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1.
Chem Asian J ; : e202400175, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630005

RESUMO

Alkaline earth (AE) metal complexes have garnered significant interest in various functional fields due to their nontoxicity, low density, and low cost. However, there is a lack of systematic investigation into the structural characteristics and physical properties of AE-metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). In this research, we synthesized isostructural MOFs consisting of AE4(µ4-Cl) clusters bridged by benzo-(1,2;3,4;5,6)-tris(thiophene-2'-carboxylic acid) (BTTC3-) ligands. The resulting structure forms a truncated octahedral cage denoted as [AE4(m4-Cl)]6(BTTC)8, which further linked to a porous three-dimensional framework. Among the investigated AE ions (Ca, Sr, and Ba), the Ca4-MOF demonstrated good chemical stability in water compared to Sr4-MOF and Ba4-MOF. The N2 adsorption and solid-state UV-vis-NIR absorption behaviors were evaluated for all AE4-MOFs, showing similar trends among the different metal ions. Additionally, the proton conduction study revealed that the Ca4-MOF exhibited ultra-high proton conductivity, reaching 3.52 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 343 K and 98% RH. Notably, the introduction of LiCl via guest exchange resulted in an improved proton conduction of up to 6.36 × 10-2 S cm-1 under similar conditions in the modified LiCl@Ca4-MOF. The findings shed light on the regulation of physical properties and proton conductivity of AE-MOFs, providing valuable insights for their potential applications in various fields.

2.
Anal Chem ; 96(15): 6072-6078, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577757

RESUMO

The urgent need for sensitive and accurate assays to monitor acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) arises from the imperative to safeguard human health and protect the ecosystem. Due to its cost-effectiveness, ease of operation, and rapid response, nanozyme-based colorimetry has been widely utilized in the determination of AChE activity and OPs. However, the rational design of nanozymes with high activity and specificity remains a great challenge. Herein, trace amount of Bi-doped core-shell Pd@Pt mesoporous nanospheres (Pd@PtBi2) have been successfully synthesized, exhibiting good peroxidase-like activity and specificity. With the incorporation of trace bismuth, there is a more than 4-fold enhancement in the peroxidase-like performance of Pd@PtBi2 compared to that of Pd@Pt. Besides, no significant improvement of oxidase-like and catalase-like activities of Pd@PtBi2 was found, which prevents interference from O2 and undesirable consumption of substrate H2O2. Based on the blocking impact of thiocholine, a colorimetric detection platform utilizing Pd@PtBi2 was constructed to monitor AChE activity with sensitivity and selectivity. Given the inhibition of OPs on AChE activity, a biosensor was further developed by integrating Pd@PtBi2 with AChE to detect OPs, capitalizing on the cascade amplification strategy. The OP biosensor achieved a detection limit as low as 0.06 ng mL-1, exhibiting high sensitivity and anti-interference ability. This work is promising for the construction of nanozymes with high activity and specificity, as well as the development of nanozyme-based colorimetric biosensors.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanosferas , Agentes Neurotóxicos , Praguicidas , Humanos , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Compostos Organofosforados , Praguicidas/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ecossistema , Oxirredutases , Peroxidase , Colorimetria
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(3): 770-778, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621881

RESUMO

This paper aims to study the therapeutic effect of Massa Medicata Fermentata on hyperlipidemia model rats and investigate its mechanism of hypolipidemic effect with the help of non-targeted metabolomics. The mixed hyperlipidemia model rats were constructed by giving high-fat chow. After successful modeling, the rats were divided into the model group, pravastatin sodium group(4.4 mg·kg~(-1)), lipotropic group(0.1 g·kg~(-1)), high-dose group(2.4 g·kg~(-1)), medium-dose group(1.2 g·kg~(-1)), and low-dose group(0.6 g·kg~(-1)) of Massa Medicata Fermentata, and they were administered for four weeks once daily. An equal volume of ultrapure water was given to the blank group and model group. Serum lipid level and liver hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining were used as indicators to estimate the intervention effect of Massa Medicata Fermentata on mixed hyperlipidemia, and the changes in metabolites in plasma of mixed hyperlipidemia model rats were analyzed by non-targeted metabolomics. The mechanism of the hypolipidemic effect of Massa Medicata Fermentata was analyzed through metabolite pathway enrichment. The results showed that compared with the model group, the Massa Medicata Fermentata administration group, especially the high-dose group, could significantly reduce the content of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c)(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and liver HE staining revealed that the number of adipocytes in the high-dose group was reduced to some extent. The potential biomarkers obtained by non-targeted metabolomics screening included glycerol 3-phosphate, sphingomyelin, sphingosine 1-phosphate, and deoxyuridine, which were mainly involved in the sphingolipid metabolism process, glycerophospholipid metabolism process, glycerol ester metabolism pathway, and pyrimidine metabolism pathway, totaling four possible metabolic pathways related to lipid metabolism. This study provides a reference for an in-depth investigation of the hypolipidemic mechanism of Massa Medicata Fermentata, which is of great significance for further promoting the clinical application of Massa Medicata Fermentata and increasing the indications.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hiperlipidemias , Ratos , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fígado , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolômica , Colesterol , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
4.
J Chem Theory Comput ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625092

RESUMO

A specific checkpoint between target DNA binding and cleavage primarily governs the precision of Cas9 gene editing. Although various CRISPR-Cas9 variants have been developed to improve DNA cleavage accuracy, we still lack a comprehensive understanding of how they work at the molecular level. Herein, we have focused on studying the late-stage conformational transitions of Cas9 and an evolved Cas9 mutant (evoCas9) that start from the precleavage state. Our submilliseconds of dynamic simulations reveal that the presence of base mismatches leads the HNH nuclease domain of Cas9 to alter its principal functional modes of motion, thereby impairing its conformational activation. This observation suggests the existence of a secondary conformational checkpoint that fine-tunes the final DNA cleavage activation. Remarkably, evoCas9 is prone to deviating from the normal activation pathway with base mismatches. This is characterized by a noticeable shift in the positioning of the HNH domain and a significantly perturbed allosteric communication network within the enzyme. Therefore, the mutations evolved in evoCas9 also reinforce the secondary checkpoint in addition to the previously identified primary checkpoint, collectively ensuring this variant's high gene-editing accuracy. This mechanism should also apply to other Cas9-guide RNA variants with enhanced fidelity.

5.
Anesthesiology ; 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stimulation of the paraventricular thalamus has been found to enhance anesthesia recovery; however, the underlying molecular mechanism by which general anesthetics modulate paraventricular thalamus is unclear. Here, we aimed to test the hypothesis that the sodium leak channel (NALCN) maintains neuronal activity in paraventricular thalamus to resist anesthetic effects of sevoflurane in mice. METHOD: Chemogenetic and optogenetic manipulations, in vivo multiple-channel recordings, and electroencephalogram recordings were used to investigate the role of paraventricular thalamus neuronal activity in sevoflurane anesthesia. Virus-mediated knockdown and/or overexpression was applied to determine how sodium leak channel influenced excitability of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons under sevoflurane. Viral tracers and local field potentials were used to explore the downstream pathway. RESULTS: Single neuronal spikes in the paraventricular thalamus were suppressed by sevoflurane anesthesia and recovered during emergence. Optogenetic activation of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons shortened the emergence period from sevoflurane anesthesia, while chemogenetic inhibition had the opposite effect. Knockdown of sodium leak channel in paraventricular thalamus delayed the emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia (recovery time: from 24 ± 14 to 64 ± 19 s, P < 0.001; concentration for recovery of the righting reflex: from 1.13% ± 0.10% to 0.97% ± 0.13%, P < 0.01). As expected, the overexpression of sodium leak channel in the paraventricular thalamus produced the opposite effects. At the circuit level, knockdown of sodium leak channel in the paraventricular thalamus decreased the neuronal activity of the nucleus accumbens, as indicated by the local field potential and decreased single neuronal spikes in the nucleus accumbens. Additionally, the effects of sodium leak channel knockdown in the paraventricular thalamus on sevoflurane actions were reversed by optical stimulation of the nucleus accumbens. CONCLUSIONS: Activity of sodium leak channel maintains the excitability of paraventricular thalamus glutamatergic neurons to resist the anesthetic effects of sevoflurane in mice.

6.
J Neuroinflammation ; 21(1): 99, 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of memory impairment, a common complication of chronic neuropathic pain (CNP), has not been fully elucidated. Schwann cell (SC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) contribute to remote organ injury. Here, we showed that SC-EVs may mediate pathological communication between SCs and hippocampal neurons in the context of CNP. METHODS: We used an adeno-associated virus harboring the SC-specific promoter Mpz and expressing the CD63-GFP gene to track SC-EVs transport. microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of EVs and gain-of-function and loss-of-function regulatory experiments revealed that miR-142-5p was the main cargo of SC-EVs. Next, luciferase reporter gene and phenotyping experiments confirmed the direct targets of miR-142-5p. RESULTS: The contents and granule sizes of plasma EVs were significantly greater in rats with chronic sciatic nerve constriction injury (CCI)than in sham rats. Administration of the EV biogenesis inhibitor GW4869 ameliorated memory impairment in CCI rats and reversed CCI-associated dendritic spine damage. Notably, during CCI stress, SC-EVs could be transferred into the brain through the circulation and accumulate in the hippocampal CA1-CA3 regions. miR-142-5p was the main cargo wrapped in SC-EVs and mediated the development of CCI-associated memory impairment. Furthermore, α-actinin-4 (ACTN4), ELAV-like protein 4 (ELAVL4) and ubiquitin-specific peptidase 9 X-linked (USP9X) were demonstrated to be important downstream target genes for miR-142-5p-mediated regulation of dendritic spine damage in hippocampal neurons from CCI rats. CONCLUSION: Together, these findings suggest that SCs-EVs and/or their cargo miR-142-5p may be potential therapeutic targets for memory impairment associated with CNP.

7.
Foods ; 13(7)2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38611374

RESUMO

During the production process of refined betel nuts in China, a large amount of processing by-product, betel nut waste seeds, is generated. Betel nut waste seeds are rich in bioactive elements, but they have not been effectively utilized yet. In this study, an ultrasonic-assisted deep eutectic solvent method (DES) was used to selectively extract α-glucosidase inhibitors from waste seeds. Compared with traditional extraction solvents such as water and ethanol, the extraction efficiency of specific DESs is higher, and the content of alkaloids in the extracts is lower. However, it should be noted that some pure DESs exhibit inhibitory activity towards α-glucosidase. DESs, based on choline chloride/urea, were selected due to the high extraction efficiency of α-glucosidase inhibitors and their low alkaloid content as well as low inhibitory activity. The optimal extraction conditions were determined using single-factor experiments as follows: 30% (v/v) water content, a choline chloride/urea ratio of 5:3, a solid-liquid ratio of 1:10, extraction temperature of 40 °C, and a duration of 30 min. Through recovery experiments, it was found that the DES can be reused four times under these conditions, maintaining an inhibition rate comparable to alcohol extraction methods. The IC50 value of the extract was measured at 0.0066 mg/mL, superior to acarbose. In summary, this research has successfully developed an efficient and selective method for extracting α-glucosidase inhibitors from betel nut waste seeds, thereby presenting a promising avenue for future applications.

8.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 244, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ossification of ligamentum flavum (OLF) is a prevalent degenerative spinal disease, typically causing severe neurological dysfunction. Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) plays an essential role in the regulation of skeletal development. However, the mechanism KLF5 plays in OLF remains unclear, necessitating further investigative studies. METHODS: qRT-PCR, immunofluorescent staining and western blot were used to measure the expression of KLF5. Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) staining, Alizarin red staining (ARS), and the expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteopontin (OPN), and osteocalcin (OCN) were used to evaluate the osteogenic differentiation. Luciferase activity assay and ChIP-PCR were performed to investigate the molecular mechanisms. RESULTS: KLF5 was significantly upregulated in OLF fibroblasts in contrast to normal ligamentum flavum (LF) fibroblasts. Silencing KLF5 diminished osteogenic markers and mineralized nodules, while its overexpression had the opposite effect, confirming KLF5's role in promoting ossification. Moreover, KLF5 promotes the ossification of LF by activating the transcription of Connexin 43 (CX43), and overexpressing CX43 could reverse the suppressive impact of KLF5 knockdown on OLF fibroblasts' osteogenesis. CONCLUSION: KLF5 promotes the OLF by transcriptionally activating CX43. This finding contributes significantly to our understanding of OLF and may provide new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Ligamento Amarelo , Ossificação Heterotópica , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética , Conexina 43/genética , Células Cultivadas , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ossificação Heterotópica/genética , Ossificação Heterotópica/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo
9.
Open Med (Wars) ; 19(1): 20240951, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623457

RESUMO

Objective: In the present study, we investigated the impact of left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) following catheter ablation (CA) on the left atrial structure and functioning of patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Patients with paroxysmal AF were enrolled in this single-center prospective cohort study between April 2015 and July 2021; 353 patients received CA alone, while 93 patients received CA in combination with Watchman LAAC. We used age, gender, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED scores as well as other demographic variables to perform propensity score matching. Patients with paroxysmal AF were randomly assigned to the CA combined with Watchman LAAC group (combined treatment group) and the simple CA group, with 89 patients in each group. The left atrial structure, reserve, ventricular diastole, and pump functions and their changes in patients were assessed using routine Doppler echocardiography and 2D speckle tracking echocardiography over the course of a 1-year follow-up. Results: At 1-week follow-up, the reserve, ventricular diastole, and pump functions of the left atrium (LA) increased in both groups; these functions were gradually restored at the 1- to 3-month follow-up; they were close to or returned to their pre-operative levels at the 3-month follow-up; and no significant differences were found compared with the pre-operative levels at the 12-month follow-up. In the first 3 months, the reserve (Ƹ, SRs) and pump functions (SRa) in the combined treatment group decreased significantly when compared with the simple CA group, and the differences were statistically significant. Conclusion: Patients with paroxysmal AF may experience a short term, partial effect of LAAC on LA reserve and pump functions, which are gradually restored and the effect disappears by 12 months.

10.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 256: 116276, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599073

RESUMO

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) has gained attention as the first RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification eraser due to its overexpression being associated with various cancers. In this study, an electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor for the detection of demethylase FTO was developed based on DNAzyme-mediated CRISPR/Cas12a signal cascade amplification system and carboxylated carbon nitride nanosheets/phosphorus-doped nitrogen-vacancy modified carbon nitride nanosheets (C-CN/PCNV) heterojunction as the emitter. The biosensor was constructed by modifying the C-CN/PCNV heterojunction and a ferrocene-tagged probe (ssDNA-Fc) on a glassy carbon electrode. The presence of FTO removes the m6A modification on the catalytic core of DNAzyme, restoring its cleavage activity and generating activator DNA. This activator DNA further activates the trans-cleavage ability of Cas12a, leading to the cleavage of the ssDNA-Fc and the recovery of the ECL signal. The C-CN/PCNV heterojunction prevents electrode passivation and improves the electron-hole recombination, resulting in significantly enhanced ECL signal. The biosensor demonstrates high sensitivity with a low detection limit of 0.63 pM in the range from 1.0 pM to 100 nM. Furthermore, the biosensor was successfully applied to detect FTO in cancer cell lysate and screen FTO inhibitors, showing great potential in early clinical diagnosis and drug discovery.

11.
J Med Chem ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587857

RESUMO

In this work, a novel series of heterotricyclic DNA-PK inhibitors were rationally designed, synthesized, and assessed for their biological activity. In the DNA-PK biochemical assay, most compounds displayed potent enzymatic activity, with IC50 values between 0.11 and 71.5 nM. Among them, SK10 exhibited the most potent DNA-PK-inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.11 nM). Studies of the mechanism of action indicated that SK10 could lower γH2A.X expression levels and demonstrate optimal synergistic antiproliferative activity against Jurkat cells (IC50 = 25 nM) when combined with doxorubicin. Importantly, in CT26 and B16-F10 tumor-bearing mouse models, the combination therapies of SK10 with chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin, a PD-L1 antibody, and SWS1 (a potent PD-L1 small-molecule inhibitor) demonstrated superior synergistic anticancer and potential immunomodulatory effects. Furthermore, SK10 possessed favorable in vivo pharmacokinetic properties [e.g., oral bioavailability (F) = 31.8%]. Taken together, SK10 represents a novel heterotricyclic DNA-PK inhibitor with antitumor immune effects and favorable pharmacokinetics.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618719

RESUMO

Developing high performance noble-metal-free electrocatalysts as an alternative to Pt-based catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in energy conversion devices is highly desirable. We report herein the preparation of a coordination-polymer (CP)-derived Fe/CP/C composite as an electrocatalyst for the ORR with excellent activity and stability both in solution and in Zn-air batteries. The Fe/CP/C catalyst was obtained from the pyrolysis of an iron porphyrin Fe(TPP)Cl (5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl-21H,23H-porphyrin iron(III) chloride) grafted Zn-coordination polymer with dangling functional groups 4,4'-oxybisbenzoic acid and 4,4'-bipyridine ligands. The Fe/CP/C catalyst showed much higher ORR activity with a half-wave potential (E1/2) of 0.90 V (vs. RHE) than the Fe/C catalyst (E1/2 = 0.85 V) derived from the carbon-black-supported Fe porphyrins in 0.1 M KOH solution. When Fe/CP/C was used as the cathode electrocatalyst in Zn-air batteries (ZABs), the ZABs achieved a significantly higher open circuit voltage (OCV = 1.43 V) and maximum power density (Pmax = 142.8 mW cm-2) compared with Fe/C (OCV = 1.38 V, Pmax = 104.5 mW cm-2) and commercial 20 wt% Pt/C (OCV = 1.41 V, Pmax = 117.6 mW cm-2). Using dangling functional groups in CP to increase the loading efficiency of iron porphyrins offered a facile method to prepare high-performance noble-metal-free electrocatalysts for the ORR, which may provide promising applications to energy conversion devices.

13.
Ultrastruct Pathol ; : 1-13, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38619116

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum(ER)is the largest membranous network serving as a region for protein, lipid and steroid synthesis, transport and storage. Detailed information about ER-cisternae, ER-tubules and rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER) is scarce in human blood cells. This study describes a series of giant inclusions and Auer bodies in promyeloblasts in six patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), by light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and cytochemical stains. TEM revealed that giant inclusions and pro-Auer bodies were associated with rER and surrounded by tubular structures composed of degenerated or redundant membrane in promyeloblasts, which corresponded with elements of the ER system. This paper reveals that in the promyeloblasts of APL, ER is the source of and transforms progressively into giant inclusions and Auer bodies.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 174: 116546, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603885

RESUMO

Nanomaterials possess unusual physicochemical properties including unique optical, magnetic, electronic properties, and large surface-to-volume ratio. However, nanomaterials face some challenges when they were applied in the field of biomedicine. For example, some nanomaterials suffer from the limitations such as poor selectivity and biocompatibility, low stability, and solubility. To address the above-mentioned obstacles, functional nucleic acid has been widely served as a powerful and versatile ligand for modifying nanomaterials because of their unique characteristics, such as ease of modification, excellent biocompatibility, high stability, predictable intermolecular interaction and recognition ability. The functionally integrating functional nucleic acid with nanomaterials has produced various kinds of nanocomposites and recent advances in applications of functional nucleic acid decorated nanomaterials for cancer imaging and therapy were summarized in this review. Further, we offer an insight into the future challenges and perspectives of functional nucleic acid decorated nanomaterials.

15.
Small ; : e2402086, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607305

RESUMO

Lithophobic Li2CO3/LiOH contaminants and high-resistance lithium-deficient phases produced from the exposure of garnet electrolyte to air leads to a decrease in electrolyte ion transfer ability. Additionally, garnet electrolyte grain boundaries (GBs) with narrow bandgap and high electron conductivity are potential channels for current leakage, which accelerate Li dendrites generation, ultimately leading to short-circuiting of all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs). Herein, a stably lithiophilic Li2ZO3 is in situ constructed at garnet electrolyte surface and GBs by interfacial modification with ZrO2 and Li2CO3 (Z+C) co-sintering to eliminate the detrimental contaminants and lithium-deficient phases. The Li2ZO3 formed on the modified electrolyte (LLZTO-(Z+C)) surface effectively improves the interfacial compatibility and air stability of the electrolyte. Li2ZO3 formed at GBs broadens the energy bandgaps of LLZTO-(Z+C) and significantly inhibits lithium dendrite generation. More Li+ transport paths found in LLZTO-Z+C by first-principles calculations increase Li+ conductivity from 1.04×10-4 to 7.45×10-4 S cm-1. Eventually, the Li|LLZTO-(Z+C)|Li symmetric cell maintains stable cycling for over 2000 h at 0.8 mA cm-2. The capacity retention of LiFePO4|LLZTO-(Z+C)|Li battery retains 70.5% after 5800 ultralong cycles at 4 C. This work provides a potential solution to simultaneously enhance the air stability and modulate chemical characteristics of the garnet electrolyte surface and GBs for ASSBs.

16.
J Inflamm Res ; 17: 2173-2193, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38617383

RESUMO

The pathogenesis of severe acute pancreatitis-associated acute lung injury (SAP-ALI), which is the leading cause of mortality among hospitalized patients in the intensive care unit, remains incompletely elucidated. The intestinal mucosal immune barrier is a crucial component of the intestinal epithelial barrier, and its aberrant activation contributes to the induction of sustained pro-inflammatory immune responses, paradoxical intercellular communication, and bacterial translocation. In this review, we firstly provide a comprehensive overview of the composition of the intestinal mucosal immune barrier and its pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of SAP-ALI. Secondly, the mechanisms of its crosstalk with gut microbiota, which is called gut-lung axis, and its effect on SAP-ALI were summarized. Finally, a number of drugs that could enhance the intestinal mucosal immune barrier and exhibit potential anti-SAP-ALI activities were presented, including probiotics, glutamine, enteral nutrition, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The aim is to offer a theoretical framework based on the perspective of the intestinal mucosal immune barrier to protect against SAP-ALI.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607719

RESUMO

By generating massive gene transcriptome data and analyzing transcriptomic variations at the cell level, single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) technology has provided new way to explore cellular heterogeneity and functionality. Clustering scRNA-seq data could discover the hidden diversity and complexity of cell populations, which can aid to the identification of the disease mechanisms and biomarkers. In this paper, a novel method (DSINMF) is presented for single cell RNA sequencing data by using deep matrix factorization. Our proposed method comprises four steps: first, the feature selection is utilized to remove irrelevant features. Then, the dropout imputation is used to handle missing value problem. Further, the dimension reduction is employed to preserve data characteristics and reduce noise effects. Finally, the deep matrix factorization with bi-stochastic graph regularization is used to obtain cluster results from scRNA-seq data. We compare DSINMF with other state-of-the-art algorithms on nine datasets and the results show our method outperformances than other methods.

18.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 3169, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609353

RESUMO

Solid tumors are complex ecosystems with heterogeneous 3D structures, but the spatial intra-tumor heterogeneity (sITH) at the macroscopic (i.e., whole tumor) level is under-explored. Using a phylogeographic approach, we sequence genomes and transcriptomes from 235 spatially informed sectors across 13 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), generating one of the largest datasets for studying sITH. We find that tumor heterogeneity in HCC segregates into spatially variegated blocks with large genotypic and phenotypic differences. By dissecting the transcriptomic heterogeneity, we discover that 30% of patients had a "spatially competing distribution" (SCD), where different spatial blocks have distinct transcriptomic subtypes co-existing within a tumor, capturing the critical transition period in disease progression. Interestingly, the tumor regions with more advanced transcriptomic subtypes (e.g., higher cell cycle) often take clonal dominance with a wider geographic range, rejecting neutral evolution for SCD patients. Extending the statistical tests for detecting natural selection to many non-SCD patients reveal varying levels of selective signal across different tumors, implying that many evolutionary forces including natural selection and geographic isolation can influence the overall pattern of sITH. Taken together, tumor phylogeography unravels a dynamic landscape of sITH, pinpointing important evolutionary and clinical consequences of spatial heterogeneity in cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Ecossistema , Filogeografia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
19.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(6): 1539-1553, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557717

RESUMO

Prior to entering the water body, microplastics (MPs) are mostly collected at the sewage treatment plant and the biological treatment unit is the sewage treatment facility's central processing unit. This review aims to present a comprehensive analysis of the detrimental impacts of MPs on the biological treatment unit of a sewage treatment plant and it covers how MPs harm the effluent quality of biological treatment processes. The structure of microbial communities is altered by MPs presence and additive release, which reduces functional microbial activity. Extracellular polymers, oxidative stress, and enzyme activity are explored as micro views on the harmful mechanism of MPs on microorganisms, examining the toxicity of additives released by MPs and the harm caused to microorganisms by harmful compounds that have been adsorbed in the aqueous environment. This article offers a theoretical framework for a thorough understanding of the potential problems posed by MPs in sewage treatment plants and suggests countermeasures to mitigate those risks to the aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Águas Residuárias/toxicidade , Microplásticos/toxicidade , Plásticos , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
Heliyon ; 10(7): e28266, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560113

RESUMO

Aim: The current study evaluated the antibacterial activity of a newly developed quaternary ammonium polymethacrylate (QAPM)-containing bioactive glasses (BGs) via a two-step method by our group, namely BGs-HAEMB, and explored its cytotoxicity and biocompatibility. Methods: The antibacterial effects of the BGs-HAEMB against planktonic bacteria, bacterial biofilm formation, and experimental root canal biofilms of persistent pathogens (Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus sanguis and Porphyromonas endodontalis) associated with endodontic infection were evaluated in vitro by agar diffusion tests, direct contact tests and live/dead staining. The cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of BGs-HAEMB were evaluated by CCK-8 assays in vitro and a skin implantation model in vivo. Results: Compared to three clinically used endodontic sealers (Endofill, AH Plus, and iRoot SP), BGs-HAEMB exhibited the relatively strongest antibacterial effect against E. faecalis, S. sanguis and P. endodontalis after sitting for 14 and 28 days (P < 0.01). SEM images and CLSM images also showed that for each tested bacteria, BGs-HAEMB killed the most microorganism among all the experimental groups, regardless of treatment for 7 days or 28 days (P < 0.05). Besides, the BGs-HAEMB-treated groups showed a relatively low cytotoxicity (RGRs ranging from 88.6% to 102.9%) after 1, 3, and 7 days of exposure. Meanwhile, after 28 days of implantation, the inflammatory grade in BGs-HAEMB treated group was assessed as Grade I, in which the average numbers of inflammatory cells (6.7 ± 2.1) were less than 25. Conclusions: BGs-HAEMB exerted a long-term and stable antibacterial effect. The remarkable biocompatibility of BGs-HAEMB in vitro and in vivo confirmed its possible clinical application as a potential alternative in the development of the next generation of endodontic sealers.

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