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1.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 240, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762546

RESUMO

Interactions of tumor cells with immune cells in the tumor microenvironment play an important role during malignancy progression. We previously identified that GAS5 inhibited tumor development by suppressing proliferation of tumor cells in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Herein, we discovered a tumor-suppressing role for tumor cell-derived GAS5 in regulating tumor microenvironment. GAS5 positively coordinated with the infiltration of macrophages and T cells in NSCLC clinically, and overexpression of GAS5 promoted macrophages and T cells recruitment both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, GAS5 stabilized p53 by directly binding to MYBBP1A and facilitating MYBBP1A-p53 interaction, and enhanced p53-mediated transcription of IRF1, which activated type I interferon signaling and increased the production of downstream CXCL10 and CCL5. We also found that activation of type I interferon signaling was associated with better immunotherapy efficacy in NSCLC. Furthermore, the stability of GAS5 was regulated by NAT10, the key enzyme responsible for N4-acetylcytidine (ac4C) modification, which bound to GAS5 and mediated its ac4C modification. Collectively, tumor cell-derived GAS5 could activate type I interferon signaling via the MYBBP1A-p53/IRF1 axis, promoting immune cell infiltration and potentially correlating with immunotherapy efficacy, which suppressed NSCLC progression. Our results suggested GAS5 as a promising predictive marker and potential therapeutic target for combination therapy in NSCLC. A schematic diagram demonstrating the regulatory effect of GAS5 on immune cell infiltration by activating type I interferon signaling via MYBBP1A-p53/IRF1 axis in non-small cell lung cancer. IFN, interferon.

2.
RSC Adv ; 14(21): 15031-15038, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720968

RESUMO

The biological treatment of wastewater generates a substantial amount of waste sludge that requires dewatering before final disposal. Efficient sludge dewatering is essential to minimize storage and transportation costs. In this study, the sludge conditioners polydimethyldiallylammonium chloride (PDMDAAC) and ferric chloride (FeCl3) were sequentially dosed, and the pH was adjusted to 3. As a result, the sludge moisture content (MC) was reduced to 59.4%, achieving deep dewatering. After conditioning, the tightly bound extracellular polymeric substances (TB-EPS) were reduced from 34.5 to 10.2 mg g-1 VSS, with the majority of the reduced fractions being composed of protein (PN). In contrast, soluble EPS increased more than 8 times. Subsequent studies revealed that the decrease in PN from TB-EPS primarily involved tryptophan and tyrosine proteins, accompanied by a significant reduction in the N-H and C[double bond, length as m-dash]C absorption peaks. These results highlight the critical role of TB-EPS dissolution in achieving deep dehydration, with the N-H in PN was identified as the key group influencing sludge dewatering. Combined with the changes in sludge particle size and morphology, the dewatering mechanism can be summarized as follows: PDMDAAC dissolves TB-EPS, simultaneously disrupting the floc structure and refining the sludge. Subsequently, FeCl3 reconstructs these elements, forming larger particle sizes. Finally, hydrochloric acid reduces TB-EPS once again, releasing bound water. This study offers alternative methods and new insights for achieving deep dewatering of waste sludge.

3.
Food Chem ; 452: 139542, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728898

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of ethanol, 1,2-propanediol, and glycerol on the structure and aggregation behavior of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) myosin. All alcohols induced extensive alteration in the tertiary structure of myosin. Both ethanol and 1,2-propanediol further promoted an increase in the content of ß-sheets in myosin and induced myosin aggregation. While glycerol had almost no impact on the secondary structure of myosin. Molecular dynamics simulations revealed that increasing the concentration of ethanol and 1,2-propanediol affected the overall structural changes in the myosin heavy chain (MHC), while glycerol exerted a more pronounced effect on the MHC tail when compared to the MHC head. Disruption of the hydration layers induced by ethanol and 1,2-propanediol contributed to local structural changes in myosin. Glycerol at a concentration of 20% induced the formation of a larger hydration layer around the MHC tail, which facilitated the stabilization of the protein structure.

5.
Cyborg Bionic Syst ; 5: 0095, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725973

RESUMO

Microfluidic chips offer high customizability and excellent biocompatibility, holding important promise for the precise control of biological growth at the microscale. However, the microfluidic chips employed in the studies of regulating cell growth are typically fabricated through 2D photolithography. This approach partially restricts the diversity of cell growth platform designs and manufacturing efficiency. This paper presents a method for designing and manufacturing neural cell culture microfluidic chips (NCMC) using two-photon polymerization (TPP), where the discrete and directional cell growth is optimized through studying the associated geometric parameters of on-chip microchannels. This study involves simulations and discussions regarding the effects of different hatching distances on the mold surface topography and printing time in the Describe print preview module, which determines the appropriate printing accuracy corresponding to the desired mold structure. With the assistance of the 3D maskless lithography system, micron-level rapid printing of target molds with different dimensions were achieved. For NCMC with different geometric parameters, COMSOL software was used to simulate the local flow velocity and shear stress characteristics within the microchannels. SH-SY5Y cells were selected for directional differentiation experiments on NCMC with different geometric parameters. The results demonstrate that the TPP-based manufacturing method efficiently constructs neural microfluidic chips with high precision, optimizing the discrete and directional cell growth. We anticipate that our method for designing and manufacturing NCMC will hold great promise in construction and application of microscale 3D drug models.

6.
Clin Interv Aging ; 19: 745-760, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38736563

RESUMO

Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a preoperative combined with postoperative moderate-intensity progressive resistance training (PRT) of the operative side in patients with hip osteoarthritis (HOA) who are undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). The study seeks to evaluate the impact of this combined intervention on muscle strength, gait, balance, and hip joint function in a controlled, measurable, and objective manner. Additionally, the study aims to compare the outcomes of this combined intervention with those of preoperative or postoperative muscle strength training conducted in isolation. Methods: A total of 90 patients with HOA scheduled for unilateral primary THA were randomly assigned to three groups: Pre group (preoperative PRT), Post group (postoperative PRT), and Pre& Post group (preoperative combined with postoperative PRT) focusing on hip flexion, extension, adduction, and abduction of operated side. Muscle strength, gait parameters, balance, and hip function were assessed at specific time points during a 12-month follow-up period. Results: All three groups showed significant improvements in muscle strength, with the Pre& Post group demonstrating the most pronounced and sustained gains. Gait velocity and cadence were significantly improved in the Pre& Post group at 1-month and 3-month postoperative follow-ups compared to the other groups. Similarly, the Pre& Post group exhibited superior balance performance at 3-month and 12-month postoperative follow-ups. The Harris Hip Score also showed better outcomes in the Pre& Post group at all follow-up intervals. Conclusion: Preoperative combined with postoperative moderate-intensity PRT in HOA patients undergoing THA led to superior improvements in muscle strength, gait, balance, and hip joint function compared to preoperative or postoperative PRT alone. This intervention shows significant promise in optimizing postoperative rehabilitation and enhancing patient outcomes following THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Marcha , Força Muscular , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Equilíbrio Postural , Treinamento Resistido , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Masculino , Feminino , Treinamento Resistido/métodos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório
7.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 270(Pt 1): 132190, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723820

RESUMO

This study describes the synthesis of Chitosan - corn protein (CSZ-TG) composites using TG enzyme (TG) as a cross-linking agent and the preparation of chitosan-based composite membrane material (CSZEO-TG) by blending citrus essential oil (EO) with the synthesized CSZ-TG. The prepared composite membrane material was used for fresh strawberry preservation and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-spectral diffraction, tensile properties, and water vapor and CO2 permeability. Scanning electron microscopy results showed a smooth surface of the composite membrane material after the addition of TG enzyme, while Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy results showed a structural change of the composite membrane material after the addition of corn protein (Z). The tensile results showed an increase in the tensile strength of the composite membrane material after the addition of TG enzyme, while the flexibility of the composite membrane material was enhanced after the addition of EO. Compared with the pure chitosan membrane (CS), the water vapor and CO2 barrier properties of the composite membrane material after the addition of Z, TG, and EO did not change much, and they all showed better water vapor barrier properties. The results of the antioxidant analysis of the solution of the CSZEO-TG composite membrane material showed that the composite membrane material had efficient antioxidant properties. The effects of the composite film material on the storage period and quality of strawberries were evaluated by the indicators of weight loss, hardness, decay rate, soluble solids, titratable acid content, MDA content, and the content of four enzymes, SOD, POD, PPO and CAT. Comprehensive freshness data analysis showed that CSZEO-TG had the best freshness preservation performance and effectively extended the shelf life of strawberries.

8.
IET Syst Biol ; 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38760669

RESUMO

Trap formation is the key indicator of carnivorous lifestyle transition of nematode-trapping fungi (NTF). Here, the DNA methylation profile was explored during trap induction of Arthrobotrys oligospora, a typical NTF that captures nematodes by developing adhesive networks. Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing identified 871 methylation sites and 1979 differentially methylated regions (DMRs). This first-of-its-kind investigation unveiled the widespread presence of methylation systems in NTF, and suggested potential regulation of ribosomal RNAs through DNA methylation. Functional analysis indicated DNA methylation's involvement in complex gene regulations during trap induction, impacting multiple biological processes like response to stimulus, transporter activity, cell reproduction and molecular function regulator. These findings provide a glimpse into the important roles of DNA methylation in trap induction and offer new insights for understanding the molecular mechanisms driving carnivorous lifestyle transition of NTF.

9.
Front Neurol ; 15: 1349369, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756220

RESUMO

Background and purpose: Early blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) can be detected on perfusion computed tomography (PCT) images before undergoing reperfusion therapy. In this study, we aimed to determine whether early disruption of the BBB predicts intracranial hemorrhage transformation (HT) in patients with AIS undergoing endovascular therapy and further identify factors influencing BBB disruption. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed general clinical and imaging data derived from 159 consecutive patients with acute anterior circulation stroke who were admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Hospital of Jilin University, and who underwent endovascular treatment between January 1, 2021, and March 31, 2023. We evaluated the relationship between BBB destruction and intracranial HT before endovascular reperfusion therapy and examined the risk factors for early BBB destruction. Results: A total of 159 patients with assessable BBB leakage were included. The median (interquartile range, IQR) age was 63 (54-70) years, 108 (67.9%) patients were male, and the median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NHISS) score was 12 (10-15). Follow-up non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) detected HT in 63 patients. After logistic regression modeling adjustment, we found that BBB leakage in the true leakage area was slightly more than 2-fold risk of HT (odds ratio [OR], 2.01; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-3.92). Heart rate was also associated with HT (OR, 1.03, 95% CI, 1.00-1.05). High Blood-brain barrier permeability (BBBP) in the true leakage area was positively correlated with infarct core volume (OR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01-1.05). Conclusion: Early BBB destruction before endovascular reperfusion therapy was associated with HT, whereas high BBBP correlated positively with infarct core volume.

10.
Radiother Oncol ; 196: 110325, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We performed this systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the performance of ML in detecting genetic mutation status in NSCLC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, and Web of Science up until July 2023. We discussed the genetic mutation status of EGFR, ALK, KRAS, and BRAF, as well as the mutation status at different sites of EGFR. RESULTS: We included a total of 128 original studies, of which 114 constructed ML models based on radiomic features mainly extracted from CT, MRI, and PET-CT data. From a genetic mutation perspective, 121 studies focused on EGFR mutation status analysis. In the validation set, for the detection of EGFR mutation status, the aggregated c-index was 0.760 (95%CI: 0.706-0.814) for clinical feature-based models, 0.772 (95%CI: 0.753-0.791) for CT-based radiomics models, 0.816 (95%CI: 0.776-0.856) for MRI-based radiomics models, and 0.750 (95%CI: 0.712-0.789) for PET-CT-based radiomics models. When combined with clinical features, the aggregated c-index was 0.807 (95%CI: 0.781-0.832) for CT-based radiomics models, 0.806 (95%CI: 0.773-0.839) for MRI-based radiomics models, and 0.822 (95%CI: 0.789-0.854) for PET-CT-based radiomics models. In the validation set, the aggregated c-indexes for radiomics-based models to detect mutation status of ALK and KRAS, as well as the mutation status at different sites of EGFR were all greater than 0.7. CONCLUSION: The use of radiomics-based methods for early discrimination of EGFR mutation status in NSCLC demonstrates relatively high accuracy. However, the influence of clinical variables cannot be overlooked in this process. In addition, future studies should also pay attention to the accuracy of radiomics in identifying mutation status of other genes in EGFR.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 472: 134556, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although evidence on the association between per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and human health outcomes has grown exponentially, specific health outcomes and their potential associations with PFASs have not been conclusively evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search through the databases of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science from inception to February 29, 2024, to identify systematic reviews with meta-analyses of observational studies examining the associations between the PFASs and multiple health outcomes. The quality of included studies was evaluated using the A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) tool, and credibility of evidence was assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluations (GRADE) criteria. The protocol of this umbrella review (UR) had been registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42023480817). RESULTS: The UR identified 157 meta-analyses from 29 articles. Using the AMSTAR measurement tool, all articles were categorized as of moderate-to-high quality. Based on the GRADE assessment, significant associations between specific types of PFASs and low birth weight, tetanus vaccine response, and triglyceride levels showed high certainty of evidence. Moreover, moderate certainty of evidence with statistical significance was observed between PFASs and health outcomes including lower BMI z-score in infancy, poor sperm progressive motility, and decreased risk of preterm birth as well as preeclampsia. Fifty-two (33%) associations (e.g., PFASs and gestational hypertension, cardiovascular disease, etc) presented low certainty evidence. Additionally, eighty-five (55%) associations (e.g., PFASs with infertility, lipid metabolism, etc) presented very low certainty evidence. CONCLUSION: High certainty of evidence supported that certain PFASs were associated with the incidence of low birth weight, low efficiency of the tetanus vaccine, and low triglyceride levels.

12.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(6): 265, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761195

RESUMO

Acute pancreatitis frequently causes intestinal barrier damage, which aggravates pancreatitis. Although Clostridium butyricum exerts anti-inflammatory and protective effects on the intestinal barrier during acute pancreatitis, the underlying mechanism is unclear. The G protein-coupled receptors 109 A (GPR109A) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) signaling pathways can potentially influence the integrity of the intestinal barrier. Our study generated acute pancreatitis mouse models via intraperitoneal injection of cerulein and lipopolysaccharides. After intervention with Clostridium butyricum, the model mice showed reduced small intestinal and colonic intestinal barrier damage, dysbiosis amelioration, and increased GPR109A/AMPK/PGC-1α expression. In conclusion, Clostridium butyricum could improve pancreatic and intestinal inflammation and pancreatic injury, and relieve acute pancreatitis-induced intestinal barrier damage in the small intestine and colon, which may be associated with GPR109A/AMPK/PGC-1α.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Clostridium butyricum , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pancreatite , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G , Animais , Clostridium butyricum/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/metabolismo , Coativador 1-alfa do Receptor gama Ativado por Proliferador de Peroxissomo/genética , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas G/genética , Camundongos , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Pancreatite/microbiologia , Pancreatite/patologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Masculino , Transdução de Sinais , Regulação para Cima
13.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 26(5): 902-914, 2024 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592781

RESUMO

Fifty-two consecutive PM2.5 samples from December 2021 to February 2022 (the whole winter) were collected in the center of Chongqing, a humid metropolitan city in China. These samples were analysed for the 16 USEPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (16 PAHs) to explore their composition and sources, and to assess their cancer risks to humans. The total concentrations of the 16 PAHs (ng m-3) ranged from 16.45 to 174.15, with an average of 59.35 ± 21.45. Positive matrix factorization (PMF) indicated that traffic emissions were the major source (42.4%), followed by coal combustion/industrial emission (31.3%) and petroleum leakage/evaporation (26.3%). The contribution from traffic emission to the 16 PAHs increased from 40.0% in the non-episode days to as high as 46.2% in the air quality episode during the sampling period. The population attributable fraction (PAF) indicates that when the unit relative risk (URR) is 4.49, the number of lung cancer cases per million individuals under PAH exposure is 27 for adults and 38 for seniors, respectively. It was 5 for adults and 7 for seniors, when the URR is 1.3. The average incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) for children, adolescents, adults and seniors was 0.25 × 10-6, 0.23 × 10-6, 0.71 × 10-6, and 1.26 × 10-6, respectively. The results of these two models complemented each other well, and both implied acceptable PAH exposure levels. Individual genetic susceptibility and exposure time were identified as the most sensitive parameters. The selection and use of parameters in risk assessment should be further deepened in subsequent studies to enhance the reliability of the assessment results.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Material Particulado , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , China , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Medição de Risco , Material Particulado/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/análise
14.
Eur J Neurol ; : e16296, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ratio of serum uric acid (SUA) to serum creatinine (SCr), representing normalized SUA for renal function, is associated with functional outcome in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) patients. However, its effect on AIS patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy (MT) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the SUA/SCr ratio on clinical outcome in MT-treated AIS patients. METHODS: Acute ischaemic stroke patients who underwent MT were continuously enrolled from January 2018 to June 2023. Upon admission, SUA and SCr levels were recorded within the initial 24 h. Stroke severity was determined using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. Clinical outcome included poor functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score >2) at 90 days, symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage and death. RESULTS: Amongst 734 patients, 432 (58.8%) exhibited poor functional outcome at 90 days. The SUA/SCr ratio exhibited a negative correlation with NIHSS score (ρ = -0.095, p = 0.010). Univariate analysis revealed a significant association between SUA/SCr ratio and poor functional outcome. After adjusting for confounders, the SUA/SCr ratio remained an independent predictor of functional outcome (adjusted odds ratio 0.348, 95% confidence interval 0.282-0.428, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis highlighted the ability of the SUA/SCr ratio to predict functional outcome, with a cutoff value of 3.62 and an area under the curve of 0.757 (95% confidence interval 0.724-0.788, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The SUA/SCr ratio is correlated with stroke severity and may serve as a predictor of 90-day functional outcome in AIS patients undergoing MT.

15.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1349006, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559777

RESUMO

Aim: This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the impact of saffron supplementation on the glycemic outcomes in patients with diabetes. Methods: Eight electronic databases were systematically searched from inception to March 31, 2023. RCTs of patients with diabetes receiving saffron compared with placebo which reported glycemic control outcomes were identified. WMD and 95% CIs were pooled using fixed-effects or random-effects models, depending on the significance of heterogeneity. Results: Out of the 837 citations screened, ten RCTs were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. A total of 562 participants were enrolled, with 292 assigned to the intervention group and 270 to the control group. Saffron was administered at a dose of 5 mg/day to 1 g/day. Compared with placebo, saffron supplementation significantly reduced FPG (WMD = -8.42 mg/dL; 95% CI: -13.37, -3.47; p = 0.001) and HbA1c (WMD = -0.22%; 95% CI: -0.33, -0.10; p < 0.001). However, there was no significant effect on insulin levels, QUICKI and HOMA-IR. Conclusion: Saffron is effective for patients with diabetes in terms of FPG and HbA1c, therefore, it appears to be a promising adjuvant for the glycemic control of DM. However, the overall methodological quality of the identified studies is heterogeneous, limiting the interpretation of the benefit of saffron in diabetes. More long-term follow-up, well-designed and large-scale clinical trials are warranted to draw definitive conclusions. Systematic review registration: The protocol of review was registered in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) (ID: CRD42023426353).

16.
Anaerobe ; 87: 102854, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38614288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Acute lung injury is a critical complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The gut microbiota and its metabolites play an important role in SAP development and may provide new targets for AP-associated lung injury. Based on the ability to reverse AP injury, we proposed that Clostridium butyricum may reduce the potential for AP-associated lung injury by modulating with intestinal microbiota and related metabolic pathways. METHODS: An AP disease model was established in mice and treated with C. butyricum. The structure and composition of the intestinal microbiota in mouse feces were analyzed by 16 S rRNA gene sequencing. Non-targeted metabolite analysis was used to quantify the microbiota derivatives. The histopathology of mouse pancreas and lung tissues was examined using hematoxylin-eosin staining. Pancreatic and lung tissues from mice were stained with immunohistochemistry and protein immunoblotting to detect inflammatory factors IL-6, IL-1ß, and MCP-1. RESULTS: C. butyricum ameliorated the dysregulation of microbiota diversity in a model of AP combined with lung injury and affected fatty acid metabolism by lowering triglyceride levels, which were closely related to the alteration in the relative abundance of Erysipelatoclostridium and Akkermansia. In addition, C. butyricum treatment attenuated pathological damage in the pancreatic and lung tissues and significantly suppressed the expression of inflammatory factors in mice. CONCLUSIONS: C. butyricum may alleviate lung injury associated with AP by interfering with the relevant intestinal microbiota and modulating relevant metabolic pathways.

17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8879, 2024 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632255

RESUMO

There has been increasing interest in the role of epigenetic modification in cancers recently. Among the various modifications, sialylation has emerged as a dominant subtype implicated in tumor progression, metastasis, immune evasion, and chemoresistance. The prognostic significance of sialylation-related molecules has been demonstrated in colorectal cancer. However, the potential roles and regulatory mechanisms of sialylation in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) have not been thoroughly investigated. Through Pearson correlation, univariate Cox hazards proportional regression, and random survival forest model analyses, we identified several prognostic long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) associated with aberrant sialylation and tumor progression, including LINC00857, LINC00968, LINC00663, and ITGA9-AS1. Based on the signatures of four lncRNAs, we classified patients into two clusters with different landscapes using a non-negative matrix factorization approach. Collectively, patients in Cluster 1 (C1) exhibited worse prognoses than those in Cluster 2 (C2), as well as heavier tumor mutation burden. Functional enrichment analysis showed the enrichment of several pro-tumor pathways in C1, differing from the upregulated Longevity and programmed cell death pathways in C2. Moreover, we profiled immune infiltration levels of important immune cell lineages in two subgroups using MCPcounter scores and single sample gene set enrichment analysis scores, revealing a relatively immunosuppressive microenvironment in C1. Risk analysis indicated that LINC00857 may serve as a pro-tumor regulator, while the other three lncRNAs may be protective contributors. Consistently, we observed upregulated LINC00857 in C1, whereas increased expressive levels of LINC00968, LINC00663, and ITGA9-AS1 were observed in C2. Finally, drug sensitivity analysis suggested that patients in the two groups may benefit from different therapeutic strategies, contributing to precise treatment in LUAD. By integrating multi-omics data, we identified four core sialylation-related lncRNAs and successfully established a prognostic model to distinguish patients with different characterizations. These findings may provide some insights into the underlying mechanism of sialylation, and offer a new stratification way as well as clinical guidance in LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Prognóstico , Algoritmos , Pulmão , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Taiwan J Ophthalmol ; 14(1): 15-26, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38654984

RESUMO

Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is one of the most common corneal diseases that causes loss of visual acuity in the world. FECD is a genetically and pathogenetically heterogeneous disease that results in the failure of corneal endothelial cells to maintain fluid balance and functional homeostasis of the cornea. Corneal edema, central guttae formation, and bullae development are common corneal pathologies. Currently, the mainstay of FECD treatment is surgery. However, limited sources of corneal graft and postsurgical complications remain problematic. In recent years, with advances in medical science and technology, there have been a few promising trials of new treatment modalities for FECD. In addition to new surgical methods, novel modalities can be classified into pharmacological-associated treatment, cell therapy-associated treatment, and gene therapy-associated treatment. In this article, our primary focus is on the most recent clinical trials related to FECD, and we present a stepwise approach to enhance FECD management and ultimately improve patient outcomes. We thoroughly searched for FECD clinical trials and reviewed the study designs, methodologies, and outcomes of each trial conducted within the past decade. It is imperative for physicians to stay up-to-date with these cutting-edge treatment approaches.

19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 16(7)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611219

RESUMO

Biaxially oriented polyamide 6 (BOPA6) films were prepared by extrusion casting and biaxial stretching with polyamide 6. The effects of different biaxially oriented on the macroscopic properties of BOPA6 were investigated by characterizing the rheological, crystallization, optical, barrier and mechanical properties. The results show that the increase of stretching temperature leads to the diffusion and regular stacking rate of BOPA6 chain segments towards crystal nuclei increases, the relative crystallinity increases, reaching 27.87% at 180 °C, and the mechanical strength and optical performance decrease. Heat-induced crystallization promotes the transformation of ß-crystals to α-crystals in BOPA6, resulting in a more perfect crystalline structure and enhancing oxygen barrier properties. BOPA6 chains are oriented, and strain-induced crystallization (SIC) occurs during the biaxial stretching. Further increasing the stretch ratio, the relative crystallinity increased to 30.34%. The machine direction (MD) and transverse direction (TD) tensile strength of BOPA6 (B-33) are nearly two times higher than the unstretched film, reaching 134.33 MPa and 155.28 MPa, respectively. In addition, the permeation decreases to 57.61 cc·mil/(m2 day), and the oxygen barrier performance has improved by nearly 30% compared to the sample B-22. BOPA6 has a high storage modulus at a high stretching rate (300%/s). Rapid chain relaxation would promote the molecular chain disorientation, destroy the entangled network of the molecular chain, and lead to a decrease in tensile strength, reducing to about 110 MPa.

20.
Foods ; 13(8)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38672924

RESUMO

Lushan Yunwu tea (LSYWT) is a famous green tea in China. However, the effects of intercropping tea with flowering cherry on the overall aroma of tea have not been well understood. In this study, headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used for analysis. A total of 54 volatile compounds from eight chemical classes were identified in tea samples from both the intercropping and pure-tea-plantation groups. Principal component analysis (PCA), orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), and odor activity value (OAV) methods combined with sensory evaluation identified cis-jasmone, nonanal, and linalool as the key aroma compounds in the intercropping group. Benzaldehyde, α-farnesene, and methyl benzene were identified as the main volatile compounds in the flowering cherry using headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS). These findings will enrich the research on tea aroma chemistry and offer new insights into the product development and quality improvement of LSYWT.

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