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1.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 75: 100-106, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the performance of free-breathing Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) using a radial volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) sequence combined with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for quantitative solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) assessment. METHODS: A total of 67 SPN cases receiving routine MRI routine scans, DWI, and dynamic-enhanced MRI in our hospital from May 2017 to November 2018 were collected. These cases were divided into a malignant group and a benign group according to the characteristics of the SPNs. The quantitative DCE-MRI parameters (Ktrans, Kep, Ve) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the nodules were measured. RESULTS: The Ktrans and Kep values in the malignant group were higher than those in the benign group, while the ADC values in the malignant group were lower than those in the benign group. Furthermore, the Ktrans value of adenocarcinoma was higher than that of squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). The Ve value was significantly different between non-small cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). With an ADC value of 0.98 × 10-3 mm2/s as the threshold, the specificity and sensitivity to diagnose benign and malignant nodules was 90.6% and 80%, respectively. CONCLUSION: High-temporal-resolution DCE-MRI using the r-VIBE technique in combination with DWI could contribute to pulmonary nodule analysis and possibly serve as a potential alternative to distinguish malignant from benign nodules as well as differentiate different types of malignancies.

2.
Food Chem ; 334: 127479, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32688181

RESUMO

Calcium treatment effects on malate metabolism and the GABA pathway in 'Cripps Pink' apple fruit during storage were investigated. Postharvest apple fruit treated with 1% and 4% calcium chloride solutions were stored at 25 ± 1 °C. The 4% calcium treatment suppressed declines in titratable acidity and malate content and increased succinate and oxalate concentrations. Calcium treatment also reduced the respiration rate and decreased ethylene production peak during storage. Moreover, 4% calcium treatment significantly enhanced cyNAD-MDH and PEPC activities and upregulated MdMDH1, MdMDH2, MdPEPC1 and MdPEPC2 expression while inhibiting cyNADP-ME and PEPCK activities and downregulating MdME1, MdME4 and MdPEPCK2 expression. Surprisingly, calcium treatment changed the content of some free amino acids (GABA, proline, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamate), two of which (glutamate and GABA) are primary metabolites of the GABA pathway. Furthermore, calcium application enhanced GABA pathway activity by increasing MdGAD1, MdGAD2, MdGABA-T1/2 and MdSSADH transcript levels.


Assuntos
Cálcio/farmacologia , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Malatos/metabolismo , Malus/efeitos dos fármacos , Malus/metabolismo , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/análise , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Etilenos/metabolismo , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Frutas/química , Frutas/genética , Frutas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Malus/química , Malus/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
3.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179755

RESUMO

Long non­coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been discovered to serve important roles in a variety of types of cancer, including cervical cancer. The low expression of lncRNA long intergenic non­protein coding RNA 861 (LINC00861) is related to poor prognosis in ovarian cancer. However, the effects and underlying mechanisms of LINC00861 in cervical cancer remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to examine the role of LINC00861 in the development and progression of ovarian cancer and its underlying mechanisms. The expression levels of LINC00861 and microRNA (miR)­513b­5p were analyzed using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR analysis. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were measured by using Cell Counting Kit­8, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays, respectively. A luciferase assay was used to determine whether miR­513b­5p targeted LINC00861 and PTEN. The expression of protein was measured by using western blot assay. The results of the present study discovered that LINC00861 expression levels were significantly downregulated in cervical cancer tissues and CaSki and ME­180 cell lines. Downregulated LINC00861 expression levels were identified to be associated with an advanced­stage, lymph node metastasis and the poor survival of patients with cervical cancer. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis revealed that the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway was significantly enriched in cervical tumors expressing low expression levels of LINC00861 compared with tumors expressing high levels of LINC00861. The overexpression of LINC00861 reduced cervical cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes, upregulated PTEN protein expression levels and downregulated phosphorylated (p)­AKT and p­mTOR protein expression levels. The regulatory relationship between LINC00861, microRNA (miR)­513b­5p and PTEN was validated using a dual luciferase reporter gene assay. PTEN expression levels were significantly downregulated in the miR­513b­5p mimic group and significantly upregulated in the miR­513b­5p inhibitor group compared with the mimic NC and inhibitor NC in both cell lines. Furthermore, LINC00861 was suggested to serve as a competing endogenous RNA by sponging miR­513b­5p and consequently upregulating the expression levels of PTEN in cervical cancer cells. The expression of PTEN, the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR and and the EMT phenotype were rescued following co­transfection with LINC00861 and miR­513b­5p mimics. In conclusion, the findings of the present study indicated that the LINC00861/miR­513b­5p axis may inhibit the progression of cervical cancer cells through the PTEN/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway to suppress the EMT process.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113302, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860893

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Laminaria japonica, a brown seaweed, has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) to treat a variety of diseases including lung cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: To demonstrate the effects of Fucoxanthin (FX), a major active component extracted from Laminaria japonica on metastasis and Gefitinib (Gef) sensitivity in human lung cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Invasion and migration of lung cancer cells were detected using the wound healing assay and transwell assay. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) factors and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathways were analyzed by western blotting. RNA interference (RNAi) technology was used to silence TIMP-2 gene expression in A549 cells. The anti-metastatic effect of FX was evaluated in vivo in an experimental lung metastatic tumor model. On the other hand, cell counting kit-8 assay was used to study the cell viability of human lung cancer PC9 cells and Gef resistant PC9 cells (PC9/G) after Gef, FX or FX combined with Gef treatment. PC9 xenograft model was established to explore the anti-tumor effect of FX or combined with Gef. Immunohistochemistry staining assay and immunofluorescence staining assay were used to reveal the effects of FX on lung cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. RESULTS: FX was able to significantly inhibit lung cancer cells migration and invasion in vitro. FX suppressed the expressions of Snail, Twist, Fibronectin, N-cadherin, MMP-2, PI3K, p-AKT and NF-κB, and increased the expression of TIMP-2. Furthermore, knockdown of TIMP-2 attenuated FX-mediated invasion inhibition. Additionally, we demonstrated that FX inhibited lung cancer cells metastasis in vivo. The anti-metastatic effects of FX on lung cancer cells might be attributed to inhibition of EMT and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway. We further demonstrated that the anti-tumor activity of FX was not only limited to the drug sensitive cell lines, but also prominent on lung cancer cells with Gef resistant phenotype. Furthermore, in vivo xenograft assay confirmed that FX inhibited tumor growth and enhanced the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to Gef and this effect may be due to inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and activation of apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings suggested that FX suppresses metastasis of lung cancer cells and overcomes EGFR TKIs resistance. Thus, FX is worthy of further investigation as a drug candidate for the treatment of lung cancer.

5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118831, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860994

RESUMO

In this study, a new "off-on-off" fluorescence strategy for detecting glutathione (GSH) and silver ions (Ag+) is presented. The constructed nanoprobe is composed of B, N co-doped carbon dots (B, N-CDs) and manganese dioxide nanosheets (MnO2 nanosheets), where MnO2 nanosheets serve as a kind of efficient fluorescence quencher. The sensing mechanism of the system is based on the inner filter effect (IFE) and destruction-protection strategy. The assay strategy includes three processes: fluorescence quenching of B, N-CDs by MnO2 nanosheets, the deconstruction of MnO2 nanosheets by GSH, the combination between GSH and Ag+. The MnO2 nanosheets are reduced to Mn2+ because of the addition of GSH and restoring the fluorescence intensity of the system, while the formation of the complex between GSH and Ag+ inhibit the reduction of MnO2 nanosheets on account of the addition of Ag+, leading to the decrease in fluorescence of the probe. This strategy allows the quantitative detection of GSH and Ag+ with detection limit of 0.32 µmol·L-1 and 0.24 µmol·L-1, respectively. Moreover, this approach displays good sensitivity, selectivity and broad linear range, which could be broadly applicable for practical applications.

6.
Nurse Educ Today ; 96: 104621, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To maintain patient safety, effective first-aid skills are necessary during emergencies. It is important to develop in-service education programs to equip clinical nurses with first-aid skills. OBJECTIVES: This study explored the effects of first-aid skills and knowledge between situational simulation training and online teaching. It also examined the different effects of two training programs associated with nurses' baseline first-aid ability. DESIGN: This was a randomized, single-blind controlled study. SETTING: The study was conducted from December 15, 2016 to May 28, 2018, in the nursing department of a medical center in Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 92 general ward nurses. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to either a situational simulation training or an online teaching group. We used a first-aid knowledge test (FAKT) and a first-aid skills test (FAST) to measure the participants' learning outcomes after intervention and we did cost comparisons between groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the changes in FAKT and FAST scores after intervention between situational simulation training and online teaching groups (p = 0.76, p = 0.45). All the participants in both training programs showed improvements via increased scores on FAST (M ± SD = 35.27 ± 12.08 for online teaching, M ± SD = 36.08 ± 10.78 for situational simulation training) and FAKT (M ± SD = 21.09 ± 18.59 for online teaching, M ± SD = 23.39 ± 15.36 for situational simulation training). However, for the subgroup of participants who scored <75% on the FAST pretest, better improvements only occurred in the situational simulation training, but the situational simulation training program had higher costs than the online teaching program. CONCLUSIONS: The improvement was greater in the situational simulation training group among nurses who could not exceed scores of 75% for first-aid skills. First-aid skill scores below 75% are likely a sign of nurses who need more assistance, discussion, and debriefing from situational simulation training.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(39): 5997-6014, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved biological process in eukaryotic cells that involves lysosomal-mediated degradation and recycling of related cellular components. Recent studies have shown that autophagy plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (HM) has been historically practiced to treat CD. However, the mechanism by which HM regulates colonic autophagy in CD remains unclear. AIM: To observe whether HM can alleviate CD by regulating colonic autophagy and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into a normal control (NC) group, a CD group, an HM group, an insulin + CD (I + CD) group, an insulin + HM (I + HM) group, a rapamycin + CD (RA + CD) group, and a rapamycin + HM (RA + HM) group. 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid was administered to establish a CD model. The morphology of the colonic mucosa was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the formation of autophagosomes was observed by electron microscopy. The expression of autophagy marker microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta (LC3B) was observed by immunofluorescence staining. Insulin and rapamycin were used to inhibit and activate colonic autophagy, respectively. The mRNA expression levels of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase class I (PI3KC1), Akt1, LC3B, sequestosome 1 (p62), and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) were evaluated by RT-qPCR. The protein expression levels of interleukin 18 (IL-18), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nuclear factor κB/p65 (NF-κB p65), LC3B, p62, coiled-coil myosin-like BCL2-interacting protein (Beclin-1), p-mTOR, PI3KC1, class III phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3KC3/Vps34), and p-Akt were evaluated by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Compared with the NC group, the CD group showed severe damage to colon tissues and higher expression levels of IL-18 and NF-κB p65 in colon tissues (P < 0.01 for both). Compared with the CD group, the HM group showed significantly lower levels of these proteins (P IL-18 < 0.01 and P p65 < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the expression of TNF-α protein in colon tissue among the rat groups. Typical autophagic vesicles were found in both the CD and HM groups. The expression of the autophagy proteins LC3B and Beclin-1 was upregulated (P < 0.01 for both) in the colon tissues of rats in the CD group compared with the NC group, while the protein expression of p62 and p-mTOR was downregulated (P < 0.01 for both). However, these expression trends were significantly reversed in the HM group compared with the CD group (P LC3B < 0.01, P Beclin-1 < 0.05, P p62 < 0.05, and P m-TOR < 0.05). Compared with those in the RA + CD group, the mRNA expression levels of PI3KC1, Akt1, mTOR, and p62 in the RA + HM group were significantly higher (P PI3KC1 < 0.01 and P Akt1, mTOR, and p62 < 0.05), while those of LC3B were significantly lower (P < 0.05). Compared with the RA + CD group, the RA + HM group exhibited significantly higher PI3KC1, p-Akt1, and p-mTOR protein levels (P PI3KC1 < 0.01, P p-Akt1 < 0.05, and P p-mTOR < 0.01), a higher p62 protein level (P = 0.057), and significantly lower LC3B and Vps34 protein levels (P < 0.01 for both) in colon tissue. CONCLUSION: HM can activate PI3KC1/Akt1/mTOR signaling while inhibiting the PI3KC3 (Vps34)-Beclin-1 protein complex in the colon tissues of CD rats, thereby inhibiting overactivated autophagy and thus exerting a therapeutic effect.

8.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 260, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The gross tumor volume (GTV) could be an independent prognostic factor for unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LANSCLC). We aimed to develop and validate a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement LANSCLC sub-staging in patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 340 patients with unresectable LANSCLC receiving definitive CCRT. All included patients were divided into two randomized cohorts. Then the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were calculated to access the prognostic value of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system, which was further validated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) score and F1-score. RESULTS: The optimal outcome-based GTV cut-off values (70 and 180 cm3) of the modeling cohort were used to determine each patient's integrated GTV-TNM stratum in the whole cohort. Our results indicated that a lower integrated GTV-TNM stratum could had better overall survival and progression-free survival (all P < 0.001), which was recognized as an independent prognostic factor. Also, its prognostic value was robust in both the modeling and validation cohorts. Furthermore, the prognostic validity of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system was validated by significantly improved AUC score (0.636 vs. 0.570, P = 0.027) and F1-score (0.655 vs. 0.615, P < 0.001), compared with TNM stage. CONCLUSIONS: We proposed a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement unresectable LANSCLC sub-staging due to its prognostic value independent of TNM stage and other clinical characteristics, suggesting that it could be considered in individual treatment decision-making process.

9.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196842

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that the alternative splicing program undergoes extensive changes during cancer development and progression. The RNA-binding protein QKI-5 is frequently down-regulated and exhibits anti-tumor activity in lung cancer. However, little is known about the functional targets and regulatory mechanism of QKI-5. Here, we report that up-regulation of exon 14 inclusion of cytoskeletal gene Adducin 3 (ADD3) significantly correlates with a poor prognosis in lung cancer. QKI-5 inhibits cell proliferation and migration in part through suppressing the splicing of ADD3 exon 14. Through genome-wide mapping of QKI-5 binding sites in vivo at nucleotide resolution by iCLIP-seq analysis, we found that QKI-5 regulates alternative splicing of its target mRNAs in a binding position-dependent manner. By binding to multiple sites in an upstream intron region, QKI-5 represses the splicing of ADD3 exon 14. We also identified several QKI mutations in tumors, which cause dysregulation of the splicing of QKI targets ADD3 and NUMB. Taken together, our results reveal that QKI-mediated alternative splicing of ADD3 is a key lung cancer-associated splicing event, which underlies in part the tumor suppressor function of QKI.

11.
Curr Med Chem ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33200693

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a chronic arterial wall illness that forms atherosclerotic plaques within the arteries. Plaque formation and endothelial dysfunction are atherosclerosis' characteristics. It is believed that the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis mainly include endothelial cell damage, lipoprotein deposition, inflammation and fibrous cap formation, but its molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. Therefore, protecting the vascular endothelium from damage is one of the key factors against atherosclerosis. The factors and processes involved in vascular endothelial injury are complex. Finding out the key factors and mechanisms of atherosclerosis caused by vascular endothelial injury is an important target for reversing and preventing atherosclerosis. Changes in cell adhesion are the early characteristics of EndMT, and cell adhesion is related to vascular endothelial injuryand atherosclerosis. Recent researches have exhibited that endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) can urge atherosclerosis' progress, and it is expected that inhibition of EndMT will be an object for antiatherosclerosis. We speculate whether inhibition of EndMT can become an effective target for reversing atherosclerosis by improving cell adhesion changes and vascular endothelial injury. Studies have shown that H2S has a strong cardiovascular protective effect. Because H2S has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, inhibiting foam cell formation, regulating ion channels and enhancing cell adhesion and endothelial functions, the current research on H2S in cardiovascular aspects is increasing. but anti-atherosclerosis' molecular mechanism and the function of H2S in EndMT have not been explicit. In order to explore the mechanism of H2S against atherosclerosis, to find an effective target to reverse atherosclerosis, we sum up the progress of EndMT promoting atherosclerosis, and Hydrogen sulfide's potential anti-EndMT effect is discussed in this review.

12.
Stem Cell Res ; 49: 102075, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207307

RESUMO

Mutation in SLC7A14 gene causes autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (arRP). Here we describe the generation and characterization of human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) lines of RP patient with SLC7A14 mutation and his healthy parents. hiPSCs were derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) reprogrammed with integration-free plasmids including the reprogramming factors OCT3/4, SOX2, MYC and KLF4. All the established hiPSC lines showed normal karyotype, pluripotency and differentiation capacity.

13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226961

RESUMO

The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a disease caused by t(9;22)(q34;q11) reciprocal translocation, has advanced largely through the use of targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). To identify molecular differences that might distinguish TKI responders from non-responders, we performed single cell RNA sequencing on cells (n = 41,723 cells) obtained from the peripheral blood of four CML patients at different stages of treatment to generate single cell expression profiles. Analysis of our single cell expression profiles in conjunction with those previously obtained from the bone marrow of additional CML patients and healthy donors (total = 69,263 cells) demonstrated that imatinib treatment significantly altered leukocyte population compositions in both responders and non-responders, and affected the expression profiles of multiple cell populations, including non-neoplastic cell types. Notably, in imatinib poor-responders, patient-specific pre-treatment unique stem/progenitor cells became enriched in peripheral blood compared to the responders. These results indicate that resistance to TKIs might be intrinsic in some CML patients rather than acquired, and that non-neoplastic immune cell types may also play vital roles in dispersing the responsiveness of patients to TKIs. Furthermore, these results demonstrated the potential utility of peripheral blood as a diagnostic tool in the TKI sensitivity of CML patients.

14.
Food Chem ; : 128401, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228966

RESUMO

Enzymatic browning is one of the major difficulties for the preservation and commercial value of fresh-cut products. To research more healthy and inexpensive anti-browning methods, we investigated the effect of ultrasonic coupling purslane extract on the browning resistance of fresh-cut potato during 8d storage at 4 °C. Firstly, the optimal ultrasonic time (10 min) was obtained. Then, the results showed that the combined application with lower purslane extract concentration (0.02%, w/w) could achieve a better anti-browning effect than the optimal concentration of alone purslane extract (0.05%, w/w). The combined application not only significantly inhibited the key enzyme activities of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD), but also effectively reduced the damage to cell membrane, maintained its integrity and permeability. Meanwhile, it also improved antioxidant capacity during storage. Overall, the ultrasonic cavitation combined with purslane extract would be a promising method for fresh-cut industry.

15.
Org Lett ; 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135905

RESUMO

A novel photocatalytic decarboxylative [2 + 2 + m] cyclization of 1,7-enynes with alkyl N-hydroxyphthalimide (NHP) esters, using tricyclohexylphosphine and potassium iodide as redox catalysts, is reported for the construction of functional polycyclic compounds. This protocol tolerates primary, secondary, and tertiary alkyl NHP esters through a single reaction via decarbonylation, radical addition, C-H functionalization, and cyclization under mild conditions.

16.
Plant Sci ; 300: 110627, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180707

RESUMO

The trade-off between plant growth and resistance to herbivory is thought to be at least partly mediated by the interactions between jasmonates and gibberellins (GAs). Insect herbivory activates jasmonate biosynthesis and signaling, and plant growth is concomitantly inhibited. Whether or not the herbivory-induced jasmonates suppress the accumulation of GAs and thus reduce plant growth, and which jasmonates are functional in this process, remain unclear. In this study, we show that herbivory-induced stunted growth of Nicotiana attenuata was completely dependent on allene oxide cyclase (AOC) and coronatine insensitive1 (COI1), which encode a JA biosynthetic enzyme and the receptor, respectively, but only partially dependent on jasmonic acid-isoleucine conjugate (JA-Ile), the bioactive jasmonate. Quantification of GAs and exogenous treatments indicated that herbivory-induced growth inhibition was caused by GA4 deficiency, and that the reduction in GA4 accumulation was strongly associated with both decreased concentrations of GA biosynthetic gene transcripts and transcriptional activation of GA catabolic genes. We further show that JA-Ile only positively regulated the levels of GA catabolic genes, while the accumulation of GA biosynthetic gene transcripts was controlled by certain AOC-derived jasmonate(s) rather than by JA-Ile. This work sheds light on the mechanisms by which plants adapt to herbivory by using intricate phytohormone signaling and transcriptional regulatory networks.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184906

RESUMO

Recently, studies have shown that neuropathy target esterase (NTE) is essential to placental and normal blood vessel development. However, whether it is involved in abnormal placenta angiogenesis of pre-eclampsia remains unknown. Thus, our aim was to observe the expression of NTE in pre-eclamptic placentas and its effects and mechanism of NTE on the migration and the tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the NTE protein was intensely located in blood vessels of the normal pregnant placenta. However, western blot revealed that the expression level of NTE protein was significantly reduced in pre-eclamptic placenta. The results indicated that overexpression of NTE significantly promoted the migration and the tube formation of HUVECs compared with those of the control and scramble short hairpin RNA (shRNA) group. Conversely, NTE shRNA obviously inhibited the migration and the tube formation of HUVECs. Additionally, chromatography assay evidenced that NTE overexpression significantly reduced the level of phosphatidylcholine (PC) of HUVECs, but NTE shRNA obviously increased the level of PC of HUVECs. Furthermore, exogenous PC and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) significantly inhibited the tube formation of HUVECs in a dose-dependent manner. Collectively, our results suggest that reduced NTE in placenta may contribute to abnormal placenta angiogenesis of pre-eclampsia via the dysregulation of PC and LPC metabolism.

18.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5316-5323, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142447

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of a Lactobacillus paracasei KL1 and Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum Zhang-LL mixed probiotic on Salmonella-caused pullorosis in chicks. A total of 120 1-day-old Nongda no.3 dwarf chicks were randomly assigned to 4 treatments, with 6 replicates of 5 birds each. The treatments were blank group, Salmonella pullorum-infected group, probiotic treatment group, and probiotic prevention (PP) group. All birds (n = 90) except those in the blank group were infected with S. pullorum on day 4. On day 14, the BW, ADG, mortality, pathology of tissue, cecum colony count, immune organ indices, cecal mucosa secretory IgA, and cytokines were investigated. The results showed that the chicks infected with S. pullorum were depressed and their BW reduced. The PP group had the highest ADG and lowest mortality rate (0%), whereas the S. pullorum-infected group had 37.50% mortality rate and lowest ADG. Pathologic sections showed that the probiotic treatment group had minor lesions but the PP group had no lesions in the ileum, cecum, and liver. Cecal Lactobacillus counts was the highest (P < 0.05) and Salmonella and Escherichia coli counts were the lowest (P < 0.05) in the PP group; Compared with the S. pullorum-infected group, the thymus and spleen indexes of the probiotic treatment group increased (P < 0.05), but they were unaffected (P > 0.05) in the bursa of Fabricius, whereas in the PP group, all the immune organs were increased (P < 0.05).Cecal mucosa secretory IgA and IL-4 were the highest (P < 0.05) and tumor necrosis factor α and interferon gamma were the lowest (P < 0.05) in the PP group; In summary, the Lactobacillus KL1 and L. plantarum Zhang-LL mixed probiotic effectively reduced the mortality of pullorosis in chicks, promoted the growth performance, regulated the balance of the intestinal flora, improved the immune function, resisted pullorosis disease, completely prevented chicks from pullorosis after infection, and reduced economy loss in the poultry industry.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172168

RESUMO

To guide sustainable development in the hospitality industry requires hotel staff engagement, so what causes and how to facilitate the implementation of low-carbon behaviors should be high priorities. However, most prior studies focused on hotel guest behavior or discussed, on an individual level, the psychological aspects of the factors of the low-carbon behavior of either managers or employees. Therefore, this research aims to examine the effect of influencing factors inside and outside of the hotel context on hotel staff's low-carbon behaviors in star-rated hotels. A set of influencing factors were identified by using literature retrieval, ground theory and in-depth interviews. Structural equation modelling was then applied with 440 valid questionnaires collected from representative star-rated hotels in Eastern China. The results revealed that low-carbon managerial activities, strategic orientation, social norms, and perceived behavior control were four key factors affecting the low-carbon behavior adoption of staff from star-rated hotels. Among them, low-carbon managerial activities were found to be the strongest factor affecting hotel staff's low-carbon behaviors. Consumer attitude, however, exerted no significant impact. Targeted strategies were finally proposed for the improvement of hotel staff's low-carbon behavior from the perspectives of hoteliers and governments. This study contributes to the generation mechanism of low-carbon behavior among staff and, in practice, towards behavioral improvement by providing comprehensive insights about the attribution of factors belonging to multiple dimensions related to the low-carbon behavior of staff in the hotel industry.

20.
J Hypertens ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that small dense LDL-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) is related to the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, its prognostic role in hypertensive patients with CAD has been undetermined. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and clinical outcome in patients with CAD. METHODS: A total of 4594 patients with angiography-proven CAD were consecutively enrolled and categorized into subgroups according to blood pressure status. Serum sdLDL-C levels were measured by direct quantitative measurement using automated chemistry analyzers. The severity of coronary artery lesions were determined by Gensini score, Syntax score and the number of lesion vessels. The associations of sdLDL-C with disease severity, hypertensive status and cardiovascular events (CVEs) were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than ones without (P = 0.010). In hypertensive patients, sdLDL-C was positively associated with the severity of CAD (P < 0.05). In addition, hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension had higher sdLDL-C levels than those with well controlled (P < 0.05). Moreover, 149 CVEs occurred in patients with poorly controlled hypertension and Cox regression analysis indicated that elevated sdLDL-C levels were independently associated with CVEs in hypertensive patients with poorly controlled hypertension (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.673, 95% confidence interval: 1.105-2.535, P = 0.015). CONCLUSION: The current data, for the first time, showed that serum sdLDL-C levels were correlated with hypertension control, disease severity and worse outcomes in hypertensive patients with CAD, suggesting that paying more attention on sdLDL-C in these patients were warranted.

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