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1.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 28(8): 100260, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity, individuals suffering from two or more chronic diseases, has become a major health challenge worldwide, especially in populous and prosperous cities, where studies of this phenomenon in China are limited. We examined the prevalence, trends, patterns, and associated factors of multimorbidity from 2009 to 2018 among community-dwelling adults in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We conducted serial cross-sectional surveys for chronic diseases in Guangzhou, China, in 2009, 2013, and 2018. General and stratified prevalence were standardized using demographic data. Multivariable logistic regression and hierarchical cluster analysis were applied to identify associated factors and to assess the correlations and patterns of multimorbidity, respectively. RESULTS: This study included 23,284 adults aged 18 and over in 2009, 18,551 in 2013, and 15,727 in 2018. The standardized prevalence of multimorbidity increased substantially, with 12.69% (95% CI: 10.45-15.33) in 2009, 25.44% (95% CI: 23.47-27.52) in 2013, and 35.13% (95% CI:32.64-37.70) in 2018 (P for trend <0.001). The highest bi- and triple-conditions of multimorbidity were dyslipidemia (DP) and overweight or obesity (OO) (12.54%, 95% CI: 11.68-13.46), and DP, OO, and Hypertension (HT) (3.99%, 95% CI: 3.47-4.58) in 2018. From 2009 to 2018, (1) The majority of multimorbidity patterns showed a high prevalence; (2) The percentage of participants with only one chronic condition was found lower, while the percentage with multiple conditions was higher. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of chronic disease multimorbidity in Guangzhou China, has increased substantially among adults. Effective policies targeting multimorbidity are urgently needed, especially for the health management of primary medical institutions.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 279: 116474, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772144

RESUMO

Rhubarb is widely used in health care, but causing a great amount of rhein-containing herbal residue. Rhein with several toxicities might pollute environment, damage ecology and even hazard human health if left untreated. In this study, the degradation effects of bisulfite- (BS) and peroxymonosulfate- (PMS) based oxidation systems on rhein in rhubarb residue were compared and investigated. The effects of BS and PMS with two valence states of ferric ion (Fe) on the degradation of rhein in rhubarb residue were optimized for the selection of optimal oxidation system. The influences of reaction temperature, reaction time and initial pH on the removal of rhein under the optimal oxidation system were evaluated. The chemical profiles of rhubarb residue with and without oxidation process were compared by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS, and the degradation effects were investigated by PLS-DA and S plot/OPLS-DA analysis. The results manifested that PMS showed relative higher efficiency than BS on the degradation of rhein. Moreover, Fe(III) promoted the degradation effect of PMS, demonstrated that Fe(III)/PMS is the optimal oxidation system to degrade rhein in rhubarb residue. Further studies indicated that the degradation of rhein by the Fe(III)/PMS oxidation system was accelerated with the prolong of reaction time and the elevation of reaction temperature, and also affected by the initial pH. More importantly, Fe(III)/PMS oxidation system could degrade rhein in rhubarb residue completely under the optimal conditions. In conclusion, Fe(III)/PMS oxidation system is a feasible method to treat rhein in rhubarb residue.

3.
Oecologia ; 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772916

RESUMO

The vulnerability of plant xylem to embolism can be described as the water potential at which xylem conductivity is lost by 50% (P50). According to the traditional hypothesis of hydraulic vulnerability segmentation, the difference in vulnerability to embolism between branches and roots is positive (P50 root-branch > 0). It is not clear whether this occurs broadly across species or how segmentation might vary across aridity gradients. We compiled hydraulic and anatomical datasets from branches and roots across 104 woody species (including new measurements from 10 species) in four biomes to investigate the relationships between P50 root-branch and environmental factors associated with aridity. We found a positive P50 root-branch relationship across species, and evidence that P50 root-branch increases with aridity. Branch xylem hydraulic conductivity transitioned from more efficient (e.g., wider conduit, higher hydraulic conductivity) to safer (e.g., narrower conduit, more negative P50) in response to the increase of aridity, while root xylem hydraulic conductivity remained unchanged across aridity gradients. Our results demonstrate that the hydraulic vulnerability difference between branches and roots is more positive in species from arid regions, largely driven by modifications to branch traits.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772992

RESUMO

The dynamic subsidence disaster caused by underground mining of coal resources is a complex spatiotemporal process, which is a common disaster in mining areas. The backfilling strip mining technology is a green and sustainable coal mining method, which has been commonly used to reduce the subsidence disaster of the overlying strata and protect surface buildings. The transient deformation is the main reason of surface buildings damage; therefore, in this study, the similar material model was used to research dynamic deformation characteristics of the overlying strata in backfilling strip mining at different time scales, and the optical image method was employed to monitor and obtain the movement data of the overlying strata automatically. The data analysis shows that there is a time-scale effect in mining subsidence. The deformation of the overlying strata increases instantaneously at a certain time under the monitoring of small time scale, and this phenomenon gradually disappears as time scales increase. According to the subsidence velocity of small time scale, the subsidence state of the overlying strata can be further divided into the abrupt subsidence state and the gentle subsidence state. This is really significant for promoting the development of the backfilling strip mining technology and preventing the damage of surface buildings.

5.
Sci Adv ; 10(19): eade9520, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718112

RESUMO

Fast collective motions are widely present in biomolecules, but their functional relevance remains unclear. Herein, we reveal that fast collective motions of backbone are critical to the water transfer of aquaporin Z (AqpZ) by using solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) spectroscopy and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A total of 212 residue site-specific dipolar order parameters and 158 15N spin relaxation rates of the backbone are measured by combining the 13C- and 1H-detected multidimensional ssNMR spectra. Analysis of these experimental data by theoretic models suggests that the small-amplitude (~10°) collective motions of the transmembrane α helices on the nanosecond-to-microsecond timescales are dominant for the dynamics of AqpZ. The MD simulations demonstrate that these collective motions are critical to the water transfer efficiency of AqpZ by facilitating the opening of the channel and accelerating the water-residue hydrogen bonds renewing in the selectivity filter region.


Assuntos
Aquaporinas , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Água , Água/química , Aquaporinas/química , Aquaporinas/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Proteínas de Escherichia coli
6.
Heliyon ; 10(9): e30260, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720708

RESUMO

Background: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is a formidably aggressive malignancy. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play crucial regulatory roles in cancer. NGFR is a novel circRNA implicated in various types of cancers. The primary goal of this study was to elucidate the role of NGFR in GBC. Methods: NGFR variants exhibiting discernible discrepancies were identified using RNA sequencing and validated using real-time PCR. Cell proliferation was assessed using 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine and Cell Counting Kit-8 assays. The ferroptotic phenotype was characterized by assessing the reactive oxygen species and Fe2+ levels. Western blotting was used to analyze ferroptosis-associated proteins. Superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde, and glutathione levels were measured using commercially available reagent kits. The severity of mitochondrial damage was evaluated by assessing JC-1, MitoSOX, and ATP activities. Results: NGFR was upregulated, and its suppression inhibited cell proliferation and increased Fe2+ levels in GBC cells. Furthermore, NGFR downregulation disrupted mitochondrial function. Conclusion: Circular RNA NGFR can impede the advancement of GBC by modulating the ferroptotic phenotype, thereby potentially offering a novel avenue for the clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies of GBC.

7.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 17(3): 420-434, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38721513

RESUMO

AIM: To explore whether autophagy functions as a cellular adaptation mechanism in lens epithelial cells (LECs) under hyperosmotic stress. METHODS: LECs were treated with hyperosmotic stress at the concentration of 270, 300, 400, 500, or 600 mOsm for 6, 12, 18, 24h in vitro. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was employed for the mRNA expression of autophagy-related genes, while Western blotting detected the targeted protein expression. The transfection of stub-RFP-sens-GFP-LC3 autophagy-related double fluorescence lentivirus was conducted to detect the level of autophagy flux. Scanning electron microscopy was used to detect the existence of autolysosome. Short interfering RNA of autophagy-related gene (ATG) 7, transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) 1 overexpression plasmid, related agonists and inhibitors were employed to their influence on autophagy related pathway. Flow cytometry was employed to test the apoptosis and intracellular Ca2+ level. Mitochondrial membrane potential was measured by JC-1 staining. The cell counting kit-8 assay was used to calculate the cellular viability. The wound healing assay was used to evaluate the wound closure rate. GraphPad 6.0 software was utilized to evaluate the data. RESULTS: The hyperosmotic stress activated autophagy in a pressure- and time-dependent manner in LECs. Beclin 1 protein expression and conversion of LC3B II to LC3B I increased, whereas sequestosome-1 (SQSTM1) protein expression decreased. Transient Ca2+ influx was stimulated caused by hyperosmotic stress, levels of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) phosphorylation decreased, and the level of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation increased in the early stage. Based on this evidence, autophagy activation through the Ca2+-dependent AMPK/mTOR pathway might represent an adaptation process in LECs under hyperosmotic stress. Hyperosmotic stress decreased cellular viability and accelerated apoptosis in LECs and cellular migration decreased. Inhibition of autophagy by ATG7 knockdown had similar results. TRPV1 overexpression increased autophagy and might be crucial in the occurrence of autophagy promoted by hyperosmotic stress. CONCLUSION: A combination of hyperosmotic stress and autophagy inhibition may be a promising approach to decrease the number of LECs in the capsular bag and pave the way for improving prevention of posterior capsular opacification and capsular fibrosis.

10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38727528

RESUMO

Pillararenes have gained great interest among researchers in many fields due to their symmetric structure and facile functionalization. In this review, we summarize recent progress for pillararenes as antimicrobial agents, ranging from cationic pillararenes and peptide-modified pillararenes to sugar-functionalized pillararenes. Moreover, their structure-activity relationships are presented, and their mechanisms of action are discussed. As a state-of-the-art technology, their opportunities and outlook are also outlined in this emerging field. Overall, their potent inhibitory activity and high biocompatibility give them potential for the development of novel antimicrobial agents.

11.
Chem Rev ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754042

RESUMO

Ferroelectrics have become indispensable components in various application fields, including information processing, energy harvesting, and electromechanical conversion, owing to their unique ability to exhibit electrically or mechanically switchable polarization. The distinct polar noncentrosymmetric lattices of ferroelectrics make them highly responsive to specific crystal structures. Even slight changes in the lattice can alter the polarization configuration and response to external fields. In this regard, strain engineering has emerged as a prevalent regulation approach that not only offers a versatile platform for structural and performance optimization within ferroelectrics but also unlocks boundless potential in various functional materials. In this review, we systematically summarize the breakthroughs in ferroelectric-based functional materials achieved through strain engineering and progress in method development. We cover research activities ranging from fundamental attributes to wide-ranging applications and novel functionalities ranging from electromechanical transformation in sensors and actuators to tunable dielectric materials and information technologies, such as transistors and nonvolatile memories. Building upon these achievements, we also explore the endeavors to uncover the unprecedented properties through strain engineering in related chemical functionalities, such as ferromagnetism, multiferroicity, and photoelectricity. Finally, through discussions on the prospects and challenges associated with strain engineering in the materials, this review aims to stimulate the development of new methods for strain regulation and performance boosting in functional materials, transcending the boundaries of ferroelectrics.

12.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134623, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754231

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the impact of arsenic stress on the gut microbiota of a freshwater invertebrate, specifically the apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata), and elucidate its potential role in arsenic bioaccumulation and biotransformation. Waterborne arsenic exposure experiments were conducted to characterize the snail's gut microbiomes. The results indicate that low concentration of arsenic increased the abundance of gut bacteria, while high concentration decreased it. The dominant bacterial phyla in the snail were Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidota, and Actinobacteriota. In vitro analyses confirmed the critical involvement of the gut microbiota in arsenic bioaccumulation and biotransformation. To further validate the functionality of the gut microbiota in vivo, antibiotic treatment was administered to eliminate the gut microbiota in the snails, followed by exposure to waterborne arsenic. The results demonstrated that antibiotic treatment reduced the total arsenic content and the proportion of arsenobetaine in the snail's body. Moreover, the utilization of physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling provided a deeper understanding of the processes of bioaccumulation, metabolism, and distribution. In conclusion, our research highlights the adaptive response of gut microbiota to arsenic stress and provides valuable insights into their potential role in the bioaccumulation and biotransformation of arsenic in host organisms. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATION: Arsenic, a widely distributed and carcinogenic metalloid, with significant implications for its toxicity to both humans and aquatic organisms. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of As on gut microbiota and its bioaccumulation and biotransformation in freshwater invertebrates. These results help us to understand the mechanism of gut microbiota in aquatic invertebrates responding to As stress and the role of gut microbiota in As bioaccumulation and biotransformation.

13.
Materials (Basel) ; 17(9)2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730751

RESUMO

Geopolymer concrete (GPC) represents an innovative green and low-carbon construction material, offering a viable alternative to ordinary Portland cement concrete (OPC) in building applications. However, existing studies tend to overlook the recyclability aspect of GPC for future use. Various structural applications necessitate the use of concrete with distinct strength characteristics. The recyclability of the parent concrete is influenced by these varying strengths. This study examined the recycling potential of GPC across a spectrum of strength grades (40, 60, 80, and 100 MPa, marked as C40, C60, C80, and C100) when subjected to freeze-thaw conditions. Recycling 5-16 mm recycled geopolymer coarse aggregate (RGAs) from GPC prepared from 5 to 16 mm natural coarse aggregates (NAs). The cementitious material comprised 60% metakaolin and 40% slag, with natural gravel serving as the NAs, and the alkali activator consisting of sodium hydroxide solution and sodium silicate solution. The strength of the GPC was modulated by altering the Na/Al ratio. After 350 freeze-thaw cycles, the GPC specimens underwent crushing, washing, and sieving to produce RGAs. Subsequently, their physical properties (apparent density, water absorption, crushing index, and attached mortar content and microstructure (microhardness, SEM, and XRD) were thoroughly examined. The findings indicated that GPC with strength grades of C100, C80, and C60 were capable of enduring 350 freeze-thaw cycles, in contrast to C40, which did not withstand these conditions. RGAs derived from GPC of strength grades C100 and C80 complied with the criteria for Class II recycled aggregates, whereas RGAs produced from GPC of strength grade C60 aligned with the Class III level. A higher-strength grade in the parent concrete correlated with enhanced performance characteristics in the resulting recycled aggregates.

14.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731533

RESUMO

In this work, in order to investigate the short-range interactions between molecules, the spin-magnetic unit nitronyl nitroxide (NN) was introduced to synthesize self-assembly single radical molecules with hydrogen bond donors and acceptors. The structures and magnetic properties were extensively investigated and characterized by UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). Interestingly, it was observed that the single molecules can form two different dimers (ring-closed dimer and "L"-type dimer) in different solvents, due to hydrogen bonding, when using EPR to track the molecular spin interactions. Both dimers exhibit ferromagnetic properties (for ring-closed dimer, J/kB = 0.18 K and ΔES-T = 0.0071 kcal/mol; for "L"-type dimer, the values were J/kB = 9.26 K and ΔES-T = 0.037 kcal/mol). In addition, the morphologies of the fibers formed by the two dimers were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).

15.
Molecules ; 29(9)2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38731535

RESUMO

Pre-fermentation treatment has an important impact on the color, aroma, taste, and other characteristics of fruit wine. To discover suitable pre-treatment techniques and conditions that yield strawberry wine of excellent quality, the influences of juice fermentation, pulp maceration, thermovinification, and enzymatic hydrolysis pre-treatments on the basic chemical composition, color, antioxidant capacity, and volatile organic compounds in strawberry wines were investigated. The results showed that the color, antioxidant properties, and volatile aroma of strawberry wines fermented with juice were different from those with pulp. Strawberry wines fermented from juice after 50 °C maceration had more desirable qualities, such as less methanol content (72.43 ± 2.14 mg/L) compared with pulp-fermented wines (88.16 ± 7.52 mg/L) and enzymatic maceration wines (136.72 ± 11.5 mg/L); higher total phenolic content (21.78%) and total flavonoid content (13.02%); enhanced DPPH (17.36%) and ABTS (27.55%) free radical scavenging activities; richer essential terpenoids and fatty acid ethyl esters, such as linalool (11.28%), ethyl hexanoate (14.41%), ethyl octanoate (17.12%), ethyl decanoate (32.49%), and ethyl 9-decenoate (60.64%); pleasant floral and fruity notes compared with juice-fermented wines macerated at normal temperatures; and a lighter color. Overall, juice thermovinification at 50 °C is a potential pre-treatment technique to enhance the nutrition and aroma of strawberry wine.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Fermentação , Fragaria , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Vinho , Vinho/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Fragaria/química , Antioxidantes/análise , Antioxidantes/química , Odorantes/análise , Fenóis/análise , Flavonoides/análise , Frutas/química , Cor
16.
Parasit Vectors ; 17(1): 217, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734668

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut bacteria, which serve as essential modulators, exert a significant impact on insect physiology and behavior and have substantial application potential in pest management. The dynamics of gut bacteria and their impact on Phortica okadai behavior remain unclear. METHODS: In this study, the dynamics of gut bacteria at different developmental stages in P. okadai were analyzed using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing, and the species and abundance of gut bacteria that affect host behavior were examined via behavioral experiments. RESULTS: A total of 19 phyla, 29 classes, 74 orders, 101 species, and 169 genera were identified. The results of the behavioral experiments indicated that the species Lactiplantibacillus argentoratensis, Acetobacter tropicalis, Leuconostoc citreum, and Levilactobacillus brevis effectively influenced the feeding preference of P. okadai, and the single-bacterium-seeded P. okadai exhibited feeding preferences distinct from those of the germ-free (GF) and wild-type P. okadai. CONCLUSIONS: The species and relative abundance of gut bacteria together positively impact P. okadai behavior. Lactiplantibacillus argentoratensis, as the most attractive bacteria to P. okadai, presents opportunities for novel pest control strategies targeting this vector and agricultural pest.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Comportamento Animal , Comportamento Alimentar , Tephritidae/microbiologia , Tephritidae/fisiologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739516

RESUMO

In this paper, we study the problem of efficiently and effectively embedding the high-dimensional spatio-spectral information of hyperspectral (HS) images, guided by feature diversity. Specifically, based on the theoretical formulation that feature diversity is correlated with the rank of the unfolded kernel matrix, we rectify 3D convolution by modifying its topology to enhance the rank upper-bound. This modification yields a rank-enhanced spatial-spectral symmetrical convolution set (ReS 3-ConvSet), which not only learns diverse and powerful feature representations but also saves network parameters. Additionally, we also propose a novel diversity-aware regularization (DA-Reg) term that directly acts on the feature maps to maximize independence among elements. To demonstrate the superiority of the proposed ReS 3-ConvSet and DA-Reg, we apply them to various HS image processing and analysis tasks, including denoising, spatial super-resolution, and classification. Extensive experiments show that the proposed approaches outperform state-of-the-art methods both quantitatively and qualitatively to a significant extent. The code is publicly available at https://github.com/jinnh/ReSSS-ConvSet.

18.
J Pain Res ; 17: 1583-1594, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38707266

RESUMO

Objective: Moderate-to-severe pain is the most common clinical symptom in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).This trial aimed to analyze the clinical efficacy of Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) in patients of HCC with severe pain and provide a reliable reference for optimizing the clinical diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of HCC. Methods: A total of 104 eligible patients were randomly allocated to experimental and control groups in a ratio of 1:1.The treatment was administered for 1 week continuously. Patients in both groups were followed up 1 week after the end of the treatment.The primary outcome measure was the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) score, whereas the secondary outcome measures included Brief Pain Inventory BPI-Q3, Q4, Q5 scores, analgesic dose, frequency of opioid-induced gastrointestinal side effects, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), Quality of Life Scale - Liver Cancer (QOL-LC), and Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) scores. Results: The NRS scores of experimental group was significantly lower after treatment and at the follow-up than baseline (average P<0.01), there were also statistical differences between the groups at the above time points (average P<0.01). BPI-Q3, -Q4, and -Q5 scores in the experimental group were decreased after treatment when compared with those before treatment (average P<0.01). Furthermore, there were significant improvements of gastrointestinal side effects, KPS, QOL-LC and BPI in the experimental group after treatment, and the above results were statistically significant compared to the control group. Conclusion: 7-day TEAS treatment can significantly enhance the analgesic effect and maintain for the following week, also reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal side effects caused by opioids, and improve the quality of life of patients with moderate-to-severe HCC-related pain, which has reliable safety and certain clinical promotion value.

19.
Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus ; 40(2): 190-195, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708162

RESUMO

No consensus has been made on the use of PEG-modification recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in patients receiving autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). To evaluate the efficacy and safety of PEG-rhG-CSF in provision of neutrophil support for lymphoma patients receiving autologous PBSCT. This retrospective study included lymphoma patients receiving either PEG-rhG-CSF or rhG-CSF after autologous PBSCT from 2018 to 2021 in two clinics. Hematologic recovery time, incidence of infectious complications and toxicity were compared between these two rhG-CSFs and among different initiation time of PEG-rhG-CSF. Of the 139 subjects included, 93 received PEG-rhG-CSF and 46 received rhG-CSF after transplantation. Compared with rhG-CSF, PEG-rhG-CSF marginally but significantly accelerated the neutrophil engraftment by 1 day (10 vs. 9 days, respectively) with no increasing on the risk of infectious complication and toxicity. In the PEG-rhG-CSF group, 50 patients received the growth factor on day 1, 19 received on day 3 and 24 received on day 5. The neutrophil engraftment was significantly shorter in day 1 and day 3 subgroup (9, 9, and 10 days, respectively), with a lower incidence of febrile neutropenia (82%, 100%, 100%) and documented infections (76%, 100%, 100%) in day 1 subgroup. PEG-rhG-CSF might be an alternative to rhG-CSF for lymphoma patients received autologous PBSCT. Administrating PEG-rhG-CSF on day 1 can achieve both faster hematologic recovery and lower infectious complications. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s12288-023-01704-8.

20.
Eur J Nutr ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38753171

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is a chronic condition characterized by decreased bone strength. This study aims to investigate the effects and mechanisms of the combination of Butyricicoccus pullicaecorum (Bp) and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HAA) on PMO. METHODS: The effects of Bp and 3-HAA on PMO were evaluated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats by assessing stereological parameters, femur microstructure, and autophagy levels. The T helper (Th) 17/Regulatory T (Treg) cells of rats were detected using flow cytometric analysis. Furthermore, the impact of Bp and 3-HAA on the gut microbiota of rats was assessed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The correlation between the gut microbiota of rats and Th17/Treg immune factors, as well as femoral stereo parameters, was separately assessed using Spearman rank correlation analysis. RESULTS: Bp and 3-HAA treatments protected OVX rats by promoting osteogenesis and inhibiting autophagy. Compared to the Sham group, OVX rats showed an increase in Th17 cells and a decrease in Treg cells. Bp and 3-HAA reversed these changes. Enterorhabdus and Pseudomonas were significantly enriched in OVX rats. Bp and 3-HAA regulated the gut microbiota of OVX rats, enriching pathways related to nutrient metabolism and immune function. There was a correlation between the gut microbiota and the Th17/Treg, as well as femoral stereo parameters. The concurrent administration of Bp and 3-HAA medication facilitated the enrichment of gut microbiota associated with the improvement of PMO. CONCLUSION: The combination therapy of Bp and 3-HAA can prevent PMO by modulating the gut microbiota and restoring Th17/Treg immune homeostasis.

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