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1.
Mol Carcinog ; 63(5): 938-950, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353288

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly invasive cancer with a poor prognosis and a 5-year survival rate of less than 11%. As a member of the CAP superfamily of proteins, the role of peptidase inhibitor 16 (Pi16) in tumor progression is still unclear. Immunohistochemistry and quantitative RT-PCR methods were used to detect the expression levels of Pi16 protein and mRNA in PDAC patients. CRISPR/Cas9 technology was used to knock out the expression of Pi16 in PDAC cell lines. In vivo and in vitro experiments were used to verify the effect of Pi16 on PDAC proliferation ability. By RNA sequencing, we found that oligoadenylate synthetase L (OASL) can serve as a potential downstream target of Pi16. The expression of Pi16 was higher in PDAC tissues than in matched adjacent tissues. High expression of Pi16 was associated with PDAC progression and poor prognosis. Overexpression of Pi16 could promote the proliferation of PDAC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatics analysis and coimmunoprecipitation assays showed that Pi16 could bind to OASL. Moreover, the functional recovery test confirmed that Pi16 could promote the proliferation of PDAC via OASL. Our present study demonstrates that Pi16 might participate in the occurrence and development of PDAC by regulating cell proliferation by binding to OASL, indicating that Pi16 might be a promising novel therapeutic target for PDAC.


Assuntos
2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase , Nucleotídeos de Adenina , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Glicoproteínas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , 2',5'-Oligoadenilato Sintetase/metabolismo
2.
Sleep ; 47(2)2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38183289

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Narcolepsy is a central hypersomnia disorder, and differential diagnoses between its subtypes can be difficult. Hence, we applied machine learning to analyze the positron emission tomography (PET) data of patients with type 1 or type 2 narcolepsy, and patients with type 1 narcolepsy and comorbid schizophrenia, to construct predictive models to facilitate the diagnosis. METHODS: This is a retrospective and prospective case-control study of adolescent and young adult patients with type 1 or type 2 narcolepsy, and type 1 narcolepsy and comorbid schizophrenia. All participants received 18-F-fluorodeoxy glucose PET, sleep studies, neurocognitive tests, sleep questionnaires, and human leukocyte antigen typing. The collected PET data were analyzed by feature selections and classification methods in machine learning to construct predictive models. RESULTS: A total of 314 participants with narcolepsy were enrolled; 204 had type 1 narcolepsy, 90 had type 2 narcolepsy, and 20 had type 1 narcolepsy and comorbid schizophrenia. We used three filter methods for feature selection followed by a comparative analysis of classification methods. To apply a small number of regions of interest (ROI) and high classification accuracy, the Naïve Bayes classifier with the Term Variance as feature selection achieved the goal with only three ROIs (left basal ganglia, left Heschl, and left striatum) and produced an accuracy of higher than 99%. CONCLUSIONS: The accuracy of our predictive model of PET data are promising and can aid clinicians in the diagnosis of narcolepsy subtypes. Future research with a larger sample size could further refine the predictive model of narcolepsy.


Assuntos
Narcolepsia , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Teorema de Bayes , Narcolepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neuroimagem
3.
Cancer Med ; 2024 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38192162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is the standard of care for locally advanced cervical cancer. In this study, we analyzed the pretreatment clinical and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) characteristics of patients with locally advanced cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) to develop a scoring prototype for risk stratification. METHODS: Two cohorts were constructed in this study. Cohort 1 comprised patients with cervical SCC with 2009 FIGO stage III-IVA or stage I-II with positive pelvic or para-aortic lymph node (PALN) on PET/CT from AGOG09-001 trial. Cohort 2 comprised patients with similar characteristics who had received adequate therapy in our hospital between 2016 and 2021. Pretreatment patient characteristics and PET/CT parameters including maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax ) and metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of primary tumor and nodal SUVmax were assessed for cancer-specific survival (CSS) using multivariate Cox regression. RESULTS: Analysis of combined data from cohorts 1 (n = 55) and 2 (n = 128) indicated age ≥ 66 years, primary tumor MTV ≥87 mL, and positive PALN on PET/CT to be independently significant adverse predictors for CSS (p < 0.001, p = 0.014, and p = 0.026, respectively) with a median follow-up duration of 51 months. Assigning a score of 1 to each adverse predictor, patients with cumulative risk scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 were discovered to have a 5-year CSS of 86.9%, 71.0%, 32.2%, and 0%, respectively (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Age, primary tumor MTV, and positive PALN on PET/CT may serve as independent predictors of poor survival in patients with locally advanced cervical SCC. Our findings indicate that patients without any adverse factors can receive standard CCRT, whereas those with at least one adverse factor can consider novel combination therapies or clinical trials.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 169: 115928, 2023 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38011788

RESUMO

Neoantigen-reactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes play a vital role in precise cancer cell elimination. In this study, we demonstrate the effectiveness of personalized neoantigen-based T cell therapy in inducing tumor regression in two patients suffering from heavily-burdened metastatic ovarian cancer. Our approach involved the development of a robust pipeline for ex vivo expansion of neoantigen-reactive T lymphocytes. Neoantigen peptides were designed and synthesized based on the somatic mutations of the tumors and their predicted HLA binding affinities. These peptides were then presented to T lymphocytes through co-culture with neoantigen-loaded dendritic cells for ex vivo expansion. Subsequent to cell therapy, both patients exhibited significant reductions in tumor marker levels and experienced substantial tumor regression. One patient achieved repeated cancer regression through infusions of T cell products generated from newly identified neoantigens. Transcriptomic analyses revealed a remarkable increase in neoantigen-reactive cytotoxic lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of the patients following cell therapy. These cytotoxic T lymphocytes expressed polyclonal T cell receptors (TCR) against neoantigens, along with abundant cytotoxic proteins and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The efficacy of neoantigen targeting was significantly associated with the immunogenicity and TCR polyclonality. Notably, the neoantigen-specific TCR clonotypes persisted in the peripheral blood after cell therapy. Our findings indicate that personalized neoantigen-based T cell therapy triggers cytotoxic lymphocytes expressing polyclonal TCR against ovarian cancer, suggesting its promising potential in cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Humanos , Feminino , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/metabolismo , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Peptídeos
5.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 61(5): 883-888, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088062

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the clinical course of a rare case of recurrent adult granulosa cell tumor (AGCT) and discuss the features and management for recurrences. CASE REPORT: A 56-year-old female was first diagnosed with AGCT in 2008 and had uneventful, regular follow-ups until 2013. Recurrence was suspected and proven by computed tomography-guided biopsy. After undergoing complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) followed by adjuvant megestrol acetate then leuprolide acetate, another recurrence sprouted at the presacral area in 2017. On both occasions, CRS with no visible residual tumor were attained. The patient has remained in complete remission to date with progestin therapy. CONCLUSION: There are currently no standardized tumor markers, imaging exams, or therapies for managing AGCT recurrences. Whole exome sequencing analysis of our patient suggested possible association with triosephosphate isomerase 1 mutation. Regular follow-ups with at least two types of imaging exams and indefinite hormone therapy are crucial for this patient's remission.


Assuntos
Tumor de Células da Granulosa , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Feminino , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/genética , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/terapia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia
6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(5)2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267637

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this pilot prospective study is to examine the gallium-68-prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 ([68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging response in patients with advanced or metastatic hormone-naïve prostate cancer (PC) after 3 months of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Methods: We prospectively included men with untreated, clinical stage III or IV PC scheduled to receive ADT for at least 6 months. [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT images were obtained before the start of ADT and 10−14 weeks thereafter. The following indices were examined: maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), mean SUV, PSMA total volume, and PSMA total lesion values of the prostate, nodes, bones, and whole-body. The therapeutic response was assessed using the modified PET response criteria in solid tumors 1.0. A subgroup analysis of patients with the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group 5 versus <5 was also performed. Results: A total of 30 patients were eligible. All PSMA PET/CT indices were significantly reduced (p < 0.001) after 3 months of ADT. Twenty-four (80%) patients showed partial response. Complete response, stable disease, and disease progression were observed in two patients each. Sixteen patients with ISUP grade group 5 showed a less prominent SUVmax reduction (p = 0.006), and none of them reached complete response. Conclusions: Three months of ADT in patients with untreated, advanced PC significantly reduced PSMA PET/CT indices. While most participants partially responded to ADT, patients with ISUP grade group 5 showed a less prominent SUVmax reduction. Collectively, our pilot results indicate that [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT imaging holds promise to monitor treatment response after the first three months of ADT.

7.
Br J Radiol ; 95(1131): 20210728, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767482

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether PET-CT or PET-MRI is more appropriate for imaging prostate cancer, in terms of primary tumor detection, local staging and recurrence, as well as lymph nodes and distant metastases. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library database. Studies evaluating the diagnostic performance of PET-CT vs PET-MRI in prostate cancer patients were emphasized. RESULTS: We reviewed 57 original research articles during the period 2016-2021: 14 articles regarding the radiotracer PSMA; 18 articles regarding the primary tumor detection, local tumor staging, managing local recurrence; 17 articles for managing lymph node metastases; and eight articles for managing bone and other distant metastases. PSMA PET could be complementary to mpMRI for primary prostate cancer localization and is particularly valuable for PI-RADS three lesions. PET-MRI is better than PET-CT in local tumor staging due to its specific benefit in predicting extracapsular extension in MRI-occult prostate cancer patients. PET-MRI is likely superior as compared with PET-CT in detecting local recurrence, and has slightly higher detection rates than PET-CT in lymph node recurrence. PET-CT and PET-MRI seem to have equivalent performance in detecting distant bony or visceral metastases. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, PET-MRI is suitable for local and regional disease, either primary staging or restaging, whereas PET-CT is valuable for managing distant bony or visceral metastasis. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: We reviewed the emerging applications of PET-MRI and PET-CT in clinical aspects. Readers will gain an objective overview on the strength and shortfalls of PET-MRI or PET-CT in the management of prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
8.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 60(5): 938-941, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recurrent cervical cancer is hard to treat when occurring in a previous radiated area and unresectable or distant metastasis. We present three such cases who achieved complete remission (CR) after chemoradiotherapy and pembrolizumab. CASE REPORT: Case 1 was diagnosed with cervical adenocarcinoma, stage IVB. She obtained CR after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and post-CCRT adjuvant chemotherapy and bevacizumab. Recurrence at previous irradiated sacral bone was controlled with pembrolizumab and CCRT using proton therapy (PT). Case 2 was diagnosed with stage IVB squamous cell carcinoma. First recurrence occurred at inguinal lymph node (LN). Secondary recurrence occurred at paraaortic LN ten years later. PT with chemotherapy and pembrolizumab achieved CR. Case 3 had a small cell carcinoma (stage IVB) with bone metastasis. She had CR to CCRT with etoposide-cisplatin. Liver metastasis was salvaged with CCRT and pembrolizumab. CONCLUSION: CCRT with pembrolizumab is potentially curative for recurrent cervical cancer conventionally amenable for palliation.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
9.
J Clin Sleep Med ; 17(4): 739-748, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226331

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVES: The association between schizophrenia and narcolepsy has been controversial. We conducted a prospective case control study of schizophrenia and comorbid narcolepsy type 1 in adolescents compared with patients with either diagnosis alone and healthy controls using 18F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography, sleep studies, and neurocognitive tests. METHODS: We included 11 patients (9-20 years old) with schizophrenia and comorbid narcolepsy type 1, 11 with narcolepsy type 1, 11 with schizophrenia, and 11 controls. All groups were matched for age and sex. Participants were required to submit to clinical interviews for sleep and psychiatric disorders, sleep questionnaires, continuous performance test, Wisconsin card sorting test, sleep studies including polysomnography, multiple sleep latency test and actigraphy, and positron emission tomography studies. All data were analyzed to compare the differences between the 4 groups. RESULTS: The positron emission tomography results demonstrated significant differences in the dual diagnoses group compared with the 3 other groups. Compared with the controls, the dual diagnoses group had a significant presence of hypometabolism in the right mid-frontal, right orbital inferior frontal, and right posterior cingulum and a significant presence of hypermetabolism in the left amygdala, bilateral striatum, bilateral substantia nigra, bilateral basal ganglia, and bilateral thalamus. Continuous performance tests and Wisconsin card sorting tests showed that the dual diagnoses group had the worst performance. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with schizophrenia and comorbid narcolepsy type 1 had different positron emission tomography findings than those with either schizophrenia or narcolepsy type 1 alone. They also had more neurocognitive impairments and required additional interventions.


Assuntos
Narcolepsia , Esquizofrenia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 120(1 Pt 3): 688-696, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We sought to compare the diagnostic performances of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and prostate/whole-abdomen multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (PWAmpMRI) in Taiwanese patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer following robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. METHODS: Between June 2017 and December 2018, we prospectively enrolled 34 patients. Upon review of all available clinical and imaging data, a best valuable comparator (BVC) was defined on an individual basis in the light of a consensus reached by a multidisciplinary tumor board. Diagnostic positivity was investigated in relation to the different lesion types. RESULTS: On a patient-based analysis, 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT and PWAmpMRI showed a moderate agreement (kappa coefficient = 0.62). 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT identified local recurrences, regional, and non-regional lymph node metastases, and bone metastases in 15, 10, 1, and 5 patients, respectively. Conversely, PWAmpMRI detected these lesions in 26, 8, 1, and 4 patients, respectively. When the BVC was used as reference standard, the positive diagnostic rates for local recurrences, regional lymph node metastases, non-regional lymph node metastases, and bone metastases were 57.7%, 90.9%, 100%, and 100%, respectively for 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT, and 100%, 72.7%, 100%, and 80% for PWAmpMRI, respectively. The use of both PWAmpMRI and 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT showed a complete diagnostic yield for detecting both local recurrence and systemic failure when PSA levels reached 0.5 ng/mL. CONCLUSION: Due to urine radioactivity, 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT performs less than PWAmpMRI on local recurrences. However, it can have a complementary diagnostic role in the detection of lymph node metastases and in identifying non-axial bone metastases beyond the PWAmpMRI scanning field.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Isótopos de Gálio , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética Multiparamétrica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Oligopeptídeos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Robótica
11.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 119(4): 793-804, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) with recurrence/progression after treatment has dismal prognosis. We aimed to investigate the management and outcomes of such patients. METHODS: OCCC patients who were treated between 2000 and 2013 with cancer recurrence or progression after primary treatment were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify the independent predictors of survival after recurrence (SAR) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: A total of 64 patients experienced treatment failure (49 recurred after remission and 15 progressed without remission). The 5-year CSS rates of recurrent/progressive OCCC patients were 22.9% (progression group: median CSS 5.9 months [range, 0.8-25.2] vs recurrence group: 43.6 months [range, 7.1-217.8]; p < 0.001). Patients with solitary recurrence had significantly better SAR than those with disseminated relapse (median: not reached vs 10.4 months, p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, six models each for SAR and CSS were formulated alternatively including highly correlated variables for the recurrence group. Of these models, solitary relapse pattern (HR: 0.07, p < 0.001), progression-free interval (PFI) > 12 months (HR: 0.22-0.40, p = 0.001 and p = 0.023), CA125 < 35 U/mL at initial recurrence (HR: 0.32, p = 0.007), and overall salvage treatment including radiotherapy (HR: 0.19, p = 0.001) were significant predictors of favorable SAR. The same significant predictors were selected for CSS. CONCLUSION: Recurrent OCCC can be treated with curative intent if the relapse is solitary and can be completely resected or encompassed with radiotherapy, whereas novel therapies are needed for disseminated relapse or progression during primary treatment.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Taiwan , Falha de Tratamento
12.
Eur Radiol ; 29(2): 556-565, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30051142

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a prognostic model of integrating whole-tumour apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from pretreatment diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping in predicting the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for women with stage IB-IV cervical cancer following concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed three prospectively collected cohorts comprising 300 patients with stage IB-IV cervical cancer treated with CCRT in 2007-2014 and filtered 134 female patients who underwent MR imaging at 3.0 T for final analysis (age, 24-92 years; median, 54 years). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the whole-tumour ADC histogram parameters, HPV genotyping and relevant clinical variables in predicting OS and DFS. The dataset was randomly split into training (n = 88) and testing (n = 46) datasets for construction and independent bootstrap validation of the models. RESULTS: The median follow-up time for surviving patients was 69 months (range, 9-126 months). Non-squamous cell type, ADC10 <0.77 × 10-3 mm2/s, T3-4, M1 stage and high-risk HPV status were selected to generate a model, in which the OS and DFS for the low, intermediate and high-risk groups were significantly stratified (p < 0.0001). The prognostic model improved the prediction significantly compared with the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage for both the training and independent testing datasets (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic model based on integrated clinical and imaging data could be a useful clinical biomarker to predict OS and DFS in patients with stage IB-IV cervical cancer treated with CCRT. KEY POINTS: • ADC 10 is the best prognostic factor among ADC parameters in cervical cancer treated with CCRT • A novel prognostic model was built based on histology, ADC 10 , T and M stage and HPV status • The prognostic model outperforms FIGO stage in the survival prediction.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Feminino , Genótipo , Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Neurology ; 90(17): e1478-e1487, 2018 04 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze differences in functional brain images collected in patients with type 2 and type 1 narcolepsy compared to normal controls and the relationship among brain images, objective neuropsychologic tests, and sleep findings. METHODS: Data collection included comprehensive clinical investigation, study of sleep/wake with actigraphy, polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test, human leukocyte antigen typing, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET, and cognitive tests obtained from 29 patients with type 2 narcolepsy, 104 patients with type 1 narcolepsy, and 26 sex- and age-matched normal control individuals. Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CPT II) and Wisconsin Card-Sorting Task were performed simultaneously with the FDG-PET examination. After analyses of variance, data between patients with type 1 and type 2 narcolepsy were compared by post hoc analysis, and correlation between functional brain imaging findings and results of neurocognitive tests was obtained. RESULTS: All patients with narcolepsy presented with at least 2 sleep-onset REM periods (SOREMP) and subjective sleepiness. Patients with type 2 narcolepsy compared to patients with type 1 narcolepsy had significantly less SOREMP, longer mean sleep latencies, and lower body mass indexes, apnea-hypopnea indexes, and frequency of human leukocyte antigen DQ-Beta1*0602. In patients with type 2 narcolepsy, FDG-PET studies showed significantly less hypermetabolism in the fusiform gyrus, striatum, hippocampus, thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebellum than in patients with type 1 narcolepsy, and significantly less hypometabolism in the regions of frontal lobe, posterior cingulum, angular gyrus, and part of the parietal lobe; these changes were associated with fewer errors on the CPT. CONCLUSION: Young patients with type 2 narcolepsy have fewer clinical impairments and less distinct brain functional abnormalities than patients with type 1 narcolepsy, who are significantly more affected.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Narcolepsia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Narcolepsia/classificação , Narcolepsia/complicações , Narcolepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Polissonografia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
14.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(7): 1197-1204, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29470614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical roles of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) performed 2-3 months after completion of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT), along with pretherapy characteristics, in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix enrolled in a prospective randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Posttherapy PET/CT in patients with advanced FIGO stage or positive pelvic or para-aortic lymph node (PALN) defined on pretherapy PET/CT was classified as positive, equivocal, or negative. Overall survival (OS) rates between patients with different PET/CT results are compared. Pretherapy characteristics are examined for association with posttherapy PET/CT results and for prognostic significance in patients with equivocal or negative PET/CT. RESULTS: PET/CT scans (n = 55) were positive, equivocal and negative in 9, 13 and 33 patients, respectively. All patients with positive scans were confirmed to have residual or metastatic disease and died despite salvage therapies. There is a significant OS difference between patients with positive and equivocal scans (P < .001) but not between patients with equivocal and negative scans (P = .411). Positive pretherapy PALN is associated with positive posttherapy PET/CT (P = .033) and predicts a poorer survival in patients with equivocal or negative posttherapy PET/CT (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Positive PET/CT 2-3 months posttherapy implies treatment failure and novel therapy is necessary to improve outcomes for such patients. A more intense posttherapy surveillance may be warranted in patients with positive pretherapy PALN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimiorradioterapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Falha de Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
15.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 45(5): 727-734, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29159572

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess the diagnostic performance of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) and pelvic/abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for posttherapy evaluation in patients with advanced cervical cancer. METHODS: Patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, either with advanced FIGO stage or with positive pelvic or para-aortic lymph node (PALN), received PET/CT using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging between 2 and 3 months after CCRT completion. PET/CT were interpreted independently by two nuclear medicine physicians and MRI by two radiologists using the same scoring system. Active residual tumor was proven by pathological confirmation or disease progression on imaging studies within one year after CCRT and the disease regions were classified as local, regional, PALN, or distant. Patient-based and region-based comparison was performed using the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The study included 55 patients and 15 (27%) patients had active residual tumor. The diagnostic performance of PET/CT is significantly superior to that of MRI in patient-based analysis (P = 0.025) and in the detection of local (P = 0.045) and regional (P = 0.014) disease. The patient-based sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PET/CT are 60%, 100%, and 89% while those of MRI are 27%, 100%, and 80%. CONCLUSIONS: PET/CT is superior to MRI for posttherapy evaluation in patients with advanced cervical cancer 2-3 months after definitive CCRT, mainly for the detection of residual local and regional disease. Patients with negative or equivocal results should be followed up regularly due to suboptimal sensitivities of imaging.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
16.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 116(11): 869-879, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To prospectively evaluate the value of positron emission tomography (PET) or integrated computed tomography (CT) and PET (PET/CT) in the management of documented or suspected recurrent ovarian cancer. METHODS: Patients with ovarian cancer who had completed primary cytoreductive surgery and standard adjuvant chemotherapy were studied to evaluate the following indications: (1) CA125 elevation after complete remission with negative CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) result; (2) post-therapy surveillance CT/MRI-detected suspicious lesions that guided biopsy was not feasible; (3) documented relapse for restaging prior to or after curative salvage therapy. The clinical impact of PET, as compared with those of CT/MRI, was determined on a per scan basis. RESULTS: From 2002 to 2009, 73 patients were recruited, and 92 PET scans were performed. Up to June 2015, 53 patients had died of disease, four were alive with disease, and the remaining 16 were alive without disease. Among the 92 scans, PET had positive impacts in 72.8%, no clinical impacts in 21.7%, and negative impacts in 5.4%. For indication 1, the sensitivity and positive predictive value of PET in detecting recurrence were 80.0% and 92.3%, respectively. For indication 2, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of PET were 91.2%, 62.5%, 91.2%, and 62.5%, respectively. For indication 3, PET provided positive impact in 85.3% and negative impact in 2.9% of the 34 scans. CONCLUSION: PET has value in the management of suspected or documented recurrent ovarian cancer, with positive impacts on confirming recurrent status and offering a better treatment plan.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Taiwan
17.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 40(3): 241-249, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25350466

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To define the optimal dose of paclitaxel combining cisplatin, as weekly neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for early-stage bulky squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. METHODS: A prospective trial was conducted for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB2 and IIA2 cervical squamous cell carcinoma patients with magnetic resonance imaging or positron emission tomography-defined lymph node negative. Weekly fixed-dose cisplatin (40 mg/m) and 4-level dose escalation of paclitaxel (50, 60, 70, 80 mg/m) for 3 courses was given and followed by radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection (RH-PLND) 14 to 28 days later. Postoperative adjuvant therapy was tailored according to pathologic response. RESULTS: No dose-limiting toxicity occurred. Twelve subjects were enrolled without reaching maximum tolerated dose, nor was any RH-PLND procedure delayed for >2 weeks. Pathologic response rate was 50% (complete in 2 and partial in 4). Paclitaxel dose level seemed unrelated to pathologic response. No subjects had grade ≥3 acute adverse events. Seven patients (58.3%) received postoperative radiotherapy or chemoradiation. Patients with human papillomavirus 16-negative tumor and aged 55 years and older had marginally higher risk (100%) of adjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiation after NAC than those with human papillomavirus 16-positive or age less than 55 (P=0.081). With a median follow-up of 45.5 months, all 12 patients remained alive without disease. CONCLUSIONS: Weekly paclitaxel and cisplatin NAC for 3 courses can be tolerated with excellent short-term outcome. With the caveat of small number of patients, this study supports future phase II trials of weekly paclitaxel and cisplatin NAC for 4 to 5 cycles.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Histerectomia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Pelve , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Carga Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
18.
Sleep Med ; 24: 137-144, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27663355

RESUMO

The relationship between functional brain images and performances in narcoleptic patients and controls is a new field of investigation. We studied 71 young, type 1 narcoleptic patients and 20 sex- and age-matched control individuals using brain positron emission tomography (PET) images and neurocognitive testing. Clinical investigation was carried out using sleep-wake evaluation questionnaires; a sleep-wake study was conducted with actigraphy, polysomnography, multiple sleep latency test (MSLT), and blood tests (with human leukocyte antigen typing). The continuous performance test (CPT) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) were administered on the same day as the PET study. PET data were analyzed using Statistical Parametric Mapping (version 8) software. Correlation of brain imaging and neurocognitive function was performed by Pearson's correlation. Statistical analyses (Student's t-test) were conducted with SPSS version-18. Seventy-one narcoleptic patients (mean age: 16.15 years, 41 boys (57.7%)) and 20 controls (mean age: 15.1 years, 12 boys (60%)) were studied. Results from the CPT and WCST showed significantly worse scores in narcoleptic patients than in controls (P < 0.05). Compared to controls, narcoleptic patients presented with hypometabolism in the right mid-frontal lobe and angular gyrus (P < 0.05) and significant hypermetabolism in the olfactory lobe, hippocampus, parahippocampus, amygdala, fusiform, left inferior parietal lobe, left superior temporal lobe, striatum, basal ganglia and thalamus, right hypothalamus, and pons (P < 0.05) in the PET study. Changes in brain metabolic activity in narcoleptic patients were positively correlated with results from the sleepiness scales and performance tests. Young, type 1 narcoleptic patients face a continuous cognitive handicap. Our imaging cognitive test protocol can be useful for investigating the effects of treatment trials in these patients.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Cognição , Narcolepsia/diagnóstico por imagem , Narcolepsia/metabolismo , Adolescente , Feminino , Lobo Frontal/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Polissonografia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Fases do Sono/fisiologia , Lobo Temporal/metabolismo
19.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 43(10): 1812-23, 2016 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160224

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to assess the usefulness of (18)F-FDG PET/CT performed before and during treatment for predicting treatment failure in patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: Patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III/IVA or positive pelvic or paraaortic lymph node (LN) metastasis without other distant metastasis on PET/CT entering a randomized trial of CCRT (AGOG 09-001) were eligible. PET/CT scans were performed at baseline, during week 3 of CCRT and 2 - 3 months after CCRT. PET/CT parameters were correlated with sites of failure and overall survival (OS). The resulting predictors developed from the study cohort were validated on two independent datasets using area under the curve values, sensitivities and specificities. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 54 months for survivors, 20 (36 %) of the 55 eligible patients were proven to have treatment failure. Sites of failure were local in five, regional in 11, and distant in 11. Four predictors for local failure, three for regional failure, and four for distant failures were identified. After validation with two independent cohorts of 31 and 105 patients, we consider the following as clinically useful predictors: pretreatment metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and during-treatment cervical tumour MTV for local failure; during-treatment SUVnode (maximum standardized uptake value of LNs) for regional and distant failure, and during-treatment MTV for distant failure. During-treatment SUVnode (P = .001) and cervical tumour MTVratio (P = .004) were independent significant predictors of OS by stepwise Cox regression. CONCLUSION: PET/CT imaging before and during treatment is useful for predicting failure sites and OS, making tailored therapeutic modifications feasible with potential outcome improvement during primary therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/patologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Quimiorradioterapia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 43(4): 663-74, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26519293

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Small-cell cervical cancer (SCCC) is rare and prone to metastasize. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the role of (18)F-FDG PET in the management of this aggressive malignancy. METHODS: Patients with untreated primary, histologically confirmed SCCC were enrolled. (18)F-FDG PET (or PET/CT) was performed immediately after MRI or CT, for primary staging, monitoring response to treatment or restaging when there was suspicion of recurrence. The clinical impact of PET was determined on a scan basis. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients were recruited and 43 PET scans were performed. The PET images were obtained for primary staging (25 patients), monitoring response (10 patients) and restaging when there was suspicion of recurrence (8 patients). The median follow-up time in event-free patients was 109.3 months (range 97.5 - 157.7 months). A positive impact of PET was found in 8 (18.6 %) of the 43 scans, which included detection of additional regions of distal lymph node (LN) metastasis (one primary staging scan, two restaging scans), bone metastasis (two primary staging scans, one monitoring response scan), and exclusion of false-positive lesions on MRI (one primary staging scan, one restaging scan). On the other hand, one negative impact was recorded as one false-positive lesion on a restaging PET scan. One positive impact was noted for monitoring response (bone metastasis). The impact of three scans was indeterminate. The positive impact of down-staging in avoiding overtreatment but finding additional distal LN (except one on restaging) or bone metastases had no beneficial effect on long-term survival. CONCLUSION: The results of this preliminary study suggest that PET is useful in the management of SCCC. PET could have more value in detecting occult metastases if future novel therapies are able to offer better control of extensive SCCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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