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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115368, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590842

RESUMO

This paper reveals the structural variations of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) prepared from sugarcane bagasse (SCB) using different methods and the organic-inorganic hybrid nanomaterials were constructed with polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS). First, pure cellulose was extracted from SCB, and four CNCs were successfully obtained. The huge differences in structure and properties provide a choice for various applications. Subsequently, novel CNC/POSS hybrid nanomaterials were prepared from carboxylated CNC via carbodiimide-assisted coupling chemistry. The morphology and properties of hybrids were investigated in detail. The hybrids exhibit great differences in structure and properties due to the difference in CNC. The incorporation of POSS has improved the thermal performance of the CNC, and the mass ratio has a significant impact on molecular structure. This work provides useful information for the preparation of multi-type CNCs using agricultural and forestry by-products, and the novel CNC/POSS hybrid has opened up new ideas for the application of nanocellulose.

2.
Talanta ; 207: 120300, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594586

RESUMO

A "signal-on" chemiluminescence biosensor was established for detecting thrombin. The thrombin aptamer1-functionalized magnetic sodium alginate (Malg-Apt1) hydrogel was synthesized by physical interaction between sodium alginate and Ca2+, and it was used in the biosensor for separating and enriching thrombin. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) was used to chelate with Ca2+ to dissolve the hydrogel and release thrombin. A metalloporphyrinic metal-organic framework nanosheet, named as Cu-TCPP(Co) MOFs, was prepared as signal amplification strategy. Cu-TCPP(Co) MOFs/Au-ssDNA (ssDNA: single-strand DNA) was synthesized for controllable further amplification of chemiluminescent signal. The thrombin aptamer2-functionalized magnetic carbon nanotubes (MCNTs-Apt2) were used as a matrix, and Cu-TCPP(Co) MOFs/Au-ssDNA was adsorbed on the MCNTs by the complementary pairing of the partial bases between ssDNA and Apt2. Compared with ssDNA, Apt2 has a stronger interaction with thrombin. Therefore, thrombin can trigger the release of Cu-TCPP(Co) MOFs/Au-ssDNA to achieve signal amplification. Under the optimal conditions, the biosensor could detect thrombin as low as 2.178 × 10-13 mol/L with the range from 8.934 × 10-13 to 5.956 × 10-10 mol/L and exhibited excellent selectively. Moreover, the "signal-on" chemiluminescence biosensor showed potential application for the detection of thrombin in body fluids.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584877

RESUMO

We investigated the role of the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network in the development and progression of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD). We analyzed the expression profiles of PAAD and normal pancreatic tissues from multiple GEO databases and identified 457 differentially expressed circular RNAs (DEcircRNAs), 19 microRNAs (DEmiRNAs) and 1993 mRNAs (DEmRNAs). We constructed a ceRNA network consisting of 4 DEcircRNAs, 3 DEmiRNAs and 149 DEmRNAs that regulates the NF-kappa B, PI3K-Akt, and Wnt signaling pathways. We then identified and validated five hub genes, CXCR4, HIF1A, ZEB1, SDC1 and TWIST1, which are overexpressed in PAAD tissues. The expression of CXCR4, HIF1A, ZEB1, and SDC1 in PAAD was regulated by circ-UBAP2 and hsa-miR-494. The expression of CXCR4 and ZEB1 correlated with the levels of M2 macrophages, T-regulatory cells (Tregs) and exhausted T cells in the PAAD tissues. The expression of CXCR4 and ZEB1 positively correlated with the expression of CTLA-4 and PD-1. This suggests that CXCR4 and ZEB1 proteins inhibit antigen presentation and promote immune escape mechanisms in PAAD cells. In summary, our data suggest that the circUBAP2-mediated ceRNA network modulates PAAD by regulating the infiltration and function of immune cells.

4.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 344, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase (mHS) deficiency is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism, which will give rise to failure of ketogenesis in liver during illness or fasting. It is a very rare disease with only a few patients reported worldwide, most of which had a good prognosis after proper therapies. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 9-month-old boy with mHS deficiency presenting with unusually severe and persistent acidosis after diarrhea and reduced oral food intake. The metabolic acidosis persisted even after supplementation with sugar and alkaline solution. Blood purification and assisted respiration alleviated symptoms, but a second onset induced by respiratory infection several days later led to multiple organ failure and death. Urine organic acid analysis during the acute episode revealed a complex pattern of ketogenic dicarboxylic and 3-hydroxydicarboxylic aciduria with prominent elevation of glutaric acid and adipic acid, which seem to be specific to mHS deficiency. Plasma acylcarnitine analysis revealed elevated 3-hydroxybutyrylcarnitine and acetylcarnitine. This is the first report of elevated 3-hydroxybutyrylcarnitine in mHS deficiency. Whole exome sequencing revealed a novel compound heterozygous mutation in HMGCS2 (c.100C > T and c.1465delA). CONCLUSION: This severe case suggests the need for patients with mHS deficiency to avoid recurrent illness because it can induce severe metabolic crisis, possibly leading to death. Such patients may also require special treatment, such as blood purification. Urine organic acid profile during the acute episode may give a hint to the disease.

6.
Brain Stimul ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by abnormal neuron discharge, and one-third of epilepsy patients suffer from drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). The current management for DRE includes epileptogenic lesion resection, disconnection, and neuromodulation. Neuromodulation is achieved through invasive electrical stimulus including deep brain stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, or responsive neurostimulation (RNS). As an alternative therapy, transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS) can transcranially and non-invasively modulate neuron activity. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to verify the use of FUS pulsations to suppress spikes in an acute epileptic small-animal model, and to investigate possible biological mechanisms by which FUS pulsations interfere with epileptic neuronal activity. METHODS: The study used a total of 76 Sprague-Dawley rats. For the epilepsy model, rats were administered pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) to induce acute epileptic-like abnormal neuron discharges, followed by FUS exposure. Various ultrasound parameters were set to test the epilepsy-suppressing effect, while concurrently monitoring and analyzing electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. Animal behavior was monitored and histological examinations were conducted to evaluate the hazard posed by ultrasound exposure and the expression of neuronal activity markers. Western blotting was used to evaluate the correlation between FUS-induced epileptic suppression and the PI3K-mTOR signaling pathway. RESULTS: We observed that FUS pulsations effectively suppressed epileptic activity and observed EEG spectrum oscillations; the spike-suppressing effect depended on the selection of ultrasound parameters and highly correlated with FUS exposure level. Expression level changes of c-Fos and GAD65 were confirmed in the cortex and hippocampus, indicating that FUS pulsations deactivated excitatory cells and activated GABAergic terminals. No tissue damage, inflammatory response, or behavioral abnormalities were observed in rats treated with FUS under these exposure parameters. We also found that the FUS pulsations down-regulated the S6 phosphorylation and decreased pAKT expression. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that pulsed FUS exposure effectively suppresses epileptic spikes in an acute epilepsy animal model, and finds that ultrasound pulsation interferes with neuronal activity and affects the PTZ-induced PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway, which might help explain the mechanism underlying ultrasound-related epileptic spike control.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17224, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS), and is associated with genetic factors. FOXP3 gene polymorphism has been reported as the risk factor for MS, however, previous studies have showed conflicting results. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between FOXP3 gene polymorphism and the susceptibility to MS. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, library of Cochrane, and Web of Science were used to search the eligible articles from January 1980 up to October 2018. The odds ratio (ORs) and its 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to evaluate the strength of association. Allele model, homozygote model, heterozygote model, dominant model, and recessive model were used to evaluate the association between FOXP3 gene polymorphism and MS. RESULTS: A total of 5 studies contained 1276 MS patients and 1447 controls (for rs3761548) and 600 MS patients and 640 controls (for rs2232365) were enrolled in this meta-analysis. The association showed significant differences in allele and dominant model for rs3761548 polymorphism. In addition, a clear tendency to significance was detected in homozygote and recessive model for rs3761548 (P = .052). Subgroup analysis indicated a significant risk of MS in all genotype models but heterozygotes in Asians. CONCLUSION: FOXP3 gene polymorphism rs3761548 was associated with a higher MS risk, especially in Asians. This conclusion needs to be validated in more large samples and multiracial studies. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III diagnostic study.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Esclerose Múltipla/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Genes/genética , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/etiologia
8.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 183: 105091, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The functional regions clustering through microelectrode recording (MER) is a critical step in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. The localization of the optimal target highly relies on the neurosurgeon's empirical assessment of the neurophysiological signal. This work presents an unsupervised clustering algorithm to get the optimal cluster result of the functional regions along the electrode trajectory. METHODS: The dataset consists of the MERs obtained from the routine bilateral DBS for PD patients. Several features have been extracted from MER and divided into groups based on the type of neurophysiological signal. We selected single feature groups rather than all features as the input samples of each division of the divisive hierarchical clustering (DHC) algorithm. And the optimal cluster result has been achieved through a feature group combination selection (FGS) method based on genetic algorithm (GA). To measure the performance of this method, we compared the accuracy and validation indexes of three methods, including DHC only, DHC with GA-based FGS and DHC with GA-based feature selection (FS) in other studies, on the universal and DBS datasets. RESULTS: Results show that the DHC with GA-based FGS achieved the optimal cluster result compared with other methods. The three borders of the STN can be identified from the cluster result. The dorsoventral sizes of the STN and dorsal STN are 4.45 mm and 2.02 mm. In addition, the features extracted from the multiunit activity, background unit activity and local field potential are found to be the most representative feature groups to identify the dorsal, d-v and ventral borders of the STN, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our clustering algorithm showed a reliable performance of the automatic identification of functional regions in DBS. The findings can provide valuable assistance for both neurosurgeons and stereotactic surgical robots in DBS surgery.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3078-3086, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602856

RESUMO

The element speciation analysis for heavy metals in herbal medicines is still in the beginning stage. In this study,the total amount of arsenic( As) in 103 batches of 17 commonly used Chinese medicines( including 16 plant medicines and 1 medicinal fungus) was detected by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). Furthermore,based on HPLC-ICP-MS,the simultaneous detection methods of six As speciation kinds in traditional Chinese medicines were established. An AS7 anion exchange column was selected and the As forms in 17 traditional Chinese medicines was systematically analyzed. The results showed that the method of pretreatment of medicinal materials by microwave digestion and the detection of total amount of As by ICP-MS was stable and reliable. As for the speciation analysis of As,the high-speed ultrasonic extraction method was adopted,and it showed that the linear relationship of the six As speciation was satisfied with the correlation coefficient R2>0. 999 9. The LOQ of six kinds of As speciation were 0. 20,0. 10,0. 15,0. 10,0. 25,0. 10 µg·L~(-1) for arsenic betaine( As B),arsenious acid [As( Ⅲ) ],dimethyl arsenic( DMA),arsenic choline( As C),monomethyl arsenic( MMA),arsenic acid[As( Ⅴ) ],respectively. The recoveries were between 84. 24% and 121. 5%,and the relative standard deviations were 2. 7% to 11%. Among the 103 batches of medicinal materials,only one batch of sample As exceeded the Chinese Pharmacopoeia limit standard; As( Ⅲ) and As( Ⅴ) had high detection rate in 103 batches of Chinese herbal medicines,within which As( Ⅴ) was the main detected form,and inorganic As accounted for the ratio reached 80. 90%-98. 73%; some samples detected DMA,MMA and As B,As C was not detected in any batch. This study established an analytical method suitable for the speciation of As in Chinese herbal medicines,and provided basic data for As residual residue in Chinese herbal medicines,which can provide important reference for the risk assessment and quality standards.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3343-3348, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602893

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of Shugan Hewei Decoction and its active substance fractions on behavior and neurotransmitter levels in hypothalamus of depression model rats,and preliminarily explore its possible mechanism. Male SD rats were randomly divided into blank control group,model group,fluoxetine( positive control) group,Shugan Hewei Decoction high and low dose groups,high and low dose groups of three different substance fractions. After 3 weeks' CUMS and social isolation to induce models,intragastrical administration lasted for 7 d. Behavioral experiments( sucrose consumption test,open-field test,and forced swimming test) were then performed to evaluate the depression status of rats. Several neurotransmitters in hypothalamus of rats were determined by LC-MS/MS method,including dapamine( DA),norepinephrine( NE),serotonin( 5-HT),5-indoleacetic acid( 5-HIAA),γ-aminobutyric acid( GABA),and glutamic acid( Glu). As compared with the blank control group,the sucrose consumption was reduced( P<0. 01); the total distance and the number of crossing the central area were also significantly reduced( P< 0. 01,P< 0. 01),while the resting time increased significantly( P<0. 01); the forced swimming time was significantly prolonged( P<0. 01); DA,5-HT,NE,5-HIAA and GABA levels in hypothalamus were significantly reduced( P < 0. 01),while Glue level was significantly increased( P < 0. 01) in model group. As compared with the model group,all the above indexes had changes in fluoxetine group,Shugan Hewei Decoction whole recipe groups,volatile oils group,polysaccharides group,and terpenoids group( P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). Shugan Hewei Decoction whole recipe and its active substance fractions can improve the behavior of depression model rats and may exert anti-depression effects by regulating the content of neurotransmitters in the hypothalamus.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(19)2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569430

RESUMO

Accurate crop classification is the basis of agricultural research, and remote sensing is the only effective measuring technique to classify crops over large areas. Optical remote sensing is effective in regions with good illumination; however, it usually fails to meet requirements for highly accurate crop classification in cloud-covered areas and rainy regions. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can achieve active data acquisition by transmitting signals; thus, it has strong resistance to cloud and rain interference. In this study, we designed an improved crop planting structure mapping framework for cloudy and rainy regions by combining optical data and SAR data, and we revealed the synchronous-response relationship of these two data types. First, we extracted geo-parcels from optical images with high spatial resolution. Second, we built a recurrent neural network (RNN)-based classifier suitable for remote sensing images on the geo-parcel scale. Third, we classified crops based on the two datasets and established the network. Fourth, we analyzed the synchronous response relationships of crops based on the results of the two classification schemes. This work is the basis for the application of remote sensing data for the fine mapping and growth monitoring of crop planting structures in cloudy and rainy areas in the future.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569580

RESUMO

Many studies have provided evidence suggesting that caspases not only contribute to the neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) but also play essential roles in promoting the underlying pathology of this disease. Studies regarding the caspase inhibition draw researchers' attention through time due to its therapeutic value in the treatment of AD. In this work, we apply the "Movable Type" (MT) free energy method, a Monte Carlo sampling method extrapolating the binding free energy by simulating the partition functions for both free-state and bound-state protein and ligand configurations, to the caspase-inhibitor binding affinity study. Two test benchmarks are introduced to examine the robustness and sensitivity of the MT method concerning the caspase inhibition complexing. The first benchmark employs a large-scale test set including more than a hundred active inhibitors binding to caspase-3. The second benchmark includes several smaller test sets studying the relative binding free energy differences for minor structural changes at the caspase-inhibitor interaction interfaces. Calculation results show that the RMS errors for all test sets are below 1.5 kcal/mol compared to the experimental binding affinity values, demonstrating good performance in simulating the caspase-inhibitor complexing. For better understanding the protein-ligand interaction mechanism, we then take a closer look at the global minimum binding modes and free-state ligand conformations to study two pairs of caspase-inhibitor complexes with (1) different caspase targets binding to the same inhibitor, and (2) different polypeptide inhibitors targeting the same caspase target. By comparing the contact maps at the binding site of different complexes, we revealed how small structural changes affect the caspase-inhibitor interaction energies. Overall, this work provides a new free energy approach for studying the caspase inhibition, with structural insight revealed for both free-state and bound-state molecular configurations.

13.
Eur J Nutr ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570976

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of maternal high dietary protein intake on the hepatic growth axis in offspring. METHODS: Fourteen primiparous purebred Meishan sows were fed either a standard-protein (SP, n = 7) diet or a high-protein (HP, 150% of SP, n = 7) diet during pregnancy. Offspring (one male and one female per group, n = 14) on day 70 of the embryonic stage and on days 1, 35 and 180 after birth were selected, weighed and killed. Serum samples were analyzed for Tch, insulin and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) levels. Liver samples were analyzed for IGFBP-3 and IGF-I mRNA expression by qRT-PCR and for IGFBP-3, IGF1R and growth hormone receptor (GHR) protein expression by Western blotting. The underlying mechanism of IGFBP-3 regulation was determined by methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). RESULTS: High-protein exposure resulted in significantly higher body and liver weights of piglets, and it increased their serum T3 and T4 levels at birth and/or at weaning. Furthermore, the IGFBP-3 protein content in the liver and serum was significantly reduced in the HP-exposed weaning piglets, whereas at the transcriptional level IGFBP-3 mRNA expression was downregulated in the livers of HP group piglets. Finally, DNA hypermethylation and higher enrichment of the histone repressive marks H3K27me3 and H3K9me3 were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these results suggest that a maternal high-protein diet during gestation epigenetically reprograms IGFBP-3 gene expression to modulate the hepatic growth axis in weaning piglets.

14.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-11, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500490

RESUMO

Background: The increasing prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in recent years and its impact on renal dysfunction on orthopedic surgery continues to draw more attention to orthopedic surgeons. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of CKD on comorbidities and complications in patients who underwent elective low limbs surgery. Material and Methods: Until August 2018, Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library, and Web of science were used to search relevant literature. After reviewing the article title, the abstract, and the full text, a total of 11 articles were identified in the qualitative synthesis. Demographic data, comorbidities, and complications were assessed between CKD and non-CKD patients. Review Manager 5.3 was used for the statistical analysis, and forest plots were constructed for each variable. Results: A total of 137,436 patients (10,732 patients with CKD and 126,704 patients without CKD) from 11 studies were enrolled in this meta-analysis. CKD patients showed worse health conditions in comparison to non-CKD patients. The incidence of several preoperative comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, and cardiac-cerebral disease) and postoperative complications (infection, transfusion, deep vein thrombosis, and early mortality) were higher in CKD patients. Conclusions: In elective hip and knee surgery, compared with non-CKD patients, CKD patients showed worse health conditions. Due to a higher rate of comorbidities and complications in CKD patients, they should be treated carefully during perioperative periods.

15.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to assess if patients with potentially resectable ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) of the head of the pancreas would choose a Whipple procedure versus palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: A cohort of adults with radiological resectable PDAC was enrolled at a tertiary Canadian teaching hospital. Participants were informed about treatment options, expected outcomes, and adverse events using data from the most recent scientific literature. Probability trade-off (PTO) was used to elicit treatment preferences. RESULTS: Surgery was preferred by all participants except one (96.7% vs. 3.3%; P = 0.0001). For 90% of participants preferring surgery, the main reason was the hope of being cured (P = 0.001). If the risk of perioperative mortality was higher than 57%, the risk of perioperative morbidity higher than 85% and the survival benefit was less than 4 months, half of the participants preferred palliative chemotherapy. The likelihood of needing blood transfusions, the length of hospital stay, and long-term consequences such as diabetes or pancreatic exocrine insufficiency were negligible concerns to participants. CONCLUSIONS: Informed patients with early-stage PDAC prefer resection over palliative chemotherapy. The dominating factor influencing their decision is the hope of a cure that overshadow the risks of complications, mortality and recurrent disease.

16.
Curr Genet ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489464

RESUMO

Ustilaginoidea virens is an important fungus causing rice false smut, a devastating disease on spikelets of rice. In this study, we identified and characterized two CMGC (CDK/MAPK/GSK3/CLK) kinase genes, UvPmk1 and UvCDC2, in U. virens. Although UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 are, respectively, homologous to Fus3/Kss1 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), they all have a conserved serine/threonine protein kinase domain. The qRT-PCR analysis of the relative expression of UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 during the infection of U. virens showed that these two genes were highly expressed during infection. UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 knockout mutants exhibited no significant changes in mycelial vegetative growth but decreases in conidiation. In addition, both UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 knockout mutants showed increases in tolerance to hyperosmotic and cell wall stresses, but they, respectively, exhibited decreases and increases in tolerance to oxidative stress compared with the wild-type strain HWD-2. Pathogenicity and infection assays demonstrated the defective growth of infection hyphae and significant loss of virulence in UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 knockout mutants. Taken together, our results demonstrate that UvPmk1 and UvCDC2 play important roles in the conidiation, stress response, and pathogenicity of U. virens.

17.
Hum Mutat ; 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489982

RESUMO

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is one of the most common X-linked enzymopathies caused by G6PD gene variant. We aimed to provide the characteristics of G6PD deficiency and G6PD gene variant distribution in a large Chinese newborn screening population. We investigated the prevalence of G6PD in China from 2013 to 2017. Then, we examined G6PD activity and G6PD gene in representative Chinese birth cohort to explore the distribution of G6PD gene variant in 2016. We then performed multicolor melting curve analysis to classify G6PD gene variants in 10,357 neonates with activity-confirmed G6PD deficiency, and DNA Sanger sequencing for G6PD coding exons if hot site variants were not found. The screened population, organizations, and provinces of G6PD deficiency were increased from 2013 to 2017 in China. The top five frequency of G6PD gene variants were c.1376G>T, c.1388G>A, c.95A>G, c.1024C>T, and c.871G>A and varied in different provinces, with regional and ethnic features, and four pathogenic variant sites (c.152C>T, c.290A>T, c.697G>C, and c.1285A>G) were first reported. G6PD deficiency mainly occurs in South China, and the frequency of G6PD gene variant varies in different regions and ethnicities.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560562

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the role of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) in evaluating the efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with liver cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 54 patients with primary liver cancer underwent TACE were selected as the study subjects. Magnetic resonance imaging and DKI scans were carried out before and after TACE, and the relevant parameters were analyzed. Results: Compared with those before TACE, the values of radial diffusivity (Dr), axial diffusivity (Da), and mean diffusivity (MD) of tumor tissues in the patients after TACE were significantly increased, whereas the values of axial kurtosis (Ka), fractional anisotropy of kurtosis (FAk), hepatic blood volume (HBV), hepatic blood flow (HBF), and hepatic artery perfusion (HAP) were notably decreased (p < 0.05). There were no significant changes regarding FA, radial kurtosis (Kr), mean kurtosis (MK), hepatic arterial fracture (HAF), permeability-surface area product (PS), mean transit time (MTT), and portal vein perfusion (PVP) (p > 0.05). The differences in apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of different liver cancer tissues in patients under different b values after operation were statistically significant, and the ADC values of liver cancer tissues were evidently higher than those of other tumor tissues (p < 0.05). Conclusion: DKI is characterized with advantages such as fastness, simpleness, high resolution, and impregnability of the density of lipiodol. It can not only directly reflect the changes in blood perfusion at the lesion but also accurately and efficiently evaluate the remnants, necrosis, and recurrence of tumor tissues based on changes in ADC under different b values. It provides certain clinical assistance for the evaluation of the efficacy before and after TACE.

19.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 131: 107349, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476657

RESUMO

Several textile industry processes produce complex organics, azo dyes and sulfide streams that pose a severe challenge to environmental protection. In this work, single-chamber air cathode microbial fuel cells were used to investigate the interaction mechanisms among Congo red decolorization, sulfide oxidation and bioelectricity generation. The results showed that effective removal of sulfide (>98%) and azo dyes (>88%) was achieved at an initial sulfide/dye ratio of 0.9 under neutral conditions, accompanied by a maximum power output of approximately 23.50 mW m-2. In this study, biogenic sulfide played a major role in azo dye decolorization and power generation compared with the chemical sulfide. The results indicated that bulk reduction of sulfide and cell lysis products during biogenic sulfide production by sulfate-reduction bacteria could accelerate the chemical reduction of azo dyes. Moreover, S0, SO42- and S2O32- were identified as degradation products, and the intermediates primarily included 3,4-diaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid, sodium 4-aminonaphthalene-1-sulfonate and 4, 4'-diamine biphenyl. Microbial community analysis showed that Proteobacteria (80.7%), Gammaproteobacteria (48.1%), and Dokdonella (29.5%) dominated at the phylum, class, and genus levels, respectively, of the anodic biofilm. This study offers a feasible option for the treatment of recalcitrant organics, azo dyes and sulfide pollutants using single-chamber air cathode MFCs.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(76): 11370-11373, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478549

RESUMO

We demonstrated a novel single molecule - tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) with a large π-conjugated system as a high-performance organic anode of lithium batteries. It was found that this TCPP displayed relatively low solubility (<0.1 mg mL-1) in a 1 M LiDFOB/PC electrolyte, high reversible specific capacity (ca. 1200 mA h g-1 at 358 mA g-1), excellent rate capability (548.4 mA h g-1 at 8 A g-1) and superior cycling performance (capacity retention of 89% after 2500 cycles at 6 A g-1).

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