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1.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2400325, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364772

RESUMO

Nanozymes show great potential in facilitating tumor ferroptosis by upregulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and downregulation of glutathione (GSH). However, mild acidity (pH 6.5-6.9) of tumor microenvironment severely restricts the activity of nanozymes. Although lysosomes as acidic organelles (pH = 3.5-5.5) are hopeful for improving enzyme-like activity, most reported nanozymes are not capable of effectively accumulating in the lysosomes. Herein, an acid-responsive self-assembly strategy based on iron phthalocyanine-rich covalent organic framework nanosheets (COFFePc NSs) is developed, which enables lysosomal targeting aggregation of COFFePc NSs due to the existence of abundant negative hydroxyl groups and rigid structure. Meanwhile, COFFePc NSs display exceptional multienzyme-mimic performance at lower pH to efficiently generate ROS to cause lysosome damage and apoptosis by synergistic photothermal effect. Subsequently, the released COFFePc with GSH oxidase-mimicking activity can consume GSH to promote ferroptosis. This is the first report of a 2D COF using its own properties to achieve lysosomal self-assembly. Overall, the work provides a new paradigm for the development of lysosome-targeted nanosystems.

2.
Diagn Interv Imaging ; 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378382

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of virtual non-contrast (VNC) images derived from unenhanced dual-energy computed tomography (CT) for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis by comparison with conventional unenhanced CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with gallbladder stones who had undergone both abdominal unenhanced dual-energy CT and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) were retrospectively included. There were 53 men and 36 women, with a mean age of 54 ± 13 (standard deviation) years (age range: 41-67 years). VNC and conventional CT images were generated. Two independent radiologists evaluated the presence of choledocholithiasis in three reading sessions (session 1, conventional unenhanced CT images; session 2, VNC images; session 3, conventional unenhanced CT plus VNC images). The reading time to identify choledocholithiasis was recorded. Inter-reader agreement was measured by using the Cohen kappa (κ) test. Incremental diagnostic value of VNC imaging when combined with conventional unenhanced CT was assessed based on discrimination (area under the curve [AUC]) and clinical utility (decision curve analysis). The diagnostic performance of dual-energy CT and that of MRCP were compared using DeLong test. RESULTS: Using the standard of reference, 39 patients (39/89; 44%) had choledocholithiasis. The diagnosis of choledocholithiasis was improved using VNC images in combination with conventional unenhanced CT (AUC, 0.877; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.808, 0.947) by comparison with conventional unenhanced CT alone (AUC, 0.789; 95% CI: 0.718, 0.877) (P = 0.033) and achieved almost perfect inter-reader agreement (κ = 0.88; 95% CI: 0.72, 1.00) for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, without lengthening the median reading time (16.2 s for the combination of conventional CT and VNC images vs. 14.7 s for conventional CT alone; P= 0.325). Based on decision curve analysis, adding VNC imaging to conventional unenhanced CT resulted in a higher net benefit among most of decision thresholds. No differences in diagnostic performance were found between the combination of conventional unenhanced CT and VNC imaging (AUC, 0.877; 95% CI: 0.808, 0.947) and MRCP (AUC, 0.913; 95% CI: 0.852, 0.974) (P= 0.458). CONCLUSIONS: VNC images derived from dual-energy unenhanced CT have incremental diagnostic value for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis. Unenhanced CT in a dual-energy mode may be a useful tool for the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis.

3.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38380840

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Canopy density is high during mid to late soybean growth due to dense planting to improve yield, which seriously affects the control of pests and diseases. The dilemmas of difficult droplet penetration, non-uniform deposition, and droplet drift in field spraying remain challenges to precise control of droplet distribution. This paper proposed a novel spraying application mode combined Flexible Shield Canopy Opener (FSCO) with rotary wind. The design of the key components of the new boom spraying machine are described. The effects of the comparative spraying modes on spray deposition and droplet drift in field validation test were studied to explore the feasibility of the novel spraying application. RESULTS: The study found that droplet coverage inside the soybean canopy was significantly affected by spraying mode, rotor wind speed, and opener depth. The spraying operation that used the FSCO and rotor wind integrated mode was optimal for droplet uniformity on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces of the canopy leaves, with droplet uniformity indices of 0.966 and 0.934, respectively. At rotor wind speed of 6 m/s and opener depth of 15 cm, the soybean canopy droplet coverage uniformity effect achieved the highest composite score of 0.937. The spraying mode used in this study improved droplet coverage uniformity by 82.30% and droplet anti-drift performance improved by 99.73% compared to the conventional boom spraying mode. CONCLUSION: The study shows validity of the spraying mode combined FSCO with rotary wind to open dense canopy and improved droplet deposition uniformity in canopy and anti-drift performance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e24749, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38370256

RESUMO

Introduction: This study aimed to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of Tetrandrine (Tet) onlipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induceduveitis andoptic nerve injury in vivo and in vitro. Methods: Uveitis was induced by LPS injected into the hindlimb foot pad of Wistar rats and was intervened by retroeyeball injection of Tet (100 nM, 1 µM or 10 µM).The anterior segment inflammation was observed by slit lamp. Tunelassay was used to detect the survival state of ganglion cells and nuclear layers of inner and outer. The detection of characteristic markers in different activation states of glial cells were performed by qualitative and quantitative test of immunofluorescence and western blotting. Also, western blotting was used to detect the expression of inflammatory factors in retina and the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signal pathway. Meanwhile, routine blood test and function of liver and renal were performed. Results: The ciliary hyperemia was obvious, and the iris vessels were dilated and tortuous in rats with LPS-induced uveitis. Tet-pretreated obviously elieved these symptoms. In addition, the dilation and hyperemia in Tet group were alleviated compared with LPS group, and the inflammatory scores in Tetgroup were significantly lower than those of LPS group. TUNEL Staining showed that the number ofretinal ganglion cell (RGCs) in Tetgroup was slightly less than that in normal group, but significantly more than that in LPS group, and the cells arranged orderly. Besides, the number of apoptotic cells was significantly less than that in LPS group. Tet reduced LPS-activated gliocyte in a dose-dependent manner. Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, interferon gamma (γ-IFN) and IL-2 in retina were increased by LPS but decreased significantly viaTet-pretreatment. Moreover, LPS activate NF-κB signal pathway, while Tet efficiently inhibited this effect.Furthermore, injection of Tet did not damage theroutineblood, liver and kidney. Conclusions: Retrobulbar injection of Tet significantly alleviatedLPS-induced uveitisand optic nerve injuryof rats by activating gliocyte and NF-κB signaling pathway.

5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 7026-7037, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38306579

RESUMO

Developing narrow-band-gap ferroelectric semiconducting photocatalysts is a promising strategy for efficient photocatalytic water splitting with high energy conversion efficiency. Within this context, six ferro/nonferroelectric vertical heterostructure superlattices (VHSs) are constructed in this work by stacking ferroelectric SiS or GeS with nonferroelectric layered organic photocatalysts (C2N, g-C3N4, and melon), layer by layer. The geometry and electronic structures of these six VHSs are systematically investigated by density functional theory calculations. Consequently, four VHSs (SiS/g-C3N4, GeS/C2N, GeS/g-C3N4, and GeS/melon) are predicted to simultaneously possess several important and highly desirable features for photocatalytic water splitting, namely excellent visible-light adsorption, remarkable spontaneous polarization (0.49-0.70 C/m2), spatial charge separation, as well as suitable band-edge positions, thus serving as potential candidates for photocatalytic water splitting to produce hydrogen. This work not only provides a new strategy to use narrow-band-gap ferroelectric semiconductors for photocatalytic water splitting but also offers inspiration for developing photocatalysts with high energy conversion efficiency.

6.
Heliyon ; 10(3): e24849, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38317990

RESUMO

Whether receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) play a key role in human cancer prognosis and immunity remains unknown. We used data from the public databases, The Cancer Genome Atlas, Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments, and the Genotype-Tissue Expression project. We utilized bioinformatics methods, R software, and a variety of online databases to analyze RAMPs. In general, RAMPs were significantly and differentially expressed in multiple tumors, and RAMP expression was closely associated with prognosis, immune checkpoints, RNA-editing genes, tumor mutational burden, microsatellite instability, ploidy, and stemness indices. In addition, the expression of RAMPs is strongly correlated with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in human cancers. Moreover, the RAMP co-expression network is largely involved in many immune-related biological processes. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot proved that RAMP3 was highly expressed in glioma, and RAMP3 promoted tumor proliferation and migration. RAMPs exhibit potential as prognostic and immune-related biomarkers in human cancers. Moreover, RAMPs can be potentially developed as therapeutic targets or used to enhance the efficacy of immunotherapy.

7.
Comput Biol Med ; 170: 108072, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38301518

RESUMO

The scarcity of annotated data is a common issue in the realm of heartbeat classification based on deep learning. Transfer learning (TL) has emerged as an effective strategy for addressing this issue. However, current TL techniques in this realm overlook the probability distribution differences between the source domain (SD) and target domain (TD) databases. The motivation of this paper is to address the challenge of labeled data scarcity at the model level while exploring an effective method to eliminate domain discrepancy between SD and TD databases, especially when SD and TD are derived from inconsistent tasks. This study proposes a multi-module heartbeat classification algorithm. Initially, unsupervised feature extractors are designed to extract rich features from unlabeled SD and TD data. Subsequently, a novel adaptive transfer method is proposed to effectively eliminate domain discrepancy between features of SD for pre-training (PTF-SD) and features of TD for fine-tuning (FTF-TD). Finally, the adapted PTF-SD is employed to pre-train a designed classifier, and FTF-TD is used for classifier fine-tuning, with the objective of evaluating the algorithm's performance on the TD task. In our experiments, MNIST-DB serves as the SD database for handwritten digit image classification task, MIT-DB as the TD database for heartbeat classification task. The overall accuracy of classifying heartbeats into normal heartbeats, supraventricular ectopic beats (SVEBs), and ventricular ectopic beats (VEBs) reaches 96.7 %. Specifically, the sensitivity (Sen), positive predictive value (PPV), and F1 score for SVEBs are 0.802, 0.701, and 0.748, respectively. For VEBs, Sen, PPV, and F1 score are 0.976, 0.840, and 0.903, respectively. The results indicate that the proposed multi-module algorithm effectively addresses the challenge labeled data scarcity in heartbeat classification through unsupervised learning and adaptive feature transfer methods.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado , Complexos Ventriculares Prematuros , Humanos , Frequência Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Algoritmos
8.
Curr Opin Insect Sci ; 62: 101176, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309323

RESUMO

Plant-derived foods, such as nectar and pollen, have garnered substantial research attention due to their potential to support natural enemies of pests. This review is a pioneering exploration of the potential for artificial intelligence approaches to provide insights into the factors that drive the success of conservation biological control (CBC). Nectar and pollen were confirmed as key plant food resources for natural enemies. These have been widely used across differing crop systems and provided by a wide range of CBC interventions, such as field margin flower strips. The combined use of parasitoids and predators is revealed as more successful than either of these guilds alone. CBC success was greater in field crops than in vine and berry crops, whilst interventions using dicotyledonous species that produce nectar in addition to pollen were more successful than using grassy interventions.

9.
Heliyon ; 10(4): e26289, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390046

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and pain reduction, hospital readmission, and joint replacement in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) prescription patterns were further analyzed to confirm the association with prognosis and quality of life in OA patients. Methods: We retrospectively followed 3,850 hospitalized patients with osteoarthritis between January 2018 and December 2022 using the hospital's HIS system. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used for data matching. Cox's proportional risk model was used to assess the impact of various factors on the outcomes of patients with OA, including pain worsening, readmission, and joint replacement. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was applied to determine the impact of TCM intervention time on patient outcomes. Data mining methods including association rules, cluster analysis, and random walks have been used to assess the efficacy of TCM. Results: The utilization rate of TCM in OA patients was 67.01% (2,511/3,747). After PSM matching, 1,228 TCM non-user patients and 1,228 TCM user patients were eventually included. The outcomes of pain worsening, re-admission rate, and joint replacement rate of the TCM non-user group were observably higher than those of the TCM user group with OA (p < 0.05). Based on the Cox proportional risk model, TCM is an independent protective factor. Compared with non-TCM users, TCM users had 58.4% lower rates of pain, 51.1% lower rates of re-admission, and 42% lower rates of joint replacement. In addition, patients in the high-exposure subgroup (TCM>24 months) had a markedly lower risk of outcome events than those in the low-exposure subgroup (TCM ≤24 months). Data mining methods have shown that TCM therapy can significantly improve immune-inflammatory indices, VAS scores, and SF-36 scale scores in OA patients. Conclusion: s TCM acts as a protective factor to improve the prognosis of patients with OA, and the benefits of long-term use of herbal medicines are even greater.

10.
Aquac Nutr ; 2024: 1402602, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390371

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of combined replacement of fishmeal (FM) and fish oil (FO) with poultry byproduct meal (PBM) and mixed oil (MO, poultry oil: coconut oil = 1 : 1) on growth performance, body composition and muscle quality of tiger puffer (Takifugu rubripes). Fish with an average initial body weight of 14.29 g were selected for the feeding experiment. FM accounting for 0%, 5%, and 10% of the diet was replaced by PBM. For each grade of FM replacement, 5% FO or MO was used as added oil. The six experimental diets were designated as FO-FM, MO-FM, FO-5PBM, MO-5PBM, FO-10PBM, and MO-10PBM, respectively. Each treatment was performed in triplicate with 30 fish per replicate. The feeding period was 45 days. There was no significant difference in growth performance among the groups. Dietary supplementation of both PBM and MO had marginal effects on whole-fish proximate composition, except that dietary MO supplementation significantly increased the liver moisture content. In serum, there were no significant differences in contents of triglyceride, total cholesterol, total bile acid, and protein carbonyl among groups, but the malondialdehyde content was reduced by MO. The fatty acid composition in fish mirrored those in the diets, but the omega-3 sparing effects of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid in MO can still be observed. Dietary PBM and MO had marginal effects on free amino acid composition and texture of fish muscle, but exerted complicated effects on the muscle volatile flavor compound composition. In conclusion, combined fishmeal (10% of the diet) and fish oil (5% of the diet) replacement with poultry byproduct and mixed oil (poultry oil + coconut oil) had no adverse effects on the growth performance and body proximate composition of farmed tiger puffer. However, these replacements changed the muscle flavor compound profile.

11.
Insects ; 15(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38392519

RESUMO

The soybean aphid, A. glycines, is an important soybean pest. Harbin, in the Heilongjiang Province, is an area with increasing temperatures in China that faces frequent short-term heatwaves. In this study, the development, reproduction, and morph differentiation of A. glycines have been studied when they were exposed to diurnal at 35 °C for seven days, beginning at different developmental stages. The nymph stage duration of A. glycines was longer, the adult lifespans and total lifespans were shorter, and their bodies were smaller when exposed to a diurnal of 35 °C beginning at the 1st to 4th stadium. The adult reproduction period was shorter, and the adult fecundity and intrinsic rate of increase were smaller than those of aphids reared at a diurnal of 25 °C. A higher and lower proportion of gynoparae and males were deposited as offspring on day 13 by adults when exposed to diurnal at 35 °C, beginning at the 1st to 4th stadium, respectively, than those of aphids reared at a constant of 20 °C. These results are important for predicting the dynamics of A. glycines in Harbin soybeans. This provides evidence that short-term heatwaves are probably useful for controlling A. glycines, by inhibiting development and male morphogenesis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Doxorubicin (Dox) is clinically limited due to its dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. Andrographolide (Andro) has been confirmed to exert cardiovascular protective activities. This study aimed to investigate protective effects of Andro in Dox-induced cardiotoxicity (DIC). METHODS: The cardiotoxicity models were induced by Dox in vitro and in vivo. The viability and apoptosis of H9c2 cells and the myocardial function of c57BL/6 mice were accessed with and without Andro pretreatment. Network pharmacology and RNA-seq were employed to explore the mechanism of Andro in DIC. The protein levels of Bax, Bcl2, NLRP3, Caspase-1 p20, and IL-1ß were qualified as well. RESULTS: In vitro, Dox facilitated the downregulation of cell viability and upregulation of cell apoptosis, after Andro pretreatment, the above symptoms were remarkably reversed. In vivo, Andro could alleviate Dox-induced cardiac dysfunction and apoptosis, manifesting elevation of LVPWs, LVPWd, EF% and FS%, suppression of CK, CK-MB, c-Tnl and LDH, and inhibition of TUNEL-positive cells. Using network pharmacology, we collected and visualized 108 co-targets of Andro and DIC, which were associated with apoptosis, PI3K-AKT signaling pathway, and others. RNA-seq identified 276 differentially expressed genes, which were enriched in response to oxidative stress, protein phosphorylation, and others. Both network pharmacology and RNA-seq analysis identified Tap1 and Timp1 as key targets of Andro in DIC. RT-QPCR validation confirmed that the mRNA levels of Tap1 and Timp1 were consistent with the sequenced results. Moreover, the high expression of NLRP3, Caspase-1 p20, and IL-1ß in the Dox group was reduced by Andro. CONCLUSIONS: Andro could attenuate DIC through suppression of Tap1 and Timp1 and inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation, serving as a promising cardioprotective drug.

13.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0293540, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38324609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the age at menarche (AAM) and the age at menopause (ANM) are causally related to the development of sepsis. METHODS: We performed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis by utilizing summary statistics from genome-wide association study (GWAS) datasets for both the exposure and outcome variables. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that exhibited significant associations with AAM and ANM were chosen as instrumental variables to estimate the causal effects on sepsis. Our study employed a variety of methods, including MR-Egger regression, weighted median estimation, inverse variance weighting, a simple model, and a weighted model. Odds ratios (ORs) along with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as the primary indicators for assessing causality. Furthermore, we conducted sensitivity analyses to explore the presence of genetic heterogeneity and validate the robustness of the tools employed. RESULT: Our analysis revealed a significant negative causal relationship between AAM and the risk of sepsis (IVW: OR = 0.870, 95% CI = 0.793-0.955, P = 0.003). However, our Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis did not yield sufficient evidence to support a causal link between ANM and sepsis (IVW: OR = 0.987, 95% CI = 0.971-1.004, P = 0.129). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that an earlier AAM may be associated with an increased risk of sepsis. However, we did not find sufficient evidence to support a causal relationship between ANM and sepsis.


Assuntos
Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Sepse , Feminino , Humanos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Menarca/genética , Menopausa/genética , Sepse/genética
14.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 12: 1343294, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38333080

RESUMO

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) has been one of the most promising materials in bone tissue engineering in recent years, with characteristics such as biosafety, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance. However, the weak bioactivity of PEEK leads to its poor integration with bone tissues, restricting its application in biomedical fields. This research effectively fabricated composite porous scaffolds using a combination of PEEK, nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA), and carbon fiber (CF) by the process of fused deposition molding (FDM). The experimental study aimed to assess the impact of varying concentrations of nHA and CF on the biological performance of scaffolds. The incorporation of 10% CF has been shown to enhance the overall mechanical characteristics of composite PEEK scaffolds, including increased tensile strength and improved mechanical strength. Additionally, the addition of 20% nHA resulted in a significant increase in the surface roughness of the scaffolds. The high hydrophilicity of the PEEK composite scaffolds facilitated the in vitro inoculation of MC3T3-E1 cells. The findings of the study demonstrated that the inclusion of 20% nHA and 10% CF in the scaffolds resulted in improved cell attachment and proliferation compared to other scaffolds. This suggests that the incorporation of 20% nHA and 10% CF positively influenced the properties of the scaffolds, potentially facilitating bone regeneration. In vitro biocompatibility experiments showed that PEEK composite scaffolds have good biosafety. The investigation on osteoblast differentiation revealed that the intensity of calcium nodule staining intensified, along with an increase in the expression of osteoblast transcription factors and alkaline phosphatase activities. These findings suggest that scaffolds containing 20% nHA and 10% CF have favorable properties for bone induction. Hence, the integration of porous PEEK composite scaffolds with nHA and CF presents a promising avenue for the restoration of bone defects using materials in the field of bone tissue engineering.

15.
Redox Rep ; 29(1): 2313366, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38318818

RESUMO

Jaceosidin (JAC) is a natural flavonoid with anti-oxidant and other pharmacological activities; however, its anti-cancer mechanism remains unclear. We investigated the mechanism of action of JAC in gastric cancer cells. Cytotoxicity and apoptosis assays showed that JAC effectively killed multiple gastric cancer cells and induced apoptosis in human gastric adenocarcinoma AGS cells via the mitochondrial pathway. Network pharmacological analysis suggested that its activity was linked to reactive oxygen species (ROS), AKT, and MAPK signaling pathways. Furthermore, JAC accumulated ROS to up-regulate p-JNK, p-p38, and IκB-α protein expressions and down-regulate the p-ERK, p-STAT3, and NF-κB protein expressions. Cell cycle assay results showed that JAC accumulated ROS to up-regulate p21 and p27 protein expressions and down-regulate p-AKT, CDK2, CDK4, CDK6, Cyclin D1, and Cyclin E protein expressions to induce G0/G1 phase arrest. Cell migration assay results showed JAC accumulated ROS to down-regulate Wnt-3a, p-GSK-3ß, N-cadherin, and ß-catenin protein expressions and up-regulate E-cadherin protein expression to inhibit migration. Furthermore, N-acetyl cysteine pre-treatment prevented the change of these protein expressions. In summary, JAC induced apoptosis and G0/G1 phase arrest and inhibited migration through ROS-mediated signaling pathways in AGS cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
16.
Front Plant Sci ; 15: 1325078, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419780

RESUMO

Compared to fluctuating soil water (FW) conditions, stable soil water (SW) can increase plant water use efficiency (WUE) and improve crop growth and aboveground yield. It is unknown, however, how stable and fluctuating soil water affect root vegetables. Here, the effects of SW and FW were studied on cherry radish in a pot experiment, using negative pressure irrigation and conventional irrigation, respectively. The assessed effects included agronomic parameters, physiological indices, yield, quality and WUE of cherry radish. Results showed that under similarly average soil water contents, compared with FW, SW increased plant photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate, decreased leaf proline content by 13.7-73.3% and malondialdehyde content by 12.5-40.0%, and increased soluble sugars content by 6.3-22.1%. Cherry radish had greater biomass accumulation and nutrient uptake in SW than in FW. Indeed, SW increased radish output by 34.6-94.1% with no influence on root/shoot ratio or root quality. In conclusion, soil water stability affected directly the water physiological indicators of cherry radish and indirectly its agronomic attributes and nutrient uptake, which in turn influenced the crop biomass and yield, as well as WUE. This study provides a new perspective for improving agronomy of root crops and WUE through managing soil water stability.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2313228, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330391

RESUMO

Electronic skin (e-skin) capable of acquiring environmental and physiological information has attracted interest for healthcare, robotics, and human-machine interaction. However, traditional 2D e-skin only allows for in-plane force sensing, which limits access to comprehensive stimulus feedback due to the lack of out-of-plane signal detection caused by its 3D structure. Here, a dimension-switchable bioinspired receptor is reported to achieve multimodal perception by exploiting film kirigami. It offers the detection of in-plane (pressure and bending) and out-of-plane (force and airflow) signals by dynamically inducing the opening and reclosing of sensing unit. The receptor's hygroscopic and thermoelectric properties enable the sensing of humidity and temperature. Meanwhile, the thermoelectric receptor can differentiate mechanical stimuli from temperature by the voltage. The development enables a wide range of sensory capabilities of traditional e-skin and expands the applications in real life.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(6): 8045-8054, 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316124

RESUMO

Solid-state lithium batteries are promising next-generation energy storage systems for electric vehicles due to their high energy density and high safety and require achieving and maintaining intimate solid-solid interfaces for lithium-ion and electron transport. However, the solid-solid interfaces may evolve over cycling, disrupting the ion and electron diffusion pathways and leading to rapid performance degradation. The development of solid-state lithium batteries has been hindered by the lack of fundamental understanding of the interfacial microstructure change over cycling and its relation to electrochemical properties. Herein, we prepared a quasi-solid-state lithium battery, 30%LiFePO4-55%Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3-15%C| Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3|Li, by spark plasma sintering, and employed it as a model system to reveal the microstructure evolution at the solid-solid interfaces with electrochemical performance of the batteries. The electrochemical assessment showed that the quasi-solid-state lithium battery exhibited a discharge specific capacity of about 150 mAh g-1 in the first 80 cycles and then experienced severe capacity attenuation afterward, accompanied by a gradual internal resistance increase. Scanning electron microscopy observation showed that more cracks were formed inside the solid-state electrolyte and at the solid-solid interfaces as the battery cycled from 10 to 67 and 157 cycles. Detailed microstructure and phase analysis by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction discovered that the crack formation and performance decay were mainly caused by (1) the volume change of the LiFePO4 composite cathode during cycling, (2) the grain expansion of the Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3 solid-state electrolyte at its interface with lithium anode, and (3) the formation of a solid electrolyte interphase layer, comprising Li2CO3, LiF, and LiTFSI, at the cathode-solid-state electrolyte interface. These microstructure changes built up over repeated battery cycling, ultimately causing the structure collapse and battery failure. The microstructure evolution information is expected to guide the design of better structures and interfaces for solid-state lithium batteries.

19.
Int J Genomics ; 2024: 4123737, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38352691

RESUMO

The mesenchymal feature, dominated by epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stromal cell activation, is one of the main reasons for the aggressive nature of tumors, yet it remains poorly understood. In gastric cancer (GC), the fermitin family homolog-2 (FERMT2) is involved in macrophage signaling, promoting migration and invasion. However, the function of FERMT2 in fibroblasts remains unclear. Here, we demonstrated that downregulation of FERMT2 expression can block EMT in GC cells by inhibiting fibroblast activation in vitro. Furthermore, we found that, in addition to the known pathways, fibroblast-derived FERMT2 promotes M2-like macrophage growth and that in human GC samples, there is a strong positive correlation between FERMT2 and CD163 and CD206 levels. Notably, high FERMT2 expression was significantly associated with poor clinical outcomes and was upregulated in patients with advanced disease. Taken together, our results provide evidence that the fibroblast-FERMT2-EMT-M2 macrophage axis plays a critical role in the GC mesenchymal phenotype and may be a promising target for the treatment of advanced GC.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356214

RESUMO

Six-degree-of-freedom (6DoF) object pose estimation is a crucial task for virtual reality and accurate robotic manipulation. Category-level 6DoF pose estimation has recently become popular as it improves generalization to a complete category of objects. However, current methods focus on data-driven differential learning, which makes them highly dependent on the quality of the real-world labeled data and limits their ability to generalize to unseen objects. To address this problem, we propose multi-hypothesis (MH) consistency learning (MH6D) for category-level 6-D object pose estimation without using real-world training data. MH6D uses a parallel consistency learning structure, alleviating the uncertainty problem of single-shot feature extraction and promoting self-adaptation of domain to reduce the synthetic-to-real domain gap. Specifically, three randomly sampled pose transformations are first performed in parallel on the input point cloud. An attention-guided category-level 6-D pose estimation network with channel attention (CA) and global feature cross-attention (GFCA) modules is then proposed to estimate the three hypothesized 6-D object poses by extracting and fusing the global and local features effectively. Finally, we propose a novel loss function that considers both the process and the final result information allowing MH6D to perform robust consistency learning. We conduct experiments under two different training data settings (i.e., only synthetic data and synthetic and real-world data) to verify the generalization ability of MH6D. Extensive experiments on benchmark datasets demonstrate that MH6D achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) performance, outperforming most data-driven methods even without using any real-world data. The code is available at https://github.com/CNJianLiu/MH6D.

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