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1.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 351, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are one of the most common psychiatric disorders, with a high lifetime prevalence rate among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. Obesity may be one of the risk factors for depressive symptoms, but there is currently no consensus on this view. Therefore, we investigate the relationship and predictive ability of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices with depressive symptoms among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: The data were obtained from The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Our analysis includes individuals who did not have depressive symptoms at the baseline of the CHARLS Wave 2011 study and were successfully follow-up in 2013 and 2015. Finally, 3790 participants were included in the short-term (from 2011 to 2013), and 3660 participants were included in the long-term (from 2011 to 2015). The average age of participants in short-term and long-term was 58.47 years and 57.88 years. The anthropometric indicators used in this analysis included non-invasive [e.g. waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), and a body mass index (ABSI)], and invasive anthropometric indicators [e.g. lipid accumulation product (LAP), triglyceride glucose index (TyG index), and its-related indices (e.g. TyG-BMI, and TyG-WC)]. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to examine the predictive ability of various indicators for depressive symptoms. The association of depressive symptoms with various indicators was calculated using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The overall incidence of depressive symptoms was 20.79% in the short-term and 27.43% in the long-term. In males, WC [AUC = 0.452], LAP [AUC = 0.450], and TyG-WC [AUC = 0.451] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the short-term (P < 0.05). In females, BMI [AUC = 0.468], LAP [AUC = 0.468], and TyG index [AUC = 0.466] were weak predictors of depressive symptoms during the long-term (P < 0.05). However, ABSI cannot predict depressive symptoms in males and females during both periods (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The research indicates that in the middle-aged and elderly Chinese, most obesity- and lipid-related indices have statistical significance in predicting depressive symptoms, but the accuracy of these indicators in prediction is relatively low and may not be practical predictors.


Assuntos
Depressão , Obesidade , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/sangue , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Massa Corporal , Lipídeos/sangue , Circunferência da Cintura , População do Leste Asiático
2.
BMC Plant Biol ; 24(1): 359, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Selenium (Se) fertilizer and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to modulate cadmium (Cd) toxicity in plants. However, the effects of their co-application on wheat growth and soil microbial communities in Cd-contaminated soil are unclear. RESULTS: A pot experiment inoculation with two types of AMF and the application of Se fertilizer under Cd stress in wheat showed that inoculation AMF alone or combined with Se fertilizer significantly increased wheat biomass. Se and AMF alone or in combination significantly reduced available Cd concentration in wheat and soil, especially in the Se combined with Ri treatment. High throughput sequencing of soil samples indicated that Se and AMF application had stronger influence on bacterial community compared to fungal community and the bacterial network seemed to have more complex interconnections than the fungal network, and finally shaped the formation of specific microflora to affect Cd availability. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the application of Se and AMF, particularly in combination, could successfully decrease soil Cd availability and relieve the harm of Cd in wheat by modifying rhizosphere soil microbial communities.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Cádmio , Fertilizantes , Micorrizas , Rizosfera , Selênio , Microbiologia do Solo , Triticum , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/microbiologia , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Micorrizas/fisiologia , Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/toxicidade , Fertilizantes/análise , Selênio/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Microbiota/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134516, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714056

RESUMO

There are many heavy metal stresses in agricultural biological systems, especially cadmium (Cd) stress, which prevent the full growth of plants, lead to a serious decline in crop yield, and endanger human health. Molybdenum (Mo), an essential nutrient element for plants, regulates plant growth mainly by reducing the absorption of heavy metals and protecting plants from oxidative damage. The aim of this study was to determine the protective effect of Mo (1 µM) application on wheat plants under conditions of Cd (10 µM) toxicity. The biomass, Cd and Mo contents, photosynthesis, leaf and root ultrastructure, antioxidant system, and active oxygen content of the wheat plants were determined. Mo increased the total chlorophyll content of wheat leaves by 43.02% and the net photosynthetic rate by 38.67%, and ameliorated the inhibitory effect of cadmium on photosynthesis by up-regulating photosynthesis-related genes and light-trapping genes. In addition, Mo reduced the content of superoxide anion (O2•-) by 16.55% and 31.12%, malondialdehyde (MDA) by 20.75% and 7.17%, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by 24.69% and 8.17%, and electrolyte leakage (EL) by 27.59% and 16.82% in wheat leaves and roots, respectively, and enhanced the antioxidant system to reduce the burst of reactive oxygen species and alleviate the damage of Cd stress on wheat. According to the above results, Mo is considered a plant essential nutrient that enhances Cd tolerance in wheat by limiting the absorption, accumulation and transport of Cd and by regulating antioxidant defence mechanisms. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: Cadmium (Cd),is one of the most toxic heavy metals in the environment, and Cd pollution is a global environmental problem that threatens food security and human health. Molybdenum (Mo), as an essential plant nutrient, is often used to resist environmental stress. However, the mechanism of Mo treatment on wheat subjected to Cd stress has not been reported. In this study, we systematically analysed the effects of Mo on the phenotype, physiology, biochemistry, ultrastructure and Cd content of wheat subjected to Cd stress, and comprehensively analysed the transcriptomics. It not only reveals the mechanism of Mo tolerance to Cd stress in wheat, but also provides new insights into phytoremediation and plant growth in Cd-contaminated soil.

4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10220, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702424

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to determine whether changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese are associated with metabolic syndrome. In this cohort investigation, 3697 middle-aged and elderly people aged 45 or over were recruited from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (2005) defined metabolic syndrome (MetS). With Cox regression analysis, we calculated hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for MetS based on BMI-WC change categories. To assess the prevalence of MetS, the changes in BMI and WC levels were classified into four quartiles based on their relative and absolute changes. In subjects whose BMI and WC decreased (HR = 0.338; 95% CIs 0.264, 0.433) as well as those whose BMI increased and their WC decreased (HR = 0.375; 95% CIs 0.228, 0.499), metabolic syndrome risk was significantly lower compared with those with increases in both BMI and WC. Regarding the absolute changes in BMI, the lowest percentile of BMI was significantly lower in both males (HR = 0.302; 95% CIs 0.204, 0.448) and females (HR = 0.486; 95% CIs 0.354, 0.667) for the risk of metabolic syndrome. Similar results were observed in the absolute changes in WC, with the lowest quantile of WC having a significant impact on MetS risk in males (HR = 0.170; 95% CIs 0.107, 0.270) and females (HR = 0.303; 95% CIs 0.217, 0.424). The risk of metabolic syndrome was significantly associated with changes in BMI and WC in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. A reduced BMI and WC are associated with lower metabolic syndrome risks in middle-aged and elderly people.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Síndrome Metabólica , Circunferência da Cintura , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , Prevalência , Povo Asiático , População do Leste Asiático
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10901, 2024 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740846

RESUMO

To investigate the screening and predicting functions of obesity- and lipid-related indices for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese, as well as the ideal predicted cut-off value. This study's data comes from the 2011 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). A cross-sectional study design was used to investigate the relationship of T2D and 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices, including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), visceral adiposity index (VAI), a body shape index (ABSI), body roundness index (BRI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), conicity index (CI), Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI), triglyceride- glucose index (TyG index) and its correlation index (TyG-BMI, TyG-WC, TyG-WHtR). The unadjusted and adjusted correlations between 13 indices and T2D were assessed using binary logistic regression analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to determine the usefulness of anthropometric indices for screening for T2D and determining their cut­off value, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). The study comprised 9488 people aged 45 years or above in total, of whom 4354 (45.89%) were males and 5134 (54.11%) were females. Among them were 716 male cases of T2D (16.44%) and 870 female cases of T2D (16.95%). A total of 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices were independently associated with T2D risk after adjusted for confounding factors (P < 0.05). According to ROC analysis, the TyG index was the best predictor of T2D among males (AUC = 0.780, 95% CI 0.761, 0.799) and females (AUC = 0.782, 95% CI 0.764, 0.799). The AUC values of the 13 indicators were higher than 0.5, indicating that they have predictive values for T2D in middle-aged and elderly Chinese. The 13 obesity- and lipid-related indices can predict the risk of T2D in middle­aged and elderly Chinese. Among 13 indicators, the TyG index is the best predictor of T2D in both males and females. TyG-WC, TyG-BMI, TyG-WHtR, LAP, and CVAI all outperformed BMI, WC, and WHtR in predicting T2D.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Circunferência da Cintura , Curva ROC , Lipídeos/sangue , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores de Risco , População do Leste Asiático
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1382384, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746004

RESUMO

Objective: Frailty and activities of daily living (ADL) disability are common conditions among older population. Studies on the bidirectional relationship between frailty and ADL are limited. The current study examined the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between frailty and ADL in middle-aged and older Chinese individuals. Methods: The data was collected through the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), conducted in 2011, 2013, and 2015, encompassing 17,284 individuals aged ≥45 years. We excluded individuals without follow-up data. 2,631 participants finished the baseline survey. The definition of ADL disability encompasses difficulty in engaging in either basic activities of daily living (BADL) or instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Frailty was assessed according to the Fried criteria. Logistic regression was utilized to examine odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for assessing the cross-sectional relationships between ADL with frailty at baseline. The prediction effects were explored using Cox proportional hazards analysis, testing hazard ratios (HRs) and 95%CIs. Results: In cross-sectional analysis, BADL [OR = 6.660 (4.519-9.815)], IADL [OR = 5.950 (4.490-7.866)], and ADL [OR = 5.658 (4.278-7.483)] exhibited significant associations with frailty; frailty demonstrated significant associations with BADL [OR = 6.741 (4.574-9.933)], IADL [OR = 6.042 (4.555-8.016)] and ADL [OR = 5.735 (4.333-7.591)]. In longitudinal analysis, IADL and ADL were significantly associated with frailty in participants without baseline frailty in the short-term period [IADL: HR = 1.971 (1.150-3.379), ADL: HR = 1.920 (1.146-3.215)], IADL exhibited a significant association with frailty in the long-term period [HR = 2.056 (1.085-3.895)]. There was no significant link observed between frailty and an elevated risk of disability onset in BADL, IADL and ADL during the short-term period. When considering the long-term perspective, frailty exhibited a significant association with an elevated risk of disability onset in BADL [HR= 1.820 (1.126-2.939)] and IADL [HR = 1.724 (1.103-2.694)]. Conclusion: In middle-aged and older adults, ADL and IADL disability predicted frailty after 2-year follow-up, IADL disability predicted frailty after 4-year follow-up. Moreover, frailty did not predict BADL, IADL and ADL disability after 2-year follow-up. However, frailty predicted BADL and IADL disability after 4-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguimentos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , População do Leste Asiático
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The behavioral manifestations and neurophysiological responses to sedation can assist in understanding brain function after neurological damage, and can be described by cortical functional connectivity. Glioma patients may experience neurological deficits that are not clinically detectable before sedation. We hypothesized that patients with gliomas exhibit distinct cortical connectivity patterns compared to non-neurosurgical patients during sedation. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a previously published prospective observational study. Patients scheduled for resection of supratentorial glioma (n=21) or a non-neurosurgical procedure (n=21) under general anesthesia were included in this study. Frontal electroencephalography (EEG) signals were recorded at different sedation levels as assessed by the Observer Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAA/S) score. Kernel principal component analysis and k-means clustering were used to determine possible temporal dynamics from the weighted phase lag index characteristics. RESULTS: Ten EEG connectivity states were identified by clustering (76% consistency), each with unique properties. At OAA/S 3, the median (Q1, Q3) occurrence rates of state 6 (glioma group, 0.110 [0.083, 0.155] vs. control group, 0.070 [0.030, 0.110]; P=0.008) and state 7 (glioma group, 0.105 [0.083, 0.148] vs. control group: 0.065 [0.038, 0.090]; P=0.001), which are dominated by beta connectivity, were significantly different between the 2 groups, reflecting differential conversion of the beta band between the left and right brain regions. In addition, the temporal dynamics of the brain's functional connectivity was also reflected in the transition relationships between metastable states. CONCLUSIONS: There were differences in EEG functional connectivity, which is dynamic, between the glioma and nonglioma groups during sedation.

8.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 13(1): 2339942, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584569

RESUMO

To investigate the epidemiology of ST20 carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in China, and further explore the genomic characteristics of blaIMP-4 and blaNDM-1 coharboring isolates and plasmid contributions to resistance and fitness. Seven ST20 CRKP isolates were collected nationwide, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed. Antimicrobial resistance genes, virulence genes, and plasmid replicons were identified via whole-genome sequencing, and clonality assessed via core-genome multilocus sequence typing. Furthermore, we found four dual-metallo-ß-lactamases (MBL)-harbouring isolates, the gene location was detected by Southern blotting, and plasmid location analysis showed that blaIMP-4 was located on a separate plasmid, a self-conjugative fusion plasmid, or the bacterial chromosome. These isolates were subjected to long-read sequencing, the presence of blaIMP-4 in different locations was identified by genomic comparison, and transposon units were detected via inverse PCR. We subsequently found that blaIMP-4 on the fusion plasmid and bacterial chromosome was formed via intact plasmid recombination by the IS26 and ltrA, respectively, and the circular transposon unit was related to cointegration, however, blaIMP-4 in different locations did not affect the gene stability. The blaNDM-1-harbouring plasmid contributed to the increased resistance to ß-lactams and shortened survival lag time which was revealed in plasmid cured isolates. In summary, the K. pneumoniae ST20 clone is a high-risk resistant clone. With the use of ceftazidime/avibactam, MBL-positive isolates, especially dual-MBL-harbouring isolates, should be given additional attention.


Assuntos
Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , beta-Lactamases/farmacologia , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/genética , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 330: 118194, 2024 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38641077

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Prinsepia utilis Royle, native to the Himalayan region, has a long history of use in traditional medicine for its heat-clearing, detoxification, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties. Oils extracted from P. utilis seeds are also used in cooking and cosmetics. With the increasing market demand, this extraction process generates substantial industrial biowastes. Recent studies have found many health benefits with using aqueous extracts of these biowastes, which are also rich in polysaccharides. However, there is limited research related to the reparative effects of the water extracts of P. utilis oil cakes (WEPUOC) on disruptions of the skin barrier function. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to evaluate the reparative efficacy of WEPUOC in both acute and chronic epidermal permeability barrier disruptions. Furthermore, the study sought to explore the underlying mechanisms involved in repairing the epidermal permeability barrier. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse models with induced epidermal disruptions, employing tape-stripping (TS) and acetone wiping (AC) methods, were used. The subsequent application of WEPUOC (100 mg/mL) was evaluated through various assessments, with a focus on the upregulation of mRNA and protein expression of Corneocyte Envelope (CE) related proteins, lipid synthase-associated proteins, and tight junction proteins. RESULTS: The polysaccharide was the major phytochemicals of WEPUOC and its content was determined as 32.2% by the anthranone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method. WEPUOC significantly reduced transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and improved the damaged epidermal barrier in the model group. Mechanistically, these effects were associated with heightened expression levels of key proteins such as FLG (filaggrin), INV (involucrin), LOR (loricrin), SPT, FASN, HMGCR, Claudins-1, Claudins-5, and ZO-1. CONCLUSIONS: WEPUOC, obtained from the oil cakes of P. utilis, is rich in polysaccharides and exhibits pronounced efficacy in repairing disrupted epidermal barriers through increased expression of critical proteins involved in barrier integrity. Our findings underscore the potential of P. utilis wastes in developing natural cosmetic prototypes for the treatment of diseases characterized by damaged skin barriers, including atopic dermatitis and psoriasis.


Assuntos
Epiderme , Extratos Vegetais , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Epiderme/efeitos dos fármacos , Epiderme/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Água/química , Óleos de Plantas/farmacologia , Óleos de Plantas/química , Masculino , Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Ácido Graxo Sintases/genética , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 149: 109555, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615703

RESUMO

Developing a low-protein feed is important for the sustainable advancement of aquaculture. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of essential amino acid (EAA) supplementation in a low-protein diet on the growth, intestinal health, and microbiota of the juvenile blotched snakehead, Channa maculata in an 8-week trial conducted in a recirculating aquaculture system. Three isoenergetic diets were formulated to include a control group (48.66 % crude protein (CP), HP), a low protein group (42.54 % CP, LP), and a low protein supplementation EAA group (44.44 % CP, LP-AA). The results showed that significantly lower weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), and feed efficiency ratio (FER) were observed in fish that were fed LP than in the HP and LP-AA groups (P < 0.05). The HP and LP-AA groups exhibited a significant increase in intestinal villus length, villus width, and muscular thickness compared to the LP group (P < 0.05). Additionally, the HP and LP-AA groups demonstrated significantly higher levels of intestinal total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and lower levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) compared to the LP group (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of intestinal cells in the LP group was significantly higher than those in the LP and HP groups (P < 0.05). The mRNA expression levels of superoxide dismutase (sod), nuclear factor kappa B p65 subunit (nfκb-p65), heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), and inhibitor of NF-κBα (iκba) in the intestine were significantly higher in the LP group than those in the HP and LP-AA groups (P < 0.05). The 16s RNA analysis indicated that EAA supplementation significantly increased the growth of Desulfovibrio and altered the intestinal microflora. The relative abundances of Firmicutes and Cyanobacteria were positively correlated with antioxidant parameters (CAT and T-AOC), whereas Desulfobacterota was negatively correlated with sod and T-AOC. The genera Bacillus, Bacteroides, and Rothia were associated with the favorable maintenance of gut health. In conclusion, dietary supplementation with EAAs to achieve a balanced amino acid profile could potentially reduce the dietary protein levels from 48.66 % to 44.44 % without adversely affecting the growth and intestinal health of juvenile blotched snakeheads.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos Essenciais , Ração Animal , Suplementos Nutricionais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intestinos , Animais , Ração Animal/análise , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Aminoácidos Essenciais/administração & dosagem , Perciformes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Perciformes/imunologia , Dieta com Restrição de Proteínas/veterinária , Dieta/veterinária , Distribuição Aleatória , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Aquicultura , Channa punctatus
12.
J Adv Res ; 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38677545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation modifications have been widely implicated in the metabolic reprogramming of various cell types within the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are essential for meeting the demands of cellular growth and maintaining tissue homeostasis, enabling cells to adapt to the specific conditions of the TME. An increasing number of research studies have focused on the role of m6A modifications in glucose, amino acid and lipid metabolism, revealing their capacity to induce aberrant changes in metabolite levels. These changes may in turn trigger oncogenic signaling pathways, leading to substantial alterations within the TME. Notably, certain metabolites, including lactate, succinate, fumarate, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), glutamate, glutamine, methionine, S-adenosylmethionine, fatty acids and cholesterol, exhibit pronounced deviations from normal levels. These deviations not only foster tumorigenesis, proliferation and angiogenesis but also give rise to an immunosuppressive TME, thereby facilitating immune evasion by the tumor. AIM OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to comprehensively discuss the regulatory role of m6A modifications in the aforementioned metabolites and their potential impact on the development of an immunosuppressive TME through metabolic alterations. KEY SCIENTIFIC CONCEPTS OF REVIEW: This review aims to elaborate on the intricate networks governed by the m6A-metabolite-TME axis and underscores its pivotal role in tumor progression. Furthermore, we delve into the potential implications of the m6A-metabolite-TME axis for the development of novel and targeted therapeutic strategies in cancer research.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(13): 16132-16144, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38511296

RESUMO

The main impediment to the development of zinc-air batteries is the sluggish kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). Transition metal N-doped carbon catalysts offer a promising alternative to noble metal catalysts, with metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived carbon material catalysts being particularly noteworthy. Here, we synthesized MxP-Z-C carbon catalysts by combining two-dimensional (2D) metal porphyrin-based MOFs (MxPMFs, x = Fe, Co, Ni, Mn) and three-dimensional zeolitic imidazole framework-8 (ZIF-8) through electrostatic interaction, followed by carbonization. ZIF-8 was inserted between the layers of MxPMFs to prevent its Π-Π stacking, allowing the active sites to become fully exposed. MxP-Z-C demonstrated an impressive catalytic activity for both the ORR and the OER reactions. Among them, FeP-Z-C showed the best catalytic activity. The half-wave potential for ORR was 0.92 V (vs the reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)), while the overpotential for the OER was 290 mV. In addition, the zinc-air battery assembled by FeP-Z-C exhibited high power density (133.14 mW cm-2) and significant specific capacity (816 mAh gZn-1), indicating considerable potential as a bifunctional catalyst for electronic devices.

14.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 264(Pt 1): 130508, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428780

RESUMO

In present study, two water-soluble polysaccharides designated as POL-1 and POL-2 were purified from purslane and their structural characteristics as well as immunomodulatory activity were investigated. The weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of POL-1 and POL-2 were determined to be 64,100 Da and 21,000 Da, respectively. Comprehensive techniques including UV, IR, GC-MS, and NMR were applied to deduced that POL-1 was a pectin polysaccharide homogalacturonan (HG) consisting of →4)-α-GalpA-(1→ with methyl ester degree of 9.71 % and acetylation degree of 0.34 %, while POL-2 was composed of a 1, 4-linked ß-Galp backbone substituted by short side chain →4)-α-Glcp-(1→ and →6)-α-Glcp-(1→. The →4)-α-Glcp-(1→ was attached at the O-6 position of →4)-ß-Galp-(1→. TEM further revealed that POL-1 was non-branched single chains, while POL-2 was entangled microstructure with side chains. Moreover, POL-2 significantly promoted macrophage phagocytosis as well as the secretion of NO and cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6) through activating NF-κB signaling pathway, thus demonstrating potential immunomodulatory activity. These findings suggested that purslane may be exploited as a potential adjuvant and dietary supplement with immunostimulatory purpose.


Assuntos
Portulaca , Portulaca/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Citocinas/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fagocitose
15.
J Anim Sci ; 1022024 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477672

RESUMO

The accurate identification of individual sheep is a crucial prerequisite for establishing digital sheep farms and precision livestock farming. Currently, deep learning technology provides an efficient and non-contact method for sheep identity recognition. In particular, convolutional neural networks can be used to learn features of sheep faces to determine their corresponding identities. However, the existing sheep face recognition models face problems such as large model size, and high computational costs, making it difficult to meet the requirements of practical applications. In response to these issues, we introduce a lightweight sheep face recognition model called YOLOv7-Sheep Face Recognition (YOLOv7-SFR). Considering the labor-intensive nature associated with manually capturing sheep face images, we developed a face image recording channel to streamline the process and improve efficiency. This study collected facial images of 50 Small-tailed Han sheep through a recording channel. The experimental sheep ranged in age from 1 to 3 yr, with an average weight of 63.1 kg. Employing data augmentation methods further enhanced the original images, resulting in a total of 22,000 sheep face images. Ultimately, a sheep face dataset was established. To achieve lightweight improvement and improve the performance of the recognition model, a variety of improvement strategies were adopted. Specifically, we introduced the shuffle attention module into the backbone and fused the Dyhead module with the model's detection head. By combining multiple attention mechanisms, we improved the model's ability to learn target features. Additionally, the traditional convolutions in the backbone and neck were replaced with depthwise separable convolutions. Finally, leveraging knowledge distillation, we enhanced its performance further by employing You Only Look Once version 7 (YOLOv7) as the teacher model and YOLOv7-SFR as the student model. The training results indicate that our proposed approach achieved the best performance on the sheep face dataset, with a mean average precision@0.5 of 96.9%. The model size and average recognition time were 11.3 MB and 3.6 ms, respectively. Compared to YOLOv7-tiny, YOLOv7-SFR showed a 2.1% improvement in mean average precision@0.5, along with a 5.8% reduction in model size and a 42.9% reduction in average recognition time. The research results are expected to drive the practical applications of sheep face recognition technology.


Accurate identification of individual sheep is a crucial prerequisite for establishing digital sheep farms and precision livestock farming. In this study, we developed a lightweight sheep face recognition model, YOLOv7-SFR. Utilizing a face image recording channel, we efficiently collected facial images from 50 experimental sheep, resulting in a comprehensive sheep face dataset. Training results demonstrated that YOLOv7-SFR surpassed state-of-the-art lightweight sheep face recognition models, achieving a mean average precision@0.5 of 96.9%. Notably, the model size and average recognition time of YOLOv7-SFR were merely 11.3 MB and 3.6 ms, respectively. In summary, YOLOv7-SFR strikes an optimal balance between performance, model size, and recognition speed, offering promising practical applications for sheep face recognition technology. This study employs deep learning for sheep face recognition tasks, ensuring the welfare of sheep in the realm of digital agriculture and automation practices.


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Facial , Trabalho de Parto , Animais , Ovinos , Gravidez , Feminino , Agricultura , Fazendas , Gado
16.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1333910, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38439751

RESUMO

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is on the rise in developing countries and is characterized by a series of indications of metabolic disturbance. However, the prevalence of MetS varies under different definitions. The study aimed to compare five definitions of MetS in the China adult population, to explore their prevalence, characteristics and agreement. Methods: The data for the retrospective study came from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), consisting of 9,588 participants (≥45). MetS definitions from International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (2006), National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (2005), National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) (2001), Chinese Diabetes society (CDS) (2004) and the World Health Organization (WHO) (1999). We used binary and multivariable logistic analysis to explore factors connected with MetS. Results: The five definitions of MetS led to different prevalence of MetS:34.52% by IDF (2006), 38.63% by ATP (2005), 25.94% by ATP (2001), 26.31% by CDS (2004), 21.57% by WHO (1999). According to the definition of IDF (2006) (22.32% vs. 45.06%), ATPIII (2005) definition (27.99% vs. 47.82%), ATPIII (2001) definition (15.37% vs. 35.07%), CDS (2004) definition (19.96% vs. 31.80%), and WHO (1999) definition (17.44% vs. 25.14%), the prevalence of MetS in men was low but in women was high. The agreement between the five definitions for men was good except for the IDF (2006) definition and ATPIII (2001) definition (kappa = 0.51), with kappa values from 0.64 to 0.85. For women, the agreement between the five definitions was good ranging from 0.67 to 0.95, however, except for the definition of CDS (2004) and the definition of IDF (2006) (kappa = 0.44), the definition of WHO (1999) and the definition of IDF (2006) (kappa = 0.55), and the definition of WHO (1999) and the definition of ATPIII (2005) (kappa = 0.54). Binary logistic analysis indicated that although the impact and relevance varied by sex and definition, age, education, marital status, current residence, current smoking, alcohol using, taking activities and number of chronic diseases were factors connected to MetS. Conclusion: the prevalence and characteristics of the five definitions of MetS are different in the Chinese population. Therefore, it is vital to use the same definition for a country to diagnose MetS. On the other side, a lower prevalence in men than in women and the consistency of five MetS definitions are good in men but relatively poor in women.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Síndrome Metabólica , Adulto , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prevalência , China/epidemiologia , Colesterol , Trifosfato de Adenosina
17.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 14(5)2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470743

RESUMO

The niobium oxide dihalides have recently been identified as a new class of van der Waals materials exhibiting exceptionally large second-order nonlinear optical responses and robust in-plane ferroelectricity. In contrast to second-order nonlinear processes, third-order optical nonlinearities can arise irrespective of whether a crystal lattice is centrosymmetric. Here, we report third harmonic generation (THG) in two-dimensional (2D) transition metal oxide iodides, namely NbOI2 and TaOI2. We observe a comparable THG intensity from both materials. By benchmarking against THG from monolayer WS2, we deduce that the third-order susceptibility is approximately on the same order. THG resonances are revealed at different excitation wavelengths, likely due to enhancement by excitonic states and band edge resonances. The THG intensity increases for material thicknesses up to 30 nm, owing to weak interlayer coupling. After this threshold, it shows saturation or a decrease, due to optical interference effects. Our results establish niobium and tantalum oxide iodides as promising 2D materials for third-order nonlinear optics, with intrinsic in-plane ferroelectricity and thickness-tunable nonlinear efficiency.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546201

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Data on the impact of different anesthesia methods on clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing endovascular therapy (EVT) in extended windows are limited. This study compared clinical outcomes in patients with stroke having general anesthesia (GA), conscious sedation (CS), or local anesthesia (LA) during EVT in extended (>6 h) time windows. METHODS: We conducted an exploratory analysis of data from the ANGEL-ACT registry. The primary outcome was the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included the proportions of patients with mRS scores of 0 to 1, 0 to 2, and 0 to 3, and safety outcomes were any intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), symptomatic ICH, or mortality within 90 days. Multivariate analyses, inverse probability of treatment weighting, and coarsened exact matching were used to adjust for indication bias. RESULTS: A total of 646 patients were included in the analysis (GA,280; CS, 103; LA, 263). Patients having LA during EVT were more likely to have a favorable mRS score (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 1.75; 95% CI: 1.28 to 2.40) and a lower incidence of symptomatic ICH (aOR: 0.33; 95% CI: 0.14 to 0.76) than those having GA group. Similarly, CS was associated with greater odds of favorable 90-day mRS scores compared with GA (aOR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.11 to 2.56). Posterior circulation stroke was overrepresented in the GA group (29.6%) and may be a reason for the worse outcomes in the GA group. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who received LA or CS had better neurological outcomes than those who received GA within extended time windows in a real-world setting.

19.
Pharmacol Res ; 202: 107121, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431091

RESUMO

Bone homeostasis is maintained by osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation. A dramatic decrease in estrogen levels in postmenopausal women leads to osteoclast overactivation, impaired bone homeostasis, and subsequent bone loss. Changes in the gut microbiome affect bone mineral density. However, the role of the gut microbiome in estrogen deficiency-induced bone loss and its underlying mechanism remain unknown. In this study, we found that the abundance of Clostridium sporogenes (C. spor.) and its derived metabolite, indole propionic acid (IPA), were decreased in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. In vitro assays suggested that IPA suppressed osteoclast differentiation and function. At the molecular level, IPA suppressed receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL)-induced pregnane X receptor (PXR) ubiquitination and degradation, leading to increased binding of remaining PXR with P65. In vivo daily IPA administration or repeated C. spor. colonization protected against OVX-induced bone loss. To protect live bacteria from the harsh gastric environment and delay the emptying of orally administered C. spor. from the intestine, a C. spor.-encapsulated silk fibroin (SF) hydrogel system was developed, which achieved bone protection in OVX mice comparable to that achieved with repeated germ transplantation or daily IPA administration. Overall, we found that gut C. spor.-derived IPA was involved in estrogen deficiency-induced osteoclast overactivation by regulating the PXR/P65 complex. The C. spor.-encapsulated SF hydrogel system is a promising tool for combating postmenopausal osteoporosis without the disadvantages of repeated germ transplantation.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea , Clostridium , Osteoclastos , Propionatos , Humanos , Feminino , Camundongos , Animais , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Receptor de Pregnano X/metabolismo , Reabsorção Óssea/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Indóis/metabolismo , Hidrogéis , Ligante RANK/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular
20.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 328: 118021, 2024 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492793

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Prinsepia utilis Royle, also known as the Anas fruit, is a unique perennial woody oil plant from Yunnan Province, China. In the ancient texts of Dongba sutras and Yunnan Southern Materia Medica, it has been documented that the local Naxi, Tibetan, and Mosuo communities extensively utilize the root and leaf fruits of green thorns for various purposes. These include treating mild-to-moderate specific dermatitis, moisturising the skin, providing protection against UV damage, aiding childbirth in pregnant women, safeguarding stomach health, reducing the risk of arteriosclerosis, and delaying aging. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study, leftover residues from oil extraction were efficiently reused, and flavonoids were identified during subsequent extraction and separation processes. The anti-senescent effects of flavonoids in P. utilis Royle have not been systematically studied. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore the anti-senescent properties of the flavonoids obtained from P. utilis Royle. METHODS: First, HPLC and other analytical techniques were used to identify the components of the P. utilis Royle flavonoid (PURF). Next, DPPH, hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anion O2-, collagenase, and elastase were initially detected using in vitro biochemical assays. To examine its antioxidant properties, a zebrafish model was used, and to confirm its anti-senescent effects, a d-galactose-induced mouse aging model was employed. The anti-senescent mechanism of PURF was examined using a natural senescence HFF model. Furthermore, the anti-senescent target was confirmed using a 3D full T-Skin™ model. RESULTS: In vitro biochemical assays demonstrated that flavones exhibited potent antioxidant activity and anti-senescent potential by inhibiting DPPH, hydroxyl radicals, superoxide anion O2-, collagenase, and elastase. It significantly enhanced the antioxidant effect on zebrafish while suppressing ROS and inflammatory injury, up-regulating COL1A1, COL3A1, AMPK, and mTOR gene expression and down-regulating MMP-9, TGF-ß, p21, and p16 gene expression suggesting its potential anti-senescent ability. Findings from the D-galactose-induced aging mouse model showed that PURF greatly increased SOD levels, while simultaneously decreasing HYP and MDA levels. In addition, when PURF was given to the HFF cell and 3D full T-Skin™ model, consistent trends were observed in gene and protein expression, with up-regulation of COL1A1, COL3A1, AMPK, and mTOR genes and down-regulation of TGF-ß, MMP-1, MMP-9, p21, and p16 genes. Therefore, these preliminary findings indicate that flavones can modulate AMPK/mTOR/TGF-ß signalling pathways to exert its influence. CONCLUSION: The kernel residue of natural P. utilis Royle oil extracted from Yunnan province was previously considered agricultural waste, but we successfully extracted and isolated its flavonoid components. Our preliminary studies demonstrated its potential as an environmentally friendly anti-senescent raw material.


Assuntos
Flavonas , Gravidez , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Feminino , Flavonas/farmacologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Peixe-Zebra , Superóxidos , Galactose , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , China , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Sementes , Elastase Pancreática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
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