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1.
Food Chem ; 306: 125625, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606635

RESUMO

A novel ultrasonic-assisted vacuum drying technique for dehydrating garlic slices to give high quality products was developed. Garlic slices were dried at 60 °C using four methods: ultrasonic-assisted vacuum drying (USVD), vacuum drying (VD), ultrasonic-assisted drying (USD), and convective drying (CD, the control with no vacuum or ultrasonic applied). Drying kinetics, water-content changes, and properties of the garlic slices were assessed. Univariate linear and partial-least-squares regression models were used to predict the properties from low-field nuclear magnetic resonance parameters. USVD gave the shortest drying time (180 min less than CD) and provided a better garlic color and texture, and allicin retention rate than the other methods. Higher correlations between low-field nuclear magnetic resonance parameters and quality properties were found by partial-least-squares regression (PLSR) than by univariate analysis, with the analysis results being credible. Overall, ultrasonic-assisted vacuum drying produced high-quality products with its properties predicted well by low-field nuclear magnetic resonance.

2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112284, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604137

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herb pair, the most fundamental and simplest form of herb compatibility, serves as the basic building block of traditional Chinese medicine formulae. The Danshen-Honghua herb pair (DH), composed of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (Danshen in Chinese) and Carthami Flos (Honghua in Chinese), has remarkable clinical efficacy to cure cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. This study was designed to investigate the pharmacodynamics of DH in comparison with single herbs and pharmacokinetics of DH relative to Danshen in acute myocardial ischemic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into control, model and drug treated groups. The acute myocardial ischemia rat model was induced by administering 85 mg/kg/d isoproterenol (ISO) subcutaneously for two consecutive days. For pharmacodynamic study, histopathological and biochemical analysis were performed to assess the anti-myocardial ischemic effects. While for pharmacokinetic study, a UPLC-MS/MS method was developed for determination of nine main active ingredients, namely danshensu, protocatechuic acid, protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, lithospermic acid, rosmarinic acid, salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A and salvianolic acid C in rat plasma. RESULTS: The histopathological and biochemical analysis revealed that DH exerted enhanced anti-myocardial ischemic effects against the ISO-induced myocardial ischemia compared with single herbs. The pharmacokinetic study indicated that DH could significantly increase the t1/2z of danshensu, Tmax, AUC0-∞ and MRT0-t of protocatechuic acid in comparison with Danshen alone in normal rats, but more importantly elevate systemic exposure level and prolong t1/2z of protocatechualdehyde, caffeic acid, Tmax of danshensu in acute myocardial ischemia rats. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated the greater effects of DH after the compatibility in ISO-induced acute myocardial ischemia rats at pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic levels and provided valuable information for clinical application of herb pairs.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2324-2329, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492243

RESUMO

Here, a simple and general approach was developed for depositing metal nanoparticles on alkanedithiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) based on the spontaneous reduction of metal ions by the free SH sites of SAMs. By immersing the alkanedithiol SAM/Au in a corresponding metalcontaining solution (HAuCl4, AgNO3, H2PtCl6 and PdSO4), Au, Ag, Pt and Pd clusters, respectively, could be formed on top of the SAM/Au(111) electrode surface, which was confirmed by STM characterization. The size, morphology and coverage of clusters/islands can be tuned by modulating the immersion time, which allows for possible utilization of the metal/SAM/Au(111) in catalysis, nanoelectronics and biodetection.

5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799978

RESUMO

A new liquid crystalline honeycomb phase is reported, containing highly stretched giant hexagonal cells with two opposing walls spanned by three consecutive end-to-end H-bonded rods, the (3-1-1) hexagons.

6.
Zygote ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787133

RESUMO

Synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) is an abundant and important presynaptic vesicle protein that binds Ca2+ for the regulation of synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Our previous study reported its localization and function on spindle assembly in mouse oocyte meiotic maturation. The present study was designed to investigate the function of Syt1 during mouse oocyte activation and subsequent cortical granule exocytosis (CGE) using confocal microscopy, morpholinol-based knockdown and time-lapse live cell imaging. By employing live cell imaging, we first studied the dynamic process of CGE and calculated the time interval between [Ca2+]i rise and CGE after oocyte activation. We further showed that Syt1 was co-localized to cortical granules (CGs) at the oocyte cortex. After oocyte activation with SrCl2, the Syt1 distribution pattern was altered significantly, similar to the changes seen for the CGs. Knockdown of Syt1 inhibited [Ca2+]i oscillations, disrupted the F-actin distribution pattern and delayed the time of cortical reaction. In summary, as a synaptic vesicle protein and calcium sensor for exocytosis, Syt1 acts as an essential regulator in mouse oocyte activation events including the generation of Ca2+ signals and CGE.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785080

RESUMO

Edge loading that occurs in hip joint replacements due to dynamic separation of the joint bearings has been shown to cause severe wear for meal-on-metal bearings. In the present study, the multibody dynamics model for metal-on-metal (MoM) hip joints with a medial-lateral translational mismatch in the centers of rotation of the cup and head has been developed to predict the dynamic separation and contact force of edge loading under gait loading conditions. The effects of larger head diameters (28-55 mm), in combination with the translational mismatch (0-4 mm) and varied cup inclination angles (45°-65°), on edge loading of MoM bearings have been computationally investigated. For the given translational mismatch, increasing head diameters results in negligible effects on the dynamic separation, contact force and severity of edge loading. Increasing head size also leads to increased offset loading torque which has been found to reach at the level that may cause cup loosening under larger translational mismatch at 4 mm. The result highlights the importance of the cup inclination angle of 45° and a lower translational mismatch to avoid severe edge loading.

8.
Nanoscale ; 11(47): 22743-22747, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774416

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted much attention because they exhibit various intrinsic properties, which are, however, usually not interchangeable. Here we propose a generic approach to convert 2D semiconductors to 2D topological insulators (TIs) via atomic adsorption. The approach is underlined by an orbital design principle that involves introducing an extrinsic s-orbital state of the adsorbate into the intrinsic sp-bands of a 2D semiconductor, so as to induce s-p band inversion for a TI phase, as demonstrated by tight-binding model analyses. Based on first-principles calculations, we successfully apply this approach to convert CuS, CuSe and CuTe into TIs by adsorbing one adatom per unit cell of Na, Na0.5K0.5 and K as well as Rb and Cs. Moreover, if the chalcogens in the 2D semiconductor have a decreasing ability of accepting electrons, the adsorbates should have an increasing ability of donating electrons. Our findings open a new door to discovering TIs by predictive material design beyond finding preexisting TIs.

9.
J Environ Manage ; 255: 109881, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778870

RESUMO

Pollutant concentrations in influents into constructed wetlands (CWs) are highly fluctuating and may vary over several orders of magnitude, leading to large uncertainties in removal performance assessment when using pollutant concentrations in the influent and effluent directly. Incorporating a probabilistic approach into removal performance assessment and needed area estimation of CWs could advantage decision making regarding wastewater treatment and engineering applications. A series of three-stage surface-flow CWs (SFCWs) were constructed for treating ammonium-rich swine wastewater. The surface removal rate and removal efficiency of ammonium nitrogen in the SFCWs using the probabilistic approach were 0.27-3.23 g m-2 d-1 and 43.0-99.9% (95% confidence interval (CI)), which were consistent with the deterministic approach (95% CI: 0.24-3.18 g m-2 d-1 and 70.4-99.9%). The needed SFCW area was estimated as 6.6 (95% CI: 1.4-17.8) to 29.7 (95% CI: 6.4-80.1) m2 for required removal efficiency from 40% to 90% for 0.18 m3 d-1 swine wastewater with different strengthens. For specific removal efficiency of 90%, the needed CW areas was 13.9 (95%CI: 4.9-42.7), 25.1 (95%CI: 5.9-66.0), 33.5 (95%CI: 13.5-87.1), and 40.8 (95%CI: 16.2-89.4) m2 for influent ammonium loading rate of 0.18-2.7, 2.7-14.4, 14.4-36, and 36-60 g d-1, respectively. The first-order removal constant of ammonium nitrogen decreased logarithmically with increasing influent and effluent concentration/loading rate in the SFCW units (p < 0.001), which was responsible for the needed SFCW areas covering a wide range. The reliability analysis confirmed the results from the probabilistic approach were appropriate. The present study shed new lights on the performance evaluation and design of CWs for treating wastewater with highly-fluctuating concentrations using a probabilistic approach.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e1905645, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736170

RESUMO

A ternary structure has been demonstrated as being an effective strategy to realize high power conversion efficiency (PCE) in organic solar cells (OSCs); however, general materials selection rules still remain incompletely understood. In this work, two nonfullerene small-molecule acceptors 3TP3T-4F and 3TP3T-IC are synthesized and incorporated as a third component in PM6:Y6 binary blends. The photovoltaic behaviors in the resultant ternary OSCs differ significantly, despite the comparable energy levels. It is found that incorporation of 15% 3TP3T-4F into the PM6:Y6 blend results in facilitating exciton dissociation, increasing charge transport, and reducing trap-assisted recombination. All these features are responsible for the enlarged PCE of 16.7% (certified as 16.2%) in the PM6:Y6:3TP3T-4F ternary OSCs, higher than that (15.6%) in the 3TP3T-IC containing ternary devices. The performance differences are mainly ascribed to the compatibility between the third component and the host materials. The 3TP3T-4F guest acceptor exhibits an excellent compatibility with Y6, tending to form well-mixed phases in the ternary blend without disrupting the favored bicontinuous transport networks, whereas 3TP3T-IC displays a morphological incompatibility with Y6. This work highlights the importance of considering the compatibility for materials selection toward high-efficiency ternary organic OSCs.

11.
Small ; : e1904099, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738003

RESUMO

Ever-growing tissue regeneration and other stem cell therapies cause pressing need for large population of self-renewable stem cells. However, stem cells gradually lose their stemness after long-term in vitro cultivation. In this study, a ZnO nanorod (ZnO NR) array is used to maintain the stemness of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs). The results prove that after culturing hADSCs on ZnO NRs for 3 weeks, the stemness genes and protein expression level are higher than that on culture plates and ZnO film. ZnO NRs can maintain stemness of hADSCs without inhibiting the cell proliferation and oriented differentiation capabilities. KLF4 (Kruppel-like factor 4) is a Zn2+ -binding gene that plays a vital role in cell proliferation and differentiation. Sustained Zn2+ release and the increased expression of KLF4 can be detected, suggesting that ZnO NRs have efficiently released Zn2+ for stemness maintenance. Taken together, the nanotopography of ZnO NRs and the Zn2+ release synergistically facilitate stemness maintenance. This study has provided a powerful tool for directing cell fate, maintaining stemness, and realizing the expansion of stem cells in vitro, which will open a new route for the manufacture of large populations of stem cells and fulfilling the growing demand for the cell therapy market.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 694: 133575, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756813

RESUMO

Exploring optimal C:N ratio is necessary to ensure balanced microbial nitrification and denitrification in constructed wetlands (CWs), which has become an important management practice for more efficient nitrogen removal and sustainability of CWs. Surface flow constructed wetlands (SFCWs) vegetated with Myriophyllum aquaticum were designed to investigate the effects of five different influent C:N ratios (0:1, 2.5:1, 5:1, 10:1, and 15:1) on nitrogen removal performance and microbial communities over a 175-day experimental period. Compared to the influent C:N ratios of 0:1, higher NH4+-N, NO3--N, and total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiencies and lower NO3--N accumulation were observed at influent C:N ratios higher than 5:1. In addition, the highest TN removal efficiency (70.4%) and the lowest nitrous oxide emission flux (4.12 mg m-2 d-1) were obtained at the influent C:N ratio of 5:1. High-throughput sequencing revealed that influent C:N ratios altered the distribution and composition of microbial communities in the sediment, which resulted in a dynamic interplay between N-transforming functional microbes and NH4+-N and NO3--N removal. In particular, the dominant denitrifiers, including Desulfovibrio, Zoogloea, and Dechloromonas, were more abundant in the sediment with an influent C:N ratio of 5:1, which contributed to the high N removal rate. These findings may be used to screen for an optimum influent C:N ratio to maintain the sustainability of SFCWs with higher N removal efficiency.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8764-8776, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a therapeutic target for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but knowledge on gene mutations that contribute to NSCLC development and persistence is lacking. In this study, we investigated genetic variations in EGFR and their association with the clinical and pathological factors of NSCLC. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical cases (331 patients) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cases (1040 patients) were selected and analyzed using the refractory mutation systems cBioPortal and the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER). RESULTS EGFR mutation frequencies were 54.4% (180 of 331 patients) and 8.0% (83 of 1040 patients) in the clinical and TCGA cohorts, respectively. EGFR mutations were strongly associated with smoking and pathology (P≤0.05) in the clinical cohort, and with gender, smoking, and pathology (P=0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.001, respectively) in TCGA cohort. In cases of lung squamous carcinoma (LUSC), EGFR was overexpressed as a result of DNA amplification, but this amplified expression showed no association with the overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival of LUSC patients. EGFR gene alterations were, however, associated with worse OS in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. Immune cell infiltrates from LUAD and LUSC tumors differed according to EGFR expression. EGFR mutations resulted in a decline of immune infiltration or a lack of infiltrating immune cells in the NSCLC microenvironment. CONCLUSIONS Mutational profiles of the EGFR in NSCLC patients provide useful information for the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy and immunotherapy.

14.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 38: 101075, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783342

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for gastric precancerous lesion (GPL). METHOD: Literature retrieval was conducted in seven databases from their inception through Dec. 24th, 2018. The Cochrane collaboration, Review Manager (RevMan5.3) and GRADE profiler software were conducted for this meta-analysis. RESULTS: In primary outcomes, results of meta-analysis showed that TCM had superior to current routine pharmacotherapy (RP) in clinical efficacy, Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication rate, efficacy under endoscopy, and TCM syndrome efficacy. Meanwhile, no potential publication bias was detected by Begg's and Egger's tests. In secondary outcomes, compared with control groups, experimental groups were more positive effects on improvement of stomach distention, stomachache, and heartburn. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that TCM could have positive effects on GPL. However, further standardized RCTs of rigorous design should be required to obtain more forceful evidence.

15.
Eur J Med Chem ; : 111884, 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761386

RESUMO

Mutation or abnormal expression of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) is one of the main causes of cancer. Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) are a subfamily of tyrosine kinase receptors, which have four subtypes including FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. Their abnormal expression in cells is considered to be the main cause of tumorigenesis, so inhibiting FGFRs is thought to be important targets for cancer treatment. This article mainly summarizes the recent development of FGFR inhibitors in the past 5 years, and hopes to guide the future research on the design and synthesis of FGFR inhibitors.

16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 345, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An uncontrolled inflammatory response is a critical pathophysiological feature of sepsis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induce macrophage phenotype polarization and reduce inflammation in sepsis. MSC-secreted transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) participated in the immune modulatory function of MSCs. However, the underlying mechanism of MSC-secreted TGF-ß was not fully elucidated in regulation macrophage M2-like polarization. METHODS: The paracrine effects of MSCs on macrophage polarization were studied using a co-culture protocol with LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells/mouse peritoneal macrophages and MSCs. The effect of TGF-ß in the co-culture system was blocked by the TGF-ß receptor inhibitor. To determine the role of MSC-secreted TGF-ß, we used recombinant TGF-ß to culture with LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In addition, we employed antibody microarray analysis to determine the mechanisms of MSC secreted TGF-ß on LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cell/mouse peritoneal macrophage M2-like polarization. Furthermore, we used an Akt inhibitor and a FoxO1 inhibitor to inhibit the Akt/FoxO1 pathway. The nuclear translocation of FoxO1 was detected by Western blot. RESULTS: MSCs induced LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cell/mouse peritoneal macrophage polarization towards the M2-like phenotype and significantly reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels via paracrine, which was inhibited by TGF-ß receptor inhibitor. Furthermore, we found that MSC-secreted TGF-ß enhanced the macrophage phagocytic ability. The antibody microarray analysis and Western blot verified that TGF-ß treatment activated the Akt/FoxO1 pathway in LPS-stimulated macrophages, TGF-ß-induced FoxO1 nuclear translocation and obviously expressed in the cytoplasm, the effects of TGF-ß regulatory effects on LPS-stimulated macrophage were inhibited by pre-treatment with Akt inhibitor and FoxO1 inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: TGF-ß secreted by MSCs could skew LPS-stimulated macrophage polarization towards the M2-like phenotype, reduce inflammatory reactions, and improve the phagocytic ability via the Akt/FoxO1 pathway, providing potential therapeutic strategies for sepsis.

17.
Water Environ Res ; 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737966

RESUMO

Ammonium is strongly related to eutrophication and a key control of eutrophication in aquatic systems, especially in agricultural runoff. In this study, a novel Fe-Mn binary oxide-modified lava (FMML) granular adsorbent was synthesized for ammonium removal from aqueous solutions by co-precipitation method. The kinetic data were described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model well and intraparticle diffusion had effects on ammonium adsorption. For pH between 4.0 and 10.0, the adsorption efficiency was >80%, and its optimum was recorded at pH 7.0. FMML exhibited strong ammonium adsorption selectivity under the single presence of cations like Na+ , K+ , Ca2+ , and Mg2+ . The optimum adsorbent dose and particle size were 4 g/L and 3-5 mm, respectively, for an aqueous solution containing 10 mg/L of ammonium under normal conditions (298 K and pH 7.0). Furthermore, the adsorption process was endothermic, following both the Langmuir (R2  > 0.98) and Freundlich (R2  > 0.96) models. Compared with other adsorbents, the FMML can be prepared following a simpler protocol. After 30 times of adsorption-regeneration cycle, the FMML also had a relatively high ammonium adsorption capacity; hence, we see it as a prospective adsorbent for ammonium adsorption from aqueous solutions. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Fe-Mn binary oxide-modified lava with Fe/Mn ratio 3:1 was prepared using co-precipitation method. Adsorption maximum of modified lava was 20.8 mg/g (298 K and pH 7.0). Adsorption was sensitive to changes in adsorbent dose, particle size, and pH. Inorganic cations decreased ammonium adsorption in order of Na+  > K+  > Ca2+  > Mg2+ . Mechanisms for ammonium removal by FMML include diffusion, electrostatic attraction, oxidation, and complexation reaction.

18.
Chin J Integr Med ; 25(10): 728-735, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of salvianolate in elderly patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). METHODS: A prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled multicenter trial in elderly patients with UAP from 13 third-grade class-A hospitals in China was performed. A total of 318 patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group (160 patients) and a control group (158 patients). The experimental group was treated with salvianolate for 14 days on the basis of conventional medicine, and the control group was given a placebo for 14 days with the same criteria. Follow-up was lasted 28 days in both groups. The primary endpoint was biweekly frequency of angina pectoris attacks. The secondary endpoints included biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, angina pectoris severity and duration, myocardial injury markers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), as well as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Safety was assessed according to adverse events and serious adverse events. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. Compared with those in the control group, the frequency of biweekly angina attacks (2.92 vs . 4.08, P=0.025), the biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, as well as the severity and duration of angina attacks (P<0.01) were reduced by salvianolate. The Seattle Angina Questionnaire score was also significantly improved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between the two groups with respect to the incidence of MACEs. Salvianolate was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Salvianolate appear to have efficacy and well tolerated for elderly patients with UAP. [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03037047].

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of serologic assays that can rapidly assess human exposure to novel influenza viruses remains a public health need. Previously, we developed an 11-plex magnetic fluorescence microsphere immunoassay (MAGPIX) by using globular head domain recombinant hemagglutinins (rHAs) with serum adsorption using two ectodomain rHAs. METHODS: We compared sera collected from two cohorts with novel influenza exposures: animal shelter staff during an A(H7N2) outbreak in New York City in 2016-2017 (n = 119 single sera) and poultry workers from a live bird market in Bangladesh in 2012-2014 (n = 29 pairs). Sera were analyzed by microneutralization (MN) assay and a 20-plex MAGPIX assay with rHAs from 19 influenza strains (11 subtypes) combined with serum adsorption using 8 rHAs from A(H1N1) and A(H3N2) viruses. Antibody responses were analyzed to determine the novel influenza virus exposure. RESULTS: Among persons with novel influenza virus exposures, the median fluorescence intensity (MFI) against the novel rHA from exposed influenza virus had the highest correlation with MN titers to the same viruses and could be confirmed by removal of cross-reactivity from seasonal H1/H3 rHAs following serum adsorption. Interestingly, in persons with exposures to novel influenza viruses, age and MFIs against exposed novel HA were negatively correlated, whereas in persons without exposure to novel influenza viruses, age and MFI against novel HAs were positively correlated. CONCLUSIONS: This 20-plex high-throughput assay with serum adsorption will be a useful tool to detect novel influenza virus infections during influenza outbreak investigations and surveillance, especially when well-paired serum samples are not available.

20.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 8281-8288, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe devastating condition associated with serious disability and neurologic deficits. Aberrant micro RNA (miRNA) expression has been related to a variety of central nervous system diseases including SCI. In the present study, we aimed to discover the role of miR-129-5p on SCI. MATERIAL AND METHODS An acute SCI rat model was induced, following the modified Allen method. A total of 36 rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups (n=9 in every group): Sham group; Model group (SCI+saline); SCI+NC group; and SCI+miR-129-5p group (100 nm solution, every 2 days). Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating score was carried out to determine functional recovery. TUNEL (terminal dUTP nick-end labeling) staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to assess the pathological state of spinal cord. Furthermore, western blot assay was conducted to measure the calpain1 and calpain2 expression. RESULTS Our data suggested that the expression level of miR-129-5p was markedly reduced in rats after SCI. Then miR-129-5p mimic was injected into the vertebral canal. We found that the SCI+miR-129-5p group had a high score in the BBB test compared with the SCI+NC group and the Model group. The overexpression of miR-129-5p obviously reduced tissue loss, damaged cells, and the number of TUNEL positive cells. Moreover, western blot assay exhibited that overexpression of miR-129-5p decreased calpain1, calpain2, and cleaved caspase-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggested that overexpression of miR-129-5p improved neurological function by promoting functional recovery, reducing tissue loss and cell apoptosis in rats in an SCI model, possibly through downregulation of calpain1 and calpain2.

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