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1.
Analyst ; 146(18): 5533-5541, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515705

RESUMO

It is a pre-requisite to ionize analyte molecules efficiently for detection by laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Here, we report a conceptual demonstration of cationizing neutral small molecules which are typically difficult to be ionized with the traditional organic matrices due to their low proton/cation affinity values. Our strategy features generating radical cations from site-specifically carboxylated 10-(4-carboxyphenyl)-10H-phenothiazine-3,7-dicarboxylic acid (PTZ(A)2-Ph(A)) with a laser, and anchoring the chlorine ion from NaCl through covalent bond-like bridging interactions with the N/S atoms in the heterocyclic structure. This "Maverick" design allows a dramatic change of the energy landscape of analyte sodiation with an enhanced efficiency. We have synthesized two families of compounds based on the model structures of phenothiazine (PTZ) and phenoxazine (PXZ) and their carboxylated derivatives, and performed comparison between them or against the traditional organic matrices in a systematic format. We have demonstrated that PTZ(A)2-Ph(A) is outstanding as a novel MALDI matrix for the detection of oligosaccharides and amino acids, with an ultra-clean background baseline and high signal-to-noise ratios (up to dozens of times better than the traditional matrices). This work provides a new method for the cationization of neutral small molecules in a distinct mechanism, inspiring the development of next-generation matrices for sensitive detection of hard-to-be-ionized molecules by MALDI MS.


Assuntos
Oligossacarídeos , Prótons , Lasers , Fenotiazinas , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
2.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 228, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been a proposed treatment option for ulcerative colitis (UC), however it has been difficult to understand the breadth and depth of evidence as various Chinese medicine therapies may produce effects differently. The aim of this evidence mapping is to visually understand the available evidence in the use of TCM in the treatment of UC, and to identify gaps in evidence to inform priorities of future research. METHODS: A systematic electronic literature search of six databases were performed to identify systematic reviews (SRs) on different Chinese medicine therapies in the treatment in UC. Methodological quality of the included SRs was assessed using AMSTAR 2. RESULTS: The mapping was based on 73 SRs, which included nine interventions that met eligibility criteria. The quality of the included SRs was very low. The diseases stages of patients with UC varied greatly, from active to remission, to non-acute outbreak, to not reported. The results mostly favored the method of intervention. Oral administration combined with enema was the most widely used route of administration in secondary research. CONCLUSION: Based on the current evidence, the treatment of UC with TCM can only be recommended cautiously. A majority of included SRs did not report the location of the disease, the disease classification, and the route of administration of the intervention. Further research is needed on the effectiveness of Chinese medicine alone in the treatment of UC. The effectiveness of combined Chinese and conventional medicine combined with different routes of administration cannot be confirmed. Attention should be paid to the methodological quality of the systematic review. Unifies the outcome indicators used in the evaluation of effectiveness.

3.
Org Lett ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524832

RESUMO

An unprecedented silver-promoted regioselective (4 + 1) annulation of isocyanoacetates with pyridinium salts is reported. The established protocol provides controlled, facile, and modular access to a range of synthetically useful N-fused heterocyclic scaffolds containing indolizines, pyrrolo[1,2-a]quinolines, pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines, and 1H-imidazo[4,5-a]indolizin-2(3H)-ones. A mechanistic pathway involving nucleophilic addition/protonation/elimination/cycloisomerization is proposed.

4.
Org Biomol Chem ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528053

RESUMO

Histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) has been used as a therapeutic target for many cancers as it is highly expressed in neuroblastoma cells and breast cancer cells. HDAC8-selective fluorescent probes need to be urgently developed. Herein, two novel fluorescent probes, namely NP-C6-PCI and AM-C6-PCI, based on the conjugation of 1,8-naphthalimide with a highly selective inhibitor of HDAC8 (PCI-34051) were reported. Compared with PCI-34051 (KD = 6.25 × 10-5 M), NP-C6-PCI (KD = 8.05 × 10-6 M) and AM-C6-PCI (KD = 7.42 × 10-6 M) showed great selectivity toward HDAC8. Two fluorescent probes exhibited high fluorescence intensity under λex = 450 nm and a large Stokes shift (100 nm). NP-C6-PCI was selected for cell and tissue imaging due to the similarity in the bioactivity of NP-C6-PCI with PCI-34051. The ability of NP-C6-PCI to target imaging HDAC8 in SH-SY5Y and MDA-MB-231 tumor cells was demonstrated. Furthermore, NP-C6-PCI was applied to imaging SH-SY5Y tumor tissue slices to indicate the relative expression level of HDAC8. Therefore, this HDAC8-selective fluorescent probe can be expected for applications in HDAC8-targeted drug screening as well as in pathologic diagnoses.

5.
Food Funct ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529747

RESUMO

Olives are a rich source of compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. This study was designed to investigate whether a standardized olive cake extract was able to alleviate oxidative stress, inflammation and intestinal villus damage in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglets. Thirty weaned piglets (6.9 ± 0.9 kg) were assigned to five groups using a randomized complete block design. Piglets were fed a basal diet before intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of physiological saline (C); fed a basal diet alone (CL) or fed a basal diet plus an olive cake extract (OL), antibiotics (AL), or olive cake extract plus antibiotics (OAL) before i.p. injection of LPS. The feeding period lasted for 2 weeks. Piglets were euthanized 4 h after the LPS injection. Systemic oxidative and inflammatory status and intestinal morphology were evaluated. LPS challenge significantly lowered the serum levels of GSH-Px, SOD and ALB and increased the serum concentration of MDA, NO, LDH, ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-6, DAO and D-xylose (P < 0.05), as extracted from the comparison of piglets in the C and CL groups. Intestinal morphology was altered in the duodenum and ileum, displaying that the CL group had significantly lower villus height (VH), higher crypt depth (CD) and lower VH/CD compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Moreover, feed supplementation was able to partially mitigate the negative effects of LPS challenge in all groups (OL, AL, and OAL), as evidenced by the significantly increased serum levels of GSH-Px, SOD, ALB and IL-10 and decreased concentration of MDA, NO, LDH, ALT, AST, TNF-α, IL-6, DAO and D-xylose, compared with the CL group (P < 0.05). Alterations in intestinal morphology were also prevented and the OL, AL, and OAL groups had significantly lower CD and higher VH/CD compared with the CL group (P < 0.05), both in the ileum and duodenum. Furthermore, the positive effect in the relative abundance of intestinal Lactobacillus and Clostridium at the genus level was also observed for the OL group compared to the CL group. In summary, dietary supplementation with an olive cake extract stabilized the physiological condition of piglets subjected to an acute LPS challenge by reducing oxidative stress and the inflammatory status, improving intestinal morphology and increasing the abundance of beneficial intestinal bacteria. This trial was registered at Zhejiang University (http://www.lac.zju.edu.cn) as No. ZJU20170529.

6.
Eye (Lond) ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531552

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a degenerative disease affecting the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and photoreceptors in the macula, is the leading cause of central blindness in the elderly. AMD progresses to advanced stages of the disease, atrophic AMD (aAMD), or in 15% of cases "wet" or neovascular AMD (nAMD), associated with substantial vision loss. Whilst there has been advancement in therapies treating nAMD, to date, there are no licenced effective treatments for the 85% affected by aAMD, with disease managed by changes to diet, vitamin supplements, and regular monitoring. AMD has a complex pathogenesis, involving highly integrated and common age-related disease pathways, including dysregulated complement/inflammation, impaired autophagy, and oxidative stress. The intricacy of AMD pathogenesis makes therapeutic development challenging and identifying a target that combats the converging disease pathways is essential to provide a globally effective treatment. Interleukin-33 is a cytokine, classically known for the proinflammatory role it plays in allergic disease. Recent evidence across degenerative and inflammatory disease conditions reveals a diverse immune-modulatory role for IL-33, with promising therapeutic potential. Here, we will review IL-33 function in disease and discuss the future potential for this homeostatic cytokine in treating AMD.

7.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-11, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533429

RESUMO

Exosomes isolated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) had shown beneficial effect on acute lung injury (ALI). However, the effective components in MSC-derived exosomes need further investigation. ALI mice model was established by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. In vitro inflammatory model was established by LPS stimulation of MLE-12 cells. The cell proliferation was evaluated by EdU assay. TUNEL and Annexin V/PI were applied to evaluate the apoptosis of tissue and cell respectively. HE staining was performed to evaluate the lung injury. Transmission electronic microscope was used to observe isolated exosomes. Level of cytokines, MDA, KGF were determined by ELISA kit. Direct interaction of miR-132-3p and TRAF6 were verified by dual luciferase assay. The level of mRNA or proteins were determined by qRT-PCR or western blots respectively. TRAF6 was upregulated while miR-132-3p was downregulated in LPS-stimulated ALI model. MiR-132-3p negatively regulated TRAF6 by direct binding. MiR-132-3p potentiated proliferation and suppressed apoptosis of LPS-induced MLE-12 cells at least partly dependent on targeting TRAF6. Treatment of exosome alleviated the LPS-induced ALI in mice and LPS-induced inflammatory response in MLE-12 cells. Moreover, overexpression of miR-132-3p promoted the protective effect of exosomes in LPS-induced MLE-12 cells injury and LPS-induced ALI. Mechanically, it was suggested that miR-132-3p inactivated PI3K/Akt signalling via targeting TRAF6. In the present study, our results indicated that miR-132-3p mediated protective effect of MSC-derived exosomes on LPS-induced ALI. Exosomal miR-132-3p ameliorated LPS-induced ALI via targeting TRAF6 and inactivating PI3K/Akt signalling.

8.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1329-1337, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study sought to investigate incidence and risk factors for acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 823 COVID-19 patients with at least two evaluations of renal function during hospitalization from four hospitals in Wuhan, China between February 2020 and April 2020. Clinical and laboratory parameters at the time of admission and follow-up data were recorded. Systemic renal tubular dysfunction was evaluated via 24-h urine collections in a subgroup of 55 patients. RESULTS: In total, 823 patients were enrolled (50.5% male) with a mean age of 60.9 ± 14.9 years. AKI occurred in 38 (40.9%) ICU cases but only 6 (0.8%) non-ICU cases. Using forward stepwise Cox regression analysis, we found eight independent risk factors for AKI including decreased platelet level, lower albumin level, lower phosphorus level, higher level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), procalcitonin, C-reactive protein (CRP), urea, and prothrombin time (PT) on admission. For every 0.1 mmol/L decreases in serum phosphorus level, patients had a 1.34-fold (95% CI 1.14-1.58) increased risk of AKI. Patients with hypophosphatemia were likely to be older and with lower lymphocyte count, lower serum albumin level, lower uric acid, higher LDH, and higher CRP. Furthermore, serum phosphorus level was positively correlated with phosphate tubular maximum per volume of filtrate (TmP/GFR) (Pearson r = 0.66, p < .001) in subgroup analysis, indicating renal phosphate loss via proximal renal tubular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: The AKI incidence was very low in non-ICU patients as compared to ICU patients. Hypophosphatemia is an independent risk factor for AKI in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 infection.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542284

RESUMO

The emerging carbon-based mesoscopic perovskite solar cells (MPSCs) are known as one of the most promising candidates for photovoltaic applications thanks to their screen-printing process and excellent stability. Unfortunately, they usually suffer from serious defects because it is challenging to realize sufficient mesopore filling of the perovskite precursor solution throughout the triple-mesoporous scaffold. Herein, a bifunctional additive, biuret, endowed with both carbonyl and amino groups, was designed to realize a convenient fabrication approach for controllable crystallization of the precursor solution. Owing to the strong coordination ability with perovskite components, the incorporation of biuret can not only regulate crystallization kinetics allowing for the growth of high-quality perovskite crystals but also associate with uncoordinated ions for defect passivation to enhance the overall photovoltaic performance of MPSCs. A champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.42% with an enhanced short-circuit current density of 19.49 mA cm-2 and a much higher open-circuit voltage of 0.96 V was achieved for the device doped with 3 mol % biuret, which is 26% higher than that of the control device (10.66%). Moreover, the unencapsulated devices with biuret incorporation demonstrated superior stability, maintaining over 90% of the original PCE after 50 days of storage under ambient conditions. This work helps exploit bifunctional additive strategies for simultaneous defect passivation and crystallization control toward high-efficiency and long-term stability of carbon-based MPSCs.

10.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA120032989, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study tests whether patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm who underwent stent placement benefitted from platelet function monitoring-guided adjustment of antiplatelet therapy. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, open-label, parallel group, assessor-blinded trial. Patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm who underwent stent placement were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either drug adjustment (patients who had high on-treatment platelet reactivity to antiplatelet therapy on the basis of platelet function monitoring [monitoring group]) or conventional therapy (without monitoring and drug adjustment [conventional group]). The second monitoring was performed 14 days after randomization in patients with drug adjustment. The primary outcome was the composite frequency of ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, stent thrombosis, urgent revascularization, and cerebrovascular death within 7 days after stent implantation. The safety outcome was the composite frequency of major, minor, or minimal bleeding within 1 month after stent implantation. RESULTS: In total, 314 patients were included (n=157 per group). The primary combined outcome occurred in 19 patients (12.1%) in the conventional group and 8 patients (5.1%) in the monitoring group (hazard ratio, 0.39 [95% CI, 0.17-0.92]; P=0.03). Ischemic stroke occurred at a lower frequency in the monitoring group compared with that in the conventional group (4.5% versus 12.1%; hazard ratio, 0.34 [95% CI, 0.14-0.83]; P=0.01), which drove the overall primary combined outcome. The safety outcome occurred in the monitoring group (7.0%) and in the conventional group (1.9%; hazard ratio, 3.87 [95% CI, 1.06-14.14]; P=0.03). A significant difference was observed in the frequency of minor or minimal bleeding events between the two groups (monitoring group versus conventional group, 6.4% versus 1.3%; P=0.02) but not in the frequency of major bleeding events between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Platelet function monitoring-guided antiplatelet therapy reduces thromboembolic events in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysm after stent placement, significantly enhancing minor or minimal bleeding events but not major bleeding events. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03989557.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5231, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471132

RESUMO

Biological sodium channels ferry sodium ions across the lipid membrane while rejecting potassium ions and other metal ions. Realizing such ion selectivity in an artificial solid-state ionic device will enable new separation technologies but remains highly challenging. In this work, we report an artificial sodium-selective ionic device, built on synthesized porous crown-ether crystals which consist of densely packed 0.26-nm-wide pores. The Na+ selectivity of the artificial sodium-selective ionic device reached 15 against K + , which is comparable to the biological counterpart, 523 against Ca2 + , which is nearly two orders of magnitude higher than the biological one, and 1128 against Mg2 + . The selectivity may arise from the size effect and molecular recognition effect. This work may contribute to the understanding of the structure-performance relationship of ion selective nanopores.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using telemedicine to improve the quality of life of parents of infants with congenital heart disease surgery after discharge. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in a provincial hospital in China from November 2020 to April 2021 to compare the quality of life of parents of infants with congenital heart disease surgery after discharge between the WeChat follow-up group and the outpatient follow-up group. A total of 84 patients (42 in each group) and 168 parents (84 in each group) participated in this study. RESULTS: One month after discharge, the SAS and SDS scores of parents in the intervention group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the SAS and SDS scores at discharge, the scores of parents in the intervention group were significantly lower at one month after discharge (P<0.05), while the scores of parents in the control group were similar at one month after discharge (P>0.05). At discharge, in both the intervention group and the control group, the SAS and SDS scores of the mothers were higher than those of the fathers (P<0.05). One month after discharge, in the control group, the SAS and SDS scores of the mothers were higher than those of the fathers (P<0.05). One month after discharge, in the intervention group, the SAS and SDS scores of the mothers were similar to those of the fathers (P>0.05). The comparison of the SAS and SDS scores of parents with different education levels showed that in both the intervention group and control group, the lower the parents' educational levels were, the higher their SAS and SDS scores were (P<0.05). One month after discharge, in the control group, the lower the parents' education levels were, the higher their SAS and SDS scores (P<0.05). One month after discharge, in the intervention group, the SAS and SDS scores were similar among parents with different educational levels. The results of the WHOQOL-BREF scale showed that the scores of the physiological, psychological, social and environmental fields at one month after discharge in the intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Providing health education and medical support to the parents of infants with congenital heart disease surgery after discharge via telemedicine can effectively relieve the parents' anxiety and depression and improve their quality of life.

13.
Neural Comput ; : 1-25, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474470

RESUMO

Our real-time actions in everyday life reflect a range of spatiotemporal dynamic brain activity patterns, the consequence of neuronal computation with spikes in the brain. Most existing models with spiking neurons aim at solving static pattern recognition tasks such as image classification. Compared with static features, spatiotemporal patterns are more complex due to their dynamics in both space and time domains. Spatiotemporal pattern recognition based on learning algorithms with spiking neurons therefore remains challenging. We propose an end-to-end recurrent spiking neural network model trained with an algorithm based on spike latency and temporal difference backpropagation. Our model is a cascaded network with three layers of spiking neurons where the input and output layers are the encoder and decoder, respectively. In the hidden layer, the recurrently connected neurons with transmission delays carry out high-dimensional computation to incorporate the spatiotemporal dynamics of the inputs. The test results based on the data sets of spiking activities of the retinal neurons show that the proposed framework can recognize dynamic spatiotemporal patterns much better than using spike counts. Moreover, for 3D trajectories of a human action data set, the proposed framework achieves a test accuracy of 83.6% on average. Rapid recognition is achieved through the learning methodology-based on spike latency and the decoding process using the first spike of the output neurons. Taken together, these results highlight a new model to extract information from activity patterns of neural computation in the brain and provide a novel approach for spike-based neuromorphic computing.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476704

RESUMO

The strategy of the Silk Road Economic Belt in China has promoted the urban development of the backward regions in the west, but it might also cause serious eco-environmental concerns. Studying the coupling relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment (UEE) is essential to promote the sustainable development in backward regions. This study developed a combined method of coupling coordination degree (CCD) model, linear regression, and gray relational analysis (GRA) model to investigate the spatio-temporal coupling relationship and the influencing factors between UEE in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), a typical backward region along the Silk Road Economic Belt. Results show that (1) the economic urbanization and eco-environmental pressure made the largest contribution to the system of urbanization and eco-environment, respectively. (2) The overall CCD in NHAR showed a linear upward trend from 2001 to 2018, while the CCD of each district presented significant spatial difference. The CCDs in the more developed northern regions were generally higher than those in southern mountainous regions. (3) Furthermore, population factors were the main mechanism imposing stress on the eco-environment, and the factors of eco-environmental status had higher restrictive effect on urban development in NHAR. This study could provide theoretical basis for investigating the interaction between UEE in backward regions, which might enable policymakers to formulate targeted sustainable development plans.

15.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131121, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470166

RESUMO

Microplastic (MP) pollution causes global concerns regarding the consequential impacts on human health. In particular, MPs may act as vectors for various contaminants to induce adverse effects in human. In this work, the joint cytotoxicity of two different MPs co-exposed with diverse ionic pollutants was investigated in two cell lines from human digestive system: human gastric epithelium (GES-1) and colorectal mucosa (FHC) cell lines. The results indicated that the cytotoxicity of cationic pollutants was alleviated by MPs more significantly than that of anionic pollutants in both culture medium and river water. The electrostatic attraction between the negatively charged MPs and cations was a key factor in determining the ultimate joint toxicity. Our findings indicate that the joint cytotoxicity of MP-pollutant mixtures may be proactively reduced by modulating the surface charge of MPs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Cátions , Humanos , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Eletricidade Estática , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 684-9, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of transcutaneous electric acupoints stimulation (TEAS) on vascular endothelial function and inflammatory factors after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients. METHODS: A total of 94 patients with coronary heart disease and undergoing PCI were randomized into a TEAS group and a sham-TEAS group, 47 cases in each one. In the TEAS group, TEAS started at unilateral Neiguan (PC6) and Ximen (PC4) 30 min before PCI till the end of PCI. In the sham-TEAS group, the procedure and persistent time were same as the TEAS group, but no electric stimulation was performed. Before treatment and at 8 h and 24 h after PCI, the levels of serum endothelin-1 (ET-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), nitric oxide (NO), blood flow dependent diastolic function (FMD), interleukin-6 (IL-6), inteleukin-10 (IL-10), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were detected in the patients successively. RESULTS: Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of ET-1 and vWF were all increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the two groups (P<0.05) and the levels in the TEAS group were remarkably lower than those in the sham-TEAS group (P<0.05). Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of NO and FMD at 8 h and 24 h after PCI were all reduced in the two groups (P<0.05) and the levels in the TEAS group were higher obviously than those in the sham-TEAS group (P<0.05). Compared with the levels before PCI, the levels of hs-CRP, MMP-9, IL-6 and IL-10 were all increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the two groups (P<0.05); Compared with the sham-TEAS group, the levels of hs-CRP, MMP-9 and IL-6 were reduced and the level of IL-10 was increased at 8 h and 24 h after PCI in the TEAS group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: TEAS effectively improves the vascular endothelial function and reduces serum inflammatory factors after PCI.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Pontos de Acupuntura , Proteína C-Reativa , Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos
17.
Bioinformatics ; 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473228

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Protein model quality assessment (QA) is an essential component in protein structure prediction, which aims to estimate the quality of a structure model and/or select the most accurate model out from a pool of structure models, without knowing the native structure. QA remains a challenging task in protein structure prediction. RESULTS: Based on the inter-residue distance predicted by the recent deep learning-based structure prediction algorithm trRosetta, we developed QDistance, a new approach to the estimation of both global and local qualities. QDistance works for both single-model and multi-models inputs. We designed several distance-based features to assess the agreement between the predicted and model-derived inter-residue distances. Together with a few widely used features, they are fed into a simple yet powerful linear regression model to infer the global QA scores. The local QA scores for each structure model are predicted based on a comparative analysis with a set of selected reference models. For multi-models input, the reference models are selected from the input based on the predicted global QA scores. For single-model input, the reference models are predicted by trRosetta. With the informative distance-based features, QDistance can predict the global quality with satisfactory accuracy. Benchmark tests on the CASP13 and the CAMEO structure models suggested that QDistance was competitive other methods. Blind tests in the CASP14 experiments showed that QDistance was robust and ranked among the top predictors. Especially, QDistance was the top 3 local QA method and made the most accurate local QA prediction for unreliable local region. Analysis showed that this superior performance can be attributed to the inclusion of the predicted inter-residue distance. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: http://yanglab.nankai.edu.cn/QDistance. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

18.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17579, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475467

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its related factors among urban adults aged 35 to 79 years in Southwestern China. From September 2013 to March 2014, a multi-stage sampling was conducted, and a total of 10,221 people aged 35-79 years living in Chengdu and Chongqing were included. More than 30 investigators were trained in data collection, including questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and blood biomarkers testing. The prevalence of high triglycerides (≥ 2.3 mmol/L), high total cholesterol (≥ 6.2 mmol/L), high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (≥ 4.1 mmol/L), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (< 1.0 mmol/L), and dyslipidemia were 15.7% (95% confidence interval, 15.0-16.4%), 5.4% (4.9-5.8%), 2.5% (2.2-2.8%), 5.7% (5.3-6.2%), and 27.4% (26.5-28.2%), respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia was positively correlated with higher education level, monthly income over 2000 CNY, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, overweight and obesity, and central obesity, and negatively correlated with daily physical exercise. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in Southwestern China is lower than the national average level, with high triglycerides being the most common form of dyslipidemia.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increasing use of colistin causes a serious breach in our last line of defence against MDR Gram-negative pathogens. Our previous study showed that CpxR overexpression increases the susceptibility of acrB and cpxR double-deleted Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to colistin. OBJECTIVES: To identify the mechanism of CpxAR and efflux pumps that synergistically enhance the susceptibility of S. Typhimurium to colistin. METHODS: A series of cpxR- and tolC-deleted mutants and a cpxR-complemented strain from a multidrug-susceptible standard strain of S. Typhimurium (JS) were generated in our previous study. Herein, we investigated the susceptibility of these strains to colistin through the broth microdilution method, time-kill curves and survival assays. Growth curves were measured by OD600 in LB broth, tryptone-soy broth (TSB) and M9-glucose (0.2%) minimal media. Finally, molecular mechanisms underlying the mode of action were elucidated by transcriptomic analysis. RESULTS: We found that in contrast to JS (0.8 mg/L), the MIC of colistin for JSΔtolC::kan showed a 16-fold decrease (0.05 mg/L). Notably, JSΔcpxRΔtolC and JSΔcpxRΔtolC/pcpxR were associated with a 256-fold decrease (0.0031 mg/L) compared with JS. Growth curves identified that JSΔcpxRΔtolC and JSΔcpxRΔtolC/pcpxR displayed a markedly lower growth rate and poorer adaptability. In addition, time-kill curves and survival assays showed that JSΔcpxRΔtolC and JSΔcpxRΔtolC/pcpxR were more susceptible to colistin. Lastly, double deletion of cpxR and tolC enhanced oxidative damage through promoting oxidative phosphorylation, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) respiration. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings revealed that double deletion of cpxR and tolC significantly increases the susceptibility of S. Typhimurium to colistin.

20.
J Nat Prod ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496568

RESUMO

Twelve guaianolide-type sesquiterpene oligomers with diverse structures were isolated from the whole plants of Ainsliaea fragrans, including a novel trimer (1) and two new dimers (2, 3). The chemical structures of the new compounds were elucidated through spectroscopic data interpretation and computational calculations. Ainsfragolide (1) is an unusual guaianolide sesquiterpene trimer generated with a novel C-C linkage at C2'-C15″, which may be biosynthesized prospectively through a further Michael addition. Cytotoxicity results showed that ainsfragolide (1) was the most potent compound against five cancer cell lines with IC50 values in the range of 0.4-8.3 µM.

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