains were higher than 30% and 50%, respectively, and the decrease in the number of colonies of all strains in the artificial gastrointestinal fluid was less than 2 log CFU/mL. Strains L-3, L-8, L-9, L-21, 6-1, 11-1, B53 and B84 were selected based on their high α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and DPP-IV inhibitory activity, and results of the antioxidant capacity assay showed that the remaining strains all had intense comprehensive antioxidant activity. Additionally, Lacticaseibacillus paracasei L-21 and Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum B-53 had the most substantial prompting effect on GLP-1 secretion in the STC-1 cell line. These results indicated that Lacticaseibacillus paracasei L-21 and Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum B-53 could be used as a potential antidiabetic strain; thus, its application as a food supplement and drug ingredient could be recommended after in vivo mitigation of type II diabetes test.

17.
Food Chem ; 444: 138641, 2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325080

RESUMO

Hainan dregs vinegar (HNDV) is a traditional fermented food in China that is renowned for its unique flavor. HNDV is one of the most popular vinegars in Southeast Asia. However, research on the microorganisms and characteristic metabolites specific to HNDV is lacking. This study investigated the changes in microbial succession, volatile flavor compounds and characteristic non-volatile flavor compounds during HNDV fermentation based on metagenomics and metabolomics. The predominant microbial genera were Lactococcus, Limosilactobacillus, Lactiplantibacillus, and Saccharomyces. Unlike traditional vinegar, l-lactic acid was identified as the primary organic acid in HNDV. Noteworthy flavor compounds specific to HNDV included 3-methylthiopropanol and dl-phenylalanine. Significant associations were observed between six predominant microorganisms and six characteristic volatile flavor compounds, as well as seven characteristic non-volatile flavor compounds. The present results contribute to the development of starter cultures and the enhancement of HNDV quality.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325863

RESUMO

Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is one of the common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults and children worldwide. FSGS consists of a group of kidney diseases classified based on specific histopathological features. The current classification of FSGS makes it difficult to distinguish individual differences in pathogenesis, disease progression, and response to treatment. In recent years, the spread of next-generation sequencing, updates in biological techniques, and improvements of treatment have changed our understanding of FSGS. In this review, we will discuss the use of genetic testing in patients with FSGS, explore its clinical significance from a genetic identification perspective, and introduce several new biomarkers, that may help in the early diagnosis of FSGS and guide the development of specific or targeted therapies, so as to understand the biological characteristics in FSGS. This will certainly help develop more effective and safer treatments and advance precision medicine.

19.
Sleep Breath ; 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypertension frequently coexists with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and their interplay substantially impacts the prognosis of affected individuals. Investigating the influence of OSA on blood pressure variability (BPV) and blood pressure load (BPL) in hypertensive patients has become a focal point of clinical research. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited hypertensive patients (n = 265) without discrimination and classified them into four groups based on their apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): control group (n = 40), AHI < 5; mild group (n = 74), 5 ≤ AHI ≤ 15; moderate group (n = 68), 15 < AHI ≤ 30; severe group (n = 83), AHI > 30. All participants underwent comprehensive assessments, including polysomnography (PSG) monitoring, 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring, cardiac Doppler ultrasound, and additional examinations when indicated. RESULTS: BPV and BPL exhibited significant elevations in the moderate and severe OSA groups compared to the control and mild OSA groups (P < 0.05). Moreover, interventricular septum thickness and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) demonstrated higher values in the moderate and severe OSA groups (P < 0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis identified noteworthy risk factors for elevated BPV in hypertensive patients with OSA, including AHI, maximum apnea time, total times of oxygen reduction, and mean time of apnea. CONCLUSION: Hypertensive patients with moderate to severe OSA exhibited substantially increased BPV and BPL. Moreover, BPV was correlated with AHI, maximum apnea time, total times of oxygen reduction, and mean time of apnea in hypertensive patients with OSA.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306956

RESUMO

Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has a promising application prospect in food surveillance. However, due to the complexity of food matrix and trace levels of pesticide residues, the effective and rapid detection of pesticides by IMS has been a challenge, especially when using electrospray ionization (ESI) as an ion source. In this study, low-temperature partitioning with dispersive solid-phase extraction (LTP-dSPE) was explored and compared with conventional procedures. Both methods were validated for the quantification of eight pesticides in apples, obtaining a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.02-0.12 mg/kg for LTP-dSPE and 0.02-0.09 mg/kg for conventional solid-phase extraction (SPE), lower than those usually stipulated by government legislation in food matrices. For LTP-dSPE, the matrx effect (ME) ranged from -16.3 to -68.6 %, lower than that for the SPE method, ranging from -70.0 to -92.9 %. The results showed satisfactory efficiency and precision, with recovery values ranging from 67.9 to 115.4 % for LTP-dSPE and from 62.0 to 114.8 % for conventional SPE, with relative standard deviations below 13.0 %. Notably, the proposed LTP-dSPE/ESI-IMS has been shown to be more cost-effective, easier to use, more environment-friendly, more accessible, and, most importantly, less matrix effect than the conventional method, thereby being suitably applicable to a wide range of food safety applications.


Assuntos
Malus , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Praguicidas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Temperatura , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
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