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1.
Behav Brain Res ; 378: 112293, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610215

RESUMO

Coloboma, heart defects, choanal atresia, restricted growth and development, genital hypoplasia, ear abnormalities and/or hearing loss (CHARGE) syndrome is a congenital disorder that is mainly caused by mutations within chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 7 (chd7). Behavioral abnormalities have been addressed in CHARGE syndrome, but the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here, we performed four behavioral tests-including the open-field test, novel-tank test, shoaling test and mirror-induced attack test-in chd7 heterozygous zebrafish mutants in order to characterize the behavioral abnormalities in a zebrafish model of CHARGE syndrome. We found that chd7 heterozygous mutants exhibited anxious-like behavior and aggressive-like behavior in the open-field test and in the mirror-induced attack test, respectively, which resembled the reported behavioral abnormalities in CHARGE syndrome in humans. Moreover, we found that glycine and D-cycloserine treatment rescued the aggressive behavior of chd7 heterozygous zebrafish mutants, indicating that the excitation and inhibition balance might be disrupted in the brains of chd7 heterozygous zebrafish mutants. Further analysis showed that the expression of glycine transporters was dramatically increased in the brains of chd7 heterozygous zebrafish mutants. Treatment with an inhibitor of glycine transporter 1, sarcosine, partially rescued the aggressive-like behavior of chd7 heterozygous zebrafish mutants. Taken together, our data suggest that the aggressive behavior in CHARGE syndrome may be due to the increased expression of glycine transporters, and inhibition of the activity of glycine transporters may be an approach to treat the behavioral abnormalities in CHARGE syndrome.

2.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(1): 97-107, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566301

RESUMO

Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP) has been widely used as plasticizers, and reported causing reproductive toxicity in mammals. However, little is known about the toxic effect on the placenta. In this study, dams were orally administered different doses of TOCP to explore the effect of TOCP on placental development. Results showed that TOCP exposure significantly reduced numbers of implanted embryo, caused atrophy and collapse of ectoplacental cone, and decreased total areas of placenta and numbers of PCNA-positive cells. Expression levels of placental development genes were prominently downregulated in the TOCP-treated groups. Moreover, TOCP administration induced placental apoptosis and autophagy by upregulating P53, Bax, Beclin-1, ratio of LC3 II/LC3 I and Atg5 and downregulating Bcl-2 protein. In addition, TOCP exposure markedly inhibited activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase and increased the production of H2 O2 and malondialdehyde. Collectively, these findings suggest that apoptosis, autophagy and oxidative stress may be involved in the TOCP-induced reproductive toxicity.

3.
Int J Hyg Environ Health ; 223(1): 171-178, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548162

RESUMO

AIMS: Evidence concerning the impact of ambient particulate matter (PM) on mental health is just emerging and inconsistent. Air pollution with high PM levels has been frequently reported in China, however, no Chinese study has determined the association between PM exposures and anxiety hospitalizations. We examined the potential association between PM concentrations and anxiety admissions in 26 Chinese cities from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODS: A time-stratified case-crossover design was employed in the study. Anxiety hospitalizations were identified according to ICD-10 from the electronic hospitalization summary reports system in China. Conditional logistic regression was applied to estimate the relation between PM levels and anxiety admissions, stratified by age and sex. RESULTS: Positive associations between PM2.5/PM10 and admitted anxiety cases were observed. PM2.5 had the largest effect estimate at lag 5 days, with a per 10 µg/m3 increase corresponding to a 0.63% (95% CI, 0.26-1.00) increase in anxiety admissions. PM10's largest effect estimate was observed at lag 3 days, increasing 0.37% (95% CI, 0.12-0.62) anxiety admissions per 10 µg/m3. Females were more sensitive to PM2.5/PM10 concentrations than males, however, the effect modification by age was not significant. A marginally significant distinction in anxiety hospitalizations was found in patients with and without CVDs when they were exposed to PM2.5. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that short-term exposure to increased concentrations of PM2.5/PM10 exacerbates risks of anxiety hospitalizations in 26 Chinese cities. We observed effect modification by sex, with significantly stronger associations in female patients. This study offers the promise that reducing PM air pollution could probably reduce the huge disease burden from anxiety disorders.

4.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124740, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527005

RESUMO

Bromochloroacetic acid is classified as one of the typical disinfection byproducts (DBPs). In this work, supported palladium catalysts on different supports (CeO2, Al2O3, SiO2 and activated carbon (AC)) (labelled as Pd/support) were synthesized via the deposition-precipitation method (D-P method) and their activities for the complete dehalogenation of bromochloroacetic acid by liquid phase catalytic hydrogenation were evaluated. Comprehensive characterizations of the catalysts were conducted by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), point of zero charge (PZC), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and CO chemisorption. Results indicated that the PZCs of the supports varied with each other. The stronger Pd-support interaction and higher Pd dispersion of Pd/CeO2 and Pd/Al2O3 than those of Pd/AC and Pd/SiO2 were confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and CO chemisorption. Pd/CeO2 had a higher ratio of positively charged Pd to metallic Pd (Pdn+/Pd0) than Pd/Al2O3 and Pd/AC due to a stronger metal-support interaction. Accordingly, a negligible bromochloroacetic acid conversion was observed on Pd/SiO2, whereas bromochloroacetic acid was found to be readily decomposed on Pd/CeO2, Pd/Al2O3 and Pd/AC. However, the dechlorination reaction could not further proceed on Pd/Al2O3 and Pd/AC catalysts after the bromine functionality was removed from bromochloroacetic acid. A complete dehalogenation of bromochloroacetic acid occurred only on Pd/CeO2. Furthermore, the dechlorination rate constants of monochloroacetic acid and bromochloroacetic acid over Pd(1.40)/CeO2 were 0.018 and 0.031 min-1 respectively, confirming an induced synergistic effect due to the existence of bromine atoms. It was worth noting that a stepwise-concerted pathway was verified during the liquid phase catalytic hydrodehalogenation of bromochloroacetic acid.

5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 1165-1174, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268170

RESUMO

Recent evidence has verified the cardioprotective actions of irisin in different diseases models. However, the beneficial action of irisin on hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR) injury under high glucose stress has not been described. Herein our research investigated the influence of irisin on HR-triggered cardiomyocyte death under high glucose stress. HR model was established in vitro under high glucose treatment. The results illuminated that HR injury augmented apoptotic ratio of cardiomyocyte under high glucose stress; this effect could be abolished by irisin via modulating mitochondrial function. Irisin treatment attenuated cellular redox stress, improved cellular ATP biogenetics, sustained mitochondria potential, and impaired mitochondrion-related cell death. At the molecular levels, irisin treatment activated the 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway and the latter protected cardiomyocyte and mitochondria against HR injury under high glucose stress. Altogether, our results indicated a novel role of irisin in HR-treated cardiomyocyte under high glucose stress. Irisin-activated AMPK pathway and the latter sustained cardiomyocyte viability and mitochondrial function.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Narrow-diameter implants (NDIs) have been proposed to address the dilemma of implant installation in cases of insufficient bone volume. However, the potential risk factors of failed NDIs, and whether reimplants with reliable efficacy are still controversial. PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the survival/success rate of NDIs in the maxillary anterior region and that of reimplants at the same site, as well as to explore the potential risk factors of original and replaced implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to April 2019, patients receiving NDIs in the anterior maxilla were enrolled in the present study. Multiple variables were assessed to exploit the risk factor of failed NDIs, including age, sex, implant sites, length, surface characteristics, and healing abutment designs. The relationship between bone augmentation and the number of missing teeth was assessed. For failed NDIs, the reasons for NDIs removal and marginal bone loss (MBL) were analyzed. The details and outcomes of reimplants were evaluated. RESULTS: Cumulative survival rates (CSRs) and success rates of 1095 NDIs installed in 835 patients were 96.99% and 96.51%, respectively. In total, 33 of these NDIs failed. TiUnite (TU) surface was a risk factor and it affected the success rate (92.56%) and CSR (92.4%) of NDIs (P < .001). The single NDIs with bone augmentation have lower failure rate. The average MBL for 33 failed NDIs was 1.92 ± 1.91 mm. Additionally, 22 patients with 23 NDIs accepted reimplantation of previously failed NDIs, and the success rate of reimplants was 95.65%. CONCLUSIONS: Surface characteristic (TU surface) was a risk factor for failure of NDIs in the maxillary anterior region. Bone augmentation simultaneously performed during NDIs implantation was favorable for a single missing tooth. As an alternative plan, the reimplantation of failed NDIs was reliable and stable after successful bone reconstruction.

7.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799547

RESUMO

With easily available monosaccharides and steviol as starting materials, the first total synthesis of rebaudioside R with a xylosyl core in the C13-OH linked sugar chain was accomplished via two distinct approaches. The first approach features the stepwise installation of branch-sugar residues via an order of C2-OH first and then C3-OH of the xylosyl core, laying a firm foundation for the synthesis of analogues with different branch sugars, while the second route features the introduction of the C13 trisaccharide sugar chain via a convergent strategy, securing the overall synthetic efficiency. Through the synthetic study, the effect of protecting groups (PGs) at the vicinal hydroxy group on the reactivity of OH acceptors was illustrated.

8.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(12): 908, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787746

RESUMO

Non-coding RNAs participate in many cardiac pathophysiological processes, including myocardial infarction (MI). Here we showed the interplay between long non-coding RNA taurine-upregulated gene 1 (lncR-TUG1), miR-9a-5p (miR-9) and Krüppel-like factor 5 (KLF5). LncR-TUG1 was upregulated in ischemic heart and in cultured cardiomyocytes exposed to H2O2. Knockdown of lncR-TUG1 markedly ameliorated impaired cardiac function of MI mice. Further study showed that lncR-TUG1 acted as a competitive endogenous RNA of miR-9, and silencing of lncR-TUG1 inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis by upregulating miR-9 expression. Furthermore, the miR-9 overexpression obviously prevented ischemia injury and significantly inhibited H2O2-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis via inhibition of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. KLF5, as a target gene of miR-9 by dual-luciferase reporter assay, was involved in the process of miR-9 in regulating cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Our data identified the KLF5 was downregulated by miR-9 overexpression and knockdown of KLF5 inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis induced by H2O2. MiR-9 exerts anti-cardiomyocyte apoptotic affects by targeting KLF5. Collectively, our data identify a novel function of lncR-TUG1/miR-9/KLF5 axis in regulating cardiomyocyte apoptosis that affects myocardial infarction progression.

9.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789509

RESUMO

Fast and effective removal of elemental mercury in a wide temperature range is critical for smelting industry. In this work, a recyclable magnetic iron sulfide/selenide sorbent is developed to capture and recover Hg0 from smelting flue gas. Benefiting from Se doping, the Hg0 capture performance of prepared FeSxSey is significantly enhanced compared with traditional iron sulfide, especially at high temperature. Considering the recyclability and working temperature, FeS1.32Se0.11 exhibits the best Hg0 capture performance. The average capture rate of FeS1.32Se0.11 is 3.661 µg/g/min at 80 °C and its saturation adsorption capacity is 20.216 mg/g. The flue gas compositions have almost no effect on Hg0 capture. XPS and Hg-TPD suggest the stable active Se-Sn2- adsorption site can combine with Hg0 to form HgSe, consequently improving Hg0 capture performance at high temperature. After Hg0 capture, the spent FeSxSey can be collected by magnetic separation and regenerated through selective extraction, which facilitates harmless treatment and resource reuse of mercury. With the advantages of excellent Hg0 capture performance, wide operating temperature range and remarkable recycling property, FeSxSey microparticles may be a promising sorbent for Hg0 capture in industrial application, while opening a new avenue to realize the resource utilization toward toxic elements.

10.
J Investig Med ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784427

RESUMO

Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) play a critical role in multiple myeloma (MM) pathogenesis by cell contact, and secretion of cytokines, growth factors and extracellular vesicles. Exosomes are secreted by almost all cell types and are recently reported to mediate local cell-to-cell cross-talk by transferring messenger RNAs, LncRNAs, and proteins. Compelling studies have identified BMSC-derived exosomes induce proliferation, migration, survival, and drug resistance of MM cells. However, whether MM cell-derived exosome also plays a role in function in BMSC remains unclear. Here we investigated the effect of MM cell-derived exosomes on the interleukin (IL)-6 secretion and osteoblastic differentiation capability of BMSC from patients with MM. Furthermore we investigated the IL-6 secretion relative regulation protein APE1 and NF-kB and osteoblastic differentiation protein Runx2 (runt-related gene 2), Osterix and osteocalcin (OCN). Our results showed that MM cell-derived exosomes promoted IL-6 secretion and suppressed osteoblastic differentiation and mineralization of BMSCs. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that MM cell-derived exosomes lead to an increase in APE1 and NF-kB and a reduction in Runx2, Osterix and OCN in BMSCs. Taken together, MM cell-derived exosomes induce the secretion of IL-6 and poor osteoblastic differentiation of BMSCs.

11.
Life Sci ; : 117114, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790687

RESUMO

AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Over-expression of tetraspanin 8 (TSPAN8) is related to the development and progression of CRC. Whether TSPAN8 plays a role in the growth of colorectal cancer and its epigenetic mechanisms regulated by Lysine Specific Demethylase 1 (LSD1) are still unknown. MAIN METHODS: In this study, RT-PCR and western blotting were used to analyze the mRNA and protein expression, respectively; cell viability was assayed with MTS analysis; cell migration was measured with Trans-well analysis. KEY FINDINGS: In the present study, the results indicated that the mRNA levels of LSD1 and TSPAN8 in CRC were significantly higher than that in corresponding adjacent non-tumor tissue. Down-regulation of LSD1 or TSPAN8 as well as LSD1 inhibitor Tranylcypromine hemisulfate inhibited the proliferation and migration of CRC cells, while over-expression of LSD1 exhibited opposite effects. LSD1 up-regulated TSPAN8 expression and reduced H3K9me2 occupancy on the TSPAN8 promoter in CRC cells. TSPAN8 promoted epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CRC cells in LSD1-dependent manner. SIGNIFICANCE: TSPAN8 may be considered as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis in patients with CRC. Furthermore, TSPAN8 could be a novel therapeutic target and potent LSD1 inhibitors could be designed and developed in the treatment of CRC.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793567

RESUMO

Three novel copper(ii) complexes, Cu(L1)2 (1), Cu(L2)2·2DMF (2), and Cu(L3)2·2DMF (3), were synthesized using three aroylhydrazone ligands, (E)-2-hydroxy-N'-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethylidene)benzohydrazide (HL1), (E)-3-hydroxy-N'-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethylidene)benzohydrazide (HL2) and (E)-4-hydroxy-N'-(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)ethylidene)benzohydrazide (HL3). The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, infrared (IR), and Ultraviolet-visible light (UV-vis) spectroscopy. The X-ray crystal structures of the complexes all possess a distorted octahedral coordination geometry. Both an absorption spectral titration and a competitive binding assay (ethidium bromide, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), and methyl green) revealed that complexes 2 and 3 bind readily to calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) through intercalative and minor groove binding modes. Complexes 2 and 3 also exhibited oxidative cleavage of supercoiled plasmid DNA (pUC19) in the presence of ascorbic acid as an activator. Cytotoxicity studies showed that complexes 2 and 3 possessed high cytotoxicities toward the HeLa human cervical cancer cell line, but weak toxicities toward the L929 normal mouse fibroblast cell line. We therefore have reason to believe that complexes 2 and 3 both show potential as promising anticancer candidate drugs.

13.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 540, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dodder (Cuscuta spp., Convolvulaceae) species are obligate leaf- and rootless parasites that totally depend on hosts to survive. Dodders naturally graft themselves to host stems to form vascular fusion, from which they obtain nutrients and water. In addition, dodders and their hosts also exchange various other molecules, including proteins, mRNAs, and small RNAs. It is very likely that vascular fusion also allows inter-plant translocation of systemic signals between dodders and host plants and these systemic signals may have profound impacts on the physiology of dodder and host plants. Herbivory is a common biotic stress for plants. When a dodder parasite is attacked by lepidopteran insects, how dodder responds to caterpillar feeding and whether there are inter-plant communications between the host plants and the parasites is still poorly understood. RESULTS: Here, wild-type (WT) tobacco and a tobacco line in which jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis was silenced (AOC-RNAi) were used as the hosts, and the responses of dodders and their host plants to herbivory by Spodoptera litura caterpillars on the dodders were investigated. It was found that after caterpillar attack, dodders grown on AOC-RNAi tobacco showed much a smaller number of differentially expressed genes, although the genotypes of the tobacco plants did not have an effect on the simulated S. litura feeding-induced JA accumulation in dodders. We further show that S. litura herbivory on dodder also led to large changes in transcriptome and defensive metabolites in the host tobacco, leading to enhanced resistance to S. litura, and the JA pathway of tobacco host is critical for these systemic responses. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that during caterpillar attack on dodder, the JA pathway of host plant is required for the proper transcriptomic responses of both dodder and host plants. This study highlights the importance of the host JA pathway in regulating the inter-plant systemic signaling between dodder and hosts.

14.
Trials ; 20(1): 673, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is one of the most common bone and joint diseases. As one of the main non-drug therapies, acupuncture is widely used to treat KOA, although the evidence for its efficacy is inconclusive. The objective of this pilot trial is to clarify the clinical efficacy and safety of fire acupuncture in the treatment of mild to moderate KOA and to provide high-quality data for further research. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a prospective randomized controlled pilot trial in which 120 patients with mild to moderate KOA will be randomly allocated in equal proportions to a fire acupuncture group or a general acupuncture group. They will receive acupuncture for six sessions over 2 weeks. The primary end point is success rate, which will be calculated based on the change from baseline of the pain and function scores in the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index at 4 weeks. Secondary end points include the proportion of patients achieving clinical improvement based on: (1) the OMERACT-OARSI responder criteria, (2) levels of matrix metalloproteinase 3, interleukin 1ß, and tumor necrosis factor α in blood, and (3) a subjective efficacy evaluation from patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800019162. Registered on 29 October 2018.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(12): 916, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801947

RESUMO

The burgeoning functions of many microRNAs (miRs) have been well study in cancer. However, the level and function of miR-1205 in laryngeal squamous cell cancer remains unknown. In the current research, we validated that miR-1205 was notably downregulated in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) samples in comparison with tissues adjacent to LSCC, and correlated with T stage, lymph node metastasis, and clinical stage. Using Kaplan-Meier analysis indicates that high expression of miR-1205 has a favorable prognosis for patients with LSCC. Functional assays show that enforced miR-1205 expression attenuates the migration, growth, and invasion of LSCC cells. And E2F1 is verified to be a target of miR-1205, while E2F1 binds to miR-1205 promoter and transcriptionally inhibits miR-1205 expression. Overexpression of E2F1 reverses the inhibitory impacts of miR-1205 on LSCC cells in part. Importantly, E2F1 is abnormally increased in LSCC tissues, and its protein levels were inversely relevant to miR-1205 expression. High E2F1 protein level is in connection with clinical stage, T stage, lymph node metastasis, and poor prognosis. Consequently, reciprocal regulation of miR-1205 and E2F1 plays a crucial role in the progression of LSCC, suggesting a new miR-1205/E2F1-based clinical application for patients of LSCC.

16.
Nature ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801998

RESUMO

In the interphase of the cell cycle, chromatin is arranged in a hierarchical structure within the nucleus1,2, which has an important role in regulating gene expression3-6. However, the dynamics of 3D chromatin structure during human embryogenesis remains unknown. Here we report that, unlike mouse sperm, human sperm cells do not express the chromatin regulator CTCF and their chromatin does not contain topologically associating domains (TADs). Following human fertilization, TAD structure is gradually established during embryonic development. In addition, A/B compartmentalization is lost in human embryos at the 2-cell stage and is re-established during embryogenesis. Notably, blocking zygotic genome activation (ZGA) can inhibit TAD establishment in human embryos but not in mouse or Drosophila. Of note, CTCF is expressed at very low levels before ZGA, and is then highly expressed at the ZGA stage when TADs are observed. TAD organization is significantly reduced in CTCF knockdown embryos, suggesting that TAD establishment during ZGA in human embryos requires CTCF expression. Our results indicate that CTCF has a key role in the establishment of 3D chromatin structure during human embryogenesis.

17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(44): 6541-6550, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the latest American Joint Committee on Cancer and Union for International Cancer Control manuals, cystic duct cancer (CC) is categorized as a type of gallbladder cancer (GC), which has the worst prognosis among all types of biliary cancers. We hypothesized that this categorization could be verified by using taxonomic methods. AIM: To investigate the categorization of CC based on population-level data. METHODS: Cases of biliary cancers were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 18 registries database. Together with routinely used statistical methods, three taxonomic methods, including Fisher's discriminant, binary logistics and artificial neuron network (ANN) models, were used to clarify the categorizing problem of CC. RESULTS: The T staging system of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma [a type of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EC)] better discriminated CC prognosis than that of GC. After adjusting other covariates, the hazard ratio of CC tended to be closer to that of EC, although not reaching statistical significance. To differentiate EC from GC, three taxonomic models were built and all showed good accuracies. The ANN model had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.902. Using the three models, the majority (75.0%-77.8%) of CC cases were categorized as EC. CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that CC should be categorized as a type of EC, not GC. Aggressive surgical attitude might be considered in CC cases, to see whether long-term prognosis could be immensely improved like the situation in EC.

18.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2691, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31803195

RESUMO

Host defense peptides (HDPs) have antimicrobial and immunoregulatory activities and are involved in epithelial innate immune defense. Dietary modulation of endogenous HDP synthesis is an effective way to boost the host innate immune system. This study aimed to investigate the role of the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum strain ZLP001 in porcine HDP induction and the underlying mechanism. To this end, we evaluated the stimulatory effect of L. plantarum ZLP001 on HDP expression in piglet intestinal tissue in vivo and porcine IPEC-J2 cells and 3D4/31 cells in vitro, and we examined the underlying intracellular signaling pathway in IPEC-J2 cells. L. plantarum ZLP001 treatment increased the mRNA expression of jejunal and ileal HDPs in weaned piglets. In IPEC-J2 and 3D4/31 cells, L. plantarum ZLP001 stimulated HDP expression, but different HDP induction patterns were observed, with the various HDPs exhibiting different relative mRNA levels in each cell line. L. plantarum ZLP001 induced porcine HDP expression through toll-like receptor (TLR)2 recognition as evidenced by the fact that HDP expression was suppressed in TLR2-knockdown IPEC-J2 cells. Furthermore, we found that L. plantarum ZLP001 activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathways, as indicated by enhanced phosphorylation of both ERK1/2 and JNK and the fact that HDP expression was suppressed upon inhibition of ERK1/2 and JNK. Furthermore, L. plantarum ZLP001 activated c-fos and c-jun transcription factor phosphorylation and activity. We conclude that L. plantarum ZLP001 induces porcine HDP expression in vivo and in vitro, and the induction seems to be regulated via TLR2 as well as the ERK1/2/JNK and c-jun/c-fos signaling pathways. Modulation of endogenous HDPs mediated by L. plantarum ZLP001 might be a promising approach to improving intestinal health and enhancing diarrhea resistance in weaning piglets.

19.
Clin Exp Med ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734766

RESUMO

Coronary artery abnormalities (CAAs) are prominent during the acute Kawasaki disease (KD) episode and represent the major contributors to the long-term prognosis. Several meta-analysis and published scoring systems have identified hepatic dysfunction as an independent predictor of CAA risks. The medical records of 210 KD children were reviewed. Blood samples were collected from all subjects at 24 h pre-therapy and 48 h post-therapy, respectively. Liver function test (LFT) and inflammatory mediators were detected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the reliable biomarkers predicting whether CAAs existed or not in KD patients. 90.95% of KD patients had at least 1 abnormal LFT. Hypoalbuminemia was the most prevalent type of hepatic dysfunction, followed by elevated aspartate aminotransferase, low TP, low A/G and hyperbilirubinemia, respectively. The elevated inflammatory mediators (procalcitonin and C-reactive protein) and moderate dose of aspirin played a synthetic role in hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. However, LFT presented no significant differences between infectious and noninfectious conditions. By a multivariate analysis, a lower albumin/globulin ratio (A/G, OR 13.50, 95% CI 3.944-46.23) served as an independent predictor of CAAs and had a sensitivity of 56.25%, and a specificity of 61.11% at a cutoff value of < 1.48. In conclusion, hepatic dysfunction is a common complication during the acute KD episode, characterized by elevated serum liver enzymes, hypoalbuminemia and hyperbilirubinemia. Systemic inflammation and aspirin, rather than infectious agents, are both the major contributors of hepatic dysfunction secondary to KD. A lower A/G serves as an independent predictor of CAAs.

20.
Thorac Cancer ; 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736220

RESUMO

Meningeal carcinomatosis (MC) refers to the diffuse or multifocal spread or infiltration of malignant tumors in the pia mater. It is a special distribution type of metastatic tumors in the central nervous system and one of the important reasons of death caused by metastatic malignant tumors. Here, we report a rare case of metastatic meningeal carcinomatosis from the lung cancer.

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