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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142118, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911154

RESUMO

Quality assurance and quality control (QA&QC) procedures are vital for ensuring data reliability, but little is known about the use of such procedures in reducing airborne microplastic (MP) contamination. To address this issue, we tried to determine the efficiency of two common methods (washing and ashing experimental glassware) for removing airborne MPs and identified airborne contamination during MP analytical procedure. The results showed the removal efficiencies of washing and ashing were an average of 88%-98% and 100%, respectively, indicating that both methods could eliminate most of the spiked airborne MPs with no significant difference noted between the two methods. Although rigorous measures were taken to prevent contamination from ambient air, trace amounts of airborne MPs were still detected, which is an issue that has not been adequately investigated in previous studies. All of the procedural contaminants detected in this study were fibrous. Approximately 88% of these fibers were cotton-like (cotton, cellulose, and cellophane) fibers, and 13% of them were plastic. Surprisingly, cotton-like fibers and MPs had a similar size distribution, suggesting that they may have undergone a similar weathering process. In the end, to cope with inevitable airborne contamination, several measures were proposed for further research. Such measures will provide the necessary methodological assistance for accurate quantification of MP pollution in the field.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 142018, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207484

RESUMO

Global warming and nitrogen (N) deposition are known to affect root dynamics in grasslands. However, previous studies were based only on a single ecosystem type, so it is unclear how warming and N addition affect root traits (root biomass, root-shoot ratio, root production and turnover) along the aridity gradient. In this study, we conducted an experiment to determine the effects of warming and N addition on root traits in desert, typical, and meadow grasslands in northern China, where the aridity gradually decreases from west to east across the region. Warming increased root-shoot ratio in dry year due to decline in soil water, but had a downward trend in root production and turnover in all three grasslands. N addition decreased root-shoot ratio in humid year due to increase in soil N, whereas did not significantly affect root production in any grasslands and increased root turnover in desert and meadow grasslands rather than typical grassland. Warming combined with N addition had negatively additive effects on root turnover in typical and meadow grasslands rather than desert grassland. N addition-induced changes in root biomass and root-shoot ratio were negatively affected by aridity in dry year. Aridity positively affected responses of root production and turnover to warming but negatively affected those responses to N addition. However, root-shoot ratio, root production and turnover under warming combined with N addition were not affected by aridity. Our results suggest that warming suppresses root carbon (C) input but N addition may exacerbate it in temperate grasslands, and warming combined with N addition suppresses it only in wet grasslands. Aridity promotes root C input under warming but suppresses it under N addition. However, aridity may little affect soil C and nutrient dynamics under global warming combined with N deposition in temperate grasslands in the future.


Assuntos
Pradaria , Nitrogênio , Biomassa , China , Ecossistema , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo
3.
J AOAC Int ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33201229

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The simultaneous analysis of several anions and carbohydrates by one-dimensional chromatography with a single detector is often complicated by the presence of overlapping peaks. To overcome this problem, analytes are usually analysed separately making analysis long and tedious. OBJECTIVE: A method combining two-dimensional ion chromatography (2 D-IC) and valve switching was developed for the simultaneous determination of anions (F-, Cl-, NO2-, SO42-, NO3-, and PO43-) and carbohydrates (glycerinum, glucosyl glycerol, trehalose, mannose, glucose, galactose, fructose, ribose, and sucrose) in cyanobacteria. METHODS: Interfering color compounds were removed by first passing the sample through graphitized carbom solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridges. Samples were applied to an AS11-HC column, which was used to separate the anions followed by quantification using a conductance detector. Carbohydrates eluted from the AS11-HC column were trapped and separated on a MA1 column and simultaneously quantified using electrochemical detection in the second dimension with valve switching. RESULTS: The following parameters were established: LOD, 0.001-0.030 (mg/L); LOQ, 0.001-0.010 (mg/L); linearity (r), 0.9940; repeatability, 0.39%-3.02%; and spiked recovery, 90.1%-107%. CONCLUSION: The proposed method is adequately linear, accurate, and repeatable. The 2 D-IC method provides fast, high resolution, and completely automated procedure for the simultaneous determination of anions and carbohydrates without co-elution compared to the one dimension ion chromatography method. This study provides application perspectives for use in biotechnology and other research fields. HIGHLIGHTS: An accurate and effective 2 D-IC method was developed for determining anions and carbohydrates in cyanobacteria. The method includes pre-treating samples with graphitized carbon SPE cartridges.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9124792, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224985

RESUMO

Background: After curative surgical resection, about 30-75% lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients suffer from recurrence with dismal survival outcomes. Identification of patients with high risk of recurrence to impose intense therapy is urgently needed. Materials and Methods: Gene expression data of LUAD were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were calculated by comparing the recurrent and primary tissues. Prognostic genes associated with the recurrence-free survival (RFS) of LUAD patients were identified using univariate analysis. LASSO Cox regression and multivariate Cox analysis were applied to extract key genes and establish the prediction model. Results: We detected 37 DEGs between primary and recurrent LUAD tumors. Using univariate analysis, 31 DEGs were found to be significantly associated with RFS. We established the RFS prediction model including thirteen genes using the LASSO Cox regression. In the training cohort, we classified patients into high- and low-risk groups and found that patients in the high-risk group suffered from worse RFS compared to those in the low-risk group (P < 0.01). Concordant results were confirmed in the internal and external validation cohort. The efficiency of the prediction model was also confirmed under different clinical subgroups. The high-risk group was significantly identified as the risk factor of recurrence in LUAD by the multivariate Cox analysis (HR = 13.37, P = 0.01). Compared to clinicopathological features, our prediction model possessed higher accuracy to identify patients with high risk of recurrence (AUC = 96.3%). Finally, we found that the G2M checkpoint pathway was enriched both in recurrent tumors and primary tumors of high-risk patients. Conclusions: Our recurrence-specific gene-based prognostic prediction model provides extra information about the risk of recurrence in LUAD, which is conducive for clinicians to conduct individualized therapy in clinic.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(21)2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167444

RESUMO

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most common treatments for people with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA). The accuracy of outcome measurements and quantitative assessments for perioperative TKA is an important issue in clinical practice. Timed up and go (TUG) tests have been validated to measure basic mobility and balance capabilities. A TUG test contains a series of subtasks, including sit-to-stand, walking-out, turning, walking-in, turning around, and stand-to-sit tasks. Detailed information about subtasks is essential to aid clinical professionals and physiotherapists in making assessment decisions. The main objective of this study is to design and develop a subtask segmentation approach using machine-learning models and knowledge-based postprocessing during the TUG test for perioperative TKA. The experiment recruited 26 patients with severe knee OA (11 patients with bilateral TKA planned and 15 patients with unilateral TKA planned). A series of signal-processing mechanisms and pattern recognition approaches involving machine learning-based multi-classifiers, fragmentation modification and subtask inference are designed and developed to tackle technical challenges in typical classification algorithms, including motion variability, fragmentation and ambiguity. The experimental results reveal that the accuracy of the proposed subtask segmentation approach using the AdaBoost technique with a window size of 128 samples is 92%, which is an improvement of at least 15% compared to that of the typical subtask segmentation approach using machine-learning models only.

6.
Carcinogenesis ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175152

RESUMO

Tumor progression and metastasis are still major burdens for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) are involved in aggressive phenotypes in several cancers, while the molecular role of RUNX1 underlying cancer progression and metastasis of HNSCC remains largely unknown. In our study, RUNX1 expression was increased with disease progression in patients with HNSCC. The silencing of RUNX1 significantly decelerated the malignant progression of HNSCC cells, reduced Osteopontin (OPN) expression in vitro, and weakened the tumorigenicity of HNSCC cells in vivo. Moreover, we demonstrated that RUNX1 activated the MAPK signaling by directly binding to the promoter of OPN in tumor progression and metastasis of HNSCC. Our results may provide new insight into the mechanisms underlying the role of RUNX1 in tumor progression and metastasis and reveal the potential therapeutic target in HNSCC.

7.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159158

RESUMO

Previously, it was assumed that peripheral neutrophils are a homogeneous population that displays antimicrobial functions. However, recent data have revealed that neutrophils are heterogeneous and are additionally involved in tissue damage and immune regulation. The phenotypic and functional plasticity of neutrophils has been identified in patients with cancer, inflammatory disorders, infections, and other diseases. Currently, neutrophils, with their autocrine, paracrine, and immune modulation functions, have been shown to be involved in liver diseases, including viral hepatitis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. Accordingly, this review summarizes the role of neutrophils in liver diseases.

8.
J Dairy Sci ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162075

RESUMO

Streptococcus lutetiensis, previously termed Streptococcus bovis type II/1, has rarely been associated with bovine mastitis. The objectives of this work were to characterize the molecular diversity, antimicrobial resistance profiles, virulence genes of Strep. lutetiensis (n = 37) isolated from bovine clinical mastitis, as well as its pathogenic effects in a murine mastitis model. Genetic relationships of isolates were determined by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR, virulence genes were detected by PCR. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by broth microdilution technique. The pathogenic effects of Strep. lutetiensis were studied with 2 infection models: bovine mammary epithelial cells cultured in vitro and murine mammary infection in vivo. Streptococcus Lutetiensis isolates were clustered into 5 RAPD-types (A-E), with a dominant type A representing 84% of isolates. Eighteen (49%), 16 (43%), and 9 (24%) isolates were resistant to ceftiofur, tetracycline, and erythromycin, respectively. Prevalence of multidrug resistance (resistant to ≥3 classes of antimicrobials) was 24% (9/37). The most prevalent virulence genes were bca (100%), speG (100%), hly (97%), scpB (95%), and ssa (95%). There was no difference between isolates from mild and moderate cases of bovine mastitis in prevalence of virulence genes. Streptococcus lutetiensis rapidly adhered to and subsequently invaded (1 and 3 h after infection, respectively) bovine mammary epithelial cells, resulting in elevated lactate dehydrogenase release (4 h after infection). Edema and hyperemia were observed in challenged mammary glands and bacteria were consistently isolated at 12, 24, and 48 h after infection. In addition, numerous neutrophils migrated into gland alveoli and interstitium of infected mammary tissue. We concluded that Strep. lutetiensis had potential to spread within a dairy herd and good adaptive ability in bovine mammary cells or tissue, which are generally characteristics of a contagious mastitis pathogen.

9.
Environ Pollut ; : 115756, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162209

RESUMO

Microplastics have emerged as a new anthropogenic substrate that can readily be colonized by microorganisms. Nevertheless, microbial community succession and assembly among different microplastics in nearshore mariculture cages remains poorly understood. Using an in situ incubation experiment, 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, and the neutral model, we investigated the prokaryotic communities attached to polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene (PE), and polypropylene (PP) in a mariculture cage in Xiangshan Harbor, China. The α-diversities and compositions of microplastic-attached prokaryotic communities were significantly distinct from free-living and small particle-attached communities in the surrounding water but relatively similar to the large particle-attached communities. Although a distinct prokaryotic community was developed on each type of microplastic, the communities on PE and PP more closely resembled each other. Furthermore, the prokaryotic community dissimilarity among all media (microplastics and water fractions) tended to decrease over time. Hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria Alcanivorax preferentially colonized PE, and the genus Vibrio with opportunistically pathogenic members has the potential to colonize PET. Additionally, neutral processes dominated the prokaryotic community assembly on PE and PP, while selection was more responsible for the prokaryotic assembly on PET. The assembly of Planctomycetaceae and Thaumarchaeota Marine Group I taxa on three microplastics were mainly governed by selection and neutral processes, respectively. Our study provides further understanding of microplastic-associated microbial ecology in mariculture environments.

10.
Nat Chem ; 12(12): 1180-1186, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219361

RESUMO

Self-assembly is a powerful method to obtain large discrete functional molecular architectures. When using a single building block, self-assembly generally yields symmetrical objects in which all the subunits relate similarly to their neighbours. Here we report the discovery of a family of self-constructing cyclic macromolecules with stable folded conformations of low symmetry, which include some with a prime number (13, 17 and 23) of units, despite being formed from a single component. The formation of these objects amounts to the production of polymers with a perfectly uniform length. Design rules for the spontaneous emergence of such macromolecules include endowing monomers with a strong potential for non-covalent interactions that remain frustrated in competing entropically favoured yet conformationally restrained smaller cycles. The process can also be templated by a guest molecule that itself has an asymmetrical structure, which paves the way to molecular imprinting techniques at the level of single polymer chains.

11.
Clin Transplant ; : e14160, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to determine possible predictors and clinical course of mixed chimerism (MC) in aplastic anemia after transplantation. METHODS: A total of 207 transplants were obtained from haploidentical donors (HID) using busulfan (Bu), cyclophosphamide (Cy) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) regimens, and 69 transplants from matched related donors (MRD) and 29 transplants from unrelated donors (URD) using Cy/ATG regimens were obtained. RESULTS: Incidences of MC were 1.93±0.01%, 20.29±0.01%, and 35.71±0.01% in HID, MRD and URD transplantation (P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, incidence of MC was significantly higher in patients without adding Bu in conditioning (P<0.001) and receiving a lower number of CD3+ cells in graft (P = 0.042). MC was associated with significantly lower II-IV aGvHD (3.70% vs. 27.7%, P = 0.007), but higher secondary graft rejection rates (14.8% vs. 0.4%, P<0.001) and poorer overall survival (72.7±8.9% vs. 89.6±2.0%, P = 0.011) than those of donor chimerism cohort. CONCLUSIONS: MC was an unsettling status even in non-malignancy. Haploidentical transplantation with more intense regimen by adding Bu to Cy and ATG was associated with reduced MC following HSCT for SAA. An intensified regimen should be explored in matched related or unrelated donors.

13.
Steroids ; : 108767, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212127

RESUMO

Two new ergostane-type steroids (1 and 2) have been isolated from the fruiting body of a medicinal macro fungus Ganoderma lingzhi. The structures including the absolute configurations of them were elucidated by a combination of different spectroscopic analyses especially 13C NMR and ECD calculations. Compound 2 features an unusual 1,2-dioxolane moiety. Our bioassays revealed that the two steroids showed remarkable cytotoxicity against human A549 (lung) and MCF-7 (breast) tumor cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 5.15 to 8.57 µg/mL.

14.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520969473, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161814

RESUMO

Sarcomatoid intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (S-iCCA) is a rare histological variant of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). The diagnosis of S-iCCA is based on histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, and S-iCCA often has a poorer prognosis than that of ordinary iCCA. In this article, we present the case of a 64-year-old man with S-iCCA who presented with intermittent right upper abdominal pain. The aim of this case report and literature review is to strengthen the understanding of S-iCCA among clinicians and reduce the incidence of missed clinical diagnoses.

15.
Ann Hematol ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159239

RESUMO

The purpose of our study is to identify the efficacy of ruxolitinib in human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) recipients with multidrug-resistant (MDR)-graft-versus-host disease (GVHD, n = 34). MDR-GVHD was defined as GVHD showing no improvement after at least 3 types of treatments. The median number of previous GVHD-therapies was 4 for both MDR-acute GVHD (aGVHD) and MDR-chronic GVHD (cGVHD). For MDR-aGVHD (n = 15), the median time to response was 10 days (range 2 to 65), and the overall response rate (ORR) was 60.0% (9/15), including 40.0% (6/15) complete response (CR) and 20.0% (3/15) partial response (PR). The 1-year probability of overall survival after ruxolitinib was 66.7%. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 73.3% and 46.7% after ruxolitinib treatment. For MDR-cGVHD (n = 19), the median time to response was 29 days (range 6 to 175), and the ORR was 89.5% (17/19), including 26.3% (5/19) CR and 63.2% (12/19) PR. All patients remained alive until our last follow-up. The rates of hematologic and infectious toxicities were 36.8% and 47.4% after ruxolitinib treatment. Ruxolitinib is an effective salvage treatment for MDR-GVHD in haplo-HSCT recipients.

16.
Gastric Cancer ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159601

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aberrant activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by dysregulated post-translational protein modifications, especially ubiquitination is causally linked to cancer development and progression. Although Lys48-linked ubiquitination is known to regulate Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, it remains largely obscure how other types of ubiquitination, such as linear ubiquitination governs its signaling activity. METHODS: The expression and regulatory mechanism of linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) on Wnt/ß-catenin signaling was examined by immunoprecipitation, western blot and immunohistochemical staining. The ubiquitination status of ß-catenin was detected by ubiquitination assay. The impacts of SHARPIN, a core component of LUBAC on malignant behaviors of gastric cancer cells were determined by various functional assays in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Unlike a canonical role in promoting linear ubiquitination, SHARPIN specifically interacts with ß-catenin to maintain its protein stability. Mechanistically, SHARPIN competes with the E3 ubiquitin ligase ß-Trcp1 for ß-catenin binding, thereby decreasing ß-catenin ubiquitination levels to abolish its proteasomal degradation. Importantly, SHARPIN is required for invasiveness and malignant growth of gastric cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, a function that is largely dependent on its binding partner ß-catenin. In line with these findings, elevated expression of SHARPIN in gastric cancer tissues is associated with disease malignancy and correlates with ß-catenin expression levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal a novel molecular link connecting linear ubiquitination machinery and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling via SHARPIN-mediated stabilization of ß-catenin. Targeting the linear ubiquitination-independent function of SHARPIN could be exploited to inhibit the hyperactive ß-catenin signaling in a subset of human gastric cancers.

17.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165770

RESUMO

Hypertension, as one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, significantly affects human health. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and the E3-class prostanoid (EP3) receptor have previously been demonstrated to modulate blood pressure and hemodynamics in various animal models of hypertension. The PGE2-evoked pressor and biochemical responses can be blocked with the EP3 receptor antagonist, L-798106 (N-[(5-bromo-2methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-3-[2-(2-naphthalenylmethyl) phenyl]-2-propenamide). In the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), sympathetic excitation can be introduced by PGE2, which can activate EP3 receptors located in the PVN. In such a case, the central knockdown of EP3 receptor can be considered as a potential therapeutic modality for hypertension management. The present study examined the efficacy of the PVN infusion of L-798106, by performing experiments on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs). The rats were administered with chronic bilateral PVN infusion of L-798106 (10 µg/day) or the vehicle for 28 days. The results indicated that the SHRs had a higher mean arterial pressure (MAP), an increased Fra-like (Fra-LI) activity in the PVN, as well as a higher expression of gp91phox, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and proinflammatory cytokines in the PVN compared with the WKYs. Additionally, the expression of Cu/Zn-SOD in the PVN of the SHRs was reduced compared with the WKYs. The bilateral PVN infusion of L-798106 significantly reduced MAP, as well as plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels in the SHRs. It also inhibited Fra-LI activity and reduced the expression of gp91phox, proinflammatory cytokines, and MAPK, whereas it increased the expression of Cu/Zn-SOD in the PVN of SHRs. In addition, L-798106 restored the balance of the neurotransmitters in the PVN. On the whole, the findings of the present study demonstrate that the PVN blockade of EP3 receptor can ameliorate hypertension and cardiac hypertrophy partially by attenuating ROS and proinflammatory cytokines, and modulating neurotransmitters in the PVN.

18.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence of the association between marital status and cognitive function in Chinese older adults is limited. AIMS: To examine the relationship between marital status and cognitive function and to explore the role of gender amongst older adults from three Chinese communities. METHODS: A total of 1376 participants aged 60 years or over were included in this cross-sectional study. Cognitive function was assessed using the Chinese version of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE). Marital status and other variables were collected using a standardized questionnaire. Multiple linear regression models were used to examine associations between marital statuses and cognitive function amongst the target population. The moderating role of gender in these potential associations has also been explored. RESULTS: In univariate linear regression models, compared to being married, both being widowed (ß [95% CI]: -1.46[-2.78 to - 0.13]) and being single (ß [95% CI]: - 4.88[-6.43 to - 3.38]) were associated with lower MMSE scores. After adjustment for confounding factors, the significant association of being widowed with MMSE scores disappeared (ß [95% CI: - 0.08[- 1.04 to 0.86]), but the association of being single with MMSE scores still existed (ß [95% CI]: - 1.87[- 3.17 to - 0.58]). Furthermore, the association of being single with MMSE scores was statistically significant in men (ß [95% CI]: - 5.25[- 7.17 to - 3.33]) but not in women (ß [95% CI: 0.88[- 0.87 to 2.64]). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Being single was associated with poorer cognitive function compared with their married counterparts in older Chinese men but not in women. More preventive measurements should be implemented for single men to reduce or delay cognitive decline. This is particularly important in the context of an aging population in China.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151418

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Petersen's hernia (PH) is a serious complication after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate whether closure of Petersen's defect (PD) can decrease the rates of PH and suspected Petersen's hernia (SPH). METHODS: Patients who underwent gastrectomy with PD were enrolled. From January 2014 to January 2017, we performed gastrectomy without PD closure (non-closure group). From February 2017 to June 2018, we closed PDs during gastrectomy (closure group). The rates of PH and SPH were compared between the two groups. The last follow-up was updated in August 2020. RESULTS: Among a total of 1213 patients, 12 patients (1.0%) developed PH, and 23 patients (1.9%) developed SPH. The rate of PH in the closure group was significantly lower than that in the non-closure group (1/385, 0.3% versus 11/828, 1.3%, p = 0.042, log-rank test). The rate of SPH in the closure group was significantly lower than that in the non-closure group (1/385, 0.3% versus 22/828, 2.7%, p = 0.008, log-rank test). Non-closure of PD was a risk factor for PH and SPH (odds ratio (OR) 7.72, 95% CI 1.84-32.35, p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: PD closure is recommended after gastrectomy for gastric cancer, as the rates of PH and SPH were significantly decreased.

20.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0241310, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119648

RESUMO

Silicosis is a systemic disease characterized by chronic persistent inflammation and incurable pulmonary fibrosis with the underlying molecular mechanisms to be fully elucidated. In this study, we employed tandem mass tag (TMT) based on quantitative proteomics technology to detect differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in lung tissues of silica-exposed rats. A total of 285 DEPs (145 upregulated and 140 downregulated) were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed to predict the biological pathway and functional classification of the proteins. Results showed that these DEPs were mainly enriched in the phagosome, lysosome function, complement and the coagulation cascade, glutathione metabolism, focal adhesion and ECM-receptor interactions. To validate the proteomics data, we selected and analyzed the expression trends of six proteins including CD14, PSAP, GM2A, COL1A1, ITGA8 and CLDN5 using parallel reaction monitoring (PRM). The consistent result between PRM and TMT indicated the reliability of our proteomic data. These findings will help to reveal the pathogenesis of silicosis and provide potential therapeutic targets. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD020625.

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