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1.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 32, 2022 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35090469

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation, the most common form of internal RNA modification in eukaryotes, has gained increasing attention and become a hot research topic in recent years. M6A plays multifunctional roles in normal and abnormal biological processes, and its role may vary greatly depending on the position of the m6A motif. Programmed cell death (PCD) includes apoptosis, autophagy, pyroptosis, necroptosis and ferroptosis, most of which involve the breakdown of the plasma membrane. Based on the implications of m6A methylation on PCD, the regulators and functional roles of m6A methylation were comprehensively studied and reported. In this review, we focus on the high-complexity links between m6A and different types of PCD pathways, which are then closely associated with the initiation, progression and resistance of cancer. Herein, clarifying the relationship between m6A and PCD is of great significance to provide novel strategies for cancer treatment, and has a great potential prospect of clinical application.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Neoplasias , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Humanos , Metilação , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo
2.
Forensic Sci Int Genet ; 57: 102657, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34973558

RESUMO

In recent years, extraordinary progress has been made in genome sequencing technologies, which has led to a decrease in cost and an increase in the diversity of sequenced genomes. Nanopore sequencing is one of the latest genome sequencing technologies. It aims to sequence longer contiguous pieces of DNA, which are essential for resolving structurally complex regions, and provides a new approach for forensic genetics to detect longer markers in real time. To date, multiple studies have been conducted to sequence forensic markers using MinION from Oxford Nanopore Technologies (ONT), and the results indicate that nanopore sequencing holds promise for forensic applications. Qitan Technology (QitanTech) recently launched its first commercial nanopore genome sequencer, QNome. It could achieve a read length of more than 150 kbp, and could generate approximately 500 Mb of data in 8 h. In this pilot study, we explored and validated this alternative nanopore sequencing device for microhaplotype (MH) profiling using a custom set of 15 MH loci. Seventy single-contributor samples were divided into 7 batches, each of which included 10 samples and control DNA 9947A and was sequenced by QNome. MH genotypes generated from QNome were compared to those from Ion Torrent sequencing (Ion S5XL system) to evaluate the accuracy and stability. Twelve samples randomly selected from the last three batches and Control DNA 9947A were also subjected to ONT MinION sequencing (with R9.4 flow cell) for parallel comparison. Based on MHtyper, a bioinformatics workflow developed for automated MH designation, all MH loci can be genotyped and reliably phased using the QNome data, with an overall accuracy of 99.83% (4 errors among 2310 genotypes). Three occurred near or in the region of homopolymer sequences, and one existed within 50 bp of the start of the sequencing reaction. In the last 15 samples (12 individual samples and 3 replicates of control DNA 9947A), two SNPs located at 4-mer homopolymers failed to obtain reliable genotypes on the MinION data. This study shows the potential of state-of-the-art nanopore sequencing methods to analyze forensic MH markers. Given the rapid pace of change, sporadic and nonrepetitive errors presented in this study are expected to be resolved by further developments of nanopore technologies and analysis tools.


Assuntos
Sequenciamento por Nanoporos , Nanoporos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
3.
Poult Sci ; 101(9): 102040, 2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917674

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of PUFA-enriched rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) seed oil (RSO) supplementation in diets on the productive performance, plasma biochemical parameters, immune response, and inflammation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged laying hens. Two hundred and forty 25-wk-old Lohmann Brown laying hens were randomly divided into 5 treatments, each including 4 replicates with 12 birds per replicate. The control group and LPS-challenged group were fed a corn-soybean-basal diet; 3 RSO-supplemented groups were fed experimental diets containing 1, 2, and 4% RSO for a feeding period of 4 wk. On the 15, 18, 21, 24, and 27 d of the RSO supplementation period of 4 wk, hens were injected intraperitoneally with LPS at 1 mg/kg body weight (challenge group and RSO-supplemented groups) or with the same amount of saline (control group). The results showed that the addition of RSO promoted laying performance by increasing egg production, total egg weight, daily egg mass, and feed intake in comparison to the LPS-challenged laying hens (P < 0.05). In addition, compared with laying hens stimulated with LPS, the analysis of blood cell and plasma parameters revealed that hens in RSO-supplemented groups had significantly lower levels (P < 0.05) of white blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes (LYM), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, immunoglobulin A (IgA), triiodothyronine (T3), interleukin-2 (IL-2), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Further, RSO supplementation significantly reduced the mRNA expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) of the ileum, spleen, and liver in LPS-challenged laying hens (P < 0.05), suggesting that the anti-inflammatory mechanism of RSO is related to the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. In conclusion, RSO supplementation in diets could improve laying performance, attenuate immunological stress, and inhibit the inflammatory response in LPS-challenged laying hens, especially at the dietary inclusion of 4% RSO. This study will provide an insight into the application of RSO to positively contribute to overall health and welfare in laying hens.

4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 4588, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933428

RESUMO

One central mission of cognitive neuroscience is to understand the ontology of complex cognitive functions. We addressed this question with a cognitive neurogenetic approach using a large-scale dataset of executive functions (EFs), whole-brain resting-state functional connectivity, and genetic polymorphisms. We found that the bifactor model with common and shifting-specific components not only was parsimonious but also showed maximal dissociations among the EF components at behavioral, neural, and genetic levels. In particular, the genes with enhanced expression in the middle frontal gyrus (MFG) and the subcallosal cingulate gyrus (SCG) showed enrichment for the common and shifting-specific component, respectively. Finally, High-dimensional mediation models further revealed that the functional connectivity patterns significantly mediated the genetic effect on the common EF component. Our study not only reveals insights into the ontology of EFs and their neurogenetic basis, but also provides useful tools to uncover the structure of complex constructs of human cognition.


Assuntos
Função Executiva , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Cognição , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 893557, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935640

RESUMO

To evaluate the accuracy of the smartwatch in estimating carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). A cohort of gender-matched volunteers aged 18-80 years were recruited. At the sitting and supine positions, cfPWV was measured alternately by smartwatch and CompliorAnalyse, for each participant, and nine sets of data were collected from each participant with a 60 s interval between measurements. The accuracy of cfPWV measurement for smartwatches was assessed using mean error (ME) and mean absolute error (MAE), while the consistency of the two methods was assessed using the Bland-Altman analysis and concordance class correlation. A total of 347 participants were enrolled. The mean cfPWV was 9.01 ± 2.29 m/s measured by CompliorAnalyse and 9.06 ± 1.94 m/s by smartwatch. The consistency correlation coefficient (CCC) was 0.9045 (95% CI 0.8853-0.9206), the ME was 0.046 ± 0.92, and the MAE was 0.66 (95% CI 0.59-0.73). Bland-Altman analysis showed that the error of 95% samples was in the range between -1.77 m/s and 1.86 m/s. The Kappa value of cfPWV greater than 10 m/s was 0.79, the area under the ROC curve was 0.97 (P < 0.001), sensitivity was 0.90, specificity was 0.93, positive predictive value was 0.83 and negative predictive value was 0.96. Smartwatch can accurately estimate cfPWV to evaluate arterial stiffness. This method is simple and feasible and is suitable for people to actively and early monitor vascular elasticity.

6.
MedComm (2020) ; 3(3): e161, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928554

RESUMO

The heat shock proteins (HSPs) are ubiquitous and conserved protein families in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, and they maintain cellular proteostasis and protect cells from stresses. HSP protein families are classified based on their molecular weights, mainly including large HSPs, HSP90, HSP70, HSP60, HSP40, and small HSPs. They function as molecular chaperons in cells and work as an integrated network, participating in the folding of newly synthesized polypeptides, refolding metastable proteins, protein complex assembly, dissociating protein aggregate dissociation, and the degradation of misfolded proteins. In addition to their chaperone functions, they also play important roles in cell signaling transduction, cell cycle, and apoptosis regulation. Therefore, malfunction of HSPs is related with many diseases, including cancers, neurodegeneration, and other diseases. In this review, we describe the current understandings about the molecular mechanisms of the major HSP families including HSP90/HSP70/HSP60/HSP110 and small HSPs, how the HSPs keep the protein proteostasis and response to stresses, and we also discuss their roles in diseases and the recent exploration of HSP related therapy and diagnosis to modulate diseases. These research advances offer new prospects of HSPs as potential targets for therapeutic intervention.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931855

RESUMO

Pyrethroid insecticides are ubiquitously detected in environmental media, food, and urine samples. Our previous epidemiological study reported a correlation between increased pyrethroid exposure and delayed pubertal development in Chinese girls. In this study, we further investigated the effects of perinatal exposure to low doses of cypermethrin (CP) on pubertal onset and hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis in the female mice offspring. The treatment of CP with 60 µg/kg/day from gestation day 6 (GD6) to postnatal day 21 (PND21) significantly decreased the time to puberty in the female offspring. Exposure of CP increased the serum levels of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and the expression of GnRH genes in a dose-dependent manner in the female offspring. CP also induced the serum levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), as well as the expression of gonadotropin subunit genes [LHß, FSHß, and chorionic gonadotropin α (Cgα)]. Furthermore, CP induced serum estradiol (E2) levels and the expression of steroidogenesis-related genes [steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) and Cytochrome p 450, family 11, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 (CYP11A1)] in the ovary. In accordance with the in vivo tests, administration of CP (6.7, 20, and 60 µg/L) stimulated a dose-dependent increase in the synthesis and secretion of the puberty-related hormones in the explants of hypothalamus, pituitary, and ovary. The interference with calcium channels in the ovary may be responsible for CP-induced pubertal onset. Our study provided evidence that perinatal exposure to low doses of CP induced puberty-related hormones and decreased the time to puberty in the female offspring.

8.
Neuro Endocrinol Lett ; 43(2): 107-112, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease in order to provide a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of hereditary cerebrovascular disease. METHOD: Three hereditary cerebral hemorrhage cases were analyzed retrospectively. The patients' families were surveyed, the clinical characteristics summarized, and gene polymorphisms investigated. RESULTS: Among the three cases, two patients had familial cerebral cavernous hemangiomas, and genetic testing revealed a heterozygous mutation in the CCM1 gene, with a deletion of base (T) in exon 15 (c.1542delT). The last patient had hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis, Finnish type, and the proband, his mother, and his daughter were found to have a heterozygous G duplicate mutation at position 100 in exon 1 of the GSN gene (c.100dupG). CONCLUSIONS: Future screening for genetic mutations associated with a high-risk of hereditary cerebral hemorrhage can help identify individuals at risk for this condition and thereby reduce the occurrence and progression of the disease. Such screening will further enhance the precision in preventing and treating cerebrovascular diseases.

9.
Cell Rep ; 40(5): 111151, 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926462

RESUMO

Serial section electron microscopy (ssEM) can provide comprehensive 3D ultrastructural information of the brain with exceptional computational cost. Targeted reconstruction of subcellular structures from ssEM datasets is less computationally demanding but still highly informative. We thus developed a region-CNN-based deep learning method to identify, segment, and reconstruct synapses and mitochondria to explore the structural plasticity of synapses and mitochondria in the auditory cortex of mice subjected to fear conditioning. Upon reconstructing over 135,000 mitochondria and 160,000 synapses, we find that fear conditioning significantly increases the number of mitochondria but decreases their size and promotes formation of multi-contact synapses, comprising a single axonal bouton and multiple postsynaptic sites from different dendrites. Modeling indicates that such multi-contact configuration increases the information storage capacity of new synapses by over 50%. With high accuracy and speed in reconstruction, our method yields structural and functional insight into cellular plasticity associated with fear learning.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Animais , Medo , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Plasticidade Neuronal , Sinapses/metabolismo
10.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 893357, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937327

RESUMO

To solve the problem of low survival rate caused by unscreened transplanting of seedlings. This study proposed a selective transplanting method of leafy vegetable seedlings based on the ResNet 18 network. Lettuce seedlings were selected as the research object, and a total of 3,388 images were obtained in the dataset. The images were randomly divided into the training set, validation set, and test set in the ratio of 6:2:2. The ResNet 18 network was used to perform transfer learning after tuning, identifying, and classifying leafy vegetable seedlings, and then establishing a model to screen leafy vegetable seedlings. The results showed that the optimal detection accuracy of the presence and health of seedlings in the training data set was above 100%, and the model loss remained at around 0.005. Nine hundred seedlings were selected for the validation test, and the screening accuracy rate was 97.44%, the precision rate of healthy seedlings was 97.56%, the recall rate was 97.34%, the precision rate of unhealthy seedlings was 92%, and the recall rate was 92.62%, which was better than the screening model based on the physical characteristics of seedlings. If they were identified as unhealthy seedlings, the manipulator would remove them during the transplanting process and perform the seedling replenishment operation to increase the survival rate of the transplanted seedlings. Moreover, the seedling image is extracted by background removal technology, so the model processing time for a single image is only 0.0129 s. This research will provide technical support for the selective transplantation of leafy vegetable seedlings.

11.
Front Nutr ; 9: 971419, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938124

RESUMO

Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis (G. lemaneiformis) protein was hydrolyzed with alkaline protease to obtain antioxidant peptides. The enzymatic hydrolysis conditions were optimized through single-factor and orthogonal experiments. The results showed that the optimal process parameters were using 2% of alkaline protease, and substrate concentration of 1 g/100 mL and hydrolyzed 2 h at pH 8.0. Gel filtration chromatography and RP-HPLC were adopted for isolating and purifying the antioxidant peptides from the G. lemaneiformis protein hydrolysate (GLPH). Three novel antioxidant peptides were identified as LSPGEL (614.68 Da), VYFDR (698.76 Da), and PGPTY (533.57 Da) by nano-HPLC-MS/MS. The results of ABTS free radical scavenging rate demonstrated PGPTY exhibited the best antioxidant activity (IC50 = 0.24 mg/mL). Moreover, LSPGEL, VYFDR, and PGPTY were docked with Keap1, respectively. The molecular docking results suggested PGPTY had smaller docking energy and inhibition constants than the other two peptides. Finally, the cell viability assay evidenced the protective effect exerted by the antioxidant peptide on H2O2-induced oxidative damage. Above findings showed the potential of using antioxidant peptides from GLPH as antioxidants.

12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(8): 891-8, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938332

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential characteristics of plasma mircoRNA (miRNA) expression profile in the patients of moderate-to-severe allergic rhinitis treated with acupuncture so as to provide an index for screening the potential biomarkers of acupuncture efficacy. METHODS: Of 33 patients of moderate-to-severe allergic rhinitis underwent acupuncture, the superior efficacy patients (superior efficacy group, 3 cases) and the inferior efficacy patients (inferior efficacy group, 3 cases) were selected. Using human miRNA microarray technology, the differences in plasma miRNA expression before and after treatment were analyzed in the patients of two groups. Besides, 10 cases of superior efficacy and 10 cases of inferior one were selected respectively among the patients of moderate-to-severe allergic rhinitis treated with same acupuncture regimen; and the real-time PCR was used to validate miRNAs of differential expression determined by microarray technology. The bioinformatics analysis was performed for miRNAs of significant differences in expression so as to predict the potential functional target genes, and then, the predicted target genes were annotated in reference with the databases of gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG). RESULTS: Before treatment, there were 51 miRNAs of differential expression between two groups, of which, the expression levels of 26 miRNAs were up-regulated and those of 25 miRNAs were down-regulated. Compared with before treatment, 33 miRNAs presented differential expression in the superior efficacy group after treatment. The results of real-time PCR showed that the expression levels of hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-15a-5p, hsa-miR-494-3p and hsa-miR-574-5p were consistent with the results of microarray analysis in tendency. GO/KEGG analysis indicated that miRNAs with significant differences of expression between two groups were involved in regulating various biological processes, molecular functions and signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: Plasma miRNA-mediated biological processes may be associated with the efficacy response of acupuncture in treatment of moderate-to-severe allergic rhinitis. Plasma miRNAs of differential expression may be the potential non-invasive biomarkers to predict the effectiveness of acupuncture on moderate-to-severe allergic rhinitis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , MicroRNAs , Rinite Alérgica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Rinite Alérgica/genética , Rinite Alérgica/terapia , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(8): 923-6, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938337

RESUMO

With 12 representative states such as Ohio and Illinois as examples, the disciplinary system for acupuncturists in the United States is introduced. The disciplinary system mainly covers several aspects such as the subject of the implementation, the types of illegal acts, the form of disciplinary responsibility, and the hearing procedure. The acupuncture industry association has the responsibility of disciplinary action in most states. Corresponding disciplinary measures will be taken depending on the illegal activities of acupuncturists according to the types of illegal practice specified by each state. The hearing procedure provides procedural guarantee for the subsequent rights protection activities of acupuncturists.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Ohio , Estados Unidos
14.
Life Sci ; : 120832, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940218

RESUMO

AIMS: To explore the correlation between the pyroptosis-related lncRNAs (PRlncRNAs) and the prognosis of skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), and clarify the effects of the PRlncRNAs on the tumor immune infiltration. MAIN METHODS: In this study, we utilized RNA-seq and clinical characteristics data obtained from TCGA and GEO database to perform co-expression analysis and LASSO Cox regression analysis to construct a 12-PRlncRNA prognostic prediction model. We also performed functional analysis, immune infiltration analysis and drug sensitivity analysis, as well as correlation analysis with autophagy/ferroptosis genes, tumor mutational burden, and PD-1/PD-L1 genes. KEY FINDING: The model based on the 12-PRlncRNA signature could effectively predict the prognosis of SKCM. Low risk group had a higher anti-tumor immune level generally compared with high-risk group. The signature was correlated with the expression of autophagy/ferroptosis-related genes and PD1/PD-L1 genes and tumor mutational burden. Additionally, drug sensitivity analysis indicated potential therapeutic targets. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study demonstrated the impact of PRlncRNAs on SKCM. The model established based on the 12-PRlncRNA showed significant prognostic value for SKCM and may be instructive in pyroptosis-related targeted therapy in the clinic.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942381

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease, including renal failure (RF), is a global public health problem. The clinical diagnosis mainly depends on the change of estimated glomerular filtration rate, which usually lags behind disease progression and likely has limited clinical utility for the early detection of this health problem. Now, we employed Q-Exactive HFX Orbitrap LC-MS/MS based metabolomics to reveal the metabolic profile and potential biomarkers for RF screening. 27 RF patients and 27 healthy controls were included as the testing groups, and comparative analysis of results using different techniques, such as multivariate pattern recognition and univariate statistical analysis, was applied to screen and elucidate the differential metabolites. The dot plots and receiver operating characteristics curves of identified different metabolites were established to discover the potential biomarkers of RF. The results exhibited a clear separation between the two groups, and a total of 216 different metabolites corresponding to 13 metabolic pathways were discovered to be associated with RF; and 44 metabolites showed high levels of sensitivity and specificity under curve values of close to 1, thus might be used as serum biomarkers for RF. In summary, for the first time, our untargeted metabolomics study revealed the distinct metabolic profile of RF, and 44 metabolites with high sensitivity and specificity were discovered, 3 of which have been reported and were consistent with our observations. The other metabolites were first reported by us. Our findings might provide a feasible diagnostic tool for identifying populations at risk for RF through detection of serum metabolites.

16.
Int J Med Sci ; 19(8): 1216-1226, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928720

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone tumor characterized by the direct production of osteoid tissue from tumor cells. Extracellular vesicles are membranous vesicles released by cells into the extracellular matrix, which exist widely in various body fluids and cell supernatants, and stably carry some important signaling molecules. They are involved in cell communication, cell migration, angiogenesis and tumor cell growth. Increasing evidence has shown that extracellular vesicles play a significant role in osteosarcoma development, progression, and metastatic process, indicating that extracellular vesicles can be use as biomarker vehicles in the diagnosis and prognosis of osteosarcoma. This review discusses the basic biological characteristics of extracellular vesicles and focuses on their application in osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Vesículas Extracelulares , Osteossarcoma , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Comunicação Celular , Movimento Celular , Vesículas Extracelulares/patologia , Humanos , Osteossarcoma/patologia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently no standard adjuvant treatment proven to prevent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence. Recent studies suggest that postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (PA-TACE) is beneficial for patients at high risk of tumor recurrence. However, it is difficult to select the patients. The present study aimed to develop an easy-to-use score to identify these patients. METHODS: A total of 4530 patients undergoing liver resection were recruited. Independent risk factors were identified by Cox regression model in the training cohort and the Primary liver cancer big data transarterial chemoembolization (PDTE) scoring system was established. RESULTS: The scoring system was composed of ten risk factors including alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade, operative bleeding loss, resection margin, tumor capsular, satellite nodules, tumor size and number, and microvascular and macrovascular invasion. Using 5 points as risk stratification, the patients with PA-TACE had higher recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared with non-TACE in > 5 points group (P < 0.001), whereas PA-TACE patients had lower RFS compared with non-TACE in ≤ 5 points group (P = 0.013). In the training and validation cohorts, the C-indexes of PDTE scoring system were 0.714 [standard errors (SE) = 0.010] and 0.716 (SE = 0.018), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The model is a simple tool to identify PA-TACE for HCC patients after liver resection with a favorable performance. Patients with > 5 points may benefit from PA-TACE.

18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 3371-3384, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937079

RESUMO

Introduction: Ropivacaine as a conventional local anesthetic has been used more and more frequently in the treatment of postoperative pain, but its analgesic effect can only last for several hours. In order to fulfill the clinic requirement for long-term analgesia, a long-acting ropivacaine nanocrystal formulation was fabricated through the interaction between ropivacaine and a self-assembling peptide. Methods: Transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, circular dichroism and fluorescence spectrometry were used to examine the structural changes caused by the interaction between ropivacaine and the peptide. Scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and optical microscopy were used to characterize the ropivacaine-peptide nanocrystal. In vitro drug release and pharmacokinetics study were conducted to evaluate the slow-release profile of the nanocrystal formulation. A rodent cutaneous trunci muscle reflex model was used to evaluate the nociceptive blockade effects, and histological analysis was used to evaluate the local toxicity. A rodent plantar incisional pain model was used to evaluate the analgesic effect. Results: Soluble ropivacaine monomers interacted with the Q11 peptide through π-π stacking and remolded its self-assembling structure, leading to the formation of drug/peptide nanoparticles which could be mineralized to form drug/peptide nanocrystals by adjusting the pH. Under physiological condition, the nanocrystals could release free ropivacaine slowly. As evaluated in rodent models, the anesthetic and analgesic effects of this formulation were significantly extended without causing toxicity. Conclusion: Based on the interaction between ropivacaine and Q11, a controllable biomineralization process could be induced to obtain homogeneous nanocrystals, which could be used as an injectable long-acting analgesic formulation. This crystallization strategy utilizing the peptide-drug interaction also provided a promising pathway to fabricate long-acting formulations for many other small molecular drugs.


Assuntos
Amidas , Analgesia , Anestésicos Locais , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Ropivacaina/uso terapêutico
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 933555, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923953

RESUMO

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has significantly impacted healthcare, especially the nursing field. This study aims to explore the current status and hot topics of nursing-related research on COVID-19 using bibliometric analysis. Methods: Between 2019 and 2022, publications regarding nursing and COVID-19 were retrieved from the Web of Science core collection. We conducted an advanced search using the following search query string: TS = ("Novel coronavirus 2019" or "Coronavirus disease 2019" or "COVID 19" or "2019-nCOV" or "SARS-CoV-2" or "coronavirus-2") and TS = ("nursing" or "nurse" or "nursing-care" or "midwife"). Bibliometric parameters were extracted, and Microsoft Excel 2010 and VOSviewer were utilized to identify the largest contributors, including prolific authors, institutions, countries, and journals. VOSviewer and CiteSpace were used to analyze the knowledge network, collaborative maps, hotspots, and trends in this field. Results: A total of 5,267 papers were published between 2020 and 2022. The findings are as follows: the USA, China, and the UK are the top three prolific countries; the University of Toronto, the Harvard Medical School, the Johns Hopkins University, and the Huazhong University of Science & Technology are the top four most productive institutions; Gravenstein, Stefan, and White, Elizabeth M. from Brown University (USA) are the most prolific authors; The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is the most productive journal; "COVID-19," "SARS-CoV-2," "nurse," "mental health," "nursing home," "nursing education," "telemedicine," "vaccine-related issues" are the central topics in the past 2 years. Conclusion: Nursing-related research on COVID-19 has gained considerable attention worldwide. In 2020, the major hot topics included "SARS-CoV-2," "knowledge," "information teaching," "mental health," "psychological problems," and "nursing home." In 2021 and 2022, researchers were also interested in topics such as "nursing students," "telemedicine," and "vaccine-related issues," which require further investigation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Bibliometria , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Saúde Pública , SARS-CoV-2
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