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1.
Dis Markers ; 2022: 8133505, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493303

RESUMO

Glioma is a serious disease burden globally, with high mortality and recurrence rates. CDGSH iron sulfur domain 2 (CISD2) is an evolutionarily conserved protein that is involved in several cancers. However, its role in the prognosis and immune infiltration in glioma remains unclear. In our research, RNA-seq matrix and clinicopathological relevant data for CISD2 were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. Human Protein Atlas was used to verify the CISD2 protein level in glioma, and STRING was used to establish relative coexpression gene network. The Kaplan-Meier plotter was adopted to analyze the effect of CISD2 on prognosis. The connection between CISD2 expression and immune infiltration was analyzed using single-sample GSEA (ssGSEA), TIMER, and GEPIA. In contrast to normal tissues, CISD2 expression was significantly higher in glioma tissues, and CISD2 presented a certain diagnostic value in distinguishing glioma tissues from normal tissues. Furthermore, the CISD2 level was correlated with age, histologic grade, histological type, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) status, 1p/19q codeletion status, and primary therapy outcome of glioma, while high CISD2 mRNA expression was correlated with grave overall survival. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that CISD2 was an independent risk factor for patients with glioma. Functional enrichment analysis indicated that CISD2 could regulate proliferation, immune reaction, and mitochondrial function. The results from the ssGSEA and TIMER databases confirmed that CISD2 acts a prominent role in immune cell infiltration in the tumor microenvironment, especially in low-grade glioma (LGG). Furthermore, CISD2 expression was observably correlated to M2 polarization in macrophages with glioma progression. This is the first research to investigate the immune role of CISD2 in glioma. CISD2 may be an innovative prognostic biomarker and can act as a potential target for future therapy for glioma.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Glioma , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499719

RESUMO

In the context of sustainability and carbon neutrality, green innovation has become a focus of China's manufacturing enterprises. However, how a new chief executive officer (CEO) reacts to this situation is less discussed. This paper relies on agency conflicts, employing upper echelons theory and institutional literature to examine the effects of CEO turnover on green innovation. By using a sample of 1,915 listed manufacturing firms in China, we find that CEO turnover leads to greater green innovation quantity but not lower innovation quality. This result does not verify the greenwashing perspective and shows that CEO turnover is a promoter of green innovation. In addition, we observed that formal and informal factors (represented by environmental regulation and media coverage) have different moderating impacts on the quality and quantity of green innovation. This study provides new insight into green innovation governance mechanisms.

3.
J Cancer ; 13(7): 2159-2170, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35517415

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is one of the most lethal types of solid tumors worldwide. Lymph node metastasis is common in the early stage, which is associated with recurrence and reduced survival time after CCA resection. The molecular pathogenesis of CCA is complex and requires extensive investigation. It involves multiple genomic alterations and the dysregulation of signaling pathways. Biliverdin reductase B (BLVRB) is a non-redundant NAD(P)H-dependent biliverdin reductase that regulates cellular redox status by reducing biliverdin to bilirubin. This study aimed at describing the biological functions and molecular mechanisms of BLVRB in human CCA. Prognostic clinical data showed that low expression BLVRB was associated with poor prognosis and lymph node metastasis. BLVRB depletion accelerated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell migration and invasion. In contrast, BLVRB overexpression was associated with reduced EMT and cell migration and invasion in CCA. BLVRB suppression activated Notch signaling, and activated c-Notch enhanced EMT by upregulating Snail expression levels, thereby increasing cell migration and invasion in CCA. Our results identified an unexpected function of BLVRB in CCA migration and invasion through the regulation of Notch/Snail signaling.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7903, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551260

RESUMO

Instability failure in rock mass engineering is closely related to expansion of joint fissures. In this study, uniaxial compression tests and acoustic emission (AE) measurements were carried out simultaneously on specimens of soft rock-like material with different fracture angles and connectivity values to better understand their influence on the deformation and failure of the material. The stress-strain curve and AE signal of fractured soft rock-like material are similar to those of intact soft rock-like; specifically, they exhibit a compaction, elastic deformation, stable fracture development, and unstable fracture development. The main differences between fractured and intact material occur during post-peak failure stage. Under the combined influence of fracture angle and connectivity, the uniaxial compressive strength of fractured soft rock-like material ([Formula: see text]) is lower than that of the intact soft rock-like material (fcu), and can be described by the relationship [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is the strength reduction coefficient, fitted as [Formula: see text]. In this equation, x is the fracture angle ([Formula: see text]) and y is the fracture connectivity (%). Under uniaxial compression, the main types of secondary cracks were wing cracks and secondary coplanar cracks. The specimen with a fracture angle of 30° mainly underwent tensile failure under loading, whereas those with fracture angles of 45° and 60°mainly experienced shear failure under high-connectivity conditions (45%).

5.
Cell Death Differ ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538152

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has been widely utilized in multiple tumors, however, its efficacy in the treatment of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) is still being challenged. Meanwhile, functions and mechanisms of RNA binding proteins in regulating immunotherapy for TNBC remain largely elusive. Here we reported that the RNA binding protein RBMS1 is prevalent among immune-cold TNBC. Through a systematic shRNA-mediated screen, we found depletion of RBMS1 significantly reduced the level of programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in TNBC. Clinically, RBMS1 was increased in breast cancer and its level was positively correlated to that of PD-L1. RBMS1 ablation stimulated cytotoxic T cell mediated anti-tumor immunity. Mechanistically, RBMS1 regulated the mRNA stability of B4GALT1, a newly identified glycosyltransferase of PD-L1. Depletion of RBMS1 destabilized the mRNA of B4GALT1, inhibited the glycosylation of PD-L1 and promoted the ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of PD-L1. Importantly, combination of RBMS1 depletion with CTLA4 immune checkpoint blockade or CAR-T treatment enhanced anti-tumor T-cell immunity both in vitro and in vivo. Together, our findings provided a new immunotherapeutic strategy against TNBC by targeting the immunosuppressive RBMS1.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543282

RESUMO

Although the application of nanoscale artificial enzymes in various industries is an attractive way to circumvent the intrinsic drawbacks of natural enzymes, their catalytic constant (Kcat) as a critical reaction parameter is far from satisfactory. Presented here is the rational design and fabrication of a unique peroxidase mimic catalyst based upon Pd@PtxRu4-x (1 ≤ x ≤ 3) prepared by coating PtRu alloy as conformal, ultrathin shells on Pd nanocrystals. Benefiting from an optimal Pt/Ru ratio and well-defined {100} facets, together with confining the Pt-Ru alloy to a shell of averagely 3.3-atomic-layer thick (i.e. Pd@Pt-Ru3.3L), the nanocrystals exhibit the highest catalytic activity and kinetics (1.2 × 106 s-1), resulting in a significant increase of catalytic activity compared with the classical PtRu nanozyme (3.6 × 103 s-1) and horseradish peroxidase (4.0 × 103 s-1), respectively. The following density functional theory calculations demonstrate that the origin of the superior catalytic performance could be attributed to the modulation of the adsorption behavior of the key reaction intermediates on the surface. As a proof of concept, its peroxidase mimicking ability is adopted for sensing glucose and glutathione molecules in human serum, with a long linear range and high selectivity. This work opens new horizons for the future development of advanced catalysts based upon alloy nanocrystals for various applications.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(18): 21509-21520, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500100

RESUMO

Flexible electronics have aroused great interest over the past few years due to their unique advantages of being wearable and lightweight. Introducing the self-healing function into wearable electronics will contribute to the practical applications of wearable electronics by prolonging the devices' lifetime. In this study, a flexible essential oil (EO)-loaded mesoporous silica (EO@AMS)/polyacrylate hybrid hydrogel with superb self-healing and antibacterial properties was prepared. The prepared hybrid hydrogel was found to have excellent piezoresistive sensing performance, which could be particularly suitable for human vital activity monitoring. Benefiting from the strong ionic bonding and multiple hydrogen bonds between polyacrylate and EO@AMS, the hybrid hydrogel could repair its damaged areas with restored sensing and mechanical properties, which suggested excellent self-healing ability. In addition, this hybrid hydrogel, when applied in wearable devices, was found to have high antibacterial ability owing to the slow release of the lemon EO from AMS to kill bacteria. This promising self-healing and antibacterial hybrid hydrogel shows a promising application in wearable electronics for posture monitoring, human-computer interaction, and artificial intelligence.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 200: 113186, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500784

RESUMO

Eleven undescribed limonoids, cipacinerasins A-K, involving of four diverse carbon skeletal types, along with fifteen known analogues, were isolated from the branches and leaves of Cipadessa baccifera. Within them, cipacinerasins A and B feature a rearranged tetrahydropyranyl ring B formed between C-8 and C-30, are unusual miscellaneous-type limonoids. Cipacinerasins E and F are rare trijugin-type limonoids, of which the D-ring δ-lactone is cleaved. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic data (HRESIMS, NMR, UV and IR), electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. All compounds were evaluated in vitro cytotoxicity against five human tumor cell lines (K562, HeLa, PC3, LN-Cap and Hell), and cipacinerasin E showed moderate antitumor activity with IC50 values ranging from 8.0 to 24.8 µM.

10.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(9)2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35566863

RESUMO

This work was dedicated to improving the utilization rate of yellow peach peel (YPP), with the addition of sodium alginate (SA) and glycerol (G) to prepare a biodegradable antioxidant film. First, the formulation of the film was optimized via response surface methodology (RSM) combined with the multi-index comprehensive evaluation method, considering physical properties including tensile strength (TS), elongation at break (E%), water solution (WS) and light transmittance (T). The RSM results displayed the best process condition was 2.50% of YPP, 0.60% SA and 0.80% of G (based on water) and compared with pure YPP film and YPP-SA film, the optimized (YPP-SA-G) film presented excellent properties with TS of 21.52 MPa, E of 24.8%, T of 21.56% on 600 nm, and WS of 41.61%, the comprehensive evaluation score of the film was 0.700. Furthermore, the films were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FTIR analysis showed the main interaction of hydrogen between YPP, SA and G make the film has excellent compatibility, and the SEM images displayed that the film was dense and compacted with a little roughness. In addition, the optimized film had excellent thermal stability, suggested by TGA and XRD showed that the film's crystal structure has been changed significantly when the SA and G were mixed in. The TPC and the ability of DPPH radical scavenging of the YPP-SA-G film was 17.68 mg·g-1 of GAE and 18.65%, then potential packaging applications were evaluated using soybean oil and the YPP-SA-G antioxidant film significantly decreased peroxide value (POV) to delay oil oxidation during storage. Therefore, the YPP-SA-G film is expected to provide a new theoretical basis for the use of food processing by-products and the packaging industry.

11.
Fitoterapia ; 160: 105217, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561838

RESUMO

Two pairs of new enantiomeric flavonolignans, ±stachyols A and B (±1 and ± 2), along with two novel isoflavanelignans, stachyols C and D (3 and 4) were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes. Their chemical structures and absolute configurations were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance and comparison of experimental and theoretical electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra, as well as quantum chemical calculations. Of those compounds, 1 and 2 represented the first examples of flavonolignans with 5-deoxyflavonoids adduct phenylpropanoids. Moreover, 3 and 4 possess an unprecedented skeleton with isoflavanes adduct phenylpropanoids. The antioxidant activity was evaluated for all compounds in terms of ABTS+ and DPPH bioassays. Compounds 3 and 4 exhibited significant radical-scavenging activity in the ABTS+ assay, with IC50 values of 15.15 and 5.83 µM, respectively.

12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 238: 113572, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533447

RESUMO

Cigarette smoke is a common global environmental pollutant. Asthma, the most frequent allergic airway disease, is related to maternal exposure to cigarette smoke. Our previous studies demonstrated that prenatal exposure to nicotine (PNE), the major active product of smoking, impairs fetal thymopoiesis and CD4+ T cell development after birth. This study aimed to investigate whether PNE contributes to asthma susceptibility through CD4+ T cell development alterations. First, A PNE model was established by administering 3 mg/kg/day nicotine to maternal mice, and then an ovalbumin-induced asthma model was established in the offspring. Further, ß-catenin and downstream pathways were inhibited in vitro to confirm the molecular mechanisms underlying the phenotype observed during the in vivo phase. The results showed that PNE induced Th2 and Th17 biases at developmental checkpoints and aggravated asthma symptoms in the offspring. In fetuses, PNE up-regulated α7 nAChR, activated PI3K-AKT, promoted ß-catenin level increase, and established potential Th2- and Th17-biased gene expression patterns during thymopoiesis, which persisted after birth. Similar results were also observed in 1 µM nicotine-treated thymocytes in vitro. Moreover, inhibiting PI3K-AKT by LY294002 abrogated nicotine-mediated ß-catenin level increase and thymopoiesis abnormalities, and an α7 nAChR antagonist (α-btx) also reversed nicotine-induced PI3K-AKT activation. Our findings provide strong evidence that PNE is a risk factor for T cell deviation and postnatal asthma, and revealed that nicotine-induced ß-catenin level increase induces thymopoiesis abnormalities.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535858

RESUMO

Electrocatalytic ammonia oxidation at room temperature and pressure allows energy-economical and environmentally friendly production of nitrites and nitrates. Few molecular catalysts, however, have been developed for this six- or eight-electron oxidation process. We now report [Cu(bipyalk)]+, a homogeneous electrocatalyst that realizes the title reaction in water at 94% Faradaic efficiency. The catalyst exhibits high selectivity against water oxidation in aqueous media, as [Cu(bipyalk)]+ is not competent for water oxidation.

14.
Neural Netw ; 152: 224-233, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537219

RESUMO

Attributed graph clustering is challenging as it needs to effectively combine both graph structure and node feature information to accomplish node clustering. Recent studies mostly adopt graph neural networks to learn node embeddings, then apply traditional clustering methods to obtain clusters. However, their node embeddings are not specifically designed for clustering. Moreover, most of their loss functions only rely on either structure or feature information, making both kinds of information not fully retained in node embeddings. In this paper, we propose a multi-task embedding learning method (MTEL) for attributed graph clustering, which constructs two prediction tasks in terms of structure and feature based adjacency matrices respectively. To make the node embeddings helpful for the downstream clustering, in each task, we predict the minimum hop number between each pair of nodes in the adjacency matrix, so that the correlation degrees among nodes can be encoded into node embeddings. To improve the performance of the prediction task, we regularize the model parameters in these two tasks via ℓ2,1 norm, through which the model parameters can be jointly learned. Experiments on real attributed graphs show that MTEL is superior for attributed graph clustering over state-of-the-art methods.

15.
Circ Res ; : 101161CIRCRESAHA122320846, 2022 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanical forces play crucial roles in neointimal hyperplasia after vein grafting; yet, our understanding of their influences on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) activation remains rudimentary. METHODS: A cuff mouse model was used to study vein graft hyperplasia. Fifteen percent to 1 Hz uniaxial cyclic stretch (arterial strain), 5% to 1 Hz uniaxial cyclic stretch or a static condition (venous strain) were applied to the cultured VSMCs. Metabolomics analysis, cell proliferation and migration assays, immunoblotting, co-immunoprecipitation, mutagenesis, pull-down and surface plasmon resonance assays were employed to elucidate the potential molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: RNA-sequencing in vein grafts and the controls identified changes in metabolic pathways and downregulation of mitochondrial protein MFN2 (mitofusin 2) in the vein grafts. Exposure of VSMCs to 15% stretch resulted in MFN2 downregulation, mitochondrial fragmentation, metabolic shift from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis, and cell proliferation and migration, as compared with that to a static condition or 5% stretch. Metabolomics analysis indicated an increased generation of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate, an intermediate in the glycolytic pathway converted by PFK1 (phosphofructokinase 1) from fructose-6-phosphate, in cells exposed to 15% stretch. Mechanistic study revealed that MFN2 physically interacts through its C-terminus with PFK1. MFN2 knockdown or exposure of cells to 15% stretch promoted stabilization of PFK1, likely through interfering the association between PFK1 and the E3 ubiquitin ligase TRIM21 (E3 ubiquitin ligase tripartite motif [TRIM]-containing protein 21), thus, decreasing the ubiquitin-protease-dependent PFK1 degradation. In addition, study of mechanotransduction utilizing pharmaceutical inhibition indicated that the MFN2 downregulation by 15% stretch was dependent on inactivation of the SP1 (specificity protein 1) and activation of the JNK (c-Jun N-terminal kinase) and ROCK (Rho-associated protein kinase). Adenovirus-mediated MFN2 overexpression or pharmaceutical inhibition of PFK1 suppressed the 15% stretch-induced VSMC proliferation and migration and alleviated neointimal hyperplasia in vein grafts. CONCLUSIONS: MFN2 is a mechanoresponsive protein that interacts with PFK1 to mediate PFK1 degradation and therefore suppresses glycolysis in VSMCs.

16.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 17(1): 43, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35380290

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Even though extensive studies have surveyed long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-related networks in hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD), the concrete function of lncRNA H19 (H19) in HIBD is still in ambiguity. Therein, this work intends to decipher H19-related network of microRNA (miR)-140-5p and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in HIBD. METHODS: Brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs) from BALB/c mice were isolated and induced by oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD). OGD-induced BMECs were transfected with depleted or restored H19, miR-140-5p or STAT3, and cell apoptosis, migration and angiogenesis were examined. H19, miR-140-5p and STAT3 expression and their internal connections were tested. RESULTS: H19 and STAT3 were overexpressed while miR-140-5p was down-regulated in OGD-induced BMECs. H19 or STAT3 knockdown, or miR-140-5p restoration repressed apoptosis and improved migration and angiogenesis of OGD-induced BMECs. MiR-140-5p restoration negated the impacts of up-regulated H19 on OGD-induced BMECs. H19 bound to miR-140-5p to modulate STAT3 expression. CONCLUSION: The work illustrates that depleting H19 or STAT3 or restoring miR-140-5p attenuates HIBD and supplies a novel perspective for HIBD management.

17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 607: 166-173, 2022 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35381387

RESUMO

Von Willebrand Factor (VWF) can promote platelet adhesion to the post-atherosclerotic regions to initiate thrombosis. The synthesis and secretion of VWF are important functions of endothelial cells (ECs). However, the mechanism through which blood flow regulates endothelial secretion of VWF remains unclear. We utilized a parallel-plate flow apparatus to apply fluid shear stress to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Compared with pulsatile shear stress that mimics laminar flow in the straight parts of arteries or upstream of atherosclerotic stenosis sites, short-term exposure to oscillatory shear stress (OS) that mimics disturbed flow increased VWF secretion independent of affecting synaptosomal-associated protein 23 (SNAP23) expression and promoted the translocation of SNAP23 to the cell membrane. Vimentin associated with SNAP23, and this association was enhanced by OS or histamine. Acrylamide, a reagent that disrupts vimentin intermediate filaments, prevented histamine/OS-induced SNAP23 translocation, as well as VWF secretion. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the polarity of the vimentin intermediate filament network decreased after stimulation with histamine or OS. In addition, inhibition of protein kinase A (PKA) or G protein coupled receptor 68 (GPR68) eliminated the histamine/OS-induced phosphorylation of vimentin at Ser38 and secretion of VWF. Furthermore, syntaxin 7 might assist with the translocation of SNAP23 to the cell membrane, thus playing a role in promoting VWF secretion. The GPR68/PKA/vimentin signaling pathway may represent a novel mechanism for the regulation of SNAP23-mediated VWF secretion by ECs under OS and provide strategies for the prevention of atherosclerosis-related thrombosis.


Assuntos
Trombose , Fator de von Willebrand , Histamina/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Filamentos Intermediários/metabolismo , Mecanotransdução Celular , Proteínas Qb-SNARE/metabolismo , Proteínas Qc-SNARE/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Estresse Mecânico , Trombose/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo , Fator de von Willebrand/metabolismo
18.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 42(5): 613-631, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Macrophages are involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Caspase-8, an apical component of cell death pathways, is significantly upregulated in macrophages of PAH animal models. However, its role in PAH remains unclear. Caspase-8 plays a critical role in regulating inflammatory responses via inflammasome activation, cell death, and cytokine induction. This study investigated the mechanism of regulation of IL-1ß (interleukin 1ß) activation in macrophages by caspase-8. METHODS: A hypoxia + SU5416-induced PAH mouse model and monocrotaline-induced rat model of PAH were constructed and the role of caspase-8 was analyzed. RESULTS: Caspase-8 and cleaved-caspase-8 were significantly upregulated in the lung tissues of SU5416 and hypoxia-treated PAH mice and monocrotaline-treated rats. Pharmacological inhibition of caspase-8 alleviated PAH compared with wild-type mice, observed as a significant reduction in right ventricular systolic pressure, ratio of right ventricular wall to left ventricular wall plus ventricular septum, pulmonary vascular media thickness, and pulmonary vascular muscularization; caspase-8 ablated mice also showed significant remission. Mechanistically, increased proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cellss is closely associated with activation of the NLRP3 (NOD [nucleotide oligomerization domain]-, LRR [leucine-rich repeat]-, and PYD [pyrin domain]-containing protein 3) inflammasome and the IL-1ß signaling pathway. Although caspase-8 did not affect extracellular matrix synthesis, it promoted inflammatory cell infiltration and pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell proliferation via NLRP3/IL-1ß activation during the development stage of PAH. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our study suggests that macrophage-derived IL-1ß via caspase-8-dependent canonical inflammasome is required for macrophages to play a pathogenic role in pulmonary perivascular inflammation.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Hipertensão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/genética , Hipóxia/complicações , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/complicações , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Monocrotalina/toxicidade , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427224

RESUMO

The de facto review-involved recommender systems, using review information to enhance recommendation, have received increasing interest over the past years. Thereinto, one advanced branch is to extract salient aspects from textual reviews (i.e., the item attributes that users express) and combine them with the matrix factorization (MF) technique. However, the existing approaches all ignore the fact that semantically different reviews often include opposite aspect information. In particular, positive reviews usually express aspects that users prefer, while the negative ones describe aspects that users dislike. As a result, it may mislead the recommender systems into making incorrect decisions pertaining to user preference modeling. Toward this end, in this article, we present a review polarity-wise recommender model, dubbed as RPR, to discriminately treat reviews with different polarities. To be specific, in this model, positive and negative reviews are separately gathered and used to model the user-preferred and user-rejected aspects, respectively. Besides, to overcome the imbalance of semantically different reviews, we further develop an aspect-aware importance weighting strategy to align the aspect importance for these two kinds of reviews. Extensive experiments conducted on eight benchmark datasets have demonstrated the superiority of our model when compared with several state-of-the-art review-involved baselines. Moreover, our method can provide certain explanations to real-world rating prediction scenarios.

20.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 17(1): 60, 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between baseline lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). METHODS: ATAAD patients undergoing surgery in Nanjing First Hospital were enrolled from January 2019 to April 2021. Lymphocyte and monocyte were measured on admission. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to explore the relationship between LMR and postoperative AKI. We also used receiver operating characteristic (ROC), net reclassification index (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) analyses to assess the predictive ability of LMR. RESULTS: Among the 159 recruited patients, 47 (29.6%) were diagnosed with AKI. Univariate logistic regression analysis indicated that ATAAD patients with higher levels of LMR were prone to have lower risk to develop AKI (odds ratio [OR], 0.493; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.284-0.650, P = 0.001). After adjustment for the potential confounders, LMR remained an independent related factor with postoperative AKI (OR 0.527; 95% CI 0.327-0.815, P = 0.006). The cutoff value for LMR to predict AKI was determined to be 2.67 in the ROC curve analysis (area under curve: 0.719). NRI and IDI further confirmed the predictive capability of LMR in postoperative AKI. CONCLUSION: Elevated baseline LMR levels were independently associated with lower risk of postoperative AKI in ATAAD patients.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Humanos , Linfócitos , Monócitos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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