Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.362
Filtrar
1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2050: 175-179, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468492

RESUMO

Electroporation refers to the application of high strength electric pulse to create transient pores in the membrane, thereby enabling the passage of hydrophilic molecules into the cells. Based on the properties of cell and cell wall, the electroporation parameters vary among the algal species. Here, we demonstrated the optimized protocol for successful introduction of recombinant DNA (~5000 bp) into Nannochloropsis oceanica. The linearized recombinant plasmid that harbors eGFP and Bh-sle as the reporter and marker gene, respectively, was electroporated into the electrocompetent N. oceanica cells at voltage of 2200 V, 50 µF, resistance at 600 Ω using electroporator, and the transformed cells were then screened by molecular analysis. The report exemplifies a straightforward and reliable electroporation strategy for generating transgenic N. oceanica cells.

2.
Food Chem ; 303: 125367, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442901

RESUMO

Fish muscle firmness is an important quality trait for consumer acceptance. Phosphorylation is known to change chemical and physical properties of proteins and is thus expected to affect muscle firmness, but only few such phosphoproteins have been identified. To explore phosphoproteins that affect fish muscle firmness, firm muscle (crisp grass carp) and soft muscle (ordinary grass carp) were analyzed by quantitative phosphoproteomics. We identified 27 up-regulated and 22 down-regulated phosphopeptides in crisp grass carp (ratio ≥1.5 or ≤0.667, and P-value < 0.05) and their potential upstream kinases. Protein-protein interaction analysis clustered these phosphoproteins into four groups, many of which have been suggested to impact muscle firmness and its postmortem changes: muscle fiber, connective tissue, carbohydrate metabolism and signal regulation. These results provide novel insights into the role of protein phosphorylation in fish muscle firmness and will contribute to the quality improvement of fish products.


Assuntos
Carpas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Músculos/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteômica , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Alimentos Marinhos
3.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 224: 117401, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394393

RESUMO

Polypeptides with finger-like structures can often intercalate into the grooves of DNA, thereby affecting DNA repair or activating gene transcription, both of which are crucial for the regulation of physiological processes. Their conserved amino acid sequence and simple structure have provided useful elements for the design and assembly of functional molecules. In this paper, using the C2H2 zinc finger domain and the PEP-FOLD3 online simulation platform 11 polypeptides containing 22 amino acid residues were designed. In addition, the CD spectroscopy was combined with the fluorescence spectroscopy to study the polypeptide structures and their interaction with DNA. Results showed that although addition of zinc ions affected the polypeptide structure, particularly of the polypeptides A4, B1, and B3, zinc ion was not an essential factor for increasing polypeptide-DNA interactions. Our study revealed an increase in the interaction strength between mutated polypeptides and DNA, suggesting that mutations disrupt polypeptide structure, and polypeptides interact with DNA by groove and electrostatic binding. Mutations at the 12th and 15th amino acid residues had the greatest effect. The stronger binding between A2 or B2 and DNA indicates that the polypeptide has a spatial structure that can stably interact with DNA. The structure and characteristics of these polypeptide domains can provide information for the design and development of new polypeptide functional molecules, which could have potential significance and applications. However, this information also suggests that there are many challenges facing polypeptide design due to the synergistic effects between the side chains of amino acid residues.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 247: 112299, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606537

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hua-Feng-Dan (HFD) is a traditional Chinese medicine used for neurological disorders. HFD contains cinnabar (HgS) and realgar (As4S4). The ethnopharmacological basis of cinnabar and realgar in HFD is not known. AIM OF THE STUDY: To address the role of cinnabar and realgar in HFD-produced neuroprotection against neurodegenerative diseases and disturbance of gut microbiota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus rotenone (ROT)-elicited rat dopaminergic (DA) neuronal damage loss was performed as a Parkinson's disease animal model. Rats were given a single injection of LPS. Four months later, rats were challenged with the threshold dose of ROT. The clinical dose of HFD was administered via feed, starting from ROT administration for 46 days. Behavioral dysfunction was detected by rotarod and Y-maze tests. DA neuron loss and microglial activation were assessed via immunohistochemical staining and western bolt analysis. The colon content was collected to extract bacterial DNA followed by real-time PCR analysis with 16S rRNA primers. RESULTS: LPS plus ROT induced neurotoxicity, as evidenced by DA neuron loss in substantia nigra, impaired behavioral functions and increased microglial activation. HFD-original (containing 10% cinnabar and 10% realgar) rescued loss of DA neurons, improved behavioral dysfunction and attenuated microglial activation. Compared with HFD-original, HFD-reduced (3% cinnabar and 3% realgar) was also effective, but to be a less extent, while HFD-removed (without cinnabar and realgar) was ineffective. In analysis of gut microbiome, the increased Verrucomicrobiaceae and Lactobacteriaceae, and the decreased Enterobacteeriaceae by LPS plus ROT were ameliorated by HFD-original, and to be the less extent by HFD-reduced. CONCLUSION: Cinnabar and realgar are active ingredients in HFD to exert beneficial effects in a neurodegenerative model and gut microbiota.

5.
J Proteomics ; 210: 103545, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626998

RESUMO

Targeting specific ubiquitin E3 ligase for degradation of disease-driven protein has recently been an important concept for cancer therapy, as exemplified by the case of thalidomide for the treatment of multiple myeloma. E7070, an aryl sulfonamide drug, exhibited anticancer activity by targeting the E3 ligase receptor DCAF15, with RBM39 as the only known substrate. Exploration of additional substrates of E7070 would facilitate elucidation of its mechanism of actions. To this end, we used a strategy combing pSILAC method with two complementary digestion approaches (LysC-Trypsin and LysN-LysArgiNase) to accurately monitor the protein turnover and increase the depth of proteome profiling. Systematically, we showed that E7070 treatment changed turnover rates of 868 proteins (1.5 fold change and p-value <.05). Several proteins displayed accelerated turnover indicating they were potential new substrates of E7070, among which, pre-mRNA splicing factor 39 (PRPF39) had been reported to be overexpressed in certain cancers. We further demonstrated that PRPF39 was ubiquitinated and degraded by E7070 in a DCAF15-dependent manner, and represented a new bona fide substrate of E7070. The degradation of PRPF39 might also be contributed to the anticancer activity of E7070. SIGNIFICANCE: Identification of degraded substrates is difficult because protein abundance is a comprehensive result regulated by protein production and degradation at the same time. Pulsed SILAC (pSILAC), a method to measure protein turnover, would provide higher sensitivity than total protein quantification. In addition, some peptide sequences are not amenable to MS analysis after LysC-Trypsin digestion. LysN-LysargiNase, as a mirror protease combination of LysC-Trypsin, can be complementary for peptide identification with LysC-Trypsin. By combining pSILAC with two complementary digestion approaches (LysC-Trypsin and LysN-LysArgiNase), we systematically investigated E7070-dependent protein degradation. As a result, we found several potential degradation substrates of E7070 including PRPF39. Further, by exploiting a series of biological assays, we demonstrated that E7070 can lead to the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of PRPF39 by promoting the recruitment of PRPF39 to the CUL4-DCAF15 E3 ubiquitin ligase.

6.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2019(10)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection is a separation of the aortic wall, caused by blood flowing through a tear in the inner layer of the aorta. Aortic dissection is an infrequent but life-threatening condition. The incidence of aortic dissection is 3 to 6 per 10,000 per year in the Western population, and can be up to 43 per 10,000 per year in the Eastern population. Over 20% of people with an aortic dissection do not reach a hospital alive. After admission, the mortality rates for people with an aortic dissection are between 10% and 20% for those who received endovascular treatment, and between 20% and 30% for those who had open surgery. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is the standard endovascular method to treat complicated type B aortic dissection (aortic dissections without involvement of the ascending aorta). Although TEVAR is less invasive than open surgery and has a better long-term aortic remodeling effect than conservative medical treatment, favourable aortic remodelling is usually limited to the thoracic aortic segment. TEVAR cannot be extended into the abdominal aorta because it could cover the ostia of the reno-visceral arteries. Thus, the abdominal aorta is still at risk of progressive aneurysmal degeneration. The PETTICOAT (provisional extension to induce complete attachment) technique, with proximal endograft and distal bare metal stent, was proposed in 2006 to address this issue. The concept of this technique was to implant a distal bare metal stent into the aortic true lumen, distal to the proximal endograft, to stabilize the distal collapsed intimal flap, while allowing blood flow to reno-visceral arteries. Therefore, the PETTICOAT technique was considered to be related to a more extensive aortic remodelling for people with type B aortic dissection, especially in the area of the abdominal aorta. However, it is still unclear whether the PETTICOAT technique is superior to standard TEVAR. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of combined proximal descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting versus conventional proximal descending aortic stent graft repair for treating complicated type B aortic dissections. SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist searched the Cochrane Vascular Specialised Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases, and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform and ClinicalTrials.gov trials registers to 5 November 2018. We also undertook reference checking and citation searching to identify additional studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We considered all randomised controlled trials which compared the outcome of complicated type B aortic dissection, when treated by combined proximal descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting (PETTICOAT technique) versus conventional proximal descending aortic stent graft repair. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two independent review authors assessed all references identified by the Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist. We planned to undertake data collection and analysis in accordance with recommendations described in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. MAIN RESULTS: We found no trials that met the inclusion criteria for this review. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We identified no randomised controlled trials and therefore cannot draw any definite conclusion on this topic. Evidence from non-randomised studies appears to be favourable in the short-term, for combined proximal descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting (PETTICOAT technique) to solve the problem of unfavourable distal aortic remodeling. Randomised controlled trials are warranted to provide solid evidence on this topic. Evidence from cohort studies with large sample sizes would also be helpful in guiding clinical practice.

7.
Cells ; 8(11)2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689969

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important negative regulators of genes involved in physiological and pathological processes in plants and animals. It is worth exploring whether plant miRNAs play a cross-kingdom regulatory role in animals. Herein, we found that plant MIR167e-5p regulates the proliferation of enterocytes in vitro. A porcine jejunum epithelial cell line (IPEC-J2) and a human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) were treated with 0, 10, 20, and 40 pmol of synthetic 2'-O-methylated plant MIR167e-5p, followed by a treatment with 20 pmol of MIR167e-5p for 0, 24, 48, and 72 h. The cells were counted, and IPEC-J2 cell viability was determined by the MTT and EdU assays at different time points. The results showed that MIR167e-5p significantly inhibited the proliferation of enterocytes in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Bioinformatics prediction and a luciferase reporter assay indicated that MIR167e-5p targets ß-catenin. In IPEC-J2 and Caco-2 cells, MIR167e-5p suppressed proliferation by downregulating ß-catenin mRNA and protein levels. MIR167e-5p relieved this inhibition. Similar results were achieved for the ß-catenin downstream target gene c-Myc and the proliferation-associated gene PCNA. This research demonstrates that plant MIR167e-5p can inhibit enterocyte proliferation by targeting the ß-catenin pathway. More importantly, plant miRNAs may be a new class of bioactive molecules for epigenetic regulation in humans and animals.

8.
Cell Signal ; : 109464, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704004

RESUMO

Mammalian oocyte restores meiosis can be stimulated by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) under normal physiological conditions. G-protein coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), an non-classical estrogen membrane receptor, has been widely reported in teleost oocyte maturation. However, it remains unknown whether GPR30 involves the role of FSH in mammalian cumulus expansion and oocyte maturation. Here, we used mouse cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) as a model to investigate how FSH affects the in vitro maturation of mouse oocytes mediated by 17ß-estradiol (E2)/GPR30 signaling. Our study reveals that FSH starts regulating mouse cumulus expansion precisely at 8 h in in vitro culture. ELISA measurement of E2 levels in culture medium revealed that FSH activated aromatase to promote E2 production in vitro in cultured mouse COCs. Moreover, the results of real-time quantitative PCR indicated that FSH-induced in vitro maturation of mouse oocytes was regulated by the estrogen-signaling pathway mediated by GPR30; FSH treatment markedly increased the mRNA expression of HAS2, PTGS2, and GREM1 in COCs. Exploration of the underlying mechanism suggested that E2 produced by mouse COCs regulated the phosphorylation level of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) through GPR30 and thereby promoted mouse cumulus-cell expansion and oocyte maturation. In conclusion, our study reveals that FSH induced estrogen production in mouse COCs through aromatase, and that aromatase/GPR30/ERK1/2 signaling is involved in FSH-induced cumulus expansion.

9.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669088

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present the primary experiences in treating suprarenal aneurysms, juxtarenal aneurysms, thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms, and aneurysms after dissection with hostile anatomical features using the retrograde branched extension limb assembling (REBEL) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 23 consecutive patients undergoing total endovascular repair with the REBEL technique from August 2014 to January 2019. Twelve patients had abdominal aortic aneurysms (4 juxtarenal, 8 suprarenal), 6 had thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (type IV), and 5 had postdissection aneurysms. The patients were unsuitable for treatment with current off-the-shelf devices or required emergent repair. The evaluated outcomes were technical success, operative mortality, complication morbidity, late survival, endoleakage, and reintervention during follow-up. RESULTS: Technical success rate was 100%. In total, 60 visceral vessels were targeted (38 renal arteries, 1 accessory renal artery, 14 superior arteries, and 7 celiac arteries). The mean follow-up period was 20.1 ± 15.1 months (range 2-56), and no aneurysm-related mortality occurred during follow-up. No occlusion of target vessels occurred. Two type II endoleaks and 1 stent migration occurred in 3 (13.0%) patients, and reinterventions were successfully performed. One patient (4.3%) died of myocardial infarction at 38 months. CONCLUSIONS: The REBEL technique is a feasible option with acceptable results for complex aortic aneurysms. Long-term follow-up of a large sample size is needed to determine the efficacy and durability of this novel technique.

10.
J Dent ; : 103228, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704387

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of the combination approach of at-home bleaching (HB) and resin infiltration (RI) techniques on different severity degrees of dental fluorosis (DF) and further analyze the psychological changes caused by HB and RI in patients. METHOD: Twenty-two patients (4 males, 18 females, 27.8 ± 1.6 yrs) with 186 fluorotic teeth were included in this study and classified into mild (N = 56), moderate (N = 100) and severe (N = 30) DF groups according to the Dean's index. The treatment effects on patients with DF were assessed by questionnaires including the changes in patients' subjective evaluation of their teeth and psychological status before and after treatments. Standardized digital photographs were taken at each time point of the treatment process, including baseline (T1), after bleaching (T2), immediately after RI treatment (T3) and more than six months after RI treatment (T4). The color alterations (ΔE) between the fluorotic (F2) and the surrounding relatively sound areas (F1) were analyzed. RESULTS: Bad tooth appearance caused 13.64% of patients often depressed, frustrated, or disappointed, whereas 72.72% occasionally had these feelings. After treatment, the satisfaction of DF patients regarding tooth appearance increased from 0% (satisfied) to 58.82% (satisfied) and 23.53% (very satisfied). Moreover, these treatments improved all patients' confidence in smiling, laughing and showing their teeth. The percentage of fluorotic teeth with ΔE values more than 3.0 and 3.7 units decreased gradually from T1 stage to T3 stage in mild and moderate DF groups (p < 0.05), whereas the ΔE value in T3 stage was significantly lower than that of T2 stage in severe DF group (p < 0.05). In T4 stage, no significant difference was observed in the ΔE values between T4 and T3 stages (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study shows the obvious positive aesthetic effect of HB and RI treatment on different severity degrees of DF and the great improvements in psychological discomforts. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The combination treatment of RI and low concentration HB gel improves the aesthetics of DF and may have a stable effect after 6-months follow-up, suggesting that this approach is a valuable clinical choice for dentists to treat DF.

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 121: 108713, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683252

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study sought to establish a robust and fully automated Type B aortic dissection (TBAD) segmentation method by leveraging the emerging deep learning techniques. METHODS: Preoperative CTA images of 276 patients with TBAD were retrospectively collected from January 2011 to December 2018. Using a reproducible manual segmentation protocol of three labels (whole aorta, true lumen (TL), and false lumen (FL)), a ground truth database (n = 276) was established and randomly divided into training and testing sets in a rough 8:1 ratio. Three convolutional neural network (CNN) models were developed on the training set (n = 246): single one-task (CNN1), single multi-task (CNN2), and serial multi-task (CNN3) models. Performance was evaluated using the Dice coefficient score (DCS) and lumen volume accuracy on the testing set (n = 30). Pearson correlation, Intra-class correlation coefficients and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the inter-observer measurement agreement. RESULTS: CNN3 performed the best, with mean DCSs of 0.93 ±â€¯0.01, 0.93 ±â€¯0.01 and 0.91 ±â€¯0.02 for the whole aorta, TL, and FL, respectively (p < 0.05). Each label volume from CNN3 showed excellent agreement with the ground truth, with mean volume differences of -31.05 (-82.76 to 20.65) ml, 4.79 (-11.04 to 20.63) ml, and 8.67(-11.40 to 28.74) ml for the whole aorta, TL, and FL, respectively. The segmentation speed of CNN3 was 0.038 ±â€¯0.006 s/image. CONCLUSION: Deep learning-based model provides a promising approach for accurate and efficient segmentation of TBAD and makes it possible for automated measurements of TBAD anatomical features.

12.
Bioresour Technol ; 294: 122183, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683455

RESUMO

Sewage nitritation is a promising process for nitrogen removal, but its practical application is limited by long start-up period and unstable operation. In this study, hydroxylamine (NH2OH) addition and real-time aeration control strategies were adopted for the promotion of sewage nitritation in a sequencing batch reactor. Initially, 4.5 mg/L NH2OH was added into reactor every 24 h to establish nitritation, increasing the nitrite accumulation ratio (NAR) from 1.7% to 93% in 19 d. In the following period, NH2OH addition was stopped and nitritation remained stable over 55 d, with NAR of 97% by real-time aeration control. The aeration duration was determined by characteristic points on pH curve. The main genera of nitrite oxidizing bacteria, Nitrobacter and Nitrospira, were both eliminated from the system, supporting the long-term stability of nitritation. Overall, NH2OH addition and real-time aeration control is an excellent strategy for establishing and maintaining effective sewage nitritation.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Esgotos , Hidroxilamina , Hidroxilaminas , Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução
13.
J Chem Phys ; 151(16): 165101, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675878

RESUMO

As an extremely common structural motif, RNA hairpins with bulge loops [e.g., the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transactivation response (TAR) RNA] can play essential roles in normal cellular processes by binding to proteins and small ligands, which could be very dependent on their three-dimensional (3D) structures and stability. Although the structures and conformational dynamics of the HIV-1 TAR RNA have been extensively studied, there are few investigations on the thermodynamic stability of the TAR RNA, especially in ion solutions, and the existing studies also have some divergence on the unfolding process of the RNA. Here, we employed our previously developed coarse-grained model with implicit salt to predict the 3D structure, stability, and unfolding pathway for the HIV-1 TAR RNA over a wide range of ion concentrations. As compared with the extensive experimental/theoretical results, the present model can give reliable predictions on the 3D structure stability of the TAR RNA from the sequence. Based on the predictions, our further comprehensive analyses on the stability of the TAR RNA as well as its variants revealed that the unfolding pathway of an RNA hairpin with a bulge loop is mainly determined by the relative stability between different states (folded state, intermediate state, and unfolded state) and the strength of the coaxial stacking between two stems in folded structures, both of which can be apparently modulated by the ion concentrations as well as the sequences.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109850, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677569

RESUMO

Soil fumigation is currently the most effective method for controlling soil-borne pests and diseases in high-value crops. To better understand the effect of chloropicrin (CP), dazomet (DZ), dimethyl disulfide (DMDS), allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) and 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D) fumigants on soil microorganisms, this study monitored changes in the diversity and community composition of soil bacteria involved in denitrification using real-time PCR and high-throughput gene sequencing techniques. These five fumigants significantly decreased the bacterial population size in some phyla including Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi and Acidobacteria, and increased the bacterial population size in other phyla such as Firmicutes, Gemmatimonadetes, Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, Saccharibacteria and Parcubacteria. Although bacterial diversity declined after CP fumigation, it was briefly stimulated by the other four fumigants. Meanwhile, all five fumigants temporarily decreased populations of denitrifying bacteria containing the napA, narG, nirS or nirK enzyme-encoding genes. Denitrifiers bearing the cnorB, qnorB or nosZ genes were relatively stable following DZ and DMDS fumigation. However, cnorB and nosZ decreased initially following CP, AITC and 1,3-D fumigation. Simultaneously, the abundance of qnorB significantly increased in AITC and 1,3-D fumigated soils. These results showed that soil fumigation significantly shifted the abundance and community structure of denitrifying bacteria. This study will help to predict the response of different phyla of denitrifying bacteria to soil fumigation.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697895

RESUMO

High-voltage polymer electrolytes play important roles in achieving high energy density polymer electrolyte-based batteries, but the pace of progress moves slowly since oxidation-resistant polymer electrolytes at high voltages are rarely obtained. Herein, we reported a non-flammable and high-voltage-tolerated polymer electrolyte (HVTPE) with extended voltage of 5.5 V. The obtained HVTPE has lower HOMO energy indicating a higher anti-oxidation ability, which avoids the decomposition and depletion of electrolyte near cathode. Significantly, the HVTPE-based 4.45 V-class LiCoO2 battery delivered a high capacity of 173.2 mAh g-1 at 0.05 C. Using 4.9 V-class LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 as cathode, the battery exhibited stable cycling performance. Moreover, HVTPE showed a high modulus of 2.3 GPa, which can efficiently restrain the penetration of Li dendrites, and desirable non-flammable feature, leading to the enhanced safety based on polymer electrolytes. The current work opens new avenues to realize high-voltage polymer electrolyte-based battery with high safety.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701733

RESUMO

Inducing immunogenic cell death (ICD) that enhances the immunogenicity of dead cancer cells is a new strategy for tumor immunotherapy, but efficiently triggering ICD is the biggest obstacle to achieving this strategy, especially for distant and deep-seated tumors. Here, a new therapeutic system (Pd-Dox@TGMs NPs) that can effectively trigger ICD by combining chemotherapy and photothermal therapy was designed. The nanosystem was fabricated by integrating doxorubicin (Dox) and a photothermal reagent palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) into amphiphile triglycerol monostearates (TGMs), which showed specific accumulation, deep penetration, and activation in response to the tumoral enzymatic microenvironment. It was proved that codelivery of Dox and Pd NPs not only effectively killed CT26 cells through chemotherapy and photothermal therapy but also promoted the release of dangerous signaling molecules, such as high mobility group box 1, calreticulin, and adenosine triphosphate, improving the immunogenicity of dead tumor cells. The effective ICD induction mediated by Pd-Dox@TGMs NPs boosted the PD-L1 checkpoint blockade effect, which efficiently improved the infiltration of toxic T lymphocytes at the tumor site and showed excellent tumor treatment effects to both primary and abscopal tumors. Therefore, this work provides a simple and effective immunotherapeutic strategy by combining chemical-photothermal therapy to enhance immune response.

17.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701977

RESUMO

Exploring highly efficient catalysts for the oxygen reduction/evolution reaction (ORR/OER) is very important in rechargeable Zn-air batteries. N-doped carbon coupled with transition metal-based species are among the most promising cathode catalysts for Zn-air batteries. However, the aggregation of metal-based sites during the synthetic/cycling process is a serious drawback of these catalysts. Herein, in situ encapsulation of ultra-small Co/Co4N nanoparticles into N-doping carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) anchored on reduced GO (Co/Co4N@N-CNTs/rGO) has been achieved through pyrolyzing a core-shell-structured ZIF-8@ZIF-67-modified GO (ZIF-8@ZIF-67/GO) precursor; the nanoparticles have been further applied as a bifunctional catalyst in Zn-air batteries. Benefitting from its uniform dispersion of Co-based particles, close contact of Co/Co4N species and N-CNTs, and high N content, Co/Co4N@N-CNTs/rGO shows outstanding catalytic activity/stability towards ORR and OER. Moreover, Zn volatilization and rGO introduction in Co/Co4N@N-CNTs/rGO can effectively promote the reactions of Zn-air cells. Hence, the Co/Co4N@N-CNTs/rGO-based conventional Zn-air battery exhibits a fantastic specific capacity of 783 mA h gZn-1, a continuous discharge platform over 6 days, a high-power density of ∼200 mW cm-2 and an ultra-long cycling life of 440 h with a small overpotential of ∼0.8 V. Moreover, a flexible Co/Co4N@N-CNTs/rGO-based Zn-air cell was also designed and revealed outstanding mechanical flexibility and good electrochemical performance, which suggests its potential application prospects in wearable electronic devices.

18.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21638, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702074

RESUMO

Clostera anachoreta is one of the important Lepidoptera insect pests in forestry, especially in poplars woods in China, Europe, Japan, and India, and so forth, and also the target insect of Cry1Ac toxin and Bt plants. Six genes, HSC70, GNB2L/RACK1, PNLIP, BI1-like, arylphorin type 2, and PKM were found in this study, and they might be associated with the response to the Cry1Ac toxin, found by analyzing the transcriptome data. And the PI3K-Akt pathway was highly enriched in differentially expressed unigenes and linked to several crucial pathways, including the B-cell receptor signaling pathway, toll-like receptor pathway, and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway. They might be involved in the recovery stage of the damaged midgut during the response to sublethal doses of Cry1Ac toxin. This is the first study conducted to specifically investigate C. anachoreta response to Cry toxin stress using large-scale sequencing technologies, and the results highlighted some important genes and pathways that could be involved in Btcry1Ac resistance development or could serve as targets for biologically based control mechanisms of this insect pest.

19.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671527

RESUMO

Volatile components in jujube fruits from Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Dongzao (DZ) and Zizyphus jujuba Mill. cv. Jinsixiaozao (JS) were analyzed under different cold storage periods via headspace-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (HS-GC-IMS). Results identified 53 peaks that corresponded to 47 compounds and were mostly alcohols, aldehydes, esters, and ketones. Differences in the volatile components of jujube fruits were revealed in topographic plots and fingerprints. For DZ, 3-pentanone was the characteristic component of fresh fruits. After storage for 15 days, dipropyl disulfide became the most special substance. Moreover, when stored for 30 and 45 days, the fruits had some same volatile components, like 2-pentyl furan and diallyl sulfide. However, for DZ stored for 60 days, esters were the prominent constituent of the volatile components, simultaneously, some new alcohols appeared. For JS, 2-ethyl furan was the representative of fresh fruits, and 2-butoxyethanol content was the most abundant after 15 and 30 days of storage. Different from that in DZ, the content of ester in JS increased after storage for 45 days. Substances such as amyl acetate dimer, methyl salicylate, and linalool greatly contributed to the jujube flavor during the late storage period. Principal component analysis (PCA) showed that fresh samples and refrigerated fruits were effectively distinguished. Heat map clustering analysis displayed the similarity of volatile components in different samples and was in accordance with PCA results. Hence, the volatile components of jujube fruits can be readily identified via HS-GC-IMS, and jujube fruits can be classified at different periods based on the difference of volatile components.

20.
Cancer J ; 25(5): 367-371, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567465

RESUMO

Despite wide empirical use and demand for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herbs worldwide, high-quality clinical trials of TCM herbs in oncology are limited. We developed recommendations for rigorous clinical trials to evaluate their safety and efficacy for oncology patients. To accomplish this goal, the TCM & Cancer Research Committee of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association convened a working group of oncologists, TCM experts, clinical researchers, biostatisticians, and industry/government representatives to develop principles and approaches for TCM cancer drug clinical trials. They identified 2 categories of herbal drugs based on therapeutic intent: survival improvement and symptom management. The working group also emphasized the need to adopt international standards when appropriate for TCM herbal drug approval and to develop methodology to standardize diagnostic criteria, treatment approaches, and outcome measures according to defining TCM characteristics. These recommendations aim to improve study design and methods to inform rigorous investigation of TCM herbs in patients with cancer.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA