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1.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 894840, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498711

RESUMO

Numerous studies have shown that plant shading can promote the quality of green tea. However, the association of shading with metabolic regulation in tea leaves and roots remains unelucidated. Here, the metabolic profiling of two tea cultivars ("Xiangfeicui" and "Jinxuan") in response to shading and relighting periods during the summer season was performed using non-targeted metabolomics methods. The metabolic pathway analyses revealed that long-term shading remarkably inhibit the sugar metabolism such as glycolysis, galactose metabolism, and pentose phosphate pathway in the leaves and roots of "Xiangfeicui," and "Jinxuan" were more sensitive to light recovery changes. The lipid metabolism in the leaves and roots of "Xiangfeicui" was promoted by short-term shading, while it was inhibited by long-term shading. In addition, the intensity of the flavonoid metabolites in the leaves and roots of "Jinxuan" were upregulated with a trend of rising first and then decreasing under shading, and five flavonoid synthesis genes showed the same trend (F3H, F3'5'H, DFR, ANS, and ANR). Simultaneously, the amino acids of the nitrogen metabolism in the leaves and roots of the two cultivars were significantly promoted by long-term shading, while the purine and caffeine metabolism was inhibited in the leaves of "Xiangfeicui." Interestingly, CsGS1.1 and CsTSI, amino acid synthase genes was upregulated in the leaves and roots of two cultivars. These results indicated that shading could participate in carbon and nitrogen metabolic regulation of both leaf and root, and root metabolism could have a positive association with leaf metabolism to promote the shaded tea quality.

2.
Br Poult Sci ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083128

RESUMO

1. Growth performance of Yangzhou geese hatched from eggs with turning angles of 50° or 70° was evaluated in association with serum hormones and somatotropic gene mRNA expression.2. Egg turning at 70° significantly (P<0.05) increased hatchability, gosling quality and hatching weight. Gosling post-hatch body weight, leg and breast muscle weight in the 70° turning group was significantly heavier until 50 d of age.3. Serum concentrations of GH were significantly higher until 30 d of age in the 70° turning group goslings, and those of IGF-I and T3 were higher from hatching to 50 d of age.4. The mRNA expression of GHRH, pituitary GH, liver and leg muscle IGF-I were all significantly higher at 1 and 30 d of age after hatch, but not at 70 d after hatch, in the 70° turning group.5. Egg turning at 70° during incubation improves embryo and gosling quality and growth performance through up-regulation of gene expression and secretion of somatotropic axis hormones, GHRH, GH and IGF-I, as well as T3.

3.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2022: 9810129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072268

RESUMO

Simultaneous monitoring of diverse salivary parameters can reveal underlying mechanisms of intraoral biological processes and offer profound insights into the evolution of oral diseases. However, conventional analytical devices with bulky volumes, rigid formats, and discrete sensing mechanisms deviate from the requirements of continuous biophysiological quantification, resulting in huge difficulty in precise clinical diagnosis and pathogenetic study. Here, we present a flexible hybrid electronic system integrated with functional nanomaterials to continuously sense Ca2+, pH, and temperature for wireless real-time oral health monitoring. The miniaturized system with an island-bridge structure that is designed specifically to fit the teeth is only 0.4 g in weight and 31.5 × 8.5 × 1.35 mm3 in dimension, allowing effective integration with customized dental braces and comfort attachment on teeth. Characterization results indicate high sensitivities of 30.3 and 60.6 mV/decade for Ca2+ and pH with low potential drifts. The system has been applied in clinical studies to conduct Ca2+ and pH mappings on carious teeth, biophysiological monitoring for up to 12 h, and outcome evaluation of dental restoration, providing quantitative data to assist in the diagnosis and understanding of oral diseases. Notably, caries risk assessment of 10 human subjects using the flexible system validates the important role of saliva buffering capacity in caries pathogenesis. The proposed flexible system may offer an open platform to carry diverse components to support both clinical diagnosis and treatment as well as fundamental research for oral diseases and induced systemic diseases.

4.
Front Public Health ; 10: 815579, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062135

RESUMO

Aims: To reveal the impact of eleven risk factors on stroke and provide estimates of the prevention potential. Methods: We completed a multicenter case-control study in Jiangxi, China, a middle-income area. Neuroimaging examination was performed in all cases. Controls were stroke-free adults recruited from the community in the case concentration area. Conditional logistic regression and unconditional logistic regression were used for subgroup analysis of stroke type, and other groups (sex, age and urban-rural area), respectively. Odds ratios (ORs) and their population attributable risks (PARs) were calculated, with 95% confidence intervals. Results: A total of 43,615 participants (11,735 cases and 31,880 controls) were recruited from February to September 2018, of whom we enrolled 11,729 case-control pairs. Physical inactivity [PAR 69.5% (66.9-71.9%)] and hypertension [53.4% (49.8-56.8%)] were two major risk factors for stroke, followed by high salt intake [23.9% (20.5-27.3%)], dyslipidemia [20.5% (17.1-24.0%)], meat-based diet [17.5% (14.9-20.4%)], diabetes [7.7% (5.9-9.7%)], cardiac causes [5.3% (4.0-6.7%)], alcohol intake [4.7% (0.2-10.0%)], and high homocysteine [4.3% (1.4-7.4%)]. Nine of these factors were associated with ischemic stroke, and five were associated with intracerebral hemorrhage. Collectively, eleven risk factors accounted for 59.9% of the PAR for all stroke (ischemic stroke: 61.0%; intracerebral hemorrhage: 46.5%), and were consistent across sex (men: 65.5%; women: 62.3%), age (≤55: 65.2%; >55: 63.5%), and urban-rural areas (city: 62.2%; county: 65.7%). Conclusion: The 11 risk factors associated with stroke identified will provide an important reference for evidence-based planning for stroke prevention in middle-income areas. There is an urgent need to improve awareness, management and control of behavioral and metabolic risk factors, particularly to promote physical activity and reduce blood pressure.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
5.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(20): 7076-7081, 2022 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mature teratoma is a common benign ovarian germ cell tumor, accounting for about 20% of ovarian tumors. The malignant transformation of this tumor is less than 2%. The most common type is squamous cell carcinoma, followed by adenocarcinoma. Malignant transformation of colonic mature teratoma is extremely rare. We here report a case of malignant transformation of primary mature teratoma of the colon. The type of malignant transformation was adenocarcinoma. CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to persistent pain in her right lower abdomen for 1 mo, and she had no nausea, vomiting, blood in the stools, or other symptoms. Preoperative colonoscopy showed uplift of the sigmoid colon mucosa and submucosa. The biopsy showed squamous epithelium. However, contrast-enhanced computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis showed a localized thickening of the sigmoid wall, suggesting colon cancer. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed that the structure of the intestinal wall at the base of the lesion was destroyed, and the boundary between the lesion and the surroundings was unclear. According to the findings of the EUS, the patient did not undergo endoscopic submucosal dissection, but underwent radical resection of the tumor. Histologically, squamous epithelium was seen on the mucosal surface of the colon wall, cartilage and glands were seen under the epithelium, and adenocarcinoma was seen on the muscular layer and serous surface. The final pathological diagnosis was malignant teratoma of the colon. We have followed up the patient for 2 mo since the operation, and the patient recovered well. CONCLUSION: This case suggests the possibility of mature teratoma in the colon and recognition of malignant types, and it should not be considered as an exclusively ovarian tumor.

6.
Front Mol Biosci ; 9: 942402, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052170

RESUMO

Background: An imbalance in the redox homeostasis has been reported in multiple cancers and is associated with a poor prognosis of disease. However, the prognostic value of redox-related genes in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. Methods: RNA sequencing data, DNA methylation data, mutation, and clinical data of NSCLC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus databases. Redox-related differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were used to construct the prognostic signature using least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were applied to validate the accuracy of the gene signature. Nomogram and calibration plots of the nomogram were constructed to predict prognosis. Pathway analysis was performed using gene set enrichment analysis. The correlations of risk score with tumor stage, immune infiltration, DNA methylation, tumor mutation burden (TMB), and chemotherapy sensitivity were evaluated. The prognostic signature was validated using GSE31210, GSE26939, and GSE68465 datasets. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to validate dysregulated genes in NSCLC. Results: A prognostic signature was constructed using the LASSO regression analysis and was represented as a risk score. The high-risk group was significantly correlated with worse overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) at the 5-year stage was 0.657. The risk score was precisely correlated with the tumor stage and was an independent prognostic factor for NSCLC. The constructed nomogram accurately predicted the OS of patients after 1-, 3-, and 5-year periods. DNA replication, cell cycle, and ECM receptor interaction were the main pathways enriched in the high-risk group. In addition, the high-risk score was correlated with higher TMB, lower methylation levels, increased infiltrating macrophages, activated memory CD4+ T cells, and a higher sensitivity to chemotherapy. The signature was validated in GSE31210, GSE26939, and GSE68465 datasets. Real-time PCR validated dysregulated mRNA expression levels in NSCLC. Conclusions: A prognostic redox-related gene signature was successfully established in NSCLC, with potential applications in the clinical setting.

7.
Integr Zool ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054470

RESUMO

Detritus-based, bell-shaped cobwebs are an ideal model to research the plasticity of web architecture due to clearly separate defense and foraging components. We performed a thorough field investigation on the web architectures of Campanicola campanulata to research its cobweb architecture variation during the growth process and analyzed the energy trade-offs between foraging and defense at different developmental stages. The results indicated that as female C. campanulata growth progressed, they dedicated more energy to defense and less energy to foraging, while males dedicated less energy to both defense and foraging through the growth period. We hypothesize that cobweb spiders dedicate an increasing amount of energy to safety based on evidence obtained from their life-history. Meanwhile, we present a new model to investigate web architecture variation and provide a new framework to quantify the energy allocation between foraging and predator defense for web-building spiders. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Orthop Surg ; 2022 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pre-implantation sterilization procedures for tendons are important measures to reduce the risk of disease transmission, however these procedures may compromise tendon microarchitecture and biomechanical properties to varying degrees. We explore the effects of different sterilization procedures on the micro-histology, biomechanical strength and biochemical properties of human tendon allografts in vitro study. METHODS: The tendon allografts were harvested from cadaveric donors after the donors were serologically screened by antibody or nucleic acid testing of infectious agents. All samples were divided into five groups, which were fresh-frozen group (control group), 15 kGy gamma irradiation group, 25 kGy gamma irradiation group, 70% ethanol group, and peracetic acid-ethanol group. Each group included 10 tendons for testing. Histological staining and transmission electron microscopy were applied to observe the internal structure and arrangement of tendon collagen fibers, while the machine learning classifier was trained to distinguish the darker cross-sections of collagen fibers and brighter backgrounds of the electron micrograph to detect the distribution of diameters of tendon collagen fibers. The viscoelasticity, mechanical properties and material properties of tendon allografts were examined to detect the influence of different intervention factors on the biomechanical properties of tendons. RESULTS: Histological staining and transmission electron microscopy showed that the structure of fresh-frozen tendons was similar to the structures of other experimental groups, and no obvious fiber disorder or delamination was observed. In the uniaxial cyclic test, the cyclic creep of 25 kGy irradiation group (1.5%) and peracetic acid-ethanol group (1.5%) were significantly lower than that of the control group (3.6%, F = 1.52, P = 0.039) while in the load-to-failure test, the maximum elongation and maximum strain of the peracetic acid-ethanol group were significantly higher than those of the control group (F = 4.60, P = 0.010), and there was no significant difference in other biomechanical indicators. According to the experimental results of denatured collagen, it could be seen that no matter which disinfection procedure was used, the denaturation of the tendon sample would be promoted (F = 1.97, P = 0.186), and high-dose irradiation seemed to cause more damage to collagen fibers than the other two disinfection procedures (296.2 vs 171.1 vs 212.9 µg/g). CONCLUSION: Biomechanical experiments and collagen denaturation tests showed that 15 kGy gamma irradiation and 70% ethanol can preserve the biomechanical strength and biochemical properties of tendons to the greatest extent, and these two sterilization methods are worthy of further promotion.

9.
Hum Cell ; 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057038

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a common type of tumor, which ranks for the seventh leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Insulin receptor tyrosine kinase substrate (IRTKS) plays an important regulatory role in cell proliferation, motility and survival. In this study, we explore the effect of IRTKS on the occurrence and development of PC. The expression and clinical features of IRTKS were predicted in database, PC cell lines and samples. IRTKS overexpressed and knocked down PC cell lines were established by lentivirus. CCK-8 assay, scratch migration assay and Transwell assay were used to analyze IRTKS oncogenic functions in cell lines. Bioinformatic enrichment analysis were conducted to explore the biological functions IRTKS involved in PC and Western Bolt assay was performed to reveal the downstream signaling molecules. It is detected that IRTKS is highly expressed in PC (P < 0.05), and overexpression of IRTKS predicted worse overall survival (OS, P = 0.018). The proliferation, migration and invasion ability were significantly enhanced in IRTKS overexpressed cells and inhibited in IRTKS knocked down cells (P < 0.05). Bioinformatic enrichment analysis based on GSE46583 dataset showed that IRTKS was significantly involved in PI3K/AKT pathway. Further investigation revealed that overexpression of IRTKS upregulated the ratio of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in vitro, while silencing of IRTKS presented opposite results, and PI3K inhibitor LY294002 treatment induced the phenotypic alteration of cell lines (P < 0.05). In conclusion, IRTKS plays an important role in PC tumorigenesis via PI3K/AKT pathway phosphorylated activation, and has a potential clinical application value in prognosis for PC.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045664

RESUMO

Background: Acetaminophen-related hepatic injury (ARHI) is a kind of acute hepatic injury caused by overdosing acetaminophen, which is mainly related to toxic metabolite production, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. The extract of Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr. (PSM) has the abilities of anti-inflammatory, antivirus, and antioxidation. Research studies showed that PSM could improve acute or chronic hepatic injury, while the mechanism of which is still indistinct. Methods: Here, the authors applied the approach based on serum metabonomics combined with network pharmacology to study the protection of PSM on ARHI rats. Results: 10 serum potential biomarkers were found to be closely related to ARHI by metabonomics, while 3 compounds (L-ascorbyl 2,6-dipalmitate, squalene, and tributyl O-acetylcitrate) and 3 targets (NOS2, MAOB, and PDE3A) were found that might be the potential active components and active site of PSM on treating ARHI by network pharmacology analysis. Furthermore, molecular biology strategy was performed to validate whether iNOS/NF-κB signaling pathway is the potential mechanism of PSM treating ARHI. Conclusions: This study indicated that PSM could ameliorate ARHI by iNOS/NF-κB signaling pathway. During ARHI treatment by PSM, L-ascorbyl 2, 6-dipalmitate, squalene, and tributyl O-acetylcitrate might be the potential active components, while the possible active site might be NOS2, MAOB, and PDE3A.

11.
Front Genet ; 13: 896064, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046240

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment and heterogeneity play vital roles in the development and progression of gastric cancer (GC). In the past decade, a considerable amount of single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) studies have been published in the fields of oncology and immunology, which improve our knowledge of the GC immune microenvironment. However, much uncertainty still exists about the relationship between the macroscopic and microscopic data in transcriptomics. In the current study, we made full use of scRNA-seq data from the Gene Expression Omnibus database (GSE134520) to identify 25 cell subsets, including 11 microenvironment-related cell types. The MIF signaling pathway network was obtained upon analysis of receptor-ligand pairs and cell-cell interactions. By comparing the gene expression in a wide variety of cells between intestinal metaplasia and early gastric cancer, we identified 64 differentially expressed genes annotated as immune response and cellular communication. Subsequently, we screened these genes for prognostic clinical value based on the patients' follow-up data from The Cancer Genome Atlas. TMPRSS15, VIM, APOA1, and RNASE1 were then selected for the construction of LASSO risk scores, and a nomogram model incorporating another five clinical risk factors was successfully created. The effectiveness of least absolute shrinkage and selection operator risk scores was validated using gene set enrichment analysis and levels of immune cell infiltration. These findings will drive the development of prognostic evaluations affected by the immune tumor microenvironment in GC.

12.
J Cancer ; 13(10): 3151-3159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046655

RESUMO

NF-κB transcription factors critically regulate the expression of genes which are involved in important cellular processes, including cellular proliferation and apoptosis. Abnormal activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway has been implicated in a variety of human cancers. Hyper-activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway has been found to lead to tumor survival, anti-apoptosis and invasion in the development of prostate cancer. In the present work, we identified Lycorine as a potent NF-κB inhibitor using a NF-κB activity dependent luciferase reporter in PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells. With this reporter gene assay, we found that Lycorine significantly suppressed the constitutive NF-κB activity as well as the NF-κB activity induced by TNF-α, LPS, PMA and IL-1ß. Western blotting analysis of the NF-κB signaling pathway further showed that Lycorine inhibited IκB-α (inhibitor of κB) phosphorylation, IκB-α degradation, and p65 phosphorylation. Consistent with this, the subsequent nuclear translocation of p65 was blocked by Lycorine as evidenced in the immunofluorescence assay and western blotting. Furthermore, we observed that cell cycle was arrested at G2/M in Lycorine treated cells using FACS analysis. Western blotting analysis indicated that Lycorine increased the expression of Cyclin D1 but decreased the expression of p21. In addition, FACS analysis showed that Lycorine induced apoptosis in DU145 and PC3 cells. Western blotting analysis revealed that Lycorine decreased the expression of anti-apoptosis genes myc, survivin and Bcl-2 while increased cleavage of PARP. Finally, we observed a significant anticancer effect of Lycorine in a RM-1 prostate cancer xenograft mouse model. In agreement with its in vitro anticancer effect, Lycorine inhibited p65 phosphorylation, IKK-ß phosphorylation and the expression of Ki-67, while increased the cleavage of Caspase 3 in tumor tissue. Taken together, our data demonstrated the in vitro and in vivo anti-prostate cancer activity of Lycorine by inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway, and highlighted it as a lead compound for further development into an effective anticancer drug.

13.
Lab Med ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053728

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bladder cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in urology in China. The analysis of gene mutation in bladder cancer and its relationship with clinical characteristics and prognosis will provide a basis for accurate treatment of bladder cancer. The aim of this study was to analyze the mutations and functional regions of bladder cancer-related genes based on high-throughput sequencing, and to explore the relationship between mutations and clinicopathological features, as well as its prognosis and clinical implication. METHODS: From April 2020 to October 2020, a total of 47 patients with bladder cancer in the Department of Urology, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College were studied. Gene sequencing was performed using Nextseq CN500 System, a high-throughput sequencing platform. The results of gene detection were described, and the relationship and clinical value of high frequency mutated genes with clinicopathological features and prognosis were systematically analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 29 mutation genes, 61 exons, and 95 mutation sites were identified in this study. The frequencies of TP53, FGFR3, PIK3CA, ERBB2, MUC4, and KRAS mutation are relatively high, accounting for 59.92 % of the total mutation frequency. The TP53 was significantly associated with muscle invasive bladder cancer, T2 stage, and progression-free survival, while FGFR3 was significantly associated with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and T1 stage. CONCLUSION: High-throughput sequencing technology provides a successful approach for detecting bladder cancer gene mutations. The TP53, FGFR3, PIK3CA, ERBB2, MUC4, and KRAS genes have high mutation frequencies in bladder cancer patients. The TP53, FGFR3 and PIK3CA genes may play a predictive role in the prognosis of bladder cancer, which may hold certain guiding significance for in-depth study of the pathogenesis of bladder cancer and the development of targeted therapies.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093729

RESUMO

A nanocomposite consisting of iron telluride wrapped with graphene oxide (GO) was prepared via a hydrothermal method. As the cathode material for aluminum-ion batteries (AIBs), it exhibited a remarkable long-term cycle performance with a reversible capacity of 120.4 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1 after 10 000 cycles, i.e., a cyclability better than those of all other transition metal chalcogenides in AIBs reported to date. Furthermore, an energy storage mechanism, involving the intercalation and deintercalation of multiple ions (AlCl4-, Cl- and Al3+), was elucidated. This study offers guidance for further development of transition metal tellurides for AIBs.

15.
Neurol Sci ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094774

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report three cases of autoimmune cerebellar ataxia related to anti-delta/notch-like epidermal growth factor-related receptor (Tr/DNER) antibodies. CASE PRESENTATION: Patients with unknown cerebellar ataxia were screened with autoimmune cerebellar ataxia (ACA)-related antibody panel. The anti-Tr antibody was positive in three female patients in whom the onset ages were 43 years, 35 years and 43 years old. The antibody titres of serum and cerebrospinal fluid were all 1:32. Cerebral ataxia was the most prominent presentation. Mild cerebellar atrophy was found in one of the patients. Immunotherapy was effective in all three patients. CONCLUSION: The Tr antibody is associated with autoimmune ataxia, and it has been suggested that the anti-Tr antibody should be tested in patients with cerebellar ataxia who are negative for routine ACA antibodies. Early immunotherapy may improve patient prognoses.

16.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is a soil fumigant that protects plants against soil-borne pathogens, weeds and insects when present in the root-zone. However, the degradation of AITC under different fertilizers and soil amendments affects its emission and pest control efficacy. Degradation rates of AITC in soil amended with organic and inorganic fertilizers, zeolite and biochar were determined in the laboratory to improve its field applications. RESULTS: The degradation half-lives of AITC were 24.4 and 35.4 h in Fangshan and Yongzhou soils, respectively, without any added fertilizer or soil amendment. Nitrogen fertilizer and organic fertilizer accelerated the degradation rate of AITC, while phosphorus fertilizer had the opposite effect. The degradation rate of AITC on adding unsterilized chicken manure was over 3.5 and 1.1 times higher than that of sterilization in Fangshan and Yongzhou soil. Inorganic and organic fertilizers affected the degradation of AITC by affecting soil microbial activity on the basis of CO2 cumulative release. The degradation rate of AITC increased more than 0.4 times in response to zeolite, but this was independent of particle size. The AITC degradation rate increased 1.0-2.6 and 0.3-9.7 times in response to biochar made from corn stalk and pine wood, respectively. Cow manure biochar manufactured at different pyrolyzation temperatures had different effects on the degradation rate of AITC. CONCLUSION: Soil type, fertilizers and soil amendments differentially affect the degradation rate of AITC by changing soil physicochemical characteristics, microorganisms, etc., which shows great potential in reducing AITC emissions and increasing pest control efficacy when AITC is applied commercially. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 994616, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119587

RESUMO

Inheritable albino mutants are excellent models for exploring the mechanism of chloroplast biogenesis and development. However, only a few non-lethal albino mutations have been reported to date in Brassica species. Here, we describe a resynthesized Brassica napus mutant, whose leaf, stem, and silique tissues showed an inheritable albino phenotype under field conditions after the bud stage but green phenotype in the greenhouse during the whole growing season, indicating that the albino phenotype depends on environmental conditions. Compared with the green leaves of the field-grown wild-type (GL) and greenhouse-grown mutant (WGL) plants, white leaves of the field-grown mutant (WL) showed significantly lower chlorophyll contents and structural defects in chloroplasts. Genetic analysis revealed that the albino phenotype of WL is recessive and is controlled by multiple genes. Bulk segregant analysis-sequencing (BSA-Seq) indicated that the candidate regions responsible for the albino phenotype spanned a total physical distance of approximately 49.68 Mb on chromosomes A03, A07, A08, C03, C04, C06, and C07. To gain insights into the molecular mechanisms that control chloroplast development in B. napus, we performed transcriptome (RNA-Seq) analysis of GL, WGL, and WL samples. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses suggested that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with leaf color were significantly enriched in photosynthesis, ribosome biogenesis and chlorophyll metabolism. Further analysis indicated that DEGs involved in chloroplast development and chlorophyll metabolism were likely the main factors responsible for the albino phenotype in B. napus. A total of 59 DEGs were screened in the candidate regions, and four DEGs (BnaC03G0522600NO, BnaC07G0481600NO, BnaC07G0497800NO, and BnaA08G0016300NO) were identified as the most likely candidates responsible for the albino phenotype. Altogether, this study provides clues for elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying chloroplast development in B. napus.

18.
Energy Econ ; : 106318, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124284

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic caused severe economic contraction and paralyzed industrial activity. Despite a growing body of literature on the impacts of COVID-19 mitigation measures, scant evidence currently exists on the impacts of lockdowns on the economic and industrial activities of developing countries. Our study provides an empirical assessment of lockdown measures using 298,354 data points on daily electricity consumption in 396 sub-industries. To infer causal relationships, we employ difference-in-differences models that compare cities with and without lockdown policies and provide quantitative evidence on whether the long-term gain of lockdowns outweighs the short-term loss. The results show that lockdown policies led to a significant short-term drop in electricity consumption of 15.2% relative to the control group. However, the electricity loss under the no-lockdown scenario is 2.6 times larger than that under the strict lockdown scenario within 4 months of the outbreak. Discrepancies in the impacts among industries are identified, and even within the same industry, lockdowns have heterogeneous effects. The impact of lockdowns on small and medium-sized enterprises in developing countries is seriously underestimated, raising concerns about the distributional impact of subsidy measures. This study serves as a crucial reference for the government when facing public health emergencies and shocks to support better policies.

19.
Acta Biomater ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064108

RESUMO

Pressure-sensitive adhesives are critical to the product's safety, efficacy, and quality in transdermal drug delivery systems. However, many defects of transdermal patches (e.g., insufficient adhesion, patch displacement, and "dark ring" phenomenon) remain. Herein, the N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide (NAT)-modified acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coordinated with Fe(III) (AA-NAT/Fe3+) was creatively proposed. Results demonstrated that the adhesiveness and cohesiveness of the optimized AA-NAT/Fe3+ were higher by 1.8- and 9.7-fold, respectively, than those of commercially available DURO-TAK® 87-4098 due to the hydrogen bonding interaction of NAT-skin interface and coordination of NAT-Fe3+. Moreover, compared with that of DURO-TAK® 87-4098, the adhesion time of AA-NAT/Fe3+ on the human forearm was remarkably prolonged, and no "dark ring" phenomenon was observed for AA-NAT/Fe3+ after removal. After clonidine (CLO) was loaded into AA-NAT/Fe3+, controlled drug release and a drug transdermal behavior were endowed for CLO@AA-NAT/Fe3+ in vitro and in vivo. AA-NAT/Fe3+ still maintained superiority in adhesion and cohesion properties after CLO loading. These observations would contribute to the development of pressure-sensitive adhesives with outstanding adhesion and cohesion for transdermal patches. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: This N-[tris(hydroxymethyl)methyl]acrylamide-modified acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive coordinated with Fe(III) has enhanced adhesion and cohesion properties, which provide a simple but effective strategy to solve the problems (e.g., insufficient adhesion, patch displacement, and "dark ring" phenomenon) in existing transdermal patches.

20.
Opt Lett ; 47(17): 4495-4498, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048687

RESUMO

We report a diode-pumped passively mode-locked Tm:Sc2SiO5 (Tm:SSO) laser for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The stable continuous-wave (CW) mode-locking is achieved with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM). Operating at the eye-safe wavelength of 1967.7 nm, the pulsed laser delivers a pulse duration of 16.5 ps with an average output power of 207 mW. At a fundamental repetition frequency of 81 MHz, the signal-to-noise ratio is as high as 70 dB. These results demonstrate the great potential of Tm:SSO crystal for ultrashort pulse generation.

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