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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133795, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987006

RESUMO

This study presents a novel method for predicting the shelf life of pork in real-time based on front-face fluorescence excitation-emission matrices (EEMs). The total viable count (TVC) of bacteria was used as the indicator of microbial spoilage in the pork samples. Modified Gompertz and square root equations were used to establish models for the trends in microbial growth and for predicting the shelf life, the R2 values of the fitting equation at different temperatures were all greater than 0.95. The fluorescence intensity ratio of oxidation product to tryptophan (FOX/Trp) was highly correlated with the quality deterioration of pork and was therefore used to establish a quantitative model of TVC values by linear regression with Rc2 and Rp2 values of 0.914 and 0.906, respectively. The mean absolute errors between the remaining shelf life predicted by fluorescence EEMs and the measured values at three storage temperatures were less than 1 day.


Assuntos
Carne de Porco , Carne Vermelha , Animais , Bactérias/genética , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Modelos Lineares , Carne Vermelha/microbiologia , Suínos , Temperatura
2.
Mol Ecol Resour ; 23(1): 294-311, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35980602

RESUMO

Critically endangered species are usually restricted to small and isolated populations. High inbreeding without gene flow among populations further aggravates their threatened condition and reduces the likelihood of their long-term survival. Chinese alligator (Alligator sinensis) is one of the most endangered crocodiles in the world and has experienced a continuous decline over the past c. 1 million years. In order to identify the genetic status of the remaining populations and aid conservation efforts, we assembled the first high-quality chromosome-level genome of Chinese alligator and explored the genomic characteristics of three extant breeding populations. Our analyses revealed the existence of at least three genetically distinct populations, comprising two breeding populations in China (Changxing and Xuancheng) and one breeding population in an American wildlife refuge. The American population does not belong to the last two populations of its native range (Xuancheng and Changxing), thus representing genetic diversity extinct in the wild and provides future opportunities for genetic rescue. Moreover, the effective population size of these three populations has been continuously declining over the past 20 ka. Consistent with this decline, the species shows extremely low genetic diversity, a large proportion of long runs of homozygous fragments, and mutational load across the genome. Finally, to provide genomic insights for future breeding management and conservation, we assessed the feasibility of mixing extant populations based on the likelihood of introducing new deleterious alleles and signatures of local adaptation. Overall, this study provides a valuable genomic resource and important genomic insights into the ecology, evolution, and conservation of critically endangered alligators.


Assuntos
Jacarés e Crocodilos , Animais , Jacarés e Crocodilos/genética , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Genômica , Alelos , Variação Genética
3.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1238: 340633, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464447

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic brings great challenges to the public health and social economics around the world. As the pandemic continues and the mass vaccination goes on, monitoring the antibodies is particularly important for the epidemiological survey and vaccine assessment. Here, we developed a luciferase immunoprecipitation assay combined with an automated platform to detect anti-Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) antibody, where protein A and protein G modified magnetic beads were used to capture antibodies in serum samples and SARS-CoV-2 RBD was fused with Gaussia luciferase to label the captured target antibodies. The whole detection procedure can be completed within 20 min. The developed assay has proven up to 32 times more sensitive than ELISA for the detection of RBD antibodies. Furthermore, the results of the antibody detection of sera from vaccination as well as convalescence displayed good performance. The automated platform may provide a powerful tool for the control of COVID-19 pandemic by vaccination and the research of SARS-CoV-2 seroconversion.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Luciferases , Anticorpos Antivirais
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt A): 130213, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283219

RESUMO

Pharmaceutical compounds in aquatic environments have been considered as emerging contaminants due to their potential risks to living organisms. Microalgae-based technology showed the feasibility of removing pharmaceutical contaminants. This review summarizes the occurrence, classification, possible emission sources, and environmental risk of frequently detected pharmaceutical compounds in aqueous environments. The efficiency, mechanisms, and influencing factors for the removal of pharmaceutical compounds through microalgae-based technology are further discussed. Pharmaceutical compounds frequently detected in aqueous environments include antibiotics, hormones, analgesic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cardiovascular agents, central nervous system drugs (CNS), antipsychotics, and antidepressants, with a concentration ranging from ng/L to µg/L. Microalgae-based technology majorly remove the pharmaceutical compounds through bioadsorption, bioaccumulation, biodegradation, photodegradation, and co-metabolism. This review identifies the opportunities and challenges for microalgae-based technology and proposed suggestions for future studies to tackle challenges. The findings of this review advance our understanding of the occurrence and fate of pharmaceutical contaminants in aqueous environments, highlighting the potential of microalgae-based technology for pharmaceutical contaminants removal.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Microalgas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biotecnologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas/metabolismo , Águas Residuárias
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 855: 158878, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152851

RESUMO

The simultaneous determination of dihydroxybenzene isomers is highly valuable for early environmental monitoring, but it is still a challenge. In this work, a free-standing flexible electrode was prepared for the simultaneous detection of hydroquinone (HQ), catechol (CC), and resorcinol (RC). The bimetallic zinc/cobalt zeolitic imidazolate frameworks nanoplate arrays (Zn/Co-ZIF NPAs) grown in situ on the carbon fiber cloth (CFC) was fabricated by a facile static synthesis method, and the porous ternary ZnCo2O4 NPAs derived from Zn/Co-ZIF NPAs were formed by annealing in air. Due to the fast electron transmission, abundant active sites and excellent electrocatalytic properties with enzyme-like kinetic performance of the ZnCo2O4/CFC electrode, the as-proposed sensor showed a wilder linear response (2-500 µM), a lower detection limits (0.03 µM HQ, 0.06 µM CC and 0.15 µM RC) and a higher sensitivity (23.58 µA µM-1 cm-2 HQ, 17.72 µA µM-1 cm-2 CC, and 15.18 µA µM-1 cm-2 RC), respectively. More importantly, the proposed electrochemical sensor exhibited excellent detection performance in complex water samples, providing a strategy for the detection of other toxic substances in the ecological environment.


Assuntos
Hidroquinonas , Zeolitas , Fibra de Carbono , Eletrodos , Hidroquinonas/química
6.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 561-567, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders have great health hazards and the exact pathogeny remains elusive now. We aim to explore the potential interaction effects of mitochondrial function and human behavior on the risks of anxiety and depression. METHODS: The genome-wide association study (GWAS) data of mitochondrial function (N = 383,476-982,072) were obtained from published studies. Individual level genotype and phenotype data of anxiety, depression and behavioral factors (including drinking, smoking and physical activity) were all from the UK Biobank (N = 84,805-85,164). We first calculated the polygenic risk scores (PRS) of mitochondrial function as the instrumental variables, and then constructed linear regression analyses to systematically explore the potential interaction effects of mitochondrial function and human behavior on anxiety and depression. RESULTS: In total samples, we observed mitochondrial heteroplasmy (MtHz) vs. Drinking (PGAD-7 = 6.49 × 10-3; PPHQ-9 = 1.89 × 10-3) was positively associated with both anxiety and depression. In males, MtHz vs. Drinking (PMale = 3.46 × 10-5) was positively correlated with depression. In females, blood mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN) vs. Drinking (PFemale = 8.63 × 10-3) was negatively related to anxiety. Furthermore, we identified additional 6 suggestive interaction effects (P < 0.05) for anxiety and depression. LIMITATIONS: Considering all subjects were from UK Biobank, it should be careful to extrapolate our findings to other populations with different genetic background. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the significant impacts of mitochondrial function and human behavior interactions on the development of anxiety and depression, providing new clues for clarifying the pathogenesis of anxiety and depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Depressão/genética , Ansiedade/genética , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética
7.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 124: 513-521, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182160

RESUMO

Over the past decade, the emission standards and fuel standards in Beijing have been upgraded twice, and the vehicle structure has been improved by accelerating the elimination of 2.95 million old vehicles. Through the formulation and implementation of these policies, the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in 2019 were 147.9, 25.3, 43.4, and 0.91 kton in Beijing, respectively. The emission factor method was adopted to better understand the emissions characteristics of primary air pollutants from combustion engine vehicles and to improve pollution control. In combination with the air quality improvement goals and the status of social and economic development during the 14th Five-Year Plan period in Beijing, different vehicle pollution control scenarios were established, and emissions reductions were projected. The results show that the emissions of four air pollutants (CO, VOCs, NOx, and PM2.5) from vehicles in Beijing decreased by an average of 68% in 2019, compared to their levels in 2009. The contribution of NOx emissions from diesel vehicles increased from 35% in 2009 to 56% in 2019, which indicated that clean and energy-saving diesel vehicle fleets should be further improved. Electric vehicle adoption could be an important measure to reduce pollutant emissions. With the further upgrading of vehicle structure and the adoption of electric vehicles, it is expected that the total emissions of the four vehicle pollutants can be reduced by 20%-41% by the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan period.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim , Monóxido de Carbono/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Emissões de Veículos/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
8.
Oncol Lett ; 25(1): 2, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419755

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide; therefore, it is very important to understand the mechanism of its occurrence and progression. It has reported that inflammation is linked to the incidence of various malignancies. Neutrophils not only participate in the inflammatory response, but are also involved in the composition of the tumor microenvironment. Tumor-associated neutrophils (TANs) are infiltrating neutrophils in tumors that directly promote tumor development and progression. Moreover, they regulate the immune microenvironment and affect the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of lung cancer. In the present review, the role of TANs in lung cancer development/progression and the underlying molecular signaling are evaluated, as well as the possibility of TANs as a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer intervention.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory vascular disease marked by hyperlipidemia and hematopoietic stem cell expansion. Activin A, a member of the Activin/GDF/TGFß/BMP family is broadly expressed and increases in human atherosclerosis, but its functional effects in vivo in this context remain unclear. METHODS: We studied LDLR-/- mice on a Western diet for 12 weeks and used adeno-associated viral vectors with a liver-specific TBG (thyroxine-binding globulin) promoter to express Activin A or GFP (control). Atherosclerotic lesions were analyzed by oil red staining. Blood lipid profiling was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography, and immune cells were evaluated by flow cytometry. Liver RNA-sequencing was performed to explore the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Activin A expression decreased in both livers and aortae from LDLR-/- mice fed a Western diet compared with standard laboratory diet. Adenoassociated virus-TBG-Activin A increased Activin A hepatic expression ≈10-fold at 12 weeks; P<0.0001) and circulating Activin A levels ≈2000 pg/ml versus ≈50 pg/ml; P<0.001, compared with controls). Hepatic Activin A expression decreased plasma total and LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol ≈60% and ≈40%, respectively), reduced inflammatory cells in aortae and proliferating hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow, and reduced atherosclerotic lesion and necrotic core area in aortae. Activin A also attenuated liver steatosis and expression of the lipogenesis genes, Srebp1 and Srebp2. RNA sequencing revealed Activin A not only blocked expression of genes involved in hepatic de novo lipogenesis but also fatty acid uptake and liver inflammation. In addition, Activin A expressed in the liver also reduced white fat tissue accumulation, decreased adipocyte size, and improved glucose tolerance. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies reveal hepatic Activin A expression reduces inflammation, hematopoietic stem cell expansion, liver steatosis, circulating cholesterol, and fat accumulation, which likely all contribute to the observed protection against atherosclerosis. The reduced Activin A observed in LDLR-/- mice on a Western diet seems maladaptive and deleterious for atherogenesis.

10.
Front Psychol ; 13: 905028, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457936

RESUMO

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is the most common mental illness affecting women during lactation, and good social capital is considered a protective factor. This study aimed to investigate PPD symptoms, and explore the relationships between social capital and PPD symptoms of lactating women in southwest minority areas in China. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 413 lactating women in Guangxi, China. Data were collected using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Chinese version of the Social Capital Assessment Questionnaire. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted to explore the factors influencing PPD symptoms, and a structural equation model was used to examine how social participation and cognitive social capital mediated PPD symptoms. Results: The total prevalence of PPD symptoms (score > 12) was 16.46%, and that of mild depression symptoms (9-12 score) was 22.03%. Nine variables predicted PPD symptoms and explained 71.6% of the variance in the regression model: higher age, lack of medical security, fixed occupation, breastfeeding time, self-caregiver, maternity leave, social participation, social trust, and social reciprocity. Furthermore, cognitive social capital mediated the relationship between social participation and PPD symptoms, with a mediation effect rate was 44.00%. Conclusion: The findings of this study highlight that social capital, support from family members, maternity leave, and medical insurance play protective roles in the PPD symptoms of lactating women. It is necessary to improve social capital as a key strategy for interventions for PPD symptoms, and active social participation activities are critical to reducing PPD symptoms among lactating women in minority areas.

11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 186: 114385, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459772

RESUMO

Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a widespread contaminant in marine environments, which is present in two different oxidation states (arsenate (AsV) and arsenite (AsIII)) that have complex toxic effects on marine organisms. The scallop Chlamys farreri (C. farreri) accumulates high levels of As and is a suitable bioindicator of As. In this report, we integrated transcriptomics and metabolomics to investigate genetic and metabolite changes and functional physiological disturbances in C. farreri exposured to inorganic arsenic. Physiological indicators antioxidant factors and cell apoptosis analysis macroscopically corroborated the toxic effects of inorganic arsenic revealed by omics results. Toxic effects of inorganic arsenic on C. farreri were signaling-mediated, causing interference with a variety of cell growth and small molecule metabolism. The results provide evidence that inorganic arsenic disrupts the physiological functions of bivalves, highlighting the correlations between different metabolic pathways and providing new insights into the toxic effects of environmental pollutants on marine organisms.

12.
Water Res ; 229: 119409, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462258

RESUMO

High levels of alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEM, including K, Na, Ca, and Mg) in sludge needs to be removed in pretreatment process for alleviating adverse effects on subsequent disposal. Theoretically, the liquid environment provided by the pretreatment technology of thermal hydrolysis (TH) is the ideal condition for the dissolution of AAEM. Therefore, this work quantified AAEM removal efficiency of TH and carbonaceous skeleton (CSkel) assisted TH that we previously proposed for sludge dewatering. Then the mechanism of AAEM dissociating from sludge was explored through the new perspective of biological structure evolution and chemical species transformation. The results showed that all of the AAEM in raw sludge was trapped in extracellular polymer substances (EPS) and cells. Only the water-soluble K/Na in EPS could be released by TH to the supernatant, the residual K/Na in EPS was organically linked with humic matters that were generated through the degradation of proteins. Water/NH4Ac-soluble K/Na in cells still stayed inside with a more stable form of HCl-soluble after TH. Fortunately, with the assistance of CSkel, this part of K/Na could be leached out due to organic acids derived from hemicellulose decomposition. In such a case, the removal efficiency of K/Na was elevated to 55.5% and 72.5%, respectively. Unlike K/Na, nearly all the Ca/Mg in EPS were transferred to cell residuals during TH. They were combined with the bio-phosphorus in cell residuals as the form of HCl-soluble Ca/Mg-P precipitates, rather than carbonates, sulfates or other compounds. This precipitation reaction was also moderately suppressed in CSkel-assisted TH with low pH, then 7.7% and 34.1% of Ca/Mg were taken away by filtrate. This means that appropriately raising the reaction temperature and adding CSkel with high hemicellulose/cellulose contents can promote the removal of AAEM in sludge during TH process.

13.
Theranostics ; 12(18): 7760-7774, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451863

RESUMO

Rationale: Bone destruction is a hallmark of multiple myeloma (MM) and affects more than 80% of patients. Although previous works revealed the roles of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) reader hnRNPA2B1 in the development of tumors, whether hnRNPA2B1 regulates bone destruction in MM is still unknown. Methods: Alizarin red S staining, TRAP staining, ELISA and quantitative real-time PCR assays were used to evaluate osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis in vitro. X ray and bone histomorphometric analysis were preformed to identify bone resorption and bone formation in vivo. Exosome isolation and characterization were demonstrated by transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry assays. The interactions between hnRNPA2B1 and primary microRNAs were examined using RNA pull-down and RIP assays. Coimmunoprecipitation assay was used to test the interaction between hnRNPA2B1 and DGCR8 proteins. Luciferase assay was established to assess miRNAs target genes. Results: Here we show that myeloma cells hnRNPA2B1 mediates microRNAs processing and upregulates miR-92a-2-5p and miR-373-3p expression. These two microRNAs are transported to recipient monocytes or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) through exosomes, leading to activation of osteoclastogenesis and suppression of osteoblastogenesis by inhibiting IRF8 or RUNX2. Furthermore, clinical studies revealed a highly positive correlation between the level of myeloma cells hnRNPA2B1 and the number of osteolytic bone lesions in myeloma patients. Conclusions: This study elucidates an important mechanism by which myeloma-induced bone lesions, suggesting that hnRNPA2B1 may be targeted to prevent myeloma-associated bone disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo A-B , MicroRNAs , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , MicroRNAs/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo A-B/genética , Osteogênese
14.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e059181, 2022 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36424120

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Orthopaedic trauma patients are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). As VTE prophylaxis has gradually raised public concerns, guidelines related to this topic have increased over time. However, the existing recommendations of thromboprophylaxis guidelines in orthopaedic trauma patients are still inconsistent, and the quality of the guidelines and recommendations for the topic still lacks comprehensive assessments. This review aims to critically appraise clinical practice guidelines for thromboprophylaxis in orthopaedic trauma patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a comprehensive literature search up to 31 October 2022 in databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, etc), academic websites and guideline repositories. The quality of the guidelines and recommendations will be assessed by five reviewers independently using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation II instrument (AGREE-II) and the AGREE - Recommendation EXcellence (AGREE-REX). We will summarise the characteristics of the guidelines and compare the differences between these recommendations. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study will follow the Declaration of Helsinki and has received approval from the Ethics Committee on Biomedical Research, West China Hospital, Sichuan University (ethics approval no. 2021-989). The results will be summarised as a paper, disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, and will help guide further research in the future. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021273405.


Assuntos
Ortopedia , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
Sci Adv ; 8(46): eabq7137, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399565

RESUMO

Nonlinear time delay systems produce inherently delay-induced periodic oscillations, which are, however, too idealistic compared to observations. We exhibit a unified stochastic framework to systematically rectify such oscillations into oscillatory patterns with enriched temporal variabilities through generic, nonlinear responses to stochastic perturbations. Two paradigms of noise-driven chaos in high dimension are identified, fundamentally different from chaos triggered by parameter-space noise. Noteworthy is a low-dimensional stretch-and-fold mechanism, leading to stochastic strange attractors exhibiting horseshoe-like structures mirroring turbulent transport of passive tracers. The other is high-dimensional , with noise acting along the critical eigendirection and transmitted to "deeper" stable modes through nonlinearity, leading to stochastic attractors exhibiting swarm-like behaviors with power-law and scale break properties. The theory is applied to cloud delay models to parameterize missing physics such as intermittent rain and Lagrangian turbulent effects. The stochastically rectified model reproduces with fidelity complex temporal variabilities of open-cell oscillations exhibited by high-end cloud simulations.

16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 114: 109479, 2022 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446234

RESUMO

Anesthesia and surgery induce cognitive impairment via uncertain mechanisms. Increasing evidence has suggested that microglial activity mediated by IL-33 /ST2 plays a critical role in immune regulation and inflammatory responses. Yet, the implications for microglia activity mediated by IL-33 in perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are not well established. We showed that IL-33 and ST2 were downregulated in the hippocampus after anesthesia and surgery, and the expression of aggrecan, remodeling by microglia, was upregulated. Meanwhile, the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-1ß) and M1-like microglia marker (iNOS) increased, and the expression of M2-like microglia marker (CD206) decreased. Notably, the administration of IL-33 attenuated neuroinflammation and shifted the polarization of microglia in the hippocampus after anesthesia and surgery. Furthermore, IL-33 treatment rescued the increase of aggrecan, loss of dendritic spines, and impairment of LTP, improving cognitive performance. In conclusion, our study suggests that microglia activity mediated by IL-33/ST2 plays a vital role in cognitive impairments after anesthesia and surgery, which may serve as a therapeutic target for PND.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434456

RESUMO

Learning and memory play a fundamental role on brain cognitive functions which are crucial for human life. Nonylphenol (NP), a serious environmental pollutant over the world, is proven to be harmful for learning and memory mainly via diet exposure. Currently, besides the administrative restrictions for the use of NP, there are rarely other effective approaches against learning and memory impairment caused by NP. This review summarized the mechanisms underlying NP-induced learning and memory impairment according to in vivo and in vitro experiments. Based on the studies involved in behavior tests, these mechanisms were classified as oxidative stress, neurotransmitter disorder, synaptic plasticity impairment, and neuron injury. In addition, according to the studies which did not conduct behavior tests, the possible mechanisms underlying NP-induced learning and memory impairment were proposed as chronic inflammation and gut permeability increment. Furthermore, this review also revealed the demanding questions for the mechanism investigations and therapeutic methods. Notably, the summarized mechanisms might accelerate the prevention and remediation of NP-induced learning and memory impairment.

18.
Nat Mater ; 21(12): 1357-1365, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36357689

RESUMO

The hygroscopic deformation of pine cones, featured by opening and closing their scales depending on the environmental humidity, is a well-known stimuli-responsive model system for artificial actuators. However, it has not been noted that the deformation of pine cones is an ultra-slow process. Here, we reveal that vascular bundles with unique parallelly arranged spring/square microtubular heterostructures dominate the hygroscopic movement, characterized as ultra-slow motion with the outer sclereids. The spring microtubes give a much larger hygroscopic deformation than that of the square microtubes along the longitudinal axis direction, which bends the vascular bundles and consequently drives the scales to move. The outer sclereids with good water retention enable the vascular-bundle-triggered deformation to proceed ultra-slowly. Drawing inspiration, we developed soft actuators enabling controllable yet unperceivable motion. The motion velocity is almost two orders of magnitude lower than that of the same-class actuators reported, which made the as-developed soft actuators applicable in camouflage and reconnaissance.


Assuntos
Movimento , Cone de Plantas , Molhabilidade , Modelos Biológicos
19.
Cell Death Discov ; 8(1): 456, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379920

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and teenagers and is characterized by high malignant potential, rapid disease progression and high disability and mortality rates. Recently, noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have attracted the attention of many scholars due to their major regulatory roles in gene expression. Among them, lncRNA PVT1 and circPVT1 encoded by the PVT1 gene have been the focus of many studies; they are upregulated in OS, and abundant evidence indicates that lncRNA PVT1 and circPVT1 play key roles in the occurrence and development of OS. This review summarizes the mechanisms of action of lncRNA PVT1 and circPVT1 in regulating apoptosis, proliferation, glycolysis, invasion, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in OS and discusses their clinical applications in diagnosis, prognosis determination and drug resistance treatment, with the aim of helping researchers better understand the regulatory roles of lncRNA PVT1 and circPVT1 in OS progression and providing a theoretical basis for the development of early screening and accurate targeted treatment strategies and prognostic biomarkers for OS based on lncRNA PVT1 and circPVT1.

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